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THE NEW IORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 72?3. MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, JUNE 28, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. ARRIVAL OF THE ASIA. IMPORTANT FROM ENGLAND. OUR RELATIONS WITH GREAT BRITAIN. The News More Peaceful. TEE SUBJECT IE PARLIAMENT. MR. DALLAS NOT TO BE DISMISSED. THE INUNDATIONS IN FRANCE ftKLATHMS OF SPAM TOWARDS MEXICO. Anticipated Rupture between Austria and Sardinia. A Parliamentary Committee on the Danish Sound Dues. Execution of William Palmer, the Poisoner. IMMENSE REDUCTION OF THE FRENCH ARMY, ? &c.f &c., &c. The Cunard mail steamship Asia, Capt. I-ott, has arrived. The Asia sailed from Liverpool soon after 4 o'clock P. . If. of the 14th, with the mails aud ninety passengers, and jprrivwl at half past ton o'clock yesterday morning. The steamship Fulton, from New Fork for 11avro, touch led at Southampton on the 14th inst. There Is ipnch excitement in England respecting Ame rican affairs. livcrpool and Manchester have issned a peace circular, ?addressed to tlio citizens ol America, and the feelings of (the people seem more active and morcgcncral In favor >o< peace. Lord John Russell has given special notice that on Monday lie w oul.l move an inquiry as to what is the in tention of the British government on this question, inas much as the almost universal feeling of tlio British people is in favor of jionco. palmer was Uung on Saturday morning. Ho died with out a struggle. He made no confession. The London Jbne', or June 12, auys: Her Maiestv'a ship Shannon. 61, U tUc chief object or ?M Vtier rMii.tr nod l"""?1 '"'J".''. *"? fST C H* ESHr-ffsts ??&?& 'tui. tt 5?? ?C K, ?ii?i tbi? squadron of steam Jespatoll gun crowing under iter, oil Falmouth, have received orders to rnrpore for any service tliat may suddenly be required or them. Thev were lying in Oarrtek Roads coaling, fcc., on Tuesday. hot, lhere having been only a lim red supply or coal ut Falmouth, the Imporieuso went to Uymouth to complete lo r H >ek and procure stores Tor the ^qoadron, which she will rejoin to day. Tartar ? Her Mnie-tv's scrow corvettes Cossack. 21, and Tartar, "1 Captain" r'nii"iiaw t and Inmlop, left spithead yosltr daVSerwrm l.tr Halifax; and the Pyladw, Ii'Fyncourt, was tindor orders and ready to follow at o'clock last evening, and the Nile, til. Captain Mundy, th.i, morning. The Opinio** of Turin, of the 9th inst.. says:? TTe learn that when General tie Ifabormida parted fahroush Vienna, on his way to Warsaw, ho lo t his card 5JmOUAf Gene'.'aT IwUtmida l.adno tafssion Ifro?iMx go rwlutson of the pre ent thfTlrulties. They conversed about dtsiree o? sequestration by Au 1'lu; after which Uie two din Inmate"" separated. A letter from (faint* states the tho international com nisrien to regularise tt.e limits or Bessarabia has now completely appended its slMit.gr, in consequence or the protest of Russia against Muh' t (facta (George Stourdza.) ?tsoiiiugr is known as to wl.en it is to resume its tabors. On the evening of the 11th of June tho Lord and Lady Mayoress of London entertained at dinner, at the Mansion bouse, the pr.wid.-tits or the learned societies, and a lite rary partv Mr. John Forstor, in acknowledging a com phment on behalf of the press, called attention to tho ere - dliable .art which it had taken in every question of mo ment. and particularly to the manner in which at present it ?tui etcfitny iU inttuence to arrest ami day the greatest oj all Hi?an r i'iT""'"*?"w,r (Applause.) A letter irom Berlin, of June 11th, says At Frankfort on the Maine a committee of respectable . , , ii.-cn formed in oiin.H'tion with a similar **?5?- ta V w York and with the aailstanco of an AmSean lawyer "f citrine nee. te watch over the interests nun.?niiiuilUlA who have kimwU*! iboir money "?fUioi?t * . ' t?J(% tjivitloDtls of which are 1 r,', lairing t\ic la-1 two y< ara no less tluvn fUA0C0rsUmTte statistical returns Lately published, out of twelve an 1 half million passengers who travelled Last year on-'Frus-uin railways, sot one w is killed, and only Oir-e hurt is consequence of their own carelessness. On Uio other hand, a great number of the railway servants t?ve loet their lives, or been more or loss severely in lured. TUi- has given rise to th. ir establishing a mutual insurance association, tho members of which contribute two penc", four pence, or eight pence a month; and, in rnurn Uiey or their famthcs.arc cntitl ? i, in case ->r acci aent te ? of ?3 10?., il or *U. according to tho amount of tlielr subsc iption*. The French government has resolved on reducing tho armv by nearly 200,000 men. The discharges arc de finitive and none, Including even nou-Commissioned ??m cert, Will If allowed to again enter the army except as *rti?Mto!de"'.fthe legislative body arc, it Is white Mred, aqual.ltling amongst Ibem-o vw as to the amount oL ahull give to the victims of the inundations, some ? proposing * collective sum of lnn.OOOr. (?4,000), others \oocf. each, and Others, that each member shall give what he pleases. Count de MonUU-mbert and hU friends are In favor of giving a collective sum. The alterations about to be proposed la the French tariff embrace cotton aud woollen li-sites and merclwu. dwo (brantlic-t and ves eU for -a service excepted). The sirolect ha" >ct to b? submitted to lite Council of State. A tetter from Constantinople, of June S, atates that the difference- between Ki.gW.id and IVreia are likely to be ncttted by the intervention of tie- rorle. Two confer Sorthav.nl.cmly been held. Lord Strutter* conduct ^Tb^wris CmMmtiemma <1 the Ulh inst., teas tho fbl lowing -We arc quite j?"t.tted in expressing ? ho.c thai . the din, ren.. between ??" ?'**? ?" "" M.ru>us a- wa. .?|1-Hed. We ham already by letters ^ Mexc that General Abn?n. has been appomted Minister Pterq-aenUary .* (hat n r WW at th or .ap.,B ll.ere can be no ^oohl |M the prosfttee of this at Madrid will powerfully a-nUihutc ui smooth ^Jl ia? diflk olttes thai have arisen hutweeu ?ho two countries, 11* nre- Ian Ga:>*le ae- rt? that An tria inb ods to re e?ll be. D trge d'Affairw from Turin, on arouMt of a new a?t(e Mil to have been adtlrc eil by the Count La ' a-our to lite Court of it Petersburg, and couuiutng com ..WinU agaxtst Austria, <? account of the aUitudo >be has aasuwied with regard ?o IWrdi.ua. Tba mix ban est.? Italy h ? cotnpiota failure, but tho geeeal rn>te are eery abundant * U? IVince Pttcagni, ITea.dent <* the Court Martial at iwrma, I? ?? v*?*1 * ,4U ****** W' 2Th- dtata. M judge with lb. Austria, military aulho ''^ns Mpondmeo from Turl. rep me.-ta (he Max.iniai. . . ,^ver? at lively wdha rt w of ctmiw a-SSTL cierJl ,wrt> have be.ten.he I,n,Tu.. So?t ?t~ ..i |\tM imbi' ptrt) if4?| ? nfti. u* > Ibrwiffc lb# TurkL-h t >ltTW.