OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 18, 1855, Image 6

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1855-02-18/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 382

Jih&\ Thfy Hare Done Daring the Pail Year,
Ac., Ac., *o.
t'rtvate Inst nation for the UiMtlM ot
Idiots, Imbecile*, Backward and Kcceatrte
TUu institution ii situated in Barn, MaanchuMtts,
and in under the nupervwion of Dr. George Brown. It
was eataMnhed nru or eight yean ago, and what first
opened wai entirely dependent upon private charity for
support. It baa, however, for the last five or six years
received an annuity from the State government, trifling
in amount, say* the last report, " compared with tie
ranti of iti children and ita liberal charities in other
fepartmeats of benevolence. '* There are connected with
ike institution twenty. Ave children, nix female teaolieri,
?na matron, and one governess. Aa bodily exerciae i?
Vm.uJered of the greatest importance in the treatmaat
>f the ch.'Mten. ample mean* are provided for iti enjoy
ment. There are about twenty acrea of land connect*!
With th< asylum for play grounds, walks and tillage.
Various simple gam< s are taught to ensure the proper
control a ad play of every muacle, while the whole aim
is to arou?e the interest and incite the child frequently
by evea boiiterous merriment to throw off the sloth and
inertia wa cli mark the daily life of the idiot.
One hour before the school session ii devoted to gya?
nastic aai imitative exercises under the direction of an
efficient matter. For this purpose, ladder* and other
apparatus are prepared in the school room. Besides
these uports, useful labor in the garden has proved an
able aux.-iary in educating both body and mind. In
performing these labor* the smallest child has been
taught to do something, whilst some of the larger boys
have become so thoroughly acquainted with the myste
ries of general tillage, that they are fully competent to
work profitably alone, or direct the awkward attempts
of novices in the business. A few of the pupils have
miuifested, from the first, an Interest In theae pursuit*,
though the larger portion have needed all the encour
agement which tact and ingenuity could devise to instil
a love for labor.
The older boys hare been also Instructed in the care
and maogcment of horsea, cattle, &?., whilst the smaller
ones have had their corresponding duty to perform? one
to feed ttie poultry, another the rabbits, and a third the
Squirrels, &c. A class of the boys have become so
?killed in the use of tools, and confident in their own
powers, that they are abundantly qualified to learn
ordinary trades, and are fully capable of supporting
themselves well by the labor of their hands.
There have, says the report, been two daily sessions
in the school room, the morning commencing at 9 A. II.
aod closing at 12; the afternoon from half past 2 P. M.
tilt 6. Both sessions open and close with singing. When
the pupils first entered the school, it required seme
time and much labor to induce them to behave with
propel decorum, many having formed stroagly rooted
habits of perpetual chattering, whistling, singing, or,
more frequently still, a constant restlessness, changing
the positien every minute.
When a child had learned to *lt itill a few minutes, and
to control all audible demonstrations, a great point was
gaintd. Yet the next step was still more difficult, and
demands 1 geaerally a much longer period of time, rlz:
to At the attention upon a given object long enough to
glin an idea of what it is, or to what use it ma/ be ap
plied. A stranger to this art of teaching would, after a
few trials, hare given up the task as hopeless, and the
teacher iiere is oftentimes sadly disheartened. But pa
tiently, by degrees, by tact, perseverance, aud judgment
the victory is Anally gained An 1 now these name h?ed
Vms, noisy, truly unthinking children sit quietly in their
places, each one busy at his task, and show by their
earnest looks and' pleasant faces that they are thinking
about what they ace doing. Of course the same strict
ness of behavior is not required of any pupil that should
be demanded from children of perfect capacity, jet the
general order and industry visible daring school hours
would compare favorably with our ordinary schools.
To aid tin teacher in his arduous work, all the appli
ance* wbuch experience has proved beneficial are collect
Hi. 3e teaches at fir?t by objects principally. The pupil*
sannot deal in abstractions; they want the tangible
ihtng itself before their eyes, to nee it and handle it, be
ore they can comprehend what you wouli teach toeui.
I'rom objects the teacher proceeds to words. When
>ne word is really learned another is added, and then
toother, till some of the children can now tell the names of
guite a ? < ? number of words, define and spell them cor
vectiy ? others still can combine tho-ie words into sen
tences, wr .'.e them upon the boards and read in simple
Mentea-?s StUl farther on others have mattered (he iorms
and comb nations of figures, and are becoming initiated ia
the art of writing and cyphering, till in the most ad
vanced class '.he pupils can pass a very creditable exami
nation ia the rudiments of the various branches usually
taugot in the common schools ? writing, drawing,
geography, grammar, arithmetic and philosophy. Sing
lag has lieej daily tiught in the school and has called
forth mo-e universal interest than any other eiercise.
The pow-n of muaic to soothe the angry pafsioas, or
excite the dull mind to action has been fully tested,
wbilat its refining, elevating influences have, perhaps,
shown more clearly here than with ordinary children,
because so many sources of refinement anil elevation
are dosed forever ID theee darkened inlnda. The quick
nob has frequently testified to the depth of feeling
Htirred by the sad notes of a plaintive air, whilst the
heart/ '-augU and grotesque dancing have shown equal
sympathy with lively quick music.
As a proof of the succees which has attended the
system of instruction pursued in the institution at
nsrre, the following account of the proHciency made
by oa<? of the pupils, wfll be read with much
interea* ? The subject is a young woman of nine
teen years of age ? physical developemsnt perfect,
frame large and stout, bead ef ordinary good pro
portions. feature* regular, but eyes very dull and in
expressive. Having seldom mlnsled in society, her man
ner* wore awkward, and she wa* wholly ignorant of the
ruleaof politeness. Ber language was imperfect, indis
tinct. aad she delighted in asking questions, which were
usually of a trifling character and often repeated. Her
conversation and the whole tenor of her thoughts, so far
as they could be arrived at, were those of ordinary chil
dren a third or her age, was vain and especially fond of
bright, gay colors ? acquisitiveness large? made useless
collections? love of approbation so great that she would
not besitite to deceive in order to gain the good opinion
*f another ? ao proper idea of distance? no eelf d*[wn
Every possible exertion bad been made to teacli her to
read and write, or instil any love of learning, bnt with
out success, ho the attempt was abandoned and she was
taught to sew, knit and do various kinds of housework
well, with some supervision, Sbeknew most of her letters,
and could apell out some words in an uncertain, hesi
tatlag rn.ia.ier. Had been religiously educated, but was
apparent'./ incapable of fully appreciating the sins of
deceit sal dishonesty, or destitute of a moral wiUcapa
ble of coa*. -oiling her action*. She was evidently sensi
ble of her deficiency or difference from others of her
age, though why tt should be so was beyond her corapre
SU ? baa now been n member of the school for eighteen
months, and has made? considering her age? very rapid
iirngress Her reading and articulation are much better,
though to teach ber to read in any other thau a dull,
tnoai'toaous tone, ha* required severe toil from her
teaeber Sba has also acquired a love for reading, fre
quently asking permission to read aloud, understand*
. what ?oe reads remembers, and i* able to answer quite
minute question* about it, spell* and defines well. She
b?< lenned the numeral figure*, and bow to form them;
r-i<J. aud writes oommon numbers accurately, add*,
mibtracl* . and is beginning to multiply on.the board
Of grammar, geography and philosophy she ha* accu
mulate! many facta, nil contributing to the enlargement
and growth of her mental power*.
Her deportment is mors gentle, manners more pleasing
?the mora, principles are stronger ? is gaming self de
pendence. conversation more sensible. In due. sh* has
learneu to think.
?She writes well from a copy, anil does credit to her
nelf in composition, which wan peculiarly hard for her
at first Toe firat attempt to dictate a single short *en
tencs in a letter to her mother was inch a laborious ef -
fort tuat it brought tear* to her eye*, aad diacouraged
the heart of her teacher, lest she never would be able to
write at alL Her first trial to writ* properly on paper.
? spontaneous remark without aid from ber teacher,
?o*t hours of tim* Mie hss now written several letters
to her mother, childish to be sure, and requiring a loog
tim* to write them, bst showing manifest improvement.
