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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 13, 1858, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
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New York, Suiday. Juite l.'i, 1858.
Tlit News.
By the arrival of the steamship Star of the West
at this pert yesterday from Aspinwall we have news
from California, Ctah. Oregon ami Washington Territories,
the Sandwich Islands, New Granada and
the Sonth Pacific.
The news from Utah via California is confirmatory
of that which we have already published from our
correspondents at the camp of tne expedition.
There seems little reason to douht that the Mormon*
are vacating their northern settlements, the object
bciDg to avoid contact and intercourse with the
troops, of whose entrance into their valleys there
seems now no longer any doubt on their minK
Several parties who have pa**ed through the Territory
on their way to California make very serious
charges against the Mormons. We publish in today's
paper Gov. Camming'.* oflicial despatch to the
Secretary of State, gi\ ing the particulars of his visit
to Great Salt Lake City and his reception by the
Mormcns there.
The news from California is not of special interest.
The recently discovered gold diggings on I'razerand
Thompson rivers continued to attract attention. All
accounts agree as to the abundance of gold there,
nod numbers in every section of California were pre
paring to remove to the new mining grounds. The
quality of the ore is precisely similar to that of California.
The 8ti.r of the West brought >1 ,t46,175 in
" ? ? 1?? .-UlLlt.J _ ?
Treasure, me can rnmvmw nuiKt TAUIUHTU UU
material change, though the expected arrival or a
num'erof ves-els from Eastern and foreign ports
had contributed to restrict the demon 1 for various
articles.
W* have dates from Oregon to tbe *tb. and from
Washington Territory to the 11th ultimo. The '
news is unimportant, the local papers l?cing tukcu i
up with accounts from the Francr river mines, and !
diacnaaing tbe liest routes to reach them-each claim- I
ing for its own Territory the preference. Occasional j
??han outbreaks are taking place, and fears are
soir.etimis entertained of a serious risine amnior the
tribes.
Our files from New Granada are dated at Panama
on the :td of June. No aewa of importance had been
receive i from I Ingot a. and the reports of a revoln- |
tionary outbreak at that place were looked on as !
unfounded. Tliere is no mention made in the paper* !
of the Can-Reran treaty. The weather was exceedingly
wet at Panama. The llritiah ship-of-war '
leopard had arrived at spin wall from the fteli/e.
The British war steamer Retribution, 28 gun*, arrived
from Callao on the 30th of April, bound to
China.
There is no news of importance from Central
America.
W> have new* from the South Pacific dated at f a
Pajt. Bolivia, 2Sth,?nd Valparatao ^tOth of April, and
at Call oa l'Jth tilt. Severe measures were being
taken by the executive of Bolivia against revolutionists.
The prv? wa? completely silenced. < ieneral
Be i.ru> arrival was looked for l>y the opponents of
f 'resident I .inare . Chile was at peace, after the ex
citement of the clectious. tiovermneot would have
a majority in the legislature. Kniigrant* from the
Tyrol were expected to come as settlers in therepublic.
There was little mutter of interest transpiring
in Peru. President Costilla had issued the
neceaeary orders for the election of a President, Vice
President and member* of Congress, to hold office for
eight years. The fears of his own assumption of a
dictator-hip were thus dispelled. The contest for
President would lie l>etwecn Castiila and Renor l?onungo
Kiia?. *hnac politi< .?l education was com
pieted in Rurupe. Trade wm- dull in Callao. Lima
was visited by a severe earthquake shock on 11th of
Ma\. \
P'c have papers from the Sandwich Islands d*ted
at Hon iulo on 1st of May. hot they do not contain
any new-. The legislature was convoked to meet
en : 1th.Mine. The British wnrsteamer Vixen,C.ipt.
Mo t Mil: <] for Tahiti and Valparaiso on the L'.'tli
of April. On the .same day the Kin* entertained
t aptaL" Mrs.tr and -veraI of hi* officers, with other
IT ?te, at iunch. during which a gn at many kind
ft, lingt were ?x pressed.
A?04 itttng to the report of the t'ity Inspector there
wen 401 deaths in the city during the pant week, an
increase of '.'7 an < omparcd with the mortality of the
week previous, and 4S more thavi occurred during
t< com -p "idinx period ol la< year. The following
tah'e exhibits the jiumlwr of death* during the |?ast
wtk among adult* and children, distinguishing the
aexea: ?
M-n Wc*n<-n Fi/yt Fiirtt. 7<t\F.
We?k ew<?<ng Joae ..... 02 7" 1? 374
Weert <i.S.t g Jnaa 12... '? .? OT 10* 411
Among the principal causes of death were the fol
lowing: ?
Dtmmm. 7m. a. j*m ta.
CMOltfiftM* (.? Hi
nro\ul"tan-> (infantile) 50 .".4
lartainmanoa of thnlunga. 24 24
li..luucnaCoti of the brwia 3 5
HrwW fever 'JO 11
Mire-niii (infaatik) IK
Iiropaj -m the brad 14 10
Mmlw * 7
Croup *' t*
Mroacbiti* 3 4
There were also f> death* of cholera infant urn. ft of
diarrhow. 3 of dysentery. *> of diacaae of the heart, ;
of inflammation of the l>rmin, 5 of teething. 19 of
Mnaiipox, 3 pn mature birtha, "2? atUlborn, and Itt
ueat he from v to lent tauae*.
Tin follow inn > a tlMwifl ration of the disease*, and
the number of deatlie in each claaa of disease duiing
the week i?
fHmmm J*n? t, June IS.
