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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 04, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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m?vane*d-l first rate, 2 second, 6 third 11 toarib, 2
ttftb, im'Ji, a k1<x?P" ?<?<? 4 brl?? brongnt forward,
2 MOtpt
Tbe Empress of Austria U mcimU.
Speeches Ot Smn. Roebuck, Pml??rtton and
Dtirull, In Parliament.
In -J* House of Commons February tt, tha ?Uw?g
selaticsa betWMD iigland and the t a* Cimmittee
H^n diaen.-ed, on the Bouse gci^ into ComBittea
?1 Snpply, when t be following T?*h wk* ml4# b*
H U incumbent on ? .3** *?? *??
for brxgiig ?,Te:nm?nt. ttirough the medium of
been ttated ty b 8 (h^t tfie reason why no men
U, rom the -h-one <a th. tub
I^tcT^i^rW w that toe negotiation.! i were now in
'wtll ! ' _,Htii n that they eoulc not, m fatness to ail
E^^SEia: PW The no>? I' rd, there
in ?t)jealed to the House nod said? Do you .tank,
oncer ??ese cireuttttances that I ought to hava made
? u, ,D incorrect statement of :he affaire iaquertJoaV
Fnnte ure< with the mbie lord that it would have been
irOBK lo ce eo, but M 1 OeU.ve that lilence would now
nlv lead to ccnfution, I am de'erminel to break
> UNM. It appear" to me that an ????**
tatement cf kind una been laid oefore the
cnblic of -.hi? count, y, tha- they do not know what hat
crux red md I think I now hold in my*.?and tne mean* of
makirg them acquainted with tne actual state ?>? affairs.
At icy mtenticn is to convey t> the Hoiae and ta the
nation at largo a comet atatement of facts, 1 ao?e the
Bouse wtll ktar with me while I atiej>p% nwjMy af I k""*
it wiil be, to perioral hat duty. Toe notde lord. taking
?n Liuiu aucn !rum the bon. member for the *e?
taid that we Lad done all that a man of
done n the caee between onrse.vee and the Araer^ai i ^
that we bad apologized tor that wm-n had oeen -asen
SoUabV them thkt we bad expressed our torrow tor
A having t retched upon their laws, and .cat wehad
?iSerytW which, as intent dMirous ?f "d
K??Tt<ira.blp met could t?e c&a)*hI upon to go. ^ ?
5STw we4 an ,Le noble lord stated. 1 atouM havt^eu
the first :o ?uppcrt aim io his view ol the oa-a, hn a? i i
b*-'ieie xtev aie very /iiilerent, 1 Lave come to.wa.d
of the world if I ^y bo ??
?.I.H aivself (' Hear, hear," and a lauga.) in .hta
La 4er ? an 'gnoraice fostered >>J the holding oa:a of
Sfibat militated a^ain,: Engird :n the ciroum'tance*
wh^h baie occurred. We n?ve Ven led to fap?oee
iba- we i.ave r in tit on our gide, and -bat our \ou5itis on
? oSwr "e of the water, taking advantage ot oar posi
tion wero nevertbeletx endeaTonng to torco cb ? > mate a
iS CDj>|i>i:??oD U> tbea tor peace. Now. what l< tne
itate of fee case? It is thiit-Atter the I'arlla aent of
Gi-?- Bri'ain aad patted ac act for the enlutmeut of
foreigners, the govejumeat determined, un^er toe provv
iitifcf that act, to eolbt pe,.?!e ia America. Being uu
abie to intercept the emigration Uowiog from -e.-iuiuy to
Ame.-ica, they went to Aiaeiica, and -bey gave . us ro
to our authoritiee -.here t, ?orm a
be ^c,m?<''Peti of perp<'U-? enheted ia Amertca.
%'astun&'*, (Mr. C Tampion,) another uot
jVora icdia. and a third uicus :h-. wnrnw-wnwe. W -a
Ite no ale lord e..a tna*. tooa a? government
<ti?C'irered that umbrago bid oe?a given to -he baited
?UteI irthe course bey had taWen. ue gave -.aatrar
am= to ou: Ministers and agents not to -.Teach ia any
wmv uccn municipal I**- of Arnt-rivA .*aa a; toe
Tameume ?Tut a fullTpology w the Amenta govern
ment ili thtn appealed to the Ho ue, andaase-. could ae
Kything -crey If the noble 1 rd had onlr dice wka
he stated 1 should have answered hit ap peal by saying that
UStnig more could be done. But gover^ent ^d more
and what tcev did I will now f.a'e. i4r. Cr*?pt?n went
trom Waihiigf-'ii to Kowa Scotia, and he there entered
into a tort ot combination with the i Governor, and i laid a
plan bv which ibe laws of the V sited s^tet inght be
(anntravtned, in order to ob .m surxeptltiouh^tba. vhl-h
could not be obtained by olhrr means. 1 wi i prova oi
wctly a.l that 1 astert, out oi Mr. Cramp -on a -'Wn
mouth, or xa'.her cut of bis own pen, but 1 t agb. fi .it
to sute the Uw of AioeriCA upon tne suojec. oi et.-ft
meiit , and the Howe wili tbffc '?ee teat it is in ?'?"?
ance ? ita the cpiaion and tolk g of tti country, n -be
fint place, it is illegal to eahs: anybody ia the Inite .
States for the ferv-xes of a loreiga stave. Tae g \ n
inent are act, however, charged with ihat ojftn ?<>.
?with something ncje. Any person go.ng to th? I niled
Sta:en and inducing people to leave tnose 8?tes for .he
purpose of beiag emitted abroad, aise a^'-s ia c '?u?Ten.
ticn of the law, and tan it the part t. the law wi.?ci
Mr. Ciamp:on is accused of hav.n< broken .h">oga. He
went to Nova Scotia? he there engaged pers .os going
to the States to enlist peopls ? that b, .o induce t-em .o
*o to Nova Scotia to be enlistei. Now, the very actof
Educing people to leave the " nrea States for tne pju ?
noee ol N-ag tnlisteo is a viulanon ot tae iaw je
icg a contriventlon of that neu'raiity t.i wbica tne Ame
Tlcane wish to ach-te. Mr Crampton thought he ec?W
ioihis without beuig discov'ted bytbe au'bori.iesot
tbe 'Jni ed states. ;hty did, however, discover waa.
wat takirg t lace aad, in con'equince of -bat disMivery,
Mr. Oamp'.oc issued a proclaaatijn rrom Nova Seotta,
Buegestlng a means oi evaditg tne l?w of the Lu.-ed
Hu es, and gm.gtbe parties whom he exployel a cy
pher hy wbuh mey might c<.mtiuaio? e wi h him. mjw
do 1 prove this ".atemeDt" ?'.y, I_ no.u m my hand a
document curl us in many ways, .t is a reps- . ot a -rial
that took p. ace in I'ennsytvama, in which one Henrj
Hertz *>' the ceiecdant, being charged oy -tie V. ui-eo
Mates government with certain breac aee o* -he l?ye.
forth -a the ?nQicxment. Une peeuaaitty of -be^iad-C
men? is that it it intelligible (A lt'igb.) ^ nis Heary
Hem wa?. a man wno bad oe?n employed ay Mr. '-un.
fon to crimp ;?op:e-that is, to induce them to ltav* iJ?
United state* and go to Nova ScotU !or toe ,purpot? >of
being enlisted there and then sent to 'he >0J
wea^e supposed to nave made an ap?..cgy U> -he Intf.
?Htates, and it was supposed, too and a: one time supp^
ed by cyfelf. that the apol,*y wai one whictt .he Lm.ed
Sta-es ought to have- accepted; but it now api^ears tha.
eliher Mr. Crampton went beyend ms insttuc.iont. an
rf ho, the Cited s'ates are fully jnstiped i .n ^
recall, c r h'? instmctiont went t^yond wha. the -awt^f the
Cn.ted States would i-ersolt, and in that ca.e the Cui ec
Sta-et would w jastifled in sayirg that the apology o.
our government was disingenuous^ " d S^r
mifed. and that they still mtwed on the recall 1
Crampton. 1 wU; mention a circumstance ^o wn to
every one fair. i.arwvb a e history of tbe United Bt?tw,
that durirg the revolutionary wars of France, and du.iig
the Frwfeencyof Washington, an envoy toom Fran*.
