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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMBS GORDOI IBMI1TT, neraiRoi and icitus. ?fTWI ?. W. COBMB OV KiHAU MB nrLTOW m W*RM8. rmft iwa<je*w. . y *"*""? f*? tlurtmnan urirtrm it B-r ip?to, ?n ?*S*?e2iw ?f "/ '*? (>ot* _T?L COURIHSPOSDiiSCE. .?Mtlaimng imf"* ~ ^T1' "TPv" /Vuw awy qvarUr of lh? world?i/' uami iru? te ? * ***" /y larOtm FoBBUH CoBKMro^ I?l?TO 4?? Iiqvwu to 8ku. all Lmui axd Phi ^ <monf*nom towmwtutafioiu. W? *> ?JWi f KIN' J iAfa) mwnfrd w4A Juapnm imi Jm JDV1HR TT8EiayT8f0*ne?l teen, *9. .??. M AMTbJDCDrru foioraow *rwm?o. NOiOWiT HUTU Inwtwif-im Ounnt. toirtmiM-rtorr Miirrtv* wit* aTicke? run ox MB OOKD* VoLAJWSS. hw? HWUVB OABDEN. Mnr~Fm Ceamiii . Imn ?M. SfCUlMUD. ir? ETON'S THKATBr, otMtM iww cr c roR -<ar. fctiwili duiwcr w> m Viuniitu. LAUm.i ssnnrt Wirn, BrMftwar-BiLrMKWT. -umi Tic?rr. _____ WALLACE'S TBM1U, JJrc?*w?r-M?x*Y? Owr ?oa A Hoiubat. ?HOiDWlT TiflBIBS, 472 Brflt?wRT ? If HA? 9?a> B* mm Wood ft MaKl u Chuldhe* . WOOD'S MnfmP.KLB, (M aro*d?*r-BraioFi.ur fa -ftirtf. Mas, ok Tittir Wft JifM. BOOKLET'S BT1UJWQITR ?PKJ*A ?OU8B, BM Broad ?V-liAi) lliirjniuT- SonxtMmnA. R?W T(?X Sunday, fek^urjr 10, 1350. The Hww We are ik ormed that Mr. Collins has* ;hartere<l the steamer Alabama, Capt. *Jchenck, in order that ?he may set out on a cruise In search of the United Mates mail steamer Pacific. The Alabstaa will sail Mrly on this (Sunday) moming on hsr mission. The Board of Underwriter*: have pot oo board the iwhamn five hundred barrels of provisions, that afcemay.be able to promptly relieve any vessel in dfetress which she may fall in with. ' There has been atao supplied a store of dotbiag, for the same pur pose, with a lot of extra spars, boats, casks of water, Jtc. The new British mail steamer Persia. which left Liverpool on the morning of the Kith of January, arrived at this port yesterday morning, after a very rough passage, in a rather disabled condition, owing to the severity of the weather. 6be reports that the ?teamfhip Pacific sailed on the 23d instant-her tegular day-for New York, ani that she is, proba bly, detained by meeting with fields of ice. The Belgian steamer Belgique had returned a ?econd ?time, to Southampton, on the 24th ultimo, and ar rived in that port in a sinking condition. The peace excitement bee "increased all over Europe, and it was said that envoys from the belligerent Powers and Austria would soon assemble in Frankfort or Paris, in order to ?pen negotiations. Russia had officially announced her acceptance of the Austrian propositions, but signified a wish that tho Allied interpreta tions of the different clauses should be so modified as to enable her to treat with Turkey alone on the point of the neutralization of the Black Sea. It was ?aid and contradicted that ac armistice would be immediately agreed upon, and that active hostilities would cease, both on sea and land, preparatory to the deliberations of the peace diplomats. In the London Exchange and Paris Bourse the funds main tained their buoyancy; but still ^here lingered a feel ing of distrust in the minds of many as to the good taith of Russia, the sincerity of Austria, and the permanency of the Anglo-French alliance, which created a good deal of uneasiness and in f it* operators cautious. We publish, this inoruing the latest reports from the European capitals, from which it will be seen that nothing really decisive as to the immediate conclusion of a peace was known at any point up to the latest moment. The English Parliament was to have met on Thursday, 81st of January, when all rumor and doubt would be set at The American bark Independence, of Bath (Me.), and the American ship Horizon, both from Liver pool for New Orleans, had been wrecked on the Irish coast. Frtm Copenhagen we have a -ummary report of the doings of the Sound Dues Coherence which assembled in that city on the 4th ultimo. It ap pears that so little harmony prevailed in the council that nothing decisive could be resolved on, and the meeting adjourned, after muiii wrangling relative to the wording of its own minutes. In the Crimea the weather was very cold, in con sequence of a heavy fall of snow. The Russians maintained an active fire on the allied troops in Se bastopol. Two moic docks bad l*3u blown up. The Russian and Trench cavalry had had some out post skirmishing. Cape or Good Hope papers to the 25th ot Nov. re port the colony tranquil, and trade most encourag ing. The mercantile interest were in high spirits upon the prospects l>efore them. The Kaffirs in British Kiffraria had been set to work oc the high ways and in the fields, with which they appeared much pleased, and their labor had been perlcrmeJ in a very satisfactory manner. The foreign news by the Persia imparte * greater firmness to the cotton market, and the udvanced views of holders had a t nden-y to cheek transac tion-. The sales were nbout 600 a 800 bale', at a?t advance of while some holders demanded ',c hivher rotes. Dealers infknr had expected a fur ther decline in liverpool; hut finding tnat i had undergone no change of n otnent became _firmer ami refused to sen at the inside figures of the pie viou, day. Moderate sales were made, the market closing in some eases at (l^c. a 1 2?c. higher or goo< common State. Wheat was ijulet and nominal. Whii3 Canailiau was offered at $2. Coin was .ully 2c. a 3c. per bushel lower, with a sale of Southern white at s3c. Mess pork was dull, at $10. Sugars were quiet. Sales of about 4,000 bigs of Rio coffee were muuc at lljc. a 12e. Freights were firm with out important engagcmeRts. About 8,000 bushels of wheat and corn were encsged at 7ld. a ?Jd. for Liv erpool, in bags, which is the first engagement oi j moment that hw been mad in several weeks. The steamship Tennessee arrived at this port ye-t terday forenoon, with advicas from Ugnayra (Vtf nezuela.) dated on .lannary 27th, and from St. Thomas d.ted on Februuy 1st. Chopra had de clined In the provinces of Caraecaa and Cara Bolo, (Veu.,) but it raged with violence in i'.arits and Banjnisinute. The republic was perie. tly t ranguil. Ht. Thomas waa heaithy, Tli*. bark Amelia, ot Hew York, arrived there on 1 it in.vant, in aleiVy *tate, from Port nu Prince. In Porto Rioo the ohok ra ravag* were most dreadful. Frc m November V to 21st J^uu.ny la-t, there had been case*. of which " Droved Our advices fiw Arecibo ?rc to toe 15th uUtoo, mid arc the most tflicting tl tt have from P?rt? *"? l?