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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 03, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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TEAMS ouA uKidnMiii.
tUE DAII. V HERALD 2 rentalier ropy X! per annum.
THE WEEKLY HERALD mxry taiurday, <u 6\nmu yrr
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M*wuUy j-aui for. ur UUK PoillCitiJf COiKWORDtRTI AM
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Mitth Sent on. ,
NO NOTICE btlm of an.mymoma mnmunvxUuma. ?V< do
9004 return thoee rrjerUid. - .
JOB FRINTtNU exmdnl with neiUnrfO, ehrapnaa tool da
ADVERTISEMENTS wo wot -rrry day.
NWu.ue XXI No. 143
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Ion. lorn Vbotb, Dr. Valentine and the boon < uodren.
HOPE <'KAPr L, Broadway?Grand Concert or the Glei
and Madrii.il Union.
New York, Saturday, May 3, 1836.
Mali* tor Europe.
Uk> skil Ktwunship Arago. Capt lines will leive this
port to-?i?y, at noon, far Southampton ai:<l Havre.
m# European rauls will clow in t.hia city at tal^pwt
Ms o clock thia mornlag.
{Vt Hkkald (printed in English and French) will be
pebtiehed at ten o'clock in the morning. Single copies,
? wnkpi^^s, six pence.
SacecripMons and ac.Yertisemente for any edition of the
WWw York Bkralt> will oe received at the following placee
la Europe ?
bmiowitis. * European Express Co.. 17 and 18 Cornhlll.
do. do. 81'iaoe de la Hourse.
fctrmoo:? do. do. 7 Huoford street.
j^nmp'.oi John Hunter, 12 Exchange street, East.
the content* of the European edition of the Hwuut>
fd embrace the news received by mail and teleoraph at
III office during the previoue week, and to the hoar of
Notice to Advertisers.
We are compelled to call the attentiin of advertisers to
?b? a?e. ssity of sending in their favors at an eaily hour.
Mine o'clock P. M. i? the lateet moment we can receive
them, cniee* they relate to deaths or something equally
a* orgeat. We would also urge brevity in all advertise
The Sews.
Another instalment of intelligence from Nicara.
jagua may he found in this morning's Herald. It
comprises an interesting ommunication from one
?f onr correspondents, giving an account of the bat
tle of Santa Rosa, at which Schlessinger's command
was so terribly cut up; more of the intercepted let
ters of the agents oi the British and Costa Riran
governments, still farther developing the designs of
the former Power with regard to Ceiwal America;
a letter from General Writer to f*W6t Waller,
and a correspondence between a nnmoer of promi
^?ent citizens of New Orleanj and Hon. Pierre Soul.-,
in which that gentleman consents to address a pub
Bc assemblage on Central American affaire, The
meeting was held on the 28th ult., and its object was
to devise means for rendering material aid to the de
mocrati: party in Nicaragua.
The nroceedings of the law courts yesterday, in
adjourning out of respect to the memory of the
late Ogden Hoffman?one of the most eloquent men
ot the present age?are marked with impressive
ness, and will be read with feelings of melancholy
pleasure throughout ail parts of thus continent
where his fame and name are familiarly and
pleasurably known. A general meeting of the mem
bers of the legal profession will he held this day. at
twelve o'clock, in the general term room of the Su
preme Court, when addresses will be delivered by
acme of the most eminent oi the profession now sur
viving. ? . .
Meters. Gardinier and Fitzhugh. Commissioners
in charge of the eastern and middle divisions of t |
eanais. have directed the water to be let in, so as to
have those divisions navigable on the 5th. But Mr.
Whidlon, on the western division, has ordered It. e
water not to be let on to that division until the 1-tb.
Many believe that this delay was quite unnecessary.
If so. the delay is to be regretted. The tolls each
flay would exceed $12,000.
The session of the United States Senate yester
terdav was taken up with a discussion of the Kan
me question, in which Mr. Benjamin, of Louisiana,
was th? principal speaker. He maintained the
Southern view of the subject. He also strongly
condemned the Know Nothing party. Regarding
as powerless for aught bat mischief and to help the
nigger worshippers, and the whig party being ex
tinct, he formally declared it to lie his purpose to
join the democratic party, and use hi- utmost efforts
to ensure its success. General Casr felicitated Mr.
Benjamin upon his change of views, and announced
his intention of addressing the Senate in defence of
Squatter sovereignty on Thursday next. The de
bate-if such it may be called-terminated in a sar
castic war of words between Messrs. Clay and, Hale,
id which little credit was obtained by either. The
Bouse was engaged in the consideration of private
bills, thirteen of which were passed. Both Houses
adjourned till Monday. <
We see it stated that the two Congressional Cham
bers of New Granada met on the 10th nit. to elect a
deputy in case of the death of the President or \ ice
President of the republic, when Gen. Mosqnera,
well known in this country, was elected by a ma
jority of fort)-live out of eighty-eight votes.
We give in another part of to-day s paper a letter
?f Gen. Wool's, in which that distinguished veto
ran replies to the accusations made again?t him, as
commander of the military forces engaged in the
Indian war in Oregon and Washington Territories,
by Governors Curry and Stevens and other parties.
The epistle also furnishes a very valuable historical
sketch of the Indian troubles in that remote section.
In the paragraph alluding to the first shipment of
nilk goods from Canton via San Francisco and the
isthmus of Panama to this city, published in yestor
day's Herald. Adams A Company were mentioned
as the forwarders of the merchandise. The credit
properly belongs to Freeman A Company, the suc
cessors of the old firm of Adams A Company.
We give elsewhere copious details of Mexican
news to the 22d ult. They will be found highly
interesting. ...
