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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 25, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAIII GOB DO M IIII1TT,
rEOPmirro* and bditoe.
?mc> B. w. COUD OF MAMAU AMD FVLTON BTS
u
AWMOin THIS KVKJTING.
IjMlSVlT THKATBE, Broadway? Kins Cbabhmo?
Mu or lc*.
E1B1XV8 OAK DEN, Broadway? 6choolma9kk-Tiih'?
-Eia Ka.
? I
IT THEATBE, Bowery? 0 ib irrr*?Oum Sal-Th*
' Hon.
NnOMV THBATBK, Cbaabcri aliaa* HiaamiBi
*?? Una*? Tub Toodlxs.
WALLACE'S THBATKK, Broadway? Pa* or m Public
-kitiiu? Awivud Akkltal.
UVKA KKrXXf VARIBTIB8, Broadway? Motit?
tkanrnoi. _____
?NB*I mWTMU, 444 Broadway? Btwioruji Paa
?? i?iM Milium i ra Ball.
mrcruert buklesqce opxea house, am Broad
Wig MM Vnmiui-BudTT a. no tub Bitn.
??w Tart, Friday, Janaary 95, ISM.
*feo News.
By the arrival of the Baltic at this port yesterday
wt have three days' later advices from Europe than
Asm received by the Africa. The news which she
Mags is interesting. Count Stackelberg, who is
the bearer of the Russian reply to the proposals of
the Allies, had left St. Petersburg, and was expected
to arrive at Vienna about the 13th or 14th instant.
The nature of this document is stated not to be de
cidedly unfavorable; but of course nothing is as yet
accurately known on the subject. A general im.
prewrion seems to prevail that Austria is this time in
earnest, and that the withdrawal of her ambassador
from St. Petersburg will be the result of a negative
?ilium i tn tin nil i niacin Prussia, too, is aaid to IB
at last making up her mind to take a determined
course; and if the harmonious action of the other
German States can be secured, it is not improbable
that a pressure will be brought to bear on Russia
from that quarter. This is no doubt the result of
the extensive preparations which are being made by
the Allies for next year's campaign in the Baltic,
which will bring the war home to the frontiers
mf Prussia , and compel her to take part on
cither side. It is not likely that the Allies
will allow her any longer to frustrate the objects of
the blockade, by making her territory the channel
of the foreign commerce of Russia.
From the Crimea there is scarcely an item of
news. A small advantage had been gained by the
French on the night of the 26th ult. against an out
poet of the enemy, in which eighteen Russians were
killed , and eighteen others were taken prisoners.
In Asia Minor no fresh operations arc reported.
OmerPat-ha had fallen back on Redout Kaleh. and
his troops were suffering greatly from the inclemen
cy of the weather and the harras.-ing attacks of
the Russians.
The Sound dues conference met on the 4th under
the Presidency of M. Tegoboekie, the Russian com
missioner. Mr. English and French envoys were
present, but the conference adjourned without doing
anything. Denmark has abandoned all hopes of a
compromise for the present, and it is said that the
government is in great embarrassment as to the
coarse to be pursued towards the flag of the United
States on its first attempting to pass the Belts duty
free. The plan of keeping a score against us, and
presenting ns the bill when the question is adjusted, I
has, we understand, been resolved upon. We
should not like to endorse the draft.
The explanation of the readiness with which Swe
den entered into the viewB of the Allies in regard to
the recent treaty, is to be found in the fact that she
had good reasons for believing that it was the in
tention of Russia to overrun and occnpy part of her
territory. The Danish cabinet has issued a circular
to the various European States exculpating herself
from any participation in the Swedish treaty, it be
iag her intention to adhere to a strict system of
neutrality.
It has, il is said, been decided at tbe Coaoci] of
War held at St. Petersburg to abandon tbe Crimea
altoge ther, and to reinforce with the troops at pre
khh there the corps of General Mouravieff in the
Caucasus, and the grand army of the centre under
litneral Haunitive. This coincides with the views
we lately expressed as to the probable plan of cam
paign that would be resolved upon.
A late arrival from Persia brings no confirmation
?f the fall of Herat.
The foreign news by the Baltic prodaeed no ad
ditional impression upon the market yesterday. The
aales embraced about 609 bales cotton, with a conces
sion in some cases of abrat i c. since the arrival of the
Africa, though the market as a general thing could >
not be said to lie well established. Flour improved
about 124c. per barrel, though the market was not
active. Pri me wheat was scarce and firm. Sales of
inferior to good Tennessee red were made at $1 00 a
<1 W?, arid a smaJI lot of prime white do. sold at 12
16. Corn was inactive, without change of moment
in prices. Pork was heavy: new mess sold at $1(5
37] a $1(5 50, and 500 bbls. old mess at #10. Sugars
were firm, without change in prices. The stock was
light. being estimated at about 3,500 hhds., 3,500 I
boxes and 20 0 bags Brazil. The sales yesterday
embraced a boat 400 hbds. Cuba and New Orleans
at steady prices. Coffee was rather stifffer, with
sales of about 1,400 lags Rio at ll}c., with a small
tot of prime at l'ijc. Freights to Liverpool and
London were firm, with light engagements. To the
Continent they were dnll and unchanged.
By way of China we have the important news
that a tiect of American whalers, on being refused
provisions at Nagasaki, (Japan,) had helped them
selves by force, leaving, however, an equivalent in
cash. This transaction led to a rencontre between
the crews of the whalers and the inhabitants, in
which a number of the latter were shot.
From South America we have advisee dated at
Buenos A yres, 2d; Rio Janeiro. 15th; Bahia, 10th,
and Pernambnco, 21st of December. Sanguinary
partisan strife had taken place in the streets of
Montevideo between the adherents of Flores and
Oribe, in which pome hundred lives had been saori
lieed aud many prions wonnded. Oribe 's expulsion
was looked on as the only means of obtaining a peace.
A few i ases of aholera had appeared at Pernambnco.
but Rio was t ree from the disease. The entries of sugai
at Pernambnco were large, and hides sold well. At
Rio Janeiro the coffee trade was active, and sugar
dearer. English manufactures were in demand at
Bahia, but prices were not remunerative. Freights
were wanted. In that market sugar was 24s. Gd.
per cwt., and coffee :!!>*. Id. Exchange 3s. id.
The proceedings of the naval court martial upon
Com. Kitchie, at Philadelphia yesterday ? a report of
which may be found under tbe telegraphic head
will be read with interest Capt. Dnpont wa- ex
amined as a witness, and denied in the most em
phatic manner that tbe epithets upon which the
charge against the defendant is based, were ever ap
plied to him. His official letter to the Department,
calling attention to the alleged assertions of Com.
Ritchie, was read. The evidence for the prose< ution
was closed, and that for the defence commences to
day.