We will transcribe one for publication, just as It was
written, save two alight alteration* in the srrangsrasot
of sentences, and corrections in the spelling of wards
with wb.ch she was unacquainted.
Mr Dean Moth**? How do yon do to-day ml how
does father do to day *. I wan glad to get your letter. 1
want vou to come and see me very much I am very
we|! tli. a winter. We have get a great deal of snow now.
I drese I ?? every morning, sad I put her to bed every
aight. I mas* my bed after breakfast. We keep the
parrot ia the first ?cbo<>| room. I want to see grand,
mother verv macb. an i I hope she is well this winter.
Has Aunt H? ? gone on her farm yet? I should like to
know if there is anv iickness in (5?. I do try to like
Cod every dar. I am happy ia Barre. I went to a con
cert this w ot-r the alneer* were negroes We had a
nice Christmas tree last Saturday. The Doctor put it in
(tie parlor It waa a spruce tree, and It had ?ome prst
tv pre sen* * on It for everybody in the house. We suag
and the Doctor plaved on the piano, and we had a rerv
happy time The children had soms aocordeon*. Saraa
had i new doll, C had a new dell, R had a
watch On* of tb* teachers had a money purse , it was
blue The t ee looked very pretty when it stood in the
Ksrlor Did you have any Christina* presents- Mis*
I ami M ts 6 called in berethi* aftenioi n, and
they sent their iov* to you. Good by*, krom your
daughter, ?
Visit to the Mate School tor Idiot*.
[Fran the Albany Journal, Feb. 11]
A few year* eince, the country people in the neighbor
hood ef the eM Ball's Head Tavern, on the Troy road,
when they were told it waa to be fitted up a* a athool
? house for idiot*, ahooh their head*, and pretty generally
* Ml I oo d that folk* who thought natural fool* eonld be
taogbt anything were bat little better than natural foole
I tH" Ml UlTW
t be school waa opened, however, aad ha* gradually
rieen la nanuiar favor, nntll now the old Hall's Head has
L?t too small to accommodate the large number of papils
J* whom applications poor ia from all parte of in*
|.*te. tue Slaw, to wfcom no *??!! port ou of the cr*Ut
of nuhing the experiment belongs, U mow erecting a
an aaylum at Syracuse, ?hm the purpose* of um
Utution caa be more folly tad effectively carried
The preMnt building stand* a little oat of the city
limit*, a few rode back from the turnpike. It U a plain,
unpretending brick hooae. Inside, ft looka very much
late any other boarding school. If you visit it to aee ita
operation, Dr. Wilbur take* you first into a small build
ing, disconnected with the main one. This room you at
flrat, perhaps, conjecture to be a gymnasium, for two
laddera run up to the ceiling, while a third ia laid across,
horizontally, connecting them, and under it is a mat
tress. There are two square tables, around which are
seated perhaps a dozen boys and girls, of six to sixteen
J ears old, apparently playing with the blocka, colored
alia, printed cards, 4c., that lay on them. A young
man at <>ue, and ayoung woman at the other, are talking
to the children constantly in loud, but cheery, kindly
tones, as if stimulating them to go on with their work,
or plays, or whatever it is. The pupils do not have the
vacant stare, nor the low, retreating iorehtads, nor ex
hibit the personal neglect you expected One or two
bare unprepossessing faces, and throe or four are cross
eyed, but nearly all look intelligent, and all are neat?
some quite pretty You are a novelty to them, and tliey
follow you wita gratified eyes; most of them iaughiug
heartily. This is the iirst indication they give you of
being idiotx, for were they sane and sensible they would
understand that visiters are not always a matter of re
The ie are the newest comer*. Here are one or two,
a< vet scarcely taught even to use their senses. That
girl's eyes wander restlessly over everything in the
ro<>iii, but wave your handkerchief before them, and sht
wiil oev?r notice it, or separate it in her vision from the
mare of objects that flit before her dull comprehension,
bhout at that boy's ear, and lie will hardly pay mors
attention to it than to a post. Put an icicle, or a red
hot coa! in his hand, and he would scream with pain ; but
he would not know enough to turn his hand over to let
it drop. Throw yonder club at him, and he would not
lift a fingv to save himself, but would laugh Insanely
as it struck him down, and never know what hurt him.
A desperate task, indeed, to teach these eyes to see,
ears to hear, and benumbed brains to think.
The teacher hangs one of the boys on the ladder by
the hands. He has but to let go to drop a lew inches
upon the soft bed underneath. But he has no sense to
teach him that. He clings tightly to the round, and
perhaps crlcs at the pain the act gfvei him, but he doe j
not move. The teacher puts his arm areund him and
lifts him up, lifts his hand, places It on the next round,
and cheers and encourages him in a kind, loud voice.
Then the other hand. Anu so alter repeated lessons it ia
?t last almost forced upon hi* sluggish mind, that he
can uae his hand* and feet to reaob the doer.
Another, who has been some month* at the institution,
ia called to show hi* acquirement*. Hi* delight run*
over out of hi* eye*, and he breaks into a broad grin at
the opportunity. He runs up the ladder, down it, under
it, over it, backward*, forwards, head foremost, feet
foremost, and Anally tniows himself into the teacher's
arms, with an exulting burst of irrepressible laughter.
He has be< n taught to do only what can be taught te
dogs and cats; but, with less natural intelligence than
ttey, it i* a wonder that he can be taught at all.
Another means of rousing and fixing the dormant fa
culty of attention is by throwing from hand to hand a
ball or stick, a* bojs play "catch.'' Two who have be
come expert at this, engage in it, with a nervtus strain
ing of every muscle that denotes what a tremendous
mental effort the simple act requires when such intel
lects are called upon to perform it.
The li tie circle around the first table are being taught
to put, first one white, then one red bead, alternately,
upon a string. Then two and two red, 4c. They
do not learn it immediately, nor in an hour, nor a day,
perhaps not in a week or month. But when they do
learn, they have gained aj> idea of numbers? the first in
all their lives. And when they have learned it? such
extravagant joy 1 When an idea does enter their poor
darkened brains, it i* like the thought that occurred to
the Greek philosopher in hi* bath? making him leap out
half dressed and run through the atreeta shouting?
"Eureka" ? (,I have found it." Nowhere is there a
pupil that is so grateful to you for a new thought as thia
poor idiot that has never learned the uae of thoughts
" begin, with the simplest
or all impressions ? the very foundation. Here i* ? r?J
ho??f*"^r ^<rk; of differ?"t sizes, and there 1* arow of
bolea into which they respectively fit Tfce Mint <?
P?t in ft* appropriate plaoeSndtCs hi
ThaiS i? iB??J8tfe?-SP^'OU and *?'* hil' flr,t id*? ot iia*
,n!el To flt^hh^n'^ T' 7?U9W' and wU(te b?"?
" P ? io nt Men ball to it* proper cud leadii him t?
a comprehension of difference, in colbr. Another art nf
Tariou* lhaped block, teach him form Aaotliar Mt of
When he has aiKanced thug far he can be taught to
recognise a word printed on a card. But he recognises
wnent?n?rt.a n*' '5* gpner*1 ??P?ct, not by it? com
ponent parts. Ipude down, or right side up it is all
th. same to him. By degre^, he is brought' first to
trad If' ^b?n iu aewjrate tatters, and then to
h?. ~ ^ i *? hoard. When he can do this he
, reached the threshold on which ordinary abildren
stand when they go flrit to school. Thenceforth his
education is much lilte theirs, only requiring in8nitelv
gsnar v SMrsrjst r?
