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VEW YORK HERALD.
* JUKI OOBOOI BIMIBTt, proprietor and rditob. BPPICE X. W. CORNER OP N ASSAD AND FKLTON SM. TaiMM XXX Ha. 11 ~~ AMUSE MS-NTS THIS EV/JTING. BROADWAY THEATRE, Bro?ir,?y? tua 0*A*lf?a? P. P ,OB TUB Ml* A*D TBI TlUK*. BOWERY THEATRE, Boimrj? Lirrrri ? A Kim in m Dahk ? JkiirMTniAalB*. BURTON'S THKATKJt. Chambers street? Poo? Qbjttlb* nm- Hoktow's Niw Tout Dikbctobt roH IhM. WAIXACK'8 THEATRE, Brc*d wmy? AWKWiJLD Arrival -Nhii 1C.N IH ? Oct roK a Uoudat. LADBA KEKNK'M VARIETIES. Hrovlway? Tbb Lmu I 'UB? ? P. P , ob tub Mam a?d nut Tigbb. WOOD'S BIKSTRRLS, Broadw*. _ ???babcbb-Sambo 's flu... OT0*dw*y-BTmOMA* PtB BUCKLEY'S BCRUgQOB npn A ?M? Keuko MiasTRaunr? Riobabb III. U8E' 539 BrwuJ IfW Toik, Saturday, Janiuury M, 1830. W?lli for Knropc. NEW YORK HERALD ? EDITION FOR EUROPE. The mail steamship Arago, Capt. Lines, mil leave this port to-'luy, at noon, for Southampton and Hivre. B? Enrnpean n.aiU will cloie in thia city at half- past tan o'clock thin morning. The Hbkalb (printed in Kuglich and French) will be gnhHshed at nine o'clock in the morning. Single copied, In wrappers, sixpence. Svbeeripiiona ami advertisements for any edition of ?m New York Herald will be received at the foilo*lug phii'B in Kurope:? bwno.N ? Am . & Kuropean Express Co., 17 and 18 Cornhilt. Pars? do. do. 8 Place de la Bourse. Inwooi'? do. do. 7 Rumt'ord street. favnrooL ? John Hunter, 12 Exchange street, Knat. The contents of the European edition of the Herald wiB embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at kfea office during the previous week, and to the hour of publication. The News. The steam-hip Atlantis, from Liverpool, had not mode her appearance off this port at one o'clock this morning. She in uow in her fourteenth day out. The United States Senate was not in session yes terday. In the House, after voting once for Speak er, Mr. Zollikotter offered a resolution, which was adopted, designed to elicit certain opinions from Mr. Bichardson on the slavery question. One of our cor respondents stated that Mr. Clingman will to-day move the adoption of the plurality rule, and that he will be supported by a number of leading demo crate. Should this statement prove correct, we shall no doubt announce the election of Mr. Bunka in to-morrow's paper. In the New York Senate, yesterday, Mr. Petty's bill, amending the naturalization liws, was referred to the Judkiary Committee. In the Assembly, the voting for Speaker was continued until ihe adjourn ment. On the last ballot, Odell received 45 votes, Pendergrast 34, and Bailey 3t!. There is no symp tom of a surrender ou either side. The soft shells closed up their business at Syra cuse yesterday afternoon. We give in another c<4inun a report of their proceedings, including the resolutions adopted and a list of the delegates se lected to attend the Cincinnati Convention. In or der that our reader* may see at a glance whom the hards and -oils have respectively deputed to repre sent them in the National Convention, we present below, in parallel columns, the names of the dele gates appointed. Here they are : ? iMnn shtixs. sort shells. Appoint' \l Aug. 24, 1856. AjppotnM J" n. 11,1856. AT LAtttlt: AT LiKGt. r KLF.fi VTE*. ALTEUWA7F.8. DKIXGATrj. O C ttromtou A fcbeil C O'Cccor AWard S Heai-dsley J I.lbby hfi Casing a W tiinton IhM. DISTRICT MCLMATES. 1 ? L fi Caper* US Aiamn J VamitmiU A Barrett i-llt Murphy G Taylor J B Hutching J Kice J? J Blackfcum 8 Haahrook J G H udwn 4? H J * Ufn T Wheeler J M Marsh .1 Claicy 6? Jl W Aim C M Smith O F Alden A 8 I.evy ft? W A Mclaiire A Mills A Iiu*rn K Bon too 7 ? K Wan! J A ( onorer J 8 Llbby S KudcltU 8?8 K Ilu orwoi ih J T t'arpcr.ter A P cWp'<eos J J ? net! v - W W Sunaer L> B Taylor s Fowler A C Nlven Jl-W r Ku-reU W R l.ee e 13- H Mauis W li WD on B? J Ptet'oo I) lj Sevmeur 14? n BamllV n J H Kfyro'di Ifi ? J W J l.otnpson O Tourjjf, Jr O Clarke A W tn* 16 ? W O Wa'.-on W n Pa^ne ts?\t C (irav k Dorfze 18? r H Mitchell M Tboup'on !?? Greene .'J ore S fi Browre 20? i> Waefer N W Moore SI? * O Hathiiw ay E B smith 33? H French II de Wolf 3B? I. H Browne fin CnrlUle 34- 8 0 l'arker M Ii BurneU 25? <" Porueroy .1 P Banco 36? T M Uo?? il J u* l oo e W D Parson* k Carter it l> ? 'Hilda G Verplani t M Yeomana U P Pei.oo H A Co Una li B Mrk'md R^vuold". Jr 8 8 w.ndeU J 8 Malew I> B Mr Velll PBf l?k > 8 itenton .T C So eneer fcimon .-now F Stanton O W Smitli L .f BnrdeU D Moulton K J J-tebbiM Unborn Bird?all Wco G Snrdft P B Haven .Toepo Torre}" Ell Wen' Kr??ui* Hals J J Peek J A Green Joi.n .V' Intoab Wej II luyler ill Hor'on X) J Snnderline Wm Clarke 7! ? 8 strone N T Wiliiame 2fc ? I A Vnnrierlip V h, Kr?in S?? ^ K Paine B D Mniih ifoeier P WilrOX T J Parker H Sevruour N Hill. Jr I) Ktchmosu K Kf.lly Btnnn bulkcatw. W H Lndio *? U F Jonen 8 fc Jobnuon Tlv? U 'laiUnndge Tbotniw Borers A bert Smith John Kellrv Owrn H Pursi-r S B Keek* WlIsw .-"mall lhaHc V Fowler John Cochrane Wm T? Kenne<iy *mJ Peck I. B Sheiiard L F Preeinan J C.k nor K Crane J C llolley 0 B Fowler T B Wt-it^rooW i> K Olnef J B Beekirvin O'.l'iflrt Dean W\!H im A M-Mch Cha'les I, MeArthar J V I, Pmv.i J Mctinistbt 1 tv Hliih id .1 M Todd T H \vle Auf uftns C Hand J tj Ri??<fU W < ' Crain John C Writ: til Ellas K^an R Parker 8 M Sh^w John Spmck^r F K.oeoan ft ir^t o Ballard H P <lrln;le S A Kenyon r- F Falrchlid [>ewlr*. C West Oh?' S-n'th iMMil XrCnttJ se'h Ha'ciiaaoa Klni'ire I* Ro* c*noj Fottet W 0 ?rezer Sea'eil John J Tnv'or H I) rfart'. W ( ' Rho Im lames Falkner s p Jewttt J C C.impbel! Henry ')lnw?Tfci Ii P Weatherbv Wm Vandevoorl < ) Toos'.ev Tiracl T Hatoh J M Murpliy S.imuei s .Ienk? H ir*m Sa-*keu K Evans D Jark-m A J McCai! Wm (' Hawkey J B Crosby J C Palterfon 30? c T < hamberliti Wm Kloshaai J A Smith J (J Shepard 31 ? A Hobineou .T T Ma' ray H Goodrich H N Hnxbea JO? W Wllliani* .1 (t Mather H W Roger* 3TV? H Walworth D Jndd Ex-Governor Hitler wj? yesterday nominated Tor the United States Senate hj a caucus of the demo cratic members of the Pennsylvania Legislature. By the arrival of the steamship Prometheus at New Orleans, on Thursday, from San Juan, we have a fortnight's later news from San Francisco, Oregon and Nicaragua. The intelligence from California is of no general importance. There were reports of an extensive fililiustering expedition having landed in Lower California. The San Fian cisro markets w ere dull. From Oregon we loarn that the Indians had been very troublesome. Seve ral sanguinary battles hud !