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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 03, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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?ur Mexican Correepoadence.
Mataximum, Mexiso, April 16. 1840.
Mtral Effects of tie Revolution?Imliffnatum of the Clergy?
Something New for MuUmorot?Mcutacre of Notions, <#f.
By why ef Vara Craa you have doubtless recn red lull
parflsular* of the capture of Puebla by the President
Snbstitute, as also of tho very patriotic manner is
which he hi* applied to the vanquished the fourth article
?f the capitulation of Puebla. There is oe-tainly a vast
deal of difference between figuring in the army ae g?oe
aala and colonels, and having to aerve In lte ranks, a* In
oaae, aa eommon soldiers. To*' horde of trait're
i the r'gbte and liberties of poor Mex'C) certainly
I It, and the moral effect will be most beneficial.
Let mc call your attention to one fact reepecting the
?abnWon vhieh has just been so completely destroyed,
and It Is this: that, In consequence of the late law regu
lating the administration of justice, the military, ae aleo
the clergy, were deprived of their fuerot, or privileges,
which exempted them from being tried by the common
law tribunals of the oonntry. The immediate ie?att was
? general outcry raised, by the clergy particularly,
against It, who. headed by the Archbishop and Bishops
roundly asserted that they would not obey it unless com
?ended by the Pope of Rome to do so. They all p-o
teeted, but the government stood firm as adamant. The
protests, published and circulated under the humble
name of "Pastoral Letters," were inflammatory precia
nations intended to cause a rebellion against the g , rem
nant. They had the desired effect, and the result was
Mm treasons oommi.ted by I'raga, iiaro, Oastillo, Gui
tian, and some tw enty other generals, aided and assisted
by the curate of the village of /.aoapoextla. They took
possession of Puebla; taev declared a war iu favor of the
?acred religion of the country: they appealed to the
Maatioism of the people: they collected In the city soma
?even thousand combatants; tbey organized ba.talions
with the sacrll gious Dame of "Sacred Legions," and de
fled toe power of the government scarcely orgsn'zed.
The chief magistrate appealed directly to the pcp:e, and
the National Guards were hood In the field. A body of
some 13.000 men, rank and tile, approached Puebla, and
defeated the rebels In several engagements before the
Anal surrender of the place. The victory was most com
plete and the remnants of Santa Anna's army completely
annihi'ated. never again to be the oppressors of the
country. These facts show that tbe fanaticism so much
spoken of as exisclcg in Mexico is not halt as much as a
super filial observer would suppose, and I appeal to tbe
genuine history of this last rebellion to corroborate my
aeeerlion. ?
A oommittee, appointed by the city authorities, left
here < n the 9th instant, to go to Tacpico and request tbe
Governor to a?sume the responsibility of docla ing 'his
city a port of deposit, ami afterwards request the general
government to sanction tbe measure. I scarcely b'l'eve
that his Uxoailency will "assume the resnonsibill y," a la
Jackson howeve- great may be his wishes ta favor us,
who would thankfully receive any small favors, calcula
ted. like the measure propised, to advance our p-cuntary
Interests. He rniy do it. and I nope I am mistaken.
Among others who lately lsft this place was Colonel
Garcia, who commands < n this line. He went to Tamp co
In see the Governor about mtiinry arrangements on this
Iron tier.
The Lipao Indians, who latelv committed dep-edations
an the Texas side of the river, h?ve been soundly punish
ed by Governor Vidaurri's forces, who ba?? captured
aimos. the whole tribe, the mosi of wnich were killed be
fore they reached Monterey. The squaws ki ted their
yourg ones and in the attempt they made to escape oae
Indian ai ne stood his ground against one hundred and
?event -five men, until he was shot to pieces.
The energy and activity with which Gov. Vidaurri's
forces pursue and punish "the Indians prove the sincerity
?t bis in entions to preserve good neighborhood with
onr friends on the Texas side of the river.
Not a word of news on tbe lower Rio Grande.
Unit from Kansas.
Atchison, (K. T.,) April 14, 1856.
14rrkl Times Ahead?More Work and Leu Politics?iottth
srn Emigration?Arrival of the Congrestitmai Commis
sion, rfc., <tc.
Since the opening of navigation there seems to be a
new phase in the affairs of the Territory. Men for the
time have forgot politics and gone to work. In our own
plaee some fifteen or twenty additional (tore and ware
house* are in process of erection, and otter towns
through the Territory evince the came bustle and stir.
None are idle. Emigrants coming in oommence work at
onoe, at fair remunerative prices. South Carolina has
?pened the ball by sending to ue, already, tome sixty
truebearted men, and one hundred more are on the way,
and are lotked for at our place on the next boat. Be
?ides these, a party < f one or two hundred have gone up
the Kama- river to settle. They aU come well armed, to
help support the laws, it need be. Many of them are
men of weal h. who bring their slaves with them. Taey
consider that upon a t.rm in Kansas they can derive a
larger proCt icf tnvir labor than on a Southern plantation.
We hear of parties from almost every Southern State
alieacy on the way, and of course give them a heirty
wele<me ae they amve. Most ol them get claims, acd
many will m tae good crops the present season. The
Topeka Legislature adjourned as soon as organized, be
eanse the memtern would otherwi e have been arrested
and arraigned for blah treason. Judge Ltcompte
charged the Grand Juries throrgh his circuit to take hi
hand all persons usurping office, and they have d.ne
tbetr duty so well tfcat many of these would-be jfli :ia s
have alieafy '-sloped," to avoid arreist and arraign
Our sptinr has been unusually dry as yet. Winter
wheat sowed early looks well; that sowed late will prove
a light eiop farmers are sowing th?ir rprirg waeat
and preparing corn and hemp ground, all there staples
bearing ebundan ly. The yearly emigra'ion fr.m tnis
point to Salt I .like and California furmsnes a reany horns
market and a good price for all we raise.
A d?ily line of packets t? now running from this poin'
to Jefferson City, connecting with tie I'aeihc Railroad,
no that egress and ingress to the Territory is now made
wiih ease aid speed.
The eommi'sioLers from Washingon, to fake testimony
in the Whiifield case, are now at 1/savenwurth, and wi.i
eommence operations to morrow
Ti e pro slavsrv party nave no fears ef the result i'
the investigation is a fair one. It will show, then, that tae
pro slavery party are the bene and sine v In tne Territory ,
and are making tbe bona fide se ttlement* and impr ws
men *, and that tbe talk abont border ruffianism *j
Jfissrun outrages are things got up by the hirelings of
tbe Eastern newspapers.
[Correspondence of the St. I,hula Hembtrat.]
Lawrkxi k, K. T., April 23, 1858.
The United States troops from fort Leavenworth are
in town, assisting Sheriff Jones to make arr.st* Hutcn
ingson. Warren, Lyman, fuller, Hunt an] tvo others
have oeec anested for retusiogto act as Jjdss' posse on
Biwcay last, and to-tiight are hei 1 as prisoners. guarded by
tbe troops, who are camped here. Wo id, Hpeer, Monroe
IMtzler and Tappan were in town this m irmng bat went
a viailirg in the oountry when the troops cauie to. No
resistance has been made to-day. Houses have been
searched, bat Wood, -peer A Co. have not been a'restei
Tbe soldiers dislike tbe ou* loess tbey are engaged in.
The session rf the Cotgreesi >oal Committee here com
menced this mornicg.
LaWRKO'E, Kansas. April 24?2 A M
Last night, about 11 o'c ock, Haeriff J >nes. whl e sitting
tnateni?itb some soldiers, was shot by soma one ou'si le.
who fired a pistol, the ball tak ng effect in the back, just
balow the sh miners. June* fell ba:k wi*h a groan, was
taken up and carried to a room in the Free Mate H >tei.
where his wound was dressed by Dr. Stringfellow, of
Atehiaon, editor of the Squatter Sovereign. Jones is cm
Mdered in a very critical position, hie spine ha* become
paralyzed, and tbea<loctor has put him under tbe inti- eoce
of opium. It war very dark at tbe time the pistil was
fired, and no one saw the person who did it.
