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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 02, 1856, Image 1

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Dangers of the Voyage at thU Seasoa.
A New Steamship Company.
Speeches ef Cobdcn and Palmers ten
in Parliament*
Ow London, Parte aad Boat Correspond??#?
*o., Ao., to.
The luited States mail steamship A rag J, Captain
Linen, which left Havre on the 13th of February, arrivel
at this port eaily jei'ei Jay morning.
The Arago briogu 111 passengers, the usual otalU, a ad
640 ton* valuable merchandise; also, three despttohes
bom the British government to their Minister at Wash
imgiou, one from Mr. Buchanan aud one from Mr. Mania.
She experienced strong westerly gales on the passage,
and. was detained 64 hours ou the eastern edge of the
b auks by the ice.
February 2C. 6 A. M,, lat. 47, long. 46, passed three to?
bei gs. From that time until the 24th, at noon, lat. 41 24,
long. 40, were constantly picking our way amjug.it ice
bergs, large and small piece* and patches of el9*ely
packed brokta lce%Jh' a part of two nights stopped, and
?t otLer times we.e running slow, frequently stopping
and backing to avoid collision with dangerous pieoes.
At noon of the 22d found that we were in the bight of
a bay of closely packed broken ice and large and small
icebergs, extending bom southeast around to north, as
Jar as oould be seen, with no open water to weatward.
Stood to the North in hopes of finding an opening, but
after running about 'M nulee found the ice extended to
the northward and eaetwaid as iar as eoultl be seen.
About ehip and stood bach again to the douth, exploring
whatever had the appearance of a passage; at one tiae
running into a Ceep bay for SO mile*, whioh we lound
eiosely blocked up, and had to stand out again. In this
way we made 200 miles southing, without seeing any
tpen water te westward betore we found a passage.
The quantity of ice seen, from the largest sized icebergs
grudualy down to the smallest pieces and packed ice, ex
cel del anything of the kind thstCapt. Lines has ever seen
or heaid ot about the Banks betore: and asitls now early
in the season, he is a raid that, in a few weeks, the
widest track tor European navigation will be impeded by
this dangerous foe. He would, therefore, most respest
t'ully recommend to *11 shipmas'ers to go south of the
Banks in going to Kurope this season, and in coming, to
westward; when approaching the iee track in thick wea
ther or in the night to use the utmost vigilauee, and
hare their ships under perfect command for any mi
nd'uvre at a moment's notice. m
The cews by the Arw has been anticipated by the ar
rival of the America at Halifax.
There is nothing in reference to the diplomatic dl Sic al
lies between the lnitc<t States and hagland. The mo
deration of tone adopted by 1'almernton tu hi*
apf eeh to the House of Commons on the 8tli ultimo, caus
ed a geoeral feeling of satisfaction, and the advises re
ceived from thin sfde are also favorably interpreted. Any
fear cf war between the two conntriei had evaporated.
A te.egraphie despatch from Alexandria states that an
insurrection had broken out at Damanpoor, near Cairo,
among the Bedouins, on the subject of the resent enrol
ments of tbe militia, and that troops had l>een despat sh
ed to put down the movement, which threatened to be
A teleqraph'c despatch from St. Petersburg anaonnoes
that 1'rince Gortschaknff is appointed Commander-in
Chief of the armies of the West and Centre, ana imperial
Meuten.int of the kingdom of Poland.
It was stated in a letter from the French camp tbat in
en affair with the Human outposts, the Sardinians suc
ceeded In making ?09 prisoners.
f In answer to a question iron Mr. I. inward, on tbe 12th
lilt., !/>rd Palmeraton explained that the reinon why the
Sardiiian Ambassador had been excluded from the con
ference! at Crnstaetinople was in con*tq?enc? of it.*
having no reference to tbe war, but merely to the inter
nal a' raogemeats of the Turks.
The General Screw Steam Shipping Company has dis
posed of eight of their largest steam vessels to au Anglo
French company, for ?600,000. Tbey are tlm Jaaon, In
diana. Golden Fleece, Calcutta. Argo, <jaeen of the South,
Hydtispen and Lady Jocelyn. These splendid screw clip
pers are intended to be laid <>n as soon as possible on aa
?astern ronte. to sail regularly fr?m Havre to the Cape of
Hood Hope, the hie of Jtemicon, f Bourbon,) Mauritius,
Ceyloe, Madras and Calcutta, calling at Southampton out
and home. It is understood that a mixed board of French
and Fng'inh direct' rs, of gr< at Influence and wealth, will
be speedily formed to conduct the affairs of the company.
It is also said that the company further intend to extend
the line to the Brazil*.
A larje meeting of the creditors of th? great ship
builders, Messrs. Scott ft Russell, whose bankruptcy was
made known a few days since, had taken place. It was
expected that a good dividend w?uld lis paii to the cre
ditors. Arrangement* were also proposed for the oom
plelion of the leviathan steamship.
The fndcpfndaru ? Btly, published la Brussels. hM
lately been purchased for 800,000 ir.tncs, by a company
Of Cologne bankers, the chief editor of the journal, aaa
y. V.'-ron, tbe former director of the ConrlUuHonnr}.
Our London Correspondence.
Losdon, Feb. IIS, 18JW.
2>ita}:(>oinlm' rt of the English People oi 'he Abrupt Termi
nation qf the War ? Secret Undtrtiandinfj Mivten f 'ranc
and Russia? chart ret qf a Rmuo- French Alliance? A
Bad lime Conring in England for Aristocratic Inslitu
films?Lord Palmerston's Objei t in (letting into a Musi
With the United Stat'S?Ihe L<*ul<?i Timer ?n l Mr. rte
chavan'i Black Coat. tfc. <tx.
f.uH*ia lias gone down in the political market of I<on
don ainc* it ha* bee* positively known tbat tli? war is
over. The public miad in no longer occupied with the
Crimea or St. Petersburg, but in busily occupied with
rain endeavors to pierce iato the deep reoes*** or the
diplomatic garee shortly to begin in Paris, where the
Plenipotentiaries of the late belligerent* are to assem
ble a few days hence. 1 hare already told you that the
people of thin country were disconcerted by the unex
pected rujaois of peace, aad are deeply disappointed by
the abrupt termination of the war. The universal de
tnand throughout the land is, "What hare we
gained for all our expenditure In blood and
treasure?" The answer to this preguaot qu<*
lion can on!y be given when the term* of peac* are
definitively settled at Paris. It Is beginning to be known
Jiere that the war stopped betause the French Emperor
liad no inclination to go on any longer, lor reasons he
considered sufficient. It is, further, beginning to be sus
pected here that there is some reeent understanding be
tween France and Russia, and that there is, |>erhaps,
Home chanoe of the scheme of the First Napolesn being
realised In a Ru*so French alliance. What m*v be
the private inclinations or public slews of the French
Km pet c.r it Is useless to discuss, since no man knows
better how to keep hi* own secrets. It is certaie that
Jtossl.i flnd> It ber Interest to make peace, or she would
not do It. She finds it a tongh job to contend, single
banded, with the alliance, and sue Is, no douht, per
fectly aware that if she withe* to renew her game of
conquest hereafter, she can do It under far more favor
able c rcunstances than at present.
As 'or Napoleon til. 1 have sufficiently discussed In a
former letter his motives for a pacific polley He is the
beat ju{ge of liis own interests. Kngiand, howevsr, I re
peat, both goverom?nt and people, is sorely disappoint
ed at the unlooked for turn that matters have taken. In
the military contest with Russia it is umrersally felt
hfre that f nglanfi has got the wont of it. and tlint
I ran:'1 has acquired all the credit. It Is now pretty
generally feared that unless Kngiish diplomatists are
greatly superior to I.ngllsh generals, John Bull will re
turn borne from the negotiations at Pari* wofully humiiia
ted in his own oy"- and a langhiag stock to other na
tions. It then lemainsto be seen whetimr .fohn Ball
will ? rap hlmselt up in saokaloth and ashe* and weep
ever 'he ."Iibko that has fallen on him or will l:e. with
Ilanbirsc eye* atld flushing eheeks, roll up his *hlrt
aleevrh and brfl?k his eiick orer the heads of
the tltUd noodle- who, as general* au.l dip.onu'.iiU,
juive wmM hi* mrn ?j and tNshorw 1 hi< charter.'
