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M.W YORK HERALD.
J A VI K 8 GORDO If BBBH1TT, EDITOR AND FROPRIKTOR. ?FilCi N. W. COKNtH or NASSAU a>d fcltoh ST3. T turns, ajtk *1 o<ft?i*.v rwr /'?<?'/ r HthALP neo tmuptrem. 9! ptr annul 77/r n r r kl r iikj.ai ?i.?? .w?n?if , .u -u *ni? p<* Ki nr IkSf? r umw, tA/- Ji.ropwm ciiinot. I(WT unnumto an. j...? n'frnu /.??*?? ?M fth> oni |j?r? (V rtmtiiwnl, t-oth tp U ' te.if Tii f t'AM I T BT.RALZ >, ?-frv at fow ctnttptr ?nj-t - LK^ i^r.ME\T8 rr-timl rn+ry >n i I i il? nil hi m> i *? *?im Him.*, Family Hbbaij), in (A? mi Aunyxan A< Uteri*. Volume XXTI No, 343 ?MUb&MKNTA THIS KVHMNG. RR^APWAT TITRATRK, Bri>*dw?T ? BacbblOB or AlTI ? FaTTEB VE. CLATTBB? WaXDBBISO MlBBTREL lHRIiO'l) OARDFN, Rroadway ? Oodewsbi? Tobdb Tem TV I 1 ABTVIHLBB OF HuBBAA IWWKKT TTIKATRR, Bowery? R4CUTB1A* AND OrH TIC F B/.T* - Ml? KIT or Madbid. BrRTON'S THRATRR. Broadway. opposite Bond ftreet? Faku? asb Lo?i"Oii? Bbkto*'* New Yobk DiKiaoir. WALLACE'S THK ATRK, Broadway ? Bachelor or ABTt ?Tub Iittieible Bbsbakd. T.ACRA EKBNR'S THEATRE, Broadway? Tub Ska or 111. OB a Muthxk'i Pbaykk. ? AULR'fi JUVENILE COMEDIANS, 444 Rr?a<tway-Ai. USE Ma1I>? r>AT \kTKB TMt FaIR? SlBGIMi, DaNCIMO, At'. BARNTUrS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Rpoa.1 way? AfW tumn ? Lvob'k ik a Name ? Family ,'ahs. Eveaing, Our V*>C?TBT'S fcilSEWS. WOOD'S RU11.D1NOS. B61 and MS Broadway.? Obobob CnKUTT A A'OOD'i MlKETkEt.*? Dog* IN THB I> Xi DATS. KRCHANICS' HALL. <72 Broi?1 way-Bur aht's Mikstbklb ? Kthiotuk Sokgs ? I'ictcrb Uaixbbt, Ac. NATIONAL CIRCUS SW Bowery? Eqpeijtria* FbatS? O t UN AJ4T1C K XEROSES. AC % KVriRK HAU> W Broadway? PAlwmrM IiJ-trrniiTiTB Or THE M.AAB KlI-BPITIOII. AC. 5tw York, Sunday, November '43, 1857. The New*. We arc inforn-.i d by the Post Office authorities that the steamer Adriatic will sail at twelve o'clock to day . and Unit jiu extra mail w ill be made up at halt past ten o'clock. The same statement was made to our reporter, at the Collins dock, foot of Canal street. We have four days later and highly important n. ws from Lurope. received by the steamship Atlan tic, which left Liverpool on the evening of the 11th iiL-t. and arrived at this port early last evening. The effe t of the financial crash in the United States was being severely felt in lire it Britain and on the Conti nent. On the 9th iust. the Rank of England raised ;ts rate of discount from nine to ten per cent. The Bank of Prance had increased its rate to eight per cent. At these rates the demand for money was un tLsu&lly active, and consols had advanced to 89j a 89'. There hail been quite a numlier of commercial failures, among them the Western Hank of Scotland aad the olJ established house of Dcnnistonn & Co., uf <5!isgow. The bank had nearly one hundred branches in Scotland, and 1 ^nnistoun A* Co. had conn< ctions in all parts of the world. The liabilities <?f the J?eni;istouns amonnt to two million of dollars. The immediate cause of the failure of this house was the non receipt of remittances from the United States. We have the following list of suspensions: ? lKun>touL> A r omiwny Glasgow. vr?*>rn Hiiuk of Scotland uia-guw. Jawj b Foot & Son? iAndon. l^nooch, Twrntyman k Rigg I^>n<lon. Bradwuv k Barclay I-onJon. John Munrc a Co Paris. Hr>?p aWUhaaifion Uvcrpool. Wi-Hsr' GuilerWamp Am.-terda.rn liabrorlc A Co I.lrerpool. Henry I'u'.ilb A Co Ijverpool. lo American securities business wn limited, and 1 the tendency of prices was downward. At Liver pool the cotton market wan almost at a stand still, while price* had fallen one cent per pound. Bread #tuffl? were lower, with every symptom of a farther decline. There wo* also a considerable fall in aug ar. A fortnight's later news has been received from India. The intelligence of the fall of Delhi is con firmed. Hie H. iti-h obtained entire possession of the city on the Vlst ol September, buljsequently. the fugitive king, his principal wife, and son*, were captured. The life of the old monarch, who is re ported to be nearly ninety yrar? of ago, with that of h'J* wife, was spared. but his sons were executed. In the assault on lH-lhi the British had sixty-one officer* and eleven hundred soldiers killed and wounded, funeral Havelock had relieved Lacknow just as the besiegers were about to blow it up. Some adJitirmal attempts at rebellion in the Bombay Pres idency and other places were promptly suppressed. Tfce revolt was considered a* nearly at an end. There is nothing rf political interest from France. Tie family of the la-t King of the French, resident in Kngiand, had sustained a loss in the demise of the l>u<.he?a dt> Numoura. We also have to record the death of the InliuiUi Amalia, wife of Don Sebastian and sister of the Duchess ol Tuscany. A new Cabinet had been formed in Belgium. It wa? composed of liberals. Our correspondent at Nassau, N. P., writing on the Kh instant, say*: ? The bark Irma, from St. Thomas for Philadelphia, pnt in here a few days since in dis tress. She it pain d and sails to-day for her port of destination. The weather here is very fine, the gene ral health rood . and the crops promise well. Business never was better, mainly on account of American, English. French and Spanish shifts of war continually passing and npas?ing among us, and frequently their officer- land and infuse cheerfulness and diffuse money mast liberally for everything we can supply. AdvhM from East Harlsir, Turks 1.