*m ?' that all business was entirely wpwdod, *nd *bat oholera wv mow ing down it* victim* with cxtr^or- j dinary severity, and without disci m.natinq between j black or white, rich or poor, rural or metropolitan , Arecibo Js stfuated in a very low valley, called on that account the Bajura*. with a broad river, the Utuado, running through it, which irrigates-and not unfrequaotly inunrtstea the whole" plain, with sugar plantations established ot? its low banks. The Hsjuri ; is protected from the sea by n long atidy bank, <n which the town of Arecibo is b dlt. The whole population is about 13,000, of whom about 3,500 are slaves. The mail *t? irr.fr F.t'jlope arrived in England on | y,th ultimo, *ith advl- es from th? West Coast of , AUicv, U?ttc4 Ht J, *??>?, Pec. ^ Wj j Cape Court, 16th; Liberia, 24th; Sierra Leona, 15 th; and Goree, 30th of came mv.nth. She brought about 4,000 ounces of gold doist. The weathtr experi enced by tbe Etbiope b' tween Goree and Madeira wai very severe. f>be is the first vessel which em barked gold dunt at f*1erru Leone, where she reports freigbu are advancing, through the policy of the new government. From W iiahinirV an we are glad to laarn that Gen* Cass was rupidiy recovering, tad it was expected he wouM be out i? a few days. It was rumored yester day that tbe following gentlemen would be appoint ed chairra?* ?f committees:? L. D. Campbell, of Pennsylvania, Ways and Means ; Washburne, of Maine, Territories ; Campbell, of Pennsylvania, , ElectVw ; I^nningtet, of New Jersey, Judiciary; . Grow,rf Pennsylvania, Foreign A flairs, and Thnrs- | ton%%> Rhode Island, Patents. Ifc'ihe Assembly yesterday Gov. Clark sent in a ' OTOunication "re* ?\ved by him from "C. Robin son, Gffiernor elect of ivansas," inform mg him that an overwhelming ftrree of the citizens of Missouri were ^organizing on tV frontier of Kansas for the purpose <<i invading that Territory, demolishing their towns ; and butchering their free soil citizens, and praying that bteps km be taken by the people of the States to prevent sc inhnman an outrage. The reading of the do;o:nent created mnch excitement and amusement. A petition was presented to erect a monumea* o Jesse Hawley, the original projector of tbe Erie eanal. Amon^the hills passed was one to amend 1ht charter of the Brooklyn City Hospital, and another to amend the charter of the village of Hempstsad, Queens county. The examination into tbe nativity of Chief Mat Bell wte resumed yesterday before the Piiice Com missi<nrrs, at the Mayor's office. A number of wit nesswwere examined? among them Mr. Stephen H. Bratxft ? and the commissioners adjourned to next 8a turd ly. The proceedings, a report of which we give ?isewhere, will be found very racy. Dr. W. H. Woodard, of the Fourth ward, was last evening, elected delegate to the American Na tional Council to meet in Philadelphia on the 18th inst, from the Fourth Cengressional district of this city. The jury in the case of Thos. Doran against John Anderson, teacher of Ward school No. 31, for al leged cruel punishment, yesterday brought in a ver dict for defendant. From the report of the City Inspector we learn that there were 377 deaths in this city during the past week, of whom 119 were adults, and 253 chil dren. Among the principal causes of death were the following: ? Apoplexy, 2; bronchitis, 14; con gestion of the brain, 6; congestion of lungs, 11; consumption, 49: convulsions (infantile), 34; croup. 17; debility (infantile*, 8; dropsy in the head, 18; puerperal fever, 6; scarlctfever, 40; typhus fever, 5; disease of the heart, 6; inflammation of bowels, 8; inflammation of brain, 6; inflammation of lungs, 17; marasmuB (infantile), 1G; smallpox, 5; old age, 2. There were 6 premature births, 32 stillborn cases, and 9 deaths from violent causes. There were 24 interments from the public institutions of the city. The different diseases are thus classified: ?Bones, joints, Ac., 1; brain and nerve.- , 73; gene rative organs, 8; heart and blood vessels, 9; lungs, throat, &c., 121; old age, 2; skin, &c., and eruptive fevers, 50; stillborn and premature birth, 38; sto mach, bowels and other digestive organs, 51; uncer tain seat and general fevers, 22 ; urinary organs, 2. The nativity table gives 292 natives of the United States, 49 of Ireland, 20 of Germany, 9 of England, 3 of Scotland, and the balance of other foreign countries. TU? P?nce Qntillvn, The news by the Per&ia is so confused that it is difficult to distinguish authentic state ments from rumors. It is certain that telegraphic continuation of the former telegraphic despatch announcing Russia's acceptancc of the proposals of Austria has been recemd both at London and Paris. It is also certain that the Journal de Saint Pt tertbourg of the 21st (five days after the al leged acceptancc of the proposals,) stated that Russia was unwilling to embarrass the peace prospects by negotiations of detail, and that it hoped One credit would be given to the Empe ror therefor. It seems also certain that Count Neseelrode haw written a circular to tbc Rus sian ministers abroad, stating that if Ruuaia mode concessions for the sake of peace, it was not because she was unable to carry on the war, but out ot deference to the desires of her European allies. It is also certain that a tele graphic despatch from Berlin of the 23d, stated that the acceptance of the Austrian proposals bad been officially promulgated at St, Peters burg, and thnt great excitement