Our correspondent in Havana, writing on the -ltd
nit., states that the Diario and Prrnsa newspapers
had waged an unsuccessful war against Benor
Pancho Marty, who lately leased the Villanueva
theatre. The speculation was eminently profi.able.
The people demanded the taking down of the old
?walls which surrounded Havana, as ordered some
year- since by the government at Madrid. Bennr
Camba, Auditor of War, had been removed. Mr.
(lodard, with five yoong men. were nearly killed
during the descent of a balloon near Regta. Louis
Zaves one of tbe passengers, was seriously injured,
whilst another, Senor Perez, had a leg fractured.
The British brig Arab had arrived from Tampico.
The cotton market was qnift yesterday, and sales
were limited to some 500 a fiOO bales, the market
closing dull, but withont quotable change in prices.
Flour continued firm, at the previous day s quota
tion- with rather more daing. A sale of Southern
white wheat was made at tl 72, and of Micb gin
do. at $1 60. Rye soM at 76c. for Northern. Fork
wu doll, and easier, with mall sales of mess at
fin, at which the market closed dulL Corn was
easier. Damaged, for distilling, sold at 65c. a 56c.;
and good sound yellow and white at 61c. a 62?c
Sugars were tolerably active, with sales of 1,000 a
1,'JOO hhds. Cuba muscavado at prices Btated in
another column. The chief sale of coffee (1 >(>G
bags Rio,) was made at auction, which is reported
in another place. Freights to Liverpool were
firmer, with more doing.
The Sewi from Mexico?Import ant Polities',
Religions and Financial Reform*.
Some of the details of the last news from
Mexico are given in our columns of this morn
The politics of Mexico are becoming truly
interesting. The innumerable battles in their
many civil wars excited no curiosity abroad,
aod in fact were only of the local importance
given to a common case ol' assault and battery
in a petty criminal court. But for onoe?or,
rather, properly speaking, at last?Mexico has
made an effort to abandon the military, and to
take a step in advance in civil government.
The administration of that country for the last
ten months will, of itsell, form an era In its an
nals. Traditicns, and prejudices, and institu
tions properly belonging to past ages, have
been shaken off. The lorms, the usages and
the principles pi a monarchy have been repu- i
diated, while a desire to adopt the republican '
opinions and political ideas prevailing in the
United States has become popular. Within
this short period we have witnessed the
downfall ol a despot imbued with all
the bate lul sentiments of a mushroom em
peror; we have witnessed the abolition
of ibe system of espionage in the use
ot passports and letters of security: and we
have witnessed with equal pleasure the first
attempts to establish the freedom of the press.
In the pcrts of the republic a no less impor
tant chaDge hae been effected. The commer
cial regulations adopted by the Spaniards in
centuries past, cut of jealousy and suspicion
oi strangers, have all been swept away. Tht
vexations and delays incident to lauding or
teaviDg a harbor where no rights could be
caid to exist, and where every accommodation
was accorded as an especial favor, or in con
sideration of a bribe, have been abolished. Fo
rugners now enter Mexico with the same ease
ai d freedom that they would eater an Ameri
can city. The extortionate and exorbitant
duties?the selfish prohibitions?the pluuder
;ng monopolies, have passed away, until a new
order of things in tariff regulations has sprung
up, which will compare favorably with our
own most liberal system respecting imports.
These relorms indicate no ordinary pro
gress, and would alone characterise an ad mi
nistiation as one of great energy, foresight
and talent. But those do not constitute more
! than a small portion of the alterations made
in the policy of the country. The military
strength and privileges of the standing army
have been attacked, until that institution has
succumbed to -the civil power. The church,
also, dominant through its wealth and almost
irresistible through its hold upon the religious
hal".;t* sentiments of the people, has been
assailed with the* Ml116 vigor. Should the
government come off victCT^W and
most formidable contest, we have to
congratulate that nation with having Crushed
both the military and religious elements whijh
heretofore have prevented Mexico from as
eumiDg her proper position among civilized
communities. That contest, however, has not
ended; indeed, it may be said only to have be
gun. The amount involved in the issue in
material wealth in millions of dollars is
probably much larger than ever hereto
fore has excited human passion and cu
pidity; the principles at stake, moreover,
are the same which in ail ages have
aroused the st^ngest emotions and fiercer
strife in the breast of man. Shall the spiritual
or temporal power prevail ' That is the ques
tion; and while the church humbly declares
that ite kingdom is not of this world, it very
arrogantly assumes to possess attributes which
in other nations are wisely bestowed only u;
on civil magistrates. It forms, in itself, with
in the repuplic, a distinct sovereignty, com
pact, solid and rich, and in all these respects
presenting a wile contrast to the civil govern
ment. Both cannot exist without detriment
to the State, and without destroying all uni
formity so essential to political administratior.
The pretensions of the clergy are fully set
forth in the letter of the Bishop of Paebla,
which we publish, and the weakness of their
cause is no less fully exposed in the private
letters of our correspondents. It seems to u*
while reading these epistles that we are car
ried back to the controversies agitated in the
times of the Crusades, when by the feeble glim
mer of a rush-light in some gloomy cloister,such
topics were studied in black letter manuscripta.
It is almost impossible to believe that such a
question could arise in the nineteenth century,
amid electrical telegraphs and steam presses,
to be read by the glare of gas light. Such,
however, is the fact, and such is one of the
many anomalies which the times produce.
It is not to gratify the curiosity only of readers
that we publish and call attention to the affairs
of the Mexican republic. The issues there raised
are of much interest to the business communi
ty. Heretofore Mexico has been almost closed
to American sentiments, principles and com
merce. Hereafter the eight millions of Mexi
can people may become our best customers.
