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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
t WHOLE NO. 7135. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, 1856. PRICE TWX) CENTS. HOW OUR PRESIDENTS ARE MADE, History of the Old Caucus and Modern Convention Systems. TBO ACCOUNT OF THE NOMINATIONS. The Ibc ud Progress of the Federal, lle pabUeafl, Vatlonal Republican, Democra tic, WMff? Intl-flasonlc, Abolition, Li berty, Know Hothlog anil Nigger Worshipping Parties* Interesting Chapter in tlie Political Annals of the United States, &o., &c., &c. It seems to bare been the po icy cf a certain number of wirepullers near the seat of g vereaieiA to monopolize for themselves the duty cf wectiog proper pur hod* to fill tne highest offices In the gin of the people. It is this policy which hau removed the otiolae of Pre ldent almost entirely from the people and given oler to the a.-sertlon of ft competent foreign authority r ual the election of the supreme executive officer of ttii i rep u alio is a settled matter org before the votea are cist. It in simply a matter of counting noees ar.a parcelling off districts. In -order to give the people a >UlJe mnlgat into the politics! machinery by which they barn be-u ru ed, aad to direst public attention to the necessity of doing away with the -convention system altoge her, we bare prepared an hls toiical sketch of caticusna and conv?n'.ionH which hid a bearing upon the Presidential elections. The origin of the present application of the word caucus O unknown. The first regular caucuses in this country were Ol' members of Congress, who borrowed the ilea from the -whig members of the House of Commons, who as early as I iiV6 introduced th? system by holding meetings at various tavern* to perfect the crginlzation and discipline ot the party, then an Insolent majority, flushed with prosperity and drunk with success. Irregular caucuses both of whigs aid torles were hold here anterior to the Hev.lu i n, and the t.ree a Dragon tavern in Boston has an historic fame aa the place of meeting of the OlUes, Warreos, Hancocks, Presootts, I Pickerings and other leaders or tbe popular cause. From this tune until after the Resolution, we hardly h?ar the name of caucus; and tbo term oonv<su;ion was never then used to designate the collection of a mob of politicians, appointed by another mob of politicians, the appoint ing power holding no authoii y frcrn the essence of all , power? the people. The last administration of Preside it Washington was ?an exceedingly storaiv one. He was during his second term, in a continual war with tbe democratic or republi can party in Congress, and tbe race'. Important adminis tration measures were oily carried through Congress by bare majorities. For the tbird alec 'ion of President it dees not appear that there was aay set caucusiog to put Messrs. Adam* and Jefferson before the people. Air. Adams was recognized as t -e g eat leader of the federal ists, and although the South cid prefer Mr. Plnckney, there teems to have been no great difficulty in combining the strength of the party by giriog the last named gen tleman the *eecnd place ou the tisket. Mr. Jefferson was beaten for the first plujo, but obtained the second. The usual process of naming c-auordates at that time was a trial of votes in the State legislatures, Virginia being then the Empire State, had a great deal to say about the nomination, which neay account Or her being the Mother of Presidents. The first Congressional caucus to nominate candidates for Pre ride 'it and Vice 1- resident that we hive auy ao eouut of, was said to bo he;d in Philadelphia In the year 18C0. We quote from a newspaper of that day, which states that thirty seven represent Ives and nine Senators weio pre ent, and nominated Messrs. Jefferson and Burr. It Is important to note here that the system, which is so intensely exclusive and aristocratic, *as originated by the leaders of the democratic, then eaUed the republican party. It is also proper to say that the first caucuses were mare like Info, in til men ings of a certain number of gentlemen, to expri ss their preferences for a candidate, j It was not until tie democratic party had be:ome puffed ! up with continued success, that i s leaders dared to die ?tat* to tbe peop'e. In later years the caucus whip was tnest effestively used, a- d if a democrat billed from th? mowlaatlon, he was oVigtd to leave the party at the same time. The first regular caucus on record was heid at Wash ington, on the 16th of January, 1808. The chiet cause of this v.eetirg was a dispute in Vi ginla as to the succes sion. Tbe legislature of tuat State was rivided between -Mr. Madison, then Secretary of Bia'e, and Mr. Monroe, then Minister to England. Our readers will notice that ?these were the " goo! eld times" when the Old Domi nion furnished all tbe high officers of state. The cau cus then met to decide whicu Virginian should be Presi dent of the United States, for Mr. Jefferson went out of ofDe* in such a bla/e of glory that the nomination ot his party was equivalent to elecion. At this time tbe while number ot members of Congress was 170, and of these Only about <0 were federalists. The republicans (demo crats now) numbered 136. Ot these 94, being a majority of tbe two houses, attended the caucus. Some of those who itaid away disapproved of the system, and others were almost bold enough to whisper that Vi'giaia had monopo lized everything quite loLg enough. Mr. Madison was the choice cf the caucus, receiving 83 votes, the remain der being given to Mr. Monroe and Mr. George Clinton. Tbe people also chose Mr. Madison, whose administration was popular, although when his t?rm had nearly expired the North declared againit him and in favor of PeWitt Clinton, who was nominated oy the legislature of New York. The administration members of C ogress, stilt largely hi the majority, were called to meet In caucus at Wash icg ton cn the 18th May, 1812. The whole number of mem bers was 170? democrats, I'renent at the caucus 83, all of whem named Mr. Madison for re-election. One or two democratic members from Maryland, and tlie majori ty of the New York and Mai?M,chnsett? memters did n'?t give in their adhesion to the nomination. In September ?of the .name year, the iliBt convention of the opposition or federalist party was held is Now York, when seventy members from e.even States appeared and nomiuatedMr. Clintcn. the opposition exci ed by the ant'.