OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 24, 1856, MORNING EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1856-05-24/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 7208 MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS.
THE NICARAGUAN FLAG UNFURLED.
GREAT SYMPATHY MEETING IN THE PARK.
Twenty Thousand Persons Present.
Enlarge the Boundaries of Freedom.
STRONG RESOLUTIONS.
Letters frw Generals Cass, Caznean and
WalbrMgc, Governor Baltb, of Va.,
and Others.
PLENTY OF MUSIC, SALUTES AND PATRIOTISM.
CHEERS FOR WALKER AND NICARAGUA.
Groans for Schlessinger and the
British Lion.
Speeches of Governor Priee, of New Jersey; Hon.
George W. Peck, of Michigan,
4cc., Ac., Ac.
A meetlcg was held In the Park last evening, In ac
cordance with the following eall :?
Liberty mn Nicaragua. Fretdom for Central Ame
rica? kxtocd the area of republicanism. The oltlzene or
Hew York, irlendlv to the causa ol republicanism In Can
tral Amsnoa. are Invited to attend a grand nixes meeting
In the Park, on Friday evening, May. 23, 188t> at 7 o'olook
P. M-. for the purpose of encouraging the struggling patriots
under Gen. Walker in their efforts for rraedom, and to ap
prove of 'he action of the American government in their re
cognition of the Mcaregunn MiLlator. the following speakers
hate been invited, andwl.l a luredly ^drem foe raeeUM:
Gov. Rodman M. Pr.ee. N. J. Hon. A A. PhUlipa, N. T.
Ri Gov Brown, of Miss. Hon rihar.et MUIs. N. Y.
Hon. G. W Peak, of Mloh. Capt. h d ward a. Pollard, Cai.
Bon. John B. Wel'er, of rial. Capt. Isaiah Bynders, N. Y.
Hon. Ale*. C. Morton, of ha. Thoa F. Meagberjcsq.
Hon. Blram Walbrldge. N. Y. Jl'chard rtu'teat, Ktiq.
Hon. Gilbert Dean, R. Y. ? William J. Rose, Esq.
Gecr;*6 M. StlDBf^n. Koq.
COMMITTIlE OF AKBANOKMKNT8.
Appleten Oakemlih, H. N. Wl'd, riap1-T- Rynletw.
Cel. George Wilkes, Alex. C. Lnw.enee, Col. George B. Hall,
^Vhe'oomtnPtee'appointed at foe last meeting for foe collec
tion of material aid for lien Walker take this opportunity to
announce that a vessel will he ready in a few days to receive
any articles donated by our cttizens for our patriotic brethren
in Nicaragua. All monies. At, will be received nt foe office
of the Treasurer, No. 1 Broadway
Jonas Bautlett, Treasurer
A. OaXSMITII, I ftnprfttAr M
Alex. O. Lawrence, J 8acrelAr ?a
The roatrum was erected in the usual place, fronting
the esplanade of the Cl.y Hall. At an early hour the in
tervening space was filled with the bone and sinew. The
Nloaraguan flag, with the rising sun, the five volcanoes,
and the alternate blue and white stripes, floated from
the platfoi m. On the exterior was dlsp'ayed the mot
toes :?
^HcTb?1T18I1 INTER KEREN (K OS THE AMERICAN CONTINENT.^
4 ZlABOS THE BOUNDARMS OF KBEFl'OM. ^
Previoos to the meeting a biasa band discoursed mar
tial airs, numerous ftvx tie joie were discharged?the
weather was balmy?the citizens apparently overflowing
with regar smoke, sympathy and patriotism. Numerous
policen en hovered about the reporters, and the whole
seene was one of surpassing interest.
Alderman John Clancy, of the Sixth ward, called the
jnee'irg to order, and nominated as ehairman, the war
horse ot the democracy,
ELIJAH F. PURDY.
Which nomination was ratified with cheers.
Mr' Alexander C. Lawxcxcx, one of the secretaries,
then proceeded to read the following list of Vise Pres ?
den*s aod Secretaries, which was also accepted: ?
V1CB PRESIDENTS.
Joseph Correll, David O'Keete, We A. Turnure,
J B. Browsed, Henry Esaler, John Andsnon,
John Kelly. Joseph Harrison, O. W. Hehaffer,
Jceepb S ley lor, Frederick Yulte, Alexander Mason,
Joiiab W Brown, l'eter Lynch. John B. Haskln,
John McRibben. Jr.,William Minor, Nathaniel 8. fcelah,
Samuel A. KujcUm, O. W. Sturtevant, F. T. Neunenger,
Jnmee Rentier, Florence McCarty, Peter DuiTy.
? James Orstghton, Wm N. Bro?n, Wm B.Drake,
? Michael Murray, Henry Smith. John Gunson,
Thee. W Adams Abraham Blnningor,MathswO lordham,
Biehard B Connolly, Hugh Moonev, Andrew J. Mc tarty,
Bdaard C. West, John 8. Austin, Jame3 0. Will eta,
Charles H Hrg, James 0. Buruham.
SECRET ABIES
Wrlliam M Cooke, Alfred Chancellor, Michael Tnomev,
Thomas Neebttt, John Brows, George Oaulfle d,
k. R. Rooineon, John Morrison, Charles Whalen.
names Hayes,
Ihe Chairman csme forward and said:?
FFUfrvr"CiTt7XNg?I am proud 'o have the honor to pre
eide (booml from that gon of Capt Ryndsrs.) over this
mealing of the citizens of New York, gathered for an ob
ject of he deepest (booml) interest not only to the peo
* pie of America, (boom!; but of the world. fife have met
in this pla*e. where we have so often me*, (boom!) before,
to aid General Walker in his efforts to free Central Ame
rica trim the yoke ot the oppressor. (Boom!)?(Cheers.)
Anlwheieis the New Yorker who will not assist him
with material aid. (Applause?boom!) We do not eare
for the neutrality laws?they have been broken by ihe
Knglieb government, and aie no longer binding upon us.
(Appleuf-e.) And I eall uprn you?(boom!)?toletaviice
go forth?(borml)?from here to-night which shall
forc? the government into an attitude when It shall as
sist General Walkar. (Ltnd cheers.)
Mr. Oaks sum then read the following resolutions
which were received wi h load applause;?
Wbeieas, in ail times of national emergency, whenever foe
administration of this government teel called upon to adopt any
promp: or extraordinary measure, either regarding foe later
aal or external policy of this country, it is foe right and du'.y of
the citizens of this republic to meet together, and In a firm,
manly and dpen manner to nuke known their opinions. And
whereas, the recent events in Central America have rendered
it neoer. arj that this government should take prompt and de
ckled neps for the protean? of foe lives of American citizens
in that quarter, and for foe vindication >f our national honor;
Therefore:
Resolved. That we heartily and earnestly approve ot foe
re mgultlcu of the existing government in Nicaragua, by our
HdmlDistratum. believing it to be right in itself, an act of na
tional duty and Justice in accordance with foe established prac
tlce of cur government, ar.d a 'rue response to the patriotic
pu'se of our ccunlrj men
Resoived, That while our people were few and our govern
ment feeble, it was 'he humane and phl'anforopic po toy of our
fathers io make our countr> an asylum for foe oppressed of all
lands; so also, now that our people are many and our govern
ment s'rong, ft has become the duty of this generation to make
our intluenoe telt m aid or foe oppressed ot all lands, by firm
and re-oiu e remonstrance with oppressors, by sympathy and
active aid to the opprrssed where a broad and eillghtened
pbilan'Urupy requires it, and to make our high ex sm ale before
foe wor d correspond with our national uover and foe spirit of
the free lnstl'utiona founded b- our fathers.
Resolved, That nny and every cltfzau of our republic,
whose m mpathtes are stlrr?d b? foe cry of help from a people
strngg'ii g to be free, has a sicred rlghl to respond t j snob ap
peal, ay his personal services, and by such material aid as he
canaltcrd. .
Kecolvcd. That it ?** 1n acordar.ce with such right and in
response to such eall, that foe gallant Gene-al Walker west
to ihe aid ofthd democratic trasses in Nloaragus, and helped
t hem to ci nttruct a stable g tvamment.
Reso.vet, That we have seen with regret ihe forcible deten
tion ot trmeoi our fellow citizens who were disposed to go, in
w like gallant and geoerous spirit to aid a patriotic cauie.
aesoivsd, That foe tahuman and savage but shery of our
follow gitleaoa by foe barbarous Costa Rloans In their unjust
war upon Niciragtia?butchery of Amerieao olttze a. not In
aims, but employed in peaceful Industrial pursuits - calls loud
ly tcr retributions iromonr government.