Tbe steamship Northern Light left this port yes
teiday afternoon for San Juan. A posse of tlie
United States Marshal 's deputies were on hand for
the filibusters, bat those enterprising gentry either
? laid low and kept dark," or had postponed their ex
cursion to the rich placers of Nicaragua for the pre
sent. An absconding juvenile adventurer was the
only capture made.
The Board of Aldermen met last evening. Their
proceedings- a tall report of which we give else
where? are very interesting. Several amendment*
to the tax law were suggested by the Finance Com
?Mltee, of which the following were adopted : ?
$76XWO for paving streets ; *30,000 tor building the
Third district police court, and prison : $ 30,000 for
mi iron railing a round Tompkins sip.are ; 150,000
Vt ^ wtU ?W?U ?' f ??? ? ' ? ?W? ft ,
monument to the memory of (he late M^jor Ototnl
Worth. An amendment appropriating $6,000 for
the contingent expenses of the Mayor's office was
struck oat by a vote of eleven to eight. Several ap
pointments of the heads of departments were con
firmed.' The nomination of Mr. James Irving as
! Superintendent of Public Buildings, was rejected by
a rote of twelve to eight.
The Congressional proceedings yesterday are im
portant. In the Senate Mr. Clayton presented a
communication from the President, covering a letter
dated Jan. 19, 1863, from Lord John Russell to Mr.
Cramp ton, on Central American aflairs. It declares
that the British government intends strictly to carry
out the Clayton- Bui wer treaty, and to assume no
sovereignty, directly or indirectly, in Central Amer
ica. Mr. Clayton criticised this letter, and the po
licy of Great Britain, in terms of great severity; and
Mr. Cass announced that on Monday next ho bhould
address the Senate on the subject. An important
debate, in which the whole subject of our rcl&tious
with England will be disensse 1, will commence on
that d?y. A message on Kauris affairs wan alao
communicated by the President. He attribute * the
unhappy condition of things In the Territory partly
to the maladministration of Gov. Reeder, partly to
the " border ruffians,'11 and partly to the abolition
propagandists. He hints that the erection of
Kansas into a State would put an end to the trouble*.
The subiect was inferred to the Committee on Ter
ritories. In the House, lfc. Fuller, the Know No
thing candidate for Splriker, withdrew from the
contest. Subsequently, upon balloting, the Know
Nothings divided their strength between Mr. Fuller
and Mr. Ricand, of Maryland. A coalition betwe?
the Southern Know Nothings and democrats upon
Mr. Orr is regarded as entirely out of the question.
A terrible excitement was raised when the Presi
dent's message upon Kansas was announced, the
black republicans being desirous of rejecting it alto
gether. They were voted down, however, and the
document was received.
The proceedings of tne Legislature yesterday were
unimportant. In the Assembly the bill repealing
the Prohibitory Liquor law was referred to a select
committee of seven. A resolution calling upon the
Manhattan Gas Company to report its amount of
stock, its surplns and past dividends, was adopted.
Hon. Robert Toombs, United States Senator from
Georgia, lectured in Boston on the slavery question
last evening. We give an account of his reception
and a sketch of his discourse, under the telegraphic
head. The Senator made a favorable impression
upon his audience.
Tlie Spfakcrtihip-A New Deal with tlie
Old Cards.
j The withdrawal of Col. Richardson by the
democrats, and nominating Col. Orr, followed
by the re-enactment of the old platform as a
measure of compromise, is the last piece of ab
surdity we have heard of. If the principles ol
the democratic party are such as to require
reasserting once a month ? if the fidelity of
democratic membere is so questionable and
doubtful that when one is to be trusted he
must be tied hand and foot totheold platform,
the proceedings of the caucus nominating Col.
Orr were strictly proper.
But we must remember in connection with
this new fehuftle of the old cards? every one of
which is marked? that Congress has been at
wotK two months or thereabouts in fruitless ef
forts to elect a Speaker. During all this time
I it has been divided into three parties, neither
of which has a controlling majority vote. Two
of these parties, it has been supposed, have a
little affinity for each other? there is one plank
at least upon which they can stand. They
are professed friends of the constitution
they declare it their purpose to make that
compact the basis of their respective organiza
tions. In this, if in nothing else, there is a
point ol' affinity between the democracy and
the national Know Nothings. At length Col.
Richardson is induced to resign the candidacy
of the democracy. He did bo, and forthwith
another caucus is called, and CoL Orr, a gen*
tlemanly and competent man. is placed in no
mination lor Speaker. There is a presumption
arising from this movement, of course, that
i the democrats, in withdrawing Richardson, in
tended to effect, if possible, an organization
of the House.
The country heard of the movement, and re
joiced. Parties had long enough usurped the
place of patriotism, and long enough stood in
the way of the discharge of public duties.
The presentation of Col. Orr, too, was in ma?y
respects fortunate. He is an unexceptional
national man. Unencumbered by the platform
which in itself is well enough, he could be
elected Speaker; tied down to that platform,
from which Col. Richardson bad just been re
leased, he is no better than the latter. Be
sides, under the circumstaaces, the reasaertion
of the platform was in the last degree disre
spectful to Orr, and utterly menacing to the
national Know Nothings. The latter force,
for a small party, has chosen, it occurs to us,
to make blunders enough in this whole busi
ness, without imposing upon them this new
Tlie nouBe wants a Speaker. The country
demands the defeat of Banks. He is an aboli
tionist, and has so declared himself. There is
no misfortune involved in our future history
equal to that which shall call to the Speaker
ship of the American House of Representatives
an avowed disunionist. W e trust the virtue of
our system of government will never be put to
such a test. An abolition member of the House,
an abolition Senator, may be endured; but the
1 Speaker of the popular branch of the Legisla
ture, a contingent heir to the Presidency of
the federal Union, should not be adisuniouist,
even in theory.
In this condition of things the proceedings
of the democratic caucus nominating Colonel
Orr, it strikes us. were most unjustifiable. ,
I They not only close the door to the national
Know Nothings, but defiantly insult that in
terest. There was no more necessity for a n'-.v
platform than there is now for a new constitu- j
tion. It was not demanded even by the in
terests of party. It bears the impress alone of
menace and of an intention, deliberately form
ed, of postponing the organization of the
House. Granting that the Know Nothings hold
a position utterly antagonistic to the demo
cracy, so far as the legislative policy of the
government is concerned, that is a point
that should be overlooked in the present con
dition of the House. The object now is two
fold?to defeat Banks and cloct a national
man. It is manifest that in order to secure
these ends there must be a compromise? and
in initiating this compromise, by one party or
another, it will be understood to have been the
result of necessity. The re-enactment of th
Richardson platform, then, as a basis of
union, was playing the old game of " heads
I win, tails you lose." The Know Nothings
were thus driven back to Fuller, and literally
compelled by the folly of the democrats to
protract the contest for Speaker. It would
have been easier and less offensive, Indeed, to
unite on Richardson than on his successor, in
this state of things. So long as the voting
iiic tltfu hnviiig ?vort- |
?d hla sentiments, the Know Nothings, being
the fewest in number, could hardly find justifi
cation for refusing to go over to the democra
tic nominee; but the withdrawal of that nomi
nee after seven and a half weeks' balloting,
and the reassertion ot the old platform, have
gone far to justify the Fuller men in voting
for him.