Banaa.totala, he j 4
Rrdr ami aervaa. ** ?y
Haeerauve organ* $ 7
Heart ard blood v rata la 17 91
Lnp. throat he. in* 117
OW J. 4 1
f%ia, Jar .and ereptlre feeare 40 39
Hkllhora aa<l premature birth* g'j ?>
Ht.ma Ji, bowaui aad other digaetiva vrgaim 1*3 hj
I arwriala aael aad geooralfhvara 24 97
Vafcaowa S t
Orwarf organ*.,. A 2
ratal *74 4<>|
The nnmber of death*. eompared with the rorrea
fend tog weeki in 1W> and 1W7. waa at follow* _
Waak aaetag Job* 14.14M. M?
Weak aaAtog Jaw It, IM7 au
Waak wring lac* ?, ISM >74
Waak aadng .lea* It, IMS. 401
w?e nativity ta?>le give* 273 native* of the United
ffctc* r* of Ireland 10 of < trmarj, 7 of Eogbtud
\
4 of Scotland, 3 of France, and the balance of var
oua foreign countries.
There ru a meeting of the member* of the Board
of Oommiwiionere of Health at noon yesterday, but
after the (apt* of an hour from the nanal time of
meeting, there not being proeeut a quorum to proceed
to business, they sdjourneo to Monday next at
IV! o'clock.
The tiro houseo of Congress were occupied yesterday
upon the fumncial measures of the session. The
progre-- made with sefeivnce to 11^,000,000 loan
and he various appropriation bills may be lrarued
fr< m our reports of the proceedings, published uuder
the telegraphic head. Ruth houses have worked in
dustmusly for the past week, but it is regarded as
probable that &u extension of the session beyond
Monday noon will be necessary in order to complote
the important public business requiring action before
the final ndjourmcr.t.
The steamer Umpire City arrived at the mouth of
the Mississippi on Friday from, New York and Havana.
She reports speaking the United States
steamer Fulton on the 7th, and again on the t'th
insl., cruising off Havana to intercept the Rritiah
ship of war Devastation, said to have on board orders
tor the Rritish squadron to stop the boarding of
American vessels. The Water Witch left Havana
on the Hth for the east ward. The Arctic iwi not |
arrived at Havana up to the f?th. The British
steamer Styx was hourly expected at Havana.
The ruin storm which commenced on Friday afternoon,
continued to rage violently ull day yesterday,
accompanied by a heavy wind from the northeast.
The excessively warm weather of the earlier
part of the week rendered this tluvial visitation welcome
at first, as it cooled the air and cleansed our
filthy streets; but its continuance over yesterday is
rather too much of a good thing. It has spoiled the
visit of the " Boston Tigers," brought dark clothes
again into fashion, and upset the calculation of
those who had determined to turn out to-day in a
new summer rig. This storm extends far to the
West, and throughout the country there has born far
too much wet weather for the corn crop. Thousands
of fields arc reported to be rotting: and should the
present weather continue, the iujurv will lie very
Htrioiix. The excessive raia of ye-terday did much
damage along the d<>chs and in the cellars bordering
on the rivers. Ju many plans the sewers were so
tall as to overflow, ami the rivers were unusually
high. We will doubtles- soon hear of freshets in the
ijiterior. Owing to the storm the outward bound
steamers Glasgow, Northern Light. Charleston and
Florida did not leave port. The Sound steamers
lett at tdeir usual honr.
The Itoston Light Infantry arrived in the city
yesterday morning, and were received by the New
York I ight t.uard a- their guests. They were quar
tered at the Ijifarge House, uud in the afternoon
visited Randall's island. A full account of their
doings will be found elsewhere.
The counsel for Cancemi, the Italian, charged
w ith the murder of policeman Anderson, yesterday
suggested the withdrawal from the jury of Mr.
Mailer, the person whom the rag picker witness implicated
in an attempt to induce him to leave the
country by offers of money. The suggestion was
adopted by tl*e prosecution, and the trial was pr>
eeedetl with.
In the Court of General Scv-ions yesterday, John
Tyler, alias Crawford, pleaded guilty to grand larceny,
and was sent to the pcniutcntiary for two
years by Judge Russell. Paul Hernandez, indicted
for tin- murder of his wife, and convict, d of manslaughter
in the third degree, was sentenced to lour
years imprisonment in the State prison?the highest
41.? 1? ? 1-1.? D......U.
that ho luil no doubt but tbut tbe prisoner intruded
to kill la- wife, and that diffbrent members of the
jury hod raid to him "that tutu it uot ik vh for tbe
" ftlniii, of lh? UlO piln>>~ kl> -'..I I
bare Wen convicted of murder." Mr. Hall, by consent
of tbe ucting District Attorney, moved that tlie
City.'udye vacnto au order made by him .to stay
the prosecution ?.t' an Indictment again-1 r:. Alderuiuii
Smith (now deceased) and other-, for an
alleged fraudulent issue of stock by the ?Iold Hill
Mining Company, until tbe civil suit i? decided.
Connsel for defendants opposed the motion. The
Court derided that inasmuch us the ruse could uot
be tried till October, he extended the order till that
time.