Citoven Genet, went to America and enieav^rtd to fit
out privateers contrary to tbe rnl^s of neutrality which
the 1 ni'ed states had laid down. Washing'on and Jaca
son com; laintd of this conduct on the pan of ibe e toyen^
and they sent to the repub ican govercmen . of r ancs a
requisition for hit recall. He wa-i the de
maad of the United States wat sati-fled. _^( rI
stages then aid by a fnendlj government-- tne gorern
mant of Kwnre? what thev n'w do by Erfland-namel^
they deman.led the recall rf the man whohvl broken
their laws cf neutrality. N>w, I wan.t> make t cle?r
that Mr. Crampttn hat al-o brokea through he laws .
the United states, which laws be ough. -o have
known; and il he has broken through those laws
without the authority cf the gi-Ternneot here,
the government of the I ntted states an e
jottiaed in cenanding bit recall. L he has br jke
through item by the command of the goternraent here,
then 1 say thas the government in maaing the.- apol^gy
have endeavored to palui off a deception on .ta* Houte
and the country for wnich they aw responaiwe. Il M
Man from tbe fact-t elicited in the course of the ^ trtai
that one of tbe witnesses had been authornei by ?> ? ,
Crampton to tit at recruiting ^fgs*ct !n ATierica and |
bad received from Mr. Crampton a p??r wweh thowd
toe system of deception practised. The toUcwiag it the j
M?-moran<l? 'or the go;daoee ot those wbo are to make known
lo pmotm Id b? I ruled fttwfM ibe terma aud coadittuna upon
which recruit* will c?? received into the Br.uan arm-- -1. rht
parties who may go '"> BuT!*io, Oetrr-i or Cleve.acd lor ih.t
Lu/pone Din c.eariy uadertiaod iiac tnev must carefully re
rraln from any tlirg wlicli would oonabrale a t.ojii 'u cf the
tew of 'he lnit?*d Plate*. 2. They mitt, therefore, avoid any
Mt which might tear the appearaiioe if recruiting within UN
iorisdlctlon of the tj nit* d *'ate>i tor a foreign tervtee. or oi
luring or retaining anybody to leave thai jur>dt<-ucn with the
intent to en. 1st Ui the tervice ot a foreign P .w<sr. 4. There
must be ho collection embodjneat at men, or organization
whatever attempted wlthit. 'Imt jurisdiction 5 No tromitei
at contracts. wr:fen or verba . on :bn subject of en ittmen:
.moat be entered into wtb <u.y penoti wittin taa:jun?d,3Uon
Now, what wan the ndaceuen; held oat to men to go
to Nora Scotia? Oh, 'here wat a railway there, and in
one treats they w*re toid to go t sere to be navviet. and
in another they were told to go 'here to r?ceive, acjord
*>g to the proolamat.cn >sued, tbk:y dollars c>n eniiit- |
fug. and a certain pay afterward*, while th*y her
Britanclc M?je>ty. The paper goat on to statt : ?
The iDfoTr.aurn to be gtven will be *.mply that to those de
eirtcg (o eniiit in the hnttafc army, facili let *U be A.feraed
far their no doing on their crowing the line into Hriuah te.rr.to
a and the term* offered by the BrtOah government mar he
i*d an a matter of iti formation only, ana cot at imp.rog any
proitiwe or eDjr*8emei't on the cart or th ?e tupp'y.agtacb in
tor mat Inn, to long, at 'eae., as they remain within American
jviiauicti in.
? ?o it l>e said, I atk, to he in accordance with the dig
nity of the bzitith government to pablith tach a itate
Meat at thatf At hcaeet men ought we to to aeW The
document proceeded ?
It it ?e^enUa to t':eee?? that no aatero*,laget nf pertnna
ahr n d la**; p'ace at beerhoutet or flier idm.Ia. placet of ea
ler mnnr.ent. ;0r the purpote ot <levt?ng m?aiiore? ror eu. luting,
and the partiet thould scnipuloutly avoid reaertia* to thin or
ttmUar meant of dittemlna v.ng the desired -a!nra.a'..oo. in at
much at 'he alien tl tin of the American autbaritiet wo-oid e A
tUi to be called to neb proceentngt. which would unlouatedly
be regarded by them at an attempt te iarry in recrurjng for a
foreign Power wt h!n the dam ot the Cnited Spates, and
it certainly mutt be borne in mind that :be mttitutloa of
legal proceed lugs againtt any of 'he p*rue4 .n qietuon. even
if they were to elu at the pena.ty, would be 'aia: to the ?ti eat
of the eniistniant ittelf.
I &*k whether tbe ten'.imenta in that utatemrat" a-t
oonsttVnt with Kcglith honor* It appea-n ttiat 'the
? uthori'!** of the United tftatee (lid take utnftrag' at *ae
proceeding*, and what then oaenrred f Another paper
wat shown to the witcett, and thit it the evidence
gtrea.? ?
In whoee handwriting it thit caper ?At that time I a' to re
oetred thit cipher U) telegraph with to Mr. ? ramptoa aLd o
Halifax, abont thit recruiting JutlnetK I cannot ? wear an w
wbo*e handwriting It in in, bit I helleve It it Mr. Crampinn't.
I dki ao' tee him write it, bnt ha handed it to me.
It anything more required to prove that gfr. C arnpton
knew the la?, ad that he took mean* to evade it, and
that be wa? abetted therein by rheOove-nor of N'trva Sco
tia and 'he Ooverner General of Canala? It appear* to
me that a war betweea us and the United Statea would be
a war between brethren, the evil * of whisk would ?ur
pate acythirg that conM be lmtgino<l. We are the oa^y
two great free natioot at the preaeat t im-?> and thai I it oe
t*id 'hat we cannot nreeerve peace setween ourtelveat
We had been led to believe that it wax by ignorance that
t breach of the municipal lawt of the United State* had
b?*n committed by uk, and that for that breach we made
every atonement "in our power; bat oould thit Haute be
lieve' that we lymim iUed that breach with oar eyee open,
and that wh?n we made an a oology we were attempt ing
to evade the laws of the I'nlted Ptates, which we pro
miee-i to oi nerve' It tnay he taid that theie are ttate
wiertn make m. a trial by p?rt mc who tntne<l evidence
agslnet *h< ir ernpl',yert. 'rh?'. in true, I will allow; nay, I ,
will allow tint, the report Jttelf Is a di' credit to the I'ntu-d
fitates. lUiiukiiit and I will tell you why. Through- \
out the ftuthorit:>'? thow a feeling of violent hatred to
JBogland, (hear, hear,) and thtj defeow ot tb? j>arti?\g |
,? entity exceed 'roco tta nfttt. In ilMlf .
?hi! report is not worthy of any regard. ?nt it contain*
dl*w??it* written by Mr. Cnuupfc.B-itcanU.tn *t*U ]
ukuu which have never mm contradicted, and wliicb )?
Ui*Kse:v** prove the case against eur government 1
want to too* dUtlnctly what were tbe intt auction*
uiven to Mr. Crampton. It may be said that he *? told
uot to bieak the law but i want to know wbetfcer he
,w told to enlist men in the United Statue; became to
tell a rran n?t to break '-he it? and in the n? I breath
to tell him to do something by which the V* will be
broken, in nugatory. It is a :arce? an iiile direction ?
no: worthy o: any man who pretend* to be a man of
aente and honor. Mr. Cram (it a knew #.? law. a ? is
proved by hi? own wiitten ma ement*; he knew that to
ie certain acts was to break the law, a?il he laid plau*
by which be landed that Uw could safely be broken,
he was aided in this by two high functionaries? Sir uas
pard I.e Merchant and Sir V dmurd Beau. as well a* by
Mr J<*teph Howe, a gentleman of same celebrity in _ Mova
Scotia, six Joeeph Howe wa* sent to toe I nlted States ,
by his Intervention people were employed to break the
law of the States, and by his hands they were paid lor so
dcicg. After spendirg about one hundred thousand dol
lar*, he rot together two hundred men, when he ?aight
have bad the cave nnmber of thousand* for half the
ire ney. 1 ir?y be asked what good I expect to dwiw from
this motion. (Minu??rial cheer*.) I perfectly welluud ? -
stand that cheer. I know whence it proceeds, andwhat it
mean*. and my answer ia, that 1 wish to obUta from the
noble lo rd ? diftinct answer to this ^esiiom-wa? Mr.
Cramptcn instiucied, not simply not to break k JiTi
bnt not to do deeds by wtich the law would be brok^rn^
1 wish further to draw forth an expre*>ion ol opinion on
he part of the member* oi thia House which *h*il sbo?r
be people of America that we are no parUes to these di?
bcnorable proceedings. ((^position sheer* ) 1 want
ih:s House, on the part of the people ot this country, to
>?v to < ui brethren across the water, tha' we ejmpath ue
with xheic. that we rejoice in all their greatness and
?reed urtune, that we are running with them the race ot
improv< meat as biethren and not as enemies, thai we de
tire the good of humatity, and that we would work it out
wi'h thtir aid, but that we feel that a war with Arne
rica would retard the advancement of mankind f >r cen
turii'S. and that a war with any part of Europe woald
wink into tofigniticatice compared with it. I <lo pot itJw U>
pi%ad xe> ovii inefficiency. but stiiJ I caiLQ'>t ho\p "W s oing
that toine more powerful person had undertaken this
( cesticn My hear* Is sc bound np in it, mv feeling* are
f'o Btrcurly enlisted in It. that I feel I am advocating tbe
rights of humanity wbeu 1 am endeavoring to lay oare
uhatl belive to be ihe misconduct of her Majesty * g o
vernment in regard to Ih* Ameri :an people. The hon
and learned gentleman concluded by moving that a copy
of Mr. Crampton'a instructions be laid on the table.
Mr. Bjirm:n> seconded tbe motion. ...
1 ord I'ALVEiiPTfH? The honorable and learned geutle
niHD whu hay ir.ad^ this mourn begun refroacbi ug and
concern ning her Majesty's government ror not
either mentioned our differences with Acuarioa io the
C ueen"^ tpeech, or laid od the table of this Houh? > ^ e
rarer." especially counected with the su jeot tj wj:ch n^
has called the attention ot tbe House.
ilr K. hitck- I b<g tie nable lord s pardon. I did not.
find any fault with the g'.vernment. 1 simp.y p <mte<l
out that tbey had not done what 1 said.