- M iVw, fof Ufa tufltsivf* H fadbdab^ Subscriptions for the fame object bar* been opened In ?very part of Piedmont. A meeting was UeM in I/xuJon on tbe 13th In it., un<W the presidency of tlie I-orrt Mayor, for the purjaws of ex pressing sympathy with the mffertr* by the recent tnua dations in France, and to o|?n subscription* f-r their re lief. On the platform were lord Ravcnuwnrtb, Baron Rothschild, Mr. R. Currlo, M. P., Mr. E. Deui??, M P., Mr. T. Baring, M. P., and several other member* of Par liament, the Governor of the Bault or England an.I a num ber of other influential gcntlemeu. The subacrijklon* amounted to nearly ?5,000. The select Parliamentary committee appointed to con elder of tbo Danish Sound dues met at three o'clock on the afternoon of the 10th. The members pre sent were, Mr. Villiers (chairman), the Chan cellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Disraeli, Mr. New degate, Mr. Cnrdwcll, I?rd Stanley, Mr. Mitchell, Viscount Chelsea, Mr. Gibson, Mr. Bnunlsy Moore, Mr. Hutt, Mr. Phillimore, Mr. Devey and Mr. Duncan The meeting was merely preliminary; and, after some conversation, It was agreed that the flrst public meeting should he held on Tuesday, 17th inst., on which day the government and tho various trade associations should be Invited to produco evidence. Five million rounds of Minie ball cartridges ore in course or preparation nt Woolwich Arsenal, nud arc about to be dospntchod to make up deflciencloe tn the dupply with which the British troops arc provided at the prosont mo ment in Canada. A considerable quantity of tills ammu nition has been prepared and stored in tbe floating maga zines, at tbe rate of 62,000 rounds per day, preparatory to emburcation for Toronto. On the 24th of May the English army in the Crimea celebrated, with much pomp, the annivorsary of tlie birthday of Qucon Victoria. Marshal Pclissier and the superior staff of tho French army were present nt this celebration, which dorlvod pe culiar interest from the presentation to tho British troops of tbo military medals granted to them by the Emperor Napoleon. Captain Thompson, ono of the defenders of Ears, has died from tlie oflocts of his wounds and privations. Richard L. Swift, British Consul at Buffalo, is appointed to tho saino ofllce at Riga. According to article 34 of tho Concordat of Austria, con cluded between his Imperial Royal Apostolic Majesty of Austria and his Holiness tho Tope, everything relating to ecclesiastical persons and matters, of which no mention is made in the articles, is to bo Arranged and settled ac cording to the canonical 1 aws and the disciplinary regula tions approved by tho Papal chair. There have been published in London copies of recent correspondence on tho alterations of the organizefton of the Indian Department in Canada. It appears fiat the yearly average of the sums voted for defraying the ex pense of the Indian Department in Canada, during the seven years from 1849 to 1855, was ?12,883, and tlie ave rage of tbe sum actually extended ?11,061 a year. It has long been settled that the general "presents" to tho tribes, in progress of annual reduction, shall cease in 1858. The bill modifying tho existing laws affecting trade, under discussion in the Belgian Chambers, proposes an import duty on pig iron, per 100 kilo., 2fr.; iron in bars, 4fr.; machines and machinery In cast iron, 3fr.; machines and machinery in iron and steel, 7fr, 30.; machines and machinery in brass or other metals, 12fr.; machines and machinery for spinning purposes, 12fr. Prices of cotton wci e stiller on .Saturday, tho 14th, but not quotably higher. Sales on that day, 15,000 bales. Sales to speculators, 8,000. Consols, for money, 94 a 04>^. The Manchester market opened heavy, but at tho close of tho week was firmer. Messrs. Richardson, Sponco & Co. 's circular states that since the sailing of tho Atlantic tin breadstuff market has been firm, but the transactions Have been only to a modorato extent. Wheat is wholly uucliauged in price. Flour is in limited demand at previous prices, say for Western canal 30s. a 33s. 6d.; Ohio, 35s. 6d. a 37s. 6d. Corn is firm, and in some cases 6d. a Is. higher prices have been paid. White is quoted at 30s. a 31s. Od.; yel low and mixed, 29s. (id. Beef is dull at previous rates. Pork Is dull, but un changed in price. Bacon is in limited request at lost v ?ek"s rates. Buyers demand a reduction. Lard is un changed, and very scarce on the spot at 60s. a 63s., and to arrive, at 51s. bd. a 54s. Aslics are unchanged. I'ots, 36s. a 37s.; poarls, 41s. ? pirits of turpentine, 32>4 a 82>?. For common rosin tho pri ics arc unchanged, and in active demand at 4s. Gd. Rice, 25s. 6d. Sugar lias advanced sixpence. Coffee firm. Tlie bullion in the Bank of England has increased. Money iscosier. United States stocks have declined, luited States bonds, 6?g, 1868, arc quoted at 100; Unitod Hates stock, 1867-'68,100, ex-dividend. Out London Correspondence. London, June 13, 1856. Receipt of the Newt of the Dimittal of Mr. Crampton? Important and Authentic Information of the Course De termined on by the liritith Cabinet?Mr. Dallat not to be Vumitied?The Central Amencan Question likely to continue an Open One?The Chevalier }Vikoff't New Work, etc., rfc. Tli<' dismissal of Crampton and the withdrawal of the exequaturs of the three English consuls are, of cour.se, the engrossing topics of Interest at the present moment. Ibe news has, however, created much less excitement than was anticipated. The prevailing feeling among the great bulk of the English people is, that the exerclso of its right of sending away persons obnoxious to it ought not to he made a subject of quarrel with the American gov ? rnment In fact, the precedent established by Lord Pal merston himself, in the case of the English consul who, you may remember, was imprisoned in Prussia for an offence analogous to that with which Crampton and his colleagues are charged, would seem to exclude all grounds for reprisals on the part of the Cabinet of which his lord s hip is the head. M' . Hallos had an interview with lord Clarendon on Wednesday, the 11th Inst., and informed litin of the in tention of the American government to send nway Mr. Crampton und the three consuls. The des|vitch ot Mr. Marcy In which this intimation was conveyed, was ex tirmely conciliatory, and furnished additional evidence of the facts alleged against the British minister and his sub ordinates. It shows clearly that those persons exccodod ilio instructions given them by their government. It is quite certain that Mr. Pallas will not ho dismissed, in lids tact 1 have the most positive and authoritative ns i.ranees. The llritish government is unwilling to drive ii niters to extremities, and will he glad to avail itself of the proofs forwarded by Mr. Marcy to extricate Itself from n most embarrassing und critical position. Cramp ton and his colleagues will therefore go by the board, and hut few at either side of the Atlantic will regret their dis grace. These men have caused too much troublo and infill ulty by their foolish proceedings to render people In rn particularly anxious ns to their fate. Vi rcy has manifested a disposition to arbitrate on the (entral American question; but then bis acceptance of the proposition of the llritish government appltcs only to its nilT'or details. The leading (mints can, ho tiiinks, bo settlcu by direct negotiation between the two govern mcnts. This, you will perceive, leaves room Tor fiituro dtlfleuUlca. The olfer of Lord Clarendon was a fair ono, und offered a certainly of closing the matter definitively. Tin.- halt and hall acceptance seems like a lawyer's bill of exceptions, intended to stave ofT a decision and to keep the litigants In hot water. On the whole, however, things wear a more satisfac tnrj as|* ct. Wo shall have no war arising out of the Cruitiptoii affair; and the Central American question will, in the end, find on amicable solution. The politicians on both ndcs have had their fun, and given themselves all the i ouscqueuce they could out of these disputes. They kuow their position too well to venture to push the game any further. Pnlracrston, however, wishing to make a ?how of fight, even when ho knows there is no chance of gratifying bis pugnacious propensities, has sent out rein forcements to the fleet on the North American station. If the demonstration has no other effect, It will at least exercise the crews and gtve the vessels an airing. Manchester comes out in the Timet ot to-day with an address to the American people. Louts Napoleon has his hands Hill just now with the Inundations. It 1s lucky for him that be has got out of *ar. lie has recently made a now reduction ot the tariff. The Chevalier WlkotTs new work on European dij lo ur* i ts ici the press and will shortly make iu appear Mice. It U Mid to be ft very racy and amusing coin|niaUau, containing ft little of everything ? politic*, diplomacy .religion, love and financiering. Tlie Chevalier'* narrative of his relations with tho BritUh government will make up the contents of the first volume, which