- lauds, to the 31st ult., sny:? If ve?ei?do not arrive soon with provisions we *hall see a famine, as there is not more than two week* provisions on the island. Then: i* lut little waUr to be obtained. There is more halt ii. w at this harbor than has been known for several neasr ns. Anhbishop Hughes delivered a lecture last even ing for the benefit of the fund of the Free School S cuty attached to St. James church. The receipts um<* nted toaabout .ifteen hundred dollars. About six o'clock ye^tenlay morning a fire broke Mit m the store of Bucklin A Crane, importers of teas, No. HO Front street. The stock was entirely f -nsumed, together with fart ef the building. The low is estimated at 76.0t>0; fully covered by insur ance in city offices. The arnexed table ?hows the temperature of the atm'ispherr in this city dnring the |?ast week, the ranire of the (urometer, the variation of wind Currents, and the ftate of the weather, at three i pericsis dnnntf 1 ? : at !? A. M, and 3 and I t- o'clock P M. : | ? r # i : >i u,wjr. 11 "V - 'J ? .SM4.M* W, IB , . 4. . w n s w 14s n w 141 W p! *>Tf i.v. ?i 79 SA V ?l H ,3U U !? W t w M s >v Ml.W 4-jK W w w !o lu Mnnm. PaUr<tay? M<iraibg, ovarcaet, aft ernooo, cloudy and M ntrht rt lit f ,>ur? ''tear M <)ay night ateur and eold > ? *r? m ru.nu, ourcast: afternoon, ra.n, right, : V ??lS. i <1**r and pkasanttfli^. ?) - 4 loudy ail '1?_s ?v.?< . ??r and Vara afV 'noon, cloudy |"?I , WHU l.yM m I 1 *r *0" "" sll <1*j mill ii < tear aii'i told. Th< . ?<? M.tV. . 'pan 'g'l g's?d im|>ort< d at the port of '!? week ending 5f>th Inst amonnted ?li"*ing an in cease of 940G.163 a* 1 tl,? 1 f>rre?pf nding week in 1>%R. ^ O' k Bible ;-k* kt j held it? anniversary I , .i^L't m t;ing, in I*. Alexander's rhnn h, ccrittr U I'iTtb atevue ^uicUvBtb ?tr\vU IU animal report was read. It shown that the receipts of the.pA*t year have betu $18,700 -a diminution ax compared with previous years. The society has, however, been able to meet all its engagements, uud donate SI .000 to the American Bible Society. Under the appropriate head will be found. th particulars of several new outrages committed by our city ruffians. An officer of the Ninth Ward named Horatio Sanger was so cruelly beaten by rowdies while in the discharge of his. duty on Sunday morning that his life is despaired of. Anothor po liceman in the Fourth ward was assaulted by a gang of thieves whom he surprised, and was left by them for dead. In several oyster saloons there was furious fights, growing out of the habit so common among rowdies of eating and drinking in those places and then refusing to pay their score. Two men were ar rested yesterday charged with being the parties who attempted to assault Dr. A. B. Mott. lite sales of cotton ou Saturday were quite limited, and prices depressed and unsettled. The stock continued to be very light. Owing to the high wind on the river, no tow was In, and the receipts of Hour were confined to about 11,400 bbl.H. There continued to be a good local and export demand for the article, and prices closed at an a AWMoe of 6 to 10 cents per barrel, especially on shipping brands. Sales were made to a fair extent. Tho ^receipt* of wheat embraced only l,f?00 bushels, whilst the sales era braced about 30,000 bushels, considerable portions of which embraced Western spring cargoes, at $1, with Hilwaukie club at $1 08. and v. hite Canadian at tl 25 No receipts of corn by canal and river were reported, while light sales of Western mixed were made at 80c. a 83c. , from rtore and delivered, l'ork was inactive, with mo derate sales of mess at $19 37 a $10 60, and prime at 917. Beef was dull for country and repacked Western, while a considerable sale of Chicago prime mess was reported at $22 60. Sugars were in fair demand at the recent decline, with sales of about 830 bhds. Cuba muscovados, part in bond for export and part for refining, and the balance grocery goods, at pretty much within the range of the previous day's quotations. In coflt-e the chief movement conr isted of the sale of the cargo of the Sprite, embracing 2,760 bogs of Rio. on speculation an<1 on private terms. Freight engagements to Knglish ports were moderate and rates without change of moment; to Bremen. 300 hhda. sugar were engaged at 35s. and 200 tierces rice at 30s.; to Rotterdam, 200 hhds molasses, ai3'tc. per gallon, and 1,000 barrels rosin at 3s. 6d. Rates to Havre were with out alteration. The IVfwi from Kn gland ? The Financial Crisis In Europe. The tenor of the financial advices from Europe by the steamship Atlantic will not cause much surprise among those who have seriously re flected upon the sensitive ramifications of com merce all over the world, and drawn a logical deduction from the events of the past three months among ourselves. But the course which affairs are taking in England is one that may reproduce some of the evils which wc had hoped w< ;*e past for our mercantile community. It will be seen, by reference to our news co lumns, that theBank of England had again raised the rate of interest, which now stands at the un- I precedented point of ten per cent. The object of this was to so far diminish the prolit on the ex port of gold as to stop the drain for this coun try. which threatened to exhaust the coffers of the bank. This rise in the rate, however, had not had the slightest effect in diminishing the call? for discount, and the London Tinus accuses the merchants of a desire to over-provide for their wants and thus increase the general dis tress. The increasing pressure had brought up again the question of the bank charter and the currency system, and this subject had given rise to a lively discussion between the Tmm and the Chromclt- The latter insist* upon it that the present charter of the bank is a great evil, and will Ik: productive of much greater distress than has yet been experienced, while, it argues, an unrestricted paper currency would meet and relieve the wants of trade. The Western Bank of Scotland ? a large estab lishment. with something like a hundred agen cies in different parts of the kingdom? had stopped payment. It turns out to have been the Ohio Life and Trust Company of Great Britain, and it is alleged that the primary cause of its disasters was an agency it had in New 1 oik, which had made large advances upon the same class of securities as those which swallowed up the asw-ts of the great concern which was