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NEW YORK HERALD.
div R? tOHOOM BEV1E1T, l-HOl'KJiTOR A.SO EDITOR. cb s. w. cobnkr of Nassau axd icltom sts. TJLM UN aut'i in JHAI D ill. V HERALD, 2 VU4 wr $7 >er imam. TUE M kkKL V HtuH.tLIt, *orr y M'lnkw, >W(>V l>* w #3 J** umhiii ; tA Kurupmn p*~r "HnuiH. t'l aau f*irtq/ (m* Hriioii ur t4vu <*?y lAt MA ? ?nr?w<< vvMuur. , VOLUSTikY COKRESPO WDESCB, ataMwinf imjMrt mad nriri, mMiritmi ir<-? -n* < pmtrts-r uf (V i?l uil (a l$kmlty puttl far. <icu Cokkwii iJnuuieMtiiiuKjrr* uta P AHTlll LAkL* KLuCHM 1 1 TO SkAL ALL LATTBHS Lll) PaCK mw hr.NT int. MO NUTK'E tu/?% <j iwi. wwetwheeUofM. li'? .Jo ?rt fHuro (Aom' rrjf-Udi. JOH PklNTlSa mnc* t*d ?cith ami ii?? hM. 4DVEJI TlSr.MFS TS .in*. Wfelwrao Ho. 71 AWVFEXEKTS THIS EVENING. A0ADKH\ OK XVSTC, ftwttMlk t reet ? IlThovatobb. ?AOADWAT THPiTR?, B-oadxay ? Cataract Or rue OiJOi BTlBLO a GARiiHN, Brofc.. w i?y ? K h, ara -The Eli Kiso, ?a *1 TILTH AMD POVIUTY. BPHIO* S THEATRE. Cn?nih?ni tu-eM?TICLriMi Hasda ? i.ii) Ilu Skvu Girrsu Slav as is. UAITRA mm VaRIETIRP, Bread* ay? Two Lotm H? A hOYLLT*. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Brwwiway ? Hkik ai L w ? Thb ??AKi)l!?0 (BOOL. MOAPWaY VAAIE?l?M, 472 Uroad w*t- Bla. ri Eitbd - ROLuH DlAJlCM> -B? Hit. ,'l l l.MLf: Coulwos. WOOD S MINSTREL?. 444 Broadway-EimiOriAJl Pbk k.M -tb? M^hiCki. idl Ball. BWGKI.EV BORI.ESV' E OPKR A HOIT1B, ?39 Bread war? Nlobo MLN?r:.-j"i -Cock* or It t Bin,. OADW AY ATHBV.ET*, i'A Broaiway? Pasobamic JI' CBl>A AMI) jAJ'A.f. ??w YorJa. A\ ? <ln?*d?>'. Mu rh 14, 18.36. The .Hewn, The first State election ot' the Presidential year took place iu New Hampshire yesterday. The )>ur lal returns we havqgpcceivcd indicate , that the democrats have nearly, if not completely, re estals fehed themselves in power in the < Jranite State. This result is of vast importance, in view of its re mote effect apon the ensuing Presidential campaign. The steamship Arabia, from Liverpool 1st in-t., tuul not arrived at Halifax up to a late hour last night. In the United States Senate yesterday the Com mittee on Naval Affairs requested power tJ send for persons and papers, to facilitate their investigation ?f the action of the Naval Retiring Board, but after some conversation the subject was laiii aside. The bill appropriating three million dollars for the im provement cf the military de.enees of the nation was then taken up, when Mr. Brown gave his views of the interpretation of the Clayton-Brdwer trea'y. He regarded Knpland's construction of the treaty as a palpable violation of common s-en^e. He was oj> jtosed to arbitration, as we coi Id not expect justice from crowned heads. In the House a bill was in troduced enabling Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois to improve the navi gation of the Ohio river, and granting lands iu aid thereof. It was referred to a select committee of seven. The Kansas election ca.->e was then discussed by Messrs. Stephens and Dunn. An attempt will he made to-morrow to bring the question to a vote. The proceedings of the Legislature yesterday were devoid of general interest. The Know Nothing State Convention of Rhode Wand assembled at Providence yesterday. The present incumbents of State offices wore nominated lor re-election. The Board of Ten Governors lias had an attack of the salary rai.-ing mania that just now is affecting most legislative bodies. They resolved to increase the compensation of the warden*, matrons, keepers, physicians and assistants in their employ, in sams varying from *50 to J'i.'O jier annum. The total addition from this cause will be over to ,000 per year. In view of the fac t that the expense of the Almshouse department last year wa- over $*00,000 (vide Comptroller's report), it would look much better if the Governors paid more attention to retrenchment, and less to the- increase of their txpenditure*. We give elsewhere the closing testimony taken yesterday ><efore the Couneilmcn Commiitee ap pointed to investigate into tlie abuses alleged to be practised upon emigrants at Castle Garden by the Commissioners of Emigration. It will be seen that the cashier at Castle Garden denie* fraud upon emigrants in purchasing their foreign coin, and also in making sale of drafts entrnated to the Commis sioners of Emigration. Two emigrants, just arriv ed, testified to excess of charge for passage tickets West, over the atuonut charged by ttie leading rail road companies. Commissioner < iarrigue sent in a protest refusing to be questioned by the committee. We give to-day General Ward's report on the con dition of the Mate arsenals. As the subject of the removal of the arsenal from the Central Park has has been warmly agitated of late, this n port will lie read with interest. Our correspondent at Belize, Honduras, writing on Febrnary 7, states that the reading of the message of President Picrce to Congress caused a good deal of excitement and a very large amount of political speculation in the colony. England, instead of at *11 abating her claim- or receding from her position in the liay I-ljii.l- and Mosquito protectorate, was quietly v. i "'hening her foothold on the territory. The leiii?latiTe -e*-lon had commtnced. The territory was ofli? ially represented as in a thriving condition, "but, in rea'ity, the mas-" of the people were wretch i'dly off for want of general employment. It -vas proposed to tax rum and sugar. Cochineal and in digo were scap e and firm in the market. Sarsapa rilla dearer. Provisions ruled very high. The river at Halt! more was again closed by ice yesterday and navigation suspended. The ice lioat, however, was at work, and the obstruction will prooably be removed in a day or t-.vo. !.ate New Orleans papers contain long articles in regard to the lately discovered defalcation of the City Treasurer, Col. William H. Garland, but the amount of bis depredations is not known. One paper says thoy will not fall short of $l.')0,O0o ixit that the city has probably suffered, during bis eicht years of office to the extent of at least a million of dollars. Col. Garland has been imprisoned in default of bail. Proceedings have teen taken by the city to oVain possession of all the property owned or supposed to be owned by liim.as some security for his alleged defalcations. A portion of the press of New Orleans arc endea voring to make political capital out of the affair, by using it as a pretext for a- ailing the Know No thing party. It appear* , however , that Col. Gar land was not at the time of his nomination for of lite a member of the Order. The sales of cotton yesterday embraced aU>ut 1 .000 bales, in lots, including portions in transitu based upon middling Uplands at about !