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M0TIC18 OF BBW PUBLICATIONS.
THi chit a Lira wixorr's ttww work. We have received the proof sheets of the first chapters of the Chevalier Wikoff 's new work on European politics and diplomacy, which is about to be published simultaneously in London and New York. These important subjects are handled in the Chevalier's usual off hand and lively style, and pre sent the leading questions and politicians of the day under quite a new aspect. They give us, in fact, an inside view of much that we were only su perficially acquainted with. The Chevalier has been so intimately mixed up with the intrigues and move ments of the Knropean governments for the last dozen years, and ha* had such close relations with the principal actors in them, that no man living is better qualified to enlighten us as to the secret springs and motives of the events which have re cently agitated the world. JVe dan* It itrail il en rannait It* detour*. He belongs to that class of roving, prying amateur diplomatists, half coxcomb and hslf literary, of which that astute statesman, Prince Kaunit z, b. d at once so great a dread and made such frequent use. It is related of this Mini#, ter that he enjoinei the Austrian representatives in London atd Pans to keep . i a religious distance all the mer. who, like V.'ikoff, are continually flut tering about the embassies in the expectation of picking np information that trc be turned to useful account. To the German legations just the reverse instructions were issued. Tnere diplomacy, like a mirror, was intended to reflect just as mnch or as little as was raftered to transpire of the political movements at the superior courts. The Austrian statesman, though childish in the excessive egotism of his character, was yet no mean judge of human nature. He knew when nnd where to employ the men whom he either distrusted or feared, so "as to render their peculiarities harmless or profitable, as the case might be. The present Lmperor of the French is remarkable for the possession of the samo intuitive perception of the useful qualities of ihose whom chance throws in h;s way. He met Wikoff when in exile, and sue cceded in impressing him, not only w!*h the great' ness of his talents, but with a conviction of the splendid destiny that awaited Lim. He could not have better chose" his man He knew that the Chevalier, in desiring to profit to the utmost by the honor of his acquaintance, would, in his turn, be come the trumpeter of his views, or at least of so much of them as he was then de-irons of confiding to the world. Of the acenracy of his calculations we have a proof in the account, published by the Chevalier some years ago, of his conversations with the prisoner of Ham. Wikoff acted the part of a faithful Boswell, and swallowed implicitly all that the Prince poured into his ear. Although duped like the rest of the world, by the democratic fervor of the Jdit* Napoleonienne*, it is but due to the penetration of the Chevalier to say that he was one of the first to recognise the ereat abilities of the man who has since raised himself from the position of an obscure adventurer to that of the virtuil ar biter of the destinies of the world. Lord Palmerston was not e ptally happy in his ap preeiation of the serviceable qualities of ear author. Unlike Kannitz and Louis Napoleon, he did not possess the faculty of putting the right man in the right place. The circumstances of the Chevalier's connection with the English government show that had he been properly managed, he might have been tuade a most valuable instrument of, and per haps have saved, the administration from the conse quences of some of their own errors. Wikoff, as our readers probably recollect, distinguished him- ! Belf dnrmg the debates on the constitution in the Constituent Assembly of France, by the publica tion of some articles in the Sitcle and the Presu showing how the principles which had guided the framers of the constitution of the United States ought be usefully applied to the work then in hand. The ability and extensive political information dis played in there articles procured for their author the notice of some of the leading politicians in the French capital, and amongst others, the then Sec retary to the British Legation. After sounding Wikoff as to his views, and as to his dispoji tion to accept employment under the Eng. Ii6h govern rcent, ihis gentleman gave him a letter of introduction to Lord Palmeriton, armed with which our chevalier immediately start ed for Broadlands, his lordship's country seat, near South impton, and there concluded h s bargain with the minister. 01 what occurred between them, aud of the precise character of the mission entrusted to him, respecting which there lias been some doubt, we presnrne that we shall be fully informed in the future pages of this book We shall not attempt to anticipate WikoCTs own account of the matter, but shall content ourselves with accepting the generally received idea of his functions, which were thore of manager general of the French and American press, in the joint interest of England and the I aited States. Of the chevalier's capacity for this post we need not remind oar readers, after the dis play which he made of his abilities in this line las year, in his joint managemjnt of that most unman ageable body, the Directors of the Academy of Millie, and of the New York press in connection with it. Whatever may have been his instructions, he certainly rendered great service to the British government in Paris, during a most important and anxious crisis of its affairs, the advantages of the tntinte cordiale not l>eing so well under Wood by the red republicans as by the old citizen king and his imperial successor. It wan by Wikof that General Changarnier's project of landing an army of invasion in England, and un gailsntly knocking the wails of Buckingham Palace about her Majesty's ears, was first communicated to Lord Palmerston. The Chevalier had the honor of doing that which no man ever did before him?of giving the Duke of Wellington a twenty-four boon colic from pure apprehension. From some cause or other, with which we suppose we shall be made ac quainted in the present work, Lord Palmerstoa quarielkd with his agent; it may be from jealousy of the superior diplomatic skill which he displayed in bis mission, or it maybe from that lamentable defect of ingratitude, which, since the time of Sir Robert Walpole, seeirs inherent in British Ministers. The vindictive part which his lordship acted in that unfortunate and memorable affair, which consigned oar author to a Genoese prison, did not of coarse lend to soothe the feelings excited by our aa'hor's dismissal from his post. Henco the desire of the latter to illustrate Lord Palmerston as he illustrated his qrendnm flame, Miss Gamble, and bis quondam associate, Napoleon I!!. Hence the wigin or the present work. Apait from any special object of this kind, the took possesses an interest which will recom ?lend it to all classes of readers. The Chevalier has ?eeu so much of the world and of its celebritie pod from the peculiar constitution or h ' mind bar Buob a tendency to ptriiflagt and go-sip, that he never fails to nmuse, even when he d ies not excite people's sympathies. Ho belongs essentially to that class of writers who under the lirtftnce and the reigns of Louis Quatorzc and I/in is Quinze, impart ed to French literature sornc of its most piquant, if not most instructive and moral features. At once