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NEW YORK HERALD.
Jilll fiOHDOS HIS ITT) rsoraiKToa and kditok. n. v. ooenkb or NASSAU and mm m. falHM XXI H*. 83 amubkhknts thi> k\ kninw. ACADSMT OF MUSIC, FWwenth ir?CV? Ui Pn*. ?fliDWAf TBBATBK, ? HiWPi ? That ?BdMKD Rabt. ?IBLO'8 SARBKN, Br\*dwmy? Kwabo? Th? Ghkc.i KJBTON 8 THKATSK. Cttafetn itnA-Tuiia Til ?fcjacxs? Thai rlubm Babv-'Pbbtohio. fitLAi'Kt THKATRK, Broadway? Mccu Ado ABOUT IvraiKu-A <>avital Match. mAURA KKRNK'S VARIWTIK8, Broadwar-CAaiixn UOADWAY VARIRTIBB, 472 Broadway ? Black *tid flMAM? Loa* or A Lotbb? B* THH JltTUIU OOHMIIHI. WOOD'S WNBTBKLfl. H4 Broadway? XTBioriAX Pin MBaAHCBB? MOHCKT Mil. IKK. WIX1 BALL, No. Wo Biwiwti ? Toob or Xenon ahi 1MB or SrBAsroroL. WOOR LINK U8T5U Y? Brooklyn ?A Skaoidb S?or? ? Thb Wa!?bbuiu Boyb ? Rivirw. Vow York, Holiday, lint 44, 18M. Mall* dor ?BT?p?. a* TOu bxkald -kdition roK morii IW Cunard mail aleamHiip Arabia, Uapt. Stoae, will nan Beaton on Weda?MUy, At noon, for Iivorpool. A* European mails will close in this city at a quarter te two o'clock to-morrow afternoon. The Hbkalo (printed in Hngllgh and French) will ba pak Jahed at ten o'clock in the noraing. Single copies, te wrapper*, nlxpaaoe. Oabecription* and advertisement* for any edition of Ik* Niw Yoaa Hjsau> will ba raoeiTad at the following i kn r.urope: ? . & European Express Co., 1? and 18 CorablU. f?w do. do. 8 riace da la Buarw. ImtHxiL ? do. do. 7 Romford alreet . ittawoob? John Hun far, 12 Exchange au-aet, iflait. tt* ecotenta of the European edition of the Hbkaui ?M SMbraoe the newa received by mail and telegraph at tta affiee dm lug tUe previous week, and to the hoar of ysMeatioa. Ttte (I ewi. The ship ( lemania, arrived at this port yesterday, wports picking up a boat belonging to the ship Jota Ru Hedge, of and for New Y?rk from Liverpool, which vessel ran into an iceberg on the 19th of Feb ruary. breaking in her bows. She was subsequently abandoned. In the rescued boat was a man named Nye, of New Bedford, who, so far as is known, is the only snrvivor of the passengers and crew of the ill-fated Rutledge. The boat also contained the bodies of Mrs. Atkinson, the wife of the mate, and three others, names unknown. Such particulars of the occurrence as we have received may be found on *e first page. This is one of the most appalling catastrophes which we have been called upon to re cord lor many years, and is painfully suggestive of the fate of the steamship Pacific. The Board of Police Commissioners, composed of the Mayor, Recorder and City Judge, have rendered their decision in the case of Mr. George W. Matsell, Chief of Police. They concur in the opinion that the charge of alienage preferred against the Chief ? not proven, and dismiss the complaint. We pub lish the opinions in another part of to-day's paper Those of the Recorder and City Judge are very ela borate. and review all the points in controversy be tween the parties. Messrs. Briggs and Branch must pick their flints and try it again. Captain Whitmore, of the ship Sea Serpent, which sailed from Hong Kong on January 3, and arrived at this port on Saturday , furnishes us with some inter esting news items from China and Japan. The revo hitionary party, although defeated near Canton, were steadily advancing in other quarters of the em pire. They had powerful fleets lying off the coast near Canton, which must not be confounded with the horde" of pirate junks already reported. During December the weather was unusually bad. A great Many Chinese had returned from California, and emigration was very much checked by their reports. From Japan we learn that the Dutch had presented the war steamer Soembing to the Emperor. The English were about forwarding another vessel to his Majesty from China, We copy from the St. Thomas Times, of March S, an important communication addressed by Major Charles J. Helm, L nited States Commercial Agent at the Island, to his Kxcellency President Berg, in which the former gentleman suggests the propriety of establishing a marine hospital for the relief of Buffering seamen of ail nations. An important fea ture in the letter is. that Mr. Helm shows the feasi bility of maintaining such an institution without any direct charge being levied on the vessels sending in wck men. Major Helm's action is as disinterested ah humane, for while he says that over one-third of the sailing tonnage is American, he nevertheless in vites a member from the Danish government, the Su perintendent of the British Royal Mail Steam Facket Company, and all the Consul*, to form a Beard of Coutrol. We have files of St. Helena papers to the 24th of January. They contain nothing of importance. A correspondent of one of them, after alluding to the visit of Prince Pierre Bonaparte to Corsica, in quires what would be the impressions and feelings of any member of the Bonapirte family who should visit the island upon finding the tomb of the rjreat Napoleon miserably neglected, and Long wood House turned into a ruinous range of barns, stables and pigsties, while l>oth are only valued as puppet shows, with a regular c Dirge for admission and "children at half price." We have dates to the r.th instant from Trinidad. Port au Spain. The island was healthy. Floor was quoted at flO 75: pork, $22: no corn in market. There was every prospect of an average yield of na tive produce. In our maritime columns will l>e fonnd the sailing directions for the navigation of the river Tang-tze Kiang to Wusung and Shangliae, prepared by Lieut. Preble, C. S. N.; also other important information relative to the tide*, winds, .%c., in that region, the real value of which will be fully understood and ap preciated by navigators. The value of foreign goods imported at the port of Boston during the week ending 21st inst. amount ed to $769,587. Hales of cotton yesterday were pretty freely made, including 3,000 bales, chiefly in transitu. The market closed firm. Flour was lew free ly offered , and the long run of purchasers upon common brands, has considerably reduced the quan tity offering far sale, and holdera stood out for full price*, at which sales were more freely made. The stock in this market was estimated by some well informed persons at 150,000 bbls., of all kinds. Prime wheat was in good milling demand. Cana dian white was held at an advance ?ay $1 95. The article brought fl V2 day before yesterday, while white Southern sold yesterday at f 1 *1 a $1 90, and inferior Tennessee red at (1 60 a #1 65. Corn was dull, with sales of mixed at 63c. a 65c., and white at ?6c. a flf^c.: prime yellow, for contract delivery, was sold at 69c. a 70c. Rye was lower, and sold at ? 