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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 30, 1858, Image 4

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THK VAILr HI HALF |rjw(in??l.
rnir ? ?'*? # r llf.'.tl It n/ uti route |nf
tapy, nr 91prr anncm, tke KuTtipfin &iilion ;w to
Ry pari <i:' G'ml Rritaii., or |6 to u( port of Oil IXmlinmt,
hoih in n *mir
THE FA Nil r nriiAT.n, rrrrp WrdnrAdap, at Amr cenlrper
Try ?7l?r*lv)niiESrOXT>ESCR, eotUaimna fmworfanl '
mm, Ji- > 'rd fiom I?'iy <j mrtrr thr irorld; if tur f tr.U hr lihr
rally paid Jar Fk?)lill Oo*RBirOi?l>?NT? abb Pa*
fiia ukLr HbuiuiutuSUL au LBTIAIO a* 1) fjOIitU
Emm t it*.
JfV NOTICE ttikra of anrmynuttu nmnynirationo. Wt do
||A* thimp T fy+*i*l
AHVFKTISFN FNTS rm.trrl rnrrj Jay n-Urrtiirmmtr lnb?ri/*t
in tMr Wr**i.Y hirai.n, Tamil? >i?rai4>. and in the
MiAmiM <ml hrnfMit ' ,luinnr
JO J* I'MfiTlNe immtrd irilA nn/nrti, rhnapnrti and Jrr
VtiaiM um N*. ?u&
HIBLO'i UABDKN, Bread**)?'Tub Bit aia?Psombnapb
oon.BUT. ac.
WALLACh'j TT'KATBK, Broadway-Tin Ibish Mor
ob?'TlWlill MaRBIAU- MltCHlKTUU* abbib.
MrTKOFOLITANHAL'.Mi Broad **?-?"r*<"" f"**"
*rb?i i v a bch iro ub Joukt* p'srrant*?l Ar*
M?t and Kvealns. Mack Vbhthilooci*" and Cdbioatiba
WOOD'S BtTTLDIFO. HI aa<l MJ Broadway?Mrmona*
mob, Dabcia. Ac ?Fanobama or tub Bcdsob Bma,
MBOHAlVTr*' HaMj fl Broadway?BvrAirm' MtwSTBKU
?Macao Mbaohm and auri-iatjcda?Viboibia fmrital
Wow Tsrh, FlUtay, July 30, IBM.
tTfeo Htw T*th Heralit-Kdltkm tor fcaroyi.
The mail steamship North Star, QapL J?M, will leave
this port to morrow, at nooa, for Southampton and Havre
The F.oropeaa malls will close la this oily at half past
ho o'clock to morrow morning.
The Bnrnpeaa edition of the Hkaald. printed Is Franc*
had KnyUeh, will be published at leu o'clock Is th?
Komim Single copies, in wrapper*, six contA
Bcbserlptioa* *ud advertisement# tor My edition of lbs
InT u Huuxd will bs received at the foUiwin? plao#
la I*r?! ?:?
Lmmb... BUetoe Low, Sea S Oo , ?T Legate hllL
A Li. Usropeai Sip.-OM Oo ,f1Kin| IfCUvn at.
Pi*-a Air. -Eurouuao K.xp.-oss Oo., 8 Place do la Bouse
Am. Furotiexc Kr press Co., 8 Ctiapel street.
B Btuirt, 10 Erchar.ge street, EaaL
hru .... Am. - European Express Oo., 21 Bue OorneUiS
At contents of its KvopeM editloe of tbe Rxbalc
w*li oouh!** tbo aowo received by malt aad telegraph at
.be office daring tbo pro* o?s week, oad ?p to Um hour of
The Nrwi.
The ship Competitor arrived from Havana and
Key West in ballast on Monday. She reported no
ca^s of sickness on board or during tbe pipage.and
wai permitted to anchor in the lower bay. On Wed.
neadsy she was visited by Dr. Gillette, who found
three of her men sick with yellow fever. They were
conveyed to the Marine Hospital, where one of them
La* since died; the others are in a very bvstate. On
investigation it was ascertained that the Competitor
lett Swatow, China, for Havana, about the latter part
of March with SOP co-dies on board A few days
aflei leaving Bwatow a disease, either yellow fever
or something strongly resembling it, broke out among
the passengers, of which 171 coolies died. Most of
the deaths occur ltd before reaching St. Helena,
where the vessel stopped for water. The ship had
no physic inn. The sufferings of the poor coolies are
nsid to have been heartrending. Elsewhere will be
found a full report.
We give this morning a batch of interesting
details of Mormon news from our special correspondent
in Utah. These details are very minute,
containing mnrh information relative to the conn
try around the cities of the Saints, together with an
account of the general state of affairs in Mormondom,
the feeling among the people, the appetence
of the women, the speeches of Brigham Young and
Commissioner Powell, and the movements of the
army of Utah.
Tne Poet Office Department la said to be some
what dissatisfied with the uncertain conveyance of
the European mails nnder the existing state of
thing*. It is reported that should Mr. Collins feel
disposed to run his steamers between Portland and!
Liverpool that the department would send the mails
by them, and payment be made according to exist
lag contracts.
Keturns of the election in Oregon show that the
democrats have a majority of twenty-nine on joint
ballot in the legislature of that Territory. The
Legislature was to have met on the 5th in*t, when
an election for United State* Senator would take
place, In view of Oregon being admitted as a State
t the next meeting of Congress. The election of
General Lane was deemed certain.
Our Euroj-ean IiJ<- brought by the Fr >p;i reached
this cit j from Boston early yesterday morning. The
telegraphic report* fn.ra Ht John*. X. F , and Uali
(ax. a hi' b appeared in the Ilsxai.d on the 27th nnd
28th in?t* embraced the chief pniota of the new,
dated in Pail* and I/mdon on the 10th and 17th Inst*.
