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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 23, 1857, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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M.W YORK HERALD.
J A VI K 8 GORDO If BBBH1TT,
EDITOR AND FROPRIKTOR.
?FilCi N. W. COKNtH or NASSAU a>d fcltoh ST3.
T turns, ajtk *1 o<ft?i*.v
rwr /'?<?'/ r HthALP neo tmuptrem. 9! ptr annul
77/r n r r kl r iikj.ai ?i.?? .w?n?if , .u -u *ni? p<*
Ki nr IkSf? r umw, tA/- Ji.ropwm ciiinot. I(WT unnumto
an. j...? n'frnu /.??*?? ?M fth> oni |j?r? (V rtmtiiwnl, t-oth
tp U ' te.if
Tii f t'AM I T BT.RALZ >, ?-frv at fow ctnttptr
?nj-t -
LK^ i^r.ME\T8 rr-timl rn+ry >n i I i il? nil hi
m> i *? *?im Him.*, Family Hbbaij), in (A?
mi Aunyxan A< Uteri*.
Volume XXTI No, 343
?MUb&MKNTA THIS KVHMNG.
RR^APWAT TITRATRK, Bri>*dw?T ? BacbblOB or AlTI
? FaTTEB VE. CLATTBB? WaXDBBISO MlBBTREL
lHRIiO'l) OARDFN, Rroadway ? Oodewsbi? Tobdb Tem
TV I 1 ABTVIHLBB OF HuBBAA
IWWKKT TTIKATRR, Bowery? R4CUTB1A* AND OrH
TIC F B/.T* - Ml? KIT or Madbid.
BrRTON'S THRATRR. Broadway. opposite Bond ftreet?
Faku? asb Lo?i"Oii? Bbkto*'* New Yobk DiKiaoir.
WALLACE'S THK ATRK, Broadway ? Bachelor or ABTt
?Tub Iittieible Bbsbakd.
T.ACRA EKBNR'S THEATRE, Broadway? Tub Ska or
111. OB a Muthxk'i Pbaykk.
? AULR'fi JUVENILE COMEDIANS, 444 Rr?a<tway-Ai.
USE Ma1I>? r>AT \kTKB TMt FaIR? SlBGIMi, DaNCIMO, At'.
BARNTUrS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Rpoa.1 way? AfW
tumn ? Lvob'k ik a Name ? Family ,'ahs. Eveaing, Our
V*>C?TBT'S fcilSEWS.
WOOD'S RU11.D1NOS. B61 and MS Broadway.? Obobob
CnKUTT A A'OOD'i MlKETkEt.*? Dog* IN THB I> Xi DATS.
KRCHANICS' HALL. <72 Broi?1 way-Bur aht's Mikstbklb
? Kthiotuk Sokgs ? I'ictcrb Uaixbbt, Ac.
NATIONAL CIRCUS SW Bowery? Eqpeijtria* FbatS?
O t UN AJ4T1C K XEROSES. AC %
KVriRK HAU> W Broadway? PAlwmrM IiJ-trrniiTiTB
Or THE M.AAB KlI-BPITIOII. AC.
5tw York, Sunday, November '43, 1857.
The New*.
We arc inforn-.i d by the Post Office authorities that
the steamer Adriatic will sail at twelve o'clock to
day . and Unit jiu extra mail w ill be made up at halt
past ten o'clock. The same statement was made to
our reporter, at the Collins dock, foot of Canal
street.
We have four days later and highly important
n. ws from Lurope. received by the steamship Atlan
tic, which left Liverpool on the evening of the 11th
iiL-t. and arrived at this port early last evening. The
effe t of the financial crash in the United States was
being severely felt in lire it Britain and on the Conti
nent. On the 9th iust. the Rank of England raised
;ts rate of discount from nine to ten per cent. The
Bank of Prance had increased its rate to eight per
cent. At these rates the demand for money was un
tLsu&lly active, and consols had advanced to 89j a
89'. There hail been quite a numlier of commercial
failures, among them the Western Hank of Scotland
aad the olJ established house of Dcnnistonn & Co.,
uf <5!isgow. The bank had nearly one hundred
branches in Scotland, and 1 ^nnistoun A* Co. had
conn< ctions in all parts of the world. The liabilities
<?f the J?eni;istouns amonnt to two million of dollars.
The immediate cause of the failure of this house was
the non receipt of remittances from the United States.
We have the following list of suspensions: ?
lKun>touL> A r omiwny Glasgow.
vr?*>rn Hiiuk of Scotland uia-guw.
Jawj b Foot & Son? iAndon.
l^nooch, Twrntyman k Rigg I^>n<lon.
Bradwuv k Barclay I-onJon.
John Munrc a Co Paris.
Hr>?p aWUhaaifion Uvcrpool.
Wi-Hsr' GuilerWamp Am.-terda.rn
liabrorlc A Co I.lrerpool.
Henry I'u'.ilb A Co Ijverpool.
lo American securities business wn limited, and 1
the tendency of prices was downward. At Liver
pool the cotton market wan almost at a stand still,
while price* had fallen one cent per pound. Bread
#tuffl? were lower, with every symptom of a farther
decline. There wo* also a considerable fall in aug ar.
A fortnight's later news has been received from
India. The intelligence of the fall of Delhi is con
firmed. Hie H. iti-h obtained entire possession of
the city on the Vlst ol September, buljsequently.
the fugitive king, his principal wife, and son*, were
captured. The life of the old monarch, who is re
ported to be nearly ninety yrar? of ago, with that of
h'J* wife, was spared. but his sons were executed. In
the assault on lH-lhi the British had sixty-one
officer* and eleven hundred soldiers killed and
wounded, funeral Havelock had relieved Lacknow
just as the besiegers were about to blow it up. Some
adJitirmal attempts at rebellion in the Bombay Pres
idency and other places were promptly suppressed.
Tfce revolt was considered a* nearly at an end.
There is nothing rf political interest from France.