Resolved 1 hat a tree and sate transit from ocean to ocean
over the aeveral ronz- acioto Central A merles has beooma
an ab*o'.u*e recetulty to our country atd cur people, and
must be secured at all hazards
Resolved that the su est ard readiest means of accomplish
ing this greai cbject is to suaialn foe existing government in
Nioarsgta
Reeo'ved, Tn view of late reported movements and ac'Jons
of Bri'tsb, French, and Bpanish authorities, that ws uelelve a
due rtgsrd lor our national weirare calls for a repeal of, at
least, iome portions ol our ceutrsltty laws, and foe full an 1
practlca' * Dforcemeut of the Monroe doctrine.
Re. oivof, That the pieient momentous erlsls In Nlaara
Ba, ard Ibe Imwinsnt perils to which many of our
'ow countrymen are exposed, who a'a there pursuing
peaceful occupations, sutrciinded as they are by a hostile and
almost savage people, eut off from retreat and ooeely threat
ened with absolute extermination without quarter, preseat a
moss so emn appeal to tur ottlxens here aad e ae where through
out tie country for prompt liberal and efficient aid.
Rew ired lhatour felmw countrymen In Nicaragua must
and shall have that aid: and that tie cltlxens of New York will
sustain Ih's administration, or any other administration, io any
steps *hi..h the? may be called upon to take for the protect An
,f Anwilrau sltlzens in central America, and to put a stop,
ore# eno 'orerer, to all foreign interference with the ailhlrs or
'.bis confiretl.
The Ciiair?There are numerous distinguished gentle
men on the platform who will address you, but I shall
ask you first to listen to n letter from that gallant old
hero, General Cms. (Applause.) Three obaers lor Gene
ral Cass. (Hurrah, hurrah, hurrah! Hi, hi, hi!)
Mr. Oaksmith then read as follows:?
LITTER or GENERAL C.V.SS.
Washington. Wednesday evening. May 11,1856.
Bin - Your lelegraphlo dc-patch, Inviting me t> attend the
?meetlcg In the Park on Friday evening, has just reached ma.
i eaantt be therein pern u. bin my feoflovsandsrnapathlaaje**
with you In this demonstrauon of public saOsfaytlon at the wis*
aid just msaenre ot the admltilstration, by whloh the exlsttng
govetament of Nicaragua Is reeogrised and wii.be encntrsge^
to ge*ou with lie good work. 1 trust it will meet theoordmi
approbation of the y merlcen owmla. Itleaaaot fall toduso,
-iflfftev are true to he falfo of foslr fe.foera. Atunsthaom
tnenceme nt ot our national at Is ton ce It bat been our prtnelpto
to coBSidsr every foreign governmeaT a legWmate M wh'jfi
M rverlvrd as fine? fn Ts own enteiry. This Is the lW\.
dllkm ol the present rulers of k'Aa*agua and It is no le ? onr
duty than l( ought la he < ur deters to lead Ihea* foe mo^i ?up.
i ot t foer can derive from o',v rpcogoiVan. I am nr> to coa
fa* that the heroic effort of our oountrymsa in Nicaragua as
cites my admiration, while It engages all my eollcl.ude I am
not to be deterred from the eipreaetoo ot theee laelinge by
?Been, or reproaches, or herd word* He who Aren't sympa
thize with auch an enterprise has little m ooranim wMh me.
Ihe difficulties wblch General Wa ker baa eoeetmlered aod
overcome will place aia name high on the roll of thedtsMn
gulehed men of btaage. He has oooelllated the people he went
to aid the government ft wbloh he makee part la performing
Its lunctlona without opposition, and internal tranquility marks
the wisdom of lta policy. That mwnihoeni rsgoin. tor which
God hte done ao much and man eo Utile needs* som-renova
t ng proceaa, tome transfusion by wli eh new Ule may be toe
fiarted to It. Our countrymen will plant there the seed* 01 our
oilltuiona, and God grant that they may grow up Into an
abundant harvest ot Industry, enterprise auo oroapertty. a
new day, I hope, la opening upon the atatss ot Central Ameri
ca. II we are true to anr ant ? they will anon he treed lrom
all danger of Kuropeaa lnteilerer.cn, and <*1U bare a security
la their own power against the amWUous designs or kngland
far better than Clay ton-Bulwer treaties, or any other diplo
matic machinery by wblch a spirit ol ayg eactonUs sought to
be ooncealed till circumstances are ready for active operation.
I am, sir, reeyeciiuliy, your oheclent servant
I.EW. CABS.
This letter wan received with the meet enthuaiaetlo
chterg and then Mr. Oak smith read the subjoined
LBTTKH FROM HON. WH. SMITH.
Washisoton, Mar 28, 1866.
Dsab Bib?1 regret vAry mu h .hat i cannot be with you
to morrow evening; my heart} wires however, for a great
demonstration In approval of the recognition of Itloaragna by
our government, will be In your assembly.
Ibat the Hlvae government of Moaragua Is that of the peo
p t of thai repuyllo Is an undanlable tact-that the sought
Baee with her neighbors, not war. Is matter cf history: that
e recognition was required by repeated precedents it the
cases of other Powers, and especially by the interests of our
own uecp'e tn oee of the most Important transits between the
Pacific and Atlantic portions of our federation, is unques
tionable.
This recognition was peou'tarly just sad necessary at this
moment ? osraguahadeoemed to be repelled by ouroold
sees from the family of nations, and has been treats* aa an out
law by toela Rica ; al least, Americans taken prisoners of war
bare teen shot, as well as our own citizens, entlt'ed to our
protection snd not In arms This will. I sap pose now cease.
A gain, Ibis recognition as a means ef counteracting British
lntluekce, which has been creeping stealthily over Central
America, Is of the greatest Importance, especially aa Britain
baa refused to observe ber treaty with us, demonstrating that
in brr late effort to show to the world that we are a fool she
has c esrfy demonstrated to all thai she herself Is a knave
Let the Clayton Bulwcr treaty be abolished?let Britain keep
whaisbe has got cf Central America and get what she ean,
and leave to the elastic and exparslve energies of our people
tbe means of obtalnla g those rights and Interests necessary to
our growth and power.
While you pay the just meed ot praise, there tore, to the ad
ministration lor this act of regard for Nicaragua, and otjus Ice
toouiselvev, f irget not the kind word for the gallant Walker,
and Ibat aanatanoe which the past may justly exant from the
present
I id quite unwell end cannot copy this hasty not a Be.
spec fully, youre, WM. SMITH.
And the following from Hon. Hiram Walbrldge:?
LETTER FROM HON. HIRAM WALBRIDOK. I
New Yoke, Mar 1816.
GruTLKMFK?I cordially thank jou for the goueroua invito- I
tlon you have exletded to me to address my fellow citizens, at
you massmeeting, on the 24th lost, tooommemorate the re?og- 1
nit ion of Nicaragua^ independence by our general govern
meet.
From tbe first solid establishment of order and regularity by
the present government of Nicaragua, under Gen. Walker, I
buve cherished tbe moat Intense solicitude tor her political
recognition into the great brotherhood of sovereign States by
the administration of our own government.
It baring been ancompllahed, I congratulate yon on the
trlumphar t result achieved, la a great degree, by your own
patriotic exertions.
A measure responsive to the generous impulses of the
whole American prov e, and demanded by the highest cam
merclal and political coiaiderationa.
It Is therefore with sincere regret that I have to advise you
of a previous engagement, which oalle me fr.m home a', that
time, and will prevent me from being with vox except In nay
earnest desires for whatever may adrince toe laudaole oojecta
you have In view. Rincerely lour^^ WAMRn)a^
Governor Rodmsn Price, of New Jersey, was introduced
by tbe President, and after the applause, load and long,
which greeted his appearance bad subsided, said:?
Citizens ot New York?I thank yon for this very cordial
greeting, and I thank you, Mr. Chairman, for the very
flattering terms In which you have presented me to this
audience. I come, oi izeas ot New York, to interchange
my common sympathies with yon for the democratic
republican government of Nicaragua. (Cheers.) Ieometo
interchange my congratulations with you upon tha re
cognition by our government of a if) ado government ia
Nicaragua. (Loud applause.) I have watched with the
deepest anxiety and solieltnde the progress of evsnta in
that country, tor I have felt that the presence of General
Walher there would hasten the time when this govern
ment would control it. (Cheers). I have seen him land
there by invitation t f the republicans, assisted by a
haniful of Americans, and in a very short space
of time, apparently, establish the drat democratic
government there. I eaw the people of Niearagua satis
fied with the government of General Walker. Bat what
did I witness after the lapse of two or three peaceful
months? War declared by Costa Elca, a miserable little
province that could not muster twenty-five hundred
fighting men. I ask yon how this war was brought
about by Costa Rica.