It is not because Mexico is poor that it has
been neglected, but because its riches have
not been developed; it is not because it is
wanting in resources, but because they have
not been properly directed. Should ajud;
cious reciprocal treaty be made with the
United States, how important would all kinds
of information of that country become to our
imrnen?e manufacturing and agricultural in
terests. Should a national loan be proposed,
based upon the interest annually receivable
upon at least two hundred millions of church
property, with what avidity would our mer
chants consult its statistics: Should a bank be
advocated, founded upon this same church
wealth, along with the present annual yield of
foity millions of silver from the mines, and to
be directed by English and American finan
ciers, how soon would Wall street be sensible
of the value of news from Mexico, and how
soon would the despatches of correspondents
from San Francisco and London be filled with
speculations on this new enterprise within the
tropics! And should toleration of religion be
proclaimed, at once our Bible, Tract and Mis
sionary Societies would become alive to their
proper duties respecting that benighted but
beautiful land. Political, commercial and re
ligious coming events have often cast pro
phetic shadows before them, and much that
wis Aide yesterday his become light to-diy,
until we are sometimes in doubt whether cer
tain facts respecting Mexico ire existing
already, or ire only in anticipation.
Threatened Seizure of tub Steamship
Cortes?Singular Scene at San Juan Del
Sir.?Letters have been received here from
Captain Collins, the mister of the Accessory
Transit Company's steamer Cortes, which ves
sel arrived at San Joan del Sor, with a number
of passengers and $120,000 in gold, on the
first of April. The CorteB had also on board
the junior Mr. Garrison, with about $4,000 for
General Walker. She had been boarded up
the coast by Mr. Cross, who was sent out for
that purpose by Mr. C. Vanderbilt, and by Mr.
Cross the master of the Cortes was made ac
quainted with the state of affairs between the
company and the government of Nicaragua.
Captain Collins chose an anchorage from
which he could easily slip, and was boarded
immediately by four men, who represented
that they were Walker's officers, and that they
came to seize the ship, and that they were
supported by a force of one huudred men sent
by Walker for the purpose. The Captain con
sented with agood grace, and invited his guests
to the cabin, where they ate, drank and were
merry. Leaving them with an unlimited sup
ply of champagne, Captain Collins went on
deck, quietly slipped his cables, and the steam
er drifted gently out of the harbor with the
ebb tide.
There were three other vessels in port at the
same time?the ship Daylight, Wilson, master;
ship Continent, Gibbs, master, and a Califor
nia packet. Tney were all loaded with coal,
and the Walker men told the master of the
Cortes that they were only waiting for them to
discharge to seize them. Captain Collins ac
cordingly took the Daylight and the other
vessels in tow, and they all drifted out toge
ther. When the champagne drinkers found out
what was going on over their heads, the CorteB
was on the high seas, and the master let them
know that he was in command. The Cortes
thus carried off Garrison's $1,000, and the men
representing themselves to be Walker's agents,
and all the recruits who came dowu to join
Walker. He believes it to have been Walker's
intention to seize the ship and treasure ou ac
count of the company's debt. The company
wonld then have been responsible, as common
carriers, to the owners of the treasure here.
After getting to sea the Cortes parted company
with the Continent and the California packet,
and ran down to a small port near by, where
the steamer was coaled from the Daylight The
Cortes then, with the Daylight in tow, pro
ceeded to Panama, where she arrived on the
Oth. Garrison arrived in pursuit of his money
at about the same time, having taken a schooner
at San Juan.
Letters received by the Transit Company
here say that Col. P. H. French quarrelled with
General Walker ou account of the summary
proceedings of the latter iu regard to the
Transit Company ; that Colonel French has,
however, become reconciled, and is now on his
way from New Orleans, with power from Gen.
Walker to reinstate the Transit Company in
all their rights on the Isthmus?Morgan and
Garrison having been unable to keep the route
We desire to have it distinctly understood
that the above statements are ex parte, and are
not endorsed by us. They came to us, however,
from very good authority.
Terrible Letter from Francis P. Blair.?
We bave had for a day the proof Blips in our
possession of a very curious and somewhat fe
rsciCiLS letter of Francis P. Blair on the "de
cline and fall" of the great democratic party.
Mr. Blair, it will be recollected, was the terri
ble executioner who wielded the batcher's axe
of General Jackson's Washington organ, the
Globe, and it is to the repudiation by Colonel
Polk of that identical Globe that its redoubta
ble editor traces all the subsequent misfor
tunes of the wrangling democracy. It was,
according to Mr. Blair, John C. Calhoun and
his partizans that compassed the supersedeas
against the Globe, and they, with Father
Ritchie and the Union, thus paved the way for
the expulsion from power of the " democracy
proper." Here, too, it appears, commenced
that infusion into the p&ity of those South
Carolina nullification doctrines which, M'J
Blair charges substantially, have so demoral
ized and degraded the party that the only
alternative for the " democracy proper" is in
the ranks of the Seward Holy Abolition Alli
ance. We shall probably publish this letter of
Mr. Blair to-morrow. From the position and
the number of distinguished democrats in
volved in the horrible plot to break down the
old Globe, this minute upon, with its ingenious
web of facts and specifications, is certainly cal
culated to stir up a breeze among the old
Thet Still Maintain tub Field.?We per
ceive, from a lengthy article in the Philadel
phia Inquirer, "that the ladies connected with
the Mount Vernon Association do not see in
the recent letter of Mr. John A. Washington
any serious impediment to the consummation
of their great enterprise. They believe that
the sb'ght misunderstanding between him
and the Vagina* Legislature will be satisfac
torily reconciled." We hope so ; and to this
end we would suggest the policy of a direct
appeal for the active mediation of Governor
Disoracefui.lt Mean.?We have noticed
that some villanous urchins, aided and allot
ted occasionally by adult scamps, are in the
habit of annoying the poor Chinese who are
endeavoring to earn their bread by pursuing
various avocations in the streets of our city.