Tie family of the la-t King of the French, resident
in Kngiand, had sustained a loss in the demise of the
l>u<.he?a dt> Numoura. We also have to record the
death of the InliuiUi Amalia, wife of Don Sebastian
and sister of the Duchess ol Tuscany.
A new Cabinet had been formed in Belgium. It
wa? composed of liberals.
Our correspondent at Nassau, N. P., writing on the
Kh instant, say*: ? The bark Irma, from St. Thomas
for Philadelphia, pnt in here a few days since in dis
tress. She it pain d and sails to-day for her port of
destination. The weather here is very fine, the gene
ral health rood . and the crops promise well. Business
never was better, mainly on account of American,
English. French and Spanish shifts of war continually
passing and npas?ing among us, and frequently
their officer- land and infuse cheerfulness and diffuse
money mast liberally for everything we can supply.
AdvhM from East Harlsir, Turks 1.- lauds, to the
31st ult., sny:? If ve?ei?do not arrive soon with
provisions we *hall see a famine, as there is not more
than two week* provisions on the island. Then: i*
lut little waUr to be obtained. There is more halt
ii. w at this harbor than has been known for several
neasr ns.
Anhbishop Hughes delivered a lecture last even
ing for the benefit of the fund of the Free School
S cuty attached to St. James church. The receipts
um<* nted toaabout .ifteen hundred dollars.
About six o'clock ye^tenlay morning a fire broke
Mit m the store of Bucklin A Crane, importers of
teas, No. HO Front street. The stock was entirely
f -nsumed, together with fart ef the building. The
low is estimated at 76.0t>0; fully covered by insur
ance in city offices.
The arnexed table ?hows the temperature of
the atm'ispherr in this city dnring the |?ast week,
the ranire of the (urometer, the variation of wind
Currents, and the ftate of the weather, at three i
pericsis dnnntf 1 ? : at !? A. M, and 3 and I
t- o'clock P M. : |
? r #
i :
>i u,wjr.
11 "V - 'J ?
.SM4.M* W,
IB , . 4. . w
n s w
14s n w
141 W
p!
*>Tf
i.v. ?i
79 SA
V ?l H
,3U U
!? W
t w
M s >v
Ml.W
4-jK W
w
w
!o lu
Mnnm.
PaUr<tay? M<iraibg, ovarcaet, aft ernooo, cloudy and
M ntrht rt lit
f ,>ur? ''tear M <)ay night ateur and eold
> ? *r? m ru.nu, ourcast: afternoon, ra.n, right,
: V ??lS.
i <1**r and pkasanttfli^.
?) - 4 loudy ail '1?_s
?v.?< . ??r and Vara afV 'noon, cloudy
|"?I , WHU l.yM m I 1
*r *0" "" sll <1*j mill ii
< tear aii'i told.
Th<
. ?<?
M.tV.
. 'pan
'g'l g's?d im|>ort< d at the port of
'!? week ending 5f>th Inst amonnted
?li"*ing an in cease of 940G.163 a*
1 tl,? 1 f>rre?pf nding week in 1>%R.
^ O' k Bible ;-k* kt j held it? anniversary
I , .i^L't m t;ing, in I*. Alexander's rhnn h,
ccrittr U I'iTtb atevue ^uicUvBtb ?tr\vU IU
animal report was read. It shown that the receipts
of the.pA*t year have betu $18,700 -a diminution ax
compared with previous years. The society has,
however, been able to meet all its engagements, uud
donate SI .000 to the American Bible Society.
Under the appropriate head will be found. th
particulars of several new outrages committed by
our city ruffians. An officer of the Ninth Ward
named Horatio Sanger was so cruelly beaten by
rowdies while in the discharge of his. duty on Sunday
morning that his life is despaired of. Anothor po
liceman in the Fourth ward was assaulted by a gang
of thieves whom he surprised, and was left by them
for dead. In several oyster saloons there was furious
fights, growing out of the habit so common among
rowdies of eating and drinking in those places and
then refusing to pay their score. Two men were ar
rested yesterday charged with being the parties who
attempted to assault Dr. A. B. Mott.
lite sales of cotton ou Saturday were quite limited, and
prices depressed and unsettled. The stock continued to
be very light. Owing to the high wind on the river, no
tow was In, and the receipts of Hour were confined to about
11,400 bbl.H. There continued to be a good local and export
demand for the article, and prices closed at an a AWMoe of
6 to 10 cents per barrel, especially on shipping brands.
Sales were made to a fair extent. Tho ^receipt* of
wheat embraced only l,f?00 bushels, whilst the sales era
braced about 30,000 bushels, considerable portions of
which embraced Western spring cargoes, at $1, with
Hilwaukie club at $1 08. and v. hite Canadian at tl 25 No
receipts of corn by canal and river were reported, while
light sales of Western mixed were made at 80c. a 83c. ,
from rtore and delivered, l'ork was inactive, with mo
derate sales of mess at $19 37 a $10 60, and prime at 917.
Beef was dull for country and repacked Western, while a
considerable sale of Chicago prime mess was reported at
$22 60. Sugars were in fair demand at the recent decline,
with sales of about 830 bhds. Cuba muscovados, part in
bond for export and part for refining, and the balance
grocery goods, at pretty much within the range of the
previous day's quotations. In coflt-e the chief movement
conr isted of the sale of the cargo of the Sprite, embracing
2,760 bogs of Rio. on speculation an<1 on private terms.
Freight engagements to Knglish ports were moderate and
rates without change of moment; to Bremen. 300 hhda.
sugar were engaged at 35s. and 200 tierces rice at 30s.; to
Rotterdam, 200 hhds molasses, ai3'tc. per gallon, and
1,000 barrels rosin at 3s. 6d. Rates to Havre were with
out alteration.
The IVfwi from Kn gland ? The Financial
Crisis In Europe.
The tenor of the financial advices from Europe
by the steamship Atlantic will not cause much
surprise among those who have seriously re
flected upon the sensitive ramifications of com
merce all over the world, and drawn a logical
deduction from the events of the past three
months among ourselves. But the course which
affairs are taking in England is one that may
reproduce some of the evils which wc had hoped
w< ;*e past for our mercantile community.
