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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 30, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 7093.
PEICE TWO CENTS,
IMPORTANT FROM CENTRAL AMERICA.
Opinions in Nicaragua on the Non-Re
oeption of Col. French*
THE PROPOSED INVASION OF HONDURAS.
Arrival ef Reinforcements and Colonists from
New York and California.
MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT OF GUATEMALA.
fiur Ponta Arenas, Virgin Bay, and San Vi
rente Correspondence,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
The .-tar of the West, Capt. Miner, brought u? letters
and papers from Pun ta Arenas (San Juan del Norte) to
? the 19th, Virgin Bay to the 18th, and Granada to the 18th
< ii stent.
Amcwg the passengers are General Hornsby and Capt.
Anderson, of the Mcaraguan amy.
Capt. Soott, tee Accessory Company's general agent at
the Isthmus, has completed the great wharf at Virgin
B ?y; It i* six hundred yards In length by five In breadth,
- and reaches to the verge of deep water, enabling at all
times the lake steamers to land and receive passengers
and freight in the greatest safety and oomfort. The old
branches have been necessarily withdrawn altogether.
Be has laid down at Punta Arenas another steam
er for the river, of far greater capacity and power than
any hitherto. She will be fitted, up in good style, with
Bleeping berths, and will be ready for launching in two
- tnonth*.
"Nicaragua is peace." General Walker has now eight
hundrtd and firty Americana under arms, and "theory
in still they come."
The suburbs of the city of Granada have been laid out
into building lots and already sold. A pier is being con
structed into the lake, to be ready for use early in the
ensuing month of March.
Schooners to Virgin Bay atd San Carlos, conveying
passengers and freight, are advertised to sail with
promptitude three times a week between those parts and
the city; and more than all, the rich absentees have re
turned to Granada, and the resumption of business is
firmly established.
OUR PUNTA ARENAS CORRESPONDENCE.
- Punta Abekas, Nicaragua, Jan. 10, 1856.
The Outward Voyage of the Star of the West ? Emigrants
for Nicaragua ? Councilman Kerrigan Captain of Com
pany A, tfnu Volunteer t, <?c.
The steamship Star of the West arrived here from New
York, after a pleasant run of 0 dsys and 18 hours. She
thought down about three. Hundred passengers, near two
hundred of whom proieed to San Francisco by the t'acle
Earn. The balance remain in Nicaragua, and purpose
Uniting their fortunes with Gen. Walker and his govern
ment. The vigilance cf Mr. McKeon and the United
States officers at New York has been eluded, for we have
about thir'y men of a class, pud whose appearance
would nrongly indicate that the means of paying their
passage was probab'y never ic their possession. In faot,
? feeing a witnes i to ths eztracr.7 inary efforts of Councilman
Kerrigan to hide away these men in the recesses of the
?hip's hold when leaving, and their subsequent joy in
finding they were permitted to go, leaves no doubt on
ttv mind that they have had a tree passage to this place.
They located themselves in the steerage, and there reigned
feupreme duiicg the voyage. Little regard was paid to
He protestations of Frenoh and Germans by the gentle
men from the Fourth and Sixth wards. Their com
plaints were unheeded. Counci m in Kerrigan, who hu
Seen elected Captain, devoted an hoar each evening to
- flrilling his company, and they gave evidence of a very
Jhir share of progress.
Among the cabin passengers are a number of person
Intending to settle in Granada. Captains Dusenberry,
. Bailey and McArdle, late of New York, are also amon?
4he passengers, and are aspirants to hoid commissions in
Walker's army, with what aucoess remains to be seen.
I enclose a lbt of the officers acd men of Kerrigan's
Companv:?
Captain, James K. Kerrigan.
First Sergeant, Charles Stoweil.
Privates ? Tagan, Reeves, Hall, Thryens, Conway, Csg
ley, I ?v man, Campbell, Morris, MsCartsn Moroney. Car
ter, Wise. Welch. Littlefleld. Anderson, Holmes, Knapp,
Murphy, I/ee, Hughes, Scott, Cardling, Johnson, McCar
thy, Carrato, Ward and Ransom.
itiese are intended to torm the raemSor* of a is'ow York
regiment; and are styled Compare A of that reg-'meut.
OUR VIRGIN BAY CORRESPONDENCE.
Vise IN Bat, Lake Nicaragua, Jan. 17, 1866.
' Qronquillity of the Republic? The Rivas Fiitle ? Organiza
tion of the Army? Symptom of Fusion between thr Kin
ney M'.n and Waikcritn? Public Improoem "nts ? Thi
Corral Treason ? Character of Guardiola ? Tht Indian
Population and General Walker, rfc., <tc.
All is quiet throughout the State. The reports of new
- devolutions and moie fighting which hare reached New
Toik ate wholly false. A small party of greasers, headed
a young man named Rivas, said to he an illegitimate
gon cf the President's, collected some weeks since at the
little village of Castilio, on the San Juan river, with a
view, an is believed, of robbing the Transit freight b>at?;
hut upon seeing a paity of Americana approach they took
to their heels and boats, and have not been heard of
hi nee. So sodden was their departure that they had to
leave behind their arms and ammunition.
Walker is continually receivlug recruits. He has now
a force of (even hundred and fifty men. To these may be
> added about two hundred and fifty Amtriuans residing
and doing buMuess in Nicaragua ? all friendly to Walker
and ready to take up arms in defence of his government.
Capt. Alphonse Sutter, son of Gen. Sutter, of California,
arrived here to-day with a company of seventy fine look
ing fellows from the Golden State. They proceed to Gra
nada this evening on board the Hteamer I.a Virgin.
1'ajor Schlesiuger, who came out in the Northern Light
despite the vigilance of Mr. Mclveoa, has been appointed
Ao the poat of Adjutant General, and 1* now in Granada,
lieut. De Wilt Clint cn, ofyonr city, la his aid.
Among the pattengers who go hence to-day on board
the .'an Carlos for Greytown, en route to New York, are
Brigsdler Gcneral C. C. Homsby and Captain Frank An
derson, two of the most gallant men of the Nlcaraguan
army. They were of the original fifty-six who first land
ed with Walker, ar.d both fought desperately in the battle
Of Rivas, where Anderson was badly wounded in the
head and leg. and IJornsby la the same "Old IToinsby'a
eon" who figured In the Santa 1> expedition. He fought
gailaiuly in the Texan war, am! faithfully perveu his
count! y ab a captain in the United States army in Mexico.
The Brigadier !s a fine louking soldier, six feet two inches
in height, upari and straight, with a handsome face,
keavy reddish beard and moustache. At the taking of
Granada he was the first man to enter tbe city, when he
did ictre crack shooting with his rifle, picking off the
greater* at a dUtcnce of six hundred yards. Among the
jsejourners in this place now are Col. Win. H. Vonog and
the lAdy I.lewevllcn ? the editor an) editress of tlia Ven
tral Am' wan, Kinney's paper, published at Greytown.
They have juit returned from a virit to Grauada. where,
1 understand, they had an interview with (Jen. Wal iter.
It is reported hereabouts that the Central American is to
be removed to tht" place, and published here a* a Walker
journal. The fine wharf now being built here by the
.Transit Company is nearly completed, and the wharf at
Granada is going on rapidly, under the superintendence
Of Captain Swift. Both tnU town and the city of Granada
?begin to have an American look. The government have
had surveyed and laid out in lots the beautiful slope of
lt?nd which lies between the city and the lake, and citi
zens ax well as strangers have been making siaie invest
ments therein. On this slope will be built the American
?>an of Granada.