The extreme Inclemency or the weather yealerday
le..dcd to check ont door bjaine-a Ttio Bates oi cHioo
were reetricted to lome 2<*i a J.CO halee, wRIioet cntoge 'n
prcee. A moderate bueirew wa? doo? In lour, while
pr'cee were In the mala unchanged, the lower grade*
cloning 'lull. Wheat wan in fair demanJ. and linn for
prime Lou while the aaiea (chleUjr Western grown) embraced
about CO.voo a 40.000 buahcta. at pneen given la
another j- ?oe Cora eolil at ?">6c. a 07c for New Orleans
mixed and 67c. a 7ns. for Western do ; white Western,
part to arrire.at 73c eT4e.; white Southern at 748. a
77c and yellow Wcetera at 76c. a 76>je. I'ork wa? lower
with aalen of mora at $17 a $17 26, cosiag at tho Inaule
Bgure. and of prime at $14, with a tendency to loaer.
rates. Tbe salee of sugar* embraced about NO hbdr. and
,'M boxes, at fall price*. Ooflae was unlet. Freight* were
iBlta atesdy. while engagements were moderate and rate*
were without change of moment To Rotterdam, 3,000
bbU rnaln were eogmged M 'U. M. To IJ?PT|>ool?(.rsu,
floor md prorUioM wore moderately takes.
Coanmrrrlal Remits, m Mren In the ( IrarltiK
I lunar He
A report from I be 1 Stank Clearing Lloute of
thi* city >how* in bold relief the cfTcd of the
late revulsion upon the commerce of the country.
and the rate at which that commerce i* retiring.
The report cover* a period of tint"
(ijual to two year*; and may be considered an
a moat valuable oodicil to. or commentary upon,
the trade and commercial statistics published
annually by the go\ eminent.
It appt ar* that in June, 1H56- that i* to *ay
two years ago?wlan the country wa* highly
prosperous, but uo sign* of the subsequent cnormom
inflation had yet ma nib ?u.d ihennelves,
the bunk exchange* of thi* city were In round
number* fMT.OOO.Qtt?. Tbey fluctuated between
thi* figure nud a higher one for twelve
montbe. Lt May. IK>7, in the heal of tin
spring trade, tbey reached a maximum of
(770.000,U00. Here was an Increase of
fjOO.OOO.OOO. say thirty-three per cat in
twelve months : an inert a*e not at all justified
by the condition of the eonntry. the lower
figure (that of June, lK'fi), being itself <|uitc a
high average. At the rule thing* were going
in the early part of In'?7, but for the break
down of the Ohio Lift aa<l Trust and the rullway
panic, there would hare l?een a fall trade
beyond ali experience aud conception the exchange#
would probably hare approached the
enormous monthly aggregate of nine huudrtd
millions of dollars. As it was, the mere losses
which befell many traders in July and August
gave the death blow to the fall trade. The Intnks,
too. which hud Insanely persisted in expanding
In the teeth of experience and in defiance of all
remon?traiftes, begun to get frightened, and
curtailed as ingidh iou^ly as they bad enlarged
their discounts. Hence, after a natural decline
of exchanges from May to June, caused by the
customary cessation of the rpring trade, there
was a continued decline throughout Augu-t,
Feptetnttfr and October -a thing unparalleled.
The following table- of millions only?show#
the morement:?
V? . 1MT,iimr*rh?ures wsrs, In mi'ltena 77#
Jsae, " " 717
Jmly, ' " " 79
August, " ' ? M
Reptwatxr, ?' ? - Ml
Oriobsr, " 30*
There was in fact no fall trade at all last
year.
TV yet' there bare been no foreign import#
to speak of. The total importations at this
pert from January to May. iatlasirc, were Sftj
1TBW YORK MUK*I.lip.r
tent l** than those of earne period (<? |
yea?; nod tl?e Clearing Houee table# t*huw tb
fame proccw of contraction and curtailmen'
Te* 6giirt*?again in millions only- arc as tot
lows ?
l?f?. IBM"
t.irOsrjea m Jactiarr ?7*. E?
? Jrr.rr.M-y (W6 8'.
<* March 4i
? AP'il TBS H
f M?r rro 4*
This table t?-11a alike of the great contracts*
of buaiotsa thia year and of the gradual and
cautir.ua nr.ovrmonta that nro hrir.g made to i??
prove it. The huainaw of the hanka?that is t.
pay,the caah. commercial op.ratioT.ao' thiarity?
are not two-thhds of what they were at ttn?
in.a IolT vi.Qr (. t il tiarci n/if 1 Lir.nn atr.oi T.ir.n \ P.
I'UiC T V (M ? tAi'Vt unit AJW% l/VVU Oluvv
last. But they are improving. The implore
met* last year between January and May wa$100,000
COO; this year it is $1110,000.000. An?
there if no reason to doubt but it will cnntim?"
to improve at the same or even a swifter rate
It reflects the greatest credit ou the sasracity o'
New York merchants that they have not yield' u
to the temptiitlou pre* ' ;1 b a country bare
of goods, I launched out already into excessive
importations. The slower the country revives,
the sounder will prove the recovery.
In tho course of a year or two. ib'-re isnorea
son to doubt but the trade of the United Stat s
will be as healthy and extended as ever; aud as
a notural consequence, by that time, it may be
fairly expected that the government will escape
from its financial difficulties.
The Fishery BaniiUco.
The Senate bus passed a bill repealing the ex
isting acts by which bounties are given to the
owdc rs of vessels of certain capacity engaged in
the fisheries. It is considered to have been
doLe out of au ill fueling towards tae State of
Massachusetts, which is largely engaged in the
business, in consequence of its hostile position
to the general government. It will not probably
pass the House: certainly not without great
oppositiou. Our Atlantic fisheries, which are
principally directed to the catcbiug of cod and
mackerel, Lave always been an object of interest
to cur government, and since the year 17911 especially
have been the subject of protective legislation.