The honorable and learned gentleman. I aa glad to find
craws a dis'.icc ion ietween an a-seriion "f what thegov
e-nmect did to <? do, and a cordemnation of them fo. not
doing it. He is very much in the habit of auima .ver.ing
"n what the govet oment does not do. and i trus" tb'
Hcv.-e will understand for tse future that, wbea the no
u abl? and learned gentleman recites tbe omi^i-m- of tho
government, he d'.es not m--an any censure thereby
' ( !*ushier. ) I mutt remind the H"us* thit the Auiei lean
covernmeni cid not think fit to lay betor- Congiess the
ecrre^fxindence relati A.- 'his question, and '.be same
rtasons which induce~the American government to
withheld tbe correspondence in the present sra'e of the
mat'.tr were the reasons which induce<l her Majesty s
government to pursue t'uit course. > Re^r, h?-ar.)
st&'.eo upon a form? r occasion that her Maj-;s'y h j'lvern
ment had tn.'Ught until a-few days before the meeting
o' 1 ai dament. that they would bava been in * oondnion
to lay ttat correspondence before l'ariiamen' b<i tna.
either the dsy preceding, or two days before tu*
mencement of the seBRion. the Ameriian Miuls er at an
court gave to my noble friend at the head of the 1- oreigu
( ffice a iotg despatch, containing a great variety of state
mente and afser ions tcuchirg tUa cindact or ne- Mijifs
?v - ilinister st Wiifhicgton. ani her Maj'S'y ? <on<uls
in different part- of the United -'tate*, to which a^ertioas
fx iiatec ents it iu impossible for the gov.'.ninen*. .o
tlv with'-ut refexiing to tae partiei thfm?e ves .o know
in what degree tbey were accurate. (Hear. n*ar ) I
eaid. then, tnat this msde it impossible*-' answer lhat
desra-ch. and that, as on the ooe hiod we ould not
give the jerrefpondence without ac ?nsirer to that de?
ratch. so. on tbe o'li?r hand, it was equally impossible
for u? to give it with that important despatch entirely
emitted. Hat wa6 the reason why her Majesty's govern
rrent crmld not lay tbe correspondence before Parliament,
and that was al-o the reusr n wby 1 oeclmed to enter Into
a detailed i!iPctifcb5o<^ of tae qu^Ption. Tb%t state of tbmgrt
still rezoains. We have not yet recelvei the mrormition
?t.-b will enable u? to reply to that n^te. A? the h m
rrahle and learned gentleman U awa;e, that nit e e?a
uins a dem ard fortae recall o'our Minuter at Aasbisg
ton and to- the recsU of our C3n?uif. and to a de-nand ot
?ucL irraTity and iicfs-rtance it w.old be uobe-:>micg for
ire' Majesty's Ministers to reply, et her one way .^r the
r.tber. until they had accurately ascertained the f.<uada
vice on which it was made. CH^ar, hps-.) .b?" *ame
r<-as<n which made it our duty ti withhold the papers
ihen wuald, of course, nr.ake it equally our duty to reruse
to give tsem piecemeal in tbe manner proposed by tt.e
t ouoratle and learned g-nt euiaa. I said then, and r*
pea: cow. tha* 1 trust that a very short time will elaps^
he* t- we ?hall be in a eoT.ditiot to Uy the whole o_ tha*.
corrrf poncence before this House, and it will thence
?sle -o jn'ge wl-e-ber her Majesty'" government an 1 its
oft\ers in 'he United S'atee have done that wbun ought
to exr o?e them to i s censure or whether, on the other
hand, thefr c< nduct has been such as to entitle thsni
to -eceive i:s support. 1 '.herefoi* cannot now follow h"
honorable end learned gentleman through those details
into which he b a* entered. All 1 oan nay is. that it wv
:Le de?ire and the instruction of her Majesty's govern
ment hat no'hing should he done which suoul l be at va
riance with the law- of the United States. (Hear.) Th
honorable and learned gentleman says that giving infor
mation -o arsons who tnigh' be wilUcg to go to our pro
T.uceF *?har they would *b*re b? epliated if found nt,
?hat the offering any inducement to leave the I'nited
states, was a violation of their municipal la*- _ ? **
UniteC >-at*f la not the empire of Ru??ia. non
rarer ??. Ikr Ci.iud SMtet w afnecountry. MJre our o.nw
crui vox. Id not tutpofr Vfon any msn ths r^thdin/
to rvr-T'Tt t kit ifuU'irifi ill Ivuntlarus for his own a-'wt^io'.
i Cheers. ) 1 will not now argue a question whicb willtie
more properly examined when the p*per?. without wblcb
it would be unbecoming to enier upon it, are befor" the
House ; bnt this 1 will aay, 'hat du'ing the course or
these transactions offers were repeatedly made to her
Majesty's cfticets in tbe United States by persons whose
sole object was to entrap them into aomethioc
which might afterwards be construed into a vio
lation of the municipal law of the States (Hear
bear. > A conspiracy was gut up for the pnrjxj-e ofentrap
prrg anc nrelfcac'lng tbem, and indnc.T^ them to do that
which mifht afterwards be fastened upon them as a vio
lation cf tae ea'.tonal laws. As to the trial which has
bten referred to. ] think that, when the deta'ls are made
public, tbe Ho'ise will not be disposed to attash to the
statements which were made u|>on it io much importance
as has been given to them bv the honirable and learnsd
member. The honorable and earned member says that
tbe apokgy aade by her Majesty's government was in^
sincere and treacberons. Ihe truth of that assertion I
utterly denv. ( Cheers. ) 1 utterly and entirely deny
tnat we made fhat apology, intending to continue the
vioiatian of the law for which It professed to be the sat
ifiaction. Sir. we had given directions that these pro- |
eeedings. wbich might give umbrage to the United States,
stould be "ieconfir.ueti. The astertion mate In the
last despatch frcm the American government 1* that,
after these direciona were given, and after the e*
nlanation was tendered, soma ?f thase proceeding*
were continced. Tae truth of 1hat assertion remains
?e be ascertained. If ?nch was the case, tbe prooeed
irgs wer- clearly against the intentions and witboit
the knowlecg- of the Bntinh govern m?nt. (Cheers.)
I repeat that that explanation, that statement of order?
I revoked, tta'. expression of regut? not regret, as the
honorable and learned gentleman says, tha the laws of
the I nited fetatea bad been violated, because we did not
believe that such a vio-atfon had ociurred? but regret
tbat anything sbruld have occurred which could be eon
s'iered by the Amenoan government 1 1 amount to such
fi vlc-la* 1' n? i-'a/ r/'?t'yo' hy tto Amfrvan Mini<t -r tli !ki.t
Court with an <jyr< in/xi on htt / tan nf a brli'.f that i>
wovid U. itemed ta'vtat/'o f by kit yoitntmenl. As a proo'
that such wa> his belief, I may menti in that h* some
time afterwards received a despatch directing birr to
Bike a eecord reuionstranoe. and that he put tuat
deepa'ch Into his pocket, and abttaioed from communi
cat ng it to this government, beeause he believed that
the communication which he had previously forwarded to ,
hi* government would be deemed satisfactory (C.ieer-.)
Mr, I am forced to make these statements, prematurely
perhaps, because they bslong to a part of tbe question
whicb eannot be f uDy explained? by the extraordinary con
duct of the ben. and learned member. (Cheers.) Tbeiaet,
then it that a considerable time after our commurioati n,
?tatit g that w e had discontinued the* prooeeii ngs, and ex
pressing our regret ll aarthine had happened which was ,
contrary to the lawa of the United States, the American
government re-opened the question, and It now stands in
the undetermined position which l have desarihed. Un
der such circumetaoees it really is very dMEault for a
person in n.y ?ituation to deal with an honorable member
who pursues such a course as the honorable and learned
men.Ur (Mr Hcetuck) has adopted. (Cheer*.) He
knows that this question is still pending between the two
gov?-TBi?ents; he knows that ber Majesty 's government
has received a communication from America calling upon
them to do things to wbich none but tbe most valid rea
rons wcuid induce them to consent; he knows that we
are waitin* to rec? ive from officer* in America a report
ipon th*? gTOnnde on which those demands are founded;
be know- that but a short time wlil elap?e before that
report will *.e ?eceive'!, and a final answer, one way or
other, be giv?-n to theee regulations: be knows that thi*
question deeply concerns tne reelings and the In ere*;*
of two great nations (hear, hear); he must know th?'
to trifle with such feeiiegs and ?ueb interests is a
course unbec ming any man who belongs to a greit
national assemblr like this i>.he?ri?) : and yet, knowing
all this, be rushes with hasty Impatience to icterpo?e be
tween the two government*, ani, if it be possible, to pre
vent that amisatiie arrangemenUwhicb on matter* of ao
celleale a nature eaanot he con# to unless both govern
| inents are left, to their own action without being swayed
one way ir 'he other, ei her by popular clamor or by the
expresebn of national feelicg. j'oese are differences
wbich will only V settled in an hon irable way by the
two parties examirlntr with dispassionate judiment their
re*p*c'.IVe cases, yet, in regard to them, tbe honorable
ancf learned gentleman rushes with this Impatient na?te
to deliver himself of opinions formed upon an imperfect
knowledge of ih* facts, and without the full statement of
the whole <-aee between tbe two countries, of whith h?
might be in pos<-e?sion in a fortnight or three weeks, if
indeed so long a time should ela|??e before It Is ready ; aud,
rising in hlf place, and holding m b<? hand the brtef of
the antagonist of hi* own cruntry (eb?er*), he ?jtke*
himself fne mouthpiece of calumnies whicb bavo b?*.i
uttered by interested parlies in the r nlut.' a^aln^t
ber Msjeety's licsrs .a that country , aifttte- content,
wlih expressing his wn opinion*, call" aoArihe Houpe,
forsooth, t* > pronounce upon fact* of whmn 'hey art
ignorant, and ;o draw cotciusiryis |tod premlsae which
l.av* of'* been "nhir.l'te'l to tbelr judgment. (TTheer*).