TDe Captain cf the Kiekapoo Kangera and General
Whitlield are in town and with Jones to-night
Wooc, Heart, Tappan and others, receiving information
that their friends had been arrested, came into the city
expecting to be taaeo prisoners by the United States dra
goons, andercimmand of I.ieut. Armstrong. Cp in the
preeent lime they are at liberty, but will donbtleee Mir.
reetad to day. Ijeut. Armstrong brings a letter from Crl
F-nncner, oommander of fort I*aveoworth, to tha Mayo
?f Una city, stating 'hat he had leeeived orders to ae-id
troops to iawrence to assist in mating arrests; that w
did not understand the merits of tbe case but hoped Dial
law and order wou'd be maintained by the citizens.
The irsemen of Kansas expected to sustain law, whici
means the enactments 0' a Missouri mob?and order,
which means subn issirn to the laws passed by tbe Shaw
nee legislature, shannon, Atehiaon, Pierce and.String
tallow are great advocates of " law ana order-' (wltn tbe
above interpretation/, and the people are to be foroed into
tha trace* by tha United states army We shall see who
tber the people enjoy this kind of squatter sovereignty
Ote victim of "law and orieri tell last night, and bun
dreds and thousand* of others will kill, and be killed, ifthi
determination to inaugurate civil war here br th- Presi
dent be carried out by vexati ius irritation of the squatters.
Home will l? arrested and tried, perhaps, under tbo*e la ?r.
but that will not lie resultant of any good. If these things
continue, tbe people will he driven to deep- a ion and *
bloody time will fie the consequence. We expect 0 .n
grass to set th* matter right; if they do not, the peopie
will,i n sell defence.
Murder.?Theie was a terrible affair at lalef
boro Maine, last week. Jesepb G. Brown, owner ol a
?mall water craft, returaed to his home as bis family
were at breakfast. When his wile sav his countenance
?he exclaimed, '? I am afraid of you-" He immediately
rsnght np a knife, and pursued her to a earner of the
mora and cut her tbruat, eevering both windpipe and
carotid artery. Their daughter, eleven years oil, in at
temptirg to aid her mother, seized the knife which
Brown drew through ber fingers, cutting them severely.
The mmstsr fled, and undertook to escape to sea in a
boat. but was overtaken by Capt. Benjamin A Warren
and three other*. He threw himsel overboard with a
rock tied to bis neek savirg. " Warren, yon kaow what
I have Con* I have killed my wife bat she tiffed me
first?take ears of my children?I commit mysell to the
waves;" hut the water being shallow he was fished up.
and coc- ml tied to Hel'ast jail He is thirty five years
old. and bis wife was abnn' '.htrtv a small woman, luol
tensive, and prepossessing in appearance?Boston Post,
April 28.
The Canadian Ministry?The Canadian go
warn meat seems to b<- in had odor. 'Ibey wered*1** ed
tn Parliament on Tuesday, on a motion rffcrei by Mr.
Mackenzie, petitionlrg the </u*en to unconditionally ptr
den -mnh O'Brien, the Irish patriot, and John F rost the
ahkrtist The ministry opposed the motion; but it was
eai rinl?40 to 38,
Our Rebraaka Corrapoada e?
i >maU4 Cm, March SI, 1866.
A dries to Emigranti Oominy to Ntbratk ??Srv? from bort
/?isrrs? The Indian Agtnt a I'rixmtr?Th I'niUtl Stale*
StUiitrt to bt Htmocui A>at the StttlcmaiU?General
Header, we presume you purpoao m'grat hg westward,
at leant; II not, you need read only these t ?o lines, and
then turn to some other more interesting portiaa of the
EUilalo. Ifyou bare made np your mmd to erne, and'eel
satiebtd that you are not doing well enough where yon
are, why get tne wife and babies ready and come aiong.
You can get from New York to St. Louis by almost any
of the routes?1 am not hired to puff any particular
line?for abont $40, boarding and odgiitg Included.
From thence to Ne >rnakn City or Omahn City for abont
$16. This estimate covers all lor a man, anl a good
Bring with yon onlr good and needful articles but
particularly money, for it la a poor place without the
latiei; also good subatanvial wearing apparel; and if
you hare it tamiiy, some bed clothes, and just as little
else as yon think yon can manage with eom'ortably. if
you have ma-imgeabb* daughters, of course let them
bring their fancy li m" along, for here, as everywhere
else, tne on'side show etfects, in nine cases oat of ten.
more gooc town any thug else, and many of us young
men are seriously inclined to marry, provided our em
bryo ladv love has a plenty of tine clothee and her father
plenty of money.
Every ihiDg here In the furniture line it high, and i'
you some via Be. Louis, my advice would be to buy all
yon need there even lo sugar, tea, eoffes. & j. tVh?u
yon get to Nebraska, of oourse you ean store your plun
der somehow until you get reauy to move it to your per
manent domicll, for a ll'tie pay.
When you get here, pu your family out to board, or,
what Is, perhaps, a htlle cheaper, recti a temporary
house, and let them keep house whilst yon tase a good
look over the oonntry and select your future home. Of
course the speculators around Unaha Cl'.y?and every
ether boy and man may be set down on that list?will
try and disparage eveiy oth-r place, and, if you have
money, will convince yon that their or their friends'
prv ptrty or cairn is just what you want. You have a
head on your shoulders, and a few brains In It; improve
on your ovn seif judgment. Examine the country end
the towns, look welt all over it. Look at the b-auties
of the i'latte Valley country, and the rich and beautiful
lands upon ibe Km Horn river. Ses the valleys of the
Mmeha, Weeping Water and Blues. Look up and down
the Missouri; and take my word lor it you will be so com
pletely bslgged in the beauties of each that it will be
hard work t r you to decide where you will go The
claims are all taken upon the Missouri river, and in al
most every case exorbitant prices asked therefor. Upon
the Horn mer tbe country is lovelier, as fertile, and far
more level There are still good vacant claims th?re,
anc one of the loveliest little villages there in the Terri
tory? Yon tenelle?named, 1 believe, after the chief of the
Omaha Indians.
H wever. look for yourse'f, and look carefully, aud
when ycu se eat a place and home, go to work and im
prove It. dhow good and substantial evidence of perma
nent settlement; and take my word f >r it, in t ires years
you wl'l not regiet he day you left the toil-riuden East
and made a email fortu* e in Nebraska.
The mai of the 27th from the North brought us news
from Kort fie:re. The scurvy has broktu out amongst
the so diers; rut so soon as the spring campaign opens I
presume it will leave. The g ano council of the different
hands of iioux witn tier era! Ilarney had not taken place
when the mail left the fort?26'-h ult.?but enougn was
known to assure us that the Ogallahs id ; Bruley bauds
ol Si.'UX whoiifesi the Western praui-s, would not par.
ticipatt in the council. The reasin, it is supposed, is on
account f the interference or meddliog of some agents
er persotis at. Fori Laramie.
Colonel Vaug'cn, the Indian agent for the S.oux end '
other bancs in that region, who had been up amongst
them distributing presents, kc., was made a prisoner by
the Yankunias, at o d Kort Clarke, some dist*oce above
For". 1'ierre, wno fired at uis press nte, and treated liim with
much inctgiiiy. In this case, as in other outrages upon
tbe whites by these Indians, it is presu nei to be the
work of a class of white men who. leaving their native
country for the country's good and lo avoic the sword
of justice, have taken refuge amongst tbe Indians, and,
in a Hplrit i f revenge for their own tieatmeut, endeavor
te exci'e their red brethren to the commissi in of deeds
for which they are now about to be punisned. General
Harney, he wev-T, has oreered all white persons in that
sec ion of ccunfry who are not in the employ of govern
ment or ary fur company to decamp at once. If this oi
der is carried into effert, the first cause of much ot the
trouble will be removed.
1 unders'and it is the in'ention of Gen. Harney to
abandon that miserable ap ltgy for a station?Fort
I'isrr*?and remove his command down the river to a
point seme what in the vicinity of 160 miles north of here,
wh?re he can more effectually conduct a vigorous cam
paign and a direct protection vo the settlers tf Nebraska.
This is a gocd Lea. Gen. Harney seems to fcave Inspired
all the warlike tribes of tbe frontier with aw, by bis in
trepeditv and decsion of purpose. B? some he is called
the "Mad Besr." "Big Chle ke. A General be' er cal
culated for rentier service could not have been found
in he army.
The District Court for the First district was s'ill in
session on 28tb. at 'his place, and for the la?i tew days
engaged is tryfrg the first case of violaiion of th? 1'ijuor
law of the Teriitory There are plenty more of 'he same
sort to follow, aod I presume there will, ot Bect.-s.ty, be
held an extra session some time?soon.
