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NTfRESTING FKCM EUROPE AND ASIA.
Out Path Pa HIS, April 08, 1818. ff nil ttrett caul the Furu H:i*rie?Operations oj the L u er 7>.c far j BrcJcers?va*A~ GliMing Among the rnri. ?ton; -JhM* for tyc-uU..iM Among* all Cld3U >?' Sacir'\, ?#<?., <#?.' TP# gtLivl Jharec'erisuc# of tka. claes of lodtvidua s km wn M brck.rs and ??*>?.! :bbsr?, are pre .tr much the Wl in kii parte t! tl^e world whore th> haurdous amusement c^led .pc-ccli.' ug id *u>ck. and wwilii prevails. 1b Wail street, Sew York, you at* nearly tie Mioe ten ol looking peop'e a# you encounter in the I'la :a de hi Bouiee. There U a difference in languid9, a hi hereof :anmng shrewdness in favrr Of the American, Bed great* r ni-ufness of attire in favor of the i renei'iuiu. Apart fun these Lndicatiooe, you oould not dating tlnh between them. Wall ?tract operators are divided Into several elaeees. Flrat coires the broker in good ? aid ing, i. ?., able to pay his ccntracts. Ii? belcBgs to the Board, wears a dr??6 eoit and white ch.ker, co ie< dowa 80 bts . dice in his pi irate carriage, ha# e'erks nod #er vncts rannlng about ibe d;iT?-eut oants ail d*/(,th# backers dny), keeps anjdous m??a waiting in an an e-rcou on til it ?ni ? hi* high pleamre to reortve them, and is i great ?aAUge'her. Tbis goes on uutil he meats soma body too sharp for him, or until be makes a series of bad teresImenta, and all at onceuisc irers that he cannot p?y the piper. Be then finds that nobody has any sympathy tor a ruiaed epteuiator, ami least af ail " the lioa.d, in vhioh until now he nas been, perhaps, a ruling spirit. Be is at once ousted from his position in that august body, and descend* one etep on th? broker's ladder, until ha etn pay UP. when ho is ince moro welcomed bajk iatq the fold--or, xhnulc 1 n< t say, lair ? He now ial#a to the "itreot" and Jains the society of these ienti%iA. u s)tw ?e-n er sry day standijg aSaut the em-vsrs <>f the Custom Hon "e. in the mighV imd of the Hero' ants' Exchange. it. hires desk-room in soms eetgnborirg alley, aid i? a hnm'jiw suitor to bis former j MwoeiaMs tor eucli sora,?. of baxiaesx %s ho ssn obtain, #i he grU hold or g eeo st ck-buyer* and jisr :uv,e? then that he has a till great inlls-tna*, tnd pose ~e- uurivxlied ( apporUnlttea for mr?s ,icg their money aaraatagsjus'y. ' The :a?t dart of New York brokers, is the ?-on .aiders" | who ocou,y prertj uiuih the ?a ie re ?tiv.' pa-l.lou '. > . Hie see ud c.w?s m the fea^n . to the ti.-?t?wi h ia*?x oepuou that they have ttver helot ge l to tee iioird cf [ Bkokers, ana uev?r #ipejt to enjty that ex.'trl hon r. In France, we have very nearly 'he e?me s .ate of , thljve. ?. the Bun xe, proper, all ths bu >ine)' |l irtrpto'td by he regular Beard oi Brokers, sad i im ne i-l themselves are icrmittei to buy ?nl 1 setup' D grrjsotlo- .f that paiACS ofmiinmon. To W >ik - hov atsr, ih j puolio are indifwrimi we "earn i'd- out ih entire bu-inees of the aforeau | m "( r u t < oo-n.b . te a*AU itsfclt tf the prinirge, is t) ; to. k Van in silent a.u# oment at tfla scene baiosr. Tha ; wtbw sisiisg ty- bar-heaued crowd, the roa-of a ta u ; saso u >oes, 0 1 f it. wild std iaextriaable conrutiui. teehii. B.oa e *pae fenced off in the mid.il', *cd oo m nied by *i.e Br aid. he gentlemen tusking around, frantlca * *V ?'ug little bits of x .dhiped paper ovet their heace, aid bp uting until they are almost bis :k in the tece-'the ivBtlii g. crowding. sUoiping, corn-plnihtsg. anoJtgiucg, (a Frenchman i* never too busy to apoio ?tee "and the wild ?xdteinent, are 'hings ouiy to hs Wcteo r?Dvin fiofn tht gAberie? of tPans B2airi??, ani when 'u'e seen i:e not likely to be forgotten. The Bourse is open every day, except Sunday. I won Act that any dis tinction should he maae ti favor ol the Sabbath as the onxinee# people of Paris genera'ly d) more trade noon that day than anywUiet; out 1 pre mme eren brokers muit enjoy a little relaxt i its, an I have therefore agreed rpen that cay for the purpo-e The henrs of business, at the Bourse, are from one o'e oca until three m the afternoon. Sime tuns before the hour cf opealog. anmerous iaciriduais make thei appearance on >he marble steps, and form a queue ot Bae before the door* which open into the hall. Guards, some cf whom are staii-med at every public building in France fsnd very nese.-sarily. too), main'aiu order in what, were it not for this wholesome restraint, would be an evcteiiog.y riotous a'semolsge. Ev?n in wplta ef the soldiers, s.rne of tne impatient ones pu?h their BMghbors or tread up.n each otaer s k hereupon considerable !?ui ta'K.a^ i? tadnlged in. '.hough do ncies are tapped nor crauiums ab-wded. At U?t me o'clock s'liaes, the doors are thrown op-n puBc'naily to the moment, and ui'1 oriwd nuihce into the bui dtrg, the brtkeri tale their p#AC9a in the encl< sure, 'he crier appears at his desk, and opermtioB# oommu.ee. Tee bribers in the aqutie apa.t meat to which I have alluded, are ?he great men uf t^s placs They are aff appciited by tne K-npsror, -ul a-e obhsed te we heavy souds to the governmcn' lor the ?orreet orecharge of their '?usiresi'. The Board b?lng thus le^eet. to tseltrg to it i? a sure lcriuoe, and, ol aouiae all ltsneTncers are wea'thy. These gmtlemen are dkstiBguished i.em the he-d by the appeUat. on ol OMStli dt change, ?n I most of ihein wear tho CSC ? atwn oi the legirn of H..nor?though, by the way, ttu u no w great distiac ion n->w a- ays. TTie courticrt, or ordinary hrokeru?lhuee m ' c ms direr ly into contact wi h ouUiders, (ihe a-.-tti-s change never disgracing theniselvss by suah c-aduc.) may be seen -ea'tereu over ail pirts of the lmmet-s? nvl, uneovered, die hsir superiors, in ordsr to .how .h*t they a*e n't to be outdone in po> teness, or perhaps to awnrey to the looters on that bey "belong to the es- 1 tebiishment." From tl ee :- people, as I nave sei-l arise such a cl?mor ?ud sat'a a oon'uslon of cn-? ' it.t the vtranger who wi'nesses me speutsc'.e very n?tu-aiiy in Qoircc how. in the nihine of ihkbc!, nil taese iJilow? can understand e.cu other. It is not \er.y easy. "Vco tor the brokers tneueeives. to penntra'e tne dense crow 1 on tee tioor. A larnmany flail meeting is nolhii-g to it People push rid shove, and elbiw and tread on each athev'k eorns. but theie tri:ii?g duagnmrrj are p.-odua tive of no hi sonseuueiices, wherein the place dii lars frrm Tammany Hxil very oonsiderab y. Plant your toot aceidenA"y on Jim Sjke#' toes, and the chances are eminently in favor of your getting n poaah in i-.e ho#J from lhat pugnacious g. nueman, in return. At the 'C?tan.' one ibioks of quarrelling for such triflee? it is &J1ST?}&?!I2?? a # _ l, _u# ?swirl ns.fi it. IB tTlliQ ludfi* ^anumg stoXnr# boughtand'sold, audit U from these snots that the loudest cries are heard. The} a 8 otCV sfc>a*d kr the courtiers, who are yelling out the names of -?oeke which they have been commissioned to buy or ^11 A# averv moment the crowd is penetrated by m#n who Sterk their way through with wonderful rapidity, throw 2? a w?d Ter.B and there to per...as. la tee throng, and who reply only by a nod o. ths head. The first ur# the clerks, or some-imee, the silent aartaet* of the agents de cha/ny., acting in the oapacl y of aSteTde camp, running about for or-ers, or ta announce STenseaUon of such as have been prevwusly given. The nereone to whom ihey speak are outside epeeuUiors. TbaM latter may readily be distinguished from the rest. K"g??L?7uP?hem are com, calm and indiff^nt te aeeearanoa, leaning against the walls or pillars, and talking with sncn other in a low tonn. Bat, whilst these nen tie men are thus quietly etnversing together,they 4i*tln JtekKsn^oV 'acillty, In the midetas the general aalM all that is cf nUreet to ih?m. They iear the . SaL offered for tt< lx stoeks, follow the procutding# of thtir%artfcular brokers, and are tnlly alive to ov ?ry thing transpiring in which they are Interested . . The ooeri'i de change have little to do with snything hm\ nnblis stocks V encn and foreign, "f standi..g and rial wertb ?- railroad -hares, 'h?s* of the Back af rr.nee. real the credit muhuier, and, excep tLmallv inaustrial etc ks. 1 hey receive a per centage of 3a upon all tran-Acvlons in the following:?hndge tear.s. Te iTusilm lorn ot 1832, Spnni.h funde, 1 or tweneee ditto, Haytien otl:gations, Austrian fund?, and ^?res cf ail the s'.oek companies in wh.ch they choose to interest themselves. They receive ), P?cxnl on of French funds- those of the city of I arix trea aurv drafts, d?bt of the city of Parts, shares of the Bank of franoe tke canals, railroads, salt works, assuranoe eompaniss, the Bank of Bslginm. aod fhe Bi.gisn a <? jeottGemralt, Neapolitan funds, .Rn|"1An.