h;r, in tikis e ery u.?u iogftiler of fci? C?0- I
duet. His competent ror any mta to adopt suoh a eourse
be If be m so deeply imbued with the opinion
that his country is wrong as to rue In his place aad call
upon th? House tsccndemn by Anticipation, and with
out knowlecge of the facta, {be government and bin
country, I am hound to suppose that in doing to he aeti
from motive? which are paramount to every other con
sideration, and that he believes that in taking tbat
course be is j*rfonuing a duty te those who sent him
' here asd to his country. All I can say is that
I neither the spirit of party, the vehemance of opposition
to any government, nor any other motive, would induce
m? to taae a part of which 1 should teel ashamed ? to
| step between the flcuse and the facta upon which an
' opfoicn if to be formed, and to call upon members Iguo
rantly and without information to pronounce a judgment
against my country in a matter in which it is at issue
with another. (cheers.) The honorable and learned
geutlemar. concluded bis address with the expression
of a feeding which is entertained by the w'ao e
conntry? a sense of the calamities which wou'd arise
trcm a ooitiict between this country and the United
States. No man can feel tbat more strongly than 1 do. 1
will not allow thehcnorable and learned member a mono
poly of thwe sentiments. (Cheer*.) I will venture to say
thai those are the feelings of the people of this country,
and that no American can traverse Great Britain from
John O'Groat's hour* to the Ijtnd's end. nor pans from
the northern to the southern extremity of Ireland, with
out finding that ther* is, on the part ot *v?ry man of in
l'trmation and of every n^o who has the sligntest in tin
ence upoo others, tb* moat friendly disposition toward*
the people cf America. (Cheers.) It is, however. one
thing tj en'ertsin friendly sentiments tawnrds a neigu
boring ana kindred people and another to loee tbat self
respect which ia due to ourselves. (Cheers.) Under
circumstance like thessit is incumbent upon those who
are charged with the public interests to consider, not
whether they teel the most kindly sen'iwents towards
soother country, rot whether the interests of thetwi are
equally N unil up in tie contiuuance of friendly relation*
? 1 say equally, becanse let ic be clearly understood that
the interest in the maintenance of ptaoe in perfectly mu
tual; ard that, If to us war would be distressing aa<l
calamitous, It we?td be equally calamitous ao<l
distressing to the inhabitants of the United States ?
but to consider what ts the justice of the case, and what
is right and befitting the dignity and honor of the coun
try with the interests of which they are charged. (Hear,
hear.) 1 am convinced that this good cispositi.n is reci
procated on the other aide ot the Atlantic, and that in
spi'e ol what ws may have seen of speeches which
savored but little of such a teeting, the sentiment of
friendship which pievails ia this country is no stranger
to the breasts of out American cousins. Notwithstand
ing these ebubitions, which have, in my opinion, a ten
dency t.i atj thing rather than the settlement of diffe
rences (hear, hear). I am persuaded that there is so
much right feeling in the people of the United States,
that the) attach bo mucn value to the friendsalp of the
people ot this great empire, and that they are so seasiole
that the interests if both a e inseparably bound up with
the maintenance ot friendly relations between the two
that these matters of difference, when they are Hid before
the C?grtas cf the United States, at they will be before
>.e Parliament of Great Britain, will receive the calm,
dtsp?bM\ na'e and reasonable consideration which is
essentia/ to their amicable settlement, and which will, 1
trust, prevent any individuals, either on the one side of
the Atlantic or the other, from plunging the two coun
tries iLto the calamities of war. (ila-l cneenng.)
Aftur a 'ew words from Mr. Disraeli,
Loin Paijkersxon said? I stated that which I believe to be
the fact ? 'bat there was a certain number ol persons, not
c< ncected with the American government, who entered
into a consi iiacy 1 1 enttap the officers ana agent* of th)
British government, into the commission of acts contrary
to the laws of the United States.
Mr. I'tSRASu ? I am willing to accept the explanation cf
the ncble lord; but the inference from the stavemeot be
now offers appears to be that the circumstances to which
he refers we:e reallv too trifling and indifferent to be
brought betoie the House this evening. (Hear, hear.)
But lam bcund to aay that this subject, since we are
forced to speaK of it, assumes, in my opinion a tar graver
character than 1 had hoped ic would possess. I trust
that nc great length of time will elapse oehre ibe?e pa
;?rs rhail be submit ed to our consideration, aud until
they are before us I shall scrupulously refrain from form
I tog an opinion on the question to which they reLa'e. But
cne of '.be statements made by the noble lord this evening
filled me with great alarm. He appeared to me to admit
ibat eten after the apolcgies, to which such frequent
allusion has been male, bad been offered to the Americas
goverment with respect to the behavior of cur Minister,
and with reference to conduct acknowledged by her Ma
jesty's government to be illegal, a course equally illegal
was pursued with the concurrence of oar government.
(Cries of -'No, no.")
Lord I'jtii!EK8roi>? I said, tbat an allegation to that I
tfTtet hul been mace, and that an inquiry as to its accu
racy was deemed necessary. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. I isKjiH' ? I am set ry to have misapprehended the
nnble lord, but I certainly concaved him to have said
that the ? endust oi ber Msjeaty's ministers and agents in
Arc-ei ica, with respect to tbe enlistment of troops did
not end wnh the apolrgies offered. (?' No, no 1")
Lord Palhkrwon? I am really ashamed to have again
to iotenujit the honorable member. 1 stated that that
wsp tbe allegation, and that i; was with regard to the
truth or errt neousness of that assertion that turther in
formation was required. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. riauBLi? I beg the noble lord to believe that there
I ha* e do ces're to misinterpret him (Heir, hear.) I
sp?ak villi tbe hope and wish of eliciting from the gov
emmeij'. a s? sfrcory expression of teeling on a ?u?j jet
of the ileet est lo'erest. It ia by no motion of mine, out
ather to c..v grent regret, that this question has been
brought forward: bnt, since it has been introduce!, I ven
ure to speak on it iest my ailenoe might be misconstrued,
and because 1 wish it to be understood that I do not ap
prove o' t ho 'one aoootee by tbe noble lord. I will not revert
to tbe piint he has just notioel, further than to say that
an apchgy founded un an equivocation is the most dan
gerous instrument tbat any government caa use, (hear,
hear,) and, when tbe promised papers are produced, I
tope that we shall not tind the conduct of her Majesty's
governmen* irrpugred in that respect. I cordially con
cur in the hoj*- expressed by the honorable and learned
member tor rbefleld, tbat In this House there will be
mch an expression et opinion on the Bart of the repre
entatives of tbe British people as wi'l assure the sub
*c*s ot the Americon government tnat here the question
will be discusse! without prejudice and without p??aion,
i cheers.) aid t>?at we wi'l Dot willingly defer to the rn
m rs ? on whatever authority founded in either country
? '.hat these question* are pretext#, and not causes tor a
misnnderstsncing between the two countries, which, if
persisted in, I cannot hut regard as one of the most ca
lair. iti. us event ? that couhl possibly occur. 1 trust that
tbe hcnoikb.e and learned member wiU not proceed with
his mo'ion, for a divl-tion under the circumstanoes in
which the House now finds itself, might lead to much
misconception. (Hear, hear.) For my part, I think
toat if tbe honorable and learned gentle nan believed that
there was an mccmistenby. and a most important one,
between tbe statement of the no be lord the other
night and certain documents in his own possession,
be did nothing more than bis duty as an independent
member ot I'ailiatcent in bringing the question before the
House. Cnetrs.) He has done ??, and he will stand
clear before tbe House and the 'country for the course he
has adopted. Sttould he. however, press hit motion to a
division, I shall vote agiiost him; not to imply approval
ol tbe government, bnt because I think it would be inju
dicious to pneeed 'u-ther in this business until we shall
have leceiveJ the papers which have been premised, and
for which I wait with great anxiety. (Cheers.)
Mr. Rouivk ? My object Is sufficiently attained. I
withdraw the motion. (Cheers.)
Mr. (jiwox ? I wish to put a question to the noble lord
at the heal of the government. He stated the other
evening that a formal offer of arbitration had been made
to the government of the United States with regard to the
Central American question. Would the noble lord have
the goodness to say when that offer was made?
Lord T\ai..mct!?toj? ? I wiU not trust my memory as to
dates; but all the papers are in proeais of preparation.
They will be before the Houae in a very short time, and
will be found to contain the whole ol the details.
[ Tbe motion was then withdrawn.
Tt* Enllrtmcnt and Central American
[From the London Tini?i, Feb. 15.]
?? tar as the present feeling of American* against Bag
Land is leased on soy national conviction, the principle of
it mu?t be looked for in the general adhesion to whit If
called the Monroe doc'rioe, which ia that the L'nitel
State* cannot safely suffer any farther colonization of the
New Wor d b/ European nation*. Not only in it held
that I 'ewer f heretofore Strang era to the soil shall
be prevented from gaining rights, but even a coun
try like Etgiaud, which already posFesfes wnat
may lie called an empire, Khali be precluded fres
a further extension of territory. Althongti such a
dnctiine dees not affect the rights of any foreign
i'ower which b<?s not assented to it, yet, partly from the
fact that the ago ol colonies is past, partly fr> m the
whole of the two continents being under legitimate gov
ernments, there has b?en a practical aoquleszence in the
principle enunciated by the American statesman. To a
citizen of The United States, then, it may seem a settled
maxim < f public law; certainty tnere ia none more fre
quently a.l'ider! to tn patriotic oration*, more constantly
reiterated in 'fficial documents. "America for the Am?
rieans " i- a phrase teadily applauded in the State*, while
both nrf-aktr and bearers do not conceal how wide is the
idea conveyed to them by the name "America," h-jw
purely national and exclusive ia their use of the term
"Americans. " W? believe that, so far from being mdjg
nant.tbey will receive it with aasent and complacency if we
ascribe to th< m a feeling that the New World should be
people 1 and added to civilization by the enterprise, un
der the annplces. and according to the example of the
model republig. It will be seen that both tbe causes of
dispute refer t<> the same principle? that of not interfer
ing with Europe, and, in turn, not permitting inter
ference. To etlist American citizens for an European war,
or to extend British territory on American ground, are
?<-t* wtich equally alarm the patriotism or pride of th?