Among the treasonable letters written by Genoral
'Corral after hit treaty of peace with Walker and the de
mocratic party, and for which treason he suffered doatli,
was a letter to Santos Guardiola, an officer of the leglti
?rUt party, imported from Honduras. Corral, whfle act
ing a* Ptesldent, wrote to this Guardiola to com* with
his ft lends, and suiprise Walker at Granada, and that h8
^ Cor ml) would co-operate wlili htm. In order that your
reader s may judge of the character of the man ? or
.rattier fiend? with whom Corral thus conspired, 1 will
extract a description of him from Onn'op's "Travels in
Central America. " published in 1840, in l.ondon. Dunlop
is an I ngilsh writer, and his account of Guirdiola is
cot firmed by tli? Rev. Frederick Crowe, an Knglish Bap
?tut missionary to Otatft America, who, on page 159 of
Ms "Gotojl In <?u?l??ilmeriea,*' nags:? "Don Santos
Ctiardmltrna* uMHUs'namae a terror, Wore which tho
iuhabltantv?4 towns', and villages alio learned to
flee, MekfsaThWW**?* hi* fary with wild toasts and
Vftvmmv ? oreatiirea lame and beneficent by
comparison Wtltnlm. This man may serve as a type of
the worst kind of irRltaty coftimanders He In described
tty Mr. Punlop as n dark colored mestizo, stint built, and
rather corpulent, 1 :S face expressing hl? fiendish temper;
but ? II 111 ed ty the soldiers, whom he Inrtulges in every
?ay. To bis h*blf? of Intoxication may be abided ever*
i je.iesof rice wh!eh be nan*! aw<>n? tho rieJoas
inhabitants of Central America; and frequently tn hi<
drunken fit* he order* people to be shot who hare in no
thing offended him, while at all time* the moat trilling
expression, incautiously uttered, is sufficient to cause
tht. babbler to be shot without merer. In private life he
is as brutal as ean well be ima^'taM- In all the towns
through which he passes he makes * habit of calling in
the best looking we men he ean see; and after subjeotlng
them to infamous treatment, he drives them forth with
the most I limiting epithets. " To the tender mercies of
this demon would 'the good Corral'' have given ever not
only Walker and his men. but alv> the women tad chil
dren of I-eon and other democratic places. Here in Nlca
rngua tl in bru'e is known by a l as "Guardiola, the
Butcher;" while to the officers and men of Vfalkei '* c >u>
n and, who (ought at Virgin Bar, he in known as 'flmr
diola, the Coward." For, at the battle at this plaj* this
wretch commanded 1he tegi inil*t force, but provsl bin
pelf an arrant coward by taking to h^rse and deserting
bis men within twenty it mutes after the lljlit com
merced. He lied to Rlvits. where, throwing himself from
his (-'addle ai (1 calling for a bottl? ol rum, he deslared
that be "had done fighting the Yankees ? Unit if there
were soy persons in Nicaragua brave enough to face
American lifles they night go and try it; for hLi part,
he had had enough of them/'
The Indians ot Nicaragua are all friendly to Walker,
many of whom have visited Grnnada on purpose to see
him, having heard that be was a (pay eyed man, and
having been taught by tradition that a gray-eyed man
w?s to deliver them from Spanish rule.
Walker has very expresnive light gray eyes, and those
Indians who have seen th?m have expressed tneir belief
that "the gray-ejed man'* has come at last, an<i that
their days of bondage are over. The parents or Walker
came from Scotland and sottted in Tennessee, where he
wis born. He was thirty-one years < f age last May. He
studied medicine in Philadelphia and Paris; law in New
Orleans; prnctiHed law and edited newspapers in Louisi
ana and California; entered Nicaragua with fifty-six men,
snd took the capital with less than a hundred. He Is
cool, brave and industrious, and has no taste for wine,
women or money. In short, he is one of the men we will
read about in the history of CENTRAL AMERICA.
INTERESTING BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE OF
GENERAL WALKER.
ROM AK TIC INCIDENTS OF HIS EARLY CAREER ? HIS
LOVE AFFAIRS, ETC.
TO THX EDITOR OP TUX HERALD.
A very general misconception prevalU throughout the
country, and especially in the North, relative to the
charaoter, motives, antecedent", principles, &c., of the
young man who has recently placed himself at the
head of affairs in Nicaragua. An intimate friend has
snpplied us with Information relative to General Walker
which will no doubt be Interesting to our readers, and
may be regarded as authentic.
William Walker is the very reverse of the character
general assigned to him. Those who have been in the
habit of regarding him as a reckless desperado and ad
venturer, a speculator In revolutions, ? res'less lover of
war, bloodshed, Instigated to deeds of lawless violence
by the hope of redeeming desperate fortunes, or the
ambition to figure before the world in a character
which, whilst denounced and reprobated by the conser
vative lew, never fails to kindle the enthusiasm and
sympathy of the popular mass of this groat, progressive,
filibustering republic.
How astonished would be those who have formed this
Idea of Walker's charaoter, if they could see, hear and
Know the real man. Except his indomitable courage,
Walker lacks every other quality to make up the charac
ter of the desperado and m klel filibuster. A smalt, si
lent, sedate, meditative, scholarly, homely man, appa
rently but little versed in the practical affairs of the
world or in the knowledge of man; slow, deliberate and
dtawling in speech, modest, shrinking and unimpassion
ed in his demeanor, he is the very last man la a hundred
millions who would bo picked out as the leader in the
desperate undertakings he has headed. It is this false
estlmato of Walker's character whlsh has led so many
persons to regard his present scheme of Anglo- American
izing the central S fates of this continent as will and
Quixotic.
General William Walker is thirty-three years of sge, and
in the eon of a highly respectable merchant anl Presi
dent of an insurance company in Nashville, Tennessee.
He received an excellent scholastic aud collegiate educa
tion, and at an early age commenced the study of medt
c ine. In the prosecution cf his stadias ha visited Parte
On kie return home he abandoned the medical profession
and tcok to that of law, ih which he graduated wi th dis
tinction, and proceeded to New Orleans, where he hung
out bis sign as attorney and cnnseilor. But the retir
ing, modest manner, aiid studious tastes of Walker were
not adapted to the pushing, practical habits 01" the peo
ple of the great Southern mart. He did not succeed at
Iw, therefore; and requiring Home vent 'or his '? pent
up" ideas, connected himself with the t'racmt newspa
per, then a tew and very vigorously conducted j juraal.
Af sociated with J. C. Larue? now Ju<lge Larue? and with
S. F. Wilson, one of the editors and proprietors of tho
Picayune, Walker soon began to make his mark in th
columns of tbe Cm-rent. His articles were cliarac'erized
by thoughtfulnees, by a conservative spirit, and a su
preme contempt for all demagegueism.
Among tils ablest and earliest contributions to the
Creicent were certain aiticles against the tendency of
American? to invade the territory of their neighbors, and
fn ridicule of the designs of the filibusters A fierce
oontioversy on this theme arose between Walker of the
Cre rent and Walker of the Delta, the laUerbiing the first
of the filibuster journalists in the South. The conserva
tive tone of the Crescent nearly destroyed that journal,
and necessitated the retirement of Walker, who emi
grated to Fan Francisco. Be'ore this evcat, however,
being involved in a persoral tjuarrel with the editor of
tbe Spanish paper La Patria, he proceeded to the office
of tbe editor and severely Hogged him. In San Francis
co Walker soon attracted notice, as one of the editors of
that very pugnacious journal, the fan Francisco 7/sroW;
got into a quarrel with one of the Judges, was imprisoned
lor contempt; impeachod the Judge before the Legis
lature, disp aying great ability and eloquence in
the conduct of the prosecution, and lought a duel
with one of the Judge's friends. After several other
sci apes, in all of which Walker manifested great coolness
and determination. we next find him at the head of a
hundred wild youths, proceeding to conquer an empire
from Mexico. The very desperation of the enterprise con
tributed to the success which, for some time, crowned
Walker's efforts. Be achieved several victories over
greatly superior Mexican forces, and inspired them with
euoli a fear of bis rifles and revolvers, that they would
never come within Bhooting distance ol' his little party,
but hung on bis rear and cut off his communication*.
Ihe indomitable spirit and intense earnestness of Walker
sustained him ttarojgh all tbe suffering and perils which
beset bim. in the desperate strait into which he nil
driven. With fcis score of ragged, shoeless men? or
ratter boys ? from San Francisco and New Orleans, he
continued to issue proclamations, bearing the signature
Of William Walker, President of the Republic ol I.ower
California. Tne world regarded this as a Uughable joke,
mere bagatelle, but Walker was iu earnest. Indeed,
earnestness and seriousness are his prominent traits. He
is a man who never laughs or jokes and is inseneiblo to
ridicule or sarcasm. Finally, W uik*r being reduced to ?tir
vation, and hark g but six men to follow him, retired, like
Viarelial Ney befi re the Russian Cossacks, with his face
to the foe, and arrived safely In California. His subse
quent caieer Is too fresh in the minds ol our readers to
justify an extension of this article by the detail of his
wonderful vistories, escapes, reverses aud final success,
and concluding a long and bloody revolution is a State
containing a half a million of people, and establishing,
amid the ruin and chaos of centuries of ini'rule awl
civil strife, a solid and real government. For the taJNc
thus assumed by him Walker possesses great fitness. Be
is studious, deliberate, intelligent and well informed.
Secretary Marcy and President rleroe will soon discover
that he is fully as well read In International law and his
tory as they are. Walker's ambition, too, has none of
the taint of the speculator and egotist, lie despises
money, and bus a great di-taste for the disMpa'ions,
pleasures and indulgences or our Southern you'h. He is
equally ignorant o' cards and cocktail*, cigars and cog
riac. He is, in fact, a mnn of intellect end sentiment ?
of a high and lofty ambition. To create a new republic,
composed of the five States of Central America, is his
a in;, and he will reach it. In spite ol the opposition of
Marcy ard the abolitionists.