I ?J?yiassa^s tafsr jkk.sk
""t" are like tho*of otkerschooU Uut
not .<o the pupils. Time after time, do the listless ear*
BuVthJTte ' V1 *y*" stare in racant stupidity
inJ thL r I w^0,e be*rt ?"*>"?" to be set on mak
ing them comprehend? she rouses, questions answers
^nn>*r!PMi'?i! nod" *nd commends, in rapid sacoes
*'ou >L ? unflagging gentle patience. "Now Kidie"
Quick, fsnnie! "Spell it, dear." "Think Harrr
that s a good boy "You can tell that, Kitty pat
ting on* on the head, smiling encouragement to the
other ,nd clapping her hand, to arouse X? t?nt on o?
a third for all the world as if they were sound
and -...e was bound to force the ^formation info their
drowsy ears and out of their sleepy mouths, in order to
wake them up. Pound asleep they are, intellectuals
and so they would remain, if her look and voice w?re not
eveiy moment reiterating something to anest aud tix
their irregular, wandering train of thought,
a w' he,|t*ting answer conies, given with
* trembhng eagerness of manner, but with the iuiuer
fect lisp ol early childhood, for few of the idiots wiiea
first brought here can speak distinctly. Great is Eddie *
triumph it the answer happens to be right Ueside* the
commendations of the tiEhar, the whole SZLm
J,!? 'i ^Ci exultation ? for in these simple natures
. P ?!1 tmating confidence and lack of
jealousy, that we educated aad wise people are straagers
th? '? m?4? *? simple as possi
ble. W hen the name of an object is to be soelle.1 th?
object itself is .hown, that they may understand' {?!
S-2S- t>4'twe?n the word and the thing. Abundance
of pictures, map*, globe* and model*, illustrate the ??o
? historical lesaons. In short, no pains are
apared to strengthen the two faculties, especially weak
in idiot* ? concentration and conception
now in,to th* U,t w>"m. At the black board a bor
e!i-r. copying an outline drawing with remarkable
fidelity. Another will write hi* own name, and yours If
SSiivIn ?Another '? Performing a difficult su m in long
diris.on Here t* a girl of fourteen who cannot swaf
the simplest word without more exertion than it would
?' -r, t0 the street, yet she will name th*
2 lota ti^rl' ta ? V T?Z 1Eint them out- 00 ?"> outline
w 1,1 habitants, prodoctions and phy
sical cond tion. There la a boy who, besides hi* idiocy
JIJL ?rooo,u Bced <ie?f and dumb from hi* cradle and
came here from the A*yium for Mute*? vet iu less than
three years he ba* learned the element* of Enirli*li
fv?.^m*r'/t!. i" 1 7011 * eentence and give you the
2[v,e..,?n<1.h*re '* anot,her litUe f."ow wit&apar
aly *ed arm, who can *et down and work out an alge
braic formula better than most boys who possess all
their r.c, Hies When the Uiot can master grammar and
mathematics, it i* clear that he is an Idiot no longer He
' r^to ^;! vi ? ?V reasoning and reflection, an I
I Neirtcin bad do different procetH whrtrpbv tA
I attain the gr?atest philosophic truths
It seem* strange, and yet it strike* you that somehow
P"P1'" bare a more itaid ?nd soher Io??k
than tlio.e whom yen saw at lirat. But so it is Asther
exchange a men animal natnre for a human one M,ev
I th4t ?erP*tnal manifestation of
I , ,t,C ?f id'^y- It i? not that they have mads
intellectual progress at the expense of physical for thsv
areas plump and rosy. It is>>t that their development
opening as it does source, of enduring an \ deep happi'
n?-?. have made them grave. But it is because * w?,e
Providence partially compensates the poor unfortucate
I Z!'.nJle.u\?r'rr tblB& br the Phasing, ludlcro.i*
images that orcupy his vision, and dance iu perpetual
I succession before bis bewildered hrain
| Of course while the education of the intellect goes on,
ire in rn cl,-'.'1'*, I' ?0t *"r?l 'lutie,
wtanleiWitNchitip, and inch spiritual truth
I 1!* *" Pttn h* made comprehensible
| The physical teaching and exercise is not the least in
1 KL ? . ,h? l":hoo, rrom ?>"'"* helplex*. brutish
i ^t,LD . ,blt'j tangtit to atan.l. to sit, to walk.
to use their hands, tofe*<> themselves, tot*n*care of their
1 reason i>et0i.^,,tbe,>*nd 10 <*>nduct themselvee like other
I I,! l'n? eiercise m which the boys take
?o /hnmL't i.'h V.V military manual, which thev
go through with at the word of command, lrawa up i o '*
line, with mimic guns. Sometimes the company is nut
; Humm :?r",1,;fr ?f ,b"r ??? n??C?.r
summer they work in the garden Jke
At mealtime they enter the dining room quietly and in
order, end find and take their own seats. If you look in
upru tb# row, with their neat apronn. cli?an f?ce< an I
smoothly brushed hair, sitting patiently and 'decorousiy
we'nV ,*-T.*rt helpe.1 to the disbee before them, roa
ennirl, i,rf I believe that they belong to the wild, un
Wiot ? (>U"" of 6,1 D?' tb*t *n commonly known as
That the discipline i* firm and stnet vou cannot but
ISldJr ^ ",N!1Df t,|r;'ff*ct. of it. and on watching the
IT yielded to t he teachers Yet that it is
STuhiti Ih*r" gentleness and kindness cannot be
? tk ? . r,th wh,t they comply
rereivr tfc ""hee, with what satisfaction they
dimrLtl orrf!-rpr0" hu?" lh*r ,urn to th*m ia
hmttlJl I a %nu ?hft affectionate regard they et
* ' ?f U"m ?n* of the teachers told
to ^ni,e .hi nf co?pr-h.ns,o. , -asisr
10 manege than other chifdien of t kef r Afe.
Solely for the Reformation or Javenli* De
?r.,m the thirtieth anniversary report of this institu
tion, we le,rn tb? th, nomb.r of ehUdrta ,ln<Wr jti
til* "* / "h,ta ,b" Who1* nun,b*r racelTed Into th*
Hon ?? of Kefuge since its opening In 1824. is 6.070. For
?eteral rears p.? th, loco^ w- found ^ ^
'?"f***1 ,0 ,h* ef maintaining the e*tab
IT ^ ^rlaateco^my
a .mail surplus has occasionally been mlired The a*
[ cumulation ef these .,ri.g, enabled the *o?|,ty to per
for the site en Ward'* l.Und, costi.g .hnnt ?1? MIL
which wa* afterwsrds exchanged with the city for the
convenient aad ett?a*iv* *Ite on Randal!'. t.t.T. ft,
paet year ha* been a Headed with some unmoal eipeaaee
roaaeeted with the remevsl snd with a c?ae.der?hle ia
ereaee aris<af from the very high price of fuel aad fo*f,
??JtlMttU ? Jfdtifacy ia tbeia.^as #f the/ear ^
aaeet the current KptUN, of $2, 30ft. Sino* th* erection
of th* Mf building on KandaH's faiand, [a fall deecrip
tion appeared at tha tiaae af ita completion in th* Hisald,]
the a unbar of ita immn haa Utgely increased, and tha
fold of iU ofeeatioa* been extended
Tha whole number admitted since tha organization of
tha inatltutioa ia 0,249; tha num ter now in the houae,
401, Til. : 311 boy* and 70 girl*, leaving 5,868 aa tha I
number who have pasaod from under iti care, including
those who have bean surrendered to thair frienda, a ad
not deducting tha few deatUa that have occurred
Tha Bouse of Refuge waa eatabiiahed aa y* th* Pr**l
dent, Mr. Robert Ke. It, in an address delivered at the
opening of the new building*, originally by private
benefaction*, and ia governed by a board of thirty mana
ger*, elected annually by the contributor*, who are
called Members of the Society for the Reformation of Ju
venile Delinquent*. It waa intended primarily for the
admueion or the youthful vagrants and offender* of th*
city; but within two year* after it wai opened, ita ad
vantage* were extended t^hc name data of children
from the entire State. Sum the establishment of the
Western House of Refuge at Rochester, it receive* boy*
from half the countiea, but la atlll the only retorui
school in th? State for girl*. Th* city has derived, and
doe* derive, from the Houae of Refuse all tue advantages
that could b*s received if it were exclusively a city insti
tution. and undoubtedly at leaa coat. The city anil State
may lie said t<> contribute about equally to ita support;
eight t ho lit and dollaia per annum are paid irom the
State Treasury ; about ten thousand dollar* par aauum
are collected from the excise fund of the citv, tUiatie
and circus license*, and tha Board of Education;
and a similar amount of revenue is obtained
from the proceed* of the labor of the boy*. For the
mean* required to erect thie building, the acknowledg
ment* of the manager* are dne alike to the city and
Stat* authority* From the former they received au
thority to <!i*po** of the ait* on Twenty-third *tre?t.
from which we have jnat removed, wliijh hta been aold
very advantageously, for the auaa ef about $170,000.