first to fall in our late distress. But the event which will Ik- most severely felt in this country is the failure of the Dennis touns. This house, having its head at Glasgow, had branches in Loudon, Liverpool. New ^ ork. New Orleans and Melbourne. The latter house, it is said, will not be affected. Upon the others, the liabilities, which are said to reach ten millions of dollars, | will fall heavily. The acceptances which this house and other bankers in England connected with this country will send back will be se v< rely felt here in the present state of unes tablished mercantile confidence, and may pro dace further failures, both here and in Eng land. It will, In fact, amount to a wiping out of a large sum which the British manufacturers counted upon receiving from this side. A similar ??fleet had been produced npon the first class securities in England to what was ex hibited here in the earlier part of our pressure, i Fir?t cia** securities were re?ch sought after, and consols had tranced. In trade the result was quite the reverse. Cotton bad declined one cent a pound ,tn four days; the sMk trade wafc almost stopped; sugar experienced a large de cline; whf at, iron and other staples were feel ing severely ffie advance in the rate of interest, and crfifldence had almost entirely disappeared among commercial men. From the Continent the ud vices were almost equally unfavorable; and as the price of gold was higher in London , than in Paris and Hamburg, the effect of this, and the general untoward state of affairs, were contemplated with gnat anxiety. The Mission of Mir William (Jorr Ou<w l< > . The accounts that come to u? from England in regard to the mission of >ir Wm. Gore Ou*e ley do not agree entirely with those which wc receive from Washington. When the appointment of this gentleman first l>ecame known, our Washington correspondents advised us that be was to go to Central Ameri ca. but would stop at Washington to consult with Lord Napier, and to learn the views of our government in regard to Central Am-riouu affslrs. Hut an article from the London 7Wj?, which wr published on Saturday, and one from thi London /W. which we print to-day, both <li tirutly assert that the mission of Mr. Ouseley j? I to Wa=hington. and that the chief subject for dis< ussion is "the interpretation to be put upon j the Clayton-Bnlwer treaty.'' Were this the a* ?ertion of the 7 W# alone wc should suppose 'hat it had tieen mista tainted, or had committed a misadvertence. Followed op a* it l- by i|.<. />tMj which is the recognized or p.in of Balmerston. there is no room or either of these supposition*; and as neither of the journals allude In any way lo this gentleman's proceeding any further than Washington, it would s.?m .. though Mr. Ouseley w as accredited dir.. tlv to the govern ment at Washington a? a special Minister. Apart fr<>m th> re l?ing no known reason whv ??Ui h a course should be pursued toward the |?rv*ut representative of the British govern nwnt Lore, who has given proof of marked di plomatic ability, we have good reason to know that Mr. Oust ley will proceed to Central Ame rica, ai d that be visits Washington for the ex press j urpt-^e of learning the policy which Mr. Buchaiiun intends to pumie in regard to the Central American questions. The London jour nals above referred to both acknowledge that the Clayton-Bulwer treaty is an obstacle in the path of both British and American diplomacy, and advocate that there should be mutual con cessions in favor of the cause of peace and har mony. We have discussed this question too thoroughly and too frequently to enter upon it now; and if Mr. Ouseley has instructions on that point, the best thing he can do is to con sent to its abrogation at once. The very j "I icy of that treaty is offensive to our people. ?ud no mending of it will avail. Whatever may be decided upon at Washing ton. the new British Minister to Central Ameri ca has another difficulty in his path. The Bay Islands treaty, about which so much was said some months ago, has been rejected by Hondu ras, and very rightfully, too, as infringing her national sovereignty, being nothing more than an attempt to get her to take back-, with onerous conditions, a part of her territory, which was taken from her without the slightest | foundation in reason. There are two point* in the aticles from the Times and Poti which we are glad to see: First, the recognition of the fact that there is room for concession in regard to the Clayton-Bulwer treaty; and, second, the acknowledgment of the l'act that while irom their contiguity to us and our great interoceanic transit, the ques tions attending the Isthmus routeB of Amcrica it re of great interest to our people, they have very small import to those of England. This is the ground of our position, advocating that the government of the United States shall take the lead in the policy to be pursued toward the petty Central American States by the leading Powers of the world; aud the sooner British statesmen come to recognise this fact the more will it satisfy the people of both countries, and conduce to harmony between us. The City Klnanrra? Extravagant Riptiiill. (urn by the Governor* of the Almshouse. We publish eleewhore a detailed statement of the expenditures of the Governors of the Alms house since the Board was constituted. We have given the statistics for the past nine years, com piled from official sources, and we recommend tbe document to the careful perusal of every tax payer in the city. The issue that is made by (he opponents of the present chief magistrate of the city is founded upon statements that he is u sponsible for the heavy and constantly in creasing burtlin of taxution under which we labor. They promise, if Mr. Wood is beaten and Mr. Tiemann elected, a sort of political and so cial millenium, when the Comptroller shall have plenty of money, while the taxes arc to be ma terially lessened. They