The river is n?a-ly freed from the floi'ing masses of Ice,
and abcat is now dat'y expee'ed fr'in St, Stran
gers are fast eating app^afraee In tue country
Tne weather is p.easant, acd scarce any sickness in the
8i untry.
South America.
[From the London Times, April 16.]
The toll' wing mercantile letter, by the Brazil mall,
gives the latest aesount of the position of ths republic* of
Montevideo ard Bu*noa AyreB. In Montevideo the p>-?.
sicentialelection has terminated favorably, and to -.r*
seems to te some prospect of a crmpaiatlvely hone-' ad*
mlLHtrat <-n; but the clalme of the English merch.uis
In BODnrc'ioo with the b an guaranteed by the BriUsh
government are etill evaded, arut uM probably nea>tiUUt
&tr<myer measures than have yet breri resorted to. At Buenoe
Ayres. pre gress is cheeked by the ferocity of the lndia.es,
which is alieg?d to be stlmmated by the partisans of the
ex-Dictator Rosas:?
Montevideo, March I, io50.
The Presidential election came off on the let lost., and
lion Gabriel 1'ereira is now the President of thi< republic
tor the ensuing fiur years. Bis compe'itor was General
Cesar Dias, who was supported by ths rads. Age i ? i
drew his pretensions, as his friends were principally c > u
poeed of tbe moderate party, who in such times have ct
minished Influence. Although 1'ereira is a man of no gr> at
C pac ty, he has character. With a full allowance 01 ? e
prejadiet* appertaluirg to his race, he is hoaeat,
possesse a will of his own, verging on obsti
nacy. and, being rich, it may fairly be j e
su.ned be has not aeumad office to fill hii private
exchequer But. although the elec ion has resul ed ?o
favorably, It must be ooniessed It waa not acoomoit-t- 1
in a perfectly free manner. Flores and Oribe?the r.
mer under the title of "General de Armas''?had vi.tu
ally the ea'ire direction of public affairs. Thev oUec'.ed
and armed ail the men they could get together, under
the pretence of preserving order and securing freedom of
election. These alarming and arbitrary proceeding!
etlrred up a vr Jent opposition, which, however, was on.y
made spparent in tbe newspapers. They were uncea
singly ec'ive, and to k advantage of tMf position to
plunder every dollar that same into the treasury, be
sides foresiaiUng ?very source of revenue for m nthst )
come. Fortuta'eiv there was no fighting. The na v
President has app inted Dr. Ellauri hi- Minister for Gov
ernment and Foreign Affairs, and Dr. Garcia, Minister of
Finance. Tne post of Minister <d War is to be suppresses
and a great number of employes in all departments will
be dispensed with. H? has expreesec his determination
to reduce sxpen-ea to the lowest pcint possible, and to
extract from each source of revenue the utmost it is ca
pab'e tf ] lairing. For ibis latter purpose, one of hie
earliest measures will, it Is said, be to farm the custom
house duties with 1 he administration, as was d .ne during
the sisge. For the greater part of that period he was
Chairman of the Committee of Management, and is
tbereiore, from experience, acquainted with the supericr
customs a< ministration of the merchants.
The arraigement made by this government with Mr.
Thornton, her Majesty's Charge d'atfairee, last January,
for the settlement of the guaranteed loan and other Bri
tish claims, ha?. as was foreseen, not been fulfilled, an 1
be has, In conformity with one or tbe conditions of that
arrangement, declared It aullptni^vofd. He has now de
manded that tbe administration of the customs should
be eelivered over to tbe loan claimants, woo are virtual
ly entitled to it by toe terms or their oootraet,
guaranteed by tbe British Plenipotentiary In 1845.
No answer has been returned at preseot, bnt it is expect
ed the demand will he resisted, and we all beile*e that
nothing but an exbiti'ion of foroe, by which it may tie
understood our governmental* in earnest, will be effectual.
It is whispend tnat tola government, intend sending to
Ecgland a special envoy to induce tbe British and French
governments to torego tbe pressure of their demands.
All this, of course, is to stave off the evil day; bui I do
not believe Mr. Thornton wi*l be imposed upm so easily.
He understands tne character of these people thoroughly,
ana we KcgLish merchants are well corneal to have so
indefatigable and respectable a representative of her Ma
jesty's government.
The Per vtnee of Buenos Ayres Is In a deplorable onndi
tion. Homes is surrounded by the Indians in Azul; be
has no horses, ind a force is collecting to relieve him
and cnasllse "he harhai lans. who are now within sixty
leagaes of tbe ePy of Bnenos Ayres. Toe Governor ^as
gone out to eollect a ft rce Scarcely a day passes with
out intelligence arriving of some shocking depredation of
the Indiana. It is said that the adherents of Rosas have
stilted them op to Induce the Portenoe to contrast their
present condition with their security under his despotic
rule People talk of a wsr of ex erminatlon ; but as so
cte'y is split into factions whish bear a deadly hatred to
wards each o ber, it U no' like y tbe people will combine
lor such a purpjse. Urquiaabas demanded the dismissal
Of Mltie for invading the Province of Santa Fe In pursuit
of 'he rebel Flores, end it. Is said, if bis dernsnd tie not
com piled with. be will wage war. Increased atten'ion is
devoted to tbe production of wool, wtil-h bids fair to be
ere long the staple articla of export. Ti e In Hans hither
to have not troubled themseiv-s about sheep
Flood In the Upper MisHtHiippr Lives Loser.
? We Isavn bv a gentleman who left Dubuque on Sunday
evsniuglast that the Mi-slssippl was then higher than it
had been at any time for the last four years, and was
rising rapidly. The islands opposite the city were under
water. The Improvement at the levee, known as the
Seventh stteet Improvement, waa in great danger when
our informant lett of toial destruction?some five feet of
It having slresdy been swept away Fate In the after
noon of Sunday, the stiarnsr IOsmund was blown aground
upionoreoi the Islands, sDd whl e engaged In gettiag
ber afloat, two of her hsnds were drowned. \ ait |utn
111 lea ol drift woad were floating past Doneque A great
reel of excitement prevailed among the people, who
lined ?he shore bv thousand*. The rise is from tns up
per Irlbntariss of the Mississippi, and svoerienced ooa:,
iti?n thought it had not reached Its maximum wean our
j nfr*maat left Dubuque.?Chicago Press, April 29.
Tlie Indian war in Oregon.
^ ?Bwuu (0al.)?prli2, 18M /
To nu Fditow or tiii National lawmoipiXH -
Havmg been denounced, without mum or justification,
in riot at ii on the at?" p, on several oeca.i ns, by
Governor Swrrop, and by Governor Curry and hie legis
lature. who have deman'ed o*'he President of the United
Plater n y feintvai trom the couimardof th* I* paxtment
of the Pacific and published to various newepaoers, an
act o'justice to myelf has induced me o presen' you
for otib ication the olio wing -Utement of facte in regard
to the Indian war now waged in the Territorlee orOregon
and W'ai-hiogton.
A year since 1 ordered Brevet Major Heller, with about
160 rank and tile, to go ai fer as Fort Boise to give pro
tect!, n to en igran a going to Oregon and Washli gtou
Territories, and to demand the murderers of some twelve
or thirteen emigrants near that place the year before.
The major no' only want to Fort'Arise but one hun
dred ai d fifty mil?a oeyonc. He remained in that neotion
ol eocutry until n<ar theeirse of September. I806 when
he re nrned to his post at the Da le-, having previously
captured and executed a number of the Indians concerned
in tbe murders above allnoed to.
Shoitly alter his re'urn, and early In October, he was
called on by Major Rains to execute a similar mission
, against the Yaaima Indiana, occupying a portion of the
conn ry east of the Cascade range of m* un sins. It is
said that the Yakiniaa, having become dissatisfied with
the treaty made with them the euiuu er belore sy Gov.
Stevens, determined on war. This waa hastened, as it
would tee in, by some tnjns'i forcibly carrying away anu
ill treating some Yakima squaws.