>een fought. Near Walla Walla river, Capt. Hennett, Lieut. Barrow and three privates were killed, and fourteen wounded. At Pnget's Sound Lieut. Slaughter and several others had l>een killed. Gen. Wool, however, was making arrangements for a vigoros campaign against the navages. Everything was qniet in Xirarigua. The highly important news respecting a revolution in Nicaragua and the defeat of Walker, whi-'h was published in a Washington paper early in the week, turns out to have been a fabrication. The Northern Light left San Juan on the 4th instant, for this port, with WOO .000 in treasure. She will probably arrive on Sunday. We give elsewhere a full report of the testimony taken before the Coroner's inqne-t on the victims of the recent railroad catastrophe near Foughkeeprie, together with the verdict of the jury in the ca^e of Mrs. Hurlbut and Mr. James ?.ordon. The ia*e of Mrs. Greene has yet to be passed upon. In the Board of ConncUmen, lust night, re??i ttions were adopted constituting a committee of five to report upon and present to the Boa rd a copy of a new City Charter to secure to the citizens of New York a good, economical government. The Board of Aldermen werp invited to eo -operate with the Conncilmen in this work. The Finance Committee of the Board wus announced l.i t night, and the other committee* for the year ensuing promised by the President to be mftde public at an early day. The ?ule* of cotton yesterday embraced about s00 a 900 bales. The general tone of the market was firm, while small sales were made, including some lots on the wharf, at irregniar prices . and in some ca*e? at slightly en^ii r rates. Floor was In fair de mand at 17 "7 a (* I t common to good brands of State. Wheat wa< <|uiet. < oi-n whi in moderate re qoest, with sales at 'tli .a'.i'lc. forold Western mixed. Pork was firmer, anil sales of mess were made at 116 87, and at the elose there were no sellers under aod M0 bbls. prime to arrive -ood were oold at $14. Beef was dull,, while lard was flm. Sugars were quiet. Sefai ef coffee were confined to small lots of Java and Jamaica, ai f*ea stated elsewhere. Freights were steady for English ports, and pretty free engagements of flour and grain were made for Liverpool at full rates. To the Continent engage ments were moderate. The mails of the Canada reached this city, from Boston, last evening. Our European flies and letters are filled with speculations on the probabilities of peace as likely to result from the mission of Count Esterhazy to St. Petersburg. The precise nature of the instructions given to that diplomat, nor the tenor of the propositions offered to Russia, were not known, but it was conceded by all parties that the Czar would reject any which were humiliating. Indeed, his organ, published in Brussels, boldly as serts that if Austria his forwarded such an ultimatum as that heretofore reported, peace would be further off than ever. A joint pro tectorate of the Panubian Principalities by the great powers, Russia included, is likely to result from the negotiations which will probably ensue. It is asserted by a portion of the London press that some of our State officials were well aware of the British enlistment scheme, and for a time connived at it. The Portuguese had forcibly seized on Am briz, an important portion of the Territory of Western Africa. We publish the treaty concluded between the allied Weste* Towers and Sweden in full An American ship, lying off Copenhagen, had caused some anxiety, as it was said she was loaded with arms for Russia. From Bermuda we have papers up to the 25th ult. Advices received there from Antigua state that immediately after the late outrage, committed by Governor Hamilton, in forcibly taking away a colored seaman from the American bark Loango, under pretencc that he was a slave, the United States sloop of war Cyane arrived in the harbor and took up a very menacing position towards the forts when demanding reparation. The British slcop of war Medea, however, was on the spot, and manoeuvred so as to get inside of the Cyane, when a conference took place between the commanders. The result was not known, 'but it was acknowledged by the English authorities that the black man was not a slave. We continue elsewhere the publication of the tes timony taken at Cincinnati in the case of the parties arrested upon the charge of designing to violate the neutrality laws. It will be found highly interesting. One John Barbour, a witness, gives a very elaborate history- of the movements and designs of the organi zation. whose aim it is to overthrow the British go vernment in Ireland. He was told by one of the delegates to the Astor House Convention that a Ca tholic priest was at the head of the enterprise, and that thirty other priests were members of the Order. Another delegate said one thousand men had al ready left New York for Ireland. The Astor House meeting resolved to raise a million of dollars to aid in carrying out the scheme. If Barbour's evidence is to be credited, there is a filibustering league or ganized. with branches extending all over the United States and Canada, which completely eclipses all previously devised plans. Apropos ? Attorney Ceneral Cushing has Instructed District Attorney McKeon to k? ep a sharp look out for these plotters The Recall of