I'nicn. ?uch matters aan be easily turned by a sktlfu'
politician into grave cau??s of dissension; the jealousy of
even u? erate citizens may added to the restlessness or
animosl'les of ? less worthy class, and a general commo
tl< n excited among a people who have little knowledge of
the merit* of the question at issue.
A deba e in the Ameriean Senate had commenced at the
departure ot sfce last steamer. The subject was the treaty
respecting Nicaragua: the Immediate question was whe
ther the exiting rights ot Erig'and were curtailed or leit
as before by the tffeet of the treaty. New, wnether its
operation is to be prospective or letrospoc.iv*, whether
its articles be ambiguously worded, what ia the meaning
of '? protection" and " dominion," are questions which
ft would seem a temperate discussion could resolve.
H(h reepect to the Bay of Islands, tbe British contend
that they are in possession, and are merely prohibited
irom an extensien of territory , as regards the Mos
quito kingdom, they say that a protectorate exist*
and may rightly be maintain*!. The very
words of the treaty which forbid either party to
est 'aey protection which either afford* or may afford"
f(.r ;he purpose of erecting fortifications or founding a
colony, are urged to be sufficient proof that such a pro
tectorate might legally exist. The Americans, on the
other band, would limit the British to Belize, acquired
?uti.leT the Ires'. ea of 118't and 1780, a.??ertinir that their
o*n prior 'res'ies wi'b Nicaragua are soflSoient to jus
tify tbeo in retistiug any lur:he>- /Irtish elm's, even
irrespectively of the sc^reemect of liWO It is from ques
tion* ?o puielj technic*! am these hat the less moderate
.^etia'ors will probably wander into general denuncia
tion of England ?nid h-r polcy, We are told before
hand lr?rm whom we hav? to expeet warlike
rj/tt&hra, *cd Active pcliticlani havf often no diOiiaJty
in pointing oat the motive* which will inspire the
various harangue*. The address of Mr. Seward, how
ever, in already before ui, and, though hit tie* of the
treaty U wholly American, and hie language m not wag
ing in force, yet we cannot complain of the tone in which
he has discussed the question. lie uphold* the inter
pretation given by the American cabinet, affirm* that
??under no circumstances could the fiction ot a Mosquito
king, kingdom or protectorate be tolerated" to interfere
with Ameiican right*, and would restrict ting laud at
Belize to what she ortgisally acquire^. From the eauncia
tion of theee opinion* he passes to the practical
question of a settlement. Firmnees, without hostili
ty to England, he look* upon a* the proper policy
of the L'nitod State*. Tne States continually in
crease in power on their own continent; England,
though tenaciou*, is (lowly loosening her grasp. The
true polley i*, then, the old one "of a masterly Inac
tivity." However, a* something mu*t be done at once,
he does not object to arbitration; but, a* America ha*
ned the limit at which *be eouH with dignity propose
e Insinuates that ErgUnd would act courteously in
taking the initiative. The course, however, whlcQ he
propose* to hi* own country 1* hardly one which, at tint
tight, seem* to allow any conciliatory advance to be e >o
sistent with the self-respect of our own. It ia th it " a
notice be given to Ureat Britain that we ah all interfere to
prevent her exercise of dominion in South America
if it shall not be discontinued wiihin one year, and
that authoiity be new given to the President to
execute that delay td purpose. " l'ubiic opinion in Ame
rica seem* to have decided that Mr. Seward's pur pone is
eminently pacific. The form of notice which he recom
mends is, we learn, only such a* 1* necessary to bring the
matter to a oecision, and the words "interfere" and
"prevent," which have an unpleasant sound, are as
harmless as the "force and arms. " the "sticks, staves
and clubs," of car old actions of ejectment.
All th? is very well, and we would fully expr-uut
cur acknowledgments to Mr- Seward or any other
Senator who will urge cn his countrymen the pro
priety ot settling thia question with moderation
and good-will. Bat we cannot allow it to be sup
posed that the determination of England to nphold
her rights will be at all affected by the dsfiant
speeches ot hostile resolution* of any assembly.
It would be ui abnegation of all that gives us a place
among nations if we were to yield to the threat* that
x> sy be uttered In the Congress or by the press of the
United States. The citizens of those States have told us
repeatedly what are the principles of their own rulers.
The men, their motives, woat each has to gain or lose,
how one l?oks to war for re-e'.ecticn, how another receives
credit for having purposely made a treaty ambiguous,
have been described again and again by" countrymen
who may be supposed better informed than our
selvee. We 4w'ul tike Washicgton and lts po'.iti
eal morality on this truf two-thy testimony. The
question, then, is, are we to recede from rights long ad
roitted and openly cxercUed, because certain men's
electioneering tactics demand loud w.irds and bellicose
demonstrations ? We believe that *much of this reckless
ness is owing to the habitually pacific tout) in wiiah the
L'nited States art constancy spoken ol in England. Such
a tone is, indeed, only a siguol the spirit which unimxte:
our people, both high and law; all classes are anxious to
remain on terms, not only of peace, but ct cordiality with
a nation akin to our own; no English statesman would
dare to speak iu terms ol diiparagemeut or hostility of
the millions across the AtKn'.ic, But, if the ?entiment?
uttered in English society be received as proo's of tirui
dlty, if they encourage immoral politician* to acts
of aedance through a belief ia English s'.uggishaegs
or embarrassment, then it in tim< that they should
be explained. T?:is country wish's to do no wrong,
hut yet it determined !o suffer none. Thin ??oitury knows the
Wettings of jtace, but. was nritr mart ifuin now convinced
that there are some trile eitn i oorsr than tear, and foremost
among them the habit cf concession of ill founded de
mands, merely because it is for the moment less trouble
some to acquiesce than to resist. England cares little
for the Bay of islands, and less, if possible for the King
of the Mosquito*: but she does care for rights which ?
only because they are tights? are as sacred when they
legard an insignificant territory as if the destiny of t)<tua
or Jamaica were involved. It ia in the interest of he
United States and of peace itself that we refuse to give
up to mere clamor what ha* been admitted as our right
though u-e t could platlly rurrtnder it if it could be deculei!
that the right was i n the United SUUet.
a .rival of Baron firnnow, One of tlu-KaMlw
plenipotentiaries, in Paris? The Dealrc to
cil i<iin_Aiixlety of Prussia for a Seat?
Threatening Aspect Of Relations be
tween Ffai.ce and finglaiia. ,
[Correspondence ol 1S56
Baron Brunow arrived here last nighx at talf^stlO
o'clock Is the train from Mra*t>urg, and tout up
his qna'rters ia the hotei of the Russian Erabassv, in ih
Faubourg St. Horore. Seme groups were col ec.?i a -U
termlnuftTsee Mm. I have reason to know that three
days ago he was not txpected before the end oi the
"Vhe BusBfan appear0 to have " stolen a march onus'
Ihop?wei??Ucolb?? ??
[tar-penime. of 13 1!M.
Ban-n Bruonw .rrlvri ?t bo'.?l ?t ??
bassvin the Faubourg S:. Honore at a quarter to e evsn
vesterday evening. The crowd a-seiabled vo sae the Kua
?iw plenipotentiary was so great that a strong body ot
sergens de vide was sent for lokeepaclear space In frouv
01 The Baron attended at the opera cn the night of the
14?ieUho?e?of the Russian emba.sy, in Paris wherethe
nnholsterer* have just finished taur work, is al eady
illuminated, the gates arethrowawtdeoyeuaal^veri
lacquey* lounge about the courts which have been to
two year* deserted.
[Coirespondesce of tke l.ondon Ttoes^ ^
Barns Brunow wUl not be left long on the field alone
Cou.t Buol is probably by this time at
fxntcted there this wornitg. and he wtli os i in t arm u
nisht or to-?orrow early. M. Cavour arrive 1 this da>
I vena and will have lest no tune in pursuing Bis
iowney tothis city. Aali l'asha, a tele4raphic message
informs us, lelt CcnsUntinople on Tuesday, and wltl pro
bably not arrive before the 'MA. Mehemed Bey, who t
Minister at Turin a* well as Ambassador at Ian
sentlemen at once." and who is now in th* fir
mar nitv leliTerinR his cred?ntia!?, will go on to
Marseille s before returning to receive the Plenipo
tentiary, and accompany him ^ P^rlw ind du? $!' ^
Count Onoff is expected on buaday or Mot day. Ue was
to haveUtt St. Petersburg cn the ?th. and, a* the jour
ney thence to Berlin Is five days, he will prabab y have
neached ths I'rcBsian capital this evening. Fivs days
inoessant travelling fatigue* any man. much more one
who is near seventy, and we may reasonao.y suppose he
will remain twenty-four hours, if not more, at that hal.
way house. Hewil.,of ceurie, *ee_ ^ LI ??'th
WanteuffeL and ma j cbance to talk with them of tLv
state of affairs in general, ard of the coherences in pv
ticular. The Conference* will probablv not begin before
the 22d or 23d? to, at all event*, well informei people
'"Wciarendon is expected on ! ^tnrday. Cowley
I believe only intended remaining absen- from 1 aris
'our da vs. U is said that during hi* stay in London he
will attend the Cabinet Council*, and will revive ht* lust
instructions in company with I/>rd C^rendon. .. . .
lb? presence of a Russian Envoy once more install, d in
the well known Hotel of the Faubourg St. Honore has ex
cited some curiosity, and a few groups stationed them
selves there yesterday to see the show. They were dii
appointed, however, to far a* Baron Hrunow is concerned ;
the only exalted personage that showed himieli In tht
street waa Murphy, the Irish giant, who, it appears, is
tall enough to light his pipe at the e-te?^fl'?