It will be seen, by reference to our news co
lumns, that theBank of England had again raised
the rate of interest, which now stands at the un- I
precedented point of ten per cent. The object of
this was to so far diminish the prolit on the ex
port of gold as to stop the drain for this coun
try. which threatened to exhaust the coffers of
the bank. This rise in the rate, however, had
not had the slightest effect in diminishing the
call? for discount, and the London Tinus accuses
the merchants of a desire to over-provide for
their wants and thus increase the general dis
tress. The increasing pressure had brought
up again the question of the bank charter
and the currency system, and this subject had
given rise to a lively discussion between the
Tmm and the Chromclt- The latter insist* upon
it that the present charter of the bank is a great
evil, and will Ik: productive of much greater
distress than has yet been experienced, while, it
argues, an unrestricted paper currency would
meet and relieve the wants of trade.
The Western Bank of Scotland ? a large estab
lishment. with something like a hundred agen
cies in different parts of the kingdom? had
stopped payment. It turns out to have been
the Ohio Life and Trust Company of Great
Britain, and it is alleged that the primary cause
of its disasters was an agency it had in New
1 oik, which had made large advances upon the
same class of securities as those which swallowed
up the asw-ts of the great concern which was
first to fall in our late distress.
But the event which will Ik- most severely felt
in this country is the failure of the Dennis
touns. This house, having its head at Glasgow,
had branches in Loudon, Liverpool. New
^ ork. New Orleans and Melbourne. The
latter house, it is said, will not be
affected. Upon the others, the liabilities,
which are said to reach ten millions of dollars, |
will fall heavily. The acceptances which this
house and other bankers in England connected
with this country will send back will be se
v< rely felt here in the present state of unes
tablished mercantile confidence, and may pro
dace further failures, both here and in Eng
land. It will, In fact, amount to a wiping out
of a large sum which the British manufacturers
counted upon receiving from this side.
A similar ??fleet had been produced npon the
first class securities in England to what was ex
hibited here in the earlier part of our pressure, i
Fir?t cia** securities were re?ch sought after, and
consols had tranced. In trade the result was
quite the reverse. Cotton bad declined one
cent a pound ,tn four days; the sMk trade wafc
almost stopped; sugar experienced a large de
cline; whf at, iron and other staples were feel
ing severely ffie advance in the rate of interest,
and crfifldence had almost entirely disappeared
among commercial men. From the Continent
the ud vices were almost equally unfavorable;
and as the price of gold was higher in London
, than in Paris and Hamburg, the effect of this,
and the general untoward state of affairs, were
contemplated with gnat anxiety.
The Mission of Mir William (Jorr Ou<w l< > .
The accounts that come to u? from England
in regard to the mission of >ir Wm. Gore Ou*e
ley do not agree entirely with those which wc
receive from Washington.
When the appointment of this gentleman first
l>ecame known, our Washington correspondents
advised us that be was to go to Central Ameri
ca. but would stop at Washington to consult
with Lord Napier, and to learn the views of
our government in regard to Central Am-riouu
affslrs. Hut an article from the London 7Wj?,
which wr published on Saturday, and one from
thi London /W. which we print to-day, both <li
tirutly assert that the mission of Mr. Ouseley j?
I to Wa=hington. and that the chief subject for
dis< ussion is "the interpretation to be put upon j
the Clayton-Bnlwer treaty.'' Were this the a*
?ertion of the 7 W# alone wc should suppose
'hat it had tieen mista tainted, or had committed
a misadvertence. Followed op a* it
l- by i|.<. />tMj which is the recognized or
p.in of Balmerston. there is no room
or either of these supposition*; and as
neither of the journals allude In any way
lo this gentleman's proceeding any further
than Washington, it would s.?m .. though Mr.
Ouseley w as accredited dir.. tlv to the govern
ment at Washington a? a special Minister.
Apart fr<>m th> re l?ing no known reason whv
??Ui h a course should be pursued toward the
|?rv*ut representative of the British govern
nwnt Lore, who has given proof of marked di
plomatic ability, we have good reason to know
that Mr. Oust ley will proceed to Central Ame
rica, ai d that be visits Washington for the ex
press j urpt-^e of learning the policy which Mr.
Buchaiiun intends to pumie in regard to the
Central American questions. The London jour
nals above referred to both acknowledge that
the Clayton-Bulwer treaty is an obstacle in the
path of both British and American diplomacy,
and advocate that there should be mutual con
cessions in favor of the cause of peace and har
mony. We have discussed this question too
thoroughly and too frequently to enter upon it
now; and if Mr. Ouseley has instructions on
that point, the best thing he can do is to con
sent to its abrogation at once. The very j "I icy
of that treaty is offensive to our people. ?ud no
mending of it will avail.
Whatever may be decided upon at Washing
ton. the new British Minister to Central Ameri
ca has another difficulty in his path. The Bay
Islands treaty, about which so much was said
some months ago, has been rejected by Hondu
ras, and very rightfully, too, as infringing
her national sovereignty, being nothing more
than an attempt to get her to take back-, with
onerous conditions, a part of her territory,
which was taken from her without the slightest |
foundation in reason.
There are two point* in the aticles from the
Times and Poti which we are glad to see: First,
the recognition of the fact that there is room
for concession in regard to the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty; and, second, the acknowledgment of the
l'act that while irom their contiguity to us
and our great interoceanic transit, the ques
tions attending the Isthmus routeB of Amcrica
it re of great interest to our people, they have
very small import to those of England. This
is the ground of our position, advocating that
the government of the United States shall take
the lead in the policy to be pursued toward the
petty Central American States by the leading
Powers of the world; aud the sooner British
statesmen come to recognise this fact the more
will it satisfy the people of both countries, and
conduce to harmony between us.
The City Klnanrra? Extravagant Riptiiill.
(urn by the Governor* of the Almshouse.