From the latter they have received three appropriation*,
amounting in the aggregate to $125,000, and hope to
acknowledge, at an early day, an additional appropria
tion sufficient to defray the coat of erectiug the female
Thtt Houae of Refug* ia a school of reformation for ju
veoi f delinquents, and adinita only auch inmate* a* are
regularly committed by judgei after trial, or by police
magiatratea upon examination. It retain* by law the
control of thoa* entrusted to its care until tliey are of
age. upon the obvioua principle, that as, through the
neglect of the parent or guardian, the child has entered
upon hi* initiation in a vicioui course of lite, and has
become a pest or a burden to the community, such per
son had forfaited hia natural claim to guardianship, and
the State, to protect itself, stand* in the place of a pa
rent, and takea care of. educates and disciplines tha
child for the aame period that the parent would dis
charge the aime duty.
From the report ol th* Treasurer It appear* that the
total expense* of th* institution during the past y*ar
was $40,981 99. of which $7,000 were carried tempora
rily to the building fund. Th* receipt* for th* sam*
time amounted to $41,403 97.
The number of inmatea in the institution on the 1st of
January, as we have atated, is 421, of whom 335 were
white boya, 68 white girla, 10 colored boys, and 8 color
ed girla. During the past y*ar 382 were indentured to
th* following trades and occupation*:? To farmers, 151;
housewifery, 50; whaling aervic*, 1; shoemaklng. 18;
cabinet making, 4, carpenters, 13; clerkships, 8; black
smiths, 17: masons, 2; printer, 1; baker. 1; carriage
maker*, 3; tinsmith. 1; hatter, 1; tailor* 2: painters, 3;
stone cutter, 1; potter bakars, 8; butchers, 3; coopers,
2; silver plater, 1; mariners, 4; wheelwrights, 2; ma.
chiniat, 1; saddler, 1; manufacturers, 4; sash and blind
maker, 1; atone poliaher, 1; chair maker, 1; jewellers. 2;
glass cutter, 1.
The whole number discharged during the aame period
waa 71, and 2 died. Of 327 who were received into tha
institution daring the year 1854, 86 were of American
parentage, 207 Iriah, 15 English, 30 German, i Scotch, 3
French, and 1 Polish.
The boys are employed mostlyin making chair seat*,
and manufacturing ahoe*, Ac. They make and mend all
their own clothes, except the ahlrts, which are made by
th? girla, and make and repair all the shoes for the male
and female departments. The girls make their own
wearing apparel, and do all the washing for the houie.
The entire work of the Institution ia done bv the children.
State Lunatic Asylum.
This institation is situatsd at Utica, and wa* foun led
about twelve years ago, having been opened for the ad.
mission of pat 'eats on the lrtth of January, 1843. In
that period, 4,313 patients hare been admitted within its
walls, and of these 1,789 hare been discharged recovered,
66 much improved, 640 improved, 888 unimproved, and
511 have died, leaving 450 remaining in the institution
at the close of the year. Of the whole number of
patients (838) uuder treatment during the year, 164
were discharged recovered, 42 Improved, 116 unimproved,
and 65 have died. The expenses of the asylum are de
frayed by the board money received from the pay
patients, of whom there are a considerable number, and
also from an annuity received from the State. From the
Treasurer's report it appear* that the receipts during
the past year amounted to 849,421 20, and the expenses
to 187,451 68, Isaving a balance of $1,969 02.
Of the whole number of patients admitted, 350, 44
mairs and 4 fema'es were intemperate; and 86 males and
44 females were accustomed to the use of tobacco; 110
male* and 84 females were not members of any religious
society . 18 had received an academic, and 2.:>9 a common
school education; 72 could only read, and 41 bad no edu
cation at all.
The following statistics showing the causes of derange
ment are interesting and instructive as showing the dif
ferent agencies which are at work in producing inssnity:
Intemperance und vie* 4-~>. vicious habits and indul
gences 26, popular error* 12, puerperal 14, domestic
trouble 30. change of life 8, defective training 11, grief
14, malaria 2. phthisis pulmonalis 8, hereditary predis
position 15, predisposition frtm previous attacks 10,
epilepsy 7, fatigue and anxiety 4, business perplexi
ties 15, menstrual irregularities 20, injuries of
head 4, old age 6, religious excitement 1, want
and destitution 6, seduction 1, disappointment in
love 1, excessive venery 1, loss of sleep 8. coup de soliel
2, fever 2, dysentery 2, uterine diseases 4, ill health 21,
excessive labor 8, opium eating 2. Imprisonment 2, ex
posure to heat 1, remorse 3, child bearing 1, Intemper
ance of fatber 2, loss of property 2, surgical operations
1, severe contusions 1, nostalgia 1, prolonged lactation
2, acute rheumatism 1, excessive depletion 1, apoplexy
1, unascertained 63? total 390.
Thirty four patients? eleven males and t won ty-three
females? were admitted during the year, with strong
suicidal propensities. la several of these cases the an
cestors had committed suicide ? in two of them for three
generations. In one male it was impulsive; he was also
homicidal, and left home at his own request, because Ue
felt the incliaatien to destroy his children ? whom he
loved tenderly ? was gradually strengthening, while his
power of resistance was growing weaker.
Of the deaths daring the year, there were, from
phtbiiis pulmonalis, fifteen; general paralysis, four;
apoplexy, two; epilepsy, four; erysipelas, four; MM -
rlioids, two; organic disease of the liver, one ; pmumo
nia duplex, one; typhoid fever, with internal bermorr
hage. one. chorea, one; old are and protracted mental
disease, four; suici'ie, four; exhaustion, as a termina
tion of insanity of long standing, Ave; exhaustion, the
result of acute maniaci>! disease and acute paroxyms of
periodic mania, eleven. Of the latter, aeven, when ad
mitted, were nearly in collapse: one. a lady, had b sen
brougut a journey of two hundred miles? about thirty
of this by stage? and lived only a few hours: two others
of the number died within twenty-four hours after ad
Within doors, the shops aflord employment to many of
the men, both in winter and summer. In the carpen
ters shops a number of bursaus, wardrobes, bedsteads,
window- blinds, bookcases, washstands, Ac , have been
made. and the repairs and breakage of furniture, doors.
Ac., attended to. A tew are engaged in the printing of
fice an<! tailor's .'hop. The great resources of occupa
tion, however, are the farm, garden and lawn. For suc
cessive days through the summer, there have been from
120 to 160 male patients engaged on the grounds, with
both pleasare and proflt to themselves. During the
summer one-half the front lawn was graded and laid out
according to the plans furnished by Mr. A J. Downing
several years ago. The farm and garden have been more
productive than in any previous year.
The newspsper entitled T\e Opal, conducted and edited
by the patients themselves, is still published at the
: : ja
Theatre* and Exhibitions.
Broadway Tbkatrb ? The active managerof this estab
lishment, who is always anxious to select the best ta
lent in order to please his patrons, has engaged the Ame
rican tragedian. Mr. K. L. Davenport, who will appear to
morrow evening in Shakspeare s character of "Hamlet."
Mrs. Abb?tt sustains the part of (iertrude, Mad. Ponisl
as Ophelia, and Mrs. Seymour as the Player Queen. The
farce of "Autony and Cleopatra" conclude* the amuse
Bow wit T heath K ?The benefit of Mrs. Melinda Jones
i* announced for to morrow evening. The tragedy of
"The Apostate," with Mrs. Jones as Fiorinda, Mr. Ar
nold a* Hemeta, and Mr. W.8. Buwell, his first appear
ance. as Pescara. The "Forest of Bondy' will follow,
with Mr. Cony ami son and Mr. Webb in the leading
parts. ??The Death of Poor Joe,'' a new episode, ana
the faroe of "Jackets of Blue'* close sll.
