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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMBS GORDOX BENSETT, PROPRIETOR ANI) EDITOR. tmn M. W. CORNER NiMiV AND 7CLTON 8Tfl TERMS, tnii >a advance. THE PA II. V HERALD, 'J ernti per copv?3 7 per ?mu?. Tlliv II l.i.KL y llk.K4l.lJ errr y Hcituriiiiv it 0\i re?t? jwr Mpv v ^ ' annum , the European Edition H per ami um to amy part of Great Britain, and $6 to any part o/ tAe Con MMtf, ?o'A l<) ?.II-'U4 ? pottage. ALL LETTERS by Mail for InlmifNw or iritA .<Jrrr femwnfi m tr j>o?t paitl, or the pottage urill be deducted from A* money ' ein+tt . rOIf 'N J'.lR V CORRESPONDENCE, containing impor Mot w?, >1 'in.Vu /rum any quarter of the toorld?\f u ted will be liberally paid for *jp Dv? Fureion Com kiipoi ? m?T? ill /* UTTl'l I.AII.V HE4VCITED TO II1L ALL Utrin KB PAOK*aic4 mur i-?. JVO NO 7"/' K taken of uaoiit/mout communi-atioiu. We do Mi return Uioie ref*ett<', JOB PH1STLSU executed tcith neat net!, eke apnea, and Amp atck. Vol ana < XX No. '44 AMUSEMENTS THIS KVBNI.NU. MOADWiT THEATRE, Biuditj ? Cinderella ? ?ova 'III* TRATELLER. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowtry? Four vsi'n Frolic ? ?uvah Twist? ma/acva BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamu er? ilreot ? Oi r Set? SorHiA s St pver. WALLACE'S THEATRE Broadway? Nioit* and lioRs ?EW L*l>V AXO Ol.NT?.?XA5^. METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Hrn*dw?* ? Viroin of ?ni Si .N? I'sol* 8am? S?>.rrn m Bridegroom. ARAKIi'AN MUSE17M - Afvomton? Roeber'i Wii ?? XiVlNl* too Yadt. E?fUiDH-KA??AELl.E-TuE Middy Aauobb. WOOD'S MINSTREL8, Me.:hame?' 11*11? <72 Broadway. BUCK LEV'S OPERA nnlJSE, 539 Broadway? Buck un i Ethiotiak Umia Trui n. DONALDSON'S OPERA HOUSE, Hnpo Chapel, 718 and tSu B?ok<l#ay. Mew York, Thursday, Janaarjr '45, 1659. The News. to the Uti'ed State* Senate yesterday, at lcr the transaction of some unimportant business, and a Atcrt executive session, tbe Army Appropriation bill was taken up. $208,000 were appropriated for ?xistxig arsenate, and for magazines and arsenals in New Mexioo, Texas, Oregon and California; the k?ni of subsistence was increased to $270,000; for surveys of military defences $15,000 were appro priatcd. and $30,000 for stereotype works on infantry tactics, fer use throughout the country; $74,000 was voted tor machinery, repairs and improvements at tbe armories at Harper's Ferry and Springfield; $30,000 is to be spent in experimenting with drome daries for military purposes; $130,000 was voted to fay tbe six companies of Texas rangers now employ ed against the Indians in that State. Amendments were adopted allowing the troops at Fort Laramie Mm extra pay given soldiers in California; making an appropriation for the manufacture of breech-loading Inarms; regulating the distribution of arms among the States; authorizing an examination into the damage done by Col. Fremont's battalion; and in areastf g the pay and rations of soldiers. The bill oontains an appropriation of $32 j ,000 for the exten wk of tbe capitol, and a motion to strike it out led to a general discussion of the principles of acoustics 1 and ventilation, which was interrupted by a message *sai the President relative to Texan troops in the service of Texas who have net been paid by the general government. Mr. 8tward reported a bill carrying out tbe reciprocity treaty. The Committee on Commerce asked to be relieved from considering Mm proposal of Messrs. Husted & Krochl, relative to ?u?.rinp away the obstructions at Hell Gate, the State of New York not having proposed the mea sure. The proposition of these gentlemen is now before the Legislature. In the House yesterday the debate on the Frenah jobation bill was resumed. Mr. Benton opposed it *4 treasury plunderers generally, with great vehe mence. Mr. Letcher offered an amendment to ex. ?Me all insurance companies from the benefit of provisions. This will, It is *aid? if agreed to, lodanci the claims two thirds, and ^fe:taaUy break ap aa important interest in the claims. The discus tooa on the merits of the bill will close at three o'clock to-day. It is reported that the President will toQow the example of Mr. Polk , and veto the MB, if passejl. On the '>th imt. we published the bill Introduced to the New York Senate by Mr. Putnam, to vest alt obnrch propeity in corporations organized by geae. ral act establishing religious societies. It came up a^ain yesterday, and, according to our report, the nrtft committee to whom it was referred are unani mously in its favor. Our views are given at length ?pen this subject in the editorial columns. It ap. pears ,tiaf the same matter has been introduced in the Pennsylvania Senate. The Pennsylvania bill is mate comprehensive than that of New V ork, but it strikes at the same objections to tbe existing s.aie of things. We give portions of the Pennsylvania bill to another column. Tbe proceedings In the Legislature yesterday were toiportant. A report was presented in the Senate relative to the obstructions to navigation in the ^ijjnii river, concluding with a resolution request tof our Senators *nd Representatives in Congress to arge the passage of a law making an appropria tion for the removal of obstructions upon a scale which will be a permanent and complete improve meat. The report may be found uudsr the appro, priate head. In the Assembly a bill was in-.ro Moeed to dispose of the quarantine property at Htaten Island. It is proposed to place a floating hospital In the cove north of Coney Maud for ;the reception of the sick. Toe resolution inquiring whether any military ompaniei to tfee State are organized contrary to law, and directing that If there are any such they shall be dis boaded, was adopted by a vote of S6 to 2a. This is a deeided K. N. movement, and shows the drift of tbe tide clearly. The invitation of the Ten (Jover aors to the legislature was accepted after a lively debate. It still hangs tire in the Senate, but they will also assept