Tie Yakima*,aecotdrng to '.heir own story, complained
of this wroi g to A. J. Boion, anb-Indian agent, who was
at the time in tbe Yakima country, and demanded re
dress. An altercation tot k place, when the Indians
threatened reverge. The agent in 'urn threatened it
they executed their intentions, to send afftinst them the
troops of 'he I nited States. It was under such circum
stances that the agent and the Indians separated. The
former, however, was followed and overtaken by the Ya
kimas. when they cemardtd to mow if he intended to
send the troops of tbe l>n<1ed S'aies against them ? On
answering them in the affirmative, as lhe Indians say,
they killed him, and afterwards, as reported, some miners
< n their way to tbe Uoiville mines. On this information
belrg conveyed to Major Reins, Brevet Major Heller was
directed toproeeed against the Yaiimas to chaHtlsethem
and demard the mutoerera of 'hesgent, Bolon. Accord
tng'y; with od* hundred and four rank and tile, he pro
c-edea on bia mission, but without tbe precautions ne
tess?ry .gainst savage warfare. About six y miles from
the Dalles, on emerging from a deep ravioe, he found
himself, as he reports, confronted by 1,600 Indians. Af
ter losing two men killed snl some thirten or fourteen
*' untied, ote mortally, he ?scaped from his perilous mm
'lition to an eminence on wni-ih was neither woid, waier
nor grass. He reported that he was surrounded b? In
oiens, and asked tor ? thousand men to relieve him
This was communicated to the Dalles by a person wno
succeeded in passing the Indians without being ob
served. Relief was immediately ordered. In the uican
Hme. after remeinftg i-n the hill thirty-slx or forty
hours, water beirg inoispensable both to men and ani
mals. the M?j. r dc'crmited to for:e bis way lo water.
He broke up bis eccampment anc commenced his march
for the stream, in his front. He met with do resist
ance. and after allaying the thirst tf his men, horses
ann mniet, he commenced his march towards the DsUe?.
In his eTort to make good bis retgeat he berame aepa
rated from his rear guard, 'he front and rear 'akiug dill*
rent trails The guard, supposing that it was following
the from of the column, cnnticutu its ma'ch towards ths
Dalles wibout inierftrence or molestation from tne
Indians. This left lhe Major wiih 00.v forty effective
men and the wounded and haggige. With this amah
force he succeeded in making g od his retreat, followed
two days and nights by 1,600 Indians I think the nutn
ber greatly exaggerated. However this may oe, under
tihe circuri'itances 1 aid n't, consider snsi an enemy
greatly to be dreaded. The repulse ot Major flaller
created great excitement and alarm throughout Oregon
and Wa-h'rg un lest all tne lndiyi iribes in the Territo
ri's ihouJQ at once combine and comedown upon the set
As soon as I was informed of Maj t Haller's de'eat, I
ordeind all the disposable troops at my command to the
seat of war, and I foil iwed. At the .same time I called
upon tbe 1'nited States government tor at leas an addi
lioLai regiment. This was promptly responced to, and
lhe 9th regiment of infantry arrived early in January,
but, owiDg to tbe unusuahy severe winter, could n it
enter upon a winter's campaign. In the meantime Maj >r
Kaics, who bad authority for such purposes, mare pre
pa.ation for a seaend expedition against the Vaklmas.
He mustered, with tbe reinforcements which I sent him,
five kuncred regulars, wiih three mountain-hiwiizers
besices other artilery; an ample for-e, if properly di
reeled, to have defeated all the Indians In the country,
lhe Major, however, partaking somewnat of the alarm
pervacing the country, insreased aod stimulated by poli
tical demagegues, eaded on acting Governor Mason for
two companies of v lun eers, waieh was promptly and fa
vorably resp mded to; and uoon Governor Carry, oi Ore
goD, for tour com par eg, which be refused, because as
be said, the 0.egcui?ui would not serve under United
States (fficers. At the same time he called Into the Tent
torial service two mounted regiments?one to serve against
tbe Incfans In Washii gVn Territory, anil theothersgiins'
tbe Indians in Southern Oregon. Of the f.rmer, no part
ci it, in any sense of the term, war necessary to defend
the inbabi.ants of Oregon against tbe Indians in Wash
irgton rerri-orv, ?tPt of the C&fc&<1? mountains, from
w; om they had no dsrger whatever to apprehend. Msj >r
Idntf. having c mpleted his preparations, with 350 re
gulare and three mountain howitzers, set out about the
1st oi November f r the Yakima c untry, followed by slv
fcompanies of Governor Cutrj'a troopg, commanded by
Col. Neemilh. (no doubt a very capable and enter
prising officer), and about seventy miles from the Dalle.-,
met :he Yakicas, who. after several skirmishes, without
any loss on cither side, excepting one Indian killed and
scalped by an Indian who accompanied the troops of
Major Rains, fled ever the moun'alns to the Yakima
nver, about icriy milea distant; but in consequence
of tbe snow, then fast failing, being several teet deep
on tbe intervening mountains, the Major could not fol
lov?at ,'esst. be so reported. He there! re commenced
his return, havinglott fifiy-fjur animals, captured by
the Inr.ians. but not until the volunteers, nutortunate
lv. bad destroyed the A'ahr.um mission?an imp-irian*'
position, anc one which ought to have bsen occupied
by lhe Mij'r. On bis return he crossed mcun ains
vhlch be bad pitviousiy paseed, which were eovered
with mow from two to five feet deep. His command
was oreered to 'he Dalles, and he reported to me lu
ferstm on the 24th ot November. I arrive! on 'ha
7th, havicg bten detained on the passage from n
Francisco neven days, owing to gales, stcrms eud
a fire, which crippled tbe steamer on board of wh'ch
I was a jasseDjer, by which she came very near be . g
loat. Anxtcua to establish a post at Walia Walla in
order to prevent what followed?a war against the Walla
Wallas ty the troops of Governor Carry?I on'eied a cri
tipal inspection ot ail the trcops and animals, wh-. it
was discovered that many cf tho solciers were wit1 out
shoes and proper clothing for the season; and that all
the animals, with very few exceptions, owing to constant
service during the summer and tall, and espec'ally in tbe
last two expediti. na of Majors Il&lns and Mailer were
recdend unfit for service. I bad determined, however
if i: waa powible, to take posses.ion of tbe Watla Walla
ceuntry before winter had fairly csmmeuced. not be
cause I oensideeed It in any respect necessarv for
the defence or protection ot the inhabitants o'
Oregon or Washington Territory. The Indians in
thai region, two Hundred miles distant, could not
pass the Cascade range of mountains, iben covered
with several feet cf snow. Tie tnly route by wNsh
they ecu'd reach the settlemrnta of Oregon was by tbe
Dai es, where we had a snffi jient regulaj force to repel
all the Indian* In Washington Territory. My object was
simp'y to '.vwawe these tribes and to prevent them from
uni kg wi'h tffirlhkimas, tbe authors of tne war. They
tad not yet taken part in the war, at least they had noc
'ben killed a white man. To accomplish my purpose no
time was to be iost. Accoroirg y I oireet-d Major Cress
chief quartermaster in my stall, 10 procure, if practicable,
the mtana cf transportation. This coulo not be obtain
ed in Oiegon or Wasbirgton without jrsat delay and at
sn entunc us expense, which the state of the waj did not
c*ll tor, cwing to tbe resources of tbe country being very
much exhaus ed by tbe targe requiaitiona uf Governor
Curry >0 Btout his several expeditions. Tais compelled
me to seek elsewhere f ?r means ol' transportati ns. Hence
1 iireeted Major Cress to have wagons, horses and mnlee
sent from Benicta, and boats and lorage from San Fran
cisco to Vancouver. Before the animala, Ac. arrived
the river Colombia froxe over. This cnt oil all commu
ntcatioa with tbe Dniiea and the Incian conn try eaatof
'he Cateade mountaina. For three weeks I waa ice
bout d, tot being able to communicate with the Dalles or
Ssn rmncieeo.