1 12 a $1 13. Pork was inactive, at #15 87 for mess, and at $14 87 a $15 for prime. Rump/ pork sold at $14. There was a good demand for Refuse pork at full prices, which is said to be purchased for conversion, to a great extent, into prime mess for the French market, and that large <iuantiti?s. probably of low grades, have thus been manufactured. The balance of a cargo of Rio coffee was sold yesterday at life. The range of the mar ket wa* from 1 1 Jc. to 12c. Sogars were quiet, with out change in prices. The increase of tonnage had a tendency to check freight engagements. Cotton, ?bout .VK) bales was engaged for Liverpool at 9-3 2d. a5-16d. A vetsel was chartered to load for Ham frurg ?t lid. for grain, aod )c. for cotton. n* Im MhbJIti AmcuUm ?r (MU. 1 -ord Dalhousie, the Governor General of 11 kM decided to annex the Kingdom of ' Jude to the dominions of the British East In dia Company. The decision, it sterns, is his own; the Court in London left him master of the situation; he might annex or he might se questrate, as be thought best; and he has re solved to adopt the former plan. Had he se questrated the provinoe, like Mysore, its entire revenues would have been expended within its borders; it would have contributed nothing to the general exchequer of' the company; it would in fact have stood alone ? an island in the ocean of the company's territory; and Lord Dalhousie, like a provident man, preferred paving to throwing away the lots of rupees *hich it may be made to yield. He has. there fore, ordered the company's troops to be con centrated on Cownpore, from whence they have by this time moved already on Lucknow and Oude. and formally taken possession of the kingdom. To the dethroned King, the company gives a residence and a pension of $000,000 a year; lor the rest, they alone are responsible. The motive of the operation is not concealed. There is no pretence that -the annexation of Oude is desired by its inhabitants, justified by political necessity, or instigated by ven geance. One hundred years ago Oude was a province of the decaying Mogul empire. The Nawab incurred the displeasure of the British by harbcring the fugitive Nawab of Bengal; Lord Clive visit* d him with the East India Company 's vengeance, and laid a tribute on his dominions. In 1777 he began to pay $1,- I 500,000 ; in 1767. the tribute was raised to $2, 500,000 per annum. Meanwhile quarrels arose. The Company demanded that the Nawab should disband his army ; they received complaints made against him by his subjects, and worried him till, in 1800, he surrended his only protec tion ? his army--and became virtually a Bri tish pensionary. For fifty-live years be and his successors have been allowed to lead this strangely degrading life ; and now the farce is to be ended. The Nawab, who, in his dis grace and degradation, comforted himself with the title of King, is to be pensioned, as we said; hiB dominions are to be erected into a Pro vince, with General Outram for Chief Commis sioner, and a host of young men from the civil offices of the Company at Calcutta as a govern ment. Such is the last act of British power in India. A province larger and far more fer tile than Nicaragua, with a hardy, robust population of over three millions, is transferred to the British empire by a Btroke or the pen ; aDd the transfer will probably be carried into effect without the burning of a cartridge. Oude is so rich that the government officials at Cal cutta estimate that it will pay without ditti culty from 87,000,000 to $10,000,000 surplus revenue in three years. It is admirably wa tered by tributaries of the Ganges; the soil is excellent; and it is near enough the Thibetan range to enjoy a far more wholesome climate than the Southern provinces of the empire. The motive for the annexation of this valua ble province, we repeat, is nakedly avowed; it will yield two hundred lacs of rupees per an num. A secondary motive may be found in the position of the Indian government. Lord Dalhousie's term of service is ended. Lord Canning has already gone out to replace him. Every British Governor in India since the be ginning of the present century, has added a province or two to the empire; there have been nineteen distinct annexations since 1800. Lord Dalhousie was unwilling to fall behind his pre decessors. He saw Oude ripening for the Com pany s sickle; should he leave to his successor the pleasing task of gathering it in ? Like Mr. Tyler in the like dilemma, he vowed he would annex it, if the act were consummated in the last minutes of his last official day; and it may happen that the final fiat may go forth a? vessel bearing Lord Canning steams up to ? a month of the Ganges. Whether the three millions of human being a who inhabit Oude will be better or worse off under British rule than they were under that of their native tyrant, it is clear that there is no justification in point of principle for the aat by which they have been despoiled of their nationality. It is a robbery; a robbery as glaring, as shameful as that of the man who picks his neighbor's pocket, or breaks open his safe. ere such an act committed on this con tinent and by the United States, all Europe would re-echo with outcries at the enormity of the outrage; and the virtuous journals which express the British mind would call down veu geance on the lawless rapacity of the Ameri can people. The people of Oude would be represented as injured angels, poor, innocent lambs fallen unhappily under the fangs of the Yankee wolf; and appeals would be made to the honor and the manhood of ft* men of Europe to stand up in their datace. Tue parallel case of Turkey would probably be in voked: and it would be said that God aud their pente of honor called upon Enropeannto step forth and put an end to the aggrandiziug policy of the American republic. Oude being, happily, in Asia, arid not fn America, and the conquerers being tbe Lrui&h East India Company, and not the Am< >%n people, there will be very little said auout lawless rapacity, or robbery, or honor, or any thing of the kind. The province will qnietly be annexed. If the subject is mooted at all In Europe, it will be at the Congress of Nations, when an endeavor will be made by England to erect some new barriers on the wes*?n flank of her Indian empire to protect tuern from Russian aggression. The Speaker in Tuscany The correspon dent of the Newark Advertiser translates, from the purest Tuscan, the following from the ofi | cial journal of that State:? 