a politician, diplomat nul lop, with an audacity equal to that of De Grammou*. a *?ng froid and in sensibility equal to that of Talleyrand, and a confl dence in his own powers of fascination eqnal to thai Df Brummcl, lie 'ackabut one thing nece--<?ry io attain the success of all three -an age to appre iatc the combination of such dashing qualities. As a specimen of the character of the work, w? Shall quote the account given by the Chevalier of Ida first visit to the Elys'e after the elevation of Inais Napoleon to the Presidency, and which, by the by, reminds one of the witty epigram, Ubiqw vMwndut Ate j-rmut, applied to the Emperor Jo seph II:? a PIKNSB AT TH1 ItTflU. in March, ls4P, the public eye was bent with sue f icious scrutiny en the Vowtituent Assembly in per manent aeseion at Paris. This body was the pro duct of the universal suffrage of France, imaediato lv after the revolutiw of 1848, and it was, therefore, the reflex of the popular sentiment at that Moment. The majority was republican, the minority monar chical, and the former is, therefore, accountable for what occurred during their tenure of power. From the beginning the republican politicians committed a fatal error, for instead of occupying themselves with the interests of their constituents, the masses, they directed their attention solely to the best means of prolonging their political preponderance. None of them were sagacious enough to see that the only mode of preserving their popularity was to ef fect those reforms that up to this time the people had tailed to obtain from the monarchy. Boon after they met in May it was so apparent that they meant to touch as little as possible the organization of France a9 the monarchy had left it, that a portion of the Parisian populace, at the instigation of Louis Blanc, made a demonstration against them, and only a mouth later nearly the whole populace of Paris rose in arms to overthrow them. A republican chief, (ieueral Cavaignae. andertook successfully to defend the Assembly, and was rewarded by being made the temporary head of the State, with the title of" Chief of the executive Power." The As k mb'.y then commenced the business for which it was especially elected, the structure of a new consti tution, that was duly carried by the majority, but '?hey avoided submitting it to the approval of the French people. I will reserve my remarks on this nstri ment for another plaoe. W hat the people of France finally thought of the constitution and the Assembly that voted it may be gathered from the overwhelming rejection of the representative of both, General Cavaignae, when he came torward a3 the oppeuent of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte for the Presidency of the republic. On that occasion the upper, middle and lower classes united to mark their condemnation of the republican politicians, w ho had proved themselves either incapable or false. The Absi mblv remained in session after the election of the President, but for want of equal par linnettary ability the republicans fell in a measure under the sway of the monarchists. This body was to dissolve, by the terms of the constitution, on the election of a new Legislature in May, 1S4!?, and at the time I am speaking of?the mouth of March?the republican majority was sinking lower Btill in public estimation, by unseemly brawls with the monarchists on the subject of their party inte rests, entirely forgetting the popular cause they weie sent to promote. The President of the assem bly was M Marrast, ex-editor of the National, al ready spoken of, and the number of brilliant enter tainments he gave had procured him the ?o'>riquet of the "petit Marquis." From the profound dissatis faction of the public, high and low, it was consider ed certain at tue forthcoming election the monarch ists would obtain the majority, and Messrs. Theirs, Mol? and Berrytr were in high spirits at the pros pect. At this delicate juncture the President was, perhaps, the omy man in France that understood his own position ami the state of the public mind. The politicians of both parties, and of all shades, were entirely engrossed w ith their party or personal inte rests. The President saw their error, and wisely re solved to avoid identifying himself with any of them, but to remain in a perfectly neutral position. The republicans could not accuse him of being against them, whilst the monarchists believed he was secret ly with them, whi-.h led M. Thiers to hope, with his aid. to get back the Orleannts. whilst M. Berryer calculated equally on him to restore Henry V. The French people, meanwhile, had the r gaze fixed ou President Bonaparte, and were con tern to wait, a* they knew, by the constitution of M Marrast, he had no power to serve them if he wished. This was the complicated state of t' ings vyhen I received, one day in March, an invitation from the President to dine writb him at the palace of the Elyste, already men tioned. I was sanitised and flattered at this prompt mark 01 his friendly remembrance, but I did not al low my self love to overrate it. I attributed it at once to that good taste and kind feeling so charac teri.-tic of the Prince Louis Napoleon, and not to nuy desire to renew his former relations with me, which, in his present exalted position, it would have been presumptuous to exjiect. I felt very carious, indeed, to know something of his state of mind on the amaz ing revolution in his fo: tunes since I saw him Last, in May, 1*47, an exile in London. 1 remembered still his parting phrase, "J attends U* evtnemeui'' (I am veiling events), which indicated that if his hopes were inlitxihle, he Lit it useless to wrestle longer w ith fate. I was still more eager to ascertain his po litical views, ana to divine his future policy, but I did not Lr a moment deceive my elf, nor underrate the Prince. I felt sure bis tact was quite adequate to the cccasiou, and that, whilst avoiding his old fami liarity, which might embolden me too much, that he could still show be was not unmindful of the fact that I was the only one, not interested iu the resu t, wbo cherished a profound belief In his fioal suc (ess, w hen all else prenounced it a shallow delusion. In the dreary sclitude of Ham, after five years of imprisonment, and forgotten by the world, the visit of even so humble a parson as myself was cheering to him, as 1 afterwards learnt, not only as an act of persoia! devotion, but as a proof his fortunes could not he utterly desperate, since a foreigner, and without a motive, -till persisted unshaken ia his faith. I drove at a few minutes before the hour lamed on the day ir. question to the Ely see, and on entering the first saloon I found several members of the President's household assembled I recognized amongst them his faithful friend and physician. Dr. Ccnntau, who throigh every vicissitude hail re mained true to his trust. No one could have divined in the mild countenance and the uuiet but genial demeanor of Dr. Conneau, tbat his sagacity, firm ness and courage had, in many trying emergencies, rendered services far more precious than any his professional skill had ever been called on to afford, and it. is not to be wondered at that he held so nigh a p'ace in the afleaionate esteem ot his august patron. 