The democratic platform at the commence
ment of the session was natural enough; but
a democratic platform as a basis of compro
mise was a poor bait with which to catoh the
Know Nothings. It was a most offensive no
tice to all who did not concur in its provisions;
and as it had been demonstrated that there
was not a majority of the Rouse in its favor
it was an act of supreme weakness and folly to
revive it.
Again we say to the House of Representa
tive, the country expects you to organize and
proceed to tusiness ; it expects you will elect
a Speaker? a true, patriotic, national man ; it
expects you will give a final quietus to the abo
litionists headed by Mr. Banks ; it expects you
to do this in spite of the interests of parties,
and on the principles of honesty and good faith
to the Union. If your integrity requires brac
ing up by repeated pledges? if your patriotism
is of that evanescent material that you cannct
trust it for more than a month without, renewed
covenants ? if your adhesion to party knows no
relief ? let us have the election of Banks t
once, and let the country prepare for the co f
sequences of your f-bameless neglect of the
public interests and honor. Meanwhile, the
responsibility for this state of things must rest
upon those who are instrumental in placing us
where we are.
The Wak Question? The Administration
Setting Itself Right. ? Our administration at
Washington has actually discovered that even
the agitation of the question of a war with
England is calculated to disturb our commt |
cial interests, notwithstanding such agitation
may be all for Buncombe. The Washington
Union authoritatively makes the following
statement to set the 1'reBident right: ?
MISCHEVIOUS misrepresentations.
It ought not to be expected that wo should give a for
mal contradiction to the various rumors which are ori
ginated here and transmitted by telegraph, either with
the view ot affecting the administration or ot promoting
the pecuniary interests of the papers to which they are
sent. Occasionally, however, these rumors assume a
character er are repeat el with a degree of persistency
which renders a contradiciion necessary. Of this kind are
tbe iate reports as to the withdrawal of Mr. Buchanan
from Ingland. and as to the intention of tbe I 'resident to
send to the Senale a special message in regard to pending
difficulties with that government. Kor example, a cor
respondent of tbe Journal of Commerce says, on the 18th
instant, tbat "tbe 1'reBident will, as he stated yesterday,
send a special message to the Senate in its executive
character next Monday, or some day soon, in relation to
our controversy with Great Britain." And again, the
same correspondent, on the next day, said: "The Presi
dent has assured several Senators that he wiU, after some
further consultation with the Cabinet, send to tbat
bod.v a message informing them concerning tbs
condition ot our . difficulties with England, ana sub
mitting the same for their advice and consideration."
The etlect, if not the design, of all rumors of this kind,
is to excite apprehensions as to a ruptnre between our
government and that of Great llritain. To avoid any
such consequences, it is only necessary tor us to say
"hat the whole batch of reports of the oharacter alluded
to are entirely without foundation, and deserve no sort
of attention from the readers of the journals to wbish they
are sent. They not only do gross injustice to the Presi
dent, but they ate calculated to aff?ct the interest of
commercial men, who are kept in a ktate of suspense by
the repetition ot these mischievous inventions.
And so there is to be no war, after all. The
alarm in the Message was a false alarm; or
the President, under the influence of Marcy,
has incontinently hauled down his red flag.
Our adopted citizens, therefore, who have
been counting upon an opening for an early
invasion of Ireland, will have to wait a little
longer. Mr. Buchanan is to be relieved at
Loudon upon his own request; Mr. Crampton's
case is anything but belligerent: the affairs of
Central America are "in quo ante bellum,"
and there is to be no special message to the
Senate upon the subject, unless Gen. Walker,
perchance, should interfere with Col. Kinney
at Gre$ town. Our administration is altogether
in an amiable mood, and Wall street is as calm
as a summer's morning.
VHB LATSIT 2VSWS.
BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS.
Senator Toombs In Boston.
GBF.AT ANXIETY TO HEAR THE LECTURE OK THE GEM
tlkman from gdohoia? his keceptio.n? sketch
OF HIS REMARKS, ETC., ETC.
Hokton, Jan. 24, 186ti.
f-incc tlie ariivai of the Hon. Kobert Toombs, ol Geor
gia, in thiscity yestert'ay, and his becoming thegaeat of
Hon. William Appleton, as mifbt naturally be suppised
there has b<f n considerable conversational ??rcitem .it
among that claps who attend features, in regard to his
propo ed diseertalion upon sUvery, or, as the title ii pro
perly. the consistency cf African slavery with the consti
tution of the l.'nittd btates and republican constitutions,
and the ?ffect* ol the American Revolution upon the Alrl
can race.
There have teen speculations of all sorts : some a* to
how he would be received on his lirst appearance on the
platfoim ; some as to the manner in which he would
treat the subject ? whether lie would prove plucky to the
Southern, cr plastery to the Not hero, predictions ; and
a great many as to which portion ol the community
would be most largely represented at the lect ire, at the
rate of titty cents per head? the pro-slavery, the aboli
Uonist, or those who don't rare a snap either side, an i
merely wi-h to see the Hon. Senator.
All, however, were agreed that the advent of Mr.
Toombs, coming as it were to beard to lion in hi* den,
and 'hat too at the said lion's special invitation, was, to
use a homely but appropiiate word, "funny;" aud a"
there are enough In Boston who like to have fun. no mat
ter of what kind, whether it be in leligion, politics or
prize t ghtlng. 7he result was ok might have been ex
pected, the Tremont Temple was crowded to excess this
evening. Those, however, who went with expectation of
seeing a disturbance were disappointed, for with but
very slight exception" tbe dissent Irotn the opinion* ex
pressed wa? manlfr'ted by a respectful ailence; while
throughout the lecture the e were many parages which
received hi arty applause.
At hall past seven Mr. Tonrnbs appeared upon the plat,
form, accompanied by Hon. William Appleion, Nathaniel
Appleton, Ef'|.) and some of the committee who have
beeii inatmmental in getting up the course of lecture?.
He was greeted wllh applause on bin entrance, an] with
out auy introduction took the stand for the purpose of
commenting his remarks. On doing so a single hiss was
beard fi>,m 'he centre of the bull, which was om U?d
imincdAlely by (heers from all parts. But upon tie
subsiding of the latter, the name soaky demonstration
continued. This, however, w?? soon silenoed by Mr.
Toombs himself, who, perfectly at home, remarked that
it made uo cifTerence with him. People might c hoose
tbelrown means to exprees their feelings. Good humor
prevailed, and the -i>eaker proceded.
