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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 31, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 3

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thl* oiiiin .1 wc? A 'or "I" yltifti of *?>* m "itU*, in lu"
voh>niary >'MVtuu? ?r for any period of Uine waatever'
be. tul i he n?nae >? torehf re,>e<i?l.
It hw been dee i-. el tan a ~U?i bought, (ate tils
since tli* pMfc?g? of the act Jd ot M*-)h, 18(7. n
ipx> fa-to tree. (Heree'e cat,*. decided iu Ojanu
Pleas, Philadelphia, in 1848.)
TLio rula ot the common Uw in U igla id la r-g?> J t >
slavery, befwe the ltevolu'i mi, became t<te o )<ana >o U <r
of 1'ennsvJvuiia, eio -pt ho f<r as mud U-u ov the a
tntion of the I Jul ted tit* ten. rh-t fugitives *?r ?< e> ta?
moment tbey touched the soil o' Pen my r tni*. Al' ia?t
der.u, aocompsnimeots and attribute of b m<t ife 'all from
aroant (Hoffman & Oliver, 10 Be r M7.) it t'.is rigut
of tranxit witli slave.* is lneorp >reted la ine e mslltu uu
it ell, tbeu a'l d ate laws pralltiltlaf '.ha iutrjduc lou of
?lavery would be unconstitutional and c >ase<i leetly
void But *everal of tho States of hit Uul ">n bare malted
juat such laws, and they have been i>a?s?d up tn b /
the bniin-me Court of the Uuktd States, and
their validity ha* never b?en d"uV.ed. SUvei Uriugut
Into the State of Maryland, la violation of tin laws of that
State, ar* declared free (Khoada vs. Bell, 2 Hiu-e Rep.
404, 16 f'elers IC 611, Thomas vs. Geuerio, 19 LoulsUnt
Rep. 488; i le-igh, 615; 10 Udgli, 697, 1J Gill ani Johns,
IP; 11 l<xtifieaa Rep. 600; 10 ?t >usa tt?p. 8? )
The right to pursue and lecaptme fug't.ve slave) es
caping from their masters int j a free Scute, is nj' raised
by tb? petition referred to to# c >mtn litee, ?nd hiuit
been notloec* in this report. The 7 h sec ion ot the aot of
March 3, 1847, having especially repoaed the provision of
the aot of March 1, 1780, authorizing tdu masters or own
ers tf slaves to bring and letain suoh slaves within the
commonwealth, while temporarily e?j nirning here, anl
said act never having been prcim-tced ueooostltutioail
by any federal tiibnnai, the undersigned do not deea it
extei lent on any grounds to disturb it.
We ate sat^Ged 'hat the asrogati n of this section or
the act of 1847 would lead to sectional discord and denes
tic disturbances, and tbat our friendly relations with th
cl'izeus of B-'.atfcern states, as well a* our own peao
and tran?(Uil2itjr, will best be mainiainol by >h? denial of
the prayer of the petitioner. I). PHELPd.
3. P MoCALttOOT.
A lit- up Vvmr Slrl^h Ride.
[Krom the Manchester (V. H ) Mirror, San. 20.]
A company of tweoty-oue ladle*, each with aa iuvited
KUi tM yeeterr.iy afteraoon at a li tie pas; twelve
o'clock, Lu tw j tltiyl^ for Concjrd. r?outy--ix ot tae?u
went In a nix horn- alcigb, driven by I) tnlel V , f'llag, aad
tho remaining sii.ixn iu afjar h >rae sl?igi, drirta
by I>. H. Baiton. it was fie col les - day of t".e yetr, tie
wli'il blo?ii>(f furiously, and the iheriaone er at 7.irt.
The ladka n?re Ore^neil in proraenv^e ->'y le, wita bjonots
on tbe back of their hea<'H. a lu f*?h! >u. doca? of the
ir.tnwore ?' ivb funuei hit?, and wore not nnasui ly
guarded apaiost tho cold. 1' made teaser young a><ta
flrv<=r to Bee them start, but the lalies set no example
worthy of tho r^pu olio, that, love kuivz uo uaitje* aad
i?ur.s no cold. However. the,e wero plea .y of reiMand
blanketn on board, bo tuat the ladte?, p*rt tcing of the
eiithu -itt .Du of the occasion, declare they did n >t s'if?>r at
all. !Son.e of the gei-t omtu wort) lesj hrtiQa'o, aud g it
nijipel l*dly, cue having hla ens frozen. The lad.es
were not i i, ped at all by the mid.
At Jifokfi^U tbey f? ?t wnrrai'd, and ftTfvei at Cjnaorl
about ^ix, ?here ilicy Ht >pp?d ,h(. i he Kij?l < Hotel, k-p'.
bv Major J(hii Giti<ou. Toty h.wl a in?i( ulljeur, eupjec,
wh'ch wa^ f (lowed by toasts ani se-jtim^ats vfl-n (Jre^<
acting as toaat mlat.-e.^s. TU?v lnoked thetr n.nu at
the hotel thw : ? "Mixs I.. H Gregg and gent ,' aad s>
on through the tint Wo have found out tHa "g-int" of
?ach one, and give their na'uo- b-lo#: ?
VU* 1. a. 'i'regg and Gtat. J. W Abbott.
Visa K lacd and Gent. Mr. Keaner.
Miss F M Forsalth and Gent. John U. Ki-nuaj.
Mies M Woodbury and f.'enr. J K. i'emira*n.
Miph VI. (Jonlu and Geut. 0 iuton Ui .key.
Mi.'? K. (too'd aid (ient. G, 1'. Youag.
M i t-.H M. d. tMi ler and Gent. Na'hva Y ma;;.
Miw W. M. Roberta and Geut. I- A. Pirter.
Mian M. A Roberts and Gen^. W. fl B iD-tak.
Mifs M. Crnts ani Gejt. John C. Iljid
Wise M. Ajer and Gent. J*mes tl smsr.
Miss T Snow and Geut. Dr. GeirKh.
Mi-sA. llalof.i and Gen'.. Dr. l\ Wheel.
Mlfi S. Crww>elt and Gent. J. A. Cb-iroberlm.
kii>s M !S. Shurburn ard Gent. A B H?dl "y.
l'easlee aud Geut. Mr. Biker.
Mi^h y. ('.-ir ey and Gent, Fr? uk 1'alge.
MImiL M. GUtman aad Geut. A G''ay.
5' in.- C'. Cox and ' J o 'it.. E no l'',nsrson.
Mivs M a, Merrill "and Geat. t!liarles Anrre^s.
Mi** Ila. ker and Gent. Ge > ge Browi.
A'ter tba literary enter tainm<.nt, th=y wjre invited to
?ioit iho Gj .ibilo Gi 'ifds Hall. Tuejr dii so lu a bod',
not j duii.g tlie Canoe 'fee evening ? as epeat very in >r
tily till n late hour, wh?n the que-tioa arose abou ' h-.ir
refuruirg. The win i bad alovvn so liar. I th it tue roads
wero in tad condl'ion, and the Dighc was c Id. I w?s
neceshary for some of them, belsg opera ivea in the onitl.s,
to l>e heie ea>ly this morniu?. FioaLy, thi-ya^-esd to
eot-oe h< ine in the cars in tlie fl rut ti'itn this mocnio^?
axd did so? leaving the eleighs to return einjity, X acy
repret-ei t that they hac'i a ve-y happy Imc
Thejadirs played th* gallant to perfeetlon.p*ylo5t all the
bills, tiriDg coaches and waiting upon the*' gents" to
tbfir home-. :h!a morning.
It must be recollected that any w >tian durlog the pre
?4 Ht year cau uiarry any man she please", provip?l he be
willing, Onn of the cuthorities, writing in 1000, lays the
law down as follows: ?
Albeit. It Id noee tecome a part of the oommon iawe,
in regerd to social relations of life, that as often as every
biscevi'c year a )thf> return, the laJyes have the sole pri
vi'ege. during the time it continueth. of making love unto
the men, which they do either by wurdes or lo>kes, ai t >
then' it .nteirutli p.'uper ; aad moreover, no man will be
en'itled to *be ben?0t of the clergy who r.othe refuse to
accept the oirera ot a la. ye. or who dothe la any wise
treat her proposal* withe slight or contume y.
The nliea and Kxlilbl duets.
Rroai>wa\" Tukatkb ? ' The ru ce-v*f'il drama entitled
"Ite Iron Mask,'' will be performed tor the f mrth lime
in America tSls evening. Mr. J. W. YV'alivik, Jr., for
whom the piece wan b!h>'. ialiy written, and to which he
re.oivtd the memt flattering encomium* from Loud in
aucitnceo, personates his original pare of Leon of the
Biask, and the o'hnr charaotnrn are filled by Messrs.
Fisher, For.no and Canoll. Mme. Ponlsi, and Mi?? Manne-s.
To coccludo with the laughable farce called ' -Don't
Judge by Appearancis," in which Mr. Chapman his a
very comical part.
Nini.o'8 Oarden\? The Rarel Family will participate
in f< ur novel entertainments to- nigh', and, in adiit'on,
M'lle Robert aud tho ballet corps av? to ?xecute a Maries
ol tlicir most hi iliiant daucus. The opeuin; pieoe 1- en
titled "I a Fete Champetre," th? characters in vhich
aie n.ostly performed on the double tight rope by
Francis, Jerome, Maie. Marzetti, and other* Tne
beautiful pantomimic balled of '-J mta" follows, 1-a ling
character* by the R; re1!), M'lle Robert and F'aul B-ll
lant. The comical Chinese pantomime of "Kln-ka" ia
the afterpiece
Bowkbt Tiuutrm ? The extraordinary equestrian spnj
tnrle stjled " llerne tho Ilun'er; or, the Demo 4
Horseman," which was specially commented sp in ii
v? ste> day's edition, will he r. plated tbli evening i'ue
house has befn exceedingly full -uniornforUbly ? >?
every night this piece lias o?i-n pre enied. and, in or J >r
to tr;uke suie of a ^oat, it is necessary to go ear y. Of
the many gt eat, excuinz and wonder'ul spectacles exhi
bited at the Bo <retr, " Heme" appears to sure c-satei
by far the greatest sons&iion of an*.