A Vokh?By Fntland.
Gov. Prick?Yes, my friends, by France and
Fcgisnd, who were oppose 1 to Genersl Walker
beoense tbsy knew he was an Amerlctn,
and tbsy thought that he was going to produce the Ame
rican reaulta'of a democratic government there. (Cheers.)
New, I do not come here to advance any new doetrine, or
to enunciate any new principle, or to excite your sympa
thy in any unnatural wav. 1 do not come to prrmote or
inci'a any action by tbe people or government of this
eenntry, calculated, in my epiaion, to prodnoe a rupture
or war with aty foreign Power with whieh this
country is now at peace. I am a conservative
and peace-desiring citizen; and I would misrepresent tbe
people of New Jersey if I desired or avo red here any
other fseling or sentiment, for the people of New Jersey
are ae eminently conservative and peaeetui as the people
or the mercantile community of this city, and would
deprecate war as much, so long as they could do so con
sistently with their honor, interests and sympathies.
But when we, as American citizens, know that our fel
low citizens are set npon by combined Costa Rise, France
and Fngland, I say it Is time for us to show our
sympathy by oiganiztng such means as will turn those
Powers back with disgrace and ignominy. (l,oad cheers,
and cries of "That's it.") I have been in Nicaragua. It
was my fortune to cross the Isthmus at an early time,
when we were making an avenue through there to give
| protection to the distant Territory of California; for suuh
Lwas the policy of onr goternmenl; and I ass yon, is
|*Uls an unwise policy, to open communication
and give protection to the moat distant parts of this
country ? Tbe American people will acknowledge the
wisdom of keeping open snch communication. (Ciesrs.)
There is another thing. T have said from the time of
the acquisition of California that tbe Isthmus of Panama
and Nicaragua was a necessity to this government, and
I believe that has been the feeling of the American peo
ple. I have, thorelore, been anxious that this govern
ment should boldly and frankly declare that prlnrlple,
and their Intention to acquire that Territory. (Cheers.)
Now, gentlemen, thoee who have advocated these
views have been called "filibusters," and I am de
ighted to find so many here who sympathize
with that name. (Cheers) The term " filibuster"
has no fears lor me. I am an American citism, I look
upon the interests cf this country for myself, and Jadgs
or its wants and oeeeesl dee : an 4 the name of1' filibuster,"
or anything else, does not intimidate me. (Liud cheers).
I believe it right that we should have tbe Isthmus of
Nicaragua, and I wonid boldly and frankly declare to
Kngland teat snch is our ln'entlon. (A voice?" That's
the talk!" 1 would do ss the American Ccngreia did
in 1811, in reference to Florida, whea it declared by
resolution that that Territory was necessary to the United
States, and they authorized the President to take posses
sion of that Territory. Now I have this resolution, and
1 am going to show you that there were ' 'filibusters" In
1811, as there were in '76. (Cheers.) That tbe same
spii it which animated our fathers animates Americans
new in Nioaragua, fighting that the liberty which they
enjoyed may be extended ts that country. Hers is the
resolution passed by Coogrtsa In 1811:?
Taking Inlu view the pecu'lar situation of Spain, and of her
American provinces, and considering the Imtaenoa whieh the
destiny or the territory adjoining the Southern borders or the
Lulled States m*.v have upon thMr security, tranquility and
I commerce-therefore,
Rceo'.red, by the Serate and House of Representatives In
Congress attembltd. That the United Rtatee under tae pecu
liar c'.icumstanoee of the existing crista, caennt, without serious
! Inqnle'nrfe, see any part of ihe said Territory pass Into the
hands ot any foreign Power,and that a due regard to their own
aafetv compels them to provide, ur.der onrtatn contingencies,
for the temporary occupation of said Territory, toey a; tha
same time declare that the said Territory shall remain subject
? to future negotiation. Approved January 16 1811, by Preei
dent Mrdieon.
Well, bnt Congress did a little more than that. I find
an act of Congress passed that very day, entitled "An act
t) enable tbe President of the United States, under oer
tsin contingencies, to take possession of the country lying
eai.t of the Perilfio river, and scuta ot the State
of Georgia and tho Mississippi Territory, and for other
purfoses " which anthoiixsd President Madison to
take possession of that territory, anl to employ any part
oi tbe amy and navy for that potpose, In the evtnt or
any at'empt being made to occupy it by any foreign gov
ernment. The necessary appropriation was made to carry
that act into (ITeot, nnd a further authority given the
President to establish a temporary government, and to
appoint persons to exercise under his direction the mili
tary, civil and judicial powers, for tbe protection, and
maintenance of tbe Inhabitants in the full enjoy
ment of their liberty, property and religion. (Ouoere.)
This act was also approved by President Madison; so. that
it wonld appear from these circumstances that President
Madison wis a little more of a filibuster than President
Pierce. (Cheers and laughter,) It would app-ar, too,
that the Congress of 1811 was more aggressive than the
Congress of 18611, although that admission is oontrary to
the doctrine of progression. On this sabjeot ws do
not seem to have bten a progressive peop'e,
but, on tbe oontrary, to have been going
backward. We do not seem to find the Con
press of 1866 as ready Jto maintain) the principle as
that of 1811. (Hioers.) it was my fortune, gentlemen,
to serve In tbe American navy during the last war. I
was in CalMotaia at an early fiats, f was there whea
the "stars and stripes"! were raised; and 1 tell you the
handful of men who raised that flag were very inconsi
derable when compared with the number it would
require te take it down. (Cheers.) I then saw the
conduct ef Great Ik I tain. I saw her iqjadroue dodging
and waichlng tbe American squadron. I know that
It was her intention to oolonite California; and 1 know
i she did all sha could, without open hostility, to prevent
our acquiring that Territory. I know what her conduct
waa In regard to Texas, and her conduct now is tho same
in regard to Nicaragua. (Cheers.) Therefore, I say the
policy of this country ia to deal boldly with Finland, and
say at once that we will have Nicaragua. (Renewed
eh?er?.) Gentlemen, my sympathies are with
the Rlvae-Walker government. 1 believe that a de
mocratic, liberal eoestito',lon, carried ont by Amerioaa
11 livens wonld be a hies*) ag ^ that country, and I be levs
tr?t ihe acquisition qf Nioaragua by the United H.atea
would prove a benefit t"> England and Vranoe. ThU hw
been the rvaolt with regard to California, our acquisi
tion of which bar led to the discovery by "St1"* o' gold
in her eolony of Australia. It k indispensable to ni, and
It wonM be mutually beneficial to ?*f'?H and to Ameri
ca, that we should hold dominlon|ofthe Isthmus of Nica
ragua. I trust that that day will soon arrive; that the
news of a recognition by cur government of toe dkfado
government of Nloaragna will reach General Walker In
time to allow him to retrieve any gronad he may have
lately lost, and that the flag planted there may remain
until removed by the broader one of the slam and stripes.
(Prolonged cheers.)
Capt.ToB.AHi>, of the steamer Golden Gate, was then
introdneed to the audlenoe, and spoke no follow.?
Fi Vends and Mlow citizens, I (ear very mush that I shall
not bo able to make myself beard by you all, and if I
should not, I hope that yon will take that feet Into con
sideration, and therefore kindly exonae me. It has been
many years since I have had either the occasion or dla
position to add re is a large audlenoe, but I have been
emboldened to do so upon this occasion, not only from
my sympathy with the glorious cause in which the gal
iamt Walker is enlisted, but also, gentleman, from th
feeling of private friendship which I entertain for him
and which I do not hesitate to avow. I became aoquttut
ed with General Walker In Calif irnla, on the eve of hit
honors expedition, and I was after wards associate 1
with him In labors upon the press. I well remem
ber my first Introduction to that remarkable man.
I found him of plebeian and insignificant appear
suce?a man who spoke only in monosyllables?a
man who presented nothing striking or commanding
in personal appearance. Little did I think in that
Interview with him that 1 stood in the prtHsaoe of a
man who was a true hero, iu whose life wae involved the
feme of a conqueror and the glory or his oountry. (Great
applause.) And yet it Is true, for he has worn from an
anwlUirg public ana oountry the name and reputation
of a hero. Was ever any man better entitled to that
proud designation? (Renewed applause ) Gentleman,
it is my candid opinion that General Walker and his
gallant hosts are bound to carry with thsm alt Central
America?(cries of good, good!)?the whole five republics.