Mr. Crampton? AnotUer Chap ter In tike Poirtgn Affairs r.l the Adminis tration. It is reported that the administration has pent cut to the London Cabinet a positive de mand lor the recall of Mr. Crampton, the Bri tirh Ambassador at Washington, and declares its purpose, in the event of a non-compliance with its exactions, promptly to withdraw the exequaturs of Mr. Crampton, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Mathew and Mr. Rowcroft, implicated in the violation of our neutrality laws, in enlistments It the British army in the Crimea. There can be no question about the fact that Mr. Crampton aid the three British Consuls named were eDgagi?d in enlisting men for the aim/ of the Ciirntiu. auu in violations of the laws of the United States. It is equally clear that it was the d.ity of our government, on learning the complicity cf those functionaries in violating our iu * . aud in forfeiting their honor, in submitting to ue the illegal agdts of the Loi.don Cebinet in so doing, promptly to t'tiun&d satisfaction. It uiat Cabinet as turned the r? sponsibility of the acts of their agents, and iiLderiook to sjrccii them by de claring tL ir proceedings to have been the re sult of official instructions, it occurs to u* that such assumption clearly relieved the agents, and transferred the matter in controversy to the two governments. The I'Juierstou Cabinet went further than thiF: it apologized lor the effort at enlist ment, and signilird to the government at Wash ington that it had issued instructions to its agents wholly to abstaiu from any further proceedings of Ifce kind. . Theli<rtz trial, ot I'.' i'i-lelphia. in Septem ber lt?st, ir.lly di'~clo?ed the complicity of the several functionaries named in violations of our law?. The case, then, stauda thus:? Mr. Ciurnpton, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Muthew and Mr. Rowcroft were the agents of the government of Great Britain, and as sucli agents, undertook an elaborate system of enlistments for their prin cipal?, in violation ol the laws of the United States. On the strength of protests from our government against pneh acts, her Majesty's Secretary offered an apology and promised fu ture good behavior. Now. let us purvey this question tho? brought before us in a practical shape. About eleven months ago the alleged wrongs were commit ted, and a day or two since we were advised of a diplomatic dinner given by the President, at which Mr. Crampton and Senor Mar:oleta were guests ! It would &e<.rn i npossible in view of these radical extremes, that there can be ponding the serious eruption between the two government* suggested at the commence ment of this notice. If the integrity of our laws have been invaded und the honor of our government tarnished by acts of deliberate and wanton and s< lfi-h prostitution by her Majes ty's agents in this country, we would say that the redress should be as prompt as were the crimcs committed. If we, iu fact, bythecoa nivance of British functionaries, have been made partis to the war against Russia, in op position to our obligation? of neutrality, it Is cleai that it is the duty of oar government to exact a redress at once, so prompt and decided as to leave no question of our purpose to be a faithful and honcct neutral, and to vindicate tb" outraged laws of our country. It is not material to consider the views of our people upon the naked question of enlistment, nor to consult the manit'st indifference that exists in the public Bind about the mere matter of re cruiting soldiers for a for'icn State. The question is one of law*, and it involves the bone r ar.d the faith ot the American govern ment. What, then, on th!" is the judg ment of sound refl< < tin? m?n ? If wo were in the right ? as w<> ftuinly wer" ? have wo ho conducted our aflrM s as to maintain our van tage ground? N< arly n whol ; ar ha.i elapied since the wrong was committed. All the counts in the Philadelphia indictm- .1 charge the body of the ofknee a* an occurrence ot i ebruary, Did it require eleven months to vindicate the outraged honor of our lawi ! When her Ma- j jesty's government assumed the responsibility ot the acts of her agents, was it not the duty of the Pierce Cabinet either to have promptly dismissed the offending officials, or, letaining them, to have exacted at once an apology from the London Cabinet ; and in the event of a re fusal, in whole or in part, to have suspended all intercourse with that government? We hold it to be in the last degree a most undigni fied and wholly reprehensible course to fall back upon the officials after receiving an in sufficient apology from their principals. It thus becomes a mere personal controversy? putting down our government from its position as a nation to that of a snapping, snarling change liDg. Meanwhile, the President entertains Mr. Crampton with an official dinner, and extends to the other officials all the courtesies and rights of Britifh agents. Within the eleven months !n which they stand charged and have been morally convicted of violating our laws, th'^y have not failed to receive all the conside ration which has been extended to Ministers and Consuls of the most favored nations. If it was intended to fall back upon them, was it wife to wait till the statute of limitations had covered their offence with constructive oblivi ousness ? If they, and not the government ot Great Britain, are to be considered the ot lenders, does it comport with our dignity as a nation to hold official intercourse with them long after judicial inquiry had settled the question of their guilt? Can they be re garded as offenders against our laws when many months after their complicity in this violation was officially determined, the President of the United States is extending to them not only the civilities of life, but all the I rights, honors and exemptions of legal agents of the British government ? In truth, this affair of enlistments