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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 12, 1858, Image 3

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EFFECTS OF THE FLOOD.
DmUmUt* Overflow at Hioplli Til of
Lib and Property.
[TtoM tlM Memphis Avalanche, July 6 ]
The vicinity of our city wan viaited last evening
by one of the most fearful and destructive rain
storms that ever occurred perhaps in any latitude.
The rain, which was accompanied by the most
terrific lightning and thnnder, commenced descending
in perfect torrents about five o'clock in the afternoon,
and continued without intermission for a period
of three hours, flooding our streets and avenues with
water. The present height of the river, and descending
floods, contributed to swell the Bayou (Jayoho,
which extends throughout almost the entire length '
of our city in the eastern suburbs, until it reached a
height between four and five feet in excess of anything
ever known before. At the lute hour at which
we write, it is impossible to give the particulars of
this fearfhl calamity, but there has doubtless been a
loss of three lives, while property to the amount of
$100,00C bus been destroyed. The lives reported to
to be lost were those of two negros and a little child.
The most material loss of property will accrue to
the Memphis and Ohio Railroad Comyany, the passenger
depot of which is on the Memphis side
of the Bayou, and is connected with the engine
and machine depot by a private bridge leading to
the east side of the same. The rauroad bridge
was damaged to the extent of at least twenty
thousand dollars. Including the railroad bridge,
no less than seven bridges have been destroyed
while the loss of individual property is immense
aiMrreiriitinff douhtlesH SI Oil (MM).
0 nion street bridge was considerably damaged?
houses, bridges, and floating timbers from above
were lodged against it, and the water backed up between
Third and Fourth streets. The Madison
street bridge was damaged by the formation of a
raft of timbers above, and a stable between Madison
and Monroe streets was washed up and a number of
mules drowned. Court street bridge was washed
away and lodged against the private bridge of the
pleasure garden of1 Mr. W. G. Wilkins. forming
a raft of over a half an acre. M. W.'s garden was entirely
flooded, and there was over two feet of water
in his house.
Raleigh street bridge was but slightly damaged,
although the ground between the bridge knd the
pleasure garden was entirely submerged. The Memphis
and Ohio Railroad bridge was washed down, and
it will be some time before it can be repaired. Saffarans'
bridge was also washed away. It was made of
brick. Mr. Fohrell's planing mill was all submerged
; Poplar street bridge was washed away, together
with Mrs. Graham's grocery, just below. Mrs. G.
arrowly escaped with her children. One of Mr.
F. G. Butlers children also narrowly escaped
)mwning.
The waters commenced receding abont ten
>'clock at night, when the great destruction of pro>erty
was somewhat apparent, even in the midst of
he darkness which pervaded the fearful scene.
In the meantime the wildest excitement prevailed
hroughout the city, and we can at this time only
nuke a bare allusion to an event which was as retarkable
as it was sudden and fearful.
ninUilpfl Overflow?What will be Ma
K fleets 1
[From the Memphis Bulletin ]
The loss, by destruction and damage of the sugar
nd cotton crops in the Mississippi bottom, caused
y the overflow this season, will have to be comuted
by millions. Taking everything into view?
ae deficit in production of these articles, and the
hi of stock, ac.?it will not fall short of ten mil ona
of dollars. If the work on the levees already
estroyea, anu tne cohi oi repairing inetn is taKeri
ato the account, the aggregate loss to the conntry
/ill reach even beyond that sum, huge as it is.
'he despondent and the "croakers'' contemplate it
s a calamity, and speak of it as an irrecoverable
ril.
But there is a brighter side of the picture than
bis, sombre as we concede it to be. The Missisippi
Valley is not "ruined," by a great deal,
is progress and prosperity is not even seriously
becked.
In the first place, the wreck and ruin of plantatons
has been much exaggerated. They are not all
ibmcrgcd on any part of the river. Even with
?any of the inundated ones, there is a large moiety
a which crops are growing. The falling off in the
reduction will not be near so great as many imagie.
(Suppose there should be such a deficit as to be
visibly manifest in the next crop, the enhanced
tlue of what is grown may, in a great many inances,
go far toward making up the now apparent
ss.
But, apart from this consideration, there is now
/try probability that we shall soon have a perma!>at
recession of the flood of waters. If it gets off
ithin this month ?say by the '20th of July?the
ibmcrged lands may be planted in corn. Saturated
the ground is, there will be nothing needed but a
uitmuauce of warm suns and deep plowing to make
glorious corn crop. The destruction of this gr owth
lilch has taken place in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Miami,
and the corn growing region generally, will
nderthis crop on the lower Mississippi, if not so
Juahle, quite as necessary, as a full crop of cottou
< sugar. The corn crop of the United States is,,
Motely, the stay and support of the world; and it
>sld seem almost providential that the capabilities
the Mississippi bottom should now, by a kind of
foreseen enforcement, be brought Into requisition.
Nor is the unsubdued lands of the Mississippi
alley, so amazing in their fertility when the sun is
1 in upon them and civilized man runs his ploughare
through them, to be abandoned as fairs for
lid animal-, ana ~ci iree iroin sunjecuoii n> iae uses
the world. Wild speculation in them has been
iecked. and It is well,in many aspects, that it hia
en. In this regard, as a timely warning of the
ility of men's abort sighted calculations, the over?w
will prove a blessing, rather than an evil. In
e first place, the prices of these lands were getting
o high tor the amount of security which had been
ovided, for investment in them.
Really reclaimed from danger of encroachments
' the Mississippi, their value can scarcely be too
ghly estimated; bnt the anticipation in payments
r tin m of such value before mch security was
invlded, must sooner or later have ended in ruin or
Inkruptcy. The overflow has demonstrated that
I iUioiiM ot dollars and oceans of labor have yet to be
0 rpended, before these lands are in a condition to
rnish the guaranty of a safe, solid and perpetually
nfltable in vestment; that they are, in short,
1 'tj desirable for the occupancy of the
inly conquerors who looe all the difflcul s
In the face and have the intelligence and
ie energy to overcome them, but not a "dead
ire thing" for the monopoly of speculation. It is
cry well for the whole country that this salutary
son has come as soon as it has. The only damage
has done has been to lessen somewhat the imagintive
and prospective fortunes of large holders of
ild lands; while it has f?en a positive benefit to
nrl credit of wide Motion* of the country In that
traction. These land* will And purchaser* at fair.
Dot " fancy" price*, hy actual occupants, who will
o wltli tbeir eve* open to swell the number of those
\ -ho are already located there, with powerfnl inte
e?u and reanlute will to imnrove upon tlie suggesiods
which nature has laid before them in this
nemorahle season of 1M8.
That the Mississippi bottom oan be reclaimed, ai d
very mile of it subjected to the ae< ure use* of nwa,
ve entertain no lout It will cost Immensely in
noney and labor: but when no reclaimed. It will rwnrn
a thousand fold the investment. It will be the
gnrden spot of the gM>e, richer and more valuable
than the gold and silver regions of tho earth.
On the whole, therefore, there is g*x>d as well as
evil, in this overflow: and the efforts will not he near
so disastrous as the desponding allow themselves to
imagine.
Catvw Altar tike Flwwrt.
The eorrenspondent of the 8t. IxMiix RrpuMtmn,
on * visit to Calm, draws the following picture:?
