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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 03, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 6

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Annul B?f?rt of tk? SeereUury off War.
Wab DviUMUT, W aurimuton, D*c. 3, 1IU.
M> ? I hare the honor to submit thl following report
af the op* ratio on of the army for the peat year, aad to
It; krfur* 70a the reports of the heada of the imrii bu
reeua ef the Vu Department and communications from
ether officers of the army.
The authorised strength of the army (aa now pouted;
ia 17,867 officers and men; but the accompanying tablet
prepared ia the Adjutant General'* office, ahow that a '
the date of the latest return* the actual strength waa
16.762. The raeruitinf service la now progreaaiag a at is
tactorily, however, and it it believed that in a few month*
the disparity between the authorised and actual atrength
M the army (3.116) Will be nearly overcome. Th* num
her ot enlistments made during the twelve month* end
ing Hepteinber 30, was 10.516. The number of persons
offering to enlist, and who ware refused on aecoont of
miacMity or unfitness tor so.Tije, wan 20,522. The num
ber of casualties in th's srmy by deatna, discharges and
desertioaa during the same period, were 6,500. The vary
numerous applications f r the discharge of minors? so
many ol which have succeeded within the past year?
renders it nfces*ary that tome steps should be taken to
check the growing evil and the serious expense ta which
tl>a government ia thereby subjected. The regulation*
are sufficiently stringent on the subject of the euliatmant
of minors; hut recruiting officers are frequently deceived
by the appearance cf ihe resruit and the false repre
sentations respecting hi* trua age. In cases where de
option* of tliis character have been practiced the cm
tiact should be considered binding, or the recruit
should he required a: the time of enlisting to ssrear
that he ia either of full age, or, b?ing a minor, that
be haa neither parent or guardian. A moditioati jo to
this extent of the existing law respecting the discharge of
minors (6<h section ol the act cf Sept. 28, 1860) would, it
ia believtd, lersen tie impositions which are now prac
tised aud piottct the go 7 em men t from no inconsiderable
The general distribution of the troops remains for the
mast part aa indicated in the last annual report. Among
the change* of most importance are the following : ? The
lour additional regiments authorized by the act of Uarc'i
8, 1866, have been recruited and organized. Seven com
paaiea 01 the 1st Cavalry have recently returned from an
expedition into tha Sioux country, and the regiment will
winter at Fort Leavenworth, where 11 will be In position
tor ulterior operations in the apring. The 2d Cavalry
hart been -eat to the Department of Texas, to replac* the
six companies of the 3d Dragoon., transferred to .he De
partment of the Went. . .
T"he 9th infantry, f riflemen,} des'gued for r ?jr\ ice ? . a
the Department of the I'acitic. has been ombodied at fro. t
Monroe Mid held under instruction preparatory to a
campaign, rhich it was proposed it should undertake as
hooa ma the season would permit, through the In?IA?'
the head waters of the Missouri and tributaries of
Slumbiariver, from whi* exb.b.tion of .our power
among the remote tribes it was expected a ben?^'
a^n? crer them w-uW result. But in ?c:or^ncewith
th? communicated by ? l?tt?r from * '
couimft&dmg the Department of the P*clfc? datei NoTBTa
b^S^iid tlii day receded at the War Department that
it giment will be direr wd from
h? t>?e t Terland iou'e, and be despatched with tae least
a?!iiT lir vit o( the Isthmus, to reinforce the command
et li-MLfi ia the suppreseiou of Indian hostilities in ^egou.
Thel Othln fant ry . (rttemen ) with the exception of
?oe aVact ed to the Sioux expedition, hw been
ordeied to the military statious on the I ppei
A por^ou of tfai. regiment, when th. eea.on admiU wiU
amnintht to establish a post on the Kea river 01 uie
&& 3&?sjuss
Uken^'t at Tort Pierre on the upper Missouri. Con
w ? sra-ssi? - <>?
We*f the 6th laintry, which regiment it was coatem
Ifr.trV brland arid water, and in owning roads. By
fLtf. 2Mis much important information respec m^ tae
^h'h'wUl ra^f^muw%a^urenope?a\ion,U Al'l in
the cot^trylnhab^ed bytne General Harney.
of^*?temberfth*t offi^Twith a portion of his
ber tale* piifoners. The papers and P^^aA?^'
the mntdtrs l^d^r^tions committed l ??
srrante rod in the robbery of the pub >?
TntheDepartu-ents of Texas, New Mexico and the Va
mj-.tarr expeditions hare been sent against the In
dians guilty of outr .gw upon the pei-sons and property
of the frontier inhabitants and emigrant# within thise
eecti n* ef the country, and ia several ease* summary
?fuis??r?t lus been inflicted by the troop, upon the
dS&Urf these opera* n. a ill be found in the pa
^e* m^TKer J ?t S?d at New Vork has bro-ight
sresss ,?srw?& ^pssx<
euTl reno * P ' eriously received, there had be*n reason to
appt^^d hareo^curred in the Territories of O ^on ?nd
wXrtjiiw too The letter of the Governor ot the Territory
and f ( tbe Commanding General of the Department of the
Pacific of October 24, of which copies are herewith sub
mittal fu' njih the only official information in the subject
in the' Session ol this Department. It will be per
raire'' that te meet the emergen-y the Governor has
::^d o't a rented volunteer force of siventeen
?,,mi?i.ies or shout twelve hundred men.
Hie Department. at this distance, and in thea?seo^?
of more definite information, ?-t^C'H.lly- in
the ev'.*nt of the combination amoug ^V*L ^ to the re^.i -
S^u^e^^rnw'T'aSc^who hw re^ilr^^'
trfumUUtU- His presence there will ol.v.are tU- ditii^
eu tiw iK might otherwise arise on the .uoject of
noWndVomnSa'd between others of the To'.unteers aud
TUuli- fom,. the alacrity with which the volunteer*
wWch h*Ve bVi-n ordered U. tae regular troop, of that de
W ?r.^th?th?er
the "Pf'^Vhla hta command have included treaties
^?htbeC^mnfr o, the Territory, and retir-d to the
e .r^!a"' Un.l eAby greater prlva'ions than belongs
rr^-M-e with a civi?ixed foe. llie gallantry, zeal M?d
h'wonar HirV^ca-ion^ef, ?1 e.1 theaaMcipaiiob. which
hK*?ona. and have renewed their claim t?
the gratitude of those wh *e fUg'hey bear. an n
?h.I " e-rice thev have suffer^. The unu-ual extent
*f . ODJr4 t ids iib-iTe deiail"d has nec.M-anly oaused
w ex^n it u res which trust -xc?-d theappropria'ioos
T !!,!i>le ord narT wants of the military serv, ^ .in
I^ddea. to abicl . a^topriaUon. made up-m e.tlm?tes
preo.i? d W [n,*iVnMr^7y'ca^ Z ^ pra,?ee
infce^nt of ^conni. at the T,?7, "? eWg
in the sett eme t)ia currHBt appropriations.
g^e'erable that th? set lemeut ol <.11 ac
?' ? ? i^>? moTided f'>r bt anpr iyniatl'ins for arrear
C ,unl:;a ^at^ LP. plaice abo}ve referred to be clicked,
Me?. .nd thattne p? the appropriations for cur
"nTe"pi'^," u\tP proTe instUBcienl, -nd deQci.ncy Mils
j*. the ' ^"1"*' several mea^uros which I
?!l?.pT^i;al of these was a region of the lawsregu
li e P inci 1 pnmmacd, and those fixing the ctg^niz*
"I'.uilim in i elation 'o the erils then shown i to
ticn of J: ?e?t system I need only say that
be iuheisot ?tke^ W* ,!pmnnrtrated their exli'enc-e
adlitionrt ?*!'?' it has giren no reason to distrust
W<? fr"m the change, in
i tllT That *e right of command should follow ran).
f'Mted.TTMt.aud determined rn)e thlkt o9eri ?bo
by ote c*'taJ,V *"_hlch cntMe them to the command
)?.d c- nim ?^jy_Wh pe.lod of.errlce, he
of troops, sh?not ai lhe ^atl, which af
f '* **' for increasing military knowledge
Iri ^bltT that troop, org.nlted,
or cenj?"^| ? "MrJy ernploytwl for the nam ' service,
b- divided into different arms; the*, tkw
*^1 ^1,iT with regimental org?ni/*tlon sn I bea-ing
BeiringoO ' ^.ou[rt no' be dirideo into artllle'y
"^shv noV moon'od men aimed and ?.,.iippel
andtafantry, Jntn dragoons and cavalry.