-war senti sent proved very stropg, but Mr. Madison was re flected, receiving 128 votes In the electoral colleges, to 8P for Mr. ?Clinton. After Mr. Maditon'i second success there was a grow ing prejudice against these caucuses in the mass of the party, and an unaaocetsTut attempt was made in the first caucus held thereafter to declare taut Presidential nomi nations by member* of Congress were inexpedient. This was defeated by the friends of Mr. Monroe, who consider ed that he had a natural right to the sue session, being a Virginian. lie bad been in Midlson'e Cabinet during the whole of his administration. Mr. Monroe was denounced by a large number of the ( emocra'ie leaden is incompe tent, and the eanena sys*em was declared exceptionable. There waa also a growiog feeling against the Virginia domination, which had already monapnllzed the entire ?xeeutive department of the government 'luring twenty four yean out oi tho twentv-eight of Its existence. Colo nel Burr desired Gereral Andrew Jackson t? be brought forward at that time, and said that if he had had a re ?portable nomination the Virginia caucus would have been beaten. D. D. Tompkins, of New York, was also pioposeJ. The member* of Congress now numbered 213, of which number lt<8 were republicans. The whole power of the administration was med to carry the caucu* for Monroe, nnd no means were spared to procure that end. The opposition had united upon William II. Crawford, ef Georgia, a sort of compromise candidate. He had sate In the Senate, was a republican, but favored a bank, and was opposed to Mr. Madison. He had been Minister to France and Secretary at War, and was generally con sidered to be a man ef much more ability tban Mr. Monroe. The eincus met on tha 11th of March, 1810, and 119 republican members anKwe.ed to their names. Then'ne teen absentees refused to attend, because thpy were op posed to this method cf mnkirg nscina'bnp. Mr. Mon roe rec^ivei sixty Are votes, and Mr. Crawforc fifty-four. Mr. Hoar oe was chosen by the people, an I Mr. Crawford aeoepted tne post of Pnctetary of the l'-easnry. Mr Jlonr^e'a 0m, prudent and altcje'ier mpeciaUe administration eozeUiated all partis* , aad there wai ao one to oppose him for his aaooad term, waea he received all the electoral votes but one. TbU brirgs us down to llie memorable eaneui of the 14th of February, 1824, which was Instated upon by Mr. Van Buren and other frituds of Mr. Crawford, and whleh brought about several changes. First, it killed off Cra v ford and nearly all his friends ; sec ond, it hi lied the caucus pystero, which had grown to be an intolerable despotism; and third, it broke tbe liaek of the repub lean party, which did not rise again until resuscitated by the name of Jackson. This caucus, so interesting, U worth at ten tic n. Cotgregg now had '201 members, of whioh 216 held af iinity with the republican democratic party. These were not all Crawford men, however, and were divided in opitlon as to the propriety of making a Congressional nomination. Mr. Van lturen vu especially indignant at this hesitation, and rautd that cant eiy of "regi'ar no mirations," to which he vhsuld have added, '-when thny please us." The bully ing system waa adopted, and it wn declared that any one who opposed the good old rile should be oonsidered an enemy of the deawaratio party. It was then stated on the other si le that ISO republican members were oppoaed to a caucus ncminati >n. Notwithstanding all these warnings, oombiued with a strong popular clamor against the measure, a mee'fng of the democratic meinbeia of tbe Legislature was c tiled <>n the date above mi ntloned. Only 60 out of 216 at tended, ?nd King Caucus waa dead at Hit. Mr. Craw ford received C4 votes. The great majority of the party throughout the country indignantly repudiated the nomi nation. Mr. Crawford had lost much of h's popularity, and he was in such bad health that it was doubtful whether, if clected, be would live to take his seat. But Virginia, despaiih'g of anything better, Initiated upon having htui. Lh?mem1>ers cf the caucus were nearly all Senat ira. and cce jiaper says that on'y eight members of the pe.iular branch of the Uingreti* were In attendance, from treaty Hate a out of the twenty-four. Everything was fixed by Van liuitn and the VI ginlans, but the people refused to ad?pt the regular nominations, and the majority sup ported General .Tackson, who had been twice noninated hy the legislature ot Tennessee. Of the eleotoral votes, .lacJt.Jon ha a 99; J. Q. Adams, (federalist) 84; Crawford, 41 ; Clay, (then acting with the republicans,) 41. The elec ion going to the Ilouse. the friends of Mr. Clay voUd for Adams to defeat .iaokson, and succeeded in their efforts. Thns was the republisan party broken up after an uninterrupted sway of twenty four jears. It wa? killed by its friends, and died from the effects of too Diueh prosperity. A clique at WashiDg on attempted to dictate to the peop'e, a-.il reapei the reward of their folly. Bo littlo to bo depended on are party chains. Will the wirepullers of the present day be guided by the lamp of expciUnee? General Jackson was placed early in the field bj the J.+gialatoie of his own 3 'ate. and foind it easy to organ ize a ntrong opposition to Mr. Adams, who was only a minority President, after all. There was n> more cau cutirg and General Jackson received a large maj )rity of electoral votes. He was again put in nomination by the legislatures of Pennsylvania and New York, and again elected, and his administration brings us to a oonsldora tion of the CONVENTION SYSTEM. The first convention for the nomination of a Pre,ident and Vice President was the antl Masamc meeting held at Baltimore, in Sep '.ember, 18S1. Tils party or faction is in interesting onn, inasmuch as It brought Mr. Seward and Mr. Fillmore into public life. The parly originated in the western part cf New York, and grew out of a great and tkilfull j managed popular exoltemeut. A man of the name ot William Morgan had pubUshed what purport ed to b? an ex}iOie ot the three first degrees ot the Masonic Order, lie suddenly disappeared, and some ridiculous i'ory -was circulated about hit* taring murdered by the Free Masons. The politicians went so far as to trump up sometbing rocembling u human body, which was asserted to be that of Morgan, and from this shallow Imposture arose a storm of anti-Masouio excitement which Infliotod a blow npen the Order from whhU it has never entirely recovered. The humbug body was said by Thurlcw Weed to be "a good enough Morgan until after election." So it proved to be. Tho anti-Masonic party, thus originat ing in this State in 1820, achieved partial successes in se veral of the Sorthern States in the loo&l elections of tte next two or thiee yearn, and held a so called National Conventiou at Philadelphia in September, lfciO, at whteb delegate* were present from eleven Htates. Af er adopting ?n anti-Masonic platform and calling a convention, t > meet at Baltimore in September, 18*1, the Philadelphia Dieting dissolved. At this time the opposition looked to Mr. Clay as their leader in the contest so sot n to be commenced. He wis the (.'lily man in the whig party wb? was thought to be strr.ng enough to cope with OM Hiskury; bat Mr. Clay iwipfjan ardent supporter of, and an affiliated member of the Maacnl) Order, his nomination, by that section of tte oppo?i ion which was organized on the basis of bos tilit.vto that Fraternity, was out of the question, and tbu.i the enemies of tienoial Jacks on were dirMed at the start. The opposition had now assumed the name of na'lonal republicans, and the Baltimote C invent ion wai called to coccent/ate all the factions against the democracy. John McLean, cf Ohio late'/ a prominent Kn vw Nothing can didate, and now tailed of by the moger