The Ixmdon Pott, an excellent authority on all
subjects interesting to the 'aahionablc world, an*
noun' e* that Dr. Forbea Winslow made a special re.
|>ort rn the caae of Lady Bulwer Lytton on the 16th
Instant; that a satisfactory arrangement was then en
tered into, and that her ladyship would retch Lon '
don r ext day.
An Erglislanan engaged in trade in New Orleans
htd Ik en arrested at Genera, when on a European
toor wi'h his wife. It 1* alleged that aereral year*
nin<e be a blooded from bia creditor* In Liverpool,
and c* mmenced l<u?in?* in Ixxiieiana, refusing all
requests for settlement. He lately went to Southampton
nltd Havre hut being tracked i<y a detective
officer, and caught, be refunded, aa stated, aereral
thousand pounds, and was set at liberty.
The Paris Monttmr of July 16 publishes a memo
random of the French Minister of Foreign Affair*
about the abolition of privateering. Thirty wren '
I'owera have given in tbeir adhesion to the new princi 1
pie of international law consecrated by tire treaty of
Parts Spain and Mexico bave adhered only par*
i;?ny lo iw oeciaraiion 01 me nun of April Ttic
t njted State* alone. mjn the memorandum. have
n lj'>urncd their ndheaion. which mean*, we euppoee. |
l'iat th.j will hare nothing to do with the canning
nchetne of the Weetem Powere.
The I/ndon Timet publishes a thrilling report of '
the areata which took place on board the Agamemnon
daring the ?torm which riaited her when sail ,
Itm for the rendezvous of the Atlantic telegraph
fleet with an account of the third failu.e to laj- the
tlold rained at |?r*.i0 ooo was to be arailahle in
liOfidoa in a few days from three Australian ee?aels
Utters bad been iectire.1 from India, dated at Cal
r itta en the 4'h and M , ba? on the loth of Jane. ]
"V ben b r Hugh R >*< t- A f slptc he gut in imnens* (
ft ore of war mnnitions and a large nnmber of excel
lent gnns. held there for the n?e of the relets. Bit It
ftppears they lose little by this as thejr n >w work lo
the foundries which they garrison, and r**t cannon '
with amazing rapidity. The Sepoy tri unph a' '
fiwalior, and lite morementa in Oude. the Pun '
tab and Central India, show that the insnr I
(rents are united. active, and fall of (oarage <
Meanwhile smallpox dysentery and sun str ike
Of a large proportion of the English aoldlers. whilst
Inert v others fell dead on the murr lies in consequence (
g?f the weight of the henry ' oarse clothing worn by t
than |
Mote fall adekA. fmm H mg Kong, dated on 21d
tot Mlt iodifitf illf> nour nnnMwusk /,f sa r?
rrioi* la the China w?r.**tilting from tli? naval and
(diplomatic id"<"?hmiU of the allien at the month of 1
Ihr Pflbo. Canton a?-m 1
Adricw from Penop* t*> tin iitb of June bare ar f
rived inPaiis. They cobtaiu the iotporUntnew*tb?t i
peace had been concluded between the French and t he
Mooriah tribe b of Trarzaa, ah" liave given them so
much trouble of late yearn. The condition* ot the
peace are that the King of the Trarzu? recogolaes as
belonging to France the Oualn. Gae, Bukol, th*
Toube, and the environs of 8t. l-onia on the two
banks of the river to its mouth ; that he recogmaes
the protectorship of Fiance over the siaics 01 me
Pimar. the Djilof, the Ndiarabour, :?nd the Cayor,
end rngagcn himself not to make any expedition!
against those count lies without giving due notice to
the French ; and, lastly, that the sales of gum to the
French shall take place at Dagana?a certain tax
being levied on each sale for the benefit of tbe King.
We have advices from St. Tinman to the l&ta iiut.
The health of the ialand was good.
The Cuuard screw steamship Jura, which left
Liveipool on the 17th, arrived last evciing. Her
news is no later than tbat received by the Europa
at Boston, which aailed on tbe same day.
By way of China we have ncwa from Ceyloui
dated at Colombo on 15th of June. The report
says:?Exports of coffee in fortnight, 11.247 plantation
and 628 native. Value of Ceylon imports and
exports in 1857 was ?5,695,000, so that thu i?l?nd
occupies the third position among British colonies.
Country tranquil and revenue flourishing. Telegraph
about to be openel to Candy, and the first god
of railway to be cut by the Governor early in July.
In the case of the Washington Market, which was
argued in June last before Judge Paries in the Sn
prcmc Court, and not yet decided, the plaintiffs,
Brenn&n & Taylor, have made a new mora; they
have given notice to the occupants of the stands to
remove before the 31st instant, at nine A. M , or to
show cause before Justice Van Voorhies on tiiat
day, at the corner of Fourth avenue and Eighty sixth
street, why they should not be removed. The plaintifis
claim that these occupants are tenants at will
or sufferance, and as they holdover against plain
till*' with they should bo removed.
The usual meeting of the Excise Commissioner*
took place yesterday. Two applications for storekeepers'
license were made, and the licenses were
granted on condition that $30 be paid by each of
the applicants. A complaint was made to the
tioard by E. Falkner against Kelly A Co. on the corner
of Grand and Goerck streets, for selling intoxicating
liquor without license, and selling i on Bunda*.*.
Commissioner Holmes, as counsel of the
Is aid, stated that whenever Mr. Falkner could prove
legally that the drinks sold in Kelly's store are in"
toxicating he would commence nroceedings against
the offender.
It e i alei of cotton yesterday embraced about 600 a 600
belts. tbe maiket cloetrg without change in prioee, which
ruled at about 12\c tor middling uplands. Dealers were
diepceed to await the reotipt of the Europe'! utters before
doirg much. The largest sales cf sugar* were made
yesterday ever before tfleeted la a single day In the city
of New York. Tbe transactions embraced about 7.200
bbde. and about 600 boxes, cloving at fully >?? advance.
