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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 14, 1855, Image 6

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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE.
Omr Puk 0?rni|wlMM<
PiaiS, Tu eaday, Dae. M, 1854
Opming tf the Legislative Seeeion? The Thunder*
tf ftc Camm, the Weather, and the Scene? Eh
genie and the Ladiee? Entrance and Retirement
of Napotmn ? Hu War Policy on the Bourse, and
Strength with the Army-Sir De Lucy Evan ? t?
the Siege Orleanist Gathering? Cuba and Bona
pmU? Court Net os, Theatricals, ijrc.
Am i write, the cannon of the I aval ides are boom
ing la my ear, and the solema festivities of Chrlst
m*n hare ecu ce been Inaugurated ere the thundera
of those deep mouthed State engines Intervene. I
bad' forgotten the oooaaion, and as, a", regular in
tervals, 'he air reverberated witii tha rule sbocki It
feoeivad, I began to have a real hope that the gov
ernment telegraph had tor on e outstripped tie
^toiee of rumor, and that the tovreis of Sjoutopil
fet last had or u tabled to piecss aider the heavy pres
'sore of the allies. But suldenly I ?rat reminded
that this day was consecrated to the opeiirg of ttw
Legislative seisioa, and that Napoleon aod hia lo re
ly Empress would be in their pla:e in the Tuilerlei
to open the Parliament cot amove. 1 confeis, a? I
turned over in my thoughts the peculiar nature of
the French Parliament, its d eal of open discussion,
Its mystic union bs; wen the " new order of things"
and itself, and my ears were at the *ams time ip'
oesaantly deafenel by the row of artillery, tie old
adage ef " much cry and little wool," forcibly ob
truded itself on my mind.
The thing itself, for aught I know, may be
Admirably adapted to a pesple so fond of crea
ting " sensations," that consequences beyond (he
particular moment are never thought of?
to a people who seem ever to cry ru at ceolum if my
oration bat ring throughout the length and breadth
of the land;? a politic *1 principle which for sixty
yean, from the days of the first republic to the last,
has rendered abortive every attempt at free legisla
tive discussions;? but, to call such an inatltution
the most inficitesmal shadow of a parliament, is as
abaudaa to term Presideut Pierce's last speech
worthy of the times in which it is made, and oi the
magnificent r'olt great America is destined to play
in them.
I pulled out my watch, and perceived I had juit
time to reach the Tuileries before the delivery of
the speech, and, with a " friend at court," had no dif
ficulty is gaining admission. The weather, for onoe,
was at peace, aad the coup d'ceil of soldier# under
arms, of officers en gr and tcnue, of magnifloent equip
ages, of busy offioial life, as I passed over the la-ge
? court which fronts the Place du Carousel, was im
posing. On ascending the grand stalroase, which,
riohly carpeted, was garrisoned on either side by
brilliant specimens of the picked corps of the army
of Franoe, I hastened on to the hall of the Mar
shal?; aad, catohing the eye of the Tines' corres*
pondent, immediately placed myself under his wing.
It was really a grand sight, which burst npon one
the moment hs assumed sufficient courage to look it
fall in tbefaoe. The Empress, with the Princess
Mathilde, and her attendant ladies of honor
had already taken their places in the gal
lery of that mperb chamber, which seems
to have been designed only for such oo raslona. The
throne, on a raised dais, wm placed batween the
windows which overlook the Place du Carousel,
and thus faoea the gallery, or rather, I should say,
looks up to it, sb from its lofty position it com
mands ths whole suectaole beneati. The Senators
ta4 members of the Corp? Legislatlf were seated on
benches, covered in crimson and gold, on the right
and left cf the thiore. They were all in glittering
uniform . Immediately beneath , on a raided ei'.rada ,
were the carpi diplomatique, covered with orders,
ribbons and stats. On the walla hung the portraits
of the marshals of Franoe, the arils '.s' oolorlng re
lieving the eye, a'.mosi ovarpoveed bv thegor
aaous dfooratioos of tbat hail to which they give a
title. But the most gi acetal and softening feature
of the whole is the presen e of the Enpress and ber
imperial retinue of beauty, luxuriating ia all . th#
mvsteiions charms of la toilette Franca ue? It is
only on this occasion that the Salle dee Ma-nschaux
is done ptrtect justice to. In or Unary times it is
merely the floor, and the elevated estradei surround
ing it, which aie filled with knights and dam* in
g Utering apparel, and tie enormous di^tiuoe of
e viafund remains unbroken, except by the un
tenanted gallery and the architectural comoartr
meuU above; but now seen, filled with little h'jnnets,
wbioh look as if a sephyr's breath could banish
them from the beautiful features they condescended
to adorn? with ermlned mantles, witl flowing silks,
With eolors that shame the rainbow, avd. above all,
with sweet, sweet smlls, whioh will immortal
ise the youeg Emprees of F'anoe ? the effect was
perfect. The thunders of artillery whioh had an
Swnccd her entry would have jarred harshly on the
ear in connection with her nnodwt and gentle boar
lng, exoept for the advantage of contrast.
Jerome Bonaparte , ex^Kieg of Westphalia looking
m+rf Well for nil yeare, took hii place lo hl? rig it,
and a vacant chair on the left of the throne was
left for Prince Napoleon, absent, leading Ue French
armies in the Ciimea; other princes of the i Imperial
family were gathered on the steps of the throne, to
to steak. There was then a momsnts pause,
during which the fall of a pin might have been
heard. All had risen from their seats on Napoleon s
entranoe, including the Empreee and the fair oocu
pasta of the gallery. Nothing could be more im
posing than the entemble. The form of the hall,
which ia that of four equal sides; He great elevation
and domelike apex; the slanting sunbeams, whlon,
softened by light clouds, lit up the whole, give it a
more compact character than the oblong chamber
of the new House of Lords In England; and vhen
to this ia added the superior taste, combination ana
order which the Fren h know how to impart to all
aoch occasions, tho present spectacle is undoubtedly
superior to anything of the k<nd to be seen else
where ?if one could but divest oneself of its hoi
*?TV^Eaip?ror looked up to the gallery for ate
oond and a alight smile pla/ed on his lip as he
oangiit the flxod gase of the Empress, then, making
a sweeping inclination, he said Mets teurt, at
j rutz wo**.'" which the Empress, and her lidtes
Also took advantage of. Tne speech will be fur
S&d?uho? Xr nou-ees. Twas lU*ned*
with breathless attention; and only when mention
was made of anew national loan, mi* it a slight
whinner bs heird. Of course the official clafwurs
did their haalx ess at all proper oocasions: but the
loan wss evidently the point of interest. The Eiipo
rorread the speech witn great dlsttactaem i,?-d m
if the composition was every word his own, of
which, In fact, there is no doubt. All suoh docu
ments are hia own work. He epeaks wit h a traili og
German accent; but the tones o'. his voioa are sono
rous and full, and h!s impenetrable countenance
casts aaide ita usual Hhaf *, and evilently te'Js that
the sneaker's heart is in hie business.