(^it' ,'^n fmn'0 Dutch, Auntrima aed flardinlan ditto. Io all tease' hey erjoy a monopoly of the bourse trade, and It will be readily undersVod way IIhoy mske mcasy. Nevertheless, it must sot be imJflD?* teat these gentleman owe th?ir e.^ te the will of the Emperor, who appoints im, it is tin#, but they are still obliged to pay an imm, rse sum af money to the government tor the privilege ??lud antvolntsd. in '.net, the business of broker i? sold, ih F~Tat.ce, as is also the right to pursue the oosupktlon p. a notary, Jawjev, kc. Thaeowrliejv, tlckiiamel " mam ns,'' owe t' elr posi tions solely to tbeif inielligence. their .-.ctinty their g* aerai basMWSS qnaliflcations and the confidence oi their atoents as well as to the need rxpertene d by 'ho puc io of stents to neaotiate ?.h# nuroerou# ?' 'sncies'' with which the curents de change will have nuthmg t. do. The courtier, also buy and sell, for speculators and ot mrx, inch ol tss standard puolio stocks an may be require-,. They receive ordinarily % per oent upon their *a.-i and anrehaees when the amount reaches 600 fcanes. ior a smaller translation they make a Sfsomi bargklr. F* e4 are otberwiss irsde in pretty munh the same uanucr a* m Wa I street or at toe London Exchange In former feces women w*r? admitted V the 3" >r of .v- FV urxe >n the earns level with ms'e stick g-in'.ler'; l^ o th. ciurxe of time It was found that th- tender an was constituted of materials altogether too errVable tTaditt of their dirsot participation in Boo* o affairs. Mo the President of the Tribunal of Co-run?rcS h??ed an admit thatfhe ladies should thenee'orward bsexsl -dec and that exaeedlnglv im oolite decras has over siocc (>?? n f n lu.i foroe sull Ure Uau sere don not leas pyticlp?te Is^nmUon 'han in fu.m?r tteMM. Everyday Uun dTe^Tof lad'es may be sesn Imogmg ahonttee vicioi -y '>f the ten,ule atwhioh tliey would fate worship; b,- it hey are oaliged to Aran sac alitheu ousfnses 'tro'igh the iutermv dia' ion of nn agent de rka.vje or counter, and are s-wne Unies ucf.rtnna's in thslr cbcioe. it Is i:tposmbl'; or khem to k**o a personal e;e upon the operation* or t reir toeksr and if so cle,io?e-i, toa1 individual has untiva el onnortrintties of xtsal'ng and some of tne >e nnsernpnlous Mntrv ate rot slow to avril tbumsslvwi of the chkboss. g Woman's lights " hsvs very 11 .tlo atteitfon psli thoci In these par's. There are uo rtlsfiiternstad Gieslxys or llariiscns at pre ent exisimg in iianee. ^tokJ^Mng" wrr^e. all ranks of society In Pali. Those" hj catnot d.b.le ia specula I m at the grand ? .ct kave still ano'hei rex-.uroe. On the B.ulajsrix. tbe PaHMgs de , .ipe-a, a.d io the pawisge ii! f m.v eve-v d?v be seen a throng of pe.ple, whtek a* ot, e rem,r d? tho A-rve ienn of . .imiis ia't#rl'g he hss s;tn elsewhere. Indeed, sxa p. ??,cr /srsaC; the dreee. fc?* tn,; it h -i ?ue i? termed ,k?.P^*-bS?e^Lr%rtc?? o! iho f >?mt*.inh??d ^sd In aJ<-?rg heopf^noB^ ^ htoka:t ,u,j </ ? i. The l^00"^ eJr?m nv no exuluMon ,h?r c^rv^ Tt.^ ^ ? ? jo 11," but U f no y X Xr i??bman. your ail wlo "etu . \?Y, T .Tlt-'O.-Ui. your eaofc, ell in v. lei, jcur o tler. y u? h ? o? moling. ^enuid Sr-s.* rb.n*6<J- tee ;r. I - l.iisw tbre* per c?mt*and <w?w"???<*?"???'?/ I ^^,/ar.V.iBth. ^o?th?.uror,tje^ .q ^ lir.ike s tu France ito * ' - > f ?a?ed In aeiord | dealing* w*h eoatMBwa. Tft.Uwsewraja ^ |n I Mwxita the * epaci ' to vou W1ta insrootloca | (Wur(vr. and ft etrenKor 7? " ju^y. You i io buy i'ii' twenty onerc* n the DlM Ortein* i? ; do ?o. and when the t ay of t ' th# dtfferenoo. ' dowu, ftBd joui etwt^ w,() fl dl lh? YoosoebHn. ? What your ' ^oW?^r\cdou,^y.,Uu^urtiftod you moat i *^\>-dh^rftg.?tpeope.ftnda<.oci gambling U iheir profit-?or K &?. __ i The Brltlfth Knle In I????~Tn* Annexat.oi. t mTfeNEMlMO LUTTKB IBOM AN OLD CALCUY1A I RESIDENT. I J he Si* *an of O,de"-Poliheal Pirallclt-The P+ ! ,-uUar h.MiMUm of lortore in lndia-Tahmony in Britith Bit* Bool.,-Parliament^ inc. s'ifiWvora Tlie Bri'.uh Vtrtiun of the Annexation of Oud< fr*m the Indian rai?r*-Moetmml for InpU'V in <** *"*? Parliament, dc, . to the executioner*. with an e^w* requoit mai ?" v t#T 688 IDlRht be RllO^Dt^MlCfiU.iTi baee elaprt alno. Vrr, Haattng. 1 wfteftria.gncdar.the bar ct the British Parliament for hi h crlu.ee ai d miedcrreanore in hi. governmentof i iocta, on ? trial rendered famous ?t the Urns by the I elaborate elcquenoe of Burke and the t? paw tonedI ora tory of Phrridan, auu eitoe embalmed In the amber of Jiacaulay's poetical pro*.. AH who are fanlLar with that trial mu*t remember that one of the grave* c?a-g*H igalr.it the Britieb f"0 conaal wi, his traataent of the xiegana, or dowager prunecee ol the rata. h tmde in oonfoTiulty with a e??et com pa:, brtweeu htm self aud the NaV.b. the eon a-.: ? an h;d of thoee tap 1?H wou.en. The eoheine o/ epolia'.ion w?t oarrle-1 oat b, the high eo trading parttw; the tftrdy pedtenM. of rbe Nabob being overruled by the iron w.u of ail c.Ti! izedally, who forbore plundurirg him on tsose two. jiwi.ne T'-he pftgas of Burhe, theildan ?nd Mao?ul?y the re'pite then given baa not proved a reprieve, for Oude 1* ocw pre claimed a BritisU fr rnce, aid U?;tir:g*e^ .?utd. He on'y w^ung from the eslfi.h feare of the Val b a-elucUnt coneent; and ex to'ted, by torture of ?errant, from unprotected women. ?1,200,000 et-riing, tie hoard*d wealth ot the former Nabob; whereas now, at one tell awoop, his ?ucoe=?or annexs. the en ire te.ii tory, apprinte British fundlonarle. to rule H In the name of ibe company, and in.i^ts that J?e Abdio* * "d h?.'m '"'l" tTmK1" MmLiS* rpecf de to ^ ^tbe^teiolaW od'edion. to ber reUe- and even # religl0U, ^a^rSn^ of^t of brigandage^ and "an "not ?auallyapp'y to ? ?VJ^?tri tf-inanQair"" in Oide. which annexed a new ?mnire to ibe Biiti.h oomiulou.in Indii, against the will f : ; oi the < unchgolMd plan of of lta niier ami t ? p* P ? v ?orcj>,w geirare ana dcmiLi U; whirli ha. inauoed gtte ^ ^ p f,f wkr sSs aas^: thir fler/of ike h'"v alliance ilumbrr. Lorf I-a'iiou^ h"3e" ,e'?lnaUon cf hie official career by an act wf-.hy of Ci:ve or Haatinga, and the great efflea:. ttSsSsASS-ZSJl Kf?.?sa the alnsibiiities of the Britiah P^bUc, i?, the one now SSS tftd tL*t 4 it wca*d be; mere folly?m r *] ?- ?" lo : sy "hat wl iho*e aettUiaitiona were not, to a sirtain "sow rttSSrt?''of fading order the ban ot M- V. ?_ ilh ?.e mAy or*eive 'hat American annexation naa r Uen a very dlffer.nt thirg from the forc.he .ei.nre and occupation of foreign t^Titory, again tbe wwhea wd the will of the inhabitanta thereof: ? dainty word "aequtaiticn ' fulta the case j'i?v ^ i.iiiSna 7imet tives the better word, "brigandage r ddbui 2Sm" to much f?o good for it; beaifes beio? ee^n t n u divic ual not a government .peculation, un; ? >/>rv - ?>? ?KSh?Awrw.Aw??; ?' the coolert way. For tx imple ? [Correspoi-dn.ec of limes, Cixi'/i, January 24] Tlie proclau.at i.n annexing Ondu has not .etippear Cd; but the crier h*s been pswoo. ana the "i are ?warming into C'awapco.-e. The bote auto ? t left tne Governor General a ca/bf b'/iji anil, a> lal, b? ha? adopted the mott eowplete aud defiulte if .is two llaee of policy open to him. Oude ia to be.ano.-xed, not sequestrated. The difference is, that in a' eoqaeatrated proricee the sur; lus, Instead of ?welling toe general re Teuue o! the empire, rauat be noent within the province lvelf. Then follow* tie list of appointment* of perron* for the government of the province (clogUabmeoali), and an eet'mate of the rurpius reviuue, alter payment of ell expense* ot every bind, which tbi* correspondent flxae at the neat litue mm of ?2.600,000?two million five hardred thouaaod pound* tier ing per annum?adding very naively, Oude i* one of the rieheit coun'rles in ??la. The soil ta a* fertile ee that of the Datb, while the eastern dUtitef ? are a* rich ie mineral* a* Cornwall." Now. what ie the pretext for this wholesale as* amp tlon of power ox the pert of e foreign government '??thl* aacrxation, a* they < aintiiy term it, of the possei-sloes of a Tower with which Great Britain U at peaee, and against whom no declaration of war ha* ever been made ? The exploi'e of Lord Da'houaie remitd one of Cjrlec, with U e exception ot the danger, anl the despoiled King of Oude, unable to resist the disciplined foree brought against him, and overawed by ihe terror which the British name ha* Inspired In India, by maan* which Borke, in former, and Macaulav, in later day*, have de picted, (nlleniy submit* to bis Ute. bat spurns the bribi which we* offered to buy hi? consent, and oppoees pas sive rvjir snoe by refusing to ?igu the paper of abdication prepared for bim. lhe timid aid nnwarlike character ef the native* of India renters th?