If we estimate the average value of the hog*
heads at $100 each, and the boxee at about $*0 each, tbe
value of tbe sales will amount to the turn of sbjut $788,
000. It was eetlmaUd that the stock In first bands la tbe
city and at Quaraatiee did not exceed 16.000 hbd*, end
tbet tbe storks la all hands did not erased 28,000
bbde and it wat also estimated that If all toe
locks at present held la Cube and la all tbe British
West Indies were here te dey, they would la the
aggregate come within seventy per cent of the stock in
ibis city at this time last year. The flour market wee lew
buoyant but more active, the sale* having embraced
about 15,000 bbla , Including nose parcels for expirt
Wheat was firm, ctpecial'y for all sound and ebipplng
qualities. Tbe (alee embraced about 72,0(0 bushel i, al
rates given is another column Ioc><Jded la the tale*
were some prime new white Tennessee at $1 60, tbe
highest figure of the eeaeoe. Pork was lew buoyant, but
n tbe main fli m and ic good demand, with sales of mere at
817 66 a $17 66, aad prime at $14 a $14 26 Codes wee
firm, with moderate ealea Freight engagements were
moderate, and rates without alteration of moment.
Pinldtnlhl Aspirants.
It is at ot.ee amusing and interesting to note
tbe movements that have been start?* all over
the country to bring prominently before tbe
public this, that or tbe other patriot and statesman
as a candidate for tbe Presidency. Not
half of the term for which Ihe present incumbent
of that office was elected baa expired, and
yet there is hardly a Skate in tbe Union that has
not bad one or more of its most distinguished
men put forward for the succcesion. H may be
that there is some importance attached to the
advantage of befog ftn-t in the field; but -urelj
the history of Presidential nominal low should
tuffice to *bow the fullacy of such an idea, and
should rather *uggeat the policy of preeerring
alienee a* to expectant candidate*. Still, however.
public opinion, ditrrgordful of such que*
tionr of expediency, if making lUelf heard in
advance of caucuses and convention*. The
pre** everywhere throughout the country 1* die
mming the claims and merits of the popular
politicians of the respective localities and according
to all appearance* these gentlemen,
*bo are thus early in the Held, will be so completely
disfigured I7 th?- injudiclou' handling
of friend* and the ruder treatment of foea (hat
there will 1-e nothing left oi their )*olitical
fouling or reputation hy the time of the assembling
of the Char It t ton C uvcution and of
the other nominating conventions.
Perhaps the most cotoriou* specimen* thai
we can pmcnt of the cand date* who*o fate it
Is to 1* *0 early subjected to this disfiguring
and destructive proc 's*. ure Dougla* and Wise
as connected with the de mocracy. ami Crittenden
and Seward as affiliated with the Know Nothings
and black republican*. The find two have
tain prominent, ever ?ince the la*t Cincinnati
Conve ntion. for their undisguised design* upon
tLe succession ; nnd though we have been infe.rmed
that there i* a secret understanding
l? liven tin1 tan to l< ml im li in tl>? hi.
influence, a* circumstances may require, there
is even behind that a determination on the part
ot eat h to get the nomination for himself, if
jtoaaible. What chance either of litem ha* to
tc? hie ambition gratified. it is for the fuhne to
determine. Present appearance* are decidedly
unfavorable to both of them. It ie singular,
ton, that they occupy almost identical position*
in their respective sections. Wise stand* today
just the same in the South aa Douirlas in the
North?that Is. the ftdelity of each to his own
s<-ction of the Union in more than suspected;
and 1heir common infidelity to the democratic
party, on the question of Kansas, is altogether
too fresh and too glaring to Ik? overlooked when
'be rewards of party service come to be meted
If Douglas ia stigmatized at the North by the
party be darted a* well as by tho?o who arc
always aflrigbt'd at the bugbear of Southern
Bggresrlop. he is no less condemned at the
^outh by the moderate men, as well as by the
tiHraists of that section ; and so he is likely to
jive a practical illustration, in his own person,
f the truth of the adage as to coming to tli?
Hiouid between two stools. The regular disMpltnnrian*
and velerans of the democratic
party North will not be disposed to look
leniently at his acts of insubordination: and
lie frie ??il ?ing of the parly will hardly
ra allow Ids squatter sovereignty doctrines nnd
blsrndoratnsot of the Pred Hcott decision. Wllh
lit' ' X11' mirt" of tin iiulh heliaji?lillleq?rhon^?
?f favor: arid frcn tho#<? who are rot txtremW'
111! fl; d it hi?r<1 to gho countpnaneo to ono
*fco aWdoncd tlr poUcy of hla party In rw*Ct
to a measure atakb It wan wppoard would i
furor SobtueiQ ibt'CfbU. Tlic ? > vaDa&l X ue
Jib?f? h?# (iftfoooriuij, but rtmv not lik* hi# IV*
foiiiivr, #L(i ?t uld ''(irpft r io bt bin uud hi#
tr Ibiwt r* y;. f.v. r in Ihft 1?1 .? -k r-pubiifnu#,
evi ii i< Ihty c#rry l>? oegt Pr#?ide?ry
I"in; jiiiu it)(i CtarK-olott M'rtvry diviarce
*t? |.tiHx*l'ift? ?l ti t |i?? b-Hr uw-d 'ii*>B Hit" ?)ano
WW I'll (?? m it* huA, io ??f iw 13?a ?<}
mn< il tr.u. ?u.rt|.*ml ul ?*U -*w,(aia, tor
tin | ?irri"?' ?r I'ruot'rr p"i>r?ci| of parly WOM*
i? if" Nor<b?r?t > ? bin* ?t n* lnt?rr,tv nf On orC?i>.z*lii'u
,iioi (grade* f b? tugu olboe o: iwtp fruin tbo
14iet*tkl'C-: < ! lit 4>. (irii- Iw'ib 10 U.6 Ctld coiaSuaUon
lr? p*mc r a; *u v*>t> ao1*(v>l'r
On Hit o'lnr land, ttc Chicago Democrat iays
f at tLt-ie it an inltLtiou ou the pari of Dougi.ib
if throw himself into the arms of the ex
rime Southern democracy at a fitting time,
ai d that there in nothing in his portion which
*tu r. prevent bira from betag the candidate of
the Southern extremists. We fear that since
he ''Little Giant" has been so indiscreet ss to
give offence in ail qnarters, he will' hare a
mighty slim show at the Charleston Convention,
even if Lincoln does not aucceed in shelving
him long before.