Gov Cnrry, however, had brought two regimenta of
mounted men in tbe field at an enormous expense. No
thing btd jet oeew accomplished by them, and certainly
rot by the regiment ipteoced to operate against the
Indians in WieringtonTerritory. Something had to be
done. A fignt with th? Iidians, no matter whe her fHends
or enen les, was indispensable to excite the sympa'by of
the nation, and especial y Congress, or the propriety of
payiLg e ntrihntloos, so profusely levied on the people
ol i regon, mfgnt be questi ned. Accordingly Col. Ne
sn ith whs ordered by Gov. Curry with his command to
march against 'he Walla-Wshas, where Major Chlnn,
wiih tour companies had been previously ordered. On
an inspection of the horses of the Colonel's command,
although but twenty days in the field, tbey were pro
nounced unfit tor that service. Several cotnpaniee how
r?V1re Pjer?'?d> ?Dd ntder the command of Lieu 1.
if1: o' legislature of Oregon, joined
Major Ciir.ii, who, Ir stead of going to Fort Walla Walla
r*?"? b?(;?t- <*"*> u",k i?- ?>? ^
I nratil'a, thirty miles cistaet. because, as he reported
tiere were one tbouisnd inolins in and about tte fort'
Although in this poiliion for several weeks and fre^
qti'Dtiy sending scouta within a mile or two of tbe In
1 tin. be aas neither molested or inksr'ered with IHent
n0'? ?y,'.00 Jr''D,,n? '"hinn. n?"ved agwinst Fort
Vtalla-Halla, but frond no Inuians here. He .l,*n moved
up the liver T. nchrt. where h^ was met tbe ch,e.
1 'in-I'ln-mrx-mcx. with a flag of truce. He .aid he ?? wJ,
tor peace; that he did not wish to fight that his
peop.s dit not wish to fight, and that i'.n* of his young
men had dene wrorg he was prepared to make restltu
Irn. If he C'.uld not return the goods wrongfaiiy
fsken, be wculd pay for them, being abon lsnlty able U,
t oat When lhe volunteers said they were in want of
provi.fr ns to offered them cattle. He was rich in money
ami cuttle. The v lunteers replied be had better go saex
sr.;, fight. lie refS.sed and with bis companion,
(I.'eut. Kelly sais six) In number, was t.ken prisoner,
snl 1 ei? guarded to the volunteer camp. The volurteors
tt.r wn.nenced the attack upon his peop'e wbich was
c ntisoed lor 1fonr day ?.without an, great loo. on either
? rie. wken fce Walls Walla., having .?eure-i their wo
rn, n snd chi dren, croised Snake river. The .eeond or
tht.d r ay ?S tie ergkgement tbe volunteers^
kil ed I'm ptc-mox-mox and his companions Thev took
Item the chief a head some twenty sealps sot off bis ears
ard lands, and sent them a? trephies to their friends in
? 'H got).
As the volunteers, having no boats could not cross
G ?ke river, the retreat tf the Indians cfreed their wln
'??! a'gn except to plunder the friendly C?ros?w of
-belr b< tsew and cattle [See my letter dated the 12th
l efcnary, ISfiet te.Gov. I. J. S'evens J
. Ovtrg to the levtrity of 'lx-winter, except those can
tored by 'he Indiaoe, mostejf the vnlnntsers' horses di<U
fr< m 'a'If ne eud the want effrrsgeor irrass MsHr
'I'll e?id hat about 226 ef their b??t burs., wsre e*n
'ured I y the Inflata. It i? lepcrted tbatGov. Curry baa
>n p?rt replaced them with a fieeh relay. Jit February
thirteen wagon* loaded with supplies, ino'tiding ammu
uition. tor loe volunteers, guarded by only four men,
were captured by the Indiana between the Umatilla anu
Fort Walia We la.
F-nch have been tbe reaulta of oie of the most unwise,
utiu?ee**ary, and extravagant expedi lone ewer ftttei out
in the United share*, aid 'or no other reason than to
plunder ibe treasury of the United States ai-d to
political capital tor somebody. It eouM not have been
projected for the deft nee of tbe inhabitant* of Oreg
nor for the protection ot O egonlar* In Washington ter
rlury, lor none retired tbsie. What, then, e >uld ha ve
been the objee.V Nothing but a crus.de sgaiust the In
diana, and a long war to enrieb the oountry. Il auch
waa not the obj.et, G v. Currv, instead of sending nht
tro p* against the Indians In Washington Territory, and
beyond his jurisdiction, would have sent all of them to
Si at tier n Oregon, where ths war raged, and mwhers
else in his Teriitory. The Ori goo tans say thai the war 'is
a god send to the country."
It would, however, appear from the GoTsrnor s proeia
matlon that he did send a regiment to Sou'hern Oregon ;
but. fr< m all tbe tbtbimation 1 have received from chat
feotion ol country, they ha*e been ot little or no service,
bo 'bt si giving protectlsn to tbe Inhabitants; and yet
tne war has been carried on between ths volunteers and
the Indians in a most signally barbarous and ssvagv
manner. My information Is derived from citizen* ami.
regular officers under my command, and not from any of
ths eivil or military lunctionarles of the Territory or
Orsgon. I have never been informed by any one, m>teveu
by the Governor, of ihe mibtary wants of the Territory.
R*bs* never called on me far troops to defend it or o
protect tbe ir habitants from savage barbarity although
be bss, as it would appear, purposely avoided all com
munication with n e on the subject. 1 have not been un
mindful of tbe condition and wants of the Territory. I
have not failed, as far ss It was In my power, to defeud
,nd protect such pans as were exposed and usaliel bv
the Indians, and 1 have no doubt but for tne lndworimi
nste warfare cenied on against them, and the massacres
of several parties of friendly Indians by the troops o
Gov Cut ry, the wsr would have long since been brought
to a close in Oregon- Although the Indians are retails
ling with fearful vengeance on innocent citizens tor the
murder in Ooiober last, by Major Lupton and his party
ot twenty five friendly Indions, eighteen of whom were
women and children, all g< log to the military reservation
at Fort Lane for protection; and notwithstanding the
massacres cn the 23d and 24th Dessmber last, when volun
teers murdered about forty unarmed friendly Indians, be
longing te tbe band of tbe chief Jake who was among the
killed. 1 think, if the volunteers, who expect to be paid
largely fcr their services, were withdrawn, and private war
urt vented. I could soon end he war in Bogus River Valley
knd inceed throughout Oregon and Washington; but the
determination of the Oregonians to ex erminate the In
dians, whioh I am wholly opposed to, if not discounte
nanced bv tbe United States government, may prolong the
war almost Inde finitely. Another Florida war mat be had
in Rogue Ri?cr Valley, owing to the mountainous charac
ter of the oountry. The same remark will apply to Puget
Sound, where it is extremely difficult to follow the In
dians in the dense forests of that region. Vet, by a pro
per and judicious course, the war may be brought to a
close, when, by establishing posts at proper points, a re
currence of the past might, be prevented; but to do this,
I repeat the extermination ot ths Indians should be aban
doned. No doubt they could be ex'.e-minateJ, but it
would cost from fifty to one hundred milli >ns of dollars,
besides thousands ot innocent and valuable lives. Still,
with all the difficulties presented, and staring us in the
face, I do not despair. Wi h eigut companies of regular
trcops in Rogue River Valley, and auotaer on the way,
with not to exceed two hundred warriors in arms, in
creased to that number by the barbarous conduc' ot the
volunteers towaros the friendly Indians, and seven com
panies in Tuget JrcuDd, where there are not over one
hundred and fiftv in arms aeainst the whltee, command
ed by active, vigilant and Intelligent officers, I cannot
hut hope that the war in those two sections will soon be
bronglit to a close, when we will meet with no difficulty
in blicgirg the Indians to terms east of the Caecads
range ot mountains.