*e act* of wholesale annexation easy. Toe victories are usually bloodies-, or if they resin as the Santhals did, it is butchery, not warfsru?the su periority of European arms *od discipline making the con test cue of murderous character. The city of Lucknow contaiss a eoooigtion lit ie short o: a million of Inha bitant'; yet '/rrd IbaDicusie considered If! 000 men euffl. dent is ger-ia'n it; and so it appears. This one fact ?peak* volumes. The only reason as *'gned for tbi* act Is the mlagovern i??t of the country t.y 'he present King; but guaran tee* have been offeree by the Queen Dowager oa that point, on pain nf foiteiture; and the right of' the Gover nor Gtue.al of Inoic to interfeie Is more than equivocal In fact, the pniy right Invoke by the Governor General appeare to have been the rigut ot the strongest?an de fined in that we'l known fable of -Ksop, for though the latUr are not lambs, yet tbe return* of a recent Farl!* iner.'ary b.ue book show that the cruelty of the native rt'ets never reached the same pitch of reflced torture a* tfcat which has elgnall/ed the B Dish rule in India, tor proofs, we cite the recently published blee book '?T? r'.rre in India," aed the debate thereon In tbe House of Peers, FebrgBju 'z9i 1M6. The theme Is sog geeitve; ' at i ot to trefi^too much on space which I* TSluable, the naked history of tins transection, col.med from IcdUn paper*, la annexed?a history strange, in deed, for toe nineteenth csntory ? [From lb* Delhi Gacrtte, ef F?b. 21.1 Lt'i k.sow, 1 eb. 18, lRWi.?fne annexation of LnckBew at least is not looked upon In a favo able light. The thousands of disappointed seekers of office are e Lam or ng loudly again*-. It, and alleging that It Is unjujt on the part of govern me ul to employ na.lvei el all other terrl toriss but Oude. The servants of the late Rlrg, with ' ua exception of a fevered iew, have all been turned adrift. They were told that their claims would be taken into sit: sidcratioa at an early da'e, but meanwhile they are di* rrl id and discontented. The Xing "xcltes general eympetby. Bis lele conduct lies teon | raised as well as censured. Submission was the ties' polity, end be wiicly followed it. But others were <n<Ignant at it. and one of the mo?t rsf aciory /enrlrdars, It Is rnmored, sent him a woman s petticoat, with a meersge that hi* quiet submission entitled him bo wear it, for no man would have yielded without at least showing some fighting. Tb# Erglish ehiracter has, sinoo the arrival ef the European reginsntsof ber Majesty s Fifty sooond foot atrl tne artillery, suffered inueli in lhe es'imeHon of the ra'iv?s ot luekrow. Many of lhe common s Idlers, roam lug about the street* lea state of drunkenness, oo ta il I 'cfi acts (f vv lenoe and indecency of a olsgraee'ul kit d. IManv of the I.nckn >we*e who b?vs bren to the other B'ill.-h terri'orlee, I new the dllDrene between ''t is _u 11 j'dlc.s; but otbere, bun end tree in the ettv to- ?? ;**t t*m* beheld PurpMM cf th? lewest I <wi ?d<1 ih ? vmcsneaenot discriminate between ?? cer* ?i d fokcitm lae4 r t. \j Ufre was a ^"P**1 I in I, ckncw ti r< e, tat It -?.?p-ednyrn?JlMbf the I at i it el of a i>ucl ? .out of t?e Forty sigh n The riw lJ fc ,?? b native inf.n ry, w ioh hen be. a ordered to be lei.'Tid, leosived counter oraere, end will now s'siy &???. I it ip ??id ?bet the distne ? ere is ? disturbed ? ? e Here in l nek now we i?e nothing of toe Hod. Evyy one I ,p . n.a'i?1ttl, tut qotet. Toe t< rittory of fade U to be | div ,ltd in o four province. ?I.ueanow, Bereitob, Khyra I ted e'd I'slmudes. It wiU be to o looted ihet th.sa statem-nts ere mtd? t? he English eorrfsp indents ..fKrg.hjourua.sia lt.'ia I4 l? the old e ery of the nan end the hoa, but uoe gri.? tu> to. .-Uroue the ait neat be when^the mort lav. ia>ie ?i 'eofi.be pist> x? presents eorh sombre i??' I i< mo we bu. >e the iiatcmente from the gene ot 'M??? 1 ?? r> te^pio cf the ecnitiy ihua ioreibly raduoed into a I slate if peonage by Bii tfh phW'b.opy ntoeka. in | ianO. ? alter still would tba shadow b?., ae tha h.ata ai ' resdy g veu show. rFiom the I.uckaow CtiT??pondence cf the B >mbay 1 pape.a.] _ . Tks hirg le rfa'y to cede aU hU pesee-sh n? to the a?si Iuda C< mpaoy, Pimply bwcaus* ha has no power nor de sire to rieiRt th- force brought, against tn?s; out ne wiii not scc?pt anything at th.ir bands, nor tub nit 1to be tbsir iccsicner. or rather ,nsooer, wi luii the walls 01 hu> palare it ia generally bei-md hat two isparnA trea'iee have been prepared. with a view to tee mix gene wniih uas now '?keu place.?one bei?g lux his me J estjv pirr at'irs ?nd thoo ter ouly to be earned out in the ev^.ota Wfu-al beieg givn to the first pre ComiLtu atsiynr this day aa the ftsal H? time peraiued for ?te Keg's teeUiou, and J he null per sist in bin | reeeut de'ermUa Ion, then matter* wiU be ppt'lpd wtthrut tba royal e ncurrence; rrueh HeTtrar oor.?ui> as whl be eiaottd in thlsoaaa, andlar >?'??? strtn gtnt nteasuxtH carried out. Un taturlaj list the Resident paid a tIpU to the Vueen MvttrT. at her own request, and tor upwarrt?M an bcu' wet fieceral Ou'ram engsged in this Interview, guilt f which ume the oid lady eiMusted lecJ"^r' 'try l " jere and pupii'lcatious In besetchitg his niter feresce for the preseiTttion of ber ton't klngdom as an lndnundrnt hiate. hhe ts said to hare m*"1'9' ?nf. v i ?r h ee.'ay f my, aid to hare eoiemnly promired that if a tire e ymolamt if nUguTerLmentdwinfihatpanod war heard. >ben the llrtiish au hcn'iss won d ba wei con a to take inm-diaia and entire posrewsion ?r tee couniry. The only reply which the Resident eonH make WaH. of course, hie Inability to ot too Impending issafure, whlen has been "1?^! nic.orn by the OoTsmor t^aeral of Inoia^wl h-he c .licurrenoe of the Court of Idieetors, whose was and whose orders on the subject he ?ty Mfc Thus cloud the painful scene which ton mis of ti-nsral <iu tram's ainiab e oliaiactei eu'l led heat? must have befn lar from a pleasant oue. O-iMoa car the 1 ? b i" B'ant. ai other rinrear wai held, at wbWh l?.th the Kfa'-vnt ant Captain Hayts were patent, bu^ cn this oeca-lto a eo, the p-oce?dlrgs ?PI^ to have bttn P'of retire of no ub? nl result, nor could tha hiug s tvrre^on to tie *c?cal pgplng of'he treaty bo g tit'rer, ften aithoueo his minletfr, Alt Naihi Khan aided his eivrcaiiee anl r-monstrsdees to th ee ct the Rs fid-lit. It is bellev d thit three di ys w? a t.ien fixed for tha fir-ai CecL-lon tf Ue Kn.g tzd tt'^ ly w?s warned, ot the eoneeqaences whuh wou'd rent from hi- perni iten-.e in this Udo ot oendue -a pex ei>terct which w. u rt not cause tny change ? ins ar ran genie'.ts tor tie Ve'te' goverriner.t of hisxirgiom, wbiiw if might Beilouelj iojure hun. oil personal y. Ibus do aflaiiB i< main here. It. nadinix this timple uarrat'TC one i6 irnsisttbly re inirt ed of the lroieacuaioit ?t WaTtn lUsUcgs ior simi lar ai'mcee, and the liupar.stoned u'.teiauces of Edmud Bmke reeontd In tut wars. Was there ever k tore drawn than 'hat of the 'ethroned kmg, 11? is* or npent th* wrongs nod iota -a i ; icfa^er too fiTrotJf to bo ?cnetb%<aUj < prosed, oatwitu O.intal stoicism, wiappiDgh'aise.f in his ^ant.e ofklog; Ptin sod rehicg on me tarcy [*ni ei.co of hie enemy And the old tiueen lloiher, loo, ''exhau'ting her lsiy of nis?c:? and fupp ications'' on the repre-ent* lve cf that ?owev who hao'cWed her son and who must be nisde of "nierner stuff' than most men. d^epey srs did not sw.ken some pangs of eonsoience for the part which his position compelled tl -l t? act. It Is useu^ to acd that the iupj. icaUons of ihe "?of the sirf as little as the siubborn p^s-lre emdorsnee of the sou The Fail India gcTf.'-ment is a corparatlon?one cfthose ComblEatlcns which, in the language cf Curran^ have ne iher b' dies to be kicked nomoula to be bchird iht*. ocrporalion file a power competent to^oum pel jiiftiee and y'ndicate the rights of msnand the Ufi cf natiers, roth of which hare te?n t-amp,ed In the dnet by this set of unparalleled sggres lor and cutrage Ibe B' ill-tx 1'aillaineni has the pr .er,as it is lli ^Q'T;^0 ? pel restilution and aali-tacticn; and d it lails^^i,0? the gcyuriment not on the irresponsible corporation, will rest the weight of tha scandal end ? eler p-nallt ci thw retribution wrh which 1?*?1 vi i.s Ihe wrorg doer in the end. A tni.Tement o. Tf eiigaiim h?s already bten mtd* m Ihe Bri nth I arlia ment, frtm which we ex ract these proocedmgB: Hoitr ok Commons, Merch 4.?Ur. Cokdkn atkel tha Piteident rl' the Board of Control whether it was his in teniion to l.> on the table any papers r;!