Governor Wise, as we have said, ocoapiet a
position in many respects analogous to that ol
bis friend and rival, Douglas. Like the I attar,
he has lost the confidence of his own section,
has never bad the coufidcnce of the North, and
is as much entitled to the epithet applied by the
Charleston Mercury, of"an unrepentant and
self-seeking renegade'1 as Douglas himself can
fie supposed to be. The same fate evidently
awaits them both?that of being shelved to
g ether. IUquietcatm pace.
So mnch for the two democratic aspirants whom
wc have selected as types of a class rather than
as having any very brilliant prospects fbr the
succession. On the opposition side of the camj
we have selected as similar types Senator Grit
tendon, of Kentucky, and Wm. II. Seward, o
this State. The former has deeply offended hh
own section by his course on the Lecomptoi
measure. aDd could never hope for any larg<
support in the North, on account of his pro
slavery sentiments and his repulsive Kqos
Nothing connection. He may be, therefore
considered as altogether out of Uie question. Ai
to Win. H. Sew&id, his chances are equally frail
nis abolitionism, of iteelf, is altogether of toe
oflinsive a stamp to admit of his being nomi
noted. Besides, in bis own State, where he ii
best tnown, he is least trusted. It the country
should ever hare the misfortune of seeing bin
in the Presidential chair, it wonld be sure, a'
the same tiiue, to see his administration com
posed of or conirolled by the chiefs o
the lobby interest, with such a man ai
Tburlow Weed or Oraamus Benajah Matte
son as prime vizier. No. no: that is altogether
out of Uie question. Seward could hardly gel
the support of a majority of delegates in his owl
State; and there will be enough of interest!
represented in the Republican Convention to
cut him out there. Ohio will be watchful and
ready to coalesce with the opponents of Seward
In favor of Judge M'Lean or Stanton; Illinois
will take advaniagc of the same state of feeling,
nod be ready to coalesce in favor of Biasell;
Pennsylvania will be no less on the alert in the
interest of Cameron; nor will Massachusetts be
behind in ousting him for the sake of Banks.
We think, therefore, that without pretending
to any ability to indicate who will be the no
minces 01 me respective parties, it m&y oe tair
ly BN-umtd that tbe choice or the democracy
will cot fall on either Douglas or Wise, and
that the choice of tbe republicans will not Tall
on either Crittenden or Seward. Whatevei
chance the Kentucky Senator may bare
owing to tbe tuppoetd expediency or fair
cess of giving the nomination to th<
South, wc thick the New York Senator
Las none whatever. These four knighU
may, therefore, have their names stricken ofl
Uie Ibis even thus early. Between this time
and the uncting of the conventions two years
hence, public opinion will have indicated
through its mouthpiece, the press, who the
most worthy contestants for the prize may be.
One of tbe latest suggestions has been John B.
Breckenridge for President, and ex-Governor
Stymoui of New York, for Vice President. This
and all the rest roust go through the crucible
public opinion, for the developenunt and enunciation
of which there is yet plenty ot time.
No hurry, gentlemen?room enough for ail.
Affairs rs Utah.?We publish this morning
a scries of most interc"tiDg letters from our
special correspondent in Utah. The Mormons
are returning in large numl>ere to Salt Lake
Ci*y. The array l ad passed through the city
and taken np their quarters in camp at Cedar
Valley, forty miles to the southwest of the capital.
From the Uut or the speeches made by
Brlgbam Young and other Mormon leaders
during the temporary exile of their people at
Provo, it is evident that considerable defection
exists among tbe laity, and that a general sense
of dcprewdon, *adnee? and wut of confidence In
their caufe.^etvado* the ma* of the people.
The Teace Commi*?ionerecomplain of the mode
in which the proceeding of the conference bare
*l?etn reported for the Dmrtt Xrtc*. It appears
that speeches are put Into their mouth* which
they jtever made, and the whole affair 1* faN-ly
represented. The report* were mad 'by Mormon
r* jvotlera, under the Influence of the Prophet;
and a* Governor Camming. In that blundering
spirit which *eem* to have characterized
bla whole career in Utah, refused to permit a
competent reporter who wa* not a Mormon,
to be present, the Mormon Teraion of the conference
is the only one on record. Mr. Camming
ha* been heaping error upon error in hi*
courre of conduct *lncc he went to Utah. Tie
1* evidently not the right man on the right
place. Indeed, were It not for tLc action of
Col. Kane and the presence of the army, he
would never have got into Salt Lake City
at all.
Thk Paw 8rmus.?The Churthmnn continue*
it* apostolic knock* againet the doors of the
premium pew* In tho fashionable churches, demanding
that the barricaded door* rfiall Ik:
t*rnkrn down, and all the churcbe* declared free
to ail comera. Here Is the platform:?
<>r*n yoordoot* da If.tnorairs aad avsr.iof f.ir pravar
C. irbiaiV lbs Lord's Hupf-ai oi> r very l?rd'i **j, ?o1 on
every bUjday. 1st ytor prieot not roatact bimaalf with
MJbro , but ooro aire dally trae pm-h rctaooW
rerbetbiraea let deaooos, or laymrn, or b-rtb o spa
iat??ith bi-a, m frartfair* oat aad briog'Di ia fhi 1 ran
Oitbvjt r?c?rd to tbrlr at Pa, to Ibosotdb o'i *o<l lhrr t.gh
Ut t? ilf rea )r? *a> rrr'h US paterta BU at Itart
br tg it ti>b cbi'drv?. Maka tbr sarvp.f * a* atvadttra a*
PrnlMd by a,ode, by rj robotic decerai/.o?. by iBteltf
I# tra'L'rg fliva titty aurdav afl?'pooa torttorb !?*
aflat ti. the rapiara'looa t tronlnottcCau older iwiaooa aa
.. iM ..... . v. .