will be published in laindon about the middle of next month; and his coup d'wC of England, France and the United Stales, will be reserved for the sm-oud volume, which will come out a little later. It will rotitatn.lt is fald, some curious anecdotes in con mi tion Willi General Webb's operations over here. Am >onr literary con/rere lias aimed at achieving a Euro pv.ui reputation, lie will be delighted to find himself figur ing ui WlkoTs book, in company with the groat person age* w hom when in Iswdnn he delighted to honor with his society, hook out, therefore, for something spicy and amusing. The Chevalier's pen has the gift of invest ing the subject* that it touches with an eccentric anil pungent interest. Our Parti Correspondence. Powa, June 12, 1856. Iteerrre Main/anal by the Wrench Press on the DifftcuUiei Idvren Bmjtand and (he United States?Its Metises? CsMitnett I 'tween the Gwernmenis of Russia and France ? J7i? < 'r unft.m Imbroglio?The Central American Ques tion?I'n ?position to Great Jlritam to Cede Back (he Bag Islands (o Honduras?The Italian Question, iCc., cCc. Almost the only topic or con venation in the English American question, ami tUo probability of war with the United States. In conjunction with the inundations it has knocked the French funds down (not so the English ?showing that the former are quoted on far more ficti tious reasons), and tt has given great concern to the French government. That concern, however, does not appear in the public prints; on the contrary, tt U sliojrn I by the extreme care Willi which the mutter is kept out o< print, or touched so lightly as not by any .possibility to lead to very serious considerations. What liitto there ap pears in the French papers, however, shows a disposi tion not to break with tho United Plates, and 'above all things, not to otlcnd our national pride. That has boen the course of the IQI>ats, the Constitutionnel, and with one exception (the number"Issued on the 6th inst.) of tho I'ags, tho immediate Journal of tho Entperor. The ratric has lately been added to the Journals for which tho French government is held responsible; and tho Patrie, I observe, has in consequence copied.tho diplomatic reserve oflts more ponderous cotemporarios. There are two reasons for this reservo: One, Mio above naraod feverish condi tion of the Paris Bourse, joined to tho fuct that all Paris scents to linve become a huge gaming establishment, at which not only private, but public property and national fame are bought and sold at a discount, and the other that the Emperor still nop^s to a t as mediator lu our dilllcultics with i agland. Reserving for himseir this tm Iiortaiii role, he is carclul not. to compromi.se his position with the United Status, or t. prejudge the ease. What 1 most dreaded hero In ofJlci.ti circles, is the selection ot the hmperor of Rus-ia it- arbitrator betweei. the Uult States and tireat Hritaiu; a..! the 1 rench government wrl go a great length to prevent such an occurrence. The pres tiyeof I.ouis Napoleon, at this conjunctureol polltin! alTnrs in Eurojie, would materially sutler from it; for It would reveal to the world the fact which tho long headed diplo matists of Europe have already discovered, that tho cordial treatment of France by the Emperor Alexander has, by tho treaty of tho 16th of April,_boen followed by a marked official coolness, which has not been dimini-Ued or changed by tho late iatnily re-uuiou of the Emperor of Russia and his German relatives in Berlin. In this state ol tilings, which renders tie Auglo-Fiench alliance a po litical necessity to both parti?*, Franco would very much object to seo Russia Invested wi_h the high arbitration of an American question that might servo to invest her, so soon after tlio late war, witli tho leadership in Interna tional politics. Franco, you may rely on it. will use her very best oirorts to prevent a war between England and tho United Mates. uot only as regards the ridiculous Crampton imbroglio, but also in regard to tho Central American question. As regards tlio dismissal of Mr. Crampton, on which subject we have very contradictory repoits, and in re gard to which the government itself does not seem to be correctly Informed, persons in the immediate neighbor hood of the Emi>ernr do not think the matter has as yet arstimcd a warlike aspect. It is yet ptmftlb, it is tlouglit, that England will recall Crampton, provided the diplomatic correspondence carried on between Mr. Marry and l.ord Clarendon, through Mr. Dallas, is of a conciliatory nnturc. tm tho main [mints, to wit, the decimation on the part of tlio Itri'ish gov ernment that it meant no offence, and that if oflenc was given, it is sorry for it, both governments are satis fled; and there remuins. consequently, nothing but the difference Of opinion betwee n our government an.I that of Great Britain whether Mr. t'ramiUnn arted against tho text and spirit of our laws, as wo understand and have (tho right to instst upon, or whether Mr. Crampton was guiltless of any such iiitentionul infraction of our laws as Isird Clarendon understands ami interprets our laws. The obtuscncss of a British minister in regard to such a im iit cann it form a legitimate pretext for war or blood shed, and 11, to avoid similar mistakes trom incapacity to understand our laws, tho President of tlio United States repents his request to England that she may withdraw lier blundering minister from Washington, nnd replace him by a gentleman ntoro learned in tho laws?at bast of our country?or ono who expresses a willingness to learn, it is thought here In l'nris, or. to spenk more correctly, ill tho present moment it is thought at St. Cloud, that" tlio British ministry will make this concession to tho government of tlio United Stab's, for the avowed pur pose of spiting Mr. Ilerce, wtio wants a war to aid liis sinking political foitimes, and for the sako of es latdisiiing js'iice in Kansas. Baron It., an exceeding ly clever Russian diplomat, has suggested oven a more sjieodj and cllicaclous remedy of the whole difficulty. " Why does not lord Clarendon," the shrewd Russian diplomatist obterv-d,1"order Mr. Cramp*on to be sick, so as to require the inhaling of Ills native air ? Ho might then bo sent to tlio south of Europe to ricovur liis health." When Sir l.ytton Bulwer was drummed out of Spain, ho was sort to tho north?that is, to tho United Stales. Why should not Mr Crampton. his successor in Washington, bo scut from the United States to Madridf Again i say. there is every reasonable prospect that the Ciampton afluir will not lead to war, and that the cloud will blow over without further mbenief. Mr. Dallas, in piteof tlio hostile attitude of the iondon Tinas, w hic.h sometimes thunders without exhibiting the phenomenon of lightning, will not be dismissed by the Court of St. ?Ian es. am tor this leniency toward liiin lie is as tnnrh indebted to the sentiment of respect and adr.iira ? ion with which he lias inspired all classes of Eug lish society, as to the wisdom and moderation of thoso British statesmen wiio arc not willing to gratify I/>rd I'ulmorstoii ntio his colleagues at tho expenao eSf their pockets. li the late war with Russia was beyond mason and forethought expensive, and the result of it Altogether dispriqmrtionate to its cost, that small result would bo still further reduced and changed Into positive ibimage by a war with the United States. A war with America would not only Increase and perpetuato the income tax, but diminish tho income itself, and thereby reader the tax nugatory. As to the settlement of tho Central American question, very cnn.