Bi.-idUK'a Thkatbb ? Fhs pc-f .rmances to ni{h? are f >t
the benefit of Mirs Mary. Agar*, who will rr.aks lur first
appearance at this bouse in the character of Pauline in
Bnl ,ver'-< popular play of the " Lai/ of Lyons." Tjat
me: t'oiioua young actor, Mr. H. A Patry, is tie Claude
tor llioo.casior', and the other oarts are judiciously dis
tributed, so that the re^n ar frequenters of till i favorite
estsbUsbnifnt. as well a? tho many persona! fri?ode of
Mis* Agn<-n, may expect doe acting am anngeaaole
ever<lrg'., entertainment. Th - amuiin^ farce of '? Twenty
Minute* with a Tigrr" wUl close the pert irmaafos.
Waiaack's Thkatrk ? Three capital pieces are offered
for tonight, and all of them are admirably cast, the
tirctii'lio tiew two a"t, comely railed ' ftie Barrack
Rm m," cbaioc'ers by ".Teesra. LesU>r, I .eve e anl De
Walden, and ttlsft-; IS. Gannon snd Vynr>. l'o be folio *?
?d by a& excellent comedy, entitled ''The Vlliage Don
tor"? Mr H. Placlde, the highly pipular comsdUn, in
the character Of Pierre B'.n::<eur. The ent Trainmen s
? ci ccludri with the iaugrbr 'ile farce o' "John l'rottyj.ihn
Jc Co.," in which Mr. 0. Hoi la a d taae a favorite part.
Lai'Ba Knox's \ ajiikt.xs ? rhe enthusiastic apnlvise
. 5*0 11 . oral y bestowed by large and fa <hl mabl?> a ldlenoes
npjn each reprew-ntatior. of 1 lie Shaklperoan oomedr o f
"Ifu'.h Ado About Nothing" tad the my hoiogfial bar
lefque of "Miflee," iudncts the n.unager t> annonm^
then; for repetition tlnsj evening. Tne entire strength
of the talented coir pany is concentrated in tho cis's of
these play c ; hence the unnanal favor with whtcti they dive
been received by the play going community. Bo weeo
the drama '.it jteiformnnces there will be dancing by tho<e
fr.vorite aitiats, M'ilea Franck and Tiimao. and M. Cil
Wood's IUsewkis ?TV 0 lovers of fan and tnelody cm
tlnne to Oil Mr. Wood's elegan hall every evening. No
matter hiw dirngreeable the weather, or how tad the
travelling the had Is generally full. Numbers of h ings,
Ao., ar-t offered for to-nixbt, beside* the new b tries que
calle<l "The t.ood for Nothing.''
BccmxT'c SKBKVAnms. ? These ao?onnlisbed mniicians
and udrnit rolr'h provokwfi slid make their opera h >use,
at 6.10 Broadway, ono of the chief o -Jects ot nttractljn
tr ?mttsement #ooker?. Their version of "Beauty and
the Beast" is at popuhr ns cvnr, notwithstanding the
great number of times it has be? i pertorned, I*, will be
given to-night, wiih a vaiioty of favorite songs, ki>.
CniM and Japan.? -The panoramii pictures Illustrative
of particular peitions of these countries, mw on exhibi
tion at Academy Hall, are warm') commended by a'l *ho
have hem therr. . 'ihore convorsant with tlv> c iunttlos
repief ented affirm that they a.-o very fair illustrations of
the manners, customs, peculiar religious forms, kr, of
the Inhabitants of the K>i*t.
Broadway Vaiiiktik-. ? The Wood anl Marsh chlliren
wlli Iranmirste tbls little theatre next Monday, by por
lotmirg the ''Naiad Qnoen."
Caiiiorma ? A HsnFranoiaso paper of 'he fii.li s?ys:?
In this city, for a furtniidit past, tbeatrteals have boen
Houii.-li.nir. Mr. James ?'.aik has opined the American
theatre, where, after Mr. Buchaaan comoletcd his en
gagement 'Tarn I Ho" tvss brought out, with Mrs. 4tark
in "Camille." It has lieen very suooessfal, as has alsi
the draria of "The Marble Heart." At tbe Metrop U'an,
Marie I'uret bas been playing a'roun I of her clara -ters.
''Jack Bheppard" drew crowded houses lor several
right*. The Minstrels have excellent hiuses. The Union
vis opened for a few nights l?y the Ridley troupe, Sut Is
now closed. The (loiigenhetms ate at the Forreit thea
tre, in Facramenfo, Tlieir Uet engarement has n>t bien
very successful. Mrs. Sinclair has bnen drawing crowded
houses with "The Marile Heart," at the old Sacanasnto
lb tat re. The Have's are at Marysville. Tlieir trip to
ralifornla has not been profitable. M?. Buchanan, a'ter
a long and sn^cesslul engagement In this city, has gone
to Ntvada. Plgnoia (larbito Is In the city, icctsionallf
?Inging at connerts. Mrs. Tinman, formerly of the Bis
ton museum, has obtained a divorce from her hit* band in
Prath op lTti: Mordrrhbb.? The Concord (N.
H ) J'nlriiil states that Sarah Aon Abigail Brown, who
wM tried, convicted and wntenced to be hung at the fail
term of the Supreme JulicUl Court for Me-rlmaik
county for the murder of ,1 ephen ?' Wa her, died on
the 2Rtii Inst., at the Jallin tNai city. Snhsequent to
her ttlal she gsve birth to a child, slnue which she has
gradually declim-d in tiealth, tntll she expired of con
Hewn from New Granada, MsxilD, Porn,
Bolivia, Chile, Argentim Cmfjieratba
and Califoraia.
Bight Hundred and Eighty-one Thou
land Dollars on Freight.
The Panama Railroad? & Train Loaded with
Sflror? Largo Shipment of Mexican
Cold to England,
The steamship George Law, Wm. Lewis Herndon, It. S.
N , commander, left As pin wall at 11.4ft on tue night of
th? 19th Instant and arrived at Bandy Hook at 8>i o'clock
oa tie evening of the 20th, having experience), with but
?light cessation, constant galea of wind from the north
east, north and east daring the whole passage, with
cloudy weather aud muoh rain.
bhe brings toe California mails ef Jan. ft, 9681,000 la
treasure on freight, and 338 passengers brought dowa on
the Faeifle sldo by the P. M. Steamship Company's stoam
er Golden Gate, A. V. B. Le Key, Esq., commander.
The Gclden Gate left San Pranolsoo, Jan. 6, at 2.60 P.
M., witli 390 passengers and (1 '276,928 in treasure,
$^fi6,itt > of whioh was on foreign account. Jan. 10, at
1 :0 T. M., off Cape St. Lneas. passed steamer Golden Age,
bound for Ban Francisco. Jan. 19, at 11 A. M., passed
steamer Coi ten. for Sau Frapctsso. Arrived at Pans cut
Jan. 19, at 10.45 A. M., landed malls, passengers, be.,
and at 1.30 P. M. the train left for Asplnw&U, lroin
wheuce the George Law sailed the same evening.
The Fuaut Railroad is In fine working condition, and
Its business is constantly increasing. A train of eight
cars came across on the 17th Instant, loaded with silver.
The amount of >1,800,000 was reoelved at Panana for
H. B. M. sloop- of- war Brisk, from Mexico, and was en
route for England.
The health of the Isthmus is good and the weather fla*
Capt. Jines, formerly of the steamer Amazon, his be
appointed Commandante of the Chiuche Iilandi.
We are Indebted to Purser Mi'.c'.ell, of the George sv,
for tiles of 1'auama end Afplawall papers.
The George Law brings the following
Drexel k Co $.'50,000 lrob?t te Melnirtz
Wells, Fargo te Co. liO, 600 hsgen ... $18,450
Wm. Urge'& Co... 114,000 K. I'avonv.KU a
J?mos Patrick..,. 44 000 Schumaaver 11,H28
Older...,.......,, 43,114 I'rKemaa A Co . 10,030
E. Kelly 4 Co ... 42 000 GolcUtone, Fried*
liimcai , Sherman ltnier & Co. ... 10 09>
& C>.. ........ 30,000 H>*ian3&A<inin?ral( 10,00)
Bank of Ametira.. '28 400 Ham turgor k Bon 8,812
Clmerte Feige<>bamn 25,000 II. King tenons . ... 6,003
J Mrnus^Bro teCo. 10,043 Monran, fla'.hairay
Giiooell, Miuturn te Oo 4,15*
A Co 10,620 Row! te Wade 4,000
A. Hardy k Co 16,000 Chambers b B user 3 000
Gcldeautb, Mi.y te It lllu, Thome & Oo *2 0))
Jacobs 11,167 L Vegbaur 15 008
N. & RGodUU'd.. 11 IMiO J. BMm >nt 1,000
Ssh-'lle te Brothers 11.00'.) Everett & Broivn.. 350
William Heller.... 10,600
Total $881,000
Our f5;ca of Patama papers are from Panama to the
lClb, and Aspinwall the 18th of January.
The Puluuh Ihrald, of the 19th iu.it., lias the following
now! items: ? The railroad never was in h > go ><1 order a t
at present, and tha traits of late nuke totter time thiu
ttej hav e evsr been able to vio before, arriving here gene
rally before one o'clock. Freight is iucreii'ajf erjry
wm k, s nd for son.e time past it his been loand necessary
fteque! tly to send over two or ttme trains dally, in order
to ge~, the goods over between steamers,
The I'ni ed Slates av in soop-of-war Massachusetts,
which has been loikcd fur t- tre for some time past from
San Juan, has been Ordered back to San Francisco.
TLe little steamer Erne ie, which tai'ed hoaee on tie loth
u) ' . . for Central America, may be daily lookei for no#.
Ihe brig Chinchllls was sold at Aspinwall at auction for
(800, < n the 12th ins 5.
Vt e learn that at ler the first of Vebruary the sailing
tiire of the steamers hrnce for Callao anl Valparaiso will
be alterea from the 14th and 29th to the 16th aud 80th of
each month, which will, under ordinary circu-ostftiicea,
enable the pas^en^ers and mails coming from the United
states to go direct South, instead ot being detained here
fourteen day*, as is now the case.
Three foreigners appointed to act as jurors in Panama
declined to act.
'ihe Panammo brings 'orward the name of Manuel Mu
rillo Torn as a candidate for the Presidency of New Gra
nada, and Sr. Bartolome Cairo had been proposed a* the
nex ' Governor of tbe .State.
Ob Sunday. 13'h inst., there waa a grand bull teasing in
the Cathedral square, as part of the rel:gioui cereauny
of installing the new Bishop and Provisor.
The I'ana na llrrald, of 19th inst , says: ? The steam
ship Columbus, Captain J. M. How. sailed on the 7th Inst.,
fcr Ccs'a Itica, Nieaiagua, San Salvudor, aud Guatemala.