(tflaite titacwpNaa^'rf Mrt HMnifUvv )(n.r
tt-nrcli itircnfh tl>?> 'IrrUty ofta* i?*tri;elir j *11 <4 th?
*tTt<1 <lntf ar<t prtrfrr* prtfef* ff f"'rn ~f fV<? i:*|?
?i?b rrrniarltT. cm to* litro't -Ur turn pray
for lurn, m?0 t4if?ra?? true r?* rat
The Chvrrhman'* doctrine In pr.rA. hut we ere
afraid the wTlt<r 1? a tittle ahead of the tlm??
When it canes to a queatloo'betirt^i the wc-ehfp
of (?od and Wamrror the latter wir- hereabout*.
FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1856.
r?blk StnUiMnt I* outti C?rall.*-JpN(b
Senator Hammond, of South Carolina, bad recently
the compliment of a public dinner glren
in bit* honor at Beech bland, in that State. It
appears to have beeD an al frt*co affair, for " e
li-aru from the Churl* ston Mercury that ther.*
was an assemblage of fifteen hundred persons on
the occasion, o whom soine thi**e hundred were
of the fair Hex. At this demonstration Senatv
Hammond delivered a speech, a report of which
will be found elrewhere in our oolumus to day.
Tbifi rpeeeb, as coming from a Senator from
South Caroline, la remarkable for its moderateDree
of tone, and for the many sensible things?
though not altogether unmixed with some things
quite the revert*?which it contains; and it is
, difficult to know which most to wonder at, the
courage of the Senator in speaking thorn, or the
agreeable spirit in wbich they seem to have
been received by the audience.
Mr. llammond, as was vtry natural, reviewed
the important political questions ot the day,
and gave his own views of them in an easy, independent,
off-hand etjle. As to squatter sove
1 reignty he declared that its whole theory and
scheme was a matter of disgust, and the Kansas
Nebraska bill a delusion and deception from
the beginning, and rotten with fraud. In these
1 views he will find a large majority of sympa
tbiarre in the North. As to the disunion aeirtl1
meets cf his own State he did not see as inclined
' to give them any more coanteoance than he
' gave to the Kansas-Nebraska bill. The South,
be said, uuder the present aspect of affairs,
would have to remain in the Union To be sure,
' the parenthetical phrase " under the present as1
pect of affairs" is not very definite or intelU'
gible, and may be interpreted to suit the views
} of whoever undertakes to define it. The grounds
on which alone he concedes the propriety
^ of a dissolution of the Union are?firH, the
? demoralization of the federal courts by making
1 the judiciary elective, and then the establish5
ment of offensive tariffs, or of a United States
Bank, or the direct tampering with slaves. But
' as to diteolving the Union on any such ridi
' culous pretence as the refosal of Congress to
' give validity to the Lecompton constitution, he
truiiruiy iguureo duuu ui iuc?, huu auts aui vvtru
mention it in tbe list of grievances. But he
does distinctly declare, that even if at the next
Presidential election tbe North should by combination
elect an abolitionist, the great body of
tbe South would not. on that issue, go out of
the Union; although on a repetition of the same
offence, they might do so. Where was Keitt and
the whole body of South Carolina chivalry
when such sentiments were publicly declared by
a Senator of the Palmetto State ! Here is an
indirect invitation to more Northern aggressions;
and yet not a dissentient voice and not a
word of disapproval is heard from that respectable
auditory. We must Infer from this that the
' yeomanry and the chivalry of South Carolina
do not march under the same banner.
But, further on Mr. Hammond takes still
' more extraordinary positions. The North, he
said, was by no means wholly to blame for the
present condition of the section*. M&Dy of their
grievances took their rise at the South. Many
false theories had originated there, and many
others the South had udopted. The Baok of
the United States had originated with tbe South,
j and the tariff had its godfather there. As to
i the agitation against slavery, no smaller men
than Washington and JefTerson had set tbe evil
1 example.
' Let Kcitt and Boyce. and Miles and Bonham,
and the other chevaliers of the Palmetto State.
> rave und rant as much as they choose in favor
of wresting Cuba from tbe Spaniards, of absorb1
ing Mexico, and of overrunning Central America
with filibusters?as for him. he thought It
| all wrong. He was opposed to any further annexation
of territory, and wished the country
to have nothing to do with Mexico or Central
America?though if we wanted a Pacific route
he would not object to seizing Tebuantepcc or
Panama, with the right of way. Neither was
he in favor of reopening the slave trade. The
idea of doing so. while the South was in
the Union, he conceived to be an impracticable,
visionary project What benefit, he asked>
was the South to dcrivo from increasing the
area of slave territory?or what Southern man
would place slaves in Kansas! The reporter
does not make the Senator respond to these
questions pnt to himself: bat tbe answer may be
inferred from thewholu scope of the argument,
und from a subsequent remark that the 8outh
was now struggling to keep Texas arainst the
inroads of Northern emigrants. Why. therefore.
should the South go for Central America
or Mexico! They wonted none of thoee vast region*
now. but should rather sdilrithem
selves to Uic devclopemeut of their own inter ual
It in really refreshing to read such a speech,
delirrred l?y a South Carolina Senator in pretence
of the chivalry and yeomanry of that
State. And now what we want ta know la,
whether the sentiments thus uttered by the lipi
of Senator Hammond arc n fair exposition of |
the views of the people: for If they are. theu
all we hare to say Is, that K?-Ut wed all that
pack of froth aod fury secessionist* are ootLing
but consummate humbug*.
