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t? A. WISE OH TOE STUMP The Slate Policy of Virginia Mined. Hia Knowledge ofKnow Nothing Bcere**^ WHAT HE THINKS OF THE NEW P^TY mUj TM??nd Know ^ 8ut,, *?'' ike., Ac. Slkutal ^'xiujubMc iic? of tin Hew York Pet ijrrbcrg , Jan. 10, 1856. Utiujr A. Wise arrived here (his afternoon, and Kddieeeed a company of about fifteen hand red, in *? Phoenix theatre, thia evening. Aa I have siid to ym before, he has been expected here for sou's days past, hot did not "turn up" till to-day. He aay? he haahaen waiting for fie beats from Norfolk. Tne hnpieaston he made upon the audience was by no m favorable. There were only a few who threw tip their hats, like the followers of Backing has* when Richard was proclaimed king. The ap> plain waa by 10 meats general or enthusiasts. I an informed taata large nuoabsr of Know Jfcuhinga were in the cro *d, who, like the whigs and dUaf frated democrats, (and the latter are numerous,) Jhtaved with '-respectful" silence. From further information I am satisfied of the truth of my farmer etatement, that there are about one thousaul Knoir Noftirga in Petersburg, and, from those who ongfct to know, 1 learn there ore sixty t'loumad in tbc8tat*;aad the cry ia "still they come." The Bon. 8. K. Mead presided over the meeting, and yon introducing Mr. W:?e begged of the audience not to get excited or run off in confusion in cue of an alarm of fire in the building? a prcosutian as ae aa it wbB laughable. SI'KBCH OP MR. WISE. Mr. Wise the a rising, was received with respect tol apnhnae. It wu not very bolreroas, bat Ru:h w a gallon of bad ram woold g*.t up for aiybjily, at any time. He spake precisely an follows: ? Pillow Cifcz na of Pftersbn-g? I am glad to greet aa an tie nee Of tbe proud Cockade City. I ha?e atriven bard to meet the i.ppoiatm?nt which I hai made to reacb here yesterday. I am happy to tea that so large an andience is hen to-uigat; and though not so large as la*t night, jet I think there are fully as many remaining awe a-t my voloe caa reach. My friends at Richmond, not having the opportunity to con nit me about my appointments, took it to themselves to change the appjVntmans which 1 bad made, and substituted others, forget ?rg the chcn*es rt the year and tho mod^s of traveling. Not till the second of January did I reach Norfolk, not bearing until t&en that I was expected next day to meet the people of the Me of Wight. Sir 00 then I have re imbed upon the bviks of the river, not waiting t'o. the w iters to fl iw, but fcr the boats to cum* aloe*. N jtwi'.bitandl jg the fcg, at last a beat c^rae, an3 I an here. 1 come , in oh: deuce to a nomination of one of the great politioal parties of the Stato, a ctid> date for tie cbl?f wgfs racy of the Slatj of Virgi nia. Whitber 1 am wott .y to fill that paction, be fcie y< u. is t. r nu; to ;ay. 1 is fv?flloi-i?it thi. a eea*ti.tioD, r? gui?riy cull' (l, I avo end trued me as & < ?mount ?i tbis <ia> , good and ?nWo'"n?. to bear tUe a?ai dara c/ deitocrt cj ; ana I tiive t ta.cn it la hinl. endhsre throw forti toat banner for yonrseot owoes. (Faiiit applaae.) Itir. not going to dii cumh %itt. *i y iM-fri?oa or foe? whether they ?hail ehco*e tb ir owl leader. 1 am not g nog to dfrcatta ?i>h v oi e i.hn'.her I am a de noarat or Mi. It is anil] X nt for the ireu a of th a c mteit that democracy hervlt' has rao'e than thrioe en forced me. mil I have oer authority for say>ng 1 an aremeerti? a duuo rat vi'.a'ly aod essentially in heart km) in akin?a democrat in head at well .* Io he-at? a dtmocrat in deed, a dem >cr*t in practice, a de mocrat m ' . u that poweMes ittalf so upio my character tbai it mikea me call myself aa i .fiael reaieal of democ a-:y - ? d-rn >erat in defl ince of party, and on principle, rather than ? por^y democrat ; u- t a democrat that eensek here ibid right to & jcres* himself to the par ty, hut tint comes ucie tho comiuee of the de.no otkti to s-ddrem hiR/Stil to th? people, aa-4 no*, to any party. I shall go thr >ug!i tba State of V>r^iuit, act to appeal v> n-.rty. but u> u pavlo'-ic loca of oonatry, better thau ( arty. C ming l>e i ore you as a canutdate norn'mat- u bj a party claiming to be worn y to holt tbe txeeutive power of tin oldest and moat pi ? ioue of all the BSa'?i of this confedera cy, I must prove myself %ortiiy iD yonr jadgmeit. Am wbat are tbe issue b? W i itr- eths taploi of hBpoitaiice. In your mind", which call for a rospoiee from me? You liavsat Hiia moment vital intaresMi at stake. Toia moment, this m >mcnt of the wor d, this moment of tbe natioo, this moment of tiia Btate, ia 0K? of tbe biggeat m smcnts that ever car ried fate in her womb. Never slace the day of my Majority, never since the hour when I can drat ai< Bare m>?e)f ol sife reflection, ^.ave I kuowa a rat meat the vial bit e fTV-.t of ?bi b so shakes our world. Ton have now at this moment a foreign war ragijg, the like of whi h, grand as nauv eveaU of the pist have been? the like of which baa no parallel in aa otrat history cr in modern. You have the pre ten -e of another cm?ade about the Holy Sspa'chrc, which hi not to fanatical, but as false, as the enwd-w of Peter tbe Hermit. Tbe wa- o' Eoropc has su imon ?d the Czar on the one side; E-gland, Fran e and Tar key on the other aide; tie three great Powers of Europe- In embattled hosts, over the graves of tbe Saracen, o'er the State of the Saltan, o'er Con atantiLopie ? Powers, one of which carries on at Lee don the exchange of the world? Powers tu?t kave, at tbis moment, not lees than a million aid a half of soldiers in the field, or prepared, wit'iall the otter States of Europe standing by, armed and ready to be neutral. (Laughter.) Powers which are lavolv iog millions. Po vers whloh have staked dynasties aad empires an o cro ?ns fcr ages up^nth; battle ftelo, tow stood for tbe siogle i?olut -Sebis'.opol. Powers, any one of whi. h is red ba'.tle itaelf, and wbe eter it stamps its foot nations nuat feel toe shrck. What effect has this upon yon? Ft ia a ease which reaches the po.ket of every maa in this av sembl<-?e. It is a case which demands gold, g >l<l, fold, that is exhausting California and Australia, law B'OLd we? Neut a's, c entrain, neitrals, agreed by a policy to peace. Neutia's, occasioned b? t ie profit of neutrals to stand aloof. Neutrals, with ac in unenttbat ia the meat father of the world. Neutrals, that to m< My?that U, the almighty dollar is ap rro elated more and ma e? neutral*, besides the d;manl tor the dollar, tar wheat and corn and beef, are ap pireraVd bj the came caise as the d ultr. lu the aiMet of this foreign war? In the midst of this de matd for gold-in the mtdst uf this demand for pro wmioDB. t ere :i a aUke to tliis Hute. which is be tween tbe npper and tie nether m'.'lst.ne? ni leas ? stake than jour public cred't aud public oeoca. Immediately and directly dots tills .a?e affect tbe credit of the Stats of V.rnU. ia. It extends to every iadividnal man's wedit - tie > redit of the m?cb .nl j and the laborer. Yua have yoar pub'lo credit a*, this momett, and your private credit, requiring all the wisdom and foiiilght tnd gnariianship of giv ornment. If you want to kuow rny opinions upo? this aohject , I plelgt yon Un ere lit of Vir?laia ?ball bo carried out If confided to m i ha-><l?. E -oa ?f we nsvw to bo tax'd tUi wo groan with taxatim, the h' nnr of the H ate of Virginia s\all be main Mi <d if est a>ted to ms. ( Home apjlau-n.) Ai I Ioto my o vn honor, as I would preserve my awn ladlvldnal iatoiirlty, much mere would f pr?