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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 08, 1859, Image 4

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NEW Y(MIK llERALD.
JANKSUOKOOIBBRflElT,
EHTOS AND PKOTRLETOa.
cr/ics if. w. cobnks or rvhto* m KUMA.D m
TKRMS, to ?Un+it. JTowy Mni by moA wfll 6* ?< Ou
rU\ q/duKtuUr. l iHUf etauipe mot received at eubtcriition
Zjfi -'414 r fJCM iLD. tuecentepm amy, ST per amm.
.Tfffc H ??K7,\ tf?RAtV, rtery Suturdan, at rimemU P"
to} V. 0/ t- ?*/ u/wiKjp; (At European edition evtry W^lnenliy
? ?? c^ntCPtr ropy, Mftrr imumi to anypari c/ 9r?. fln'f j??.
f low <iny part o/ Jfn> butt la itMclwl* padaae:
' 'irm tt-JtA and **A o< tack moM. ?' ^
W?bif4an, '
w%f^TS5fe^oiri?wca -*
>/vi, iMriutl from a*|r guar tor -jf ? ,?nla< M<?7 importm
'{btT'ilty J?iKi jar. C^OCE KOMT irorfclf </ u*c'i ?ctU /)?
P*kllCUI.4IIMr tNDKWIWr ... i!..?n?aiONDB!<r? ?*
ac?us Hkct im. ?l"all Lntm amp Pick*
AO JfOTlCB lo7.?n </ w- ^ ^ ^
r^JuSr'ltSnsKulilr .****?? eorr-pmdmM. Widanat
Milnt ? the vimr .Sir wit*J rrrry Jay; adotrtUemmUinr
OlMlbrninavd r ^LY ]]tKiU), r^MlLt Hr.KAtP, and i? V*
PJtX^ _iiupain f'ditlors.
. \xtirh. ILKQ cjuxuUd wtih ntatiuf, duapneil ami deV
~
. olumo XXTV Wo. 66
amuskmksts this svenimo.
BROADW4Y THKaTBU, Broadwaj.?Astokt and Cleo
patbi?hi hilt Jabs.
N1BLOH OABDKK. Broadway.?OlBOTI FlIfOUiMia Faikt
8rw(aclx or Ci?p?eeixa.
BOWKKT TflKATBK. Bowarr,?Oc* KHGLUa CoUilS?
Eoaooi mamcu?Kac Picker or Pakib.
WALLACE'S THRATUR, Broadway?Tub Vetera? ; 0??
i'saicb ano Aluebia.
LAURa KKT:NIPB TUBaTKIS, Wo. SS4 Broadway.?Ov*
ambsicae Vocsix?Illcvtbatiors or tub Lira or Wasuihotob.
THEATRE FRANCAI8, 6.^5 Bronrtw.fr?Ua Ciuimement
dk Maim? Os Momjikir qui I'p.ehd la Moucub.
BARNUK'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway -Afternoon?Pead
Sbot?Brian O'Li.n*. Evening?HabtiM
Hobb.
WOOD'S MTN8TRKL BCn.DrNO. Ml and K3 Broa w ErHuriA*
Bonoa, Dakcei. ko ?Mrsno Srux.
BRVAWTS' M JNPTRFI.R. MBCII Alflffl' HAU* ?. mw
?r?j?niuiui routs ?*d hiiiuoacu?kiiif 'em in i>? ta.vr.
Stw York, TnrwtRjr, Jlarch 8, 1S59i
"HAILS FOR EUROPE.
rht S?w York Ileruld? Kill lion for Etiro|?c.
The Cunard mail steamship Canada, Cnpt. Ling, will
leave Boston ou Wednesday for Liverpool.
Tie Eurupoan mails will close in this city this
afttrnocn at half pa^t one o'clock to go by railroad, .-tod
at four o'clock to go by steamboat
The European edition of the Hkralb will be published at
ten o'clock in LLc morning. Suiglo copies, in wrappers,
six cent*.
Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of the
Nkw York Heiuld wili be received at the following pliccs
In Europe
Loxixix .... Sampson Ix>?, 3on A Co , 47 Ludgato Hill.
Lansing, Starr & Co.. 74 King WiUiam street.
Pj*is .Lansing. Baldwin A Co., 8 place de la Bsuise.