in proper tine. The consideration of the temperance bill was paesed over until tha afternoon, when tbe debate was resumed relative to too pr-fits to be allowed dealers appointed nnder Mm set. It is c:rje:tnred that the temperance men design to delay final action on the measure until after the election of United BUtei Senator. Kfee where will be found a full account of a serious disturbance which took place yesterday afternoon, among the 'longshoremen, on piar No. C North river, in which the hands of two canal boati, de abarging cargo into the ship Empire State, were badly treated. A detachment of policemen arriving promptly at the sccne of the skirmish, the rioters fled from the pier in great haste. One of the party was arreeted, however, aud identified by the com ptotoants as having been engaged in assaulting The prisoner, whose name Is Pa'.rick Hear ?ay, was committed to prison tor riitand assault aid battery, In default of $.">00 bail. The entire oountry north of Mason and Dixon's nae, and away out into the illimtable West, has been visited during the past twenty-four hours by a toll of snow of most reaps cUble depth unJ dense a special meeting of the Board of Klucstion, bold last evening, tho select committee to which was referred the contested election of tin Fourth word, repotted in favor of A. B. Day. as -Commie^ ataaer of that ward. The report was, however, laid oa the table. In the New Jersey Hoose of Reprtsentatlves on Toosday tlie Prohibitory Liquor bin passed to a third reading. A motion to exclude lager bier was negatived. The bill will be voted on by the people la October next, and if ratified will go Into effect in February following. The investigation into the affairs of tho 1 injure Bank was resume yesterday evening, at halt past three o'clock, before Judge Ro ?aovelt , and xtand* further a-ljourned. The b*nk Insist thtt tbey have a surplus or $i*,M)0, whilst the counsel for the petitioners contend that thc.r p-esent Ina bility to meet tho demands upon thorn amounts to A? Mnillflf motion to discharge an order for aire St, toiolvirg some circumstances connected wUhtiie Gadsden treaty, ru oommemed yester , BjITiiu, and adjourned to this ay. The republic of Mexico 1* comp aiaant la the ?ffAtf ?nd Benor Francisco de Arrangoiz, former Minister of b luance and a member of the Cabinet of that country, w the defendant. .J?! "r? ,ro|n B,rmu<i* to the 10 h iart. is woitbyof a note or two. The agrMihural pros pects are represented to be favorable, and a larger growth ol potatoes is to be attempted this .ewon. The Imperial Custom Houss at Barmula, as at Canada, was abolished on the 5th mat.- the busi ness pasUngover to the Colonial revenue office. The subject of foreign pauper emigration to thia country is oca of great importance, and we perceive thai it la receiving proper attention both in Can ?itre, in our State /*ni/)lature, and in our munisipil | bodies. At the meeting of the Commissioners of Immigration iaat evetiug, the coaimictae raceutly ?pointed to confer with a committee of the Boa-d oi Ciuncilmen on this question, reported toat a bill in relation to the matter bad been prepared, whiali wlU be immediately rent to Washington A com mittee of live Governor, will proceed to the coital to attend to the subject before Cod gresa. At the West, also, there is a growing feeling in regard to thia question, and we ob*,r?e that the lath-mar* IT ?\ Vf*** hMd directed the proM.:uttag officer of that c?'> u, b,n,g ?n ac'foo againrt the . I ,0 Ltul-'ai,? l Soiety for forwarding wo hundred pauper emig auts there. Are not our Ccmmisjioners liable t>i some ? xtent ? Tne inclemency of tbe aether yesterday inter lewd tomewhat with outdoor business, and trade 'n a general way, was somewhat less active. Crtton out t t* eXttDt ?f0Dly a few handrea with 21.* i?# ?- gC * price8' whljh *ere qnlte and 00111111 of flour were heavy, while other descriptions were unchanged Sales were made to a fair extent, inchid.ng rome ? 20 * hxp!?; ?on' l8land r8d wh9it roM *2 20, delivered in Brooklyn; Genesee, Western and Southern were nominal. Indian com closed at one to two cents per bushel higher. Rye was nominal. Old mesa pork sold in amall loa at $12 50, whioh waa an advance. Other articles of provisions were unchanged. William Wilson, the fireman who wis injared a4, the burning of Mr. Haven's house at Port Washing ton, died yesterday. He will be buried to-morrow The Spanish Cor lea and the Island of Cuba Ret nr., of Soule to the United (Kates. We published yesterday tbe instructive speech of M. Mariategui as the leading feature of the important discussion which took place in the session of the late Spanish Constituent Cor tes, of the 18th December last, on the Cuba question. The iacts and reasonings of that speech corroborate all our recent disclosures from London, Paris and Washington, concern ing the diplomacy of the Ostend Convention, and the inflexible attitude of Spain in regard to her '< ever faichful island." The declaration of the Spanish Minister of State that his govern ment "would never consent to the sale of Cuba, considering it a sale of the national ho nor," afforded the fitting occasion for the speech of ftenor Mariategui, and also for the significant vote of the Cortes sustaining the minister's de claration. Upon this same subject, we transfer to our columns to day a brief but comprehensive lead ing article from the Charleston Mercury. In pending this article the reader cannot fail to remark its striking coincidence, in the general argument, to the opinions expressed by Senor Mariategui, whose speech, we are well aware is yet unknown to our Charleston cotem porary. The editor of the Mercury , however, it may be remarked, generally discusses the Cuba question upon the basis of "fixed facts" and the sound principles of common sense. It is not wonderful, therefore, that his declaration that in hjs judgment, "from the first" there were "little hopes of the success of Soule's avowed mission," should