The sceeoh delivered. Napoleon left the hall aa he
had entered It; toe Empress at the same time disap
pearing from the nailery; and, as if the sun ha 1
i**? specially retained for the purpose, the bislnsss
was no sooner over than the flood Kates of Hoaven
Deemed to be opened in order to damage the fine
?'genuemea of the pe?tebru*hM were visible la all
Quarter* of the town, placarding the gnat dooument
of the dev; and, carious to *ee the effect of It on the
Hoarse I noisted my umbrella and manfully fao3i
the pelting elements, while toroing my stepa in
'mvm u? beings in the world so constitu'.ed that
agUt hope, no matter shot the
od<? may be against them. I am nnlte sure of this,
If I may judge from its admirable leaders on ?he
war to Europe, that neither tho Hkbald nor myself
STre heard anything which should mdace a euopo
Stti thS the hlMSid mil* we are in, is kely
??nto emerge from its chans, and am ne all the
of repose; and ve'., It appears that the wise
Muanf the Bourse had quite settled It that the tone
Sf^StSTToulJ A tranqullla'ng, that this
exchange of deoo?'.lonfl between the Bnperir^of
Franoe and the Emperor of Austria was the symbol
? ? ik, olive-branch and that M. Von Ussdom * mi*
weald ? like tiis egg whiiih hinds up the stuff
{mm la the turkey? k ait aad consolidate the whole.
And now, when they come to phrases suoh as that
Anstcte In to be also thanked next year, If the war
continues? that the land army, consisting of 591,000
? ? ..4 HIjOOO hones, ia to be augmented by a
i__ ,jf 140 ooo men; that the navy has 82,000 sailors
ffiXemhark^.wd that the 'Emperor asks for
jShiiiin to oratmct "a new national loan,"
m im raniiv ludicrous to watch the various changes
inialssiwani upon the most merouriai of stock
iLkma. Tl>e funds Immediately fell 1 fir. 15 i., and
ST? war was clearly felt to be "a case, and no
? a atrong doubt seasaed to prevail
national lean answering so wall
* Jl rTmri- I have since heard that there wIU
r II n.rn^naxed of ?nch ? oharaetar tbat
Su^uITrMBi (tor mistrnst on this head. Theal
yuwtoU ? ipfiok to fn?X dj*"! WW*
an exclamation for the elected at (he people, U ooa
aideied to be en intimation an the pert of the Bib*
perar that he kno vs whsre hi?g reat strength has,
end haa confidence in it. There ie no doubt thit
trom the hoar when he made eoleeaeweep of it, end
took ell power into hi* own handl, he haa never for
ea instant taken hia eye off the masses, end that,
ea a general role, theaa feel they here hia strong* it
sympathies; he has, moreover, ooatrivel to innjou
lete tnem with e notion of his predestination? en
advantage which ell popular ieaiers, from Mahomet
totbeSonot Heaven In Calna, know the value of.
I'ublio opinion appears to attach, et present, but
little importanoe to the visit of Mr. Von Uaadom,
end to ergue that the hour of Prn?aia's adherence
ia not jet; but confidence ia decidedly settlnr in '<o
warda Aottria. Sir de Lacy Evans left Paria on Sa
turday, af'er an interview of two hours with the
Etnperor. The sturdy hero of the former Spanish
legion, looks considerably the worse for
the Crimean campaign; and I heard enough from
his owl lips to aaoeitain that the account* whioh
front time to time have reached ns oi the dreadful
hardships the troops have ha to endure, Hive been
in no degree exaggerated. That Ssbastopol will be
captured, be has no manner of doubt, but that the
sacntice will jet be enormous. Every one is de
lighted with Canrobcrt, bat that Lord Raglan ia n>t
rwiaer of that unremitting physical activity whioh
tfcp circumstances require.
TLore has bten a family gathering among the
Oileonifcia.or, as I should m>re properly term taem,
t e fu.io&ista. The premier communion of Count
D'Eu, the eldest son of the Duke of Nemonrs,
afforded the occasion, an 1 the ex Queen Amelie and
the general kindred did not fall te swell the im
po: tance of it by their preieno 9. Effor .b have been
made by the family organs in France to dra ?> public
attention to any event which ca'is the exiled house
into notice; but it may be truly sail that come what
will to F/ance, hapoen what may, imperial
ism, republicanism, or any other form of
government, the Bourbon brauch, old and
young, ia sapless for evermore ; like the trunk,
when the axe has been laid to its root, it may still
8ut forth leaf aid bud, but the main arteries of its.
fe and ttrength are aevered never more to unite
again. Ten years hence it is quite possible that
once more and forever the denunoiatioi of tue
great Napoleon may be verified, and the Houae of
Bonrbon, whether m Spain, in Sicily, or Naples,
have ceased to reign.
Apropo* of Spain. I have from time to time taken
ojraslon to observe that Cuba was not going to be
made over to the United States while a Bonaparte
waa on the throne of Fracoe. The fact of tho Cortes
voting that its sale would be equivalent to barteriag
the national honor, has, perhaps, not much to do
with it, for Spaniards ate prone to the use of high
sounding phrases, and the ulterior views which
exist on this aide the Pyreness are of muoh more
consequence in the matter of Cuba than any mere
parliamentary votes or phrases. Considerable pains
are taken to draw the puolic attention of France to
the resources, and importance generally, of that
largest island of the Colombian archipelago, and
am-mg othe-* journals the Dibats has a moist elaborate
a: tide on the subject, setting fori h >ts population,
its products mineral aid vegetable, its delioious
climate, Ac.; it speaks of its excellence as a market
for French wines, silk goods, articles in metal,
gloves, perfumery, &c.; and "we have," itcont'nues,
"some good establishments, as many as ninety or
one hundred, surrounded by a kind of colony of our
itdujrtrlous country men from the departments ad
joining Spain." At the same time, it sets in array
the increasing influence woio'i, by its enterprise ana
ceaseless exertion, the American raoe is daily a;
quiring.
All is a holiday at Peokham with the S;anish Co art
and Espartero at present. The Duka of Victoria
trips it on the light toe fantastic with the young
Queen, while that automaton the King is galvanized
into a quadrille with Espartero'* wife.
Here the Court is fairly getting afloat for the
season. M. Billault, tfco Minister of the Interior,
hits announced Ills receptions for every Wednesday.
The great event, for tha present, is the ex at jtant
jour dt fan, when all the world, in manteaux de
conr, or in knee- breeches, are to go to make
their obeisance before the reigning Prinoe
of the Tuileries. The o dinanoe says, " those
who have been presented, their majesties
will receive;" but, as no certificate ia required of
that formality, I suppose none who choose to mast
the necessary expense will be refused. The dress
makers ate working night and day, and for the mo
ment even 8ebastopol is forgotten. After this, as
the dealers in silks and brocade must be sapporsed,
and as Paris mast not undergo a collapse, even
though Sebaatopol should burn the governmental
fingers, there is to be a snries o' balls at Jhe palace,
and at the different ministers', sufficient to use u ?
slippers enough to employ all the ladies' shoemakers
till the ecd of the season.
Tne Emperor and Empress and Prince Jerome
weiit to the Theatre Frangtlae, to witness "Phedre,"
last night; it was the anniversary of rinlue, anl
the same evening the " Enemis de la Maison," M.
Droit's comedy, waa performed. A detachment of
the Cent Garde, in grand uniform, acted as a guard
of honor. Banna.