Among tbe passengers were Captain W. C. Stout, agent of
the vi-.-sel; William Nelson. Esq., agent of the railroad
crMii) any ; and Mr. John Power, our aMocia e in the Star
and Hrrahl. The M earner will probably be absent torty
da; s, during wliich time Mr. Power will have an opportu
niy of collestirg tucb a 'and of information regarding the
dill, rent republics, a< will prove interesting to the readers
of tto Star and Herald.
A ?niminlcatlou ill the Panama Stnr. January 12,
npon passenger statistics, says the arrivals in San Kran
ciEce, duiing tie thii l quarter of 1855, have been as
Frcm Panama .1.014
San Juan del Sur .2,001
Palanee in favor nf'ihe Panama route 1,018
The dipartures fioin Sun Krancisco. during the sane
t!n.e, wtie a', follows : ?
To Panama ,...2 278
Son Juan del Sur 2,490
Pa?ance in favor of San Jtiau rou'e. .. ._ 204
H o immfjra inn of Jamaicans tj the Isthmus seems to
have aimost entirely ceased.
ihe Aspinwall l.'ourier, of January 8, has the following
su-anroary of affiirs In Panama : -The streets of Panama
8re not at all improved, although tho pie-ent dry sea on
rei.ders them cleaner than thoy luve been for montas
p? st
un Fiic'sy nljlit last, the store of J W. Matby, on
Main stieet. just within the walla of tho city, was robbed
ot $'2 900 woi th of clothing.
Ihe Panama Mail Steamship Company have entire'y
forsaken Tiboga, and now divide their labirl oetwt'en tti'*
lr'sLd of I'erico 'and Panama; at this la'.ter point. nea>
the P. R. H. depot, tfcey are erecting buildings (or their
own accommodation.
Tho Panama Railroad Company have not yet taken
V'Cf-F-'tssii.n of all the lands la the Cien.-ga, nor a:? the/
likely to? i o fo at present
The firiiish Panama Steaul Navltfa'ion Company s iU re
tains its dfpor. for s'earnt-rs h",., at l'abjga, aid now has
?he iftand pretty much to it?elf.
thi Kiiilsy night last, Sr. Jo1* Ma Parodi s, Judge o( 'he
Clienk Court it Panama, ard Sia. \ illarlno, wife of the
Ci y Puhtnaste'. died at ihelr respective resiienies.
[Kri ui the Panama Heraid, Jan. 19 J
Notwi'staLdlog that trade appear* to be duller at
pre-ent in Par ?ma than at any floie during the past
six years, jet the piospects are oeglnning to brigiit-n,
u< d there is more hope of an improvement now than
here has been for some time past.
Airong the causes that will tend to bring about this
improvement ?tarn'*, first, the en'e-prlse just started
by the railroad company of opening aline of Btevm>>rs
to C'ootral America, which, if carried out, a ; w* doubt
not it will be succe~"fally, wi:l lead pu.-tha c rs here
from all the Central American States, as well as make
this the depot fur the sale of the produce of thos> coau
tries; then we doubt not this line will be ex .ended South
io Guayi(|uil. aud pvobub'y Callao, wbicb will iadace
ti e Southern trade thin way instead of round Cape
Next to this we look upon the influx of whaling
chips to our harbor as ? great assis ?nce to the
conrr.e ce of the place. It is now getting to be
tolerabiy well known that whalers can ship
tb<>lr ill across the lathmiu, by railroad, to New
Yoik, for 7 to 8 cents per gallon, inclusive of ail c'aa-ge*,
which is Ihe very lowest figure it c?n be sent round the
('ape at. and which must before long induoe every wh iler
in the North Pacific io send his ca'go this way, oipe dally
as it Is known that by doing so it meets a market fjur to
five months sooner than it can any other w?y. Here
also whalers can receive their advices and supplies from
home at a much greater saving of time and expense than
on any other p'iut of tbe Pacific.
The opening of a (live of steamers to Australia 1 < an
other prtject which must add greatly to the inn-eise of
trade on the Isthmus; and as ttiis project is now
stitnu luslv advocateted in Australia, and active exe'
tknsare being made in England to carry It oat, tiere
appears little donbt that the line will be opened Within a
very few months.
Every steamer that reaches the lsht-nusj from Europe,
tbe United Sta'e* or the South brings an increase of
freight on her previous trip, and there is every reason to
believe that before long the entire trade of the Pasiflj
will pass over the Panama Railroad.
[From the Panama Herald, Jan. 19.]
It may be inteiestlng to our readers to know that a
scheme is at present on foot in England to open a ne n
line of trp.nsit across Central Americ.i, with tie main
object of turning the Australian i ramlgration that way
and brtaklng up the Panama route entirely.
One of the party to this scheme wh > pretend* to he a
civil crglneer, and acquainted with this country, has
undertaken to address the British g vernmeot on the
subject, and urges his point on the ground that th n*w
route is very healthy, whilst the Isthmus is fllled with
c i 'agion.
Wt do not pre?l?oly recollect his words, bat hi writes
to tlie ? feet that thousands of passengers crossing th?
VuiAiria route (Me annually of the sickness contracted
whilst hero and 'h>t nine y nine out ?>' i bund s>d w i i *tt
Ami upon tie (?'".?una are > ricLen villi * ae?U y 'evjr.
If faJaaUood wl 1 do asy'bing to#?nli opeuivg the ??w
route, ih?t thif ?orttty >inii'>e?r?n<l Ot i trleica oavi a lair
oLauoe, but urluckih fir biin U ltt?o gov#?rmnt i?
not <? ?his hsbit of taking every eojfi a?er'.< *t? e oe'i'.a a s
trow, without making aorue liuiu lu xury to Natl ?fy DiMf
la nfafenoe th?-it to from tone more rrl ab'o utian aid
*? rath?< tbtnk that m "facta are atu vmi a -.blagi,"
aud an i bo H itish g ivernm-nt lui taken the ri<at way
tojiet at them, it h tajr.j to* a pr >b?t?Ie ttie i w.jfaoel
falsehood of thli very elvll eogiueer will be aiiwel to '
fall lo tbe gr jurd u i.oworthy O notice.
Respecting tie h*at'htniaa of our route wo will make ,
no eooipaiuona wi.h other part* of Central or d mill
America, but we will maiutan that tbore 11 m t more j
beattby tpot in tie whole of the continent tian tula
Mine Isthmus; ano a* regv ds ten mortal! "y amn g thi
pa-Mmgers we can nay, without foar of con '.radio ion?
aid we can baoa up what we say by tie beat prooU, If
neceasary? that titer* hare not ?eeu six doa'.bi among
l*wengers on this istbinua itinte^1 the ye *r 1844, inclusive
of railroad oc other acoloenta; and we defy the olrli en
gineer, who is so well posted up, to bring forward proof
of even three deaths dorirg that tuul.
Ano4 her faet we will a 'Ate that may astonish oar
fueign reader*, and feu the oivll eogiueer, a 4 weliai
tbe B;i'ifh grvernm-nt itseit, and toat Is. ttt*r. out of tlie
numerous re* id Ant foreign pipulatlon ef Panama there
has, we believe, been but one solitary dtath during the
A tin dm* to the deaths among the railroad laborers, on
wbi:htne O'vil engineer pats so muoU s.ress, ws may
say 'hat the mortality among th? 7,00.) white lab irers of
whieh correct statistoa wer? kept, lias been le-ia man 1>?
per cent, during the five years the read was being oon
fcucli is the true statement of the mortality of the Isth
mus, not founded on oonjeoture, or based >n falsehood,
bu- proved by the very best and most reliable atttU t-tal
registers of the physicians of Manama and of th? Kviloal
Company , and af'er readlog it the publio will be a lie to
form a just valuation of thi statement made by the civil
engineer to the British government njapeo'.ing the un
healthiness of this route.
The tteanier Bolivia arrrved at Panama on 8a turday,
the 5th inst., bringing 21 pa-stngera and f 180,000 in trea
sure. Her dates f torn Valparaiso are to the 16th Decem
ber, from Lima to the 2Tth, and from Guayaquil to tho
Cailao, Dec. 23, 1855.
Tra<k Report ? Pot i'.ion of Ocu 'ilia ? i Btvo'ution JStpuclcl
? Skipping ami Seamen' 3 Wajtt ?fittt, <?e.
Fince iRst mail nothing of inte -est ha* transpired, We
have lew arrivals 10 notl ;e wi iliin the last two weeks,
?xtd bu.si it as <!u I a? can be. We know of but few
t>bi i>s on The way. Bai-ii ess at home a earns to be ao g?l
that the lav charters offeiiog lor guano aedm no inluoe
nibnt for yefleela to come "uere.
Cvcgre a Is in se.ision. CaatH'a L> very uupopul .r -jrt'.h
tliero, refusing to sign many bills whicH tboy pan. He
it> aietn and deiernnteJ, aud after having once taken a
pctli a upon a <?ai'j-ct brought before the Cii?mb?r of
1>. nutioH, t e cannot easily bo incvod.
V.'e bave mush lalk of a rovolatlon, and woull not be
surprlied to see the commencement of hofiilitiea aoon.
During '.ho. e dull tlmt?, a ino^t anything that would
cau*e some ox aUemout would be haiied with pleasure by
the foreign pojmUii'n h?'?. We, of 0 )urse, d ) not s/m
Ja IrM fitli ?iilh?r (.'de, but profer roiuii jlug nnutr?t.
l la a peculiar Ualt of Ovi Poruriaa ohi ri\: er 10 iaipoie
upeu foifignvrs. Xlio chHaren lesr.t tliii from their pv
retits, ata tao .e who have nona learn from th we who
You wiU poe from the shipping liat th*t the American
1 s'lpa b?i oie leportel Wilting tor h' .he- frei ciits hav* #?!
c-'pi^d the prev: 'iua und ate now a*. ih-? Chluj>iai
louring. 'lhb American baric Wiii%acj'njum lnriug
fini'.ljed her tepairx, and taJkeu iusouie t.ro h iadr?d ton<
of guano beie. hallei lor tbo Initul-i uu the 16th imt , 1.0
tost- in onlanse of csi* ., anil will nail fjr tue Uuii?i
StaieH wiihont rb'urniug to t'auao i ne Anerl :aa ship
WiLiWr Fo;eat ?iu 'eavo tbeCuiuoba : in itioat ten.iay.i,
direct 'or Cork. Captains flad it profitable to cl^a- frjn
the ChiuoLas. by coutnj to vhia p >rt in th? mail * tea in
ert lor crews aid water. Et-eryihiag eiao they ^eei uny
be obtained at the Cilnchas. By tacini; mis step muih
tiixio is t-avt-d to the f.bi|*. So few v^saela ar- now at the
Ia.anCs Ujat they receive goad ae-patni.
t-eauieu's wages are lo?r r lat.n tuey have bpea for
some yea*-*, and aU^aare liut tiow J#<<ortea oy their ore*s
as formerly.
lh? dry dock andoJier public enter1 itaea broig'at be
loie Conxresa some time fcitce, are dropped tor the pre
sent, to bo agtkla tikea up when i'r?iii est Cmiil i an-1
the t'h amber ol Deputies can work together to bettor al
We are now in the Vglntiiag of the gie?+. nnnj'oer or
fi-astdays with which 1 hi aa, lud?ed, u'l Oa'hdij ooau
tries, are cur.-eo. Of course, at all tl nea thi? is a greit
diaw'jaea upon but-lness, ou' just uuw we do uot feel it
ssmusb aa *e would, were ihijg* a iHilo IivoIuk. Your
obeuient seivant, J. S. 3.