has grown into a national farce, in which the President i6 playing the mountebank. He is degrading our government by his halting, time-serving, cameleon policy. Affairs of honor have been made to assume a new phase, and are conduct ed certainly in a new way. We commenced as the insulted, wronged and violated party. We found the offenders, charged them with the offence, convicted them, and when they pleaded that they were servants, we appealed to their masters, which was all very well. Having ex hausted our efforts at indemnification and apology with the latter, and finding ourselves unable to procure the needful explanations, our Cabinet sneaks away from its real antago nist and burries its stiletto in the hearts of the four officials named. All this is quite in keeping with the domes tic and foreign policy of the administration. The inaugural was a grand pronunciamento under which we are made to understand that our government maintained armies and navies for the defence and security of the citizen; that he could go abroad beneath its flag and carry over all the earth a national character imparted to him by his government. Spain has been an aggressor, and Spain was to be brought to prompt account and retribution. It is quite nctdless to go farther than to refer to the re sults of this scheme of decisive action at Wash ington, to show how the word of honor has been broken. Then, again, we have the Walker govern ment of Nicaragua. On its establishment a despatch was sent Mr. Marcy relieving Mar coleta from his position of Minister of that re public. Mr. Marcy, as the lawyers say, served Marcoleta with a copy. It was done even so hastily as illy to conceal the joy of the ad ministration that Central America had at length beccme pregnant with Anglo-American enterprise. But like the inaugural, this joy was destined to be buried beneath a second thought. Marcoleta was called back and dined at the White House. French was ordered out of the country, citizens were prevented from going to Nicaragua. Now look over this case. Crampton violates our laws, and there is no doubt about it; he is charged and convicted, and refers the case to his government. Palmerston takes it up, acknowledges the wrong, and avows that we shall have no further cause of complaint. Mr. Buchanan says this is all right? all satisfac tory. The Hertz trial takes place, the facts come out, the Picrce Cabinet gets spunkv, transfers the case back to Crampton and his associates, and threatens their dismissal. The Grey town offence was incivility to our Minis ter; Greytowu was demolished. The offence and the remedy were neighbors. The enlist ment and its redress arc another matter. What will be the next scene in the farce ? Another dinner to Crampton, French received, Marcoleta proscribed, Walker a patriot, Cen tral America the card, total backing down on the enlistment, the administration trium phant. For particulars see the delegates to the Cincinnati Convention. The Ct stom House Democracy- at Syracuse ? Endorsing and Droppino the Administra tion. ? Relieved of Prince John Van Buren. and left wholly to the management of our Surveyor of the Port, Mr. John Cochrane, that experienced disciplinarian in the " heavy ba biness" of party dodges, the softs at their State convention for the appointment of dele gates to Cincinnati, appear to have whipped ronnd tfie sharp corners of the Nebraska bill without th" slightest apparent damige to the crockery. They, of course, endorse the adminis tration of Mr. Pierce; but they can't endorse him far enough to recommend him for another term. This is equivalent to a notification to the President that even Mr. Cochrane has "carried bim in bis arms" long enough, and that the can be done for him now is to let j Dm down as easily as possible. What a pity that Marcy didn't bring the Mosquito ques tion and the Danish Sound dues to the figtit ing point a year ns;o! Now he comes too late; for, if the sages of the New York Custom House, in State convention, cannot find a man in the Cabinet, from the President to tho At torney-General, qualified for the succeosion, it is manifest that they are casting about for their man in other quarters. Nc.xt let us hear iront the hard shells. Surely, with the ad ministration overboard there can be no diili culty to a re-union. Tiie Little Farce at Ai.iunv. -They still keep up the little quadrangular farce at Al bany, in emulation of the triangular squabble at Washington upon the Speakership. Perhaps the late soft transactions at Syracuse will ope rate to thaw the democratic faction- in the As ?erobly Into a reconciliation. If not. we hive no objection to their keeping up the litf.le fareo a few days longer. We don't expect much from Albany. , The Hudson River Railroad Accident. ? It very rarely happens that livea are lost by rail way accidents without grave fault or misman agement some where. From the period of he Norwalk accident we have no recollection of any similar disaster that might not have been prevented by proper cantion. But we are bound to 6ay that, after a careful perusal of the evidence taken at the inquests at Pough keepsie, and of the various accounts given by the passengers, the Hudson River Railway Company does not appear fairly chargeable with any blame for the accident of Wednes day. It is open to censure for employing one flagman fo tar gone in his dotage that he can not give intelligible evidence, and another who cannot read the time table; but it does not ap pear that the dotage of the one or the igno rance of the other had any share in causing the accident. It may be said, also, that ten minutes are too hbort a period of time to elapse between the starting of two train? on the same track from the same point : it would undoubtedly be well to let a quarter of an bour or more intervene ; but the ten minutes rule might be used for years with safety. Blame falls upon Henry Camp, the conductor