Paris, Thursday, Dec. 39, 1854.
Ministerial Reception? Grandeur of the French Mi'
nittry?The War Chat, the L-mn, Austria and
Sebastopoi ? Napoleon and Hit Successor ? Society
and City Scenes? Catering for the Young FJk ?
Enfltsh Christmas Abroad ? The L it* t)ebites
in tht English Commons.
I was at M. Billault's first reception last night, and
the superb state which Napoleon surrounds his
ministers with cannot be allowed to pasa nnnotioed.
The hotel assigned to th? Minister of the Interior it
in fact a palace, and on the pro .tent oocaslon eight
large rooms were flung open for the reception of
the expected gueeta, covered with carpeting on
whiah the foot onoe placed, seemed buried in a pro
fusion of gaudy exotics; superb lustres; curtains of
brocadtd silk, and fringed with bullion; .fantenils;
ottcm&ns, covered with crimson damask; exquisite
works of art, alike of the brush and chisel; gorgeone
gliding everywhere, only relieved by marble of
porphyry and sienna; retainers in massive iirerlee
of state, offeitrg refreshments with Eastern servi
lity?such it is to be a minister of the seoonl Em
pire, and so well has 1C. Blllault boxed the compass
of political change.
It wat well attended; that is, as many as five
hundred persons of both s?xes presented themselves
during the evening. A large part of the Sena
torial and Legislative bodies were present, among
whom was the Count de Horny; Prince Mnrat and
the Princeai Mathilde were like vise to be seen
there, and all the corps diplomatique. The great
topics of conversation were the speech, the loan,
and, of course, the all engrossing siege.
From all I saw and heard, it seems to me clear
that the Emperor's speech has made a favorable
impression, not only In Paris, bnt the provlnoer,
and that the new loan of five hundred million* will
be forthcoming without difficulty. Several deputies
assured me that the letters which they had received
from the country that morning proved that the
speech was looked upon as one of m?t cheering
| character; that wheu the idies Napoltonnes pre
vailed the strongest? and it was d ffloolt to say
I wben they did not -the population were qnite pre
1 p <red to make sacrifloes? ihat they looked upon
, this man as their regenerator and sariwr, and that
the gentle manner In whbb the conscription was
> enforced, the abundanct of work provided, every
: where, by the improve nents carried out in all parts
, of France, showed that in all thing* he wai
I heart and soul with thsm; that as fjr the war the
| rural population wanned In it every day; they be
: lieved themselves booked for one of ten years dura
tion, at the end of which they expe ted to ba what
they were in the most palmy day* of the Grett En.
8 Ire; and that as for the loan, they were only aax
ma to anticipate the English capitalists, who, t&ey
1 were afra d would contrive to invest the sum, to
their ezcluson. Some mistrust,I observe!, still
; oontlt tied to be felt about the policy of Austria,
j not that she would now join with llussia, bat leu
an irresolnte action, with one foot on the.ereaiy and
the other vn the allies, should alTird her a most
prejudicial neutrality; but on the whole, opinions
1 are decidedly favorable to her. The great ferllag
seemed to be a desire to take tie speech as a whole,
and view it as a tableau of France as it is, and
I France as it was; and I observed on this bead, eve
ry body was unanimous in declaring that never?
not even in the best days of the first Emperor? had
the 11 ret Empire possessed suoh stature as at presefnt,
and that to the deep seated ambition and vigorous
tenacity of pnrpoee of the Emperor It was really to
be attributed. "And when ne is gone,*' said I.
! "that vacant chair yesterday, left for tie hope or
the throne, Prince Napoleon, high prince or the
. mountain ?how about him?' Rat mv only answer
was that which solves all Insuperable dlfflultlee In
I France? the national shrug? meaning, I suppose,
after Napoleon the Third, the deluge.
The proepecte ia the Crimea ware spoken of with
animation. That Rnaria could permanently bold
oat was net to be thoof htof for an Instant, and that
the wont was already past. The Inoeasant babying
of English newspapers, the execrable waste of ma
terial in the blundering arrangements of chiefs too
old tor their work, the namilttary edaoatton of Bag
lish oflosra? hardly compensated for by their en
during firmness were fruitful subjects or oomment,
and it was evident that a change of administration
In England seemed generally looked for, and thought
DKMMTJ*
The lest 'Meaaals Are* Ishastopol speak of more
pavoraMe wnaUeer ; iwt uaieas it * of* very Mw j
eat oh? of to that of Paris, to* allies km not
much reason to congratulate themaelvea. Every day
we are de.uged with rata, varied oooastonaUy by aa
admixture of now, aod nothing <vn well be more
chterleaa than the appeavane of to* streets, eptte
of the preparations which are going oa to ensare
gkdoeaa and festivity fcr tbijour dt Van. How the
poor wretohee who inhabit toe little ha (a which now
floe the Boulevards, from the beauuful remple of tae
Madeleine to the Faubourg 8*. Autoine, a distance
of some three miles, keep themselves alive in ?aoh
miserable weather, is a riddle. Bat there da t ?y
puiently stand all day, aod man; lay there all night,
Before whole reglmei.w of toys, of infantine machi
nery, tf b>n bins, of rattle*, ptstos, bows, daacutg
dolls leaps of gingerbread, sieges of Bebastopo!,
scenic representations, manic, frm the hardy gardy
to an acccrdeoo, lamps charts, children's books a-.d
all the other everlasting devices which the fleeting
generation itatln tively caters fir taat waioi it
treading on iti beela : and the prioe of these bohII
necessities is t*o trifling, and year a'ter year tbe
at> ck left in their hands u so Urge, that it needs
mo etban a iu,iMfioial knowledge of th? lawt of
trade to know bo<r it all answers, especially aa
during a residnoe of five yearn, it seems to
me that th?ir uduuw days of aa'e are
only varieties of wors neM-I mean as
rega <3s wtathe' ? for the quantity sold, no '.with
H andiv g we vastest of the debris, Is prodigious.
Tbe Boulevards aie at tois moment ous floating
mBfs of the flrat and the last? of (be genera I >n that
is, and that wto.-h is succeeding. Taeu they an,
like the ores of Hywettus, bending down ua ler the
treasure* they have gathered from hut to hut. Tae
little ores do it all, for the pride of possession auks
Insfca tan^ous gratifl cations, and what 15 requires it
mu?t cany. Then tbey are, those ri^my images of
their fathers, "gay'd" up in all the fantasies or ma
ternal fondness? and toe French, will all tiotr
taste, m ? kc wondrous do'ls of t tt-ir childrei ? their
chteks swollen with intensity of a-fmhattoi, aid
red with the driving sleet and wind, banding under
tbe we'ght of Lilliputian wag>ns, of prodigious
dumn.of miniature rheatres Franeaitt, of canps
of soldiers, of mountains of gingerbread, of shower
of bon bona, of organs, turnings lathes, priatin<
presseif, dogs, cows, goats, birds and beas'-s, anre
than tbe ark cf Noab, battling with the flood, ever
dreamed of in its phi os >phf.
Bat tnis is for the million. Look at that superb
mansion on tbe Boulevard dea Itillens, with fibs of
carriages double dee? before it, towards which
crowds of elegant toilettes bead their footsteps, and
where the new police have difficulty in performing
their maiden functions 1 It is Giroux't?