> aerre the h?or of my State. ( lopuuae ) I there be any man In this asaem tlaga who la too mean to cay taxes for the honor of Vir-rini a, let him not v Hi for me. ( Laughter, and one si jkly looking tndivldtiM crisd, "good.'') fnereare o'Jiir topic* whloh I ooght to touch upon, an 1 I pata them aa rapidly as I can order to speak on all ? domestic ?tote topics, affs <i?* the poliU ao? Vu?glnia. aul whloh you should coml <m in this election ? the Ua'^ of Virginia, aa aS ateiBdepoadent of the fMerai go mvbumuI, fiom all constitutional iaaues, the 8 'ate of Vhrgtala, especially as Virginia to interested tn the RfeatB^Je3tof internal naprovemeoto. Wha'^vor ??J been the oplnloia of lowland Virginia on thiBBiihjoot in the pa *, they are now wakiag op 1 3 t hair rational senses oa thm suhjeot, at tSs oay. now talk ratlona'iy about it. Hotrsvw tifttBi flftt we way b%ve thought y to Um bAtia ?tog of the pabllc works of thisStute, they are no V ?j wqrth tonpl.tto,, Md Jn0ne are ooaapieuxy. Tney have c^styoo millions, aad they 1*1 Tfulti e?^ra ant western wa ^ i? wh,%h 5? bses for mug yoare past, thsy have protressed Ijlke a wounded ???in Ora?rioc its slow length Moog If they are worth pay In? Uxee for, >hey are worth ! oompieUeg at once, to make profit oA of then They sVn'd no longer be delayed bytba onnarv CM M of fly se delays. What is thto primary cause? i Wbat ? ho!dtog Virginia back from her mtr;h tj. gmftn? It to tin oppoBi'doo of tie toirkois I j ia ?eraal impmeeeets of erefj dse-i-lpt'oil. To ?? i knowledge, enly two iriattri t|? the failing o' twenty-four lowland oandidaUe? Virgin4' , to elect these reprewntativ*. a >? - f??? works? they hare been de' cost ike Bute twelve - ? *nd ^ k.. BOW b? come ' ' - in logrolling, which God to ftlio- - *n? 'Mb'.on of theuay. I io prey Bend o* to Hie to see the day when tbe Big Hr- ^ the Ohio river shnll b? cennected bs mauy .?? rt railways end canals with this river (ap plause), with Hampden Roads; this will make Eastern Virginia tbe depot of trade, whih alone oen make ber all Viraiiiia, and build op forever a S ate that shall be the centre of importation and export itioD. It ia my fellow cl'lzena, not popula tion ? it n not capital tbat can build up for yon a mart of trade *uch aa I hate suggested Commerce alcne can do it ? commerce can baild yosr ships and stores, and baild your cities, out of this re aire of trade. The only tnlug tbat can make commerce it a deep country and inland trade. Yoa most bring the iion and coal, and salt and borax, and all that constitute tbe pabulum of trade, and pile i? up jq your pier of commerce, and where the caroasi if there will the beEaarda be alio; and then with trade yon will find capital and population. Give me com merce, cities and ships for Old Virginia, a oack country rubje t to trade, and all influences else (.ball follow this Internal improvement and com mtrce. If you tkct me Governor of Virginia, by all the antbo/ity with wbi-h yon thall olotho me I will do all In my po?er to urge on to completion the large leading S ate works, disregarding the minor worts till tbe lurgeet shall have been nil completed, with a due regard to the public purse and the pub lic credit. 1 tball do so if possible, lading the fixes upon acd driving you to do yonr datv like men, to Bake Old Vi-gUia take tbe position she has lost in tb* ba'ance of power iu tbis Union. She has lost her influence ? ?be has lost tbe power aoi position she once held. For the want of internal improve ments, h'.w many mother*, with tears in tbeir eyes, bave been compelled to bid fare well to their sons for tbe far Vest. She bas peopled almnat every Btite, and given every State enterprise except herself. I implore you, by j our If ve f?>r your mothers, for your sons, by your ivn inte et-ts, by your State love, to ba the fathers, tbe patriotic IVti ern, of ihe State, and resolve in future to beep Virginia's sons at foma. Toere is another topic ? a dom>-etlo topic? upon which any man wbo o men before a Virginia audience, mu^t sDir nnce bis opinions. Geirocmen, we have been accot-rd t f be i-ig a b-a*gtog peop e. Virginia, aod fspecally the F. F. V. ?, It H said, can talk more ab nt 'heir sweethearts, tbelr guce, acd d*gs, and bmter?, than aoy other place in the world. I n?ve a boas', to make ol V<nrioia? a l?e?t that she oan give tbe bent proof of any people ui>on earth thataoe is cixbtj In ber po ve.r aud energies over any oiher State, or sbe rauat l ave eonk long, a I ng time uro, far below wt bt hbe now la. The four great cardinal acu;ceso' weath? tie four great cariiual pro'ue tlve powers, are agrculture, commerce, manirac turf?, ani irining. No 8rate that I know of up n God's earth Ui richer bowels, m^re bomt'.ful in ircn an<1 in gold, in eyptum and In suit. Txiis baa mad) E:ijla><d toe m<^t powerful nati -n on tbo ear h. We have iion and <*ml for mining, and wa'ei-oowar which would mm the spin ilts to elotae tie world; gold and iion an abuuduit, wi'h all of whici we Btur c urrlvaiKd lor manufa 'tnrkg; mirtn, roads, rivers, mou bs of rtvfcn*, ar.d baya ?rr?ioh wculd floit tbe ravien of the world: foil for agrl roltire of a'l kinds, the nohefct bene ?h tbe son; the dtrk ban asd t; e yellow cl ?y and Imeatone r >ck, embracing if gt>e ai'er d^rer- of latlm'e rm nia^ thnmgh ths middle tf r/itnry of this continent? have th's, i all t is of poier and vi-tn^, not surpwaed by any i other 3*a e. But in all the four cardinal resou'c-s? *niido> fu. to te !, dina^rt eab'e to tell, phaincfal to ' snnruDi?-bat on? Rourco ofuU fjur, ia time oast, i ba*b?*n employed to iroduc* wmlth. We bave bad wcik )u muiufa:turiog, and comm^rcs t n t pprend its> wip!<n n'id U >?o t.om ns, aod agriuultu'e bat- ocly skimmed the ?urf k -e of mo'bk.r oar h. Thee cu . of tbe four cardinal vi/toes ' av^ r.esti idle: cur jouj g m;n, over t^lr regara ar.d to?idy, b > been tslking ; otitic*, snd the negroes hive b. left t > t'o.u>8 !??, ii*. vl we be.veali grovu poor tV>. Not : vltbhticii- g all thi-*, ten1. ?e ?rj. TU v Go fo~ tbe mil rs < i tb^u.^h they h*?? n emt')e>?-d. Ibere h atill i'ii ir>o. "? ?? i i? a i'l tie eeal, theie ar< srill t.h bays and 1 1 a; and rn >ugo we h ive driver, pecpl.i eioii7li a\, f > n our bor Oers to pcofVe oih r States, now m lopu'ona 11 an uUTBtives, Sta*e u on Sta^ oi whtih we are eelledtbe m?'her, Old Virginia still atanl-t on her t^rIltoTy, *54 COO tqoaro njiieu, rluh f till in all tut?9 ? 