-iderablc steps have been taken hero In Parii to bring the matter about. Spain cannot afford to have a war carried on in the Gulf of Mexico. Sho is afraid of Cuba, of our privateers, and what not. She If, therefore, using her best elforts, on the one luind, to quiet the United States by u treaty of commerce which stuiil obvl ste oil difficulties about Culm, and enable us to derive ail advantages from tlio Island winch its |>nsses?lnn itself would secure to our merchants and navigators, and on the other, by endeavoring to induce England to abandon the possession of the my Islands, (be taking possession ? f which lias been considered by our gu\ eminent a* a \irluul and flagrant Infraction of tho Clayton Bulwer treaty. The Spanish Minister. Olnznga, a very shrewd and able old gentleman, has, to this effect, had several Interviews with tho prln? l|wl persons of tin- Emperor's government and liis Majesty himsolf. as lias also host the Minister liom Honduras; and the result has boen a pro tiosltioti, which has already been submitted to England, that she cede the above islands back again to Honduras, which she can do without sacrifice of national honor. In that spirit of concession and good will toward so small a l ower as Honduras, which Is sure to meet with tile ap probation of the civilized world. This is the direction matters are taking on this side of the Atlantic, while tho jstpers are sti'l Mustering and tilled with doleful appro Illusions of war and bloodshed. Brince Napoleon will set out for Ihc north ?f Europe immediately alter the baptism of the Imperial Brince. His voyage will bear a scientific character, though it will scarcely be as happily illustrated as that other vovago of discovery to the Polar regions, which has been so happiiy satirized by Voltaire In Ills inimitable Micromegas. Tlio voyage of the l'rinco Is a forced exile from Barn, the dnily dilllcultics arising between h.tn and the Emiicror having of lato assumed so offensive a character as to render cohabitation In the same city absolutely im|iosslblo. Prince Napoleon, I cau assure yotf, is neither fotnl of geographical scleuci-s, nor is he a friend of new scientific discoveries >n the North Sea. The " sea of troubles" in Paris would have been far tnoro entertaining to his Imperial Highness; but tho Eni|ieror knows bow to make himself obeyed, not only by the French jieople, but also bv the members of his family. ( ordinal l'atrazzi, the Pope's legate, arrived hero day before yesterday. Ho was received at the depot by tho ecclesiastical dignitarlos of Paris and tho Grand Master of Ceremonies of tho Emiicror, but not by any imperial per. sonoge. The Pope having sent a Legato utterly uokuowu in politics and accompanied by men without political color, tlic Emperor, not to disturb tho Racredness of tlio purely Christian act of the Church of Rome, abstains enro flilly from any demonstration of solicltudo that might i?i construeif into an act of fealty to tlio Sovereign Pont 'I I shrewdly suspect, however, that the baptism of 110 ITlncc once fairly over, the Italian question will be tak ? up in good earnest, nnd some progress made tow ard its so. lution It Is undeniable tbut all Italy is a political cauldron, and that some safety valve must bo opened to |>rovo >t oi plosion. Mazxinl is not going to Auicrjca, but is u w. in pill jirybftblht)-, to SffOwrtoud THE ANGLO-AMERICAN DIFFICULTY. Th? DlantUsal of Mr. Crn.'?P*???TUe Subject In PRrlUucnl?Siwu'het u' the Ministers and others?Opinions of the Engllah anil PwicU Press?Interesting i?1m? Manifes toes. nODBK OK LOUDS. pKlDAT, Ju.Wl3. 1816. The I/>r<] Cliascellor took bid seat on the woolsack at five o'clock. Tlie Earl on>KunY?In consequence, my lonls, of tlie very .sriou.-, chuiu'tcr of tin. mel igeuce said to have been received wi bin tho la-t i .'vv .lays, and <>r ilie criiira. atate of our relations with tho United Stales, I Mli.tll *h> staiu from offering uny continent upon tho quest em which I fed it my duty to put to her Majesty's govern ment; and 1 Jio(>e, adopting that course, I hIiiM ute ?! with your lordships' upprubution. Tlie question winch 1 hare to put to the noble curl (the Karl of Clarendon) is whether, within the lust lew days, tho government have received any otllciul iuform ition from the American Minister at this Court of tho intention of the government of tho t'uitod States to suspou 1 all diplomatic intercourse with this country, by dismissing Mr. Cramptou and withdrawing their exequatur from th i three British Consuls? 1 wish to know, also, whether it there was any surh communication, it was mide in writing, and If so, wli titer her Majesty's government will object, without delay, to lay it lieforo Parliament? I wish also to know whether, tir tho event of such com munication having been received, lior Majesty's govern ment are prepared to state to Parliament tho course which they intend to advise hor Majesty to pursue? Tho Karl of Clakkxiio.n?My lords, In reply to tho ques tion of the noble earl, I have to say, that upon tlie day before yesterday Mr. Dallas, the American Miuister at this Court, communicated to me a despatch from his gov ernment. ui which it was stated tout tllo assurauces given by her Majesty's government were satisfactory with re aped to tlie fact of no instructions having boon sent, and of no intention having existed on the port of this government iu auy way to violate or infringe the laws of tho United Slates. But tho answer given to Mr. Dallas was not oquully satis factory with regard to Mr. Cramptonand our Consuls, for it appeared that they were still to be considered as repre sentatives unacceptable to the government of the United States. The President had, therefore, determined to send Mr. t'inmpton his jiasspotis, and to withdraw their exequatur from tho threo Consuls. Tho despatch was read to me by Mr. Dallas, and a ropy of U has been furnished to ntu; but her Majesty's government have not yet finally determined upon tho course which they will rocommend hor Majesty to pursue. As soou as thoy have done so, it will bo their duty to communicate thut determination to Parliament, and *.o lay before it a copy of tho despatch. 1 think it right also to mention that Mr. Dallas, at tho Hatno time, iu communicating to me another desputch with respect to tho questions rotating to Central America, announced to me that Mr.MarcyHtat.il that there were certain points upon which it was posslblo Unit tho urbitrutiou of a third Power might bo u?efully resorted to, but that at tho satno time his opinion was that the whole question might bo set tled by direct negotiation. HOFSK OP COMMONS. The Speaker took tho chair at four o'clock. Mr. DirtMicu said he now wished to make that inquiry which he was prevented making tho liny boforo by tho absence of the nob!? lord at tho head of tho government. He would ask him whethor tho information which had reached him that tho diplomatic relations between tho English Minister at Washington and the government to which he was accredited had ceased? Ho wished to ask, also, whether the exequatur had boon withdrawn from the several Consuls in tho United States; and, if that in formation were true, whethor the noblo lord was pre parod to inform the House what course her Majesty's go vernment was prepared to take? Lord Ihu .MKKSTo.v?M.v noblo friend at tho head of the Foreign IKqurtmeat received late In tho evening of the da) before yesterday, from Mr. Dallas, two despatches addressed to Mr. I 'allies b,, Mr. Marcy, tho United States Secretary of Stato for the i n eign Department-?ono upon tho subject of the recruiting question, tho other relating to Central American affairs. As the question of the right hou. gentleman relates to the first, I shall confine my statement to that. It results from that despatch that tho United States government, though perfectly satisfied with tho ex planation offered by tho Karl of Clarendon with regard to the course her Majesty's government had pursued in that matter, and though lie (Mr. Marcy) dooms this explana tion as perfectly settling the question as far as lior Ma jesty's government aro concerned, yot nevertheless, for reasons alleged, the government of the United Slates are not equally satis lied in r"gurd to the course pursued by our Minister at Washington, or