>Jc. a 10c. Dealers were disposed to await the receipt of later foreign news, l'loni was in moderate demand, and the market dosed easier for common and me dium grides. Wheat was quiet. Prime lots were not pressing, and were firmly held at prices above the view of bii)er-. Corn was easier, with fair sales, ranging from ff#c. to 7oc. for all kinds. I'ork was inactive, with moderate -ales ?f mess at ' l."? 7o. A cargo of Rio coffee, per bark J. A. Hazard, was sold at 1 1 e., which, with the auction sale of bags on the 7th in?t., foots up about 12,000 disposed of in this market within a week, which, at f'-'O per >'?g, would amount to the unm of ?2j0,000. These sales ]?rove the value ol our custom to Ilrazil. fsngars were without animation, with more offering. The sales embraced 200 a 300 hhds. Cuba, at rates given in another column. Molasses wits also easier, with fair sales. Freights to Liverpool were firmer, and about 20,000 bushel" of grain were engaged at *t Md. in bulk. and ''d. in ship's bag*. 1%e CanT'entlM system? Wfce* it lM HwtH (le d and Wuom It hu RcwuM. We e'ire in another part of this papar a com plete history ot the rise, progress and and par ti '?1 decline of the cancua and convention bjb iem of this country. This ia the record of the politicians? the mere results of the manoeuvre* in the counties, States, and on the broader field of the Union. The essential doctrines of the f-jsum are embodied in that expressive woid, selfisbneBB; though its evils have a wider range, and its fruits are borne far out of the fields of politics. Its object is to obtain the control of State and national administrations, without trusting to the equivocal sanctions of popnlar favor. It is in the nature of an in vention to secure a President and executive otlicts by a short cut, evading all the land marks of the constitution, and practically set ting aside the principles upon which the gov ernment was lorn ltd. It is a scheme by wlii.h political control can be secured to the lew, by the apparent legal sanction of the ma ay. Under it thcNix.no WousuippjatBinay, by asys tern of adroit management, though held ia a contempt an sovereign as tno popular mind it self, may secure the possession of the Preai il jucy. In fact, it vu devised to give rogues the ascendency in the States and in the nation, and practically to cheat the people of the country out of their political rights. It would be folly to pretend that this sys tem has worked in all parts of the country alike. It had its origin in the brain of some sharp political inventor, and has been adopted as it happened to meet the views and policy of ambitious men. Gen. Jackson was promoted under its nominal auspices; but, in reality, it was not made applicable at all to him, except as a means of procuring its sanc tion, and to build it up for the uses of the New York politicians who were to follow him. The caucus system had grown into a monstneus evil, and had been generally denounced. The people determined to place General Jackson into the Presidential chair. Mr. Van Buren saw thip. and, with his usual sagacity, organ ized the present plan of conventions, avowing everj where a purpose to place the Old llero in nomination. I'y this cunning movement In was able to procure lor his schemo popular en dorsement. The end of General Jackson's ad ministration was the point at which he really commenced operating the entire machinery lor purely selfish and party ends. That which had spoken the vehement voice of the nation in be half of a glorious old patriot, was now made to whisper cabalistic watchwords in every town, county and State of the Union, and to seal the political doom o!' many an honest man. Has the public grown fretful and discour aged at the sacrificc of great and the promo tion of small men? Let it turn its eyes to the history ol party conventions lor the last twenty years, and find it all explained. Mr. Van Bu ren rose to the Presidency, and that act of po litical prostitution on the part of the nation was enough itself to pave the way for a dozen Presidents, whose aims reached no higher than to l>e able to farm out the executive oflices to those who had been the most faithful engineers in the service of party. Did it require talents, high, patriotic, disinterested purposes on the part of aspirants? Did it exact experience and eminent services, unimpeachable integrity and virtue ? Was it necessary to be more than a good manager, to have attained the moral distinction of ''honor amongst thieves" to generate in the bosoms of our public men strong comietions of Presidential fitness? We had fifty good politicians to one man of talent?, experience and public virtue. By the convention Fystein, it was the fifty that ruled and the one that was sacrificed. The moral of the device was this, that great and good men could not be trusted: and on the plan of operations adopted, it was strictly so. There was a broad and impassable gulf between the two classes, and the