1 mentb whitn a^mlbhtcr to woilth? no ?, vecy licb, in Lnitl:>Ke<.ce, in bonor, InVg i- y i?id 0?e a'dsine*. (Bone spp'^oae aodUoghinr.) Not witbsiacdiDir nil thin, i <Jo?ay it onr treoit Us mvn talred. If our internal improvements aru conp'eteJ, it oor cine* be bull',, it our mloea be operel, and they ba?? of trarnportft't n, it oiv agricul ture be imprnv. d, Virginia m ?y yet be made t > pass ber r.val H?:er Sta'i h raster, in bur ra m of progre*?, tlaa tht j hue in t'.ues p??t. parsed iier. sis a >.y win bark the snprem icy which s i? onoe hold. I will r ot rely nt o i ??e Legislators to d i tois? egis lation can no hutlit'le for any *hing but asrricnlfiife. Ith i kt.bat 1 have seen eviden-es of tfiedawoing rftbls iatrerdav. I saw a short t ma ago a bind of fftrmeni go np to Richmond, better htoaiag men tb*n delegates to the L-.g sUtnre. (I.tnghf^r.) I shw the people? I tbe plain geatle nsn an- sob-taiti ,1 basimss mar,, the a. live msa, tre uen who are not loafers abou'. lae tavern*; aud 1 ?aw tbete men p.our ont $.50,000 'or the fou' diog an iiktimtioo of agrtculmie and commerce. I waot to see this soeltty and institution ejeenra^ed. I watt to ret thin constitution nnr ure I and pre* ^rv>d till it ?bsll hrlpg forto good fruit*. I win?, a scientific ioE'itntion tbat sball teach domestic ecimomv; in stead of political economy, let us te-wi our onpl's (fomcstic (C'inomy ? t-ach our pup'la the pliyiioJjgy and *he genealogy of plants an t agriouitiril pr> dictions, acd tbe diflimnoe bst vesn the gaae'. You rich men rend ) onr Hon* t j an instil ition like thM, in t imiiation of the old barons of Grrmmy. If I am, then, (letted Gov?rnor of Virginia, I will give all aid do all I or the agricalture of tue Htate, tti it we may make a gpear of grasa grow wherd ncv- r ona giew btfore. When we have onr public credr. weil louided, minioa ai d vanufa tuiing will f'liov. This torn, the Cockade City, has, to some ex"?nt, at least, set an evample ia this Use of ia ilnstiy; and I gleriel today, wen I enteroi tbe place, to obsetve how s>e hid grovn since 183S, wben I ?m bote latt. I congratulats yoa, citixeas of Petersburg, that you hare been meuof enter prise beyond any other p ortioa of oar common wed I l o)>e yoa will so stimulate b? yoar exanple other portions of Virginia, tbat ia time Norfolk will hive soinethirg more than a Hie of fl-b uirs for ber coil neroe. (Laogh'er.) These, gentlemen, ao far, are ohyaloal topics. Tuere la. something mare im por.ai t than tnia one that embra es everything, cuve:f> all, bounds all, promotes all, saves ail. It is tl at v hi-.h reaches the inner man of the comm m weaPh. It is tbat whtoh ia all in all to tte people of a republican country. I mean public edacition. If tbere be any stingy oil man ia this assemblage who valnee his dollars and cent* better tbau w.rmea aod children, let me tell him that If be does not wish to be taxed to tbe uttermost ia my po ver, let him uae every exertion to deifeat me ; for I tell all snch, that I will not be contented with the ni*ht s Jhool half cut system of Ysnkeedom, bnt I want a fall and thorough sy*tem of initructi n to all aoi for alt classes. (Applause.) Yon may belidve tbe poet who said A litti* learning is a dangerous thing; Prink <locp ?.r timt? not the I'grinn *|irfog. Thin little learning id, abive anything elw !n the world, ont of which h? come *1 the Urn* of the North. What is it I now want f Anytlilag new or H'racRf, sir? No, dr. I wast w.at the an har of the Declaration of liidepen^cn* in hi* day, and what he implored the leglelatuie to give the pso;?la ot VirgH la a long wbue ago. D ><.? any one tup po'e that J f ITerson int n<lc.J to leave that aniverai ty like the coma if Mi hvil Angel >, half finished, at>d without a covering o' tbnught? No. H < gave to Virginia a milreralty in the trai a?a*? of ?ae word- a c llrctlon of c lieges ti ba the h?ii of ? ttjsnmof colleger? a col a.;e for the h*vl of every r?.ct on of learnirg. A nuiveraicy la the g ltriiea >f the instruction of a State, which nl-.ds .til 1 ?gst er in one uoc aogmg system. (V,-p:iw) G.w?t sites if Ija-nlng are only the gv at lolcrl of tie Uvtrs of knowledge? grc??t lever'* which ruththe Trim onward In its aestlny. T 's Is the power of the people. Tnis is tha quvii'y of de-nocraiy. This ia the inith ami e??etce of rejubllcwi'm. Y<>a tell ns? ot t: e equality of a peo-Ie? hat every mm is crsated cqui?? wntu the p*>r sata hw h o nn Cie with tr.e it ' , ai d instead of providing ' > d r his mind, cold necessity dcman.la be stun d (ht?ia focd for his mou'h. Toe only true da mociacy ia that which will react dovn to toe lowly ard'he lowest ia the distribution of its benefit- of learning. l>oee the owner of prouer y coOi| lain to me that toe property he has aeqq'rM ahnuld not be taken for education? Why, what better goa d ran be ba?e for hi* property than the virtue which springs from lutelUg-ox? He sa}f be has nothing to do wltb the ooor nan's -htld, an.i be should be let alone. Does he know th*t his property msy, all of lt,?ome day, come before a jiry of hia conntr^m*n In which s all be tbla very cilldr Aid then Is it not worth at I the value of his nr >pe rty to bavc\his cMldedu-ate*, snd able to deddj prope'Iy and underataalingly aaa jaror? I) >es h? kaovtmt this ju>y mav be eal'ed upon to say whether his will was Is wtlf, <r whether be die* saue or a rooi 7 (Laughter.) D.iea he know that lgmranoe arises mankind and leaves it base an I dependent 7 Wou'd he not have the wh le maw of the pe>?to iotelll.-ent oboi sen of what una beet for the Stat?f Are yog not an etoetiv# people, and htv* all not to decile for the best liteieew of ibe 3fate? Hw cm in d> tbls unless yoo provide food f w tb? iat-Iiect? Th>u, fellose citirens, If I mi c toted Coventor of the 8'ate of Virginia, I shall try to e*te?d on? system of education till It beeoms ooapiete. and uatil the whole publig lump of the Coaw?nnweaJih lileartstd knowledge. Ihnvo now go4 fhwogb ??* dUal to pica of domestic policy? now? come up Ml important? none ruachhlgber? ! "J?** deep. They ?i? broad aa *emm ? ttoents. Tney are neoasaary as vital air? aa *? k?u ltfa. Yet how many among won bow, ban In tbii crowd, came hare to hear me talk aboutany one of these topics? Har* 7??'? *S2& ?' them before? Bare ther laterefad anybody? Have they been the qu- bUom of the day T Not a man baa troubled me regarding any one of them, and each of them embraoe enough to decide the election. Tbey are the topioa of topics. Whit whig differs with me aboat any one of them ?? what democrat? Wby,I presume there is not a singe candid man in the town of Petersbnrg who will not fay the candidate before him is sound and ortho dox upon these essential tooics. Well, it would Mem thtt this should besufliolent for the voters. All atiy Ocyenor would have to do In doaMStlc po licy it considered. But does this satisfy the feel ing cxistirg among von? Doea this patriotic view bind yon at tbiB day ? Oh ! God of my country? oh! Lord of tbis land? 1 wiah In my soul it were so. What ether topi* are there ? I do not wiah to touch felerat topi s? a curse as bad as h< ise-raclng and dram-drinking. I suppose 1 nurt, however, ainonnoe my mind upon some fe deral topics: e*> let ub go to wo k. Fhereisthe great qne-tlon of the policy of neutrals and the poli cy ot peace, Sbail this nation, in the midst ol tnls foreign aar, go filibustering for em lire? Shall this nation be in any way involved in the foreign wars tow rsgirg? 