come to us vis-a-vis with the speech of Mariategui at Madrid, and the authoritative statement from the Spanish Minister of State that Spain "never will con sent to the sale of Cuba." The elements of sound logic in both hemispheres are the same. The precise point, however, of our Charles ton cotemporary, is, how shall Soul6 be re ceived on his return to the United States? The Mercury, in behalf of the South Caroli nians, very naturally says, "it behooves us to be generous towards him, to lighten to the ut most the burden which now weighs upon the faithful, if unsuccessful, public servant." And why 1 Because, in the Senate of the United States, upon the compromise measures of 1850, Soute was with the Southern ultras, and an earnest advocate of the policy of South Caro Una of that, day, of the immediate sece&siou of the Southern States in a body from the federal Union. Wc agree, then, that it behooves the seces sionists '-to be generous towards him," "to lighten hiB burden," to "welcome him with open arms." and to return him to the Senate as poon a* possible, because, by the ultras of the Sooth, he may soon be wanted in the approach ing "inevitable cri.-is of her existence and ho nor." Thus argues the Mt rcury, and in this view of the case, the Southern secessionists from Charleston to New Orleans should cer taitly welcome the return of Soule "with open arms." The Cuban filibusters and red republicans of New York, we understand, hate adopted a Hmilar resolution. Soule, on his return here, is to be entertained by a welcome and proces sion of the same unique and filibustering mate rials as that which honored his departure hencc lor Spain. And why not? If he has failed to realize the prophecy of the Order of the Lone Star, that The Rweet inle of Cuba. The flower of the <?ulf, Huill be plucked from the jaw* Of the ."paniKh ehe-wolf. The fault is not theirs, nor his own. Soull was willing, faithful and earnest in his efforts to pluck this "flower," this "sweet isle," this jewel from the crown of Isabella; bat the Cuban Junta and the Lone Star were deceived, and their champion was betrayed. Treachery is the word. lie was betrayed by a reckless, demoralized and imbecile administration. lie set sail for Spain with " a hundred mil- ! lions in one hand, und war in the other." His instructions were adapted to his inclinations? he whs despatched to purchase the it-land, or to provoke a war. which would justify a forcible seizure. He went out with the fullest confi dence of the President, and the fullest assur ances that a bold and belligerent policy at Madrid would l>c sustained by all the power ot the government. He returns home ) iffled. de serted and betrayed ? he returns disgusted and indignant ? a wisf>r, if not :> more prudent man. We pre>ume fhut Soule fully comprehends by this time the criminal stupidity of Dudley Mann's foreign programme - the relations and policy of Knglaud and France towards the United State- upon the Cuba >|U<stion, without even reading the speech of M&riategui. Our unlucky Ambassador h*s, no doubt, discovered ' that Knglaud, in uo event, will go to war with < J thii country over the island of Cuba : and that j France will pursue the policy ot England. Oar commerce will bind them both to keep the peace with us. And yet. the object of Soule, (under Dudley Mann's delusive policy, adopted by Mr. Pierce to begin with,) appears to have been aa much directed to a quarrel with France as to a rupture with Spain; as if Fnnce, through the Empress Eugenie, were in the joint possession of Cuba with Queen Isabella. Hencs those duels, those curious official travels of Soull, the Osteud Conferenc 3, and the affair at Calais. Sorry, indeed, bad been the wild goose chase of Soule's mission, and pitiful the imbe cility through which he was betrayed, aban doned, and recalled. We think it best that the shrinking and vacillating weakness of Mr. Pierce has, in th ; end, succumbed to the old fogy pacific couusels of^larcy. Spain will not sell, and we are not quite ready for war. Congress have refused the ten millions ordered by Dudley Mann, aud those war steamers are getting on slowly. And we concur with the Charleston Mercury that if, instead of sending a filibuster to M tdrid, we had detailed the most pacific aud acceptable diplomat in the United States, the result would have been the same, from the simple fact that Cuba is not in the market. Soul6's has bean a blundering, eccentric and lamentable mission from first to last ; but the fault, we re peat, is not his. lie was but the instrument of a weak, kite flying, treacherous and imbecile administration. Soule has been faithful to his principles. Had Mr. Pierce stood faithfully by him, our filibusteros might now be singing songs among the orange groves of Cuba instead of lamenting the disbanded volunteers of General Quitman. It is better that Marcy has prevailed ; but this does not absolve the administration for its treachery to Soulg. Consequently, we approve the suggestion of the Charleston Mercury that Soull by the se cessionists should be received with open arms; and we also approve the proccssion contem plated upon his return by the Cub in Junta and red republicans of New York. The occa sion will give to their hero a glorious opportu nity for a full exposition of the double deal ings and deceptions which have resulted in his misfortunes and his recall at his own request. In the interval, the debates in the Spanish Cortes, and the London, Paris and Washington disclosures of Soul6's diplomatic career, re. quire by Congress a peremptory demand for all the papers and correspondence in the State Department touching the Ostend Convention. Soule may not return until the adjournment of Congress. Meantime, considering that the purchase of Cuba is out of the question, let us have the Ostend papers from the State de partment. The Church Property Question. Aboot a fortnight ago, Senator Putnam in troduced into the Senate of New York a bill to vest the