*t:?,r^hn*de i txaiicn of the ancient Mohammedan territory of Oade to our hast Inoian tfiiitory, or ]?Hou'^ ' to (tier eiiT tiplenation on the subject to ti?? Hota . Mi. V. Fm tu said tnat tt papcte were mt eomp.e.e, but es - non as ibey were, be w-^uld l*y th*? ot the Kou-e. A'tention bad been called to the mal-ad urioistraiicn of ihe affair of Onde. and a ''"epbbco ^ tern ?nt out to lbs Marqi is of Daihoufis, dtrecMrtr htm to take siepe on the subject; but a? no desjateh htd bsen icceiTec in teply, it wouU not Mt ocnTec.ent, at pre^nt, to lav the iiapwis on the tebie of the House. >ir Otwjiy pr' tested against the doctrine that liecitt'C a king whom we had set upon the throue c jnduc4*l him self iu an ituprrp-r and immoral manner, we were tnu tltc to dethrone him and annex bis terr' ory to mote especially whete it we- proposed to annex.them Ui a portion the most favored of the wh'-ile Indian em,I.e. lie should like to know whs tier they intended to tepay to -he Kit g uf Oude the two millions anl a half ster,leg which we hal compelled him. to advance. jfT*1""' which we had ceded to him the worthless piece c.f tern tciy that hid been taken from the Rajah of ? bt.fevtd that the ctmpany would find ble to eollectthe revenue, for the King of ',adr found thegieaieet difficulty in doing so. TKep had sAnu n wo onirt to omru under our m/a rxhxlnttd the created dinncliwation to submu ffcenuiu u> ilu gcrtrnmmt of a cor,oration which had utcd Uertnre to extort the j-ayvirfit of reveno*. He hoped thai.the right honorable gentleman wou'd u-e his usfineuee -?ith^th? gr veirmenl that a day might be giten fbr the ? mssion of Indian matters. Thus ends the first act ef this drama. 1/ vrn b**|* space to spare, In another latter you shall hav n un varnished but truthful account to give of the ,.??sui6s oonlerred cn the natives by British ru e in !r.i .x. Oar Canton Correspondence. Castow, Jan. 4, 18M. Pint Impressions of Cantors?The Boatwomcn a} the Port?Chir.ve Bloomers?New Year't Calk?The Uotu? The Clubs?Chinese Lingo?Political Restraints?Com merce of Canton?The Parteet of the Factories, etc. Another port has been struck off my visiting liat, for 1 bare sent you toy impressions of Hong Kong, and for tho last few days bare been roaming ab.ut this highly Inter esting plsee?the neplus ultra of my early ideas of the East. Leaving Hong Kong in one of the several steamers that daily ply np and down the river, ten hoars g>od work carried ns by the Bogus forts, whose formida j.? front looked grim death to the intruder, bnt which, not withstanding, were knocked about the guards' heads and ears when the English turned th.ir shot towards thfin; by the reveral pagodas, reaching high in air; by the le gion et boats, and barren mountains and hills, bnt culti vated valleys, on the river's hanks; by the rice flelis, the lichee groves and the banyan forest; by the Wbampoa reach, the shipping, the well arrarged docks, and the few foreign houses there; by the countless junks and lorehae, and vessels of every poeBible shape and rig?odd and strangely picturesque?Uil the facto, ies bunt upon us from behind the garden forest trees, where the Hog lisb, the French and the American flags were floating side by side in the most friendly and neighborly manner, as they sbcnld always <fo. At la*t 1 am in slgbt of Oanton, the grand eipital of China ttade, where heads of hooses most do oongregete? where morey is obtained from wealthy Chinamen, middle men, brt keri, &o., who get it from bankers in the interior? where orders are givm to the bonnes and agents up and down the eoest?wires are pulled?secret expeditions fit ted out?teas and silks and imports are talked on an ex ttns've soelc?where eo many merchant* have m>-> in a few years of active lehvr fortunes In the trade?where hospitality abounds and kind attentions are showered upon tho stranger. Yes, this is far-famed Canton, known to every schoolboy and every young merchant who ever learned to talk ship?Canton, the centre of all Mvstein exchanges, the grand bourse of Ch .nese Asia. The cabmen of Albany?the hack drivers of M jo treat ?the kling boatmen of Singapore, mnst retire in favor of the boatwomcn that came near smoiheiing our boat in order to get a tare to the pier; such an infsrnal yelling and .jabbering, pulling and hauling, rowing aad sculling, screeching and gesticulating, can be found no where else. Why, it is enough to drive one into a lunatic asylum. It ought not to be tolerated, for sometimes It is positive ly dangerous when tbe tide is running a perfect sluice. ' A me of the women ere very comely and In their pecu liar Bloomer ooeturne and strikingly original style of h?ad dress, yon can but be altraeWd. As in Hong Kong, twenty-live cents is si I they expect for rowing ashore a boat iotd. Af.er paying in some eases from $10 to $16 la Melbourne, I reefy felt ashamed to give the girls her* so little; but I was cant I -ned agaiust Introducing bad habits by giving them more. These poor ereatnree live satire y upon tbe rivar, and how / cannot tell, for in tbe vicir.l'y r,f Canton tbeTe must be at least from 60,000 to ?icii'i j cii tanwD usuwi leant rrom pu.uw vo 00,000. A tjpbocn or a fire, I sliouid think, would eora pletsly sweep them away, for they lie huddled together like so meeh firewood. Ar-ivitgon New Year's morning, I was most fortunate; for, in accordance with our time-honsred custom, evils w. re bsing e? changed, and I was just In time to pay my respects and wish tao pleasant returns of the year to the eighteen European, English end American ladies then in < anion. Beaniifai house*, large and commodious, all jo'rsd ugether, or only separated by a small alleyway, splendidly furnished, and note without engravings- or pictures; fauey Chinese ornaments, and specimens of every kind of f hbiese Ingenuity met your gsse, and every thing ret mad treeh and new to sue?all different from tbe 'Wostarn world. Tbe new comer delivers bta lettese, and eslis nms those whose acinsiotaace he wishes to make; and then, ir properly introduoed, eom* atenlho* en every st4h H eakfaeting, tlffialag, dialog, ?ea-rii? parties to the White h'll*. to tbe Honan t'mp'.e, the i\:nr gvrdt us. the runoelty shops, aiume In It.e eveam,;, or boels, CTbllliatds or b <*?, c peiere?yoa may take your cbolee; bat your flu.* *til*'X>ufiy >?'?<? > people wbo only try to ha 1 iptie y.ar 'uq e aoa tuea inif. The bli U <1 r oom end bowl,eg alley ar* p'irate t obs, veil maraged and we'l att?n?ed- good tools to work with and Ck ieete markers. At tbe reading room you way And 1-oois end papers, and *11 tb* pruned gos-up of the day, a> it the H>rg Koug Cl-b. You van w u d > uo tb* )' <ua cf tbe p.ace, alter yo.i bare gone r, una tbe ci'v and tun tbe rltk of getting year note puocbed by ft bamboo for y nr boldness la looking in at the ga'e Af er y- n bnre looked into the abope la old and new China steets. walked round tbe factory garden, where foreigners are allowed the entire epvee of aooot 800 leet In letg-h by 120 deep, for trees and plants, a chmch. a i?Mge and beaehta. and pacha, fw a puillo ngoirenade ann nothing more, and yon bare been onae ml roe ad to shore you may know and in one week's time m< at 1'kely you know them all, for knowing one itseourea the wiree to the rest. A t r yen bare been through the hobge, and godowte ; seen the ui prepared lor shipment, and the way it is got op. 4Ld talked with sons of the Chinese merchant wbo insiH- npon your takng with them s cop of tea, without milk or sugtr, ti.egrounds in the cups, each made ex prenly lor each pew on; after yon hare cbin-ohiuaed several of there Hong merchants and heard tbem expound commercial affairs; alter you hare beeo over tv e Dutch folly, the pavilion of the die genii, the Lyre pagoda at Wham pea; 'be wonderful gardens? wonderful beea me so iingu>a.- and novel; af er you hare seen the duos-he o( tag up tbe ltrer, where the young ducks are traced in a'l their stages; a' ter you bare been to the White hills on your Chinese pony, or carriid up by your Ouinese ooolj, in your (hires* chair, end looked do n upon tbe city nl (Anton, wi h i s 124 temples and hall', pavilions and pi gooes; after yon bare perfee'ly sa Uhed your curio-lty by looking at tbe flowsr boa's aad gez'.Dg at the eutiois specimens of Chinese so fantastically dressel; aft .r you hare seen ail these, you will hare a ligdttosay that ycu hsre killed ail tbe lions of Can'on. It ~ake? but a short tikM to run through the list, and when ouee seen it Is tarjbtu go ovr the ground a second time. The rttj of Canton Is about one thousand y-ars oW, but no foreigners bare erer had the ntrit to it* iate > >r. Notwi hstjmding the treaty provides for going into Can ton, t"y diplomacy and intrigue the Chinese officials have mat.aged to break faltb, ami keep out all outsiders. Hoar mnch lorger this will last remain* to be seen. The fo reign pr potation oi the Hoi gs oeou >y about fifteen acres of land, note of which can be owned by the residents. Setup o! Ih# bOEga rent for (4,000, end so on down to $1,200 per aen im In 1822 most ot tt ese bnildinge were de-uojed by fire. Tbe residents are called factors; hence the nam* factoiiff. On erery side or von, I*igc i Eo.' liih?that brnib'e jargon cf mntibreed baby talk whica eastern hts trade Is. w? meets you. From boat women to rh< pm?n?house buy to comp.adore?you hoar nothing else. I eucearutcd to get a eooy of Hamlet's soliloquy, wbiob was translated into 1'igeon English, but I ha* s foi id to do it. 1 can only remember its e.imineuoeni-.ut. " To be or not to be" reads : "Can?no can do." ?send for your n*r aDO th?? would be the style : "Go too sUe ?esbe?tbai hat?pay my." Antise ie hetrd in *n au joinirg s'Test: tfce cau'-e. rays the eervint, it "Chimy weir an bare catchy cue piece bull ehi)>.'' In o'he' words, it weald re?d : ">l-s. lMg'all of a boy." I call?d upon some ladies : boy return : " No m,.n ca i tee," intimating p.