1 of ,h* Of the Inited stated elected after two month*' daily balloting? ?i*nor N 'r S"'rr0, b*loo^BK to the republican re pre fentatioa of Ma**achaA?tt*. Aa a man of color and as ? n abolitionist, he doe* not enjoy the sympathy of the k. w". v The democratic party to which the administration of 1'renideat I'ierce belong and the party of the Know Nothing*, have, notwltn fltanding, little plea* a re fn thin choice. _ Banks will certainly be obliged to go to Europe, In order that he may prove the truth of the seeming paradex that black may be white under some circumstances. Or, as be is repre sented to be acquainted with all the living languages, he might write a letter ia very choice Italian to the editor of 11 MmUor Tu'. - cano. and put himself right on the record. Let ui- hear from Signor Banks. Beaitift*l Day Yesterda v.? Churches all full- ladies lovely -ministers eloquent. Never ?aw a finer Easter Sunday or /ore n] / ,, fervor. Steam and Fkrrt Boats.? We pabliah elsewhere the State statute requiring ferry boats and steamboats to carry life and row boats. This act, as plainly appears, has been and is still systematically violated by all the steamers and ferry boats plying to New York, with the exception noticed yesterday. We apprehend, therefore, that the vigilant District Attorney, Mr. Oakey Hall, will lose no time ia instituting prosecutions against each vessel offending, based on the report of the two policemen. The law has been violated by about forty vessels, including those visited by the policemen ; the fines to be collected there from will amount to ten thousand dollars, at $250 a piece, according to the Btatute. A lucky windfall for the State. The law given elsewhere was passed April 11, 1849. It was no donbt a very fair law then, in the last six years, however, Bteam naviga tion has made some progress in the waters of this State ; and it iB impossible to read this statute without being convinced of its pre sent inadequacy. For instance, it requires the largest class of inland steamers? those of over 500 tons measurement ? to oarry three boats, two of them capable ot' carrying or sustaining fifty persons each, the third capa ble of carrying say fifteen or twenty ; ves sels of lc68 than 500 tons it requires to have two ordinary row-boats, capable of car rying say forty persons ; and ferry boats it directs to be provided with one small row, or life boat, capable of carrying from fifteen to twenty persons. These enactments are, to say the least, insufficient. The boats of over five hundred tons, and a great many under that measurement, as well as many ferry boats, often carry from one to five hundred passen gers; what is the use of making a law to pro vide for the saving of one hundred aud twenty of these ? If the law steps in at all, why shall it order some to be saved while it allows the others to be lost ? Would it be any satisfaction to the relatives of the three bin drtd and seventy-five persons drowned to know that the owners of the steamboat had ri gorously complied with the law, and that one hundred and twenty of the passengers had ac cordingly been saved? Nay, more: does not ex perience tell us that, where the supply of boat* is obviously unequal to the number of passen gers, it generally happens that in the selfish struggle for the possession of the boats, they are swamped or destroyed, or rendered use less? It is understood that Mayor Wool will visit Albany this week, by invitation from the <Jity delegation, in order to see if any thing can be done by the Legislature to re medy the state of anarchy in which this city exists. Among subjects which will neces sarily command their attention, that of the insecurity of life on board steamers and ferry boats will occupy their early attention. We desire to commend one principle to their minds. The day of life-saving by .means of boats carried on board steamers is past. An instance cannot be mentioned in which they have fulfilled their purpose. They are in fac' out ot the-questlon. The Brooklyn. Jersey City and Staten Island ferry boats carry at timet* five hundred passengers at once. To save these by means of boats, twenty of Francis' largest life boats would be required, all in good condition, all so plaoed as to be launch ed without injury. How is it possible that a ferry boat can carry these? Where shall she stow them? If lite is to be saved on board these boats, it must be by life preservers. The life preserv ing stool ? shaped like an hour glass ? will answer the purpose perfectly. They can be made very cheap; and can be used on board as seats ? a thing much needed? so that this expense will not be felt at alL Three hun dred of them, as each is calculated to support two persons, placed on board each ferry boat, and five hundred on board the Hudson and Sound steamers, would reduce the salvation ot life to a mathematical certainty. Another Seceder from Fillmore.? Judge Conklin, who was Fillmore's Minister to Mexi ' co. has come out in a long and not very bril liant letter, giving in his adhesion to the Nig ger Worshippers. The Buffalo Express, an organ of the last named party, says:? Judge ConkJin, it will be recollested, was transferred by Mr. Fillmore (by his own consent, ot coarse,} from the United States District Court Judgeship of the North ern I in t iic t of the State of New York to the mi-ision o' Mexico. This *u i?rformed through a process, the nia cin eery of which we ahonld like to see laid bare t) tk? public eye. Its purpose was to secure a lift lea-<e of cfflce for Mr. Fillmore's Postmaster-General. By the ma nctuvie, a pure, upright and experienced Judge wa? taken irom a position of usefalnetft? not of his own choice, we are sure ? and sent abroad upon a brief mis sion to a broken down and decaying republic, to wiicn was attached neither honor nor profit. We think Conklin was paid pretty well (about thirty thousand dollars,) for doing nothing during two years. A Slight Mistake.? The New Hampshire 1'atriol (Pierce's home trumpet) blows as fol lows: ? The Nrw York Hhum> expresses the belief that 1 w-ili be impopsible to prevent Gen. Pierce's nominate .a at Cincinnati. If be is there nominated, there is dj; an intelligent man in the country who doubts his triumph ant election. * The New York Herald never expressed any such belief ; and there are several intelligent men in the country and in New Hampshire, we should suppose from the late election returns, who have serious doubts on the subject. Whom the gods wish to destroy they first make mad; and General Pierce may be nominateo yet. Ci Riors Way op Doing " Nobly."