It in probable (Mid he) that the majority of the senti
ments advanced on this occasion would be oppotmd to
the lion< st convictions of most of the -# present, but he
trusted that what might be said would tend In a manner to
modify tho asperity that now prevails between the North
and South. What he had to say would be termed
with sli respect and deference to the opinions of others,
but with firmness and slnceiity. The first portion of
his lcetute was occupied entirely with the history of the
constitution Of the Lnited BUtes, and the consicerttion
of the elements which led to Its formation, and the
opinions of the men who contributed to Its con
struction. He maintained tbat this instrument
doe* not oontain one single article tbat tended to pro
hibit slavery, but that, on the contrary, the Institution
wat. protected by it, though ol eeurse noi prompted e*pe
cinlly. The right to hold siavns is left to the people of
eaeh Slate by Its proTUIons, and no one Htate could dic
tate to the other what they should do in the matter. His
tory teils nstliat tbe constitution was formed by tbe oon
?ent ef thirteen slavehoiding colonies and st ? time :
I when the slave trade ?w practised m ? hnuwfc of l*wf?l i
Urn mnhMmwjm tnthoee flays
m well as bow. Vim, of Virginia, IkiMi Jefferson,
and others equally great, had advocated tbe abolition of
?Itnry; bmt It eould not be done. It had boon lowed
upon them by England, and emancipation waa morally
impossible; and under axil tine circumstance* It 1* M) at
the present day. I am not responsible for tbe constitu
tion a* it standi now protecting slavery. The South U sot
responsible. It U your fathers ? my tethers? the foun
ders of this glorious republic, that are responsible. They
made tbe constitution as it Is, allovfag each State to
have its own institutions, to hold slaves or not as they
saw fit. And I think they did wisely. If the constitu
tion i? wrong, endeavor by all means to change it. If it
conflicts wi'h your viewi as to religion, politics, justice or
morality, u>e jour energies towards making it conform to
your e'abdard. Tbe speaker asserted that in tact the for
ma tic n of tbe const itutien increased the number of slaves,
and that, too, by the consent of Massachusetts and every
voter in New Esgland. This was proved by the pro
vision that th?> -Uve trade should exist twenty y* ars
iron, the time of its adoption, until 1801, and that there
was an txieoMon to 1808. During the time larm num
bers of slaveH were imported, and a rapid increase was
the ecnh?qu'.noe; and all this, too, brought about by
Mawachuststts votes, and against the protestations of
many Southern anti-slavery advocates. Laws made
inoe then by wise statesmen alao sustained the views of
Mr. Toombs, and an allusion was made to the Fugitive
Fla\e law.
Here there was an interruption by hisses from various
parts of the hall, which were taken by the Bon. Senator
with the utmost self-possession and coolness. (Jen tie
men, said be, in an impreesive manner, you may his*
your constitution if yon wish, but yon do not now hi?s
me. Go and put ycur curses where they belong, if you
choose ? upon the tethers of your country, we come
here to speak of the constitution, and there are tnougii
here and in the country to protect it. (Lend applause.)
The Breaker then alluded to the condition of the Souta in
reference to slavery; the influence, for good or ba. I. which
that institution has upon it, arul the easy control whhh
their g vernment exei ted over all clauses, summing up
wl<h he remark, that since 1789 no Southern State
evei bad occasion to call upon an extraordinary power
to suppr<ss insurrection. Some Northern States couiu
not ?ay ni much. Allusions were then made to t!ie Mis
scut compromise. This law had been allowed to exist
f*>r yean, but the legislation of 1854 was the step by
which the constitution wax brought back to its true
btarings ? the recognition of the rights of all y'ates to
legislate for themselves in regard to their own institu
tions. Throughout, all the South had acted upon this
principle ? the true piinciple of that document, to which
every State in tbe Union Is in good faith bound; and it
is to be trusted all would soon agree to it.
In commencing on the second portion cf h's licture.
Senator Toombs remarked that the topic tone tied
upon would be one which there would be leas probabili
ties of himself and auoieice agreeingupon than the flrit,
but he could not help that. This was the oil so', of tha
Revolution, and the present system of Southern slavery
uprn the African race. He, without hesitation, pro
nonnced it beneficial. The people of the North draw In
direct comparisons in regard to the condition of the ne
gro in the two sections ot the country, both as to tbe
action of the individual to himself and to the whites,
comparisons which, when drawn, have never been sanc
tioned by reason or justice. You say that all the slaves
should be emancipated immediately, and that no harm
can be done by the act, to prove which you cite the condi
tion of ycur free colored population. But how woulditbe if
the million of inhabitants of Maseachusettts consisted
of 600,0000 free blacks and 600.000 whites V Would
your boasted prosperity be as it is now, kand Jwould
not there be some disposition to look after the interest of
the African in a different direction from that at present 1
Your piosperity as a fiee State, is not that you are ex
empt trom slavery ; it is owing to the absence of the race
trcm your midst. When our country first started, the
slaves were not fitted for self government. They might
be or might not in the future, 'lTiere are no lnsiances in
history that will prove that the African race ever took
the fiist step towards se f civilization, but thereare multi
tudes of cases to prove that when onoe elevated in the hu
man scale ? being left to themselves ? their tendency was
to fall back into barbarism. Tbe principles of our govern
mtnt are based upon the axiom that democracy is a gc
vermient of men; republicanism a government of laws.
Massachusetts adopted this sentiment at the outset, and
bo uid Georgia. The laws therefore must be the govern
ing principle; and as negroes were unfit to make laws for
themselves, as experience has shown, the Southern
whites, having them with them, must make laws for them.
The slavery of tbe African race hAs been existent with
their creation. Other races may have for a time been
compelled to bear the yoke, but thev only are tbe ones
that have alwajs been subject to masters. So far as the
South is concerned, the slavery institution has made
them happy. So far as tbe freedom of the North is con
cerned, it has made them degraded.
The foimer and present condition of Hayti nnd Janmiia
were alluded to in kupport of the position of the speaker,
and in remarking upon the freedom of the negro in the
Northern States he said : ? It is time that he is lord of
himself and lis heritage. But is it not a heritage of
wee, excluded from all civil rights, with but few excep
tions, and looked upon with contempt almost univer
sally r His history ts written upon the records of the
jail* and penitentiaries. Mr. Toombs contended that the
South was rfght in tbe belief that equality in the two
races is imp< ssible, and therefore lestraint waa neces
sary. The laws of the South gave to the slaves great
privileges. 1 do not pretend, laid he, that all are grant
td that should be. but earnestly hope that soon all that
? re proper should be allowed to them. I sav this in Bos
ton? I will say it in Georgia. The most enthusiastic ap
plause greeted this remark.