J^n, are the ba> b< of tte principal tec mi
r^ S iTtnj last rep.rt. H.ey .ppear
mental oas *ubna ^ enforced hv argument, and
too de?r to me to need to sUtemeat of the facts
I hope '"*! 7# Mdf. red to exist after tbe subject shall
? wi.l i [derate 'attention of Con*- 's.
hare ^cireo the Inferior in imporunoe to those wtiidi
A meaMire '^d organiwtion. is that -hicb
relate to iauk^ # tlM. sfSioacy of tfce armv by
kM ?? "f " to. ^rnce those nffloers who are no
y iria? of fhlAliBC lt" requirement" h?t ?? 'heir
*?HC P liSirds little opportunity tor at'.entlon to per
^rMeeiea B*?ro. low rate of compensation
i-diiate. that It was fixed in
^IVtwei tor thei nf ^ |lM[nlI?ni ten-ire. It w.iiild
e?nitecti'>n With * abruptly *o discharge them with
KB1PP,y eee?to I Nor W?ml3 s, C, course
?u ?ay PTOTf!IJS1the rratltude du - to those wh >, amid
c, n. s W ^ thegrnt^ ^ mniu.y uf?. h,r. Wn
5;^.;;% v."/ ;??? of ???*??. or
received in bat'le. As, however, the claims of Individu
als nuit always ba subservient to the public food, to"
nothing can justify a system which retain* men in oftoe
lor which they have becoma disqualified.
When ag?. wound* or other casualties of sarvioe have
?tripped an officer of the power to (Uncharge the duties of
a station which in earlier life he adorn-M, a jus conside
ration for his own fame and a due re ; ?a tor the pablle
?el la: e demand that he should give place to one whooe
mental and physical activity i* equal to the station, and
who. g luiulated by early promotion, would not fail to
emulate tl e honorable faoce of him whom he sucoeeds.
As cue of the i (commendation* Intimately connected
with this subject, 1 hare to renew that made in my
former report* for an increase of the conopenaa'ion of
army oflicer* and a revision of the law* respecting their
That this measure has failed heretofore to secure the
Attention, which Is, in my opinion, due to it, I attribute
to tie misconceptions which are general as to the amount
ot the pay, and the emolument* ol a grunt majority of
o Blears in active servioe. in the present condition of
the laws regulating the pay and allowances of officers,
Mme m?y, under certain circumstances, receive mush
larger allowances than others, and, indeed, more than
the nature of the service justifies, and these, which are
but exceptional cases, have given rise to a general im
Stession lLat the compensation of the officers is much
igher than it actually i*. Perhaps th? error would
have beet less prevalent were it not that their compensa
tion is maile u;> of many items, which vary according to
circumstance*, and tender it difficult to compute the
amount in all cases with certainty; bat whenever the
subject shall be fully considered, the reau t will, I am
confident, show that the officers ot the army are rn the
average less liberally compensated than those who pur
sue any other occupation demanding e jual capacity and
I also renew the recommendation that the previsions
cf the act of August 4, 1854 increasing th? pay of the
rank atd hie of the army, be extended to all enlisted men,
ome tew of whom are, by the rrilitary signification of
be wotda ure^ in that statute, excludbd from the bene
fits that were probatly intended for all who come under
military obligations by enlistment.
1 con. mend to consideration the represen* talons of ths
Surgeon ('eneral respecting the necesaity for an increase
of the medical'curpg. Su:h increase is requited in conse
quence of the subdivision oi our troops; and as the want
of medical officers renders necessary the employment of
citiztn physicians, often at a higher compensation than
that of a surgeon ot the aruiy, the new appointments
would be attended with no additional expense, I there
fore lecommend the adoption ot the measure.
1 concur with the Quartermaster General in recom
mending the addition of five military store
keepers to bis department. At present there
is but a single depot of fclothingj camp, anil gar
rison equipage, aid as the supplies for the whole
ai my have to be despatched therefrom to each company,
the di.rributicn can only be made at long intervals, and j
consequently in large quantities, so that the companies
are emberaxsed in their movement*, and the expense of
transportation i* increased by the large amounts ol'
stoies which they have to take with them. With five
depots, pioperly located, the distribution could be made
mote frequently, and in smill quantities, the troops
would be less encumbered with baggage, and the expense
of their movement* would be diminished.
By the seventh section of an act in addition to the
several acts for the establishment and regulation
of theTreasuiy. War, and Navy Itepartment*. approvol
Msy 1, 1820. it is provided that no land shall be
purchased on account of the United States, except
under a law authorizing such purchase. Although
the steady pn greet of our frontier westward, and
the advance cf our military posts with it, has ren
dered it frequictly necessary to abandon old titeB and
occupy new ones, the prohibition to purchase land
his not until recently been the cause of much emb trass
ment, since the troops were operating in territ ales
where nearly ail the land was already the property of the
government. In Texa?, however, the case ii different:
there this gnversment owns no land except such as it
may have acquired by purchase for specific objects, And
the greater number of our military posts stand upon the
property of private ] ergons or of the State. Embarass
inents have arisen fiom this cause, and I have therefore
to recommend that tee act above cited be so anient d as
to permit this l epartment, unaer such limitations as
Cotxtress may <?eem proper, to purchase such land as may
be required for the sites of military p??ts.
1 have aga n to ask attention to the necessity of legis
lation to au'horize this department to sell useless mili
tary files. Two statute; have been enacted lor this pur
pose, but neither, ?cc< rding to the contemporaneous con
stiuctlen given them, is applicable to the la-gest class of
esses that ntw embarrass the department. Ac
cording to that construction the act cf March
3, 1019, (8 Stat. 520 ) applies only to sl'es then in
the coecemion of the l*Li'.ed States, and that of Apiil
28. 1828 (4 Stat. 2.64), applies only to Unci eonveyel to
the United States for miiitury purposes, neither laclnding
reservations from the public d' main which were not oc
cuj ied as mi.iiary sites on the 3d of Mitch 1819. Owinj
to this omission, when the troop* find it necessary to
abandon a poet of this description, the department can
not sell the bed upon which the buildings anl improve
treuts of the abandoned post are located, hut can only
sell the Imllcings to oe torn down and removed, aud ot
eourse the price obtained bears no proportion to their
value. 1 hope that authority wi 1 be gi ven the Depart
ment in such cases to sell a portion of the land with the
buildings, and use he proceeds for the establishment ot
tew posts in such advanced position* as it may be neces
sary tor the troops to occupy.
In transmitting 'he aun al report of the Board of
Comuii?? losers cf the Mi'lt ?ry Asylum ?or the past year,
I take occasion to transmit also their report* for three
; receding j ears, which were made annua fly to this l>e
l?r*nunt. purn:ant to regulations, but which have not
been heretofore forwarded.
The view which the so report" give of the resulU of the
iustituticn, do* h not fultil the anticipations which
were entertaimd at The time of ite cftaSliabaiant, al
though early means were takes to give notice ot tbeir
lights to all entitled to the benefit* of the aavlutn, by
orders published to the army, and by the handbills sent
to eveiy post office la the l'nit?d States, ye*, the aggre
gate Dumbei of inmate* of the several tranche* ot the
a-vlum wax at The (late* of the re-pestlv annual re
porte, JO. 7?. 77, and 87; la addition to the toft number,
si* men, having fsmiMee, were receiving relief without
being quarteied at the asylum. In the meantime the
Treasurer's accounts show that the net receipt* were
(490,140 17; that tt.e cost of eitea, building*, furniture,
stock, kc . was $C90,183 75; and that the amount of cur
lent expense* was $1-1, ?14 10. If to the current ex
pense* of the i everal tranches, there be added the in
terest f?n the cost cf building. Sc., the avenue eoet ot
maintaining each inmate will be fjund to ex-'.-od $590 ?
an expeme ho great as to Indicate the propriety of seek
ing acme proper mode of effecting a reduction.
The buildings on ihe site ne?r Washington City, writli
the addition tneiet/o, now tar advanced towards comple
tioo. Will probably afford accommodations for one
hundred and fifty men, a number greater than that
which judging frcni the pftft rate of idc ea-e, will
seek admission into the asylum fl>r many year- to cone.
The branch vliich was established in 19?>2, at ?U->t I'a.i
CHgoula, Mississippi, has been already disc jntinued, and
the ftme mea-urn is deemed advi-ible with regard to
that at Harro'Sbnrg, Kentucky. flit branch was
foul Oed upon n heavy charge upon the Asylum fund, and
is maintained at an expense much exceeding the ad
vantages eon erred npcB the disabled soldier: but as It
was es'abiishi d in con*eqaence cf the provision-1 ot law
contained in the Army Appropriation Act of Aug. Hi, 1952,
section 18, and cf March y, 1853, section 14, 'lie propriety
of declaratory legislation in the caae is suggested.
I wo old again call attention to the propriety of nd.ii
tiona! Ifgia.ati"n which all place the widows and or
phans of 'he officers and eoldieia of th?* army on an
equality with thu-e of tie oB cers and tailors of the
cavy ?