The Congress was still lu extra s^igioii. Tta labors hare
been directed to zneasarta ot gieat vUuo.
Ih ree hundred thoiiNatd dollars hare been voted fjr
the erection ot an iron pier for landing goods at Va'pa
raUo. The Want of this b'ia lon^ been serioualy folt,
more especially since t&o completion of *0 many of 'ho
large custom house wa.eihou-en for the dejvoai of me:
chandLse, The government ia autiiortaed to raise this
hiuc by loan, if ncceaaary. The pfer lj to be of iron, and
to teceive three Te-.sels of large draught at its sidej at
ot. re. It is to be located near the wa-ehouhos.
A supplemen'ary addition has also beon nudo to the
cumnt appropriation for the year for roada and b.idgvs,
ot $30 000. Work which upon noine roads had been sua
pendeil will now l>e resumed.
Uesices the amoui.t appropriated for enlarging tho
School of A ts ai.d Trades. #li 000 hire also Wn ({-ant
ed to the Agricultural Normal School, for the parctiaae ot
uten-ils and reed*.
The civil code has been approved in both chambers. It
oouiinences, as the law of the land, one year Uaoee?
nbmtly, .Ian. 1, rui.- is one of the most important
measures par-sed since the formation of th > government.
Congrets has also, at the sngjfeati?n of the President,
la^id a vote of tnanks in lavor of ihc author of the
Civil Code, Don Andres Belli, a member ot the debate,
and to tr.e coi?. Hiipaiuners who, with hlin, afterwe. da re
vised the work. Tu M'. Belio his further beeu voted the
sum of $'20 0(0, aa an aupivciation of his fciV.>rs In iht>
wmk, which lias eiipiged hie attention d'.cing a |>eriod
c&rerirg fifteen ) oars, and aiss leive to rri'ire on full piy
from his p? st a>> (Irsi ofti^er lu the aepa cinont of Foreign
Alfelrs, which for n-nny years Mr. Bello has ououpi-d
with so much practical nisdom.
A charter has teen fur* her granto I to a company pro
pt sir.g to con^truc^ a railway, the cirs to he iir?,wu by
atiamals, between the port of Co'iuiinbu, Ihe city rierona
atif ?he cueita of l'eral'a.
We cannot and a1- touch in t-efeietce to tbe ra'lsny
pri j'cted frc m lui^ahuano to Conoepcion. Though tuo
iipidicatii.il for a ohaiter has Ken for u long li n? In tho
bunds if the gorernmeat, t'ie Predieot ha. noi. aeon lit
us yet to pi eaeut it to Congren-., for reasuns not citvu'gixl
to ihe pnBiic hi'herto.
We I a*e to r-eco-d a most unusual erent at this se?-->u
of the year, which is a violent norther. On tneTta in;t.,
the ofLiilitions of the barometer and the eommoHon if
the HtA announced the hegioniog of a atorm. fue wind
?ts not vi-ry stri n?, but tlie wave . increased so as to
put tie shi?j.ing lu j-.opardy. ten Ira the moruing
Mw.e vepi-t-la we> b In d?iKfI,< af'l Ujistsd signals of di j
'ress. No efsintftnee, however, wa'i reudeied the n, and j
two were riven ivhore un the Aimeodral be ah at 4 P.
M., where, in a fer, h^urs, tbey weot entirely to p'.pj m I
Tt ere v-ruhe l.aik Carolina and the brig \Un>iel O i '
res, bo'.h Chdian rtaiel#. A water launch also weut
down, but has eince be;n raised eg.-iin.
7h' 1 sin was abiindont. Its effect on tbe graia o-ops
Is no', i it .liowa but the-# is nothing to indicate th*t
it has caust I either lieceflt or Injury to them.
The new pons' itutlon. already ho ratuiy won'Ss in -le
bute ha? not jet been confirmed by the Peruvian Cja
v?r?tii u.
Toe Kpcca jiublinh'-a gome note nxchiieed with the g >
?e'liment of I'eru on ncoount of th" p ililiol rofugeo* re
tidit g in the :?Ht named country. The Prefeits of Patio
?lid Tnrtiu Iitro received ore or h t < be watchful anl to
trier ? nt the pavsge of arms and ammunition iot > lli
< Jeter al ?aota Crvi obtained hia permi**ion to reoi'ifa
In Europe. Willie the half pay belonging to him a? Mtj >r
lletieral cf the republic. Six thousand doPar* have li?en
Ct l'v red to htm a? au advancement to hi* a-?slga%ti 'U.
lli government ha* named deposito s to embavk tna
qvinas (Peruvian bai k) wliiih he had lu h'jt pjsMj'slou,
and to contdder moie favorable th> proposal* addressed
bjr M. Hnlci and Ca^en, of the commerce of this port
Ibey obtained the i reforonco, and proceeded towiebrati
the contract ol nale. The fundamental basis of price au I
payment is ?
M fht F'oj. Cachi:>tn'>i.
Caeca; ilia in boards ?"() qq. W qq
Out.... 11 i'
In pipe 30 32
The contract will begin to rile from the 18th Doie-n
ber, n nd an advance of 1 KO.OOO will be niadc. The sto k
Is of about 2fl,0t)0 quintals.
The contractor* will receive 040 qq. per month, and
they will give ft?0 000 likewise per month.
A sei-iou* quarrel had ooc'?rrrd between the Ex^cutlv^
and 'he Assembly, owing to the fortuer di?putlug c "tain
acta of the latter, relative to (Jen. Castillo
The Assembly was Hiisttine^, and the Kxecutl v? b< I og
defraud, wan obllge<l to give *a Ufrttiou. At the Hailing
of the steamer friendly relation* had been le-e.twbli 'lie!
between the t ?o powers.
S*<-versl articles in the Herai'la had Vten denounced by
the government, and 8*. Larraega, the editor, had bee ,
obliged to conceal himself la one of the dlpioma'-ir
The death of Pr. Tirado, ex Xin'ntor to the l"ait?xl
States, Is announced.
By the last news from this republic. the President,
Gfneral Cordova, waa at Potoel. He had eomtna'.?d vi
senterce of death passed by court martial on a polNctl
offender named Monfalvo.
A oueetlon hid arisen between the gov?rnm?nts of
Bo ivla and the Argentine republic relative to the inva
sion of the towa of Yavl, near Jujuy, by some B >dvlan
troops, who carr'ed off over a hundrel head of sat tie.
The <(0 -eminent appears to be ra'her incl'nsd to adopt
a ijaU.n of conciliation, In order to silence thenu-ner >ua
elements that mine its exlstenne. The Judicial p?*er
h?s been re-orgaolzed, and special committee* have been
appointed for the editing of the odea, and to proonte
II ?e wipe many 1 >cal Improvement* la e?oh departineat.
The yellow fever ha* appeared In B >11 via, and mvle
* me progress in the province of Munecis near I.i I 'a/
Several measures were adopted to secure heath.
There still exists In Bilivla the law whloh prohibits a
stranger to enter the country without a permlsni in of the
supreme governm^nf. Sereral Individual* thtf had ej
terfd its 'ertl'ory srlthout this nee -n*ary condition hire
been obliged to wait many week* In ths trintiers till thoy
oonld obtain the p?a>port
The mine* ef Corocoro have produ -e<l in the nine fa*t
month* of tbl* v?*r !ifi,70H qq , SO li*. C/pp?f sn 13,045
ti arks ol ttfnq,
i The oondi'i a <>t the Kopu <lu w?? *w.l pacific Oamrsl
i !'m bio ir irt?l at Sieuii *?, eamn?i?nio ol ?>/ tn#gi>r
i trtmrDl to w>|i?et '.iii t-oopi of tbi fr.m'ier.
! Cdt.enu A'raraco had r*<umwl the o'utiaaudof tin
plX.?h C? ?f Kntil-tb* pU'MiClttoO of tuo WW ?GQ? i
tollin lheHploral U c. th? IlVaia W*? Still g 'l"H oa
vkU aotivil/ in the N'jrlii.
Vaij-araiho, Dee. 14, 18&5 ? fh# p(Wt f irtaifUt ha* not
b- 1 a niw/kivi by aay extraordinary activity, out neve
tbe'Ms It liui not paxed en' (rely bire of lutere?t. Bili
viao m-icbtBU have filled t eir ul'luutu requirement,
end tho-* frcn the Aiceu'iun C ?nft'ier* 1 >a h*ve already
j closed ti,etr operati <ns. With regard to th* h itn trade,
especially the li>i!?. bunimat, i' 1; hu a it, an <1 ii not, as- I
sumirg ? more lj?*iy foiture, itluiMlboa trl iutel to the
clrcunmtaiit e tha'. oar merchaus ir? actually ei^agei
| la uioalig ihwir jeaily balances, when tu y do uit d era
WWMI to en'er Into m eperatoai A change ' ?>
been effected in th* tariff or dutle< fjr foreign rorrcHan
4iie, ana we note an augment In the rule* tor nil ueutary
article* specified in oor priced current, under the lao ioa
ol provision*. f rom thu lit of January proximo, the t 1
lowiny will be eharged acsordiu^ljr *uso ivado uug?r,
per i,aroba, -Sc. ; Urazil sugar, do, Sc.; Carolina rice,
per qu ttal, tibo , do. of other descriptions, do., 18}%j.:
c'#a, do., 12J?c.; coffee, do., 2o\; cts^la, do,
SI; lard, do, SV>?c. ; pepper, not ground. do, 'ii*.;
Yorba mace, pn aro >a. (i ^c. Two novelties are pr?s?n e t
in the ptwding Uat: flmiy the appearance of Ca'lfomii
flour oa our narket, ard secondly the arrival f Colnt
uaibfaituies, wh>c!? has beei so long absent Iroea fee
trade, this carjfo cbacged hands in ou'K, at a qprtata
per cent on the iavcive com Cotton* ? We note mire or
keta MiiTcily m the gt-reral run cf Auierlciu manuttcure.