To show how determined the people of Oregon are to
exterminate ihe Indians, it is enly necessary to represent
their conduct towarcs tour hundred friend-y Inlians
waiting on the military reserve at Fort Lane to be eon
ducteu to the coast range reservation. Capt. Fmlth
commanding at that post, with two companies of regu
lars, reported to mo that it took a large par*
of his ooirmat d to pi?vent the ci'izrna
niiirrieriEg those four hundred Indians. I have
been In firmed by those whose character for truth
and veracity is not to be questioned that meetings of the
cit zens of Oregon had been held, when it was resolved
if tbe attempt, wa- made to oonduot those Izduns to the
ccast reserve, they wculd not only kill them, on', all who
mlpht accompany them. After tbe Indiais recently start
ed for the reserve, although escorted by over 100 soldiers,
they were followed by a citizen, who shot one i f the In
cisns, declaring at the same time he intended to follow
them and kill all he coold. Many and similar cases hav<
been reported. I regret that I am compelled to say thai
such conduct is too mush encoarsged by persons h tiding
high tfliees under the government of the United states,
and becanse I bave opposed this Inhuman and barbarous
prae'lee, and the wholesale plundering of the treasury of
the United States, which there is no circumstance* to ju?_
tify, I have been cenounced by the Governors of both
Territories and the Legislature of Oregon. The latter
bas tiemanced of the Pruaicent of the I nited States my
removal from the command of the Pacific department
To discover how much truth is contained in tte charges
pren n'ed against me in the memrrisl to the President it
will enly he necessary to read thiscommun'cation. i am.
however, eurprbed to tiid that tbe L?|iisla*.ure does njt
Know tbe bouudaiiei ot its own Territory. WnUa;Walla
is in Washington and not in Oregon Territory. No cli
ztne were ih<-re except two or three beeiaee thoHe attach
ed,:cr had been attached, to the Hudson B?y Company,
and tbeee were mostly hal'-breeds or Canadians. It is
well known that they are In no danger o' being killed "by
tlelntians. AH not Americans, or Boston*, as the In
dians call tlem. not found in arms against them are
respected, at least tbey are in no daDger ot being ai lei
^IrMroDdu&ion, it only remains for me ?o notioe a letter
est it should cieate false impiesai ns and mislead ihe
public, cf I. J. Steven*, Governor of Washington lurrl
? cry daud tbs 8th of March. 18?6, and pub isoed in has
Franciseo. The Governor, in his letter of appeal to the
citiwm* of Fan Francisco, would induce them to believe
that there were not to exceed 600 regulars in \\ ashlngton
and Oregi n, and that there were but four compinies of
rfRTilars a'. ODe point in l'nget Sound. At the rate of aii*
lstisr there were five companies of regular* actively ope
retire *gainst less than Two hundred warriors in a-ms
against the whites, anS ftx days cr)^n'ens,
fcfiO strong, uicer tbe direction of Lieut. Col-Cyy
Major Gar nelt. At the date ot hia letter, insteadL of 900,
as he asserts, there wee 1,900 regulars, and etthistiure
2 000. Of the thirty-three companies in the Pacific ce
partment twenty-seven & e rperating in Oregonan
Wailiizgton, distributed aa follows, viz: Nine in South
ern oregm, 700 atrcrg actively 0[>erating against c-r
tainly not to exceed 200 warriors in arms ??*<>>? t e
whites; seven conrpanie*. *a btfore mentioned, In lug -
Sound, with less than 200 waniors in arms against the u.
one eompany at Vanvouver and ten companies^ at tut
Tia'lca. urder tbe command of Col. George Wright of a
9th infantry. Tbe latter will be efficiently and I trust
successfully employed against tbe Iadivns eait of th<
Cascade rarge of mountains, as soon "
permit, that if, a* aeon as grass can be had to support
animals?a teree amply sufficient to terminate the war
in all parts of tbe two Territories, and after ward -
to prevent past occurrences, if the volunteers
could be witndrawn' and private war prevented;
bat as Icng as Governors of Territories make
war and exercise powers, *? J l,eT?> .. HJ"
kn< wn to the President of the Lnited States, and individ
ual* raise volunteers and make war on the Indians when
ever they please, and Congress will pay the expend, so
lorg we will have war in Washington and Oregon Terri
t< rfea. It is said by intelligent men that the expense of
Gov. Curry's army will amount in snip Irom to four mil
lima ol dollar*. If Congress should f. otthe Mil. ?me
Governor of another Territory will make a bill ot ten mi
Hons of dollars. I do not know how the question will he
consi- ered. One tbirg, however, is certain, that It is an
example which, If countenanced by the I nlted 3Utw go
vern? nt, may, when least expected, lead to no lees am
banassing than disastrous results.
I have the he nor to be, with con ^derations of the
highest respect, your obedient servant.^^ ^ WOOL.
The Torf.
Fiowtxr Coruf-i. Pan Francisco? Firft Day, March 26.?
Club purs*. $300, for pacing horses, mile beats, best three
In five, in harness.
J. Crocks entered h. g. Daniel Webster 1 1 1
C. Sbesr entered g. g. Fred Johnson 3 2 2
G. Ferguson entered b. g. Young America 2 3 3
D. Campbell entered b. g. Joe Wilson dit.
Time, 2:29X?2:28X?2:30.
S'hcond Day, March 27?Club purse, $300, for all t-ot
tirg horses, mile heats, best three in fire, in harness
C. 8. kills entered s. g. Rhode Island 12 2 11
Win. Shear entered g. g. Kit Carson 2 112 2
Time, 2:38>i?2:37X?2:38H?2:89?2:43.
Third Day, March 27.?Club purse, $230, for all seoind
rate trotting horses, mile heats, bes; three in five, in
Mr. Hhear entered g g. Kit Carson 0 1 0 1 1
Mr. Crcoks entered b. g. Fo?der 0 2 0 2 2
Time, 2:46^?2:6$?2:13)4?2:43)^?2:41^.
Fourth Day, March 29.?Ladles' Cup, value $300?9100
inside ?tak??for all pacing horses, two miles and re
peat, in harness.
G. Sheer entered g. g. Fred Joknson 1 1
E. Foitcn entered r. m. I*dy Mac 6 2
J. R< fgers entered b. g. Young America 2 dis
Mr. Campbell entered h. g. Joe Wilson 3 c Is
J. Crocks entered s. g. Daniel Webster 4 dis
Time, $:09)<?6:06.
Second Rae??Sweepstakes.?Club purse $160? 969 in
side s'ake?for all third rate trotting horses, mile heats,
bes* three in five, in harness.
G. Shear entered b. g. Trade Wind 12 11
J. Crooks entered br g. Fowder 2 12 2
Time, 2:46)*?2:46\?2:49? 2:46.
Broad Rock Cot shs, April30.?Proprietor's purse $300,
two mile beats.
Jaires Tally named b. h Sebaatopol,4 years old, by
Tally Ho, dsn) Oratrix. bv Orator 1 1
O. F. Hare named eh. m. Ksnny Fern, 6 years old,
by imp. Gleneoe, dam t ub, by Medoc 2 dr.
Time, 3:46*.
Cmon Coi rsr, April 20.?1'urss $300, two mile heats.
T. G Hoc re's b. f. Fuss Farrls, by Wagner, out
of Argsntile, 4 years 3 1 1
A I.. Birgairan'e eb. g. Tom MoGuffln, by Ruflin,
out of La Baccbsute, 4 years 12 2
C. M. Johnson's eh. f. I"n< ine, by Imp. York
shire, dam by imp. Margrave, 3 years 2 dis.
Time, 3:64X?3:4?X?3:49^.
Extra Heppion oethe New York Legislature.
? The Albany Journal (good authority), speakirg of the
obancesst there being an extra session of the Ijegialature
ol this Slate, says:?Nothing bas transpired since the ad
journment likely to induce any change of opinion or pnr
pete on the part of the Governor. If (which is not at all
piobable) tny'hlng ehou'd occur to reuder an extra ses
e >f n necessary, the Huffalo I'limmtrrinl will probably hear
of rt from some more rsiiable source than its "privnte"
let er writer.
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I. Sight and Hearing.?How preserved?how lost. By J.
II Clsrk, M. D 1 vo'., 12 mo. Price $1 12 "It furnlshi*
suggestions upon almost every point which relates io there
subject, and treats larrlllsrly of matters In which every one
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II. Reality, or the Millionaire's Daughter.?Bt Mra. L.
C. luthlil. 1 vol., 12mo. Price$1. "A very Interesting storv;
written in the real life vein. 1 he author never outrages nroua
bllity. Her delineations ef charac'er are clearly defined, but
never exaggerated; and the intereat ot her aketches consists In
tbelr fidelity to truth " Courier.
Ill The Second Marriage, ok a Daughter's Triauc?A
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Price 71c. "It abounds In passages of moving Interest, ami
nltted to the family circle.wlll become a|favorlle there."
or ce admitted I
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IY. Homes eoh the People, In suburb and country, or the
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out the land, from the economically constructed oottage ot Itiuo
or $700 to the mansion of 130,000.
Bent by mall, post paid, for the price remitted to
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Being a selection from fifty cases, just Imported by
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HAhPEh A BROTHERS, Hoc. 327 to 336 Pearl street,
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Vao;abgnd Like in Mi.no. By Gabriel Ferrv, for seven
years resident In that conn try. 12mo . muslin, 87 cents.