the three Consuls at Cin cinnati, Dhtladclphia and New York; and ho had express ed to Mr. lkitlas the Intention of the American govern meat to deliver his passports to Mr. Crainpton. and their exequatur to the Consuls. With regard to the course which her Majesty's government may think it right to take u\sin a matter of such importance, the House will feet that, until I ltave an opportunity of bringing tho full circumstances bel'oro them, 1 cannot answer that ques tion. (Hear.) Mr. naiu.iR wished to ask if tho noble lord was dispos ed to name a day far bringing on the question to which his (Mr. Baillie's) motipn referred? Ho understood tho army estimates were lixed for Monday. Willi that ar rangement he was not disposed to interfere; hut lie wished to ask U the noble lord would tlx a day later in tho week, and if he would lay upon the table the de spatch of Mr. Marcy? Lord I'Ai MKHsros said that was a reasonable accommo dation, ami therefore the honorable member should havo his choice of Monday or Friday. Mr. (iiwon 8uld ho understood tho noble lord to say that Mr. Jinllas had made a communication to Lord Cla rendon with regard to the Central American question, as well as that relating to the recruiting question. He now wished to know whether, in that communication, an answer was given to tho proposal to submit tho Central American question to arbitration? lx>ul I'jiijikkston said it would roquire time to enter into u long detail to give explanations upon that point; hut lie might suy that the general tenor of the conimuai i at ion was that the United States government were of o]union that that question would be better settled by direct negotiation between the two governments. Mr. (iinsnx inquired whether, ill ease direct negotiations failed, the American government refused arbitration? Lord RALMKiuno.v replied that there was uo refusal of arbitration. Mr. IUskaki i expressed a hop* that tho noble lord would place the despatch upon the table buforo tho debate on Mr. Duiltie's motion took p.sce. Izird Palkkkkton replied t nil that would depend upon the manner in which the government might reply to it. The subject tlu-n dropped. lord J. ni ssKLL said?I wish only to Ray a few words iu respect to a statement made by my noble friend at the head ol the government. It appears, from his statement, that her Majesty's Minister at Washington bus been fur nished with his imssports, and desired to leave that coun try; and that Mr. lsillas, who is tho American MluUtcrut tins Court, has been furnished with certain instructions in respect 01 Central America, and lis* been informed that, in regard to certain points, direct negotiations should take piue" between the two countries, and with regard to other point* arbitration should be agreed U|>oii. I do not wish at all to llmi fault with my noble friend for not giving fur ther information, but I do feel that It is a most critical state of alluirs. and that tlds house ought to have some iidoriniitiun. j do n jt propose to ask any questions of my noble frieiid,os he has Stated that the govonimwuthavo not yetdecided upon the c ourse which they intend to adopt; hut! shall think it my duty on Monday text, before the house goes iiiUMommilhe upon tho army estimates, to ask lor some explanation of my noble friend as to the course which the government proposes to pursue. 1 think it is not desirable tiiat the house should require any discussion u|h>u these aubjecta; and although i' U somewhat a surrender of the usual pmdeges of mo house, I might conceive the circumstances were sia.'i iluil all uiaeusatim ami all ex pin nation ought to he avoided. Hid I cannU bid perreire that white (hit hmttr hat kept til-nl upon thaw. subject*, they hare VttH Mceti dp by the. newtpapce*, unit Ihere hart aj> " ; eared in tout* <>J th"*e ne? </?<)?artielet which will pice to America en imprnntm I ujhlji un/aroraJJe to the continuance tfptitt M?wi the Poo cvniriet. (Jf ar, hour.) I am M j>er*iiatlr<l that Ih.t tons. nn<t the whole nation carnally ilfrirr the aoUinuanee nf Ihit potew (hear, hear)?that I think it is tte> t uesirabte tliat my noble (Head liouM, at a* early op|<ortunitr, state tlie mows of the government upon the subject. I shall, therefor*, on Monday ii-xl bo fore the house goon into < lomtuiv of supply on the army estimates, a-k iny noble friend the court*- which the gov erniwnl intend* to ptirsin in ri-?p<s t of M>- Dallas, the American Minister at this Court, and whctle r the propo-al ot America for negotiation- will be eiiU'red upon b> the government of this country. In the House of Common*, on 12th Inst , MrHenim said it would be recollee -tod that an honorable grutleui.iu who ap|?rentiy took great latere*! In the Aun ra an qi. ?? lion, hail put a question to luir. asking w>ial he twie.xlod to do with raqwet to tho notwe whb'h be hail given on the subject of foreign recruitu.-ul. He (Mr. feilbe) w isbed to ask the rigbt honorable gcatiemau ttieti.au eellor of the Exchequer a qwesbon as to the room* of businve* to morrow. He understood that the amy rstt mates were to come on to morrow. Hut the in hie lord at the lead of the go\ eminent had promised him that he would give due notice before lie ?m trtlwlei should be brought on. The quennm which Ike wished to (?ut was, whether tiny would be broi ght on to morrowr The Ciuncmliok or hi* Exniaqi ? * said Mwt It was the Intention ot her Majesty'* government, if the civil service estimate* should be |?ts-eu through, to propose the navy estimate* the Aral tiling to morrow, and, it tine admitted, that the army estimate* should be laiuu afterwards. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Hxiluk said that he should consider that course a breach of faith on the part of Use government. He did not consider that it would be giving torn l.ur Bottom (Hear, hear.) Mr. Duuukij?I am sure that her Majesty 's government do not intend to be gutlly of any brunch ot faith towards my bonornble friend. I think my im|irossion of what took place in the t,ou?o was that there w as an understand lug between my honorable friend and the noble lord the first Minister that sufltcient notice should b? given of the intention ot the government to pro|?ve the vote for tho army estimates, >o order that my honorable fri ud mig it, if he thought lit, call the attention of the bows* to the state of our present relations with the United Mates. It will he in the memory of the howee that I have, oa one or two occasions, addressed questions on tins *ul>j>. t to the noble lord (Viscount t'aitueri-um), who is now absent, and that Ilia ve not received auy precise answer Or talnly, If tho noblo lord were here, I should foot it my duty to address other inquiries to h?r M y -ly's govern Bient, for, although no lurvher arrival* are appareutiy nobbed from the United Mate*, it is a very general preseton that a commanlcatioB of very great imporlaoo* tukf been made on the subject from lh< I ailed -ui. her Mateety'l government. Considering that the imole lord the first Minister la nb*ont, I havo thought it n the jihole, ?oro s'ju\ cmcut that I ?Uuul?l uui wUiwi to*l juration, And I have no doubt that my honor Aide friend who has originated fTrfc* conversation has been very much influenced by the same considerations. I do think mere win an nnder Btiunhng that my honorable friend should have an op portnnlty of bringing t'oi wj.rl tor the consideration of Uie bouse the nature ot our relations with the united States. I did understand that going into Committee of supply ou the artuy estimates would be a very favorable opportunity for that discussion, and 1 did understand that Uie ti.-t minister tiad promised that iliieno.iceshntiid be given o. aoing into the committee of supply. If the government intend to morrow to go Into the committee of supply on ilie army estimates. I, sod I am sure every gentleman in the limine will ea|iect?