< a aocount if the a Jhtoce of importation IV. in the Un tea
Sta'ee. Uu from o'bec puiU new arrlrald cart a ?no
horn ed the esUtingr na-or menta. The aaies have b^ea
eonHaed in the uaual cotupaaa, anl tbe prly* are equal
to thoge u.eu'ioned Id our laxt revievr. WojllenH are in
tbe same coodlllon tM cot'f>n?. )iio?? 'Vlthout i nj> >rt?,
eithe ' of Ouolink or other description; Atuericta li worth
$8, anu I*n>btyeque >6. Icel and pork continue abun
dant, and with limited aale. Spade*, with and wl.hiut
haneirit, are baleable at our quotaiioni but by retail
only, flavana ^egara? fo may pro^etly put theai down
not nbmdair , at *11 erentu, tue Hni>erior eUsiea are
f>c*Y04. S'?p? Ui? Mer I'srranpuQ and Mondozt Hho*ed
little aeiirity; Ameiicari i? oat of market, anl looked For.
Mixiod, Jan. 6, 18 id.
Mtrican <t*<l American lHpUnnacj Unmatkfl.
^gr&eably to proru(:;b, and afto: onrtfaliy rec inujiter
ing the po Uioat tortid jationt of this ctplial, I now plioe
the remit of my observations be 'ore your numerous
letdeis, without any of those extra touahes so generally
used by portral'. painters.
It is a well koowu and eatnVi hed faot that the Alva
lez adintnittriuion i?, as hr as tome are a >1? to learu, a
dtiurut letter. Thia may or itny Ujt bo the o-i >e.
It is a master of in) impnrcaoce, ?is he cirried
out t e object of the mission ir.'iisti Induced him t. > le?ve
his mountbin Maitiess in the State o' Guerrero, wbi ih
was the s^cutiog io hi* State the xoe\us of desl iilng a<id
a.ain'jiii.liig her lodcpcn lenoe should cirsam.Uscrs
fo.'ce him to adopt the luoasure. F em this step h-> e .alii
bare beea dipsuedml had Ocainpo .vnd 1'rleto proves trae
to tl tir trusts. They were, however, deternslaod, If pos
sible, by bftnkrnp'itg cho Alvatez exchequer, to over
throw Uji aduiinistiikli&n, in vrhioli 'Mj a acc^eded ; and
should the thieo mi lions be lost to Mcxico, (t m as v. bj
*t1ributf.d to tl*. t treachery, Aul tUm fl_diug Itianoll'
without money, a Cabins', upon whlib te could nUte no
iciltnce, exo >pt in his t\ieud Com^ufort, i:nJ au enfeebled
constitution, he retired from tlio capital ontba 18th of
Deceuiier, tatiig with him t ru*, ammunition, and all
thing", uere siiry to carry out his yiewf, still retailing
tbe resjM.nfibi i ? of tho bead of ihs ropuVic, at up
pears from the following extrrct of a private letter, rhich
I ha i fenr.lt'ed to ruako publics ?
Mexico, Ojo. 12, 1850.
Mr Kstxkvkh ami Api'bvciaiilh i'mii : ?
Ycur li.vor i>f tha lid ia^t., iu rep y to mine of the 16th
ult. ha* bttn received t>y ioo wi a much pluisure lor the
a'lie sen l.r.ont , ami sympathies ia 'nviro: MjxIjo
1 asaiiie yon it is Vry g'atli'ylug to niy 'e jlings that
tte i evolution hes bot-n ?o completely tiiuiupUmi, Ma I
more pir'IcalKily, by the tnauifesti.it.aa a* oriajedoc inv
enteiing this capital, v hie a prove that Mexican', hiring
tt.owu the yoke o' a /rant, ;un th idjy proclaim ??<
Clo tin Koiuacs of old, "I utn a Mexijan oi iz?u !" * *
Tho Cf'uitUon < f nay hoaltb is sucii as to o >ligt> m# t >
return to tbe houtli. I hart", as my <u latitats o ir mu
tual lrioi.u, Mr. Cowotfort. My absence is only iateadel
'ictilrn* h.ifcJti i- restored. Should clrauuistann03, In it
ever, e.rise of an ?xtraor'tinnry nature. I will return to
the o*ii Lai with nil speed. * * * *
Your esteemed friend, JCAX ALVAREZ.
On lug no doubt to tae fict of Coinanfort being; merely
a tub tituto, he accepted tho pot i 'ion of usting President
^ith much reluctanae, as it was noj until after repeated
nuu earnest solicitations, and a deal re ou hi parr to pia
vi'tit an outbreak iu the capita), that he was induced to
tuke the oath of office, which ? a i administered at 4
o'clock P. M., i n the 16th of December, and at 6 o'clock
the American Minister had a 1 <ng and g atifyiu? inter -
wi'h tho new Preeideat.
this move of Alvurez, who took up his line of march
frera Cu&rnavasa on the 6th Inst. forTictla, the capital of
CJue; . ero, a good one, and displays his (ii-mae'i not to
abendon the revulution or the res; ODsioili lies wliiob raad
him take the lead; he retires with all the precautions ne
cessary, being better organised and prepared to march on
1he cp.pi'al if disaffostion rh'uld again appear m:\nifssi
previous ?o the nueting of Congress anil the elation
of a i'leeiUent, which at this present time is exceedingly
doubtful, as the clergy areup inarms against the present
a< minia'.r tton ; and the manifest de^tli. y of llextso may
be fu filled by lior crumbling into noisti independencies,
wi'h tbe cn iiltal soliciting protection trom tne A'ltes.
From ail these .'aats. it must He Keen that C mmfort is
in s pcsiil -ii which requires tiimpess and Oojisi >n, which
qualities Ue has already d'apl&yed an tne croe hero of the
revoln'i i: are! a;, bo has pubiialy exp'?M<ed it to be his
Inun'lon :o do the greatest good for the grevtest uum
hf re, legurdJcss of the eooiiNatlun of his naviaj ,i <lu>>l
ihe conservatives, it tbercfoie behooves the re? -end
padrM to -efleet well baton th?y bring dosrn upon their
mother church aooihur revolution more sanguinary than
tbecnp juHt pastel, an !, by a i ^mp.inuce wUa tbnir sacred
0 Mirations, de>licit-. th^tasclvei to Go3. and perr.it
the Meiicari people fo elect a Preddcnt wh ) will c*i.y
out g?od and whijlesom'; to benefit the country.
Thuswliile Cjm mtort has the clergy in ip-n opp>K!Mon
to his iu miii^ti a . Ln on the one silo, h Hit on iiieoth-r
the ooiobined tiejehery of the fo^-ign atpiomitij corps
wo h*rp no snuh arm in our servic*. our Je<atl jd i?
not irclured ? to contend against, p^rUouUi ly ill*' ol
the ci mdtced allies, with the Wo lei > and tiu ttnmala pin
ned *o th' lr hk'r.s, whose designs a^e to in?!te ite*ioo,
tbe CnlfnoQ Cuba, tuo Ctlinea, Black Sioa i?uJ Se'iaitopol
o' tt Ao.eric iS, to arrest if not crljirfle and ilivids tbo
I'l iiert Mates; of this ttiere c*u b*i no dou^t iod thii.r ou
jtct i to bring Metlio into tae league. Thl* wjs aft
y^ii e kobcy ? f :-aa?a Anca's and his Premier, H ?rilla.
nni'ing all tho 5'oith American Spaat->h titavii In al
lianee. M?-\ico ia the lend, to ac-ejt and driyj bica n utli
? ,n Vandali.im Vn t?ie I'nlted S atfs.
Th: Diplomacy ""ill oe ciieekHAi(>a hy Coeaonfo'V who
baa airord; indicated that republicanism can fj-na ni
amalgamation with mofiarchloa, and th?t ill ttieir in
liigbini.* cannot bring ab n?. any siicK Um?; wliile we
Yankee* villirf>e the?o diplnraatic ,?-ortliies to uuler
Hlai dtbat i Mc-r.ico and Cuba aie I ? be mve the A h'ng
lisnks., we, beirg born with a rod in our h inds, know
the ex jet Jme to wind the re*l when we nave a Sea-bjr
to- pel.
Jr. order tr> more clearly set forth Mexicsn dlplonwy,
It may no1 b? out of place to remark that an previous
chtnges of gevem uent have buen brought ab nit by da
s.'gr.iti'. vain, ambitious cni"ttiins, who, t iiikin^ that
popularity njustbe nci|ulred by a deinoastraiion of optn
antipa'hy towards tbe t'nited StnUiri and her citlz-ns,
havtnjto- npsn thi'* hy potties! whin ha.< very na'.ural
ly given rife to the prej idice as ?xntlug towards Ameri
ca m ? in M>rai case* it nun t be al-nittei, tfe^r redly so; joi
as there cases are of an iscla'eo nalu e, and originating
as they do from ih?->e wlio. not appreciating tue nlirh at
tiibutoa or citlrenaulp al home, entirely dl?reg*rd th3<n
abrotd, und thorf, for want of proper analy is on the
part ?,f Jltx'co the Unitod States Is mi-julgad.
Having had an opportunity of overhidlio^ the docket,
l Und that cases list to an extraordinary degree,
d awn up wi'b all the peculiarities of !aw. which com* '
unier the clafsiQcation of "Claims against M*xl<v).''
In tii.Ing the wheat from the chill of these budgets,
1 was forcibly '.truck with the jostle of tiat of the
>n.crlcan ri'lzen, Augustus Jouaa, anil a.s It is of ap
parent giirantlc importance. 1 plve the particnlars, tn
rather a con '-used lortn, before you aa received from
blir.selt, which <v>rroboi atps the reicrd^d a'Atemeat, and
fiom w'lich will he di covered that it involve a matter
of interest to our ciii/.enp in thn State of Calilornla.