property of all religions congregations in corporations organized under the general act establishing religious societies for the pur pose. Yesterday the subject was again brought up, when Mr. Putnam stated that the select committee to whom the question was referred, were unanimously in favor of the principle of the bill. The object sought is to defeat the ar rangement by which Archbishop Hughes and the Bishops of Albany and Buffalo have tried to get hold of the real property of the Roman Catholic congregations in this State. The two former, as is known, have succeeded, and the real estate, churches, Ac., within the diocesses of New York and Albany now stand in the name of the prelates ; but the lay trustees at Buffalo have proved obstinate, and de spite the pastoral exertions of Monsignor Be dini, papal legate, have persisted in retaining possession of their lands and buildings. Sena tor Putnam now means to place matters on the Bame footing in the other diocesses, and to this end hiB bill declares that "no grants, convey ances, devises or leases of real estate, See., ap propriated to religious purposes, shall vest any right, Ac , in the grantee, Ac." unless the grant be made to a corporation organized under the general act. With grants heretofore made, the Legislature of course cannot interfere, and whatever happens Archbishop Hughes and the Bishop of Albany will hold their present estate for life. But on thoir demise, should the bill pasB, the property will go to the corporations chosen by the congregations, and not to their successors. There can be but little question of the propriety of the change. It has never answer ed to vest church property in priests. The popular prejudice against the thing is too gene ral and too deep rooted to rest on a slender basis. All experience teaches that priests are only too apt to identify themselves with the Deity whose ministers they are, and thus come naturally to regard property get apart for His service in the same light as if it were appropri ated for their own. This cannot be done with out great risk of injury to the rights of the real owners. Again clergymen are of all classes the least fitted to undertake the cares of man aging property. Even churches and grave yards require management, and business tact is necespary for the work: this requisite ia rarely found in a priest whose duties and bubit of thought lie in a totally opposite di rection. But if the occupations of tbe clergy unfit them for the temporal care of managing real property economically and profitably, they Hcem by no means backward to take advantage of the power it confers. The divine right has not been more truly handed down from St. Peter to Archbishop Ilu^hos than a covetous hankering after bouses and lands from the im mediate ruccemors of I be a[>ostles to the hier archy of our times. The moment Christianity set foot in Western Europe its first act was to get hold of property. Every one is familiar with the scores of schemes which were used in fonm r centuries by the abltots and clergy to t-crcw donations and bequests out of kings, lords and rich men. It is also manifest that the abuse they made of the power thus gained was one of the prime causes of their own ruin and the success of the Reformation. It is hard to pay what share the prospect of plunder ing the abbeys had in inducing the great Eng lish lords to espouse the cause of the Reform ers : but certain it is that their conversion to Protestantism was speedily followed by their partition of the church property, and thus the very source of the power of the Tupists was also the source of their overthrow. In France? ac cidental circumstances having prevented the success of Protestantism ? the work of stripping the church was left to the civil authorities. Louis XIV. began the work ; the priests them selves gave It their aid under the reign of Louis XVL : ?<d the revolution completed it. In Spain, at the acccciyn of Carlos 1 1 1. ; it wa? C9m puted thit the church held over one- thirtieth the entire property in the kingdom ; &ad the consequence was that Aranda eip Qed the Je t-uits, Joseph Bonaparte abolished the I iquisi tion. and the Spanish church at this day is at a lower ebb than any Christian church in Europe ! ? almost on a p vr with Islamism ia Turkey. Archbishop Hughes is now endeavoring to ylay the same part here th it the bishops and abbots did in these three countries before the Reforma tion. It were as much for the interest of tiie Roman Catholic faith as for that of the laity that his aim be defeated. But there is another reason? and apparently a quite conclusive one ? why the church pro perty pliould not be vested in the Bishops an 1 Archbishop. By the liws ot th > land, John Hughes cannot devise, bequeath, or give a title to any real property whatsoever in this State. He may have declared his intention of becoming a citizen, and gone through all the forms necessa ry to naturalization ; but it is notorious that he has not renounced allegiance to all fjreiga Potentates, for he owes allegiance at this mo ment to tue Pope. This allegiance is due from all the Catholic clergy, in virtue of their office; and the day they renounce it, they cease to be priests or bishopp as the case may be. If there fore Archbishop Hughes has renounced alle giance to that foreign Potentate the Pope, he is no longer rightfully an Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church and certainly has no right to hold the property of the congregation of that faith. If he has not renounced alle giance to the Pope, he stands in the light of any other alien, and at his death property held in his name escheats to the State. This is the predicament in which Catholics in this and the Albany diocess now find themselves. Mr. Putnam's bill is designed to relieve tbem, and under the circumstances there does not s?em to be any question but it must succeed in becoming a lair. The beads of the church may lose property thereby, but what of that? In