1 am guided by tea ai vice in the fa e well aedtess of the Father of his Country, to pre f*r?e onr dp are ai.d neutrality ibat we may pr fit. I-et tbem light Trbo will? we will feed them; and the linger the war lasts the richer this nation will be. Again, the subject of the publlo landa is before jou; aid during tie paatyear twenty- three millions of public domain lave gone from you, and seven millions only have been sold. The rest has been squandered or given away. This, ia my judgment, is in violation of the cors.itufion. These lands, lu my judgment, are like the public fund, and should net be need except for national purposes. Tne public domain? the public lands? one of the chief sourocs ot corruption in the federil government ? i? still iouortaut, and these lands should be guarded as we would tbe public money. When in Europe I was asked what it was that bad built up this c mntry, and that male her 5 row so fast? t etouroe of that growth, that ?ub ne progress, beyond any pa-iJlel in history. It Is bf cause we bave soil to the op preyed of other lands ard of a)l ae earth, om* h#?re, oome live with us, and bero you shall enjoy the firu ts of your toil, here you snail pit under your owa vine and fig tree and none shall molest you or ma'ie you afraid. (There was oo appkuse here.) Pree-va these laLds ai d guard them? keep them out ot the lards of Iand-j^bbero. keep tbtm out of the hinds of (peculators, so that tne doo- seUler and back woodsman may get a Lome for his toil , at the mini mum puce, which snail go kf> the pubiio treasury. That is my policy. (Applause.) Y?u are told, by the syreis especially, that the old ft?suen are dine, that tbey sre cead. Notwith-tand.ng in "hj, last year ynu have paid so mn -b of y^u ieht, ycur treasury is yet full, and you are toiu you will again hsve a surplus in the treasury. I Till s-ty ocfdir, ?h 1 have said bef-ire, that tne surplus s vtll rot l>? distributed to bribe the people aud States. Iftbat surplus comes again, tather taan let it oim to bnbe *ny one of tre people of Virg'tili, ls+y let it be carried to the Gulf Strewn, aud be there In the deep boBrnn of tlie ocean buried. Wbcn tbla question first arose I ?twd by old Vir ginia; I have 8-ood hy cer ever tiice, and 1 bav? to v Mjk btr that she hw e'er stjod by me. P? ^?01 retary of 'be Tjeasory lecomncnds a redaction or duties. Upon ttls question I st.;ud, as I havs ev?r puod, an uncompromising ad ?o 'ate of free treJe. (Hligi t *pp an??.) I hey te-1 jon t.hesr- ieauefl ara dead. N ?, th*y ur? uppermost to-day, and a v?to b .f just br. : t'hnn end forth, such as cirne wheu I V itt I m?t (J .1 bu Tiler's guard. (Laughter.) A \ lo of ik. F ' dent to save toe constitution vost the ids-Ii '"i ri?*rand harb;r improvements. ; e> u'lua . ... rr.es alsvety. li.ii ?? ? ?*<? i;'() jp, , ^iuvin y.a sof my CJii/re-is^wJ ]>??-. n> )1 I left tiat viae.*, I stoul there, day in and day not. s?ancing up ?g?lnBr. the gnat aroh-ohsn i?ot of tbe Uortb, <hH "old -nan eljq<wnt," who was ir\ tntiD\ , and of w. oin. now * at h; is i'( *0, Itnay eaj, th.r.te was most, sio-.ere, learned, cdu nirg ftiid hHgdcl<''Ufl ? iu abort, thn ei-uny oft'eS uth ???? Jobt> Qaincy Ad-mt. 1 wis tht bey iu t.be lictj* against the man. Day in and d*y out, did I bavo to stand up ood ngbt tiat min, *bfi bad more power and w.adoua, pore cuni'if'g ar<l fo^ Wiht, thai all tlo aV. U'kuf.s cf the Nor^h of t ? prcieut day combitf J. I "va'i to ultra in my vie vs that evtr, ir.y o>s pr an s.th<n?e (tondeom* d trie at bslog too ra/loal. And, ;.ov, what have m C W9 to. j You mws* ail to *peak to jou the plain t utl utOi. this t-ubjeot. You fiave ukeu l.o waraing? i < u h?ve n<.t bv <*n wt chful upon '.his sut?J*it? yon have ne t sought shelter. And wbat is the conse quei ce ? ?b>,m 18.10 a wro in was do:-e tbe ioutb, wllch should make you blush. What wna done prior to tbe >ear 1850? Had the qnss'jlon b*eu artee" he'ote tiiw year, will G-ngress disturb slavery in tbe Bou'b.ur lu I t B ates of this natlo a r -tie at ewer wenld bave tan no, n*. Slava y a lould ha leit to tbe Sutes th? msel vea. Now ?s ts California, ueoi) nhich 1 want to iou<p. t ... ? [ Tbe fpeakar here paused, aa?lng he felt an wall, a- d wjuH piobably have to out b >ort what be bvJ to pay. He felt a rush of blacdto bis head, and (nfat pain in tbe l. wer lobe of tbe brain. In a few minutfe, hiwever.h*' p'oceeded]:? S. short time ago on y. i on allowed a federal exvcu'ive to send a bri cidier geneial to C-lifornia, w*th ?rmv and navy ower? tbe right and 'e't-band pow,r of the re pat* ? ta prepeive peaoe and the order of law. NJt content with thin power, thig general, asur^ li>g tbe Btros g arm of the linked Bla ea, was allowed to piocUlm a Territorial goveratnn it and to ettabliah legidalive powers? an authority nhich of all others ou the earth nearest approaches tbe Deity? to ftUbllsh, I say, lenrlslative p v.vera fiom the tupeiior offljer dotvn to ths Alcalde of the Btate. What authority bad he to do this? rJumnoa him beforf tbe grand marshal, and his p'e? is " the saltty of the j eople." Ab If f jr this, ene could not, if poner.ul enough, usurp all power. And in this act he bed the right arm of tb* army and 4>e navy, sod be clothed himself with civil povor, by procla ma' ion from the camp, and in the excise of this r ower took upon himself to appoint the time, place, and manner of holding electfons. Was ever such a thing heard of befoie In a free country like this? Yon alio* ed biro to oonstliule a representative ia CoigreBs, which resulted in givlog Ualifo.*nia to fite toil. Think of this, gettkmen? and, gentlemen, a> riitrageous as thin was upon our rights, I an ler t?ko to sav, neither tn the Senate oor io the press bhs this question been discussed bsfore tie people of Virat'.la. But jou ba^ a class of politicians to trale ? jta to trade like hucksters upon the pirns atta h aeLtof this people to the Union. A miBt ploas and hvly f?elW is thla. 1 would light for It, I wtu d pour out my b ood for it ? it is tbe obJucV of my adoration. But, gen'Jemen, wl'.b me tbe ui.lon of these States is like mit trimonj? tbe moment the honor of that nnlon is touched? diwolve it. (Applaone.) No man can ex wed my attachment tor it. Every twc.ntj-seimi of February I was taught to bonor it, but I love bet ter still, honor and trnih. Bat this was a sytea gonjr, tbat u e Union was in danger. When Dtn el Webster said to me, "l know tbe Uaion is sa'e, from the resolutions which she has passed," during taa jear I860, 1 replied him, " Whea had any mau rev fob to doubt Virginia's devotion to the OniJn?" (Lou J tpplause.) She has done mo c than auy other Btate for the Uni. n? she has given her la^ds, st'd she bM given cer aOeorae W?s <n</>n. Bit Virginia shall Lot b.< prrvinciabzed for the sake of tbe Union, or for t^e saks of a Northern oowsr. This! as been submitted to long enough, aid I bops will be suimitUd to no looger. Men bave hereto fo.e taken a stand again** it, at;d bava been driven bsck wi h tbe c y~ "The Union is In da^gsrl" B it now the question comes no tn a mo e tiitfib'.e for n, m d eoou will he presented to yon. Cccre is a a tblrg In th? North which na* risei up or lata, tbat cries aloud for tho dtssoluti m of tbs Uilcn. It eames no more from South Ciro l'tia, but fr*m Faueuil Hall, and f/om tbe put pi** of C: ri'ttan voiiticiat'a. Lat me r^ad in s. me Northern s*ntimen'a upm this sabfsot 1 e cry ne w ia auti Nebmeka, ant! -fugitive slave law. or a dissolution of hi Union. 0 > you ko ? ?!iat that po ?er la in the North? It Is louistalu; tbat buatbes In si'erce, and t.lks in low wnispe s aud in poctet. I>etms read jou aoue'hing apoa tb.s snbje* t. I tow read yoo tr. m a pi^nphlnt teat to me, being a seraon of J.imes Freeman Clark, de livered In Ma?sa hus?>tt? oo the 4 h of .Inly, 1S54, on tbe rendition of Anthony Bums. Toe a etk o- read at gre# lerg h from t iis document, which was a sermon of the Theodore Parker style, cfllitig upon the Nonh to wakiup, wltbiut dia tinciion of i arty, to oppose thla outrageous slav? 1hw. The preacher prophecled a gathe.