I nlao again invi.e attention to the necessity of
ughlative ptcvi.sii n for tl.e more prompt settlement of
the accounts ef disbursing officers, by entrusting to a
?irgle accouii'iuK ( fficer ihe audi: i'l the whole. Instead
?jf Teq ailing cisbur.-lrg officers to ren lor accounts to two
auditors, as at pi e.-ent. The confurion am! embarrass
ment cot sequent u.on th* division of duties, involving
injutious delsya int.nal settlement, have htret ifore I>een
bTonght to the at'ention of t'ongref*. an') i is hoped
that the evils repieetnted will not be sulT-rea to exist much
lenge: .
I nder the appropriation ma<?e at the last session for
the importation of camels, an otiiecr of the army and one
0 f the navy have lieen di.ecteu to proceed to t. e l'ast to
obtain animals of the different bree.ls most likely to be
us? ful in our climate. By the kicdnes* cf the Sec.etify
of the Navy, a storenhip destined for the Mediterrane m
with naval supplies, waa ptacd at the disposal of this
I'ej ar in.en'. to biirg in a return cargo of omelsand
dromedaries, and troin the last report revived from the
rtticer ch.irgeii wi h tiie execution of the commission it
is expected (hit as many of those animal- is the vssel
will transport will he shipped f>M the I'nited States in
February ne\t. liecent inquiries restating the use of
there animals :n IhvCiimen confirm rae in t/ie belief t li*t
they wi 1 he found highly valuable in the military ser
^ ict' in our ccuntry.
i'or totalled tnfoiroation respecting the Military
Academy T iefcr to tie report# of the < hief Bngi
n<er. at.d o! the Hjard ol Visiters, herewith trim-;
mittfd, which exhibit a eatlsfactory view of the con
dition of 'hat ins' itu'ion. I c neur in the rec immendi
tions of the foimer for the < stabile hmest of a new pro
fessorship, in orcer that the chaplain may be relieved tf
t' e duties of prnfcssor of ethics, Ac. and for the appoint
meet of an instructor of cavalry, and for tbr> allowance
of light artillery pey to the ir.H'rnctor of artillery.
ihe act of liaich If, 18o^, re'jnires that the c-i-ps of
? . piueer* be rtationed u.t West Koint. and coostitufe the
I ilili'ary Aca .ciuy, and that tlie principal engitieer,. in 1 in
his ab?(nc>- the m-xt tn rank, shall sii| erintend said
: "S'leniy. Iiy this act. the cadcts were mad.f pa't of the
"otps, aiid the while number ot officer* ? id r't.ie's was
limitt d to twenty. I'Lder subseiiu^nt legisla'.on. the
i.turiN r i f car i ts j.avs been increased ce*rly thirty f Id.
and i wing u 'bis ex'eni.i?-ij ?f the ae ulemy and to the
?hirand for Ihe set vices of epffineeis in trie field, and on
[eimanent wr rks the nffsir* of the acvlemy a*e mainly
admhtered hy'pro eetors holding no mili'ary e >mmltsions,
i;nd officer# ilettilcd from the army generally. Tlini
the pf?t has long ceaaed to l>e exJ'.i -ive'y
an engineer s'ation >< originally c intern plated
and the c .ief engineer himself, under the ac -"<lab
I'^hing an ?-iigincei twreau in this I epartment. has been
statioBeil at W*-hirgton I theref >re recomiienl suth
iev: i n of the act m i|iirstiou as will render its pro
vision* cot>? latent with ihp changes IntroOu ;e?i by sub
seotient it a[islnti- n and the necessity ot the *e>vice.
The -ea coast i!c'etces have, daring the [>as' year, been
steadily pressed Toward* completion to the extent of the
mean- ur.nte.l by Confrec* fr>r that purp le. In no part
01 cur military -ystem is the exe<ci-? of wise foresight
mote urces ary than in the prosernti .n of these works.
?nd I tecomn end to favorable consideration th? raaarka
cf the Chief fnginet-r upon the subject.
The preps ra i- n 'f the a n amciit for tlie?e works is in
?d vinee of the construct! ns.
Tb? communication heretofore mtfle f<r an tppropria
| lion to commi nee 'he fortification of fihlp island, is re
i *we !. The iiaportance of this work, as eonnee'ed with
the I'efcnee of the appr-?cbe* to New Orleans, and the
c or rcand cf the it ner (hsnncl of communication between
the .Wini-sippi tivr and Mobile harltor, ha* l>een
acamented laith by the inciea?ed value of that naviga
tion in time of peace :ind the in'ro<liicti n of Ighf draught
war steamer*, which would ren ter this approach still
more avsilnble 'ur "he operation* of an enemy tliaa when,
in 1814. it ?as ?-lefei ?' the lite of a lustile .Uscent.
Tbe ohyicnl fecgiphy of 'he vist >egl>m lr?ia?4Hy
(he (' don Ma ?tw io? ic*' ? 'bat at s itn? la;- t j'st!
city mart arise at the point which shall become it* com
mercial entiepot. Attention ku been heretofore sailed
to the neceeaitv of fortifying the eatraaoe to the Colom
bia river, and 1 would again commend it to at'?ntla& and
fkvorable consideration.
For information in regard to the operation* of the ord
capee department, I refer to the accompanying report
o I the Colonel or Ordnanoe, taking occasion to renew
the recommendation* 1 have heretofore made for an ap
propriation for arsenal* in Texas and New Mexico, and
on the North Pacitia coaat, in Uregon or Washington Terri
tory. as may be found most advisable; also, for a national
armory for' the fabrication of cannon and projectile).
My views in regard to the expediency of these measure*,
an heieto'oie given, remain unchanged. Tie reasons
then advanced in support of the recommendation*
remain in full force, and are referred to instead of being
repeB'eit here.
At the national armories the manufacture of smooth
bi red arms bas been brought to a close. New model* fo.
all .'mall arms liave been adopted upon tlie right priaci
C- i, and emb acing the impnvements described In my
t report, and it is expected that the armories till beat
work upon the new arm* before the close of the >e*r.
In the meantime, the improved ammunition to
which mainly 1* due the Increased range
recently obtained by email arms, has been Issued to
roops bearing grooved arms, and its use In actual ser
vice ha* fully ltaliiei all the advantages that were anti
i] :i'ed.
Art ( rig the new models fcr small arms is a pistol of in
cieased length ot barrel, furnished with an attachment to
the stock. wLich may be instantly applied, and which
converts it into a carbine. Should this prove as valua
ble in actual service an the experiments now made inli
c ate, no difference will be needed between the arms and
equipments ot disgoors and thooe of light cavalry, but te
win le, armed with this weapon, will be rendered, in celeri
ty of movemf nt, equal to lignt cavalry, and in combatas ef
ticient a? heavy dragons. It is thought that this arm
w.U be fouitd also well adapted to the use of sappers
and miners, of men working in the trenches, and of light
artillery men.
Under pi ovisions made lait year for the purchase of
breach-loading rillos, many sample* of thii weapon have
been examined, and a number of vari ius patterns pur
chased and placed in the hands of troops for trial in the
Hold. It is deemed indispensable to subjoct them to
this tes; before adopting any as a standatd weapon.
The i istrisution of arms to tbe militia of the several
Slates for the cur ent year has been made according to
representation in Congress, as prescribed by the seventh
section of the Army Appiopriation Act, approved March
3, 1855. In fixing the quota of the District of Columbia
and the Territoriee, which by the act is left to the discre
tion cf the Executive, it was determined that the District
and the Teiritories should receive the quota of States
having tbe least representation in Congress. The p-ovl
sion of the act wbirh required this Department to equa
lize, as far as practicable, the number ct arms distributed
to the States was exccutcd by issuing from the United
State* arsenal* to esch State and Territory which had
received less than two thousand stand, so many arms as
would bring their supply np to that number.
Arrangements have been made to conveit arms of tha
old moi. el. issutd to the States, when desired by them,
into rifltd arms of the new modtl, with percussion ljck
ard primer attached, the expense of the alteration to be
charged to the states, and deducted from their several
quotas of tiie appropriation for the annual supply ot
I'nder the appropriation made at tbe last session,
ediiionsof cavalry and I'gUt infantry taclics have been
procured fcr the militia, aud are in course of distri
At the last session of Congress an act was passed
direclingthe Secret i ry of War to cause to be c nstruoWd
on a aite tote (?elected by the l'resident ot ths United
htntes, a snitable building for the care and preser
vation of the ordinance and arms, and accou
trements of the volacteers and militia cf the
District of Columbia, and for the care and preservation
ot the military trophies of the revolu'ionary aud other
vats, and for the deposit of newly invented and model
arirs for the mili'.aiy eeivice, for which purpose the sum
of $SO.COO wa.s appropriated. In the executua of this
act a tile was i-elected, and a plan and ipecilKstion, c :n
tormableto ihe means grnnted, ptepated, aud bids for
the wcrk (July invited by public advertisement.
A contract has been entered into, &ut at so late a pe
riod that no prpgress 1 as been made in the construction
ct the building.