? The Post, (Pierce organ at Boston,) says its democratic friends in New Hampshire have " done nobly." Now, their gubernatorial candidate was defeat ed, and the nigger worshipping Know Nothings have a majority in the Legislature. What we want to know is this: If the l'osCs democratic friends all over the country should act with Granite State nobility, where would the Cin cinnati nominee find himself in Novembor? Echo answers very loudly? away up Salt river. Rifies for Kansas.? The St. Louis Republi (xm is informed tnat large numbers of rifles are passing through that city Irom New Kaglanrl, m route for Kansas, and that a number of noses of them were spotted on the levee the othtr day. The Republican need not be alarm ed. Although the Aid Societies may send rifle*, their creatures will be atraid to use them. Traitors are always cowards. Another Ferry Kow<? A correspondent de sires to know why the boats from the Twenty third street ferry are not running according to 'he franchise. Navigation ban been open up Newtown creek for eomp time, and no boats are run. We are assured that if the proprie tors of the lease are tired, that, there are num bers v people ready to take it and acconimo- ' date the public. Will Mr, llali look to this ? ' The Contested Election foe Citt Coup troller.? Giles versus Flaqo. ? 1 Thia ease will be brought on for trial this morning in the Supreme Court, before Judge Roosevelt and a struck jury, composed of twelve of our most respectable citizens. From the list of forty-eight names selected by the Gommiesioa ers of Jurors, the counsel for the contestants of the disputed office, struck off twelve each, leaving twentj-fonr from which the jury are to be taken according to the prescribed form. The case of Brandreth against Ferdon, for the contested seat in the State Senate, and which was recently decided in favur of the latter, is in many reipecte similar to that which will come up to-day for adjudication in the Supreme Court They both furnish strong proofs of the grossly negligent and loaea manner in which some of our elections are conducted. We are glad, however, to perceive, from the caee now before the public, that a revoiutiou has been effected in the process of trial, and we trust the plan now adopted will be followed hereafter, particularly in cases, where the con tested office is one of much importance. The de cision of the claim to contested seats by legis lative bodies is generally influenced in som i degree by political considerations, and it h therefore almost impossible to obtain a fair and impartial trial. Where the questions io dispute are left to the decision oi a struck jury, there is, however, every reason to ex pect that it will be a just one, or that politic will be ignored in their consideration. Thf jurors in such cases will, as a general thing, be selected on account of their character ami position in the community; but if they are chosen for their political affinities or predilec tions, the balance between the contestants will at least be presevved. Mr. Fillmore and the Know Nothings. ? Since the election in the fall of 1854, which placed Myron II. Clark in the executive chair, there has been at intervals considerable con troversy as to bow Millard Fillmore cast his vote? whether for the present Governor or Daniel UUman. We learn that this point can be satisfactorily settled by a letter, still in ex istence, written by Mr. Fillmore in January, 1855, to Isaac Newton, the well known Quaker of Philadelphia. This document, now that Mr. Fillmore is again on the track, becomes or no little value. It is said, too, that the letter contains the ex-PreBident's views as to the or ganization of Know Nothings, and it would be well to make them public at this time. The original, and a copy of the original, are io existence. Will Mr. Fillmore's friends pro duce the letter at once, and settle the question as to his vote in 1854, and bis views on lie subject of Know Nothipgism ? Hard Swbarino all Round. ? Admirers of the junior Seward organ, and politicians gene rally, are particularly requested to read the article published to day from the Albany Ex prets, anent the Railroad Commissioners. Tht press is a great engine, but rash drivers some times run it off the track. News for Erie County. ? Mr. Fillmore is en dorsed in North Carolina because he " turneo out of office every free soiler in his own State." Is that so, and has he taken the third degree Will the new organ at Albany be kind enough to answer ? Glad to Hear it. ? The Charleston Mercury has found out that Mr. Pierce is a friend to the South. It is exceedingly encouraging to hear that he is a friend of something or some body. Where are his friends? IBB LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Washington. eentcckt and the Cincinnati convention? tub KANBA9 COMMISSION? MR. C HAMPTON AND THE ENLISTMENT TROUBLE. Washixctox, March 23, 185f> Sever*] delegate* from Kentucky to the Cincinnati Gu a vention are here, and report that Stale for Lintf Bova first, then for Buchanan or Douglas. They consider K - > toeky certain for the democratic nominee by a large m < Jority. Mr. Hickman, of Pennsylvania, will be Chairman of iV Commission to Kanras The other two are the name an I telegraphed last week. The Speaker may, however, change one of the names, an there is a string effort Ut.ag made