Giroux's ? not as I spoke of it In a for
mer letter, for teen It appears it was Gi ox?
I will not say in the "soft sae'l" ? bat Giroax just
chipping the egg of the "hard shell;" and now the
bird is hatched, and moreover (lodged, aid lu fall
plume. The basement story, or ttez as Chaa?sie, is
a mere preliB inary, and the colossal dolls which, on
either side of the door way, stand laden with evary
conceivable attraction to tbe little humanities, are
mere drops of water, to remind the thirsty pilgrim of
the pererntal fountains whioh are splashing fort a
like tne Niagara Falls np stairs. The floor above Is
decorated with all sorts of elegant stationery, writ
ing cases, dressing cases, pape- weights, piucits,
&o.; also the most elaborate tableaux construct tot*,
or, as we used to otll ttiem in onr earlier days, pnz
ales; and then there are music J boxes of the value
of tMitj-five francs, whio i play two or three airs,
and s et apes fiddling, donkeys browsing, children
beggirg, cattle feediag, soldiers fighting, geitlemen
sport Irnr, and all manner of domestio menage, from
tbe frying-pan to the slop-pail, agoing. When cloyed
and satiated with all these attractions, or well n!gh
"o'eaned out," by their effect upon those blessed
juveniles who have never stopped from the moment
of tceir entrance, giggling, cackling, and shrieking
at treasures whioh out Herod alt tbe wonders of tie
lamp ot Aladoin, you onoe again oommence the pro
cess of ascent, and flaa yourself In anotter
stage, which, I presume, the Messrs. Giroux
have intended to bo a species of third h<a
vrn, for, if below tbev have bewildered
little hearts and growing beads, here tie cilldrea or
larger no less tuan those of am slier growth are
dragged down with the eddying, intoxicating whirl
pool. There are bronzes, suoh as a heath tu would
fall down ar,d worship? then are paintings from
every schoil In Earope, such as rival the best col
lections ? there are mtubltt made of that fascinating
bois de rote, i' laid ? encrustt is the term -wits
flowers whose colors vie svith the gorgeous tulip?
exquisite tables de je ux, stands for flowers, beauuful
little tie fetes, cabinet chests of drawers In '.o whioh
it would be a positive sin to put anything, vasas of
Stvrt* elegantly mounted on pedestals of buM or
matqxuirie, where the cards cf select and aristo: ratio
friends may be given to view. Bat, besides all
these, is suchacoliect ?n? a galaxy I must call it? of
food for tbe infant mind, that like the Homorio oa
tali sue of ships, I should need luegs of brass, the
head of Minerva, and the pen indeed of a ready wri
ter to describe It Tbe sheep, if cot quite as large as
life, are whiter than ever I saw sheet's wool before,
arid mike a noise equal to the flocks of Jethro; the
cows give tongue, ir not milk, enougo for a Loudon
dairy; the dolJs dance and shoot till the little ones,
With starting eyes and open mouth, stand a' gase,
cry, or rather shriek ? KU ce qui 'ilt font vitants
mamma 1 And then they olap their delighted
hards and whirl themselves about till the
whole place is a Pandemonium. But here
all things are at a value ; little is to be ob
tained, even in this way, under twenty five francs;
and when your ambition soars towards rocking
horses, duchess-like dolls, things with internal ma
chinery wbich causes them to picture great events,
grand theatres, altar pieces with tall candles that
rival those at la Madeleine, fourneaux de tninage,
batteries dt ruisiue, minie i ifles, soldiers flt to drab
the Russians, and cannons and mortars that would
be terrible at Sebastopol, you mast be prepared to
draw your purseetrings to toe tone of one hun Ired or
even a thousand franos. And sooth to say, I ob
stived there were far more spectators than pur
chasers ; though the last may probably greatly
augment, aa the jour dt Can approaches, for every
living being in France must have a present on that
day.
ft Is certain that so much cateriog for the help
less portion of humanity is a very amiable feature
in the national character of France, and the inge
nuity disalayed is perfectly wonderful, tiough to
our Anglo-Saxon mind the thing is a little over
done. u children would appropriate these inge
nious toys to the uses for whioh they are intended
they would doubtless prove no less instructive than
amusing! But bless me, to see how tbe possession of
such bijou'-erle immediately developes their bumps
of deitructlveness, an organization which really be
comes of some little consideration when the prioa is
so high !
However, doubtless Messrs. Glroax know their
own business best. There is one article which, at the
risk of fatiguing the reader, I cannot ilnbih this
subject without alluding to. It i* a piece which, at
first sight, resembles a beautiful timepiece for the
union : indeed, I rather think it is surmount*! with
a email cloak ; but oa a near inspection it is found
to be an elegantly furnished boudoir, in whici la
seated a lady, powdered, hooped, and brocaded, at
in the dajs of the Ilagenoy, who is occupied in
tnrnirg the handle of a bird organ to an exquisite
little sjngHter, who, rejoicing in the rlsbeot plumage,
ana perched on a sttnd in the middle of the room,
benos his crested head, flutters hti little pinion*,
and restlessly moves in his resting plajs, while his
mUtress thus imparts with a benevolent smile, and
?ver and anon a gentle inclination of the head, his
lemon. Suddenly trie lady ceases, and graciously
makes a sign, when the obedient bird open its little
btak and plumes its little ftath?r*, and sri.h every
sign ot enraptured delight jours forth a bird-ike
imitation ot the a'r he has beard. The illusion is
perfect It la impossible to imagine (he power of
clockwork machinery to go further, and crowds
upon crowds cf delignted listeners haag over it, ani
never seem to tin of doing so. I did not iaquire
the prise, but from the general fitting up aid per
fection ot the machinery, suppose s itnc.'iing like
2,000 francs, or, Indeed, perhaps much more.
I Lave occupied so mnch space, tnat though I
have much to say which would be probibly interest
ing, I moat defer doing so till ths next mill.
Chitstmas day was kept by a'gund stite dinner
at the English Ambassador's? oovirs being laid for
thirty. The suprrb hotel was made to wear its
richest apparel on (he occasion, and nothing could
be more magnificent than the coup d'cril, a* you
threaded the noble suite of room; which lea is
through the mille dt where is suspended the
portiait of Queen Victoria ? to (he ball room, now
converted into (he ?all* & manger. The wails are
bung wl(h jellow satin damask, throe girgeous
lustres drop from the celling over the binqust,
which, glittering with flowers, raanive plate, ana
utadelabrae, looks a table for tie g ids. Twenty
serving men In state liveries, and ten others in the
guise of gentlemen, were there tj do thoir obee- 1
| qnlous all. and the number of viands, or wlues, dw- I
serts, A"., gave them fall and lnoes<ant occupation. 1
Among the guests were the Earl of Kglintoun, who, 1
in course of conversation, spike of Napoleon the
Third as having be in formerly one of h i kaigtts at j
his famous tournament; there wai the M irquls of
Hertford, ard Lady UMI Itamsav, sis'er of the 1
Duchess of Wellington, and Lady Dungarvon, the 1
celebrated beauty of the last toadon season, and
Lord Dungaruoa, who. fresh from tne late debate I
in the House of Commons, ?ald (hat Sir Robert Peel 1
had quite taken (he House by surprise, this seseioa,
on mots tttaa one oooaalou, by the Impromptu man- 1
ner in which he had spoken. Mr. Disraeli's speeoh I
on the address, he eaid, was thought a failure, even
by his own party; he seems sot to have the art of
condensation, and wearies his hearers by U? ver
bosity. He added, that though the Itait popular
member of the aasnbly, then was not a man la
tbe House whs could oommaad attention squat to
Brlgh(, aad (he* la the reoeat debate he was felt t3
be morsthaa usoally for ibis sad IsgiosL Hs de
oiarsd, (hough ha himself was la (he majority, the
ooneUlueatlaa wars generally dead seal ettfaai I
Bis>?yoUwyew^* la Wm* NO. Banna. i
TIm law franlM Port.