elevation of the one was the signal lor the decline of the other. Hence we may read the public mystery that Clinton. Clay. Caihoun, Wright, Webetsr, Cass, Bu chanan and many other:- have given way to Van Burcn. Harrison, Taylor, and even to Mr. Tierce. Where else ehall we go to solve this comedy of errors, this apparently chronic injustice ol our people, but to the conventions acd their fruits of lolly everywhere ripening in our political fields The Presidency of the nation has grown into a place? reduced to an cilice? bounded by what it can be made to con fer upon its incumbent and the entrenchcd camp of spoilsmen and placemen by which it is iurrounded. The first lesson to be learned in this order is to find an available, instrumental and subser vient candidate ? the less known the surer con trolled and palmed off on the people as their wieest representative. The policy is to select one with the fewest friends and the narrowest experience; for this gives the rising politicians a new deal of the cards, and enables them to steer clear of popular shoals and quicksand.*. It was thus that Van Euren, Harrison. Taylor, and that whited sepulchre of de mocratic hopes, Mr. Pierce, were present ed to the people as candidates tor the fi rat office of the republic. They were the cr v tioas of the convention system ? manulac'ur ?<! Pre.1 'dents. As citizens and officers per!' ?ru ing duties In the proper place, they were caj t ble. if not able servants: but us the executive bead of the nation, surrounded by statesmen oi the highest attainments, they did little m-'p than impeach the wisdom of the popular m ,1 of the country and prove the fallacy of popu lar government. Those, however, who have been able to see the elaborate ma'ibio' ry by which they were presented to the electors, leav ing the latter the alternative of rebellion against party or submission to itc usurpations, will credit the federal system with uncommon virtues in being able to withstand Buch an as sault upon its principles. It is only an ex crescence upon the bo?iy politic, which a little exercise will restore to its wonted health. It is indeed remarkable, after witnessing the utter abortion of the last labors of party in the election of Mr. Pierce, the selection of his Cabinet by geographical lines, the falsilica tion of bis promises, the contemptible failure ol his administration, to say nothing of his character as a man and his position as a magis trate, that another national convention is tole rated by the people. Is it a mean* of securing unity ol action.' At what price and for what end ? May not the States be trusted to desig nate their favorite candidates? May not the people speak except through the organs of party" If they require information concern ing our public men. have we not a press which utters its daily instalments of biography' ?which enables every public man to speak for himself* Do the convention." go amongst statesmen for their Candida tee? Do they select < individuals pre-eminent for learning, patriot iem and fidelity to the publio service? Do they discourage and repress demagogue ism? Do they encourage and endorse high qualifica tions and long and faithful devotion to the constitution and the Union? If such be the practical effect of the convention system, it is an adjunct of the people?an element of repre sentative government? and its fruits ought duw to be scattered broadcast over the coun try. But instead of this, we witness the de moralization of American politics ? the conver sion of the Executive Department into an office for the distribution of the loaves and fishes? "i he spoils of the vanquished.'' Tbia luteful uaAim bas grown into a law, which iaenlbrced with all the rigcr of tyranny and all the heart leseuesB of war. Did the fathers of the repub lic contemplate a victorious and a vanquished people in the results of our peaceful election^.' Did they lay its foundations in the popular iuiiid, expecting that passions aud not opinions would determine the questions for the decision or which they provided? Were minorities to be disfranchised? Mo. These are the innova tions and the morals of conventions, of poli ticians, State and national, and they are the direst curse which afflicts our government ani people at the present moment The New York, Newpocndlind and London Telegraph Companies ? The Cables i ok the Gvlp ok Sr. Lawrence and the Atlantic Ocean. ? The failure which attended the laying of the submarine cable last year across the Gulf of St. Lawrence, from New foundland to Cape Breton, has not, we are glad to learn, deterred the company from t*ie prosecution of their enterprise, and arrange ments have already been made to secure its successful accomplishment during the ap proaching (summer. That failure, it may be remembered, was caused by the elements, the steamer employed in laying the cable havir. ; been overtaken by a storm when about four teen miles distant from the Island ol St. Paul's, near Cape Breton. Over forty miles of it had been paid out, when the captain of the bark Sarah L. Bryant ordered it to be cut, as the only means of saving the vessel, which was in immi nent daDgcr of being wrecked. In the cable loimerly used, there were three conducting wires, each about as thick as a Knitting needle, and a flaw in any of these was sufficient to stop the electric current from one end to the other. In view of this, it was determined to manufac ture a cable with only one conductor, which should consist of some of the small sized copper wires twisted together, and a Haw or break in any one of which would not interfere with the progress of the electric current. This cable is less than half the thickness of the three wire cable, and weighs only two tons to the mile, while the weight of that lost was five tons. 1c has also the additional and important advan tage of