The conclusion of the address of Mr. Toimbs was
mainly a consideration of the condition of the South in a
commercial point of view, and he drew a far more favor
able picture of its coniition than many who pretend that
ihe peculiar institution of that section of the United
fc tates is dragging It down to destruction. The substance
was that the; would be perfectly satisfied to be let alone,
?s far as that matter was concerned. At the conclusion
? f the lecture three cheers ? qualified of course? were
^iven for the Senator; and as lar as could be judged from
the expressions heard in the crowd while leaving
the hall, there was a general expression of
approbation towards the lecturer, not ot his opin
ions, but of his candor aud bearing. The
audience dispersed quietly, although one man sang out,
before Mr. Toombi left the stand, ''How long before
Charles Sumner can sneak In Tallahassee?" Another ex
cited individual in the crowd cried, "Three cheers for
Charles Sumner!" But the response was like those do
monstrations by the scholars at Di-the-Boys Hall, on the
return ol Mr. Squeers? "Sighs with the chill on." A
moment alter we saw a rank abolitionist lecturing the
caller, telling him to treat a man decently when thu in
vited nere to express his honest opinions. We noticed a
large number of colored persons present, and their be
haiiour was such as might have been well copied by ??an
or two of another comnlexion, who were less interested
in the subject under discussion.
NEW YORK LEGISLATURE.
Senate .
ALBANY, ,1*0. 21, 1R58.
Mr. Brook* introduced the bill of last year incorpo
rating the Honduras Inter Oceanic Steam Navigation
Company; also a bill to prevent prize fighting and fight
ing of animals.
Mr. Spf.ni kr introduced a resolution re^ue^ting Sena
tot* and member* of Congreii* to procure an approprin
tion for the repair of the Quarantine building i.
The bill relative to the adoption of children, and de
fining the relation*bip which the parties to ndoption null
sustain towards cacli other, Was adopted.
Adjourned.
Antmblj.
Albany, Jan. 24, 1866.
The bill repealing the act of last year exempting incor
porated ermpanie* from taxation whan the profit* tall be
low fire per cent, waa reported favorably.
He bill to amend the act for the prevention of fire* in
New York was reported favorably.]
The reports oi the Inspector and Commissary Ueneral
were received.
The fallowing notices of bills were made
Mr. MnsnAN ? For the relief of the small bontnrvn o'
New Yoik.
Mr. H.oford ? For the protection of gait consumer*
Bill* were introduced as follow*: ?
Mr. WiHRKN? Kelative to the right* of married women.
Also, for the erection ol the counties of Cinlsto, Highland
and Irwin.
Mr. Breyoort ? To allow the Census MarftiaU of New
York additional compensation.
Mr. Anthoh? To regulate the com]>ea*ation of the A?
se-sors of the Street llepartment of New York city; also
to enable the executive officer* of the city of New Yerk
to obtain evidence in discbarge of their duties.
The Governor's message wan discu*sed in Comnr.tt'-e <>l
the Whole.
Mr. B. Baily moved to give no reference to the por'Jon
of tlie message relating to the l'roliibitory Liquor law
becacee the Governor had theroin impeached the official
Integiity of magistral* o f New York without proof or
just cause.
A waim debate en?ued, and at a quarter pa t 2 o'clock
the committee rose and reported progTeaa, without
taking action.
TWK MAR1VK rot-RT MUX.
Mr. B. Bau.y introduced a bill in relation to the
limine Court of New York, the main provisions of whijta
are as follows : ?
Sec. 1. Changes title to the " City Cjurt of the City of
New York," and raise* the nntnber or Jndges to six ? tne
present Judges holding office until the expiration of their
term. .
Sec. 2. The three extra Judges to be appointed by the
Govercor, and to hold office until the next election,
when three are to be elected. Those elected are to lo. Id
office for the respective termt of two, four and six years,
to te decided by ballot, and Cfereafter the Judgse all to
be elected to serve six years.
Sec. S. The Judges so appointed and elected to perform
like duties, bave like power*, and receive like aalaries
with 'b<* Judges of the Marine Court.
Sec. 4. Fxtends the jurisdiction of the Court to c.isee
of ae^iult. libel, seduction, crim. con , and the like,
where the damages claimed arc not more than $1,000.
If not over that smownt of damage* be given when the
action is brought in any other court, tbe defendant shall
be entitled to full cost*, and the plaintiff to none.
Sec. 6. Gives the court equal powers with the Court of
( ommon Pleas, over all matter* within its jurlidictlon.
Sec. fl. Defines the course of proceeding* in the ootn
mencement of an action in said Court.
Sec. 7. The pleadings to be in writing, and veriBed on
e?tb, as in courta of superior jurisdiction.
Sec. 8. Provide* for plaintiff taking judgment by de
fanlt, as in the Hupreme Court, when the summons is not
answered.
Sec. 0. When issue shall be joined, tbe cauie* shal' be
put rn general calendar for trial.
Tbe remaining sections designate the costs, settles as to
what amount tbe parties to the action shall be entitled;
piLvWca 'J? I the pr??.nt fieri shall bo'd office until Um
expijaUoa of t*rm, ?t?tfK>ruw the holding of
an* general terns; nrovMea In appeal* from special to
geaeral Unas. And to the Superior Oourt, transfers all
appeals tram the Mario* Oourt nrw pending In the Com
mon Plena to the City Court, and repe*l* all acta incon
sistent with the provisions herein oontained.
iiJourMd.
Laleit From the Itato Capitol.
OLD CLAIMS REVIVED- PAT OP THE CINMU9 MAR
SHALS- WASTEFUL EXTRAVAGANCE IN PRINTING
MANHATTAN OAS OOMFANT? NEW TOU VO BLIO
INSTITUTIONS ? THE PROHIBITORY LAW, ETC., JITC.
Auumt, Jan. 24, ISM.
Many of the old Veteran*, whoae claims against the
State have been rejected again and again, arc hero, im
portuning the member!!. Mr. Lee, of the Senate, has al
ready reported aereral of these bills. Should those be
hind find equal sucoess, and their claims be lobbied
through, the Legislature would be compelled to levy an
additional mill tax to meet these demand*.
If the Census Marshals had performed twenty per cent
of their legitimate duty, there might be aoue propriety
in giving them an advance for their labors ; but
when it is considered that the last whig Legislature
to altered the law as to provide for marshals of the whig
stamp only, who were required to sell the '-life of Wil
liam II. Seward," it is doubtful whether, in view of this
fact, the democrats and Americans of the Legislature
will ao far stultify themselves as to double the pay of
those distributors of Seward's book. Still there is a bill
introduced in the Senate having this object in view.
Mr. Brooks stated In the Senate this morning that he
had seen in some shop in this city several tons of public
documents printed by authority of the last Legislature,
sold *< r wrapping paper, which had never been delivered
to ettlior branch of the Legislature. Whose fault is it?
The Bouse adopted Mr. Rud's resolution appointing a
"imunitu-e to investigate the affairs oflhe public institu
tione of Ihe city of New York. Is this . intended for the
especl al benefit of Doctor Peel's DeaTnad Dumb .Asylum f
Ihe i #gi&i?ture contributed heavily towards the erection
o i the uew institution. Let Prosper M. Wetmore make
out a balance sheet.