had b 1^.1 caused thereby. Finally, it is certain thit Paris, London and Vienna peace was general fy regarded as probable, il' not actually securer 1 The tone of the London journals is especially remarkable. Only a short while since, thov were ravenous for war. They would not he... ot a peace. Tb+'y would not listen to negotia tions. They had not a civil word for Austria, seemed bent on provoking Ruasia to tue ut most, and grt w cool towards France on tie -bare euspiciou that the Emperor was inclined to peace. Now. all is changed With unani mous voice the London press regards p-ace as highly probaHe. -i I. on the whole, desirable. The same vi w is shared by the mercantile community, u- ? viu.ed in tbc ri:?i iu mercbi'i <liK , console a' .1 rcutes. At Vienna, the desire for and Oeli'-f in peace it so strong that th 5 paternal government of Francis Joseph im prisoned an editor and destroyed his press, be cause he ventured to donbt the coming of peace. Pacing from these substantial realities to the vague world of rumors, wo are cmUarrxu ed by a succession of most pu//.ling contradic tions On the one bide, we find a letter from St. Petersburg of the 1 th (the duy on which the Austrian proposal? were accepted,) publish ed in a Paris paper, giving an account of the manner in which the tbin^ wu? done; statin;*, for instance, that the Emperor consulted no one on the step. We have ouivolves a letter from St. Petersburg, of the same day, describ ing the rensafirn produced among the Ross: ._i people; how the upper classes were astonish ed, and the lower clones mortified ; how a message has been sent to the Grand Duke Constuntine, notifyiug him of the acceptance, and how b's a**owcr and action were looked forward to with m tch a'lriety. and so forth. Yet it aopcars that a letter cannot travel from St. Petersburg to Paris cr London ir the time which elapsed be tween the acceptance of the proposal and tie departure of th : Persia's uuils. These letters are therefore open to some suspicion; the more ii" U does not appear thnt the London 77*/* utul received any written confirmation of the fcrmci telegraphic messages. We also bv ar by telegraph that au outbreak if expected at St. Petersburg; that in the op! nion of the Ra^'an party, Russia v.-Ill b.; ,i;?. groc< d if the proposals are accepted an<l a peace mad r ; tbat Jtbc <>rand l>nke Constan tine. a man of remwh 'tide energy, will not suo mit to see his couutr)' dishonor jd, but v. ill bead the insurgents apait.'it bis brother; tba* Alexander's life is in dingfe.1". This is of cyurje mere rumor. With regard to the c afcrcnGW rumor "ays that they are to be held in Farts, aad tkgft Or loff and Brunow are to be the Russia*. pleni potentiaries. Austria is said to *oe using great efforts to induoe England to abandon her claims as to the dismantling ?,f the Russian fortresees in the Baltic and tho Black Sea. In the face of the confident despatches mentioned above, M. de Neeseirode iasaid to have written to M. de Bndburg? in relation to the confe rences? that he fears tfce prospects of peace I are rather weakened, or will be rather weaken ed by negotiation. With regard to the war, it was said that an armistice had been ordered. This is denied, on about as good authority as the original asser tion. The last story was that the Allied com maaders would conclude an armistioe, which would be ratified by their governments; that each army would retain its present position without advancing, and that the fleets would enter tbe Baltic if peace was not concloded before the spring, but would not pass Goth and. Thk Danish Sound Dues? Opinions of Ame ricans Abroad.? From a late letter from Paris to the Rational InttUigtncer, on "Denmark and the Sound Dues," we cut the following open ing paragraph ? - This subject la getting to be one of capital interest with Americana abroad. With us it ie the question of tbe moment. I.ut a dozen Americans be met together? and there are places in Paris, even beside Madame Burque's, where Americans meet by the doien aim dailj ? and the chances are nine to ten that in less than en minutes Denmark and h?r Sounl toll will be the sub ject of conversation. "Sha'l we pay them a'ter tne 14th i.f April next f" "Will onr government abandon the p> ritiun it has assumed f" ''Will General Pierce back ontr" "No, sir-ee I" sajs a youth of twenty- "No, sir !" says the man of thirty; "No sir; I'll be d? d if he doe-t !" rays a third; "No. sir; he'li be d? d If he does I" says a fourth? both the fast specimen* of "Young America," you will perceive, though both may be upwards of forty. ? What iloyou think, Mr 8. ?" "Well, I rather guest he won't." "And you, Mr. P. V "Really, I don't see how he can." (Mr. I), in a staid old gentleman, the wise side if fifty). "And tou, Mr. A. t" "I don't think he ^ould. but 1 fear he will." "Be won't, he oan't, he idiQti.'dn't, and be wouldn't !" sajs tbe hut of the party, who we all knew hails, with General Pi^roe, from New Hampshire, and was evidently making it a question or State honor. Our fellow-citizens in Paris are on the wroug tack. The Danish Sound dues as a war ques tion died away here since the reading of the President's message. We have scarcely heard of it sinoe. The only existing " speck of war' between this country and any European Power, is the Central American squabble, and the pro posed notification from Senator Seward that John Bull shall retire from the Mosquito coast and Honduras, &c., within twelve months, or abide tbe consequences. But as Wall street has no faith in either Mr. Pierce or Mr. Seward, we suspect that the Central American imbroglio and tbe Danish Sound dues, as war issues, may be tafely pronounced as humbugs of the first water. Wilson and Seward, the great leaders of abolitionism in the Senate, bid too high for the administration, and it will back down; and who supposes that Mr. Pierce will stick to his message, either on the Sound dues or Cen tral America, with peace restored in