Some of the victims have written to us to ask
that they may be let alone or be protected by
the police. It is a disgrace to the city that
there is any necessity for us to write this pa
ragraph and to demand lor the Chinese the
right that every man.wherever born, has in this
country to pursue any honest calling, secure
from insult or annoyance from any source.
Was It a Trick ??The Albany half shell
democratic organ says of the lats meeting of
the hard shell delegates to Cincinnati, at
which they were to purge themselves of Know
We expected to see manliness and honor enough in the
delegation to meet the neee**ille* of the occasion wl'h
b-.ldneM Instead of this, the assembled deleum'** have
paltered with this trees>n, end attempted, by a trick, to
give en endorMneat to the high priests and eecret fol
lowers of Know Nothliglsm
If this be so, the hard delegates had better
have another meeting, and give themselves a
thorough scrubbing and washing with soft
soap and water. Depend upon it that at Cin
cinnati the goa's will be separated from the
Clearing Off the Rubbish.?Hon. Mr. M <-ce.
of Indian*, has written a letter (which we
have given our readers,) hinting verj broad j
in favor of Fremont as the proper Candida e
for the Seward coalition party; whereupo 1 the
American Organ at Washington whistles Mr.
Mace out of the Order, and says " the Ameri
can party is now undergoing the process of
purgation. It will throw off in the next three
months a vast amount of rubbish and a great
many barnacles which have thuB far impeded
its progress and embarrassed its action. Good
by, Mr. Mace."
"A vast amount of rubbish!" Some com
fort in that, unquestionably; but still the
question recurs, how much of thiB rubbish cau
be spared ? And it is a very interesting arith
metical proposition. We should say, there
fore, to the Organ, if it is still contending for
principles or plunder, hold on, if possible, to
the rubbish till the prize is gained ; then all
the rubbish may be thrown off.
Wraxolino Ovkr the Plunder.?The fol
lowing extract of a confidential letter from a
"free State" man in Kansas, we find in the
last issue cf the New York Anti-Slavery Slarul
Osawatomif., Kansas, April 10, 1856.
* * Probably four-tittha of ths actual settlers are in
favor of a txte Htate, but much to iny surprise, and more
to my sorrow. I found tbat a majority of these were go
verned more by self interest than by principle. 'Ihe term
abolitionist is need here more than at noma as a re
proach. Then there are too many seeking office; they
have been growling together lise dogs oyer a bone. A
majority are in favor of "the Black law"?a law exclud
ing tree negroes from toe Territory?one, in my opinion,
degrading to men who have jnst bten dghting and yet
will have to fight for their own liberties.
" Excluding Iree negroes from the Territo
ry!" Those "free State" squatters must be
looked after. The Northern aid societies have
been botching their work; for of what value iB
freedom to Cufiee if he is to be kicked out oi
the country for being free? This, we dare say,
however, is a practical Illustration of the phi
lanthropy of the Sewardites when brought to
the test. All sheer hypocrisy.
" The Great Principle."?The National Era,
ot Washington?the central organ of the
Seward coalition?insists upon it that the
*' great principle" of the " positive prohibition
of slavery in the Territories" was erased by
the Pittsburg Convention, but must not be
dodged at Philadelphia. And yet they are
afraid of it, and we suspect they will dodge it.
We shall see.
A Pretty Good Job.?The disciples of Ro
bert Owen intend to hold a "preliminary Con
gress for the reformation of the world," to
commence in London on the 14th of the pre
sent month. Wouldn't it be a good idea for
them to take some small town?say London or
New York?first, and then hare a dash at the
outside barbarians?
Interesting bom Wuhlngton.
Washington, May 2, 1858.
The meeting of the hud sheila at Syracuse, on Tues
day, and the firm attitude which they have assumed
have given fresh fuel to tha tire of excitement which has
been raging here on the Presidential quest:in. The
New York quarrel la a great bore to the democracy, and
the fact that it ia surely to oome up at Cincinnati make*
things look very squally. As the event'ul first Monlay
of June, when the democratic clans are to assemble at
Cincinnati, draws near, the quarrels among tha leaders
grow more and more bitter. We shall undoubtedly have
he two-thirds rule guillotine, and under it, they say,
the hetua cf "nchantn^ Pierce, Hunter, Douglas and
Wise must (all. Waller's move in the Senate yesterday,
asking for Information about the non-recognition of the
democratic government of Nicaragua, with the endorse
ment of Dcugla>, shows that the democratic parly intend
to make the question an isme in the coming election.
This will be an exceediig'y popular move at the South
and Weet.
On the other side of the House, the nigger worshippers
want to know just how much it has cost to carry on the
government since the 4th of March, 1863. They say
they ean show that, so far from this administration hav
irg been an economical one, it has been even more extra
vagant than that of FiUmore, Galphinism and all.
Ihe Executive, like Mr. Tite llarnacle, is very much
annoyed by these people, who " want to know, you
Old Buck don't seem to he so Btrong as he was a while
ago. AU the combinations are working like beavers
against him. lhere is nodoubt that 1'ieroe will do every
thing in his power (and the patronage even of an out
going administration Is tempting) to prevent Buchanan,
or any Northern man, except himself, from gettiog the
in.'ide of the track. Douglas wiU come into the field
stronger than many people imagioe, and there Is the
moet refreshing iiatred between his supporters and those
of Buchanan. Sunposiog the votes of the Convention to
be abont equally divided between Douglas, Pierce and
Buchanan, with a few scattering for Wise and Hunter, It
follows, according to the previous practice of the party
In eonvention, that all these candidates will have to
walk the plank for a new man. The only way that Bu
chanan could sneceed would be by getting the Pierce
or Douglas votes, neither of which, it ia coufi leu ly as
serted, ean he have.