Baron Biuoow keeps nimsei, a good deal on the re
serve. He ha* been visited by several political person
*bps but 1 believe, has seen very few, and to none has
be been in the sligh'est degree communicative. You ^??y
' sunoose that people are unxions to learn his opinion on
the tesultof the conferences, but this opinion hek??r>i
h'mself To bear h.m speak one would suppose that
h" was as innocent ot diplomatic business, "t of the state
of the present negotiations, as an infant a week old. He
avow s^U ignorance with such charming humility, and
so innocently! He la reported to have
'sa d , tfi to \ person^e who will probably have
something to do with the conferences that he reaU, knew
nothir * whatever of the intsntiona of his government be
,0nd what the public at large knew: that his ministry is
C a subordinate one; that Count Orloff is the only mau
who know* the dernier mof of hi? Imperial master, aao
rhat in fact, he is as unacquainted with what i* going on
as the merest stranger.
The subjoined is a translation of a Prussian despatch
addressed by Baron Manteuffel, the Prussian Minister*'
Foreign Affiirs. to Count Armm Prussian Ambas^dorat
Vivnna In reply to the communication made on the Aid
or January to the T^rlin Cabinet, by Count George Ester
hszv in the name of the Austrian Cab.net, of the prooo
?al? which Austria ha? "lr.ee submitted to tho l)iot on the
sulject ot the new phase into which the Extern question
has eatersd:? Bekli.v, Feb. 3, 1856.
u, dfir.atch of th* 2f>th of January was already in
,.J Fxcellency'* hands when on the aid of January
. vjiterhazv communicated to me the Austrlin des
S of which a copi la annexed, of January tatb:
"Lnex to that despatch, the declaration which
Austria ha* the intention to make to the I>let. has natu
faiw been tlie subject of enr serious consideration. Il
?he Vienna Cabinet, before deciding upon It, had consul:
#d us on the subject, we migt have been able to point out
1 rt.?irable miAfication, and we could not at first sight
have decided in the negative question as to whether it
weald not be better to aojouro for a time the c^mmuni
^That* consideration, however, did not prevent us from
bv the decision of the lm^rial Cabinet at soon
taken, actuated by that sincere desire of which
" L* ttjTen so many proofs, of seeing the IHet come to
Jr solution upon It, rendering testimony to the union of
rJrrnanv and of the two great Powers, in so far such
STtlon Is reconcile* hie with the digmity and with the
T "! of the <!erman C ml?deratlon.
are convinced that our German Allies recognize
uw. Vurssim and with sincere satisfaction, that the
?Jiiitr>lnai iss accepted by the belliflerent Powers form an
Kn ^ d basls for i speeoy peace. I already sr. ted in my
caspatch ot the 2?thVf January that .W a In her
;!T. Itv of a European Power, is ready to ad ,pt that
2m1s procuring which "he is convinced she eontri
? "!f; on her part iD the Interest, of the peace cf Europe,
S hsmoCt came for decl-io, to Intervene; to
Ji t It I say in a manner not to a?! ir.it of any further i
^Iwmment or eomproBije, by si^nirg the preliral
^?r"es and by participating In the negotiations connect
therewith, if :av)UM5 thereto by .ho Powfrs In'er
Prussia, in taking thi* pot i 'Joe m a Europeaa P??ver
(? e-inally eoaMioua of her duties &? a German Power, a*
well towards the whole (Jcreian Confederation a* toeard*
bar particular German allies. She aunt therefore Nap
j,oset as refjurdy tL? latttr, that th<*y also wiil ?hs disposed
to recognize tue basis acquired by the entente of all the
1 o f ?rh interehWd ah a girantee of a prwjma'e p*ao aod
as a protection of German interest*, and that they will
also be realy to maintain that basis in the nine measure
as it will 1* made possible for them to do bo in their uua
lity of members of the German Confederation, to form an
unbiassed judgment on the point* which might besonie
the object of contradictory views and pretetwions and
which might cause the delay of, ot even put a stop to
Ihf negotiation*. '
Ihe Imperial Cabinet will share our opinions tha' a
suitable representation of tha Confederation itself at the
negotiation would therefore be a very efficacious
measure, and therefore very desirable in the general
The Axbassador of the King to the Diet will be
charged to express hiintelf in the -ense of the above re
flection* in the committee to which C junt Rechberg pro
pose* referring the declaration of Austria, and we confi
dent ly bore that he will thus be pmt in a position to co
operate efficaciously to briDg about a prompt and unani
mous resolution from the Diet. MAVTECFFKL.
[From the London Timee, Feb 16.)
Tfce Ministers wbese high and honorab'e task it is ti
represent Greet Britain in the approaching Coai'erenc-s
at i'aris, may we'l be excused ii they enter upon their
arduous and responsible ta-k with deep anxiety and n^t
without some rotngivings as to the result. Cloud* and
darkne-s are ever the face of the forure into which they
aie about to fling themselves. The negjtlatbn* of the
l**t year, tui the different feelings and w:Ph?s of the
allied 1 ewers on many points, may reasonably c lack any
feeling of over confidence in which tae Minister*
of this country mlgat feel dispe#ed to indulge.
France and Austria are clot'ly i teii/nl, and may be
umtttd not to held un all jtoinh ItinyxM^* exactly
ituiUiial with tnai winch wM be employed on
behalf of Gnat Britain. It may be said, indeed
without at all straining language f?r the sake o' effect,
thai in the matter of the {.reseat war, France is the re
piesentatlve ot the past, Austria of the present, and
hug, and of the tuture. The exertions of France during
the last year have bean so enormous, and their success
upon the whole so splendid, that she msy weil assume I
to bersei* the weight jiistly due to a 1'ower which h*s
entered loj ally and bo.'diy into the confiijt. and contri
buted mo?t effectually to the final and glorious victory.
Austria, on the other card, though she has done nothing
foi war, i? entitled to boast that fhe has accomplished
much ror peac?; and, as he* objects and those of
France may be assumed to ' be netrlp iden
tical. they b:ing ali that 'he past and pre
sen- can g:ve them to be?r upon the o'lier
members of the Conference. Tnere is no doubt that
through the while of these transactions the rmperor of
the French, though the frankn's* and loyaity of his con
duct in this ci untry present the most grV.i'ying contrist
to the duplicity ot hia Bourbon ana Orleaniist p eae;es
Bors, bas shown a great aesite to co operate with and
ronc'llite Austria. He hag oirne with much oatiioce
the tin<id and vidUa- lug policy of a Prxce who en
tered into an Alliance which he foreoore to carry out
by word or deed, and only interfered at a moment
wh?n It apt>?are<i tnat farther neutrality might ne
more dangerous than an attempt to oring matter* tj
a Fuudtn and speedy conclusion. It is not for us to
canvass the policy ot this alliance ; we merely njte
the tact us giving cause for reasonaole anxiety,
Thtrc v ill be Kucsia, aLxious, no doubt, to retrieve by
the pet of Br n cow and the aorcit flat;evy of Orloff what
she has lost by the sword, and to substitute for triumph*
in the field successes In the irrena of diplomacy. The
form ot her government aisimilates more with that of
Franc# and Austria than with that of her own, and she
may reasonably expect to find more sympathy with any
ot the allies tr.an from us, from whom she has nothiug t ?
look ur beyond striat justice and an honoraole adherence
to the teims *e have subscribed. The^e things may we.l
weigh heavy on ihe hearts cf th? Ergtieh Piewputenti
arits and increase the anxieties of their potiiion.
There are not wanting, cn the other hand, ground*
which .-honld give these minister* as mush weight and
ik spire them with as mush confidence as auy of those
uipl. matte personages with whom they are to be brought
in contact. 1 the past and the present belong toFrauce
a*.'! Auitria, the futuie, wa may *ay without arrogance,
in peculiarly our own. In weighing the proposal of the
dilleret t negotiator* Russia will be latluenced not *o much
by what they have done as by what they may be aMe to
do hereafter. Frtnee has done great things in war and
Anttria iu j.ta:e; bat in this utgrateful world what has
been don* ic aot to be depreciated ? what rrmain* todo is
estimated at it* full value, if not over estimated This is
precisely th? advantage ot (England. We have neither
done all we intended nor all that we ought; but what we
are yet able to do is, if rightly considered, ready formi
dable. Of all the three yrta'. Pincers ue are the be it Me
to continue the. war. Our finances are ia the best order,
our crecit toe most extensive, cur resonre?s by far the
least exhausted. l>y net keeping up large armament* in
time of peace, by turning our attention to eimmt-rce and
internal improvement, we perhaps did mueh to persuade
Ksssia that we could be bearded with impunity, and
certainly paralyzed our exertions diring the ear.ier
per!< d of tiostilities. We are, indeed, bat just be
ginning to put forth oar strength. We have
an auny nothing like whr.t it will be should the
war be protracted a few year* lunger, but still ia
numbers and equipment very different from what it
was in February, 1854. We have a fleet now at
le*g-.h adapted to the shallow seas in which it is to ojU)
rate by far the mt*t formidable engiae of destruction,
if w< '.oosioer 1*k perfect discipline and organization, tV
gria' v : ? iety of vessels, and the union of irresistible
for.? wj'h j iuid locomotive power, that the world ha*
ever ?< t. Nor let it be supposed that the*> are etrorts
only iijuiie for a single year, and which we cannot renew.