What's the dlillculty with the Manhattan Gas Compa
ny? Mr Muhen, mpresenting the first New York Ah
semoly dUuict, wauis to know the condition of their
ledger account. Set the clerks posting up the books, as
the hontnable gentlemen will be down upon them before
they are aware of it.
Mr. Glover introduced bis biff, repealing the Prohibi
tory law. A motion was made to refer it to a select com
mittee of five, whioh twenty-eight of the ultras opposed;
still it was so ordered.
We witnessed a refreshing discussion in the Home on
the fronibltory law. A motion was made that so much
of the 6o\ernoi'B message as relates to that law be refer
ied to a jomininec of seven. Mr. B. lUily objected, on the
ground ihat the message contained language improperly
rtflec-ing uir n the judiciary and magistrates of the city
offlra Ycrk. He (juoted thus:? "In the city of Me*
York and o'hers of our larger towns, it (the law) h*9,
through the connivance of magistrates and executive
officers sworn to sustain the law, been flagrantly disre
garded," be., &c. Mr. B. said this language was an
impeachment of those officers? a wholesale charge of
dereliction of duty. It is a charge that the judiciary of
the city were guilty of conniving, under their official
oaths, and disregarded the law. It is the duty of the
I>eg!slature to rebuke such language by refusing to send
the subject to a committee. His Excellency had two
defenders on the floor? Mr. Wakeman, of Genesee, and
Judge Foot, of Ontario. The Know Nothings did not
show their nand up"n the question. The matter was
postponed for renewal to-morrcw.
Naval Court Martial at Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, Jan. 24, 1866.
Tlie session of the Board to-day was attended by a nu
merous auditory 01' naval officers, -it being known that
the next witness would be Captain Dupont, to whom the
epithets are raid to have been applied.
The usual preliminary business having been gone
through with, Captain J. S. Ihipont was called to testify
for the prosecution.
Previous to the swearing of the witness, the accuse!
put in a cautionary objection ; be objected to Captain
Dupont as a witness, so far as he might be called on to
teslify to anything said by Com. Kitchle in Washington
between the 1st and 15th December ? inasmuch an Capt.
D. could not hive heard the accused say anythibg what
ever in relation to the matter. The counsel for the ac
cused explained that, of course, tne accused could not tell
what the witness might testify, but ttionght proper to
introduce the objection at the outset.
Capt. Samuel F. Dupont was then sworn, and gave in
the following testimony:?
I consider it not irrelevant to commence by stating
that for many years, since we sailed together as midship
men, Commander Ritchie and myself had been on most
friendly terms.
The counsel for the accused here stated that the ac
cused would prefer that the witness would commeuce
with the testimony relating to the present affair.
The Court, however, requested the witness to prooeed,
and it would judge of the relevancyjof the testimony.
Wittiest ? Nothing had ever occurred to interrupt this
cordiality; In the month of June, 1856 ? the date ldo not
remember? after I had been appointed|a member of the
board to carry out tbe law to promote the efficiency of
the navy, 1 paid a short visit of a fe? hours to Philadel
phia; soon after arriving I met Com. Ritchie in the
street ? he joined me, and we walked together; he almost
immediately introduced tbe subject of the Naval Board
and its probable action; I soon discovered that he seemed
apprehensive and low spirited.
The counsel for accused here interrupted the witness,
as "this testimony was certainly irrelevant."
Com. Ritchie? 1 never was low spirited or apprehensive
at all.
Counsel for the accused ? If the Court will allow us, we
will retire and return in a few minutes with a statement
of our objections to this testimony.
Permission was granted, and the acsused retired with
the counsel ; whereupon quite a stir endued among the
members of the court.
The counsel and accused having returned, the counsel
read a paper containing his objecti ins to the testimony.
Ihe paper states that tbe testimony is irrelevant be
cause tne charge is not that Com. Ritchie used certain
insulting language to Captain Dupont. at the 1a Pierre
Howe, m Philadelphia, but that in Washington City,
between Dec. 1 and Dec. 10, Com. R. openly and pub
lic. y declared that he had used such language to Captain
Dupont. The distinction is important. That the using
met language is an offence against naval discipline is
t?t denied; but it has not been thought proper to try
the acused upon *ucli a charge, and all civil and mili
taiy authorities agree that an individual cannot be tried
for two ollences in the same count or specification. He
canoet bo brought up to be tiied for one offence, and
then be calleu on to defend himself against another
charge for whith he has not prepared himself. The
paper then gees on to speek of the consequences of the
ecmiscien of ii relevant testimony? giving military
authorities lor every assertion.
Ihe paper govs on to nay that if the testimony of Capt.
Dupont te at mitted, and the accused be convicted lie
cause of It, the anomaly will be presented of a person
biought up lor trial for one offence, then convisted of
that offence by testimony relevant to another, and after
wards b?- liable to be convicted a second time for the
saae offence. The paper further says that any aot in
violation of public opinion never operates beneficially;
tbe most solemn laws which violate public sentiment be
ing generally dead letters on the statute book and serv
ing do useful purpose.
Ihe Judge Advocate objected to this part of the paper,
as it seemed like holding over the Court a threat of pub
lic disapprobation. The Court did not sustain the ex
ception, not regarding the portion ef tbe paper objected
to disrespectful.
The eounsel then proceeded with the reading. After
completirg the traiu of argument alluded to above, the
pafier says: ? Kven HUp|K>se, in the absence of the rules
ot evidence, how could words spoken at the La Pierre
House, in Philadelphia, addressed to Capt. D., as a mem
ber of the Retiring Board, explain language used subse
quently at Washington City? ihe pa|>er was quite long,
and occupied considerable time; after ic was concluded
the Coait was cleared, and at a quarter to one o'clock,
| the paper was taken into consideration.
( The court being reopened, the accused was informed I
that his objeetiens had been sustained.
Ihe witness then resumed:? I wish to pretnife that
Com. Ritchie never, nnder any circumstances of time or
place, nor In any connection, applied to me the epi>het<
of Par, coward and scoundrel; I do not know that 1 can
speak to anything contained between these dates and
this specification, except tbat the whole conversation
alluded to in the specification, turned entirely ujmu the i
I action of the Naval Board in Com. Ritchie's case, aid
my supposed share in that action.
The accused again raised an objection, and the witness
not being permitted to proceed, claimed the right ot plac
ing npon the, record a copy ot the official letter written
by himself to the Secretary of the Navy. This was ob
jected to by tbe accused, but the objection was with
drawn with tbe understanding that Com. Ritchie would
also have the right of submitting his letter in reply,
also addressed to the secretary of the Navy. The letter
was then read, as follows:?
Washim. ros, Dec. 11, 1.H55.