in that direction. New tacts have come to light, in reference to the en listment difficulty, wbich will be disclosel In a tew days Tbey add materially to the facta already implicating Mr. Crampton. nnrdrr at Camden, if . J. PHit.AitKLFiiu, March 23, 1856. Mr. Wm. J. Hatch, a member of the Camden Com mon Conncil, was shot this miming by a party of gun aers whom be had ordered to leave his premises at Cooper's Print. The murderers were arretted and om BlitttKj. The Philadelphia Catastrophe. Philadelphia, March 23, I860. The body oi Edward Merchamp, formerly conductor on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, was found in the Dela ware to-day, making thirty one bodies that hare bien recovered. Emigrant Aid Meeting at Coin m Ma, 8. C. COLmniA, Mtrch 23, 1850. A large meeting was held In this city yesterday, to pro mote emigration to Kansas. Resolutions were adopted, and oonjnitues appointed to collect funds. navigation of the Ohio River. WirKEi iw<;, March 22, 1S6?. There have been thirteen arrivals ol steamer* to-day from belcw, and more are expected to-night an 4 to-mor row, with a large qoaatity of Easlsrn freight Market*. Mohii.r, March 22. 1856. Cotton has advanced; the rales to-day were 0,003 Mies, at 0>4?. Hale* tor the week, 34,000 bales: stock m iri 138,000; receipts for the week, 16,000 bales. Pbovimn'I, llarch 22, 18?t). Cotton ? Sales moderate, at anchanged prices. Wool? Pitees remain firm ; sales for the week, 98.000 lbs. Print ing cloth/? Sales, 29,400 pieces. Haval Intelligence* A schooner load of machinery and guns for tV new steam frigate Roanoke, now In dock, arrived at Norfolk r.n the 16th inst., fiom Richmond. Men are at work preparing the launching ways for the steam frigate Colorado, at Norfolk, which it is expected will be ready to be launched in about a m.mth. The Vnited Statu propeller Dispatch is to be supplied with a new wheel, one of the fans of the old one being found broken. As no new pattern could be obtained, another will have to be cant. Oa account of this, It in ex[ected her repairs will not be completed for several days. She will, therefore, be taken oat of the Navy Yard dry dock, snd placed in the sectional dry dock, on the New York side, to (rive place to the nr>w steam frigate Niagara. The Pt*pateh will go out this morning at an early hour, and the Msgara will be admitted at cr near 11 A. M. to-iiay. The Niagara it expected to occupy the dock for about six weeks; tor while in that situation she will not on'y be coppered, but the propeller and the alter ."haft, with the shaft beatings, will be fixed in th?lr proter places. The propeller ha? not yet been brought, to the jard; ant the shaft, witn the b'-arings and coup ling*. ?nd various other portions of her machinery, are already within her. Thf. Bah. at mi Acapxmt of Mrm' ._rbe promenade concert rvnd ball lor '.be benefit of the 1 Nursery for the Children oi the Poor" will lake place nextg Thursday *ver .tg, at the Academy of Music. It will be a splendid affair. Apart frcro tbe opportunity it affords everyone to a??l-t the poor children of thee'ty, the ball will be as attrac ve a? an opera. The prioe cf tictets Is fixed at twe ItUart. N'nri rBOM Ciuwa asd Japa*.? Captain Whitsaore, of the ?bip Sea Serpent, which aai'ed from Bong Kon* on January 3, and arrived a*, this port on ths 22d instant, furnishes u* with the following new* items:? There Ik no lews of mora than ordinary Interest from Canton. The tteady progrees of the revolutionary party ih an undoubted tact, though their disaomflture in tha vicinity of Canton has fir a while caused them to disap pear from that quarter. They bow hold the moat fertile provinces in the interior, ami have powerful fleets on the eoa<t rerty to take advantage of any opportunity to re enter the river, f'hey are no', to be confounded with the pirates who have been almost as troublesome as usual on the coast. Tfcis in eeUblisted by the testimony of Mr. Eli M. Bopg*, an Amerieui, who was eompe'l<d to remain amorg the pirates firm Juae Uirt, until he escaped in November. He caj s tie piiates are much more afraid of tbe rebels thiin of the Mandarins. The lormer attack them and capture their guns and ammui-liiou. The lat ter al??>s keeps at a dl*.ance from thnza. The wea>her was unueuaBy bad last nonth (December) in the Chita Sea. Oi e ln'ge vessel, name unknown, and the Dutch bar* J( bancs, wan reported cu Praia Snoal* at the departure of the sea Serpen'. H. H. B. brig Bittern aUo reported on thore a short uistsneo outside, Laving got under welgQ to go to tie spot. Ihe river and adjacent country quiet. TDe Chinese are not so munh ci^poso.l to emigrate as formerly, ?nd la. ge numbers were retaining trom Call "hftrrigh h, 1be ship Cha'leug? was loading for Lon don at ?4 10. Freiirnt* to N'ew York, $15. The Frit rul if China , of Nov. 21, sajs:? Tbe 1'uteo war steamer liedeh, Commander Famine five cays and a half from Japan, arrived here ust night, ana stuuled toe British apd AcuericiU llag? Una moru^ The rtiembtog, Ityteh wa- steamer. has been predated to ibeJapanme government, and remains at Naguaki, though what, use Ihty have for her, or lor ihe hogush lit earner, to *o bjr-and-D3e, la aaptrUIa. The ( Gedeh briBiw Dooevii. Nothing aaore had been heard at Deol ma oi tbe A aerican raid at Simoda, as reported on a lormer occasion. City Intelligence. THE POSTAL ItEFOKM AGITATION. A meeting will be held this evening, in the large chapel of the University, on Washington square, by those wh) favor postal reform. Their offlrial prose platform Is as follows:? No franking I? let government pay its own postage; uniform pusuge? two cents; tree letter delivery; uo compulsory prepayment; dead letters to be returned; Post office money orders; cheap ocean postage. The following is tbe official poetry of the movement:? POSTAL REFORM : OWED TO I HE POST OFFICE The sloth is like a mall coach, And tiavels very slow ; The tortoise, like a post norse, Along the ground doth go. The modern mail, much like a snail, Crawl i o'er the besten track; The thief takes off our let'em, And he Lever brings ihem back. The laay postman, like a post, Now loiters on the way; The sleeping postman takes a nap. And snores the koais away. The postboy's horn "is heard eash morn. As o'er the hill he