This policy has been that of most
maritime nations: of the English, French, Portuguese,
Spanish and Dutch, all of whom have
nn/t thono of the two former have l?e
ctuiie formidable by the prosecution of it. The
French considered their transatlantic fisheries
more valuable than the mines of Mexico. In all
the old treaties such at those of 1718, 1763 and
1783?these fisheries were made leading features
in the negotiations between France and England^
and were afterwards, in 1*14 and 181f>, referred
to, and permanently settled by the treaties ol
Paris in the last mentioned years.
In tbe treaty of peace with Great Britain in
1783 our right was secured to fish on
the Grand Banks and all other banks
of Newfoundland, in the Gulf of St.
Laurence, and all other places in the sea
where the inhabitants of both countries usod at
any time to fish. and also on the coasts, bays
and crocks of all the other British dominions
in Ami rica. and to cure and dry fish in any of
the unsettled bays, harbors and creeks of Nova
Scotia. Magdalcu Island" and Labrador, so
long as thov remained unsettled. bat not after
that, without tbe consent of the proprietors ol
U1C glCUUU. tUC UUMUCCB, uuvciu, nun uui
successful, and in 17'.?0 Ma-vsachuBeUa mode ?
representation to the general government of ib
embarrassed condition, which tiubBequeutly let
to the passage of act*- allowing a drawback 01
imported Ball, and a bounty of several dollar!
per ton on certain classc* of small vessels whict
were actually engaged in the fwliery for fout
months in the year. Under this system out
fisheries prospered, and we obtained a largt
body of bold and intelligent scaim-n, whe
mano donr ships during tho war of 1*12-13,
and sucoMrfiiUy disputed the dominiou of the
sea- with our surprised and mortified antagonist.
At the treaty of Ghent nothing was said
a I-out these fisheries any more than about the
right of search. and the con oipience wan that
n n< w construction w put upon the treaty ol
1783 by the British government, which they
considered had been abrogated in Hh effect
by the war, and the rights of fishing under it
had been lost. Indeed, it to"k the position that
they could not be restored without an equivalent,
and they actually expected in that shape
U t-l i ..f M!-t. r*n. I.
mr rijMii in im? IUV luvu^n
tome or our commissioners were willing to concede
till* rather than lose the IWicric*. fortunately
for this country, the majority was not
It was during this uns* ttlod state of thingi
that our vitfcls, proceeding to fish as usual liofore
the war, a ere 01 de red otl'tbc coasts and some
of them were captured by the British cruisera
This of course aroused our government to ac
tion. and negotiations ensued which ended in
the convention of 1*1* at I<ondon, where oui
rights to the joint fisheries were restored, will
this proviso?that our vessels should not lisl
within three miles of the British coasts, noi
land on them to dry and cure the catch. Oul
of this convention ucw difficulties an-e. The
Nova Scotians. in order to keep off the Yankees
objected to their entering auy of tie- bays or ill
dentations of the coast, and contended that th<
three miles were to be measured from the bead
lands, or extreme points: and taking the las
into their own band*, the Colonial authoritici
Actually seized some of our vessels for fishing
within the headland*, though actually three
miles frcm the land.
Mr. Stevenson, our Minis'cr at SL James, under
instructions, complained of these proceedings
and after a good deal of diploma* r. dodging
and examining of the treaties, the BrMsh minis
lr? re iffiritllll the (lM?1nrattnn Shut fhn m
J ? v """
liw<] put Mti end to the lr< ? } of 17 * '< (lint oui
right* were defined only by the cotivruliou &
1 flM, and Unit In determining how tbc three mile)
should be measured, insbtcd that the lio -hould
be drawn across Ijay* and indentations of th(
coast from headland to headland. It la cnrloui
to oinffTC?ttod we do not remember to hart
heard tlie fact staled in nny of the public die
cu?sions of the Jay that a similar principle ol
measurement bad obtain* d in a contention t?e
tween France and England. August 2, In
relation to the oyster fisheries, and it was applied
! cvn to 'wye more than t<*n miles wide. In ad
dition to this limitation the British government
insisted that no foreign country should nse the
, Gut of Canso. and that our llsherim n should nol
land upon nor fish from the shores of the Magda
> len Island- In consequence of this our tcs?*1i
[ wi re again r-u'*,<? (* <1 to \ isils. thn ut?. and ^
I some instance to capture; and as usual, out
, Minister opened further negotiations, and witt
; unexpected success, to obtain a relaxation in th<
practice and the role, fn I Mo the subject wa*
I pretty fully dinust-d, but the Blue Noso
i being again exceedingly irate at the Van
' hew, succeeded in preventing the boon
SUNDAY. JUNK 13, 1858.