of the Poughkeepsie train, who, it is alleged, let t Poughkeepsle before bis time, in defiance of the rules of the company. There is a discrepancy be tween his evidence and that of the ticket agent and passengers as to the precise moment of time at vchich be started; he says eight minutes elaps ed between the two trains ? they say from four to six. But on his own showing he started two minutes too soon, and it appears very likely that thofe two minutes might have been time enough I to enable the signal men to stop bis traio. But even this cannot be unqualifiedly asserted. Fancy a train stopped in a snow-storm by the re moval of a rail : another train, running thirty miles an bour over iced rails as smooth as glass, coming after it, with only some five minutes be tween the two : the signal men running through the snow and ice to warn off the latter, but in visible at a hundred yards distance : the con ductor and more wary of the passengers, fore seeing the danger, giving the alarm, and leap ing off the train? all this hae a look of lament able fatality. Pity is better bestowed than censure. It is the first fatal accident that ever hap pened on the Hudson River Railroad. Of all the roads in the country, this is the one which was expected to be the first on the murder list. For many miles the road runs along the river side, and any accident would precipitate the passengers into the water. It was said before the road was opened that we should have repe titions of the Norwalk disaster every six months. No road in the country has sharper or more frequent curves ; we frere warned that collisions would be frequent, and that cars would run off the track once a month at least. It is, all things considered, one of the fastest roads in the country ; superior in average speed to any American road out of Canada. Yet this is the first fatal accident that has marked its history. The reason is that, from the first, an army of signal men have been em ployed by the company. It has cost heavy sums to keep so many employed, and the line has paid no dividends ; but life has been safe on the road. Add to this that it has generally been managed well, by practical men? that the rules have been framed as much for the safety of the passengers as the profits of the stockholders ; and it will be seen at once why and wherein it differs from such lines as the New York and New Haven, the Baltimore and Ohio, and the Camden and Amboy. The Police Investigation Committee? An Unexpected Result.? In another column will be fr.uEd an important legal opinion of Mr. Dillon, Counsel to the Corporation, on a ques tion submitted to him, " As to the liability of the Corporation for the payment of the bills of Messrs. Nash and Noyes, who were appointed under a resolution of the Police Investigation Committee to act as counsel before them.'' The bills ol these gentlemen, amounting re spectively to $G81 and SC25 for services ren dered in the course of the investigation, have been sent in, and if Mr. Dillon's view be cor rect, they will have to look for payment to the individual members of the committee. Mr. Dillon states that the amended charter of 1849 created an executive department called the Law Department, and prescribed that it should have the charge of and conduct of all the law business of the Corporation and of the depart ments thereof. The Counsel to the Corpora tion being the chief officer of the department, and attendance upon committees charged with legal investigations being a portion of his du ties prescribed by the charter, it is incompe tent, according to him, for the Common Coun cil to relieve him from or delegate any portiou of those duties to others without his consent , or to throw upon the public treasury the pay ment of counsel acting independently of him, and not appointed by the people This view is confirmed by a recent decision in the Court of Common Pleas, in which it was held that an architect who had been employed by a com mittee of the Board of Aldermen to prepare plans for a new Washington Market, although his designs had been used and adopted by both Boards, could not recover from the Cor poration for the value of his services, becausa his retainer was a violation of the ninth mo tion of the amended charter, which prescribes that neither the Common Council nor any member thereof shall perform aay executive business whatever. Two Governors in Nebraska ? A Model Proclamation. ? In the same number of the AfetirasJtian newspaper, we have the annual mes sage of the regular Territorial Governor, Izard, and a special proclamation from the Gover nor of the squatters of Nebraska, which is as follows: ? I'ROCT.AMATIOV. Exwtovk Cham ram, N. T , Dec. 10, ISM. I, BENJAMIN 1'. RAN'KIN, Governor of th? Squatter* of Nebraska, In accordance with an honored uaaire, do oy thla my PwHi-iJUTioif order and decree that the Kquu tera ct thia Territory auemble at the Ptite Hou-p, in Omaha City, on Monday Evening, the 'J4th, for the pur pose of enacliog atich laws and adopting such reguiationa an the aafety, the prcgre*H nnd the Glory of tha Territory may *eem to require. Squatter*, attend? fill not. the eye* of the world are upon u* and miUlomi of heart* turoti With the hope* of votir gloriou* accompllHlunent*. Gon axd .