wokiiijp mts, was the favorite of the anti-Masons, hut was utrcrgty opposed by the national republicans. Ue de clined; and the Anti-Masonio Convention nominate- 1 William Wirt, of Maryland, formerly Attorney General, for President, and Amos EUmaker, of Pennsylvania, lor Vice President. Hero we maybe pardoned for digressing so far astj point out a curious fact: Millard Fillmore, now the can diOa'e of a secret political orler, was brought Into publ o life on the basis of Miter hostility to secret onlsrs of a.i kinds, political and social, while Judge McLean. wh-j is tho choice ot the Northern Know Nothings, narrowly es caped the nomination given to William Wirt. In December, 1831, the tiist National Republican Con vention was held at Baltimore, and nominated Henry Clay, ot Kentucky, for President, and John Sergeant, of Pennsylvania, for Vice President. Thus Mr. Clay and Mr. Wirt were p'aood iu the field to lead the opposition, and it was hoped that the election would be thrown into the House. (iereral Jackson's position was a strong one, and the administration party thought of no one else for the suc cession. Mr. Calhoun, then Vice President, had quar relled with the President, and it was important to select tome strong m?n for the second place on the ticket for the succestlon. Mr. Calhoun's course In the Senate had, it was thought, caused the rejection of Martin Van Bu icn as Minister to Fngland. and that wily politician, il is believed, commenced operations as early a? 1800, to tecuie Jackson's le- nomination and his own as a rider for the ticket, and as a sort of berenitary candidate for the tuccesnlon. .lacksrn was accordingly nominated by tho administration members of the New York legisla ture. and the State of New Hampshire has, In ad dl'lon to the glory of presenting a President In the person of the present incumbent, the further gem in her politi cal crown ot having originated the system of National Conventions, one of the wor.-t features of party despotism ever corcoetod even by the Van Buren Bourbms. The legislature of New Hampshire, doubtless at the suggti tlon cf Mr. V?n lluren, sent oat the first call for a Pcmocrallo National Convention, to nominate a candi date for Vlro P. Ok Id en t. No number of delegates being men ioned, each State s?nt as many as fcouid afford Ihe time, and on the 21st May, 1832, the democ aey mustered in great force at Baltimore, and this may be called the first National Conven tion worthy of the name that was ever held. Gene rat Robert I.ucas, of Ohio, presided over the delibe rations of this body, which adopted the eelebrated t vo thirds rule, drawn up by Mr. Saundors, of North Caro Una, as follows:? Resolved, That each State be entitled, in the nomina tion to be made of a candidate for the Vice rresidency, to a number of votts equal to the number that they will be entltWu to In the Flectoral Colleges under the new appointment In vo'lng for President and Vise Presl lent, and that two- thirds of the whole numier of votes In ths convention shall be netessary to constitute a choice. This is the ce'.ebrated machine which has been use I to execute all the best men in the party, wtiich has killed off Mr. Cass, and which has brought about the ex pedient of picking up unknown "outaders," like Mr. Pierce. A first rate man cacmt escape having ene mies; and 11 he has enemies, he cannot get the twe- hlrls vote; so the party has been obliged lo take up men who were of not sufficient consequence te have either frljads 9t enemies. This is one of the greatest evil* of the system. We ?IttU havs mors to lif of it anon. 1 he total DnnbiT of e'ectoial rote* at Out tM m 288, of which 2&3 wrre lepresentod. Mr. Van iuren re ceived 208; Mr. Barbour, of Virginia, 49; (both htd tmirt ed m the obsequies of King Caucus, and bat* wore sin cere mouioert. ;) Richard M. Johnson, 2ft. The Conven tion then adopt* d a platform, waich in paint of brevity U a model; it simply eonourrtd in the vaiious a mlnation which Pie&ident Jackson had reoeived for the succession Be was chosen, receiving 210 electoral votes to 40 for Mr. Clay. The antl -Masonic tiekst received the elec toral vote cf Veiuiont (7). South Carolina voted for John Floyd. Pennsylvania coull not stand Van Buren. and gave its vole (or William WlUrins. In this election the tPct al great demosratic tyranny, pledged electors tickets became more firmly established. The party was now "well ciscipUntd, "and the regains of th's rale ate vhibie to this day. It was exceedingly strong when the tin o apf roacbcd for the next National Coaventl >n, which wan to nominate for the succession. The demo cratic party was united, while the opposition, t sough numerically powerful, was politically weak, being split up into various factions. The Southern antl Jackson candidate whs Hugh I.. White, of Tennessee, nimioated by the Alabama Legislature, lie was also supported by the ennessee Legislature Mid by the delegation from that StaV InCwgrriw. eicept Me'sr*. Polk and John son. An opposition me a lug at Hasrisburg, Pa., put <cni :al W. H. Harrison, of Ohio, in nomina tion. The whigi in the Massachusetts Legis lature nriuinsted Muciel Webster, and John Mcl ean was brought fo: ward in the same manner in Ohio. The Convention qussticn seriously agltst?d tae demo crat id party. Mr. Van Bui en and his friends were strarg y in favor of a Convention. It made a good <ho<v, nod the p*ity was ho -well in batil that it oould bo easily (jit'.dtd. General Jaciuon, io February, 1835, cane out in favor of a National Convention to nominate candi dates lcr Preside at and Vice President. None but the iriecds of Van Bvri-n favored a National Convention, nnd none but his friends appeared in the bodywhijh met at Baltimore on tun 20th cf Miy 1825. More than six hundred delegates weie present, representing twenty two Sta'.es. Mr. Van Buren was unanimously nominated, rccei?isg all tbe votes, and beirg the first Presidential ncminee cf a Democratic National Convention, properly rpealkitg. There wassome difficulty in getting thesesond place en tbe ticket for Rhhard M. Johnson, of Ken tucky, the Convention adheiing to the two-thirds rule, but it waa settled by a regular Van Buien movement ?a nuo fr?m Tennessee being picked up from the street for the purpose of giving Mr. Johnson the fifteen votes of that State. Virginia de.iired Mr. Rives, anl bol fritn Johnson, who lost bis eieo ion by the people, but was chof.en by the Senate. Mr. Van Buren was elect ed bj ratiitr a tight squat ze. He was forced on the party by the Cunveaticn, and oanietf in or the strength of hav itg been associated wi h General Jackson, and by having the whole power of the aJmini^tra iun a', his back. The Democratic National Convention had now ome to be considered a regular ins'.itu ion as muoh as Congress, and the third of these bodies was proclaimed from Wash ingti n to be held at Baltimore, on the fifth of May, 1840. During the th-ee years previous the opposition had gradually boon gaining tremendous strength in Congress, and the country rang with ac counts, some true anl some false, of tho corruptions of 'be party which had as>?r been in uninterrupted power t-ince 1326. The wuig? gained great advantages in 1837 '38, and the voice cf the best portion of tht party pointed to Mr . Clay a:i the man to be pitted against Van B iren, who was determined to place hiou-eU be ore the jieople. The abolitionists began their nail >nal po'itlcal organi ?ation in 18S!?. Tbe New York Antl- Slavery Society met in Waisaw, N. V., In November of that year, and torin eC itself into a nomlratiog convention, and nominated Jsm.j G. Birney, of Michigan, for Presidsnt, aol Francis | J. Iomoyne, of Pennsylvania, for Vise I'resident. Th y polled 7,000 votes at the ensiling election, receiving votes in every free State hut In. liar. a. The iir.it National Convention of the whig party was held at Hariisbnrg, Dec. 4. 