^ort-iuuicul fivm doing what at length
b*y bad intend* d to do ej?-n the business to a 1
much larger extent tor American fishermen. i
fxtro Stanley was driven off n*s ground, and <
cotblng was done excpt to relax the rule so I
!?i as related to the Bay of FUudy. <
Oni fisner>e<* have, the*vfore, been conducted 1
nnd? r very great diaad vantages since the war of
ISI'2, and in all probahi il? would have been ,
'catroycd but for the bounties which huve been \
continued troui time yo time for their en- j
a-ui agiuient. Ae late as 1852 the British au- *
h< rtits of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova j
N'i'ii* tiiniltr lmi<1 i!iiiniilain*? to the borne ,
governnmt against oar flseermea, demanded
the pre* new c-f a large unval force to drire |
hi'i/i ofl fitted out vessel* at their own expense, ,
and oui. incd Iroui the Earl of l>trby, (then at ,
bi head ot affairs,) hu assurance that he would
nke c;tre of the colouial iutere***. And thua
he matter remains. We hare in the cod fishery
about one hundred thousand tone, mostly owned
hi Massachusetts. That State built, in 18.".f>,
eighty-lour ships and ba?k*, nineteen brigs,
tuirty-fivft schooners, one sloop and four steamers;
Virginia built oue ship, nine schooners,
hirteen sloops and caual boats, and six steamers
only ; North Carolina twenty-two schooners.,
four sloops and canal boats, and two
teamen*; South Carolina two schooners,
oue sloop or caual boat, uud one steamer;
Georgia, one ship, one schooner and foui steam
ei*; Florida, two schooners; Alabama, one ship,
five schooners, one sloop and five steamers;
Mississippi, five schooners, two sloops and no
steamers; and Louisiana, niae schooners aud
tm steamers. We can thus see where our commercial
activity fs greatest in the shipyards,
comparing Massachusetts with the State* which
urc most opposed to the protection of the fisheries.
aud which of the States named contribute
n est to the revenues of the country. This
should have its weight, even wilh the South.
But the fi-hrry questiou is really a national
one, and should be so considered. We have
two hundred and seveuty-lour thousand seamen
in our commercial navy. The best and hardiest
of these men, and the greatest auuibor.
come from the commercial Northern Stales.
The fisheries nre the very best school for them
that we Lave, and require to be kept up quite as
much as the army and navy. The day may
come?as it has come once before?that the honor
of our naval flag will have to be sustained by
thcfe very persons, commanded perhaps by
Southern ofliccrs. and the sous of the mea who
are now attempting to destroy the nurseries of
the navy.
We do not enter into the details which the
Treasury documents furnish of the value of
there fisheries to the couutry in dollars and
cents. We leave these to the statisticians. But it
is evident that the policy of all maritime nations
has been to encourage this branch of their
national industry. We have acquired great
profit, and great glory too. by a similar one; aud
we trust that the House, laying aside all petty
prejudice-and sectional feelings, will act on this
question 6olcly for the public good.
BKitiU.\n Yocxu GoiMi to Mexico.?According
to our luteet authentic advices irom Utah,
the Mormons, in largo bodies?women
j L> adiug southward towards Mexico: and it is
k j believed that the ir next resting place will
,' be in the province of Senora or ChiI'
buabua, and with the full consent of the
I Mexican government. We havo always sup,
posed Sonora to be the next most probable desti,
nation of the Saints, from these facts:- it is the
. j most accessible new country where they can
. live and flourish, in the event of their removal
, from Salt Lake?in fact, considering the terri,
; hie deserts and mountains by which they ore
surrounded, their only way of escape in a body
i lies southward into Sonora. Secondly, the Mor.
j inous in Sonora or Chihuahua would all'onl a
i perfect barrier of protection to the Mexican
settlements of those States against the fierce
> Apaches and Camanches. At present those
, border Mexican States, for hundreds of miles
r from our boundary, nrc completely at the mercy
> of the Indians, and havo liecn almost depopui
luted by them from time to time. Wc hope*
too, that our administration, instead of intcr,
posing any ol*tacles to this movement of the
Mormons into Mexico, will rather encourage it:
i for iu the event of their absorption, w ith the ani
nexation of another slice of our sister republic,
they can lie readily transferred still farther
southward. We do trust, therefore, that our
, government will not only permit, but encourage
I the exodus of the Mormons en nui**e into Mexico,
even to the extent of a treaty with the Mexican
) government, should that be required.
*i "
<)? ?:*% Maii. Steankr Arrnorkiatioxh,?The
House bill upon this rabject. as reported to the
i Senate with the amendment* of the Committee
of Finance, provides?
tor tr?n*port*tKiD of .tbo maila from Naw York to
I I iverpool at. i )>ark, la pOTguajve of tbo routrar; win K
K. Oot mt acd other*. three hundred and forty mx Ihourand
11*0 hundred uollei*. And It ia hereby pro
t Ti'inl, tbat tor *uch day* a tbo raid Collin* and other*
ahail fWii to pOTfortn taid *errtce tbo !'oatma?ier i.onoral
' la aoluoriied to > oatrart ?IU> tbo owner or owner* oi any
otror rteam roa?el or *oo?otaao perform *aid nerrtca, by
tiaaufxirtiof the main rom aucb pott la tbo I nu*d Htn'oe
tu aorh port ia t.reat Britain at he may aeleot and pay
, therefor a sum equal to tbo amount of foreign bod inland
I pd?U :ej i?<? i i by too Coiled Mala*. And tba I'oatmaaur
i.curral a>ar,w1ibtbo nonneot of the contra)tore,
ebao.e the I'nropeao termination of xaid route,
under the ooltract aforeaatd, from Li ret pool to Houtb
i ami-ton
tor transportation of tbo mail* from New York to New
1 ' riraa*. < W? -ten, Savannah, Havana and Cbagro* and
hack, two huadtod aad *i?y one thousand dollar*.
lor transportation of to* maila from I'aoama to Calif or
. a and re*r.n and bark, three hundred and t'.\enty right
thousand three h udred aad fifty dollar*.
for lra**|mrtai*ifi of tbo mails between Fen 1'raar'
ro. California, ami olytnpta. Washington Territory,
' one baadrod aad twenty two thousand Ore hundred
i deliart
PnrK'a Hound, twenty two thousand four hundred
dollar*
f Hoc. t. Prarlde* for certain deductions??ixteen thou
aand aaron huadrod aad fifty aaven dollar* per trip?
from tbo ailliua' allowance. on aocouBt of trip* not
r performer!, wliKb mocrja ara to be pad over to tba d?partatent.