being more pliable, and can, therefore, be laid with less difficulty. The New York and Newfoundland Telegraph Com pany have entered into a contract with the English manufactures, Messrs. W. Kuper & Co. London, according to which the cable is to be laid by the manufacturers them selves, under the direction of their engineer, Mr. Canning, and given into the possession of the company in perfect working ordtr some time next June. In the meantime, extensive preparations are being made lor the laying of the transatlantic cable, which is to be completed aiid in opera tion in the year ltv8. This is also to have but one conductor, made in the way wc have de scribed, and will weigh about three-quarters of a ton to the mile. In the process of laying it across the ocean from St. Johns, Newfoundland to the nearest point on the southern coast 01 Ireland ? a distance of sixteen hundred and forty-seven miles? two 6teamcrs will be em ployed. The cable itself will be two thousand lour hundred miles long, the surplus being re sered to make up for the inequalities in the bed ol the ocean, and the drifting caused by the currents and winds, though it is hardly proba ble that one-liidf of this surplus will be needed. Each steamer will have twelve hundred miles of this cable on board, weighing nine hun dred tons and after joining the ends of the coils and dropping them in the ocean, mid way between the two points of land which it is intended to conncct, will start for their separate places of destination. While this operation is going on a constant communica tion can be kept up between the two vessels, through the cables, while it Is landed on the opposite-shores of Europe and America. Thus the whole work can be aceompli-hcd in one half the time that would be required for one steamer to lay it from coa^t to coast, and starting either from St. Johns or Ireland. Allowing for interruptions by the weather or in repair ing any damage that might happen to the cable during the process of paying it out, it i estimated that not more than ten days a' the utmost will be required for the whol work. We also learn that by recent improve ments in the telegraph instruments, it has been conclusively demonstrated that an electric current can be transmitted through a cable ex tending from Ireland to Newfoundland. These are certainly wonderful improvements on t&e former plan, and would seem to guarantee its success beyond the possibility of a doubt. Nm\>. lnoji the JoutNAij 01 Com m Kitn: ? i.)t-u Lovk or Tin: WrfTEBX Pkoij.k kok tiik Nkw York IIekai.o.? We have- often no ticed that no New York journal except the IIi.kali) is often seen out of this State. For this opinion, which, unsupported, might seem egotistic, we have the subjoined excellent en dorsement, in u letter from Chicago to the Journal <?/ Covimcra:? Whtu 1 curne to tliii place a few month* a/nce I wm auiprUed to find tbat your .ioi;rnal del not find a plaje -i U>e news depot*. I Inquired the reason, and found that your cuady codmt vailim wan not palatable to tbt vitnt. e<i (mk* of tic tarlou* raoieal l*m 01 our city. Your mental cookery is not highly tpicc i euough to nuit people a ccuctomcd to the Lot condiment* ot the Itnui i and the peppery pioductions o: tycolev. Such is th< eve of the marvellous among people that unlea* the colurrn- el a r>< w-patrr are chai^cM w,.h mci f^ts are lound in the veil table history o1 Iiaioo Muocliauseo. it contain* lotlurg ?ui table tor tiielr reeling. 1 or :mcli people th< IIkkalii alway* inquired for first, ho you c*n caitily joe lhat in our marvellous city the Caledoniin Kcamp'ri paper gets more circulation. The readers of our rather slow Wall street cotemporary must have been slightly aston ished to find that there was suoh a place as Chicago in the world, and more surprised to fiLd the Journal recognising its existence for i the first time. It has been our pleasure, a.i well as our duty, to point out the example of this youcg giant of the West, and to tell the story of its greatness and its wonderful progress. The correspondent of the Jour- ! nail of Commerce never could have found out anything about Chicago from that paper, and must have been induced fo go there by the correspondence of the IIkrild. We have no doubt that it will be equally new to the people of Chicago to learn that there ie a daily aheet printed in Wall street, professing to be a newspaper, and called the Journal of Commerce. It is chiefly devoted to circulating j early advertisements for old fogy merchants who commenced business before the independ ent presa was established, and who get very little lif^t in their dusky couutiog rooms. We are much indebted to the Journal of Commerce for its endorsement ot' our very large circulation in Chicago, and as a return for ita courtesy we give it this first rate notice, gratis: ? Citizens of Chicago ? When you want a cheap and certain opiate, get a copy of the New York Journal of Commerce. It has been used for that purpose during the last thirty years by a lew hundred merchants, and was never known to be inoperative. If it fails to mesmerize the roost wide awake of you in fire minutes, the money will be returned ! The Ferrit* ? TIic Ice In the Harbor. It is not generally known that the new and costly Atlantic Docks at Brooklyn, whioh have just been erected in order to obviate the interruption caused to trade by the severity of our winters, have been rendered almost use less this winter by the ice. Vast masses of ice, moved by the prevailing westerly winds, have been jammed against them for weeks together, so that no Bhip could approach them or load a barrel or sack of the grain with which they are crammcd, and which, for all useful purposes, might as well have been lodged at Buffalo or Chicago. The question now is, how are we to correct the mistake that has been made ? No data have been