The town looks pretty much m might he exported
of a place whirl) has been from e'rht to
liftien fret under miter, mid very muddy water at
that. It looks as If it had been MovefiJy ahatan up
in a box. and unceremoniously sitoJflltmtoakog
wallow, or as ir it had lieen taken wJHi the 'shaken
, ap*r' and jailer ' junder*,' which had proved en
tirely too much for its constitution; or as if the
Fsther of Waters, after swallowing a few village*,
some small forests,and an immense quantify of mud]
h el brpn seived with stnowhir qn i:mh m u reach
ing the mouth of the Ohio, and had spewed up a
ci'y here. These arc rather 'strong" ( mparisona;
anil the Cairoites, who are used to the thing, as the
eels were to l?oi?g shinned, may possibly con?ld?
them too much so; but a stranger, wh ?-*> sense
have not been deadened by a continual contact
I with Cai' , would immediately ? knowledge their
justice. 1 nagine the change from green and waving
fields, pleasant garden spots, shady forest retreats,
and satisfying rural quiet, to a narrow, contracted,
! I.io.i lui/iwj of ( 'uir.i aflAr A
The Taylor Honae te not out, ofwater yet. although
the rlrer "baa dropped below the floor. The tenement
i* nil II innndated, and the hotel bonlne** ha<
not yet been revived. an the onlv acceaa from the
levee in by meann of ferriage. A fence from below
haa nv>ye<i np in front of thia hotel, arvl the plank
work, which led t.henoe to the levee, haa entirely din
appeared, being either floated off or rank.
Very few feneea, around honaea and yard*, have
eeraned destruction, moat of them haying i>enn lifted
b<ali!y from the ground They nre mi?. eflaneon dy
diatribe ted oyer the town plat, and are not evilly
ranogninahle by the owner*. Hmall ont hoildlnga
and the like have generally ahared the name fate,
aad have mnatly sought new location* and recnm
bent poHitinna. \ large iptantity of drill Wood, con
slating of treea, logs, lumber, and a general aesort
ment of all kind* of timber, ha* taken possession of
tin pi n a. Much of if ha- been towed ont through
the rreva*ae*. hot much haa also entered, and that
whi h w:i-- formerly nnnotioed in th? suburb' has
1 miule it-elf very f<m -picnoT; in the streets. Look
ing *on th from the corner of Commercial avenue i
and Seventh street, (consult the lithographed town
plat for these locations,) it looks as if a young hurricane
had been carrying a devastated forest in a
southerly direction, but had grown weary when it
reached Cairo and dropped its load.
Re pert on the Crevassal Deoti action of the
Sugar Crop.
Mr. E. H. Angamar, who was appointed to investigate
the ettiect of the overflow from the two crevasses
in 8t. Charles Parish, ]<a., has made his report,
which wo find in the New Orleans papers of
the 2d instant. This examination embraoed the
parishes of Jefferson, St.Charles, St. Johu, St James,
Assumption and Lafourche, in which he shows a
certain loss by the flood of 47,500 hhds. of sagar, as
compared with the crop of last year. The report
goes on to say:?
What cane is not under water yet, is protected,
on the swamp side, by levees bnilt some distance
from the woods in the fields; bat the back water rising
steadily, some of tbese levees are breaking every
day, and as a consequence the amount of c.ine and
corn destroyed bv the flood is daily increasing. The
back water has been rising regularly for the last six
weeks at the rate of one eighth in twenty-four hours.
Since the opening of the second crevasse at St.
Charles, on the 19th of June, the daily rise is a little
over one inch and a half; the breach is widening
very day, and the natural consequence will be that
the water will rise at the rate of two and threo inches
in twenty-four hours. If such l>e the case, scarcely
any cane or corn will be saved this season.
With the exception of three or four plantations
there Is no crop that levees and draining machine
will wave, if the buck water be allowed to rise two
or three feet more?and I am sorry to saythatitis
the opinion of a number of intelligent planters tha
unless the crevasses be stopped at once, the whole o
that rich basin bounded by the Mississippi, the
Bayon Lafourche and the Gulf, will be under water
within twenty-live days from now- and the reasons
lor learing such a calamity are, that the Mississippi
must fall twelve feet before the water will cease to
rush in through the crevasses; it cannot begin to
fall before teii days from now, and it cannot fall
twelve feet short of twenty-five days; hence, very
plausible fears arise of a general and complete
overflow of the parishes now affected by the crevasses.
But however disastrous be the results of the overflow
to our sugar planters; however enormous the
losses brought upon them daily, nay, hourly, it is
yet nothing if we compare it to the ruin, the affliction,
the sufferings and starvation brought on
seven or eight hundred families of poor and small
farmers living in the prairies and brulees back of
the river and the Lafourche. They are now driven
away from their homes by the Hood; their houses
and their fences being floated away; their tobacco,
cotton and corn patches destroyed; their cattle
drowned or strayed away; and their poultry -in
fact, their whole substance being destroyed. They
are throwing themselves on the Hospitality and
generosity ot their neighbors living on the river,
begging tor shelter and food. What will become of
these homeless people ? They will have to be provided
for at a great expense. Should the crevasses
be closed at once, they could go back to their homes,
in a few weeks pnt their little farms in order again,
provide for the winter months, and try to recuperate
from their losses.
lb* Crop* auwl tta? Harvest la Michigan.
[From the Detroit Free Prets, July 9.]
Already has the harvest begun in portions of the
State. In some of the southern and southwestern
counties farmers commenced cutting their wheat
laBt Monday, and throughout that se< Jon it is
thought that tnis week will eee the harvest well under
way. The present season is one of the worst
that farmers have experienced for a long time, on
account of a large quantity of their work being
forced into a very small compass of time. The cold
spring, as well as the worthlessness of much of the
seed com u?ed, making it necessary to replant their
fields, has delayed hoeing nntil the time for haying,
and now both crowd upon harvesting. At the same
time the wool clip has to be prepared for market,
and, what with all these things combined, farmers
find themselves just now in harrying times. The
work nsnally extending from the first of June to the
first of August must he crowded into a space of no
more than four weeks.
Many fears huve been expressed for the wheat
crop on acconnt of the ravages of the weevil. These
fears have some foundation in truth, although these
ravages are not so extensive as many would have us
believe. 80 far as our advices extend, the greatest
difficulty is experienced in Genesee and Oakland
counties, where whole fields have been totally destroyed.
In some places the crops are not worth
harvesting, and cattle have been turned into the
fields. In the southern part ot the State, however,
the same amount of damage has not been experienced,
because the weevil did not make their appearance
until the largest portion of the wheat was
too far advan:ed to be injured by them. The berry
had become too hard for them to enter, and they
bad consequently penetrated no farther than tlio
husk, where they could do no possible harm
to the wheat, although their depredations had caused
the straw chaff to appear riper than it really was.
The weevil, to he sure, will damage the wheat crop
of the State to some extent, but not su'hciently to
diminish the total amount of the harvest by any considerable
quantity. Very many havo feared that the
crops would be injured by rust, but we are not advised
as yet of the existence of any in any part of
the State.
Corn looks decidedly well. That which was first
planted, where the seed proved good, is now as forward
as the crop was last year at this time. That
which wn? replanted Is, to be sure, quite small, but
the warm weather of the last few weeks has pushed
it forward very fast, and a contluuance of tho same
weather for a few weeks more will place the result
e.f fh.. k iernat Knvnnd A ilitnht If till* I'lim rmn Cif
the prevent year-luill prove worthle-s, it will be irom ,
Rome move that operates uj>on it hereafter, uot from I
anything that has already transpired.