J< otn, a citizen of the United StaUM, w ?sarr?? ?.| while
J? ?/>i'/?r frim th? port of Acapulco to tbo city of Mexioo, at
' ' < Ily r.f Rraixt, In I'ecember, 18ft", through tueiostru
meota'i'y ot n man nacre.1 .'me y l.immtonr, on a con
tract c-ntered Into in the Stale of California. Tin rea'
<fe-tgn of Ijmantuur, who backed by San^a Aooa, Wis t >
i 1 n .lotan as a piisoner in Mixico, nutll ths i.anl
<? it nilsaionerii should have deddo<l upon Lunantour' ?
claim to one half of the city of San Franjiso). which by
.lonan'i documentAry evldenee can be clearly proven
fraud *u alsfl o'arly alt ihe grants sl/nel by .M?chstto
rena, the (iovornor of the Calif /rnias, as thui explained:
In 11 e jear 1863, IJuuintonr, by .ivirturei aud induee
frents held out to Mlcheltoreoa, induce I this bones' ex
Oovernor to sign a quantity of b'ank title-*, di'lng tric-n
back lis fer aa tho year 1848, at which time b;
was (iovornor, and the same have b'en used
and filled up by Umantour to suit his own objects, the
Jan Francisco claim be.'agone of these fabrlctte I title*.
This w-irtby Frerchman, havlog had a quarrol with hi<
..ecretAry. tola latter Individual stele twelve ot tin blinks,
and. in order to extort, ni doubt, from f.imantour, ia
forme^. hte) that he had taken six blanks, whereupon the
dlfliculty wae compromised by Umantonr receiving t'io
six blanks and paying the aecretary three thousand d >1
lirs. At thl ' period, Augustus Jouan waa In the employ
ment of Ilman'.c ur. without, however, aoy know,#d<e of
hie fiaudulent acts. The secretary, wishing to serve his
friend Jonan, gave him the remaining six blanks, npoa
which Jouan left I.imautmr's service, and thaa 'ao;d?
tl ? power to not on'y expose but destroy this who'es tie
rw'ndle. Having aeen these blanks, as slgoed by VJich jl
toreiia, which have all the appearance of beinx K0 iul ie,
I write understanding^ ; and thus has Jouan sul
fered an incarceration of two years, al hough
protee'a and demands were mads to rfanta Anua,
wiibt tit avail, dnring which period Jouan waa three
turns tried before the Mexican tribunals, and nn etm oc
casion acquitted. He was only aet at Hbsrty on a ch tng.>
In the Mexican Presidency.
Having had the pleasure of dining at the legation with
the Hon. Jamea CiK's-'en our Minister, a fe# rema-ks re
gartlng matters ?is we fiend rrt?y "to dee-ned
iiupsoper. TIm 'ieneral U appt'ei'ly abtmt 81 jaars oil,
kliuv) the ui'diuui ktight, Uij in.iorvs an# rtf til u and
iu?lleotual. wt'li * keen, jfiirlraing eye, s bsan.ig
wbLb ouuinnuas ic jwci, to wl\ioU must M added 001
vtirMiwti J?c?ln j, c'no- rtued witu a Tirld m??(iry,
? iich wtdle i makes bii company plt?* ilng, U at the
fame *ln*o ?Ht)lr,g and lu'emattur, fh> Ueneral lit*
n?i t'ary man ttuJ in uut ot the lew Una; who servel
will* tue tinui'ir'*l ilAclwrn uA Uiii itutf, throug bou I tiu
? t ;le campaigns. lie but a'so held the re.tp^n -ilSle posi
tion of A<*J itant <i?; ?-ral ol <),e Untied rtt?'e trar.
l/f the t.cnrtrtj's diplo watlo oinor, as U has only com
n.*?w: with Lli present rnlniua, an oathae *'id .lalEje
fur the pre eut.
lb* (?*4 tiea'y is on* whioh iuu.it take prece
dence, fct while it exonerated us from a dent of iud-na
biiiaation which woall have drained our treaiuw of its
/turpi u ?. it ad^ed a territorial acquisition wiu? rtlue it
unoousded, end waose limits would hare been still
gn-ater had the "home department" truHei to the
General's upright houesty aud permitted him to nag j
tikte without the aid o' a "ooatldential agent," whj
found U uiila eager to pat money la hit pu*t>e, w':\ch.
in bis orer-aaxtutT to deoalve (ladsden, made a fu i
export, and thus uustraood liia agent's hope of Intro
ducing a certain olausa of a very private nalu-e iu tho
treaty, which vu then brought to a close b y our Minis
B n Ua, being cut geroralUd in his tpeculativa views,
commenced a t>eile.s of abortive diplomatic osrrespon
dence, which enced in a suspension of relation*; not, I
huwt y\ i, until a certain ci'iwfu had Indignantly reseated i
the licentious overtures of Kauta Anna, regarding hi* '
wife, whom Hi* i-x-Jierene Higiness ha?l f? noted ; ami in
being toiled, he Imprisoned tne hnxbaud. It cannot be
denial that this ovep on the part of our Minister gave I
strength to the revolution. Wny Hhould tie be neleotod
ana arget for puolio oouiineut for no> oul/ performing ;
a high odicial obligation whioh dsrolred oa him? the :
guhrtiinnhhiji of ibe righto of American cltlMiu)? hut an- ,
Himinga poeitlon which must have oeen oonitidered ait ,
ct rrec aiid jiiHUUab.e, eLe the wl.o'o diplomatic corps \
won Id not have so nbortly afterward* followed his bold |
abd tuastfirljr stroke!' i
That Oadeden h?? ?Uo ??><> lit not to re^'tgniao a dlplo- j
matte cautw, is mont true. Where, d ?! aak, is t'ie A.m?r
ican;to be found wanting in I'is'ioe, who. on reading his j
nanoiin, as ai>?ign<Hi, wlJ not exclaim, "Weil dune, ibou '
gcoa und tru?tj wer.iuiiy" They *re thJ^e: A forptgu 1
cuHoim is ai>tngtml?M; to lD? spirit of nur republic ?n in
Hti'uti.-us, and as > uo:i might :o'uU disintrous '. j uur fu- ;
reliru lnt?rcoor<e. He is sl.<o charged wri'h bi?!nn the first
Miuiiier ti rec^gnlre the Alrares a imiol-tration; mil as
it U a well ts'.abiUhed tao., fiom sr.iat did it .esal'? Au
otlii ial noto Iroin Oci'np), the thon M'uintnr of
Fortlgn Kelatiors, Bolifyirg tieoeral Uadtden of .
Ihe L>rin&tiou of tho Alvares eaMnet, aud tht*. |
they would b<* most happy to ren"<r relations witb |
'he Ucltetl Scales. N,.*r, it oar Minister slnaed In j
thlh step, bow niuc.h mote so the whole dlplonatls c irps, i
*lm af;er tiiriy eight honrs' ''caucus" o msultallon, re- J
at/lve I to foil >w tb? example of our vetnran (iitueral! I
1 fhsli now cocclude my somewhat lfn/thy lii'tei hr '
Infoimlng jou that. Senor !V>n Antonio H?r-> y Tamirlz i
and a best of u'lier du*l)?cie<) ?n's fur ih? i;nH jmb i
etl ' itu .erial puruli " rb left in the lunds of the Uiljring
e.itnbiiKhnjeut of iiU late St.-eae Hi^Un^w, htTOb-eu
ariestttl, ana are n"W ou lh*ir wty to ?< rural re- |
treat in ti?? ncinlty of Asapuloe, rallel Hirse I
litlaiiO; tbeie. iu '.hi midi-t of alligators, and a (
liOft of ituch agreeable coa^anioos, to rusticate |
ovtr ihe prematnxo birth of a now ohllJ, et whioh l'a i
nia.-lz is tho fat;e-, *na who w?h to h?ro bleu b<p'i -ed ?
the "run of ili? li-uenfra lon," the lending poia'.s of
which aie ? That the established icligi n hliull t>e Catao- j
lie, wl'.boi.t any toltrj i >u; an h?'esit*ry Knplror, who,
If nuirricd, must '.?a -y *i*e tm mediate deseendant of
a*i|uaw; ?i'd J.atUie hi x.y hUsll be ?u.itained acd ra
CPgnizni as the ' Ivgei.eiatorH." TUelr arrest batng
m?dr^ on the 8d prtvenii-d the birth \>ht>h was tT h'tve
talrfn clftfe on the tfth if, 'am. Sbame on you, Oouvin
forf, for thus frusUatiog tnu hopes of a no ir-Doru Kai
pt i or !
l\ r audit o-?l pai .iculars I itfei you t J. the 'ilea wblih
acc uip?cy this. Jl' STICK.
j our California correspondence.
,, ? , Cmwn Citt, Cal., Nor. 12, 1865.
Rogue Riwr War-HUtory of ,he Affair- Cir.it C4
lunmi?Jmnu'Haic Cauttt (he Conflict? The h"whU?
* Mid and Wounded? A jjnive Woman?Action <y" ute
VUuntcer lAicipUnc ? J whan Cunning*
I have juat returned from th? Rogue River Valley
now the scene of . bloody Jadiju war, the history of
which imj not t>9 unintereattpg to your review.
Fiequent collision* huro oorurred during the punt sum
mfr, between ditnatlsflod Indian* and renegade
occasioning *ct? on b,th side* that have finally replied
in a general war.
Tbo more immediate oa im, u D0:<r aj I ?*n a-cerU.u
ore the murder of a man and boy on Siddyaa mountain'
on the road from i'rtka to JaokbonviU*, in August last!
A purty ot volunteen organised, awl they maintain
to hnje traced the murderers to tbo iu iun Reservation
near Fort lane, and two Indians, on lheir;evideuce liave
been arreted, nnd aro at prevnt in confinement at the
Fort, awaiting tilal, much to the disgust of the volun
teers, who, anxious to Inflict a wore summary punish
n e it, fecretly organized an expedition under Maj. i.up.
ion, and attackeu a portion oi " old Jake's " baud who
had obtained permisaioa to go up for some provision* to
Butte Creek. and had left the Reserve fur that purple
when they were attacked by /.up urn's party, on ths
to or Ling of the 6th of October, at daylight, the result of
which attack was, tha' .hree warriors, four old men, aud '
the reat? women and children-amounting m ad to
tr ecty-st ven? were killed; one a child six mouth* old
tied toils basket crad.e. Thii i, the number, as ascer- '
tained by Swei'zer, First dragoons, who was sent
?p to bury the dead. A wiuiaded Indian, supposed to be
Oeivd, succcedcd in shooting an arrow that iullialed a
wLi%InZ!!'C(l' Chl"la? ^ LuPtoii'? death. One other
White man was wounded by an arrow, wniru vu Uu th0
!ohs the whites experienced.