(Applause and cheers.) I desire somewhat to vlndioate
tbe personal character and personal motives of General
Walker. I do it for tbe sake of firmer acquaintance,
and I do it also for the sake of the private friendship
which I am prcud to enjoy w^ him. I do not believe,
gentlemen, that that man is animated in his present un
dertaking by any purposes of private aggrandisement, by
any hops ot public feme; and I do not bellere, either,
that he is animated by the passion of ambition, In the
vulgar acceptation of the term. He is a hero, who is
cirried on in the course of progress by a noble enthu
siasm, whioh Is its own reward. (Great applause.) He
is not a man that oosrts applause, or who cares for pub
lic opinion, but he is a man who Is bound to carry out
his own Ideas of duty and right in the cause of progress.
He is not a man whose tame is measurel by success.
He has alrsady passed the crisis of greatness. I say, he
has already passed the crisis of greatness, and, even,
should be fall now upon the battle field, his name will
live in the hlsttry of his country. (Applause and
cheers.) I can say from my own experience, that he has
passed the hour of peril and suffering. Never?never
did a conqueror have more to contend against than Gen.
Walker. He left California with only fifty odd men, and
he hss marched on from victory to victory; and if there
has been a single reverse in his victorious career, it has
been on account of the treachery of a single individual.
(Cries of u That's true," and shout* of "rhrte groans for
bhhlesfdoger," whieh were given with a right hearty
Cd will.) And more than all that, he has had. and
now to contend against the inte'erencs or one of the
meat powerful nations on the faee of the earth. Ha has
to contend against British Interference, (three groans
were here given for England,) an element which has ex
isted to control Central American politics since the de
claration of Independence In 1821. There is not, gentle
men, at my command langntge strong enough to ex
press my centlments upon this subject. Since the
declaration of independence and the separation
of the Central - American republics from the Mexi
can empire, Great Britain his by Intrigue and by
every foul means haa attempted to control the poli
tics of Central America. It was under the Influence of
British agents that the Central American Union wae dis
solved In 18S8. It i? a notorious fact that Chatfleld was en
gaged 1c a conspiracy for the defeat of Mosarrl, the great
bulwark ot Central American Independence, and who has
been called the Washington of Central America. Great
Britain has not closed her interference la the politics of
the oountry, She has resisted and defeated every at
tempt at a reunion of the Central American States and a
reconstruct! jn of the Central American confederacy. Gen
tlemen, we must not forget that we have a treaty upon this
subject, mad that Great Britain has not only violated the
obligations of her national hmor, but ahehae also violated
the written Utter ot the treaty. That treaty, in the eon
elderation of the American ride was an abandonment by
the British of their dominion in Central America. What
are the facta la the case? Great Britain silll maintains
her Imposture of an administration in the Mosquito ter
ritory. She haa been encioaehlng for years upon tha ter
ritorlal limits of Hrnduras, and she still retains her hold
over the Bay Islands. No laor than 18&2, two years after
the Clayton Balser treaty, those islands were emoted
into a British eolony by the Qaeen's warrant
Who ever heard of suoh impudence before
c-ntlemen, I say this in eonalutlon, sa my voice is fail
1 g, that this government should hold it to be a solemn
tuty they ows to Walker to exoluae any British interfe
rence In Central America to prevent British muiket
frcm spilling American blood. ( Tremendous applause.)
If the gcvernment will come to that determination to ex
elude, at all peril and all coat, British lnterfereno tu Gen
tral American affairs, there are thousands of our fellow
citizens who will teal that determination in behalf of
Walker with the life blood ot the'r hearts. (Great cheer
ing and applaute ) It is time for the American eagle to
strike down tbo British serpent. Shall we call it a mem
poetic fancy, or shall wa adopt It as a national emblem,
that beautiful description by the poet Shelley, of the
eegle snatching from tbe earth in its beak, and bearing
lnte the skies a glittering serpent, and as she satis
onward and upward, with a loud scream o( exultation,
the is eeen to tear it in pieces with her tal ns, and the
glittering scales are falling In the sunshine? (Great ap
plause. )
After the performance of "Yankee Doodle" by the
band, tha Preeldent of the meeting then introduced the
Hon. George W. Peck, of Michigan, as a member of the
House of Representatives from the district ot Gsneral
Cass, but formerly a resident of New York.
After tbt applause which greeted the announcement
bed subsided
Mr. Pwk themepcks as follow*Fellow-citizens, I
come here to-nigM not ss a partisan, not ?s s citizen of
the State of Michigan?proud as I am of my own penin
sular State?not as a native born citiien of New York,
but proucer than all these distinctions, I appear here as
an American citizen, (appiause,) to join my Congrats
laticns with your own, at the occurrence of an event in
which he mast be blind to the teachings of
the past who does not see to be a link
connecting the glories of thepast with the magni
ficence of the futnie. I mean the recognition of that
government which is established In Nicaragua by the
gray eyed man, the man of destiny, who represents the
energy, the enterprise and the free spirit of tbs Ameri
can people, the repreeentative man, the pioneer of Ame
rican entrepriee now as turning in Central America, that
position, which the Spaniard has abandoned and which
he has been unable to hold and which the Anglo-Ameri
can takes np with a calm, sou confident relianoe that he
can carry on the glorious destiny which God and
nature seems to have established for that ooun
tiv. It is no ordinary event. We who hve in the
midst of these great events, wh ch in all time are to shed
such lustre upon our name and character as a nation,
with onr mines intent only npon what is gcicg on around
us, are unable to lake a gtance over the whole field, 1-et
me tell you, when the genius of America shall write her
nest page upon the roll of h'story, the name of the grey
eyed man?the man of destiny?will be there inscribed,
with the record ef his great deeds. (Applause ) Gentle
men, it is good for us to be here and exchange congratu
lations with each other upon the great events now occur
ring in Central America. Ts It for the purpose of indulg
ing mere national vanity?to pride ourselves upon what
we have done, or may dot Have we accomplished all tnat
we see around as to-day for the simple gratification of a
feeling aa selfish as that? Not so. It has been reserved
for this people, of ell people that ever flourished upon the
earth, to demonstrate for the first time the oapabillty of
man for self government. We alone, of all nations, have
b?en able to establish for ourselves self-government, but
we slosc will be able to bequeath to posterity these
institntlons npon which the equal rights and prosperi
3of the people depend. (Applause.) Thn government
one was the first that tested the oapabillty of man for
f ull government. All the governments that preceded it
on the faoe of the earth were more or lees based upon
the oppoeite doctrine of the right of the few to govern
the many?based upon superior intelligence of the few
over the Ignorant many. All the governments of tbe old
World which have arisen, and fa'len again, and all which
now exist, are based upon a principle directly antsgonis
tic cf ihat which controls us In eur action as a body poll
'ic. Tbetr doctrine is that th? masses nro not able to
take care of themselves, and the few, who are rich or
powerful, must take care of the poor. Their doctrine
?as that of fore*, ours that of universal charity, based
upon the grand idea of universal brotherhood and the
equality or man. (Applause.) When our ththers found
ed this "confederacy and these Institutions M ours, baeed
upon this doetrine, they were met wtAh tbe snaers
of the despots of the Ukl World, and were derided
for their faith in the ability of man for sell
government. They east contempt upon the effort
?they doabted, or If they did not doubt, they
pretended to doubt tbe suoeess of this grand doetrine
They alwau pretended that It must fail, aa all oaperi
msnts of this kind had fhiled before. Our faihors con
tended that the doetrine of self government, when car
ried oat In practice, would result in the diffusion of uni
versal happiness among the people, and thev maintained
that a republic was nsoie conducive than all other forms
oi government to the happiness of the citizen. Another
objection urged by the despots of the Old World against
the establishment of a republic, is this, that republics
will not answer for large communities. Tbey tell you
that republics will do well enough perhaps in wallad
towns, or for small families of people. But does not his
tory teach as the reverse of this? in pursuing the grand
design proposed by our fathers we have demonstrated
the truth of this doctrino?tbat a republic is not only
most conducive to the strength, power and magnitude of
the State, but to tbe wnHhra and happiness of the indivi
dual. It Is the only form of government which mil elivato
the State to such a dsgree of power, strength and magni
ficence as to make impvegnable against aU the assaults
of tyrants whenever made or whenoeaever they come.