-obahly that they were not a: bone. For "yes," read "can do." "Hiwvnary to dinrerthii er.nlig?" Jly boy promptly repliei . "Fvur piece man?two pisce mis,>ie." Of course I hay,, ji.tai*. good stock rf Chinese pre tents; I should be e.isiderai the reriest baibarfn did I not. I have beeu through ail tbe iheps. f.ecc sandalwood fans andcud cases, iyo y ekiM men and wbist ecuhters, purse* and bezel, studs and Jade store, brorre ornuioecis, bamboo work, carvel neck.'&ces and ws nutii, and bracelets anl rings, edrer and copper croaments, and a thou and other Ji'.tle do tlors which will soon reduce your loose cash, especially where ycur forereigc cr pcund s'eiUng is worth but $4. It makes a wide diffeieor.e, Since tbe retelii n, Canton bat been very inactive, nod its eister ports?yourger in experience, younger in oini msree, younger in yean?are gradually takingaray he pres'igc. Foo Chow Is get'ing the black teau. whiie Shanghai takes the eitks ia large qnan title I, a->d the greens; but Canton, nevertheless, lias the wea h, the capital, tbe headwork, the experience and the exchv ge*; she Is still hard to beat, and may yet be able to hold her bend as bfgh as her nor hern branches. We must. wait. I was xcucn surprised to End such battalions of i'arseei promena. irg in the factory gardens, all speakiDg under b.sndfcblu Imgli-h. Tbeie high tontd merchiat* are taklrgrff the best share of tbe opioin ora 'c, and do v a clipper itesmer, tbe I ightning, piles between Cal cutta and Cunning.moon?opium and advices h;r < nly "pigeon." Som?of the names of these men seemed t, h*ve hewn given them purely tor the amusement of the Western merchant, for they have a strange sound, mix ing up common and uncommon names, scriptural ant sectional. My few days'visit has gone, I can baidty tell where, but to-morrow I am bound to tbe north, and my next chit-chat yon may expect from Shanghai or Fov Chow. More of the Vivo Re relation*. We continue our extracts from Sen or Vivo's enf | rions. Our Madrid translator baa rendered the a ho literally that be baa preserved all tbe verbiage and i (J flatten of atyle which characterize the original. Not withstanding tbeae defects, oar readers will be en .bled to appreciate all the points of this curious narrative:? I shall not repeat to your Excellensy the opinion whieh they have formed and tbe grounds on which both :'an J Castillo and Sen or Paeheo establish tbe tamo, as the. would be tantamount to teproduoiog the memorandum, but I wi 1 state certain baeia as a eoroDary of what bas bem demonstrated by those gentlemen. Frgland will not lend any assistance to Mexic >, not even a moral one, becanae its interests and sympathies Van to the side of tbe l'ni'.ed States, a no ion sprung iron its loins, and tbe representative of Its race and its ,.ria ciples in America. Fiance, of a character more generous and a . ? -hat lees attached to tbe material advantages of the ioo>. ent, and the representative, in the flint place, of the Latin raee in Europe, has a greater sympathy for Mexteo an! the Spanish American States, aid It will be better able fban any other nation to act np to those sympathies If the republic offers it some advantages which the go-> em inent of the Emperor Napoleon CI. may present to his people as a compensation for the saeriflcee which it wilt necessarily have to make towards the support of the 3panish-American cause; and for the upholding of the ttaiu quo in our hemisphere, these advantages wo>. > oe a powerful auiiJia-y of the generous aud knightly -enti meuts of the Fretch people. In case Fran:e should be indueed to act, England would probably respect its determinations, bu. would observe a strict neutrality. Spain, chiefly ccsnpled in internal questions, and both in the besom of its political parties, aud even in the bosom of its government, germinating seeds of constitu tional alterations, its treasury not very buoyant and not very independent in external action as regards the French and British governments, chiefly Interested In tbe affairs of America, and with frequent and serious fears tier possessions in that quarter of thrglobe, more or leas openly threatened, wcnld not dare to act by Itself, aud a deciccd step of tbe Fiench Cabinet con'd only draw It iiom an exotssively timid line of pontics in this particular. Tons presented, the general aipset which tbe three Powers, from which n <xieo might clam support, exhibit in the question, is far from favorable; the difficulties aug ment, and unfortunately become almost nnsarmountable 1b the actnal state of Europe. Our legations in London and Paz is keep Y. E. complete ly Informed of the greet question wblah is just now agi tated in the Cabinets of tbe Western Powers, aud in which tbe bite of Europe depends, of tbe various steps taken by tbem; of tbe first battles fought on tbe Oanubs, on tbe Euxine snd in Aslatie Turkey, and of how the diphmacy and tbe aims of France ant England are at prevent employed In giving a notation to the great pro blem whether Eorope shall be Cossack or repub loan. Under sccb circnms'anees the European governments cannot think of any object whieb may draw their atten tion from inteiests of so vital a nature. On the ether band, a treaty of alllanee, offer, ivo and de'erslre, between Mexico and Spain, even supposing that it could be made to-day and without reckoning np m the obstacles before enumerated, would give the -.Isnn to the United States, which would not fail to take nueautage of it, as affording tbem a pretext fcrjnew mot<-?a of dis pleasure, in which event France will not be a-, to inter fere, heir g occupied In affairs of so much grea - r impor tance to her own interests. The isolated action of Spain wonid then he useless; and this was my fstlii < when 1 decided npon seeding to London and Paris Sen -- Esteve. Sympathy and a good disposition towards Mexico unnnes iiorably exist in Spain, and are entertained by thw pre sent Cabinet of Count Pan Lewis. But could i uch dispo sition and such sympathy be converted Into ships, troops and cannon In ease of need 1 On other occast jus 1 nave had an opportunity of portraying to to your Excellency tbe irresolute character of tbe person who occupies the Department of State in the preeent administration of her Majesty. Your ExceMency knows him person illy, and knows tbe judgment, perhaps biased, which his long resi dence la Washington, and even his family connections with persons of the Anglo-Saxon race, have eansed him to form respecting the power of tbe United Statee. In tbe mission of Senor Eiteval have looked for a support to my pielensioas near this Minister, whi u eld i >ace b!m In a disposition to act; but the memu a.. ,n. the result cf the mission above mentioned, confirming in a freat measure my fears respecting England er France, as already strergthened the opinion which I now submit 10 the judgment Cf your Excellency. I think that, without pre tending to advance (for that wculd perhaps be useless and prejudicial,) In the impor tant affair ehich jour Excellency bas done us tie honor to confide to ns, we ought?bis Excellency, Mr. I'echaco aid myself, proceeding eamueh in unison as hitherto? to wait till the political horizon of Europe la cleared up, and lo take advantage In our respective missions of the favorable opportunity, which will not fail to pres-nt it self, and which we will look for, ot making effective and redncing to practical results the lavoraVe sentiments wbieb, as organs ct their respective governments, have keen tmplojed towards us by Messieurs Drculn de i'Huys aid Calceron. I trust that your Excellency will l?ave tbe goodness to submit 1he contents of this communication and its ante cedents to tbe knowledge of hie Serene Highness he Pre sident. acl to be likewise so good as to acquaint me with bis supreme resolution, and with what your Excellency, in lulfllment of the lame, may think proper to determine. BUENAVENTURA VIVO. Meanwhile, the polities' events in Spain asmmed an alarming aspect. The dissoluti >n of the Cortes, dsereed with too much lmprudnooe by the ministry ot Count -St. lewis, tbs represiive measures of persecution, banish ment, and even the privation cf rank and office, dictated w.th nrjuatlflable arrogance against the first msn of the opposition, smorg whom figured the .