BtRTON'a TiiyTK*.? The benfflt ef a very popular
acter. Mr. 1'isWr. takes place to morrow evening, when
a bill oi gieat variety will beoilered. tor the amusement
of his fnends. The first piece i* Sbanapeare's come ly of
'?As You Like It," Mr. Fisher as Jaques, and Miss Ray
mond as Rosalind. The last feature will be the drama
of "H)a:k Eyed Mussn. No doubt the house will be
Wali-ach's Tii> ? Th* dramatic selections for toe
morrow evening are ?uch as canaot fall to draw a larg
audieoce. The first piece Is the interesting drama en
titled "The last Man," in which the inimitable omef
dlan. Mr. Hlake will sustain his great character ol
(Jeofltey Dale. The "Racbelor of Arts" and the "Artlu
Dodger" will follow. The respective characters will he
filled by some of the best artists in the country.
Amumk a s Mrair*.? The selections for to morrow after
noon are "Heads or Tails" and 'i<endmeFive Shillings "
In the evening the rframa of "t'nele Tom's Cabin" wi'l
be revived, with s fine cast of characters, and good
scenery, the character of l.tttle Rva by Miss Sackett,
and Uncle Ton by Mr. J. I. Monroe.
Wood's Mi*st*el* ? Mr Wood, the untiriag manager
?f this establishment, continues to be liberally patro
nised. Negro melodies and the "Hotel d'Afrique" are
BtrcaixT'a swbnaokbs ? The bnrleeque of "iMrex'a
Borgia" I* snnouaesd for Monday evening. It is a eapi- i
tal piece. The aiagiag is good, and the scenery exoellent. 1
Negro minstrelsy besides.
Ci-urro* Hall. Aaroa Placi.? Mr. Mclntyrt will give a '
lecture on the character aad genius of Barns, illuatiated
by vocal selections, at the above hall, on Monday even
lD* "***' -
Ban* lUnm oimrr (tocmrr. ? A grand vocal and am
sieal ealertaiameat wtU he given on Tveedajr evening.
(ho Irth tast , at DolwortVs Academy, fer tha bee*1t
of thi* institution. Bmnl very eminent artist* will
appear on the oceeaion. Mrs. Stuart, Mme. Cometant,
?ad Signor Beroerdi are tha voceliat*, Signor Rapetti.
Mr. WeU, Mr. Baaaford and Mr. Sencerson are the nu
slcUas. The whole it under the direction of the talent
ed artist, Mr. Wels, who, in conjunction with Mr. Bass
ford, will execute his new grand duo on aire of "Nor
ma' ' for two pianoe.
M. and Madakc Ronconi A Paria contemporary
(14 Figaro) publishes the following letter adilreaaed by
Mnic Ronconi to the Emperor of Russia, in who*e capl
tul Ronconi is now engage! at tha Imperial Opera:?
Sire? -1 should kave gone parson illy tJ throw myaelf
at your Majesty 'a feet for justice, which, after the ju* -
tice of Heaven, can alone hear and red rot* my wrong*,
were I not chained here by the moat frightful
poverty. It i* three years since my husoaud,
George Ronconi, after having pollute*! my domestic
hearth, brutally dismissed me Trom hia home, and to
indemnify me, in a manner, for having prevented
my pursuing my professional career, secure'. ma, by a
deed drawn up by Mr. Weun, a notary in i/oo lou, an
amount of alimony sufficient to maintain an indepen
dent position. The stipulation* of thia contract, legali/.ed
by the Conaul of your Majeety he never complied with.
I would have produced it before tour tribunal*, and
claimed it* exreution, but by what mean?k What
power ia left a helpless wrman, oppoaed to a man who
*et* everything at naught, and tram?lt?a upon hi* mo*t
sacred duties My only hope ia in the infallible .juatice
of your Majeity to compel my husbaud to coutiibute
something for my eupport. For know. Sire, that after
having sold everything, particularly for the last three
months, my husband's lawyer leave* pens; lesi the
legitimate wife be'ore God. and before the law, of a man
who make* 120,000fr. a year, and wlio, to make a golden
existence for a courtezan, forget* his dutie* a* a liu*
band, and hia honor ax a man. Sire, your magnanimity
ia great ! Deign to Listen to the voice of a wretched
woman, who, on her Lneea, implore* your Mijesty's
uatice and protection. GIOVAN'NINA RONCONI.
In reply to the above, M. Peigne, the attorney of M.
Ronconi, publiahea copies of the receipt* rireti by Mme.
Konconi in exchange for the sum* arnt her br her hua
band, from which it appear* that fnin April. I860, to
November, 1864, iacluaive, the lady received 24,000f. in
monthly instalment* of l,000f. and 2,000f M. Peigne
adds that on the 16th instant, he 1 sceived a letter from
M. Ronconi, enclo*ing 2,C00f, for hia wife, and moreover
8,U0f. to pay her debts, but after reading Mme. Ron
coni'* letter to the Kmperor, he doe* not consider it
consistent with his duty to deliver the funds either to
her or to her creditors. In conclusion, M. I'eigna Htaton
that he is empowered by M. Ronconi to discharge all hi*
debt* contracted while director of the Italian opera in
1H48, and that all claims which can be substantiated
will, on application to him, be duly attended to.
Mis* C. Cushman is playing a farewell engagement at
the Haymarket, prior to her return to America
Signor Mario, (ManiuU di Candia.) Madame Grisi, and
Mia* Goutts, will sail in next Wednesday's Rteamer (or
The amateur dramatic entertainment for the benefit of
the poor of Cincinnati, was announced to take place on
Friday laat, at the National theatre. The ticket* were
placed at $2 each, and $3,000 were realized by the sale
of choice seats. The highest premium was 126. Annexed
ia the bill:?
Programme :
1. Reading ? Byron's Mazeppa? by a member of the
2. Comic Song? by a lad.
3. Third Act of Hamlet ? Gentlemen and lady ama<
4. Song? By a gentleman.
5. Scene from tne third act of the Merchant of Venice
6. Dance? Cracovienne or Paa Stryriea.
7. Library scene in Iron Chest ? Well known citizens.
8. Comic Trio? Citizens.
0. Scene from Byron'* Manfred ? A Kentuckian.
10. Grand Overture, by Charles Warren? Orchestra.
11.? Dutch-Enslish ballad with hand-organ accompa
niment ? a Female Teuton.
12.? Solo on the bogle? last Rose of Summer?
IS. ? The Serio Comico Operatice Bulesque of
Bombastei, by. . .A distinguished Merchant.
Fusbo*. " One of the City Father*.
King Artaxorainou* " A retired Lawyer
Fifer " A Local.
1st Drummer " A Jurist.
2d Drummer " Well known gentleman.
Drum Major " An Editor.
Army "..Editor*, Lawyer*, Judge* &e.
Deataffina " APower-ful Young Man.
The whole to conclude with^the national song
The Star Spa ugled Banner, by.... An eminent Politician.
Chorus by the entire corps dramatique.
The St. Louis Amateurs Dramatic Association have
opened the] Varieties theatre and they gave a per
formance on the 13th, for the benefit of tha poor.
The next performance of the New York Amateur Dra
matic Society will be given at the Brooklyn Museum, on
Tuesday evening next.
One hundred citigens of Pittsburg hare tendered to
MiaaA. Nice a complimentary benefit.
Saturday", Feb. 17?6 P. 11.
The stock market was rather heavy at the open
ing this morning. With upusuilly large transi
tions, nearly all the leading fancies fell off. At the
first board Virginia C's declined 4 per cent; Erie
Bonds, 1875, 4; Cumberland CjaI, 1; New York
Central Railroad, j; Erie Rsilroad, 4: Michigan
Central Railroad, i; Panama Railroad, 3; Northern
Indiana Construction, i; Cleveland and Toledo Riil
roid, 4; Chicago and Rock Island, J. Nicaragua
Transit advanced 4 per cent; Michigan Southern
Railroad, |. At the aecond board some of the fancies
were better. Nicaragua went up 4 per cent; Cum
berland Coal, New York Central Railroad, &;
Hudson Railread, 4; Raading Railroad, 4; Harlem,
i; Petnsylvania Coal, |. Erie Bonds, 1875, fell off
4 per cent.
The transactions at the Assistant Treasurer's of
fice to-day were as follows:?