I pred'ct t>? *t:er kid sail cleatiy [???( toat M nit <
? "bid time c^irlng" f. r uiiu; ? -'nobie lor*'' wH?
thought his immortality Inevitable
IiOid l'tin etaloQ, wueu Lis found (tut h? must Mllnv
tat lead (f i iauM and make pe*oe with P.u*-la, Wan w
ver? well the indignation that would iiraak out la K<i(j
land, and wiiich might go S3 Car ait to ej?ct Um foai iffin
and cestmy bin popularity it was, beyoau doubt tUs
? Uh and the policy of the Prime Minim ?r to go ?a with
the war; ai.d when he fouuJ biirMlf headed off by
trance and couit influenoe at home, he ought to havs
rteigned, if Ue valued bia feme. Bu-. it i< a hard thing to
g ve up fri'ca a pcHt an I'titue Minuter; furthermore, he
was leloctaut to utir up au agitation that m:gli>. g ? to
tbe verge of levolution. What wad bt?t te be don*,
th(D, to divert the English uiintl from Uussltn
u Fairs and dangeiors excitement at home/ Wny,
"kiak np a inuss" with the United ?>t*tes. Nothing
would be so cure to a artle England than the chanc* of a
war with her beet customer, and her worst foe, it Bghuag
one* began. For tbla leaaon i-ord Paimerstnn m-ut a
fleet to Berniura, as I explained to you at tbe time. V or
the same inaoon the arch wirepuller net tbe Hm "t to
braying sgt inat Jonathan one day, and ojiug t) hi in
the n?t. Well, the po.ltieal conjuror aucoeec id in hu
ti ieks, w be usually doe*. atd the unexpected h >:?or of a
war with ?he United Stale* frightenwi the unexpected
peace with P.ui-eia clean oat of J olio Bull's he id But it
soon ean e to pas* that tbe Ssgllah public, who thougot
a piematuie peace wilh Ru&oi* bed enough, decile* tu*>
an unnecessary war wl-.h the United fetates w?i too bad
altogether, end my Lord PaJmeraton saw, tor the sake of
his office aid whatnot, he aaust charge hi* tactics, which,
like an old diplomatist, he 11 always ready tn io S:> up ho
rose, lat-A Friday night, in Parliament to leply to a speech
fnm Mr. Coboen and went briefly over the hiwlorv of the
dispute with ihe United States government. Notbicp'cruW
be more pacific than hi* tf<te, and nothing c >uld be far
ther from bin Intentions than a collision with the United
State*. The Central American treaty he had proposed
should be left to arbitiatirn; and m tor tlie small matter
of the " recruitment," why, he had apo'ogized for that;
and what could any gentleman do more- That remain*
for Mr. Mar cy to answer.
Meanwhile' the effect ot the Premier's *;>e*ch is quite
conical People are wondering at what the deuce they
were frightened about. When they came to see clearly
enough there vm no causa (jr it. There la no dau; ing
that Mr. Marcy had a tough job on hand to follow
tbe devious windings of such an incorrigible old
f< x as lord Palmerstou unquestionably is, but
it is suspected at home that our Albany Premier
is not many removes from being an old lox hlmstlf; and
in that cafe, on the strength of the adags of setting a
thief. &e., (begging par Jon for tbe simile) it aaay tdrn
out that the venerable Keyaard of Washington wtll finally
run his gray headed rival o! l?owaieg street into the
There is one assertion in I.ird Poimerstnn's speech I
feel bourd to uotice, eud am aorry to state that it is en
tirely unfounced. It was no d >u'o' eatelessiioas, but a
Prime Minister ought to kcuw what he is talking about,
l ord Palmerstou t-aid that Mr. Buchanan, the American
kirlatei, had dedaied hia.se'.r satisfied'' with the ex
planation made by Lord Claiau lou cn the recruitiueut
question. Now, I feel n.v.-Mt uuthoriztd, af.er un in
vest igatir n, to state that "Mi. Buchanan never declared
anything ot tbe sort. Mr. B. merely wrote, as far back
as in July last, that it "would afford him satisfaction''
to ooamunica'e the explanation of l.oid Claieudon to hid
goveintnent at Washington. That was the usual diplo
matic phrase, 1 will uot say that lx>rd Paliuerston
made wanton use of Mr. Buchanan's name to get
himself out (4 a scrajte, lor tbat would be t >0
foxy, but the Americans neis ail tbink so, anu it really
dees look like it. The tact 1.1, neither Lord Palmeritin
ntr the limes like Mr. Buchaniui, and they pitch into him
every cbance they can get or can invent. Petlaps they
hope to make him loce his temper, and then outwit hiui
in negotiation. The experienced <>age cl Laccaster, how
ever, understands tbat trick, and, besides, i? blest with a
mild dlnpntion, as his enemies ought to know, since he
feiglVM them all, and has even lent them money, a Chris
tian virtue not Included in the decalogue.
Did you ?ee what the Times e<ud of Mr. Buchanan's
"black coat" at the opening of Parliament, and have you
read tke rejeinoer cf the facetious Punch, who seenii to
have a hearty affection for Brother Jonathan? Tbe Euro
pean journals are pointing at the " anarchy" of the
Bouce of RepTesentatives at Washington, and ridiculing
republican institutions. Monarchists don't know that
our representatives ate daily paid, vrlie .her they work or
not ? lucky boys! Who aie the hards and softs foing to
unite ou? A NEW YoKKEK.
Our Pari* Correspondence.
J'ABW. Keb. 12, 185?.
Excitement Canted by the Assembling of the Conference? De.
?partvre of Lord Oouley for London ? Anticipated Vidf
of the C.ar ? The Bonds of Amity Drawing Closer B'twe.en
the Court* of Pari' ar>d .11. Pdersbwrg- ? Effort* of th e
Latter to Detath Louis J\rai>ot?m from the English Alli
ance ? Opinions of Prmch Politic it' ns Regarding the.
Anglo American JHffn vU>j ? 'the Empress' Ao.oi'chem^U?
Great Bonking Association, <fc.
1'aris It in a lively state of fermentation, because of
the grand Continue*, which, (t is presumed, will open its
deliberations on Monday next. The BritUh Ambassador,
Lord Cowley, started off to l.undon on Sunday last by a
special tiain and steamer. He was accaar|>anied by a
seeietary expreaaly selected tor the oceasion. His Excel
lency's Sojourn is to be till Friday, when, after confer
ring with the Cabinet on the necessary preliminaries, he
will retain to Paris. Lord Claieudon is to accompiny
him. The Engliih Minister tor Forsign Affairs will take
up his quarter! at the new Hotel du Louon, whose co
loesal proportion and discipline are borrowed from your
side the of Atlantic. Toe residence of such a Minister at
such an epoch In the world's history oannot fail to af
ford soma eclat and preetlge to this novel speculation.
If one may judge from the prevailing tene of society, '
Francs is inevitably drifting into a pacifi: state. The
advent of Russian nobles Is spoken of with the same con
fidence sx the rise of the sun to-morrow. Nay, the ar
rival C'f the Czar, to be a guest at the Tuiieriea, is looked
upon as a natural event, which will be sure to happen
about tlie time of the swallows' visit, 1'iean* are already
breaking forth In his honor. It is said his Majesty has
klresdy seen the impolicy ef o. niinuinga course obedient
to the will of 1'eter the Gieat; that he has resolved,
henceforth, to seek the grsatness of hit empire by de
veloping the resources offered to him by its iamsnse
nuinbers, its vari *d climate, its brosd lands, its keen
wilted traders and its maiitime outlets ? that his late
enemies mnst now therefore be bis most active al ies.
It is difficult not to suspect that sosaethlng lies hid
beneath the sudden conversion of these two great coun
tries, who but yesterday were cutting each other's throat
with such peculiar unetion. The time has not yet ar
rived for full revelations, but it is well known that an
incvvmvl correspondence for some months past has been
kept up with the Russian Court through tbe Piincass
Mathilda. This lady's marriage witn Prince DemldofT.
thr-ngh sot one of much ecclal teiioty to either party, has
been very uveful a? a political medium. Tnrough this
source the most strenuous exertions have been luaie to
casse Napoleon to break away from England That point
ha* not been ostensibly gained, but it cannot be said it has
altogether failed. The splendid t tiers of the Rhine, of
peculiar Mediterranean facilities, favorable to French
commerce at Algiers, and other advantages of a similar
character, though declined, ha* * let; a balm behind, the
effect of whlcn will, it is ?anl, be generally visible
next week on the opening of the Conferences. The Czar's
deprecation of any pecuniary exscti.m on the ground of
compensation for the war, though totally opposed to the
practice of Russia in similar cases, and in regard to
Francs in particular, is listened to with most Christian like
complacency; in fact, everything bedss- kindness and
gocd will. In the meantime, Tuikey seems in ? fair way
of discovering that her friends are about to treat her as
that acute lavyer c:'<1 his clients, who mads him the arbi
trator of their dispute for possesion of the oyster, to
esch of whom he gave a shell, gulping down tbe savory
bivalve himself, as indemnification for the judgment
he had Riven. Mussulman ars to he allowed to turn
Christians without Incurring civil disnjUity? a
consummation which, however desirable, strikes
as much at the root of the Ottoman bod' politic, as
if slaves In Virginia were to be permitted to ieclare
themselves rreenvn ths moment they were put to
wotk. Then again, the l/lcmas, a privileged body, in
whom is verso both judirial and religious lunations, as
wito the Catholic hierarchy in England before the Refor
mation, are to undergo a thorough reorganisation. At
present they are exempt from taxation, but. notwith
standing, exercise a mystic influence over tbe populace,
of tbe most powerful character. All thl' is te be ohauged,
and a new state of things ensue, moleHed after the
French revolution of 17W. Toe Sultan, teo, the grave
petticoated Sultan, whose crsed teaches ltim that a ball
ol European fashion Is an indiguity to linman nature, Is
obliged, lor the first time in his life, to go to one at Lord
Stratford de Hedcilffe's, the English Ambassador, and this
shocks bis subjects, though he imitates the condescension
of the Emperor of the French In his visit on a late ocsa
sion to th* hotel of tlie I nglish embassy. Where is all
this to end 4 Will the people submit iolt? Alas I they
cannot help themselves; France and Blngleud. their dear
friends, who rescued them from the devouring jaws of
Resale, each lend them a upporting arm, and embrace
them with sn energy and cordiality which feels very like
a gripe.