1810. Twenty-two States were representee by about lour liuuAred delegated. On an informal ballot, jntr aijrlla, Mr. Clay had a plurality, but no majority. Imitating the example of tho democracy, the wbi?* lie titcd to put forward General Harris >n or General Scott, n a (?pf-'ch at Buffalo Mr. Clay came out in the most gallant loanter, ano trld his partj to pat his name away, if it wa s considered th? gHgutest olxtaclo to harmony. Small politicians wore afraid that they could not lead him by the nose, aid therefore said that the anil Ma*ons, the anti-tariff Whigs, Ac would not vote for him, and they spared no me?nj> to prevent bii nomination. They alio bucceedtl in killing off General Scott; and General Han if.oc , in a vote by States, after the manner of (he I>em?cTatic Conventions, wived 148, Clay 00, and Scott IS. John Tyler, of \ lrginia, wan nominated for Vice I'ro kldent. It wlU be noticed that the whigs commenced in their' first convention the same game which had been played by the democrat*. Gtreral Harrison we* an intiim old man, long retired from public life, and in hi* best days incompetent Tor tbe Presidency. Hie people had never hoard ot him ex cept nn a military man. They wanted Clay or Scott, and any man runs'ng upon tee whig ticket in the campaign of 1940 could have boon elected, such was ihe feeling ot ?he country against the Van Baren dj nasty. Ti e Itmocratic National Convention met at Baltimore, ifa j 3, 1840. It wan all flx?d for Van Baren, and nearly all the members were oliiceaolders under him. Twenty one Slates tent delegate*. Governor Wiltiam Carroll, of Tennessee, prei.ii e J. In order to simplify business, a committee was appointed to report the names of candi dates. They reported the name of Mr. Van Bnren far President, but made no roport on the subject of a candi date for the Vice Presidency, as the Van Bnrenlte* were arixioue to kill oil Johnson, who received, however, tho democratic vote. In this eonvt utian there were about i -30 delegates, representing twenty-one Sta'ea. The l.'S'ue of this struggle U well known. HtrrUon and f Tyler were carried into power by popular maj oil lies, ut>. pievedentel tuuee Mourae's second term. Bit, in 1814, the o'emccratic party rai led stronger thin ever, and tbe fourth Na'ioral Convention, held at Baltimore, May 27, 1?<4, wm a curious, eieuin#, interesting and extraordi nary body. Kvery Slate, except South Carolina, was re presented. The number of delegates w*i 355, entitled to 200 votes. The Hon. H. B. Wright, of Pennsylvania, wat chosen chairman. Saunders laid on the two- third* rule cf 18':? ^fter a long debate It wan carried? 148 to MS. Thus was Mr. Van Buren, the an t lor of the c invention ?ystem, killtdby his engine ? ''hoist with his own petard" ? kicVed over ty his pet rrusket. He bad a majority on the first vote, but not two-thirds. He foil off on the fourth ballot and Mr. Cats had a nisjarity. On the ninth ballot James K.Polk, of Tennessee, receive! 44 votes, and on the tenth ho was unanimously oo-oinatel. Tbe question of " Who is .tamos K. Pol*!" was immedi ately aaked In all parts of the 1'nion, except Tennessee. I' was answered on the enttulng 4th of March by the ( i.ief Justice of the United States. At Baltimore, then, on the U8th ot May, 1844, died the Van Boren Bourbons, "unwopt, unhonarei and unsung. ' iliey were killed, like Dr. Guillotine, by their own Inven tion. A*. the same time that the democratic convention wan held In Baltimore, a Tyler convention was held in that city, and Mr. Tyler was pot in nomination: bnt the struggle being a hopeless one, he retired from tho field la August, and the patronage of the administration was used to help Mr. Polk. The Whig National Convention was held at Baltimore, May 1 . It was more like a mui meeting, and the whigs same up resolved to give Mr. Clay a chanee. Ambrose Speneer, of New York, presided, and every State in the I'nion was represented. There were two hundred and teventy-flve delegates. Mr. Clay was nominated by ac clamation for l'reiident, and Mr. Krellnghuyien, of Hew Jersey, for Vice President. The Texaa question was the great Issue in this canvass. Mr. Clay wrote a letter op posing the annexation of that republic, and that killed bim, while Mr. Polk wa* personally unpledged, but un derstood to stand on the platform of the 11 r? annexation of Texas at the earliest practicable moment," and to ge for the whole of Oregon, or British blood must flow. Mr. Polk won on the rallying ory at Otegan and Texas. Tbe aholltiorist* took up theTexas question, and nomi nated James 6 Btrnej Cor tbe campaign ot 1844. He re oeived 62 140 votes. We com? now to 1848 a memorable year In the history of conventions ar.d par y uomina'ions. The war with M. t oo b? J $>>rn the wh!^ and the democrat* heroes, but note appea'^d to forcibly to the public Heart a* Gecetal Ta y or, whoa* vt>ol vi ie? were be tiered to be whig, but who was innocent on the subject of DoUtlcs. On the other hand stood Clay ,\nd Webstar, the light* of ?begrea wh'g party, wl h t ei* thousands of worship pers. The wbtg leaders resolved the final slatigh'er of C sy, and, on the 27tb January, IMS, a meeting of the whig members of Congress was held in Washington. This nifctii g called a N'aliona N'om nat tig Cou'entiMi, to be held at Philadelphia on <he 7th of June. The rieiaocrats were called to meet in May as utual, at Baltimore. It ax fen bled on the 22d, Andrew S'evenron, of Virginia, in the chair. The New Yoik diOlcul'ies were then for the lira: time introduced into 'lis councils of the party. Toe friends of Mr. Van Buien, (now called softs,) were then denominated barnburners, and the friend* of Mr. C*ss (now transferred to Dickinson, and sailed hards,) were termed bunker*. AU tkexe terms are sens*ltM and arbi trary. Weaie unable to see any difference in prins'ple at present between these fac ions. The quarrel is oitnoly ote about the division of power and the spoils. The Con vention voted to admit both delegations, but both ("a. cllned to take part in the tliic unions or the votes. The two-thirds rule (268 whole rote) was adopted, and Mr. Cass was nrminated on tbe tourth ballot. General W. O. 1 luiler, of rennecfee, for Vics-l'resident. The Convention failed to restore harmouy to the party in New York, and Mr. Van Bur en's fri?nrt? took ground in favor of prohibiting slavery in territory to be acquired horeatter. A Conven tion was held at Utisa, N. Y., on the 'ill and 'J.".d of Jure, when Mr. \?u Buren wax nomintted 'or l'reiident and Henry Di dgo for \ ice Pre-ideut. Mr. Dodge nub.