This volume consists ot a fortes of daubing descriptions of
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ail Forts of p ople. 1 bey often remind one of Gil Bias. In
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Allison's Europe, second series.?The history of Europe,
from ike tail of Napoleon In 1815. t) the secession o! Louis
Napolecn, In 1862. Vols 1 and 2, 8vo.; muslin, $126 a vol
ume; iheep. $1 Ml a volume
A ill on has a, ready mace his mark as s string, able, spirited
ard rigorous writer His history of the stormv period of the
French he vol u ten, and the brilliant epoch of the Empire, pos
ies a all the Interest of a romance His trowing descriptions
and impassioned narrations of those turbulent and extraordi
nary times have never been surpassed. 'I he prevent aeries
takes up the narrative where that work clo-ed at the abdica
tion ot Napoleon,In 1815,and will brngltdown totheaooes
iloc of Louis Napoleon, In 1862 ? ? ? the public are an
der obligations io Alison for tarnishing them abetter account
of the 'ra&sacilonsof the last forty years than laanvwbere else
accessible in so convenient a form. ? ? ? The work Is
written with nidi and vigor, and with great discrimination
and ability. It Is the best work which this generation will pos
sess on this snbiect. and as such It Is a fortunate and valuable
acquisition.?Iroy Dally limes.
Motlev's DuTCit Republic. The Rise of the Dutch Repub
lic. A lilstorv. By .lobn l othrop Motley. 3 vols., 8vo., mus
lin, fci; sheep, ft. To; bsir eslf ei ra. $8 25.
[Firm the Westminster Quarterly teriew, for April.]
A serious chairn In Kngllsh historical literature his been
very remarkably filled. A history as complete as geulut and
It duitrv ran make it new lies betore us ot the first twenty
j ears of the revolt of the United Provlroes. H has been the
result ot many years of silent, thoughtful, unobtrusive labor,
and unless we are stracgelv mistaken, unless we are our
selves altogether unfit for this offiee of criMelstog which we
have here nndertsken, the book Is one which will lake its
place among toe lineet bistortea of this or any othar language.
*11 the essentials of a great writer Mr. Motlev eminent y poa
seises. His mind is broad, his Industry unwearied. In power
of uiamatlc description no modern historian, except, perhaps,
Mr. Carlyle, surpasses him; and In analyst' ef character he is
elaborate and dlsiiret. His principles are those of honest love
for all which Is gocd ard admirable In human character when
ever he finds It, wh'ls he unaffectedly hates ojpreetlou and
despises selfishness with all his heart. The work consists ot
three volumes, each contalnlrg nearly fiOO pages, and the mat
ter liotily compresied within this large oompass by the ela
borate finish of the style. We now take our leave of Mr. Mot
ley. Si airing him only to swept ourlbeartv thanks for these vo
lumes, which, we trust. wLl soon take their place In every
Ergllfh library. Ot bis axtccedents we know nothing. Ifhe
has previously appeared before the publto, his reputation has
noterosred the Atlantic. It will not be so now. We believe
that we may promise b<m as warm a welcome among our
selves sa be will reeel?e even In America; that his plaee will
be at snce c needed to htm among the first historians In our
common laEgusge.
Helps'? Spanish Oonqi est.?The Spanish Oenqueatln Ame
rica, and its Relation to the History of Blaverv, and to the
Government of Colonies. By Arthur Helpe. Numerous maps,
Ac., two vols, large 12mo. muslin, $L
In a Pkiikkeh's Peoonp Journey ?A Lady's Reoond Jour
ney Motird the World; frtm 1/tndon to the"!laps of Good llooe,
Borneo. Java, luma'ra. Celebes, Coram, the Molucoss. Ac.;
Cnlllrrrla Panama, Peru, Keundor. ard the United fltales.
ft Ids Pfeifl'er. authoress of the *' Lady's Journey Round the
World." Ao.,12mo., muslin, 11 25.
MAvnr.w'8 Wonders ok Science.?'Tlie Wonders of Science;
Or, Young Humphry tsvy ('he Oornl'h Apoihecary/s Biy,
win taught himself Natural Philosophy, and eventually be
Mime President of the Royal Society). The Lite of a Wonderful
roy wruten for hoys Bv Henry Mavbew, author of the
" Story of the l'easai t Hoy l'htlowopher," Ac. With numerous
lllnrtratlons. lfimo . muslin 76 oents.
Madeuia, Portugal ash the AnnAt.nsias. ?Sketches and
Advrotuies In Madeira, Perineal, and the Andalustas of Spain
By the author of " Psnlel Webster and bit Contemporaries."
Nun err us and beautttiil Illustrations. Ifttio., muslin, $1 25.
JjBvrs's Italian Fights ?Italian 8lghts and Papal Priori
p rs seen through American Spectacles. By James Jactarn
.Tarvra. Numerous 11 Inst rations. 12mo , mnsiln, $1.
Jarvks's Parisian Hiopts.? Parisian Hlghu and French
Prtnrlples seen ihrousb A marl ran Bpectanlcs. Second s-rter.
By Jsmes Jaekann Jarves. Numerous maturations. 12mo?
muslin. $1.
James's Old Dominion ?The Old Dominion; or, The South
ampton Massacre. A novel. By G. P. R. Jsmes. Ifsq?author
ot '?Tlcouderoga." "Agnes Sorel," "A Life of Vtclsaltudee,"
Ac. 8vo., paper, 60 oents. ^
Tnr T either.-Moral Intlnences Employed In the Instruc
tion at d Govf rnment of the Young. A new and revised sol
Hon. By Jsoob Abbott. With engravings. 12mo. muslin, $1.
Kwsank's Brazil?Life In Brazil; or, A Journal of s Visit
to the Land of the Cocoa and the Palm. With an appendix,
contaitlng lllustrat'nna of ancient Fouth American arts In re
centlv discovered Implements snd products of domqitlc indue
trv, and works In s'one pottery, gold, silver, bronze, Ac. tlv
1 homes Rwbask. WI hover 100 iliustratlona Hvo? muslin,$2
Mis? Beether's Calisthenics.?Ph*alologv snd nallsUwvnlev,
for the use of srhoo's and teml les. My Catherine B Keerher
au'hor of "letters to the People on Hsoplnesa," "Domestic
Economy." "Domestic Receipt Book," Ac Numerous llhis
railons. lfimo , psper, 37H cento; muslin, 00 oents.
By John Bkoukuui,
Author of "A Basket of Chlpe," with devlgna by Molten
One nest'J">o. Price 91.
Den Duff's Wish and what The Horning Dream.
c .me of It Ibe Fonooe Teller.
Ihe blarney More. The Pairs Circle.
Ibe Go pel Charm. O'Brien'? I.nck.
TheTtatof Mood. The Tlpperary Venue.
iikKBY A JACKSON, publishers, Hew York
Alto for eule by Booksellers evarv where.
lenowrtady. Price M a year ; 26c a number. Suosci.
lb na received by Lb UN Alt D HiJOTT A CO., 54 Gold iitrt'
corr.ei otlfKulton street. Hack numbera from January i
on band.y
De'lier and work,lea aaaom ae published. Hngliah l
per* cellvered at yoor reaidencei In New York, Brooklyn a
Williamsburg, lirmefliaielv after tne arrival of h tea me re.
T. MCHaKIK-UN, 15 lligb atreet, near Pulton,Brooklyn
next will be pnbiiabed a new semi monthly journal, in
Kngllsb language, of faahlon, literature, the One arte, tnd
try audoomnierce Each number will be embelllabed by
beautiful ooiored eogravmg of the faaklona The journal ?
eotitaln a oomplete aooont t of every new Invention, whelk
In art, acteuce or faahlon, beddea the varied news and gosi
of the capital of 'be civilized world Publlahed by Char:
Hartwlca, 18 Hue Vlvlei ne. Parle. Terma of aubacrlption
montha, 94; 12 month*, 98 Subscriptions to be reoelved br
United States bv Messrs. B. WE8TERMANN k OO., No.
Broadway, Mew York.
Bald paper la In a fioiiritblng condition, and peeaeeae* i
extensive advertising patronage. For particulars addre
C, T. H.- Herald office.