I do not find that auy real anxiety prevails respecting
the difference exisi iDg between America sad England.
Every day less and less iniportnnea la attached to.it, and
the whole exsltement is set down to a mere douje of tbe
Pierce government. Nobocy ia willing to beOfl've that
either nation would seriously quarrel with the other
about the tubjecta In dispute.
On hu?i>!a> afternoon, a* four officers oi the Zouaves
end Chasseurs of the C.uard were walk' ?g on ths hanks
of the lake in tbe Hois rle Boulogne, the S.mperor passed
on horseback, accompanied by Genera', Canrobert, His
Majesty had only scone a l^w steps whsn lie ??nt bnel; the
( eneral to compliment *,ne oiticers in the name of his
Majesty, and te iriqalr* their names As the converse
tion between them, and the General lasted noe little
i time, the Km per oi; turned back also, am! saluting the of
| ticers. who were much gratified by sush nn lienor, he
; invited them to <fine at the Tulle rle a the su >e
As the time for the Empress' accouche uetit kp
' riroaches. hev Majesty, who scarcely ever omits taking
i her usual diJ vs, is In dan.jsr ol' hting ;rufhed b? th? da
1 moeitratfo'..* of good will wbieh everywhere attend her.
? Haoj liner, jH ?y?rv Household, in motop forri ir atfisr,
i to be m* onted to tl>% beautiful it^ j .
Ertfjr feiciltf Uui-1 iu Un ligbett ami ^
fi.g?3eo La kaRnny or ambroider?. PrX 'u *?. . *
won-to dkiij otter up ruti ?aii a<i/ur?woa*. Jr i C,
ir. locate he: iri-h practical ooitrum.', . ? ?
the pais* and p?rUa of ihiidbirth may b<s ?7?i e-i. J011
Dab li, her accoucheur b.i* alre?c)v recur^l ? nourrit.
the caatra o*' Ve'nsuil where he pttMtoex umA'1
Ch'.protq)Di ia t"i be uw, not at tb# comaiencemrat, but
only w hi n particular jihidh bee 'Jit e too acu'9 fur a ?ys
tmi ho drhra'e. la fact, all that mat pan da to in-'et
ra*u:e half way, in the severest siffrting at woman
hood f- t > be ('one. and [ verily bel'ere tb* realizati^a of
Per Majesty's sat* delivery jrul be a sabjeot of uu?al{ned
joy throughout th? lei.grh and breadth of Kf aace.
t\ n ?T'ai g*nient baa b#en entered inf> amongst thirty,
tw bunkers ?nd opitalint.1 of Pert< and I?onloa to par
ticipate ia conm- a ia grfat industrial and commercial
?jndT'sk :,gn. Amcugst th? pemdus wb< hard j (load
the sSKfeiiwn a>? MM. De Rothschild. Bartering, Tala
bo', liielll, BI judI. Derauz, Marcaard, &e.
Vtgelabe* begin to ar: Ire in the Pari ( market from
Algma. Aaparngua, artiobokes and green pea* hare
be-u 'he first articles offered for sale.
The Sc '3?? Imperials d'Acclimitation Itw ju*t ?<*a;
out a number of fruit hee*. pear, apple, apriook, cherry,
Ac., which bare utter Ineu grown in that cjuLtry, fcx ?
ptpi in a wild utate, to C'hiaa. Tne weather U to uii.d,
that btauti'ul but>:liiw are constantly aceu In '.hegM
d?ts ol the Tuilfiiea. BERTIE.
Our Rome Correspondence.
Koms, Feb. 0, 1856.
U'he Policy qf Runia in Ckmchiding Peace? Shut Out frotn
Btnaji She Will Carry Htr Omqueitt Fur*.h<r Into Alia
? Ifwrti v hich the Prospects qf Ptaor Already Manife/
Cr<m the Entente Cordial? Brtwetn England and trance
?Lovii Hopolecm Gains a Legal Utai-u Amongst Eu
ropean /Sovereigns ly th* reace Covor'3;? Opinion! of
Horn an Diphmatitts en the Present Po. it ion of European
Attain ? Sri'vhflc Fads remit German MoUerialisrn?
7he Avitrian Concordat, <#?:, , dc.
he ]#sus otgttJ&iiuiu Mill be ha 1 ia Paris, and I trust
1 may have an opportunity of being there before tfeetr
termination to icfoim you of their jro'oable iatue. You
will itave obserred the ccmratit betw-.sa the Eagltat and
Frtach jptnnalK on the cu^jtot of pnac*. anS the Utile
joy which, aiuorg the thinking jiub'iic iuen. the accept
ooce of the Austrian uliimatuai by Uuscia -ias producad
in Ft, gland, whilst the Fn-noh prens, with the exctp
tion of, yeihapS. one or two paper*, hit ^ositirely lm?
(a iaptuie^ at the ?ucc?m fif the tjnpecor Kapo'eon'i
('ip'onwcy. When you confider that the leading Vrecch
I af.prK a'.*p !* rtcRt eoited by officer* of the g?verument,
cr that their eoitorx pub.w'a nothing important without
iiret ccnaultii g and being advised by the government,
the late leading article* in the Constitv'imnnfl, the
IW-a's, and the Pays, are certainly T?ry remarkable, *ad
^ufficieu'.'y InaicatiTe of the sentiaeutH wb.lch pi avail In
the Tuiieiies; but it rexaina yet tt be ie?n whether Louit
Naiw>i*cc is beaten by NnHnelror'fc or whether Ne?ae!rod?
ia teaten by I.ouis Napoleon.
Ous of the leaatu* which Ru/Mia had for accepting,
without meive, the Ave poiain inaiated upon by Auairia,
W8ri certainly not. the inability to carry on the war for
ato'her yeaT. but the fear that, by carrying it on too
K'tg now. i- he may hereafter be compelled to conclude
a it*', and lasting p<acefor some ten or twenty yeais
Ihe tec no r*?aon wan that all European To warn, even
Hella&J and Prussia, having taken the al&rm, Ruiaia
could not expect, within the oe.xt ten or twenty yea ra,
to make Europe the aim of her diplomatic or warlike am
bition. Pu'.'ia has been unscccesaful in iM European
dfron-untr alien, and she has been eucceAalul ia Atia, and
the peace which la about to be concluded will not pre
vent her fr m puriutrg her advantage in that quarter,
frlie nill gi>. e up har c Juqceit in Anatolia; but ahe will
ccnttiue her intiigues '.u Pereia, in Khiwa and in Aff
nh?ni?t?o: and it is doubt ie?s the knowledge or preaenti-_
n.eut ot that future policy of Russia wkica diminishes
the ardor of British state- men for a spe?iy terminatioa
of hoktilities.
But this n cot all. The third ted greatest re?3oa
which Russia hM in accepting teiin* of peace new, ooa
tlst* in the probability that th? peaee will l-*)*en the lu
t.iutcj aid weaken the friendship whiih has sa resens'iy
sprung up between Eiglaud and France; and iu this ex
pec ation ehe in certainly ju.i Ulied by the effect which the
auie saspec.iion of hostilities seems to have produced in
the entente cordial*, as iar aa official opinions are repre
heu'td'tU ruujh the public journals. WUen Russia shall
ejain bi-ve her diplomatic representatives iu Paris, the
momentary suocete now obtained will undoubtedly b?
pushed taithrr. It temains, however, to be seen whe
ther the iuipmor iNapolnon inteuds to pursue niaad
var tage fui ther than to make himself equally necessary
to hubtia and England, so as to be able to chooee be
tween thtm in tiie interest ef Frauce. What tne Euipe
lor oi 'he French now watt* is a general rec ignition of
his dynasty ai.d his right to the throne by a Eurojiean
Corgress, in which himself ib represented ani admitted
on equal terms with all the other legitimate sovereigns. I
He wanta tn gain a legal b*si?, as tar as the public law
ot Europe is concerned, for his pt act leal act of usurps- I
tion; and nothing csn in this rttpect be more striking
for all F.urope, and for France in particular, tban to have
the negotiations uansfoned to Paris. So far the E-npe
? or Kapclt.cn wants the Czar; now let ut see how far the
Czar wants tbe good will and, if pae*i?le, the fiieodship of
the Emperor of the French.