rides; The coach-aod-six is in a dx, And slower than the tides. The carrier dove, with words of love, files onward fast and free; The air balloon, both morn and noon, Soars higu o'er land anu sea. The locomotive and the train Defy both wind and storm ; Obstructives alt must clear the way; Look sharp 1 '"Poital Keform !" The telegraph's tot alow by half For Yankee enterprise; Professor Horse, spur up jour horse, And lash him through the skies. A number ot well known merchants sign the call for the meeting. Hon. Luther Bradiah will take the chair, and distinguished speakers have promlied to ba present and address tie postal reformers. The civic dignitatis* of some of our nelgnboring oltle ? have intimated their intention to be preseat. Mavor Conrad of Philadelphia, will put up at the Astor House daring his stay, and the Committee havo engaged apart ments fir Mayor Johnson, of Miodietown, at the Union Place Hotel. F-ASter SrsDAT.? The Easter holidays were inaugurated splendidly yesterday, by 'ieliciously warm and pleasant weather. It was just the kind of day that would have thawed old winter's coat tail o?T had he presumed to Ut irer in tbe'ap of spring, to chili his fair an d fickle sup porter. Brc adway ai.d Fifth avenue were themselves ag&io, piooeefling and i>uccee<iing church hours. Taey were thronged with yourg and pretty damsels, who had turned out to give their recently procured dry goods an airing, aud bewilder tne young gents that frequent those avtnuee, by the magnificence and beauty of their toiu tn utmUf. There was any quantity of ?' bewitching hats, ?? charming-' mantillas, ?? sweei" mnires and otuer rain bow-hued garments to be seen, with the usual allowance of ft male Inside of them; ard really they were beautiful and ftcinating enough almost to justify the extravagant expletive fair femaiedom is in the habit ot bestowing upon 'hem. The K man Catholic and Kpiscopaliau churches were thronged during the day, and sermons commemr rative of ihe Redeemer's resurrection and as ceni-ion were preached to overflowing and attentive an diences. Ihe decorations in the Catholic churches all a?tumed a restive character. The pictures and altar I ur niture, which, during I>ent, were draped in black, aod pav out ot sight, tere uncovered and restored? the sombre vectn,e*ts or the priests weie laid aslie, and robes of whi'e snd gold, and crimson were dinned to express the jov felt at our Savior's resurrection and victory over deith. heli and the grave. Higtt mass was said, and the cere monks were all oi a jubilant and exultant character. Nor was the r ay iorgvten in the Protestant churehes, as Cbiist'j resurrictiou formed the theme of many an elo quent and ixupre8?ive discourse. Novkl Afparatuh i ob RAisiyr. Suxkis Vibskia ? At 11 A. M., tc-day, will be launched from the foot of Thirky sixth street, North river, a pair of patent ltf^ng tiuks for raising sunken vessels, recently invented by Captain Bell (wrecker) and built under the superintendence of Mr. N.B. Wing, ol this city. These, combine 1, a a<~st novel and curious a>paratus. being two separate water and air tight tanks, wtth straight or square ^ides. escli lavicg on I s outer fUe the form ot an acute angle, w ile the iiinei fuilace resembles an arch, which v 'Ulii be it compare wiih a narrow bteast book timber of a ?;<* rel. They are 4 'eet ? inches deep by 6 feet 6 wide, the whole lergth being 57 feet, with 45 feet from the span of the arrh to the ends, ana 18 ftet wide acrost lb* crotch. A bulkhead, alio water and air tight, is P laced through the crotch, divi ling the lank into 'nree separate chambers, with a valve under each, taadmi' anu let cut tbe water. Tha va'.ves are opened sim ilta neously by a lever attached to them ail, and by letting go tbe lever, are dosed by the pressure of the w?*er. Ihe tanks are to be attached, one to the bow and ;be other to the stein of a sunken vessel, each one rece iiag se much of the vessel within its arch. As iffi* Tit weight Is applied to submerge them wh?sn tilled with water, and when made fast to a vessel or any sunnen body, the sater within tl em Is expelled, by the fort jo. air on its surface, which Is to be applied by meins of a pump, and which will then give to the tanks their lifting power. They are constructed In tbe most substantial manner, having heavy timbers, with thick planking in side and out, and fastened with two hundred and urty one inch bolts, from five to seven 'eet long, over an A down the fides, and fonr two and quarter inch boits, eighteen 'eet long, athwart the crotch. They are calcu lated to laise under water a barge or other vessel con taining 400 t ins ol cargo. Qiifrtj ?Allowing the air pump to be of sufficient torn*, ot what material will the connecting hose necessarily be made to enable the pump to form a water vacuum so as to overcome tho gravity cf tbe sunken body V Tint Crrr Hai.i. Ai-arm Bkix?Impkoviqiknt Hf-quirkd.? There is much complaint among firemen relative to tbe lookout connected with the City Ilall fire alarm bell, which is not nuftieiently elevated toenaa'.e the b?U ringer t? comirand a good view of the fire" in the lower dis tr'ets. Several buildings in the vicinity are higher than the lookout ; s raong them are French's Hotel, Harper'* building, A. S. Stewart's, Moffat's and Taylor's buildluir" on Broadway, and hence U a tire takes p>ae? in a lla? with those edifices, it is Impossible for the m?n on the liofcout to designate its locality. As an iostanoe of this, the tire which occurred in Brooklyn on Sunday morning came directly in aline with Harper's bull ing and the Ci y Ball, snd the man stationed at the look out, dis covering a volume of smoke, believed the lira to be a. Peck slip, snd smic* a false alarm for tbe Sewnth dis trict. which called out a huge body or firem.n, who weie much provoked to find that the alarm was need less. It appears that Tor a very trifling txpinse th? Common Council can Ot up a look out twenty-one feet above the present location, whish will co?andaview of both riv? rs and all the buildings intervening. Ihl should be immediately attended to by the Common Coun ell as it puts firemen to needless trouble, and seriously militates against the reliability of tbe alarm be l. We uncerstand this matter has been before the