The work upon the ml'itary roai's in the territory of
Minnesota hai-geneialiy made sa'isfactory progress. Thine
in L'tah. Washing- on and Oregon, for which appropria
tion* wwe made last year, have bteu completed accord
ir.g to tie phuin aiop'ed. Thone for whhh
itt propiintioue were n-aue at the last rossion
in Kansas. Nebraeka W&ahiugton, Oregon and New
Mtxito, have not bei-n put under c instruction.
No rejiort bat yet been received of the completion of tha
oecrs.-arT pi eiimii-ary eurveya.
The -uivey of the NoilhwMtern lakes has been prose
cuted with ekill and energy. Ihe several parti-* em
ployed on this woik have been almost exclusively en
gaged dming the paat eesson in lakes Michigtn and Su
peuor. and the St. Mai j 'a liver. A large area has beea
surveyed. a. ore than a thoueand buoys have been locked
to'uaik osngetous reef? and shoals. and materials have
btcn patheric for the minu'e and reliable charts so ne
ces-sat v to the navigation of thoi e inland sea*.
'Ihe "appropriations for river and harbor improvements
hive, with few exceptions, been exhausted or reduced so
lew as not to be effective tor future operations. Snag and
om'gt boats are usually built out or appropriations for
. p<cial works; aLd when, tberefoie, the fund it expended,
it has been teemed proper to sell such boats, machinery,
snd mateiial, and apply the proceeds for the benefit ot
the woik for which the money was appropriated. The rapid
dfcteiiormti'. n and constant expense attendant on the pre
eetvation of boats, doei not jiermit that they should be
kept beyond a ahoit period on the contingency ot future
aj. propria) ions being made. Vnder the*e circumstances,
and tr.r thete reasons, the snegboats on the Western
t Iver* hare been sold, and the amounts drawn for the
construction, equipment and repair of these boats from
the appropiiations for the respective rivers, were thus
made available for the improvements to which they be
longed. And a like course, under like circumstances,
will have to be adopted in relation to the dredge b ats
< n Ihe Northern lakes and coasts of the Atlantic and Gulf
of Mexico.
Ctder the autUoiity given in the Armv Appropriation
act of Angui t 4, 1854, section 5. to use the appropriition
for ibe removal of the Hed river ral ?? in such way as
would eecute navigation in and around said raft, an
rx* miration of the obstructions and surrounding locality
?ai- instituted, and a plan adopted to tecure navigation
around the greater partjpf the raft, through Dooley's
layon; and an agent, with the necessary majhwry,
in , mplojed in ita execution.
Relet nice Is made to the documents a -company iag the
ltpoitfiom the Topographical iiuieau, ftr the progress
made in the imp ovement of Wet'ern rivers and lake
harbors, the c.oi>structii n of militaty roids, and tue sur
vey oi ihe Florida canal; and to the report of the Cbier
Fx.j(ineer, for the work on the Atlantic and Gulf harbots
a'.d rivers. , ..
Hie reports ol the officers employed tnier the appro
p.iati?n- mat'efor explorations and surveys to a-cr:*in
the imst pr editable and ec noroical route for a railroad
?r< m the Mississippi river to the Pacific Ocean, were ub
r itted to Cong'e-s on the 24th of February la-t, with a
i cpox t f:cm thi- Depaitmtnt, gtv.ng a general ?kotch of
t}.? ccnntiy over which they ex ended; a re '.apitulatton
<.f their result- . and a comparison of tnetr dlstiogai-bing
cl:ai?cterii-tics. (torn which I w*s c ncluded, tliat f fthe
i. ute- examine i, the mo.-t ptattlcable and ec jnomlcal
n a- that of the JJCd paiallel. A report 1- heretvi'.h "ib
uitted fjuoi ihe officer in this I?eD-?rtm-ot charged
with the revision of the work of the several partie-, and
I ie'.er to it for additional information, derived from ma
te-, ials collecte'*, on a luiiher exaiutoatiuu of them by
bin -ell and the 'everal < Hirer* wh-j made the particular
uivey* as well a* for the result* of explorations cirried
. n i.uiii % 1 he pai-t year. When the repor. was made in
I'ebruarv last, many of the map", drawings and arlentifi l
i,* j-?r- inti-i.de-I to form part r.f the report, am whi-h Could
i ltly be jreiaied af'cr an elaborate ex .tninatlon of t .e
ir .neiisls coiifctod. La 1 off. liem conpleted f - the want
<1 lime. an<t it became o'ececary to suostituie hastily
pi ej ated dtaW'Ugs and prelitrti y reports. This was
I aiticolarly tbe case with r<g .d to the work on the
i i.u'e of 'he: i!h parallel. A niit.u'e exantl -.ati .n of tie
icsteiial ccllected in that ?utvey, ha^ resulted i? shotr
ir 5 the i ute moic practicable than it wms at tirst re
? ifcuteil to he, at-d in reducing to nearly one-hilf th '
0 iiirai et.timateot the officer in cba ge of the survey, j
nhich inoceii yeenied, alien t':ry wee g-ibmitted. to be
? t tavacant. and wete note<l in the iepoit from thi - IH>
? ?r'.ment a- probably ? xce sive.
Anc'her fia't.re of interest develops 1 In the K)ir-e of
1 further oxauiioa'ion of tlie work, on the route of the
Md paiallel. Is tbat the C'olot ado divert, which is ten
v r.'.cd by the rotite for a distance o! 1153 mlle^ and which
in the i-"i ort t ? rerted tc was t oted ??? consia'lng of * -oil
that neetled oniy water to rer.d?-r 1'. highly proJoc'ive,
is in fact the deli* tf the Colorado river, ami ^co ding
'o l arrmet'ic bvels, is so nr.uch lower thuo that s-re%m
to be ? aM'y intga'rd ft tn it. Thin, there is ev-ry
;ea.-on to btlleve 4, SCO square ndien of soil, ot gre1' f"i
ttli y of which nejrly r.ne half is in our own territory
may he brtnght intoiulrvation, fn o ic unbruken ti^c
slong the o? e i'nderthe appropriation made at tho l.i-'
M S-ii n lor the continuation oi those surveys and otb".
1 utpote-, 1hrte tarlies have be?-n in the fteM r"urtn? th*
i?ft e?>03. (it.e of t)iem was direc'id t^ mil:! eXt nint
t,< t.s wi'h the routes of :.id and ?f>?h paral els. Vhi' kui
v,-y ha* giea'ly impimed the aspo.-- of the former rou'.?-s,
!,y rha'gitg' ha line lor nearly half tlie di-iance
?ft.ween the Klo Gtar.de and Jibe l imn- v. ag* ,
, t, tbe' Gila river, from barren ground to rut
?i atab'e valleys, acl entirely avt.idins, a /rwid/i r<t 80
0 le-. which occur i- In that section; oy the di-cove
ty (t id mi in* t tly practicable r' ute ?hr<-ugh 'i cultivata
1 le coun'ry Inn, tfc'- plains ot l^is Angelo-^,. 1 '.gtht c.a.'
sr,d throt gh tfce -slii a- vslley to run 1'rancWco. Ihe
c t r.ecll^n ctigli.ally piopored be-wceu tlio e p iin" wo
t,j ?ay if tbt vailey oT Ssn Joaquin anl the Gio\t B?sin.
Ihe iitUntion of this i arty ?*?* al-o directed to an ex
flirinatkn into the pr.icticability of procuring water
nloi g lerfain [arts of the route where it Is now de.lcient.
Th ? teptTt skowa that it may be obtained by common
wt ll? at i^i-ti r.ces of about twer.ty n-.llet.
(. r, ni the result of this exploiatlon, moreover, it ap
i ? aia ptuctlcable to obtain, at a smail expense a m*d
wagon n sd, supplied with water by common wells, from
?h? 1 io (.tande down the hen 1'edro and Gil*, a-ul acro-i
the Cole r a' o dt-sert. Such a road would be ol great
n .van'age Mi i'ary ojerations would facll''a'e the
ttBospoitatlon ot the mall across that country, an 1 re
lieve emiKiimts ptusuing that route from m inh of 'h*
( ifBct hy ?r>d softeiing which they encounter.
A >econd partv was charged with the duty
of tcst'rg tte ptacti-.ability of procuring wat<-r ^y arto
, inn well* on tha I,l?no i-jitflcado, *n aiid plain which has
lecn heretoiore ''i -crllnl as a ("eaert. The experiment
I as so fur >'< monstrated t!s prac'icability a? lo leave lit
tle dcubt ot it* linal sucsef*. It wi;l be continual, how
I yt'i unt 1 the [lol.'eni shall have been fully solved.
Ihe nainina'inna info the 'easibility ol camirg stib
letrnntan ^tieau^s to flow uponMh* surlsce from Arte-ian
wells, tlu 'gh ondeitaken in Conner Jon with th" practi
cability of a alh'?d, if they ahnuld prove entirely sue
i e-flnl will have a value l??>oiid fieii oonnectlon with
that object, in the t ecb roatioti ol a region which i? now
* wa>-t*. ard its .id.iptation to ihe pastoral and |w?rliaps
tbe agttculluial usee of man.