Iiusnt, from her geographical po*itio?, has aa here
ditaiy policy to pursue in regard to Eucepe and Asia.
Her sun is twoiold, because she it an European and an
Asiatic Power. As regards her European policy, it has
reeeived a most severe check by tne present war, aad by
the tieay between Sweden and ihe Western Powers of
the 21st November last. That cheek was adwinlitereo
by France, through tbe agency of the Empero* Napoleon.
But there remains still the Asiatic policy of Russia, which
is a* yet unchecked on a continent where she meets no
antagonist capable of resisting tier progress, except the
British power in India. Russia ha.s beaten the Turks in
Asia; she lias succeeded in detaching the hardy moua
tsititeTs of the Caucasus from the Turkish alliance; Bho
has ? permanent ally In the reek subjects of the Sultan,
and she has thus far oarrted all be.ore her in Persia.
Persia is the military ally of Russia against England, and
the power which she now use* as her pioneer on the road
to India. Lord Palmer.-iton, however his anti-American
idiesj ncracles may have led him into error as regards the
United States and Central America, it, nevertheless, the |
most const 'erabl? stater ansn. i t England, and' has never
undervalued the prcgrees Russian diplomacy hat male in
Persia ami Atlgbsnistsn. He knoe* that the Achilles
heel of British East India possessions is bordering on
Affgbsnistan, aad hat always exhibited great sensitive
ness in that direction. Now, the late of Kivrs and Herat
are complete triumphs for Russia in Asia, which, In
themselves, would be acoompamed by great conse
quences, were Russia not oblige 1 at thin moment
to make extraordinary efforts U defend her own Iron
tiers against the at mits and squadrons of the Western
Powers Rassia, then, want* to make peace with Frauce,
and, through her, with Europe; but the successes of her
arms in Asia have already produced their effect on the
people and governments of the Asiatic States which di
vide her from British India, and her diplomats will have
a rare to vaunt the generosity of the Czar, who, not
withstanding these successes, has restored so large a
portion of the Sultan's territory. To calm Kiiropf, the
Czar is willing to momenta! ilr abandon htft European
policy of aggression; and be will, bv that meant, be ena
bled to purine his Asiatic policy with greater V gor and
effect. He will there advanee under the banner of civili
zation, and Count Nesielrode will no doubt be very anx
ious to prove to France, if he hat not already succeeded
in proving to her, that she has no interest in arresting
the progress of Russia in Asia? on. the oontrary, that it
is the polley of France to laror the developement of Rus
sian power in that oheotioa; because, to tike extent that
Russia bsooroes an Asiatic power, she ceases to threaten
and endanger the ?afety of Europe.
So, then, France and Russia are in a condition mu
tually to serve each other, with. this difference only, that
the service which Russia is about to render to !? ranee
and her Imperil rimrn- is direct and imnediate,
while that whish France is expeoted to render
Russia is mere remote, and may be modified b~
circumstances. Herein the Oiplomaoy of France hea
tbe advantage over that of Russia; Sat It It an ad
vantage which lesults from the situation, an<h whiih
t cadets f.ouis Napoleon the arbiter of the fate of Europe.
If p?ace is now made, (and I hardly think there can be
aay doubt about it. after all thr' hat been submitte ? to
br Russia,) Iionis Napoleon will uavt reeeived his consi
deration (o? the new compact, while It will depend on
him, and on the wants of nance, wTketser Russia th%ll
succeed In obtaining her share of the same. The matter
It cerainiy one which is calculated to produce soiae un
eatineas in England, especially now when Oov. ttarcy it
pressing the Central American question, with tLe moral
eeriairyy of compelling England to j ield, or :ovciog the
pitvent ministry to retire iron* the iwinvnistrnt'ou of the
Ihere It no </y>lo?nuij hare in Rome ? and '.he church
has, from the pet nllarity of Itt organization, and the
Sairect discipline of the Pontifir.iel machine. always rro
vced the very test diplomatists in the world, indu ing
Msr.arin, Richelieu and Talleyrand? who ir not perfectly
convinced of the tpredy conclusion ot peace, and >i the
momentary re^t which will thereby bo afforded to the
State* of Europe. The Actrian and Freneh ministers
beie eipeciallr share that conviction, ibough the Ru*
nan minister has not yet arrived, and KnglaW1. Is not at
all represented at this court. Removed from >he actual
dargr rs of war yet ably represented abroad, anil havicg
faithful snd diligent servants In every country, u?lonly
at court but in evety class of ?nc;?ty, there Is no reason
rliythe Pope's government shouli not be as well in
firmed o? til subjects ttgnrdin" tbe Interest* ef Europe
and Ante ilea as any other- while Its habitual calmness
and tonod judgment seldom lead it Isto error or the
pursuit 0' a chimera. Weak States, with ?a;jre
interests, have nlvrays jrrdoced the ablest
diplomatist* but the ( hursh or' Rome possesses yet an
o' her Incalculable advantage over other gorvrrnments In
the selection of its oTcers and nttcoiM from the most ?x
pti ier.str < f the Tnetnhert ?f !ts hicrarehj . If tbe people
<?( Rose are not so well informed of what Is gelnir on fn
th? world, the cat Unals end frela.tr1 holdlag civil offices
r. r'.ainlj ate . ' an extent I'ttle dreamt of by m:\ny ^
mat ': )?y an of other aoi otrles
I ia?e aluj uf in a piovlpv >tv*f to thi V ? \ ?, **?
plain, d (i. a' ?be Inducements whiili led Aus'iU to '.tie
I ccBClui-ot. of 'le '?") C iiC< KJ?t wt b Ii>ire h'vra'M -ave
i *'i>ce curit)l ->ra'ed ?U I thi*n elated. The Italian bishop#
: of <b? Italia p.- TitiCf* tf Austria art ene'-aatel with to*
pteer vHch.nv IV?l !r?*tuiMnt, ha< te-m :et'irn?d t<>
the Holy S-e ?r -5 '.b nug^i it to tiiem They coaside.
sesV.tutiot a? ?n ?ct of g:i?e ou the put c: tha E-uteror
?"raccis Joseph, j?no a i jq that hevrll hcocsl';rth
ml<jt jovem bfs TtalUo pr *-.v r. :?4 as & worldly ue.*c>>t
ThO'' W? per;,ii?dfd -ha* th'y hare icjufred ? she; 3 in
the ainu^vimiion ct the gorernmeat, at le?tt as tar as
riUgiinara J3"r alti a:e concerned, and that, through
tten<> powert'.! >vbu, ihe? will be able to acquire a per
u)?Leiit ufli-ence on ait the others A-rooidingiy t? eir
> estoral Wtter* are full *f devotion to the Umperor ana
Lis a. vernn.ent. ai. l it may be expec'.ed ijMt, so far at
leant ss the Church U aonceiflfd, the reu.lntianary apiiit
u Loabardy and \ to! ?, j.i well a? in Catholic Hungary,
will have a cew aid powtrlul antagj^iat to- contend
Id Gencaxry the Aimtrlan Concordat hai provoked a
?jerfect burnt cf It Jig-.aMon on the part of ['rotas tant
j 'UjcaU una peaaphietears; bat theee amount to
little cr to uicg wher* I'rotestantUm ba< <!e
gt aerated to a xeie oitvpw tf Christianity,
ilivf^ea iato ??> amy <*iffer?ut school*, fro a the dogmatic
to tiat of afcsi 'ute infidelity snd matu.ialiHm that It n
dtQlcult to re&eitber trcti thur naa??a. Taa leading
?heol- glral srilcdi of Germany ate Unitarians, aud the??