From all Indications the fight at Cincinnati will be
pretty enough to satisfy Sir I.uchis 0'Trigger himself.
The opposition is in four sections:?
The nigger worshippers, or blaek republicans, will meet
at ITiiiadelphia to make nominations on the 17 :b of
June. The intrigues of Seward and his men have
already split this party Into sections. The radical
Seward section want Colonel Fremont for President
and Banks for Vice-President. They say these
are jcung and popular men. Fremont having been
a successful explorer and trapper, can dlscovar and trap
a great maay tloating votes. He, they say, would be
strong in the West, and Banks could carry the East. The
Fremcnt men are working very hard, and no end of mo
ney will ba spent. He U backed up by the wealthiest
bankers ia California, and every device that Intriguing
politicians can muster will be need to get him the Domi
The other and more respectable section of the nigger
worshippers are in favor of a ticket with John Mclean,
of Ohio, and John Bell, of Tennessee. Bell voted against
the Nebraska btil, but otherwise is considered a sale, con
servative national man. Mcloan, although an aboli
tionist, did not, when on the Supreme bench, allow his
prej unices to prevent him from rendering several deci
-Ions which proved him to be In taver of a strict con
struction of the constitution and the laws. The Seward
section think there won't be much trouble about wiping
out the old fogies.
Ihe intrigues cf the last named nice party are wide
spread. In New York they hold their convention to elect
delegates to Philadelphia, on the 28th May, and the ultra
abolitionists have oalled their eonventUn to meet at the
same time and place. The Seward wirepullers have
every thing set, so there will not be much trouble in
bringing up the last' named party, if It is not
already arranged, to fuse. Think of Francis P, Blair,
editor of Jackson's organ, in the same boat with Garrison,
(ierrlt Smith and Fred Douglass, "darkle," as the lion.
Mil* Murray calls him. The same clique are operating
to engineer the convintionof seceding Know Nothings,
which meets at New York five days before the Philadel
phia Convention. It is a mistake to suppose that the
Know Nothings who bolted at Philadelphia are In favor
of (.eorge lew bnt some ol them will endeavor te get the
nigger worshipping nomination for him, and they hope
that Fillmore will decline.
Fillmore's chances belcg "on the improve," on acco int
of the quarrela and schisms in the democratic and nlirger
worehlpplr.g ranks, he will not probably decline. It ie
ihtoght that be stands very strorg at the Sou'b aa4
*IU y'rk up thousands oI conservative quiet voters la all
Yon will aotlee that the wirepullers have get hold el
the newspaper correspondents, and they are nalag them
U> flood the country with nicely concocted yarns. Some
of the scribblers are undoubtedly bought, but more are
sold. Let them keep a sharp eye to wlndwa-d.
Washington, May 2, 1866.
Mr. Benjamin, (nat.) of la., made a speech on Kansas
affairs, Mr. B. said that three times, within the short his
tory of this republic, had its internal peace been imperil
led, and each time the disturbing element was the same.
When, in 1864, it was Anally agreed te repeal in tern. |
that which, for more than a quarter of a century, had
ceased to bare any active effect, sueh formal repeal was
used as a ground of vituperation towards the South. She
was actused of violating plighted faith with very much
the same regard for truth wmch has recently been ob
served here in mendacious tales regarding Kansas af
fairs. The seeking for other compromises than those in
the constitution, was a mistaken policy on the part oi
the South; and, thank Heaven, the South has, at length,
become aware of her error. She has no longer any com
promises to offer or to accept. She would adhere to the
constitution, and if Its provisions be violated to her mju.
rv, then she would calmly, bnt resolutely, withdraw trora
the compact all the obligations of whicu she is expee'.el
scrupulously to fulfil, and from all the benefits of wnich
she Is igncminlously repulsed. He contended that the
crusade against slavery, on the part of the North, was
merely a struggle tor power. They had been .so persist
ently misled by perverstm of truth as to induce
them almost to bate the Southern white man,
and love the blacks In preference. In condemning the
American party, he remarked that it was now
powerlers for aught but mischief end to help the repub
licans, thefcontest being narrowed down between the lat
ter aDd tbe democracy, and, the whig party being extinct,
he declared it to be bis purpose to join the uemocratlo
party, and use his utmost efforts to Insure ItR suocees,
following tbe example of better and abler men than him
self. He predicted that in tbe triumph of the democratic
party the constitution wonld be secured, good fueling re
stored, intolerance rebuked, the equality of the States
maintained, the oorner stone of the government fabric
preserved intact, and peace and happiness smile upon
the land.
Mr. Cans, (dem.) of Mich., complimented Mr. Benja
min, saying that the sentiments whicn he had just ut
tered ought to find a response In every patriotic heart.
His object in rising was to say that bis friend from Mis
sissippt (Mr. Brown) had assarted " squatter sovereign
ty "?his old friend?(laughter)?and several of Brown's
seatterirg weapons had hit nim. (Laughter.) This
"squatter sovereignty" he called the right to self
government. It was dear to our fathers of '76, and dear
to their desoendants of '66. He wanted to rescue it from
tbe misrepresentations cast upon it, and asked the favor
of tbe floor on Thursday next for that purpose.
Cries oi "Agreed," "agreed."