1 fell into pleasant chat with my former ac fuaintance, expecting every moment to see the 'resident enter the room, as I supposed the dinner was only to be. in common parlance, a family party. I was of a sudden snrpristd to hear the ushers an nounce " Monsieur Thiers.'" who passed through into an adj ining saloon < f grander dimensions. Im mediately after M. Mole was annouiued, then M. Pernor," M. Montalembert, General Changranier, and others of little less celebrity. It turned out that it was a grand dinner ol state that the President was giving, and I found myself not a tittle elated at coining so urcxpc< tedly into contact not only with the most illustrious names of the day, but the very men who aspired to shape the future destinies of France. I strolled along into the principal saloon, where I found the company was gathering to await the coming of tbe President, and I ensconsced my self in a quiet corner, talking the while with an aid de-camp in waiting. On the opposite side of the room small groups of two or three were collected al?out tbe political aracles I have mentioned, who were conversing in under tones, but with consider able animation. As my glance fell in turn on the distinguished persons before me, it was natural my mind should revert rapidly to the singular features of tlicir different careers. Tbeie was M. Thiers, with the star of tbe Legloa ot Honor on his breast. Of humble extraction, he came to Paris at 24. and began life in aga.ret. Employed on a newspiper, his literary tilent raised him* a . once Finding public opinion running against the p/iest ridden government of Charles X., he wrote a democratic history of tbe first revolution, and so hasteued the second, when he became a minister of Louis Philippe. Finally discarded b\ th>-King, and fore seeing his downfall, he began Honapartising France by a dazzling histoiy of tue Consulate and Empire, and Louis Napoleon came sooner than h- expected or wished. Writer, orator, statesman; brilliant, pro found and unscrupulous. M. Thiers i? an antagonist any ruler might fear. Is the President a match for this politi al Titan? The result will show. Count Mole is listening to Liox. Tbe Count, though of an < ient lineage, owed his title and everything to the first Napoleon, whose fortunes be never abandoned. He was more thau once prime minister to Louis I hilippe. High tesj ectability m >re thin great talent is the secret of his distinc ion. vj.Berryer is near him. Tbe first advocate of France, and the poli icgl champion of a hopeless cause, hplendid talents, lofty character, chivalric nature. He de fer ded the Prince Louis Napoleon in 1 40 before the Chamber of Perns. The Count Montalemlert stands apart, } round and cy nical in manner and disposi lion. An oran.r, devoted to church influeme, he would revive tbe miodle ages if he ecm.d. General Cbangamier, cold and haughty, promenades about as though imj atient for the tnim of the President. 1 bis soldier of fortune rose rapidly in the African campaigns under Lo n? Philippe, and if as success ful in politics as in atra'egy, be will play a promi nant part hereafter. My mind was pleasantly en gaged with these retrospects ior some little time when the company having all arrived, the President was duly announced,and a mom nt after entered the saloon. His gacrtc bowed low and remained silent. To my a-toni-hn ent, and still more to that ot his distinguished emtivn, i.e advanced dnectly towards me, and shaking my hand, with a friendlV word ?r two, passed over t?? receive tbe MluUticna ef his c< mpany. I wan at no loss to understand this delicate attention ot the Prince, whose eye happened to fall on tne, etundb g almost alone, on tbe side op posite fo tbe remarkable penanis 1 have mentioned, lie hree n;c to 1^> the humbled, ? f his guests, and intended by an act of condescension, to put me at my case, and to show his consideration for an old partisan. 1 went on talking with the aid decamp n<urine. Presently the President approached me ? iza in? "You don't know Count Hob'-, l think?" he - id. "Come with me, I wish to piesent yen to 1 dm." Lowing, I followed across tie room, amid the evident surprise of the comnany, who looked on nat as some illustrious unknown, little dreaming that I was a Yankee and a democrat. "Count Mole," aid the Prince, "I wish to make you acquainted with an old friend of mine who has twice crossed the At aniic to pay me a vML" Of course I was re ceivf d by the Count with the greatest cordiality; but if the Prince had stated I had twice come from (be 0)999 hie puiled fue*? coalti tefdlfhw been more perplexed to know really who and what I wee. One of the latent traita of the President, that I had ooomionaUy Been, was a sly love of hu mor?and I half suspected that he wu playing on the curiosity of the jealona politicians around, by treating me with bo much partiality. Le diner ut tervi, said the master of ceremonies, in a loud voice, and the President led the wav alone to the banquet room, his guests following In groups Kttch person's place was designated as usual. The Count Mold was put on the right of the President, who sat in the centre of the table, according to French custom. I found myBelf on the right or Count Mold. M.Thiers was on the left of the Presi dent, with M. Berryer for Ids neighbor. General Ch&iifisroifr wslb vim d-vti to the President. Nothing could exceed the ease, stability, and self possession of the Trtnce. No affectation in his manner, no ettort in his conversation, he maintained the superiority of his position with natural but imposing dignity. The situation of the 1'resident was a novel one?a stran ger to France, and but newly acquainted with her greatest statesmen, it demanded a rare combination of qualities, mental and moral, to acquire the ascen dancy he had clearly obtained. Conversation at ta ble went on in an under tone. The President quietly ate his dinner, occasionally dropping a comment upon some remark he chose to overhear. 1 tell into easy chat with Count Mole, who, fancying that I was deep in the confidence of the President, gave unreserved expression to his opinions on the strange eveuts of the past and the prospects just dawning. His astonishment was almost ludicrous j when I proclaimed in reply the strong democratic , notions that possessed iue. 1 stated my belief that | the time had come when something more than par- j liamentary discussion was necessary to meet the ds eire of France for material progress, and that unless the Prince and bis advisers gave heed to the national conviction, that, perhans, the gulf of revolution was not finally closed. The ex-Minister of Louis Phi lippe really seemed not to comprehend me, for so ab ?orbed was he in Parliamentary intrigues, and so embedded in routine, that plain common sense sounded liko the Jargon of an unknown land. He stared at me for a moment, and then concluding that I was only employing /incite .to conceal my real opinions, went on with his repast, rne Presi dent, 1 could see, was not unconscious of what was going on, and, I fancied, was trying to conceal his amurement at the unexpected collision of a staunch monarchist of the old school, like the Count Mole, with an American democrat, who looked at facts as they were, and at things as they ought to be. About the middle of the banquet M. Thiers raised his voice, and gave utterauce to his indignation against the in tolerable licentiousness of the press , which respected neither place nor person. He called attention to one of the morning papers that had outraged de cency in its coarse vituperation of the 1 resident. The note was caught up till every one at table had joined in the chorus or anathema against peccant "journalism. When the tide of sympathetic hor ror bad fairly exhausted _ itself every eye was turned upon the