-ing of a'l tie North litoooe body ag?b:st thi Souti, aid raid. In *ubetanc?, soon ir diauulm the better. Tm object of the speaker In reading this, was to prava tbat tbe Know Nothings ni the North spake tiroagh tbls preaeber, we e propheclfd by this Mr. Clark, and tbalr war cry waa abolitionism and death to the South. Thla was a difficult poin". to pravs to tbe aatiafaotlon of a Petersburg audlense, and Mr. Wise succeeded bat poor I e. Daring tbe readisg M r.Wfs* Interested tbe andlenoe with a vary worthy drsmaticsoene, A/a King Lear. Paaaing la his real h f , and rais: og bis eyes with a sort of pious roll to be?ven, and wl ha deep guttural voice, that Forrest would give lim a good price for if M were purohasa b'e. nesall: "O Ood! what meaae thisawfblsiteaoe? Wbat are these low whisperings' The wiada are still and the air see as heavy and eppresaive. Wo?t por leaf a thla darkaesa and drsad hnsb of aatnre? U Is the forsrusner o< tba aw'nl tornado whtoh ta ts follow.'' This catijied tbe climax, and p?opl^ brr .tbad I tgalfi. As a j kcc of acting a Bjwrrj j'lt oritlc wji14 SuVSTrSiSSN cbKttU Fuuil Half The prediction has *5L5?t2S^i!? Med. Oak) bti wheeled Into toe. Other BU-??o the North, accoidlng to the pr?dlcU??u? ?' ^a J?? 3&S3SS s2ss^^^">s?r i sasrsygiag* S*& H?t.t ell ("emocrnts from the Nortn. ?? s?sstfi!vs?2^fea not repealed, or 11 they pets 0?????'*' 2* vetoed, (ben the Union u to be dUpolved. guy of this party In Petersburg? The dissolution of the Union bow tomes from the North, we thin sermon of this Christian preacher. WaU.gon t'emtn, what say yen to w?at not only cast. lto shadows, hat its Bubstenoe, before T Y? m?he me Governor of VhpUU, ?d I shaU swear to sapp?* the confutation of tae But a; end I audi that the chkf power of the executive ta *? 2"?Sj *er aimv. Pi,or civil men that I em, I never de lighted In war; but the ins-la. t in in me, and I Kow I can BgH. I can obey that instinct, and make others obey 1?. C Applause.) Jaok?o?? never trained at Wf it Point, aad neither was I^b'it the wcret. Virginia hea power? moral, totewvctuai anc physical -more than was ever ascribtd to her, and I here pltdge myself to vju to-night, by a l that yon ^>old sscred, that I will 8he*^h?' ftwnrri hi louff ai 1 can. bat if eomoclled to d7aw IV HI not know where to stop toe tar till the blade Is broken in my hands. I know her nower at the mouta of tie C.ieaaoeake, H?CK O'tto p?. of railways, a? d I anow something el9e, that i wontull to any body ? that I will keep to mjaolf. simply ns a prudent patilot and man, and do bo with act being a Know Nothing eitaer. Now, gentliir.en, I have got throogh State topios aid Federal toilcs-the fuur cardinal *ourteH of wealth? spoken of pubic lauds, of thetariff. J1 ri* ternal improvements, of our pu blic cr* dit , of oir private ere it, of foreign wars and <j?nwtic wars, Lid many other topi s. I have already bespeak i?ir nearly two and a halt hoars. I have touc ed JifoD topics b th State and Federal, tfcat were im portant or worthy of consideration; and yet I sup pose 1 have no* yet touched toe subject ?P?n w*"cl jou expeced me to speak. (AppUtueO Ba*. ge^ tlnnen after talklig upon these great topics, what man what lover of Virginia and h's country, would descend to the little petty topic of Notbinaipm? (Laughrer and apulause.aud aomt- huw inir 1 Is there any man in tola aaaembUga so i.n SSble Son all these subject, that will alio ?r me to do as I oleasc, if I will proscribe a I don't wish to reproach any man h?re. T.ere ft*e as fiocd men as I *m, ?b humane. m Intelligent, as worthy as mystlf. belongiog to thU u&rtv, perbaiS, and have J i'.ed woa. they sail Know Notblsff lodges in toe State of Vi'gtnla. I ^Xe??tK but I say " Go I forRiva toom lor vtiHy tha? koow not what th^y do. (I^uahtw a? d hlfsipg.) Perhaps som? disappointed aem> crat 1 bh t ken to this new pa tj f?r bitter Ranees; perhai sit hah some wrngs who ha.yetas a party, ^ruig this tr%p to catch straggling demwrati. Mrnly for arfumrn .'s s.ke, I ain n.t gJoR to auarrel with ?ny man f?r lielng a Knov Nothing, hLUnally wlrn u.en, btfo?e Joining that saci^y, that I know as muci about it as ao.bijdy tU* d<vs. 1 know all jour grip* ar.d your slgm, ani y >ur trivngle pieces of w l ite pap r, and joa- red trl srmlti'.ard jour teat oaths and obugUloos, and w>>ere y< u rreit, aod all about yon. 1 hava Iweu t?l er th.coab Is all, and never j it-md your soclsty either. (Laughter sr.! applaud.) But j on are lo Bc?:cut, pes haps, when you j?in It; ?o b wore of It. Wu?re did it come fr^m? 7 'T> ?>>? thing is di. Bcmctt. o? thn Nkw York Hkraiu saTB it was born lo the Fourth wardof t.b>-t ci?v ; atd James Gordon Bennett has a r p jrtsr bf/fi to pigbt, (impudently uoioUng oat '^e iep- r.er to the aaoltpet' )? " a ch'iel aiuaoK ustaklu ao>?s. Btxrttt says that Wm. H. Beirard and mycelf aiuk or s*im tcuftO'r. Criec ot " G icd, good," from the ga lery. Mr. Wise- Bo say T. I will vlillngly go down If Wm. H. Pewird goesdowa also. Tie ape ike f here launch ?d eft L u> a eul gy upon Lafayette aad tie rtber frni^C B ^bo ast-ii*^ d ufi in Revojutioa, and Cbailta Cvmll. G^n'iemsn, said he, r jm want to know what he Caibolica hive done, 1 it Msll jou cf scmeihli g tb^> have d re for you *nd me and car fathete, which should "nt Kn 'w ^0<,b ^? to tr * b'oKb. 1 allude f">me?hl''g t >%t lie* at tne fcniiiatlcn of all EtfcHfh and Am ru*a l be tine. I refer to the MsgraCU.rta Dijouknisr wv> r> ta'K d that fioo Kil k Joh'J,af.d bound tba u-blas bv oath to ha?e It at all b?z\ ds? It wm -steih^a I-sncd p. Do y^a ki o* wo Slephei Lingd >n *us? Von are Know Nothings, indeed, 1? y.m don't kn?w wbo Strphea Lwgdoa wa'. (Sime lbosb r p ) H? wab tie Ar h^isbip "f Canterbary, f t t c? d ujen Kin? Jubn by the Pope, and the aotlor ar.d f?tber of ?he M.ana Charts. (IUre the audience lx*gan to mauif at sonn nipstierce. ac if tbey h-td heord about enough and wasted to go, ?bl h snldenly brought the speaker to bis tensts, as follows) : Bat, gentbmen, I ?m detairing yen too long, aLd will cUsa a'- onoe. 1 have gtv?n yon mv views npon the main t iplca ol the day , and yen will act upoa them according to yenr own jodgoaent. I sh?ll go through Virginia srdswaktomy tellow citizens in cf?r patU of tbe Bta'o prtcirely as I h?ve spoken to you to night. In the West, I sball sp*?k as I have spoken here. I am accnsed of being favorable to the Wp?t against tbe Eakt. Let me say. In answer to thK that I late the terma >)a?t and West. I know no baat~no West ? nothing b t united Virginia. ( Applause.) Tbe Hon. Wllils P. Bocock, w:o is on the tick? with me as a candidate for Attorney Goneral, will meet you at this place at some future day, and ad drrssvou.aal have d">ne, upon the important to pics of this canvass ; and he w II also m tk) the toar of the State. Ardnow, gentlemen, in on elusion, if I am elected Govfinorof Virginia I shall perform all tl at I have promised, and uncharge nay duties to the beat of my powers eiid abilities, so help me 0<The speech wss concluded at about 11 o'clock, and tie audience dispersed in good order, to crUl clte and oomment at their leisure. The Dentists on the Chloroform Business. The undersigned, members of the dentil profes. ck>n In New York, address tbe public to remove misapprehensions wl'iah have arisen from tha io cent proceedings In reference to the effects of et?r aid chloroform. We have not given ether or chloroform to the cx teit mentioned In the late meetings, yet in coaneo tion ?ith those cases In which we have seen then aEaesthetica administered by phys'cl-ns snd sur get ns, our expetien Be Justifies ns In making tbe fol lowing statement (excepting the reference to death and disastrous conseqaenoes, whi:h is given on re liable authority ) Ether and chlorofirm act with uncertainty .produc ing symptoms modified by the peculiar condition of the patient inhaling them, and their actlan is so ur t <i ?al that those who had re.ieatndly in^alod them with lmpunUy, have at la?t died under ^?lr influence. These accl : enU are not confined to the Infirm or unhealthy, death having <?carr*I where no indication of cisease wss mm.i'e.t. Maeh de pencs m the manner ?