Ki rs h i till more bankrupt in aoen than in money,
dtaii.?fr?rf cultivator* of her *oil, and wanting in
the mscwfa's of tnture armies. Austria e^uld not bring
fcer ooMfaal forces into the field witaout a loan,
which, in the present state of her credit, she wjuM
find it extremely difficult to contract; bat England
can ienew and increase armaments in any ratio tha
may be required, without the prospect of decline or the
slightest apprehension of exhaustion. Fed by her bound
less commerce, supported by her indefatigable industry,
and pri tected by the credit which she ha* always sacri
fieed every thixg to obtain, England is a Power realiy
formidaole, and one peculiarly calculated, if not to earn
speedy triumphs, to terminate with success ana glory
long, blooey, and exhausting wars. And she has, above
all, tkis especial advantage? that the wars are not the
itars of her government, but of her people ? the spon
taneous act of a free nation which hk* counted toe
oost, and will steadily adhere to ite end until that
end be accomplished. These things give to up
and they should give to those that aie to repre
sent us, confidence in ourselves and in the future
There is no reason why their tone should not be
a* high, and their position a* commanding, a* that as
sumed by Lord Castlereagh forty years ago at the peace
ol I "is. We a;e able to pay and we are willing to
fight; ami what could a high spirited diplomatist desire
better than to be1 the moutUpice of ench a nation? Let
our plenipotentiaries bring ushomegaoJ terms, and they
shall be appiauded; let them reject bed ones, and they
shall be supported. Above all, let them fear nothing so
lengastbey maintain with suitable dignity the honor
and the position of the country. It may suit those who
fear and envy us to *ay that our arms are tarnished and
our prestige departed. We believe the calumny a* little
as they do. \V* are confident in ourselves, and have a
right to require that the men who represent us shall
fuliy participate in that confidence.
[From the Manchester Examiner, Feb. 18.1
A month ha* now elapsed since the Ruvdan govern
ms nt accepted the five points as the basis of prelimina
ries of peace, and the conference which ia to develop and
consolidate thtm Into a definite treatv ha* not yet com
menced i?* hitting*. Baron Brunow, one of the Russian
liftuipoteutiaries, has arrived In Paris; Count Buol wa*
to arriTe in the course of yesterday; Count Cavour
reached I.yons on Thursday : Aali Pasha left Constantino
ple on l uefday. and may be expected In Paris about the
22d; Ixiid Clarendon is yet in London, but a
few hours will carry him to the French metro
polis, so tnat the buiinef* of the conierenoe
may bo expected to commence toward* t'se end
of next week. Whatever may be the result of the ap
proachlrg cenfeiences? and we need not say how ear
nestly we derlre it may be the establishment or a pea ?*
possessing the elements ef permanency? it U impoisMt to
xffnore the mirQiringt u-Uh uhich they are an/u-ipaj,d. The
congratulatory excitement with which the announce
m?r.t peac. wa* first received, has sobered down before
the uifhculties which calmer refieation has dlsclesed
I nlew we are prepared to reject evidence which, though
not officially authenticated, concurring teslimonv
from different quarter*, confirmed by some admitted
facts, clothes with a high degree ot probability th'
?urtvn Mutm the Hnich and Engluh governnimtt
w not i f that cordial and iutimale character which
icoulJ jitacc a hamumimu remit beyond all danger
ihe limn, la an omlnons article in its column* of yes'
terday, makes the following significant admlseina:?
Hance an 1 An*trla are elrtely united, and may be ex
pected not to hold on all point* language identical with
that which will be employed on the part of Great Bri
tain.'- I>oea thia mean that France is allied more closel v
to Austria tbaa she I* to Great Bri'ain 1 Doe* it mean
that, on some points which will come under discussion
France will probably unite with Austria in opposing the
demand* which mav be made on behalf of thii country t
If the .anguage we have quoted i* Intended to convey
thi* meaning, and bas auir justification in actual ract *
thet^he outlook is indeed ominous in no *l!ght derree'
lTTBere exists a better understanding between F?aoce
and Aust ia than between France and Great Britain the
Vreijch and l.nglieh alliance Is virtually at an end If
1, range, Prepared to join Austria in resisting curtain
demands which Urd Clarendon may be instructed to
make on behalf of this country, then one of two altema
five, is inevitable- aMtr we shall luive to pi,* way and
a?r,Tt Sf/mt'hwg less than we originally deem'd mirselues
bound to claim, or tee shall hare to continw. the war without
theavlof Haver ae>d Austria, and possibly urith both tfase
UAcers array, <u,axn<t iu Tills prospect is sufficiently
dreary , but if any weight I* to be attached to the state
ment we have q no tod Irom the Times, it is one which ac
tually exists, snd /or which It behoves us now to pie
The Turklali Saltan nt a Ball,
[Correspondence of the London Times ]
Con st a NTi n or t ji, Feb. 4, 18S0.
It is well known how jealously Oriental etiquette guards
every stop of the sovereign, and bow anxiously It re
n'oves him from all familiar contact with the re-t. of mor
tals. As long hs the Hultans of Turkey had to conquer an
unpire at the head of their armies, they kept up their
efmple patriarchal te utions a* chief* of their tribe, but
when oner- they were firmly seated on their throne at
BtumlK.ul, they began by degrees to revive and to Imi
tste ihe tiadtilonH of the Byzantine empire, ?n4 sur
rounded them sel vet with all the form* which refhwtd Ori
ental despotism has invented to exalt the person fit the
monarch These forms have been minutely adh?re<l to
up to the present time, in *pite of the changes which are
giadually creeping into all other old institutions of the
Turkish empire. The present war. however, seems des
thwd to break down even this barrier, and the first
biesch in It ha* been already made,
On Thursday last, the 31 rt of Jusjuy. the rumor 1
sprer..' ?J1 it once th*t ths Sultan would at .end the W?
costumi *t ?be E-.gllah Embassy. It ????<
crecitilo that tlio sucoaaatr oi tbe Caliphs. ?he spiritual
and temporal h?ad of tbe Mahonsedin religion, woald go
to poika? and walUes performed? jet so it wa*.
Early In the aftarDoeii the narrow main street of iera
bore an unusually excited aspect; number* et P^P1*
had talen uo thtir positions in the na'gtborhood ot
th?* Embassy to witness the Sultan's passag*. The Turk
ii-h dignitaries, who *ftre all to t>e present at hi* ar
rival were encumbeiing the streets with their horses
and car'Ugeii. An English guard of honor, c;aip< ?ed ot
detacumeuta ot liuard* and Highlanders, with the baa?
of the let regiment of tb? German Legion at thsir bead,
marchcd np to the scund of military music, and lined the
anoioa.^hes o'-the palace.
At 8 o'clock a fire lighted on the heights aboTe the
Imperial la'aco of Tcheragan, followed by a salvo of ar
tiHer jMrom Ualata Serai, * a. the aigtal that the Saltan
had nf. inn place.. A 'ittle before 9 he amved at the
gate of the Embassy- esoorted by a detachment of the
?2th Unccrs, ani a guary of honor oomppsed of British
officers of all arms. At his approach the troop, who
lined the outer courtyard presented arm*, and the band
Ntrurk up tue "Sultan's march," and ? God Bave the
Queen." The court itself *as Illuminated by numerous
lamps aod adorned with transparencies wheb. however,
oniig to the blasta ot vind, were only partially sucoess
At tbe great staircase, whichjwas crowded with offlcera
of Ue a lien armies and Turkish dignitaries, the Sultan
whi? received by the Ambassador anu hit whole personnel*
Accompanied by them be pMted amid the crowd ol gaetfts
who weie alreaoy assembled into the bell room, mere
at arm cba(r on a ritbad dale, covered with carpet*, was
prepared for hiin, to ?hich be was conducted. Having
Tat down, wltb tbe repiestntatives of the foreign Power 8
on the one nOe, and 'he Turkish clgnltarie^ In attendance
on tbe other, be had several ladieB prertn ed tq hua*
Then the danclcg Vegan, which seemed to excite hi* in
teie-t considerably, aid he stood np in order
to have a better view of the proceedings. After
look i eg (D for about an hour, he expressed Ms
dsslie to be shown Uto the refre.haiint room,
I where he partook of a m-.e slight refreenmsnt He .n
tend to return oncfc more to the baUioum, but he found
I the heat too intense, so, after remaining in the refresh
ment room for some time, bis Imperial M?j '?ty took h e
departure. Taking )h? ambassador by the hand, be des
cended the stsircase accompanied in the same manner as
on his arrival, and scon the guns of t.sUta aeral an
nounced that be was on hi.- way baok. He did not re
turn to his palace, but passed the night in a kusk be
lorRirc to his brother ln-iaw, Aluned Fethi 5 i-ha.