President, whose feel ings, it was hoped, m'gbt be touched, and, above all, whose opinion on this vital point it was thus aitfully sought to extract. The silence was profound. The President seemed to reflect, when draining his glass of the few dropB it contained, he remarked, "Every one,of course, has his own point oi view. I can comprehend your dissatisfaction at the licence of the press, and your anger at their violent attacks upon mvselx'; but,Messieur , shad I own the truth ?" Every head converged towards the Presi dent. "I read these diatribes," he continued, "each morning at breakfast, and I assure you they afford me so much amusement, that I am kept in good hn roour for the rest of the day." It was with an effort that I suppressed mv mirth at the blank disappoint ment I detected in every face around me. The din ner ended without further incident, and the Presi dent leading the way, as before, the company return ed to the drawing rooms. I joined M. Berryer, whom I had not met since mv arrival, and after chatting awhile, playfully remarked on my satisfaction a; seeing him in the palace of a republican President. He smiled significantly, whilst lie added that, "in tirue9 like these a luckless politician was hardly rc sponsible for what he said or did." During our din ner Mr. Brett, so well known for his telegraphs en tcrpiise, had obtained the permission oi the Prince to run a wire through the various saloons ot the pa lace, in order to exhibit to him some striking im provements, jointly invented by himself and an American associate. As the preparations were go ing on, I happened to be standing near the Presi dent, when M. de Montalembert came up, and with that cynicism so characteristic of the man, remark ed, in a sneering tone, "Qu'esf que vaut tout ce.a. - (What is all that worth?) pointing to the telegraph. I shall never forget the genuine look of astonish ment of the President. "What i3 all that worth,' he if I cited mechanically, "Mail e'est la civilization (Why, it is civilization), he ad led. " Ok,le beau ml.' (Oh "the fine phrase,) returned M.de Montalembert, in l eel disdain. The President said no more, but turning, talked with Mr. Brett. When all was ready the President was solicited to make the first experi ment, and he wrote a single line to the effect "that if. Berryer dined at the Elys^e'on ? day of March, DAD," which was duly printed on slips, and passed rennd amongst the guests. The simple U3e of M. Pern or's nome. who was accidentally standing by when the President was called on for a phrase, thiew oil the politicians present, I could observe, into deep rumination. What could it mean, was a mvstery that likely cost them whole days of perplexity. The wires were soon taken down, and the company began rapidly to disperse. On going, I advanced to thank the President for the honor of his invitation, nnd the interest that meeting so manv remarkable men had afforded me. in return, the Prince was kind enough to express bis satisfaction at some publications of mine, during the summer of '48. wherein I expressed my convictions of his being called to the head of France fo positively that the French Minister at Washing ton, M, Pom-sin, pronounced me quite mad. ' As often happens," remarked the Prince, playfully," I dare say you are not a little surprised to find all your predictions at last so completely verified." "How ever that may be," I replied. "I assure your Highn ss thut ft is fortunate for me as well as for France that vou were elected." " How so?" inquired the Presi "dent. " Simply because I foretold your success with such unqualified confidence, that I should have been a lo't prophet if the event had turned out otherwise. Bidoing tbe Prince good night, I wended my way home, fully occupied with my reflections. I have detailed the incidents of my first dinner at the Elys?-e with some minuteness, with a view to convey a more vivid impression of tbe actual state of thiDgs at this interesting epoch. }. EfPmlitrt Tyler's Letter to a Block Man, [Fecm tt? Buffs.li Advertiser, Jan* 4.] We cheerfully give plae* to the following letter. It ci'lefi stfBcif ct explanation of the ci'eumstancn under wh.ch It was written on its face. Hope Butler U a well behaved colored man, who hoe resided among us for i even! jtir*, aod Is favorably known to man/ of oar citizens PrrjRWooD FoRtKr, CnasTt? Cmr Oji-.ntt. Vs., Ma/21,1856 My Good Fbiknu?1 was highly gratified in the recipt of jour letter of tte 4*h Ma/, and chad not fall to make knoen /cur kiod rem-mbraucs* to m/brother, Doetir Wat H Ty ier. when I see him Hi* poet office is ths ?' Old Caureb, Hanover county," and he woald be ear/ much pleased to receive a letter from yoa. Mr Wil lam A'Un ia reeicirg at Claretnonf, having msriied Ml>r Jts-:np. from Caoaea, and Mrs Orgain lives a* Beikeiey, be birthplace of Gen Harrfsoo, whica ahe puicatsed in ihe last two /care. I)ootor Mir.ge, af'er haviag soil out here and emigrated t: A'rhair a. tes resumed b> Virginia, and purchase! the ft ixa tcnaerij occupied by Mr. Cocke, near t j F/owes de hundred. Mr Francis Baffin etill lives at Cabin Point, ? dc General Baivev In Richmond. I reg e'to ear that ru' excei ert Met as I'ara Crump and !>r. It ,beri Batler, have pe'd the g'tat deal ot nature. Two more estimaiie men rirely, If ever, lived. Thi s fceve I given yon an aceount of all those you la quired after, enl I doubt not but that ea:h o' them who row live weu'd m-st cord Ally salute yon wherever they m'o-ht meet you. whetner in your o'.d na lve Virginia, or in y.ur edop'ed ."tale tl New Vork. They s?y <? yon wb-t Is true in ieg?id to the penalties imposed on tree pernor* of c dor re'nrnicg to tbfs State. Bat it nraytrn y te ea<d that via? arlngencynf onr laws '* Brunei* to be a ciibefi to the factions Interference of e who ere ?Vttrmo-e engaged In :h* task o' <1 starb ltg ' heir r,ei?hoo's, a'her than to the sairtt and feelings oi i ur i wn pw pie. Yoa were always treated with attea tun r-Dd ?*rp-c' by ih ? people, because yon were kniwn to he correct in all 'our dee logs and faUbiul to all yoar rpg*g> men's, and you can we 1 avouch that all eolated rrsn who conduct ihsm's'ves bi-comUgly aiming u* ert tiea'fd at all ume? wl'U mimlderati n and reep*ct 1h?if ars no types of " fncle T irr an I his Cabin'' *x i*i ?. < nrli g he petiod of his auie. aod happy home with Mr. h Clair. I had the pleasure if msetlcg with Mr. Cook last year, at "argtf ga. rur. through him mad* enquiries cincsrniag you. I ani glad *ba lie trade known t.,e Uct j you ai to ft T am 'nuib'er for your letter. I > hall tela pieasire ia mentioning yur remembrmcvt to 'be gen'len sn asdf*ir?d, aod am gratffiel t ileirn that *t your aoverc* i age you continue to ?tjoy g od health. S , ir.ay 1' ier* < r'tnue to be Bach is the slnnre wish ot cr* who iesj'<t? mailt without clfttnc'tra of race. Yen truiy yot r fif'td, JOHN TYuER. Mr 11'i r Brum CownrmhO ArrArii ik Boston?Considerable ex nlt*n ?nt w.s ?*? ?'? in the vf:inity of stores numbered 90 r 1(0 on I ear' street, this foreno .r, by tbeappsarsnc* of a gutlm ?n rrslrfrg in Cambridge, who was on the lrok< ui for a clerk ia a ihoe store in the tamed ate vi cfnl'y of the Jat'er number. T,e Cambridge gen tie nan dlacrveicd the object of tie rearch to a store tarse or four docra fn m that In which he Is etnil iytd, and lame die <ly tirsa h str ut cowhide and eomwmced laying it wsll i n add about the bead and shoulders of the olsrk, who fled, aid <ook rsfugein his employer's store, bat was onrrued. and antdry blows inflle:ed upon him tlisre. I t.p eowb dtog'sfi uls'inrrt marks on his fact and neck, lbs cause of this at oek fa said to be the fact, that the C"??k his on more than one ocssaivn in?ilted the wifo of the assaulting parly, hi* Insul a behtg si gross that the lady has retraiaed from leaving ber house f>r several weeks past horn fiar ?f tb#4 repeUWqg,?Jw nat, 9 Omr Im twrtwo Cfrtsp?