Receired $168,965 53
I'aymenta 49,989 51
Paid for Aaiia; office 207, 800 39
Balance $4,480,235 69
The specie exports from this port during the pre
sent week amounted to only $10,000? total for the
year to date, $833,465 70.
The amount of coal forwarded from the various
collieries of the Cumberland coal region for the
week ending Saturday, 10th inst., was 4,632 03
tons. The George's Creek Coal and Iron Company's
railroad carried 2,726.12 tons; tke Cumberland Coal
and Iran Company's railroad, 1,375.11 tons; and
the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad, 520
tons. The total ahlpments for the year commencing
Jan. 1, amount to 30,761.11 tons, against 13,054.16
tons for the corresponding period of last year.
The Lowell Bleacbery has declared a semi-annual
dividend of five per cent, ($10 per shaie,) payable
on demand. This company has paid regular semi
annual dividends of five per cent for several years
past, and previonaly their dividends were even
The receipts of the Baltimore and Ohio Riilroad
for January, 1855 , were: ?
Maimtem Wath. Br. Trial i.
For I'a??enger? >39.819 f>2 $25,553 40 $06,403 12
For freight 926,203 94 9,020 31 305,224 24
$336,023 60 $34,603 71 $270,627 37
As competed with January, 1854, the result is as
Patr-engrrs. Main stem IFa.iA . Br.
January, 18.",r $3:14,02:! 66 $o4,603 71
January, 1864 263,227 20 24,394 04
Increaw $82,756 56 $10,209 67
The wsrrants entered at the Treasury Department,
Washington, on the 14th inst., were:?
For the payment of Treasury debts $10,341 43
For the Cuatom* 21,562 00
For covering into tha Tieamtrjr from miscel
laneous fooreei 006 24
For the War Department 966 44
For repaying in the War Department 960 41
For repaying in the Navy Department 602 26
For the lottiior Department 14 558 06
Stock Exchange.
Sati;ri>*t, Feb. 17, 1S56.
$1000 InJ Bt'e 5'a.a3 81 v; .150 ?h? Cum Coat.iCO 34 ~'t
SOOO do a.3 81 *4 200 do a3 34'i
'20000 do . . . . a3 81 50 do b?0 I t
2000 Penn 4'a 86 100 <lo a30 34 ^
:.000 Ind2S per ct. 48 100 do..,,,.bt5 34 1 ,
iOOt) Ohio 6'a "75.. . 106 550 do a3 3I1,
5000 Virgioia 6'? ?3 96 100 do *30 3t3,
WO do a3 95 ?* 100 NY Cent RR 93 >;
10000 do S3 95 150 do blO 9,1 ?,
7C00 do 95 S 170 do 93){
40C0 do ?3 94 ?>( 100 do ?:iO 93
4000 do,... a." 96)4 50 do b3 9:tv
1000 N Carolina 6'a 96 50 do b?0 94
MOO Alb F.x ('?eft*. 38 60 do ?*0 ?;l 1;
40(0 trier Bd? '71. 80 ^ 100 do <60 93';
2< 00 Erie C B? of '62 82 50 do <60 93
1000 Erie Bda of 83 94 50 do ain 9:iV
1000 Brie B.l? of '75 100 do c 93!<
15000 do bSO 200 Erie Railroad. a3 4t){
..000 do b3d $3>t 140 do bOO 46
15S0 llu'l R l*t M Hi 108 150 do *;# 44?i
20O0 Hud R 3d M B?. 74 V 960 do *00 4474
2000 do 74 ICO do biO 44
4000 I'.lOnRXBda. 74 200 do blO 44
2*. 00 do b60 T4 200 do c 41V
14600 do 737< 100 do *4 44T
5000 fo a .JO 73?i 100 do bl 45
5000 do ?e0 73* 450 do 45
;>C00 ?"e beo 74 100 do e 44
1000 N AIS Mai 8'S 86 40 de .SM 44
4000 N Yort (an 7'? 99 ?, 100 do b30 4I?
.00 do 90 V, 550 Harlem P.R... . a." 31 \
.8000 n Cea IIP Fr R OS COO do a3 31 K
400 KY Cea RR Ba 87 X 600 do . . . . b.10 ?
COO ab Pel % Hud Oal 114* !Wn in a.". 31T<
It da U4H ?? 4* b;; n
16 8k Commerce.. . 106
10 Ann Exch Ok 106 *
200 Canton Co. . . WW iiH
200 do ajy
3S0Nlc Trans Co..a3 16 S
CO do ?;>0 16^
100 do b60 16T<
200 do s3 16\
25 Poo qa Cool Co. . lOOJtf
ISOCumb CoalCo..c 34.^
400 do e 84?,
2iO do si> m
50(t do *,10 34 vf
100 do ?60 ?4>-,
3(0 do soO 34^
200 <lo (10 84'J
61 ') do 34\,
200 do b30 34 H
188 Harlem prof . . 78
1000 Reading RR..s3 76^
U0 do *30 76V.
100 do.... W0 76X
100 Hud. R. 141'. . 60 37*
100 do 37 \
100 do .... *00 37 H
100 do.... b60 33
100 do b?0 38 '?
10 Mich On tCK . 80',
lOM.chSRR mi
60 Paaama RK . . b '0 110
13 Nor Ind RR . . . 92 '4'
15 N led Conn 80
200 llli Ou RR....S* 9f.
100 do b60 95^
10 Cle Ac To RR . . . 69
l&Cbi k R 1 RR .. 86'f
#100(1 Eri<* Bd? of '76 8; yt 500 shs Erie BR. S" 4'
lOOOlni Bml. Bo c lilt 79 100 do .... bOO 46l?
* EOONVCRRHds. 8Ttf 7i do 45
800 N Y Cen 7's. . . 90 Jf 100 do bSO lt>>4
100 kIib Bauk Corn. . . 106 50 do... .*10 45.1?
100 Nic Transit . . .?"? 17 100 Hudson RR b." 38
UdO <Jo ?Q0 16Ji 100 do bCl) iii'i
150 do bSO 17 50 do .... < i0 07 '-,'
240 <!o ?S I6Ti 100 Clev & Toi RRb69 OK 1 .
, SO Penn Coal Co.... 1?1 TO Galena A.Ch.3 RR 83',
2i 0 Cum Coal Co ... . 74 do 88
1C0 do sGO 34 Vi 110 Reading RR. . . *3 TO?*'
ICO do b4i> US 50 do *5 7fcJ?
ltO do b60 3ft 10<! Harlem RR. . *3 32 '4
70 N YCio RR... . 94.X K>0 do 32^
50 do *30 94 500 do 32*
Saturday, Feb. 17?8 P.M.
Asukh. ? Sale* of 50 bbla pots, at $6 60.
BUADtnim ? Flour ? rjie market was sVady, with
sales of 4,0#0 a 5,000 bbla., including common to good
straight Mate brands, at 88 a $8 50; Western ranged
$8 60 to 89 12 for common to good Ohio. Michigan anl
Indiana, and 89 25 a 89 87 for extra Michigan ; 89 25 a
$10 60 for extra Ohio, and 810 62 a 812 for extra Genesee.
Canadian, in bond, sold to the extent of 500 a 600 bbla ,
at $8 76 a 89 for infer.'or, common and good parcels, in
bond. For duty paid, it varied from (9 25 to 89 87.
Southern wag unchanged: common to choice aold at 88 81
a 89 26, and 89 31 a 810 25 for fancy and extra grade*
Wheat? Sales of 1,700 bushel* prime while Canadian were
made, at 82 30, in bond; 1,200 do. red Southern were
*old at 82 12. Corn ? The marUet displayed increased ac
tivity, md the ealra footed up about 40,000 bushels,
including white and yellow Southern and Jersey, at price*
ranging from 96c. a 81, but chiefly at 9'c. a 81. Rye
was at 81 28 tor Northern. O tta? -Jersey varied from
63c. a 57, and Western from 62c. a 68e. Meal wa* in
some demand at 84 37 a 84 60 for Jersey, and at 84 76
lur Uraudywine.
Corrrac. ? A cargo of Rio was sold, to arrive, at 9 *o.