The f3mln Traitr nr('hlr?i(o
{Prom (he Chtoajo rimes, July f!)
The receipts of grain at this place during the last
week hnve l>ccn over a million bushels, namely:?
482,1M bushels wheat, 4'Kt,4?*.'? bushels corn, and
1.17..101 bushels oats, besides 30,005 bushels tloar,
(in 7,201 barrels,) making a total of 1,171,985 bushels
of grain. The total receipts of the season thus
far are 0,125,692 bushels of rybaat, (Including 1,107,400
bushels ground up into 221,480 barrels of Hour,)
2,996,607 bushels of corn, 1.2(2,025 bushels of oats,
making a total of user ten millions bushels of grain,
(10,333 214 bushels).
The shipments of the week have been 6,312 barrels
floor, 305,311 bushels wheat. 387,112 bushels
corn, and 93,540 bushels oats, equal to 817,523 bushels
of grain. The total shipments of th>> season are
now 6,230,367 bushels of wheat, (Including 914,860
bushels ground up into 182.972 barrels of Hour.)
2,328>75 bushels of com, and 916,367 bushels oats,
making a total of over nine and a half millions of
bushels of grain, (92)44,609 bushels).
The reoripta of lumber during the last week were
6,025,000 feet, making the total receipts for the season
now 107,027,000 feet.
I" II11 nnair iminur m u tm aiWlft iviui?<
(Fro a Uw (Mir WUyiasIa, Jaly 1
~o-day there In being held an important meeting
at Detroit, in regard to the stocking of the mate between
(irand Haven and Milwaukee. Hereral gentlemen
wre present from thi* city, and it was expwted
that Mr. Ilryd-tcs. of the Great Western, and Mr.
Dean Richmond, of the New York Central, an well
a* a delegate from the direction of the Erie mad,
would tie present.
We at I ! Ilbertyto make pnbtlo the full plan
of opetiitinna at thia time, but we can -<ay thin much,
that there ia no doubt that the final reault wdl be
to transfer the heaviest steamer* of laikc Erie to
Ijtke Miebigan for irmodelltng and permanent occutuition.
Thna will lie handed over the pal* of inland
lake atcamei* tiom Lake Krie to the larger and more
important Ij?1;o Michigan. Buffalo, Cleveland and
Detroit, In the palmy day* of aide-wheel navigation,
were among I be bu?V*t and mo*t thriving citie* in
the lTnion. Thit activity muat follow lite steamboat
tonnage westward. Projiellers and railroad* are the
great means of communieation for those cities at
present
In view of these facta, we hazard hut little In
saying that twelve month* from thi* date. Milwau
kiw will have the heaviest side wheel steam tonnage
ot any port on the lake* In actual operation. If
thi* be true, doe* it not behoove our City Cistncll
to look to the safety of oar lower harlior, where
alone thee niamm tta boat* can land with any degree
of convenience and anfety.
By the construction of the Straight Cut -a work
that is worth thousands, and pcrhap* million* -w
nave nevertheless turned the sea aero** the usck
?? ?wt-vn iv nnq inp oia aaronr, ?n?i f% cirm un-m i
hss bwn formed. In which may be found tire IM of
water. In fact, the lieawtiful Island, so Important
for ship building and docking. in fa?t fading awav
before the strong lake currents. l'nlcss a^uii wall
ia bnilfor a line of pllee are driven at nifl^Cre aliall
wake up en me fine morning after a "no "ranter. '
and flna the lake hearh near the track bf the lake
Hhore Itallrnad. But If the city form a wall no that'
the heary sew cannot reach over. then the wave*
that now are carrying off the inland will he made to
add to it.
Colonel Oraham, who haaAaken a deep Internet in
onr harbor, and who ha* need every effort to have an
appropriation made fm the government hori. ? In;
already told aeveral of onr people the condition of
thinga at the mouth of the river.
Thi* matter will not end with onr losing the
ialand and the lower harlor alone, but we question
whether the city cannot he made liable to property
holder* on the kiland and lower river, for the damage
canned by currents formed by its publkr works.
nuranaaa or Brsriu n? th* Bos-row Rswks.?The
specie held by the Boston banks decreased f too onn
on the Pth inst. The amonnt now In their possession
is not onite nine millions. The draw was caused by
a >'ew York demand
NEW YORK HERALD, N
OtUtg* Commanrcmcn ts.
The following risumi of the commencement exercises
which have been already held this year, in
aome of oar leading colleges and other institutions
of learning, as well as the notices of those announced
to come off, will be interesting to parents, guardians,
graduates, the literati and general reader:?
LADIBS' COLLBOB AT BLItIRA, N1W YORK.
eAuba, New York, July 9,1868.
Commencement Day?Female Graduates? Where
they are located and ichat they Study?AU are
Juniors and no Senior Class?The Culinary aud
Housekeeping Sections?Scene in the Examination
Hall?Crinoline, Curls, Music, Grace, Beauty, t^c.
I have been up in the oountry attending commencement
exercises of a female college?yes, sir, of a female
college?with a four years' graduating coarse of classics,
mathematics, metaphysics, et id omne genus. I
did not see your regular reporter on hand, so 1 offer
you my brief notes ot hand in exchange for his sterling
coin. The college itself is a handsome octagonal
structure, located on a gentle elevation about one
mile from the village of Elmira.
nit; ruiiuufiiro unvc rcusuu t'j ut; pruuu in
it, and I think they are. Imagine, not two
hundred German students in slouch, meerschaum
and spectacles, but gowoed students, nevertheless,
of the sweet sisterhood, wandering among the shady
walks, twirling a flat in one hand, and my Lord
Karnes ki another. That puts romance rignt into
the soul of this nineteenth century of Lucy Stones
and white hatted philosophers. The institution was
fonnded three years ago, so of course the oldest clam
as yet is the junior. We thiuk there should be no
seniors in a female college. Besides Htudy. an hour
or two of each day is devoted t > the Eleusinian mysteries
of cooking, table linen, and such like household
mysteries. This serves the triple purpose of
learning housewifery, and for exercise and recreation.
1 had my information direct from a maiden in the
Eepper caster section. If one might judge from the
appy. healthful look of the inmates of " Commons,"
the system works admirably.
But to the exercises:?
First, there was on Sunday evening a most, excellent
discourse from the Rev Dr. Heakock, of Buffalo,
iu his accustomed manly style.
Dr. Murdock, of Khnira, talked Monday evening
with a Scotchman's love of Hugh Miller.
Tuesday evening Professor Fowler, of Rochester,
pave an address partaking largely of humor and
satire. "Home" was his theme, lie did not appear
to set so much store by womau's mounting the rostrum
as lie did by neat rooms and good diuncrs,
which he wisely thought every inan conid appreciate.
If the young ladies succeed in making as
good homes as lie pictured a better day will dawn.
Wednesday evening Dr. Cowles, the Presiient,
held the President's levee. Mnltitudinous cones of
crinoline, with apices of sunny curls and bewildering
eyes, moved about in a highly animated condition.
Single gentlemen, accustomed to but one
pretty girl or so at a time, were fairly lost amid the
profusion of beauty on every hand. It was an evening
long to be remembered.