<>wcc. Saw Fsanoisoo, May 5, I860. The City and County Consolidation Bill?Suite and Claims?Public Offices and Public Pay State of the City Wharves?Attempt at Official Bribery?Weather and Trade?Chinese Idolatry andChtnese Murders?Gambling and Lynching? The Drama at a Low Ebb?Mist Oatman's Grant and Other Appropriations?Escheated Estates Bill?The United States Senatorship?Chances of the Candidates?Knout Nothing Intolerance? Reform of the Criminal Code? The Panama Mas sacre Excitement?A New Catholic Church? The Claims on Adams fy Co. The first fruits of the bill consolidating oar city and county and organizing their govnroment on a better basis are rather unpromising. A few days after its passage a number of suits were commenced against the city for near a quarter million dollars and all its funds and property attached. These proceed ings are instituted by holders of scrip, who hare long waited for Its payment. For each department of the government a proportion of the taxes collected are set apart, and no more than the Bum thus placed asideican be paid. The cousequuence is, much of it has been rejected and a large portion wa3 fraudu lently . issued by Meiggs. The Supreme Court liber ally construing the charter, holds that the city is liable. Under these circumstances, it was pressed on the Legislature to pass a law funding this debt and thereby give security to claimants and save the city the expense of defending suits brought against it by creditors. The bill was introduced and passed one branch of the Legislature, but on a subsequent day it was recon&luercd and no further action takeu on the subject. Some of the scrip taken to Sacramen to was. on examination, found to be spurious, and this is the way, Madame Rumor has it, the measure was defeated. Had it become a law all the litiga tion going on and to follow would be spared us. It is another trouble added to the loug catalogue in flicted on the city by dishonest functionaries and hostile legislators. Our citizens are too ambitious and too busy to pay the requisite attention to the doings of their law makers. The necessity of a funding bill was as apparent as reform in the gov ernment of the city. An act was passed funding the outstanding debt of the State up to January, 1657. Bonds are to be issued to run for twenty years, at seven per cent, for $1,500,000. This will make the entire liabilities of the State, bearing in terest, $5,000,000. We can only regret a similar provision was not made for San Francisco. While the city is thus sunk in hopeless bankrupt cy, it is a singular fact that $600,000 remains due and unpaid for assessments. This sum is owiDg by wealthy men, who refuse to pay. and, by compelling legal proceedings to be brought against them, are able, by appealing to the higher courts, to evade for years their collection. The burthen of supporting the city government is in this way thrown ou the poolcr classes, who promptly pay when called on. The merchants say they would only contribute the means of enabling the treasury to be robbed, and therefore refuse?a lame excuse to cover their real motives. Their delinquency takes the bread from school teachers, policemen, sc., most of whom have to wait six or seven months before they can have their salaries paid. The floating indebtedness of the county is over $500,000; that of the city is one million and a half, or over. An ex-County Recorder, has succeeded in getting from the county, already impoverished, the sum of $3,000, for indices to the books of mortgages, con veyances, Ac. He refused to deliver them up with out being paid this sum, aud as they are iudispeusi ble to the prosecution of searches, a committee of the Supervisors were persuaded to let him have this ex tra compensation. It is doubtful if he can get the $3,000, as the new charter restricts the Supeivisors in the appropriation of money. Yet another effort is on foot to exact a larger sum, namely $50,000, from the county for the lo3t archives of the pueblo of San Francisco. These documents are to settle the titles to ail lands in this viainity, about there has been so much litigation. The gen tleman who makes the demand says that he dug them up out of the earth, where they were con cealed, and he is determined to make the spot from whence they were taken prove to him a rich mine. Asa matter of right, these papers are the property of the city as the successor of the nueblo, and his duly in the premises is to deliver them up and re ceive a liberal reward for his trouble, and any ad ditional gift their value wool! justly entitle him to. As it is now a committee have had a conference with him. and his terni3 as stated were made known. Tlie commercial interests of the city hare long required a safer and more substantial description of whatves than what the harbor is at present pro vided with. The building of a bulkhead would give far greater security to the shipping arriving here. A general acknowledgment of its necessity is abroad as a preventive to any ulterior chan:o of Benicia being selected as the great entrepot for our Pacific markets. The outlay for its construction would be considerable, and from tire present finan cial condition of the city it is out of the question that it could l;e performed at it3 expense. An offer has been made by speculators to build a sea wall, but on terms so manifestly unfair that the press Insisted on refusing the proposal. The Board of Aldermen had an exciting time when the subject came up before them. Messrs. I.evi Parsons and others agreed to construct a bulkhead on condition that the city would relinquish to them the right to collect wharfage for ail future time. The Board is composed of eight members, and it was found lour favored the grant and an equal number was in opposition. One of the members explained the ground of his antagonism. He had been ap proached by individuals a few day3 previously, soliciting his vote. They assured liim, in case he promised,the ordinance would go through, as four of the Aldermen had pledged themselves to support it. They were ready to hand him $0,000 if he consented to give his vote in favor of the measure. This dis closure fell like a bombshell in the Board.and imme diately brought to their feet all who were in favor of the grant. Explanations were demanded, and one member, more oeiigerent than the rest, made advan ces of a non-pacific nature across the room, towards the gentleman who had been tampered with. He was restrained from committing any violence. The proposition of Messrs. Parsons and others was unanimously rejected. If the bulkhead can be built on equitable terms the voice of our citizens will be strong in its iavor. The field is now open for other parties to make offers, and such are invited. The btate will contribute nothing towards it, and the city is unable to move, so if ever builtJ it must be done by private enterprise There is and has been for months past a general complaint of the stagnation of business, and the mercantile community nave reason to grumble at the dullness of trade. W e are receiving large shipments from the East, inundating the markets, which mikes commercial matters listless