The third paitv was dlrejted to conduct an exploration
fiitn the facromento to the Columbia river, with
* view to ascertain the jirectl tabillty o' * routs to
i or,nfCt the val'ey* of th< ?e tUers. The offl ?>r in
? ha-ge h?* reported tbe Rocces^ful completion of the
dn'v '?t t Ins tot >? lis 'Iht saute . >a- j
: e - Ir. - '1 ll-e <?Mt| Ve I
vada in the vicinity of the head branches of the Carton
The prosecution of instrumental surveys, accompanied
by investigations into mi My branches of physical science
simultaneously, over linen of such length and embracing
such an extant of latitude, la a work of greater magni
tude than any of the kind hitherto undertaken by any
nation, and tta results bare not only provel commensu
rate wiih the amount of work done, but possess a value
peculiar to the scale on wbich it has been conducted, as
affcrdiDg a basis for tbe determination of some questions
of science which no nnmbar of smaller detached expto
rationa could have furnished. The facta developed by
these survey a, added to other information which we p>a
?efs. Mjggtwit some considerations of great interest with re
gard to our territory on the l'aciflc. They exhibit it a* a
narrow slope of an average width of lees than 160 miles
of cultivatable land, skirling the ocMn for a distance or
one thousand miles, rich la those mineral productions
wh'ch are tempting even beyond their value, and which
would be moat readily turned to the use of an invader,
drained by two rivers of widespread branches, and with
sraports lying so directly upon the ocean that a hostile
fleet coulil commence an attack upon aoy oue of them
within a few hours after being descried from land, or if
fortified agilnat attack, bo few in number, tha^ compara
tively tew ships would suffice to blockade them.
Tl. is territory is not more remote from the prinelp il
European States than from those parts of our o vn conn
tiy whence It would derive it* military supp'ies; and some
of those States have colonies and possessions on the
I'aoiBc which would greatly facilitate their operations
against it. With these advantages, and those which the
attacking force always haa, of choice of time aid place,
sn enemy poeserslng a considerate military marine,
could with compare lively little cost to himself, subject
us to enormous expenses in giving to our I'acifis frontier
that protection which it is the duty of the general go
vernment to afford.
In the firat years of a war with any great maritime
power the communication by sea could not be relied upen
or the transportation of supplies trom the Atlantic to
he 1'acittc States. Our naval peace establishment WJuld
not furnish adequate c nvoys for the number of store
ships which it would be necessary to employ, and store
ships alone, laden with supplies, could not undertake a
voyage of 20, COO miles, passing numerous neutral ports
wi-ere an enemy's armel vessel, even of the smallest size,
night lie in wait to intercept them.
'the only line of communication, then, would be over
land, and by this it would be impracticable with any
means heretofore used to furnish the amount of supplies
required lor the defence of tbe l'aciflc cnast. At the pre
sent prices over the best part of the route, the expense
of land transportation alone for the annual aupplies
of provisions, clothing, camp equipage, and ammunition
for such un army as it would be necessary to maintain
thue, would exceed 20,000,000 dollars: the land ttanspor
tation (f each field 12 pounder, with a due supply
ct a mmutil ion for one year, would cost $2,600; of each
24 pounder and ammunition, $P,000; and of a sea.coast
gun and smmunition, $12,000. The transportation of
ammuniti in tor a year, for 1,000 sea cca-t guns, would
cost SI, P00, 000. But the expenses of transporta
tion would be vastly increased by war, and
at the rates that were paid on tbe Northern fron
tier during the last war with Gieat Britain, the
ab<ve estimates would be trebb'.ed The tiaia re
quited for the overland journey would be from four to
six months. In point ot' tact however, supplies for such
sn army could not be transported across the continent.
Un tlie arid and barien belts to be crossed, the United
quantities of water and grass would soon be exhausted
by the numerous draught animals required for
heavy trains, and over such distances forage
could not be carried for their subsistence. On
tbe other bind, ths enemy would send oat
his supplies at trom one-seventh to ono-twentieth the
ui.ove rates, and in less time, perhapa in one-fourth the
time, if he should obtain command of the Isthmus
Any leliance, therefore, upon furnishing that part of
our frontier with means of defence from the Atlantic and
inU-iicr states. alter the commence -nent of hostilities,
would be vain; and the next resource would be to aocu
uiu.'nte tliere such an amount of stores and supplied as
uld sufiicc during the continuance of the contest, or
until we could obtain conmand 07 tho sea. Assigning
but a mcdeiate limit to this period, the expense would
iet be eo< rraous. Tho for locations, depots, and store
oue?s, would ctcessarlly be on the largest sca'e, :md
the cost of placing supplies there for livojears would
nmount to nearly $100,000,000. In many respects
the cost duiing peace wonM be equivalent
to that iluilrg war. The perishable character
of mnuy articles would render it perhaps impracticable
to put provisions in depot for such a length of time,
and in many cases there would be deierioratlon amount
ing to s< me millions ot dollars a year.
these eoLsiderations and others of a strictly mllltiry
tliuiaoter, came the Department to examine with interest
a 1 projects promising the accomplishment of a railroad
communication between the navigable waters of the ills,
slsuppi and tho-e of ihe l'aciilc ocean. As military op
eiaticns ^ej-ejjd in a greater degree up 3n rapidity and
certainty oi inurement than upon any other circumstance,
the introd iction of railway transportation has greatly im
piovcd the means ot defeudlng our Atlantic and
inland frontiers ; and to give us a sense of
tecuiity from attack upon tho most exposed portion of
our territory, it is requi-ite that the fasiiity of railroad
transportation should be extended to the l'icific c jast.
AVeie Mich a road completed, our I'aciQs ooast. in steal of
b< ing further removed in time, anl less accessible to us
than an enemy, would be brought within a few days of
vry cnimuiiication. and the cost of supplying an army
".hue instead of being many times grea'er to us than t >
him, would be about equal. We would be relieved of the
r< cisslty of accumulating 1 rge snppiies on that coast, to
waste perhaps through long yeurs of peace, and we could
ticl ? d tire confidetce that let war come, when ami with
vbdn it may, before a hostile expedi'ion sould reach that
?ot p seo frontier, an as pie forse could be placed there to
1 eptl sny atttmpt at invasion.
I1 torn the results of the surveys an horized by Congress,
we derive at least the assurance that the wjik is practi
? able, and may dismiss the apprehensions whi *.b previous
y we could not but entertain as to the possibility of de
'? LUiDg our Pacific territory through aljcg war with a
] owernil maritime enemy.
The judgment which may be formed as to the prospect
if is comiletion, must control our future plans for the
military dtferce of that frontier, ati d any plan f >r the
j urpose which ahou'd leave that onsi lo.-ation out of
\iew would be as hope: feet as if it should disregard all
'hose other reaourcts with which commerce and art aid
the operation rf amiies.
Whether we shall depend on private tapital and en'er
pi i.-c alone for the eftily establishment of railroad com
munication, or shall promote it* construction by such
aiil as the general government may constitutionally give;
w> ether we shall rely upon the continuance of p^ace,
until the increase of the population and resources of the
Faiific States shall render them independent of ai<t from
thcie of >be Atlantic slope and Mississippi valley; or
whether we shall adopt the extensive system of detenu
a'leve referred to, are qneatlons of public policy eUiili
belong to Congress to decide.
Beyond the direst employment, of such a road for mili
tnry purpo.es, it has other relations to all the great in
tcr'sts of tur confw?cra?y ? po)i'ic*l. commercial and
Kcial ? the prospo>l'y of which esjetitlally contributes to
the common defence. Of these it is no' my purpose to
ti'at. fuither than to point to the addi'.ijnal res urces
w> i(h it would ilevelope, and the incwe oi population
which must attend upon giving such facility of cora'/iuni
Cn'ion to a country so ?eo.iptfng to enterprise, much of
wuich having most vslash'e p-oducts, is beyond rea?h of
Irefertoth" reports of the officer in chir.e of the
( t* j i : cl and Poet t/llice extenni'.ns for .detailed Information
iu rtg&idtc thc*o woiks. Tht progress of th? former his
1 ?<n seit .usly rutRrded in consequence ot deficiency in
i) e mpply (f marble for the exterior. Tho work is, uov
< ver, so far advanced, that the interior lin's'i mu t nr> ?
te csnsidcied. The oiipinal p!m an: tsti nate was
? r a finish similar to that of the main building, hut
this stjle would n. t l>e a fair '.ample of the p esent -tate
i " archlUftlUB] skill ami it is supposed would not faltH
'1 r wish of Cuigteas. It h:.s therefore be-r> thought pro
1 e: to h?ve prepared for Inspection specimens o eneius
ii? tiling, instead of brick and sandstone for ihe floor;
? t palctirg mstrml of whitewashing for the walls ami
(,?i;ii g<; tf-.ce atd other contemplated i? provemen'-1,
>.ot included in the original plan and estimate, may be
it ? need t<. a greater o; lef-a extent as Cong .ess m ly p-o
? e. Mudiflcn 'lots have slreaty b?on mad :, such n< the
ii induction of Cinamentai iron ccidiu- In tho principal
'? <nriS, ihe substitution of iron for wood in tue frames ?f
t> e n oft. and the doors and the wimwws of ttie basement
- iy, so increased thickness of the marble in the walls,
? ? j eclally provided for by tho law. and a costly an ! ex
emive curr!?'<'r required l>y the i>Ian, but not contained
ir. the oris inal fs:im*'e.