<1 a que Hon is to be raised with respect to our relation witli the United State*?tint tne girrerumi lit will h>|h>iuI a day for that di*cu?sii>a (M' ar, bear.) The i ha.vciu.iob or tub tx<HKi/rmc aakl ho wat not aware of the ui rnwabdhig to widen tlie right lion gem tlenian had referred ltoi tiorru could be no dlltlo.ilty, lot ti.e arm.. estimates should not Ire talc> n to morrow. Tlie only qwi sinui was whether it WouM be more conve nient to nx tauoi'.a.v or 'Thunui?y. It it would suit tue ?;< uvtmience ui the bouse it wcuKI be better to tlx the army er'iniates tor Moudai Mr l'.sKsgu sshi t'mi must de|HD<< on ti>? answer whleh. the government mi.:lit mako to Uim inquiry, lint, in ttio absence of the n.trie lord, be did not ttunk that it would be convenient to tlx a day 1 be CiiA-n hlioh os tiik KidiBi/t sR?\\ alt events, the army eoiiuiutuH wuuki not be llxed n.r b> naorrirw. Mr. HailiiK wished to state that he did ISA intend to ad here to the terms u< the notice which h? bad given Id consequence ?t the very tuipurUat s'Wib whtwk had, since occunrad. He should alter the terms of tuat uo lice (s soon as a uay was tixod for the army estimates. (Hear, hear.) OPINIONS OP THE ENGLISH PRESS. (f rom t)? l/)ii.|?n InnJune I'j.J We learn oy th<> la-t ml vices from the Pulled States that the dispute bctwi.011 them an I the Knglish govern roeut is rapidly [susing into a stage which will mtv-si tate a sjieedv decision on the whole quell. n We ?re no longer imriuittvil to doubt th .I the guvei u incut uf (ieiwr.il Pierce eoneiners itfoi* compelled by tho exigency of us present position to ir.lth't upon the ministry of Lord Pal merston, and through them upon the British naiioa eomn R't nl' direct tleUaueeand In* liJit> whteh may at uuce vlnuieate to Its auppoitcr* if char*. tcr W spirit nn<l re solntiou, and enlist on its side In ?ii cmi.ii; elections ttn those unsettled and revolution,.ry etcr-nts which exert so powciftll and so injurious .iu Inliueiitc over the turbo lint councils oi the American demo rscy There is, un fortunutely, no longer any doubt that Mr Prampton N to be dismissed; and tUiugll too e\,i. I intelligence of his dismissal has not j"t readied as, we may certainly expect to receive iuftx-mattoo to that effect by the very next arrival. At the same tin.e that our minister is to bo di-inD-ed theexo quutur will be withdrawn from the three t'oiwuls whom the American government considers a* g"'lljr of a viola tion ol its ni.ii.ici|Hal law or aovor-ign rv 'its, or of both. Of tho correctness of this Intelligence wo cannot, un fortunately, pretend to express any manner ??(Mount. The circumstances, however, with win h this decision is attended are well worthy of the m.vt careful cotmnhrn lion. If we are rightly informed, the American govern ment necompnuh' the intimation of it. intents oi to dta miss our Minister ami our P'ousui.- with the ruo-t profuse assurances of good will and res|iect tow im- this country ?assurances tlie sincerity of which would i?j indubitable were they uut attcnucd by acts wbieli harmonize so ill with protestations of rcs|>ect and amity, fhe voice is certainly the voice of Jacob, but the hands are still tho huuds of Ksaii. It has become necessary to the American President and Ids Cabinet to make against Great Britain a demonstration of a decided cha racter, and that demonstration must be made, at what ever cost and at whatever sacrlUce. At tho same timo. the notillcaliou of their intontiou to dumis.i the Minuter and Cnnsiils is accompanied by conciliatory advances which really seem intended as far as (xjs.ible to mitigate the effect oi tlie olietico they are determined to give, riie expulsion of Mr. Ciumpton is no longer, we nolievo, Jus tiUed exclusively on the evidence of the disc rod! tod wit nesses; hut this is continued, as it Is contended, by that of other witnesses, who serve to prop up the diking credit of the original informers; and certai i statement* of Mr. Clayton. Mr. C'rittunden, ar.d other niemburs of ihe Senate, distinctly charging Mr. Crumpton with rwLoiiovu in the version given l>y hun to I/>rd t'luren.iou of convorsations which tad pa-scd between him and tlior.e goulloraou, are also relied 011. Hut tliis is not all. Mr. Dallas, tho present American Minister here, is, wc are assured, armed with tlie fullest powers to negotiato and lhially settle tlie dispuii*s con netted with the Central American quosii.iu; and, if un able to come to an agreement, th- two cout-uotuig tur tles are empowered, without further relereuco to Ameri ca, to refer tlie question to th- arbitration 01' some impnrtUd third person, to he aoieclon by mutual coucur rencc. Tliesc arc, no doubt, great ramce "luiis, and serve, wo think, to shuw that, however dusii..u- In. Am. ri an gov ernment may bo, for their own pu. poses, of iuili-utig ujKin us some signal mark Of their 'li-pieasutv, the?/ iL> not wish to push the joint to such an extremity as s* >w<? forre ttjsnt us an a;/ at to the sword, i iiey only claim tho rigid to dismiss our Minister and Gui-uls. and are wining to oifer us any equivalent ill their power foe so unfriend I) a proceeding. In order that wo may ub-uqu from lis missing Mr. Dallas, they invest him with vast |siwers of negotiation and compromise, such as wo can liardiy ex pec; to obtain from any succeeding Miuisfer. As Isirrt Clarendon wrote to the American l'o\ ei nnijul in t i? mo 1 courteous terms, hut refused tut* concession* wliedi it demanded, so tho American government writ.- t<> Lira Clarendon, in terms equally courteous, but equally Una on the main point of disagreement. What, then, is to be our course in a situation so difficult ami so novel!* Shall we retain Mr. Dallas, because the dismissal of Mr. Crampton lias been accom|?nied by much conciliatory language, onu some real and important concessional* Wo apprehend (his question will h?? h--l answered by another. Has Mr. Cramptou been guilty of sucb mixconduct as authorises the American government in dismissing him summarily and at once from this posi tion as Minister at Washington!* Hio English government must fairly decide for them selves upon the guilt or innocence of their accredited ser vant. In such a decision they are liable to be misled by two very different sets of considerations. The prl.le of consistency, the natural wish to maiutain a position on-o taken up, and the praiseworthy desire to protect the ugent whom they have trusted, all point one way; while tho love of peace and the anxiety to avail themselves ol'tlio proflcrrcd settlement of tho Central American question, tend with equal loree in a contrary direction. All the advice wo can offer is, to weigh tho matter fairly and dis|iassi?u atoly, without fear or favor?to decide ju-tiy and to net resolutely. If Mr. Crampton bo entirely uino cent?if tho charge* preferred against him by tho Am-rl can government be untrue?if in the judgment of his offi cial superiors he still be worthy of their coutl leneo. uo consideration whatever should induce them to submit to tho insult offered them in his person, and to retain at tlie Court of her Majesty the representative of a country which has so far forgotten what D due to tho dignity ot her representative. If, on tho other hand, the American government shall succeed in proving either that Mr, Crampton lias misrepresented tho weight of tlie evidence ngniiist him, or has been guilty of the prevarication charg od upon hiin by Mr. Clayton and Mr. Crittundcn. wo tru. t that no false pride, no unwillingness to admit thopoisi bllit.v of his having been in the wrong, will prevent us from acquiescing in an expulsion which he will then have most richly deserved, though it may have been Indicted for very different purposes than the vindication of nation al honor. IIV are ttrnnt). ant) it it the JiHrdege of strength that it tired ftnoj) to no injustice and no meanness?tho; it nretl fear no misconstruction Jrum yielding to reasonafUe romjilaints, and shun no consequences fnm resisting unreasonable a,jjr,s oiun. [From the I-ondon Post, June 13.J We