We publish eleewhore a detailed statement of
the expenditures of the Governors of the Alms
house since the Board was constituted. We have
given the statistics for the past nine years, com
piled from official sources, and we recommend
tbe document to the careful perusal of every
tax payer in the city. The issue that is made
by (he opponents of the present chief magistrate
of the city is founded upon statements that he
is u sponsible for the heavy and constantly in
creasing burtlin of taxution under which we
labor. They promise, if Mr. Wood is beaten and
Mr. Tiemann elected, a sort of political and so
cial millenium, when the Comptroller shall have
plenty of money, while the taxes arc to be ma
terially lessened. They hare gathered together
the odds and ends of all parties, and the hybrid
organization is led and engineered by
a number of old political hacks, who
have always worked with the spoilsmen of Al
bany in their laudable endeavors to deplete the
city treasury. All the measures adopted by the
Legislature have had only this result ? to in
crease our taxes, and give places to broken
down politicians who have lieen repudiated by
the public voice over and over again. The last
Legislature cut out jobs to the amount of over
two millions, and now the originators of these
schemes coolly turn about and tell the people
that it is Mayor Wood who is responsible for
all. Each of these jobs has been placed in the
bands of a commission appointed by the central
power, and each commission is entirely irrc
fponsible to any authority in the city.
Let u- take, for example, the case of the Ten
Governors of the Almshouse, who have the care j
of all the city institutions, and may expend
as much money as they choose, without being
called to account for it l>y tbe representatives
of the people ? tbe Mayor and the Common
Council. It will be seen by the figures that in
eight years, when there has been only three per
cent iuma-o of pauperism, the expenditures
have increased from $403.1107 H.I per year to
$718,800 ? which, with an old debt of $125,000,
which is charged upon this year's expenditure,
make an increase of one hundred per cent.
This bids fair to lie still further increased by
extra appropriations, ostensibly for the relief
Of the out-door poor; ami we faall not got ? fT
this year for any sum much below a million.
This increase is partially the fault of the sys
tem by which the Board was constituted, but
the Governors are still very much to Is- blamed ;
and although they render no account of their
stewardship to the Corporation, they have a
long one to settle with the people. They have
made all sorts of building jobs for their friends,
and wasted the public money in the most shame
ful manner. What possible excuse can they
make for a leak through which nearly half a
million of dollars runs through their bands
every year? How can they defend t heir j>ri\ ate
junketings, which cost ten thousand dollars per
annum? Were^hey placed in their positions to
Iiccome ? legant paupers and feed at tbe public
expense? For paupers they are wh?>n th?*y cat
the btend of the destitute, and that bread bought
with the public money.
These facts In-ing well understood, mark the
inconsistency of the so-call^l reform party who
put up as ? candidate for the Mayoralty one of
th? -?e very Governors of the Aim- House. Mr.
Tiemann ha* l?ecn for thrpe years a nr-mber of
this precious Board, and during those three
years the expenditures have Iwen incr asing
in a far greater ratio than the increase of pau
perism. If he honestly desired to reform the
government and reduce the taxation ? if he pos
h swd the ability and integrity claimed for bim
by his supporters why did he not display tho=e
qualities in this very inviting field? The lead
'ng journals have frequently call- d attention to
the enormous incr? use in the expenditures of
this Board, as well as the Board of Education,
which will cost us. twelve hundred thousand
dollars thi" year. The phibieophcrs and re
formers of Wall street cau?ed these Irresponsi
ble liodies to be created why do they not con
trol them for the public good? Their candi
date for Mayor has been in a position to resist
the increase in the expenses on accouut of tbe
public institution, but he has never done so. Is
it likely that such a man will use the little pow
er Mill b left to the Mayor to the advantage of
the public T
Mr. Wood certainly cannot be held responsl
ble for the increase in the tax levy; the reform
l^islators have left bim no power whatever
over the matter. Mr. Tiemann. however, had
the power, and did not see fit to exercise it. The
unblushing Impndenc" of the men who really
brought all tbi* load of taxation upon us, rthd
now desire to shift tbe Infamy of their acts from
their own shoulders. or to dodge the issue alto- j
gether by abusing the Mayor, is something alto- |
getber unparalleled. There in certainly uo hope |
of any reform in the rity government if they j
succeed in grasping the reigns of power.
Thr Frightful IiwrritM of Crime In our City,
and It* Causes.
The increase of crime in thismctropq}is with
in the hud few weeks has been perfectly ap
palling. The worst exaggerations of Kansas
border ruffianism in its worst days fall short of
the horrid realities daily and nightly tran:?
piring in the midst of this community. Our
streets literally swarm with savages, and their
ferocities are only exceeded by those of the
j S< p? y> at Cawnpore and Delhi. The young
<rii l and the poor old woman, reduced by sick
ness and the infirmities of age to the verge of
the grave, fall alike the victims to our city
trained Apaches; and our half grown tiger cubs,
who have turned to the profession of garroting,
pounce alike upon any lonely . passenger pro
mising the trophy of a pocketbook, a watch or
a breast pin. The infamous dons and stews of
all sorts which undermine our city like the rat
warrens of a granary, appear to have turned
loose their murderers, robbers and vagabonds
of every description into the streets, as for
a grand carnival of crime. The details of their
latest operations occupied over a page of the
news columns of yesterday's IIkkald. Neither
San Francisco, when driven to the revolution
ary necessity of a vigilance committee, nor
Vicksburg, when reduced to the alternative of
stringing up its impudent gamblers like her
rings in the sun, suffered a tithe of what we are
now suffering from that rampant ruffianism
which delta* our authorities and our laws.
In view of these swarms of reckless savages
and their fearful excesses of crime, the question
still recurs ? What are the causes which have
produced these deplorable effects? There are
various causes, and they embrace the mistakes
of our judicial system, the weakness of most of
our judicial tribunals, electioneering influences,
and the mischievous tampering of the last Sew
ard Legislature . with our municipal affairs.