(??nereis Ilea Manuel ard Don Joseph de la Uonnha. Intents, U'Donell. W?ftr?nn. rvfl other b'gb'y d'sMnc?ished and e,:e*a.vi military men, formed a combination of eaoses woieb ?kit produce ? tempest tfcn prcxi&ity whereof van n?o by *verybHy except tie gsverpTent, pro tuolng at la*t ihe revr'utlr n of Ju'y, w:th ,?>! Its u"pie*sint ei autet. To '-.Li w en m* ? i??t wl'h the le''i Mm of toe y ai of my gi an l.K tls>stj aa j.".uo..j o'tjiiu stances would hive been ?s imprudent a* it w?? use:-hi, 00 kni'f vry fletoimii" *oo to Biuperid fo.? that time evtry qnea foB re ati: g' ' at sff?. . xeiolLtlrn havirg irli. phsd, znithar g.-v.-oo ..ml was v'LbJtnlic upin .hi bat. tf gsparter jkqu OTVm It. prsMued ever I t the u rmir 01 those ges'Iemen ami In ?blcr Don Josquiu F/areitOO i acheco, f'le ideut of ih* To uu<!)l i f MliitH'ii in I8?7, was intruded with tae par (po lio of State. He wan a public p..in, of respectable an i cent*, a lawyer of uncomnunc partly, of aeh?ract*t full of irir uneiH, and as riliciert and decided in 'he office of tbeflrs' Secretary of titateee hl? I'refleresifr was timid and it riipable. He Umpired me wt'ii the hose that his way 01 ci nsiderirg the ex ernai questions, and abon all uat coiictrnug the race, would make h>m a topt a more dell ilra col rhe in all th.se matters whioh m'ght bear directly upon it. I take pieainre in r.tatiig that my hopes were not ll'utory. <rn r Fucleoo eharedtbe whole of my ideue reipec ipg bo American question, and acknowledge ' thi necereltj of checking the a obitir ;m yiewa of the United States, evidently shown in the expec'lons direj ea both to the Island of Cube ard t,o the Mexican territory; but whilst he Old nat forget the necessity ^hst existed for providing against tba' event, as be bad already dons in part, it was not possible for him at that moment, not wittstaidirir bis go d w'U, to take into consideiatiou the Idea of a defensive alliance, which'I proposed to hi in in the DAme of my government. H- nor I'acheoo wan of opi iil< t that we should wait, in order that the political equi libiium, momentarily Oistuvlied by the revo.ation, ?n juld again acquire its wontea stability. Meanwhile the Miniiter of Kslations of t.he republic, under cate of the 1st June, addre^ed the following cotn mu ideation to me;? Mist Excellent sir?Not withstand irg what joit bay* stated to me concerting ihe dilliiultles which stand In the way of tbe completion of a treaty of alliance betaeeu tie republic ai d Spain, his berene Higu uess tbe General President, in consideration of the exist lug cirocmstancfs in which Europe finds itself 1'yolred, and of those by wbich Spain la threatened, viz a war against tbe Uni'ed Stales? thinks th*t tt,is is tho fittest sc.rrentto conclude that compact which Is des.ined to prccuce a combined and powerful force for the two mi lieus. with which they might act egainst and perhaps impede the machinations of tbe L'ulted Busies, whioh it is avid ant will take advantage of the actml situation of Eu rope, to attempt to seize the Island of Gnba and afte wairs our territory. Ihere ideas, which tbe haste wherewith I write the present note toes not allow me tune 1o enlarge upon but which yonr Excellency, with yonr known ta'->nt will appreciate, ?>ia Seiene Highness recommends to yen to meditate upon and lo bear in mind, in order not ;o loss a mrn.ent in it ducing tbe government of Hi- Caiholio Ma jisty to celebrr-'e a secret treaty of alliance on the lertns which have i.een suggested to your Excellency, uig'ng that it should be done as com as possible, iu order taa. the pretent f&voralle oppoi'unities sliouid not b? lost BONILLk. in the utrnh of November, for reasons wbich it Is un nictsrejy to specify in this chapter, Benor Pathecj tated to be a Minister of fctate, and was succeeded by eLir lion (.'..audio Anton do l.uzunags, a member of the pngreeeisia party, an ancient megBitr<re, ofhfgh r*pulw tiou, find s? z>aiou!i in tbe tulfiln-o.nt of bis duty as thrugntul in bis acts, eneugetic enough, ndi.*iUistan>l irg his advanced ege and He inexperience In dipljcatic affairs. A few Usjs after this ger,tleman bao tasen pos B'ssi n of his new pout, I ooriversed wi'h liiin aboat the weighty sITs'r wh'ch occupied my mind, anil although If.und in his FxcePeccy the 'lame propitious dispobiiiona wi lch 1 have perci iv. J in bL. worthy preueceesor, for idetileal reasons aid causes the opiuioo of the newly elected minister was tie same r.s that of Senor Pacheco, naitety?that we shculd vail till the political si'.uatiou oi Spiin wasccnsoiiOated, in order that they might devote all their a.ten ion to her external policy. I'ersusdsd that at that conjuncture It was not ny to obtain tbe llatteriog result which I promised myseif, and beiig dtrirous to take a>. vantage of the time which that unavoidable interregnum in my step offerod, 1 thought it opportune to Inquire from the Mexican representatives in London and Paris what was the s:ate of their proceed ings rear the governments to whom they were accredited in the important affair reeemmenaed to us by the Supreme Govercment, as also iu others wcich indirectly had eon nectii n with it. To that effect I commissioned the elerk of the Legation, Don Jote Maria Pastor, to go to London and Paris with tne same r Helen I had conferred some months be ore on tbe Secretary t's'eva, giving him the instiuciious which will he seen In apecdix No. 6, and eommnnieaiirg to the Ministers of the republic in London and Pans ihe chief objeot cf Sen or Paster's journey in the o fficial eommunu cation which 1 addressed to them under date lOih December, 1854, anu wbich ran thus Most Extm i.jl\t Sm: Tbe governtuent of his Sorene Highress, although acquiescing in the force of the ob servations which, after the mission near your Eieellency entrusted to tbe first secretary of this Lega'iun, Don Ma riano Enteva y Vlibarri, 1 tnought it convenient to sub mit to his superior ociislceration, reepictirg the negoti atiens which bad been confidtd to me for conducing a treaty with the government or Her Catholie Majesty, and of which your Excelknoy bad the necessary know,edge, reccmn.cnred very earnestly to m* net to Uho sight for a Eumect ( f the high expediency of realizing that project, and in furtherance of the same, to take advantage oi any favcrabie opportunity. Your Excellency must feel that I have reason to he exceedingly anxious re: pectiog an affair iu my opinion the most weighty and important that ouuld be entru -t?d to us, and at the same time how much ali'e I must bs to the necessity of not 'akirg any step without tbe most ex a at knowledge possible cf everything that may affect tbe result ana success of the negotiations. And as in this respect 1 have alwais thought that netting could mere contribute to en'lgh er me '.ban the extreme o An iens ot the repre entative? of the gov er;.meat of thi re Sublic near ttair in penal anl Britannic M-jesties, I avc decided to ecmmissi.n, a . my expanse, the second secretary cf this legation, Don Jon'- Maria Pastor, to your Excellency, ana bis Excellency ihe ?>oor Don Joa quin del Cas'.illo y Lanzas, to wbom he will pressnt the instrnstions with wcich 1 bava lurnl-'hed him, wbe.