-<jt attkk's Rjoiith ! R. P. RANKIN, Governor of Squatters. This will do. With such a Governor as Ilan kin, the squatters of Nebraska will prosper. We hope their good examples of law aid order will have a wholesome effect among the belli gerent abolitionist and "border rulllaus" of Kansas. Success to the squatters of Nebraska! Important ik Trie.? Our venerable cotem porary of the Courier, who has been long enough at Washington to know, says "(bat the prcjont Congre-M has the power to r.:?tora the Mii?ourf Comprc".!"1, if if plea -v' Very likely. The Late Democratic Demonstration at Washington ? Signs op the Tikes.? We pub lished yesterday, from oar accomplished spe cial reporter at Washington, a full report of the democratic speeches al the party celebra tion there, of the eighth of January. A peru sal of these speeches will satisfy the reader that the democrats in Congress calculate upon an easy and brilliant victory in the Presidential election of November. And it may be so. Everything essential to the success of an oppo sition party depends upon an early, practical and radical reconstruction, out and out, of the conservative anti-administration elements of the country. The National Business Council of the American party meets in Philadelphia on the 18th February, and their Nominating Coun cil on the 22d. We Bhall await the result ol' their deliberations with some interest; and also the proceedings of the approaching pre liminary general convention of the abolition alliance at Pittsburg. Will the American par ty enlarge their sphere of action, or be re duced to tho mere bush fighters of the cam paign? That's the all-important question to them. What's the Odds ?? At the general term of the Supreme Court for the Fourth district, lately held at Ballston Spa?present, Justices Allen, James and Rockes ? Judge Jamos de livered a lengthened opinion affirming the con stitutionality of our Liquor law. "Very well. What's the odds ? Is not the law universally and in every essential feature defunct ? ? so emphatically dead that there is no necessity for a repeal ? Such are the mummeries of Sewardism. the lTTjc7t~? BWS BY ELECmiC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, A FORTNIGHT LATER FROM CALIFORNIA, Arrival of the Prometheus at New Orleans. The Northern Light en route for New York with $600,000. DESPERATE BATTLES WITH THE INDIANS. Filibustering In Lower California, &c., &c., Ac. New Okleass, Jan. 10, 1836. The ste&mrhip Prometheus arrived here to day, from Pan J nan del Norte, with San Francisco dates to the 20th of December, brought down on the Pacific bide by the xtbamship Cortez. The steamship Northern I Jght was to leave San Juan on the 4th instant, for New York, with six hund.-ed thousand dollars in treasure. .Affairs in Nicaragua were progressing favorably. The California news is unimportant, but from Oregon there is interesting intelligence concerning the troubles with the Indians. Another filibustering expedition, said to be five hun dred strong, is reported to have landed in Loner Cali fornia. In the San Francisco markets there was but little doing. BreadstuiVs are dull. Mess pork was quoted at $36. The arrivals during the fortnight, from Atlantic ports, ccmprited the clipper ships Ocean Telegraph, from New York, and Keystone, from Boston. Several battles had been fought between the whites and Indians, and numbers had been killed on both aides. In an encounter near Walla Walla river, Capt. Ben nett, I.ient. B&riow and three privates were killed, and fourteen others wounded. In another battle, at Fuget's Sound, Lieut. Slaughter and several others were killed. General Wcol waa arranging preliminaries for a vigor ous campaign against the Indians at an early day. Interesting from the State CapltoK SEVERAL MOKE TKIAL8? NO NEARER A SPEAKER THAN' KVEK ? THE THREE PARTIES STAND I NO OIT Ul'ON THEIR MCSCLE ? VARIOUS ATTEMPTS MADE BY THE KNOW NOTHINGS TO GET Hit. ODELL IN THE CHAIR DronmOTLT? HEMBSBS RE K USED TO IT UNTIL A SPEAKER SHALL BE CHOSEN, ETC. Aidant, Jan. 11, 1856. The voting for Speaker continue-)? result the same as the last ten days. Ouly two trials this morning and no variation. Several efforts were made to adopt resolu tions whereby a Speaker might be chosen. The first was by Mr. Prescott, K. N., declaring that upon the second vote; the person having the plurality of votes be declared elected. This gentleman accused the black Sewardttes with acting very inconsistently, because at Washington they are strenuous for a plurality rote, whilst at Albany, they are preventing it. The gentleman's proposition was rejected. Mr. 6. A. Dudley, K. X., proposed that no per diem should be paid members so long as the House was without a Speaker. This wouid'nt go down. Mr. Duganne wanted four more trials, and the member receiving 1 he Highest vote on each trial should be de clared temporary Speaker. laid on the table. Mr. Hyde, K. .V, wanted io coniine niemberH to vote for the three higheet candidates, but his desire was tabled, near, ly two to one, though hcveral scattering democrats vottd ia favor of It. The Hon. Wm. C. Coon, a Know Nothing, lepreseating the first district of Tompkins comity, offered a resolution expelling all reporters tor the press who neglect to give a report in their papers of all the names of members upon every question when the ayes anil noes are taken. And his resolution actually received thirty-tour votes. Mr. Carpenter (Sewardile) sent up a resolution, de claring that the Know Nothing party, being in a'p'urality, ar; responsible tor the difiiculty of not electing a Speaker. From what was exhibited to-day it is evident that, al ter a trial of two weeks, the members of the House are no nearer an organization than tbey were on the first day. There ii an unyielding spirit pr evading each sec tion, each branch as determined as can be to stand upon their respective platforms. What the result will actually be it is absolutely impossible for any one to conceive. The Know Nothings have thus far concen trated the highest number ot vote* upon a single candi date lor Speaker. All the Sewordites remain firm and united. The democrats are so far spent, that out of forty-seven votes there ha* been unity of only twenty eight. They will never nnite upon a single candidate. 