^f lnna!*t?'a; yet no skill, fxiifilence, or precaution, on tne part of those ait n.i?i?tering teem, cm always prevent dtaistroua const one nets, snd tbougti their uas is seldom M lowtd with se rlruB resnlie, theie are but few cas^s In dental piac'lce taat Justify the risk. Wehavj rever icsn anithinir IndtUCite la the conduct of anv pa'lent wnl'e ut.d^r rhe influence of the*e anaestbeilw, atd iesve all re-pooslaility of ?t?ti menta mven to tbe c ntrary (in he meetings refarrwd to) with those wfco mad+ toem. r e mind when inf.ut need by ether, aometires dwells upon and even exaggerates, the 1 less mo*t proailneot Imme d atey hetose inh?Htl->n. Fa'ae .mpr?a?l-ms i may he received by tbe patient woeo affected iy ether or i hloi oti rm ; hut we have never met with sn . in stance iii wtl h ary >^a?I icln*tion r*m-.in*l aJUfr tr e acii'-xtf ulca! li flu nee had parsed away. The h halation isn^nsliv foliaeed by ostoMou-j lnseiM hiiitv, with olminiifced coi-solousness and capabi litv of motion, at which time It Is advuable all sWt operfttloFS be performod, as deeper aoatethesla Xuld be avoided if possible. Occasionally, how ever, ether destroys afi power of motion, aad with ?,.re or lese Insensibility to pals, the patient re gains perfe.tJy oocscious, tie mental faculties being nrsffected. ... ? ? T. B. Oaseing, Addlsma \all, J. w. Crane, M. D? E. D. B'ot. UmuelCovell, J. 0. Ambler, B>ol. L^ird, I>. E. Ambler, ? Baker, (iso. E. Uawes. Geo. C^ay. Kami, l/ockwood, Jnr^ Beoj. Bore, Km. B. Middle ton. As Oi.b Con A correspondent of the Of rieoebnrg Nrptiltliean writo* from Hopklntcn, Bt. L*w. rf?f? county, t? follow" ?My father In one of the few ?nr*i?or? cf th? Herniation. Ho hu reot.le.l in thU town for tbo !*?'. thlrt- y?*m. Prwrloutly, here<i|et In Orwell, Vonnonl. Hie natlre place l? Heybrook Con nectirut He wa? e*ven year* In the eerrlro an i tiro brother* with hla. On* of tham I* (till llrlnj In h'? natlr* town. My father wti born X*pt?rabrr 14, 1701 . It* brother who live* In Connecticut J* about ninetr yiarioface. My f?th?r ?u quit* unurt until about ore 3 ?'?r ?lace when he went Into th? h?y dol l? bein< ?boat ninety je*r? oil? ?nl motel with hu ion'* fCU: k K CfclHend**) htwli. Onr Mother I* (till lirlaf . They bar* llr?J together ?bout ??r?nty ;mti Hmt fttnti fcmadL List of peieata issued ftta the United State* Pa toot Office for tk? week fading January 9, 1866? each bearing that date Charlee de Borgoe, of London, England, for im Sioied prepcller. Dated January 9, 1866. Patented I ErglaBd, April 6, 1854. f Arnold Buflnm, of Perth Amboy, N. J., for la? provement la machines for crushing and pulverizing one. pWm. J. Caseelman, of Vernon ,N. Y., for improved w??nhin? for tomiug irregular forma. Lewis 0. Ashley, of Troy, N, Y., for imyrore xnent in candle moald machines. Robert Pray ton, of Bo?b]0 Y., for improve ?ente in maobinee fo* nuta and washers, N. B. Ooffli, Jr., of Ljna, Mass., for s?^p Awm D. Crane, of Newark, N. J., for improve ment In torsion pendulum* for timepteofda. William B. Krjtorj, ef Albany, N. Y., (or mode of arranging and driving olrcolar saws. Ante dated Not. 18, 186,4. Cbaa. G, Everitt, it BraokJya, N. Y., for improve ment in ratrfcet wrenctoee. Gilbwt B. F ant am, of New Yotk, N. Y., for forebig poirp. ObVilee W. Pelt, of Balem, Mass., for improve xfcfcBl in entry lights. Dean 8. Howard, of Lyonedale, N. Y., for improve ment in dredging machines. Jamf s Banley, of New York, N. Y., for improve an t in devices for ?turpertt of bottlei. Geo. W. Unbbard, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and Wil liam E. Conant, cf Greenpoint, N. Y., for improve ment In operating slide valves in direct action en gines. Adolph Hammer, of Philadelphia, Pa., for im provement in bop extracting apuaratns. Ado'ph Hammer, o t Philadelphia, Pa., for im provement, in wash machines. J. W. Hat her, of Columbia, Tenn., for rotary shingle mahine. flint, C. Htckf, of Harttord, Conn., for improved arrangement of sliie valve and exhaust passages in steam engines. Frank G. J >bnson, of Brouklj n , N. Y., for aelf-re gulating windmill. GoilUome Lambert, of Mens, Belgium, for im proved coke oveos. Hugh E. McAvoy, of Baltimore, lid., for improve ment in refrigerators. Cjrus B. Mo Be, of Rhlrebeck, N. Y., for rotary plaiiig aid matshing machine. Chanex Maey.of Paris, France, for improvement in rewoik<ng hard ?ubber oomp^unds. Eobt. Neale. of Clermont oouutv, 0., for machine for prntiog f'om engrtved plates. Patented In England Jan. 18, 1863. Old in Nuhols, of Lowell, Ma?s., for improvement in windlau. Jo n E. Newcomb, ef White'iall, N. Y., for im provement in grain ha-ve^e R. Jobn A. It ed, of New York, N. Y., for improve ments in os lillaUng engine*. John Louis Holland, of Paris, France, for im provement In micbiies for kneading dough. Pa ter. ted In Franco April 11, 1851. Bamuel T. Saxford.of Fall River, Mass., for im proved carri-gj cramp. Wm. J. Btevenoon, of N<3w York, N. Y., tit Im proved apparatus for soldering t>n cans. Natban T cmpson, of Wjl iamaburg, N. Y., for improvemert ia iife-t>re#crving aeata; patented in Ei x la tic , Oct. 16. 1854. Jam* s W. Tread way, of Crown Point, N. Y., far stave joii ter. Frederick Tesh, of Johnstown, Pa., for improved beef epMPder. Jno. L. Yu e, of New Orleans, La., for improve ment ia flouring rn'ils. LnUer Weniwortb, of Burlington, Iowa, for latha for tun ing fancy handle s, Ac. J( s. Welsh, c I Philadelphia, Pa, for improvement in loom?. Lvman C. Camp, of B?rha, Ct., as-ignor to Pbelps, Podge & Ca., of New York, N. Y., for im provement in machines for for mi air kettles from metal disk*. Wm. Bea-li>y, of Bmethwick, England, assignor ti Ja< ob aod John W. Biett, nt WeatmloBter, C a lea W. Tup- er, of Lonaon, and Wm. B asiev, of doieth wick, for improvement in manufacturing mjUl tubes. William Tongue, of Ph'.lade'ph'a, Pa., ftislcrnor to himself and Jae . Bai kiey, of Bads^uryviUe, Pa., tor improve mett in loom*. DBS I OK. Wm. D. Titus, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for tiesigu for lantei ns. The Case of Wm. G. Hance. TO TBB 1DIT0K OP TUB nCHAI.D. New York, Jan. 13, 1856. An nrt'clc appearing In the paper called the Baltimore Sun, alleged to havo been copied from the Boston Olive Branch, denominating me mtiril*rer, thief, poisoner, and evrtylliing but my own name I thought, in duty to my ?ell and tn my countrymen mud country, I woul.i send you the following Btatemunt, which, I tru.-t, will dig ehnrgp me from the ban.j slandtr of the Qditorn of the dice branch. The detail! of my life, which occurred In tbo year '86.'1, have been engraved d''?ply enough nu the n indt of tb? Ami rican citice ns, both at home and abroad, without bringing itagfiu ireah upon their nundj. 