One must remember tbe religious prejudices of Ma
bomedaiih aealuBt all trivial amusement, and the
strict rulM of etr-qoette which were always ke?t up
In all relations ol the Suluin with the representatives
ot* foreign Powers, in o.der to appreciate ibiB act ol
the Sultan to Its full extent. What in other coun
tries wi.ui'l be a petite but insignificant oetemony re
ceives here a certain political importance. It is the Srft
time that a Sultan of the Ottoman empire has bonorej
tie bouKO cf the representative of a foreign Power
wi'h hi* pri'sence. As successor of the I'rophet ana
Shabin Sliah, or King of Kings, the Su'.tania the eyes of
his Ma>n uii<?an subjects cannot deal on a tooting ol
equality with uoy other Sovereign. In spite o? the les
sors ot mode) n bistoiy. and the doubts of the more en
liifh'inon am?Dg the Msl'omedans, this Uea ih b -ill the
prevalent one among tbe misse-, who remember only
the time th- iultai was the undisputed Lard ol the Ma
hounedan i*st, and the representatives of foreign
Powers were only tolerated at Constantinople, The
fact of the SultAn'a visiting the house of a foreign
Ambwf-ador ii n.ore calculated to open their ey?* to
tbe real state of the cass as it is at present than any
o'ber, ted it requited a cerUln amount of moral :ourage
in the Su'.tar. to make this first step to bieax dawn thees
la'.Bn but cherished iuea* by his own free wul. The way
In which this was done show*, however, that he entered
fully into the spirit of this new position. His taking re
frrsnn>enta, however trivi?l it may seem to Europeans,
Is full ot meaning in this respect. Every act of tee .. nl
tan's private life is so jealously concealed from eveijf eye
that nobody except his chief eunuch is allowed ?? at
tend at his meals. This rule, originally intended as ?
laft K .ard agaitst poisoning, forms. In the ejes ol his
people, a time-honored us<ge religiously ooserved.
Eveiv contact with bis person is like fise strictly
forbidcen by usage to all strangers, the only
I exeption lieing made at the Buram, when the
hiche't dinniiartes, and only *^ese, are allowed to
UIv'h lits Ibtt; and at tho ball on Thursday be took the
Ambiif^ador ty tbe hand ami walked down with him the
whole len^'h of the staircase to his carriage, in the
I proence of a crowii ol attendants and tore:gners.
TJui this art , nins the pr'atest impcrtanae from the
time at wl ich it. happens. I! is a kind of janctim to tto
I ccneettivris which art- In be made to th< no i-Mafumtaansuj
jnU of the J 'oris. V> iih the a o rlt ion of the privileges
of lie Mahfiinedan ruling race, their head, the Sultan
ceec t nds by his own free will, from the exceptional posi
tion -vhi-h be bas hitherto observed with regard to the
rep eeentatives ot Christian Powers. Old Turkey is dead
at ff- ne: the tall ca Thursday last was the bursal cere
mom, and the lively strain of polkas and waltwa its tu
ne: at march. . _ . '
I [From the Paris Moaiteur, ieb. 15 ]
? Pera, Feb. 5, 185fl.
0 1! the f.ame day npon which his Majesty the Sultan,
pai s r. vicit to the English embassy, he notified his inten
I tion to M. de Thouvenel to aitend a ball which wae to oe
given three dajs af.erwards at the French eab?ssy.
i very preparatieu was immediaiely ms.de by 'be repre
Fentative ot the Emperor to leceiva his Majsfl y '*tth the
honors due to bis sovsreinn rank. At 7 o ciosk in tna
eveninK the whole lront ot the emoassy was splendidly
ijluirinated. Above th? inlncioal gatewaya btilUint
I transparency showed io lines of flre the Imperial 'tough
I 1a " Iietat hmen's of picked oompanies from the Freacn
regimeats encamped at MasUk, sappers of the enjineerii,
a civlBlon of the hre bridage (tapeurt pompiers) ot rana,
and foot art tilery Occupied tbe avenues of the embassy
and formed the line. Opposite the French troops, whose
I martial hearing created admiration, was drawn up a
fcattab n ot the imperial Ottoman Guard in fail uniform.
At half past 7 o'closk one of his Majesty's aides-de
I camp came and informed the ambassador that the Sultan.
had left Topliant, and was proceeding on horseback
I thiough I era street. M. Thouvenel, aocompaaied by att
tbe members cf the embassy, and by thi generals and
sup' rior t fficers of the French division, went so far as tie
gates of the palace to receive his Majesty. As soon as
I the Sultan made bis appearance the drums beat to arms,
I the troops presented arms, and the military band struck
up tbe Turkish national hymn. Beegal lights were lit as
I it by enchantment, and their brilliant light enabled the
Sultan to have a good view of the coup d'vtil offered by
I the "curt of honor of the palace.
I Hi* Majesty, accompanitd by the Ambassador, pro
I cteded by cue of th? grand staircases specially reserved
for fcim to the apartments prepared for his reception. A
I contpsuy of '/.ouuvos, a detachment of Culras iers. dra
guor.s and Chasseurs d'A'iique formed the line inside the
I palac* conjointly with the Naval brigade and the Otto
man artillerymen. After a f?w moments lepose, which
the Sultan took advantage of to have some private eon,
vernation with the Ambassador, his Majesty, wearing the
I grand cordon ot the Legion ot Honor and a uniform richly
I studded with jewels, preceded by the officers of hie house
I ho.?l. entered tbe throne room. He found drawn up in
two lines? to the right hli ministers and the great digni
taries of State, to the left the foreign abassadors and the
French and English generals residing at Constantinople*
I To the tight of the throne reserved seats were occupied by
I the ladies of the diplomatic corps.
I His Majesty was led towards the throne by the am
I baseador. Hu attention was immediately attracted by a
1 portrait of the Emperor Having looked at ic for a few
I moments ? "I am happy," he i-aidto M. Thouvenal, "to
I behold the features of my august and faithful ally. I ex
I petience the most lively satisfaction at being his gueet
I to tfay."
I His Majesty immediately received the h:m|^e of (he
I diplomatic corps. He conversed with all the foreign re
I presentatives, especially with those of England. Austria
ano Prussia. He had a gracious word for every lady pr?
I sented to biro After the official introductions the am
I bashaior took his Majesty's orders, who expressed the
wish to visit the ballroom, where the elite of Pera was
sstembltd? all the members of the different embassies
aL<l a great number of naval and military officer! in full
I tiaiform.
I The Saltan was announced by the introducer of am
bassadors. A lice was formed up to the seat prepared
for fcj* Majesty, rho entered preceded by the officers 'f
the crown, at d followed by the diplomatic corps. He
was received with expressions of marked re*pe:t and the
n><et live.; sympathy. His Majesty would not sit down
till tbe ladles and the ambassadors accredited to his go
vernment had taken their places.
Having tak<n his Majesty's orders, the Ambassador
I gave the signal for opening tbe ball; a quad'tlie was im
I mediately l'oimed In front of him, and the dancing coxa
I meucrd.
In about an hour hi* Majesty returned to the Throne
room, wbeie he requested tbe presence of the ladies who
I bad been presented to htm. Tney sat down, forming a
I circle round the Sultan. l.ady George Paget, the Prtn
1 cess Stourdza, and Madame la Baronne Oarrican were la
I troduc d to him. His Majesty rose to bow to (salvor)
I each of these ltdies. After half an hour's conversation
I the Sultan retnrned to the ball room, which he left at
I half-past 10 o'clock, to retire to his private apartmenis,
I where he tcok leave of the ambassador, and thanked him
I graciously for tbe reception he had met with. Hi* Ma
| jesty was conducted back with the same ceremony to the
I gates of tbe palace, where be mounted his horse and rode
I in frc nt of Ibe troops, who presented arms as he passed.
I After the Sultan's departure dancing was resumed and
I kept up with great spirit till far in the night.
Burning of a London Theatre.
[I1 rom the Iiverpool Times, Fob. 16.]
f >n Wednesday rrorning, a few mm a tot before 8 o'clock,
t was fiiscovered that the Royal I'antfon Theatre was on
Ore. in the oouise of a few minute* the parUh engine
attended, as well as that ef the brigade from WellcUhe
square; but by that ported the whole of tho *'11101"
were In a regular blase, and the burning drapery was
falllrg thickly upon the stage. The two engines were
set to work from an abundant supply of water tnrnlshel
by the tost LonCon Company. Before, however, a
drop of water could touch the fire, owing to the many
enptha of hot e required to be attached to the engijkM;
' he flames had extended to the whole of the nee airy
and machinery upon and under the stage. Maidnmn.
the engineer, who had charge of the brigade engine,
finding that it would be Impossible to extinguish the
conflagration with two engines, sent olf to the more dis
tant ?ianons for additional aid. Forthwith other engine*
from Jeffrey sijuaro. Watling street and Farrlngdon street
stations arrived, an well aa that of the West of Kngland
Inmianoe Company from the Waterloo road, I*mt>eth.
I'nder the direction of Mr. Huparint indent Braid wood,
Mr. Fogo, the foreman of the A district, and Mr. Conne r
ton, tbe foretran of the West of Kngland office, the fire
men went to work in admirable style, and by conveying
the hone through the different entrances to the theatre,
and ov?r the roof1 of the smrronnding houses, they were
euablid to throw tbe water In the right direction ; but,
notwithstanding, In less than half an hour after the flast
appearance of thu fire the liases had seized upon the pit
and the boxe* proscenium- To stop tbe Are at those places
tht flremon fx tried th?mselves ;o the utmost, but an.
for neatly without too least success and in the course
if a few minutes more the aonltsgration maohed the roof,
and .?elz!rg the chandelier, it ?u<Jd?nIy fell Into the mid
ale r,f the pit, whtre tlie crystal drops soon melteJ. fha
tlarrec by a qunrterto nine o'clock were at their height,
for every part ol' the theatre, except the dressing rooms
bi Faker's row, presented one immense body of lUme,
and the ^la^s < handellers In front of the boxes kept

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