? Sw a, m amanded tiir Kanaie mtnmiUia, Instead of
I two hundred and tbirty thousand dollars for Hr?m?n and
Havre linre, allows tbr amount of piwtafre, foreign ami
) inland, rrosh rd by llt? I aitod Htatea Ir?m th* mails, In
and cot, l?y Uia vrwaola ampinyod in soo.h servioa.
tor n ail avrvloa bolwren Cbarlt-Otou aud Havana, ooa
hundred thousand ilollara.
Isthmus of Panama, one hundrod thousand dollars
Now. thin ia doing tolerably well, considering
the condition of the treasury; but we hope that if
any further changes arc mad" in the leading ap1
proprialions. they will be increased rather than
diminished. Wearoglad that there ia a fair
prospect that the magnificent Collina steamers
will not be permitted to rot at their dock.
Fo?m> at Last.?A great discovery bits ju?t
bc? n made - aa great aa that of the mariner's
compile, the invention of printing, fir of the
man who struck Billy ratter-?on. Mr. Le.tcher,
M. ('. from Virginia, has just found out the man
"vot never reads" the Nirw Vouk II>:iur.n.
It is Mr. Clay, a member of Congrens from
Kentucky, who naively acknowledges the corn.
Such a man ought to be the Know Nothing candidate
for the rroaldtncy, und no bo nominate
i him for lct>0.
1
The Inoependrkt Fiasco n? New Orleans.?
By the New Orleans journals, which we are is
receipt of op to the Saturday previous to bhe
Uction, we are enabled to form some idea of
the causes that led to the failure of the independent
movement in the recent political election
there.
The movement itself was a spontaneous one
of the taxpaywg and respectable citizens for
the purpose of effecting a reform in the municipal
mi?government. An Executive Committee
was appointed, and everything seemed to
promise a triumphal election for their candi
anus, when some of the hot-headed ones
thought to make assurance doubly sure by the
Icrinution of a Vigilance Committee. This
alaimtd even the independents, and caused
division in their ranks. There might have been
a necessity of protecting the citizens in their
exercise of the right of suffrage on the day of
election, but there could have been none for
taking possession of the city by on unlawful and
revolutionary force. Such a proceeding under
a republican and democratic government was
wrong; and it was a greater wrong to carry it
out for days before any possible contingency
conld arise. This it no doubt was that alarmed
the citizens of New Orleans and kept them away
fum the polls, if in fact they did stay away
fiomthtm.
On this, as on every other point in relation
to this excitement at New Orleans, the telegraphic
reporter for the associated press has
been singularly inefficient. lie seems never to
have comprehended the points of the movement
or the great issues which it involved, and
to have been singularly remiss in reporting
the facts. Even now we do not know the number
of votcB cast by the respective parties?a
fact which would throw much light upon the
alfair.
This movement of the independent taxpayers
of New (trleans has thus been headed off by
rush counsels, and it will bo a lesson for
them in the future. They should have learned
wisdom from the evcuts of our last city election.
In that the most effective argument
against Fernando Wood was his foolish and
agrarian Hour message, and Ihe wide spread
suspicion that the " hunger'' meetings last winter
were secretly got uj> and stimulated by him
tor political purposes. This killed him. But
had his opponents got up an illegal military
organization. Le would have undoubtedly beeu
elected by default of the taxpaying voters, as
has be-on the case with Mayor Stith in New
Orleans.
Thk Evidknck ix Canckmi'b Cask.?It appeared
on Friday, from the evidence given on
the trial of Cancemi for the murder of the policeman
Anderson, that one of the counsel for
the defence, and a jury man now sitting in the
ca.-e, Frederick Muller, offered an essential witness,
the rag picker .Matthias Loath, $2/>00,
then $2,.*00, and finally $>:i.00o to leave the
country and go to California, ho oa not to lie
able to give evidence against the prisoner.
If this Btory be true, it may well attract
indignant attention from the public ut large.
If the rag picker Louth told the truth, the
attempt made to bribe him by a man who afterwards
turn* up a* a juryman in the case shcils
a ruy of valuable llgnt on the failure of criminal
justice in this country. If persons who
were so devotedly attached to culprits a* to
oflhr $.">.000 to essential witnes-os to keep out
of the way, can contrive to huve themselvt - admitted
to the jury that is to try their lYlcnds,
no more time need be lost in inquiring how
it is that rogues so uniformly escape. The
secret of the disagreement of jaries is at once
discovered.
w naiever nitcrior measures mny t>c taken to
ferret out the truth of this matter and to punish
the guilty, if any such there be. there seems to
be no question but the Court owes it to itaolf to
take measures against the lawyer who ia accused
of conspiring to defeat the ends of justice.