made public whereby an estimate can be tormed of the amount ot in jury inflicted on the trade and shipping of this port by the ice during the past two months. It is large, very large? not alone in actual loss from injuries to vessels, but in delay and waste of time. Can no means be devised to prev ent this in future ? We took occasion the other day to draw at tention to the useful purpose which night l'erry boats would serve by keeping the water in con stant motion, preventing the formation of ice, and breaking up the large cakes as they lloat down from the North river. Men of experience are satisfied that if the communication between the city and its trans-tluvian suburbs were as active during the night as during the day, the ice would seldom give any trouble. It would be broken up as it floated down, and would be carried off easily by the first ebb. It is only becuuse it is allowed to jam and solidi fy during the stillness of the night, that the navigation of the rivers is impeded. Now U may be asking too much that all the ferry boats Bhould ply at night. But if each ferry would keep a boat constantly running from nightfall to morning, on cold nights, a great deal might be done. The expense of one boat during the night ought not to exceed $33 to $40, and the enormous profits of the ferries would easily enable them to afford this. When attention was directed to this subject during the severe winter of 1851-J52, we pub lished letters from George W. Blunt and Ko be rt L. Stevens, suggesting the formation of an ice bridge in tho North river, opposite Ho boken, as a means of keeping the bay clear. We republish those letters tliiB morning. The plan they fcuggest is very simple. The ice which chokes up the bay comes from the North river. If it can be kept there, the bay will be clear. It can be kept there by anchoring boats diagonally across, with floats between, so as to stop the ice as it' descends, and form i into a 6olid icebridge. The plan, as everybody can see, is quite feasible. It was not attempted in lbo2, because the Eric Railroad Company re quired to keep the Hudson open in order to get to their terminus at Fiermont. Now, the Eiie Company are building a new track, which will come out into the bay through lJergcu Neck. The objection, therefore, which was fatal to Mr. Stevens' scheme in 1832, no longer ap plies ; and it is seemingly well worthy of a trial. The small expense of an experiment should go for nothing, when the end sought is so great In connection with this subject we publish two letters elsewhere on the ferries, one of which gives a complete, and we have reason to believe a corrcct, history of the Staten Island Ferry Company. The writer, however, was evidently not aware that the Comptroller's paticnce has at length been exhausted, and that, after waiting ten months tor the present company, or their mythical representative, Mr. Smith, to sign the lease, he has at last ad vertised it lor sale on the 3d of April next. There is reason to believe that, for the firat time fcince this ferry was established, the lease will be drawn in such a manner as to ensure to the public good boats, regular trip3 till late at night, and ferry houses for Christians and not for pigB ; and, whether the present com pany, in a spirit of contrition, should resolve to amend, sell off their unseaworthy boats, build new ones, and be bound by the new | lease, or the ferry should pass into other hand*, | seems probable that the public intereE ? will be safe. The sale will be made, it it to be hoped, to a fie&h-and-blood purchaser, with real securities. Last year, there was a foolish talk about the landings on the ofh?r side being secured by the present compau^ .j as to defy competition. This time, it may be presumed, some gentleman learned in the law will take the trouble to convince parties in terested that the common law of this land (lor not permit any individual or corporation to monopolize ground required for the public weal; and that a man or a corporation may be forced to sell space for a ferry landing place just at; easily as ground for a street. No Da.ngkb, ? Some of the Massachusetts papers, that ought to know better, are in great tribulation over what they call a plot to force an election of United States Senator in the place of Charles Sumner, whose term expiros March i, l.*57, upon the present Legislature. ! The prominent candidates are said to be GovJ ! Oaidner, A. B. Ely and Jonathan 1'ierco? the | latter an old native and a respectable pump j andblockmakcr. Neither of these persons could j , be elccted by the present Legislature, as they I 1 each represent separate Know Nothing fac i tions; and, as a majority of both branches in ! joint Fallot is required, they would cat each i olhtr up. So the respectable Buily Adwlittr, ' which hopes to get In a straight whig, and the j Nh.oi h Wobmuffiku Alius, which languishes j for Sumner's re-election, may inako their j [ minds perfectly easy. There's no danger, ggg I Brooklyn CJIljr \?w?. i !-i sui Thuki "V Til* ( ITT Faiiji>'AD- ? The commltfae | nf tl o BiofHjn Common Council to wii-iin the miOject ??h retartd. reported aninet the running of railroad car* tn Sonrt?y, at ll.cirlaat meet I eg on Moadty ?*enJng. adpp'cl, m) there tb? mnt'er fcr the JUfffOt. Wfl BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. The lfow Hampablrn Election. PROBABLE TRIUMPH OF THE DEMOCRACY ? TIIK PRE SIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OPENED. Concord, March 11, 1*46. We hi to return* from varum* parte ot? the State of the elections held here to-day. The fallowing in the vote In the principal towns:? <\>Mord.? Metcalf, (American) 1,148; Welle, (dem.) 876; Gcodwin, (whig) 62. American gain of -5 from lint year. Dotvr. ? Jlctcaif, 794; Welle, 6445; Goodwin, 67. D?mo craiie gain, 170. Somernoortk.? Metcalf, 432; Well*. 