We have been ealled a land stealing race. My friend
Grerlty says that the democrats are land piratis, and
he says they have acquired all tbs territory which has
been scqr.lred by this government from its foundation to
tb* present time. So tbey have, and I glory in it. Ap
plause.) We have acquired It for the great purpose of
earn lag out tbe great doctrine of the equality of the hu
man fsmi'y, the great gospel of democracy, the universal
brotherhood orman, and when wo have aoqu'rid torn
??Ti wo have extended over it the oqM Itw wh'cb
CM M. Wo depreea none. Wo make do people
d la ebj'ct submission to tu, hot wo extend to
thorn tho hood of universal brotherhood, sod rn'se
tbOB np. (Applause.) Thlo hi what wo ha to done
la tho paat, and thlo is tho glorious took u> which
?o an now engtged. Wa have dona it out of tho ipirit
of no 1 Tarsal chanty, and with tha convection inde
libly impressed upon our minds, that a- reoWbiic
wna tho moat condoelvo of all ionna of goeennment
to tho glory and graatnoaa, aa wall as security and hep
atoses* of tho people 1 tying under it. When our fat lien
founded this government of ours what did they do, and
In what spirit did they act f Did they oloee tho door* of the
republie againat thepooploof otheroonntrtea who nirtit
doaire to eeok a name and refuge hero f Did they , uke
political Pharineee, stand before the after of thair ocnu
try, and, pufled np with a sense of their own superiority,
say to the down-trodden of other elimee, '? Htend back?
we ars holier than you." No; they invited men of ell
reoes. of slffereeds, to eorae here end worship at thehely
Aline ef Ireedotn. The Are lighted on that altar was
made to burn so that it was seen of all men, from ont
extremity of the wet Id to the other, nod wbeio
evor there n?w 11 res In any dime a man
whose hope for the political regeneration of
bio oppressed country is roused, that man turns his eye
to that light which your fathers and mine created, and
which it is your duty to-day to guard at tha light that
must toad him aa hy ? pillar of Are tha chosen people of
Ood to the promised lniid. From the small beginning
whioh oar country in Its original area presented, we now
exhibit the epeetaole of a people inhabiting n laud of
more magnificent proportions than God ever intrusted
to human guardianship. American enterprise and Ami
rlean energy, in Hi more than Roman march tojempire
over a continent, have step by step gone on crossing the
gieat harriers whioh nature seams to have put in our
way In order to test our metal, until passing from the
Atlantic over the Mississippi and the giant Rocky Moan
tains, we And to-day the only fitting terminus of her em
pire in the majeatio waves of the Pacific. (Applause.)
Thus far we have gone in that direction Southward. Wa
have taken from Mexico, but fair and honorably, an em
pire almost equal in extent to our original inheritance.
What have we done? What is enacted1 What do we
see going < n before our eyes? What do we exhibit to
the world upon this field of action? What do we see?
What dees the world see? Why, our nation is diffusing
more intelligence and more virtue than any that ever
existed. (Cavern.) I say this lor the purpose of giving
you an Idea of what strikes my mind aa the great leas
ing idea?in short, the whole philosophy of American
politics. We come now to the Idea that I advance 1- We
need this area. Why v Because our policy Is to throw oj>en
our doers to men of all c lmes?to the lovers of liberty
of every nation under heaven, and we ask them to come
in and do what? To unite with na to build up
the temple. (Cheers.) They have oome. We never
could have accomplished in the short spice of
time what we have with our strength alone with
out adding to our population. We needed the
strong arms and high hearts of men of all climes to help
us. Now, this increased territory became aecessaty for
our increased population, and the one haH followed the
ether, and It Is a signal root, worthy to be noticed by
every student of our history, that as we have made room
the men have come.-They were sent as by a mission
from the government of freedom to work out the problem
by our sice. Now. the despots of ths Old World say here
is your darger. You are gettlDg in all sorts of dlsoard
ent materials, and you will find by and by that these
men, born under a different rule, and eduoated
under a different system of government and re
ligion, will be at war with one another; discord
will re'gn; each man thinks himself right, each man
intists upen his own superiority and bis judg
ment of the right, and It must follow that you
fall into contusion. (Cries of "No, no.") Thfer point
us to the histery of the old empires wbion have fallen,
and say your republic stands because it Is small: but
the great empire of the world, Rome, the mistress of the
world, Ml to pleoes of her own weight. They say that
the great Persian empire, whioh had dominions over the
then known world, together with the Assyrian empire,
fell; that the larger the territory the weaker the govern
ment, and that the more you Increased the territory the
greater must be the power at the centre to ktep that
government trgether. Now, we are to demonstrate that
this is false. Can we do it t (Cries of "Yes," and ap
plause.) let me tell you how. There is no analogy be
iween the two eases. In the great empires of the olden
world. Rome and Assyria, the fountain of all power
and nil right while in the centre, radiated to the elroum
ferecce It was the small, compact energy of the centre
that held them all together; and when wealth followed
conquest, and corruption followed wealth, and
when vice sapped the Roman virtue, then it
was that the central power became diminished
and enervated and lost control, and thos the empire fell
apart. But mark the difference between ns and them.
(Jut central government gives us no right, eur centra
power gives a power to no extreme. The case is the re
verse With ns the central government?the government
of the Union? is a deposit of power, a power whioh goes
frcm each one if yon, according to tha constitution and
the laws of the land. It la deposited In the centra
government in trust for yob, and each man?eseh Ame
rlcan citizen? in this broad land, stands not dependea
upon Ms government, but in this grsat temple ot freedom
each man stands a plller of thefStete. Thus, therefore,
it la that we stand justlAid before the nations, before al
the earth, snd be'ore all posterity, in extem'icg the area
of our territory. The more territory the more
men. The more men the more pillar:, and the
Aimer stands tha temple. (Loud cheers.) The orator
here divested himself of his coat, exhibiting a remarkably
e'ean shirt, slightly moist. Tnii democratic effort wsi
received with Intense satisfaction by several gentle
men in the orowd, who were In a like condition.
apparently rather from necessity than from choioei
Now, gentlemen, con tinned ha, y.u moat hare perosived
that I am one of thoae who are called "mani'ent destiny"
men. I am a mani'eat dee tiny man. (Cheers.) That
doctrine which ia so sneered at, that doctrine
which the proud priests of the can try look down
upon with such contempt. Let ua look at thla doc
tiiae of manitaat destiny, and see what It ia. Now, I
ask these good pious souls oat yonder, who sneer at the
American mob, who talk of manifest destiny?I ask
these frgiea in petticoats?I mean the old women ia
breeches, and we hare a great many of them?I ask
them what manifest destiny ia ? Now, it ia a doctrine
of religion, and it ia a doctrine by all human reason
that "not a sparrow falls to tbe ground without the will
ot car Heavenly Father," and He cares for it. It ia the
doetrine of religion, and it is the doctrine of philosophy,
that no human being somes into this living, breathing
world but who bae a task imposed upon him by his
Creator. He has a work to do. Wa talk of human re
apossibility, and of your station, and what do we
mean? When God Invested
invested you with life and reason
and physical energy, he imposed upon you certain
obligations resulting therefrom, and so among all
(gee, and among all olaaaes and creeds of men,
men have believed in what some call "Providence," and
in what some call " destiny;" but call it what you will,
there it la rooted in the heart of man, woven by the
finger of God in every filament of his heart and brain,
that he, the man made In the image of hia God, la here
for ihe purpoee of doing lomethmg?to perform some
duty. That Gad puts him in the very place he oaght to
be. and that He means that he shall do that duty in the
place In which Ha puts him. (Cheers.) Dj you be.'leve
tills? (Cries of Yet! Yes!) Can you DeUeve?can you,
friends, believe that the God who is the God ot nations,
as well as of Individuals, baa permitted the rise and pro
gress of every nation upon the globe, aggregations of
men with less responsibility attarhtog to their magnifi
cence, to their power, bcyotd all calculation com
pated with the feeble individual which He has Imposed
upon an Inferior and slngla man? No; gantlemen. ao.
There ia a Providence which shaooa the ends of nations.
There la a destiny for all people. T!od has imposed upon
ever v peple a certain business to do. TbIs is a solemn truth,
~ hence 11
and henoa I Fay I believe In mani'eat destiny. (Cheers.)
We have none on step by step perfecting this raee, per
fecting this one raoe out of many, as well as this one go
vernment eut of many, and we nave done what, under
Haaven, we have done, because Providence has made ua
what we are?the very people for the very laad.