The history of (leneral Wa ker, like that of all men of
mark, is not free from the romance of love as well as that
of war. Whilst a law stadent in New Orleans, he con
ceived a warm attachment for a very interesting
young lady, who was born deal and dumb. She had been
well educated and was of very engaging manners. Her
misfortune drew to rards her the sympathies and legard
Of all tender hearted persons. With nil characteristic
originality and peculiarity of feeling and sentiment,
Walker became warmly enamored of this youag lady.
She reciprocated his regard, and for some time they were
never happy unless together. He soon acjuired a know
ledge of her signs, and they conversed with great faslilty.
the medium of tceir conversation no doubt adding zest
to their enjoyment. At last some slight misunderstand
ing interrupted their laterconrso, and before a reconcilia
tion could he effected the young lady died. This event
gave a tinge of melancholy to the thoughts and charac
ter of Walker. Perhaps, as many of his friends thought,
it produced the great change in his character which en
sued?a change from the quiet, modest student to the
bold, daring, dauntless revolutionist and warrior.
MR. BRAND A* AND COL. H0RN8BY.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Vmou Bat, Jan. 12, 18S6.
In March but, 1 sent a letter to a friend, then residing
in New York, who remitted you the same under his
Initials, P. C., and it was publish** in your paper of tho
20th March, 1866, impugning the motives and implicating
the good conduot of Col. C. C. Bornsby, while In this coun
try, in January and Fobruary last. For any expreselons in
thit manner injuring Col. Hornsby's reputation, f have
to day apologized to blm, as at the time i wan perfectly
unacquainted with this gentleman's mo wives and move
ments, and without considering I the harm suob language
might cause by apj earing in public print. I hereby re
quest you to give this space in your columns, as it will,
I have no <?oubt, remove all false impressions and injury
in regard to Cel. Hornsby, which the above lotter may
hi e produced by being :>"blish?d li? your widely elrou
latedr?I?*- I,.
CENTRA!. AMERICAN POLITICS.
The HoUiin OJi-.i il of Km J ate, of January 9 1850, gives
.the following summary of recent events in Central A<ne
lU'a. In Guatemala, Congrea* had assembled and the
Pi^Menl iMl to them bin Message. In Salvador, tba
peopt'c await impatiently th* result of th? Presidential
reotie Q?- Dueimo, fcSantin and Campos are the candidate-!,
of whsfn the first iff expected to obtain the majority. in
UondamH, ulnoe the flight of President Cabanas. General
Loj.ec, *fco had defeated him with the aid of tne troips
of Gaatttrnala, called to the exercise of the executive
power the ViciJ-Preaidtnt, I' S. Bucso, who remained in
offiett for a fen' ("ay*, but, overpowered by illcess, hj
abandoned' bid post to frenar I). Francisco Aguilar; co -ig
noted by the law to replace turn. At present everything
in tranquil in IhL* ?Ulo. The t oopg of Guatemala, it 1<
lumortd, have g"ii Lack to their country.
A great n an; mi gran s from Nioaragua h?v? ar -ive I
at ihe frjD'lerrt of Koodur <. an>1 obained frot oa-imge,
under c< million u> respeoi 'he prlncip.e proaUluied b/
the govcriitnen'.. of neutrally and nan ii-terven'.iun In
tUetnteiior aitiirH of tha". republic. fleverthele -i thrs aro
tcrlous apprebtnnioLH tbat Cabanaa, in consection with
<.fner?l Walker, will iaUe the old national banner at >
petext for i etui aing to Honduras, of attacciog Guate
mala, acd provoking a general war ".n Central America.
In Nicaragua the government of General Walkei aeeoit t >
bfc gtttl!.g firmly established. It ia re;wrtel that Colonel
(jilluian and Capt. Davidson have been condemned tn death
by two of the judge* who xentenoed General Corrall.
Maoy foreigner* have protested and taken to (light. In
consequenie of the lepcated and forced contrlbutijun laid
u pon them. A* to our own peaceful republic, Costa Rica,
'.be principal faet of the last fortnight is that the gwvrn
u.ent baa offered to Messrs. Riench and Schaaoht, pro
prietor! of the Hamburg steamer Ktnilla, variiui prlvi
'eges and a subvention of 80,000 pews in ten- years, for
otabliahlrg a steam line between tha ports ot Panama
and San Jose, in Guatemala, touching at I'uita Arenas.
This line, whioh is of immense importance to oar State,
is likely to be soon established.
RESIGNATION OP DON MAXIMO JEREZ, MIN
ISTER OP FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
Granada, Jan. 8, 1860.
To Tin Phovibional Pbhsumnt of the Kkppbijc or Mica
rauca: ?
Without any other motive than my disagreement
with the r evolutions whicb have been arrived at relative
to the affairs of the Rtats of Honduras, which, in my
opinion, compromise the honor and true interest* of Ni
caragua, I regret to be compelled to tender my resigna
tion of tne Ministry or Foreign Affairs, with which the
supreme or -visional government has honored me, being
convinced that, under such circumstances, I am the lea it
proper person to discharge the (unctions of tbat office.
Ibe franknecB with which the affairs In uuestion have
been treated, relieves me from the necessity of giving
any explanations of my ideas.
I do not doubt but that the Provisional President will
acoept my present resignation, with the expression, at
the same time, of my sincere tliaukB for the honor and
confidence conferred cn me. MAXIMO JERK/..
Republic ok Nicaragua, Minibtry of tbe Governmknt, \
Gran aba, Jan. 9, 1856. >
The government, considering the resignation of the
post ol Minister of Foreign Affairs, tendered by General
lK>n D. Maximo Jerez, consider log further the just rea
sons which support it, and making use of his authority,
cleereee : ?
1. The resignation tendeied by General D. Maximo Jerez
is accepted.
2. In his place is nominated Sr. Don Norberto Ramirez.
8. The ptesent to be communicated to all whom it con
cerns. ftlVAS.
DEATH OF DON 8ILVESTRE SELVA.
[From El Niearaguense ]
On the 31nt ol December, 1856, at 11 o'clock at night,
ci<Ki in the city of (iranadu, Don Si I vest re Selva. the last
of the veterans of liberty, one of the fathers cf the inde
pendence of Nicaragua. who, when this State was yet a
province of the Spanish monarchy, had the noblo courage
to encounter |>erils, and death itself, in order to shake off
that degrading and disastrous yoke. Sr. Selva was one
? f those who, in the year 1811, raised in this city the
first ciy for independence? a ten Ibis crime at that un
happy period, and even abominable in the eye* of the
mujoriiy of our compratiots, whom the partus mm of
Spanish absolutism had led to believe that independence
was synonymous with heresy. But Sr. Selva did not
belong to that common class of fanatics ; liis lore of
liberty and oquality assumed the force of a violent pas
sion, which did not calculate danger when it became a
question of i entering the people of Nicaragua to the
impiescriptible rights of man.
After these Ilrst attempts at patriotism were frustrated, -
Sr. Selva suffered not only the penalties of a trial, im
prisonment ard banishment, tut became, alao, the victim
r f the public odium visited at that time on liberals, who
were stigmatized by the infamous empithet inturgenle.
But these trials did sot terrify Sr. Belni When, in
1821, he beheld tlx standard of independence raised, he
wrs one oi the first whe hastened to embrace It, and
later, when this country was incorporated into the Mex
ican eippire, Sr. Selva was ore of the tew brave men who,
in thia city, proclaimed the nationality of Central Ameri
ca. and lis absolute independence of Spain, Mexico, and
all other Powers.
Since that time Sr. Selva has occupied
several posts of the h-'gest rank ? representative
in the first Constituent Assembly, Senator in
two legislatures, Provisional Chief of the State,
Minister of Finances, President of the Board of Pu&li;
Instruction and Charity. He always discharged in an
cQicient and dignified manner his duties, ever ready to
sacrifice himself to the welfare of his country, the con
stant objict of his devotion.
When in the year 18-14 he occupied the seat of the exe
cutive, he was by the President ol Sslviidor felicitated in
ilitse honorable terms: ? " Inhabitants of Nicaragua? I
congratulate yon on the fortunate choice you have nude
fcr President ir. the person of Senpr Selva, a veteran of
int'epeudetce, who has grown old in struggling f >r ?l
beity and endeavoring to ameliorate your coudit ion; he
will now exclusively devote himself to give jou peace
arul to tevo'ope by his energy all the ge:ms of riches
which Providence has lavished upon your country."