Theie wa* more demand from the trade. Prices have
advanced about .'^c. Seles of 300 bag* were made at
9,'jC. a 10,','c., and 650 bag* and 100 bbl* Jamaica, to
arrive, at private terms.
Cotton ? The sales embraced about 2,000 bags, in
cluding about 500 In transitu. The higher grade* were
scarce and firm, which qualities below mi Idling were
without further change, thongli rather heavy in pricei.
) RKiciUM ? There was some better feeling in rates for
Liverpool, especially for cotton; about 1,000 bales of
which were engaged at 4s. per bale. There was more
coiTee offering, but no engagements of moment tram
piied. Bee! wa* at 3s. and pork at|3s. a 2s. 3d. To
I?ndon. 500 bbl*. rosin were engaged at 2s. 6d., and 100
boxes bacon at 20s. To the continent and to California
there wis no change to notice in rate*.
Kri it ? Dry raisins were at about 82 45 per bos, and
1,(00 boxes wet dry were sold at 82
Hat was steady at 90c. a 95c.
Molarhkr. ? About 500 bbl*. New Orleans were sold at
26c. a 27 V.
Naval Stores ? The sale* embraced about 2,000 bbl*.
Common rosin at 81 66 per 310 pounds, delivered. Spi
rit* were at 41c. a 42c. Raw turpentine at $3 a 83 25.
Oils.? Linseed was Arm, and other kinds unchanged.
Provisions.? Pork was easier, with sale* of 1,000
barrels old mess at 812 62*; new * as at 8!4 50,
and new prime was nominal. Beef ? Sales 100 barrels;
beef were made at 818; Chicago and country mess were
unchanged. Cutmeatp? Bacon. We noticed a sale of
500 boxes short middles at 8c., and 100 tierces hams at
8c. Good dry salted shoulders were held at 6c. Lard
Sales of 100 or 200 barrels were made at 9*c.
Rick. ? Rales of 200 casks prime were reported for ex
port at 84 02 a 4 76 per 100 lbs.
Spick. ? About 520 bags, the remainder of the cargo
recently unnold, was disposed of on private terms.
There was none other offering, and the market wa* Arm.
Sugar. ? The market was steady, with sale* of tioO to
700 hogsheads New Orlean* at 4*c., 4*c., and 5^c.;
200 do. CuDa at 4)?c. a 5c. The market closed with a
better feeling.
Tallow was dull and oominal.
Whiskey. ? The ea'e.< included 400 barrels prison at
33c. ; 200 do Ohio at 32*c. and a small lot Jersey at 32c.
Bakery to let? the three story house and
bakery 010 Eighth avenue, occupied during the
last At? year* an a lirat cla*a bakery, io a well entah
lisheii business locality. The bakery coataina two ifool
ovens, and everything convenient to oarry on a goo<i bu
einees. For further particulars, apply at 173 West
Twenty- sixth street.
miles from the City Hall, with stable and every
other accommodation ; an excellent garden, with trait
trees. Apply to J. M. BRADHLST, on the premises
Tenth avenue and 146th atreet.
Desirable furnished house to ijjt, near
Eighth avenue, in an unexceptionable neighbor
hood, with Croton water, batha, gas and chandeliers.
Everything complete lor housekeeping. Furniture su
perio'r ana nearly new. the family having removed from
the city. Yearly rent $900, with immediate possession.
B. W. RICHARDS, 807 Broadway.
stoiv and attic (mastic: front) houaein Third street,
next to the corner of South Tenth. Apply to ROBERT
I.ETH BRIDGE, 80 South atreet, N. Y.
House to let. and furniture for sale, in
the vicinity of Bleecker atreet, near Broadway.
The furniture ia nearly new and all good. Price SI, 400
rash. Adcrecs for particulars to W. H. J.. Union square,
l'oit Office. No person treated with but thoae who have
the cash.
atorie* of building No. 12 Broadway, with or with
out privilege of atorage. Also, a loft to let. Possession
immediately or lat May. Apply to P. D. Gatee, on the
X and other apartment* if required. Also, two luve
rooms, with four anto-rooms adjoining, suitable for
societies or military purposes. Apply at 126 Grand ?t.
I and basement, of 29 Beekman street, all being 90
feet deep; well lighted, front, rear and aide-, also a frent
room on the fifth floor of 31 Beekman atreet; ?Uo the
filth floor of 33, 100 feet drep, well lighted on four aid?a;
alao the third floor of 24 Beekman a' reet, s:? feet deep.
Any of the above will be divided to auit tenants. Inquire
No 482 I'roame street. Inquire of A. P. WOOD
RUFF, No. 40 University place.
house* 378, 370 and 094 Fourth avenue, be
tween Twenty-seventh and Twenty e'ghth streets, con
sisting of 12 rooms, bath. ga?, dumb waiter. Ac.; rant,
>626. Also, the stores 37fi and 384 Fourth s venue.
Apply to E. B. KINSIHMF.R, 319 Fourth avenue, 3 to 7.
nished rooms; also, several small rooms, far siugle
gentlemen, with or without board. Rooms lighted with
304 Broadway, both we'.l lighted, and suitable for an
express office, ornamental and sign painter, and various
other bu?ines*es. being very attractive. Also, a uumber
o( good offices in the upper part of the building. Apply
to E. Bl.OOMRR, 208 Broadway.
1 Nos. 112 and 114 taonard street, near Broadwav
The houses have hot and eold water, furnace, bath, Ac.
Will be let together, aa at present, or separately, to first
class tensnts. Apply to HENRY HEATH, 298 Broadway.
William stieet, recently occupied by E Mygatt, Jr..
* ( o. It Is about 104 leet deep, and surpassei by few in
the city for light and accommodation. Alao, the new
marble building 72 Broadway, running through to New
atreet. Alao, the building 90 Vesey street, opposite
Washington market. Possession of all can he gireu by
the 1st of March. Apply to A. LIVINGSTON,
No. 6- John street.
Tolet-hotfj. me/, no. 54 Barclay street,
lacing College place snd the Hudson River Rail
road depot. Hie Sixth snd Eighth Avenue Railroads
turn up Barclay atreet immediately iu front of the
house. One of th* best locations for a hotel in the city.
Apply to WOI.FE, GILLESPIE k CO., 193 Pearl stieet.
and soros fine lofts, with excellent light, 30 feet by
60, and just the thing fur manufacturing purposes. En
quire of JOHN LLOYD, 18 Nassau street.
part of the modern built house, No 67 Mjuroa St.,
from May 1. Apply at 179 South street.
X dern built house, consisting of six rooms, with elo
sets, lust- merit and kitchen, with gas and bath room, to
a small genteel family. Location very .convenient and
rent moderate. Apply at 122 West Sixteenth street.
X Broadway, with passage way from rear of lot to
Cnrtlandt alley. Rent fl.200 per auoum. Apply from 1
to 3 P. M., to JOHN W. HAMntSLtY, No. 6 Nassau st ,
third story.
four story brick house, with store attached, No.
237 East Twentieth street : has a good collar. Will ho lot
or leased oa reasonable terms. Possession given imsao
d lately. For further particulars inuuire of THIM BUT
LER, 144 West street.
wich street I'os-sseloa can ho firtm of the store
part i as mediately Also, a auaabor of MSoos to lot ia the
builders (foe VI ss4 f>4 RroaJway Apply to t.
RTOOHTR, ton Brjslway.
tenahtv beouteb "
X storo No IM Broidmf . lb* 1mm rout (or to
years laquire at No. 6?> Broadway.
J. suites of offices, la the buildlag Nos. 4 aad a Br
street neit door to tbo corner of WaU, on the four',
and tffth flour* Possession on the n<?t of Mar ?9i
Apply to ( HRlSIOPHt B HKISBB, X7Stf street.
X corner ot Teatb avenue ana TwentysUth utrex
baviOK betn occupied several years for that purpon
wt'li stable on rear of lot. Size of atore (set. Ai
ply at the coal oflice, 249 Tenth avenue.
h?veu nod e <ht rooio J , shade and (ruit trres, n&
(leu, Ac , situateii ia 'he pleasant and healthy viltage .
f..-w Durham, miles trcm liobokeu, on the Hack*
?ack plank road. Stage# hourly; fare by liter's ? tag
la. Rrut $i50. Apply on the premise*, to H. F. PF.?.l"
between Houston and Ble*ci*r str> 't? The |.>
esteud to C.-o?by stre- 1. Either for a short period
lout; ttim Apply to B. GLEMWOrtTH, ? 1, So.