hare gathered together the odds and ends of all parties, and the hybrid organization is led and engineered by a number of old political hacks, who have always worked with the spoilsmen of Al bany in their laudable endeavors to deplete the city treasury. All the measures adopted by the Legislature have had only this result ? to in crease our taxes, and give places to broken down politicians who have lieen repudiated by the public voice over and over again. The last Legislature cut out jobs to the amount of over two millions, and now the originators of these schemes coolly turn about and tell the people that it is Mayor Wood who is responsible for all. Each of these jobs has been placed in the bands of a commission appointed by the central power, and each commission is entirely irrc fponsible to any authority in the city. Let u- take, for example, the case of the Ten Governors of the Almshouse, who have the care j of all the city institutions, and may expend as much money as they choose, without being called to account for it l>y tbe representatives of the people ? tbe Mayor and the Common Council. It will be seen by the figures that in eight years, when there has been only three per cent iuma-o of pauperism, the expenditures have increased from $403.1107 H.I per year to $718,800 ? which, with an old debt of $125,000, which is charged upon this year's expenditure, make an increase of one hundred per cent. This bids fair to lie still further increased by extra appropriations, ostensibly for the relief Of the out-door poor; ami we faall not got ? fT this year for any sum much below a million. This increase is partially the fault of the sys tem by which the Board was constituted, but the Governors are still very much to Is- blamed ; and although they render no account of their stewardship to the Corporation, they have a long one to settle with the people. They have made all sorts of building jobs for their friends, and wasted the public money in the most shame ful manner. What possible excuse can they make for a leak through which nearly half a million of dollars runs through their bands every year? How can they defend t heir j>ri\ ate junketings, which cost ten thousand dollars per annum? Were^hey placed in their positions to Iiccome ? legant paupers and feed at tbe public expense? For paupers they are wh?>n th?*y cat the btend of the destitute, and that bread bought with the public money. These facts In-ing well understood, mark the inconsistency of the so-call^l reform party who put up as ? candidate for the Mayoralty one of th? -?e very Governors of the Aim- House. Mr. Tiemann ha* l?ecn for thrpe years a nr-mber of this precious Board, and during those three years the expenditures have Iwen incr asing in a far greater ratio than the increase of pau perism. If he honestly desired to reform the government and reduce the taxation ? if he pos h swd the ability and integrity claimed for bim by his supporters why did he not display tho=e qualities in this very inviting field? The lead 'ng journals have frequently call- d attention to the enormous incr? use in the expenditures of this Board, as well as the Board of Education, which will cost us. twelve hundred thousand dollars thi" year. The phibieophcrs and re formers of Wall street cau?ed these Irresponsi ble liodies to be created why do they not con trol them for the public good? Their candi date for Mayor has been in a position to resist the increase in the expenses on accouut of tbe public institution, but he has never done so. Is it likely that such a man will use the little pow er Mill b left to the Mayor to the advantage of the public T Mr. Wood certainly cannot be held responsl ble for the increase in the tax levy; the reform l^islators have left bim no power whatever over the matter. Mr. Tiemann. however, had the power, and did not see fit to exercise it. The unblushing Impndenc" of the men who really brought all tbi* load of taxation upon us, rthd now desire to shift tbe Infamy of their acts from their own shoulders. or to dodge the issue alto- j gether by abusing the Mayor, is something alto- | getber unparalleled. There in certainly uo hope | of any reform in the rity government if they j succeed in grasping the reigns of power. Thr Frightful IiwrritM of Crime In our City, and It* Causes. The increase of crime in thismctropq}is with in the hud few weeks has been perfectly ap palling. The worst exaggerations of Kansas border ruffianism in its worst days fall short of the horrid realities daily and nightly tran:? piring in the midst of this community. Our streets literally swarm with savages, and their ferocities are only exceeded by those of the j S< p? y> at Cawnpore and Delhi. The young <rii l and the poor old woman, reduced by sick ness and the infirmities of age to the verge of the grave, fall alike the victims to our city trained Apaches; and our half grown tiger cubs, who have turned to the profession of garroting, pounce alike upon any lonely . passenger pro mising the trophy of a pocketbook, a watch or a breast pin. The infamous dons and stews of all sorts which undermine our city like the rat warrens of a granary, appear to have turned loose their murderers, robbers and vagabonds of every description into the streets, as for a grand carnival of crime. The details of their latest operations occupied over a page of the news columns of yesterday's IIkkald. Neither San Francisco, when driven to the revolution ary necessity of a vigilance committee, nor Vicksburg, when reduced to the alternative of stringing up its impudent gamblers like her rings in the sun, suffered a tithe of what we are now suffering from that rampant ruffianism which delta* our authorities and our laws. In view of these swarms of reckless savages and their fearful excesses of crime, the question still recurs ? What are the causes which have produced these deplorable effects? There are various causes, and