1 lie hards and softs are as bitter against each other as they possibly can be. The House held a session in the afternoon, when a resolution was defeated declaring a continuous session till a Speaker shall be chosen. The majority were not ready to confine themselves, as petit jurors are com pelled to be, to agree or starve. They took a few move votes of the "Name sort," and then adjourned. United State* Senator from Pennsylvania. Harris m: eg, Jan. 11, 1866. The democratic Senatorial caucus met this evening, and voted for their candidate for I'nlted State* Senator as fol lows:? Bobbins, IS ; Foster, 13 ; Buckaloo, 0 ; Porter, 7 ; Jones, 8 ; McCaulles, 6. Scattering, V. Whole number of votes, 82. Necessary to a choice, 42. Ten other bal lots, with a nearly similar result, were had. The eleventh ballot stood ? Biglir, 26; Buckaloo, 14; Robbins, 12; Fibster, 10 ; Johnson, 8. Scattering, 12. The caucus is still in session. Mr. Blgler received the nomination for United States Senator on the sixteenth ballot. Wlaconaln Affairs. ORGANIZATION OF THE LEGISLATURE? CONTEST FOB TnB GOVERNORSHIP. MiLWAt Kie, Jan. 11, 185Ti. The Wisconsin legislature organized yesterday. Io the Senate l.leuterant Governor McArthur acted as Pre sident, and Byron Paine, republican, wa* elected clerk. In the House, llr. Hall, democrat, was elected Hpeaker, snd Judge Armstrong, democrat, slerk. Mr. Hvdiford to-day demanded pos-c<slon of the executive ofH ;? from overnor Barstow. The latter declined to give It up, snd the case is no* before the Supreme Court. United State* Supreme Court. Wahhitcto.v, Jan. 11, 1856. So. 1 . ? I 'nited S'ste*, vs. rear-ion B. Bedding. Judge Wajns delivered the < pinion of the Cjurt, affirming the decision of the lJistrlst court for the Northern district of California. United Slates, nppelUnts, v. John C. Fremont. A motion wa? made by Mr. Hlbb to docket and dismiss th? ca?e which w*s supported by Hon. J. J. Critusndon, and opposed by A'torney Sonera) < listing. : H, ? J.is. M Co iper. v. Kni' b C. Robert*. Arg i merit hf rnirin Sn *!. for deWidaot, and by Mr. Vln'on ior plalrtUT. SEW YORK LEGIILATCftB. M? ill. Aliunt, Jan. 11, 1856. TOT HATCRAI-1/.ATIOfr LAWS. Mr. Petty 's bill, unending the Naturalization lawi, wan referred to the Judiciary Committee, consisting at Metiers. Noxon, Hlekles and Wad* worth. W1.L8 IlflHODrCKD, ITC. Mr. SrENrra introduced a bill for the relief of ft. l.uke'? ?Hospital, New York. f Mr. Bbadford introduced a bill appointing AbtyataMoss, D. 8. Dickinson and D. S. Browne, an commissioners to locate a i-econd Slate I.unatic A?yiuta Mr. Brooks gave notice of a bill to amend the charter Of the Pacific Mail Steam'bip Company; also a bill to amena the act of April, 1B4U, for the Incorporation of insurance companies. Mr. Lek ottered a resolution, (which was adopted,) re auiring all oain'anta to pieseut full details in wriiiog of leir claims, in ItMW. and verified by affidavits. The following select committee wan appointed on th? 4 subject of the enumeration of the inhabitants ot the State, and the apportionment. of senators and representa tives:? Mexsre. Uphaiu, l ee and iieljy. Mr. Brooks intr duced a res. luti ju directing the Com mittee on library to report as to the expediency of pro curing the > coords of th? Secate of the State of New York, recently fuuml in a larm house near Kingston, i>iu-?>dy ing manuscript journals, mesaagcH of Governor Clinton, t iic. Adopted. Adjourned till Mcnday. Assembly. At i:any, Jan. 11, 1856. TDK SPKAKEBSUir. Two ballots were had for Speaker, without a choice, Mr. CM ell had 44, Mr. Pendergast U5, and Mr. Bailey 29. The Americans sgaln introduced the plurality resolu tion, but it was pcstponed indefinitely, on the motion of Mr. Woods, of New York, by 73 to 51, Messrs. Bancu?, Tremble and Wright, democrats, and Deshier, Fowler and I-afever, whlgs, voting with the Americans. Mr. G. A. Dvdlky moved that, after the 11th Inst., no per diem allowance bo received by members until a Speak- j or is elected- Laid on the table, by 64 to 58. Mr. DcOAmre moved that four ballots be taken, the votes beinp con lined to the four highest candidates, and that the candidate on the last bailor receiving a plurality be elected Speaker. Postponed indefinitely. Vaiious other attempU were made to organize by the Ameiicars. but were all defeated. Mr. Cahi'Knthi (republican) offered a resolution thit the American!- have no right to auk or expert au organi zation 01 the House, not having a majority of the votes, and pending a motion 1 hereon the House adjourned til) hall pant 8 I*. M. AFTERNOON HUSSION. The Assembly met at 3 % P. M.. and took six unsuc cessful t a. lots 'or Speaker, as follows: ? Udell. 45 ; Peo dergrast, 34; Bailey, 26. j Mr. E T. Woods moved to protract the session till a Fpenker i< elected. Tbe motion wan lost. Mr. Dm;ax>b moved the frllowing preamble and resu'.u. tion : ? Whereas, the Americana are desirous of organizing be House in order to proceed with the butlne.ss ol legisbtuni; j therefore ? llesoived. That Heiry A. Pendersragt be declared Speater, aid John S. Nuf?w O'erk. and that the doorkeeper he Rivet 10 the straight whlgs, and the assistant doorkeeper to tbe. Cusma Htuse sons. IjiuI on the table, and the House adjourned. Rejection of the Texas Debt Bill, &e. Baltimore, Jan. 11, 1856. We have dates from Galveston to the 29th ult. The Texas Debt bill had been rejected in the Legislature by six majoiity. A motion to reconsider the vote was postponed to the 15th of February. Christinas day was the coldest ever known in Texas. Great damage was done to fruit trees by the ice. Unltca mates Agricultural Society. Wabiu.ygtox, Jan. 10, 1853. ' There was a full attendance this morning. Many papers were read and ordered to be published. A list of officers was reported, with an expression of regret attho declination of Mejor Poore, tf Massachusetts. M. P. Wilder was unanimously elected President, and one Vice President was chosen from each State, including Simon Brown, of Massachusetts; J, P. Beekman, of New York; Isaac Newton, of Pennsylvania; Anthony Kimmell, of Maryland; audG. W. P. Custis. of Virginia. The following is the Executive Committee:? John A. King, of New Yoik; A. L. Elwyn, of