At lergtb, lired of politicalcccupa'.ion. Sr. Selva retired
iotopinate life, where ho filled the duties of a good hus
banc and a tender fathor, being distinguished, moreover,
l>y his Christian and exemplary conduct to the end of hl?
farcer. He died at the age of 68. on the anniversary of
the day on which he was born, tne 31st Doc . 1777.
llis funeral took place, with all possible solemnity, the
President of tiie Ilopuilic, and his Ministers, and several
high functionaries and friends of the family following it.
In conformity with the instructions of the government,
to pay every mark of respect to the remains of this Illus
trious citizen, a guard o; honcr, with a band of military
music, marched behind the coffin, which was preceded by
the s jns of tho deceased, from the Parochial Cnurch to
tbat of Pan Francisco, where he was interred in the
t b? pel of the Convent, in compliance with his last in
struction*.
THE TARIFF.
Rm B1JC OP NlCARAflUA, MlNlffTP.T OV FINANCE, )
Granada, I'ec. '.>2. 1855. J
TtlK I'ROVISIONAL PRE?tnKST OK TUB I'.KITHUC ol' NlCARAUL'A
to rw Inhabitants:?
Wishing to remove all doubts as to the sen?e of the de
cree of the Oth of November last, concerning the duties
paid by foreign liquors, and likewise to fix tne taxes to
be laid on tobacco, which always paid a specified duty,
the President of the Republic, uilng his uuthorlty, de
crees: ?
Art. 1. That foreign liquors shall continue to pay 25
ccntaros per bottle.
Att. 2. That leaf tobacco, tcbacco for chewing anl
tappoe shall pay 75 centaros per pound, and both articles
be exempted from the storage duties which they previously
paid.
Art. 3. The present decree to bo communicated to all
whom it concerns. PATRICIO IUVAS.
NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS.
The following items of Granada city news are taken
from El Nicaraguense ot January 5: ?
The New Year's Eve Ball, given by the American oflicors
of the army, came off on Monday night In brilliant styla.
We were absent from the city, and of course could not
be present, but friends inform us that considering the
time given to prepare the rooms and the difficulty of pro
curing anything out of the ordinaty use of the inhabi
tants, the officers deserve great credit for the neatness
and taste displayed in the deco-nthns an 1 sumptuous
ness of the supper. Altogether the ball is represented
as having been veil gotten up, and the night paisod off
very pleasantly, the ladies being delighted by the speci
men of an American ball, and tripped it lightly in many
a waltz and quadrille.
Cnpt. Skerrit, whom we have all heard of in Texan
History, arrived in this city last Wednesday morning,
nnd we uaderstand he intents attaching himself tons.
We lio^e so, as such an acquisition is not to be neglected.
The citizens of Granada intend t3 give a complimen
tary ball to the officers of the army, which is to outrival
the one given on Monday night. Success t j the move.
Keep the bull rolling.
lust Tuesday the Decoration Committee of the bull
given by the officers ef the army the evening previous
presented, through Co'onel Hornsby, a beautiful Nicara
guan Hag. as a New Year's present to General Walner.
Captain D. K. Hay ley, with Company A, left this city
on Thursday, at 8 o'clock, A. A., m roiit < for l.eon. >\e
wish them a pleasant trip. It Is rumored that Goneral
Walker will lollnw In a tew days.
We understand that Captain Skerrit. who a-rivedhere
on Wednesday night direct from San Kraucisco, has re
ceived the appointment of colonel In the army. Colonel
S. hoe seen much severe service In the Texan wars.
We notice the appointment of Wm. P. I^wfs to the
first lieutenancy of Company F, in place of H. O. Portor,
removed.
About one hundred recruits cauie down on the Cortes.
They report at least five hundred at San I ranclseo
anxious to join the Nicaragua army, but as yet they
have been unable to obtain tickets.
The wharf at Virgin Bay is rapidly approaching to
wards completion.
A tinner's establishment is about being started at
Virgin Bay.
A six hours' ride in the yacht General Walker is a de
lightful recreation from one's labors.
Messrs. (lerrard, of Virgin Bay, keep one of the best
hotels In Nicaragua. A word to the wise.
Tbe same paper of January 12, says:?
The Commissary of War will keep a mail hag open
In his office for the reception of mall matter until u 1'.
M., Monday, 14th.
General C. C. Hornsby, second in corn?o'*nd In the Nlca
ragnan army, left us yesterday to visit, ftgaln the soenes
of other <nys. In the afternoon, previous to his em
barkation, the battalion was called out for inspeotlon nnd
review, and a finer set of men ws- have no hesitation in
saying, neveT entered the field together. Ceneral Horns
by took them through t>,e different military man<r<n?rei,
which were executed irith much prtoisioti and c.Mit,
both to the and men, finally. la ? tow re
marks. bade tht'm ? temporary farewell. The General
was cheered severe.1 time* during the eranng, ail was
escorted to the bea"-h by a boat of hia com pnn <> as in
arm* aud other fiienda.>
On Last evening, Fran.1* Andertan, Captain of Com pan f
E-, departed from thin ?*ty, for New York. We were
norry to witness his " gclCC out franr amongst us;" but
so it is in lKe ? we must eye.* P*rt t /?? omr Mat friends.
We understand that the Qvptain left this place ad
visedly- his medical adviser bv Bering tlat a change to u
colder climate than our own ao'dd, copied with pr >per
treatment, place him in a pvivtioi to undertake the
atduous du*ies which devolve upo '? him a* senior Oaptata
of the force# of Nicaragua. lie waOesoJrtfl to the bjacU
by t)*e int niberN of liw company arid peruonal friends,
who, on hi* embarkation, staitled tli "Whmw of Granada,
?y three long and d.uifeuing oheers. We vei*h Csptnin
Anderson a pleatant pafsuge, a stievdf recovery, and
quick retain.
We leara that the schooner Santa Cr **, bound from
>! is port to intermediate ports below, wu) i?rerke 1 about
tweuty-flTu miles this sl<3e o' Virgin Bay. No ilreH were
lo-t, and the freight generally was saved.
AJtRlVAL OF CO1.0NI8T3 IN NICABA.00 A*-3TA1SSN0
OUT CLAntH? THE SOIL AND C'LIM -Tt.
(1'ioui K> N kuu-aguense, Jan. 12. *
1 he work of colonization has faiily oomnionced. The
last Ktenmthip from Caufjinia brought down a party of
enterprising agriculturists, who propose to put down
t- takes at once. Several more of the Name sort Ilavo like
it i?c ai rived from the Atlantic States. They bring ua
noid that many of tLeir frionds are miking prey Sratlon*
to follow, while others are awaiting further reports be
lore qulttiag their i resent habitations '"for fresh Holds
and pastures new." These- men, in looking upon our
eunny bill sides and fertile plain*, aeem to entertain the
Scriptural idea that God made the earth capable of
yleli Ing, from its mighty bosom, all that may contribute
to the comfort and happiness of hia creatures, and gave
it to man with an injunction te wark therein and lwre
dominion over it. As this divine- injunction is obeyei,
the earth itself smiles and) is glad; and the worll is better
theiefor? let neutrality laws and treaties concocted in
Downing street or Pennsylvania avenue suffer as thjy
may.
Theie Is no portion of the American continent which
offers advantages superior to Nicaragua an a Held for
colonists. It has all the desirable varieties of climate
and soil. Its geographical position? midway between
the California and the Northern Atlantic Sta'es, affurd
itg, too, the tnly practicable route for a ship canal by
which the wealth of far Cathay may be freighted to those
Mat<>s? cannot be surptesed. The accounts which daily
? each ns ot the almost fabulous wealth of its minora!
districts, lead us seiiou.sly to believe that it may yet
be found to excel California in this particular. Con
?ider, tgaln, the vait herds of cattle and deor upon its
savannah?, the great abundance and variety of the
cabinet woods It possesses, the ease with which every
thing necessary to sustain life can be produce!, and
we are not surprises at the interest taken in our
a flairs abroad, cr at the immigration which from every
quarter is tending to our shores. To tho>e who
have expressed a sympathy with us and in thetr prayer*
to Heaven ssk God to speed us onward, we return our
heartfelt thanks; fr< m those envious and malicious per
sons who have sought to eDoumber our path with obsta
cles, aud to stir up the worst passions of our enemies
spainst up, we turn away 'more in sorrow than in mi
g.r," for we feel, to use a nautical expiertion, that we
aie Meadily foigug ahead, notwiths'-anoirg. There is
yet another class to lie alluded to. They are a squad of
unhappy objects of human commlsa??atio<i ? drivelling
old diplomats, alaverin' fellows, who 0^nd gaping alter
u: with a hand plastered over either Mr, like old Sol.