DRY 6(N)DS, &C. ~
r\. la an elegant awor'ment of ladiea' Bilk drew bonnets,
93 to 96; richly trimmed a'rawe 93 to 94) lawn bonnets, 10a.
12a N. B.?Basi)ue, waist, and mantilla patterns cut m t)
latest style.
Pretch embroidered basques and spencers, at 92 |
worth 96 and 96. QKNIN B Bazaar,
St Nlcholaa Hotel, 513 Broadaray.
a new lot of embroidered cambric, bunds, hone 76a.
double band, and upwards. Particular attention to anothi
Invoice ot riob French woiked caminc bands 1 ? requested.
GfcNIN'rl Bazaar, 613 Broadway, St. Nlcholaa HotoL
Tbe folio wing lota ol desirable mourning goads, bong
wrm recent anctlons, at 60 per cent lest than cost of Impor
lion, will be offered iris day, nameb
6,000 yards black ard whlt? tissue, la. 6d.
3,000 tarda blnck and * bite barege, la 9d,
3k 0 dresses, tou'ard al.kn, 9' 60.
Ladies, call early ? ,
M. B ?The subscriber calls the attention of wholesale dealer
to the above. W. JaCKSON,
(8ucoeeaor to C P Bartholome v.)
New Mourning store.
No 561 Broadway between Spring and Prince streets.
J stock of mantillas.
72 Canal street.
PAN Y, 61 Catherii e street, four doors from Monroe, hav
ir g purchased at auction over ten thousand yards ol dre
silks, slightly Imperfect will offer tbe lol owing bargains tttl
morning:?2 600 yards plain Pou de Sol at 2s fid. per yard
1,200 do, small plaids, slightly faded at 2s 6d. per yaid; 30O
do. plaids and stripes, tt Us., worth 5s. fid.; perfect; 1 800 <"
brocaded and figured, it.Is. 6d., worth 8s.. sound; 1,600 i
brocade Ftrioe and olald, at is , worth doable; 300 pleoev t
wool printed delaines, at Is. fid , cost 36 cents to Import vert
little damaged; 700 niece* Ftenoh ohintz ehallys, at Is fid.
worth 3s? sourd. This lot ol French goods wi 1 be found
agree with the above description In every particular. B" ca
tug ladles can buv silks at delaine prices. 61 Is the number
N. B.-No connection with any other house.
JUST A COMPANY. 61 Catherine street,
Four doors trom Monroe.
Lane a porter will opbn this morning
large and elegant stork of
At very low prices.
72 Canal street.
Lank a porter
Will offer this morning a superior stock ot
Man riLLAa,
At very low prices.
72 Canal itreet.
French style of whalebone skirts at 76c. and 91. Thee
are ot tbe fashion of articles generally called wkalebon
skirts, Mlae Kerrey, being fully Initiated In the art of ar-|
ranging tbein io as to bang permanently fall, making
dress (low gracefully from the back part ot the figure. At I
KEKMKY'H corset rooms, 6t3 Broadway, c>r. Amity iitree,
New Yoik.
Faz'iar.-In this department the Bazaar viands aloneJ
Nothing approaching In beauty and elegance to the lefanta'
outfits ard ladiea' complete se>s Of under wear, Ac , kept con
stantly rradv for immediate use at this establishment, ean be
fornd elsewhere in New York. GKNIN'tS Bazaar, 613 Broad
way, bt. Nicholas Hotel.
Have removed from 73 Broadway la
61 Barelar street and 66 Park place,
Corner of College planes
Where thev have now on exhibition
A large and choioe assortment of
s mbroideriee, laces.
White goods, hosiery and silk haedkerehiefc.
At 281 Urand street,
Napkins, Ac., Ac.,
In Immense variety,
At from 30 to 40 per cent below cost
Merchant 1 ailors and InroRTins,
12 Park plaoe.
Receive by the steamers and salting vessels, throughout the
Beaton, valuable invotsf s of snrlDg and summer goods for
Gfntlf.men's Wear,
Many of which are tbe confined styles and selections of the
eminent makers and designers from
MKBSR8. barlow, payni a go.,
Coleman Street, London,
(cmblDlDg the
Useful with the Beautiful.
The goods frem Ibis bouse are too well known to need adver
tisement; they have taken tbe <ead of all others for tbe lsst ten
years, the I)resent selections perhaps axoel any previously
Every variety In style, taste and make of clothing and fur
nlihtng goods can always be teea at 12 PARK PLAGE.
Ma new store. Nn. C Aster place, south aide, off Broadway,
where ladies wl'l iind all kinds or embroldarlea, ribbons, Ac v
also, a choice collection ot children's jacke a, casques. aprons,
robes, t rocks and waists, fifty per cent under Broadway
price*. Also. 200 dozen gentlemen's linen eambrlc handker
chiefs, at 2a. 6d. each.
TV bull and white Holland, 37 to "0 Incbea wide. For salt
by DORKMUS A NIXON, 21 Park place.
from 216 to 186 Bowery, two doors below Spring street,
and offers to the trade a magnificent assortment of hunches,
sprigs piquets, fea ber gra-ses fruit ot all descriptions, leaves.
In short every variety ot the most choice species of flowers for
millinery use, at extremely low prices
. nary establishment nn the 1st of May, from 494 to 780
Broadway, near Grace Church.
I? silver medal emporium of (fashions Madame BBMO
RK8T, 376 Broadway, Informs the publlothat her branch store,
79K Oanal street, opposite Greene, eontalns the moat elegant
ana artistic designs of patterns ever offered, under the super
intendence of Madame Goodall.
with a handsome assortment or plain bonnets, ou Mon
day, May 6,1866
Embroideries, Ac.,
Five good milli ners wanted at 164 Canal street.
low prloe for English carpets.
Crrsaley's velvets 91 37K per yard.
Orosaley's tapestries 7s. lid. ?
Handsome ingrains 3s. tid. ?
Superior ingrain's 6s. ?
Floor oilcloths, from 3 to 24 feet wide.
Velvet and Paris table covers, Ac.
Economy-fifty percent saved in oarprtb.
llarrtngton's improved carpet nclsg a new and mosto
valuable Invention, const <i? of twowebsof dura is material,,
with a web of cotton skilfully woven between them, which,
when laid down under carpets, will be found to add to their
cleanliness elasticity, romtort and durability. To be had at
all carpet stores.
WILD A JULIAN, Agents, 82 Cedar street. New York.
peril tie earpeta and China matting for sale at reduced
prices. Carpets and matting laid down In any part o1 the et'.y.
DCRHMUS A NIXON, No. 21 Park plaoe.
? paper warehourse from 72 John street to 119 Pulton, be
tween Nassau and William.
42 East Twenty ninth street, between Fourth and1 Madiaoa
ed from the comer of Maiden lane and William street, lar
the earner of Park plaoe and Church street,
(Buecessors to Wolfe, GUlesple A Aoi,)
mroHTiAs or hardware, etc r
Have removed from
193 Pearl street to 38 Warrer street.
RMOVAL. ~~ ~~"""
DRATRR and tamos.
Has removed from No. 64 While etreet.
To No. 749 Broadway, ODpoelle Astor piece
And bee opened a rhoioe selecUos of rresh good.,'received
direct from ibe Paris and I^mCon markets, wblsh he hopes will
meet the spprobstloa of his oM Mends and ehstomera.
Removal?o wen g. warren, arch! trot ani>
snperlntendent, has removed to 132 Nassau street, uo
t'*1?- He otnUnties to design buildings of every description,
with Improved modes or Hre prsoflng ventilating Ac In the
mrae cflloe WARRKN A EtXlOT. solicitors? Ameiictm and
torelgn patents, counsellors In palest esses. The* have bad'
twenty years' experience in tbe business.
wsrehouse from U to 13 Bpruee street.
embroideries, ltoe goods, Ac., has removed iroraSO .Fbhn
street to 47 Veaay.
The offioeof w. p or apt, c iunbellor-at-IaAW
remeved from No. 11 to No. 12 Chambers street.
banking house, Nn. 33 Wail street.
moval ?A. Reek, work b*nobes mabsr. notifies his Mends
and the pnn'le that hs has removed to No. 28 Attorney street
(I ii merly at 166 Attorney street). Work benchee ana hand
screws alw ays oa hand, and made to order.
A. BECK, 28 Attorney streak

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