Europe ? War ! Seward has killed it, even for Buncombe. Gsxerai, Werb a Candidate tor the Con gress Printing.? In one of our special des patches from Washington, in yesterday's Herald, we informed our readers that Gene ral J aine s Watson Webb had turned up a can didate for the House printing, and that he had a pretty strong force in reserve, as the last resort of the black republicans. Now, we had ?uppo?td, in the first place, that General Webb's visit to Washington, and his sojourn there this winter, was for the disinterested pnrpopc of aiding in the election of a Seward party Speaker; and secondly, that his great object was to furnish such diplomatic advice and information to Mr. Fierce and bis man Marcy, as would enable them, in the shortest possible time, to percipitate us, Wall street and all, into a war with England. But it seems that in both these conclusions we have been ( grcgicusly mistaken. General Webb is a can didate lor the Douse printing, worth, in the gross, from two to three hundred thousand dollars a sespion; and that explains his winter's residence at Washington, without further dif ficulty. Very welL We feel easy. Our Wall sheet cotemporary knows, from a large expe rience, how to bear a defeat, so that wc have no dread 'ot the consequences should he fail of an election Philosophy is a great institu tion. I Ice ox the Sii>ewai.ks.-~ The streets are pet I ting in a worse condition every day. Some u-nerablc citizens say that they remember when there was a street department attached to the city government, and they also think that this street department used to keep the public highways in a decent condition. We ihink. however, that this must have been seve ral centuries ego. At present, we only p?y lnonej for the purpose, but nobody knows where it goi.B to. Just. now, we desire to call the at tention of private citizens to the fact that there .n ordinance compelling them to keep tli ir sidewalks clear of snow and ice, and that they nr^ liable to a line if they do not comply with the provisions. It is a duty which they owe to humanity r.s: well as to the law. We are daily called upon to chronicle severe accidents, rum-, times fatal casualties, caused by falling on the ice. Yc3tcrduy morning early traveller* In Broadway would have found skates quite ijo; vej;iint, ar.d they thought themselves fortu nate if they got down town with a severe con tusion or a compound fracture. Retail traders wiil find it much to their profit to keep their eiJcwalk* cban. and to make the crossings in their vicinity navigable without stilts. Clear Cti the s'dcwalks. Tnmi.NPor.s Snamii.K in New Hampshire. ? It is manifest that unless President Pierce ca* restore the Gr "te State to the demojricy, he will make a ver poor show at Cincinnati, Tbo election is soon o come off which is to decide he question; ai.-> 'he administration has opened the campaign . .tli a grand democratic 3orti? from Washington. Mr. Cobb, of Georgia; Mr. Orr, of South Carolina; Mr. Weller, of Califor nia. and ex-Governor Lane, of Oregon ? all leading democratic members of Congress --*ere among the forlorn hope at the late demo cratic grand rally at Concord. Great was the enlbnsia-m; but the oUier side appear to be equally enthusiastic. How far the alli ance of last year between Know Nothing" and biack republicans will hold good, remains to be tested; bnt as without success the a<1 mi nig t ra tion will he wholly unavailable at Cincinnati, the opposition may depend upon it that all available epplianccs will be used to reverse the overwhelming popular decision of lact spring. Pome think that it would bo good policy to let the democracy have the State, in the hope that such ft result may possibly bring aboul the rc-nominatio.n of Mr. Pi" roe. But i we apprehend the Cincinnati Convention will ' be too shrewd for that. Xout vtrrona. TMkmgS w Um CM? ??iW|? fc ??*?? IMM. Some yean ago? we dent care to say how did; ? it was a popular fallacy that public conveyances were intended for the public be cefct and convenience. Such might have been the impression of the Common Council when it granted extraordinary privileges to the owners of city railways. But the manager) of some of thqse concerns never believed in any such absurd idea. They do business up on the theory that the public simply repre sents a large number of half dimes? that these half dimes are to be extracted from this public with the smallest possible expense to the company, and that this public is to be humbugged, abused, delayed, snubbed and insulted as much as possible while the pro cess of extortion is going on. This is parti cularly the case with the Harlem, Third ave nue and Second avenue railway companies. The Harlem Company, under its present management, is a publio nuisance. On the fifth of January last this city was visited with a severe snow storm. For a day or two the streets were almost impassable. That was the time when the cars were most needed, and that was the time when they were not to be i had. The company provided no means ot | conveyance for its passengers below Twenty seventh street; and even at this time their road is not entirely open. The time tables for the departure of trains above Twenty-seventh street cannot be relied upon. Trains are start ed from all sorts of places, according to the caprice of officials. Fourth avenue and the Bowery are filled up with heavy train and baggage cars. Passengers are packcd in the cars like mackerel in a barrel. They ride half a block, when they are unceremoniously un packed without apparent cause, and jammed into another car, which crawls up town at the rate of a mile an hour. Not less than a week elapsed after the storm before any part of the road was opened; and now the passengers are hustled about in the most outrageous manner. As there are not half enough city cars running, both city and rural passengers are delayed. People get into the cars with a most incredulous and despair ing appearance. Tbey may