-e quently (June 2i>) JeoJltied, and a national convention w?s be'd at Buffalo in 1848, (August 0,) whan nearly all tfco free State" were represented, am! sotne prominent po ll icUna cf 1ho present time, inlcudicg the Collet ir of ?his port, (ilr. lUdfibld,) tbe Srn v**yor, (Mr. Cochrane,) and the Pcstmaj-'t r, (Mr. Fowler,) appeared and actcd with the # nils'* very, then call' 1 fiee soil p*rty. A feu org anti slavery platform was adopted, and ths Con v n'ii.n then put in nomination Mr. A an Burea and Mr. A'ams, (son of President J. Q, Adams.) This divided tl>e vote in New York, and defeated tbe democratic party. It Is liir to presume that had there be-n no National Convention to stir up tUi.< bad blood Mr. Cass | would have been elected ? the vote ot this State would bnve done it ? and the State would now have been in tbe bands of the democracy, who are now, as they always have eeeo, largely in the majority. By taking their quarrels up to Baltimore they weakened the party throughout the Cnion, and contributed more to its defeat than twenty battles ot Buera Vista. Tbe whig* met at Philadelphia on the 7th June, 1848, and held what is culled the "Slaughterhouse Conven tion." The political death oi Clay, Wcbeter and Scott bad leng been resolved upon? at least they were to be put cut of the way for that eampalgu. General Taylor was tbe man, and he was nominated by a ma jority vote on the third ballot. Mr. Webster's trienfs were so badly slaughtered that his can didate for the Vice Presidency (Mr. Abbott Lawrence, of Massachusetts,) could not have the second place on the ticket, which was given to Mr. Fillmore as a sop for the Northern gentimen*, General Taylor owning numerous taggers. The success of this ticket we fcave accounted for above. The democracy were early in the Bold in 1852 an<l the central oosamlttee (appointed for the purpose) blew the horn frtm Washington fcr the faithful gather at Bal timore cn the flrsl of June. Hon. John W. Davis, of In diana prc>id<d. There wa^ a tren-endous crowd if dele gates, and tbe old two-thirds rule was put on by a large vote. Its victim this time were Cass, Buchanan. Doug las, Sam Houston and Marcy. Kvsry .Stale, except 6ontk Carolina, was represented, and the number of de legate* was 288. The Conven- ion fat live days, most of which time was ? pent in ineffectual baliottings. On the UOih Virginia ctatged ftrcm Bushitnan, and gave fifteen votes to the hitherto unknown ntmo of Piorce. On the 4fHh ballot Mr. Pierce received all the votes but *ix, and was nomi nated upon a Htiong pro slavery platform. W. R. King, of Alsban a, was named secocd on the ticket. In order to preserve peace at future conventions, the following was adopted:? Voted, That the next Democratic National Convention be beld at Cincinnati, in the S ate of Obi 5. Voted, Thai in oonsti-utlng tbe future NaUonal Con vention, ir order to secure the respective ng?ti of the jta'c?, ench state shall be entitled to telie the numbor o' cel<-gatfs it ban fn the electoral colle^, and no more; wod'he democratic coramitu-e, in making arrangements for tlte next democaatic crnven loa, provide such num ber of neats and secure them for the delegates elect. Tbia is the rule for tbe Convention which is to be held in Cincinnati on the tint Monday of June next. It may be necessary to (?*?, that although South Caro lina has genera Iy omitted to send de'Cgates to the Demo cratic Conventions, the hart, with the exception above noted, given her electoral vote to the nominees of that party. The last Convention of the whig party met at Balti more cm the 10th .1 line, 1862. George Kvans, of Maine, presided. Webster and Fillmore died hard, but they finally were slaughtered cn the fifth day? fifty -third bal tut ? whftn Gtceral Scott waa nominated. Thin Convnu tii n was full? COfl delegates from all tbe State*. Oeneral Scott's j.latfoim did not materially differ from General Tierce's, but Scott being supported by the Sew?rdlten, was deserted by tlte natioral whig*, atd lierce walked over the course. In July, 1552, a Native Ameiican Convention was lmld at irentcn, New Jersey, by which Jacob Broom, of Penn sylvania, now a member cf Congress, was nominated for Pr?t id< nt on a sort of Know Nothing platform. lie reteived 2,485 votes in all. An abolition Convention ('called national) was held at Buffalo, t?ept. 1, 1852, under the call of James G. Birney, Geriitt Frrith and William Goc'ell. The last named per ?on was ntmii-ated for President, and teceived 72 votei in this State. At a Convention held in Georgia in the lunmer of 1862, C.M.Troup was nominated as a Southern States rights candidate for Pxesident. He recoived about 100 votes in Geoigla, and 2,0C0 in Alabama. The remnant of the Buffalo democracy, with some other remnants of vuriou* parties, met In Na'.ional Convention at Pittsburg, Augus t 11. The New Vork democracy being united on l'ierce, this Convention excited no attention. If put in nomination John P. Dale, of New Hampshire, and George W. Julian, of Indiana. They did not carry tbe electoral vote cf any State, bat teceired about 180,010 popular votes. El&ce 1812 there hare been several national conven tions so ealled. A great party bared npon the Know No thirg or native American Idea sprang up, and waa sac oessful. Nothing would do for It but to hold a cattcnal convention which met In Philadel phia in June, 1H?5. It adopted a plat foim which was not Fatisfastory to either section, and which caused the North to belt and bold a convention at Cincinnati in November of the same year. The princi pal business done by this last named body was endeavor irg to make arrangements tcget back with deeencytothe party from which it had bolted, and another C inven tion was ccnfequratly caL'ed, to meet at Philadelphia on the 18th of February last past, where the Kno\r Noth ing* cast off tbe old platform altogether and adopted a new cne, which don't mean anything in particular. On that they nominated for President Millard Fillmore, (wh'g,) for Viee President A. J. I>onelson, (democrat anc inheritor of Jacksen's sword.) This ticket baa n ot been received with any very dangerous amount of en tburiosm. The old free solleri>, with some accessions from the feward whigs, held a Convention at Pittsburg February 12. Tbey did not do anything bnt talk, in the most flood thirsty Runner, about rifles and revolers, and call a Nondcatipg Convention to meet at Philadelphia June 17. The Conventions to come off this year, so for as an nounced, are:? National Democratic Convention? Cincinua ', June 3. BoHer's Know Nothing Convention? New York, .lone 12. Nigger Wowhlppers '? Nation a'." Convection? Phila delphia, Jane 17. June wUl be a lively month. We have endeavored above to give a correct, succinct history of the caucus and convention systems in tbe I' tiled States, and to show to the people bow little they or their fathers have reailj bad to do with nominatlrg tbe Ch'el Magistrates of the republic. Br w much longer will three or four million* of voters Cfn'ett to be ] af-sive Instruments in the hands of a little c"t'iu? ol dt ?