they embrace the mistakes of our judicial system, the weakness of most of our judicial tribunals, electioneering influences, and the mischievous tampering of the last Sew ard Legislature . with our municipal affairs. These are among the causes which underlie the whole catalogue of our abounding crimes and criminals. There can be no doubt that this financial pressure in various ways has operated to cut off the supplies of our loose vagabonds of all sorts, who flourish upon the wastages and extravagances of " flush times," and that thus these gleaners and scavengers of a luxuri ous city have been reduced to the most despe rate expedients to "raise the wind." This cause, however, like the rain or the heat which deve lopes a rank grow th of weeds, does not reach the seeds of the disease. They are in the ground, and they are the causes which it is now our purpose briefly to consider. First ? The disorganization of our municipal affairs by the late Seward Legislature. Mayor Wood had organized and drilled an efficient police force. True, there were some garrotings last winter; but the severe and summary pun ishments inflicted by Judge Russell upon the offenders caught and convicted, soon put a stop to the business. But with the appointment of our Metropolitan Police Board, and the dis charge of the efficient police corps of the Mayor, our city first became a scene of riots and blood shed on a large scale, and recently it has be come a scene of miscellaneous criminal offences without a precedent in the history of any city this side of Mexico. The Police Board, blocked and locked upon party questions, has done little or nothing except to give us a force of some eight hundred comparatively raw and incompetent policeman when two thousand eflective men would not be a man too many for I the necessities of the city. Secoudly? The inefficiency of our criminal court* contributes largely to tho increase of our stock of murderers, robbers, garroters and all sort* of vagaltonds. This inefficiency arises from the present false system of electing the Judges of our courts. Thus, holding their offices more or letw subject to tho ruffian influence* which are sure to l>e brought to bear upou such elec tions. our criminal Judges, we fear, have too much adopted the saving clau^c of winking at ?mall and great offenders, and giving them tho benefit of every possible quibble and trick of the shyster. A year or two ugi?, under the energet'c supervision of Mayor Wood, a gang of detected gamblers wore brought up before Judge Sinit'i (our present iudiguant Recorder) for trial, and the quirks and quibbles upon which this learned Judge permitted these gentry to ?lip through tho flnirer-i of m-tice are too well known to need a more partieular sp?ciflcatlon. The electioneering influences to which we may attribute the impunity with which our rogues and rascals of all degrees slip through tho meshes of the law. will also, perhaps, to some extent, account for the fifteen hundred or two thousand untried criminal indictments stowed aw.iy in the pigeon holes of the District Attor ney V offlee. In Jndi'e Russell we have a worthy excep tion to thi? general rule of judicial weakness. The convicted criminallKfore his court mect-t with his just desert*, and this Judge, posseting the requisite luck bone, makes very short work of murderers, garroters. thieves a.id convicted ruffians of every degree. A half doien such Judw would do a great deal to transfer the nn? of criminals now at large in our streets to the scaffold, to Sing Hing. the island or the J Tombs. And yet among our Fourierites, so- I eialists. and silly old fogies. Judge ltu**?ol| ha-< Is en scarcely lesx abused, villificd and slander ed than Mayor Wood. And here, in such vile abuse a> that poured out np<>n the Mayor, in which he is d"nounccd as "a thief," "? forger, ' "a swindler." "a scoundrel," "a robber" and "a liar," we have another cause for the brazen faced impudence of our unpunished criminals. They say. "look at the newspapers, and you will see that the Mayor, all the city offi cers, nil the newspaper editors, and all these fellow* who want office, are no better than our H-lves. We are all birds of a feather; and all being rogues and rascals alike, who is there to punish us?M Thus it will 1m* seen that the cause* which underlie this rank growth of desperate and rerkless savages, from which we a- a commu nity are now so seriously suffering, are various and comprehensive ? ihat Mayor Wood Is not responsible ? that in his efforts In lx*half of law and ord? r he was arifr?b'd by a corrupt Legis lature, and hi? power taken away -that the re sults have been an inefficient police force of raw and incompetent men. of which the ruffians and rowdies of the city have avaikd themselves in every possi ble way ; and that, eveepting the court of Judge Russell, our criminal tribunals practi cally afford ratiior a plea of justiflcaHon for crime Instead of a proper punishment ; and thus, wc apprehend tth?t while there is nothing to be feared from the re-election of Mayor Wood, there in but a slim prospect for the milleniuiu jiilh hie defeat. Thk News ihom India.?' The Atlantic, which an ived yesterday, brought us two weeks later intelligence from India, confirming the news of the fall of Delhi and the occupution of the city on the 21st X>f September by the English troops. The assault was attended with terrible carnago, the English having lost in killed and wounded upwards of eleven hundred Foldiers and sixty one officers, which was one-third of the whole assaulting force. It was, however, most suc cessful, and speaks highly for the courage and daring of the British troops. They succeeded in taking the King of Delhi, his two sons and chief wife prisoners. The age of the King saved his life, but the sons were Bhot immedi ately after their capture. Lucknow had been relieved by the gallant Havelock just in the nick of time, as the