the universal joy diffused by the recent de cision at Rome on the immaculate conception of theVirgin, a trifling loss of lands and houses will not be felt. What the clergy hive lost in real estate, the church has gained in doctrine; and surely points of belief are worth more than acres. Practical Charities. ? Philosophers tell as that charity is one of the divine virtues. It is said to flourish in democratic government?, and to decline under despotisms. New York. which is a democracy with dirty streets, is particular ly benevolent. Journalists give us a great deal of fine writing about this virtue, and Miss Smith or Mrs. Snob and Mr. Jones are daily glorified for their donations of soup, blankets, religious tracts and wholesome moral advice. Wall street grows liberal ? the Chamber of Com merce votes money for the unemployed work men, and we may expect to see an incorporated soup association of the bulls and bears. The divine virtue spreads through all classes of the community. The Fifth avenue catches the in fection, and certain fashionable ladies see fit to bring themselves before the public as so many agents for the Methodist almoner at the Points, or as the projectors of great popular crushes, called by courtesy -balls for the re lief of the poor." Now. this is all very well in theary; and though these charitable people are as ottt n ac tuated by ostentation as by benevolence, yet they are entitled to all the credit which is given them. They are the saints of the nine teenth century, and, like Fra Diavolo, they atone for their crimes by giving five per centum of their acquisitions from one generation of widows and orphans for the relief of ano ther. Such disinterested virtue is entitled to the praise of all good men. But these excel lent persons should not denounce every one who happens to differ from them in opinion, or to stigmatise as monsters, demons, and so forth, those benighted individuals who are so stupid as to think that a great deal more real good may be done to the poor by giving them work instead of alms. The capitalists ol this city could very easily find labor enough to employ every man now out of employment. But they prefer to lock up their funds and temporise with their consciences. They keep a thousand workmen out of employment, and by paying fife dollars for a ball ticket, they secure to themselves all the consolations of religion, and consider that they have made a good investment here after. The fashionable ladies are perfectly willing to assist the poor, providing that they can gain notoriety, and amuse themselves at the fame time. The poor, meantime, lead a jolly Bohemian existence. There is plenty of soup, and an occasional donation for rent. So we have a regiment of the unemployed pa rading our streets, declaiming in the Park and on the corners. Manufacturers and master mechanics have considered the discharge of their workmen by thousands as a necessary measure. Many good mechanics are broken and dispirited by these means. They become dissipated ? indo lence is the mother of crime? and a month of idleness is sufficient to corrupt almost any man accustomed to daily labor. Here is where the great mistake was made at the outset The number of workmen at our great foundries and other extensive establish ments should not have been reduced. If there was not work enough for all of them to do they should have been put on half time. In times of prosperity these im mense workshops have netted for their pro prietors princely fortunes. They should be willing, as we have been, to take the bad along with the good. The Hkram> gives constant direct employment to three hundred persons, and as many as fifteen hundred others ? corres pondents, carriers, paper-makers, type-foun ders, ink manufacturers, press makers, Ac.? depend either wholly or in part upon this jour j nal for their support The immense expendi ! turc incurred in the publication of the paper ! might lie essentially diminished, and we should be considered as entitled to credit for benevo lence if, after cutting off forty or fifty or a hun dred heads, we should donate twenty-five dollars to the tu-fluciation for the relief of the poor? if we got up a Iwll. either full dress or calico, all the Ludy Bountifuls in the city would unito in a grand chorus in our praise. But we do not tee fit so to do. We keep our full comple ment of writers, reporters, correspondents, compositors, pressmen, Ac.. Ac. ? our army is full? the commissariat is well attended to? the quarters are ccmfortable, and the troops have full pay, and buy tketr own rations with their own money. It Is harlly necessary to f&y tint, if our ex ample lmd bM-n imitated In other large estab lishments. there would hive Icon no need <>l calico jnTt'^s. j-re?t theatrical bi!l?. or c"h?r , entertainment*? the propriety of which, under the circumstances, is very questionable ? " for the relief of the poor." Aud this for the very good reason that there would have been no poor to relieve. Bat, so long as a man is fed and clothed by charity, so long he will be found too lazy to work. We do not speak now of those independent mechanics who sigh for better times and suffer in secret rather than eat the bread of the men dioant. Bnt it cannot be denied that there are many men who will never seek work while they can live upon charity. And it seems to us that it would be more like real practical charity ior our leading people, so called, to endeavor to make work for the poor ratber than to rack their brainB in getting up ball*, concerts, parties and other frivolous entertain ments, in order to add a few dollars to some eoup fund. Let us have new buildings erected, the proposed street improvements carried out, the new stone docks built, the grading of the Central park commenced, the great foun dries and machine shops re-opened; then wo shall have no further occasion for soup-houses, and the Fifth avenue may again return to its customary dignified and very fashionable exist