26|; Goodwin, 03. American gam, 120. Exeter.? Metcalf, 404; Wells, 207; Goodwin, 35. Exe ter is the residence of Mr. Wells. American gain, AO. Portsmouth.? Metcalf, 683; Wells, 703; Goodwin, 61. Dtmociatid gain, 270. JVoifctta.? Metcalf, ?74; Wells, ?23; Coodwin, 181. Cemoc. atic gain, 274. Other tewns i eceived slow ? some of them American gains, and some democratic ; tut thoie are a* yet no such decided gains as to indicate a recoTVSry o: tlir "-';at? by the democrats. Ho far the election of fifty opposition and fourteen democratic representatives has been ascertained. Mr Goodwin, the whig candidate, is elected to the le gislature from Port* mouth, which also elects tour demo crats and three opposition. Conscrd elects nine opposition representatives, and one demccratic; Dover, four opposition and one demosra , Scmersworth, four opposition; Nashua, nine opjosiUon and one democrat; Exeter, three opposition. In the First district the democratic oandidate for ."Sena tor Ls probably elected. Concord, M*r;h 11 ? 101'. M. We have returns from seventy-one towns, nearly every cne of which gives large net gaits for Well*, the demo cratic candidate, Disking a total of about four thousand. These towns present the following summary: ? Rockingham county, 10 towns, 07 gain ; Strafford, 5 towns, 360; Belknap, 6 towns, 191; Uerrimac, 16 towns, 580; HlUxtwiro, 4 towns, 036; Cheshire, 1 town. 70; Sul livan, 3 town*, 232; Grafton, 10 towns, 615; Coos, 5 tcwns, 40 ? whole number of towns, 71; gain, 3,909. One hundred and twenty representative* havu beuu heard from, giving a gain of 49 to the democrats. The nonce of Representatives con.ains about 310 mem hers, and stood last j ear? democrats, 80; opposition, 2:.0. The character of the legislature cannot be predicted with oertaiiity. Iiitcrcitlng from AVaalilngtoiu GEN. PIERCE AND MR. EVERETT? THE KANSAS FREK STATE LEGISLATURE ? DESPATCHES FROM ENGLAND ? IMPORTANT CAUCUS OF THE NIGGER WORSHIP PERS ? PROGRAMME OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CAM PAIGN, ETC., ETC. Washington, March 11, 1850. The President went to Balt'roore this afternoon to hear Mr. Everett's address. Mr. Everett will arrive here to morrow, as the guest tf his son-in-law, Lieutenant Q. A. Wise, I . S. K. An anti-Nebraska caucus was held at the Capitol to night. Eighty-live Cocgresimen were present. All the fr ie States were represented. Secator Foot was the chair, man, and Mr. Cumback, of Indiana, secretary. Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, was (i rat called out. He spoke earnestly for a union of all in the North in favor of freedom. He pledged Massachusetts to Support an anti Nebraska candidate for the Presidency. Mr. Colfax, oi Indiana, advocated making the great question of freedom in the Territories an isBuc in the Pre sidential campa'^n, In opposition to slavery aggression. Mr. Hanks expressed similar views, and said there was no doubt but that the people of Massachusetts would carty out the question to a successful issue. Messrs. Collamer and Seward made eloquent and earn est speeches, Insisting that the paramount overshadow ing issue of the day Is freedom or slavery, and on this an appeal to the country must be made. Mr. Seward declared he did not care what name the party bore ? he would support the candidate who repre sented the great principle of freedom, lie was frequently interrupted by applause. Thus was the firs'; speech, he said, he had made in the Bouse of Representatives. Messrs. Cingin of New Hampshire, Benson of Maise Howard of Michigan. Billinghurst of Wisconsin, Morril and Sabin of Vermout, and Grsrger of New York, seve ra'ly spoke for their respective '. ate-t_ln a vein similar to 'heir predecessors. Mr. Toed, of Pennsylvania, while preferring to remain uncommitted as to the Presidency, declared himself strongly as an anti-Nebraska-Kansas man. The call of the States was not concludcd when the em eus adjourned, to meet again next Tuesday. I utderstand that the Africa brought important des patches to Mr. Cramptoa. and tint they will be commu nicated to the State Department in a few days, when their import will be known. It appears that our Minister has bad some pretty sharp correspondence with Lord Clarendon and Lord I'almerstun, in reference to the mis statements contained in their spe<';hc*. Those misstate ments have annoyed Mr. Buchanan considerably ? so much so that he has informed our government of the fact*. The fite Stale 1 egi.'.luture, which was swora in a Topeka, Kant-as, on the 4th Lust., will elect two Celled Stated Betators, and adjourn to avoid a collision with tlis Territorial government. The Senate went into executive session to-day, *Le.i Mr. Clayton read a very lengthy speech on Captain Du pont's ea.-e. The Senate removed the injunction of se ciesy, and tho speech will be published. lion. Mark Trafton, of Massachusetts, has submitted !,i effect a motion, in the Committee on the Itistrict ot Col umbia, to allow negroes in thin District the right to \ote. The Hon. A. II. H. Stuart Intend* coming out to make good his statement that Mr. Wise, in hi* late campaign, said Mr. Fillmore's administration was Washington-like. Hr. Jiunu's proposition to day, to send three member i to Kansas to take testimony in the contested seat cas> will re:eive a good many v?teg, as travelling at I ncie Sam'* expiuse is popular among the members. Rhode lalnnd American State Convention. Providence March 11, 185?i. The American State Convention of Rhode Island met to-day, and nominated the present incumbents for gene ral oflicers, as IoIIown:? Fer Governor, Wm. W. Iloppin lieutenant Governor, Anderson C. Rose; Secretary of estate, John R. Bartlett; Attorney Gtneral, Charles Mart; Treasurer, Samuel A. I'arkor. Strong resolutions were adopteS condemning the repeal of the Missouri compromise