Pennsylvania; D. J. Biownc. of the rUtrlct of Colunnia: John Jones, of Do. ' lawarc; N. W. Deaii of Wisconsin; Richard P. Waters, of Massachusetts; W. ij. King, Secretary; and B. B. Prfench. Treasurer. Geo. W. P. Custis made an eloquent valedictory address, when the rr.ee tirg adjourned tine die. The next annual exhibition of the Association takes place in Philadelphia next fall. f fatal Ralli-ond Accident. Alton, 111., Jan. 11, 18Sfi. A freight train on the Terre Haute and Alton Railroad ran off the track yesterday moraing, and five persona were killed, namely: ? Mr. King, tbe engineer; Wesley Davis, fireman; John Morrison, of Dunkirk, and Messrs. Bates and Doake, of Decatur, Illinois. Destructive: Fire at Charleston, 8. C. Balttmors, Jan. 11, 1856. A fire on Sunday la that city destroyed the warehouse of Mnzzek k Bon, containing 500 bales tf cotton, and a con Mferable quantity of rice. Tbe loss is estimated at $75,000. The property was on storage belonging to dif ferent owners, and is mostly insured. Fire at 5ew Roc hell e. New Ro< hells, Jan. 11, 1856. The burn tf David Harrison and the stock therein was destroyed by fire to-day. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOABD. PllILAl 'ELl'Hi A, Jan. 11, 185b". Stocks dull. Pennsylvania State 5's, 82%; Reading, 40 % ; 1/onp Island, 48 J,; Morris Canal, 13; Pennsylvania Railroad, 4." *i. PHILADELPHIA IRON MARKET. Philadelphia, Jan. 10, 1866. Extensive Inquiries are being made for pig iron for fu ture delivery, but no new sales. A rumored sale of 6,000 tons is not credited. Retail sales of 320 tons/at $28, $20 snd $24 for Nos. 1, 2 and iJ.JOther descriptions quiet bat firm. Novel Cf.nhur Fetirns.? A census taker in* Adams county, Illinois, makes the following return from one of his townships: ? Mrs. Naoma Thorn is is the oldest lady in the township: she is 87 years old. ll?e old meo are scarce in that townthip, but three men over 70 years old. There are fifteen live widows in the township, and some seven California wiiows. I would like to see the township that conld turn out a better looking set of , widows than Columbus. I should think Columbus is the place for widowers to get their money back. There are some girls there too? Miss Maria Wilkes weighs two hundred and sixty pounds, and Miss Raugh weighs two hundred and twenty-five pounds. There a*e three ol& ladies that weigh two hundred and fifty pounds each. The New Yorle Weekly Herald. NEWS FROM EUROPE, SOOTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA, SOUTH PACIFIC, MRXICO, AUSTRALIA, ETC. TREA SURY REPORT, CONGRESSIONAL AND LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS, ETC.. ETC. The WaritLv Heiiau) will be published at eleven o'clock this morning. Its contents will embrace news from Europe, South and Central America, the Hou'h Pacific, Ac.; Legislative and Congressional Proceedings; Report or the Secretary of the Trea ? 1 sury; Editorials; Financial, commercial, religious and theatrics' intelligence; latest news by teleg^rt, and a variety of loos and miscellaneous articles. Slngl A^Res, in wrappers, ready for mailing, can be hat at the counter. Price, sixpence. Gold Medal? The Only Gold Medal Award ed at the last fair ot;the American Institute, for colored photo graphs, was to ROOT, 363 Broadway, comer ol' Franklin street. 100 Bushels Daguerreotypes of the Voters of the country are proponed to be sent to the Representatives In Congress, with a memorial to that body urging Immediate, organization, and demanding v\ork or no pay. Patriots will sit for the portraits at 280 Broadway; cost, 2b cants; trnnsporta tlon tree. Reduction In Prices of Winter Clothing for ' men and boys ?Alfred Monroe A Co. have marked down their men ;ind boys' overcoats, business coats, lancy casstmere pants, vests, velvet, cashmere end colored; silk res'a, and gentlemen's trsve'llng sliawls. Tbe above articles have been marked down from ten to twenty per oent, for the purpsea of reducing tha stock, to make room tor spring goods. Ai.KKKI) ML'NHOB A CO., 441 Broadway. Beat French Pntent Leather Boot*, from !?> , to $7, insde to order by A. BAKER, 15 Ann street: di-e?sb.>ois, French calf, warranted. $3 75: s'out boots, $4: donble soled waterpioof, $? 50. A raving of US to 60 per cent in your boot biJs. Try .hem. Waterproof Boots, Double and Cork Soles: patent leather dress and grained leather boots. Al?orr.'iber Loots and over shoes. Parts hoots. Just received fironi most celebrated makers, by KUQKNti FuRKIti A HON, ? Hootmakers, fii .Nassau street. Staffer's Sewing Machines? Oar Liberal nnd admirable plsn ot exchanging our new and >at*s< improved sewing machines for Odd machines ol every kind, Is li aiied 'Vi Jk f keasnrs hy hundreds The Averr, Wilson. G rover A lialrer, lunt, Dorcss and emer Inferior mschlnes.arc tunning In rapidly to be exchanged. Die chance for a prolltatile barc-.tn li a e eat one. Apply at our New lork ollU-e nersonallv, or by letter. < I. M. 81NOLK, A CO., Mo. 3&1 Br^sid ^ av. Malaga Grspts, Just Rewired, In Clue order, will he nold wholossle or retail, by . I Oil N TAYLOR. Uroadway, comer ol' FrsnVlin sireei. Allsopp'a I?nle Ale, Bias ?w Co. s Pnlc Ale, Hsrciay, Perkins * (>> 'a l/nitloo brown stont snd sunt, land lug exAmssron; Wulr A Hons' Edinburgh ale. Is store. For sale hy JtJllN LI'NCaN k 8OR8, Jn, ins Uroadway. Chrlstadoro'a Hnlr Dye, Wigs and Toupees excite admiration anoncai; oonnolsteurs in an. A suits of rleasnl private apsr'ments tor applying his !n oirpa- ? ,le dve, . 1 tbe only reliable ankle ot Its Uml. Wholesale ..n<l retail ail CtjRl.sTA DOKO'S, .No. 0 AMor uon. a. Batchelor's Hnlr f)yt ? W Igs ns?l 'Psnpres -1 ne best In the world. This unrivalled and original ?ly?. Is ?Ipplled m twelTe orivntfl rooms. Itafhelor's w .f ?'>'l ' '?'*? ye** have lmpro?ement? o\er all others, being ehef d'o:uvrea ueleKance and durability, peculiar to this establishment. BATCH!! LOB'S, ZU f.road < ay.