> guing peUUciaoi. Yin hope -voa '?) t m convention sjs-tem f*ll bi utterly a< it* corrupt progen! t<r, tbe caucua humbug. I*, t the electors of each Stste name the;r ?u?n. Tiers wovld be to difficulty ab.?nt ?grMiBg on the beet man, If tli* people had something to do with it. >ow, the poUiciAha pick ">ut the wont. Tur Sew ctijr tlail, The special eornnilttoe of the Board or AMermea to whom waa referred the adoption of a ?ultab> plan tor a new City Hail, held their first meeting (a ieUvv? to the Btitjeot yeeterday afternoon, at No. 8 City Hall, fht?re *m a fall attendance of the committee pro .en , tognitt-r with quite a numerous assembling ol part ten by whim d.fferent pauH have been heretofore subratttel to the Common Council. Thin subject, an if well known, h%* been lying dormant in tha hauls of the Common Coun cil for nearly a year. The ewe nov stands aa follow*:? In the early part a1, last sprng the C.inmlMee on Ttepulia nod Supplies of the Councllmen, before whom the selection of a plan for a ni w Cl'y Ball wis under con- iteration, aftw an inde finite nv.uiber of meetings aid listcnitg to tedious explan ation* of nearly an equally indefinite number of plans, imported in favor of u.e plan submUt'd by Messrs Uilbert, Jackson and ttuart, the building to oe ertctf j adjoliing the piesent City Ball. Tula report ? aa adopted by the Councilmen. The Bxrd of A'dermen ccmur:eo m locality, tut took no farther aotlon last j ??*!'. The subject, upon be lig brought before the p-e sent Iks.nl this > ear, ?as re'erred some, two w<teks since to a special committee. This committee aa amounced abo held their first meet uz yesterday. The Chairman. Alderman Vmuas. state t the intention of the coainitte* to examine caretulir and minutely the vsiicus plana that had otcn laid before the other Board unuer the legulatii us ? t the pieyiou* Irrespective of the acuon of this Board they should aim to decide up< v that p an which, iu their view, best met the wishes and iiHtcsiu m ol tne city at targe. i'ho plans of Mei'Sro. ("iifcpit, Jacluon avl Stuart, of Trimble, o ,-chuyler and Boiton, ol Martin t!. Tnompson and the Buck mars were separately takeu up yesteruay anc the opim nr of the various members of the commit ee expressed in leUuon thereto. A description ol all the*e pltus has been given at length in the 1I>.uam>. Tne plan of lie Hiiokctaus, howurer, nu? a t uotun iho Cuuaeil mm la*t y?er, baring be?u submitted too late. Tue com n.ittee aojourned to fcaturrtay afternoon, wnen ih?y will rnfer into a further examination of plant and sj.ejiflca ticn*. Board ot lea Uovcrnor*. The Board met at 4 P. M. Absent, Washington Smith and Jc*. S. Taylor. INCREASE OF SAIANtKH. After the trai -action ot a latge n'aantlty of unimpor tant niifcellareotti business, Mr. TriatAX.v, of the Committee on Salaries, made the following report: ? 'Ihe 1'omc.ittee on Salaries, to whim was referred die va rious applications tor increase ot salaries, leapecttully report? that tbej have had a number of meetings, aid uOut hear Wic ihe lesflaof 'lieseveral Department*, and giving the aut> ject a carefir consideration, tubjnlt for die action ol the Board the tollowlr.g change otfaliirie*:? BV.I.1.K', UK UOSFlTAt,. John Wlrg, engineer, from iisfillio 9700, he to board him set, UicieaH) (150 Klcho a> Horrmki. f.om 95 per mon h to 910, and board pc month increase GO Two catekeei era, trom 92oU eacn to 95 per month and boaid, iucif.asc 60 Total iccieaae 9270 rK.viTKxrisitr iiosfiti/. The resident pliyaic:an, Dr. Sanger, lrom f 1 ,'.1)0 to |1,CO0, lncreafe 9300 J. Atliiaon, apothecary, from 9Kt> to tow, increase <>4 Tctal inetease 9304 OrrlCK JMi OVTOOOU 1-OtlK. Bam K Spoil man, to ce 91,500 inatead ot 9I.2C0, as now Increased 9200 Geo. K id.t'ort, to be 9900 lustwid of 9800, as now In Cleaved 100 Jon ftii-tirath to he flXX) ti stead cf fcOH, as now tccreaed.. lllO .latter QiiBC'ibnbush.to be 9WW instea<l < l 9800, increase . 100 Jnmes Murahali, lo be 9900 instead of (SCO, ini ruaae 100 Total lr.creftse cn s&'arles. 9660 In tto city orisons your t:ommltU'e wouldVeroimnend that the salaries cf the night watch, Mark irisley and 'l h< a. l.auyli.iu, bo Increased from 9 US lo 9ti00, increase 9350 Mrs. F. Foa'er, tratron, lrom 940o to $450, lLer?-aM) 50 M'^-s 1.. riitips, night aiati on, from 9230 iu 9,'SOO, Increase.. 50 Tctal 94C0 FEMTCM1AUY. Joim Litch, warden from 91 200 :o 91 ,r>00, increase 9300 1!:ii carpuiu r?, thi.eu.iXero, blacasmliha,'! wo quarry luas lei ?, m'lK n:., stonecutter, n nd e-ginccr, from 9670 oarh to ffoo, Increase NO Drputj warcen, from 97 r>0 to 9^KI, increase 50 hineteen teeners cuatds.gitarders, 4c irotn 1000 each to 9< Cx', increase "i70 1 hg mution, from 9l'>00 to >44*0, iscruaao 100 Total Increase 91,2ti0 lie Comorlttee would reccmmend tbai Mr. TlicodoieC'. f iiiwlboli bs placed on a salary of 91W, decrease 9250 ALMSIIODSK. K. T. ?imptou enijiriecr ttvm ftUki to IT00, increase $100 Mi7? I'cat^n, mhtroii. from 9>:20 to 9100 Increase Hi) Kate Fyn. from 92*0 to 9.SC0. lnc-*eu;e 20 Miirrftxet Keating trcm 9100 to 9123, Inoi ease 2i Total ltici-en.-e 9275 In tip Workhouto that tae carpenters, rtenwi.'ri, <juarry uaslcis ana nia*oag salaries be ilxed at #700 each, Inert aw (190 On the reotmmen elation of ibe Wwtl?n, A. 1). Ke.iton b? up pouted a.atterrua&on, which duty be has performed sluce his fttipnintnipnt an keeper. 12 ioeucia. iocludiii# u>e engineer, IromfCOo ea -h to $&'!0. itr-miae ftiriO V Lrst assistant matron, Mis* iteli, from $J0<J U> #300, inc... . SO Total increa?e #000 U7SATIC \SYLUM. Tour t i mmluee are n opinion th*t any aridit'onal permanent aedicai otiicer* are not neceseary at itiui time, and recouima d thai the engineer be increases from $o:ifl to l<>. ;o, increase. >100 Iwo watchmcn be tiled at $100 ench and board 00 Oecrease $15 K'i/a, steoud assistant mat ion, from $20410 $250, iuoroase. 4<; Total decrease $U On KanOall's Island, jour Committee would rncommind ihat ore keeper bo dispensed wilh decrease (000 lhe oihtr kecpeis and formers be increased fn>m$5l'0to ItvO ar.dhea d themselves, Increase 260 Tie caidtner to *~e increased $50. Mr. hiplev from $000 to $000, increase 100 J. Vtrceinotl, boatswain, from f 'mV to $000; Increaie $1(10 Mrs. Ilrown matron, to be $370; increase 20 Five assistant matroi. i from $J00 each to $.100: increase, 200 Mr. Webb, keeper Utty Cemetery, from $000 to $590; increase SO Total no Less one keeper 300 Kct increase $110 Sularin. OfUce ?nd cut door poor City prison Peniiertiary hospital Penitential y Alathonse WoiUitute i.unetle \sjliim Mandall's lslatd Total. Total hieres?e $3,K86 All ot which ii reeveetfnllv submitted, and the Committee beg to olt'er for adeptwo the folio* 1ok resolution: - llesclred, That hereafter all apt) xailou lor increase of sa la ties. If tot granttd by the Bo*' J, tie sit mUou to be cousi deicd vacant, and the necessary steps ciken u> AH the aamo. I)??llt[, F 1 f KM A?W, i I84AC. J. OL1VKB, [ Committee. ISAAC TOWW8F.NO, S On th^ an exciting and p??onal debate arose, but the report and accompanying resolution were even tnally carrte< -titer amercing it ?