roey te c?u?!d?t?l orthodox Oy the side ot others Those
who iiclicH toward pie" ism approach. nureuwes without
their know edge, the church frwn which their ancestors
dls>enud. Bo tar has raatemism attacked all cl?..s*s of
soc.efy in Ceia wy, that Profrwor Llebig ha.Hic.uaUy
achieved a meat triumph, by rhowin^ in his late lectures
on it ire a I ana vegauole chemisty, in Muiuch, that life U
iiCi the proc uce < I ? clerical prujjrese ? itat, on the no n
t,i?:y it Of unfeifte,? all the law* tf chaaiiont attricl iu,
In hc!olr^ boo ej which have a ?itat aflint y tor eich
otier db-Unct ai.il separate by the hide of each other,
Hut' by ie?ist!Dg the actii u of ox/gon, or setting it tre<>,
whiib alt inioimate brjit ? cotrbian with it, either in dl
rtci onlsct with it, or by elective aflioity. There U no
( ti cess. Iheiefo e, in the incrgauic wotld by w'lich either
t ^etar.ie or asiical lit* oou.d have beeu cngundered, aud
- it t? thc-e who have walked In tin neighborhood ot ?ci
i nee, an a not Ume ?ho have descended to its depths,"
. ays Dr. Uebig, l wh > are ready ro ancrib-i to the proper
t ex ot matter the capacity cf aesutumg or ereutipg life,"
It require* staie bush Hieutibc facts to c o;t>a'. the raga
ries iuto which the i*j.iiit of ''prcjras^iTe I'rotestanti?m"
1 as dsgeuerH*ed it. Gorsbany. acd it is enncequent y not
vet} fcUfptir.Dg that the Ausuian Cticcordat, be?ides be
Isg i p-.iikr in the Catholic province* of that country,
should ajse be iotlte i upon with furor by those who pra
ter at* religieb to none at all , and authority, ertn through
th? church, to that ?>puit of lunoratioa ? were it ereu to
>ead totreedin; ? which thieatens the deatr ^cMon of the
wht !e -crib', eo fie? 8o the-a Austria, by the Concordat,
has ditMedW oblsined the wliiphand in Germany ever
llo'esiant HiusMa: a position which she ha* struggled
for by the ccur-e hbe pursued with Russia ana the allied
l'eweis lespec iveiy, atd which shell ujw likely to main
tain sa ktg monarchy and Catholicism prevail in Ku
As a po iticsl act, therefore, the CoucorJat wasa.i wise
i at considerate tor Austria it was an achievement tor
tit Pi pe. Auatiia hariDg been debated in i^ combat
rgaiiisi the eor.iai revolution of 1799, goes back to the
p; nciplew which led to the war and peace of Westphalia,
? ppeaiug at the sane time to the national sentiments of
the Germans for toe re-estabu^hmentof the utlon of Ger
uiai/y untie:- a corgetial g'Tertmeut. The time fee
??uth a movement was not badly chosen and if linancUl
'tuharraosmeots are of no mo.-e moment than rehcious
sbemes, she nay yet succeM in ob atning another lease
for a number ct yi ars as a gieat member of the family
of European States.
But i bete is yet another reaaon why Austria has '-lgoed
the Concoidat with the I'ope. It lias placed into ner
nanc j a powerful weapon against r-aidinia, aud thii it is
that the 1'ej.a'. goveinraent there most delights in. They
chei if h the hope that Sardinia will thereoy ee forced to
letew her relations with the Cliutch of Home, and that
? ue peace about to be concluded will materially hasten that
necessity. The Kit g of Sardinia may be made to yield
and that would be a severe blow to the vhole tibsral
party of Italy. In this manner it is h\peri and believed
to b? nif-h the spirit of levoiutiou, and to preseive in act
the rh graphical map of Euiope; but an old diplomat,
who has seen cearly halt a century's rervice. shook his
Lead, and aesured me the o her oay that all this could
inly sta^ off the catastrophe which is inevitable, for a
few' ytare " The overthrow must e-ime," lie eai j, '? in
\%*U. at fr.tthiBt." R< me " has often prophesied well."
F. J.
rtie 'rtiWAieiied War Between England and
^h? United
lbe Aria, e hieh left Iiverpt ol on the 3th alt. , brought
us a brief telegiaphic report of the re narks maeo in the
House of Commons, on evening of 8th nit., by Mr. Cob
At n ?? d Lord Palu.erston, on the a bore subject.-'.
W e hare now a full report of the discussion whioh tx>k
place on that <)ay, which we publish thi? morning.
In the Commons, on the 8th of February, Mr. Couukk
r'.se 10 ask for explanation* from the r'overaniem for
the non-prc.duci.ion of the correspondent respecting our
relations with America. He -aid:? I ask for thu.se ex
p'ataticns because the answer given by the noble 1 jrd at
the head of the government to my inquiry the other night
dote uot appear, for rea-ous I bhwl explain, founded ex
aet'y in t act. I ui-ked the noble lord whether t lie re
would be any objection to lay on the table of the House
the c< rrespoc deuce respecting our present relations with
America4 fbe noble 1 rd stated, inreply, that the cor
respondence in neither of the cases to which my inquiry
referred wai quite completed, acd on that ground be
itfused my appeal. Now, in order to make my ob
servations the more retuily Intelligible, I must pre
mise bat, unhappily, there are two subjeati of
Dispute f xis'.lr g at the present moment, and in
voirlag ?eiy serious and grave considerations between
this count iy and America. One has re erence to the Cen
tral American question of I960. The House is a ?are,
though the country, perhaps, is not, that iu I860 the
English and American governments entered' into a con
vention, moat benign inlts objeot and somewhat novel in
its character, for the purpose of guaranteeing the con
struction of a canal across tbe Isthmus ol Daricn. The
convent ion begins by expressing a hope and desire that tt
mgbt liave the effect, among otoer things, of promoting
peai'cnd amity be .ween the contracting Powers, and
civilization throughout the world. The object |of the
coavention was to enable parties to construct a ship canal
tbr< ugh the narrow isthuius of Central America under a
speiuc guarantee from tbe contracting Powers. The
convention was intended to be elastic in its operation, for
lbe contracting l'overs contemplated* inviting other
Powers to join in the guarantee. Among. other things it
was proviued that, in case of war ships passing through
this canal, or being within a certain distance of its en
trance, should not be subject to capture or molestation.
History scarcely presented an example of a convention
being entered into for objects moro commanding ap
probatlcn. lbe convention was agreed to in I860, but,
owing to the unfortunate propensity of diplomatists to
Involve their sentences in phraseology which become*
unintelligible not only to others But to themselves, it
seemed likeiy to be the cause of very ierious quarrel be
tween the two countries. His honorable friend
the raember for Dumfries had proposed in this
House that there KhouWJ be an examination of
can dilate* for service in tbe diplomatic career, and I
would suggest him to require one qualification? naively,
thst thef should be able to writ* plain and intelligible
Bnglisb. Intbe present case this unfortunate disagree
ment teem* to be the more unaccountable, because both
the Uplomatiata spoke the same language, whereas, ha<l
it been a convention between a German and an English
man, or a Frenchman and an Englishman, there might
have been some excuse for the misunderstanding. From
1869 down to October in last year, this oonventicn had
been the subject of correspondent between this aonntry
and tbe United states; and in October of last year a letter
wfthten by Mt. Buchanan to Lord* Clareoden closed the
coi re.pcndenee, and in December, on tbe meotir* of Con
gress, tbe correspondence, so far rut It relates to the Ame
rican side of the oontroversv, was laid on the table of
(Congress; and I mention this because the noble uurd says
1 hnt the correspondence is not complete. I wish to separate
this subject Irom that of tbe enlistment, in respect to
whioh we we unfortunately Involved in a dispute with
America, and I hope the table lord will give, an answer
i In reference to this subjett as distinct from the
other. We have the correspondence lehHshed in
the United Stat*; it hae also been published in Eng
land, and I hoid in ray hand a. puechlet con
tain! ru it, published aad purchaseabla in London for
aboutene shilling. Nevertheless, I caunobqoote this cor
respondenae, though it is discussed in the newspapers
anu made a t epic of conversation in private. I eau only
brir j forward a motion founded on document* befor>
Par'Jaroent. The answer given to ms question the othes
night by the noble lord was, that this correspondent
was not complete; but he must bavo been in error .n
making that statement, because I<o?d Clarendon, in Sjp
t amber, U66, in hie last letter to. Mr. Buchanan ?n the
tfubject, ate# these words:?
ller M%iesty's r^vernment bad, tndeed? mfralncd l'rom inn
i suing tbadtsousctoQ by replying to Mr. Buchanan's note die
'.2d of fuly, 18M, because It appeared to them that tbe not (inu
atlon ol tbe corr etpondeacc was not Hie); to lead to any sails
factory cnnclujlon; and.aaber Majeatj'a Minister* arc :>tUI of
that ?pinion, .be undersigned will contaa his answer to Mr.
Buctaran's present'nste within tbe saroo limits sa tbosa which
Mr . llnchanan haa prescribed to bimseU.
Mr. Duihanan also, is last October, assents to l.oni
Clarendon a statement, that tbe correspondent is con
eluded. He say ?
While far l'rc*a Intending to renew lbe general dinciianion o
tliere inestloni, which has already been exhausted, tbe unde?'<
signet, in passing, weirld make a single obser/atloo, Ac..
Moreo\ or, it was Mr. Clayton himself, a party to tbe trea
ty, who In mAviag, in the American Senate, tlmt tbe pa
I pari shoal. 1 be printed, stated that the corrnsp >n 'ence
I was concluded. If I wanted a conclusive proof that the
correspondence was ended, I shvutd find it in /*? fact
fry Lor<! f'larewJtm in the fhvmc.'f that th?