(Cheers.) Anglo-Americans for the continent ot Aeae
tiea. (Cheers.) What do we see In all this, but that, by
tba Instinct of the American people, we have gene on
and aoqnhred this territory, opened this door to men of
all nations, making not only one government out or many
governments, bat one people out of uanv, who?e past
history Indicates clearly that thla continent ia Ita inherit
ance. Now, we have gone ont and acquired the territory
cf the West. We have acquired a portion ol the territory
ef the BonVh, and tbe question comes up, what shall we
now do? The eyes of th a Amerioan people now turn to
tbe South, and every ear la turned to hear the tilings
that may be brought back to tell na ot another march in
the giant race of empire over the continent. Walker ia
a representative man, working out in his sphere the
great destiny of this eouatrv and of the human race. We
lind him there taking the broken down relies
and remnants of iba old Spanish colonisation
?that colonisation which they have been unable
to preseive, and iofahlug Aratrfoan piinciptea and
American energy; and we cannot but feol a rympathy
In tbe doings of this man who represents onr people and
^our destiny. We ate told that wo ere inspired with the
'lust ol conquest, because we seek the freedom.of Central
America and Mexico. I grant it. we do. Why* Be
cause we wish to carry out stall further the great problem
of which I have apoken; and. fceoause not only the ec< jui
sAlon af Central America and Mexiei viw becomes
necessary for as In order to de>nd the
territory, wo own upon the Paolfln coac. but
wa arc impelled by a much higher motive, which Is,
that we would carry out, ia ovory corwir of the con
tinont, tbe task whloh God has imposed upon our race.
Tbare are always events wnloh decide thf > fsll of empires.
In this case the war of dastiny orust be sustained.
(Cheers.) He must receive men and ?? mnuey. Where
shall he get the aid ? (fries " we'll gtw It to him.") You
must come forward and prove your faith by your words.
All can do romatblng If this be done, there can be no
doubt but that tha States of Central America will be seen
sovereign, free, AmerioaA States. Wa shall seo them
rising like Banqno's ghost, each one wearing upoa ita
brow tha stamp of royalty. (Appl-suae.) And bow a
word about Cuba. (Cries "Oh, we've got Cuba. Three
cheers for Cuba, leave It till to-morrow." Cries tor
Ryndera, Megher, An ) Cuba I th'j gem of the Antilles;
Cuba, (touting on thoae summer s /as, tba paradise of tha
tew world t (A voice?" Leave Cabefor another n'ght.
Laughter.) Hhell wa have Cu'ja ? Promp'ed by tha m
oeesTtiee of onr altuation and by the great destinies of our
country, we mast have her. (Cheers.) Then only shall
cur great destinies be acer>mplUhed ? Then only shall we
prove to the world our pf.orlons manifest destiny.
(Cheers and muste by tbe bend.)
The Cdaibmab thsr4 announord to the mestlne that it
would next be addressed by a eon of the Kmplre State, the
gallant captain P.ynder*.
Cheers for Yne gallant can*el n, with aeveral Immense
tigers, aad discharge from tbe old gun.
Cap'a'^ l'.rjnimi came forward and mid?Fallow o\V..
MM, fellow democrats?fur we are all deL'"wratle repub
llflane I do not mean to address you by tb.'-t phras* la a
partisan sanaa, but as republicans, as democrats, standing
by the liberties of all tba human ram. (Cheer '?)? That Is
what I mtau by democrats (A Tolas?" That'.* right.")
Ton are, my lrlend, a yoonir man, but you ha Te got a
good idea. It is right (laughter). 1 wish to sa ? ? few
words to yon about Walker and the Nicaraguan g overn
ment. (Criee?" That's what we want.") I apprt**"!
that it now is the Nloaragnan government, since ibe
United tftates gorernment has recognised it as such ; a od
I care not if the united powers of tbe world say it
is not a government, we sty that it is, and that we'
will fight K to the last. (Cheers ) Let the Kugli ib
myrmidons eome and say to us, if they dare, ?' We
role the oontinent," and we will show thwm in thtlr
blood how lfttle we thinkJkf them. (A voiee?" We'll
break John Ball's nose.") U|No, Jwe will net break
hie note, hot we will knodk out his teeth. (Clmers and
laughter.) Geneial Walker has got noeo and teeth, lie
baa smelled out the English, and I trust that with your
aM be will have power enough to chaw them all up
(Laughter and cheers.) The object of tWs meeting hero
o-algbt, is to encourage Walker and bis gallant army
'o fight and struggle on till we otn> send them aid. And
I truit this country will not be backward in supplying
'bat aid, to relieve him out of his predicament, and to
eaable him to prore that a handful of Amerleans can do
what Spain could not do in oenturies of m e. Walker is
struggling tor the liberties of tbat country, and but for
English interference that government would now be
firmly and prosperously established. Every man there
who la known to coma from the Unibtd Mtetes? Is mur
dered if he fells Into the hands of tbe Costa Kicens.
Who put tbat Into their head? Certainly England. No
other] nation on earth ,but England bets ever attempted
to crash us, and that Is the reason why yea all
W(U> one voice denounce England. England has shown
htr love for this ecus try, by murderirg in the last
war, American women and children. And yet they talk
of humanity. God help our country when sh# depends
on Erglisb humanity. Tbe last speaker referred to the
saying that we were "land robbers.'' England may rob
the world and subjugate nations, and they call it honora
ble conquest. Just the same as a fellow might rob you
cf your poeketbook and then tell you that It was hono
rable trace. (A voice?''He could not rob me."> No,
be would not get a cent cut of you. But bow has ft been
with our country? Have we not extended to every Inch
of tertitory aoiuired by the American people the same
laws and liberties tbat we now enjoy? (Cheers.) I de
precate a war as mujh as any man can do. I regret that
we must have war. But it we are to be hedged in on
every side by England; tf we are to endure national de
gradation or have war, I sty, in that case, war to tbe
last. (Applause.) I do cot wish for war, but 1 prefer it
to national degradation. <H all the cations on earth Eng
land has the least love for ns. Bat we will not be insult
ed by bcr with impuDlty. Tbe English government must
retract or It must fight. And If it will provoke war
and bave war. who can doubt the result? If we do
engage with her In a war, I thing we will
Feed fal tho ancient
Grudge we bear ker.
Gentlemen, I do not pretend to be a groat military man
(A voice?You are a lighting one, though?laughter.) If
we fight, we fight for our liberties. That Is one of the
purposes for which the Almighty created ihs human
family. England has fought us before, but she never suc
ceeded against us. That is the best of the joke. (Laugh
ter.) Tbe world may conquer us for a day, but the
wend In at me cannot subduo the Amerioan spirit. (Ap
plause.) Now, 1 will tell you what we came here for. It
would be, pei haps, discourteous in me to spuak at any
leDgth bere to-night, and 1 will loll you tbe reason. We
bave he.e on the stand eeveial of our distinguished citi
zens who are waiting to address you I did not iulend
to esy a word, but when I was called upon I could not re
fuse. I will be ever ready la such a cause to respond
with my voice or with my arm. (Cheers.) Now, It Is
important that we and not England should have the con
trol of the transit route to California. Not satis
fied with all her conquests, England seeks now
to despoil America of her rights on this continent.
She eever can do it. (Crlei or "Never.") We defend
our rights, and if we acquire territ ;ry, we do so not be
cause we seek?like England?to degrade, but to elevate
nations. Mr. Peck has well said our government re
ceives strength from the people and does not impart
strength to the people. We stand here to-night to sup
port our government in her recognition of Nicaragua,
and If we are called upon we will fight it out. (Snthu
siaitie cheers). I will say now. before I conclude, that
it was exported that every distinguished and patriotic
gentleman would address you bera to-night. Indisposi
tion, however, prevented him, but be bss written a let
ter, which I purpose now to have read. It is that oi
Thomas Francis Metgher. (Applause).
Mr. Mfighet's letter was then read aa follows, end re
oeived with greet applause:?
LETTER OF T. F. MEAGHER.
Iuisri Nxws Omm, May 28, 1866
My Dear Pm,?At the last moment 1 llnd myself unable to
attend the meeting In the Park. This I mnoereiy regret sinro
my sympathies with the ceute In the name of which you are
aeeembled are deep and earneet Generous, brilliant, chival
rous, involvtrg the freat principled <br which the beet men
hare tn all ottmea and area strippel their awnrda to the igtit
le volvlng moreover the highest Intereata or the Amerieaa
peop.'e-ll la worthy of the promptest end proudest ho
mage. Any lnflnenoe I poaseea, any effort I can make,
any service I can render shall be heartily devoted to the sup
port of Genera! Walker, and the Independence of Nicaragua.
Poltrd in 1846, had my heart and the best words 1 could
utter
Sisily, rtsirg np from her vineyards and corn fields, In her
beanty. and from the wh'te summit ot Etna, wavlug the torch
which signalled all the young European nationalities to free
dom. fctclly In 1848, had my enthusiastic p
prayers
Bo, too, had Hungary, and I'aly, and the glorioua elites of
the Rhine.
What I was In the first bluih of manhood, I am naw. and
ever shall be. Republicanism, whether in the dungeon, in the
fie'd, on the rcafibid, or triumphant tn the oapitol, shall be the
worship of my ll'e.