A Pnornrt Ham No Honor in Him Own
CorvTRT.?Some time since we felt called upon
to notice In a commendatory spirit a speech delivered
by JeflVison Davis at Portland. Me.
We Ihoupht that the con?ervative, high toned
national sentiments which It contained, proved
that the abilitlss nnd statesmanlike qualities of !
the speaker bad bem entirely underrated by
tbc count!y at large, and attributed that feeling
to the fbet that while In poor Pii-vce's Cabinet
he was stifled between the cru hing dogmatism
of Marcy and the tortuous circumlocutions of
Curbing. Dut it seems that that which won
our praise provoked the rt-eentajenl of the Ore- !
ami-fury sec* ?*lonl*t* of the Pnutb. and the
papers in that quarter have not been so flatteri*ig
to Mr. Davis as we have been.
Tic Cbailcstoo Mrrrvn/ lead* the van in these
Bc,aulte upon him. BDd war's to know who the !
1 or? i ?l?le Senator an art when he ?poke, in on*
of there spcdics In tie North, of ''trifling polltlciane
in the SoutL" wlio talk of tlie dirsolu4ic
n %f tbc Un'on. It recall* the unpWsant
t<mfnirCetC? that In J8o0 and 1852 he himself
na? n secessionist, and did all he could to
Induce tie people of Mississippi to dissolve the
T'nlcn 1 j sectdlngfrcm It ; and then come* this
impertinent qintj, whether be wan at that day
"a trflfrg politician?one of the moerpiftoe*
erturd tie o*. who can annoy, twit cannot
wound or kill''
We hare no Idea whtther Mr. JcfTrrrnn Da* la
will ordortake to rrapond to these 111 tempered
remarks and 111 tlm*d reminiscence*; bat thia
as-nult opon bfm Is bat another proof of the
Scriptural declaration that firm* the ctption of
thi? ait'cln.
" Madam," raid John Randolph lo a lad/ who
was very much exercised about the distressed
Athenians, "the Greeks ore at your door.''
The* terse epigrMutnatis satire of the statesman
of Koanoke is as true new as it was Are aud
twenty years ago. So far as the spread of
evangelical religion is couccrned, there is the
widest field for home missions in those districts
which are presumed to monopolize nearly all
the pious stock that there U) in the market. Iu
New England, where formerly a man could not
vote for town officers unlets he was a professor
of religion, the number ot backsliders, lukewarm
Christiana and free thinkers is increasing
to a fearful extent. We are told, in an official
report to the General Association of Massachusetts,
that twenty-five per centum of the population
of New England never attend any church,
and that there are in that section neatly a million
and a half of practical heathens. Twentyeix
towns in Massachusetts are ia such a benighted
condition as to be altogether without
that "stated preaching" which was so grateful
to a celebrated politician of Sandy Hill. It
happens to be within our knowledge
that the same condition of things exists
in Scotland, where infidelity, atheism,
deism, and free thinking of all kinds
are gradually sapping the foundations of
the faith which Claverhoune's dragoons in
vain endeavored to root up. The people of
New England are not dissimilar to those of
Scotland; many strong points of character,
shrewdness, intelligence and firmness to the extreme
verge, whether right or wrong, distinguish
alike a Scotchman or Yankee. The spirit
of inquiry, investigation, analysis and argument
prevails alike In both peoples. This coustant
sifting and eearching into abstract questions
raises metaphysical questions which puzzle
the most acute intellects, and the disputants
drift from one extreme to another?from the
extreme of ascetic Puritanism to that of infidelity.
The Presbyterian Church, with its rigid
discipline, its extreme dogmas, and its narrow
tenets, imbues its believers with bigotry first
and indiflerentiBm afterwards. The indifferent
Christian is blown about to all points of the
compass. He may, like many persons in New
England, take un with the spiritual rann;rs. or
the Mormons, or the Swedeuborgiaos, or the
Irvingite*, or he may relapse into entire infidelity.
Theodore Parker, once one of the thiaing
lights of the Unitarian Church, has mounted a
political hobby, and turned his pulpit
into an arena for the display of Btutnp
oratory. lie is regarded as little better than a
heatheu by the church from which he has seceded.
Brow neon has tried everything, from
infidelity up to Holy Mother Church, in whose
bosom he reets for the present. A celebrated
historian, who once ministered at the Congregational
altar in Boston, baa become aa Episcopalian,
acd is, it is said, on the high road to
papacy. When there leaders and teachers of
the people fall away from the faith, what can
be expected from the masses? No amount of
revival excitement will keep them from running
to the extreme of liberalism. However paradoxical
it may appear, the finest fie'd for missionaries
is found in the districts particularly
distinguished for piety.
The Ili.ixois Champions on the Same
Stvmp.?Mr. Linooln. who expects to fill Mr.
Douglas' seat in the Senate, has challenged bis
competitor to stump the State with him. after the
Southern fashion, where each cand'date addresses
the people on the same day from the
same rostrum. Mr. Douglas is a little afraid
that the other democratic candidate may
come iuto the arrangement and place the
Little Giant between two fires?after
the iashion of Maryatt's triangular duel. But
being of an accommodating disposition, Mr.
uougiaa win meei Mr. Litncoin at one prominent
point in each Congressional district in the State,
except the Second and Fourth, where Mr. Lincoin
has already had the last word. This arrangement
will doubtless be accepted by Mr.
Lincoln, and the people will have an opportunity
to hear the various questions of the day
discusted by two orators of recognized ability.
4> When Greek joins Greek, then conies the tug
of war."
Places.?It is so dull at Saratoga that morning
prayer meetings hare been established, which,
according to the EvangtliM, " gather large
crowds from the hotel*," and eo far "Saratoga
ba* seen larger numbers in the prayer room
than in the ball room." That's a good sign,
and we hope they '11 convert sain* of the tavern
keepers and head wait era Nobody stands so
much in need of redeeming grace a- they.
Who Sham. Decide? Ac.?The Richmond Enquirer
Informs us that the nomination of Mr.