These are among the causes which underlie the
whole catalogue of our abounding crimes and
criminals. There can be no doubt that this
financial pressure in various ways has operated
to cut off the supplies of our loose vagabonds
of all sorts, who flourish upon the wastages
and extravagances of " flush times," and that
thus these gleaners and scavengers of a luxuri
ous city have been reduced to the most despe
rate expedients to "raise the wind." This cause,
however, like the rain or the heat which deve
lopes a rank grow th of weeds, does not reach
the seeds of the disease. They are in the ground,
and they are the causes which it is now our
purpose briefly to consider.
First ? The disorganization of our municipal
affairs by the late Seward Legislature. Mayor
Wood had organized and drilled an efficient
police force. True, there were some garrotings
last winter; but the severe and summary pun
ishments inflicted by Judge Russell upon the
offenders caught and convicted, soon put a stop
to the business. But with the appointment of
our Metropolitan Police Board, and the dis
charge of the efficient police corps of the Mayor,
our city first became a scene of riots and blood
shed on a large scale, and recently it has be
come a scene of miscellaneous criminal offences
without a precedent in the history of any city
this side of Mexico. The Police Board, blocked
and locked upon party questions, has done little
or nothing except to give us a force
of some eight hundred comparatively raw and
incompetent policeman when two thousand
eflective men would not be a man too many for
I the necessities of the city.
Secoudly? The inefficiency of our criminal
court* contributes largely to tho increase of our
stock of murderers, robbers, garroters and all
sort* of vagaltonds. This inefficiency arises from
the present false system of electing the Judges
of our courts. Thus, holding their offices more
or letw subject to tho ruffian influence* which
are sure to l>e brought to bear upou such elec
tions. our criminal Judges, we fear, have too
much adopted the saving clau^c of winking at
?mall and great offenders, and giving them tho
benefit of every possible quibble and trick of
the shyster. A year or two ugi?, under the
energet'c supervision of Mayor Wood, a gang of
detected gamblers wore brought up before Judge
Sinit'i (our present iudiguant Recorder) for
trial, and the quirks and quibbles upon which
this learned Judge permitted these gentry to
?lip through tho flnirer-i of m-tice are too well
known to need a more partieular sp?ciflcatlon.
The electioneering influences to which we may
attribute the impunity with which our rogues
and rascals of all degrees slip through tho
meshes of the law. will also, perhaps, to some
extent, account for the fifteen hundred or two
thousand untried criminal indictments stowed
aw.iy in the pigeon holes of the District Attor
ney V offlee.
In Jndi'e Russell we have a worthy excep
tion to thi? general rule of judicial weakness.
The convicted criminallKfore his court mect-t
with his just desert*, and this Judge, posseting
the requisite luck bone, makes very short work
of murderers, garroters. thieves a.id convicted
ruffians of every degree. A half doien such
Judw would do a great deal to transfer the
nn? of criminals now at large in our streets
to the scaffold, to Sing Hing. the island or the J
Tombs. And yet among our Fourierites, so- I
eialists. and silly old fogies. Judge ltu**?ol| ha-<
Is en scarcely lesx abused, villificd and slander
ed than Mayor Wood. And here, in such vile
abuse a> that poured out np<>n the Mayor, in
which he is d"nounccd as "a thief," "? forger, '
"a swindler." "a scoundrel," "a robber" and "a
liar," we have another cause for the brazen
faced impudence of our unpunished criminals.
They say. "look at the newspapers, and you
will see that the Mayor, all the city offi
cers, nil the newspaper editors, and all these
fellow* who want office, are no better than our
H-lves. We are all birds of a feather; and all
being rogues and rascals alike, who is there to
punish us?M
Thus it will 1m* seen that the cause* which
underlie this rank growth of desperate and
rerkless savages, from which we a- a commu
nity are now so seriously suffering, are various
and comprehensive ? ihat Mayor Wood Is not
responsible ? that in his efforts In lx*half of law
and ord? r he was arifr?b'd by a corrupt Legis
lature, and hi? power taken away -that the re
sults have been an inefficient police force
of raw and incompetent men. of which
the ruffians and rowdies of the city
have avaikd themselves in every possi
ble way ; and that, eveepting the court of
Judge Russell, our criminal tribunals practi
cally afford ratiior a plea of justiflcaHon for
crime Instead of a proper punishment ; and
thus, wc apprehend tth?t while there is nothing
to be feared from the re-election of Mayor
Wood, there in but a slim prospect for the
milleniuiu jiilh hie defeat.
Thk News ihom India.?' The Atlantic, which
an ived yesterday, brought us two weeks later
intelligence from India, confirming the news of
the fall of Delhi and the occupution of the city
on the 21st X>f September by the English troops.
The assault was attended with terrible carnago,
the English having lost in killed and wounded
upwards of eleven hundred Foldiers and sixty
one officers, which was one-third of the whole
assaulting force. It was, however, most suc
cessful, and speaks highly for the courage and
daring of the British troops. They succeeded
in taking the King of Delhi, his two sons and
chief wife prisoners. The age of the King
saved his life, but the sons were Bhot immedi
ately after their capture. Lucknow had been
relieved by the gallant Havelock just in the
nick of time, as the besiegers were on the point
of blowing up the garrison.
It also appears from this news that the
English are successful throughout India in sup
pressing the outbreak, and that the backbone
of the mutiny was considered broken; but of
course there is a great deal yet to do in pacifl
cating the country, in punishing the Sepoys, and
re-arrauging the government in order to pre
vent any future difficulty of a similar charac
ter. It has been a very severe lesson to the
English, and it is to be hoped they will profit
by it; that they will place India under a pro
per government, do away with the policy of
red-tapeism. and give the country an adminis
tration suited to its wants and the spirit of the
age.
The news was received in London on the day
the Atlantic sailed. Such news had been anti
cipated, however, and to this the firmness in
consols may be in a great measure attributed.
THE LATEST^ NEWS.
Interesting from Washington.
ARItlVAL >K THK COSTA RICAN SPECIAL KNVOT? MB.
BELMONT OUT OF TUX blPLOMATIC BINU, ETC.
Washington, Nor. 22. 1857.