Fought trr meet gallantry at this hour upon the great high
road oi American sommerce yon do net meanly watt to hear
of a vtctorv to determine the measure oi yon r sympaihv tn favor
oI the freedom of the beautiful country which binds the two
oceans together wrltha link of go d and silver.
Tonr cheers are not thelalntecnoesofatrlumphalready won.
They anticipate the glorious Issue and became Its prophecies.
The shouts tn the Park to day announce that the bag of Costa
Riea ts toin down?the massacre of Virgin Hay avenged - the
treachery and defeat of Santa Roaa effaced In a flood of military
g ory?and that the balls of Granada proclaim through her
sapphire skies end all over her noble Inland waters and
through her gorgeous forests that Nicaragua ts tree forever
from the servile* and the foreign butchers In their pay. I am,
my dear sir, moat faithfully,
THOMA8 FRANCIS MKAQHRB.
At the close of the reading there were three elisors
given for Mr. Meagher.
The following letter was also read from General Cazneau,
of Texas:?
LETTER OF GEN. CAZNEAU.
Washington, May 23, 1808.
Gkntlemea-Severe Indisposition in m> family deprives me
of the hoi or of comply log with your polite invitation ti inset
the friends of liberty and Nicaragua to-morrow evening,
and disappoints my ardent desires to state to them la fn I
assemblage what It has been my lot to know personally of
British outrages on the soil, honor and Interests ot the Ameri -
can republic.
There ts much meaning In the aoconnta we have of England
arming the Costa Rloans to seise the Pacific gate of the
Nicaragua transit. Itisa part of her general plan to coutrol
our American seat with thetr ohief outlets and in eta.
The proud "mistress of the seas" seeks by this ootirse of
policy to bold a rod over our Inter-coast commerce, and set
permanent honnda to American expansion.
I regret that I have not space to detail the facta which, aa a
member of the Oomm'ttee ot Foreign Relations in Congrese
of the republic of Texas, I know of the dr tiblefaced Intrigues
and bold deceits practised by England to defeat annexa
lion. Neither can I give aa account of the disgraceful facts of
the dictatorial Interference of England to annul the treats I bad
negotiated with the Dominican republic. But for her infamous
combination with the bswbaronn negro gwercment of Haytl,
to cheek the independence and prosperity of the Dominican
ponple, our trade in common with theirs would now enjoy the
freedom of the most central, commanding and advantageous
car-or In the t'srlbbean Sea.
St Domingo Is the natural warder of that see and ot our
Isthmus routes ; hence tbo Interference if England to prevent
a trexty which she foresaw would confirm the independent and
American position of the Dominican republic; hence her lo
ot csslt g e-fbrts to cast It under the heel of the negro Emperor
of Bay Ft.
We also see that England Is actively preparing a similar fate
estre while she la colonizing the
for Cuba, ami we remain panel _
key or the Guff with three or 'oar hundred thousand ravages
i mm the coast of A Men. She now hold* the command of Cuba
under a treaty as false tn preteneeand as anil-American in
In pnUcv aa that of Clayton and Bnlwer, by whieb she claims
that our hands are for ever tied, while hers are troe to seize
and retain the gates of our highways to the Pacific.
Under the deoeifnl pretext of suppreastng the slave trade,
England baa contrived the Introduction of an overwhelming
army ot African negroes into Cuba. who are In effect, her
wards, ard will be need as her soldiers whenever she and
Spain obcose to exeonte their stand try? threat of giving Cuba
over to tk* blacks.
While England is oolontrlng Cuba anckrutlng 8t Demi ago by
means of the blacks, while she Is plundering Honduras of the
Ruatan Islands, and Nlearegnaotthe rort or Han Juan, only
became they ccmmand oar American transits and are lavaliv
ab e to American commence; while sho Is sending arms le
the Costa hleans, and lnoHing them id slaughter onr kindred
at Nicaragua and Panama, she and her sycophants dare ,not
say all this Is not our business, sod lbs: It Is s felony in (he
Americans to go to the rescue of onrown blood and free institu
tions tn Nicaragua. K* true maa will accept this monstrous
doclrfne, end no brave man will ant upoa it.
All the groat Interest* bordering on our American neas are
Interested in the battle field ot Nicaragua. No mortal mind
can compute what vast destinies may hang upon the sword of
Walker. He Is the Hon of Spanish American regeneration,
and his ceute Is our sense-it k the osuse of every treenssn on
this continent.
We all feel end know that ike secret eObrta of Rnropeao dee
poUsm?end probably Its open and ownblnsd force?will be
?. *- n ? ? ' 1 J ?"-* " ?i our
itbec ed to crush us tn Central America and drive us tt-om l_
Isthmus transits; and U I were personalIwbefore the noble host
now congiegathig to bid God speed to American progress, I
would propose t > them >o memorialise Congress, tn mass, for
the Immediate suspension or the Ktcg craft neutrality
law of 1818. Our people should be as free to return
sttscks as Rostand Is to make them, and these is uo other
mode short ot direct war by which she can b? made to
to retire in m her usurpations on our Inter -coast high ways. In
no other way can England and Spain be checked tn their plan
rt garrisoning Cuba with Alrioan stvagea.
It we take this position and
meet the issue like men, there
can be no doubt of an honorable and triumphant result.
Let such a movement be added to the other assistance we
hope to render Bpanisk America In this life and death struggle
with her foreign fbea, and it will much enhance the value and
efllrlency ot our sympathy for the heroic soldiers of freedom In
Ntoaragua. Tour#, respectfully,
WILLIAM L. CAZNEAU.
The Chairman announced that Mr. Kvans, ef Cali
fornia, was at the Astor House, and would be sent for
ami probably address the meeting. In the mean time he
would introduce te them one of their own distinguished
citizens, Hon. A. A. Phillips. (Cheers.)
Judge Phillips. in coming forward, said;?Fellow
eltlr.ens, after the eloquent appeals to which
you have listened this evening, I feel that
my feeble efforts to Inflame your enthusiasm
will flat! po werless; but 1 cannot refuse myself the great
satisfaction ot adding my mite of fuel to the gTeat Same
which Is now overspreading this continent. Walter aid
there noble spit Its who were Invited by the liberal party
of Nicaragua to lend them aid soon burst the bonds
f'nat bound that republic. He asks us now far material
aid to enable bun to maintain his position. Shall we
far to respond to the demands now wafted to us em erssry
I brtm* (Cheers and trim of "No, bo."} Bear I* migJ
that in oar own Revolution oar appeal for sympathy inti
aid found a warm response la tne heart* ol (be French
people (Three cheer* for Fraaae.) We found the nobiw
lafapette aaeriticinf rank and fortune to give ae aid.
(Cheer*.) I sap thetefore, fallow citisena, we appeal to
pen now for material aid on behalf of Walker and Nica
ragua. Kveip one of poo can ooatrlbet# ti Ih# move
ment eix cent*. I'ut poor contrlbotiooa Into a common
food, acdlet the next eteemer baing to Walker enppUea
ot men, money ami munition* of war, and the fotfcwiog
steamer will uw-uiediv briig the new* of the wttlihlai
oi a new State, which will oe the pouageel, bat not tBe
le*at of the State* of oar glorious confederacy. (Ap
plause. during which Mr. Phillies retired.)
Mr. Richard Bi herd waa n?xt introduced to, and ad
dressed the roeetli-g. He accepted the eall to apeak
tbe cause. He could net ?
perhap* tell exactly what wae
tt e geographical lccgitod* of Nicaragua, bat he waa
Mt'efled lhat it wax within the latitude of American
(ree<Vm. (Apptame.k Toe time had corns whew tbap
sboul.1 rertfp the mptrg of tbe pool?
Wo pent up Utloa cotiranta our power*,
Wat the whole coniiteet i* cur a.