enough. The long drought had aiso a tendency to paralize business. Another cause of this depression is that the trade is over done. There are two persons in each branch, where one would be sufficient. The plentiful fall of i rain has had the effect of brightening the prospects of bountiful crops, while to the miners it affords the means of conducting their operations. In maoy dis tricts they had to suspend for want of this neccs saiy element. Cheering accounts are to hand from the agricultural counties, promising Mi re turns to reward the labors of the husbandmen. The mineral resources of the State are yielding pro fitable lesults to the persevering and industrious. There is no appearance of the diggings giving out; and from the fresh discoveries every day, there is every reason to believe California was never richer in this respect than at present. The country papers report unusual success among the miners, ami in stances are given of good lutk that would seern ficti tious, if they were not well authenticated. The miners will not tiade nor pay debts when idle, and as tl.ey have now plenty of water, we may expect an improvement in business. The market is well fapplied with every article in demand, and in con sequence goods arc frequently disposed of at motion at iOw rates. The port charges are high, and freight having to Ic paid, it necessitates the converting of tfce c argoes speedily into c ash. The Chinese have opened their Asylum again, to carry on the barbarons worship introduced by them into America. On this occasion none but Celestials were permitted to enter. They communicated the tact to the newspapers so tuat the public might know they were engaged in the adoration of Chiug Tai. Perhaps they intend to supplicate this wooden idol to protect them in their precarious position, and to look out for himself that he is not pulled down frmi his exalted situation But certainly, hU hrosd visage will show indifference to all appeals. The ship Maty Whitridge left here'on the 2fit.fi nit., for Hong Kong, with fifty Chinamen returning to their native country. Two days subsequently the (Stephen Baldwin arrived from the same port, with near 300 passengers. This importation will add about $13,000 to the state treasury, if the head tax of $50 on eath is collectc d. The late Commissioner of Emigrants was removed a month since for re fusing to enfore this law. He consrdercd it uncon stitutional. Most of these Chi tie-e go direct to the mines, the Legislature having reduced the foreign miners' tax to a uniform rate of four doLars per month. A horrible state of affairs among the abandoned ?Uin*e women has cope to tight, on * cwooff'q vestigatiou into the cause of the death of one of these unfortunate creatures, who it appeared poi soned herself to escape the cruelties practioed by an old harridan who ruled in the den they inhabit with despotic sway. In these brothels it is usual to ap point some aged hag to take charge of the younger Inmates. A blind obedience must be yielded, and to inforce her behests she uses a large stick. The coro ner suspecting foul play to be going on, from the fact of seeing pieces of paper burning in front of the house, (done to propitiate the gods,) searched and found the dead body of a girl in the cellar. The old ogre was arrested. On an examination before the Mayor it was proved that two other girls had died from the effects of poison, and their remains were concealed. Vermillion and opium were used in each case, and from the misery of the females it is a matter of speculation how many more may have rid themselves of the burthen of rfuch a life as they lead. Borne of the grand juries in the interior counties havv prosecuted the keepers of gambling houses that infest their localities. In this good work they are sustained by the people. A vigorous and deter mined enforcement of the laws against similar places in this city would be productive of great be nefit. It would remove from among us one of the greatest evils that affliot the community. In these places every inducement is spread out to lead the weak minded to destruction. Piles of gold, liquors to be had for the askiug aud pictures, all combine to lure victims to want aud recklessness. The Consoli dation bill confers on the Supervisors power to sup press places of this character. To a new and honest set of rulers it will be an excellent opportunity to commence their labors by clearing the city of these plague spots. A suit has been commenced in the Superior Court, by a man named Comstock, against twenty two individuals, for an attempt to lynch him in the month of December last. He claims $100,000 da mages, and in his complaint alleges that at that time being a resident of Contra Costa county, he was seized, and violent threats used by the defendants to compel him to bring charges against certain parties in the neighborhood. On refusing to do t ?, tic was hung up by the neck, and would certainly have remained in that position till life was extinct were it not for the kind offices of some friends, who rescued him from his perilous situation. The his tory of jurisprudence will scarcely furnish a parallel case, and in no other couutry could the courts be called on to redress such a wrong. The state of af fairs at one time compelled the people to take the law into their own hands; and its administration by tliem, though divested of all formalities, had a wholesome effect. The period is past when it was necessary to adopt extreme measures. The regu larly organized tribunals are all sufficient to punish offenders and protect life and property. Our citi zens are emulous ot establishing an unblemished reputation for good government and obedience to the laws, and in consequence quiet and order reign over the entire State. In this respect we are not behind any of our Atlantic sisters. Mrs. Catherine N. Sinclair left here on the 26th nit., on the Hamburg ship Horizont, for Sydney, New South Wales. She was accompanied by the principal performers of the Metropolitan theatre. The narty consisted of Mile. Duret, John Dean and family, John Dunn and daughter, aud Messrs. Sed ley, Le Roy and Loder?all well known in this city. Mrs. Sinclair's professional and managerial career m our State has secured many warm and attached fricndB, though it has not realized the golden returns her energetic efforts to cater for public amusement deserved. Her enterprises for the past eighteen months were not productive of any advantages, but, on the contrary, have embarrassed her affairs considerably. It is said she has abandoned the di vorce suit, and has taken the trip to Australia for the purpose of improving her financial attairs. She intends to remain ten months in Australia from this date, and her expectations of success are heartily se conded by a large number of well wishers in every part of the State. Mrs. Sinclair's departure was quite unexpected, and was not generally known un til after the vessel sailed. The drama was never reduced to so low a point in California as at present since 1849. The theatres have been literally deserted, and the performers, such as they are, had to play to empty benches. The material of stock companies has gradually deterio rated until now; there is not one that would receive suppoit in an eastern city. The people of Sau Fran cisco arc fastidious, and will patronize only artists of merit. We will not sit contented, during an even ing, to have our sight and hearing offended by actors who fall into all the errors Hamlet so strenously inveighed against. We