besiegers were on the point of blowing up the garrison. It also appears from this news that the English are successful throughout India in sup pressing the outbreak, and that the backbone of the mutiny was considered broken; but of course there is a great deal yet to do in pacifl cating the country, in punishing the Sepoys, and re-arrauging the government in order to pre vent any future difficulty of a similar charac ter. It has been a very severe lesson to the English, and it is to be hoped they will profit by it; that they will place India under a pro per government, do away with the policy of red-tapeism. and give the country an adminis tration suited to its wants and the spirit of the age. The news was received in London on the day the Atlantic sailed. Such news had been anti cipated, however, and to this the firmness in consols may be in a great measure attributed. THE LATEST^ NEWS. Interesting from Washington. ARItlVAL >K THK COSTA RICAN SPECIAL KNVOT? MB. BELMONT OUT OF TUX blPLOMATIC BINU, ETC. Washington, Nor. 22. 1857. Napoleon Eiscalanto, O o special envoy from Costa Rica, bas arrived Lore. He will call on . >crotary Cam to-mor row, when doubtless something will be known of bis mis mku. Tb<> Dew treaty with Nicaragua has changed the whole at pcc t of affair* in Coeta Kir, a, go far aa our govern ment is concerned, as Escalante liaa already ascertained through Seuor Molina. 1 have it from b!gh authority that the President haft no Idea of sending Mr. Belmont either to Spa.n or Par in. Mr. Belmont baa aeU'.ed his af.airs and relumed to New York. Mr. Crawford, the Kjigbsh C .tisul General at liavaua, id here. Destructive Fire In Baltimore. Bai.timokk, No t. 22, 1S57. A destructive Ore occurred here on Baltimore street, neaj Howard, last evening. The splendid warehouse occupied by FUher, Boyd ft Bros., dry goods dealers and oUiors, was totally destroyed. The adjoining storo wa3 much damaged, and several tcnauU suffered losses. The total Iom is about MO 00, and is divided to follows:? Fi*ber, TV>yd ft Br< .,$40,000; F. 8. Bant? A Co , shoo and hat dealer*, $12.0?>0; Horner ft Brother, fancy goods. $10, 000; L. 1). 1'. Newman, shoe bou?e, $16,000, and Stiner ft Brother, clothiers, $fi, 000 bv water. All parlies are ful'y insured , and of the Insurance $6,000 la In rhiladelphia and about $10,000 in New York offlccs. Large Fire at Olran, N. Y. Ouux, K. Y., Nov. 22, 1857. A terrible conflagration oocurrrd here laet night , which destroyed eight stores and one dwelling house. The low is estimated at about 170,000. United States Iteamiklp Saraimc A|p*ound. Norfolk, Va., Nov. 22, 1957. The United states steamship Saranitc, which started for the I'm i He, ix aground below this place, and will probably not be got off for some days. The Brig Mont Ice Ho A alt ore. PnovuiKios, Nov. 22, 1567. The brig Montircllo from St. Iiomwgo, of and for llo*ton, went ashore on Blxk Island at five o'clock th?q morning. Her cargo consists of coffee and logwood. New* from the Month. Wjuu-ni.to*. Nor. 22, 1867. The Southern mail from nil points as late due baa been received. The message of the Governor of Texas show* that the amount in the Slab' treasury, <tubje. i to draft, ix $700,000 ann that the school Hind amounts to $2,'J00.0<)0. lie re commends a State University. The entire State Us amounts to $67,327, being an increaa.' of 11 per cent over last year. Cen. Walker's rendexrous at Powder Horn har been broken' up, and lita recruits disbanded. Markets. Naw ORUMN8. Nov. 21, 1867. , Cotton is nncbanged in price; sales to-day 10,000 bale*, the market closing Hi to Receipts to day 4,000 bale*. Sugar quiet at 6 >?c. Mvsn pork >10 60. Other articles unchanged. ltrr?Au>. Nor. It ? 0 P. M Vloor steady. Seles 700 bbls. at 94 76 a 15 25 for extra "hn> and Indiana Wheat ct-ad) and in good demand. Sale* 40,000 bushels at 7*e for ( hicago sprii.c, and t?6c. lor mixed Ohio There Is no corn of consequent ?? here, it is worth a little over Mr. (tats steady at about '.Jtc Whis key tirm at toe Freights ? Several boats of wheat to New Y'-rk were taken at 19c. a 20r. lake for the twerty ^r hours ending at noon to day ? 2,000 bbls. flout , .to An bushels wheel. (Vfial exports? 26 .'100 bu-h els wheat, 4,ti00 bushels corn, :t,000 hu* '"Is oats O.WMfi, Nov. 21 ? ? P. M. Wheat dull Sales 4.000 buy h "la at Wi r. for Mtlwaukle club, and *7 for ehr re Kenosha t>o Th? r?? ha\e been no arrival" from the Wrllaiid canal ?i?ce lie break was repaired. Shipments by ranai to New York are about clcemg. Canal exports ? 2.200 bbls. flour ; 6,000 bushels Wheat; 5,000 bushels barley. CinoAfio, Not. 21? fl P. M. Hour dull. Wheal rinsed with an advancing tendency. Corn Inactive. < >.i ,* flrm. Shipment* to Buffalo? No flour, loo oun btnlicls wheat. Shipments to Ossrcgn ? No flc.nr. 34.ooo l uabels wheat. Receipts ? '2 500 bbls. flour, 49.000 bushels wheat, 3,409 bushels barley. I?eeture hy ArrhM?hof> llnghea on the Rrinca tlon of the Catholic Youth. Tlje announcement ttiat Archbif op Hughes wooid de liver a lecture In the Church of St. James, James street, filled that edifice to excess last evening, although the price of admission was half a dollar for each person. The recepts, which amounted to about fifteen hundred dot lsrx, are intended for the benefit of the Free School Society af w hed t< the rburrh. The subject . h" err for the lec tor* wni peculiarly appropriate to the occasion ? ' The education of the Osthollr youth. '' The Arebbisbop com merced hy congratulating the audience on the deep in terest which was displayed In Guholic education ss shown hy the efforts which the Catholics of New York had inade in the erection anil support of schools, mid in the larpe audience which had assembled on Ibis occasion. He then |iroicoded to say thai Ihc edncatlon afforded by Ihe State was Imperfect, Iterause It was or professed to be wholly secular, and 'gnored the moral and religious culture of youth. To