Gills, the instrument maker, as if the world had really
got a leng, long ways ahead, and they wore comp'e'ely
tewildered with its ihundeiiog in the distance. These
* e look upi n al<cr the manner of Byron, wheu he said?
Ana if I laugh at aoy mortal thing,
'lis that I may cot weep.
divisions in thk walker-rivas oamnet? thk
IMMEDIATE INVASION OP HONDURAS A DIFFI
CULTY?RESIGNATION OP GENERAL JKREZ.
[Kxom El Nicsraguenee Jan. 12. J
We publish tcday Gen. Jerez's resignation of the Min
istry of Heiations. We regret the coarse which thelie
neral bag thought it bis duty to take, as in the present
pre visional c< n< Ition of pub!ia"aff<iits we think the State
can ill afford to dispense with the seivices of a gentleman
of his talents anu tried patriotism. As will be seen by
the General'* leter, the motives which actuate hiui are
?n co? wee with Ids character iatic delicacy, and spring
(Yr m an orer refined senf-ibility, and not al all from any dU
nffection to the government wuich he has so largely c >n
tiibuted to establish. Nevei tholes*, there are not want
toft ill dispesed and unprincipled persons who will not
fail to nit represent his conduct and endeavor to make it
a pretext lor an attempt to uwettle public opinion and
renew the disorder* by whlca alone the* hope to lire.
The gr< und ct the difference in the Cabinet, aa will be
teen, la 'he Question of an immediate invasion if Hondu
ras, fur the restoration of General Cabanas to power in
that State. General Jerez does not forget that when an
exile be found shelter and aid In Honduras, And that to
Cabs oas he is indebted ior the means of commencing the
i evolution which has recently resulted so fortunately in
Nicaragua. Aa a patriot nevoted to the cause of liberal
institutions in Central America, he Justly venerates the
character and serviges of Cabanas, the friend and com
panion in aims of the martyred Merazan. Private grati
tude and a classic fidelity to the historical leader of the
party which he espoused in his youth, and has so ably
served in manhood liave in our o'pinion. cwayed his con -
duct in tliii instance, in opposition to his sounder judg
ment.
the government are equally as devoted to the c\iue of
liberal Imtitutioi.s in Central America as is General
Jerez. But they have ihonght that ihe wiser course
to advance ;he general prosperity was not aggres
sion, tut to assure and consolidate the general
peace. Nicaragua, so lorg torn and devastated bv inter
nal strife, neeus repose, tier cities must be rebuilt, her
lands recuitivated, comnie:ce reca led to ber shores, and
>he active Interchange of prcductions and of ideas with
the world at large will strain diffuse tl.-hesand content
ment through all her benders. In this mauner her ex
air p'e will \\ in a bloodless victory, and W ad the adjoining
states to imitate her boneticent institutions, and seek a
closer union with her fortunate people. Hut if not ? if
the hunane and philanthropic desires of the government
should be thwarted, the proffered olive branch rejected
and nn attack should con.e from any quarter, than Nica
rsgua, grown invincible in her repose, with all her ener
gies repealled snd all her strength conoentrated. will,
? ith a single blow, crush every opponent and forever
liberate Cential America from the chains of savage des
potism and an aristocracy aa senseless as tyrannical.
In our juc'gment, in the pursuit of the comm m end,
the course of the gevcinmcnt ia wi-er than that of Gen.
Jerez.
PROMOTIONS IN THE NICARAGUA N ARMY.
[ Fre m K1 Nicaragunnae, Jan. 12.1
In our notice lust week ot the promotion ot Capt. Mark
B. Skerrett to a Colonelcy, the Col. 'a name was in two >u
stances mlssielled.
Col. C. C. Hornsby, Brigadier General.
Col. IH>d Biuno Natzmer, Inspector General.
l.ouis Schlcainger, Adjutant General, with the rank of
Colonel.
Dr. Josiali C. Gessner, Assistant Surgeon, with the
rank of Cap'uin.
John W. Ryder, Captain ot Company G.
.Second Lieut. Thomas Poland, Governor of the Hospi
tal, with the rank of ? ? .
Pe Witt Chiton, Aid to Col. Ionia Sohlesinger, with
the rank of Second Lieutenant.
Fred. Fluroaurt, Second Lieutenant, attached to the
Adjutant's cilice.
ADDBK68 TO CAPTAIN HARPER, OK COMPANY 0.
Sa* Fram isco Chcticii, Qi'ARTRKe or Company G. )
City or Gra.yad.?, Nicakaoim , Jan. 12, 1866. (
To Jobm H. Hahikr, Esq ? We, the undersigned, mem
bers of Compsiy G., (John W. Iilder, captain command
ii^)ln garrison assembled, hereby offer to you our un
turned regret at ttie chain of events which have trans
plied toiemoveyon from that office which our entire
confidence In vour merits induced us to offer you, and to
which we unanimously fleeted yon, having been pre
viously aware of those uniortur.ate reports wbloh liive
been so rralicionsly circulated, ami which were so well
calculated to blast vour reputation as a soldier and a
gentleman, all ot which we llrmlc believe, with time and
opportunity, you will he enabled to refute. We further
beg to offer yon every assurance of our continued and
lasting esteem, under any or all circumsUnoes in which
you may be slaoed.
J.Taylor, Orderly Sgt., J. F. Morgan, 1st Sgt , frank
tollman, 'Jd Sgt., V. O. Coibln, 8d Sgt. Privates ? Ash
ton, Adams, Atbury, Bird, HlRckburn, Bolan, Buckley,
Cady, Cattrcw, Connor, Coleman, Carter, Carvsr, Clark,
Lean, Pel'iewer, Elliott, E lis, Knnis, Knbank.s. Evans,
Korrest, Frylay. (Joodale. German. George. Gray. Hyman,
Kcnney, Kirkpatrtafc, Cottman, I*timei , l.yous, Martla,
Morgan, McCtmky, Noble, I'almer, l'inkam, Cottle, I'rjer,
Haw lion, Rogers, fockwelL I latest raw, Snoivi Starr,
Heliepp, Trapp, Tabor, WUtman, White, Wilkinson,
Wilson, Whlpplo.
RELATIONS OP NICARAGUA TOWARDS THE UNITED
6TATEP? NON ?P< KPTtON OP HF.R MINISTER AT
WASHINGTON?THE CL AYTON-BULWKlt TRKATY.
[From II Nlcaraguenzo Jan. 12.]
The new- of the non-reception of onr Minister to the
I'nited States, by that government, has Ixen the subject
if much comment in Granada. Tho ground taken by tho
American g> vernment >miiw to be that thoy have not
sufficient evidence lhat Col. French Is the representative
of any government whatover. Kith?r tho Cabinet at
Washitiglon are determined to be profoundly ignorant of
the state of affair* here, or they are about to set up new
doctrines of international law, such dottrhies, too, as
wonld fcavo left the l'nlte<l Statrs at this day a proviues
of Great Britain. If Mr. Marcy does not regard the pro
se nt government of Nle.arairia? a ge vernment <tt facto
and lie ,ptrt, too ? <t is hard to conceive what sort of a
government would lie so considered by him. Nicaragua
was in a state ot revolution? opposite partiei were under
aims? the one party, by the aid of (ieneral Walker and
bis army, gained the ascendancy, the other party con
ceded the lac', signed a treaty of (>eaee, and acknowledged i
the supremacy of the party in power: agreed to lay
<Jown their arms, did so, and acknowledged fealty to the
new government. To an impartial observer this would
scom to bo something like a government in fact. Since
tie treaty, all has been quiet, the rights of persons have
been respected, property nai been secure, ne>l>ody has at
timpted another rcvolutlem, nobody desires one: the peo,
pie are satisfied, or say they are; buitnsss is progressing,
Improvements are going on at a rapid rate, the defr At(Hj
pa. ty tails Into the views of the party in power, as*,, w|tj1
the government, its members become part and '^aroel of
the government, and no chance is desired, '.ms would
be called a rightful govemmeut by most mer. nnj, nr
Marey thir.ks it may not be? he will wait f ? jt further evi
dence. Pee* Mr. Marey reerl'.eot that the p?opte of Ncrth
An eiica cnce rebelled agalnft thogi tvnrnent wl ich ccn
ti> lied them, took up arms, and i>'(th the asdita ice of
smh "flllb'istori" aa 1+^A) DeKnih Steuben. ?jd
some other persons who ?. Tossed ths Atlantis for Um
purpose, after a war of inorn than seven years, "eon
quered a peaoe," which the g.vreriiineut paity a c know
ledgtd ia a treaty, upon precise!/ the Hams plan that wan
adopted hereV This pieoe of history ought to bt
furnished Mr. Marcy, and, U fc?,vetary of State, he
ought to mention it to his associates 'a the Cabinet; and
Mr. Gushing, the government lawyer, > night to take down
hia bookN and refer to the doctrine* the. , held in America,
and sustained even in England. By such a course, they
would i>ee that they hare been making the vnaelves appear
very ridiculous, and might, perhaps, bt' 'educed t > se>
abcnt g*tt ng agsln on the right track, wbi ??*? they have
trnithtw all lost night of, in running after rat '?<" seduc
tive isms of late.