General Wilson? The Massachusetts Know Nothinos, and the Slavery Question. ? The House of Representatives of Massachusetts, by a majority of over a hundred, have, on their part, elected General Henry Wilson to the United StateB Senate, in the place of Rockwell, locum tenuis in the vacancy of Edward Everett Our Seward anti-slavery organs affect to be happy at tbis result, considering the free soil antecedents of General Wilson. In his letter, however, which we published yesterday, we detect nothing less than the abandonment of the anti-slavery societies, and the acceptance of the conservative Know Nothing platform. After an agitation of the slavery question of twenty-flve years in Massachusetts, until the popular mind of the State had become almost universally infeoted with abolition principles, it was not to be expected that the Know No things, at a single bound, could bring all their party, rank and tile, into the field of neutrality and non-intervention. Nevertheless, a whole some revolution, to this end, has been effected in the Old Bay State within the last three months. The Know Nothings as a party hold to this doctrine of non-intervention on the slavery question, whatever may be the opin ions expressed by individual members of the order, here and there. The letter of General Wilson, we think, goes very far to prove that he, as a Know Nothing Senator, intends to hold the ground of non-intervention in the do mestic affairs of the States, whatever may be his personal opinions of the abstract question of slavery. This, we think, is all that the South could x-easonably ask from Massachu setts; and is much more than, six months ago, anybody could have anticipated for the next twenty years. Seward, his allies aBd his organs, are wel come to all they can make of the electioa of General Wilson. "The proof of the pudding is in the eating thereof." We rely upon General Wilson, if elected, as a Know Nothing conser vative in the Senate upon the slavery question. We regard his letter as a pledge to this effect. Let the Seward organs read it again. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Washington. TBI PrOLIATION BILL ? IMPORTANT AMHNDMENT? THE CABINET tiTILL A UNIT? THE PACIFIC RAIL ROAD BILL. Washington, Jan. 24, 185r>. The reporter of the House proceedings on the French Spoliation bill omit* >11 the Argument! which were ad vsnced against It, ai well as Mr. Letcher's important i amendment, yet to be Toted on, for excluding all insurance | companies from the benefit of the bill. If this amend ment carries, it will cut down the claims two-thirds and ; use up the lobbj, headed by Caustia O'Sullivaa and the , Union. It Is taid the Presi?ent will Teto the bill if it i passes, hut few believe he has sufficient nerve. I The Cabinet have patched up a truce tor the present, i and will hang together till the end of the session. The Pacific Railroad speculators feel down In the mouth, i and will make an effort io rovive it. eUTKKMI COURT OF TO UNITED STATES. Wamiinuto.n, Jan. 24, 1806. i No. 47 ? City of Boston, plaintiff in error, vs. David R. ' I-egraw ; argument concluded bv Mr. Ames for plaintiff. No. 48 ? Thomas laus et al. appellants, vs. Joseph K. I.aw; argument commenced by Mr. May for appellants. Interesting from Albany. T1IK LATF. 8TATB OHIiHLi AND THE ALLEGED LAND J FRAUDS ? HUDSON RIVER IMI'KOVIMBNTS? ANXIETY OK OFFICE SEEKERS?THE INVITATION OP THE TEN OOVKRNORfl ACCEPTED IN THE A88EMBI.Y ? TUB TKMTKRANCB BILL AND HKWAIin'B CH ANCE8. Albany, Jan. 24, 1865. At the last session of the legislature charges were I preferred in the Senate airaiu?t the late State officer*, i implicating them io disposing of large quantities of put> > lie lands t<> political favorites, at nominal prices. A i committee of investigation was organized, with the Hon. A. B. Dickinson as chairman, for the purpose of investi gating the matter. As no report upon the subject has ; been made. Senator Zenas (lark thi< morning introduced , u resolution calling for a report. Mr. Dickinson stated that the eommlttee appointed last year had made no progreis, for the reason that they were not authorised to send for person* and papers, and also because the , lands were now in whig hands, and there was no danger ol their being squandered. This brought up the whole subject of the humbug rsilroad project from Sackett's ' Harbor to Saratoga? the change of route the last year, and ilie lands which the company has seized upon, as they allege, uuder their charter, being about two hundred and fifty thousand acres. But there was not a word said about the railroad company i employing agents for two or three years in copying sur i veys in the Surveyor General's oflice, in order that the , right locations of land may be selected. Neither did either of the Senators di -close how muc i laud Is private ly purchased by W. 11. Coventry Waddell, the President 0 the road, or by nearly all the directors. If Mr. Dick inson's committee had entered into an examination, they ' would in aU probability have discovered fliat tbo man agers of this projected road bare under their thumb, on I the line of the contemplated road, fifty per cent m >re I lands, and at fifty per cent less price, from the State, tban those pretended to lie sold to favorites of the lafs i barnburner administration. Mr. Pratt submitted a lengthy report on the import, ance of improving the Hudson river and atoo resolutions ! rniuestisg Congress to continue its appropriations to ' In prove the clisnnel. Mr. Hutr.hiua will introduce a bill authoriring the I Common Council of the city of Hrnoklyn to purchase from the foiled States government all their r?al estate I lying east of Vauderbllt avenue, in said city, and to issue I bomir for ttie pajment of the same. Mr. Brooks gave notice of a l.ill to vest in th? Mtyor. Aldermen and Commonalty of the city of New York th" right of the people of this State to the land under eater I in said city, between W est street and the outer bulkhead. and b?twien piers Nos -0 and 23 Hudson river, i At twelve o'clock the Senate closed doors, an 1 went I nto executive session. In about twenty minutes the >ecret deliberations ended, and the doors were tnrowu open. The attendant* <>f office expectants from New York was large, as usual, on executive days. But they ar* kept in a state of anxiety and considerable misery, from < tie wtek to another. Since the rapping which the silver (jrny press has given Governor Clark for having appointed mm drinkers and rum sellers in hi* m.litarv staff, atd also In eOBSMneaet of the 1 tsj litusn \ administi red by the debates in the State Tern peranee Society, he declares that he will not hereafter t recommend tor office aov man who is in tl?