the alieenoe of proper religions training and to the fact that the State had usurped the iilace of th? chnrch and the f( m;ly in the mnira(ement and dlsc-pline of th? schools, which he regarded as a purely govern mental institution, might He slMfM no incQMttdertMt portion flf the crime whi li ha?t rendered New York so prominent among American cities. The C-ath.il ic mmmn r.ity had a|wa>< opposed the SJ <t- m.ua I unwilling to trust their children to its inllu they had, although re quired te pay their portion <>l the public scbocd expenses, established schools of their ciwn and supported them at their own expense. Thi- they were willing to do rather than have tin ir children educated un-ier sm.li a demoral Ixii'g system. And in saying this h? did not wish to be una 'rstood as relating upon the character of th? teach ers ; nomMter how good they might be, Uie svst"ii? Its-df being radically wrong must he ii\jnrtou* in its e|J< ts. If, Rdtucr. asld tie Archbishop, they giro iw but one third of sll the taxes we havn paid for school purposes we will ci^ngo to make tt><< duties of both .bulge and polic. man less arduous We wonld then show them wh?t publi eddtslkm Is, and prove that It does not oorisi n the learning of this or that study, but m the frrnmtion 1 1 th?* moral and relieious ss well a-c the inlelb-ctnal charnc ter of the pinnl. In ei.nciusion the lee turc r expres?ed his belief that It'e dny would ?is?n arrive when every Catholic church would have a Mi tabid scho >1 house atlacheel to It, and that despite ot tin bur ten which the Mate ha<! Imposed on the Catholics, hi the form of sebesd lax. they would be enabled to s'locessfully perlorm the great work which they lied tu >rtnken. IjOttkrirs i* Gnoattit.- Till' f^jrlsl. 'nre of Cenrgia has unanimously |<ronoimccd ' tt" ea to he s curse and a ?wtndle. It i? thouvht thst at Ibe eipiratioo <>( toe prueut tLarKrs Tor MWfivs B'j more wiU be granted. Dram A tic ami Notical Matter*. Tlu- Opera at the Academy of Music closed an Friday ufu r a disastrous campaign. The performances were ad mirable in every respect, but the pabbc did not so* fit u pay for them. We have hopou of something better for the next season, which, we hear, is soon to be commenced. Tho rehearsals of " Robert le IMable," which has Imx* some time in preparation for the debut of Herr Korinsn. will probably be continued during the proseut week. The Director of the Academy announce# ttiat in order W accommodate those who could not obtain seats at the UuA matinee, auothor grand opera n talinee will be given on Thursday next, Thanksgiving day, at two o'clock, whjoh will positively bo the lust of the season ? the difficulty of the music of "Robert le Diablo,'' now in rehearsal , not per mitting anjr extra exertion on the part of the artiste. TW matinee of Thursday will consist of tho opera of "L? 8o? nambula," in which La Grango, Labocettaand liasaior wtl perform ? a grand scena by Madam D'Angri,and a concert by Ilcnri Vicuxtompn, Miss Milner and Mr.^*errinf. On Monday, the 30th instant, the celebrated Carl formes makes his debut as Bertram in Meyerbeer's great opera "Robert le IMable." Md'le Cairoli will also make bar first appearance in opera on that occasion. La Grange, Bignardl and IaboceUa all take parts; and with the addi tion of a fine ballet company from Klblo's, engaged far this opera, and comprising the beautiful darueuu Te res a Holla, and Paul Br 11 lan t, together with the new scenery, dresses and machinery prepared for the oooa fipd, Meyerbeer's magnificent opera will be producod la unequalled style. Although all the artists of (be Opera have not consented to accept smaller salaries than they agreed for, in consideration of tho hard times, the manage ment has come to the determination of continuing the reason for a few nights more. A grand opera and conoort are announced at the Academy on Saturday next, 2Mfa instant, for the benefit of the lire Department. With a little sacrifice on tho part of the artists and a little more appreciation on the part of tho public we can have tho Opera during tho winter, and we believe that this will be tho consummation of tho matter. The sccond concert in old of the funds of the Womoc's Hoepital will be given on Tuesday of this week at Mozart Hall. A number of (he best of our artists hare volun teered, and the occasion is worthy a very full house. At the theatres the business of tho week has been mi> derately good. Mr. Charles Mathews, at the Broadway theatre, has been the principal attraction. His audl cnces have been large and fashionable. Mr. Mathews' performances of Lavater (" Not a Bad Judge,") Hawk ("Game of Speculation,") and Jasper ("A Bachelor of Arts") are all admirable. We have never had anything to equal them hero. To-night Mr. Mathewm plays in " A Bachelor of Ark" and " Patter vs. Clatter." If any one feels particularly blue over the hard times or any thing else, we advise him to go and seo Mathews. At Burton's theatre Miss Anna Maria Quuiu closed an engagement of six nights on Saturday. She made a favor able impression, but was hardly strong enough to draw. For this evening Mr. Burton announces the capital bur letta. "Paris and i/judon," and "The New York Direc tory," iu both of which the manager performs. At Niblo's Garden the business has boun vry good. "Boreas" was played for tho forty -second timo on Satur day, and tbi week w ill close iu unprecedented run. Tho new ro]N< dancer, Marietta Zanfret .4, has made a groat hit. She a young and pretty girl, and quite an artut tB her way. The Ravels, with Holla and Zanfretta, appear to night, and every night during the week. At Wallack's theatre the new comedy, "Tho Maldoa WiM," has been withdrawn, after five representation. "The Invisible Husband," after a run of twenty -ooo nights, seems quite as popular as ever. It remains in the bill tor this evening, with "A Bachelor of Arts, >ne of the great succession of "this house Mr !