Wise at the Charleston Convention would be
exceedingly refreshing and delightful to the
Virginia democracy of all sorts. The IVAtg sides
with our correspondent at the White Sulphur,
who thinks that Wise is comfortably la d up on
a very high shelf. Here is rather a wide margin
of difference among the doctors. Settle it
amorg yourtelves. gentlemen.
mrakai Mattes*? Fna *t Jons' H ?>r>?P??-ni?Ta?
programme tor me Jonee wood reetival oo (he let, 21 ud
34 of Aoguat, irlU be fotind eleeebere. We uadeiataod
thai all tbe detatla of the affair art x oourwo of prepare
lira by competent hand*. and wa expect to aaa the grand
rat affair or tbe kind that baa atrar taken place ia lb a
I'bitad StaUa.
"gaatina Tama raredl wtt a paaaeager by the Kmptratltyat
tbla port from Iterant Paring U?e winter
Part d I baa been etagtng at Puerto Prlneipo and St J ago
do Cuba, aa prima donna of the troupe arte mill moboala
at ber rrttaga at lake George dnrtag lha remainder o'Ute
eorrmer, ana aarly la aui'ima eoniaeewoe a on< ert tour
la the Wat.
b>am ? Mtaara. T. Ungard aad O. W. I.
To*, oho ara bolta experienced actora and manager*, have
leeecd tba abort named tabilebmeot for one year.
c< ann.eLriiif na "a'.urday, August 7, wher. the action will
rcmtneoce A good atock aompaay baa already been en
Fktihmi teen- Ft..me?The 'oilowlng (a a cony of a
pmale ait iw??ed by tbe last Oottgreaa ?
Ckay LXXYl ?An Aet /kg lh? K*lirf of Jam* O.
!kefen, A' It. Hut/all aaii Jam/t bmgttrtel, ('titled
' ?!? Army.
Ilt trrac't d by the Pee etc ac l He nee of RapreeanUi
Ih et ol lbs rmted Wale* i f Atreriee la Oongreea astern
hit o, Thet it,o proper a *ooni?Mag rfllcera ol the freaanry
lH>r*etm?nt be, ard they are hereby antbortred and
?* r?rled. In aett'Dg tbe aero,mto of Lieutenant Jamea t?.
'ODlm.of Ihe ordnance department. of Brevet Me)ir F.
It Buhhltl . rlV'f a??'.'t?T>1 ,|>llrtermaaitar anil of Ararat
M*|?r Jttrra Ungrtrert. aettrg nommlMkrr of snbmemoro
in abc w tbrro. m credits, the rnsj>eoti*e amount* of wblrb
tbey eerafeirAooed by #?arkfr H Vroooh.tnSaa AiUmHi,
f? (. h> Ji'lj ? ghiaon hundred nod flfty, els ?4o Jams*
U Bt a* p, fir* thousand *r i twenty one dollar* ud Toot
road* , tot B Babbitt Ore hundred and nineteen dollar*
nirwy Uir*e and bail rente. and lo jimo 1/tsgetrMM,
four hundred aad forlt e>ght dollars and ninety eighteen*.
Approved .lua? 1.1Mb.
imiy City Wears.
f.ATrro twt Con-ran fro** <w Tint Nkw 4cad?st at
P*?i.an, N, J ?At lltaaa reretnonlee Rev Mr. Caafteld
nrud A* linad rhap'ntr.nnd Bergen I/vtge.amnng others,
are la atletdsnee. Among tbe arlictee dspnefted to lb*
fraar e?ote. not went'ened la mu report, were fhe pro
r -edeigs or 1*1 orasd iAidfe sad At rcu of membori of
3f|*B Lt j|e
: Our SiMfhl Wwbli|taB Pmrtrlh
iuii?wiK*i? on Tin nontim?t?s oolums
mriambhips?politics in oksown.
Washington, July 29, 1868.
The reported numlmr ni ?--???- <_
? - -- UVQVUV lUUtOUD *
Oregon and Washington Territories has been greatly
exaggerated, as I hare already stated to yaa,
and it is beginning to be felt here that the
threatened war maj be avoided by the administration
punning a prudent conne. Indian wan have
previously originated in the avarice of a few individuals.
who have designedly provoked the hostility
of the'diflbrent tribes for their own selfish purposes.
The profits to be derived from the maint&inance of
a laige force of United Btates troops in our frontier
stations has induced certain interested parties vary
often to commit outrages on the Indians which ham
provoked retaliation, and hence the many Indian
wars which have cost the government millions of
dollars and thonsands of lives. It is qnite probable
that the existing difficulty, which in its present
aspect looks dark and threatening enough, mpj be
traceable to the same cause.. It has been ascertained
irom a reliable source, that the whole' number of
warriors of all tribes in the Territories of Oregon
and Washington, east of the Cascade mountains, la J
only 2,125, and this includes the old men who are (
not in a fighting condition. I send you a list of the
different tribes, with the number ot warriors in
N?z Perot* CM
Takamisaud Klikatats 4M
Dm chutes and Delist 200
Walli-Wtl m, Palouacs and OayuMs IM
Colvll!*, Okousgaui and Rook Islands TM
gtpektrs aud Occur d'Aleeca.... . 176
Petd d'Oielles (Flat Heads) Mi
Total 2,i?
The Ncz Percea, who, you will perceive, are the
largest tribe, aud the Cayuses,exercise a great influence
over all the others. Their advice is sought after
by their brethren in all emergencies, and their will
is law among the red men in the Territory. Thair
feclings^towards our government have ulways been
decidedly friendly, yet it appears that they were the
most prominent in the affray with Col. Bteptoe. A
peaceful approach to the leaders of these tribes, if
promptly made, would, in all probability, avert the
horrors of a protracted, bloody and costly Indian,
war at the present time.