Comraju Councillor some ttme past; but so far they have not remised its importance. Without exception, the loo*, eut on the Ciiy Hall is inferior to either of the other bell towers, whin, from Its position, it ought to be the most perfect In the city. Death of a Nkw York Vom ntkkr.? We are Infortnei that Dsniel O'Kenfr, a mesnber ol Company H, Ne* York Volunteers, snd formerly an orderly of Ueuernl Ward B. Burnett, died recently on Bluok well's island. Il xtr?me desiitution. We mention, as an instance or the evotion of tbei su'vivors of that gallant band to their cmrades, that unremitting exertions have not beci snared by Ueut. Peel to a'oertaln the place of O'lveefe't interment, so that his remains may oe exhume J, an 1 tl ?t the bnrial ntei appertaining to a Christian and a soldier may be extended to them. 1 inn is Ckxtke Hri:ct.? On Saturday night shortly arte. 8 e'clock, a fire was discovered in a German boarding house kept by C. C. ll?ele;at No. lit Centre street. The Are was found burning upon a taMe in Mr. Kisele's bee room, on the second floor. A bonnet box, together wltli u number o shirts, a ..?W palrof pantaloans, and othe. f tr.all artlc es of wearlrg apparel were destroyed. How tlie fire origlnatedis at present somewhat mjsterlous. The llsmes were extinguished with a riaii or two ' ?r *4t?r? feTgeant Owens, the telegraph operator at the (Alers of fice forthwith cespatched an officer for the Fire Marshal, who attended immediately and made the nesessary ex anination. Mr. Ktsele has an ' Insurant ??>? h" jtoeV hou-^hold furLituTt. kc to the amount of $1,200, in tbe i^lttc Insurance ,'ornpaoy. The ta. dm. br the fire Mr. Risde es-lmirtes at about foO. ihe affair is an j dei invest igaUon. ' TIM trial* Celebration f? V The natal 4ay of Iifcacd'x patron saint will b* cam nemorated to 4* J by a prooeeston of the Irish ? v : ? ^ clatium, and by a dinner given by tha Young it Ireland, at the Apollo Rxmi?, In the evening. Til* Ml bretionwas postponed on aceonnt of the real *ahit trick's eay occoiring during tie last week In I-en , abstinence and lasting U enjcined on all good believer# in the dcgmas of the mother church. Celebra'ing the 17th of the month on the 24t*? loom vtry much .ike a bull; bat Salot Patrick was too good an lri?bican to fled fault with hia oountrymen tn com nemoratlog hia birthday in ao oharaaterlatlc a manner. There Id every precise of a tine day, and no don* th? demonetraticnwlll be aa fnU of Celtic earnest?*. anft etthufiatm as uBuat The following is t' e oftic'.al phoouakme or THE rHOC?8SI0K. The various Civic and 1 rude Socletlee about to unite In the . Tf* . ingt bv u public procession will meet gentlemen, r*P,?e.. tailvea from the vario a f00'*"?* ? ? John Umsrv, Kaq.. Rdward McUoughlln, Es<i , James Cuehing. Ks<i- . Arrlent Order of Bioerntans' socle'.les, escorted by the Emerald and Independent uuard, Caputini (-on. and Mu '"f * ? will meet Ln Second avenue, right resting on Fourteenth street. John lucker. Marshal. , Jlicaael Gillen aid Pairiek Bradv. from the Broottyn and WlUlam.burg liivlslons, Aids. Ancient Order of Hloernl?nM Universal hocletv wil m?e< in Second avenue, between Eleventh and Twelltn sfeets 'ihomaa Mcholfon, Marshal. Irish American benevolent Society meet in 8econd avenue* between Tenth ano ???* Flushing Mutual Benevolent poclety meet in 8e;on<l aveoue? between ?inm and ??mhsUeet^ Mar)ibfti Qaarr; mail's Union Protective Society meet ln Becmd a\e uue, between high h and Ninth Rlre?ts. ^ Thomas Klernan, Marshal. Chariot Alien. Aid. . Hibernian Bcnevolt nt tociety meet in 8e:ond avenue, be tween Seventh and Hgbth streets. 8 Michael Rowutiee, Marshal. Benevo'ent Bocien ot the Uni ed eons or Bria meet in Second avenue, between bi,.h an! Patrick 0"rey. Aid. . Working? en*' Union Benevolent Sooiety mse'. In Second avenue, between Fifth and Stilt iweets. James dairlln. Marshal. Montgomery Benevol-nt Society meet in Second avenue, be tween fourth and Fifth streets. Patrick MctJralh, Marsh*l. laborers' Cukm Benevolent soeietr meet in Second avenue, b^^."%?th^y?a-etl? Secoad aveous. be tweenlecond^hlrd?l?jeU,ii(i Marjhai. Maurice Fljnn, Aid. Bibernia Universal Benevolent Society meet in Second ave nue, between First and jwcond s'ree'a. ' John Bey no ids, Marshal. ratrlcg McOulre, Aid. The nroceseloo will move at JO o'clock precisely. and counter march down Second avenue to 8econd street, SfluS ,n H/iwp.rv down rtowerv to Chatham, tbenue to the ^ of tbe Tark to be reviewed by hie Honor the M%jor, Board of Aldermen %nd ikmncllmen; tnenca iip ZVj to Canal s reet, Canal to Hudson, up Hudjwn to Mghlh auenue, tbence to Twenty third street. Twenty thud a-r??t to will please confer with the Or and Marshal, at tils rtn Jen a, N?8oSSi? o lota giouno. J ?MK8 8aNDF?>BD. Deputy. l'ETKK B. GAtMOB, Quest. Police lnte?l?Rence. CHARGE OF MANSLAUOHTBB ON THE HIGH SEAS. William Ban ton, a sailor belonging to the/ihip \ icxiria, juet arrived from I/)n.lon, was arrested yesterday by offi cer Newman, of the Emigrant squad, on charge of having on the Toyage to this port killed JsmesReed, also a??ilor, by stabbing him in the body with a jack knife. Mlch*el Dempsey, one of the crew of the Victoria, seta forth !? aa affidavit made betore Jnstioe Welsh, at the low<r Po lice Court, that on the 18th ol January last, aa a number of tbe crew were sitting in the torecastle, Ban'on came, and UndiDg that the coveting of his chest was tarn, be came very abusive to tboae present and a wore tha,. he would c*t the heart out of the person who destroyed hia nronerty; whereupon. James Bee<1, the decetsea, stepped au and sigaihed that it was he who had out the covering of tbe trunk. A scuflie then ensued between the parties, when Reed fell back upon the floor, eiyaim inir "I am stabbed," "1 am killed. Witness examined tbe deceased almost immeditaleiy after the occuneuce. ard found that the blade had pen^tra ^ea the heart. The deceased was pushing away the handot the prisoner at tbe time he received the fatal blow. The prironer had in Lie hand a jitctrknlfe, whiah was c jve-ed with blood, tlio deceased it appeared lived until the fol lowing day wb?