(Applamw.) Columbus some wnturies lince discovered
onr glorloa* eoatiaent, and bere Freedom hae made her
drerest home. Walker a to Nicaragua ahall be twfa
terms heteafter lir the vocab-.slery of bberty. (Ap
- * tUi
pltue ) There la mo her perm a connected with L
matter whose name baa not beet mentioned her* to
night. I rCer to Padre VijL\ For come reaaoa
or other, that *plendiit specimen of American nobdf
tp Parker H. French, waa not accredited- bp ear
Rcveinacent; bat now Vijil 1* accredited. The pro
prieties due to tber occasion require me to
be brief. 1 believe in the principle of manifest destiny,
. which draw* on tbia country to grontoeaa. From the
meet Ni rthern to the meet Southern part of this eoati
teat, tlo a-gis of onr freedom shall be-the sign to ail tta
people of their political praittonoa thmeeattoaat; we
will bare no Brfitah interference (Cheers.) I beg to
reminc the proud statesman of that proud country, that
upon two occasions ia the hiatorp of the world To nog
America proved herself more than a match for the tp
tannpof Old Kogland. (Applause.) And when my Lord
naertokes to
I'almerstou (groans) undertakes to tell F ranklin Mere*?
or the repreoentatlve ol tbis people?that he doo* not
like what we are dcing, bolit-ve me, my lxfrd l'&lmerstoa
will be ilkelp to get a very Urge Ilea in his ear. (Laugh
ter and cheer*.) I beg 01 you to be true to the freedom
of wbich pou are in par', the sponsors. Stand bp pour
principles, and stand bp your guns. (Cheers.) 1 would
like to suggest to rome persons iu our oountrp, especial
ly people liviag on the other sice ot tbe Fast river?and
I bave one mar particularly >a my eye?that tus'.ead of
suggesting to bis congregation to send Sbarpe's rlflea
to Kama*, he had better tell them to send
them to Nicaragua (Tbree gioaun tor Beecher.)
Be deserves three times three groans. Let the
Sowder, and tbe rifle, and the bullet, tbe pro
uctof the labor and ingenuity of Amerioan meohaniea,
find a letter laiget than tbe bosoms of their own breth
ren. II we must fight, let It ba for freedom?on one aide
i bo tyrants of the world, and on tbe other the young
eagle of American liberty and rigliv.. (Cheers.) I pro
pone to pou as a sen'.lmout. The continuation of the phy
sical health and intellectual vigor cf Ueusrtl Walker.
(Cheers.)
Sir. Wm. J. Hopk next afldrebaed the mealing. He imIm
for 'he young men of tbe country whose hearts ever beet
time to the liberties of men, and whoever aspire 1 to
lead the Ten of human progreae. The follower* of Gen.
Walker had been naVed ragamuffins, the name whloh
had bten applied to the poor man, wrh sneers, by tfaoro
who attributed those noble molivea to sordid desire* and
eel huh pur poses, but who wsre Ignorant ot_the true I
feelings bj
noble feelings by which he is actuated. The poor man
was always ready and willing to sacrifice his life In the
cause of human right and for the attainment of human
liberty. These wore the men who were the associates of
Wa.ker, and these were the kind of men with whose ef
forts to build up a new republie. Such man feared net
the force nor the rules of despots, and they were
supported by the approval of the whole American people.
Their indomitable spirit would head the ran of progr
" ' ' they h
In Central America, and the movement which they had
ocmmenced would end in the revolutionizing of the whole
or that country. They were now breaking down the
Iiower and the policy ot European deipots there, and
weie engaged ia the Amerioanizlcgof not only Nicaragua,
but the principles under which they fought would be en
tended to (he whole of that reg'on. but tbe ocntest Ok
liberty will not stop there. It will be extended to coun
tries now lying in the darknesd of bondage, until Ireland
and tbe other oppressed nations are emancipated from
the thraldom of the oppressors. The despots of Europe
feared this, and they are now using their utmost sfforts
to ebeck and throw back the advancing oolurnaa
of republicanism. It is in v?io, however. Their mareh
Is onward, and no hieg can stop it till liberty U establish
ed all over the earth. (Great applause.)
Mr. Mills was tbe next speaker. He expressed the be
lls f that Walker must triumph, and that the liberty of
the Central American States would be free from the influ
eree of European policy, which was sseklng to exclude
all American principles from that part of our continent.
Every man should contribute something towards assist
ing General Walker in his efforts to emancipate the peo
ple.
Councilman Wild recommended as tbe best means of
assisting GesersI Walker, the organization of clubs in
the different wards, and tne contribution of material aM.
A fund of ten thousand dollars could be. he said, raised
in tbis ci y. sod this, with s benefit which he believed
would be given by one of the theatres, would be .a suh
s tsntial trken of tbeir sympathy.
Alderman Clancy followed with a few remarks appro
priate to the oocasion, and soon after the meeting ad
fourned, with the most enthusiastic cheers for
Walker.
Political Goaslp.
Tbe Evening Post, the democratic, black republican, nig
ger worsblppirg organ of this oity, is publishing the life
of Colonel John Charles Fremont, preparatory to the plat
ing ot that gentleman before the I'hiladelphia Convention,
cn the 17th ot June, as a candidate for the office of Presi
dent
The Orlesns N. T. RepiiUiean is decided in Its eonvis
tlon that Msrny is ths man for tbe Cincinnati Convention
to nominate.
The Utica Telegraph says that the Know Nothings in
that city are mailing arrangements for the purchase of
the Gazette, the htrd shell organ.
Borne of the papers think that the antl-Flllmore Know
Nothing National Convention, which is to assemble In
this city on the 12th of June, will be a total fizzle, and
that it will sever put itself up at auction. Ths only kid
for It will come from the nigger worshippers.
Mr. Joeeph C. Bpalding, who was appointed one of ths
Know Nothing Fillmore Presidential electors In Virginia,
has written a letter, in which he says:?"I hare ever ad
mired the pure and impartial administration of Mr. Fill
more, yet I shall reserve to myself the position of casting
my vote in November next for the statesman who, ia my
estimation, will unflinchingly carry out the oonstituMsa
and Its compromises." Mr. Spalding will probably have
to stand aside.
The Fifth District Black Republican Convention In Mas
sachusetts to appoint delegates to Philadelphia, passed ?
resolution in favor oi Colonel John Charles Fremont as ?
candidate for the Presidency.
John B. Floyd and F'aye ite McMullen, M. C. from tha
Thirteenth district of Virginia, and Douglas B. Layneaad
A. A. Chipman, from the Twelfth district, are appointed
delegates to tbe Democratic National Convention.
The Know Nothiag State Pruned of Ohio will meet in
Columbus on the 27th tnst. to nomlaate State ofiloere
and an electoral ticket.
Tbe first delegate has arrived In Cincinnati. Mr. John
Drake, one of the Illinois delegates from Chicago to thn
Cincinnati Democratic Convention, arrived on the 2dtfe
lost. He 1m for Douglas.
Personal Intelligence.
The Holy Father, who did not reside In the Qulrinal
lest year, will do so In the oourse of the present one. It
ia mid that several alteratiooR are to be made m the
Vatican.
The oelebrated Italian poet, Aleasandro Mc-Tnni. has
experienced a severe loss, the laat of his (bur daughters
bavtrg died In Tuscany of consumption.
General Barcalztegey. aide-de-camp to ffarnhsl Espan
tero, who brought to Farts the insignia of the Order at
the 6olden Fleece for the Prince Imperial, has received
from the Emperor of the Frenoh the croea of CDnsnilK
of the Legion of Hunor.
Prince Napoleon has returned to I'arts from Havre,
where the object of his Imperial Highness' visit appears
to havs boon to examine personally the accommodation
of the dorse state steamer.
Mr. Thackeray, after a most successful lecturing tonr
through the United States, returned to England on Wed
needay, May 7.
General Edgar Ney baa already left for Bt Petersburg,
charged to present Co the Emperor Alexander II. the an
swer to bis letter informing the Emperor Napoleon of bis
secession to the throne,
Queen Victoria has approved of Mr. Louis Y. Santa
marla as Consul at Liverpool for tbs republic of Nam
Granada.
Fetenliah Pasha, the Vsely of Sivas, at one time attach*
of the Ottoman embassy In London, has been m ordered
in his palace at Krteroum by fonr of his Georgian sieves,
in oonsequeno# of ill usage experienced at the hands oC
their master, they vowed vengeance, and, having put
Mm to death one night In his sleep, went straight to hie
chlsga (secretary), confessed the deed, and surrendered
themselves prisoners.
The United States Senate have confirmed the nomina
tion of Wm. A. Ingersoll, of Connecticut, to bo a parser
in the Navy, vice Josiah Tataall, resigned; aim, or Benj,
F. Slates, to be the Collector of Customs for the port ok
Stomngton, Conn., vloo Ears Chesboro, deooased.
Col. Samuel Colt, of Naw Havee, wtlj leave in th?t
steamer cf the Tth of June for Europe.
ARRIVALS.
At the St. Denis Hotel?A. Stevenson, dew Orleans; 0 Vaaf
Rensselaer, Burlington. N. J. j Vlotor Aai sett end family, Ha
vana; Joseph 8. FignreJa, PhllndetpM*; J. O. Booker. Italy;
0. It. SmTtn do ; George Sumner, .tostje; M. Martinez, Pern*
B. A.; remandos, Hew York,
from New Orieeaajn ship ygset-W Stdnev Hudson.
From Para, to brig Kmma- ? g Wakeman and lady. Mr j
? * H#U>h M< **'' *?*

xml | txt