and the general course of the administration towards Kansas. American Organization In Boston. Bosto.v, March 11, 18f>0. Fillmore and Donelson Club No. 1 was organized last evening, by a number of American* assembled In Ameri can Ball. Mr. J. G. Sanderson was chosen President, with twelve Vice Presidents, representing each ward in the city. Mr. Kverett In Baltimore. Butimore, March 11, lWfl. Mr. Everett had an immense audience to-nigUt, and his oration on the character of Washington was received with the greatest enthusiasm. President Pierce was pre sent. Movriuintaof the Gulf Squadron, Ac. Baltimork, March 11, 186?. New Orleans papers of Tuetday and Wednesday last, eceived here, state that the government ships Potomac, Cyace, Saiatcga, and the storeahip Fulton, were at l'en sacola. The Saratoga bad been ashore cn the llthamis. he will have to be docked. Destructive Fire anil Lom of Lire. WAMIIMiTOS, March 11, 18>'iG. Two new four story brick dwellings on Twenty lirst street, between Band I', in this city, were destroyed by fire this moir.irg. John Anderson, ol Western Hose Company, was killed by the falling walls. Savors! other fin mon were slightly injured. Mr. Anderson j leaves a wife ucd live children. Tho buildings were owned by Mrs. Taggort, formerly ol New York, who* I loss is not less than $16,000? losurnncc unknown. M? nrn Boiler Ksplotlon nnri Um of I. lie. PiiiiADGiriTU. March 11, 1850. The stesrn tmnlvpr establishment of Mr. Heck, on M:is tsr strf et, was demolished this morning, by the explosion of the bol>r, Ten men Wrre in the establishment. three of whom wete killed, viz.:? Mr. Kckart and son, and one other, name laknown. The acting ecgineor was in the 1 cMlur, and e c, apod Willi but slight injury. None of the j oiler wo.kmin were hurt. 1 Mmtinrc of flrasrv. Colmrn ahd Onlton. i Boston, March 11, ISIO. Mesns. Cobuiu and Daitr.n were t > day sentenced for tlie assault on .losiali Porter to pay ? line of twenty live dollars each. fM>lt' n has applied for u diyo'ce in in J> wife. j mm-voDBn oowow? . FIMT KK8RI0M. keaalc. Washington, March 11, 18A#. Tin NATAL EKriElNO BOARD. Mr. Bw t, (na*..) of Tenn., by direction of the K?fil Committee, reported mi order that the Cots ml t tee bo empowered to vend for pernios and papers, to enable then to investigate matters relative to the memorials of officer* complaining of th? action of the Naval Retiring Hoard in their cases. Mr. Fit' art (dem), of Mich., sild it teemed to him this was cpeuine a door which wts never to be closed. He did net perceive how the granting of this power could lead to beneficial results. Mr. B>ix replied that every individual who feels that his character has suffered under unjust imputations, and who deoasnds invest igati >u, ban a right to it. The subject was thm laid aside. I'HOMOTUJG THE EFI ICTJiCT OF TIB A&MT. 1 he Senate resumed the consideration of the Mil to appropriate $300, 000,000 for altering and manufacturing small arms, and piotid'tg the sea coast ami garrisons witli gons. acccutren eo'H, munitions of war, &c. Mr. Brown (dem.) of Miss., spoke, supporting the views of the government, relative to the Clayton-Bul wer trea'y. He did n ?? oetire to assist in exctting a war spirit. The tr.ny was susceptible of but one inter pretation. Krglana's copst-nctlon of it is a palpable vio lation of contn n iens? ; and if such conduct was re hoi ted to by a private it dividual, in his dealing" with hlfi neighbors, it would ho very spt to oommunlcate the im pression, to all im|sr<i*l witnesses, that fraud was in tended. He cot d?mne<l the conduct of Great Britain in the enlistment rave He w?h rpposed to submitting oar diflicul ies with F.r?lnn1 to arbitration, for the reason that a treat repub i - libo rurs could scarcely expect jus tice with a rrownvd head as umpire. Adjourned. Home of Kr(ir(ienUtivct. Washington, March 11, 1850. DR. RANK'S FORTBOOmHG WORK, Fit;. On motion of Mr. Tyson, of Pa., the Library Cammitteo was inftmctrd to Inquire into the character of the work about to be issued by Dr. Kane, on the Polar regions, witfc. the view of ordering copies far members. Twenty thousand copies of the reports ef the majority and minority of the Committee on Elections in the con tested Kansas seat, were ordered to be printed. IMPROVEMENT OF TUB OHIO RIVER. Mr. Pr*N (nigger wurshipoer), of led., introduced (v. bill enabling Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and I.lmois to improve the navigation of the Ohio river, granting lands in aid thereof, ite '.erred to a select committee or ssven KANSAS AFFAIRS. Mr. Wahhixrn (nigger worshipper), of Me., gave notice that he wou d endeavor to b ing the House to a vote on Thursday mxt, on the resolution of the Committee or> Injections, asking power .o etnd for arsons and papers in theKarras case. The llcute then resumed the const ieration of that subject. Mr. Stephens (national), ci Ga., argued against the power asked tor by 'he commit ee, saying that the House bad no right to U<|uhe into Gov. Keeder's allegation, that the members of th? Kan-ns legislature, whici passed the law under which Mr. Whitiield wa- elected, were illegally ebosen. l'o inquire into the election and return of the mtmbers of the Stae or Territotial l^giklature would be a usurpation, and tet a dargerous example. The matter prisented is to be deciced by the House, like the decision - of a judge, Nt'ippeo or all bias and prejudice. Mr. Stephens ? aid ihe object of Mr. iteeder was revolu tionary? Sbirp's r'tl-s and sinews of war hsvieg been prepared to resist the It gaily constituted power of this government. He trusted 'he good sense of the people will return and p?