On the n?-xt morning, Oot. 9, the war ??j n,
Urstwcman or olid met by Indiana, was killed.' Sev n
kihinv Reserve at iiraus'ortlk, after
'*& * JO"?* man employed on the Reserve bv t ha
n??nt'n? <l0"n K(*uu riVer thf-y "red on the ?,,,
pie nt flewott's Tirrv. with mt effect. They ,,ro"eX iT,l
down the rivtr to (.vans' terry where they lired into *
party of white men encamped near by, and killed mu
kUed ? 11 tif,. tQ'ln1*i 'nR thB UrB<""n ro*''. *-i'l
"t, I i f . H ;irirt l"h iliitunto along the road
'.?[urnp-oh Joe creek; among them. Mrs June* an* '
?V tld ana Mrs. Waggoner and child. At Harris'-, the las?
houne. thry met wi h a ..esperate re,,sla,9,
K; husband was ? not in tbe door, noggin*
m tn to tl," house, sh? ha n icided ths do??rd. and h? 'ir- d
long eoouth to Inattuoi her ln tue u,e offlm ,ifleand
ell .hat irtemoon she kept them at bar. They wont < fT
In 'iho |Dff' ftnd fenrtnf tetnrn to fire the hoose
v? uie night, I ue ?e *eec her wounded cniid and made
ho. escape into an ftdj .inlng thi,!k?t, with her stoo* or
wh n wr th * ("'Ua' *?'L ';Vlri0ff "Uh a revolTer
L L U',iliiih afP'oachbd hor hiding ulace in the
night, sue kopt thom off till doyhkht, wueu ih" V?
jievert by Major I ftrgeralo'? oom ma mi, woo had ruceirAj '
'he "! !be ,n? comoiittud on thtf roal I
*ndn?d pursued tl^m thus f^r. |
r i . T 0 "tt" j '"oe l by (?o>nte's band I
?in tie! il'l W';'r,t" 'V, Roust's 'on To^e creck
? Msjor l-i.z?Oi.ild came upon then at l/trrn'i
oe anocewed m aauog lh?or ?u thea, anl ?
mainder esosped into tt'P mountains,
*rrmtheiath'0ihBl8th0f Octoow the TnHans an
l'ewedonR g,,oI;)Ter. ahott*. the mouth ot "r
snd ao- J Galeae Creek kthl,,* the uducrs nnd tralers'ln I
hat rinnity and rotjoing tho Chino-e. 1'ha numbers of !
tb^ IuolHtis creased, and he.?Cen the -J0.h and ? Gth
tlej mace a e-ceut on C' w ('re.>k, killing a number of
ti e 'e1 tiers d u, ,?lIig o1i ? Rr6lt. d0li, 8a>ck ^ ^
- .?, 5 Hi ' "f0*?; I" the moautUe the iuaahasuU
1/,! ""?J point fjrtitl d '.hemselvea with atock
ait-v, and .oiuutoer eotupiiies wme orgaui/eil tli-at
f5""r' "P down thu roads usuaJy travelled- t tie
f - tf 1 'i^h" 'f1.0 HUf1 f' jrt Jone? wei o out searching
for the Indiana jo being tkem ? batU*. T#o wweka ?,a5
elupsrd and not nu Fndlan hvl been seen by the troops
ard bjljno cue eke, except who.o they appeared at xjuu'i
iinpiotectcd p lot. lieutenant Kanti 4th lafan'.rv hid
let Fort (Wo, d with a detA0 -ment of f'en men to i'Jeu
neltre.atrad Irom FortOiford U Kort I aus. Iguo.-ant
of thoexistiDg war ho came suddenly upon an eocamr
andOr!voCWkCn rh* iT (11"? rl,l?" W"*een t:>w Creek
and l.ravo Crork. The movomems ot the Indian were
hrM ?6 pr'>par,;1 ,or an HttaeU. The Indlms li e.l
i i h.mr ?l"ro?! r*.'Urnfd 'rtle >kln..i,h lasted for naif
and hri', , ? ho '?ci?ns succ cde I fn fUnkln,; bis parly
TL ir Vo^ TT ,hP ?J""'?"?ntandtwo ot his W
? r"lL,n^ xh'r Uod- r01'
kll.ej. instantly, ^tbe Unuieaaut escaoej with a
w*und, the bill hiving l>oeti pr?venud from t*kin<
r- L?f mora"l'unl bjok in a pocket on his ngut
' nnbie to rally hfs men. they retieated and maa?
I r npe with the 1 >s< of all their mules and every
1 r'u,i5 e;.cept their arm.t and (ho nates of the rejounais
sauce. ?
They rearhed Harkness' station, on *he Oregon roal
twelve miies.di^.int, at two o'cl >ck a', nijrht Me sent
nil exptess to Major Fit*g.<rald, who was then sta?i ,ne,l
at fc van# 'ferry, twenty tulles dis iint. He anive.1 th?.t
eyrnlrg. On ibe ^th they wont upon the ground whom
Lieutenant Kant* had Allien In with them The laiUns
bad removed th-lr can p along j- he rulge about thre ,
miles. The bodies ot the tw > m<sn were f .nn 1 .1 ^i
aud mangled, and were buri-d bv the troops Th? '
which tbe Indians ba-1 given up indicated that th!y h? I
bo-'n collected In bcc n*dd< table num ers and In ?
favor., ile poslth n f. rdef.-n o, and he M,jor ,le i TnlT
he would not ., tack them as hi, J.d S ^
men was not considere<l la tire ?????. J seventy
suc^fss, the deshe being to overthrow the In '.Un!! at 'a
Ci?|.taln Smith arrived at Harkneaa' station nn th/.
evening of the 27th, and took
?e? VeMere^JO,''?rV*a0Mick- M ??M?tuUon U
? n f?r'Iul l<)n ""ot to all the volunteers
to the vaUey, and Capt^ Smith concentred all M^e
K?lar forw?, i?mountln# 1n all frt J. 7 1 } 1
atd vu un leers to near fonr hundred. A plan of^Us
hadTmotmtijePlndlihe ?W C^mpi wherp Ll* tenant Kanti
tJ^mMl ves tfJwi h * ' nn<1 t,,rw of tft* ('"ties found
taemseivM together. It was now daylight, but not too
late, however, to separate the eommm is. .But the culde
having (sitnted out the position of th* Indians "hfoffl
eers In command decide! that th?re were m Inrti.n.
The guide In4sted that they were there and that It was
n^eeaary to move .mmediatelv. StU? th^Ud
althongn one partv had gone to the weO wa/d, and i:
waa aeiessary that the other th.-ee shoull ci ooerate
nresW*Nn*?^nM 'W m?ruiot, and the men built
? "O011?1 had the sm>k?. Jegiin to ascend th?n thn
opposite hill was alive with Indians, e Electing their st>ek
nvn.H,P Df :?; "" "1[- 1 n* ?olunteera' wi h thSr
intorv^'lld^' .v1" ',t,out ,low" I "t" the gu'cli that
alcmirth^l ?? ?? ? h ,n"to"d of cootinnlug
hnn.lrlrf /. . . ' " b#nrt- It was fifteen
hundred t? Mel a.- rormj oji s^aiy. Pie gul^o
aropwed to Cayt. Sn.Ilh to keep on t'.e fMge, bat h? fei
lo red tbe volunteer*, mi l they were oiapiwteiy #>ra out
when the/ caute up jq the I jdi%us.
rhe a t?ok tu made on the ?ast ?ij? :l >ug the 'iij?,
ami the oilier par f haviug eouielu oa liie souti ale, tue
IiioUm gave uptheir oaai,, uuia a mod, kail fctviug4>at
their women end chi dre eitu tinir ? .xsk atoag tU? "itg?
to the westward, tuej <lbt' ndcd \hei- retro*-. 0 / takiag up
a p?-itioo Juet over ilio next aink la the, i llgs, mere
the/ could c unm.vnd the Knoll tbey !>al tituiuavl the
south side of the ridge was core >?>"<! with hear/ timer
?no denas under*"1 vth. i'he adjr of n* * ?luo e?r< ras
cheoked by seeing two or threo of llietr compauiont fall.
There wan no order or ayntam i u the atttek; the t-eije
?V?r? muted up without r<-g\rd 1 1 corpi ir o?coj?aate?.
'lie office* did not pretend to exercise an y ooulrtl, aad
a ?y?tem of skirmishing was Sep*. up bf ab>ut tutrty ti
luuteers aad ax man/ regulars, lor aeve al hjurs, wiia
out making anr advance up m the Indians; toe ota eia
were behind, ana It was in vain that those in adrante
ca led upon those In the tear to corns on. Some of the voir
ameers actual!/ left the Held in the Brit om-et, and never
returned. Capt. Smith tried to get up several charge*,
bur hi* did not lead them himself, and that jUey wera
in reali'y impracticable irom the thickness Of th? Icuth,
as an Indian coald flrn twiee before the parly making a
charge could nivunce fifty yard*; and arm if the India*
*** routed out of his position, It? had en!/ to retreat a
raw Tarda and hU po-i i a <tu a-< good as the one ba
abai.t and i-o for nine <>?t an/ distanoe. The regilar*
lost two men and Hlx woundai in these charges. Harlac
marched all night ana f > gbt all raorntar, without break -
last and without watw, by Boon even The few wh> <U4
light in this uijKiplorly ene*ge?nent were worn out. mU
g: usually hauled off and only ranioin -hats ware ex
change ourif g the attemton. the ira'n had been left
come three nilte? back with tb'ee data' prorUani. oa tfca
old camp ground vf the IritHaii*, but no arraog^miBt
b? lug ru^de to bnng up th? tr*1n, .hey had to cam u Mia*
nlgbt w! hoot provision*, and for th? Mt,e of w? er tber
ux>red nil Into a little guleu, and lef:. Uie battle field to
the Indiann.