Unou-ivi...Lansing, Stirr 4 Co., No. 9 Chapol street.
R. Stuart, 10 Exchange street, Kast.
Hatkx Lansing, Baldwin & Co., 21 Rue Corncilie.
Basuii'kg .. Lie Cbapeaunge b Co.
Tte contents of the Europoan edition of the IIkjuld will
combine tho newt, received by mail and telegraph at tho
office uuro.g the previous week and up to the hour ol
publication.
Tbc News.
The steamship Europa, which left Liverpool on
the 19th ult., arrived at her dork at Jersey City
yesterday afternoon. The news is only one day
later than that brought by the Jura, which appeared
yesterday, but our letters and tiles contain the details
of the chief events wbicli transpired during
three days. It will be seen that the probabilty of
war was becoming more strong daily, and it was
currently reported th.it Russia was not indisposed
to side with France and Piedmont against Austria.
The London 2'imcs, however, assert1', in a strong
article, that England will preserve her neutrality
and the faith of treaties, and warns Piedmont
of the dangers of her present policy. The
Danubian Union imbroglio looked very serious,
and the i:ew Hospodar had despatched a
f^ vvuw cuu'ji IU f iiiuir, m iuj iuiu uau au auuicuuu
of Napoleon. Lord Brougham called the attention
of the House of Lord* to the Cuban slave trade
system on the night of the loth ultimo.
The steamship Catawba arrived at this port yesterday
from Havana, with advices dated to the 2d
inst. There was nothing of special interest transpiring
on the island. Health of Havana good. The
prospects of the cane crop were very line. Sugar
market dull, with quotations nominal, as last, advised;
stuck 1J2.000 boxes. Freights low. Exchange
dull, and tending down. Charles S. (Jriawold,
of New York, had died at Havana.
We have news from Jamaica, dated at Kingston
on the 10th ult. The Despatch of that day says:?
There is very little of local incident to report.
Some line rains fell during the latter days of the
^f t week. The health of the city has been very
unsatisfactory for some time past. A great extent
of intermittent fever exists throughout. The
intelligence from the mining districts continues favorable,
althd gh there is nothing special.
A r.., ,,, ,1,? Tn^iAa A.A J.4.1
Auniw 11 viii Lite I'icuvu 'hbi niuici uiv UcibVU
at Martinique anil Cuad.tlonpe on the 2?th of January.
The Nicolas Pou-tsia arrived at Fort do
France on the 30th January, with 460 coolies, and
the Van Dye I:, from the coast of Africa, with 279
free negroes. All theee men were immediately
distributed among the different plantations, which
were pie;iily in want of laborers. The sanitary
state of the i.-land was sati-factory. Bear-Admiral
Fcnaud wao not expected lack at the Antilles
from Mexico until the different diplomatic negotiations
going on between Spain and that republic
were terminiited.
Ry the overland mail we liave advices from San
Francisco to the lltb ultimo, and interesting
accounts fiom the Wains. Business continued
brfck at San Francisco. The ships Competitor,
Robin Hood and Archer, from New York, had
arrived. Lieut. Lazalle, who whs wounded in a
fight with Apa< he Indians, was recovering.
In the United States Senate yesterday a resolu.
lion wag adopted calling fur copies of contracts regarding
the removal of obstructions from the month
of the Missi ippi.
The latent bulletin respecting the condition of
Postmaster General Brown, states that ho wai not
expected to live through hint night.
An order baa l>ecn issued by the Department of
War, ronv? niii? n board of medical officers in
Philadelphia on the 1st of April next, for the ex
animation of asM tant -urgeons fur promotion, and
of candidates for appointment in the medical staff
of ihe army.
The Marcb sessions of the Common Council commenced
yesterday. In the Bo^rd of Alderman,
among other petitions presented, was one for a
fen-y from Cherry street to South Seventh street,
Williamsburg, and another for a railroad through
Broadway, from the South ferry to Central Park
The Comptroller sent in a communication relative
to the Sinking Fund, from which it appears that
the capital of that fund, for the redemption of the
city debt, on the 31st of December last amounted
to $H ,338,191. An important communication from
the Street Department was also sent in. It will ho
found in our report of thr proceeding}. The Board
of Councilmen disposed of ? large number of routine
papers. On motion of Mr. Ottara<in a special
committee was appointed to revise the salaries paid
to the city officials, and to report wherein reductions
can be made, 'ihe special committee appointed
to inquire into the weighing of coal, submitted
a report recommending the pa-jsa?c of au
oidinauce regulating its sale so as to prevent imposition.