! rnali'TOf ditjnttf kadbtm oflfrrrrt tolt rrf> rred to Arbi
j tration, !h itt rtcinly Emitting thcit tfialiaciMUM
! ttlantnd. I, therefore, thick that tbirt llonse o\) ;ht not
? to be wholly unacquainted with the nature of tbatoor
I reevnndenee. aad 1 hope that the noble lord will no? ob
| ject to ita production, or, ii he does, that he will give
; a owe other ground for his objection that than alleged the
I ether nfvht. The other dispute is one of more reeont
("ate. I.ast year we sent emissaries to America ti enlist
men for our foreign legion. Now, I should like to know
who werethoee wise individuals who, sitting in oouncll and
fteHcf n great want of men to flglu this btttle which we
vrere told Knglscd was able to flgnt against all the world,
to the I cited States for men to light agaicst the
t r,n??iat'?. Why, tj?e stream of human labor going froai
' tl e East to ^he Wn*t v?tr amounts to 100 0<mi
4' bum-- hfe* ft *xr0 ~~ " "
toIOff/OO tu/"j *'-?! ^rotn 60 00"
HUMUS or >0 is.,,* t'.r/.H [u,u' 'O^' b*cl* ?'1
sga&.sa'iy^ '" e ;:
who are ,b. par);<>i r/^oVjblr for \t w. Kli?. lr'!"r
"ap:to.tn'k.P^blifr' ?n. s?* either tere<?"a
!c fe
w,11",t??at e?Ut>li?hm?if. not uaJy f, Ja;
the t Jilted Stater , but from iur orrn Nor.h Ams.'vl
cc oi.ie? In thi* respect our vn\mdf. andP ?9o;o(rr were
?t honorable. i do not tir 7hJ
?^??85. tot I an tolti that thr moolofy, ?-hea m?.t?
That ^ satisfactory. But I ta tob.* that afwr
l ^ w 11 took piace not ia tfoHticn >f
?7'.b?t eT*'lon ct wbieh ba> ifemece* the
ofhri.i ^V, ? not know h^w thi* u. for we" have no
? ? before us, end '? oaty *Ui? what
I'm (;iwu to undtriiiaud in the fcci All I t*f*h to
rr t.r,:?jh; ???* * oarv^;0^thb?
admitted it?eif to b? in error We are in the wroaT
lht'?|W We ha"* tbut to be th* -j^e'
w* Silr*?*?! \:^r ia oneforui or anothw doe^
? tesd^V ?atl ?,s \mP?rta??- ? rou
u^ aatiia. . ? "-an e t<,ea9 it doe^ uot very ofucti tntttai
4 ~ ' y?U. **J ? him, c I beg your pifO'tl " or "I b+ir
r4* ?*?; Mh"rt wou*
s SSwai
of the piotracted corre^tnd^ a" ? 1 ? QV th
fore, that .< it aer - tekeiTaw^i mh I 'ft. om*
VJ, u iCIU! i :u tha country or in thu hiu^e th?r?
L?'" n 7l ? 8<iCh a '"agn*njtiious ineling on the
fh?" ? p?uple and of the metobers of thMHocxt
tha ue ijuan el would be at one? put a nt >n to Thp r?
ha* i?n a talk of arbi-iatlcn ia ihe o'Ler "vis Jet .,r
?et?w'iM b,*lie.ve w.e fWld fiod noom such tnoce of
facto, , tLanMrf'ln1 pi iT?teU^*ai ^relfo"'.?^
to. t'Mss'S
Vo'?1m; ^ ?^b?TcS
tbe Hcoxe, I haw no Wf VSLmW ^
a?" -? -JSJ ? ? Cm,:
country wcu?d be roach more ?t oaae if tli??
t? tfcCt J*? ditcAu?md hJ U8? thore would he a n e^d
^ that alarm and &i prelioiiA'Ott whirh iw> ^ nru?
who. her ihe uob e iora intends to lav befor? us ?ka
teHtog to this part rf ttoSS^tatlf he rrtXFZ
ai^T!"" la< c0rrfp?nde net u net complete lam. at
^ If iOfflieuB
h* ?;li itrS ??u g'.<i"Dd 'tot lUer ?m u<h comSle'ed
for !f we I? eut(rw
^crcor JSJft
}g? srAVrBwj?' ,
i. ii ' a,wch pafer in tbe bands o! the dnii?? ?nn Af
thwHouje. ban of tbe goTernmi-n'. or of the pre-w If
nntVa *ar to'weeu v* and the l otted it ? ill
tbe new-^ajH-r in November, whichtol* uV to ou?
aMcnUbment that we ?e.e ready te n t" ?r Z
Aa-eilca^ but liat we aboald still "iiold our han.l on ttie
nthf t0' 'o >0rtbe'U 1fcfrot " Wi'bi? tto lMt fort
J-Jif and i'd 1\Z V-een ?^'l?r lHn*uaSe ia bo
/ <.f and to the lunc*. which are the i.mroalK supuoHed
[Lni'iT^ tleof1?lo,t" cf tb? ministry. lui^K
JournaL Wat^\ ,tb.e '*"?"*?* ?>f tbe American
cct:f ?!erable mte-e?. 1 bore seen no sash
J? 8 8 i," V i' "8 h*,K ?PP*t?t in the timet and the
M(? mngPott. Ti ue, the journals ot Ko(i!ao<- ireoeralW
haie not taken thit hostile couine but thw jo../
a?? rJ"; '?P'M'at the Cabinet will be talren in
America to represent s )a>ge p'jrtiou of our people
Lr^^' tlete,?!e' ^ we should not L tS,
i?t* irtLl ^ t?"?n^ tjy who ant not to discus tbh ?ub
ject. I desire that we should be, )n f*ct, tbe p >U?. of the
Uon l'n wv"h" V^0" ?? " OD
Uon In which the people feel interceded. I c%n hi/i.Hv
*:t'? ? ?i3ai.y irb-,tb c"uX"v
*nd to the world, as a hcitlle collision between hncUnr>
iogabcut ltdaUylnthe pre**, we ?re kpat-ulaiing about
it in prn ate, and the government, in their corremon.
U3 ' 1" <5eidlo<,|t wh'ch will take aw?T
iJLlL? Z Z??te A.w'r totweeu thueourtry and
Aireiisa, cm whichever side success might reU would be
the !?1 Jul i?0"4 inhr"""1 calamity. er?n to
the victor, wblcn could poselbly Lepnen. Were wa to
succeed, It would be very much like Jes'roring our own
T?re A?etic* to crush Kegland, It would
we shlll^t ? tton parriciae. I hope, therefore, that
we shaU bot he afraid to approach this question, taat we
ahall not reftue to understaiid what it it are are omtrAf
thni?Ut' j "to*1 call fbr the i*ar>ers aad shall
fnTh^r^. ?hat.W? are nr*P?red to daat fearlessly
(Hearh^) w b m*7 ^ ukl b*lo"> n?
Ixnd 1'alwvmbox ? In answering the honorable membwr
t shall observe that distinction between the two uues
dre^n'and ^h>hn| ^ ?atter whlch he tos hlLelf
?viT i ,,, T . hB" **oon>" ended to me. And first
then, I will deal with the question of Cenuel America
?iuTt Se>r?^t genf 'ia?1 " perfpc<^ correct in sarlo^
I t] of I860 was a treaty honorable to both
er^at"^h ch w in "r. obJ*ct" tLHt cn,lW 0"'y
conduce to the improvement of commerce and the e*teu
r1'"0' cnrijlra'ion in every part of the world, it is w?ll
known that great Interest was excited nmm the subjeet
?'?* "J*""' ??a.s?l P ??nal thronfrh the tsthninsot
Oari?n, between the Atlantic and the 1'aciAo. Jealousies
grew up between England and the r/nited States each
supposing that the other had nome exclusive obj'est in
Hsh itH?r Tn'lL 7 nD**n" or other t0 <N,,*b
lisn itael. to the projndice or the other, either
at one ta;l or other cf tbe canal. The object of the
HeBuiwe??iritUh,M Yi m7 r1pht tonorahle friend Sir
H. Bulwor with Mr. ( ay ton, was to renove all possi
Zrf. ,'" ' upon that point, aad the provfeon.
Tbl nr, J^y 7?le. ca'oa'ated to sceom-lish th? end.