At the lii-t session C<>n<re,-s adop'/>d a pliin, an'l raadt
1 l a ('propiiallon for a r?'W >1 me to the Capitol. No es'.i
n ate of the cost of the work bad been submitted, nor ha^
any jet been prepared. In fact at that time on'y tho ox
te.ior hail teen studied, and a sketch ma-'e showing the
gi rcral effert of the whole bnilcing as e -mplei'- i. The
.-it '!y Of the details ha" since teen entered int", and I re
u 1 to ihe lepoit of the offlcar In charge for a n*rra'lve of
I it Operations, as well as lor a full ocscrip:ion of the
II ii* s m| lated struetnie, w hich promlMS to be a<a object
1 f nte Hichitcctuial benu'y. I He resourc.e.sexhibiie 1 in
machinery ("ps'grod to raise the enormous ravi?"i of
iron cr mposiog the dome, and to them acc i a'ely
ir. their ?levat< 1 po itii ns, reflec: the highest credit up >n
tl e ca[ artty ar.d skill as an engineer of tho onicei io
charpe oi the work.
r>otwi',h-tand!nga very unheal hy season, the work on
?1 e S'.trdui t de i*ii' d te ?Uj?| ly this :lty with water.
hs? leen prosecu'ed succe sfully, and to tke ex eat of
the n.f'nns appropriate'"!. A large.* ai<propria*ion ?arill he
?'I.1 <1 in oroer t? realize tit*' benefit- of thi giea' ?att
pi - a- early ?nd ?s ec??noniicaily as posjih Should
lie sj pr i 1 ialion tae granted at an e . 1 ly period in tho
????tt'O, tl e r] stations cao be eontinu >u ly car -led on
1 11* if it should be Oeiajed tin 11 th? umal pjrioi of
n-tling the annua' appropriation", lie Sj. ing ? th?> most
t < ia!>l>' setson for no'k ? will lie lost, and the operation
v< sgaiti tLbjec'el to tie intcrrup'lins 'es-ilting from
'1 >? ; ,idumiiat disfh es ?hioh prevs i in 'he locality.
I bnvo tie honor to te, very jespeetfnlly, your 'ilio ll
ent -oivknt. ,IIyrKRJ0N I 'A VIS, of War.
To lbf President of 'he I nited States.
iDIElTIimikn RKM5WE0 fiVCRV 0Af.
Street an'. Fourth aventw.? ' 'I lie undersi^nfd be< list 0
>0 si M nncs Ihiii they have taken the ClarendO ? Hotel, rtely
it ? up<n their Intimate iicqiialntss.ee with Ihe huslaess, da-lv
cd Inm a Ion* eiperlet.oe both In the Cnited States an I
Kurnpe. nnd the interior arrangements and aceommodati ins of
It' he u I, which In do nt of comfort and elegance are not
pi "ted hy nnv similar establishment in either wiontry, tlief
h' po and leel that they will tie aHle to give unqualified satis
i'setlon 10 their numerous friends, and ali who may iavor th in
with their psiionaiie
a KRRN1R A J. BIRCH, Proprietors.
Tah'e d'liote nt 3 and C o'clock preelsely.
brated hotel, situated half way between the Presidents
banse and the t-'apiiol, has been leased by the nnderstirind for
a terms ot years, and baa been refurnished and Improved
throughout, making it lu all Its appolu'aienW equal to any
hotel [11 the country. The house is now open for die aeeomina
?iaUon of thspubl.o. WII.LIAM (JUT, rroprie' w.
Wll lam ttteeie, haa lieeu completely renovated; Is now
prrpe'ed to fin nt?h single roo'n? a' A and (TH WK e?' h per
(ts>. ? -ti giKd rooms f'H ft u I ?*. i'ir"eis up >1 Hit ; tlio
Jt'jlr. Ves's s; jl' h i irt,
aoARDoro amd iiooonro.
llO room. 00 second Door, to let? partly furnished, with
fire ud tu. If required? over Godone'a music store, between
Ninth and Tenth streets; suitable fur any ilgut, genteel ousl
ness an wtist or demist, Ac. Apply in the halrdreaaing
saloon, up stair*.
D Li i evening, at Mesdames 8AUVAGHAlr'S dan i'jg
academy, 627 Broadway. Tickets 91, for a ganQ.'rnan and two
000 nlahed mom. with or without board, to two gentl*ui?n,
or a gentleman and wile. Terms moderate. Between Broad
way and B'jwery.
?lQ\J board, to gentlemen, or gentlemen and their wives.
House new and newlv furnished. with all the modern Improve
menU; pleasantly located near Stuyveaant park.
Itu Booms with board, on the second floor. toire:her or
sepsrate; single gentlemen or a gentleman and his wile can
find desirable accommodations. Family private; small num
ber laken. Convenient to cars and stages
1UU park.? Booms with board; a large extentloi roorn.'wlth
bedroom afarhed, on the tecond floor; alao, a few pletsant
rooms for single gentlemen; the house contains all the modern
lUlJ Washington park ?A family, or a few single gentle
men, can be accommodated with board and rooms on second
and third floors. House has mo iern improvements. Location
delightful. Kef( rences required.
I O west of 8lxth avenue- Par. ors and bedrooms, on the
? second floor front, to let to gentlemen and wives, for 916 to 92)
per week. Three gentlemen can obtain very pleasant room?,
with full or partial board, at SS per week. Gas, bath, Ac.
Broadway stages pass the door. Location desirable.
Ua Kant suite of rooms on the first floor; a'so aocommo latlons
In the third ?tory of the above delightfully looated llrst clam
dwelling. Gas, Ac. Dinner at six. heterences exchanged.
TO and their wives and for single gentleman. A vary plet
sant third floor front room, with gas and Croton water, can be
bad. Also to let, with or without board, a front and back par
lor and hall rcom.
10 tlemen and their wives and single gentlemen cm be ac
commodated with pleasant rooms and board. References
1U Broadway? A gentleman and his wife and two or three
single gentlemen can be genteelly accommodated with very
dealrable rooms. Beforenoe exchanged.
second floor, rrout. suitable for a small tamlly or a gentle
man and hit wife; also, a large room on the fourth floor for
single gentlemen, wlih ooard House new, and furnished with
all the modern Improvements. Family urlvite. Access by
Sixth avenue cars, Amity street and other lines of stage*.
References exchanged.
French family. In Brooklyn where she would give leg
eons in English or music in compensation. Address R. B ,
Brooklyn Pont ofllce.
or a lurge room on the first floor, can be obtained with
beard at 82 and 84 Kant Twenty third street Al-o, u few
rooms for single gentlemen.
gentlemen, may be accommodated wlih rooms and board,
at 101 West blxteenth street. Ba'-hs, gas, Ac. Terms mode
built house, near Union square, desire to let, with board,
n well furnished suite of rooms on the -ocoui tloor. to a gentle
man and his wife, or r party of gentlemen. Address Board,
Unloa equate Post otlic j.
let, on the second floor, to two or three gentlcmeu. also
one on ilie third lloor, to one or two gentlemen, la a genteel
ai d quiet private house. Terms reasonable. Hoc, cold and
Mh'iwer baths tree. Inquire at 64 Walker street, Qva doors
wes: of Broadway.
gentlenan can obtain rooms, with full or partial b >trd,
on very reasonable teruis, in a private family, by applying *t
03 West Thirteenth street, between Fifth and Sixth avenue*.
References required.
single gentlemen, can be handsomel* accommodated with
furnished or unfurnished room* and '>oard In a atr.etlr pciva'e
family, 'lhe house has all the modern Improvements. For
particular*, call nt 119 West Twenty-second street, be'.ween
t uth and Seventh avenues.
Board.? a fbhnch family would let nice
rooms on the second story of a house, well located, con
taining ?11 the modern Improvements. Dinner at six o'clock.
Good reference requlredL Address Z. T., Herald oQicn.
rourth avenue (opposite Calvarv churchy, can acornm1)
dute a nenilcman and hi* wife, or two or three single persons,
wl li board and pleasant rooms, at moderate terms. The
house is Unely located; lias gas, baths, Ac. References ex
changed. _
Board wanted.-a business man down tows,
recently married, desires a neat parlor and bedroom I'ttr
ui-hed, with good board, permanent. In a house with modern
improvements, and pleasantly located between Fourth and
1 wenty fourth streets. Undoubted references given and re
qtilred. Please address box 3.560 I'ost ofllce.
board, for a gentleman, his wife and two daughters.