Broil street.
fifth floor of Trinity bulling, Brosiwi; . Ap?
at '-4 Trinity building.
uity Tht* upyer floor of the house No. 41 ' Broa
*av, comer of Caual street, is now to let tor a term
flv? yeara It Is a splendid situation for j daugaerr
>alooa, sad ? .1' be lifted up suitably for the purpo/* ^
required. For part.culars apply to Peter Arebde*B4
54 Canal street.
| two story home, situated near Bnadway, bel
Houston street; to let to a <mall family without ca-dr?
Being very deairaole, and to -aver trouble, tie rent
$260 per annum, pa v able quarterly. The most uaioahgfl
ed referenced required. Apply at 242 Front street, i
house, up town, to a genteel private family on.
Al>o, very many bouses, unfurnished, in various pat
of the city. Apply at tlie Union Square P.eal Estate (
lice, No. 5 Everett House, corner of Fourth avenue a
Seventeenth street. KEYES & HOAGLAND
keepers? The Fountain Hotel, 110 Centre stre
corner ot Frauklin, by the Harlem and New Havnp ra
road depots, containing 47 rooms, including the rrfeti
rant in the haaement. Kent low to a good tenant. I
quire of THOMAS LEWIS, 46 Rose street ; also loft*
100 and 108 Centre street, for work shops ? size 30 tt
by 60.
class and handsomely finished English baiem
house, unexceptionable situated, near Firth avenue; ft
blture new and in good style. Furniture from S3. 000
Sr., 000. Rent Sl,2c0, to a sit) all family only. A Mre
with real name, bix 1,316 Poat Office. .
106 East Broadway. Immediate posse^-iioa ^iv
Apply on tbe premises' JOHN MILLER
room, either with or without partial board,
one or'two gentlemen who appreciate a quiet, gent<
permanent borne, in a houae having the modern irapro
inents, central/ situated, west from Broadway, e \
about twenty minute* walk from Wall street. FlV*
two with partial board, til per week. An entry b
room adjoining could be obtutned if desired. No rem I
ing is May. Address A. B /,, Broadway Post Office.
nine rooms, BebeA'a range, and good ataoie, on Y.
avenue, ( lift on, Staten Island, near Vanderbilt'a I<*
iog, suitable for a boarding house or hotel. Apply
174 Water street, New York.
Varick street, corner of Laight; aim, the (
story dwelling No. 67 Warren street; also, tbe dwell
No. 5 University place, near Washington Parade Crou
also, the three story house No 238 Spring street; a
the two story and attic house 87 Franklin street,
ply to 8. B. HL'TCHLNGS, 3b John itrtet, troui ID to
JL street, uear Bowery, contain* all the improveinei
Also a first clai.4 residence, at Fordiiain, withio ti
minute* walk of depot. Has all kinds ot fruit. On
the hand nor est locations in Westchester. Apply t<
McMAHON, 176 Chatham street.
store V00 Wooster strett, to let, an 1 biturys >
tale, cheap; al>o, the best systems of cutting garm*
of all kinds, with instructions, patterns, he. Appi:
the store. JOHN C. MOSEMAN, 300 Woofer sir
tear Bleecker.
tore, or will be sold out on moderate terms, by
paying at 132 Woo. ter atreet.
in various locations. Also, parts of bouses, 1
fa: nix, Ac. If you want to hire, let, buy. or soil, a<
to R. D. GOODWIN, Clinton Hull, t.igbth street, i
Broadway. You will be almost sure of success.
X furnished, with all the modern improvements '
Secoud avenue; possession can be had the middli
April. Iuquire between the hours of 1 and 2 o'c
P. M.
sea song; words by W. H. Leeison; music by I
vannijSconcia; price 2& cents." The Fireman a Hea
Bol<i and Free;" aoog by Benjamin Jepsvn. deacrip
vignette on title page; price 40 cent*. " 'Tis our C
in Heaven;" a very expressive aong by J. B. We?4k
price 2b cents. ?? International Quickstep," by T
dore Schailehn; dedicated to John Taylor. Esq.;
nette on title page. Taylor's saloon; price 1i> ee
'?Sparkling Polka, ' By Thomas Baker, is having
immense sale. Sixth edition now out.
HORACE WATERS, publisher, 338 Rroadwa
business. ? Ihe entire stock of George Hsws' i
braled Bolton Pianos, new and secondhand, at No.
Broadway, will be sold without regard to cost for c
and every instrument fully warranted. Also, a ai
sale, countingroom desk, and other fixtures. S
to let.
of the pianoforte, wish for engagements as sop1
singers in a church in tbis city. Pupils attended at t
own residences on moderate terms. Address, 186 H
Tenor sinoer wanted? to i.ead a choir,
so an alto singer, for an Evangelical church ia
city. Apply to Horace Waters, music store, com.
Broadway and Anthony street.
y iof.iN, pianoforte and singing ? l. me\
\ leader at Geo. Chriatv and Wo?d* Minstrela, tee
ladies and gentlemen the above accomplishment
usual. Terms moderate. Classes taught if dee.
Please appiv to L. Meyer, 109 Canal street, belwes
and 12 A. Mi
/ pairs and Supplies. February 15, 18SS ? To B
ers. ? sealed proposals will be received at the offic
the Commissioner of Repairs and Supplies, No. 3
Hall, basement, until Tuesday. 27th iostaat, a
o'clock M., at which time they will beopeued, ia acc
ance with the amended charter of 1453, for the bud
of the following house*, Ac , for the corporation of
city of New York, namely ?
1 bou se Icr the use of Hose Co No 12!
1 " " Kogtne Co. No. I'.i.
1 " " Engine Co. No. H
1 " " Engine Co. No. 39
1 " " Hook and I.adner Co. No. 1:
Also for a bouse lor the use of tbe Third district
lice station.
Ihe plumbing of tbe Ninth ward station bou*e.
Tie plumbing of the Eighteenth ward station boa
Tbe plumbing of the Union market, and the a
around Jeflersou market.
Tbe plans and specifl'ationa of all the above we: *
quired to b? t one an ! all Information ia regard fee
can be had at the office of Supenntendrnt of Pil
Buildings, 74 l.adlow street Alio for tbe building'
hue carriage for tbe nse of Hoeo Company No ,
The plaas and specifications of the hose carriage cat
seen it tae office of the Chief Engineer. 21 rdiia ;
street BlanV estimates for all ot the above work
hi* bad at either office.
N. B ? The Comnisaioaer reserve* the r'ght to i
all or auv of tiie estimates, if deemed for tbe latere!
tbe corpuratioa. BARTHOLOMEW B PC'ROYj
Commissioner ol Repair* aod Suppb
the mo?t proepero-M t'ieatr?s ta ,
tore. Address , stating real name) t?.?t C'.iar
Stuart i'oat Office.
tal oi about flu,00f. in aa old established > f 1
paying about $10,000 profit a year Addreaa A. C
Heral'l office.
capital, to invst ia an established butcher <1
nee* oa New Vork island. Inquire la the grocery s
corner It.'.tb street sad Tenth aveaua, Cermaaseil!*
of about t6. 000. to sell on advantageous 'era
article lcr which a patent right baa iieen obtained
which has proved of great value. Atdre.s Poet 0
bot 2?24.
thb naaxan,
I; Engine Co. No. A? At a meeting of the tomm*
the ear ions Are companies of the Fifth sad Sixth
tcicta, held at Ondertioak Hall, Grand atreet, tw
foer compaaiea were represented. On Motion Jee
FicUels, of Engine Co. No A, was naanimoualy 1
nated aa the candidate for Assistant Engineer V
vacaary AI4>NZO HAWI.ET, ?( Engine Ia.
Mi'wsai. H. Ftana, Hook aad I adder Oo 13, .HecreU
IKTi?rr>-niwT cavd(Tutt ro* aw^tant ?
eeer, R"BERT CONSTANfiXE, <A tag ae

xml | txt