-n he died. His body was intern^ a^ s?. Jui-tice Welth ct n mtied the jiti-oner to the loinos tor examination. CHARGE OF SSLLIMG I.OTTBBY POLICIES. t John T. Hodgee and D. M. Ho.!gea, of No. 658 Broat way, were taken into custody on charge of beiog engaged in sel ing lo tery poUciee, ct ntrary to law. The com plainant, John S. Sfcbert, ot No 10 Watt street, * -leges that the accused have men em ploy ed in the r office to sell policies, and that they receive all profit#, and pay all losses upon the sale ot these tickets. The cocnplain nnt further (ays that he purchased one of these lot'ery ickets from a'raan naaneo Reed, who to\d oomplainant hat Mr Hodges was his backer; that complainant went to see Hccges, and that on questioning him rea'ive to the matter, he admitted that he was Reed's baek?r, and that he hsd twtnly oth^r office.) ot that kind in this cry; that complainant received *10 from Hodges, through ? third party. That the acjufed keep offices for the sale or ir.tterypolicy tickets, at the tollowing places, and bach tbe book* of tbe persons in attendance upon them: ? No. 90 Reade street, kept by one Monroe. No. 72 Vetey street, kept bv A. Pierson. No. 147 iAonard street, kept by one Neirbo.d. No. 56H Grand street. , . No. 166 1-eonard street, kept by one Ravel, and several other places. ? _ . The accused weie brought before Justice Dav ?on. at the Jefferscn Market Police Court, where they were hell to ball in the sum of *600, to answer the charge of selling lottery policies. A KF.6K0 GAMBLING ESTABLISHMENT BROKEN CP. At an early hour yesterday morning, the Ninth wars noltee made a dtscent upon the gambling establishment of a negro named William White, alias Burnett altaa Kentish, alias Freeman, situated at No. 87 Sixth avenue, and artes'.ed tbe proprietor ot the place, and about ? seven teen persons, th:ee-fourths of whom were colored, lhe pTlconers were deeply interested ln gaming when the po flee dtmanced admittance. On searobing the premises, a faro table, cealtng box aid several packs of cards yvero discovered by the officers, and were seiz*d as unlawful properly. The prisoners, most of whom we-e under twenty years cf age, we.e brought before Justice H*n- ^ drisu, at tbe Second District Police Courl, where they ' were committed for examination. CHAKGE OF PF.KJURY. Ant my Hunch, of No. 1'67 Broidway, and John L. Wrch of No. 2.1 William street, were arrested on c^iarg* of swearing falfely lna civil case brought on in t-ie su pi rm? Court by Joseph Hund, plaintiff. The accused wete brought before Justice Welsh at the lower I olio* Court, where tbey were held to ball each in the sum os *1.000 to answer. Coart talendar-Thli Day. 199, 07. 8 198, -06. 222. mttrkme Conn? Circuit. ? Adjournad. Pri'bHiiiR Ooi'KT.? Noa. 1411, 16fl3, 1146, 1649, 1714, 1860. 1862, 1902, 2060, 2062, 2066, 2073, 172, 767, 101, 104, 108 661, 1014. 1019, 1020, 1021, 1023, 882, 246, 328. 913, S39 863 864. 327, 916, 916, 944, 684, 668. 960. 665, 10ilv 108*2, 1013, 1086 to 1039, 1041, 931, H89, 826, 780. White, the Hatter, baa Removed frona tbe comer to 148 Fulton street, between Broadwar and Na?i>aii itreet. His spring style or hala la the haadaomest ar ticle of tbe season, at H. aIso a neat, drear hat, for SS wHlf E, Hatter. The Kapenchled Hat for tola Uprlng la the richest and moel hifbly finished fabric yet pro4uoed In New York. Ibis is the opinion of all who visit the saleroom* of hia niabllshment, since the new style was announced. Why par *4 tor a hai in Broadway, when one anperlor ln every repect ?aa be purchased at 118 Nassau street for *3 60f Or. Oo remits' Third Lerture on the ? Che mical History of Creation" will be delivered at tbe faskar Institute, Joralemon street, Urookljn. at 7>i o'clock thia evcLlng. The Sinlthaonlaa Home? Broadway, Cor* ner of Honslon street, New Tork ? Single rooma 60 centa. 7* cents and SI per day. Parlors, with bedrooms, *1 60 to *1 per day. Meals extra, and aa ordered. This new and larg^ hiteg Invites the attention of travellera 8IDNCY KOPMAN. To the hodlea ? a Splendid Aaaortment ot millinery. Wiles' aad mlaaes' bonsets, straw trlmmloca, rib ftens, (lowers, Ac., at WM. S. IKVINK'H, 112 Canal street One Prlre Carpet Warehouse? Young & \ JAYHS, 3?4 Brosil way, corner ot Franklin street. Importers and dealers in rArprtlnjrs cm every description. Thi latest patterns and best styles at the loweet prices. PeUrson & Ilaiaphrey have Removed to Ibelr new sit, re, WM Broadway, oppoalte the St. Ntrholiwi Hotel, where they offer lor sale a splendid assortm sut o Hrus ?els carpe a. just received, from 7a to 9t. per yard. No. S24 Broadway. Wedding and Vlaltlna Card a, Knvelapen, Ite latest sty as, silver door plate*, btidnesa seals, with pr'- wra consular, notary and soeleiy aeala, letter stamps; also, ra>iu M arms, cyphers, lascrlptlona, Ac., engraved on silvnr w?re. Mr. RVBKDRLli'a is thej>ldesi store for general engraving la Brcadway. 302, corner Dnane street Window fhadea, White and BulT Flollanda, aSaloUis. table oovera, pletare cord% tasaela. Ac , atmanuV; tarer's prices, by WCODFlfllll A WKMPLK, 68 Catharine a loan try march* r la aapplied at the lowest prices. Defiance Salamander Snffea? itobert M* PA1 RICK la the atle maniiraet>irer in the Onlted States of tha above eelebra el aafes and patent noerder proof drilan e locka ?od cross bars, nepst 1W Pearl atreet, on* door below Maiden lace. (Ingsfl Hewing Machlnei? All Persona tMt wish for information ln regard to sewing machines, nan (Main it by applying at our office for ooptea of "I. M. Singer k Oo.'a Gaietta,'' a paper devoted entirely to the sewing sea Mae Interest. Ooplea supplies giaila. I. if.glKtlElt A OO..M3 Broadway. To IJqanr Dealer*, Wholaasde Orocera, ffleetroijplats and Photographers, An.? Samples of hquora prepared from the best Imported rognac OH, Jamaica and flu Oroii rum, Holland gin, Honongahela and Scotch whwtey, pearh, apple, cherry and rhaspherry brandies, aad all neoea sarj materials; oils peppermint, leoiun. orange, aaassrraa al saonds and atetcrgreen ; materlais for all arte? daauerreotype, ambrot>pe and phatngrspbs; chemicals, such as bromine, so line, saMa gold, fllterlnc paper, Ac ; metals, aa plvlna in i>'aUi, ikeet and wire; hiamuln. aadmi im, ?abeatoe, Vienna lime, Mkrtnlne. ultramarine, china clay and tha mwt effectual Par dee tnaect pewder for aa ta ar d cockroaches, wholesale aad re toU.by D*7l. rikCUlTWANaKK.M Matte* Waa