Thursday wound up commencement week with
an address, a poem and music. The address was
by Rev. Theo. L. Cuyler, of your city, on "Woman's
Work and Worth." It was in the socaker's happiest
vein, replete with good counsel for his maidenly
hearers.
Then Professor Kendrick, of Rochester, read a
poem of rather untimely length for a hot and sleepy
summer's day. Ills Pegasus capered nimbly the
"first quarter," and was fairly blown on the "home
stretch."
The music was undeniably good, the singing of
Miss , of Btaten Island, equal to the best amateur
performances. The whole exercises wore very
ijuuiriuuffijr autvuui u. iut) uai uan, uijjauiu
! of accommodating 1100, was overflowing at times.
The clam examinations were said to have been of
remarkable excellence.
I wa? ho much delighted on my own part that I
may be counted as sure to be on hand in July, 18o9.
DICKINSON COI.LXOE COMMKNCKMBNr.
[Carlisle (fa.) July 8, ojrrMpooJeDoe of Baltimore
American.]
The annual literary festivities connected with
Dickinson College opened on last Saturday evening
in the college chapel, with the junior prize contest,
for excellence in oratory. The first prize, a gold
medal, was awarded to Mr. Ambrose J. Faust, and
the second, a silver medal, to Mr. Isaac B. Parker.
On Sunday morning the Baccalaureate sermon was
delivered In the First Presbyterian church, (where
the Hul*c<|ueut servicea were also held,) by Professor
Wl L. Boswell. A. M. It was an aV.e discussion of
the elements of true manhood, and the wholesome
advice it contained will not soon be forgotten
by the members of the graduating class.
"On Bundav ensuing the annual sermon, Itefore the
Society of BeHgtoai uiqniry, was delivered by Itov.
John Kenneday, D. I>., of Brooklyn. It was admirably
adapted to further the object of the society as
e.xpiv -cil in its name
The seventy-second anniversary of the Belles
iA-ttres Society was celebrated ou Monday night,
and the sixty ninth of the Union Philosophical on
Tuesday night. Both were creditable performances
and agreeable reunions.
The annual oration before the U. P. and B. L Societies
was pronoancrd by President Allen, I,t, D.,
of (lirard College, and the name of the orator is a
ill i (icnt guarantee of the character of the address.
His theme was "The Waste of Intellect," which he
di <cn?sed as resulting from a want of cnlture, from
misdirected cflort and from moral perversion.
TV.* rummrnrpmont i?Ti?rri-ww t.iMik nlar** irwl ir.
The decree of A. B. wan conferred upon tho following
members of the graduating clam: ?
From Maryland?Uol>crt N. llaer and Daniel M.
Cloud. of Baltimore; Phillip MT. Downer, of Green*
lion)'; J. Kent Duke, of Denton; VVm. H. Uetaendatier,
of Frederick; II. Horsey Hough, of llelair: Oluut.
K. Maglaughlln, of Manchester; Henry Marriott, of
West Blvrr, and John H. Martin, of Harford connly.
From Virginia?Juntpli K. Hrodw.'iter.of Accoinoc;
John C. Brooking, of Winchester: g.unuel MePlierson
and Jos. J. Stewart, of I>ewial>urg, and John J.
White.of I/indon county.
From Washington City?Horatio C. King.
Fr?>m Pennsylvania?William 11. Orifflth.of Tork;
Thomas 8. Bet se, of Carlisle, antl Joseph B. Akers,
Silas 11. Best. J. I. FhwweM, 8. C.Caldwell. Thomas
Care, B<>l>ert N. Rarhart, D. M. Fricsc. Marcus I..
Gordon. T. M. Griffith, 8. C. Hopkins, J. M. C. Ifuleey.
John II. l-eas. B. C. IJppin <?tt, A. F. Mullin,
A. II. 8Upe. W. J. Stcveuaou, Win. T. L. Weechaud
Joseph P. Wright.
The degree of A. M. in conrse was conferred noon
Jas. H. Barton, C. P. Himea, J. A. Mounts, Bev. J. F
Hurst, J. M. I/eoriard, T. P. Fge, J. P. Clark, J. P.
Kennedy, W. H. Ik kles. T. Wilson, W. T. Baniita,
8. T. Milhonrne, A. 8. Sassarnan, II. B. Torhert.
The honorary degree of A. M. was conferred trpon
Revs. J. W. Wiley, A. Cookman and B. D.Chambers.
The degree of D. D. was conferred upon Bev. L. P.
Morgan, of Washington; Bev. Wm. Butler, mi-sionary
to India; Bev. W. H. Goodwin, of New York,
. ? .a it... w ru. iHtt.u...,.
HUH IVC> . " 111. VAJA, Ul 1 iwuur)(i
The attendance of Tiatteru from Baltimore and
Phil idelphia ha* been unusually large. and old
Mother Oickin?on ban never ha<l wanner friend* or
bwn In a more proaperou* condition.
iiarvann coi.Mtott-cr.Asa dat.
Friday luat wan claaa day at Harvard (' nllege. A
large proportion of the audience *r?*re ladie*. The
Gennania Hand of Boston opened the service with
music.
ttev. Professor Huntington then oflbre^n impressive
prayer, which waa followed hy aa "tftMpd by
Henry Mrooka Adam*, of Qulney.
At ita conclusion music ? ?* discoursed InrAke
hand, alter which George Washington Copp Noble,
of Someraworth, N. H , dehvere 1 a poem.
The exercise* of the church were concluded with
the ringing of an ode, compoeed by Win. Gilchrist
Gordon. of New Redford.
At three P. M? came the dance npon the green.
A large plot of ground had been enclosed In front of
the college buUding*, and a stand erected for the
band. At the appointed honr for the dance, from
the college hall* caine an array of heanty, which
was *|>eediiy and gallantly marshalled upon the
green. The hand commenced with a spirited air,
dnring which "sets*' were formed npon the green
carpet of the earth, and under the shade of the clone
emtiowering elms the dance commenced. There was
ample room to "forward and back" and "promenade,"
and crinoline for once had all the necessary
aceornmodationa.
After a aeaaon of out*!nor enjoyment the company
repaired to Harvard Hoi, thereto more general Ijr
participate In the pleasure* of th* dance.
At anoot eight o'clock the member* of the aenior
rlaaa irnthered around the "Old Rim" and obeerved
Uie old time honored custom of joining lmml< aaxind
tne vcneraMe tree, aingtag the while "AuldlAQg
Syne."'
yam rni.i.m* gxnwrians.
The exerciaea at Vale College, during Commencement
week, will he aa followa:?
Sunday, July 25, afternoon -Baccalaureate aer
mon
Tueaday. July 27. evening Coneio adClernm.hy
He v. It. C. (earned, of Canterbury.
Wednesday, July 28. morning?Alnmrtl meeting.
Oration by Pr-aaident F. A. I'. Barnard, of the I'nlveraity
of Miaaiaaipni.
Afternoon Meeting of the Alumni of the literary
societies, l.inonla and Brothers in Unity.
Evening?Phi Beta Kappa poem, hy Wm. A.
Butler, Ban., of New York. Meeting of the claaaea
of 181*. 1848 and 18/>5.
Thursday, Jnly ?, morning and afternoon?Commencement.
Evening?4*. fl. P. IT. P. V. Ft.