Mr. Sewabd, (nigger worshipper) of N. Y., in rep'y to
that portion of Mr. Benjamin's remarks which rsspectsd
himself, said, the gentleman might have defined his own
partisan history and fn'nre course without bringing him
before the Senate and the country. Seven years ago, whea
he entered the Senate, leing aware that every word he
said here was at the expenreof time and money bel' ngiug
to the country, heBhad announced that on no occasion,
and under no circumstance, should any member draw
from him a statement* or word by which independently
of the measures he maintained or defended, it could be
knewn whether ne was a whig, democrat or abolitionist,
or that he belonged to one party or another.gHe thought
It undignified thus to elevate party, and give it a place in
the history of the Senate. He had not risen to assign tbe
objects or purposes of bis public action. They explain
themselves?if they do not, he was willing to rest under
all the reproach which pesterity might cast on him.
Mr. Hale, (nigger worshipper) ot N. H , alluding to
what, he said, were grossly personal attacks on him in
Mr. Clay's recent speech, remarked that he had but one
word to submit in reply?that it will take something be
sides malignity to redeem Imbecility from contempt.
Mr. ( lay, (cem.) of Ala., (springing to his teet greatly
excited)?I defy the Senator's malice as much as i con
temn his baseness. No man shall assail my lights or
those ot my ccnstituents. and shirk his responsibility t>y
skulking behind the plea of non combatancy. If he were
animated by those heroic feelrogs which he professes, he
would not corns upon this floor, and, uader the protec
tion of its roles, ?eek Immunity for his icsolenoe. I
know he is pleased by this attention. There are those of -
his class who, like the London attorney, Mark Meddle, in
the play, are ambitious of a kick. (Sensation.) Mr. Clay
concluded by remaraiDg that be had nothing more to say
to that Senator, haying twice declined his acquaintance;
and he asked pardon of tbe Senate for consuming so much
time abont a Senator who soils ths carpet upon wnieh he
Mr. Hai e replied thst be had never sought an intro
duction to Mr. Clay but once, and that was on profes
sional business for the benefit of a citizen ot Alabama.
Mr. Clay rejoined that he did not tnlnk bis reputation
for veracity would suffer by comparison with one who
bad repeatedly eaten his own words.
Hr. Balk replied, that If he did eat his own words, he
wohld have a more palatable meal than the Senator from
Alabama if he should undertake to eat his. (Laughter.)
Adj urned till Mondaj.
House of Representative*.
Washington, May 2, 1856.
Mr. Ritchie, of Pa., presented the memorial of Judge
Irwin, of Pennsylvania in response to the charges of the
Pittsburg bar against his official conduct, and asking a
foil investigation. Referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Private bills were then token up and oonsideied, and
thirteen of them passed.
fflggtr Worshippers' Convention at Indiana
Cincinnati, May 2, 1866.
The People's Convention assembled at Indianapolis
yesterday. Col. H. 8. Iaoe presided. Judge Morton was
nominated lor Governor, and Conrad Baker lor lieutenant
Governor, by acclamation.
Speeches were made by Col. lane, of Kansas, Lieute
nant Governor Ford, of Ohio, and Judge Morton, of In
E ectors were nominated to ths Philadelphia Conven
tion, and the following delegates at large:?Messrs. Dunn,
Wright, Orth, Lane, nelson and Defrew.
Resolutions were adopted without dissent, sympathiz
ing with ths people of Kansas;condemning the President
for permitting tbe border outrages; opposing the Intro
duction ot any more slare States; urging resistance, by
all proper means, to the formatien of new slave Sates;
favoring the admission of Kansas as a free State; con
tending that the right of suffrage should accompsny, not
precede, naturalization, and advocating the adoption of
a constitutional law to suppress intemperance.
Illinois Democratic State Convention.
Springfield, 111., May 1,1856.
The 'Democratic State Convention to-day nominated
Wm. A. Richardson for Governor; R. J. Richardson for
Lieutenant Governcr; W. H. Snyder for Secretary of
State; John Mocre for Treasurer, and Samuel K. Caeey
for Auditor.
From Philadelphia.
Piiildklphia, May 2, 1866.
There wai a large democratic meeting here thin even
ing, preparatory to the municipal election on Tnesday.
Henry Linear, a German, committed on the charge of
pocket picking at the tire here, hung himself in the
Moyameusing prison this morning. The large amount of
funds found upon his person led to tbo discovery that he
possessed ample meana, and that the charge was evi
dently a mistake.
United Slates Supreme Court,
Washington, May 2, 1856.
No. 102.?Argument waa continued by Mr. Henderson
for the appellant, and Hon. J. M. Smi'ey tor appellee.
No. 230.? Robert Hudgins, et. al. appellants, vs. John
L. Hudgins, assignee.
No.|240.?Elliot t W. Hudgins et al. appellants vs. same.
Motion to dismiss was argued by Messrs. Robinson and
Patton in support, and Mr. Lyons and R. Johnson in op
The Fire at Gowtnds.
Bcitalo, May 2, 1856.
The fire at Oowanda, Cattaraugus oonnty, on Wednes
day night, destroyed sixty huHdings, being the entire bu
simefs portion of the town. The amount of loss is not
yet ascertained. About hall of the goods in the stores,
and furniture in the dwellings, were saved.
Condition of the (Hwego Canal.
Oswsun, May 2, 1856.
The Oewrgo canal is in a fit condition for opening, and
the water will he let in on the day fixed by the Commis
sioner!?Monday, May 5.
PiiUAliRiJ'iiu, May 2, 1866.
Stocks are heavy. Pennsylvania o ?, 84; Reading
Railroad, 44J4; Long Island Railroad, 13jg; Morris Canal,
14>i; Pennsylvania Railroad, 47>4.
PniLAUKtraiA, May 2, 1866.
The transactions In pig iron for :he past, week have
been 6,600 tons, half nl which is No. 3 at $26; No. 2 is
q noted at $26; No. 3 on the Susquehanna at $24 26, an 1
No. 1 at $28. Bars in good cemand, at $70 a $75. Rails,
$t 5; nails, $4 a $4 20. Raf way spikes, fi 26 a $4 60.
hheet iron in good reqnsst at $120. i'la ee held lirm'y,
with a moderate demand.