The night was cold and wet, and with u i'.\?in < t? re
fre.-h thecn bat tbe water lioin the dirty little spring nl
little brr.H D tires, it seemed intermiaabir long, for it was
importable to sleec, the rides ot the galah be ng ho Htenp
that the men wi'h oifflcuuy could get a (ootno.d. r%a
camp had nothirg to icroaimend it bat the water, a >4
almost i veir one lea that aa attack du ing night woaMl
prove very ktai. So strr.ng cid this feeling pr<?v Jl, that
?bcnt eight ar nine o'o ock in tbe night a sentinel with
his revolver cocked, ei her in the tremor of the o>ld oe
hi* own fears, pnlbd the trigger too |bard? It weat off.
the iepor* created a Rene e.l at am|>?de{ and sound ol liak
scrambled over the noanded rei-a dless of their ahrlekat
a dreamy volunteer thus suddenly dUtur oed. ana'oie4 a
gun; *t pr. vert to lie a mnsket'^ia w'.th a b4l and ihrae
hues idiot : ami he tired at wh?t liii imagination c >no*irad
tobe the -om, nod euctxe ied in !ntlic lngaT^ry retpeo'ab#
wourd es h on three < t bis volunteer oomputioai. Order
wax restored at.d ioihing m >re t<ansi.ired that nl^ht,
llut ?t dayli)(tit the next ic.orniog the Indlaus mute as
attack on the whites, asd for two hours a lire wai k*pt
lip, wher?!n the Ioim of tbe wbi'es wai but t-ilgnt? Ueufc
Gibson, 3d ar illei v, wis w iundod; tbe 1 i?s of tie ladiane
wfc^ groater, but probably n t over tw > killed or wound
ed. The arrival of a t*Tga company ef volu teem,
nioun'ed, from the WilUm-tt'i vaUey, ooupe'lel the Ia
diauo to ie'iru. The wjuadod wers then wut on ticteni
or < n I nrseback. and between twelve und one hey let
that, ill-foo gbt Held to tho Indwn* ana reached H?k
ni'hs' t-taikn on the mornirtf cf the 'id "f November, be
tween two and tbne o'cloc k, not having eaten or siapt
i-ii'Oe tcey Ifcl't it <n tho bight of ihe.'tO.i. The white*
loft in all <n tlllel utul t vijnty seven w>uniei. I'wrcf
thou kil!e<l were shot by our < wn men, and a third klllet
bitiiNti'. 1 wo o.hers, besides tbe h-ee wounded ia i be
night stampede we-e also w ut ded by our own men, and
toe .urge- on who have attended the ivounded give U ae
ti eir opini n that many mo e of the woau 'ed wers suf
ferers in th< same way. Tbe regular? and vilun'sert
wore to organize H^ain ii bout (lie Uth I'jc another Ught.
They n ey ttnd the Indians and they m?y not: at an/
ia"e. they will be more ditticult to amuuer uow tb?*
thin, ei j it Is not difficult to pTedio* a sesind de'eat.
| It i; n t thought ih?t there is aty c > .Tioga i m betwesa
the lb gu;. H ver ludiaav. und those on the east aide of tka
j : ai-eare range.
Hie hitian torce in the abave engagsoient is vatiawel^
cs imaged frctn seventy to one hundred and fifty. U. S.
Our }tiilu? t un espoi uoiiee.
I'obti.anii, Jan. 27, 18M.
Gt?. Pierre in Main*- Tbt Delegate to the Xtfional (bm
imtiun ? TYif tt'iouhtr, rfc
That erifig !a Maine, out of wUhb the indfddual wfea
site ldluofoide.1 in the White IT. u^e at Washington hoped
forte a cit.nib of comforf, lilo the Iduof SUroh, had
ccer?? a.ud gone; and the result shows'the ut"?r power
leFruess of that figment of the democracy c*IIed the
Pierce party In Maine. Y/ith a sea coast, I think, of
twice t.'i# ex'ent ot tbil of avj other Atlan' to State? with
tour'.etn custom houses, and with to puty ofB jers oonve
nitotly stuck in rach ckvb and indenture? with a natae
rous retinue cf pcstinsstera, he, all enlisted to operate
ou the di inter at ic leglsla'ive convention ? four ravenous
auti-1'ierce men? regular Maine -'wild cats"? are eleotod
to the National Convention. Tho redoubtable c'lieU ot
tbe l'ieroe party did all that men so obnoxious jould da,
and the mult la thei e is not enough lef: ol them to ooa
stilntc a body guard for a o'-untiy sheriff.
The m?n f Iectrd are Hrti. Wm. B. Sliloor, Hon. J. C.
Talbot. Hob. W. K. Kimball, and I). F. L avitt, Eiq. This
is tbe voire of Maine, the ouiy ?tat*> in New England
that hfls given e-idtnee that she can be earned for the
democratic nominee (expressed,), and the result i* one
for the South care'ully to deliberate upon. Miaaachusect*
and Vermont have chosen I'ierce men. Tho former is
nroie likclr to ifo for a national Know Nothing than lor
anybody else, while Vermont is almost dead certain for a
republican. New Hampshire has yet to saow what she
may be able to do in a fretidential contest; and the
South ought to understand that this result in Maiae
c: me., of 'be insane policy of tbe President of patronising
liiggeilMn at 'h* North and secessionUm at the South, to
the aetiimcnt of good and true men wno stand by the
I'nion and constitution as th-y are. If the 2*outh
imagines that ttey can do more for their pecilUr Insti
tutli n by sustaining sv.ch a policy, they will go far
i'ierce; if not, thev will rather gn for any other m\a who
is trne to the whole country and the rights ot the StatM.
Hie policy of Mr. I'lerca towards Maine developed
Itself at tbe outset of bis administration, when he
took into his confidence Senator Hamlin, whose soaUea
alism was as well known teen is now. Nov the Pierea
p.'pe.rs are reading out Mr. Hamlin, and his mtatle a*
the i'ierce leader In Maine has fal en upon one K. K.
Sniait, ooflectoe tor 'he Bette t diatriet, a blatant nema
grgtte. and who won hi'' laurels in the field of Wilaot
proi iiMiism and abolitionism.
t'ieice will probably h.nv? two deWate* from Maine.
In tlethird Cona?e?slonal diltri;t. on fhurndav, the 24th,
.1 ~hn Baboon, of Wiscassett. and Samuel Watts, of Choru
'<? ton. were weted dalegetas. Only one of the two coun
ties com pi 1st off the district wai represeotel. Tuls waa
by previous urrsngernent. But the hurrying up of tM
time cf the convention, so as to U d l it In midtrin *r#
was#iuiptecertented. The district wts probably not one
f.inr.h 'ej IMWtML. It will be cUimed as a l'i*-ce vie
tory, no doubr. though Mr. Uabson will, ahen the time
oon.ee, act wiih re'erence to tbe fide on which h?? thlnka
bis biead is butter*"'. The lnfiuen',e of three ous^>*a
buofes upon this part of the third ois riit of oourse pra
clueed the idea ol its g 'tn^ any O' a?- w^y. Bat tka
moral lorce gi owirg out of this resull (if It is to he claim
ed for i'ierce) wi i go lor nothing anile ol the Water lo*
detewt of the adtainlslratlon at Augusta.
There i? not a rate man in the Srate who imagines thai
Maine 'vlll go for Pierea if l e is nominated. In eleotiuf
the officers of \.he I Agio'a' uie, as w<i l ai iu cho .slug the
deleg?-;cs, the snipici -n of being for a pe'pituaUoa of
the pretieot ^tnlt is' ration has bewn fatal.
The wea'ber in 'hese
1 hrtlltnK regions of the thlok ribbed lee,
is i-tirg'nu eotd. rh it veteianle per?oa<ge, ?? he oldeet
iniiabitant. " lias nen notlung like it ainos the time M
i f?r back as lils memory rrnnetti. Toe lailroads have
| been cbr-Ued uo, n >t s^. much by 'be anow as It fell as bf
: the blowing about of the san e. B<>tween th? nou-arrlval
of trails and the pllfrrirg of po-tiuasters, I have not
| seen the nkRAin for more 'han a week.
| Bioirees in null; toe banks are abort of money; the
luir.berifg interest is fiat, \ud the rivers closed. Prepara
tions are malting for a great deal of ahlp^uiMing the
coming season. NOBrH.
Our Hmhbni'g Correnpondmro.
II ARKisnrwi, Jtn. 24, 1856.
The Liqvrr Law? Chary** of if $ l/nctimlitimal Ktptal?
Reliyiov* Jlighl* of American Oituem Abroad.
The repeal of the Mquor law hw been the main toph
In the legislature for the last ten daj s. Tne unoondl
tirnal repeal has a'retvdy passed the Hjuee, and the sub
ject is tow bnfoie the committee In the Senate, oat of
whom hand* the frletds ef the repeal are trying to get
It. The Committee on Vice and Immorality in the Senate,
wUo bare the charge of the bill there, are, the majority
of then, In favor of the present liquor law, and will not
report a bill tcrita unconditional repeat. Ou that ooev
n 11 tee are the only hopes of the temperance men. U
they report its unconditional repeal, the bill will tua the
Senate, and we will then Ml bask upon the old llaetM
law. Tbe committee are anxious to place a stringent
ilet-cse law in its place. That will doubtle s b* where
the Kubjeet will end.
The joint resolution relative to the protest! m of
Atneiloan citizens in the e -.Joy men t of their righ's of sea
scieuce and religion* practices in foreign countries VM
aated upon In tbe Hotue to-dsy. The bill instruots emr
Senators and requests our representative* In Congress to
use their utmost endear rs ti procure a treaty for Ame
rican ci'izeis, when travelling abroad, tbe right to wor
ship according to the ciotates of their own conoclenee,
ana to bury their dead wl h such rellgl >us services a*
they may desire, rhe reeoiu'lon drew out some spirited
discussion, and was negatived? yeas 41, nays ?. Ike
Pennsylvania Legislature Is not willing t? ask (br tie
right of Amertoan citiiens abroad to worship as their own
conscience may dictate. l"arty reeling goes a great way
In these times, and that, too, when nobody can tell vmn
to find any of tbe parties.
Thk $50,000 Expmm Robbbht.? Samuel 0.
White, the express messenger, implicated la the great
robbery of MO, 0*0, was brought to this city on Saturday
by tffioer ToUs, on a requisition from the lioternor. He
was lodged in Jail where Ayer and King his eonfreres are
tow confined to await trial. Tbe company hers, 't m
said, succeeded in reooveiing abiut $36,000 of the inonay
stolen. Officer T. was delegated belbra New T*af* day
to proceed to Boston, and with the requisition whieh had
been procured from Gov. Clark, of "ii? State, tobrlag
White with him to this city. On arriving at Boston,
officer Toles met with a host of embarressiaento, place*
in hie way by authorities and the attorneys tor ike
prisoner. Thiy claimed that he was retoinM on acoouni
of infractions of the lews of that State prior to ttw ax
press robbery. They were Anally prevailed nMi to gtva
bim up . Hto oase will probably go befbre the Grand Jury
tomorrow. The property whloh has toen eeoared eon
fists ef a tarrrn stand and 11 vary eetablinhment In tbe
town of Lawrence, Maes., and between t'.COO and 98, CM
in money, dep >sltod in the bank at Haverhill, Mass., *?
of which is sttsched and Iniunetiona banging ovar them,
?Dufalo Jan

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