AanitRAT roi.i.cnn.
Dr. .\rhemiah Adam*, of Boston, will addre* the
IONDAY, JULY 12, 1858.
' Phi Beta Kappa Society; Wendell Phillips, Esq.,the
Social Union; and Professor Austin l'helps, of Andover,
the Society of Inquiry.
cbnthal coi.ucos?nboeois. ladim and woitb
MH
The above named Institution is one of the small
number of colleges in which females and negroes enjoy
equal advantages of education with white men
It is located at McGrawville, Cortland county, New
York. The exercises of the late commencement a e
said to have been of a very creditable and euooura <ing
character. The colored students acquitted themselves
most honorably, falling no whit behind those
of the more fashionable complexion.
The Reformer says:?The great feature of the
afternoon of commencement day was the oration ot
John B. Reeve, of New York. Mr. Reeve is a colored
mun, and his oration od "Power in Nature?its
Relation to Man," was a presage of eminent success
for his future, and an honor to his race; and he goes
forth from his Alma Mater followed by the
Vao? ? I.J.. 1c !*., .W
all the friend# of his race, and we cherish the belief
that lie will add another star to the galaxy of talented
and useful colored men in America.
Thomas VVentworth Hitfffinson addressed the College
Association upon the Education of Woman.
The RtJ'otmer says:?Thin address was full of
choice nlstorical illustrations, abounding in quiet
satire and keen strokes of wit.
Frederick Douglas addressed the Literary Society,
taking for his subject, Self-made Men.
Central College has been regarded with an evil
eye by the champions of couservatism, and has, consequently,
had a hard struggle for life. The Reformer
says:?
But a better and brighter day is dawning upon the
future of this institution. Hon. (ierrit Smith has
submitted a generous proposal to the Board of Trustees,
to buy the college edifice, and a portion of the
land, in order to help and relieve them from the pro
sent embarrassment, and aid in placing the future of
the institution on a better basis. The proposal is
conditioned, and its success will depend entirely
upon the generosity of the creditors and patrons of
the Rchool, in meeting Mr. Smith's liberality half
way. It will be necessary to compound with the
creditors, 011 the most liberal terms that cau l>e obtained,
and to call in the pledges and subscriptions
already given, in order to render the title to the
property clear. The Board have resolved to m ike
an immediate and energetic effort to so arrange the
affairs of the college as to accept Mr. Month's propo
sition.and have appointed a committee to visit the
creditors and lay the matter before them. If the
creditors and friends deal liberally with this commit
tee, the thing can bo speedily accomplished, the institution
rendered a fixed fact, public confidence be
rej-tored, and the next term commence with double
the usual number of students. We are confident that
the creditors will be liberal, and thus euable the
trustees to meet Mr. Smith half way, and place the
college among the permanent institutions of the
land.
ANt'OV*R THSOLOGIOAI. INSTITtJriON.
The Trustees of the Andover Theological Institution
have arranged for the following order of exercises
at the approaching anniversary on Weducsday
and Thursday of the first week in August. The forenoon
of Wednesday will be occupied with the usual
exercises of the imuhi&tinir class, coinmcncirur at
half oast eight, at) J closing at twelve. The afternoon
will 1)0 devoted to class meetings?the evening to a
general reunion of the alumni.
Thursday forenoon will l?e occupied with a commemorative
addreai, by Rev. l)r. Racon, of New
Hampshire; after which, the alumni and invited
guests will dine together, and when the appetite for
edibles is satisfied, provision has been nude, by
means of short speeches, from m tny individuals, and
on many topics, to grutify the cravings of the mind
and heart. A pleasant and profitable time is anticipated.
and it is hoped there inay be a large gathering
of the alumni of this somewhat venerable institution.
divimty BCnOOI., cambridgr.
The discourse before the senior class of the Divinity
school, in Cambridge, who are about to take
leave of the school, will be delivered by Rev. Bamuel
I/mgfellow, of Krooklyn, N. Y., on the evening of
Pnuday, the lMth inst., in Rev. Dr. Newell's church,
Cambridge, at half past seven o'clock.
The forty-second annual visitation of the school
will tuko MM on Tuesday, th? 10th, in the eh MM!
of the University. The exercises, consisting of dissertations
by members of the senior class, will begin
at eleven o'clock.
The annual address before the alumni will ho
given in the rhapel on Tiftsday, at half-pas', twelve
o'clock, by Rev. ('. A. Rartol.
The animal meeting of the Society will be held in
the chapel at three o clock, when qaastloa* of general
interest will be presented for discussion.
lowvili.k icadimy, n. y.
The celebration of the semi centennial anniversary
of the I/iwvilie Academy will take place on Thursday,
July 2'.'.
Hon. Daniel Ullman, of New York, a student In
1S23. wdl pronounce an oration; Keg). K. Taylor,
Feu..of Chicago, a student in ld2H, will rnad a poem,
and Dr. Franklin B. Hough, of Albany, a student
in 1h:ih, will deliver the historical address. The
Rev. Wm. X. Ninde, of Adams, a student in Isls
will prrach an appropriate discourse on Wednesday
evening, 21st inst.
Iwiaititralif if*.* ttf thn vill.iffo nf f^arviil/* iro
most cordially tendered to all student* and te tuber*
who have ever been member* of the Academy.
NiTIOVIk ASSOCIATION.
The iirxt annua) meeting of the National Teacher*'
Association, will l>e held in Cincinnati, Ohio, cornnjencinir
at in o'clock A. M.. August 11.
At this meeting lectures arc ex|>ected from the
following distinguished educator*, viz.:?Introductory
address by the President. Z. Richard*, principal
of a classi -aI m h<H?l. Washington, D. P.; lectures i?y
J. 1). Philbrick. Superintendent of Schools, Boston,
Mn*r.; J. N. McKlligott, principal of n classical
school, New York city; Daniel Itfcvl, professor in
the University of Wisconsin; John Young, professor
in the Northwestern Christian University, Indiana;
Hon. John 11. Mallard, (leorgta; Hon. C. II. Wiley,
North < uridine.
The following Hubiocts will he for discusaion: 1.
The expediency and justice of maintaining free
schools throughout otir country by general taxation.
2. Parochial schools; are they iu harmony with the
spirit of American institutions? 3. Mixed schools?
toe propriety and expediency of educating both sexes
together, in the same cla*-e*. Measures h*ve been
taken to make thia assembling a grand National
1 eachem' Jubilee. Many of the rn<>*t prominent
friends of education from the several States and Can
ada arc expected to be present, and take part lu the
caerc mm.
The War Hi??uirr Arrllc.
| From the Ssvsmsb Kepuhltcm. Jut/ a.
Many joke* have lieen current of l ite In reg-inl
to this war vessel sent out by Hie government, under
(omniar <1 of one of our first naval uiliccr*, to net the
British to rights In the flulf. One writer says her
gieatest sp* ed is tliree mi lea to tbe liour, while
another declare* that she goes backwards as fas', as
ahe doe* t?ow foremost. The New York papers nay
she went out of port with fulv a foot of (Trass and
huruarlcs attached to her liottom. Whit is worse,
tlie British officer* in the Gulf are said to have
laughed outright when she made her appearance in
those water* as a vessel of war.
We think it probable, fr>tn the history of th?