The North American government is clearly d.^rfng to
exhibit towards JCi giaua a furiously virtuous ana etoend
itiglj mtgnaniuM Ut course of conduct, So having forgot
ten that st the end of the Amerl ian revolution, the King
of Gieat Britain did not herniate to receive John A ^ (me
a> a mil inter (rem their own government, they re.'iwe
Ci>l. liencli. dian.etrwaily in opposi.ira to tuelr own p "?
cedra'.s. This wouid teem to be, of itself, an act suiA
nieutly degrading, but the administration Rt Wa?hingt'>rr'
does nothing al halve*. It La? lats'y fit. lea In love witti
Gieat Britain, ?r,d notwithstanding luat th?y hitve, from '
lin e to tiise, talked about a certain " Mouror dfcc'.tioe " 1
which they eay raeaiiH that European i'oven shall not
interfers witn the affairs of American govsrnineuU,
have ccceluded th;X the '? Bui wer treaty " ban s ime
how got ea mixed uu witti thii "Mouroe dootnoe" that
it has nearly spoiled It, aod they do not th'uk it wite to
administer any "Monroe dcctrine" at prineut. NW this
Bulwer treaty is a compact between the United States
and Groat Bri^iln, in which it is agreed that tsjth go
vernments sliall form a ring around the JMate of Nica
ragua and tho Husquito king, and allow them to ttght I
out the <iuest.9o of title to that part of the Statu which
borders on ths Atlantic. Among the articles of the
treaty is one to the effect Shat neither tho fnvarnmsnt
of Great Brits w nor that of tbe United Stites shall
furnish arms, armed inen ncr colonists, nor attempt to
colotlzs the territory in question, but allow the partins
to fight it out if they wish. Tiiis would seem to be Qkt
enough, only the "Monroe flee trine'' was laid on' thw
shell while the treaty was ratay. eise Great Britain couldi
never have been a party to it; isnd what is still wone,
that government how always exhioited a willicensas to
aid.the Miisquito king In the fight.
One would suppose that the American govwmaent
with all its talk about the "Mocrce dcctune" woaM
u(.t go behind tbe Bulkier treaty- to play the amiable
with Great Gritain. But so infatuated is the Ameri
can administration with its new sweatheart that it
: ecks to make each citizsn of the I mted States a part v i??
his Inuivi<lual capacity, in th? Bulwer treaty, and docs
not s?e anything ridiculous aoout it. A fiul accouut ot
one phase of this courtship will be found on our first
1 sge, srd if anything mere Hdisul< us than tb? course of
the American government, in tho affair of tbs deten.ion
of the Northern IJght. can be funod iu bi?tory, veihoili
like to f ufelish It as a curiosity. A steamer v.'u? about to
sail tor a country with which ths United States are at
police, and she had on board some passengers whe
thought of settlirg in that coumry. The administration
thought that such au act as the settlement of a citizen of
the I nited States ia Nioarsgua was clearly an iutrautioa
ot a treaty which only cec'ared that thu government of
the United States would not attempt to Colonize Ni
caragua. Under this constructs n of the treaty, Mr.
McKton, the attorney-at law of the United States for
New York, was straightway instructed to bee true a
special constable for the government, and exercise
his skill as a detective policeman. Tho eilicieut man
ncr in whl:h be performed the seivtce would cer
tainly levd to the conclusion that he is out of his ele
ment in any ether occupation. The United Sta os pro
ftsses to be a government of law ; aside from the
Bulwer trta'y. and we have already shown tho bearings
of thnt ut?in the case, there is not a parttcH of law to
Wsta'D the Unite! States in the course pursued towards
Gm Northern Light snd tho jteople who d-signed to take
l'assage in her. A^vernment will not fit oui military
expeditir us agnl^t a friendly power ? this it the docUlne
held in the United States; but agove-ament which is not
ectirely despc/tie will not prevent their citi?*n? from
tt king part, at ttelr own risk, in ?ny ecterpiise, mili
<ary or other wi e, in forfijn countries. As well might
Mr. liicttict Attomiy McKeon stop ivory tia'nof railway
cais that leaves New York of a morning, as stop a a team -
er bound ft r Kkarsgua, which is not fitted out by the
giverxiceut of the Us i tod States with a view to the in
l:ncticn of the Bulwer treaty. If he has power to im
prison passengers on thip board who are going to foreign
countries, no malterftjr what purpose, then su:ely he
mny imprison all the guests at the St. Nicholas Hotel
who propose gcirz to Knglacd. The whole afCair we de
clare, in the concl jsir ?, as we did in the ojieniog of this
article, ia snptcmely <iaiculous; will be so regaided by
the perple of Ihe United States, and we very much mis
t?Ue John Bnll It he dees not laugh heartily at it hiiu
salt
GENERAL WALKER'S POSITION? THE CENSURE OF
HIS ENEMIES AM) SUPPORT OK HIS ADMIRERS.
(TtCa El Nicaiaguense. Jan. 6.]
Tie new. pa i ci ii we receiTehsve very generally noticed
the takixg of Granada l>v General Walker, and the con- j
FCnueut pacification of Nicaragua. and all set-m eager to
leain ard record the course of events iu this State.
1 r^m every well informed icuro? w e observe that the
General receives the laudatle ni which Ilia carter has so
well merited for him. For a li ng time Ms exect position
was misunderstood in the Statefc, and title-- and epithet*
wtiali had been well earned, and were thoroughly do
ter\ ed by others, were Billed to him. But wherever
lifiht Lbh dawned upon, ana truthful Information hart
t'teo pre.-coted to dispassionate and candid men, capable
n! umiOT-standirg the real position and state of political
sfT ors in this conn'.'y. we lind that doubts have been
oil rid up tbat pi rise bas taken the pl.iee of criticism,
ant. i hat joy over the success of Walker, and aspirations
lor Ihe pe-imanencv of tie present or'ter of things h?v?
.u/erse-ded eensuie. The Nrw York Ukraiu places him
in ihe Fan e rack with Lafayette, Montgomery, -'-.euben
std l'ulss.l Ihe Marysville ibejtrrss says:?
Vi e reje ice In the success ot Wslker and h'? brave followers,
atd trim ibat lhelr t'utuie will be as bright astbelrpast .-C'lrsO
hi- beta honorable ard patriotic.
And ({votatiens might bo almost ij.definitely Vngtliened
to the san e < fleet. Even the New York Tribune has been
gentle-manly and conciliatory, If not absolutely c jmpli
n entity.
It Is often rttrarked, however, that no man can em
lark upon a novel enterptii-e without exposing himself to
the riuicuta of tho>e whose narrow vision has never
rscced beyoud the horizon of their homes, nor accom
pli* h any great work without the risk of a shaft from the
rr slice ot the prejudiced and cm Liu. To do battle for the
holy cause of American liberty and independence, La
fa j-fct1c exchanged in early youth the luxury and uase of
hi l?llr Pari* for the privations of a country as sparsely
populated, as impoverished in its tesouroes and as politi
cally d(gr>.dcd as Nicaragua. To a?sht in raising it from
its abasement he became the butt of bergamottei fools,
tli? rcorn of fashionable wits; but be reaped his reward
in the outpourings of a prosperous nation's gra'itude,
and found his nams inscribed with that of Washington
utx n the heart of every patriot in the (and. Even he,
who was first In war, first in peaco, oud tirsr, in the hearts
of his countrymen, was no exception to the rule that no
ore ever became a man of mark with. at making kilter
and unrelentii g enemies. lCvon he. whose defence of the
American Or* itutlon established for it the rcspect and
veneration la wl.lcli it is now held, an 1 *hus secured the ]
completion of the great political edifice of which the I
military lierccs of the revolution laid the corner stone?
bewho, "siok or swim, live or die," was first to stand by
Jtffcrse n's immortal declaration of human lights ? who
was first to say that Americans should rule America,
was, of all the most maligned, the l e, t abased man ot
bis ('ay ard generation. The star of Gun. Walker's des
tiny lias pasfid through much obscurity, but now is
f 'tr.inaticg to its monoian, ar.d that so brightly that
t.in the edttois of the Pan Francisco Weekly Jour
nal have noticed its appearance in the' firma
ment. It is not to be expected that he will escape the
shafts of political mallgoity. He would not lie worth
p.aMng if ne had no enemies. He might pass along the
-<tr< rt* unnoticed lulhis quiet, unobtrusive way. If some
cur did uot occasionally bark at his heels. We need not
bandy wor;'.*, however, with the eiitora of this abolition
journal. lie minimis n on rural hx is a ommon phrase
among legsl gentlenen, with which Gen. Walker can
well console himself unrer any infliction which their
jens rosy impose upon him. Translated into plain Eng
lish, it means, -'Don't ray grace over small potatoes."