HiR? I am cmpc'leil by * sense of duty to submit to the de.
partmcnt tor Us e-tion, rbe conduct of tVimmindcr Rooert
Ritchie towards me, Involving. as 1 conceive, the immunity ot
mj position an a member ot ttie late Hoard ot Naval Reform.
iiu reaching Washington, a tew days since, I learned tn h
more detlnite form what I had before heard through various
rumors, that Commander Hitchle had been repeating certain
nsultiog and contemptuous words relative to my eondaot in
wards him on the Naval Hoard, which he stated lie had ad
dressed to me In a eonversaUon between u* In Philadelphia,
touching the conduct of that Hoard.
i reoiiested a friend to a certain trom Commander Ritchie
the truth and certain tv ot such rumors, and having soasoertained
tbem. 1 desired Capt. Ooldaborough, who was on trlen lly terms
with Com'r Ritchie, to call upon him and give him the opportuni
ty of making such repara'lon as would satisfy the violated pro
prteties of the service, at>d relieve blmsell trom the era ve con
sequences ot the official Interposition of the Department? thus
evincing, I hope, the fullest degree of forboaranoe.
The peremptory refusal of Commander Ritchie leaves me
no other alternative but to submit tbe case to Ihe Depart ment.
I Lave, therefore, to report Commander Ritchie for having at
various places and on several occasions within the last two
months, and finally herein Washington, asserted that In a eon
versatlon with me In Philadelphia he had, relative to my con
duct towards him in the Naval Hoard, called me a liar ami a
coward, ana when repeating this In one of the oittcesol' your
Derailment, superseded the word scoundrel.
t < romander RiUshle's assertion, that he had In that eonversa
lion used these epltbets towards me. Is of itself a grave military
o fierce, whether he did or did not so use them; but when these
opprobrious words are applied to me In my semi judicial char
acier ot member of the Naval Board, "barged by In i and your
anpotn'ment with carrying out a great measure of naval re
term, by an officer who has been found to come wlihlo the ope
ration of tbat law, It is, If I am not mistaken, an unheard of .ind
unprecedented invasion of that Inviolability liilhertn Insured lo
every officer of every board or ootirt, whether of the navy or
simy and so essential to their independence of anion, arid I
respectfully submit, il nnvlslted bv the summary Interposition
of tie executive authority, totally destructive o( every guaran
tee of ibe firm and efficient admlniat ratios of tbe service.
As it made aware o? the gravity of his offence In stylng he
bad used such terms of reproach towards a member of the
H ard, Commander Ritchie, I learn, Is endeavoring to make it
appesr that be approached me as a man, and not a> sn officer,
ror ip reference to any official position on the board? \ irnns
p* rei i and vam ?ue?u?A
A4 iMfftttf Of P?>rw*ati?9 gxdudfl
tnterwetatten. We had tor many years been on the mart
trlendly lerour, do personal dtfferrnce of any kind had existed
between on. The whole oarthen of bin complaint lo me la
Philadelphia, wee that I had not saved him beiore that Board.
I tin own version, however, of this part of hie conduct. would
?till bold him amenable to the Department tor tea violation oC
the Alteentb article of the law for the better government of the
navy. But I repel inch a construction ; he did approach me aa
a member of the Board; bu whole uonversati n referred to lie
action In hie race, and to mr supposed share In that action.
The Department will readily conceive with what reluctanoa
this subject has been ureeaad upon Its attention. Korbearanea
no my part was exhausted every mode calculated to make
this appeu unnecessary w*? attempted and failed. I am.
therefore, constraired by a tense of duty to the navy, to the
Independence "I Its 'egal tribunal*, and to the Department li
nen. to adopt this course,
I have tbo honor to be, sir, with great respect, your obe
dient set van', 18. F. DCPONT.
Bon. J. 0. Dobbin. Secretary el the Navy.
No farther questions were put to the witneee by the
Judge Advocate or accused, unci hit further attendant
on the Qmrt wan dispensed with- The Judge Advocate
announced that the examination of witnesses tor the
prosecution was closed, and the Court adjourned.
The connsel lor the accused will commence the defence
this morning.
Appointment* by the Canal Board.
ALBANY, Jan. 24, 1846.
The Canal Board made the following additional appoint
ments this alterno< n: ?
JCriffintfri ? J. PUtt Good pell. Division Engineer for the
Eastern Division; Charles F. Smith, First Assistant En
gineer. .
CMectore. ? J. Thomas Davis, West Troy; Nathan
Baker, Horse Beads; Nathaniel 8. I'ettengill, Dresden;
Edward J. Galentine. Scottsville; John S. Skadden, Jr.,
Higgins; and W. W. Perkins, Ua'dwinhville.
Weighmaittri. ? Israel Sbadholt, West Troy; Benjamin
L. Biggins, Syracuse; and l,ewis 1'ond, Utica.
Iiuptctors. ? Benjamin P. MMdleton, Strunton Pendle
ton and Walter Bane, Brooklyn; Charles W. Chase,
Luther Caldwell. Edward C. CI me and John Fowler, New
Yerk ; Joshua Munroe. David Ferry, (Jr., Charles W?
Whitney and biram Holden. Albany; Joseph P. Tulty"
Stephen J. Lewis, Charles Mead and Eraetus Hnow, Troy
J. Scherniet horn, Schenectady ; Hiram Van .Slyck and
Leonard lloore, Utica ; George H Pliny, Rome ; James
L. Delvmater. Syracuse ; Gideon Hurlburt, Tonawanda ;
John E. Wadkius; Whitehall ; Chester Penfield, John B.
Ball and Charles C. Mattin, Onwego.
The work on the sections one hundred and ninety-nix
and one hundred and ninety seven was ordered to be
suspended until the question pending as to the plan, it ,
be rettltd.
The Board then adjourned til! the 20th instant.
The appointments for the eleventh sec'ion of the Erie
canal have not yet been mp.ile.
Criminal Katteiy In Boston.
TRIAL OF MESSRS. COBURN AND DALTON? THE GREAT
KXPRKS8 KOHBI BB, ETC.
Boston, Jan. 24, 1860.
In the Municipal Court, to-day, Judge Nash presiding,
Eoward 0. Cobarn and Benjamin J. Dal ton were put on
trial for manslaughter in causing the death of William
Sumner.
Twenty- two witnesses were sworn for the proaesution;
but the testimony has developed no new fact additional
to what was shown at the preliminary examination be
fore the Police Court.
Samuel C. White, alleged to be implicated in the fifty
thousand dollars express robbery, was to-day discharged
by the Court, and|immediatelyatterwaids was re-arreeted
on a requisition from the Governor of New York. He
will be taken to Buffalo, where, it is said, all the parties
arrested for the robbery are to be tried.
Pennsylvania Legislature.
A SCHEME OF TUB ABOLITIONISTS THROWN OVKR- -
BOARD.
Hakribbcrg, Jan. 24, 1866.
A resolution was offered In the House, to-day, direct
ing the Judiciary Committee to inquire if further legisla
tion was not necessary to protect the personal liberties
of citizens from the arbitrary proceedings of Judges of
the United States, exercising jurisdiction in this State.