Napoleon Eiscalanto, O o special envoy from Costa Rica,
bas arrived Lore. He will call on . >crotary Cam to-mor
row, when doubtless something will be known of bis mis
mku. Tb<> Dew treaty with Nicaragua has changed the
whole at pcc t of affair* in Coeta Kir, a, go far aa our govern
ment is concerned, as Escalante liaa already ascertained
through Seuor Molina.
1 have it from b!gh authority that the President haft no
Idea of sending Mr. Belmont either to Spa.n or Par in. Mr.
Belmont baa aeU'.ed his af.airs and relumed to New York.
Mr. Crawford, the Kjigbsh C .tisul General at liavaua, id
here.
Destructive Fire In Baltimore.
Bai.timokk, No t. 22, 1S57.
A destructive Ore occurred here on Baltimore street,
neaj Howard, last evening. The splendid warehouse
occupied by FUher, Boyd ft Bros., dry goods dealers and
oUiors, was totally destroyed. The adjoining storo wa3
much damaged, and several tcnauU suffered losses. The
total Iom is about MO 00, and is divided to follows:?
Fi*ber, TV>yd ft Br< .,$40,000; F. 8. Bant? A Co , shoo and
hat dealer*, $12.0?>0; Horner ft Brother, fancy goods. $10,
000; L. 1). 1'. Newman, shoe bou?e, $16,000, and Stiner ft
Brother, clothiers, $fi, 000 bv water. All parlies are ful'y
insured , and of the Insurance $6,000 la In rhiladelphia
and about $10,000 in New York offlccs.
Large Fire at Olran, N. Y.
Ouux, K. Y., Nov. 22, 1857.
A terrible conflagration oocurrrd here laet night , which
destroyed eight stores and one dwelling house. The low
is estimated at about 170,000.
United States Iteamiklp Saraimc A|p*ound.
Norfolk, Va., Nov. 22, 1957.
The United states steamship Saranitc, which started for
the I'm i He, ix aground below this place, and will probably
not be got off for some days.
The Brig Mont Ice Ho A alt ore.
PnovuiKios, Nov. 22, 1567.
The brig Montircllo from St. Iiomwgo, of and for llo*ton,
went ashore on Blxk Island at five o'clock th?q morning.
Her cargo consists of coffee and logwood.
New* from the Month.
Wjuu-ni.to*. Nor. 22, 1867.
The Southern mail from nil points as late due baa
been received.
The message of the Governor of Texas show* that the
amount in the Slab' treasury, <tubje. i to draft, ix $700,000
ann that the school Hind amounts to $2,'J00.0<)0. lie re
commends a State University. The entire State Us
amounts to $67,327, being an increaa.' of 11 per cent over
last year.
Cen. Walker's rendexrous at Powder Horn har been
broken' up, and lita recruits disbanded.
Markets.
Naw ORUMN8. Nov. 21, 1867. ,
Cotton is nncbanged in price; sales to-day 10,000 bale*,
the market closing Hi to Receipts to day 4,000 bale*.
Sugar quiet at 6 >?c. Mvsn pork >10 60. Other articles
unchanged.
ltrr?Au>. Nor. It ? 0 P. M
Vloor steady. Seles 700 bbls. at 94 76 a 15 25 for extra
"hn> and Indiana Wheat ct-ad) and in good demand.
Sale* 40,000 bushels at 7*e for ( hicago sprii.c, and t?6c.
lor mixed Ohio There Is no corn of consequent ?? here, it
is worth a little over Mr. (tats steady at about '.Jtc Whis
key tirm at toe Freights ? Several boats of wheat to New
Y'-rk were taken at 19c. a 20r. lake for the
twerty ^r hours ending at noon to day ? 2,000 bbls.
flout , .to An bushels wheel. (Vfial exports? 26 .'100 bu-h
els wheat, 4,ti00 bushels corn, :t,000 hu* '"Is oats
O.WMfi, Nov. 21 ? ? P. M.
Wheat dull Sales 4.000 buy h "la at Wi r. for Mtlwaukle
club, and *7 for ehr re Kenosha t>o Th? r?? ha\e been
no arrival" from the Wrllaiid canal ?i?ce lie break was
repaired. Shipments by ranai to New York are about
clcemg. Canal exports ? 2.200 bbls. flour ; 6,000 bushels
Wheat; 5,000 bushels barley.
CinoAfio, Not. 21? fl P. M.
Hour dull. Wheal rinsed with an advancing tendency.
Corn Inactive. < >.i ,* flrm. Shipment* to Buffalo? No
flour, loo oun btnlicls wheat. Shipments to Ossrcgn ? No
flc.nr. 34.ooo l uabels wheat. Receipts ? '2 500 bbls. flour,
49.000 bushels wheat, 3,409 bushels barley.
I?eeture hy ArrhM?hof> llnghea on the Rrinca
tlon of the Catholic Youth.
Tlje announcement ttiat Archbif op Hughes wooid de
liver a lecture In the Church of St. James, James street,
filled that edifice to excess last evening, although the
price of admission was half a dollar for each person.
The recepts, which amounted to about fifteen hundred dot
lsrx, are intended for the benefit of the Free School Society
af w hed t< the rburrh. The subject . h" err for the lec
tor* wni peculiarly appropriate to the occasion ? ' The
education of the Osthollr youth. '' The Arebbisbop com
merced hy congratulating the audience on the deep in
terest which was displayed In Guholic education ss
shown hy the efforts which the Catholics of New York
had inade in the erection anil support of schools, mid in
the larpe audience which had assembled on Ibis occasion.
He then |iroicoded to say thai Ihc edncatlon afforded by
Ihe State was Imperfect, Iterause It was or professed to be
wholly secular, and 'gnored the moral and religious culture
of youth. To the alieenoe of proper religions training
and to the fact that the State had usurped the iilace of th?
chnrch and the f( m;ly in the mnira(ement and dlsc-pline
of th? schools, which he regarded as a purely govern
mental institution, might He slMfM no incQMttdertMt
portion flf the crime whi li ha?t rendered New York so
prominent among American cities. The C-ath.il ic mmmn
r.ity had a|wa>< opposed the SJ <t- m.ua I unwilling to
trust their children to its inllu they had, although re
quired te pay their portion <>l the public scbocd expenses,
established schools of their ciwn and supported them
at their own expense. Thi- they were willing to do rather
than have tin ir children educated un-ier sm.li a demoral
Ixii'g system. And in saying this h? did not wish to be
una 'rstood as relating upon the character of th? teach
ers ; nomMter how good they might be, Uie svst"ii? Its-df
being radically wrong must he ii\jnrtou* in its e|J< ts.