'Tin true that Gpnml"? went out a Banning with me, io'l that by ilie dicaatea of a mighty I'roviOeuce lie m>*t with an untimtly, but occith ntul. death. I wan tried by an Impartial judge and jury, and honorably acquitted. But 1 w*k in a foreign noil, where there were no trenllea between my own and that country, The authorities, knowing that fact, again caused niy arrest. There were no witoeRM* for or agalniit me but I wax sentenced to ten j earn' impnaoninent in the Stata prli-on at Cartliagena. The jailor* were poUoned; the p?r?onK who committed It madetheireiicape. My chance waa aa equal as theirs: but 1, conacioua of my own inno cente, reaolved to etrrn my time out rather than (fire the rabble of a foreign clime an opportunity to throw a rtiraia on my name. The A'un alao statea I waa born in Philadelphia: tbat, too, is falie. I waa torn on the Panith Ulund of Santa CVua. ami can prove that fact by Hon. H. 0. Jjcobaon, Panifth Connul fur the State of Maryland. They also Hate tbat Colonel Fremont and Senator Gwin atiyed at my houre That, alxo, ia fake, 'lhose grntlemeu never (topped at my houss in Panama. But Butler Kin#. William L*land. proprietor of the Me tropolitan Hotel in this city, Captain Ptout, and Colonel Mann, have; and let any who doubta my character apply to them, and 1 think they will give me a very different nne trom the character these penny-a-liners of the Boston (flite Branch have published. Throwing myself upon the generosity of my American frieniis, who, after reading the undersigned certificate, will find me, I trust, worthy to be called an American, I renuln, respectfully, their ob't serv't, WILLIAM 0. FIANCE. This is to certify that we, the uudfersigned, knowing William O. Hance. formerly proprietor of the New York H? t?l at Panama, do hereby certify that he is an honest, untight and worthy gentleman, and trustworthy the confidence of iiny per?on or persons; that we have stayed at his house in Panama, and we neither have been robbed or murdered . William T. 8nii.li, John T. Glover, Thomas P. Johns, Francis T. U T~ un. Rr.w^Rn ? One thousand dollars will be paid by m? for the detection and conviction of the person or persons who publlsDed an article beaded, *' An Extraordinary Adventure of a Colored Man in Central America/' in the Boston Olive Branch, In 1853. Any person giving any information concerning it will be liandaomsly rewarded, and receive the grateful thanks of the under ?len'd WM. G. llANCE, New York, Jan. 13, 18.', 5. 150 Church street. How Oorcrnor Clark anil Comptroller Cook Cnme to an t'ndtnhiiidlng. [From the Alban. State Kefinter, Jan 8.1 ronrTR('U.KR Cook ? Governor, I unlcrHtana Jii'Ige Cady ha* reaigmtl hi* office ai Judge of the Fourth dia ttici: can't you give the oOicia to my friend, Mr. Boeka*, of Saratofa f lie'* A No. 1. Gomta.nor C.? Well, I'll *ee about It. By the way, Mr Comptroller, I've a boo who ha* a taste for office. Can't you sire him a clerk ship til' aomething better turn* up f I mi Jt-ritn n l tlie desk formerly occupied ky *ir. Stafford I* vacant. Suppose you give my ion that t Conrrnoiij!* Cook? Very ?orry, Govornnr, hut I've prnmiaed that to Mr. Munron, a young gentleman from >t. Lawrence, who ia here on my invitation to take pov reeiiou. OovrjiKOR C. ? Very well, I should like to get a place for my *on, but. (placlr.g hi* ri</bt digit.il on hi* noie, ami ''toeing hta left eye,) come to tliiuk of it, I have prumiMd the Judgeship to Mr. McW , of Jottne "town. CouVTWOtt-E* Cook? (Taring hi* left digital on hi< note, and closing It'* right eye.'M You don't ?ay *o 1 I ?houMn't wonder If Mr. M?n?on iliould go back to St. l.awrrence. m nu* the cl?rk*htp. CiovmnoRC. ? (With hii finger * till on hU no*?, and hi* eye closed.) 1 *liouldn't wonder If Mr. McM? ? I abonld remain at the bar. Comptholi.ek C ? fla ' ha ! GorntROR C ?Ho ! ho ! Pirals ? Mr llockua i* Judge, and the Governor'! *"n in a dark in the Oomptioller'a office. uUtaary. DKATH OF AH IRIPH COaKUIAN AT NFW ORLKAM9. Mr. Redmond Ryan, aay* the New Orlean* Picayune of 1 the 3d Imtant, who ha* acquired a reputation a* a de lines tor of lri*h character* and the *Inger of Irl<l> asng*, ? u< * no more. Mr. Ryan came to ttlli city thl? season, I from the North, where at eeveral of the theatre* he wa* a w? II known performer. He wai her* engaged at Dan Itice* amphitheatre, and acted and *nng nlghtiy for j none weat* in the early cart of the present season. i lh.it eatabliahment ek>*ing, he went to Galve*ton , whence he returned a few day* ago to thi* city, and on the day , before yeaterday wa* attacked by cholera, and the next ' day, notwithstanding the mod prompt and indicloua effort* were n*ad for hla recovery, he died. Mr Ryaa leavea ? family, we believe, who wera aotoly depen dent for support upon hi* effort* a* an actor. He wa* a na tive, we uaderatand, of Ireland, a man of no inoonilder able talent, and much eiteomed for hi* amlaSle charao tar aad aocial qualities, by a large eircla of aequiant aaoae. Died, In Kennabunk, Maine. January A, Madam Satt.r fl. Wooi>, ninety -Sve year* and three montu* of age. Hhe wa* emphatically a lady of the old achmil. and eontlnoad to the clone of her long life, not only the deportment, bnt the peculiar fashion of draia that prevailed when her standard of taate waa formed?about aiily year* ?tece. It 1* mppoead she waa the Brit aathiree* in Maine. Maav yeari ago *be wrote a nonVr of novel* that were publt*he?l among which w?ra? "Dorvel, the gearulator," "Ferdinand and Almlra:" "Amelia, or the Influence of Virtue,' and 'lala* of the Night. ' Ow Brull Corr Win||'ia of Octob^Jr Not- 1?. 1W4. Ou Ckurek do Cr *? * Jmro-Op**i?e ?/ 5L^J? ?r s~?R??ct t. Uu Amnion * Z.0j ? Marktt ? IKiccnxnr af a Large ji in Coffm-Row bttwtm Brmxil m* juay-Nmnl Ntws-Mort mtmU the' Jim a 2 or . ? . t | *? yc*? y?* T,p yore ? few momenta to writs to you the Pnnf ^p*l events of the past month. A bent the 4 of October the Urge Church do Ctrno wu re opened. It bni Joat been refitted el an exponas of about $40,000. The celebration continued lor three days, and the church and atreeta aorroonding were Illuminated, and the flags of all nations warsd graoefnl]/ over the heads of the people. Among the flaga waa the American, the first time I ever saw it in the celebration of a religions festival in this emplrs. The fallowing is a review of the eofTte market from the 1st to the 31st of October, 1864:? Do spatcted at the consulado during this month foe the United States, 67,062 bags? New York, 8,707; New Orleans, 16,747 ) Baltimore, 18,104 ; FhQadsl* phis, 3,429; other poits, 10,076. On the 1st of November there were from 100,000 to 120,000 bags in first hands. Prices, October 31, 1864? Washed, 6.100 per arro ba; superior, 4.600 do.; first good, 4.300 do.; first regular, 4.100 do.; eecond goad, 3.800 di; second ordinary, 3.400 do.; lota for United States, 4.260 to 4.360 do. FJonr? Baltimore, per barrel, 23||000 a 23||260^ Riohmctd do., 24||000 a 26||000. in first handa 15, 000 barrels; in fi: at and second handa there was 28r 000 barrels, a small portion of which is Cixih floor in sacks. About 2:227 logs of rose wood were shipped to dif ferent puts of the world the past month, but a urn #11 portion of which went to the United States. In the Jornat do Comtrcio it is published that a diamond has jutst b*en found, weighing a tittle over fifteen ootavw, (a fraction less than two conces,) in what is called Prlara Rica, the municipal da Baga gem, in the minea, province of Minat Geraes. This is tbe same place where one waa found tiro years since ol over one ounce. The fortunate discoverer is expected daily in this city. Some are disposed not to credit it, but the report is currently believed to be true. Nov. 13, 1654.? Review of the colfte rrurke' , from 'he let o! this soot ta to the 13th:? From the lat to tie 7ih. no irnctuc io .s of importance; all were waHiig for tbe arrival of tne English steam packet Great Wes'e?n which arrived on the 7th, tor a! vices, which brought favorable ne?s, and on tbe 8th tie market was quite animated, and 40,000 bfps were roil for ?