Ai.iiamv, May 2 1856.
Pales tc-day 6,500 bushels malt, at $1 40. and 2,000 do.
maltfrr pale ale. a* $16('5?; 3,000 do. two-rowel Mali
son county barley, a' $1 26, to arrive by railruad, 2,00')
UV, Oft", 61 iu.
Trial tow Lutmy and Conspiracy ml BarrW
Harrisbi jw, May 2, 1856.
Aaron Ceburn, a member of tha Legislature, chargeOf
with larceny of the Btata arm* and conspiracy to defraud,
the State, waa acquitted to-day on both oounta of the <
Dran*, the keeper of the prison, plead guilty to similar
Laura Kee.vk'8 Varibiu*?Benefit ok Mr. Gioriie Jor
dan,?The performance* at Mi*a Keene's elegant and
popular theatre thl* evening will be for the benefit of Mr
George Jordan, the leading actor of the houae. Mr. Jor
dan, althongh still a young man, stands in the very front
rank of American actors; and since hia connection with
Miss Keene's theatre, his circle of admirers has been ln
cieaied by his superb performances o! such parts as Ar
mand in "Camille," and Raphael in "The Marble Heart."
The last tamed play, which has drawn crowded houses
for ten nights, will be given tnia evening. We cannot
doubt that Mr. Jordan will receive a substantial token of
publie appreciation.
Frknch Puays at Niiiio's.?M'lle Sarah Felix has a bene
fit at Niblo's this evening, and announces a very nice
blil. M. Leon Patre, a capital artist, will assist.
False Imprisonment?Trouble Among The
atricals?A Stage manager Locked T7p.
MARINE court.
Before Hon. Justice McCarthy.
Mat 2 ?George II. Griffiths vs. William II. Smylty.?
This aetlon is brought to recover damages against the
defendant for canslng the plaintiff to be locked in a room
in the Bowery theatre on the night of the 29tb of Decern,
ber last. Mr. Grifliiths is and was at that time stage
manager cf the Bowery theatre, of which Mr. Isaas P.
Waldron was and i* the manager and proprietor. It ap
pears that the defendant, NmyJey, had purchased from
Waldron one-half of nis interest In the real estate, and
also claimed to be a partner in the business of the thea
tre. On the 26th of December, for some reason, Smyley
gave Griffiths his discharge as stage manager. Griffiths
repudiated his authority to do so, and pursued his usual
avocations, whereupon Smyley gave ocders to have him
debarred from admittance to tns theatre at all times.
Griffiths, however, well posted up in tbe sinuosities ol the
premises, eluded the vigilant eyes ol Smyley, and fre
29th quently obtained admittance. On the morning of the
of December Griffiths was as usual at his post on the stage
at rehearsal, he having to play the part of Apostollo in the
drama of " I.ucrezla Borgia," that night. At about 7
P. M. Smyley aeoertained that his "John Jones," Grif
fiths, was again od band in the theatre, and was dressing
in the wardrobe room. Smyley forthwith procured a
padlock, and caased it to be applied to the door of the
rtom wherein Griffiths was engaged as above, and also
caused a brace to be placed againxt tbe door to make the
escape of the caged stage manager utterly hopeless.
Afier completing his toilet, and being ready for the stage,
Griffiths attempted to energe trom the wardrobe, and to
his surprise found his communication cat off and an
embargo placed on bis loccmo.ion. After ineffectual
efforts to obtain release, he was compelled to call for as
sistance from the street, when some of the " b'hoys"
learning that the stage manager of their ravorite thea
tre was held in duranoc vile, they proceeded to attack
the rear door of tbe building and demanded the pri
soner's release, which coming to Smyley'a ears, he gwe
directions to set the prison doors open and let the captive
free. The stag* manager not relishing tbe captivity to
which he waa Bnbjeoted, brim s this action.
The counsel tor the defendant (Mr. lapaugh) contend
ed Ibat there was no evidence that the plaintiff was Im
prisoued against his will. And secondly, that if the
plaintiff refused to leave the premises when directed by
tbe defendant, he (de.endant) could either ejsot him by
force or lock him up.
Ex-Jurge Phillipe, for the plaintiff, insisted, first,
that tbe plaintiff was at the theatre on the night in ques
tion rightfully, and in the discharge of his duties; se
cond, if ihis were not so and he were a trespasser, tbe
duty of the defendant was to eject him and not to re
strain him of his liberty. Wrong by the plaintiff cannot
excuse or justify wrong on tbe part of the de endant.
McCarthy, Justiee.? the evidence of Mr. Waldron, that
on tbe day in question he was the manager and proprie
tor of 'he Bowery theatre; tbat on the 29th December,
and before and since, plaintiff was hie stage manager;
that he never had discharged, or authorized his dis
charge, stands uncontradicted and nnimpeached: that
on the night in question the usual bills of the theatre
were issued, on which the p'aintiff was announced as
the stage mansger. 1 am, therefore, compelled to Bud
that tbe plaintiff bad a right to be In the theatre on the
evening (f the 29th December, for if the defendant had
tbeautboiity to discharge plain iff on the 20tb Decem
ber, he bad the power to prevent the publication of the
billa holding him np before the world as the stage mana
ger on tbe 29th. Bat suppose the defendant had the
right to eject the plaintiff from the btiiaing, can it be
true tbat be bad tbe legal or moral right to deprive or
abridge plaintiff < f his liberty ? I can fit,d no such right,
either in principle or authoiity. Tbe law permits a
party to eject an intruder from his premises bv any ne
cessary force; and if that right be waived, and tbe party
assnmes to act in violation ?f the right, e'en of the in
truder, be does so nt his peril. Tbe question is, what
shall be the measure of damages to be awarded tbe
plaintiff ? The actual damage to the person of the plain
tiff is not the only oonsideration, bat the mortification
and ridicule he suffered, as well as the contempt and
oisrepnte In which his authority over a la'ge number of
persons waa placed, are also to be estimated. It is the
moral effect upon his mind and character whioh are to bs
regarded, as well as the punishment to be infiio'ed on
tbe defendant, for a gross violation of tbe liberty of tbe
citizen. I therefore give ju.'gment for the plaintiff fir
<175, with $12 allowance and costs.