hope to be carried forward, but they hardly expect anything oi the kind. It would seem that the officers of the road instruct their drivers and brakemen to throw as many obstacles as possible in the way of the passengers. On the Third avenue things are not much better. The road was not opened until about ten days after the storm, and the number of cars was immediately reduced one- half. The ostensible reason for this was that extra horse power was required; but the superior wisdom of the move will at once be apparent to the dullest comprehension. According to the dic tates of common sense, the number of passen gers being doubled by the bad weather, the number of cars should have been proportiona bly increased; but the managers of this road have given common sense the cut direct long ago. After a short time the number of horses was reduced; but we do not think that any more cars were put on. Those that are now running are crowded almost to suffocation. The horses are worked nearly to death, and it is painful to see them struggle up the steep grade at Chatham square, tugging a heavy car loaded with four or five tons pf human freight. One will be put to more annoyance and inconvenience in riding from the City Hall to Twentieth street, than in going from New York to Albany. The stages having been driven off from the Third avenue, the public is entirely at the mercy of the railway company. To quote Scripture?" The tender mercies of the wicked are cruel/' It consumes an hour and a quarter of time to go from the City Hall to Vauxhall Garden? a distance of a mile and a quarter. Perhaps the most alarming instance of ac tivity was displayed by the superintendent of the Second avenue railway. It was not until twenty days after the storm that the road was open to Peck slip, and then it was only done by a spontaneous movement on the part of the conductors. These sensible men, disgusted with the inanity of their principals, joined to gether and worked during the whole of one night in clearing the track. The people of narlem have been annoyed and inconvenienced in every possible way by the managers of tbv Second avenue road. Tbe Sixth and Eighth avenne roads an much better managed. The officers of the rail ways on the eaet side might take a valuable lesson from the superintendents of the above named roads. But example, complaint and supplication are alike thrown away upon the managers of the Harlem, Second and Third avenue railways. We can only hope for a partial remedy in legislation. The importance of the matter may be understood by all, when it is known that two-thirds of tbe businessmen in New York live above Houston street, and depend almost entirely upon these cars as a means of transit. It was for this reason, anl with the belief that they would be great pub lic convenienses, that they were chartered with exclusive and very valuable privileges. They were given the right of way ? tbe middle of the street? everything must turn out for tbim ? the common law, that the highway is the property of every citizen, was overridden by special ordinance in their behalf? every fa cility was granted to them, and their only ex pense was that of laying down their tracks. Instead of being great public convenience?, they have turned out to be great public nui sances, and the strong arm of the law should be interposed to let them know that the man that is carried has rights as well [ as the carrier. The Harlem railway managers have eo far abuecd tbi ir privilege that their charter ought to be revoked. They ought to be prevented forever from running any cars be low Twenty-seventh street, and sixty days' no tice be given them by the Common Council to take their rails from the Fourth avenue. The only excuse for allowing them to obstruct that avenue was that the public would be benefitted to a great degree. We have shown that the public is not benefitted at all. Stringent laws should be made in relation to the Third and Second avenue companies. The rights and powers granted to these corpo rations were given conditionally, and are ro s-umable at any motnent by the Common Coun cil. That body should make for the company a code of laws, fixing the number of cars to be run during the day or night? providing that in case of a snow storm a sufiicient num b<r of men shall be immediately employed to clear tbe track and keep it clear, and restrict ing Uie number of passengers to each car, by dividing the seats so as to allow rjw.b person u giun fpuntity of spate. No pertwi ?Wld bo , allowed to it&nd on the platforms or in the of the oars. That spaoe is needed for the free ingress and egress of the passengers. As matters are now managed, women, children and invalids are Beriouely injured by crowding in the cars, and strong men are nearly suf focated. Is there no patriotic member of the Common Council who will preBS these much needed re forms? If he owns stock, it will improve in value, and he will have the consciousness of having done a meritorious action, and put money in his pocket at the same time. When he has done all this, we have Boma thing more to say on the same subject. V?bt Natural. ? The Washington Union and the Boston rott are cordially opposed to the adoption of the one term principle for the President as a plank in the democratic plat form. IBB LAVBII VIWI. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Oar Special Washington Despatches. THE HOUSE COMMITTEES ? THE PRINTER? OENBRAL CASH IMPROVING. Washington, Feb. 9, 18M. Who are to be chairmen ot the Commit teen of Ways end Means, Territories, Election, Judiciary, Foreign Affairs end Patents, is the question to-night. L. D. Campbell, it is thought, will be tendered the first; Wash borne, of Maine, the second; Campbell, of Pennsylvania, the third; Pennington, of New Jersey, the fourth; Grow, of Pennsylvania, the fifth; Thurston, of Rhode Island, the sixth. With re'erence to the questioi of printer, the content seems to be between Gen. Webb and F. P. Blair. Wen dell says he can distance either of these men. Gen. Cass is rapidly recovering, and will be able to be out in a few days. D. APPOINTMENT OP THE COMMITTEES ?NEW PREE SOIL PAPER ? LIEUT. RITCHIE'S CASE, ETC. Washington, Feb. 0, 1856. There is great excitement here about the formation of the committees in the Houss. They will not probably be announced before Tuesday. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, has been tendered the chairmanship of the Committee of Ways and Means. Mr. Pennington's friends claim the position as due to him. Mr. Giddings, it is said, will be at the head of the Territorial Committee, and Mr. Colfax chairman of the Committee on Public iAnds. Rumor says that an effort is making to buy off Mr. Follett at ten thousand dollars, and to form an associa tion for publishing a free soil paper at Washington, sup ported by the public printing, and under the control of Francis P. Blair. The verdict of the court in Lieutenant Ritchie's case has not yet been acted on by -the Secretary of the Navv. A letter from Annapolis says that Bon. U. Winter Davis destroyed his prospects for the United Statei Senate by his late vote for Speaker. A confession of one of the immortal Council of Fifteen will be read in the Senate in a few daj s. General Cass is improving, and ts able to sit up. E. APPOINTMENT OF CHIEF CLERK. Washington, Feb. 0, 1850. Mr. Cullom, Clerk of the House, has appointed W. Perry Ingram, of Kentucky, chief clerk. NEW YORK LE6HLATUA1. Assembly. Albaxt, Feb. 9, 1856. Mr. Few presented a petition for a monument to Je<*se Hawley, the original projector of the Erie canal. The usual quantity of petition! for and against a bridge at Albany camc in from all parts of the State, and also several persons having claims against Sing Sing prison. BILLS REPORTED FAVOKADLT. To authorize the clerks of supervisors to administer oalhs. To amend the charter of the Utica Orphan Asy'.um. Relative to the Bnai Jeshuiiun Cemetery Association of New York. To txUnd tbe time for collection of taxed in Oswego. To amend the act for tbe incorpomtion of insuranoe ccmpaalts. The transaction* of tbe State Medical Society were pre sented, and forty -five hundred copied ordered to be printed. .NOTICES OF BILLS. By Mr. Nohtiirt t ? To repeal the act authorizing the ap pointment of Railroad Commissioners. By Mr. Deshi ft ? For the better protection of depositors in savings bank-, by providing for a more secure basis for tbe investment of their funds, and to change the mode of appointing managers of such institution*. By Mr. Mahkn ? To' suppress pawnbrokers' shops and other receptacles of stolen property in New York. By Mr. 1'enniston ? To amei:d the act taxing corpora tions RIUR INTRODUCED. By Mr. Soon ? To give to the Board of Supervisors the appointment of I.oan Commissioners. By Mr. Northbcp ? To amend the act relating to reli gious societies. By Mr. Brkvoort? To protect the citizens of New York against the impositions of the city railroad companies. By Mr. Dioanne ? Tlie New York annual tax bill. Mr. Foot moved to refer ihis bill to a special committee of two irom New Yoik and three frcm other parts of the State, and spoke to the resolution condemning the corrup tion and extravagance of the New York city government. Mr. Amos replied, speaking against the refereuoe. Motion tabled. BIU.P TAWED. To amend the charter of the Brooklyn City Hospital. To amend the charter of the village of Hempstead, (Jurers county. For the relief of the Lumbei men's Bridge Association. For the relief of the C.'iaton County Agricultural So ciety. To anend the aitlcles of association of the Fanoerj' I Baiik, Hudson. Tltlt THREATENED INTARIOX OF KAVPAS. Cev. Clark foot in the following communication: ? I ah iikvx City, K. T., Jan. 21, 185?V To Bib Excellency Gov. Clark: ? He ? We have authentic information that an over wbeimlrg force of the cillcen* of Missouri are organizing apon our bolder, amply supplied with artillery, for the avowed purpose of invading our Territory, demolishing our towns and butchering our free rttate citizens. We hope to be able to bold out un'il assistance can resell u*. Wa rsapeeVully itqueet, on behalf of the citizens of Kansas, that such steps may be taken by the people of the Mates as humanity i-uggesls to prevent the success ful earring out of so inhuman an outrage. C. R0BIN8ON, Governor eUct of K&nsai. J. H. Iaxk. Chairman of the Executive Committee of Kansas Territory. The leasing of the document created much excik'moat in the Hom-e. Mr. l u-NL'tRf^AST mae'e a moti. n to tefer the communi cation to special committee. Mr. Scott a*ked who (. overnor Robinson WAP 1 1< thought quite a different person was Governor of the Ter ritory. Mr. BrcAifNF. favored re'erence to a special committf-e. Mr. Mabkw, of N. Y., moved that the republican meru bers of the House be arme.1 anl equipped as the law <ii rects. and immediat* ly despatched to Kansas, and thst Biigadier-Geceral Thomas Machine be tendered the com mand. Considerable laughter and ccnfnsion followed this, amidst which an acjcui tment was moved and cnrrle-1 Senator Stwaril In Albany. Albajtt, Feb. 0, 1856. Fenat or Reward war in the Awembly chamber to ?Ky. He if* cn hid way to vtMt his brother-in-law, who lta d?o gnousJy Kick. Arrest of a Counterfeiter. I'tica, Feb. 9, 186<J. A man by the name of Benjamin F. Butler at ari rated this afternoon for poselng counterfeit ten driiar bi'la, on the Back of Norwich, CoDneclicu*. A number of the bill* were tonnd in hi* pos?eshion, and he was com mltted. Opening of Prowtdenee Harbor. Bristol, R. L, Jd1? 9. 1856 Our harbor is now open, and a steamer came in Ironi Newport to-day. The reamer Brudford Burfe* Is work irg uj> to I'rcvidfnce wi'h an ice plough ahead. Sev< ral aquare tigged vesaela are waiting lor the track to be opened to l*rovid#nce. Marketi. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. PhiijUWIphia, Feb. 9, 18WS. 0?r utock mnrtet in firm thin morning at the following ratea:?I ennnylvania State 6'a, 86#; Beading Railroad 44&:Ix>r.g IsUid, 16',; Morris Canal, 16, I'ennxylva nla railroad, 44#. ' } S aperlor Court? Special Term. Before Hon. .fudge ?lo.?son. I'm. Q.?Forfylh r?. Edmcttxm r.t al ? Demurrer allowed, wi'h ct.ata. Fi'if I n?. M' Ikman. ? Ixrnurrer orerruled, with 17 C'H-'N. riatt iv. 7?/iiwrtitf. ? Motion to vacate Judgment allow ed, with (7 costa of opposing motion: the delendact to have rMen days frcm the entry ot ?ird?r vacating judgirctt and notice thereof, vithln which to anaw?r, with liberty in meantime to apply for such further order in ief] ect to a future bill of particulars an he may bo ad tircd; the order vacating judgment to be enterod by eitln r party. Wbtahn vf. Camy ?Motion to aet aalde judgment de nied, but without coata. O'Ntill <1 al w. Pvrhu. ? The preliminary objections to motion to vacate ordi r of arrest oveirulod, and motion to proeeed. foatato abide ev?nt of motion. Urmlin ft ol ?v. Pi nr.? Motion to discharge order of ar icat dtuitd, with 110 ?o?t?. Hoi fWr IkangUt BIFABTtJBB OF TUB STAB Of THE WEST. The Star of the West, Captain Miner, sailed yesterda y, at 3 r. M., from pier No. 8 North river, with nearly 700 passergers on board, anionic whom were several of the arrested filibusters wh<?? eccentric behavior ha* tamed io much trouble to the I nlted States government, autho rities in this ci tj. There was a larg? a*s*mb:age at the pier to witness tli? departure, and rather m?re tban the usual amount of shouting, swearing, cowding, crying and excitement was indulged in, the whole bring agreeably diversified by an occaticnal ''rough aud tu-uoV1 and an ineffectual attempt on the part of rne enthusiastic gentleman to< drown himself, by Jumping on boa*d the vessel after itba>l left the dock; bd* unfoituna'ely for hln friends, he suc ceeded only in getting hi? but overboard, his corpus an<V accompanying appen' ages being dragged on deck by the unthinking seamen. There was a Unitud States Marshal on board, but hi* occupation was goire, and the suspected filibusters walked the d? ek triumphantly, without the fear ef thn District Attorney before their eyes, and with none to hurt them or make them afraid. Among the N:ca sgnans en board were Captain Byron Cole, J. R. Male, editor of the El Nicaraguentt, Mr. Wil liam Lyster and others ot the indicted. They were seen' off by a r umber of tneir sympathisers and friends, amorg whom was Brigadier General Hornaby, cf Nica ragua, now stopping in this city. At a quarter past three the signal waa given, and the lines were cast off, when several eleventh boar ludivlda als were discovered on shore in a st?te of great excite ment, and m&nifeztir g a strong desire to attempt m jump, although the probabilities were that they would get an unpleasant bath iu the iey river for their pains. One stout fellow, however, tried It, and actually cleared Mine ten feet and succeeded in reaching the deck safely. Another, atraid to trust his legs, tried his hands, andt after painfully swinging on a rope for some time in the air, was at length caught by the seamen and landed on deck, losing his hat in the struggle. These scenes ex cited great interest among the crowd on the dock, and the adventurous individuals were vehemently cheered on reaching the deck o' the steamer. It is supposed that nearly 300 of the passengers were destined for Nicaragua. As a general thing, they were of a superior class to thosw who sailed in the previous steamers. The following is a list of the passengers: - CHall. J D Brnd ?v. E W Kingslacd, J J Grimes, G Moore. Mlrs M Moore, Minn K Moore, a B Moore and lady, J no Beat snd lady, Mr Taylor aud 'ndy, Mr Tallman, J WaKitaff and lady, ICF Davis, B F Van lion. F A Lalne, RoSert Crit tenden I)r Babe and two daughters, Dr Irwin, T 8 Pomeroy and ladv, J ft Wilcox, O H Wilcox, Mrs Ferguson, W F Trask, Albert Brownley, ('upt Pettlgicw. a D Hurlburl, J C Smith, A F Duser berry. W O bmttb, E n Oolby.Col Mooney, Mr Blnclnger, Mm Binuluger, Jdo 0 Wluans, Wm Wilson, Jno M GrISen. Alex Mason. Mies M A Fe?st,r. W E Bushnell. Byroo Cole. MrsB Dart, Mr Wllklos, A <>*kMnlth, Capt Hardy. Miss C Vermot, Miss A Brush, Miss M J B ? roe, Mrs wetberell, Jaa Murray, H Plnmmer, A < lark A O Wantaff, H Sebastian, (J W Gsne, G M'Kcon. C J Pcbirtdi, Mrs M .Va ker, J R Walker, J ? Barlow, Wm Piper and lady, A Huntley, A A Fsancts. J Prsncls, W 8 Johnsor , Mra Piper, Vrs Bluett, J Mulligan, Mr Hcranton. Mr Ferguson, a F LI tlette'.d O 8 Creasy, WH Sea man, Jno Arnold, Jno A Lang, 1 lion M West Tbos D Catter son, Jesfe Cchotf, V i a I)fxon Mrs Oilman, Wm Goas, B Ba con. C Birch. J Fir her. W Hrse. Jos Williamson, Jos Robin pon, P Galley, E Hartley. J Ma'orey, B Lanoey, JasOwen,. Pavld O'Hara. Leonard Schwab. 8aml Coopc, Mr WUenn. Miss R Allev, J W Osborne. B H Drew, 8am Young, E Budii, Mr? Budd, lease Nlesen R Pomerov, Mrs Van Alsten, Georgn Lamb, R H Lee, A A Perrine? 421 In the steerage. URTARTtTtE OF M'UB RACHKL M'llS Bldlll FsHX WM one of the passergers by the new steamship Pulton, which sailed from this port yesterday, at noon, for Havre. We are able to state positively that the great artist li&tf lelt "the land of the free and the homo of the brave" for la btlle France. She was accompanied by a single fills, dtt chambre. The delicate sta'e of her health prevented her from appearivg*on the deck of the steamer to receive the adieus of numerous friends and admirers, bat those most Intimate had an opportunity for a farewell word in her saloon. M'lle Bachel gees with the best wishes of all true lovers of her ait. We never shall see her equal. Bon voyage! City Politics AMEBIC AN NATIONAL CONVENTION IN PBILADIL* PHIA ON THE 18th INST. Pursuant to the call of J. W. Barker, Esq., i-'Ate Presi dent of the New York Council, through John Bullock, Esq., the County Deputy, the Congressional district com posed of the Fourth, Sixth, Tenth and Fourteenth wards, and constitute! of five delegates trom the several