Arctic, that all these flings contain more or less of
truth. Bhe was hnilt for a light boat and at one
time stationed on Martin s Industry, off the mouth
of tbe Ravannah. To resist the heavy seas at
that point, she was constructed with great strength,
and when the government concluded to send out an
expedition to the Arctic seas in search of l>r. Kane,
this f< at ore recommended her to the department as
one of the vea<el* for that perilous service.
BkMWa taken to New > ork. overhauled, supplied
wlfn^Mi machinery, and newly christened as tin1
A irtir. Str pe, i rtuesl h?r duty in the Polnrse is admirably
and to the entire satisfaction of her coram inder
and the government; but there is no evidence of her
fitness for any other service, nnless it lie tliat for
which she was originally designed. We were not a
little surprised that Captain llarstene consented to
cruise in the Gulf, whore there was at least some
risk of a hostilv collision, wit.i such a vessel, unworthy
alike of himself and the purposes of the
government at the time. It was fortunate for us
that the British were willing to give ns voluntarily a
satisfaction which it is evident we were not In aeon
(MM to obtain by force.
flenalnr Davis Amnnc the Yankees.
[From the Portland (Me.) Argus. Jul* 10.J
Homo of onr citizen* lost evening s?w At to treat
the distinguished Henator from Mississippi to a serenade,
and accordingly assembled with the Portland
band about ten o'clock at the hoarding hoiwe
of Madame niAneJiard. on the corner of Park and
Panforth streets. where that gentltenan ia stopping.
The evening was cool and pleksant. Chandler a
bnnd discoursed some of ita sweetest nmiO, and
very noon an Immense concourse of people, Including
a largo representation of the fair sea, was assembled
In the Trinity. At the cwntadlon of the
mwdc. Col, f)a*h< appeared npon the steps, and, after
an introduction by James U Fanner, h>*|., was
greeted with enthusiastic cheers from the concourse
of cdtisena. He then spoke for half an honr, making
a chaste, eloquent and very happy speech, which
was received with frvfrjuent and hearty manifestations
of applause. Another compliment of tnreo
cheers was then given, and the people dispersed, all
appearing to be delighted with tlio address to which
they had listened with almost breathless attention.
It Is enongh to say, that Col. Davis fonnd the way
direct to the hearts of onr people, who warmly responded
to the sentiments which he uttered, and
which evidently came as warmly from his own
heart.
CsrwT.rv r? Pmoas ?Stephen H. Pnrdy, the
mate of lite whaling brig Ocean Hpray, has* heen
sentenced to pay ilfty dollars tine ana be imprisoned
at hard lal>or for eighteen months in the New Haven
jail, for beating the sailors.
TraahlM mt a Wisconsin Mate Haaatar,
Lima mom branch mchi.bikini.bk win..
[Krom the Milw&tikio S,intiu?>l. July 8. |
Ton have given publication in your paper of I'Jth
June to an article, apparently editorial, containing
groan libels upon m?, and charging mo with various
criminal acta. I have good reason to believe that
the article in question was furuiahed to yeu by a
wicked and designing woman, l'rum whom, on account
of misconduct on her part, I have long since
been lawfully divorced, but who still pursues me
with a malignity which neither lajwo oi years nor
change of country can mitigate. I am at a loss to
account for the motive which could have induced
you to publish such base calumnies concerning a
person of whom you have no knowledge, unless it
be that you have been deceived, or have been employed
to do so by the person to whom 1 allude.
Every charge, every accusation, every insinuation
| U'UKUU'U in tuut uiunu, WIIIUU in liitcuiicu ua
refer to myself, or to my present wife, is wholly
false, and without tho least foundation in fact.
And were it not that reputable journals in the
State where I reside hive adverted to taese
accusations, and have given publicity among the respectable
portiou of the community to a part of
those charges. 1 should not deem it neoeattiy to
make any further denial or reply, but would resort
at once and without further explanation to such remedy
as the law affords me. But for the reason
stated it is proper that 1 should be more specific.
First, then, as to what you term the "Baltimore
Mysteries" 1 left franco in the month of May,
1S43, embarking from the city of Strasbourg, where
I was born a poor hoy, and where by my own unaided
industry, energy and good conduct, 1 had become
the principal in a large mercantile estantishmorit,
transacting a business amounting to several inillims
of francs annually. 1 did not "abscond," but left
openly, hundreds of my acquaintances knowing of
my intentions aud seeing the preparations which I
was making for my departure.
SAnd here I will state a fact which will dispose of
e charge that I was a" fugitive criminal ' or a
fugitive in any sense. When I left Strasbourg I bore
with me a passport, made out in due form, and hearing
the signatures oftlio proper municipal authorities,
winch passport is still in my possession arid
can l>e produced should occasion ever require. Thai
passport every one in the least familiar with the
police regulations of foreign capitals knows could
not have been obtained by a person against whom
any criminal charge whatever was pending.
I came to the city of New York, where I resided
for several montiis. Domestic diiTl^ulties, occasioned
by the vindictive temper and vicious conduct of my
wife, induced me to leavo New York and go to New
Orleans, where 1 was the owner of a large interest
in a wholesale business house. After spending some
time in New Orleans 1 left there for Wisconsin. My
movements were all public; I sought to become acquainted
with this country and its people, aud whde
travelling and during ray sojourn in different places
made many acquaintances.
Oil my way from New Orleans to Mdwaukie, by
the way of New York, where 1 had business to transact,
I stopped at Baltimore, at the house of an old
and esteemed friend, Mr. Fulverm icher, a well
known citizen and whole-ale merchant at that place.
While at his residence I accidentally noticed a pantgraph
in one of the oity papers, which stated that a
gentleman had been lately robbed on the train, and
that a trunk hearing the name of Schleisinger, which
hud been left at the depot, had beun seized by the
police, and that it was supposed that the trunk helonged
to the man who was suspected of having committed
the theft , and who, it was stated got off the
cars at Baltimore.
1 immediately called the attention of Mr. Pulvermarher
to the paragraph, aud accompanied by that
gentleman, at once went to the bolice office, stated
to the officers that my name was Hchleislnger, that
the trunk they had taken possession of was
mine, that 1 had seen the article in the
Gazttte, and had come to the jiolice office
for the puruose to meet any charge that
might t>e brought against me. At the same
time I informed them of the name and place of residence
of the friend with whom 1 was stopping, and
that I should remain with hitn several days longer.
I did remain for nearly a week, and during that time
called upon the District Attorney of Baltimore, who,
at my request, caused my trunk to lie opened and its
contents to be examined by the police. Nothing
was found to justify or to excite suspicion, and my
trunk was immediately surrendered to lue. Believing
that the whole story of the robbery was an Invention
of iDT wife, intended to injure and to annoy
me, i then demanded to see the permn alleged to
have been robbed, but, as I had supposed, no tmch
person was or could be produced. The story was a
pare Action. The police were satisfied that the
whole affair was a base conspiracy airainst me by
my wife and her agents, and that no robbery had
been committed upon or by any one; aud in this
opinion uic Lnatnci Attorney uiny concurred. i
wan charged with no crime, was not detained l>y tho
police, was not even arretted by them, and 1 challenge
an investigation of the records of the court* of
Maryland and ot the Union, to show that I was ever
charged with, or was ever arrested for crlnio.