- i-<v*'. a Hi t rd to the use of anv alcohf lie drinks. The temperance snc st y ha* taken the appointrm ut of oihcers iat? its own bands, and commenced by^eiura!ing the appoint an nt of a Doctor Ijee as health officer on Stat?n Island, in plaM of Doctor Vnebc. It is well Lm.wir, however, thnt noi a single appointment te ofllca will be made un til the ie-. lection of Mr. Seward is secured by the I.e*i la1i>r?\ win h event will perhaps occur on the sixth c:ay 1 f FctnilJ. n e following is a copy ?>f the Invitation sen' by the Ten ?overawt: ? (i ??!< ? or Tin: ? ?? it ? >i" < ? tii> Ai* '-to i I Unit v > 1 '??. Vi ? ?o'" . Jan II >'<:?. , P? . ol < ., )?ati. ? I * ei' ?, j i.n nsir Cleft, the members of the Senate anil Assembly, in! their prosi ? 1 i n tf officers, be, and they ?r? respectfully invited, upon coiiio day to b? net apart by then . to paj the ureal annual visit of inspection to the ahan table institutions, the workhouse and prisons under the charge of ihie depart me nt. Sir ? I have tbe honor of transmitting the above reeo lution of invitation. Your obedient urruil, KDWAKI) C. WEST, Governor A. H. Mod. II. J. Ravmokd. The c'enate took do reaction upon it, being rather early in the session to determine how much time can be epent in the visit. ? In tbe House, a large amount of business was pre Dented tor future action, though nothing perfected of np*>*ial or general Interest A large crowd had aaeem bled in thelobb'es, ante rooms auil galleries, anticipating thai the temperance bill would be taken up. Bat there was no eirort made to thr-t elfrct. A week aince, the State Temperance Society was determined to pmih the bill through both house* in less than ter days ; but they nave relaxed greatly within a day or two, as threats from powerful quarters have so Intimidated them that the temperance bill is to re main without a hnal tots until after the wblg ultra temperance members shall hare sleeted Mr. Seward to the L nited States Senate. After the whig* hare secured his election, will the 1-aders of that party theu allow the prohibitory bill to pws ?n n strict party question) Will they assume the rcsp >nsib UtyV It may be well fot sincere tempernnce men (o tliink of it. 1 he resolution of Invitation from the Ten Governor? was taken up in tho House, ami a motion raa/le to accepi it. Mr. Stebbim and Mr. Leigh opposed itwithnauct >eal. Tliey feared that the conduct of member* whet in the city of Now York would disgrace them in the eyes of tbe people of tbe State? that such a largo body o' men, by merely passing through the inst tut ions, couM not arrive at any conclusion upon which to base legists tive action. There t ?o gentlemen seemed to bold in theu hands the mor&U of th?~*gi.-datnre, and they labored witt eloquence up >n their tongues and companion in theli hearts for fenr thore morals would become contaminate*; if tbe member* visited the city. It waa also charge* that the prohibitory law, now on the table, would be come highly endangered by partaking of tbe bo'intiesef the Ten (iovernois. The iuvitatlon was advocated b? Mr. Coleman, of the Astor llout-e, Mr. Baker, of Mont gomcry. and Mr. Pole, of Steuben. Their argument! tended to show that a personal inspection of the varioni departments under control of the Governors would sua hie members to vote more understanding)/ upon ques tions appertaining to them than by reading all tbe doc uments that could be printed. Mr. Coleman's rsmaik* were listened to with the most profound attention. bo*.h on acconnt of Ids popularity fn the House and its being tbe first speech with which he has favored a legislative audience. Tbe last speech was made hv Mr. Stebbm*. of Monroe, chairman of the temperance bill, in oppoiitiaa to tbe mo* tion. Wh-n he concluded, Mr. O'Keefe arose, and looking fibnut him said, "Mr. Speaker, in all my life, I never bud a better chance fc> ? ? ; but I won't I therefore more tho previous ques tion. ' He was sustained, and tli* reoolutlon adopted by ?n overwhelming vote. Mr. ttoveruor West will please have matters arranged to accommodate the I?gislatore, and Jim Brady will nee that the 0innibus?s do nut run over the rural gentlemen, whilst they are crossing the streets with tliefr eyes on the gilded sign boards. From the Mouth. THE SLOOP-OF-WAR JAMKKTOMTN? R1LDBS, WITHER." t CO.- FIRE AT HALTIHOKK. Baltimore, ,5an. 34, 1855. New Orleans papers of Th urn Jay ka?e received. They contain no news of interest. The sloop of-war Jamestown will sail from Philadel phia about the 1st of February, for Portsmouth, and from thence to the coast of Africa, where sbe will take the place of the Constitution, an the flag sh:p of Com. Crabb. The GU'bf reiterate* its charge of frand against the firm of 8elden, Withers k Co., and challenges a libel rait and an examination into the aQuIra of tk* bouae by a legal tribunal. Ueut. Maury will finish bis steam lanes acroes the Atlantic to prevent collision of steamers by the 1st of February next. They are being prepared at the request of Boston underwriters. A Ore occurred this morning, about 4 o'elock, at Smith's wharf, foot of Gay street, destroying the ware house of Messrs. Hall & Loney, commisHicn merchants, and partially destroying the adjoining store of Me ?r Steveneon K Hess. The loss in not yet ascertained. Condition of th< Itoston ki. ItOSTov iU. 24, 14M>, There has been an increase the pooie hel by Ma banks of this eity during the past week, V) theexteitof $1. '10,000, snd in tl ifnUl the increase is f .'