ceun cils in eaid district, nut last evening in Palace Hall. On motion, J. Souder, Esq., ef tbe Sixth ward, was appoint ed Chairman, and C. Csiagola. of the Fourth, Secretary. Dr. W. W. Wocdard, ot the Fourth ward, was elected the delegate, and E. D. Lawrence, of the Fourteenth, alternate. The attendance wai full, and the proceedings harmonious. City Intelligence. Accident ok tuk fcTATXN Island Fkrkt. ? There wu no ittle excitement among tbfi passengers on board the foui - o'clock boat fiom states Island yesterday afternoon, arising from an accident which it was feared would re sult seriously, but which fortunately did not. Aa tba boat reached Governor's Inland, a loud erash wu heard, and tbe left wheel house was s?en to break in pieces, the beat, meanwhile, coming to a stand still. Tbe Female* on beard, of whom there were a great many, were dreadful - ly alarmed, and the men mthed to the scene of the diffi - culty to see what wan the matter, when it wm found that one of the buckets of the wheel had broken off, and in itrikicg the wheel house, knocked it down. The pas sengers ncrero<nquie*td. and the boat pro seeded on her journey without[any further difficulty. The Bhj? Wm. F. Sai-tord. ? Captain Andrew A. Myers,, wreckmasler for the ceunty of Klrgs, arrived yesterday at the wreck of the brig W. F. 3 afford, in Brooklyn, and took charge of her. At 4 o'clock 1*. M. a document wan. read by Aa?i.stant DiaUlct Attorney Wlnslow, noticing all ether parties to delist from tbeir operations, and re linquish their claims In favor ofCapt. M., he superseding in his official prert gatives, policemcn, sheriffs, and all others heretofore in'erested or ia any way appertaining to the natter in dispute. The wrecking schooner Me chanic, Captain C. Bell, and a sloop, with puatpt, fee., were theie in command of the vrreckmaster, and these were in mediately placed in a position to raiae tbe veseel at the next slack water, if possible. United States Hail Bo jus.? The Postmaster :s about locating throughout the city nearly one thousand new boxes, for the reception of letters for the city delivery and the mailt. Thofe persons desirous of having a box stationed at their place of business for the eonvcriense of themselves and neighbors, should make early appllcatiou to the Postmaster. Fin* is (Jkkrnwicu Stbkkt.? About five o'clock on Saturday mornirg. a fire wai ( iscovered in the grocery stoie of FoWer A: Kniffin, No. 438 Greenwich rtreot. cotter of Vest ly. It watt very soon extinguished. Tb? fire was evidently caused by the spontaneous enmbua .Ion of a lot of matches deposited tn a box on the ( licit Tho loss by lire and water will probacy amount to about t&l'O. Intuied in the Irving In^uranoe Company for tf.OCO. Fide in Thirty-fifth 8tji?t.-? About a quarter to s*v?i o'clock last night, a fire was discovered in the fur drem iilg shop of Mr. l'etcr Rosse, in Thirty fifth street, be t ween Sixth and Seventh avenues. The shop and ad joining sheds, being of light, intlanimnble material, were soon destroyed. The stock of furs and skim was ta'ieo out uninjured. Mr. Ros-c estimates his loss in tools and sheds at about $200. No insurance. The fire is sup pesed to have oi igiua'ea from lie stove. Ni.w York DisFKNHiRiEB.? Tbe following is tbe official nontbly report ol the dlspeLBaiies in the city of New York 3 3.1? |> -~ >? I | . a R * e< ? r 83 a1? *0 PaliintA Imakd c'u- ? ^ . v . ? ^ g ring JaiTim. : J : & | : ? * | |< f "* 2 ill?.: : ? * : : * N. Y. I>iip?neary..2,S8<? 617 2,900. 2,:;43 66J 10 6,10fi Northern MB ."43 870 643 3-W ?J3 2,479 it'ltin 977 4031,140 8'i7 543 46 2,601 in mil t VCO- 389 1,810 411 619 12 2,592 Total 4,7-? 1,812 0,0-14 4,194 1,931 172 1%8,18 Aggregate number to whom ncdtoal service* and me 11 cite wen lei dered g:atuilous'y duriLg the inoetii, 3,009 t oles- r,?i;5 fcrrnles. Nativity? 1 844 patients wore born In the United tsfex, and 4,:<ll in i reign counti ies Partial results? Pent to botpttal, ',(74; died, 66. Ihe principal cauj-es of den'-h wore phthisia, pnei; no nia, brocehltis, ftatannus and scarlet, lever. Ibo prevailing Ci-eases chiefly affected tbe re<plr?'nry jslein; amtii|i the most important were bronchitf-i, (Ueatconla, pleurisy, phthisis. rheumatism and scarlet ?ever. Personal Intrlll^rnee. Mr. Hyde, 1lie newly elected Mayor of Detroit, h .d a fill up' n the irv sidewalk, on the 1st nut., and in en ieivor ng to save himteif, his weight came upon the Ml arm, and both bcnM were ortken < tt neur ibe wrist. ARRIVALS. Firm I.lveiprol, In steamship Pcrpla? Mrs Hodpe*. Mrs fn:ail and Infant, Mr Younjr ami iadyj'Mr Simpson and lady; U i o ft s n en elms . I Hv dc, Mr I<e? is, .loa'iuin d' Almeida J A K.Iwards, Mi Pe-aut, Henry Mar-lifa. W i: C'auson, W lia-dy. 1, M.owry, t'spt lltllion. I'rarcls Wood, W R K Krame, Mr Irtwis, Wr lens. H F Morrie, Cbus Hooirc K sslmrv, Mr Mo (JUlara, .7nrr"? It Some, J- eph Huttet wcrth, O K Higg<<, Just R rgi.E II Wlltcn, t! lt'oc n, Vr Drew, () l'orklns, ,1 Hag s'ow, Mi"Goodjear, A Forrest, Mr Bevy. 0 Mnsle, Jas Hummer vllle. Mr M# null, Ion and iadv, Itr-bt Kai or, Mr ('amen'er, Mr I5a?!er and lady; ,l?s Smrls, .1 1?as??rn, Kollx Gain, Jolin A. K irkpatriek . W Miller, Jr, J McAndrew. Wm rtml>h, ,fno Kd wards. O Post, John J Me*rtlmr. Mls? Jue Tiernan, Mi Jas sade Mrs KCunsrd snd icivai.t; K II de Harr. J Hmltti, .t W Mead. Mis Crtenough kid child, Mr Mbert Furbear, John Tbemrscn, 1 Bllard, Mi Hewitt, Mr Carroll, Mr Masters. From Pt.rf.i Cabcllo and fit Thomas, in steamship Teni ? .foalih Mekerson, John Owens, Chai ips t:ox, r Roasiigeret, Mlfa Cove and cousin, AJIiert Maitlnliorough (roiore<li. From Pavanssh, In ibe slesmslitp Florida? R Orelr^'on und lady, Mr* .1 I* hnrsent nod seclid-en Mr? R Hn'tsman sna ilsuul ler, Mrs Moore, Mrs Fall, R S t'rali?, A <i Wootlrufl'. Wm And'rson, A J Gtrsen, ?! BF}out.J i: l etklns, n * Meeeer. W I) Harden M A Pohlnton. Ir Klleb iloxrc Kiriiit;, ? Geaeiy, Jvbn Nplle, Xiwicr ljuble, Mantet Laugboi i.e, G U