In iH4.'> I arrived in Wbu-oneln, where I nave ever
siucc resided. My life and history during that ]>eriod
arc well known to most of our citizen*; and
the only truth contained in your article i* that "I
have Itcen a member of the Wisconsin legislature,
a great democrat, and the real owner of a large
lauded projierty.'' That statement is true. I am a
democrat, and I have enjoyed the confidence of my
party and of my fellow citizen* to that extent that
I have been twice elected to represent the county in
which I reside in our State Senate, and have i?eeii
once returned to the Assembly. I have also at different
time* lieen chosen to till various other responsible
and honorable offices; and in 186U 1 ww
honored with the nomination by toe d ui cr.ntic
party as their candidate for Presidential Elector. I
can safely ap|?eal to the citizens of Washington
county and of the State of Wisconsin, to say
whether 1 have ever done a dishonorable or a disre
notable act. Our partisan cinicst* have always
lioen cvcrc, and often bitter, yet my womt political
fbaa have never ventured to assail my private character
nor my social lile.
The charge that the title to my real estu. is In
another name is untrue, a* is also the remark that
"I can encounter any amount of iodebte Jin-s without
any personal responsibility," and that "my
French creditor* cannot reach me."
lam, indeed, the owner of a large and valuable
real estate, which waa purchased in my own name,
and the title still remain* in me. It is true that my
wife holds projierty In her own name, but aho has it
to-day the owner in my own right or real r-tate,
which I* valued,even in these hrrd time*, at over
one hundred thousand dollar*. I liave no de*ire to
boa*t of my wraith, but what I have ]* ooenly and
notoriously mine, ha* been hone??ly and honorably
ar<|tiirod. and h ?* been at all timer, and i* now. sub
je.-t to any lawful demand that can be exhibited
against me from any aotnre whatever. I owe no
debt* in Wlaronain or elsewhere whieh are not am
ply secured ujhui tangible ami productive property,
and I have no Kronen creditors; their claim* were
Ion* since paid.
When 1 left Krarvr I fully believed, ami had the
beet reason* for no believing, that I left ample meana
to pay all my debt*. I had parted fr>m mv wife;
we were ?r|>oratr<l liy an act of tha Court for her
mircondnct. and had paid to tier over MO.OOO franc*.
I bad thought that I lu<l parted with ht rfot 'hat
after having destroyed my dome*tle peace, broken np
liu-one**. .h pih.'.l n<-oi *. on-ider* -le p.rt my
or.i|M rty, and MOpdlai me. by bar wicked lift, to 1
t>e. ome an exile from my native country, that when
I had gone her malignity would have been satiated. 1
lint Mie wan *till determined to piirxue me, and
through her wickedness and misrepresentation*, 1
Nome of thn*e wlioee note* had been given to me,
and which note* I had endorned over to my credit- 1
or*, were induced to deny their signature*. My ere- '
ditore were not paid; the remaining property which 1
1 had left wa* aold at forced sale* at \ ruinou* *acri(ic
e for a *tiin insufficient to disc harge my debt*, and
I wa* declared a bankrupt. But when 1 wa*anprl*ed 1
of thi* fact I at once informed my creditor* that I
would pay every aou I owed, and having been successful
in some commercial speculation* in New Orlr
in*. I w i* enabled to rav. and did nav. tho*e
< limn* when they were presented. Thews tran?a< lion*
occurred more than thirteen years ago, but I
have still among my paper* the evidence to prove
what I assert. The following statement then given
to me hy an eminent lawyer in Wall street, New
York, will corroborate the above.
"1, Francis (Sriflln. of the city of New York, counsellor
at law, do hereby certify that during the past
year I have been employed by the creditor* of
llnrnsch tt? hlei?inger. late of Trance, to collect a
large amount of claim* and demand* which they had
against him; that, in the latter part of June last
the said Ilarnseh Hchlelsinger paid abm* one hundred
and eighty thousand francs on huh bearing
his endorsement which had lieen placed in my
hituds for collection; and ia the present month of
February he luu also paid the further yum of about
three hundred and twenty thousand iraocs on hills
of a similar description.
"Dated New Yokk, Feb. W, l?4o.
Fanner* OniFFtw.''
Allnsion Is also made to my change of name, as If
there were anything criminal or improper In that.
I never assumed an alias, and never adopted a new
name until legally anthorised to do so. I applied to
tie legislature ot Wisconsin for that purpose, and a?
pnblic act was passsd of which the whole world had'
notice, the same notice which they have of any legislative
proceeding, anthorising the change. Hut
I did not suppress my own name; I hat added the
name of my present wife to my own. a compliment
often paid hy Frenchmen to their wives, and which
ia sanctioned by the laws of the land.
By the law* of WlscoiMin and hy the Jewish law
T have been divorced from my first trite. I am now
and have tieen for a long time, married to my second
wife, a virtuous and amiable lady, who is respected
and beloved by all who know her. Mv regard for
her, as well as for my muueroua family, forbids that
*
3
I should make further reference to her in this eoffl dka^ion.
To the pretentied transcript or copy of a sentence
which you liave published I need hardly allude. It
appear* to have been rendered in 1N4H, at which
time I resided in thin State, and wax well known to
many of it* leading citisens. I left France in 1H43,
and in 1*44 and in 184a actually paid to Mr. (iriffln
in New York the claim* held against me in favor of
my French creditor*, bo that my place of residence
must at that time have been well known to them.
This dispones of the various charges and insinuations
made against me in the article in miestion.
It is, perhaps, due to myself, as well as to those
friends who may read thin reply and who may hare
considered it, unnecessary that I should make any
statement in vindication of myself against calumnies
too foul to ho believed by any who know me, that I
should state that I have done so simply for the purpose
of placing my denial and reputation upon record
lor the benefit, of Uiokc who may not know me personally.
and who, having read or heard of the charged
contained in the National Police (iazettr, might construe
my silence into an admission of the truth of
those charges. It is easy for a had and vindictive
person to blacken witli false accusations the charac
lef or trie most innocent, and there are many who,
from ignorance or from malice, will profess to believe
every charge made against a person which in nut
denied.
I repeat that every charge, every accusation,
every Insinuation contained in that article in utterly
false, and at the proper time I shall take the necessary
steps to punish the re.il author of those libels.
A recent change of residence, and the confusion
and derangement of my papers incident to such removal,
as well as a pressure of unavoidable business
engagements, have prevented me from preparing this
statement at an earlier period.
Bahnhcii Bchlkisiwohi Weil,
Schleisingerville, Washington county, Wis.
Improved lloll Facilities from tlM Atlantic
10 ilia t*a? Ifie.
1. From New Orlenns, Louisiana, by Indianola, to
Fun Antonio, thence by K1 Paso and Fort Yuma, to
San Diego, on tho Pacific, twice per month. This
was the Pioneer Line, demonstrating that an overland
mail route was practicalde. It is now in ftiil
and successful operation, the list trip from Fan Antonio
to San Diego having beeu performed in twentythree
and one-half days.
2. The great overland mail route from Memphis
and St. 1-ouis, forming a junction at Fort Smith, near
the head ?f navigation 011 the Arkansas river; t.ienco
in the direction of Preston, on the Red river; thenco
to Fort Fillmore, above El Paso, on the Rio (Jrande;
thence to Fort Yuma, on the Colorado, and thence
by tho Tehou Pass to Sun Francisco. The contractors,
Messrs. Butterfield A Co., have examined the
route, fixed on their stations, and will wain have the
service in operation. When the service commences,
it will supersede the San Antonio line between the
Rio Granae and Colorado rivers, but leave it in full
operation on the balance of tho route.