X? ";<et,of cut'lDX ? ship canal between the two
oceans has. however, been found inWe to physical diffi
culties which there ia not much chance of overcoming
and pract.ea.ly, therefore, that part of the arrangement
has ceatwd to have any Immediate application. Bat
^*7* farther provisions in that treaty, by which
? y to 110 away with the j^aleusiis which
mw wt countries entertained of the views ol the
"!*?"? *[h cnun, fri/ ? U*rlaim,d an;/ intniim to appro
/irta/f om y territory in Ctnlral interim or to colon/ v nr
ther:in- Tbore was an exception
* wh{eh we had
J f ite depi-ndeneien? and with re
v ? d,,H", of which had been per
forased by us for a long court* ot time, and which were
1 do not think myself tha'. tbe
H "*ble at /vJljio the cr Mcfsm which the hoaorable
?r ;n ,h4V n*"ed 00 '*? It seens to me that
rir!iT?V i^ ,r* ?,si,, tmd "* meaning per
feO*y obvious, aad I realN do not see that any other
/h4t wt^h oo^nd ^ ea/ b* put
npoaft. Ihe treaty was orospectlvi, and net retroe^c
tlve m it? operation. At tbe same time tb?* American
4a?eni?ent hts ?ndeaTr.re?l to establish a <!ifTprent oon
strnctfon, am. ? long correspondence bas t* sen place be
winJ ' K???n>?Mnts on the subject. We con
tend mr ou3 construction, and she American Minister
contends for a different one. We have stated, however,
that notwithstanding that we are perfsctly convinced
that our interpretation In tbe /ant one, in? are ready to
submit the. ^uestfan t? the arbi: ration ol any third I'ower
(Hear, hear.) To fiat ofTer no have aot yet hoea able
to obtain an answer, and so the question no * stands f
did fay. tbe other day, in ajswer to. the hon. member
that l lid not tb;ik tbe correspoadence suftiBlentlv
closet, to be aid before I'arliament, but unjn referring
to the state ot the correspondence I fenl that we shall 1*
|.?-rle?ily prej arad to procure it, aad I am opi e readv to
lay It- on the table at ?nr*. (Hear, hear) It la not
hohaieally cloead, but ! thlek it iasufflclentl.v dewm to be
aid jefote I'arliament for the purpose of showing whatare
?n,! EI Im K^wn.aents on the pointf at issue
The other subject ot dspute nlates U> our Foreign I*,
giua. W he nthe act was passed, a little more than a veer
s ?o. which tnahled the Crowu to enlut foreigner ?t ^s
iapresente-1 to ner Majesty ? ? government that there wC
" ] * considerable number ol Germane
wno might be <tit>>o*ed to anliat in Hie military serriceTf
this country . Tie lion, aember seems to thiLTXo
^>^rPjsr??.*UT,,,5; M
already commenced (Dear, hear), and that in r??A.rit ?
Irtfand, hardlv a son ill or a week -- ** .
nimber of inilv duals who have snvgrated to theV'nited
s^sssrJ* ! D t0 n*,,v? 'and. either harin*
i they consider a competency or on the
J ? "J"1' been dit<Appoin1ed in their exriee ta
co?v<id?r??S.*n k ." t0 -Mdf?? beforehand whether any
f nnn'tor of (-.ermans would be willing t aenlist,
avi ordjr, were ti^refore jmn to e.tabhsh a recruiting
I within our rrovlnces, will, ir-mctlona thai any
I'*r"c"? eapaMe of -ervlre who might rresen' them selves
for enlist men . should be enrolled. At t ne same time strict
and ?peeiflc onlers weie given tbat notblDg should be done
which should mliimre the municipal rejrulattons of the
states or viglale the taw ol tbe In Ion . Heteral lmndr?d' .
of (>emaus weat ?o Halifax and enlisted, and ?<mx nr
them are now in this oountty Her Majesty's g^.n,_
however, very swti found that it woull"ho'..'lli
?njly difficult in carrying on this enlistment tor?iYfk.V
Which might cause offence to the American f , .
arfl, helrg most anxloin 'hat nothing ?honli ui,'
could ely.- urn bra je to the Stat,, w7T,*uMor
dere fha* ihf-s jr'ewiagi ?Viu'd v* so' > r tUrv*i
littue '. iJBttr, Jibar. > .'Vwj afw.-arari? ?H idl:4*t r?.
pr*s?n'.?lJOii e*w mMCa by the rftrverao:***. ;? Aiujno*.
cotvp'u.'iUMf o UietfuiiitaiBCt Tltu <p'irfw *t given t . ? <i?t
was It at, entie;a*i? that tbe< night Ukrt >. u'jr? {? it
1 the procMdifffl mieJk hid M<* i cooiauacsl, ber Ms
| jesty- goveiuinex'. iiaii ef .bftir fi?o'?w?rj orl?r?t lb tt
the; Aiotiii l.e .iswotiai.*'' in ^vSng thi* umtv wh
e*|u??f?d our rt|r?t for miA&iag which tniqbt, coo-.rarr
to our lutcBtito' ?oJ in^ros-tuias. Uanr ? I>mj dooe
is rta'atlin of ihei- law-i. though w? w<re du
poted to tUu? Liust no ..uc^j Vtoisifcsn' hai occurred;
snd te/ette.) ?' * proof of the *.tac?riiy ofsTio's T'fraK, to
t; e fset lh*t we bad of oar o?u wo<>rl ,cd ton pri
cked i,-g? i.r which 'bo Amer <9ea giiv^romeat ??
(?laiiu.:. (Clifitrn.) The hou. gectlwnaa {MV. ' otxloa)
? has ?\'.4 the'. he rcUUc'D.) of govt latuect* isuould Ue oa
guta<ed It ' -i ? ru ?t which app'"* to ^ke eOodtsc tof
lenr'.t.nc-i po?ud< t)i-h other, an.< I woald eek, wtsak
could b- -v.>t* ?ati.it?#v?*y bi bet?s*ei; gpotl<*aai and
?iU6?t 02* abotilo ??.l to lll? O'.lNC. "I
th u|j t I Jo: st*m that wb?t ?/ ?e.T?nn were- dot aw
m^ht give J?a .?a*, on fit complain'.: i Ut*>sUtpo*i thek
pr?-ct( ic^, out, aeverihele**, if lb*** aave, coutrssry to
my lLmrustiooN, .1oue anything with vrlfioh you Uave
ttaeoxi to 6i.il fai t, 1 beg yurxi pardon; I am very #>rrw
ior it, aid txp.-eet my regret." (Chew.*) Wlmo Um
cttttt >n to which I bars ratarr'd ws? ma do '?> tha'
American Mii. later in uoisdoa, he expre*e! *? nuelf ??Ui
fled Willi '.be ?xjil?aetie? (Cheers) udra ttuit ha fett
ronu '< at that bis gnvriament w?u i m.tt?ru.n a iiinihr
IceliDg is agaid tult. lot H&zae t. ue we be t rd mttbiec
it.oie. SuhiX^Drtf-^, hox trer. ceiupl?iaU ??' < rt>na*
td, tbl i|3t^lco Was .ed, am i a (Mrruipi^dMfii
ba? gone in upon tbl? aaojeci. lire,; d? ? b?r<ra ?v%?
on whioli Vari'imeat 3Mt, I tb jugbt #u*'. v-? Mi iUM
h? able to lay ibat corxe?pon<>ucr oa tb? la^le'o*
tie HoufS. Ibere wn nothug ia it which w?
c.'ul ! amb to coaefal: a? the contrary, we wtn ant
ioub 'hat i' a'aouid be in the b?nC.* ut lue-nberii. Oa
tbe lery taiy before the aseetirg ot rarliaasent. 'be
Aireiican &Hni?ter pretended t' my noble fnaodl/Oitf
Cleteodoo aa exeeftuioaly 70I. uiibooj* rieenatoti, con
gaining along i<cit?l f* cirenoutances alleged to bavw
rceyrred in conoectien with'thi? enlbitaient. My uob*?
frleod {tit that it tMuld be-:n3po?si l>le to an<?w?rthat tlea
fetch it a uuaunar oou?l?te*t with the lenpeot irbich
oi ght to be shown to tb? gewrom^uk of America, aoi
with a due irgfcrd 1o tba cuoracter of the Rritinh g iwmrm
*"SJ' *' ^0Bt 'efeniog to her MsjMty'M MinUter
at WaAhisgtpn for ? rsp.>rt apon u raiisty of uiiuute do
t?M?, upon which the tstbunatloa |Nish>mi??1 by thrf C>?
i?<*b office wsh irar^r.ct, Thia mrcuTQuttec* hat aeoee
eerily de!ey?u the reply to the 'jma despatch of the Aoieri.
cae gorerommt: am tbe matter, therefore, nu aOK taee:
If the enri^tp odeace w?te to be pro<iuoe-t now. it w>ai?
etc with a loig pajier from i&t t'nlted iHate* gorttm
mmt, to wbicl no anxrer ban jet been gireu. toctuae
tbe italerlaU oa wliich euch anwwrm wt t>* founded
bsre not yet been tecwred. (t booio ) It would not be
fair to tiie American gorernment to oun't from th* eor
reepoa^eoce :h.'<i last j;aper. wbiclbthey w utl not bare
went bad they c<.G?n(Vred it an* impoitant one;
and. on tbe orber band, it would not be fair
to the BritiHh government to g{ve that sta te sieat
without string also tber reply t? it (Hear, boar.>
I bof.e that uo loag period of lime will elapse before we
are able to clo*-e the correspondence, by ginrg an au-twer
to that paper; ancl I can assuro tfco-'so'ioiabi^ gentimnaa
?nd tbe Hove that, a hen that has been doae, we ehall
he tr.oat iea>: v and n-ct anxious to lay the palters up m
the table. (Cheers.; I qmtesg-ee with tb? bi>nor*(?V?
member that thi? matter in of the utmost importance in
it* beating upon the interests of the two countries. I
fullv ccuour <A ith him in -hin*ing^b?t there oould hardly
be 4t.y eorflict between twonationn wh'ch would be ouote
latnentab'u ?ud calamitous to bith tha? would be \ con
test betwten ourselves and the people of Atnerica.