If, Rdtucr. asld tie Archbishop, they giro iw
but one third of sll the taxes we havn paid for
school purposes we will ci^ngo to make tt><< duties
of both .bulge and polic. man less arduous We wonld
then show them wh?t publi eddtslkm Is, and prove that
It does not oorisi n the learning of this or that study, but
m the frrnmtion 1 1 th?* moral and relieious ss well a-c the
inlelb-ctnal charnc ter of the pinnl. In ei.nciusion the lee
turc r expres?ed his belief that It'e dny would ?is?n arrive
when every Catholic church would have a Mi tabid scho >1
house atlacheel to It, and that despite ot tin bur ten which
the Mate ha<! Imposed on the Catholics, hi the form of
sebesd lax. they would be enabled to s'locessfully perlorm
the great work which they lied tu >rtnken.
IjOttkrirs i* Gnoattit.- Till' f^jrlsl. 'nre of
Cenrgia has unanimously |<ronoimccd ' tt" ea to he s
curse and a ?wtndle. It i? thouvht thst at Ibe eipiratioo
<>( toe prueut tLarKrs Tor MWfivs B'j more wiU be
granted.
Dram A tic ami Notical Matter*.
Tlu- Opera at the Academy of Music closed an Friday
ufu r a disastrous campaign. The performances were ad
mirable in every respect, but the pabbc did not so* fit u
pay for them. We have hopou of something better for the
next season, which, we hear, is soon to be commenced.
Tho rehearsals of " Robert le IMable," which has Imx*
some time in preparation for the debut of Herr Korinsn.
will probably be continued during the proseut week.
The Director of the Academy announce# ttiat in order W
accommodate those who could not obtain seats at the UuA
matinee, auothor grand opera n talinee will be given on
Thursday next, Thanksgiving day, at two o'clock, whjoh
will positively bo the lust of the season ? the difficulty of
the music of "Robert le Diablo,'' now in rehearsal , not per
mitting anjr extra exertion on the part of the artiste. TW
matinee of Thursday will consist of tho opera of "L? 8o?
nambula," in which La Grango, Labocettaand liasaior wtl
perform ? a grand scena by Madam D'Angri,and a concert
by Ilcnri Vicuxtompn, Miss Milner and Mr.^*errinf. On
Monday, the 30th instant, the celebrated Carl formes
makes his debut as Bertram in Meyerbeer's great opera
"Robert le IMable." Md'le Cairoli will also make bar
first appearance in opera on that occasion. La Grange,
Bignardl and IaboceUa all take parts; and with the addi
tion of a fine ballet company from Klblo's, engaged far
this opera, and comprising the beautiful darueuu Te
res a Holla, and Paul Br 11 lan t, together with the new
scenery, dresses and machinery prepared for the oooa
fipd, Meyerbeer's magnificent opera will be producod la
unequalled style. Although all the artists of (be Opera
have not consented to accept smaller salaries than they
agreed for, in consideration of tho hard times, the manage
ment has come to the determination of continuing the
reason for a few nights more. A grand opera and conoort
are announced at the Academy on Saturday next, 2Mfa
instant, for the benefit of the lire Department.
With a little sacrifice on tho part of the artists and a little
more appreciation on the part of tho public we can have
tho Opera during tho winter, and we believe that this will
be tho consummation of tho matter.
The sccond concert in old of the funds of the Womoc's
Hoepital will be given on Tuesday of this week at Mozart
Hall. A number of (he best of our artists hare volun
teered, and the occasion is worthy a very full house.
At the theatres the business of tho week has been mi>
derately good. Mr. Charles Mathews, at the Broadway
theatre, has been the principal attraction. His audl
cnces have been large and fashionable. Mr. Mathews'
performances of Lavater (" Not a Bad Judge,")
Hawk ("Game of Speculation,") and Jasper ("A
Bachelor of Arts") are all admirable. We have never had
anything to equal them hero. To-night Mr. Mathewm
plays in " A Bachelor of Ark" and " Patter vs. Clatter."
If any one feels particularly blue over the hard times or
any thing else, we advise him to go and seo Mathews.
At Burton's theatre Miss Anna Maria Quuiu closed an
engagement of six nights on Saturday. She made a favor
able impression, but was hardly strong enough to draw.
For this evening Mr. Burton announces the capital bur
letta. "Paris and i/judon," and "The New York Direc
tory," iu both of which the manager performs.
At Niblo's Garden the business has boun vry good.
"Boreas" was played for tho forty -second timo on Satur
day, and tbi week w ill close iu unprecedented run. Tho
new ro]N< dancer, Marietta Zanfret .4, has made a groat
hit. She a young and pretty girl, and quite an artut tB
her way. The Ravels, with Holla and Zanfretta, appear
to night, and every night during the week.
At Wallack's theatre the new comedy, "Tho Maldoa
WiM," has been withdrawn, after five representation.
"The Invisible Husband," after a run of twenty -ooo
nights, seems quite as popular as ever. It remains in the
bill tor this evening, with "A Bachelor of Arts, >ne of
the great succession of "this house Mr !/? ter jlayu
Jasper, l.'is original part, :> 1 Mrs. H e ays Adolpiiua
for tho first time.
At I-sura Keene's theatre The Sea of Ice " dr?W3
capital houses, and will t ntinuod in the bills for
another week ? the fourth of its i rformanco. The play Ih
gotten up in tho most superb manner, and admirably
acted. It fully deserves all its success. Miss Keene's
performance of Ogarita is one of her very best por
traitures. The " Sea of Ice " to night.