[t'ltMB the London N?w? ]
We published ?? Monday the information that the
Prussian gorernmurt, accordtcig to the Prasileu
Mohwvt, bad taken possession of the territory of
Jahde, which she has acquired by treatiei entered
into on the 20 h July and 1st of Da wmber, 1863, and
bad lamed an ordinanoe to regu'ate the provincial
management ot that territory. Pruwia acqalrlag
new territory and forming ? new naval port aud ar
senal, whi h la intended we are told, to oroteot Gar
many on tbe aide of the sea, and enable Prustia to
become a gnat naval power, la awn 'thing ne w. It
ha? hitherto escaped and yet dea rvna pubtio notfoe.
To seme timid people this maybe ra'.ier aUrmlng;
f. r though few of our readers, perhaps, ever heard
of Jahde, It is very oloee to our own shores, 11b> in
the direct route or much of our stoiopiog, aid, If it
he capable of alfordlog promotion to tht trade of
Germany, may, in the hands of some ambtti .mm so >
ceesor of Fiederiok WilUatn, be turned hi ?> a m?aus
ol annoying England, as it has been acquired, we b>
litve, expiessly tor this purpose.
Ah tarty as 1848, vben tae ilea of making Gor
many, a great uaral power wn oherishet ?y the
pariument assembled at Fjankf rt, witlings ap
peared recommending the J and a Gu f as ths appro
priate plice for the establishment of a gr^at naval
aiseral for Germany on '.he No.th Sua; but m the
little 8iova>elgu of ORouburg, wlioae terrttoy
compta'stn the gulf, could not po*sib'y fin out a smgie
gun b ig, th se who thought the pr.>j *ot feasible at
once tuwiei their alteration to Pru-sU Sundry publi
cations were is?ui d, showing the adv*uUge of Pru'rala
having a poit on tbe Noitb Sea, independent alike
of Hamburg and B-emea, atd capable, if necessarr,
of dispensing with their services to commeroe, and
eupnlytng a>l Westphalia, and all tue countries on
the Rbine, by means of a railroad with a direct com
munication to the aea. His Prussian Majesty's va
nity, and hie love of projects and agg anllaemsnt
weie stimulated, ard in July 1853, a treaty waa
con'luded with Oldenburg, by which, for tin coa
sideration cf 600,000 thaters [about ?90,000), a
oistrict containing 6,000 morgen. something more
tban 3,000 ac es of land, including mirshsj, was
conceded to Prussia in full sovereignty, with a>l
kinds of rights of way, accets to and from, Ac. For
Oldenburg the treaty is considered highly advan
tageous, making a district useful that was before
neglected, Increasing the value ot lanl in the neigh
borhood, giving employment to the peoplt), and ex
tendi*: g manufactures and trade, witu the proapact
of a oioeer union with tbe rect of Ga-ma .y by means
of a railroad. For Pruesia, the treaty an l tae pur
chase can have no other advantage than those which
che may derive from po.-soe?ixg a seaport on the
North Sea, though it is cot immediately contiguous
to her other territories. It wlll'rather gratify the
ambition of her weak King than serve thi purposss
of the nation, and is more likely to be a source of
expense than profit.
Ti e situation of Oldenburg, a stripof land project
ing from tbe sea into the territories of Hanover,
which, except at the sea and on the borders of the
Wefer occupied by Bremen, surround it, is well
known to our readers; but till now, perhaps, ".heir at
tention has not been directed to the gulf or deep bay
acoe ped out of Oldenburg ? a sort of aalt water lake
betwixt the Etna and the Weser. lata this gulf
flows the little Oldenburg river Jahde, and gall and
river bear the same name. Not far from a tow a of
some little importance, called Varel, about thirty
miles fom tbe town of Oldenburg, and from which
a direct communication by steam with England has
been talked of, in oider to ex hauge cattle, corn,
rapeseed, Ac., forooal, iron, Ac., lies the Prussian
purchase. It is close to a smaller place called Fan
rbukon the river, about tweaty eig it miles from tbe
sea, ar d hat a depth of water a ? low ebb, in the
middle of the stteun, of never less than four fathomi,
and for a large part of the apace, a depth of eleven
to twelve fathoms. Over the broad surface of
tbe gulf the water is nowhere less than six fa
thoms deep. At present tbe largest elasi of ordi
nary merchant shipscan enter the river, and it la
capable, at a comparative small expense, of
beirg deepened and widened so as to form, by Fahr
buk, an excellent harbor. The opening of the gulf
itself is prote ted by th<> island of Watgeroge, and
is a safe, good ancnoragn, equal cr superior to the
Nore. Off tbe month, too, lies tbe ialaud of Norde
ney, wbich, like Wangeroge, is a summer bathiag
place, visited by steamers, which keep up a con*
slant communication with tbe continent. T le
neighboring sea is well protected and safe, or the
Germans, not very partial to salt water, would not
make it their summer aoode. All cur vessels bomi
to t e Weter, anl moat of tbo?e oound to Hamburg,
W iich generally make the Texel on their way out,
pass by these islands and the opening of the gulf.
Tbe possession of a naval staMon in It therero'e
briigs Piussia close to our own shores, and inter
poses her naval power, such as it Is, between the
mouth of the Thames and the mou'hs of tbe Weser
and Elbe. The information oopveyei in the para
graph we published on Monday of the aoqulsUlou
of tnis new port by Prussia is something in th* pre
sent political relations of that monarchy with Eng
land, not to be ligfctly regarded.
According to the no'icy of our forefathers, such
an acquisition by a State making great pretensions
like Prussia, obviously jealous of England and
avovediy aiming at becoming a maritime power on
the North Sm? desiroui, too, of obtaining a control
over Bremen and Hamburg ? would excite some
diplomatic if not angry recnonstranoes. We have
not beard that her Majesty's ministers have given
tbe subject the least attention. No doubt the pur
chase has been n stifled to them in due form, but
they have not felt any alarm, nor hat any vigilant
member of tbe House of Commons though*, it worthy
of a remark. Fairly appreciating the character of
his Prussian Majesty, they have treated with the
contempt it deserves his avowed project of estab
lishing a naval arsenal on the North Sea, and form
ing there a fleet for the protection of the trade of
Germany. His plan to counterbalance our power
and establish a rival to the Thames, or at least to
Yarmouth, in the Gulf ot Jahde, has not disturbed
the tranquillity of a single Doggerbank fisherman,
muoh less the tranquility of tbe government or
people of England, the latter of whom will probably
learn first from our oolumns the whereabouts and
the nature of tbe new Prussian port of Jahde, par
cbased from Oldenburg for ?80,000. We have
stated all the particulars which have come to our
knowledge concerning it, and there is in them no
thing, so far as the ostensible object of them to con
cerned, but what to trivial and ridiculous. What
effect the acquisition is likely to have on the Inde
pendence of some minor German States is their
oonoein.