have rea-on to believe that any doubt which re mained m?m the public inlnd as to the statement which we made ten days ngo. of tho approaching expulsion of Mr. Ciumpton from tho territory of the United .states, la now .It llnitely removed. The United Mates Mlui.iter In lamdon has. wo understand, communicated to her Ma jesty's government the determination of tlie Cabinet of Washington to hold no further diplomatic intercourse with Mr. Crampton, and to withdraw the exequatur from tlie three Consuls who nre alleged to have infringed tho laws of tlie Union. This declaration, we believe we may state, is accompanied by Offers ostensibly conciliatory, inasmuch as Mr. luhua lias received authority, if wo re tain Inm lu re, to treat with full [towers concerning tho questions at issue in Central America, aud in case of non agreement with Lord clarendon, to refer the matter to an arbitrator to bo Jointly agreed upon. Tlie American government has thus. In tho rash cn 1 1.. o ? ut of its is'lii y, taken the dangerous step of in Milling Krgland, accompanying tho outrage by an offer win. h ts intended to bribe us Into qni-t acquiescence. Th*.. Is the real purport ol this act, so conciliatory in appearance, but in appearance only. Substantially it la 1 n" value, because the American government must be well aware tlu.1 it is Impossible for the Cabinet of this . uuiitry to disi ji's any matters with Mr. Dallas whilst Mr. t'rampion is forcibly suspended from his functiona in tho l i lted Mates We maintain that neither this country nor Mr. Cramp P n. in his rapacity of representative of this country, lias .'??lie anything to justify this extreme measure, and we ? aiinot, consistently with what Is due cither to the country or to Mr. Crampton, consent to accept a specific and direct Insult for the sake of a pretended equivalent 111 t'.. luii*' ut the concession of au arbitration of tho (entral American question, which Is a matter standing entirely u]*>n Its merits aud totally unconnected witn Mr Pl impton, or with any of the Aits imputed to htra. Under these circumstances there is hut one course w hteh the country can expect from her Majesty'* govern m.ut. Hie dismissal of Mr. Cratupton roust be followed by the dismissal of Mr. Italia*. [From the Ismdon Post (city article,) June 14.] Tlie Kngli.-h funds, and. indeed, the public securities genet illy, were to day (13thl at lower prices. Consols left oil at '.>4 for tin accouu*., ex dtv. The altered condition of th. market ts lo be attributed U. the more rational view tak.ei to .lay of our diplomatic complications with tho I n t. '! Mates, the serious character ol which was explained U. - m-ming In lUo columns of the Morniny I'ott. The ex treme tail ot the day. in the con ols market, was 14 per cent, and < v?uat tho clc-o of business, as will bo [sir e v.<1 by Utc above figures, things wore uot materially belter. [From tho Ton.Ion Post, Juno 14.] The pnpulat ? >u of Manchester have issued from that great centre of o ?r maaulacturee an appeal to tlio p >opl - oi .< mrrtca, urging lliem, l<v considerations as iutelligibl ? on that a* <u tins side of tho Atlantic, to exert to tbo up most tl? >r Influence and power tn restraining their rul >rs Iron, pursuing to sxtreiuity the hazardous course in m 1 ' h they haie engaged the Uuiled States, and into p la.. U lU) U?v? ant sm rnutiU agamjl Utqlr utUliiAhuo, tug Cerement of fllta country. The pooy""1* Maacfceeter _ e snrt think that the present danger.ou? position of afttrrfi in the result rather of mistake than ?f dealer We trust they may be right. 11 the present e^ntanglermu^ which certainly in no sr/mll degree boars the .appcarsaee of a knot to be cut onty with the sword, be indeed M more than a complication of accident, patience and tor bcarance way unravel it without breaking an/ of the/ lira which connect us with the groat soctiou of oh r race which occupies the moat Important port of the Western world. But is this eV la the pnwent position of the relatkmn between the twYOOOBtrtca no mure than the result of n Iblbe step on the*part of u jio'it.. mo uiixiouH to obtesat a new lease of power, ami clt'ixuwunt for succors, at Mjl in hie own belief, updn rhe ImpidbM of a Homing noJ ady ventnrrns populatVu, ever slnitucag after (Vbsrti objt>*ta, and sri-ftlng tor new oSbitferoents? Is tile w-mllt olfurodT SW this kingdom, in the person of Mr. ^rumptou. only of tttw* same character as a 'lll.-:ln,is speech of an election ory tea.' Kngland, and intend ol to tmv? no more aonsequenoelf Or Is it part of a i.atl-mas policy -ti&t lira been deli -? borately determined ujsm, and is- to bo resolutely' rarried oat? Of w hiclt' oi these ndtbrimtiwea Is the ? course taken with regard to our Minister at Wash ington rtidWativeV If rr& had no other means af terming a judgment thitri? surh as 11?o alterdod by the hot singular conununitnion whie.it' we yesterday announced that our govt iriswnt bad MMtvad from the Vnitod- Mates, wo should have lie hesitation la aserrtiiug PresslenWterue's r.ratuet to no :i?rtter motive than ihueot obtaining an instrument for eXrttiugat home a strcwg iiepular emotion, out of which he mis to (Mk the raw national for the mrantacturc oi* jsrMBeal tat ItnsliiiM. a -vary lepiehunsiUVu an A unitruiutpiod step, haft oue which we rbould hope no uatlen worthy .if the naaae. Oi ol self government, would be s? foolish, mo '.Wind, aM so iiKonsitiernte oh to follow till it led them hwe to (bee, without the power of retreat with act tail war. It requires some consideration to* perceive tout}' what is the real position, at this moment, of. the twr? govern ments iu relation to each other. Ueneral i'iercc, by the communications which he lias tacked t? the expalsioa of Mr. Crampton, has contrived ingeniously, probaMy with a particular design to envelope the subject in something of a mist. Ho suspends, abruptly, the t auctions of our Minister at the seat of the government df the United Mates ; sends him, Iu plain English, about his business, as a person unfit to hold intercourse with. That is a simple and perfectly intelligible proceed ing. Every nation knows what such a step, taken by one ol lao countries, between whom there are matters iu dis pute means, and what course it forces upon the otiiar coun try in return. Hie simple dismissal or the Miuisterof Eng land would force ujion Kngland a reciproikty of. treatment as regards the Minister of the Uuilod States in London; and then would en-iio, not necessarily war, bat aeuspensiaB ol amicahli rotation* more likely to lead to that i .sue than any other. Hut President J'turce does not'do this. Me does not, ran* phrasea,send us back our Minister, bet >Ue sonde us back Mr. Crampton, accompanying the intimation of hta line iug done so with a ileal of conciliatory phraseology, and the information that he liud given to lus own Minister at the Court of Londun?the very muu whom lvc teoewa tha usages of all uathitis from time immemorial compel us Is dismiss from England, as ho has dismissed tha British Minister from ihu United status?unusually maple powers nmt extraordinary discretion to settle with oor goeera mcnt not only the matters in dispute with rerrord to tha dismissal of Mr. Ciampton, but ilie other and more tat. )x.iunt questions at issue between the two couatrleaftft Central America. Thisproceeding comes to Just this:?President Plena say s, Iton't take it ill that I send your Ministar back kr disgrace, nmt against your will. I am obliged to-do it fla particular reason.-!. 