The Clerk of the Board, in a communication,
states that the total amount to be raised by
tax for the present year is |10,10G,9D1 29.
The Board of Supervisors met yesterday, bnt no
knainAad nf franAvnl >? 4 ?
UUniuvnn v? Rvu^iai 111 U7I 'UillJIKIUlClli
The PoHco Commhsionurs yesterday had before
them tliO case of Hor^cant Croft, of the Mayor's
squad, charged with druukosinc-.x. All the evidence
taken acquitted him of the tharge. 8uudry miupr
5
case# were tried, and the Board witl probably dbrniw
from the department officer Kennedy, of tho
First ward, on various charge*.
The committee of arrangements for the grand
maaa meeting to be heU' Tammany Hall on the
14th ins* A
u. n ' y . rday evening ai me mm
?nn J"4 -or.the chairman of the committee,
men ? ? J th*t Ul* foUowlnS distinguished gentlei
..ad accepted invitations to addret-i the meet
ug, and would positively b4 p^94nt dtt th6 oooa*
won:?Senator Benjamin, of La.; Senator Brown,
of Mijw.; Senator Pugli, of Ohio; Hon. Thos. 8.
Bocock, of Va., and Geu. Vallandigham, of Ohio.
The Tammany Society held their regular monthly
meeting last night. Daniel K. Delevan, chairman
)>ro tent, presided. The ouly business transacted
was to give notice that the annual election
for officers would take place on the third Monday
in April.
An intelligent and respectable jury was sworn in
yesterday before Judge Roosevelt for the trial of
JameeStepheiiB, charged with the murder of his
wife by poison. The names of the jurors and the
remarks of the District Attorney upon opening the
case are given in another column.
The March term of the General Sessions was
commenced yesterday, when the fir and Jury was
empannelled and listened to an able exposition of
the nature of their duties by City Judge RussellFrancis
Dedieu, who was convicted of arson in the
third degree, in January, was sent to the State priarm
for hp von vpnrn.
The Common Council of Brooklyn have agreed
to celebiate the introduction of the Ridgewocd
water into that city on the 27th of April next, and
have appropriated f0,000 to defray the expense.
The firmness in thi! cotton market was maintained yesterday,
and tlie sales embraced about 4.500 bales, part iu
transitu, closing Arm on the basis of 12>?c. per pounJ for
middling uplands. The sales ma Jo were chieily cJ.ctoJ
before the Kuropa's news. At the closo holders <1< man 1ed
a slight advance Flour was again flrm:r and ia ijoad
domand. while sales were to a fair eit ut Southern
brands were letter an 1 in good demand, and pretty freely
dealt in. Wheat was Urmer and in good milling demiud,
with sales at full prices. Ked Kentucky sold at II 60and
prime white do. at tl SO, and p me white Western at
$1 55;. II t>0. Corn was Gr 11 r and in good request.
Among the sales were white and yellow Southern at 86.:. a
87c. Pork was more active, with a bettor feeling: new
mcps sold at $17 87a $18, part to arrive, and old mens,
on the spot, at $17 37,if, and prime do. at (13 a $13 12ft
Beef was firm, with fair gait's. In sugars the sites embraced
about 600 hlids., at rates given in another pUce.
Cubas were some less buoyant, while Now Orleans continued
firm. Coffee was firm, with sales of 1,500 bags St.
Domirgo at 9\c., and 300 do. Rio at 12c Freights were
steady, wi'li modorato engagements.
European Complications?Frtuitr ami Austria
Drifting Into an Italian War.
' be political relations of Europe have arrived
at a stage of complication from which it is ditticult
to foresee a peaccaUle issue. It is not that
the Immediate causes of misunderstjindiug are
impossible of adjustment, but because there are
weightier interests in the background which admit
of no milder arbitration than the sword.