Ajunr N?ws.? Tne following order la being pub
lished by the War Department: ?
Tfce following regulations have been received from
the War Department, and an published for the in
formation or all conoerned:
1. Paragraph 974 of the General Regulations of
1841 is so lar modified aa to substitute Hingis iron
bcdstasds for the wooden banks prescribed by that
Ssragrapb, to be furnished by the Quartermaster's
eputtnient.
2. Paragraph 1,102 of the Regulation of the Sub
nistence department is amended so as to authorize
an loo. ea*e of the ration of hard bre?d to one pound
to troops detached from their posts and employed
in tbe cutting of reads or other etfstut labor.
3. Paragraph 22 or tbe Regulations for tbe Rs
cruiticg s- rvloe is amended so as to read as folhws:
"No ptrion under the age of 21 years is to be en
listed without the written consent of his gnardian
or manner, which content will invariably be append
ed to tbe enlistment."
By order of the Secretary of War.
S. Cooper, Adjutant.
Ltgal Intclllgrmt.
COUKT Or APPEAL*.
Jaw. 9 ? No. 32. Lawrence ag*.. William*. Argued.
N. Hill, Jun., for appelant; J. M Piatt for respondent.
No. 12. livelier sgt. Matbewa. Argued. N. Hill, Jun.,
for appellant; J. A. Spencer for respondent. No. 32.
Dolph agt. White. Argued. 8. K William* for appel
lant; John 11. Reynold* Tor respondent. Evening *e?
aion.? Nos. 2 and 4 Reynold* and another agt. Darin
and another. On argument. Charles O'Coonr for appel
lants; 1. U. Cuttlrg for respondents. No. 38. Reserved
for 16tli. No. 153. Mruck off.
J*N. 10. ? Noa. 2 and 4. C included. No. 34. Argued.
N. Hill, Jun., counsel for appellant; J. H. Reynolds,
counsel for respondents. Noa. 223 and 224. Judgment
affirmed by default.
Jaw. 11. ? No. 34 Concluded. No. 87. Ame-fcan Sun
day .School Union agt. Jonathan Wadatna. Argued. 3.
A. Foots counael for appellant; Henry R. Selden for re
spondent. No. 67. Struck off No. 89. Phelps agt.
Chemung Canal Bank. Argued. B. D. Nozon eounsel
fi>f appellant; N. Hill, Jun., counsel for reapoudent.
No. 43. Hall and another against Kellogg and othera.
Argued. Mr. John L. Talcott counsel for appellants;
Mr. John L Cuatenlus counael for respondent*. No. 41.
Wayne and another agt. Sherwood Argued. Mr. Henry
R. ^ldrn rounnel for appellant, Mr. J. H. Martindale,
counael tor respondent.
DiffrarcTivi Ptnn in I.vwruBt-no, Va Oae of 1
the moat destructive Area which ha* ever occurred in
this city hr ike ont between three and four o'clock
Saturday rooming. The Are originated in the machine
shop of 0. Karnes , at the lower ond of Main street; and
communicating with the adjoining buildings and th oae
on tbe opposite aids ?f ths street, conaumed nine front
shops and tenements, with three or fonrrsar bull lings,
before It was arreateJ. The loaa ws have teen nnabte to
ascertain with any eSttalnty, bat understood that it will
Crhaps amount to mors than 990,000, $7,000 of which
covered by insnrsoc* In the company of tbe Vallsy of
Virginia, Wlnchsster. Ths following la a list of suiler
ers? C. Faroes. machine shop, insured for $2,000, loss
snppoaed to bs $84,000; McKinnsy k Bro., rro-iry ,
Rufus Anderson, private residents, Richard Matbaars,
grocery; J. R. Bally, paint shop and carnage shop, la
sured for $4,000, loaa $4,000 or $8,000; Geo M. Brass,
livery stable, ins* red for $1,000; 8. Bnseh, carpenter's
shop; and a grocsry Store belonging to Mr. D. R. Kdley,
aad recently oca u pled by A. Yoaag ?Lfnckburg Vir
ginia*, J**. $.
Mcsm it a Bot.? During a qaaml bat wan
two boys la Oaetaaatl, (Ohio,) oa Tuesday last, one of
tbssa, aasasd Blotter, stabbed Us othsr, Httla, la tfcs
throat with a kaifb. He died la a ft w arfaatss fro? leas
af Mead,
A r 1 I O A.
Ill CombmnIU InUmt to tlu P?tu< ItrtM
The Knplra of Mroeoo -Th? Independence
and Trade of Wrdnoon.
BY THOHA.I M. CAM, LATJS UMITBD OTITIS CONSUL
FOR TBI EMFIRM OF MOROCCO.
The interest which now attaches to African Intel
lifer ce, of what war character, bat more immediate
ly in relation to its commercial resources and advan
tages, has induced me to send jou this oommanioa
t on, whioh, if it possesses any merit, yon are at
liberty to give to your readers. The great advan.
tage that must a crue to any nation, by possesjing
command of the avenues of tr*de, and the safe and
expeditions transit of the products of the mist weal
thy and populous \ arts of ATriaa, to one central
port, aff Tdiun easy and secure approaoh for ship
ping, are matters that will not be questioned. Va
rious schemes have been started, atid thousands of
lives bave been aaciifloed in the attempts or Ku o
pears to get at the wealth of the interior of Africu
Opinion has Anally settled down upon one point of
agreement, namely: that tbe productive wealth of
Africa is worthy of pursuit, providel the msaus
of obtaining it should not be attended with too great
a sacrifice, and shoal i also be deprived of any fea
nre ot inhumanity.
I make these Introductory remarks bactase of the
<mpcitance of the subjeot matter which I am about
to communicate? no less than the seoare mews of
opening a trade and commercial rahtions with
a power sooth of Morocco, and at tbe southern
foot of the Atlu mountains, from which I anti
cipate benefits, in a national point of view, that
seem to me to ba of vast importance and valae ;
and as the late accredited officer of the govern
ment of tbe United States at MorooOo, having the
be?t means of information, I state the facta whioh
follow', on unquestionable grounds.
The proposition consists in opening a dlreot com
munication with the Sheik Belrook, of Wednoon,
(of who* precise locality I Wiu apeak pressntly,)
with a view to trade, and the eatabltahmeat of aa
American agency In tne of his principal cities
This project is favored by the Sheik hiauelf ; and of
thia I have bad repeated evidenoe in interne mi with
WTeral of hi* friends and ageuta, while on visits to
Tangier. Hia anxiety to open trade and commer
cial relations with other nations, ia the more mani
fest from the fact that previous to the apniicatioB
^ m?> "Consul of the United Pistes, to
? e P'opo^t'on, the Sheik proposed the
same matters to other consuls, particularly the
!S2Lm??flZi ^ toi "wSSSBS lm
accepted. ? V? not ??* b"n
??Fbn ciu7 of yeJnoon Is In that uart of West
iUuok! situated on the bor lera cf the
Cu^vSZ*' It n*^Ut th" Utitad* of
i/8i. ary isles. It is close upon the canfloM
fn<?i.nor?'1 Sahara, or the gr<at desert It
la, therefore, favorably aituated.and ita ch ef to vna
communicate with the sea, byZuof.nS
ble river of the same name. The bav is lar<? Jn*
secure, affording good anchorage; & t?**e!Sj
for communication with tie town are eaay and safe
ukfi?1? Jj""* speak of is the one ia whioli the
bbeik res.des, with a population of about live
thousand. There are other inland to vna or oiti??