These gentlemen otdinaiiiy can wiite well enough
wben they feel that they havo reason or truth on their
sid<*. in the number of their paper which is now before
u- ? that oi Tecember I61I1 ult ? we >ee evidences enough
of this In several adtni'ably and granetully written
picees. Brt tlielr article hsadea " Waiksrdom,"
which, like h'cott 'a poetry, hobbles as does a man walk
Irg with a wooden leg, is one whiah evidence's in
?very paragraph a guilty consciousness of truth per
verted, which at eveiystep stng?er? the libellous pen of
the malicious author. On. Walker can aei'her be weak
ened |nor strengthened by the censnre or the praise of
a paper whose ptinoicles are neutral. He is a man who
never halts between two opinions? who carries water on
onlv one shoulder? who attends onlyto liis own business;
and" there editors would do no wrong if. in these respects,
tl ey would imitate his example. We presume that the
stlsiis of Nicaragua are none of their busines. The peo
ple here are satisfied and tbe government is popular. All
its sets sre approved, though tbe necessity which has
called for sen.e of its decrees has been regretted. Much
is as id about the excution of General Corral. But when
we now, for the first time, say that he was tned 1>t a
C( nrt cf bis own selection, we nay all that, can be said, to
e xorerate any member of the Adminlstratloa from cen
sure. Let him rest in peace.
THRr.E WEEKS IN NICARAGUA ? INTERVIEW BR
TWlliN GENERAL WALXKH ANO COLONEL FA
BK?3? CREDENTIALS OF THE LAST NAMED DIPLO
MAT? now WALKER RECEIVED HIM? WAHMN8
TO COLONEL KINNEY.
[Couc.<tpondenoe of tlio San Vranslaco Herald.]
(iR.ufAPA, Nicaragua, Ja-?. tt, l&RG.
You Uav# already been advbed that the Teasel that
conv? jed as to Gianada bore aleo a detachment of twenty
hix men Lorn Cirejtown, tinder command of ( ftp) Swift.
Ki-CoobuI VRbens was alto en boa id, and it wan under
itood, that thee# two gentlemen wire *Tnba-"<a <ors to
<!t'.?ral Walker. The day uucceedlcg the exeoutttn of
ti /roial Corral wan the one Delected by thate envoy*
?ettli*n which to have an audience with ton Cnmimni'w
in ( hlof. General Walker tecetved tliem onurteontlv,
?n<1. after a tew random remarks on general topica, ttf
i x C'< a- ul approached the irabject the noniideratldo of
which nan the r.bjt-ot of the Interview. Re preroiip' by
>tatirg that he had received a letter from Colum-lKm
toy, iefcningto niatter* of mutual Interest to tfc?Mon
tiuito klcgdom and the government of I?!caragnp?
The oiiglnal nan not at that tlm* In "*I? po*("iMion,
tut a copy cf It he had secured, and he would pro
etf'l to entertain the Cenera! with tta Irtteret'.l-.,!* con
tent*. The Oreial. not reli.ililng the Idea rf teuui m
co ??i ft 1/ t-fatej a? *o be dlpkxnttieed with through
vagrrnt er.plca cf Wat or ?uppo?itlwu original* promr tly
| It t*t?'*t J aaJl dial*! blauiaa Ihe pr^mijwl JaltV'iu
If the origins! ooold not be produced, he had neither la
dilution nor curiosity to avail himi>elt ot tbe knowledge
of the oonteuU of a copy, however uaeful the knowledge
or admirable the ooatonta. Wiih this intimai >n, the
correspondence with ex-Consul Faben* was concluded sg
At thia stage of the interview it was requisite that re
lief should be afforded, or the important mUaloa, involv
ing tbe rights of CoL Kinney, and the peace and pro?
peiity ot Nicaiagua, would signally tail of aatisfactory "
fulfillment. To remedy the difficulty, howertr, as a kind
of rcrjt? rfu rcterve, Captain Swift drew from the capacious
pocket of hia external garment a voluminous and diplo
niatic looking document bearing the indubitable seal and
stamp <1 tfRelallty. Here wu an ambaasado'- who**
?TtcJT . , we,e not private let'?ri* nor e >pte? of a
conbdei.: al correancndenoe, but a solemn official paper
ij11. ,'t * puiely diplomatic ?tyl?, ar.d biUSuUttg
with the boautitti of Coion-t Kinney's orn chi
rtgraphy. There was no uii.Uke out that thu
*?" ?n *nvoy fresh fiom the atmosphere, and
txliahng the aromii, of Greytown. Tu? Geueral
cuulu not doubt this evidence cf tint oflleial cUara?'cr of
the ageat, and he graciously yieiced to tho infliction 01
ltn pex cisal. The purpor' of thl? ptnderus mne taa-i
from the >ui?fant C-louel of G.ejtown wv, that if (,eu.
t Walker w<mid recognise the rigIA) which be tmuun. t*
I have acnursed in the IVVisquito KiDgdom and allow hia
,?o establish hisu-elf without moloi ra-.lun in th- nonj??.
| <eu of those rights, he? Co!. Kinr.cy-w .uld telisve tse
mind of Geo. Walker of >? burden of app.ehor.xto* bw
nxignanunoasiy recognizir* tbe new gt vttniriea'. of Nl
caiHua, and mirltating General Tip ,n hi.i -u.pMnt
meat a* CoBUuaoder-iir-Chicf of the army of the republic.
Tbers was nothing cool in txJ>> ? II waa <LVe?'ed of rvftry
n'gn or symptom of frigidity. It wan a flaia, unoete*.
tatiou* umcM'gw, and weritti a plain, kmosioatatloua
leepoaf ?. The rointenanca cf the General was u plactt
as ever, and his i.emeanor cl.srac :erized -y it* usual
piavity. fiia nmsralar development mavaUtued iW
ligid composure, and Itis gray eye looked blandly on tb?
agent of the embassy. Ia mUd, dispassionate lingnage,
ha requto*d the meas*ager of the man a*. Greytown to
communicate to the dlM oguiahed offlcial of that I'-oality.
in substance, that if L? wtfs taken within the limita ur
Nicaragua or the Mosquito Kingdom? which were Identi
cal? be would within a vary limited poridd of time ternf
tale hit drfjsM of Central American ambition by facil
tating hia involuntary exit fiom earth through the ia
etrumentalit/ of a hempen auxiliary.
The- e wax a pause and ? attHne* that in its sombre '
character did not unfaithfully represent the solemnity of
the tuneral Lunh. Ihe fate of Corral? the fate ol .lord# a
?the fate of Mayorga? rose up before the mental vMoaa
cf the envojs. a?d the condition waa irrenis ible that
the'eommander la chief would not, if opportuoity offeror,
fail in the fulfilment of his proalae. He never violatae
liiu word, either in confiarring a favor or in'Hcting a
punhthiEent. lliose were projnaitl'nM too satisfactorily
demonstrated by the trutha of history to be controverted.
The diplomatic conference was o?r? the iuterview waa
at an end? and General Walker appropriated hU atteo
tlon to other oAmal (ngagementa, while the siren ta af
the Greytcwn Co lot el uok their alow and silent depar
ture.
The fate of Kinney's expedition Is sealed. Fubeaa aa4
Swift are fen.- iMe n*en, and they view it iu no other
light than a deplorable failure. These gon.lemea ara
ii. t n of ititelllg' r.ce and moo of enterprise, and they have
r.ow attested their conviction of the utter futility ot
Klciey's pTrji-Cts and aspiration*, by proclaiming their
loyalty and adhesion tc the fortunes of the new govern
ment of Nicaragua. Pabenx h is established hln*e f In
tu>ioess in Granada, and Swift with his command haa
joined the aimy of Walker. Toe last nuned geavleoiaa
r as been on" or the piiuMpal nupports of Kinney ia hia
et terprue, but engaging in the expedition more through
ibe allurements of friendliness thsn from an actual
knowledge cf Its cbaracter, and finding that the prodt
cality of his munificence lias been wantonly ?nd def*p
tively bestowed, be ba< nicely determined to abtndosi
lie f> liies of the past in the hope of securinr indemal^y
for the future. He leaves to-morrow fjr Greytown to
c< nvey to Col Kini.ey the mesntge <f Gen. Walker.