The pretext put forth by Louis Napoleon for
the immense military preparations which he has
set oil foot will deceive no one who Lao attentively
watched his counee since 18.V2. With liitn
the nationality of Italy and the independence of
the Moldo-Wallachian provinces are but synonymous
terms with the integrity of the Ottoman
empire. Id principle he sympathizes with none
of them; for how can the man who treads uudor
his heel all the safeguards l>y which iudividial
liberty is surrounded in hi3 own dominions, entertuin
any great feeling of concern for the sufferings
of Italian patriots, the anomalous condition of the
Iioumaine. or the progress of liberal institutions
in Turkey. lie uses them merely as means to an
end dictated by his own interests and those of
his dynasty. By aiding the causc of liberalism in
those countries he secures three objects: he diverts
attention from the despotism of his own political
system, he draws closer the bonds of the English
alliance, and he constitutes himself the political
arbiter of the Continent. His course in regard
to Italy is but the natural sequence of the intrigues
which provoked the Crimean war. By
securing the alliance of England on the one
hand, and neutralizing the power of Russia on
the other, he has become the great controlling
influence in Continental affairs. In this he is
steadily pursuing the policy of his uncle, with
one important difference, however: tliat he
gains more by his diplomacy than the latter ever
won by the sword. The first Napoleon sought
to bully England into a concurrence with his
ambitious views, and fell in the effort. His successor,
made wise by his example, contends himself
with appealing to the liberal sympathies of
her 'people; and notwithstanding the inconsistency
of his foreign and domestic policy, ho has
managed to do that which the great Emperor
would have given half his military triumphs to
effect?secured their friendship and support.
With a material people like the Euglish, however,
liberal affinitiofi would have but small
weight unless sustained by more selfish considerations.
What are the wrongs and sufferings of
Italy, what the oppression of tkc Sclave population,
compared with the importance of Groat Britain's
colonial and other foreign interests? It is
by consulting their views and wishes in tnese
latter respect* hat Louis Napoleon has attached
the English people to his fortunes. The understanding
seems to have grown up between them,
that so long as he concurs in their policy in the
New World and in the East, so long will they
abstain from interfering with hU movements on
the Continent.
It is in this tacit compact that lies the danger
of the present complications in regard to Italy
We know that vast military preparations are
| being made in France, Austria and Sardinia;
j that ail efforts to arrange the causes of misuu!
derstanding that have led to them have ai vet
j provul ineffectual; and that neither Gr>?*t BriJ
tain nor Ruwia, the only Powers that can ii.i|
pose a check on the designs of France, aro di
poseu to inienere. -nauers divc, in tact., arrived
at the came critical point which, just previous to
the Crimean war, h< Id the whole world in su?ponte
There is this difference, however, in the
! aspect of the two question* that whereas at
i that time the Emperor Nicholas might have retreated
with honor from a position which wa?
one of unprovoked agression, the Emperor
Francis Jo?-ph cannot yield a point of th? demands
sough* to Vie enforced against him by Sar!
dinia and Franco without abdicating the rights
confirmed to him l>y the Congress of Vienna, and
' t>y spiciai treaties growing out of that Congress.
If, therefore, the political and family alliance
between France and I'i-dmont, and the energetic
declarations of Count Cavour at the opening of
the Sardinian ChamW-rs. moati anything, nothing
1 can avert from the Continent the perils of a war
| which may change the whole face of its political
i institution?.
Conorwhioxar. Ej,k<tiomi.?Under exUtlng
arrangements the elections for a new House of
Representatives, North ami South, nr; altered
| along from the summer preceding the last seam?h.
for example, of the tLii tj-fifth Congrch', to
late ia the autuma after that Congress ha3 ceased
| to i xi?t. Thus, If in the lonjj Interval from the
C*p'r*tion vr that Cong ess ia 2I*rcb. <> .a;
irBW YORK HEBALD, TUI
mm
regular assembling of the new Congress in De- |
cember, an extra session should be ealle<l, special '
elections In many qfthe Southern States would
have to be held to till up the vooanoies which
would otherwise fcxist In the llouse. These special
eleo'jons would be inoonvenient uud ex (tea- i
sire, to the people concerned; but wi^h {\ un&Hrm J
day for these Congrcf3tofl&l ?lcctl?na throughout 1
the Union?in October or November preceding
the closing session of every Congress?the
whole difficulty of special elections, in case of au
extra eeation, would be overcome. We trust,
therefore, that with the next meeting of Congress,
regular or extra, the President will recoin
mend the passage of a uniform arrangement of
this eort. The Bame appointed day in all the
States, in reference to the Presidential election,
works admirably, and it would work equally well
in regard to Congress. It would settle the question
at once, place the new Congress at any moment
within reach of the Executive, and it
would cut off much of that factious legislation
looking to next Congress which has characterized
the last.