Rh??t hgf r tban i^1*/ nad6r the Jurisdiction of the'
th? ^neea purposes and importance
the" City of the Boa," aa it ii called by the M iow
ia the one I have now in viaw. The <?"o?Tin?ina!
?f Wednwn every w?y ofHd f?
Md liV n/^rlr trade with the sauthem
ana western part of Africa, and the vast int^r.n,
^in?n?BS' IS0?" t0 tho north tb? thickly lahail.ed
? tlhl irp,i*I^gJ5iJuntr^ of the j?ridf to the
east the large distri tof Suae, audto the soathirard
atd eastward, beyond the Diaert, ths nej" coSn
t Ub, comprising th* wealthy and iadudtrioas qaq
pie of ta nbnotoo, Soudan. Basbart,
tH?r.^pu ' ???n1trle* Tneae last named cou/
trtea are supposed to be the Eldarado of Africa
f ? V? ?t My time within easy reach of Wedaoon'
^.TtJ m thirty to lorty dava, the latter
?t ?Jf j# on8wJt for caravans ia crossing that nirt
of the desert. It sirlil from this bo seen tha' tfrSi
p?? <* Aftisrvsfi'ss
tnaafl JihSm!?*1 ^"S,0' tn^ of these conn
agtiits of Morocco. During the triTAiihiv aA.an.
the ffTCat u A CC 99 or ma lr?* ?J u & 80410?
J*70' or oa.ket, li hiid once or tirije a
ir?5 M twtnfcj thousand o&rnelji am
of flalSrti !5 ??1,?jted 1,1 one spot with tie proiaoe
5/ *^*L0' these countries, and disposing or th*
fiame at WedBoon. A. Britisn traveller Mr nidri
?on, who resided tome month* at VYednx>n in Ma?"
aaa
Western Africa. Somethinjr of an MtiinJ^^tk?
*wkT?''Av' Prod0* of thia country um? &'
Europe and the United States first hi?
through Wednooa before reaching the norta ln*tf?
?S"hM HySE "* Tb? niter of
25.5" A1 gar;.'.. b/ ;.?s
dan have long and sealously Ubo,^ o^btain fo^
Wednoon same of the advaa tana she ta m ab"a of
affording. The Oonmor ot tne to*n nt at J?
one period St. Crna, In the dlatrlot of Bute curia)
nXt*T T?"1 Vll',0n< P'fts of Earope
thi iSd?SsTeJfT? t T&s
from Christian intercom iSh t^Hheik^or'w-j
rZ2'JhSB t^de wou'd flnda Hn^ oSt
oommcditiea a? are reqnired'i^X SJc^maffi
^tssawasti s? ?rrB
jronr Ttuselii with rnonAv ? JL want
The 0^^ He'nS! ctr???* Md specie."
aak/d whTw^h.n0? ?" ***** tb" has been
?e t forth , ^?ve n ?t "me7 " are ^
ErnttoW.Hn^. ISlS' Qr econ after, the French
?ls Za r powcrftil fleet, with mere ant vs*
stis, and mechanics to put up iva'e'iona** f,? ,k>
F^re??t!,,d Protec"?n of French tride. The
J, ^ ? Admiral entered Into a treitv ?rith th.
Sbelk, the father of tie present G jvernor, grajtlni
to French traders an entire monopoly of thamirk. t
snd port. Ti e defeat of thta m-Jari?^ ? J 5??Si
finally by the interference of Great Britain wha at
the tiinrt claimed to be protectorate of the U ,n.
ffnaine Etepire, of whlji, as sh^ alWed
was a (!ei>f ndenry, and nart t'J "Sdnoun
sinse Ih- French made a second effort 'batVa^1
w"bf0,^ht t? bear upon the flAt if'
"J?v j?r
bSSssJtssT \ sis5uH3
2S2* T he? ?e55?aS fLUt -DartdSTto %Te?
S 4 ? '"W th?t would give to Great
iFJinTr* j "^d thia commnaication.
It will be understood from thia that the F sum*
o!i Jtu1,<5,ctteu o m the coaatrVTn
It '""' ?ssomed jurisdiction taat hu
operated thna long, supported and planned bv
ihToorMS S
Wedaoon and the people of the negro conntJ J1
who an la fcvor of Wedaooa bein^th? ^V?^!'
lodged port of entry (as she r 'Titnnsiii i? i
dlrldMd 2m^?t V L!f ei*?i ia
SalSai Sli dff L-I21 *"? to swtalaed by
b~ JTZS&.
thu that of the a
:SSSracS!?=^
SswSSsSiSsSns
which I have !?.> Bmwror b??hStV^f
tfet "Blittah interests wfw uhe caa'H??t>i? 5^"
tectirm Wm'0(>,,t doa* not thu pro.'
tectioa. Other treaties are more promising imw
Si"/" k. ' b!U * P1*1^ bono inserted f" I
the doable jurpoae o' preventing the Saeik from
dotDg it.jarv to th? wade of M jpto:o, by o^jntn/hu
2!m. ** to lmyres* fo ei^n (tore amenta
with a falee view of the Saltan's domnlma This
point la clrar'y Mcertii ed /- m an .>ffi ;Ui souro/ /'
th. Hni fin? B,,a*h S'wnMBt, while it alrnlta
InM .K ^ 8 ?overe'KntT orer Wednoon, does not
t^^*"i*7?ri.?Bp'M',rtW* foraD* WM commit
tee against BrhUh interest* by sa'd power. The**
vhlJhr ^ difflc"J*y in m*king out this doable
question, or in rele' ring the aanae to
the pr< pir mu ire. The ink res. of t!ie Sul'aa
cor si^t'^fu tbr* ?^Rr of ,hi"*8 ,a n*turahy Tory
th^J\?' f"r '? m* l,ae iraioh pas*!
M k .00unt/ ul'der t^e present s> stem, that
w5 i*w'vn 0h- treasury, first,' by import,
?id s ter by txport outiea. Tau, tr^de, taat mi^it
f ,illd ullflt"rid. '? now subject to \*?
R i P#Jl,ltim and *be:icavieat of vcx*Uotk
tax 6nt th? "m* Empcrjr ob'iia from it aia
c*1*" and governors of t< woa tar ?ugh
m? wellPKf fn' f duiijre from it tueir lupnurt. It
?nniJ^K toiaglned that tae loj- of tne Sultan
W^nnnl^w er?b ? ou7 ar? -g*nmi with
Wednoon that woti.d ooen to as, or tj t ie ro-14
in ?1^ nrt^p0r'' ?The ?jeAbof,> of i,aB* Kmperoni
sasswrfr 'sahg ??