>xp' rwon; on tbe 9lh, 14,000 bags, and on tbe lOtb, 10, COO bags. Toe transactions f om tbe 1st to date * er*F 06,000 bags soil for ship ment, 66 000 o! which la tiewtiued (or the United ticaxts; iorOiD* ai d the Nor b of Europe, 27,000 bags, and the Mtditntranean, 14,000 ba*s. There exis's in fiist hand < 1 10,000 bags; and as the market is now well supplied, nflee has fallen about 160 re is, or 8 cents, per arcba, ef 32ibs., bat at prices bs iow are firm sine-* the lat of tne mcnth ? washed, 4.060 aroba. Piica to-d?y? Superior, 4||35; 1st good, 41)150; Ut regn'ar, 3||050; 24 good, 3!|060; 21 ordinary, 3||260. 8' r ce tfi ?. lit of the month there have baen despatched aid put on bon d for tbe 3t*tee, 3 066 bag*? Ccailett n, 3,0">0 b'*s; New Orleans, 3,110 ba>!f>; Ntw Yoik, 2,106 ca?tfc ? wuioh leaves a large lo>. in market f r immediate despatch la oar la>ve H ? t > 1 Ameiican v.-.-, is in port. Freight is from 80 . t' OOo ; r ne Englu h ship, a alow ctWt, took up at 60c. per b?g, a f<>w aaja since, for thi States. Tiarsuc ioi ? in flour th's m ntb have been small. There ex>st in firs', bar ds to-day 12,000 barrels and C,lf 0 kH, of lOOibs. each. Prices as quoted ab< ve Added to f.is ia tie cargo of floar of the bt>k Balumi>re, wh'ca arrive J last evening from Baltimore via Perca-iibuco. Cotle* to* pays a* ex mrt duty 7 per cent and 2 per ceLt for cov an (option, making 9 oer cent- Cim Dtvn lr>g July. 1P.56, du.iea on o.ffee will ha re c'need 2 per cent, <* hfnb wilUhs ilie i 6 per cent, and 2 per cent tor cocsumption, makiug 7 per oeut in stead of !) per oent. The liiecdly itlatiors which exited between the Brazilian empire and t3? repubilj oi Paraguay hkve bf? it intrnapved. Tbe Brazdian Uiniater ia thai j'. public has it o l*ed his pa-sports, and has rsturn ed to this ritj. Varloui rumors are afloat as to the cautts of bis dinniiis^], bat nothing (.ffleial has been trade k< owt , and to h'og defLite can be said at tti# moment ss to the true cviw. Tbe Brazilian g>vernrueit seuds ccmjdns!oM.t on tbe 25th to deuiaou satl?fac ton for this pertoip* lory rtep by a couttry wita wr.iod pe:oef<il rela tions has iongexUtej. This government hope to terminate tte diffi ult.y p^aceab'y. Six Bra/ liaa steanifis cf war are in active prepare* too to sail up the liver immediately, 'or the lepublic / l'aragu\y. The United S'aUs attam?hip Matsa husoes s?i*ls cn *be 16 tb. There is so much ind.vldual feeling ab<juther here that I s^ail say nothing, or ka j v notbirg. Probably a court martial will explain ?.11 her nar ocuwh in this port. NotMng baa been heard up tr> thin date ot tne sloop -of- war Decatur; probabh she will bring up at Valparaiso. The brig of war Bslnbridfie, C mmander Hanter, will soon sail for ports to us unknown. The Savannah is daily exiectcd. Tbe Britii-h frigate Mada^aa^ar, Commandant Finch, bearing tbe flag cf Admiral Jobnaon: tteam er ot war Trialrad, Commandant Huvey; brigs-of war Star, Ooirmvndsnt Lua-d; Express, Oommtn d?nt ; and transport Tyne, Commanlaat J. B. Tu ker, are now in port. I wi?b to call your especial attention to a mar riage in bigh life Married, en the 4th of November, De?ntodo Dr. F. Octaviano d' Almeida Boat, editor of the Corrtf Mircaniil to DonLa Eponlna Bar re to d' Almei da Rrsa, daughter of the proprietor ot th? same paper. Ihe ger tlcman, tnmigh very young, was late Secretary to the Prealden*. of this >rovinee. and bss rendered great tervlcea to this empire, and was late appointed interpreter to a department late ly created, that cf public instructor, and la a ss edi tor of thn Correio M-rcanttl, which paper is fast approximating to be one of the leadiog journals of tbis i mpbe. I have not vet got the papers spoken of In my last, ficm de Bsron de Maria, respecting the navigo ticn and oolom.ition of tue river Amazon and its I tributaries; but they are partly prepared, and I hops to receive tbern this week to forward to you I see by a'tiole tae 15th, sent you in my last, I that three colonies are to be made op of Europeans. ; This feawre of t*e tot tract is one that caa't be crnMderedas ] lacing Nntb Americans on equal footing with European*, and must rail out sharp diplomatic correspondence. Bat I hope that this government will see t e uecee-ity of allowing North. Amerlians tbe se.me privileges they allow Eu ropeans. We are Brazil s best customers, and the export duties ws pay anniollv Into thia oontry are nearly or quite eight hundred tbooaand dollars en ooffee, and that we receive free ef duty, when, in fact to return t.:e c mpllment, we ah mid pot a btgU duty on procucc of tbe Brazils no long oe they require us to pay export duty sad deny as tbe right rf way Pnru tbrongh the Amszon, and equal prlvi'eges with Eutopeaae in setting on the boders of tbe Amazon. Europeans ar? preferred to An erlcsts, becaute we have already b*oome too wel] known in fiiibusterta#, an 1 can't submit to It ws so different from ours as three are that govern imperial aid mcnarcMral governments. Vr.Wm. Grej ?on M.i'n, oar Lnwly appoints 1 Fecre<*rv ?f U^a'i >n, arrived on thn 7th Inst., in tn?- Rngl'sh itrnm ; aote t Great We*terr> Th's < ffl' e hit bun t^mporariy ably 0'led by Mr. w m F. Jo' ts, ot thi? Citv. Mr. M?an wu this day piesectea to Hie tlijMt^'a g<)vernmant. Gov. Tuie'da>, our Minister, has, da log bis re Mdeijce at this cur?, been troubled with rtMOti c comp aints, bnf to our graMflcatlon is now recover ing- ^ F. H. 9. Fatti?r and Cmi.n? Toe Chi<wro Prt*? re late* the following ?tr#< tiujf Incident Inr'njt the trial of Green, the Chicago btnk'-r. for the murd-ref b<* wife>? Hie prianner appeared in hia plac< , a< rouii>aaied by hi? little boy of all jnri. who ?at upon bit father'! knee, the only being in the world who bail affection enougb for tloi to exhibit it in that dark hoar. The little fel low laa bright and banrfaome child, poi*ea?lrig bin fa thrr'a outline of bead anil expreaaion of feature, an t ret in tbe winning innocence < f childhood TIM ilraU ferity and contraat between the two waa striking anil puinful. At Home alluaion of the proMcutiag coanael a to tbe dismemberment of -hie family, taat item oil maa pr?-aied hia little bor to bla heart, and bowing hla head over him, wept in bitter agony. The lad, unable to real it* the poultice of hi* parent, yet with the aymptthy wb eh dlatlngnUhea childhood, burat inti tear*, an I with infantile wonder looked from hla father to the mul titude and the apeaker. It waa a 'ad and touching* light. British Pact***? Tbe Gtoucnttr tfnci ?u*.m that two aged and I a fl no wom-n were Unled ia that town, ahonta fortnight alacw, from a Br;tl?h reeael from Prinee Id ward lalanl, #? I glared In an Iriah hording houee. After remalnlrg tb'fW a few day a they were aent to Br aton, hot aoon af'#r?mrd? retnrned to (lloneeater. Information waa gtv*a to the authorities, and alien ageat Mr. laaac itory, prnce?d#d to Boeton, where he found the eeaeel which landed the w>nien at tilooeeeter. _ After conaultai on with the Alien Commissioner la Bo? ten, the wmnen were ctrrled bicv, and m?as>ire? taain to compel the master of th? vessel to annpsrt them daring hla aiay, an' to take them hom* with hia when, he leaves The women were entirely destitute, baring tcarcely elothiag taough to cover Utem.