Apartments on the second lloor required. Location in or near
Broadway, between Bleecker and Fourteenth (tree's. Rete
rpnees exchanged. Address box 218 Poet otQ je.
Board wanted, within fiftren misute?'
walk of the City Hall for a gentleman, wife, child, and
cne servant. A par'or, bedroom, and bedroom for servant.
Private table. Board and rent uot to exceed $2) per week.
Firs; class bouse. Address Comfort, Herald oil! -e.
Boabd wanted down town.- a parlor and
two bedrooms, lor two gentlemen with their wive*; board
for the ladles ouly Addres* A. Y., Herald ofllco.
Board wanted.- a gentleman and wiks wish
to obtain comfortable board In a respectable private fami
ly for the winter, lhe best reference given anl required.
Address M. B. M., Herald ofllce.
Board wanted-fob a gentleman and lady,
lull board for lady only. With a widow lady preferred.
Address E. Wilson, at Huntleld's Hotel, foo of Urand street,
East river. .
Brooklyn.? wanted, in tiik vicinity ok
Bridge and Fulton avenues, s smatl furnished bed' no ji,
bj a gentleman, wltn or wlthou' *ioard In a respecttb e pri
vate tamlly English oi- Americans crefencd, Addren, for
three days, Kent, Herald ofllce, or through tbe Post ofllce,
Brocklyn, with particulars.
Furnished booms and splendid parlor, to
let separate or In a suite, with private la'de If required In
a first class house. Apply at 113 St. Mark's place, Kightu street,
between 2d and 3d aven ics.
and kitchen. To persona boarding ihlH wuuid oe a desira
ble opportunity, having every onvemonce to keep home, and
will be 1ft at moderate piic?n. Apply at 123 WsitTweniyfodrth
s*rcet, near Tib Avenue. May be Been three days.
neat y furnished, In a private family, suitab'e for (togta
?e :emcn; breakfast and tea if required. Apply a', 3i Vaaey
a vet.
r Miiall private ianjly, where all the eomforts of a boms
can be enjovod. A party of three ntnire gentlemen wUlilo* u
rc-im together can hu> e an elegantly furnished parlnr, and
wll! Bud this a rare cbauce: gas In avery rooiu. Apply at M
Domir.iek street, betwten Ilndauu and Varlolc.
Htwoorthiee slng'e gentlemen, wl-hing one or two very
j.;ei,sa.nt frort rooms on second lloor, wi hbotrd. In a plenant
Ixpiton, In the Seventh ward, witb a small private family,
rosy apply at No. 231 Madison utrte'..
home, at % lew price ? Oen'eel board, with single room*,
at ?.'i and $S BO per week, baths included, at 90 Wooster s'.reet.
fo .r dcor* from Sarins convenient to the Broadway and
8 ring street line of stages.
furnished, with or without board. In a llrst class house
w. tli ali the modern improvements, or the h ilfof the homo
Apply at No. 171 19th street, between 1st and 2d avenue.'.
ed roorrn, with use ol bathroom, to lot to re itlamen; prl"
(a j ran. by; location desirable. Auply at 721 llomon street
May, a first class house with all the modern improve
tnt n's, between Eighth snd Tweuty.thlrd streets and 8a?ond
ai d Mub avenues. Address, with particulars, U., box 391 Poet
moth sire, lor which cash will bo paid. Address Printer,
box 1,1;? 2 Post office.
k.' a sieninboat of abcut 200 tons, title i and suitable for a short
(rip pa-teeger boat. Any person having Much a boat for s ite
*1.1 Hint a purchaser by applying to GILBERT DAYTON,
rat Warden's Office, lol Wall street tip stairs.
r> o. 2 hand pi ess to dispose ot, at a reasonable prl.je, <? in
On h purchwer by addressing box 173 Jersey 01 y Pos^olli z?
? ? t.ot less ban >>0 per week ; also, h coal yard, who e
a cs ?re a' tea^t B,f00 ton" yearly, and any other business let
ill i .Ml or lw per cent on capital Invested. Ad ire in Busineui,
TT or fad Hilling t cho tier (pilot boat but t ) of air ut iiitv or
s-ventv Ave tons and having Hi-ioaimndatWis for sis or eight
D'^'onn. Apply to HHtD I NEILSON,67 Wall street.
tt rlnliy ot New Yoik e|ty, for a family of three per -on*;
rent col to exceed $12" a year. Addrea*. for three dayj, G. C.
R., merchant, Herald office.
TT modern Improvement*. Incited between Eighth and
T? enty fovr'h streets, and Fourth ami Huh avenues, for
tekli K p< s/eiMOn f t same about 'be end of Febrnary or oo:n
ircncement of March. Addr.se C. H , box 104 Herald ofll e.
vv s'enm power In the lower part of th? el'y. Address,
wl h icrms. which must be low, Flax, box 3,407, Post ofllon.
TT In theclty of Biooklyn, for a small family. IUtii mu<t
be low. AildreeH E. H. H , box 120 1'erald olllce.
TT mtin.oa'l g rooms, wiih Ixiaid either In New York or
II ooklyn. 11 In the latter citje, not lar from t'-e terrlei; pries
to l e trs'onable and location eligible. Aldress G. W . box
4.I0P Pi st odlee.
bins, first qt'alliy. been only ahort time In tue App<y
at 221 Gie en wit li street
J n.>ml inalion oushii>n<i on tables ot the old at, In on ren.ni
able tcim?. 'Ibev have been already put no tab e? of the :'ol
lowing mailers -Wloanla Orbflth .1 Deriter. Woort, Pe'io,
i'i-I I , ,1 i -I In* ? so-, n tlte ot?o*' attlafsryiKi.
P' L.\N, . ji n'{fi
copa nncEHsurp voticir.
? lU.l'l' v". cal article, with a capital of U>o th'Msaail
dollars, which will realize ? profit ot 100 per cent, with cash
?ale* 'o any amount Address, with rial name, suting where
an interview can be had, W. A. X., Herald oillce.
ifiMIUU. capital of from three to five thousand dollars. La
enter into a very i are proSUbls and eztenslve i>ualnesa? one
whifb will be a htundard for time. Inquire of Mr. Sykes, at
6H Broadway. Unexceptionable character required.
$*J.UUU. the Interest of a retiring partner, in an old es
tablished business Only five hundred dollar! required at pre
sent, the remainder an referred capital. This u a yre*t op
portunity to make a fortune without risk. Pull partloulian
will be made known br calling on GREENE A CO , No 34ft
'PtIUUU. doing a food business -with the above amount in
cash. Pot particulars address Partner Herald office, stating
where an Interview can be had.
>UUu, dry goods business, wi'h the above capital, by
a young man about opening a store, who has a good Con
ner Hon. A person knowing the trade preferred. Address
A. X. D., Hetald office, elating where an interview may be
will loan his employer the above amount, or would
iJPUUU. ter and general refreshment saloon, situated down
town In one of the greatest business localities. In connection,
an extensive pie round that will pay 81,000 a year, with horse,
wagon, Ac., all complete. Apply to C. B. HOWErf A 00..
81 Nassau street.
qtQ AA -partner wanted in a oenteel manu
?POVM/ ? factoring business that will pay a proQt of 300 per
cent, affording a most desirable opportunity to engage in busi
ness, which doea not require any further capital to conduct it,
and la a sure business, there being no competition.
C. B. HOWEB A CO., 84 Nassau street.
VZjiJ v/biiBlEej.?, one of tho most desirable stands in the city,
whsre with a little more capital a large business can be done;
will be sold out entirely If de'lred; this is a chance seldom
oifered. Apply immediately at AS9 liroadway, room 11.
* R L. PURDY ft Co.
<t>& vU. wanted, to join the advertiser in a highly respec
table and very profitable business, from whl.:h a profit of S2M
per moutli can be made without risk. It needs only to be aeea
to satisfy. Please call immediately, on Mr. Low, from 11 to 4,
at 246 Broadway, room 36.
dollars rash. Any one desiring business and who is
willing (3 Investigate, may address 9. it. M., Herald Office, fur
three days.
WALI, has this day been ad'nitted a Darner In our firm.
New York, Jan. I, I860.
V } day been formed between Iien?y C. Berlin, of the late firm
ofWest A Berlin, and George M. Jones, of Geo II Jones A
Co., under tho name and Arm Of It Kill, IN A JONES, for the
purpose of manufacturing and dealing iu envelopes, stationery
and fancy goods, at 120 William street.
* ' liave this day associated themselves together under the
firm of Hrrder A lllll?rt, for the purpose of transacting th?
thlps' hardware business, as cartled on by A. Herder, at 62
South street. ABRAHAM HERDER,
January 1, 1866. JuBH P. HILLERT. _
V J have this day associated with themselves Mr. Tho-nas Mo
Farlatd, and will continue the boo', rhoe and leather ou-iineHt
at 70 Beekman street, Hew York, uuder the firm oi' HUDSON.