(Hear, bear.) 1 say, to both nations, because, 'hough
we should sufler ke-reroly, ilepetd upon it that th we
with whom we ceal un the other side of the Alan tic
would Mufler (juite an much It wonlih i&deol, be (>atn
ful if in the^e dsts two nations, boand together by ao
BDsny ties of common oiigin and coitmnn interest*,
rhould go to wai with each other without some real an<t
una v<. it' able catifp. (Hear, hear.) I oannot think
that in the jiresent cane there is a real and
unsv i'jabJy cause (Cheers.) ] cannot but think
that, if the same eplrit of fsiiness and conciliation ia
exhibited by both parlies, an a?iji*stme?t of t?e '4itfer*ooe
mt^r be arrived at wbith wHi oe eonpatlble with tis*
Voter ot both nation.". (Cheers.) I can *<Mure the
Home that, r.n tbe part of her Mtjeaiy's goTemment
n> thing consistent with a due regard for the ho-?<-r and
rliataoter of this countiT? which I am Mire no one would
wich to Fee <?irregatdert ? shall be omitted in order to
bucg abrut sicb a result. Nothing tliat a gentleman
ir'gtit do in a matter of private honor shall b? omitted
for the puipf se ot avoii inp a col.inion ahith w.uld be a
if pioach to buth ua ionn. 1 need otilv a t<i tha: the cot
reept tioence which Is complete) I will lav ipon *.be table,
and that, a? soon as the other :s eoncltietd ? which will,
I tiust, be be'oie long?it shah also be- laid osfne the
Houfe (Cheers.)
Sir D. L. Kvans said tbnt. afor the speech of the
honorable irenilx-r for Ihe West Hieing, tbe reply of tbe
noble Jord mn?t 1 ave bteu beai d with great *ati tictioa.
If internatioral affahe we.e to bo discussed in the spirit
in which thin matter had be'n treated by the bon irabte
m?mber. be bad much ritber leave them in the sscreey
of tbe Foreign < ftioe. Ihe honorable member had said
that we bad diiftcd in'o ?he war with Kucsia. in hie
(Sir n. 1.. Kt?i)?'s) cpi: ou oi,e cause of that war had
been 'be loo frequent and earren' deoretatfon of hostili
ties. and he was afraid that in tbe preheat instance, the
exaggerated expiuMen of u similar tcel iag would rather
encourage party feeling on 'lie other side of the Atlantis
tbac conduco to a just and proper t Jttlement of the
difference. With tegard to' the enlistment in th?
I nitec y ates, he agreed with the honoralWe meoilier for
the West Ricltig. Tt was a most remarlcable and incoa
ststent | tfctedtng. He had been sssureo- en goo.) autho
f.'y, that persons ot tli? lighest rcsfoet&bi'i ;y , genii*
n.tn having teats in the l<egtita'.ure, bad offered to raies
A Canada two regimen's of 1,0(0 tmn-oaeh, to serve ta
?h? Cthnea, the only condition beiggrthat tha*e regi
ments should be called the '? Royal 0ava4!aa Rajnaeata,"
or cometbiog of that sort. He belie\wd that Mr Atlaa
Mc.Vab. the President of the Council ia<?anada. who was
in England at tbe time, bad arranged the matter, bat
thai soma ied-tapiraa of tbe Horse OiatxAt interposed,
snd It was entirely dropped. This occurred eennl
months ago; and it was after nrgteetingrto avail tliaai
s*lves of tfie men who might than have beeo raised within
oar awn frontier that the grrvsrnaaent sent peraaae iata
the Taited States to recruit, aad provoked this absurd
and i Miculons controversy.
Tbe moiien for the aojotirameat >f the House until
Mcndsy was then agteed to.
[From the London Times, I'ah. IS.]
A few nights since lord 1'almemton addressed tbe
House on the diiferenaes that hav*-e.iisea with America.
In answer to ,Mr. Cobden's argstmests, he gave to tbe
world a statement ot the rise and p.eseat state of the
dispute, and appeslsd to bis bearers tor a jusUHcatlow
whioh will hardly he withheld. Wl'h respect to the af
fairs of Central America, -he 'stated what 'm srell known
in be the fact, that the spirit cf the treaty concluded was
t< prevent further acquisitions of torrttorv by either of
ti i contractlrg Powers. As Knglpnd bar. long possessed
a -olooy of mote or less impovtanee oa this coast. Her
nitnitltm %v<ier:tood the treaty to rrftr to further settlements,
and, ti3/ to thnte already matie. The Taited States took a
different view, and demsaded tbe Immediate evacuation
ot the territory we had faneie d >eeured to ua. Here waa
a difficulty somewhat hard to be overcome; "but," ,-iays
l.ord Palmcrston, "ire have offered to re%v the matter to
srtl' ration " whatever maw he lh? gaaeral opinion aa
to the merits of this mode x lecieion, 14 at leaat shown
good tsi b In the party that prop sees it, and the
declaration of l.ord I'aloaerston wao received with
app'anse by an assembly which ^ while Jealona
for its own country '* dignity. (4- not unmindful
of what is du* to lie. spirit ti peace. With
eqnal frerkne-s did the Bii'.isb I 'rainier point out the in
cidents of the second dispute. We u"?e thrtalme<l with a
fuA/nntien <f international relation ?. Ihe two branehea
of tbe Anglo Saxon tace etll only cormepond oAcially by
means of a consul, or, at moat, a eceeatar j. PnuMj/ tta
una', Aartn may arise frjmi a ihart cmm'ivn qf iHplomatic
oitivity , but the cause of this mu'aa? Interdict, and not
the thing Itself, is of nave importance. Such aa iater
ruption is genera! 'y looked upon r 4 -spproachhw nearly to
a state of hostility, "a fact, in ruah a caae, everything
has been done whi)h tisaally [jmmde* the first irre
vocable blow? the great Isttlnp ?ut of tha waters of
strife. Tbe House then listened with attention to tha
words of the First M mister. F.e> stated that in the dlrec
tiecj for the enlistnent luCsncda strict orders were given
that nothing should be done to .tifringe the municipal ra
fulabions of the States or vi?Me the Uwe of tbe ( aiea.
e added, more wer, that when it v*a found thla
enlistment might caaae offence to the Amerioaa
government and people orders were given tor
its cessation, and thia laAre any rr aeons trance waa
received. When official repfeeentatlons vere mada com
plaining ol an alleged infringement of American law.
the British government ecpreased Its r<4|r?t at enoe and
and without reserve. I ot.l Palmeretca thus exel'.aitty
stated that his government' Urst did all that tt avaid to
avoid giving ofence. ani when charged srlth diseoisrtexy
promptly apologised. Thiaieclaration was rsoeivsd with
heers by the British tenia ot Commons, The temper of
'he government and '.bo national vepreaentatl see |sre*
ully evlnceu at thV? sitting. Tha feeling of the public
we believe we have c-apreaaed. and A ful'y coincides with
bat of the Ministry and the Comma**. A siccpre deslra
or peace, a wish to make any honorable r mceasion, a
egret that any alltgpd Mt of oure should hvo eauaed &
I'.ifllculty between tha two countries, an ins tes all classev
and will determine their future eonduet.
Tain now to -Wner^ea. Fimbb tbe F.'n? l4kkesteC*?
(iulf ol Mexico ki believe no shirking Wnerisan faila to
perceive that. IT his conn try As urcafjt into hosti'.liies
with onr awn, the Central Asaertoan ifbir and tha re
t ruitirg office are ns4 motives bnt p-^toxt*. To the few,
principelly iiamlgeents. or ehlMron of Immigrants, who
'!ete?t Kngland, and look (erwartl Vi a struggle with satis
'action, we shall net speak. Bui- of tbe ma* of Ameri
cans we wo aid ask, whether tbeV rovernmeit can disttrh
the peace ?l the seorid in the deputes without incur
rlcg the just reprobation of e-.fry fret- nation - Can it be
denied that tho-c matter* n.,gh? oe settled at ou<m if it
were the wish of one or twn men at Washington to settl
them k Can '.t be ("enieC ihat even U the President's Cu
blnet some moderate ' otitician - are overborne by tj?*
recklessness of colleep^ss who v?Vts to gain popularitji
st, the e'/ptnre of tho nallon's peace Vie belie va that
tbe Ministers of Preaident llej je are divided in their (joa
vicf ons and uiotieeof aetim. The following is nauti to
bo tbe stale of pailio-. The A'tornas Vcneral M,i.
i' ashing. bB< b?n Iho ls*i!ing spir'.t in these aifleroaMa.
He Is sa d not to object to war, or at least to an
spprcacb to It. as rosy give him popularity *ud a
reputdtioe ffir high spirit throughout the State*. A. a
law < ffieer of tie rovercment iih language shbuui hav >
heen eauMons and his coaduct mo-ieiiste, how far both
hare fallen short of such an lieel tvs may iivi(?e froai "t- <
letters bearing his flguatnre that b?voappoire i in pt '
Mr. Cushing bas much Inluence the "'resident, an :
? hrv are probably l>curd tog?tb*r It sp li'.-rMt- -r
JIMoal ?bJeot?. Vt '? state* that Ur. Marr7, rie ?

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