are satisfied to forego en tirely dramatic performances, unless better than fourth or fifth rate companies sustain characters in the pieces pr csented. The Metropolitan, the finest theatre on the Pacific, is undergoing an entire change in its internal arrangements, with the view of conveitiug it into a circus. In a oommcndable spirit the Legislature passed an act granting the sum of $1,500 to Miss Olive Oat man, the young girl recovered from the Apaches in the southern part of the State. Much surprise was occasioned when it was known that Gov. Johnson thought proper to refuse his assent to the bill, and at the same time to veto the appropriation of $7,500 (or the benefit of the two orphan asylums. For really benevolent purposes this was but a small sum, and the Governor stepping in to defeat these acts of charity towards poor and helpless objects will hardly be excused on the ground of constitutional scruples. It is one of the acts of commission l or which the Legislature are deserving of applause, and peo ple will hesitate before approving of the over anxiety of the Executive to prevent the funds in the treasury being applied for such meritorious uses. The aji proprietioES for other objects did not meet any oh jection on the part oi his Excellency. For the pay, milage, and other expenses of the session, $257,090 was voted; to the State printer, $100,000; advertis ing various notices, $59,000; and lastly, the Governor found authority to confiim the contract granting to Gen. Estall $1,000 monthly, for five years, for sup porting the State prison. Fifteen thousand dollars was also voted for calling into service a mounted company for the suppression of Indian hostilities in Klamath county. The legislature passed one act tefore its adjourn ment, that entitled it to some share of praise. It has placed on the statute bock a law relative to es cheated estates which Is certain to draw the atten tion of legislators in other States to this important subject. It is extremely liberal towards foreigners, who can now invest their capital in real and person al picperty with entire safety. It provides that aliens hereafter may inherit, and hold by inheritance, real and personal property the same as native born citizens. But no non-resident foreigners can hold property within the State five years after they shall shall inherit the same. If at the end of that time no claimants pre-ent themselves, the value of the pro prrty is to be used for the benefit of the State. This act is an advance in the direction of progress, and, moreover, wiil be of great benefit to California. It will check the movement to withdraw foreigu capital now going on, and induce capitalists of ether coun tries, by the perfect security guaranteed, to invest their money in the working of the mines. They only need tnfn willing to labor, and capital, to make them render up their rich and inexhaustible wealth. The political cliques are at work again scheming for candidates for the United States Senatorship. The strong! st of these rally around Mr. BrodericK. He will be found a difficult rival to overcome by all who enter the arena against him. His chances for the Senatorship are best, for with the certain elec tion of a democratic Legislature lu November, it will be compulsory cn both houses to give him their suffrages, so as uot to permit a favorable opportu nity to pass of scDOing a representative of their party to the United States Senate. It is the fate of every public man to have enemies, and Broderlck is no exception to the- rile. In the Legislature he was very popular, and every one liked him for his straightforward and unostentatious demeanor. The other candidates named have great difficul ties to ovc ome. Dr. Owin has a strong body of friends among Lis party, but numerically far behind Broderick's supporters. His connection with the administration does not add to his chances, and aid from that quarer tends to depreciate his prospects of success. The Know Nothing aspirants at the commencement of H-56, with the exception of Mr. Foofe, arc out of the State, and the last named gen tleman, making a virtue of necessity, retired from the contest. The republicans, though making a great show at their Convention, it is well under -tocd are satisfied their party has no chance inthe Senatorial campaign. Their great hopes and bold designs are certain to l>e crushed to atoms. For deep laid ar.d unfathomable scheming our politici ans aic not hf hind baud, and we have an assurance no effort wi 1 lie neglected by the friends of known and unknown candidates to forward the end-< of their favorite. The democracy of California will secure the veto of the State for the nominee of the Cincin nati Convention. whether the man selected be Bu chanan, Cas ?, Douglas, or any other sound national statesman. Their partiality tor Buchanan will not cause them to be dissatisfied with another candidato coming i.i) to ttie right standard. Mr. Fillmore has few friends in this State. Mr. W. H. Rhodes, late private secretary to the Governor, owes his dismissal from that position in assuming to disparage the wisdom of the Rolons of the Legislature lately dispersed. As a political mattjr. and wielding a bold and pointed pen, he is determined to let the people comprehend his situa tion. In the canvass last year he did yeoman's ser vice in tlie Know Nothing cause, and was rewarded with the office he has just lost, and for which his acquirements well fitted him. Under the signature of "(,'axton" he has advanced some extreme opinions, always supported with marked ability. Members of the legislature, taking umbrage at a letter pub fished by him, demand his removal: and on refusing to resign, he was turned adrift by the Governor, In a communication containing just two lines. He regrets that his removal should Ik> oaused by what he calls "defunct partisans," and says his offence was "the honest vxpreH?ioa opioid liw Kaotr HvtyuPgi teem to oppoM oil independence of thought, and proscribe even members of their own organisation: who are bold enough to point out their errors. Ia beooming a member of the Order, I did not dream that I must cease to be a patriot. I find that I wae mistaken. I am unworthy of them, and I beg thus publicly to tender my resignation." The criminal code has been modified in some re spects by the Legislature during its late session. The most important alteration is the changing the punishment for robbery from death, at the discre tion of the jury, to imprisonment in the State pri son. This severe penalty was necessary a few year* ago. bat each harsh laws are not needed now. Wei may have occasional instances in the interior where systematic violence on the part of certain classes makes it a duty incambent on citizens for (heir ows defence to inflict nummary chastisement as the only means of bringing these people to know the consequences that are certain to follow the perpetrfc tion of crime. But they are rare. Since the arrival or the John L. Stephens front Panama, bringing news of the massacre of passen gers on the Isthmus, the city has been in a state of great excitement. The papers speak of the riot ia the most indignant tones, and nrge immediate hos tilities- Rumors of every kind are afloat. It ia stated an expedition is organized to proceed to Panama, take the town, and visit on the inhabitants i he retribution their treacherous and blood thirsty deeds merit. There has been an active demand for firearms, particularly revolvers, for the last two day and at least seven hundred