-eln the points noon wbich it is must impo-tant that ha ?hculd hear the weighty opinion of your Excellency are set down. As it is a question of the nervier of the republic to whioh yonr Excellency devotes limielt with so luuoh zeal, I might well omit to lay belore your Exoelleney an other consideration in support of my d*sign. It is, that the special goodness wherewith yonr Exoelleney has al ways shown yourself disposed to assist me wlih your instructions, confirms me ui the belief that Seuor I'm tor will find in your Excellency as well tbe good will waloh is neceeiary to bim to carry his Instructions into effect, as the favorable reception to whiehhis excellent qualities entitle him. Bl EVAVENrUIU VIVO. To lbs ir Excellencies the Ministers of the republic in Paris and London. At the same time I gave an account to my government of ibe missions entrusted to Senor I'astor, under dati of 28d December. It is as foUows-? Most Excklxknt Sm?1 think that I khvmld not respond in a wor.hy mannei te the tiAst reposed In me by the government of your Serene Highness, if for a moment I should forget that one of the most serious charges confided to me is to profit of aiy favorable opporianl'y that may offer to enter into negotiations which may lead to the realization of a treaty with Spain, of the nature specified. I enter lain the hope that tne government of your Serene Highness will be persuaded that I have not tailed to ooeupy myself for a single day with a preject of so moch Importance, eon cerniig which I have been on the look out both before and alter the mtmorandum wbich I had the honor to ad dress yrur ExeeHeaey. as the result of the commission which I entrusted in April last to the first secretary of this legation, Don Mariano Esteva y Vlibarri, near their Excellencies tbe Ministers Plenipotentiary of the repnbtio in I.rndon snd Paris. In view of the changes effected in this eountry. an 1 taking into account the events that have lately taken place in Europe and America, and a'se tbe influence that some of them mast have exerted in the relations of France ard England wi h ihe United States, and with this country, I have jncged that It was time to take some step in order to make sure it this would he a good op portunity to add toss myself in a decided manner, sketch ing the question In the way that I understand It, and in conformity with the ideas whieh I have repeatedly had the hrnor to present to yonr Excellency. Under this supposition I have Just given a commis sion, at my expense, to the elerk of this legation, Don Jose Maria Pastor, who deserves all my confidence, In order that, In communicating with Senors Pacbeco and Caatillo. he may obtain from these distinguished representatives of the republic tbe requisite information on tbe several points on wbich It is of great importance to me to be enlightened in a proper manner, I have tbe honor to forward you with this a copy of the instructions which I have given to Benor Taster, and by it my govern ment will see ibat It Is most important to the proper fal fllment of my charge to obtain data snffloientlv accurate respecting tba questions treated therein, as Without this It is not possible to determine perfectly the position of tbe nations to which it refers, a point of the greatest im portance, acd which, In my opffitcn, requires the most careful study In order to avoid all mistaxeu oonoluskm. Ihe acknowledged talents and delioate tact of the minis ter to whom I nave the honor to address myself, induce me to hope that hit Excellency still deign to approve this proceeding on my part, and to recommend its basis to the penetration of his Serene Highness, whose high views I endeavor to realize, without sparing sacilflces to obtain them. One ot the points comprehended in the instructions re garding the relations between England and this country, is the negotiation which Is said to be established for the organization of a Spanish legion, destined for the East. This idea baa been lately confirmed here In a war that induees us to believe it Is well grounded; and although this force would be paid by the government of her Britao nlc Majesty (who has just obtained from Parliament a Mil o keep a legion of fifteen thousand men), it will be evi dent to your Excellency ibat tba meta permlssloa for the enlistment of volunteers imposes upon Hpain obligations whieh eali for a recompense. And what may this bet Rut on the other hand, bow are sre to combine with the meaning of this event the question which, according to well informed persons, made the Emperor obrerve to a friend, after he had been communicating with L rd Pal msrston, via: Why will not Spain sell at once the Island ot Cuba! This may be exaggerated; it Is possible that the Empe ror may persist in his former ideas; but from the old ones *ntertatiied by Lord Palmerston, jour Excellency will aa s Iv understand how far the doubts awakened by a resent fact In which we cannot help seeing something more than the offlctonineM of a diplomatist, maybe legitimate. I mean to ray, most excellent sir, how Important was tbe proposition of Penoi Olozaga, in the session of the Constituent Assembly of Monday,18th lupt, in reply to the Interpretation which the deputy Marfatogui made to her Majesty's government respecting the relations of Spain with tbe United Btatee, on the subject of the question of Cuba, and whereof I give your Excellency an account more st large In the political review which I forward to yonr Excellency with thle. It is eo less important to inform his Serene H'ghnese, through your Excellency, that on the evening of the day when tbe above mentioned session took plaee, Senor Olo zaga reeaivid a letter from Lord Howden, representative of her Britaanie Majesty's government in this Court, con gratulatleg him on bla proposition, and on the brilliant success of the same. This fact, kno known to very few psr snna, will serve to show tbe personal sympathies of the aoble Icrd with the Spanish esnse. There is no doubt 'hat Lorl Howden i? s good fri?nd to the Spatosh cau?e, whereof he has reoeotly given proof; but on this ocja I rtonhi msy psrhap* iuv hieo he hChfnl inter-.J ?&?* r"UQ^t' !v;'n rdi.g to .h.Vsl . marten . f pars. ns only *utW,zid ,her? i "sot 'hi n. J ,i , '?*icrt? ih aot 114 fr-.n prifrctbtjfcosr le w.eo J. >r.l Clarendon, the Mini J to Mmh5 hr,^ui? **j?ety, aul ber rfpn^avd'.ll Bui be ttii a* ft miy I !~II??e that in all ta?t in f ? piice th. .-" a-* very w?l> rounded motives ..ott.s'.J ?l, palo* loelear in.- nHvt ion, ard m> a. ??rUfn'inl , itive iftEBi ho* tar U will be rppor.nno at p -ee*i t? tryame 'be i?fotUMon. Th> aa? my is bot toa'aiue to be lenreo en aoo unt of his di-ieg, lto? to proem wuu the mist exquisite caul.jb ; but thin affords n>e reason tie u-oro not to 'oi eight of '.ho co jv?i>m- c? aetfrg hiui ?;? to lie?c. lo i, by the means which ma eastij eni auv?utaBecuily m?y lead to ta<?: t i c your Fxwilency Veo-?n my opinion that if those m?e wixer.o'. o be found in the treat/ roe mtuend.-i t] tL* end ar In r rder tj obtain tLe tame, 1.reckon upon the s. .nttiea ?' t1llB t:To *"rthy ra;reeenu?ti?i > of i) republic In I ar.s ard iA.ntion, wnoie bueioeei. if in t > at ?" *? 'lueB;ioiiH contained iu the iBst-uc j jr.3 giy toBenrrlabuir-^swcra whiqh will aerra ? j a1 Da, and eta. ting points fur my proceeding*. C . BL ENAVEN IT R A VI TO. Sinor 1 aetor returned from hie journey t o London an Paris before the month of hL depar.ure from Madr! wan O'fr, ind by the followiog t eejwtch add ere d to hi vfi j0?'! .* 14 erof Kt,ra!- n rtola.ir.ne t .he r| P?n ? d'lU'd J*nu,ilJ *3' 18S5> *'-? -exalt ef hit mtseitl wiJl m fe*u:? P Most Ex. eiakft Sik?Under date of the 5.J.! of la. month, ann in a private officii-1 communfcViou v .. 3 bad the honor to state to your Excellency the ..,otiv'< Which induced ire o 00m mission ihe second -Q<-rois.-v i this Legation, Don Jose Maria l'aator. mar tae mi,reset! tat itch of ihe republic in I'aria and Ixmdor, for >ha nuJ f cm ol o taiuipg furo data mi ighten me uto the 00 portutMntae of takirg Minis decided steps ton is >t Kgotlatl. ufi about the treaty, which, with so mo-u pel mlVZ'. Lo me by the government <1 Die txreie iiigbnees, arc. whose recoirmer,dnio.i i I has not iorgotten a single moment since I began *n ? ilfli rW charge mtrusWd to me. 6 B1 ^onr ExMilency wi llbeeoobliging ae to examine lirr a copy cf the n emorandnm wbicu Sent r i'estor bar di lnrertd to me on hu> revuin, (appendix So. tf an 1 seconr V -iiul hi rr' w no..inii ?: I . ?. ... Jy and thirdly, copies of the uomuiunicttioai rl jh .hi rxci lenciea .N*noree i>n J. Kaoirn 1'acbeei 1 i , ,, ? ? ~ i'aciieeo anil Don Jail quiu eel baslulo y Lanxae Ihiugu. it enveuient to at dreei to me. U? all tf them your Esics'Ioary will 1 plemcd to obstivo that trie information waits i obtsiai !f *'? " J' noLDJl;?u ,'h" ?v'i 1 airead ? " ?* *u?'it? t al nil tVUil I ,'ll pesse-s.d, as your Exeolirucy will pe-.jeirs hy tfcl rinoted ormmuLication of the '13.1 of Iastn n'h , fThifl I ?Bcfose crpiicvea, as well as of ?he tag rms Y' Mtbe vety moment wbon I receive.) th- onswsl whicb I s. aght to grt o> tli > cominissioii t ? 'e-i II Sencr Pastor, f have bant that the gov?nmeo of hel Ca.hdic is.jeo y was bu y in ar.a.ging, ia an idrauul gs< uj. nr.ni.tr, the qu?s ion ot <?au D mlig> v0u| turn in k nows thai the Unned Btateew.s to acquire ol -tis 'ast repohint, ,lot acknowisogsd y-t bl ?' > l|J*' pftonrula of nwuaiiA, a inos . iinpirnat loilil U.j'Us,.,?n in me sea of the Aittlle, and on the recMpf ? pfPHnt } our I xci-1?doj m l Already >dw- f I sff. ris ot tier oral U.zniau an 1 bis lady, t, so 1 miihI iintlj 1 r ALg Am . ..id in c . beM ? i ?? fcavb mifcCHmtd eotuelj. Whii?- gn? jlrilu * ' m *A CC:ir\t/ OT? ? oin.-m.r ... 