BKO AC*).: and at 97 Batterv street, San Francis oo, under
the firm of CHARLES HUDSON A CO.
New York, Jan. 1, 18M.
J has an interest in our business trom this date
January 1,1866. BOYD A HINCKEN. Broken.
Dissolution of copartnership.? the cop art -
Lft-shlp heretofore existing under the style and firm of
H EST A BERLIN, Is tills day dissolved by mu'nal consent.
The business will be settled up by Herry C. Berlin, at No. 131
William street.
January 1. 186t>.
CoimUthkrship.? A copartnership hat this day been formed
between Henry CI. Berlin, of the late firm of West A Berlin,
ai d George H. Jones, of George if. Jones A Co., under the
narre at d llrm ut' Hi. Itt. IN A JONES. for the purpose of man
ufacturing und dealing In envelopes, stationery and Unor
goods, at 120 William street.
Dissolution op copartnership.-the cgpart
nernbip herrtqfJrs existi.ig under the style and Arm of
WEST A BERLIN; is ibis day dissolved bjr mutual consent.
I be business wl.l be settled up 7 Renry 0. Berlin, at No. IAI
William street.
Dissolution of partnebship.-the partner
eblp heretofore existing under the firm of Qulnliy, Felld
A iJowne, Is this day dissolved, on account of the d-.alh of Mr.
Walter howne, Jr. The business 01 the late firm will be set
tled by Quinby A felld, who will continue the business at the
o'.d stand, No. 193 Elizabeth street, under the firm of Quinb/ A
Feiid. Walter w. cjuinbt,
t>ew York, Jan. 1. 1866. URIAH FEILD.
Dissolution of copabtnersqip.? thepartnbr
ship heretofore existing uuder the firm of WHlfLOUK,
NICHOLS A CO. is ttiis day dissolved by mutual coassnt,
David Nichols having dispot-ed of all his in'erest in the nam
to venjnmin V. Whillock, who, with Edw'd A. Whltlock. are
authorized to close the same, and who will continue the busi
ness on their own account. BKN.F. M WHirLOCK,
Pew York, Deo. S. 1866. KDW'D A. WHITLOCK.
CoFAiintKiuiiir.? B?nj M. A Edw'd A. Whltlock have thin
day associated with them Fred. J. tlaver stick, Oliver W
Dodge and Henry Cammeyer. aud will continue the lmpor in*
and gtocery business, under the firm of B. M. A E. A Whitljck
January 1. 1866. HENRY CAMMEYKtt.
son. Edward Campbell Davis continuing business u-iler
U e firm of John J. Davis A Hon. JOHN J. DaVI.S.
Mew Yore, Jan. 1, I860. No. 96 Frott st.
Messrs. wiluam mcelhinney and rush pat
1 ERSON are admitted to an interest In the business of
rke undersigned from this date, January 1, 18.V5.
SAMUEL a. 1KRKY a CO., No. 36 Warren stredt.
IN late Charles O'uiib", In our firm, coai.'d wi'h bi*
dmtb, on ibe 20th Au ml, last. We hare ihU day taken our
brother, Joseph O'Brien, Into eoparnerahlp. IImi Imunem
w! 1 be cm ducted an heretofore, uider (he firmot ffa a Jae.
O'Brien. WILLI AM O'BftlKV,
xi me. In husln*?M, my mm, Edward Campbell Dans ua
<cr the firm of JOIJN J. DAVIS A SON.
No. W Wall street.
Jli heretofore existing under the nan. e of J. M Trimble A
Co . u Ihi* day rlsfolved l>y l'? own limitation. The holiness
will be continued by Wm Ko?-ler, who ulone is nu'h.jrlzsd -J
rlgn the late firm lau.e In liquidation oi all accounts.
JLl mar A t 'oiirvoisler Is this day absolved br mutual em
rent. Mr. Henry lIutirTolcler I?ilrln?. Thn tmalu?aa wld it?
liquidated by Messrs. P. Memmer A P. Cnurvoister. wlu
will combine the business under the same name and at the
fame place, 30 Cortland! Mieet
nare buMne *. In one of Uie most lloiiiWii' g bu-ine?
pla<-?-a on the Mlsslfsinpl, wl'h a rapllsl of $5,000. Address,
wl b real nnine, i>ox 177 llerald ctl? c
lie^R man a uv d cvauce is now offered to enter into bust
r er.?. In the wholesale snd retail liquor trade us one of the
I sriners is obliged to return to I. mope, to .'?ettle up an estau
It it blm. t'npl'ni required $1, 000, Addre8hKn'er,iiise, lleral'l
t. nd shoe store. MW Mac a '??' ?d Ifltli to uke charge
("I'd conduct il, e Ims'ne-s as the proprietor can no' attend.
Address Hoot Maker, HeraM oflice.
i>r fill UtO, In a sa'e and very profitable business a reily
p? abllahed. Address box l,i>87 ro?t otllce.
nn.'er the lit in or A. O. iltgley A (Jo In ditto! red ih.?
i'sy, by Its own ?Imitation. A (J. BaULkY,
few York. Dee. Ml, I KM. II. H. HOUGHTON.
1 1 j- subscribers hi- e, ih'? dav, formed a new copartnership,
nod admitted Mr. Chailcs F. Newton, wiio becomes a psrinar
!? our i.oiife from tlilf dsy The business will he (Hindu :uxl at
.No 1 liulden line, uuder the firm of Hurley, Houjhtua A Co.
New Yoik_Jan 1, 1880. C. F. NErtT IN.
I H K A M A N lermlnates this day, by limitation and there
?In-inert of CH AUt.e.H H COLLINS. Either par'.uer is ta
il otised lo tu-e -ltc n ime of thefl.in lu t-ettlemant oi tlie biui
t.e-?. THOMAS A 00MMIN3,
New York, Dcc 31. 1*63. IIOKAUF. 8LATK.
1 -tile for tl'C cnnliiniHi.ee ?f the business, under the !lrn ot
New York, Jsnuaiy I, IKW. CaRLToN AVRKd.
i tw< en the subt cithers, under the lirm ol I'hnmas A Max
well, Is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Th.i luainess of
?he lain til m will be settled bv eilher partner, who '.s July
?u:1k r. 'ed to use the name cf the Arm for thai purpixe.
New York, Dec. SI, ISM .IAS T. MAXWKLL.
The undeieigred wi l ;ot lintie the drug biulsess, ?e hereta
?re, on bi.i own aocouni,(at ,KJ Wltltam s reel Ah?-e WUiiatn
rhomss will a.fo h?ve his oilla*. JAMKST. MAXWKLL.
1 tween John lllggins and John Karrell, under th<t style a id
fit m ol John Illggii s A Co , at Peli'nst, O aitgow ind New York,
wss this day dirsolve<l by mutual consent.
The outstaoilrig claims due to the esute wl'l be cnllec'.M by
Mr Thomas P. Wright, of New Yotk, nnd lie liabilities, d ?btrt
nrd obligations duo by Ihe lite tlim on either side of the Atiaa
tic will be duly pal I by the *aid Mr. Wright, under 'he itiir
sniee of Mr. Jsmcs Wallace, ol the tirm oi J. ,v W. Wa.laoe,
(JliiSgow. JOHN 11(001*9,
Glasiow. DfC. 7, ISM. JOHN FaRRKLL.
Vr John Far roll, late firm Joha Hlggltis A Co.. 'ias IdstiUd
ed bis future interest wlih Ayres A MelM**. ot Nottlnghaa
and O'ssrow, and Mellbia A Ayres, New York.
The wilier, a resident ot Wiiliamsourj for the last tweo'r
years, and w'io can eommsnd a good trade in eitder c.l
al ove busitie>se? In the retail wa\ . which ought to be a (Irs1
c'ags store as It is winted here T lie means is the only drn?
buck why the wr.ier don't i.otitmem e himself He pmp<we^ >t
dra.eiit who may think well of tt, '.o open ? store, a:id Im would
be willing *o tslte charge, art as clerk or agent, or w.ju'd bs
v filing to iecelce a:i Interest In the same. He is !;i!lv co-ipe
lent, having a tlirroi gh knowledge of the remit grocry *rvte,
nnd can give the best of leferenre from a large nrimber of
gentlemen. N. M.? Cou!d gel baken' trade f?T 'oitter lar-l
ard eggs, by i|ii?Etity Address Honor, Hei al l i fliee.
cl??s grocery ji'ore In WU'lamsbMrg, ?* ii a ?a!?ttai V
la*) The stote can d) s cash bns!ne?* o1 ye> itb.%..
Hmt only $a?l a year. This Is a rat e rna.ice t g'1 tn' ? a g'?l
bitskiess for sir.-itl carjluil Stock n>i hv J, Vlli
Ac Apnly in fl.e sio'e e irner o! S > i i i'j -Jj ?iJ feiii
Win iios ? .??.

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