and fifty must havo leen sold to persons leaving in the steamer to-day. If the Panama people renew their attack on the passengers that go from here they will lament it, tor every one is fully prepared to defend himself on the least sympton or an aggressive spirit. Gov. Foote attended a meeting on Saturday to perfect ar rangements for securing a safe transit across the Isthmus, and it is said a resolution was arrived at to despatch a body of men to see that no interruption will take place. There is little doubt a party leaves to-day with this object. A notice was extensively circulated through the city offering a free passage to two hundred men to proceed to Panama to protect American citizens and aveug the late outrage. There will be no lack of volunteers; ao it is more than prob able the government will be anticipated in exacting reparation for the attrocities committed by the New Granadians. There is much distress among the pas sengers, wbo were robbed of all their property. They had to part with it as the price of their lives from the fcrociouR cupidity of their assailants. Yesterday (Sunday,) a new church, under the pat ronage of Notre Dame des Victoires, to be used by a congregation of French Catholics, was dedicated by Archbishop Allemany, assisted by a large num ber of clergymen. This church, built by the Bap tists, was occupied by them to the time it was pur chased by its present occupants. It was crowded to its utmost limits, and the ceremonies, as nsnal on such occasions, were grand and imposing. The choir was composed of French vocalists and per formers, and the music was superior to any yet heard on this side of the continent. An innovation in the custom of collecting was introduced. Two young ladies, one a daughter of Consul Dillon's, carried the plates around the church, escorted by several gentlemen, and of course, as might be ex pected, the plan was highly successful. The French frigate Alcerte is lying in onr harbor for the past two months. She fired three salutes, and was dressed up in the gayest colors on receipt of the news of the birth of an heir to the throne of France. The report of the referee, Mr. Gilbert A. Grant, in the matter of dividing the assets of Adams & Co. among the creditors, was this morning filed in the Fourth District Court, and an order made that the receiver pay to Mr. Grant $2,903, his expenses in the receiving and classification of claims. New Patents Issued. List of patents issued from the United States Patent Office for the week ending June 3,18a6? each bearing that date:? William Alley, of Columbus, Ga., for improve ment in uterine supporters. . Solomon Andrews, of Perth Amboy, N. J., for im provement in gas burning lamps. JoBiah Ashenfelder, or Philadelphia, Pa., for ua ??nAVfiSKSKwa? ?? tsssrsyss^, ?? r, ^ im proved method of regulating windmills. Jos. Becker, of New York, N. Y?, for unproved pi anoforte action. , William Burdon, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for improve ment in relieving slide valves from the pressure or fitPftlP John Casey, of New I'ork, N. 1'., for improvement in window frames. , . Richard H. Cole, of St. Louis, Mo., for improve ment in nut machines. . Thomas Eatlock, of Philadelphia, Pa.? for im proved device and walls of building, for preventing damage to goods by water in case or fires. Richard H. Cole, of St. Louis, Mo., for improve ment in making nuts. Richard H. and John C Cole, of St. Louis, Mo., for improved machine for polishing metallic nuts. George Crangle, of Philadelphia,Pa.,for improve ment in rotary brick machines. Rufus Ellis, of Boston, Mass, for improvement in needles for knitting machines. Benjamin Gilpatrick, of Lowell, Mass., for im proved saw set. ' . Sylvester H. Gray, of Bridgeport, Conn., for un pmemcnt in machines for felting bat bodies Jacob Green, of Philadelphia, Pa-, for improve ment in gas consuming fuinace.s. John G. Hock, of Newark, N. J., for improvement in tbe arrangement of a gas retort bench. Christian Knauer, of Pittsburg, Pa., for copying P! Wm. D. Leavitt, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for improved sawing machine. ....... Henry F. Mann, of Westville, Ind., for improve ment in harvester frames. Wm. N. Manning, of Rockport, Mass., for im provement in melodeons. A Robeit Myers, of Factory Pcmt, Vt., for improved marble sawing machine. Foster Nowell, of I/)well, Mass., for improvement in wool carding machines. R. II. Pcverly, of Chelsea, Mass , for improvement in sell-regulating ships' compasses. Samuel Richards, of Philadelphia, Pa., for im provement in glass furnaces. JoBiah A. Rollins, of Buflalo, N. Y., for improve ment in melodecns. . Isaac M. Singer, of New York, N. Y , for im provement in sewing machines for binding hats. L\Boeder Spooner, of Boston, Mass., for improve ment in elastic bottoms for chairs and other ar tlCWm. Samuels and Geo. L. Stansbary, of Jackson Township, Ind., for improved boring machine. Wm. B. TreadweU, of Albany, N. Y., tor improve ment in cooking Btovea. . John A. Tell, of Sugar Bridge, 0., for improved marb'e sawing machine. , Otis Tnfts, of Boston, Mass., for improvement in orerritiDg valves of steam engines. Henry S. Vrooman, of Lagansport, Ind., for im proved sawing machine. Chapman Warner, of Green Point, N. Y., for im proved filter. ? ? , Moishal Wheeler, of Honesdale, Pa., for improve ment in gas regulators. Alien B. Wilson, of Waterbnry, Conn., for im provement in grain and grass harve-tera. Henry R. Woitbington, of Brooklyn, N.Y., tor improved method of attaching steam to a conical V81VC- ? Linus Yale, Jr., of New:ort, N. Y., for improved ^Frederick B. E. Beaumont, of Upper Woodball, Ere., for improvement in firearms. Bolcn Bishop, of Horner, N. Y., for improvement in washing machines. John T. Beyer, of Haynesville, Mo., for improve ment in washing machines. Samuel L. Denney, of Lancaster, Pa., for improve ment in hand corn planters. David L.Davis,or Dedham. Mass., for improve ment in elastic bearings for railroad chairs. Jaa.es W.Evans, of New York, N. Y., for improv '^Maldon sfprwt, of Detroit, Mich., for improve ment in railroad car brakes. Cyms Garrett and Thomas Cottmnn.oi Cincin nati, O.. for improvement in subsoil ploughs. Hoiuce L. Hcrvey, of Quin-y, In., for improve ment in parallactic instruments for measuring du tnnccp George Kcsling, of Lebanon, 0., for improvement s Longley, of Cincinnati, 0., for improved apparatus for rolling and handling barrels, Ac. John McGhesncy. of Louisville, ky., tor improve ment in washing machines. ... . Jacob J. A H. F. Mann, ot Westville, Ind., for im provement in reaping machines. Jcsiah Muroford. of Clarksburg, 0., for improve ment in levolving last holders. Joseph Smith, of Condit, 0., for improvement m machines for railing and loading hay. Oien Stoddard, ol Busti, N. Y., for improvement in machines for husking eorn. Lucius K. Trend well, ot Warren, Mass., for im provement in lattice bridges. George W.N Yost, of Pittsburg, Pa., for improved driving wheels for s'?am drags or propellers. Gecigc W. N. Yost, of Pittsburg, Pa., for im proved steam land propeller. Samuel Fahrney, of Boonslioro, Md., assignor to Abraham Buffer and Benjamin Fahrney, or wua innton county, Md., for improved vice. , Cnllcn Whipple, of Providence, R. L, assignor U> the New England Screw Company, of same piaoo, for improvement in making screws. , Wm. I\ Wood, of Washington, DjC., assignor to F.amv.el De Vaughn and Wm. P. Wood, o samn place, for improved mitre box. Daniel Dodge, of Hreseville, !?? ^ lg?provft BWUt Mil