>scn p'evail, and that his eyes shall never test on a trvtior upon Ametioan soil. Mr. In w argued that V ere should be afnll investiga tion ; not to ascertain who shall occupy the seat as dele gate, but that the wbole irntii relative to Kansas affairs may be thoroughly and reiUntly understood. He ob jected to rending for persons and papera, but waa iA favor of adopting tbe less rxosnsive and equally benefi cial mode of rending crnimist toners thither to t?Uie testi mony. The examination should be so conducted as to e*ert a moral influence on the public mind. Mr. Wright, (dem.) oi Tenn , contended that if tbo power to send for persons and papers was granted, wit nesses would l>e summoned to prove all the acts of the Kansas legislature, inc ufiing land and even marriage contracts, void. He denied that this could be done by a single branch of Congre-s. He earnestly attacked the vi?ws in the report ot the majority of the Committee on Elections, and regarded Governor Boeder's courst as revolutionary and traitorous. Mr. Duwn proposed a resolution, which wai declared out of order, that the Speaker appoint three members of the House to proceed to Kansas, with full powers, to in vestigate into all the troubles in that Territory and alleged frauds. Adjourned. SEW YOHK LBiI8L&TDR?. Senate. Albany, March 11, ISM/. 1TTITIOS. By Mr. Pi khckr ? l or an appropriation to the Society lor the Relief of the Destitute Children of Seaman. H WORTH FAVORABLY. By Mr. Bradford? A bill to alter the time ior the elec. tion and reports of school trustee*. By the same? To change the mode of distributing school moneys. By Mr. Pium-kr? A bill to amend the act incorporating the trustees of the Episcopal Fund in New York. B1LM 1MBODLTBD, etc. By Sir. Fi'Ksmi ? To amend the laws relative to the support of lllcprfiiaiate children in New York city, by al lowing one single justice to hear and decide bastardy cases. By Mr. Noyok? Autlioriicirg Commissioners of the Land Office, who Fell or release lands sold or granted for canal purposes, to terell or reconvey the same as soon a a the Canal Board declares the same abandoned. Mr. Si*km rn moved the recommittal of the report au thorl. ingQthe consolidation of the Northern Railroads. Aduptea. " Tbe Albany ar.d Susquehanna lUiiroad bill was order ed to a ^ bird readtrg. Ihe bill relative to savings banks and other iwrtitu tions for saving* was taken up. Mr. Kkli v offered an amendment requiring the trusteed to invest all sums received by them beyond an available fund, nut exceeding ono hundred thousand dollars, or fifteen per cent of the total amount of the profits, which, fund they may keep for current payments. Tending the discussion the Senate adjourned. AJtaerabljr. Alha.iv, March 11, 1850. To -flay is general oidcr day in the House. The bili granting land in Oswego to the Oswego and Bingham too Raiiioad, is under discussion. The bill providing for the nale of certain lands in Oswe go was oidnod to a third leading. ihe bill to amerd the revived statutes relative to weights an I measures was killed by discharging the Committee of the VI hole from 'the further consideration theieof. Ibe bill to appropriate the avails of the State tax for the support ol schools was ordered to a third reading. Canadian AJTalrn. DEFEAT OF THE MINISTRY. Toronto, March 11, 1850. The M'nistry sustained a defeat last night by a vote of 48 to 44, on a motion fur an inquiry into Judge Duvai'a ? charge on St. Sylvester's murder trial. RAILROAD TRAVELLING SUSPENDED. Montr KAr, March 11, 1850. The railroad* in this vicinity are atlll blocked up by snow. Fire at Myiacue. Syracuse, March 11, 1866. The Treinotit block, on Warren street, near the Central Railroad depot, in this city, was injured by lire last night to the extent of about $'.1,000. The building is owned by Samuel Lamed, whose insurance policy expired yester day. The fire broke out in the dry goods storerccupied by J. Benfetson, and commuuicatad to the aojoining stoie, occupied by Messrs. Adtar, Thayer &Co., dry gooda dealers. Mr. Bendetson's loss is estimated at $d,000: Messrs. Adler, Thayer ft Co., $15 000. The Tremoat boaruiig house, in the upper part of the building, kept bv James Durntord, was insured to the extent of about. $500. The oocupanta were all Insured. Boston Wtckiy linn It statement. Boston, March 11, 1854. The following table shows the looting of our bank * tat a* ment for the week enuing March 10, a? compared with, the week previoui .? Mnrtk 3. March 10. Capital stock $:>1,(H?,000 $:tl,960,00? loans and discounts 51,891,500 51,900,70* Spicie :i, 806,00? 3,540,800 Amount due troin cth'-r banks, , 7,738,000 8,i?Jl,MX> Amount due to other banks 5,0112,000 5,91". 800 ? Deposit* 14,870,800 13,043,000 Circulation 7,000,000 7,349,000 fiat I ne Dtai latere. Noumh.k, March 11, I860. The schooner I'liza, from Bio, with coltae, spiooi and logivcod, butnd to New York, put In here with loss of main and foretopmast sails, rigging. Ac. The schooner Alabama, frcm Baltimore for the West Indies, htn been oiiven ashore in the bay by the ice, and is a total lose, i'art of the cnigo has been saved. The cargo was insured for $1?,(iOO in n?? (.reat Western Company, of New York. The veesel wa* insured for it', ( 00 in 1'niladelphia. Bank Hltapenslon nt the Writ, ik< . ( Mil ago, March 11, 1856. It e Commercial Bank ol' Chicago closed their door this n-orning. The Ihenucn eter stands at ze.o this morning. We liate lecelved noNew \orlv mail later than March 1. The Southern Steamer*. ARKIVAL OF THE AUiURTA AT SAVANNAH. PAVAN.VAll, March 11, 185'!. TJ:e sUanvhip Augusta strived here, after a passage of sixty hotirs. .ioni New ^ ork, with all on board well. AERIVAL Ol THE J AH. ADOKR AT CHARLESTON C'HARUfrm*, March 11, 1850. Ibe mienisltlp .Inines Ailger arrived here from New Yoik, at o'clock la t Monday night. Harkcth pniLADti.rniA htock board. Philadelphia, March 11, 1856. Stocks aie dull quotations a? follows : -Pennsylvania Uvea. 8: \ Re .'I. L. f!a?lr. ad, 45 ; T nug Island, 15 \ *V.J? ;iU!r'; 1J,? t '?'??U'