Regret is expressed here that Colli as' splendid
line of Bteamers are not running. There are applications
from companies of other lines for contracts
with the Post Office Department to carry the European
mails, and the Department is becoming dissatisfied
with the present uncertain state of
things. Should Collins be disposed to run his
line from Portland, Maine, to Liverpool, it
is likely the Postmaster General would send
the mails and certify to the service performed,
and that probably the Secretary of the
Navy upon snch certificate would authorize payment
according to existing contracts?what says
Mr. Collins to this ?
General Lane has received information from Oregon
that the Legislature just elected stands on joint
ballot thirty nine democrats and eleven opposition.
An election for United States Senators, in view of
coming in as a StAte next winter, was to be held as
soon as the Legislature met, on the fifth of July.
The prominent candidates are General Lane, Judges
Williams and Smith. The result in General Lane's
case appears certain. The democrats had carried
all the offices in the Territory. Frazer river
gold discoveries were looked upon as calculated
to benefit Oregon greatly. Migel, wM
was expelled from Mexico for resisting officers In
collecting the k*n. regrets the step he took, and it
is said was about to give up under protest, as did
the English aud others, but Mr. Forsyth wanting an
extreme case screwed op the jeweller to the " sticking
point." Migel has solicited a passport to return.
The State Department granted it, and requested the
Mexican Minister to countersign it. So Migel having
martyred himself is aboat to return. The report of
the fall of Zuloaga is not believed at the Mexican
The frigate Sabine is preparing at New York to
join the Brazil squadron as the flagship. The aloopof
war Cyace Is at Norfolk preparing to join the
racinc squaaron. inc steamer mi tun. at Norfolk,
ia ordered to Washington to prepare for the Paraguay
expedition, and the steamer Water Witch u
also ordered to be prepared at Washington for the
tim? object.
Th* Canal 1M(Beally IHIM.
BcrrALO, July 29,1H58.
The Canal Commiaaionera, Messrs Buggies and
Sherrill, met here Uat evening. All the misnnderstai.di-igs
between them are now removed?Mr. Ragglee
retaining the Western division. They cordially
nnite in all meaaurea necessary to expedite the enlargement
of the canal. And to impart to it the utmost
capacity for buaineaa. To facilitate steam
navigation, and alao the passage of boata fully loaded,
they have directed all the bridges to be raised,
without delay, at least twelve feet above the top of
the water line.
Horamciits of Um President, dee.
Banroan Sraiwia, July 29, lfc>ft.
The President. Miss I.ane. Miss Bright, daughter
of Bcnstor Bright, Bir Wm. C.ore Oti?e,ey, lady and
daughter, and R. M. Magraw, of Baltimore, have arrived
at the Springs. The President is in excellent
health. It is supposed that he will remain two
or three weeks.
11m Canadian Parllamswt,
To?onto, C. W., July 29, 1H5K.
The government wax defeated last night on the
Beat of Government question, the House annulling
the decision of the home government to make
Ottawa the capital. The mini?try resigned this
Ihut Yssng Um Drowned.
Ciiicaoo, July 29, 18M.
LaM evening, while on a pleasure exrurakHi. three
young men were drowned by the upsetting of thetr
Ikost at-ont a mile from the pier. Their names were
G.Wentwnrth Scott,formerly of Montreal: Havtiand
Peek, of Toronto, and Palmer, of New YorkA
treat at a W?d Ph-kpekii
BOSTON, July JO, 1858.
Wm. l>?y. alias Bqnlb Dhkaon.a n ted Kngliah
phkprcket, charged with abstracting seven hun
dred dollars fWn the pocket of a go tlentan at the
Fashion Course, Ions Island la*t week wan smut
ed here today by detective officer Lynch, and will
l.e eent to New York for trial.
The Canada Outward Burnt.
Halifax, July 39, 1858.
The Canard steamship Canada, from Boston,
passed Ragged Island, at 1 P. M. to day, and will be
here at abont nine o'clock this evening. Hhc will,
doubt lest*, sail for Llvcr|>ool by midnight. ,
Ptiii.aoki ritiA. Jaly ?, ISM
Stock* beery. r?nmvlvail? State l a, S9Jt; Reettsg
Itatlrcait, 24H; Morris Canal, 48 \/rm% Islanl Railrtad.
li><, Pennsylvania Railroad, 41'{.
ChaKi.aeroa, Jaly 29, 1?J8,
Oottoe deeltnlrg. Fales tc d?e 8*0 t>*tea Tb* ??le* ?f
the wtek add op .T.AOo bales. Tbe market closed with a
depicaatd fcelirg
PmutnatraiA, .Toly 29, IMS
r towr HTB. w D?M roairo ?rO ?MMF. Core uuaotUn I
yrllc* 90c. Wh*kor Arm at 251(0 a Ms. *
? BaLTWWML Jul* n. MID.
Floor nulrt. W"h?>ol act!rod, 91 20 a ft *i. .km.
91 2# 91 42 Corn bftt*r roller, Ife a 8:7/ Whto-*
koy nra,MMXe. *27*. rrovUm flm.
Cikmo. Jul* 20, IftfiN
FKotr nolo! Who** octlro 01 m wo. Corn act I root
i*Z5W?? * ?? BnltJo-800 bh'K. no,"
?,0t0 bnahrlo ?h?at. 47,000 boabola eon. -|Vn|i7
<*w**rv_10,C(0 boahola ?hrat H.ootot, W bS?
IVw, 12.000 hi?M.olmiJ8,008l?K?
o -?JTSf StnL'U
^ ** ***'**, w tor MparflM '>bv> ,4 T4 tor M.
jll^ ia Oaaadlaa, oad 9* lor .uparior
M 2W tlw.r7tL7"h'V **? ? ? **1
/o./VO liuibili it 87c. for hot inniff' Mo tnr r*4 *
tPdlaoa, u4 91 C7 Nr vhlta Mlr-hlraa flra ra ti
I *,vw ? ????. wins m fttc ud O.'VHI bmtMM ftoand, to
**!?,???# , m-toim Ufa, uocMWi

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