Police Intelligence.
Tn? Ijiie Shooting Affray in the Bowkky.?A few <1 aya
ago Councilman James E. Kerrigan, who was arrested
some weeks ago for shcoticg John Mathews, while engaged
with him in a fight at No. 40 Bowery, appeared beiore
Justice Osborne, and made a oomplaiat for assault and
battery against the two brothers Matuews, in which he
ebarges them with having made a premeditated and un
provoked assault u)K n him on the evening in question.
Yesterday Patrick Mathews gave in bail to answer the
charge, hot John, his brother, has yet to perform that
p1ea>ant job.
Mt'TfNT at Sf-a.?Peter Stuart, a sailor on board the
ship Genoa, now lying in the stream and just arrived
from New Orleans, was arrested yesterday afternoon by
Lieut. Gallon, of the First ward police, on a charge of
mutiny. The accused was committed to the Tombs pre
paratory to being brought before tee United States Com
Captain DeWiti Clinton, assistant Adjutant General to
General Walker, was born in Newburg, Orange county,
in tbls State, on the first day ol' July, in the year 1828,
and was the only child of the late Hon. James G. C.inton,
formerly a member of Congress from Orange county, and
grandBon of General James Clinton, of the Revolutionary
army. Captain Clinton was appointed a second lieuten
ant in the tenth seglment of United Sta es infantry, an
der the command of Col. R. E. Temple, during the Mexi
can war, and served In that capacity until the declara -
tlon of peace. In January last he was appointed Aid to
Col. tSeh esslnger, with the rank of Second Lieutenant,
and shortly alterwards be was promoted by Central
Walker to the post of Assistant Adjutant General, with
the ratk of Cap am. He fell at the battle of Rivas, on
the 11 :h of April, in the beroio discharge of his duty.
He waa distinguished for many ennobling characteristics
?was a warm and generous friend, possesaed an affec
tionate heart, waa an agreeable associate, and tbougn
only 27 yeara of age gave many evidtnces ol an intellec
tual mind. Jtlia last words to the writer of this notloe
were, "I will return to New York worthy of the name 1
near, or 1 will <iie the death of a soldier." He leaves a
largs eirce of relatives and trirnd* to mourn his Ijsi:
yet it is sitistactory to he aware that ths descendant ot
the heroic defender of forts Montgomery and C.inton
knew how to perform his duty, as is proven by the man
ner in which he died. K. C. G.
The Buffalo RepuUir. of the 19 .h instant, says:?
Egkidi Van Kkiir, born in France, a soldier of Napo
leon I., was expatriated by the government on the down
fall of the great General, when the Bourbons resumed
their dynasty, and eame to the United States. He cam*
to this city nearly thirty years ago, and avoiding human
society, has made his home In the forests around the city,
living in hollow trees or burrowing in the ground. He
has obtained his vic.ual* principally by Degging, and
when obtained, he would sit down and eat them any
where in the street. His favorite place of resort to din*
cr snp, wss the Terrace, where he VMM sit down upon
the ground, and apparently hold a eollcquy with him
self, occasionally varying his tone Inti a halloo, in
French, Spanish or German. He would speak no Eng
lish, although be was versed In the language, repeating
that he wuu d not sneak the tongue of those who de
tamed and destroyed Napoleon. He was a ompaoion of
Napoleon in the brilliant march of the grand army upon
Rustic, and returned with the wreck of lis innumerable
squadrons, on the fa'al and horrible retreat from me
conflagration of Moscow. He died la<t Wednesday even
ing at the Erie coanty poorhoure. For the past "inter
be has slept and lived beneath the barn of Mr. Geo. W. Tift,
about two miles from the < lty. Into this place he drag
i ged an Immense quantity of hey, which amounted to
nearly two tons, and which was so firmly packed and woven
that it effectually preserved him irora tha terrlMe cold in
the season just past. Here be was faund on Wednesday
morning last, entirely naked, in tbls bay which he ba<V
burrowed out, in the last stages of the typhoid fever.
Mr. Rodnsy, overseer of the poor, hail hire conveyed im
mediately to the poor house where every attention was
paid blm; but in vain?be died in the eietlng of the day
on which he waa brought there. He wan known abont
town as John the Hermit. His habits were of the moat
singular character, and although furious oeoa ionally in
anguage. which was usually l'r?ncb,.he has always
provsd himself as harmless tis society as a child. V any
(raiment ol any description wss given him ne would take
it to his burrow and cover It witb patches, stwing the pi
on the cloth without regard to rents. Ho has frequently
been seen quarrelling with drgs for be net which had been
thrown away; but ol hue he bas been extremely caolce
in bis rating, and obtained from the different hotels in
ihis city a tally siloetd of f.ux), ol much better charac
ter than be had before Indalged in. Various have been
the attempts to obtain from bis own lips his personal hie
lory. H meless, houseless, childless friendless and
alete, he has wearily trod through slx.y years of raise
raMe, ur.gia'efol txistanee. and now goes no vn to ni-v
yaw a .a ail .hat gives a ehatm to Ul?. i? pa?

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