Rejected by 64 to 81.
A bill was then introduced to change the venue, in the
Kane and Williamson case, from Delaware county to
Philadelphia.
New Jersey Affaire.
Trenton, Jan. 24, 1866.
The Air line Rai'raad bill whs introduced into our Le
gislative Assembly to-day, with a strong speech by Mr.
Pairy.
The State Temperance Convention was held here to-day.
The resolutions adopted declaie stroagly in favor of a
Prohibitory Liquor law.
Destructive Fire at Rome? Loss of Life.
Rome, N. Y.. Jan. 24, 1866.
A large block of wooden buUdiog* in this village, owned
by Wliedon, Hawley 4 Co., was destroyed by fire this
moraiag, and a man named John Miller, employed by a
grocer in the building, was burned to death, being in the
building when the roof fell in.
The building was occupied in part by the owners as as
storehouse, and was insured tor $6,000. The other occu
pants are aa follows : ? John Pollard, shoe dealer? loan
>1,600; insured for $1,000. Northrup & Etheridge, gro
cers ? loss $20,000; insured for $11,000. Shepbard k El
mer, butter dealers ? loss $20,000; insured for $16,000.
G. W. Tali, grocer ? lots $1,600; insured for $1,200.
The adjacent blocks were much injured. The total
loss is about $60,000.
The Southern Mall.
Baltimore, Jan. 24, 1866.
New Orleans papers of the 16th and 17 th Inst, are
received, but they contain no news worth telegraphing.
Railroad Accident.
Philadelphia, Jan. 24, 1866.
The four o'clock train from New York encountered,
near Metuchin, a vehicle crossing the track. Both horses
attached to the venicle were killed, and the driver was
(lightly it jured. The train was delayed an hour.
Markets.
BALTIMORE CATTLE MARKKT.
Baltimore, Jan. 24, 1866.
Thirteen hundred head of beeves were offered to day,
of which 520 were driven Eastward, 200 left over, and the
remainder sold at $6 a $8 76 net. Hogs in demand. Salts
at $7 50 a $7 76 per 100 lbs.
The Connolly Com.
EXAMINATION OF THE ACCUSED.
Yesterday morning, William Connolly, alias Cosgrove,
and his wife, Margaret Dura), alias Connolly, were brought
before Joatloe Osborne, to be more fully committed pre
vious to being conveyed to Boston for trial, on the charge
of larceny and robbery there preferred against them by
the Vermont merchant, Mr. J. Johnson. Officer Eatonj.
of the Boston police, appeared against them, and made
an affidavit against them, containing substantially the
same facts as published exclusively in the Herald.
Wednesday, Com ally had his beard and whiskers, which
were very heavy when arrested, shaved off, and looked
quite youthful lor ooe of his years and experience.
THE EXAMINATION OK TUB PIU80MRS
reads as tor own: ?
Oily and Cwirdy of New York, us. ?
William Connolly being duly examined before the un
dersigned, according to law, on the annexed charge, and
Wing informed thai, he watt at liberty to answer or not,
all or any questions put to him, states as follows, vil
Q. What is your name? A. William Connolly.
Q. How old are you? A. About 40.
Q. Where were you born? A. Dublin, Ireland.
Q. Where do you liver A. Corner of Sixth avenue and
Twenty-ninth street, New York.
Q. What is your occupation? A. Butcher.
Q. Have you anything to say, and if so, what, relative
to the charge here preferred against yon? A. I know
nothing of it whatever. Wll .T.IAM CONNOLLY.
Taken before me this 24th dav of January, 18(6.
B. W. OSBORNE, Police Justice.
City and CimiUy of New York, ss. ? Margaret M. Con
nolly being duly examined before the undersigned, ac
cording to law, on the annexed charge, and being inform
ed that the was at liberty to answer or not, all or any
questions put ta her, states as follows, viz.* ?
Q. What is your nameV A. Margaret M. Conn illy.
Q. How old are you? A. 36 years.
Q. W here were you born? A. State of New York.
Q. Where do j on live? A. Corner of Sixth avenue and
Twenty-ninth street, New York.
q. What is your occupation? A, 1 keep house.
(}. Have you anything to say. and if so, what, relative
to the charge heie preferred against you? A. I know no
thing of it; 1 bad nothing to do with it.
M. M. CONNOLLY.
Taken before me this 24th day of January, 1856.
B. W. OSBORNli, I'olice Justice.
The prisoners were then conveyed to the Tombs, to
await the arrival of a requisition from <?ov. Clark, pre
vious to being conveyed to Boston for trial.
Tbe oflicer states that the robbery took place on the
11th of September last, Immediately after which the ac
cused left the city and came on to New York. The male
prisoner, on being asked by Captain I/tonard why ho had
his beard shaved off, said that he thought he knew the>
party who had committed the robbery, and as he was
not unlike him in appearance and wore a heavy beard,
he thought it only proper, in justice to himself to divest
himself of the immense amount of hair whicn covered
his face. Blank contracts. a counterpart of the one
which Johnson was compelled to sign, was found in the
house where the occurrence took place. It will be re
membered that the woman (Connolly) when examined
on the stand in tlio case of Judge Stuart, refused to tell
where she livW in Boston, on the ground that it would
injure her reputation among her acquaintance if they
knew her real character and name. The prosumption
now is that she was afraid tbe authorities in Boston
would get some clue to the robbery which had taken
place at her dwelling if she said she resided in the very
house where the offeuce was committed a few month.*
revioasly.
An Alleged Fraudulent Banking Hauee.
ARREST OF THE PARTIES AND EXAMINATION BE
FORE JUSTICE OBBORfifT
Yesterday morning, officer Wallace, of the Kmigrant
Squad, arrested a person named Michael O'Beirne, keeping.
banking house at No. 36 Fulton street, under the name
of Roche, O'Beirne k Co., on charge or fraud while act
ing in the capacity of banker. The accused, It 1st
charged, has dctrauded hundreds of poor peeple out of
their hard earnings by getting advanoe* from tliem fur
their friends in Ireland and sending then worthless hills
of exchange upon the Royal Bank of Dublin, Ireland.
The complainant in the present case. Alice Connery
charges them with having defrauded her out of $10 by
giving her a worthless bill ol exchange on tho above
bank In return for tbe advance. The following receipt
from Roche, O'Beirne k Co. shows the extent of the
transaction :
f f/eeei/i-ierj , - ..
Kkki? this. .
i No. 30 Kitton St., New York, Oct. lflth, 1866. $
$ RecfMyed, from Minn Alicp Country, ten dollar*, tor?
i a draft issued on the Royal Rank ot Ireland, for two ?
5 pounds s'erling, in favor of John Conmry, No. J
* 21,973, for payment ot which we hold ourseite* re >
X sponsible. <
* ?2. $10. RO< HE. O'BEIRNE A CO. t
Betides ttte above receipt, Alice received a draft, wtUc^

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