> 8. To give similar mail and travelling facilities,
the Hon. A. V. Brown, Postmaster General, established
another great overland r site, and to lie run
weekly, to accommodate the Northwestern States
and Territories, above 8t. Louis, from Ft. Joseph's,
on the Missouri, to Fait Lake, and from Salt Lake
through Carson Valley to Placcrville?thus penetra'
ng California in her most populous region, and
liifi uliln rr on otnirrriint nuntn nf Ihn KiivkaL# imimrt.
ance. The contractors, Messrs. ilockaday on the
east, and Chorpcrnlng on the wont, give assurances,
by their experience and ample mean-*, that this
great route will lie speedily and successfully carried
into cltc'ct. So soon as the roads can be improved,
and actual expo nonce shall show within what time
the service ran be performed, the time will, no
doubt, lie reduced to the very shortest that it can
be run in.
4. From some point on this line weat of Bait Lake
a four horse coach service will be pat on (it is now
advertised for) to the Dalles; thus establishing a
most important communication with the Territories
of Washington and Oregon, both Gen. Ivaiie and
Gov. Stevens, if elected to the next Congress, have
announced their intention to pass over this important
route.
6. From Independence, en the Missouri, to Banta
Fe, the capital of Mew Mexico, weekly in four horse
coaches.
6. From Banta Fe, by Alhn<|uor<|ne, to Stockton,
California, or (ailing Into the Kutterttetd or K1 l'aso
route, at Tchon Pass, above Stockton. Connected
with this route Is a monthly four horse coach service
from Niosho (or Fort Smith) to Albuqnerf|tic.
7. The new Teliuantepec route from New Orleans.
Ixmisiana, to Sin Francisco, connecting with
the Panama line at or near Acapulco. This route
has been long desired by the people of the United
Staves. It is the one nearest our possessions on both
(s cans, the easiest protected and Kept open in time
of war. The Gulf of Mexico is destined hereafter to
be emphatically an Aoieri'-an sea. over which, from
necessity, the United Slates must have a preponderating
and controlling power. Contracts have already
been made by the iWrnu-'tir General whereby
mails and passenger* can lie conveyed by railroad
from Mew York to New fhrtesns in three days and
ten hoars; this improvement, taken In connection
with the route by Tehaautepec, must greatly shorten
and cheapen the communication between the Allan
tic ard Pacific States.
R. The const service of the Pacific ha* by no means
been neglected. In August hist a much needed lino
of mail steamers for the hem lit of the coast towns
and Olympia, wm* established, at a coat 1123.500 per
annum, and soon after a contract fur Mtcafntsait supply
of the ((hears on Fuget's Sound, once each week,
at a cost of f22,400 per annum.
The rthnve route* connecting the Atlantic with
the ParMc, hare Iteen established in the face of the
m<i?t appalling revnUion of trade and commerce,
which reduced the revenue* of the government in a
nmat unprecedented degree. In tne face of
that revulsion, prostrating the mean* of the government
a* well a* of individul* all over tho world,
Congress would not venture at preaaut on tho
construction of u railroad to c?>nni"% tlm two
remix, lint, with a liberality hardly tonflfcheen
expected under the elrcunmtatirea, the
tlon, through the Post Odice Department, hasuflH
ed up many overland route* which must aoon deffelope
the richea of the Intermediate country, and contrihnte
largely and immediately to the wealth, population,
and general prosperity of California, Oregon
and Washington. 1 tie <*t,ibli-Uinent<>f the e aix or
eight great overland mntea will Im well calcula'ed
to throw a flood of light on the great onontion over
what particular route a railroad *ha!l herealtrr bo
constructed, wh< n the country sluill have recovered
from ita present pecuniary cinbarrassnieuta.
wfnl Tngedy at Chlnge,
rni child wirwasa-a tocchimu scbxi.
rrn<H ID* Chicago trtvaee July 1 )
A mo?t bloody and brutal murder wa* discovered
thin morning in the North Division, which raunt have
I* i n committed on the da; previous. The murdered
person is a woman, named I me McNamee.
The flr?t intclligencr of the mnrder was communicated
by McNarrow himself, wlio entered the stable
of Mr. Wright, hi* employer, abmit tour o'clock in
the morning, and. with both hand* raised, hurriedly
cxclaimrd to the watchman on the prendaes,
"Fainter, py wire la dead!"
Fainter asked how it took piaoe.
< 1 il.kti'f kmiw I ver, Irn lata anil 1 .unci tie* ileed laa
M'1? mi""! ? ??" ? ""WMU ||?I U'?U IU
led thin morning. '
Palmar Immediately went to Hie rootm occupied
l?y McNamce. ami tl.o appearance* sensed him at
mice to leave information at the North police station
opposite, upon which McNamee was taken into custody.
The coroner wan immediately summoned. who
to<>k charge of the n">nis.
The murdered woman had by her hoaband two
children- a little girl arnljh >y. The hoy. four year*
old. wan railed an a witaet-e. and gave testimony at '
foI towns Previous
to the swearing of the I ant witnenn, tht
little boy wan broneht In and told kin story. He in
a very Intelligent little lad. and told hin tain with an
#rtlc"snenn and sincerity that carried conviction to
I lie heartn of every one that heard it. lu the morning
be had been ask'd by the ct ncr if hia father
had whipped hin mother, and replied, "No."' He afterwards
told Mr*. Ctillom thnt "he daren't tell that
man. for he would tell hin father.'' After he waa
brought in. hin attention was Qrnt d-awn to bin playthings,
until his timidity firing overcome, he toid in
his childish, lisping prattle, now hin father ntntck
his mother, and she fell down; how the blood nut and
she was "very strk;-' bow ho stamped upon her
after she lay upon the floor, at the name time
imitating with hia tiny foot the motion; how
his mother lay in a 'dark room and wan " so
hlnrdy;" how hin father drew her forth by the hair
of the head. and, netting the action to the word,
lie gmsped both bandn in the hair; how hin mother
tried to get up. hat conld not, swinging hin little
Isidy to Imitate the mother: how he had no dinner
in the daytime, for hin mother wan asleep on the
lied, bat hin father got hinPtnmo after dark; that hin
father pnt him to lied; that his mother wan in the
u?*i si ?ne iraif, sn moony ny the nose; now she My
on "the boards' (the floor) with blood all around hw;
boy his rather wiped up the blood with a dishcloth
and pnt it In the pan: how he didn't aee why she
didn t die before, for nis father did it rery often.
And finally, when ashed If his mother was ifrnnk, he
distinctly said "Nosbut fader waa." It was a soene
long to be remembered by all who heard him. in the
innocence of his childish confidence^tell his tale,
Which not a hearer could doubt?not yet old enough
to realize his haw or the danger in which be was
placing his only remaining parent.
After listening to the testimony, the Jnry. with a
very few moments' consultation, returned a verdict
that the woman came to her death from blows inflicted
by her husband, and ho was accordingly committed
to stand his trial for the awful crime.
Henry A. Wise, dr.. son of Governor ears
the Virginia Hirrtld, was ordained a Minister at the
I'm test ant Episcopal Theo!o<jical seminary, near
Alexandria, on Friday, the 2d inat.

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