1 - _ 4 * . * U going on, a ootcms.r.iil agsot s..po.. i^ p firment of ber Catholic V.J. Jjriv d ' rtj.jaeiii 01 ner . a'hOlly V.j *y w . " I though some what la.o, hen-^t nave .nDo taut influence 011 that re.v.'- h -Is I c-,4tr r tol eaiusst assistance of ihe F.-encb n o B i '^Uu ;| View ci fhii ire sosernmern ol be- latbod.- SU< ? tr'hsl rcuhfed, i ccorcirg lo the isforknatiou i hav- t- ?. n if>;# tl ga.ber (as tins f ffalx is carried n w h rtOwl see .J diet to invest 'be cmmerci.i agent w:ihtho ua f ; I'.cDipo'eniUry f r the negotiation of tt e tr- k'V t ?ij lition, Peir? 'J-d fihnc'ehip In which hs u-rnx n owl Mff.t.rste I- to be accepted- an idea which ought not tl bo diseg-eeab e c-neide. ing ihe coasion of tha exclosivl right made by Spain. I 'Y. nr Ercetlency must know better than I tha' rhoel slops cfUogovercmeni of her Caihoiin Uejei.* are 4 the greattst consequence to ihe ends wiuah we D-cn <a to turRelves. I have reason to believe that ff Spuda cart n<. cbtain Ihe sane ion of the two great nations to tbl protectorate hy means ot a pue'ic treat/, it Till accept fl it by meats of a eecret Ueaiy, which on thtg aociunt wll not r.e tie interest which 1 attribute to it. t "Thfse simple bints will Jeojonstrate to your Ki .ellecj cj that it \vouid be enUreJy fruitJess that 1 should ooc pi V,fcB mo?cr!t wl:tl tb? project which w > v.we I hare whilst an affair of so much oonsequenoea* 'iteon wf ich ihe government of her Catholio Majest/ Is prose cnting is peicing. 1 c.-.nsider it preferable to make m. sell thoroughly acquainted with this affair, t? .VII.) * <t track and see the imicCla e adventsge that we ma era./ftrcm It, and Itruol that the government of JJ s ; T:. r* "> * 1,1 K^^rnmenc ot Ji n 8<| rsnc Hi^bueFS. and more especially your Ex :el'eo w wi I perceive the .one-fits that will result from my lonijc nl opportuni.y ?f etndricg all the bearings ot thL outsti.orl V," ' - " J * . o *?* ^ W Wl I.1U4 ?rU53llOri iou nay rest aesured that I iha'l on no aeeouht desnlJ nrr loiget whatever here may be ofutUlty In tlwalvicil of Ms: bis. I'.chccc and Castillo. I " 1 neo? net enter here Into any dlsquid'.ion aV)u? t> accepiaiioa of ihe pro eciorship in the threei W i.ri hi n f P. hv 1 P J Tr . inc >Via .....i 1. -f 4L . I .1 V ,V r r au -aw*7 IUTWI VI IJrfI |? b> lb'B fc" -fns 'Be queslion cf the lufiaen*. of til Europesn nalions upon Amsrisa, to which the Unit 1 btates ihow themfe ves so muchavrse, eeing an tbxrtui detia. cl the doclrites laid down ay Mr. Monroe w tld J| provoked. Your lie il ency is too weU informed in t'rWl things to requite more Gxplana'i ns. J HUENAVENITRA VIVO ?> LOCUMrNTS ANNEXED TO THE PRECEDING C JKU NICATION. Lnhatio.v of Mix,no is Flu vex, ) ? E'-his Jitnury 10, 1865. ' t To His k.xcell'ncy Senor D n Bi-kvavksti-ra trro Minister I'lempotemiary < I ths Repubiio in ha'rid Fenor Don Jcee Mwria Pa .tor delivered to me the eon tt umcatkn of yrur Rxcei'erey, dated 19 h last Decambi) wLich amounted to a sort of creient'ai, toge her with tb nsiiuctlcne whieh you were pleased to give him a. which he showed me. the whole re'atlng to giving him i oner to be tree mittet to your ExeeL'ency, informatii tegaremg the feeling of this imperial eonrt in -espeit 1 he negotiatiins which were recommended to ue bv on cvemment, viz.. to obtain the support, phyricalor mora of tbe governments of Europe, in order to 'nsu.e th nati. nality and Independence of tbe reaublie In th step I ree tbe untiring zt al of your ExceUenoy in its st vice, and the importance which your Excelled/ attacbi with so much reanon to aaeb an affair, a> well a* you constant vigilance in availing your.aif ot the opportuni? of setting it on foot. CeiMnure^?r EngMnd. I gave Senor Paste all the In.C'matlun which he aeked of meandwoish et nslderea neuesiary, and upon a separate paper I wrol for him some details following the >rder of the questlor *5! V J.T. Kl0*llency down in hi* instruction, ,8 i terV/ V t memorandum of what I expUine ?erbally to hia, to b? tr?emitted to your Excellency n.ID..S!f,":*1'vthJ? with respect to this court 1 i.!v ^ "* when .^f eecretary ef your ExceUenoy cant with the same mission, as yon may see by the publi papers ; iu attention le much more engaged now by th checks acd ditticulUee whieli the allied armies have expi perleroed in tbt Crime*. lint in tbe event of tie rumors of peace that hav bean lately rirenlated coming to bo realized, so as to leav k A f'TeiI1nn,1?t vd4**?n??b*red from the war of the Raw i w ^ means to turn Its attent'on to tb west, I recommend again to Senor Pastor what I bav advised yon tf through Senor Eateva ; although in Spa they do net move wi hout being 4'accord with Eranoe ai Englaid, tbe Minuter for Foreign Affairs has asked x constantly how we are with Spain, manifesting or ioavia und?rstood, that in this question he wcatd wis that the government of her Oa'hoiie Majesty would t&k the initiative, end aa Impelled, set upon ii. In Print they are under the impression that they see tha peon who ere at the h?ad of ,he Latin raoe, threatened by th Argio Sexon reee. Spain Is justly considered the head ? the people who have made the independence of tha na'lic in America, and in the Queen of the Antilles she be . go to* ify or tbe Golf. This hint and what I have more amply impressed o make von acquainted with the stal of this affab, and with this I have the honor to a.iswe your communication. Mkxi. au Ijooation near H. B M. London, 4th January, I806. To H. K. the Minister Plenipotentiary of Mexioo Madrid The clei k of tho legation of T. K., Senor Don Jo< Maria Piste y Landero, has delivered to ma the not* Y.E. ol 20th December last, and whereof as well as tho instructions which Y. E. thought fit to dictate fienor Pastor for the best success in the management his con mission, 1 have made myself ae qua in ted with dc attention. 1 answer now In the part which concerns me wit the ntmcs; possible brevity, yet with as much slearnsi ss I can In order no*, to leave any doubt in the mind Y. E. 1st. Respecting the question of Cuba, I believe I ea assure you to-day that 1 be opinion of this govsrnmei is nrt changed. 1 do not know that on the part of Eo| land there have beeu any proposals, official or oiherwis mads to Spain, to send a military expedition to the Eas He sides, I can hardly consider that, even supposing sue proposals to hive been it ads, the British govsrnmei would undertake to guarantee the soneervation of Cab and ?t the same time to defray the charges of tbe sa expedition. This last condition, derogatory to 'he Pp - o, lu^f - " nish government, would suffice ol itself, if 1 mistake ao | to frastoate the project of its eo operation. TaoSpani ! ambasradcr left this capiat a few days ag>. 2d. Mr. Sonic ?Everything referring to what to L plaoe respecting this gentleiraa in regard to Prance e: ' lets ir. the oomspondenoe between the Ministry of F ? reign Aflairi of France and the Minister of the UnlU ,States in Paris, whioh has already circulated In the el newspapers oi Europe. By this correspondence it is se that the affair has terminated satisfactorily. 2d. The br mbardmeot of tireytown has fur nisi occasion for claim s from this country for losses and t msgea. I ?m not aware that the governruea. m.iy hi gene beyond this. 4th and 6th. Respecting the questions of ths Pan snla of fiamssa and the Sendwioh Inlands, if tho Brit governor nt has had, cr has believed to havo had, motiv ior eppcslrg Itself to the.vlewn of the government of tl b *! United States, or to make observations about them, .. Minister of the United Pistes in thie Court is ths on perion who will have certain knowledge. [To bo continued.] A French llefngee to tho Dnltosi *tato? Bankruptcy of hu Bitsts. (From tinllgnanl's IgSMMR, April 29 } _ A notary named Mstsger, of SarreguemloM, (illSOHl (I'd to tbe United Sta'es In 1844, after committing i merous forgcrlt-s aid fraudnlect bankruptcy. The Fran gcvertment demanded that he should be giveo np by t United States, but after lengthened proceedings beta different omrts in ths States, the demand was refur la Msy, I860, Metzger for bis crimes was ssatsooed by fault by the Court of Assise* of the Moselle to hard r for life, aad to 10,000f. fine. In 1806, as tbero appi to be no likelihood of his return to France, his crectl hid him declared bankrupt, and took proceedings for tiding bis property amongst thom. The govern roe* repmented by tbe Administration de i'Koreg!str?nieo then demanded that before the division was made the slou.d be pa'd, first, 10 000t., ths smoakt of tbe fli reec.ndly. I7,610f. 90c., tbe expense to which Ic had ho put by the proceedings sgel.st the men In the Us it fttn es; ntd thirdly, ?K. tide., ths sum paid for laser I n t f rrnr'n-ff *hir-k *'7 of p- -ciuUjn (ft I canted to be p'acsd en Ma real property, lhe as^g ?<