The pretty little theatre No. 444 Broadway has bee*
well attended during the week, and the infant comedians
have quite ingratiated themselves witn the public. They
ap|*ar to-night iu the operetta "Alpine Maid," and " A
Day after the V'air.''
At the Bowery theatre Mr. Eddy announces for this
evening tho first appearance of Sands, Nathans & Co. '*
equestrian and acrobatic company. The bill for this
cvcn.ng is a very taking one, including sixteen acts in tha
circle, and a new extravaganza.
At the Museum the bill of to night announces the national
prixe drama "Our Country's Sinews; or. the Me^ianic anl
Volunteer." Two capital farces arc in tho bill for U>a
afternoon.
At Wood's Minstrels there is an excellent bill for to-day,
with a new farce, called "Dogs in the Dog Days," in whicta,
all the company appear.
At Mechanic*' Hall the Bryants givo their usual vartelj ;
and a very good variety It is.
Mr. John Tryon opens a new National Circus at tha
National Garden, H4 Bowery, this evening. The list of tha
company includes the names of several of the first per
formers.
Tiiiutkicai. lfovniMT* ?Mr. John Rrou/bam hM re
turned to town, after * tour in the Witt. Mr. Brougham
war seised at Rochester with an intermittent Over, from
which he has not yet entirely rocovcred. By the order of
hie physicians he lias been obliged to Rive up all his South
ern engagement*. Mr. Brougham has been engaged it
Burton's, where hp will shortly appear In hi* adaptation
of Thar ke ray ? "Vanity Kair." Kvery one will lie glad Ut
welcome Brougham and Burton bank to the name boards,
and the Houtberners' los* la our gain. Mr Burton un
noucteaa new local piece for Thanksgiving day. Mia*
Ijitira Keene give* an afternoon pcrlorm.ince of "The 8m
of Ire" on the *ame day. The Rouzanl ballot troupe havo
revived the fortune* of the Boston theatre, and play to
crowded houses every night. Mr. Correal is still playing
at 81. IiOuia to immense audience*. With thia exception
theatrical busincM in tbo South and West la \ery bad in
deed.
The prominent member* of the Bowery Theatre Com
pany, with Mim SallleBt. CUir.open tb<> Olympic theatre at
New ltaven to night, and play there under the manage,
rncnl of Mr. J. W. Ungard during tbe engagement of lb*
equestrian company at the Buwery. Mr. Wallack haa w
far recovered fror.i hi* recent severe iilneo* aa to be aM?
to appear on the *unny side of Broadway. Mi** Chariot**
Cnshman i* abont to commence a tour through ihe West
ern citie*. At the last account* Mr and Mr*. Barney Wil
liam* were playing In Ireland with more success than
ever.
Mew lork Bible Morlrly.
The anniversary meeting of the New York Bible Hn
ri'tv, auxiliary to tbe American Bible Society, waa held
last night m Rev f>r Alexander'* church, corner of KifXh
avenue *nd Nineteenth street. The attendance wan quit*
large and faahtocahle. After a voluntary played on tbe
organ, Pr. Howier*.* read the 119th pealm, commencing
at 97th \ er*e, and offered up a fervent extemporo prayer.
Mr. Cius. A. PAVti??>*, (V>rree|iondlng iteeretary, pro
ceedc l to read the 34th annnal report of tbe society. Af
ter some prefatory remarks on the cheering progrea*
made at home and abroad in circulating the Bible, tbe re
port gave tne following (totalis (lev Ales W aland
visited '0,h;? famlllca and dlMribut d i,13? Bible*. Utclud
Ing 7fyto hotel*
Mr Henry Uou, aming the French and Oerman popnla
t ? n. visited 11 ,l?.'i isniilies, and distributed 3,414 Mr.
I**rker. also ?n additional agent, visited 11,8*0 fsnMlHO,
making o total of 58,871 famllie* visiled, and ft.907 VO
Uitno wore distributed.
Tbe Committee on Hnimno and Criminal Institution* re
[>ort a distribution of S.BM Blbbw and l.?W? Testament*.
Tbe preeenl number of these institution* I* alK.ut arty,
and the number > f person* that annually enter and leave
them i* about M.OOo.
The Committee on Naval Station* report a distribution of
Ho volume*.
The Committee on Military Poet* report a distribution
during the year of IM Bible* and 1.0M Testaments.
Tlie emigrant agent* report a distribution of 1ft, AM
volumes ?t I'artle (.nrdru.
Hie Marine Committee report a distribution among Km
sailors of S.268 Bible* and JM.Mff Testament*. maVmg a
totsl of 27 .loft. More thsn 1,700 vessels were \ isited and
supplied. Ot vessel* boulnl to tbe Kii-t Indies, Ac , lal
lave been supplied with Bibles and Testament* in varioua
languages (.rants also of 1,279 volume* were made to
the owners of seamen^' churches In the rity Sit hun
dred and live psckel ships were also supplied With Biblm
and Testanx nt* in f>-ein hand Oerman, for distribution
among the stccra, pusrngcrs making in all ab. .,t m,o jo
volnmeO, beside- Mippl> lug 64 krtlll vessels and *69 1
American vessels bound to Roman < fctbrillc countries
The total receipts <>f the s<>ciety during ?e year havo
bi en $1ft,700, showing a diminution from thooe (armor
years, but, notwithstanding, we have discharged all mr
lndebtedne?a and t>e< n abb* to hand over >1 ,<XX) donation
to the American Bible Society.
IVtllllrsI Intelligence.
Ms. Hrn??vA* Bnm-nor Or? ><?* a Borrow Taao ? A
Washington correspondent of the Cincinnati (JtttHU ?<* y*
" Mr Buchanan look* yoting enough to serve on riglil
year*' lYesldenltal duty.''
MiJfJiw^itA.? Tlie constitution of the Stain of Minnesota
provide* that the flrst session of the LegislaMwe shall
commence on the first Wednesday (the sewnd day) of
December next, at the State capitol in St. I*aul Two
1 mted Hutes feoidon *re lo be thosei by Uiia LefwUt
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