CMLirOBMAK KKINK0KCKME5TS TO THE WALKHt
AKMV.
Tbe Ssn Franclwoo flrrald of the 21st ultimo, says>?
lhe ?teamer Cvrtez, which sailed yesterday for San Juaa,
can ied away 'ne bundled ucd twunty men. enlisted to
?he eimy of the Nicaraguan ?toveri?ment. As the h?>ur ay
juoaeht d fcr tbe tailing cf tlin steamer, hucdreds of nMB
crcwoed ih- wliai f, anxioue to obtaia a passage, and to
ri any ii,riai -e< cffeicd to pay their ofu pthr-nge, ou ooai
difion ot I't l.i g enro led in the coinpanv of rac nits. The
? gent, CcL. Kewen, wns besieged by applicants for enlist
ment, but he replii i that ha had alieady exceeded his aa
thoiity in enliniii g twenty men more thtn the oaa
hundred called for by Commander Walker. Tbe followtog
is a list ol all the aamea that could be ohtaioed of tha
company under Captain Skerritt : ? Henry Hewett, Cnarlaa
Sanuiis, P. A. Forrest, i-ewls La'lmer, Coarles Sheas,
Alexander Good all, WUl'am Wight, Benjsmin Stir. Ro
bert Martin, M. Starlet, William Newbank, Wm. Ri4kaal,
T. C. Buckley, C. Whipple, T. H. Carver, Jamea Hnkhaaa,
Cbailos Clark, James Elliott, 1>. B. Moigau, G. W. Car
dan, P. Coleman, Benjamin Ashbury, Jimen B. Taylor,
Ifaac F.vans, l iiah Copry, George Wliittemrre, E. k?r
run. t. D. tVUmtn, Keshan, Samuel F. Roger*, T.
RocUilll, W. Adams, Cltaa. A. Snow, Michael Curitua
? Andeison, A. Gerritt.
ihe Marysville Express says:? .
Col. W. A. Sutter, with thir'y men, will leave oa tha
next steamer on iheir way to Nicaragua. The names at
tho gentlemen who accompany Coi. Sutter, are aa fol
lows: ? P. B. W< If, Second Ueutenaat; Francis Kirtlar,
N. Brown, RclKsrt Burns, Gaorgo Flynn, R. M. pofT, J.
W. Summers, John Nixon, C. S. Wells, Puncan LiTiag
B| James lee, Henry Hum. Jonathan Kaat, Kdwin Ur
ing'tcn, Samuel Tuttle, I.yfander Johnston, W. J. Hutoh
i: y i. Wm Ihinn, John A. Sliellv, John Can oil, Fiaafc
1U yuolds. J. Hose, A. J. Clark, Thomas Taylor, R. John
-ton. Jax.es Miller, 7. O. Cady, Cyrus Pavls and K M.
Tucker. In "he naire company, we understand will be J.
Lowery, V'ir.-t lientenhnt, with twenty more from Sacra
mento. I < uglass J. VVilkins, l>q., of Marysville, left on*
Medic ? , y inornicg, and we learn that it. W. iNckera
glll aii J Geo. E. Br< ckwuy aie also among the passenger*,
'ihe Alfa California of Jauuary 6 says:?
We understand that the representatives of the Xlea
ragua republic have decided to mane the purchase of tha
Brother Jonathan, provided ahe will bear the inspectiaa
to which she will be Nubmitted by a competent commit
tee upon her arrival from the upper oast, whither aha
went a few days since. We learn from Col. Rtwan that
be has had ten thousand applications from peraoaa
anxious to join the expedition, but are deterrel front
going for want ot suitable means or tranportation. If
the government can sucoeed in obtaining a steamer tha
deities of these applicants can be gratified.
The San Francisco Sun of Januiry & says:?
The following deaths from duaasta are reported to hare
occurred in one fortnight in the small body af men com
manded by General William Walker: ? Lieut . Col. Charlaa
H. Gilman, Capt. George R. Davidson, Capt. Armstrong;
Lieut. Henry Grim Benjamin Harrington, Harvey Craw
ford, Charles Forier, and another whose name we hava
net teamed. Great inducements to go to Nicaragua I
PROrOSKP ARRKRT OF COI.ONBL H. J. C- KEWmm
MINISTER OF NICARAOUA, IN SAN FRANCISCO.
Ref( ie tbe last steamer let'-. San Francisco a warrant wM
i.'i>ued for the arrest and confinement of Col. E. J. C. Keirea.
the agt nt or Minister rienlpotentlary of the Nicaragua re
public, for the city of San Francisco or tbe State of Cali
fornia. It was a matter of serious doubt whether tlia
Colonel would submit to an arrest, as be unquestionably
enn throw himself back upon his reserved rights uudor
the provisions of the Consulate Convention, which pro
vides that representatines of foreign gorornments are ex
empt from t proceedings bM against Coionel Kewen.
T he cause of tbe iosue of this warrant was substantial^
as follows A ?errant attached to tbe St. Mcholaa hotel,
where tba Colonel was (-topping, was somewhat inar.tea>
tlve to his duties, and instil ing to him, an I be gave him
a Might chatisemcnt, anil tbe servant i-wore to an aggra
vated cate of assault and battsry, but his person shawM
no evidence of any abnse. Time will derelope whether
the Colonel will permit his person to he brought into tha
liecorder's Court.
AFFAIRS AT SAN JUAN DEL NORTE.
BOW COLONEL KINNEY FXELS TOWARDS GENERAL
WALKER? BIS JOT AT KB. J. L. WHITE'S DIFFICUL
TIES ? MESSRS. MARCT AND MARCOLKTA E&DOKSMB
? DIVISION IN THE NICAR AQUAN CABINET ? ARRI
VAL OF TEXAN COLONISTS ? AGRICULTURAL RE
FORT FROM INDIAN RIVER.
[From the Ontral American (Colonel Kinney's organ),
Jan. 10.)
By tte st earner* Prou etheus anil Northern light W9
nre in receipt of New Oi leans and New York paper* to
U?e 20th alt.
Frcm the New Yoik pauers ire gire pretty copious en -
? met*. Thenoft startling and interesting to our reader*
of th'H town, we believe, will be the UbeUirg of tte
Transit Company's steamer Northern Light, for ? most
staling bleach bf the neutrality lawn, though not by m
long shot the tlrst infraction of thoee laws committal by
that company, a* well known to this community and tH
inhabitants of Nlcaragnan cities on the lathmaa. whoa*
opportunities of judging of their acta have be?n natural hr
superior to those of the l ulled States government. They
will not gile-ve to learn tbat the author of the destrua
ticn of this town, and the secret enemy to the beat intar
est* of Nicaragua ? under the max* oi friendahip and urn I
or the prcmotl?n of the welfare c{4hat State? has at laat
been caught in his own trap.
We ham some time since unafo the publio acquainted
with the mdetatlgable exertions of Mr. J. L. White to
put down ail attempts at flltihusterism or infraction at
the nt-ntrallty laws, and hrw by fh? grossest misrepre
sentations made to the r^mloiatralion and the Nioank
gua Minister, Mr. Marcoieta, in Washington, ha suo
leedfd in pertuadlng tbfe government to arrest the Kin
ney colonization sche tre, and inroli-ed both him and hit
associates and supporters In moat enormous and rolaooa
losres and embarrassment. This immaculate, doubtleea,
piesnmlrg on the high degree of favor in whleh he stood
with the administration, took bnt little pains? nay, ordl
iisry precaution? 4o conceal his filibustering propensities
till they tec* ran so palpably potent and impudently glar
ing that the Wftrlct Attorney was compelled to aacwi
the same near urea against Mr. White's Company that hla
ina'ice ard jeelor.sy instigated bim to cause to be tali?
against the KiotjCv expedition, which has thus Mtritm
Wyely t Moiled 'jn his unscrupulous head and that of tha
eomp iey led \>y his counsel and dlifetlon.
Hfiwhern will be found Oolonel Parker H. Vltoeh *
Of'.er to the Secretary oftHats reqnesthsg an tetorvtow
^rivl< us to layicft bis credentials as Minister from Nica
regra before government; by granting which at an earljr
hrnr he bints at the advancement ot the baat intervsta
of their respect iye cruntiles; Mr. Marcy, in reply, gtrta
the Unti.M* fart Invt lying the present position *f N'oa
ragoa, i. "e , that these who were ohitfly instrumental ta
suspending or overthrowing the tormer government of
that htate were not citizens belonging to It, nor Ium
those el tl sens, or any considerable part of them, ?> ar
*s Is now known he:-*, froely ?iprr-sei their Wfpf 'al o
er ac;aieto?B? la th? prweut ooaiitiou vC joUiwat %l *

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