<> as to increase the salaries of the wtii. <n +o $1,500 per year and a'l the keeper.-. $60 extra. Tin- ice eased compensation to take effect on Aptli 1st. Adjourned. WKUKIT HTAITMTOT. Tie return f rem the sevrral wardens show that there aie o.Gol persons now in the Institutions, bein? a de crease o( of? since last week. I'tvrirg the week 1,1S0 hare been admitted, 111 died, 1,080 discharged, W sent to Pmilentlary and 6 to State prison. The Late Lileatcnant U, Hunter* TO TOR BDITOK OF THK HERALD. Yon are usually so oorrect in any historical statement that I was surprised in reacing your obituary on the late Iicut. Hunter, to see that you had bllen tnta error in relation to certain even's so recent as the Mexican war. Yoa ? ay 1 'The squadron under the command of Commodore 1'erry bad twice retired from Alvarado." You will find by examination that Alrarado never was attacked but onoe, and that was by an expedition led by Com. Conner in person and not by Com. Perry, and the expedition would then have succeeded, but for a mishap *Uich grounded more than or.o-half of his attacking forces on the bar of the tivar, and the unexpected setting in < f a "norther" which compelled the veinels to haul off for safety. With reference to the surrender of Alvarads in March, 1847, to the gallant otiicer for whose memory tne highest rofpi'ct is entertained f. r tiie many noble qualities ho was pothcesed of, you ate again in error. UeuV H utter led away by his ardent nM tire, disobeyed the specific order of his CoTnmauder-ln-Cuef, for wh'uh high military offence be was brought to t court martial at Anton Lizardo Iloads. The court did not'-ac|ult" btm. but sentenced hiro to reprimand nnd dismissal from the squadron, which sentence was approved and carried lrto execution. The question does not anso as to the corrcctncss of the court's decision, or whether tb" Com niander-'n-Chiefwas unnecessary severe In carrying out the sentence, bat the facts you will find to bo as Is herein stated. Again, Jieut Hunter h id not resided of "late yearn" in Newport, k. I., but in tlit? city. w? Nkw York, March 7, 18ot>. V e give the atarve on the p'ea of hearing both ddetf. Lieut.. Hunter was found gnilty, but the "outaide pres sure" restored him to the nary soon after. IS p'ey '<i In ter estirg Idhtory confirms most of tte statements mad ? by us. ' ? ' ' No Mow Birmur Mails.? The Sunday m?il trains on the Il-cun FJrer Rallroal have beoa '.use -1 titut 1, ' lUIIti* at Cut tic OniMtiv. j EVIDBROK Of TBI C1HH1HK- KMIOftAN'Sb' TI8T1MAM f ! OP AMOUNTS CHAHOKP FOR BKIOK ?MT TlOKBTtt WEST ? COMMliteiONKB &AHKIOOK PBOTBMH I AdAlSbT Utdsa AAAJil: ,Lt>? t.JL?mNA.Tl(*t VLO SAW, The special committee of the Board of Councutaea, Mr. .-?aiith, chnirmxa. to whom w*j> referred inquiry ut to Um treatment of emigrant* at Castle Garden by the Coaeafc fiooere of' Emigration, held a.i auj. n.r.ed meeting yea tar - day a) 2 P. X . at the chamber e' the Board, laere ?m quite a huge attendance ptecent. Mr. K. J. Cuf.enden wua tirst ewers, and testified that ha ?u ccrthier at Csstle Garden, oa: lad charge of ail money* reaeived. W; ec tickets ate s./d Vo emigrant* far transportation on the different railroad aad gteem boat Jire.f he paiO ti? money over to the vanoue iwai|> tie* upcn uhoee liur* ttetlcmt- warebocght; he reeervad twenty per cer,5 of thi>amou?t; tbU <u a woe vm<1 to de fray the txpenH-ea t the harden' the aiaeun* thaa rewlwd he could not e?r?? since i lie .opening of > he Gardeo ; It might tot t-e #10, V00, aci it iicght LrSlt.OW; it waa not enough to pa; tbe e:.tien8e-i at the U?rueu,' the em 1 en? ts It elude ja.'-of employs, cxe<?ptl?j the regutet* unddcctois, rente? Garde.i wan etoluB-re tae latwrow anc attaches, Uc.ui.1ag clerk* , wtigaets. luJerpretere and police officers, were between Si y ?nj r-ixty man all toid; John A. Kennedy a-Je<i as pwi-etitl napurioleadeflt; ha look* il to him tor all orders, others Ci innuitt meri W tiled tbe Garien. but jave no orders; none uf the Coat nimtor.nra received anrsa.ary iteat he was awa-re of- ha hail not jald any; he does not knoir any oi tiiet-om missdot.ers or itbet* no loilitrg enigrati'i io ge by car tain routes; no railroad that he *a? awira of had m?a slaiioned al the Garden > look aftsr the -Merest rTtaeir pHrucuia' l'ne; tlia twenty per c rw: re%rrnd to in alaa takr o Itom the baggage und luggage of emigrantn; Thurlow Ween, to his kir?wledge, tutH no interest is fasti* Bardi-o; a broker bought their fonlfro n?Mf; he allowed from twenty-two to twenty four cents for tm Erg.ish shilling: for Pruasian iniiars he has a (to wad from six'y six to sifniy rente; for a Freu ?h twenty frai'C pie< e he allowed *ii 8i , !k> ha* recefred from 964 to $~,o pres iuni per month on fwelgn coin: tite m?j >rity of money bought was American co'a; a !arge aawbar brought exchange on New York - be coul<3 njt atato t toe total amount of t.>rt"gn coin roctired; emigrants are al ways a eked how EDucft money ttey have; ?% lurtliing bad ntver bem ebargsd to em-g-a^ts for sale of drafts in their tos eesion, he waa hintelf 'a the employ of differ eat railroad companies and the Cjtutnisaioaere combined, the Ene Rail:?ad, tbe New York &ntial ItaMread, Use Hud on Birer Ksilroad ? :.d the Pennsylvania Central Kallroad were the roads they sunt emigrants upon; be bad nothing to do with sen ing tbeemigranta; two men? Robert Wect/.el an 1 John -hjrts ? were the parties liar in.X thin in rbarge: Mr Corning. Preetdent of tn? New York fen t ml lOiilrcud inf irired him ot hia apjinlnt iissit a* cai-liier at C'aatle tiaiden, with the consent' ?f tha Com mirkioseis ot Hn.ii.'rn ion; pas'oogais are aloaoat equally dlvu'ed by the" Vjip Kmtrcad and the Hadaaa River and New York Central roads; it waa fought, he be lieved. to make the travel about equal between thaaa r'ads. Mr. Cruttenden was su ejected to a 1 jagtaroae eTtmtnatirn, but nothing important additional U Um above was elicited. ? Frederick Hontelmer, a German emigrant, was Md swrrn, thtocgh ?n interpreter, and tentilied tnat he ar rived in New York on the 4th ot March; he *a? lan0wl at Ceetie (Jar den, and whs a?Ved where he wai g^tag and bow much money he bad. A ticket was shown, which witness stated wf . given to bint at Castle Cardan, as ? psseegc ticket to Cresline, i?blo: he paid for the ticket $7, arc $2 25 ft r extra btipirego he hu<l but fifty p^uoda of baggage; he went out ot tbe Garden and was lnduoaA to go io an emigrant bi aiding hotu-e ; he did not have to ehow bis ticket before go log out of the Garden ; he saw in tbe paper ? the New York Orynoln-at ? tn*t he had paid mote tor hU ticket thtn was charged oiuide the Ga*cMa; the price there given was $ 6 41 to Cresltne, on the Pena avlva&ia Central xoad, he theu went toCa.?t.eUardea aad showed the difference in tbe priee to the man lie boagbt the ticket of; the answer he received was, " He did not care for the papers;" he then a?k*df) have the diffeteaoa paid back to bitn, but was refused; the man niso refaaed to take tbe ticket back and return him the money he had paid. l!r. Rudolph Ganlgue, oae o? the Cammisxionera at I'inigr?lion, was next ca.lle-1, but uoon being asked to b* nworo, gave his refusal, and ?i an explanation of hia rat eon*, e nVmitted the following written explanation to tbe committee' ? to tiic sn;i ul com a irr ra ox casti.