? n? ^rtatn ax;d n}?" immediately imder imperil
?o^,.b?r.e*tabU*^? |Q Mor^?? %pXS
Mogadore, tlazayna, Ac. The gold worked iL k.
mines of Tlmbactoo, which in retlit? 1b ciniD i
of various sized pieces of this precfoos m^uFiL
krgely t?ed when it reaches Hon co?\i5 bSirT
it can be sent off, or btfore it gets intit >e hand. 5
the Christian shipper, the original balk has dimi^
iabtd at least t*o-thirds. Yet the
metal in circulation is very groat, fjr its gold
in all instances is obtained by a mining a?,
cess known a. paring, existing fo7 haSdnX
P", Africa. It i? tbe only ?l*
used for ociBing puT>o#es by the African ar ia w
jjd its supply is at *U times, even under great dls
sd7antage?y tquAl to tbe d^niind for it. Tfte wrilar
of this consulted with merchants and noUrea
coantri?a upon tnsir agrxuluird
resonrots, and tbe weulth of their mioM
^lloirance for Moorish exdinreratton the
Ameriosn coooeption oi the actual wealth of 'ris
buctoo sndneigoboriDg c.mtrie. Is rarpriainl >
entab'fshM r < 4160 aeveral loi,
eftab.isied Christian mercbanta on the nortbe<-a
'?M t5.?lr a -counts full, ac ord with thosj
just given. The labor required to work tnese mine
rL'h? ore everywhere aboond?aTd
? f eighty to ninety p?r cent of the nii*
I* ?psy oe inferred wLt ad^'agS K
* y e ^^tion of thii maul tj
Melange for our commodities and th* ?tT?i.
SSSS?
view thTf!!^^^ Zu to ?>e point
n??Tri a. formation of a treaty on the part of the"
tited States with the Sheik of Wedn&oa. Hionid
our government agre? in this view, that i-npo^tant
?dva?1togea are to be attalnelTy the
establishment of a consular, or other agsnov
t, 11 i. P named, jour c jrreauuaileat
*onldt Kg to suggest that iT ^aiifr
HiFv^?T? stfrir,
T^uX^Bta^es^ori? ^^10^
known in Earope as checks or preventives Affdn?t
encroachment upon foreign te rito-v Th?/?i!?f ??
to France on (Ue paH? G/ea^lViWn wil tS
asosnaancy she woaid attain by the eaia.hii<ihm!^t
hut'u P?*w and influeace in that region of A'rici
but as no such fears can wit.i reM^n be e^ert*ln?a
^"^?United States, it is no?
to our natiotal inteieaw ' m opposition
ispss-rssif.
e^Idom vis.ted by any pestilence or infec Joua
u "Ss. - ^ ;rsrs
ti^"rei? for iuTSf6" ?f iQflaenc? ? ??r be mSd?
1 1? ta?B by bringing
Pfrts of Afrloa where it is encoumflred into
'?^&f"^r.K.%aSS?S5S
the toy is not fTfiisUat wh?
jwjzfiis; '<oots,rcwsx:'irt?
nrteent^HBfcrdlle"8' hlth?rto, of tbe United States in
Sr.S
ureat Britain, whose oily object of interfm>M
twToSSS .'?d ^gjS.Vf'ty 'r^" bh.
mpoodeni is ppeskinjr now from indisputable data
that att? ntlonlrrom^on^ Kov^nmTnf
deriildsC?mmerCi*1 ln,portM,ce_to the JnitedStatas
*' Thojiab N. Cahk,
KXTR ACTA AND N0TK8
Tnkrn from Offirud Uieumemtn im PottaH'm of the
UrUith Charge d' JJf im at , prtparetl by
Jihn Daeidton, a British T tan flier and Agtnt,
who mated tVidnovn, far the. Peritd of Six
Mimthi, in the Ytart 1830 nnd 1H37.
To I?rd Palmkrton, (daied Nov. 6, 1836):?
Bhiik Belrook ia ?> proud of the ve-y ide* of a
ship coming to bis ttrrnorj, that be bM ordered
liaji Abib to write to everybody whi can aiaiat ox
in the leait.
To the mmr, (date! Nor. 2, 1837):? Since tut
letter tovour lord?hip. I have visited Shflk Bel
rook. There ia no an<;n river aa the Akawa; it ia
the Aaraka, tunning near to tbia place. [ Wednoon.J
Betwcfn this and (ilamis there are two o'.oer river*
not laid down in tiie map? the Bonkoreman and
theHvad. The Brat, at which the Sheik wisb?a to
form hut port, ia the month of the river Drvie,
[Liar -el-Wad Ihsha], which, ac -ordtsg to my rack
oulng, ia thirty-two mile? southw ?t of Cape N'jjd,
and ahonld ocoopy the place on tha nnp mark
ed "Akaaaa." I frar the Hh-jik over eati matei hi*
meana, bnt not at all the c*pablitlca o I tha cauatry.
I ?m confident much mav done in a commercial
point of view, bnt be want* a be'.ier p >rt thin Wad
Draba. He hat. however, show* much judgment in
the selection of his pjaition. I jtaj people can
furnlah Urge qoantitks of prodn e, and won d
be large coisament cduM thsy parh?M
goods on reasonable ttrma. Th?y have in toeir
Bands thr largest portion of the Poadan trada, la
gold, ivory. Ao., Ac. They iear Urge qiaatitl^ of
wool and i>kina, and in the dl?'.r let north# at of thia,
immense quantities of oil (olive.), wax, hidea, al
motda Ac., Ac. Tha present aoc, or market, will
nnmlier ovsr 2,000 oomela.
To the ?eme, dated March, 1837 The river
Dorah la the spot self :k?d by tbe Sheik for tha
Comnlar residence, tpon tta eitaM lament ha
proposes at once to op* n the r.nto from thecoa
to Koudan, to be performed in forty day*, and
a large, trade to be carried on. Couriers would
perform the jonirey ia fifteen or twenty days.
There would be received inex '.haoge.KO'as.aUaiate,
wcoljiides, oatiloh feathers, ivory, gold, with all tha
p-odncc of Soudan, wMch woald find ita way to
Wednoon, rather than by a lengthened j mrney to
Morocco. The price of provialuiia at Wednooula aa
foil owe:? bullock al $5; sheep, <52| centi. [[ hava
reduced tha cnrreacy Into onr own.] Fowls from
one to two cents ; bread, haV sent par pouad; wheat,
96 cents perfanega, (five Spaatah faregaa at Wad
nooa an equal to eight Atneiican boahelt]; barley,
forty to fifty canto; camel* from twenty to thirty
dollar a; ilavee, twenty to one hoadred dollars.
Sheik Belrook worn 1 ,000 oamela betweaa Wad
noon and Souoaa. The Shaik maksa loud aewh
piaiato acoinat hto trade falling into tha haJad*ef tha
Hu.toa of Moroeoo, br paaaing over the meaatataa.
Tha place ia ao ftul of ivory, taathara, gwaa. weal,
Ac., As., that tt ia difficult to gat abwt. Five bm
dred ahaep aad goata wan alaagbtarad to-daf Ik
vea mti W

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