Anglo-French Schemes In Spanish-Am eric??
The Conflict Consequent on their Triumph.
The active intervention which Francc and
England arc exhibiting in Mexican affairs,
evinces a determination on the part of those
Towers to carry out the boastful programme of
Lord ClarendOD, and control the policy of both
hemispheres.
Their course in Mexico is identical with the
policy they ore pursuing in Cuba and Central
America, under different circumstauces, but with
the same aim. In the neighboring republic they
are bent upon crushing out the constitutional government
of President Juarez, and establishing
there a central despotism, after the manner of the
French Empire, and which, founded upon the
political privileges of the clergy and t e arm.* ,
shall follow a course in all things opp >s to
American theories, aud consolidate the political
influence of the European Powers. In Central
Arocrica a like course is being pursued; and the
anti-liberal government of Martinez, in Nicaragua,
is flattered with the hope of An^lo-Fre i? h
assistance to resist American influences and to
keep down the liberal aspirations of the
Leoncse party. The policy of Spain is
instigated in the same way to believe
that it must prepare to abolish slavery in Cuba,
as the only means of preventing that Island
from becoming a part of the American Union.
The obicct of thrw Pnwpra in atrivmor tn ba.
cure political ascendancy in these countries is,
to secure the commercial and material advantages
which they well know follow in the wake
of political supremacy. Iu pursuing this
course England consents to become the apparent
tool of France, and to abandon the interests
of its subjects so far that in Mexico large
numbers of them desire to obtain protection from
American officials, because, though hating us
with a traditional hatred that animates every
British government, whether whig or tory, it dare
not break openly with us. But the compact has
been made by which Louis Napoleon gives up to
England the rule of Asiatic policy in return for
the position of political arbiter of Europe; and
Iwth together?England as adviser and France
as actor?pursue their hoetility to everything
bearing the name of liberalism on this continent.
The imbecile course which the late disorganized
and shameless Congress pursued, in refusing
to empower the President to meet this
crisis in our political relations with Mexico, Central
America and Spain, has given a new vitality
to the Anglo-French policy in those regions, and
endangered some of the most Important interests
of our country.
Should the French and British Ministers succced
in crushing President Juarez, and establish
the power of the priesthood in Mexico, the last
vestige of our political influence over the Isthmus
transit routes will be lost, and it will cost ua a
severe struggle to regain it. The Presidentmaking
cliques may each think that it has
triumphed, and that it is equal to the exigencies
of the situation. J3ut the establishment of antiliberal
governments in the Spanish-American republics
will frustrate all their Intentions, aud
render them mere ciphers in the political events
that will mark the countries south of us. A
popular movement is already on foot, and the
people are beginning to move. Arizona is now
the theatre of American migration and empire
building. Companies are forming on all sides to
go there, and a hostile influence, such as France
aud England are seeking to establish in Mexico,
will soon provoke a collision that will end In
drenching the plains of that centralized republic
in blood. Diplomatists may frustrate the aims
f!f finil Hnfitrnv fhn Inflnannn
of contiguous countries upon each other, but
they cannot stop the march of popular institutions.
The fall of Juarez may mark the temporary
triumph of their schemes, and the efforts of
France and England may enable tho priesthoodto
drive every mau of free thonght beyond the
northern border of Mexico. But these will return
with a mighty immigration at their back,
which will re-establish American influence
through the rifle, and leave neither priept nor
soldier to a-k for European aid to trample upon
their fellow-citizens.
Gotno the Wnor.f..?We see that Mr. Meeks,
who seems not to be very meek in his proposition.
has introduced a bill into the Assembly for
tho abolition of the judicial offices both of Recorder
and City Judge of New Yoik. This is an
iinnrnvcmont nn ihr* former ?wA*To?**r?nf
was restricted entirely to the City Judge; and it
will prove highly satisfactory to all Inmates of
the State prison and of t4e penitentiary, and to
all their friends running at large OTcr the,city.