?.!,0W. Markets* rHILADKLl'IlIA STOCK BOARD. l'liii Ai'tu-HM, Jan. 24, 1816. Stocks are dull to-day. Heading, 3rt'^ ; Morris Cttal, 12.V; Reading Railroad, 14 ; Pennsylvania Raiload. 3'4 Pennsylvania &'s, 87 >, The rate for moaejial per cent, and notes are scarce. Burton's Theatre? Morris Harnett's Hot Comedy. last night was not a very favorable one, as far is the weather was ccnceroed, for the production of ? saw play; nevertheless, there was a good hoasa at Burton's to asoist at the inauguration of "Our Set; or the Vacant Consulship," by Mr. Moms Carnett. The piece is one of those elegant talky trifles which have become so popular of late, a *4 the majority of which have been stolen or borrowed from those friends to the Knglish aad American drana, the French authors In fact, the main idea of the (lot of "Our Set" is taken from "I* Diplomat," (or 'I/Am bassadeur,") a comedy recently produced in Paris. It is, however, so well done in Fjigllah as te giva it a vary homelike appearance. The plot runs thus: ? Mr. Vivian Maiden (Mr. Jordan) la a ?entimsnbtl law yer practising at the bar of the Federal court. Ilea an aspiring young man. and is contin sally owing dels of gratitude to all sorts of people and never paying than Moreover, he is in love with Bertha (Mrs. Burton) nl anxious to secure a vacant consulship. The Boa. Ik. Waverer (Mr. Moore; is an old fogy Senator, fataeMc Bertha, and has a wife, the Hon. Mrs. Waverer, (Ml Hughes,) wbo a-pire* to be considered a female Taty rand, or rather a Machiavelli, .n petticoats, tike desk* to obtain the consulship for her cousin, Mr. Hpoonl^ (Mr. DeWalden,) and engages the services of a seK wirepullers, beaded by Dr. lacquer, (Mr. Burton, }o assist her in the undertaking. Maiden is at Arat t> mined the assistance of this set, but, like a good y fa man, as he is, he refuses 10 have anythiag &di> with them. Other plotters, however, are at irk. and Mrs. Pooi'.le, c Miss Raymond,) by ttattsrinfhe vanity of the Senator's wife and persuading heribtt Maiden ia in love with her, suereeda in chaoftag <?' ters so that the set throw Spoonbill overboard, an<J<* biea vigorously for the sentiiui n'al young maa. fc |< nominated and confirmed in spite of the rclavxiuMtt which com>'s a few minutes too late. Maiden isa<^' posed to be in utter ignorance of all these plots a| supposes that pure merit bat got him hia place, nil cent young man. Tbe piece la very well localised, and the 4ialogMl> full oi smart Lit* at Washington intrigues. Tie prase* of kid gloves as bribes for ladies' influence aad the f tent extensions get ~ome well deserved raps. The a? ing was all good ? tbat of Mr. Burton (who "made u ' for a well known Wall street journalist, or at any rat presented an astonishing resemblance to him.) and Ma Raymond would be sufficient to lave a worse piece tW> "Our Set.'' lbe play was well put on tbe stage. *A went off smoothly. It was favorably received, aal r nonnced for repetition. It differs materially fro* to* French piece which suggested it, and which sas ikaeat Theatre Fran^aia, la.-t season. Personal Intelligence. The < Ineiunnti ?ajs tbat the beahh ?t Mr. H*r rison, the widow of General Harrison, ex-Prealdat, la not |o good as it was a fortnight ago. ARS1VAL8. At the Mi tr' i ''titan ? Go*. Dimond aal family, 11 I ! B llawkias, Me.; t el. Frauk Moor<\ Boston; Mr. sad Ms t.'ol ton. I snad.1. K. G. Ma"yill. llaltlmore; Court W|ds?ai (ltb"S, tlertnsnj ; Hon. H. II. Ilenry, Vt.; Tbos. iTWbs. San Francisioi Win. Millard, Philadelphia, Jea. tN?|res, Portland : A H Kddj, U.S.A.: C Gibson, La. At tl ?? Mi ? Mr l.oH, PknMlt Col. C. T. Srftti, A1 l'si.v 1 bus. I. trali'V. W < nmu ln?s, Ph.lsd?lpaii Ma Jut J. Gonld. ' I ; < apt. * . II Millard snd laatily, nilsael tibia; l)r. V. I'ar->?n>, Piovldanee; K L. Chapman ,v.S M.; Col. R kt?\?r?nti, NawOrleat. lion. J. M. Berrta. Oa.; R?v. P. Il?<linr', I'a.; W. ? ile ek. Philadelphia. F At the St. Nirhola- ? Geo. llariev, Washington Hub J. M l)avi?, M'.; llr. I . Chifinn. Ark.; H. t. I'oitegVa.; II V Wheeler, Milaeukie; Gal. I'arpeatar, Nawbug; J. W FalrtHd, ll?id*on; J I'erklas, OMe; II. I. IHebsy i bleat". It F 1 1. MMiiinf, < lisrle-t. n: W I. Tifaay, Ikltianr* lieb s I)e\t .If. <>-?ei<;Oen. U. Steals. Albaa/.K Ales aitder, Clneinnatl; J. 0, Ksutiedy, Albany. From Mianslia?, in ship Me-sengT? R?? I sa< bs I Ho t - rts, lady and < Mid. f)KF tRTITf',". For l.W?r|"o! ta tbe stsstnvbip Halt is ? J M Gri*?, Mr Rice. l'hils<l"l|<Ma: Mraiid Mr? ( lias A Martia, S'*>itland < rrm W I i> M, F- |., V ' rW ; Mr and Mr. |)r llnnry, Mt?? (lit tii i . It. itin .?r?'; J I Kfunsdy, n IT M< Kr.-atb. Klel.ard I' Ji i nil stun, Maw V rt : I -sneia 0 La*?ll, Mas ter l.owell, It' . t* ti ; A * ?m<, t Hr kelaian, >sw Turk Mr Frunb. >?n ^raueiseo; Mr and Mrs T S Cams. Mr snd Mr* I W I >li < rt . iuf> ? ? aad servant, Mr. Hran detibiinr, N ? 1 -rfc : Fred, r^' F"<ter, %-trer ?t ds sistelie. 10 the l'm"l*t) I n-\ Mr. ftursbam. osnai Sharlnir B, Nsw V.irl ; l"ti < atin.a, ' srlos i atari*, H??* ns; II ivyset, * l>? Wsrd. < A Widd, till, V w-Vark I hti Jntg, tl< nje llyroB. F.eo. N 1 w Verb: Mi*? I. II PaeMlls. Iio.ti.n; l I - ? l'' lr?#ai!s?, Nt?t rk, TbS"dor* I'a aarwnl. Ktislaod; I' I Bstee, >ew Y?#r*:Mr aad Mrs Striker, Nsw I irleans: J".-' I'll A lt?i>e, Y..r?>. Jo,e|'h K FwinJ, Nsw 1 erk ; Mroltt 'lontr al: Mill t'barl'.tn A Ads?s, feaa; I) I1 4?trk, V?w 1 ork Ilj is <?> ???? John R.<Kee.>mh H*?i Frsyer. ritl.turs; RTii.k. New \ orb; Michael l^batard. I'alitorti at '? II Hardv, < ans4a; Mrs A t' Kensal'ee. ? llnghes, J I aosnott, I* llarw, . Ii-e rlsn 1 . Panisl II ui^arr ?.'?? Knswl?e, M .t.-msir; It Mora, lisav^s Mssa, >ew Vork; J lit, M|?. I. P m,?b, ?r, Jabewtsa. da; J ?t?e Jse.e, Selby V Trt. To'a!.?t I. I