A lawyer who could offer an essential
witness a bribe to run away is no fit officer of
any court; and if the allegations of Louth be
sustained, the Soprano Court owes it to itself
to have the offending counsel of Canccml struck
from the rolls without delay.
pm sirastul Motkmests.?The Philadelphia
/brassy llulhtin takes up the bint which we
threw out the other day, in reference to Cameron
of Pennsylvania, as an available Presidential
candidate for the opposition to fuse upon
in 1800, and saya that " General Cameron is, in
many respects, a strong man. and possesses
elements of stremrtli not tn lie fotinil in inv
other candidate.'' Very good. Let the friend*
of the General trot him out, and try his wind
and bottom. Why not? The cour-c is open,
the coast in clear, and the more the merrier,
llut there i* no time to l? ioat The friend*
of Seward all over this State, ae understand,
are organizing their socret clul*<; and in Massachusetts
and throughout New Kogland, the
sumo movements are going on in behalf of Mr.
Ilanks. In old Virginia, the friends of Gov.
Wise are organizing and taking soundings; in
Illinois and all over the Northwest, the Ihmgla*
men arc getting ready for action. Indeed, wo
have no doubt that in Itchaif of every man ot
eTcry pnrty. generally recognized as an nspirant
for the succession, there is a groat deal of
active primaryVorfc going on In tin wa> of
quiet little meetings, confidential consultations
and letter writing. Hy-anfl by some of these
thlugs will lenk out; for where there is so
much subterranean combustion the flame* cannot
be long kept under. I<et us wait a week.
With the dispersion of Congrcsn among the
people wc shall learn something.
A CoHtORTAMl.R Sor in tiik TaKAHltr km: a
Paik or Wa.siio.cjTON Okuamc.- Tho g<*ncrous
purveyors of Congress have grauled Mcara
t .ales ?t Sea ton, of the Xntvmtl hitrtlifancrr, (opposition
organ.) the comfortable subsidy of
...... &<l?i ni.A r.. Ik. 1 11 at _# iL. <1 i _
rvitiv Ctnn.inm iui iuu |'u"||i;tlll(lIl tjl inc .Wlnals
of Congrrss;" and It appears ths*t that comprehensive
spoilsman, Wendell, of the /'awn.
(democratic organ,) in to have a share of the
plunder. Thus arc these beggarly Washington
organs subsisted out of the treasury. They arc
utterly corrupt and rotten dependents upon the
public crib: and we had hoped that the scheme
of Mr. Taylor, of New York, for a government
printing office, (In view of the prodigious sabsidles
required for thw rotten party organs.)
Would be consider-vl and adopted in won to
put an < nd to these (iroanwich pensioner* before
the close of the present Congre-s. But when
black r? publicans and democrats combine to
keep up this old nnd rotten party organ system,
we can only hop. for a reform through the in
tervenUoii of a new party, frerh tV.-m the p< ople.
And we may still get this new party iu ajaton
for the acjLt Caaguw. Who kn&ws.
Mimis Corporation Frauds.?The report of
the Collector of Assessments, submitted to Um
Common Couucil by the Street Commissioner
at their last meeting, and publish* d iu our
columns jebterday, opuu* a new chapuT in the
history of the financial affairs of this cruelty 1
mii-governed city. In such a condition had bin
predecessor and his deputies left the accounts of
the office of Collector of Assessments that toe t
present incumbent is wholly unahle to toil how ,
much of the aseesfunetits collected has been pad
over to the City Chamberlain, and how much
bas gone into the pockets of the officials or '
elsewhere. He reports, however, eeveral large
deficits in certain sums paid to the late Coilro- ,
tor by his deputies, and not credited to theaa, .
1 l! a- al. - **** i
uur pmu uy Dim 10 me c/namoeruun, amounting
in one cue to about $35 000; and in others ta
vaiions smaller sums, aud making a total ot
about $144,000 due to the treasury. The oalp
data for this calculation he found in the return
books of the deputies and iu the Collectnr'n 1
ledger. The condensers of some of the depn- i
ties have been carritd off; so that the Collector \
avows that he cannot tell how many more de- '
ficits there may be from January 1, 1856, to i
May 1, 1858. The late Collector, it appears, '
deposited with the Chamberlain $372 000 collected
on assessments confii med before his term 1
of office began, upon which the former iacum- '
bents claim the commission, though they never '
collected the money. Again, it seems that the '
liens on a great deal of property upon which f
the assessments have been paid long ago, '
have not been discharged from the re
ccrd, greatly to the inconvenience of ]
properly holders, who cannot eflVct a sale while 1
this incumbrance appears on their property. .
Such a villanous system us this Is a disgrace to *
any public office. In view of such facts, wo I
cannot wonder that tho taxes are increasing at a
the present enormous rate. la all probability
twelve millions will hardly cover the taxation
of this year ; and they will continue to increase *
in the same ratio until the taxpayers take the
management of the city out of the hands of all '
political factions. Hhosc taxpayers, to what- *
ever party they belong?whether Americans, re- .
publicans, or either of the two democratic or- J
ganizntions who allow their prejudices in favor
of their own faction to control them, to the in r,
jury of the whole body of property owners, are '*
making a grievous miotakK for which they will
have to pay heavily out of their pockets. The ,
government of the city is now in the hands of *
men, the majority of whom pay no taxes and J
have no stake in the community. Wc referred
the other day to the office holders under the i
Corporation, but a small nart of whom pay J
taxes; by a glance at the lax list for 1*57 we r
uow observe that a majority of both boards of *
the Common Council are non-taxpayers. Of *
the sixteen Aldermen only seven pay taxes, tad *
of the twenty-three Councilmen only nine. The *
disposal of the money of the treasury is at the
control of these bodies; and the majority at a
least, If not all of them, should have some stake
in the city, and contribute to create the fund %
they disburse. If the taxpayers cannot organ- J
izc an independent party in time for the next r
election, w ith a ticket of their own, they can, at ?
all events, select the best men from the other
tickets and rapport them. And these men j
should, in all cases, be ow ners of property and taxpayers.