1 know it is a gross insult, and oaa which you cannot well pocket without- losing casta amongst nations; hut do pocket It, accept it, ana I wll give you something that shall moke up for it Keep my Minister, and I will invest him with a new character. He sliall be turned' into a special Pleiil|H-U-ntiery, with powers to agree to your propositi* as to the mode of settling our disputes with regard to tha Clayton-Bulwer treaty. Now, what does this amount Mf It amounts to Just this: If we will accept the atfiont of fered us. and enuble President. Pierce to create a political capital for his < wn aggrandisement, by inducing an Im prerston among tils turbulent constituents that he haa succeeded in bullyiug the "tarnation Britishers," he wilt assent to propositions which claim and deserve asoaaft upon their own merits, and Independent of any otheroom shlcrations whatever. Then comes the question?and a very grave and lift* portent question it is : Is It right as a nuAtcr or principle, or wise as a question of national policy, that we should accept such a priqiosition as this? We are far too old ? country , and hold a ]Misitt< n among m tic as far too emi nent. to make it necessary for us to engage iu q uarrel for the vindication of our dignity t very time some vain or irritable neighbor may attack it in a moment of pel uiance; but tite mutter nssumes a diltereut aspect when there is re? to believe that nllruiit or violence is eU'ored to us with ? view to nuking submission on our purl subserve the uavauccment oi large dwigus injurious t-j our p? litical (Mi. ilion in tbe world, and intended, as well * calculated, to interfere with our commercial pro gress. We Tear lliat, mixed up with and behind what It taken by many to bo a mere electa* movemeuient. there is a deliberate and choriiihod policy, and Hut it is conceived that if we can be cajoled ur frightened into a quiet acceptance 01 i're?ideal Pierce's expulsion ol our Mine-tor, our submission may ha made use of bo lass to nsstraiise our Influence and do stroy the prestige ot our lume in Central and perhaps la Norilii-in Atactica, tluu to advance the interestt of Mr. I ierco miti Ins stipi<orter? in regar . to the coming elee lions. The ambitinu ol the Anion. an peo;de is buualieas: slid then de-ire to give uh the go by, iu both couimo-'ciai greatnessutui |ioliticst |>uwer, amoautn ton uiaunoss. IT* repeal of our navigation laws, ami lb- op.-uiug to theoa of the trade of the I A- teru -ens ho.- given an immense impulse to this feeling. Ever stuce 1349 they have but* o\ci hauling iih fa-t in the carrying trade for the long voyages?ti.anks t?> our eoooe*sinus and their rigidly n.iniiiaiiiert restrictions?and they enterlaiu the-trongeel conviction Hut il they could obtain possession of Central America, and es|ie< iully of Sin -limn, which, situated aft the mouth ot the river of the same name, commands tha i niy Atlantic tei minattoo for no inter oceanic communlea rn m, they should be enabled to control and monopolies the entire commerce of the East. They are bent upa* obtaining supremacy in the Pacific, and tliuy regard tha annexation oi Hie entire terrltory'of Central America aa the true are only means of accomplishing Uieir cherished design. This-o wli<> regard the expedition of Walker as a mere occidental overflowing of a loose and mobile population, we. we are convinced, quite mistaken. It h, wo boUeio, whatever appearance contingent oi rouse stances may girt it. a tmrtioii put in action of n well considered, and long cut-rtamed policy. Our spaea ? will not permit us now to give extracts from tt, baft we would recommend anybody who eutortauu douMa upon this point to read carefully tlie able work upon Central America which was published in IMS by Mr. Squier. the gentleman who succeeded Mr. Htete of whom we have heard so much lately as Charge d'Af fuirs to the republics iu that part of the Western world. The policy advocated by Mr. Squier has been consistently acted upon ever since, and is pertinaciously attempted ta lie enforced now?a circumstance which is entitled te great weight, ard to a large place in the ronsidei which we may bring to bear u|x>u the jsrfuts at l.iaue I tweea the two (evetaMaaftii ead win ataelbei fully taken into account in delermtatug with what klad of sii-iprocity wo shall moct the measure of Mr. l'reeidaaft P'.crce. [From the London Times, Jtinc 14.] ir tlioro over waa an occasion on whit tt the boldeal might wish to be silent, Ibis when on the eve of a coQl ? lon between two worlds, and, what Is worse, two pea pie.- ot ttio same race and ton true, there arrives a ntea -nge of the |rrarest I n>|mrt, which most be replied to, vet whieh admits ofnosuiiplenii.il otirletent < "n-tru?:tion w? I.are no reason to beucvo that there exists any private ilue to the enigma with whtoii Ante, lean diplomacy te trying the Ingenuity and the eueratre ot our suu-smea. ihe' .American government takes the very strong act eF d lain lacing onr Miiu-ter and three CbneuU lty the atda ? >t this ftrong art tt has sent v hat la den rihed as a mget luocillatrry document, cxpr. s ixig itself fully aatta lied with the course tnk-ti by the British |r rnntnl ltd hoping that Ihe ili-nos-al of the Minister iet i ensuls will not be taken amiss. If tlm -t-<mia at was lor one thing, and the aeeoin pany mg oirtUtiee lor another?If there were only a difference of inoc be I ween an net and a document thai hap,lened ti l>? roa tt mimrnnenuR, that at least would bo intctnglhlo. Rnlthey are u|Miti the sumo subject. Tlie American government hae always maintained that our gi vcrnment ha.; been itnpa ? ntcii in the proceeding? ot its minister* and consul*. If it bus now given up that charge, this la the first time, and, without the document before us. we are at a toe* to imagine In what words It boa done this Bui. whatever those words, by whatever contrivance of cows bay it acquits our government of the chaxgo. It Is irapoa slble to disguise the fact that the dismissal of the Mimakss and the consuls it) the actual reply to tlm* explanations ai our government, the actual result of the mmlrovuny, ml the thing which the American goverumout ail alee# tlircnleriW and we d? predated As lor lite eftect or tee world at large, not only upon the great theatre of nation*, hut, what is more important, the two people* tmnieihuWily concerned, an act must have inllniwiy more weight Utah ?n> quni.tity ot words. It Is a very old and familiar say ing that sp( < ch makes small Impression compared with a .- tariling spectacle But In thin case we aro not even al lowed to suppose that the American goveruneat bna ou conciliation very much at heart as a final otyoct. It ta ? far more natural construction of ibis' double policy thai it wishes to |H>rsuade us into suite ring an insult It wishes to dismiss our representatives, and so ink* a verdict in its fhvor, without any inconvenient consequences It would assumo the power to boast thai it hud done to us what wo ventured not In do in return. Ihit that is not the whole of the complication. Together with on act of insult, ami words deprecatory of our re sentment, there arrives also it communication ottering a prr?|iect of settling our Contral Amerieau difference*, 'aud assenting to our proposed arbitration. Thus, amid courtesies nnd hopes, there is a sort of lure held out thai If wo will tftke a defeat upon one question we way pan tdbly obtain a settletm nt upon the other. W hint otto has to encounter strange, unintelligible, rjg oompromising conduct, ono has to cliooso commonly m tweeu two ways of meeting it. The tlrst recommend IV sc if on the score of discretion, nnd even charity, it || that we should attempt to make the best of it, to'ijopelbr the best, to do for the best; that we should yield and com ply If wo pos.iibly can ; that we (hogild look for any loophole to escat>o from an Impossible position, and strike a bargain In which we must not cx]>ect to have entirely o.ir own way. No doubt such u course Is often possible and wise, but tt Is never safe, unless it comes In the for m of a comprehen sive offer, or from some one qualified, to make such an of fer and conclude upon It; or on Borjo occasion In which ak the questions, at issue may bu reviewed and decided. In the prrHent Instance wo nee nothing at alt but a move as in a game of chess, where the player Committed to nothing but the move, and ?YV/ bui'Hoquenl (top In Uw farno ta left t%