^ c tuoax or tbe commit council, ov TttK rrrv or ?it'* tork. Gr.sTixMK>? Having be nt>erve<J with a second sub ixvam to appeal- cetore 30U for exatninaooa, 1 beg leavs raspecitullr to sia'e that 1 must decline to submit to an; examlnaUia aat the tiart of jour eomml tee, or on * other n.mtniuee of tk? ComiDLn Council, relative to my official du'les In Uastla tlar dm ur elrewhere simply because I deem it imoroper, a* a State officer, to beqntsttoried by a local commUtee. Tbe ? eminivkmera. of whom 1 em one, havo frankly aad cordially responded :o tho tall ot tbe Senate <ommtiiee. wtw have bnt luteli rtpoited to the eenate upon the very suttjieea wli.oh eurms at pr sent to < n?ase your at cntioo. 'iheT wtd ?0 snsgvn wheue'er the fu?te l.etnsiature may aee tit to tn siicu'e netv lnquirieir But I believe that 1 do not differ to opinion wltb %ny of mr col eaguer in holatiu It improper, as a State ollii er, to ana" t:r acy ii.qulrie? 1 f a local cuinmlt'ee. Wbii.'t. Iherpfore, I am vi-iy (lesoous ihat accurate inf. ?rnjulosi about Cs?'> Garden stiou d be spread before '.he public, aad wbllst I slouM laibfr ecroura^o ilian dissuade no; oi tee era ? ploy<? of t. ast'e Garden wlirm you nugh send for to appear and .-av ?)j ihey ) new about Ibal beceficent institution f mad respectfully decline answering ar.? .|uestiot> ot vonroomnHt tee mj self. Kl'iiOLi'ii GaBKIUCH, Commifslnnarof Kmigratiea. Andrew Kleigel. another German emigrant, waa next sworn, and corroborated the testimony if the prevtoon emigrant vitnesi'. He bought a tic*tt a*, tr.e ?&<n? plaoa, and *aa chtrgcd the same price ($T); he hac to pa p %'l 55 for eighty pounds of luggage over the amount al lowed. Mr. ?mltk, the chairman, here staffed that all that wm necessaiy to show robber j 1 f the emigrants by the Oom misaioiiers of Enji^ratit n had been provea by the eeal grant wtlnessts just called, lie was wil ing, upon tha evidence thus recaived to ci re tbe testimony, and pre pare their report for sueei'y presentation to the Board, against further power er existence of the fouuni->8ioaeiw of Migration and usurpation of Castle Garden. This was acquiesced in by the other membera of tha Committee, and the testimony declared closet. Broadway Hallnwd> Tlie following is a copy of a bill now before our I.agta lature:? As act to ecntinn the proceeding* of th* Cirnvra Council of the city of New York relative to a railroad iii Btoadway and other gti eets of Raid city. The people of the State of New York, represented la Senate and Assembly, do enact aa follows:? Sectiin 1. The resolution passed by the two B>ard* at the C\.ir, mon Council of the city ot New York, t*it tiaal action on which in said Common t'onncil. ?u had aa about the oCth day of December, one thonaand eight hundred and fifty -two, fiviig the autbo/lty aad oooseot or caid Con.mon Council to Jacoa Sharp and o her a to lay ariiuble track for a railway in B oadaay and Wni ebak or S ate afreet, frrm th? South ferry to >irty ninth atreat, in said city, and also the ' eat er to continue the sam*, from tin-e to time, along the BijcmingJale road to Hash* ten nll?. as provided in said resolution, is hereby rauftad. confirmed and establt-hed. and shall be held In all aoarta and placet! to be legally valid and efl'estual to all lntevta ami purpose* and the caid Jacob '.-harp and other* nasal in the paid reaclutiun. ih' ir MMMlfttM or asnigns m hereby authorized to construct, complete, extend and nse sueh railway in and through the i-treeu aa4 road aforesaid until oth* raise provided by act of the Legislature, or uutil the right shall oaaaa and termirate accordirg to the provitiens of the s*c ad section of this act, totwiihstaudlEg any objecriw or ground of objection heretofore existing, or any actios crmmenced or in junrtion issued cr adjudication had to the costrai7; nothing herein con ainel shall be construed as impairing or intending to impair in aDy tnaaner tba obligation of any contract. Pve. 'i. Fernando Wood, Cornelius TV. I.awience. Jama* Harper, Jaoob A. We?teivelt, i-tephen Whl ney, William Kent, l'.dwln D. Morgan. Cyrus Curtis, Isaac 0. Barker, and Beijamin Y. PincLnej, ar? hereby constituted ? Board of Oc mmisMorers. wi'h pottar to decide as here in - after provided, on the eftect cf the said railway up:>a tha interift-i of the public, and of the owners of real estata lytrg along the route thereof. If at the expiration of mm year from and atter the time whenth* said rail war shaB be completed, the said commissioners, or a majority dt them, fthall file with the Becre ary of 8 tat* a certillcata in writing that they baic examined into the working aad effect of the Mid lailway. and that in their judgment it has proved injurious to the a'oreaaid interest*, t he right to us* said railway shall than and from theooef vrth seaaa and determine, and thin a*tst)ell becomo null and v, id; otberwir* the name sbail continue as afore rail. Vacua - eies in said Beard by death, resignation, or a'Jierwiae, shall be tilled by the Governor. Sec. J. The raid grantees or their assign* shall grow* a space fourteen feet wide through that (art of the car riage way of Broadway laid with Kuse or block pave neat, or si all pave such space with rough stone, mailt afford a -life footirg to horsea. Sec. 4. This act rhall take efTect immediately. (Htltaary. DEATH Or CAPf AfN ItAgXR. The funeral of Capt. Ki.isiu Pi ink Baksr one of the oid ost New Jersey pilot*, and on* of the originator* of that eorpe, tock place from his late residence in Brooklyn, y** erday afternoon. flls death ocsurred on Saturday but, after an illcesa of five weeks. The flags of the pilot boat* n the harbor were displayed at half mast during the cay, in ie*pect to his memory. Tas funeral vas largely attended, and many o ' the pilots were present. Uts re mains were taken to (ireenwood Cemetery. CapV Bakar was an experienced and skilfal man in hifl profetnlon, and the sbipplrg merchants of New York, wiih wiom he cam* In contact more often than with ani ether emu oi the community, regarded him with the highest esisana and confidence. In his private life he waa a man rea^aet ed by all who knew h'm. By his death the important profession to which he belonged loses om of itamoat in fluentlal members. Mr. Jamh Tt XM*. Hen., In tfce ninety-eighth year o< his age, a soldier of th* Revolutionary war.wao fought at Briar Croek and Guilford Court fibas*, waa taken pruonir, and for several mt nths kept o> board a prison ship, oiad in Alaiuance county, N. C., on th* 13th ult. Mr OriMOt Guxim, a ^evolutionary panaUnMV, 41*4 in Northboro', Ma.,s.. Febu *.5th, at th* advanced ag* n| M yer.rs . Mr. Glacier entered the amy at tha ag* nf ilalisa. ar d served tx New J?ntey, Unode la' and and af#i*t IV int. He lea ree ei*ht oklldrnc, thirty si* grvnd chtl dren, eighty on* great , grk id cbtUrta, tgv jrtci otuira.