It is absurd and mischievous too
give the disbursement of the public moneys to a |i
set of men who have no stake in the comas
aity.
The taxpayers should hold meetings at once,
collect a fund for election expenses, and hastes r
on their organization to a head as speedily m [
possible. There in no time to be loet; while
tin y arc waiting, the city Ik going to ruin. ,
?
THE LATEST NEWS. J
Oar Kpcctd WuhlaftM Pupatrtb k
Weemkunar, Jana 12, ltM. *
It la now believed lmpoaaible ior OotftM la gat *
through with the work of the aeaaloa by Moo ley noea,
end there will Ibei ?tbra be aerewity of eo eileneioa ef
the -cmdo. or the Preeldent wUI cell en x her. The Preeidrnt
edherra, flrmly to the roeree be laid dewa, ef re- .1
qnlrlof Ume to consider tmporteat bllle before signing '
them B
1 lean that eetther lord Napier nor the fltate Depart- g
meat bee received despatches from Karope, with regard J
to the outrage* of the hrttleo crnmer*. I ord Napier deea (
not expo* any, eioept Incidentally, ae our government
her kubtuilk'd the matter directly to tbe llriUah ge- *
moment through our minister in London, and Intelligence
wlU rone through him j
The Af propletion bUI for the collection of the rerenee *
hue patted, with e rieoee that the Cue torn Uoaae offlcere r
of California nhail not reoclre more then t*eet| Cm per |.
cent cruipremhon higher thee the N.n VerVoOktrn. r
Itvk
nKW+nnr.
Wimvi TO*, Job* 12, MM
Ufdh hf.neM whrn aer re Warm 1 111 i a laih Immip ix. frtfUn wl.ki
with report* trua lb* ComnnUM oi Cuc.'srrooe en tte
Appropriate bill*. '
A million dollar* wore appropriated for fortdrau*** la t
rnrteua part* o' the eiuntry, *ti'> cuMoni b>ueee 1
Tbo Htaa# re.'ufcoi to concur I* the Senate'* amend- '
meal* iDcreee.ng tn? rote of postage, and ebolnhlag the %
franking prirlW go, anil agreed to toe ainnntiaoni giving Uio
Port 'Aire printing to U>* toweot bidder. . '
After rtruggle ornr I be report* of no t'oof ocean* 4
lofnTT.IUee* on tbo tiara! bill, Ixdh boaoM adjourn** *
without detlait* action.
Tli* llo***postponed until the **cood Murnlay ia l>*cem ,
her, by flttcoa majority, lb* Maryland ooatoxtcd eieounn o
caao, ami the S nau agreed to rote at neon to day oo tbo f
Indian .. ra-e. 1
ffuntTT-rtri h umwiuus. *
Waamx.ma, June 11,MM. *
Mr. Yi in, (adm ) of 11*., from the Commute*on i'oa t
<?ff;oe< ai d Post r.oa<1a, to which waa referred lb* a* *
mor al of the trustee- of A. G Woo, contractor for narryieg *
the mall botwoea Vow York, Now Orlonaa, Harnna ami *
Oiagree, for additional ooraprn*aUrm for extra mail faotb *
Uca on that route tor Ubo relief of tbo trustees ?* A. O m
Sloo, reported a bill tor Uie relief of the truateee of A. 0 o
Boo. ..
Tbla bill natborlBes the Secretary ot the Nary to pay ri a
the rate of ? |<er cent on the ronie epeetnei.
mpia*a iOn
ttiotloe of Mr Bamer, the Senate proceeded to cm- y
elder Uie resolution rejiorted ftwn the OwmNiee oe
clary by Mr Pugh, that Mr BrfgM eed Mr. Fitch, Sen,alee 1
from tne State of Indiana, are entitled to the seat* tay a
bow bold in the Senate
The tot* wa* taken on concurring In the report, ad 1
decided in the eihrmntlve
not TWAimcrW) ami*.
A ar ?age wee rereleed Irom the President of te
I'nlted Ste'rS, la aoewer to a resolution of the Senate 9t e
the loth ultimo, ceiling fbr any lalcrmellon ae te eheUw
any oflbrts bad been made or authorised by the Piecuti a ?
I vpartmrnt*, or nay offloer thereof, to Induce tbn goreamentof
Meaioo to nanul Uie great of XhUi for the oeetructloa
of a wagoa road and railroad news the lath ma ,
of ft linen tepee. The President aeat a report from ae
Socretn-y of State, covering all the correapoadeaoe renting
to tne subject. C
TWT satat Bill.
Mr MAiioer made the report from the Committee* 1
Conference oa the Neval bill, and It w*? inncorred in 1
A iMotraa wee made to adjourn, and oaaoaliof the yea w
and naj* wae defeated, aoquomei roting. ?
At eleteo o'clock the Senate adjourned, ater a eontiai
oue reeeion from eleven in the morning until olereaat '
night
WAawaoroa, .fnn? t'j, 1*M
VlfllHB skbmiok. '
The Senate chamber waa crowded.
ma oraA* bap am. I
Mr. I?a.e*ont>, (adm.) of 3. C , preaented the report* t A
the Ooaference Committee on the ooeaa mall eteamera * I
annonnrint that the committees had oar to an agree M
I

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