/? ter jlayu Jasper, l.'is original part, :> 1 Mrs. H e ays Adolpiiua for tho first time. At I-sura Keene's theatre The Sea of Ice " dr?W3 capital houses, and will t ntinuod in the bills for another week ? the fourth of its i rformanco. The play Ih gotten up in tho most superb manner, and admirably acted. It fully deserves all its success. Miss Keene's performance of Ogarita is one of her very best por traitures. The " Sea of Ice " to night. The pretty little theatre No. 444 Broadway has bee* well attended during the week, and the infant comedians have quite ingratiated themselves witn the public. They ap|*ar to-night iu the operetta "Alpine Maid," and " A Day after the V'air.'' At the Bowery theatre Mr. Eddy announces for this evening tho first appearance of Sands, Nathans & Co. '* equestrian and acrobatic company. The bill for this cvcn.ng is a very taking one, including sixteen acts in tha circle, and a new extravaganza. At the Museum the bill of to night announces the national prixe drama "Our Country's Sinews; or. the Me^ianic anl Volunteer." Two capital farces arc in tho bill for U>a afternoon. At Wood's Minstrels there is an excellent bill for to-day, with a new farce, called "Dogs in the Dog Days," in whicta, all the company appear. At Mechanic*' Hall the Bryants givo their usual vartelj ; and a very good variety It is. Mr. John Tryon opens a new National Circus at tha National Garden, H4 Bowery, this evening. The list of tha company includes the names of several of the first per formers. Tiiiutkicai. lfovniMT* ?Mr. John Rrou/bam hM re turned to town, after * tour in the Witt. Mr. Brougham war seised at Rochester with an intermittent Over, from which he has not yet entirely rocovcred. By the order of hie physicians he lias been obliged to Rive up all his South ern engagement*. Mr. Brougham has been engaged it Burton's, where hp will shortly appear In hi* adaptation of Thar ke ray ? "Vanity Kair." Kvery one will lie glad Ut welcome Brougham and Burton bank to the name boards, and the Houtberners' los* la our gain. Mr Burton un noucteaa new local piece for Thanksgiving day. Mia* Ijitira Keene give* an afternoon pcrlorm.ince of "The 8m of Ire" on the *ame day. The Rouzanl ballot troupe havo revived the fortune* of the Boston theatre, and play to crowded houses every night. Mr. Correal is still playing at 81. IiOuia to immense audience*. With thia exception theatrical busincM in tbo South and West la \ery bad in deed. The prominent member* of the Bowery Theatre Com pany, with Mim SallleBt. CUir.open tb<> Olympic theatre at New ltaven to night, and play there under the manage, rncnl of Mr. J. W. Ungard during tbe engagement of lb* equestrian company at the Buwery. Mr. Wallack haa w far recovered fror.i hi* recent severe iilneo* aa to be aM? to appear on the *unny side of Broadway. Mi** Chariot** Cnshman i* abont to commence a tour through ihe West ern citie*. At the last account* Mr and Mr*. Barney Wil liam* were playing In Ireland with more success than ever. Mew lork Bible Morlrly. The anniversary meeting of the New York Bible Hn ri'tv, auxiliary to tbe American Bible Society, waa held last night m Rev f>r Alexander'* church, corner of KifXh avenue *nd Nineteenth street. The attendance wan quit* large and faahtocahle. After a voluntary played on tbe organ, Pr. Howier*.* read the 119th pealm, commencing at 97th \ er*e, and offered up a fervent extemporo prayer. Mr. Cius. A. PAVti??>*, (V>rree|iondlng iteeretary, pro ceedc l to read the 34th annnal report of tbe society. Af ter some prefatory remarks on the cheering progrea* made at home and abroad in circulating the Bible, tbe re port gave tne following (totalis (lev Ales W aland visited '0,h;? famlllca and dlMribut d i,13? Bible*. Utclud Ing 7fyto hotel* Mr Henry Uou, aming the French and Oerman popnla t ? n. visited 11 ,l?.'i isniilies, and distributed 3,414 Mr. I**rker. also ?n additional agent, visited 11,8*0 fsnMlHO, making o total of 58,871 famllie* visiled, and ft.907 VO Uitno wore distributed. Tbe Committee on Hnimno and Criminal Institution* re [>ort a distribution of S.BM Blbbw and l.?W? Testament*. Tbe preeenl number of these institution* I* alK.ut arty, and the number > f person* that annually enter and leave them i* about M.OOo. The Committee on Naval Station* report a distribution of Ho volume*. The Committee on Military Poet* report a distribution during the year of IM Bible* and 1.0M Testaments. Tlie emigrant agent* report a distribution of 1ft, AM volumes ?t I'artle (.nrdru. Hie Marine Committee report a distribution among Km sailors of S.268 Bible* and JM.Mff Testament*. maVmg a totsl of 27 .loft. More thsn 1,700 vessels were \ isited and supplied. Ot vessel* boulnl to tbe Kii-t Indies, Ac , lal lave been supplied with Bibles and Testament* in varioua languages (.rants also of 1,279 volume* were made to the owners of seamen^' churches In the rity Sit hun dred and live psckel ships were also supplied With Biblm and Testanx nt* in f>-ein hand Oerman, for distribution among the stccra, pusrngcrs making in all ab. .,t m,o jo volnmeO, beside- Mippl> lug 64 krtlll vessels and *69 1 American vessels bound to Roman < fctbrillc countries The total receipts <>f the s<>ciety during ?e year havo bi en $1ft,700, showing a diminution from thooe (armor years, but, notwithstanding, we have discharged all mr lndebtedne?a and t>e< n abb* to hand over >1 ,<XX) donation to the American Bible Society. IVtllllrsI Intelligence. Ms. Hrn??vA* Bnm-nor Or? ><?* a Borrow Taao ? A Washington correspondent of the Cincinnati (JtttHU ?<* y* " Mr Buchanan look* yoting enough to serve on riglil year*' lYesldenltal duty.'' MiJfJiw^itA.? Tlie constitution of the Stain of Minnesota provide* that the flrst session of the LegislaMwe shall commence on the first Wednesday (the sewnd day) of December next, at the State capitol in St. I*aul Two 1 mted Hutes feoidon *re lo be thosei by Uiia LefwUt |N1