The class of burglars, garroters, cutthroats,
thieves, robbers, rowdies, and vagabonds of all
kind '', is very numerous, and has a prodigious
power of voting at elections. For a long time
past their interests have been seriously endangered
by the Court of Sessions, and by a patriotic
and honest man. the City Judge. The latter,
notwithstanding tbiir political reputation and
their valuable votes, has sent many of them to
State prison and the Penitentiary without the
slightest compunction. The Recorder, an amiable
youth, has become nearly as obnoxious to
them, but not quite. Mr. Meeks, the meek man
of the Assembly, has introduced a resolution
which will meet with the warmest approbation of
every one of these distinguished characters, In
and out of the State prison. And we would not
be at all surprised to sec a petition going round
tuiiong tiiejuiiK snops lor tlie signature* of thoso
worthy characters, the receive of stolen goods,
and their allien, the thieves, robbers, pickpockcts
;iiid other criminals, in order to back up the admirable
movement at Albany. Mr. Mecks, the
t/u .k man of Long Island, will make himself
vnj popular in Sing Sing and arouud Blacktfeir.)
l&l&ud, and ao mistake.
iSDAY, MARCH 8, 1859.
Thk Fa.ii.tok or tux Post Orrxa Atfropwa.tions?Wukkk
Liks tuk RnsroN?rBnjTY??The
utwepaper organs of the republican party are
charging the failure of the Post Office Appropriation
bills to the factious course of the " slave
democrats'' of the Senate, especially Mason ol
Virginia, Toombs of Georgia, and Bayard ol
TVlHtt'ftrp who with their nhiccHftni at Ihfl
< leventli hour of the last day of the seaaion, defeated
the conference bill which had passed the
House, and thus left the department without
supplies for the ensuing fiscal jear. On the
other hand, the responsibility In the premlset
is thrown by the Washington Union and othei
democratic organs upon Mr. Galusha A. Grow,
of Pennsylvania, and the republicans of the
House,
Let us rccitc the facts on both aides. The So
nate had adopted au amendment to the Post
Office Appropriation bill, raising the postage on
letters from three to five cents, and also prettj
heavily increasing the postage on newspapers
This amendment beiug reported to the House
Mr. Grow submitted a resolution, "that th<
House bill, No. 872, making appropriations foi
defraying the expenses of the Post Office De
partment for the year ending the 30th June
1860, with the Senate amendments thereto, b<
returned to the Senate, ua section thirteenth o
said amendments is in the nature of a revenui
bilL" (All revenue measures, as the reader i
aware, under the federal constitution, must ori
ginate in the House). To this resolution of Mi
Grow, Mr. Jones, ol Tennessee, offered an amend
ment sustaining the Senate, when
Mr. Crow Eaid the amendment bad been offered In vi<
latiou of the agreement between hinmclf and Mr. Phelp
when ho withdrew his objection to tuking up the bil
UnleSF that arrangement should becairicd out, ho ghoul
object to taking from the Speaker'a tabic the appropri:
tiou bills, and tno House would sec whether or not the
1/UU1U BUD^LU KUV I UltO.
Under this threat the resolution of Mr. Gro'
was forced upon the house, and being tlni
brought to a vote, it was adopted by a vote (
117 to 7G. Upon this pointed rebuke, thus ai
ministered to the Senate, the squabble commence
between the two houses, which only ended wit
the expiration of the session and the loss of tfc
bill. On the democratic side, the responsibility :
charged upon Mr. Grow, in raising this ofltnsh
constitutional is.-ue against the Senate, whic
exhausted the remnant of the session. Nor ca
it be denied that had Mr. Grow desired to sa\
the bill, while vindicating the constitutional pr
rogative of the House, ho could have gained h
purpose by the simple rejection of the obnoxloi
amendment, instead of sending the bill back i
the Senate with an offensive rebuke against tl
action of that body.
These simple facta in relation to the course <
Mr. Grow and his partisans prove that the
were actuated by factious partisan motives, an
that thoy were ready to sink all the approprii
tions if necessary to gain their party tsflds in tb
premises. But the Southern democratic ultraaMason,
Toombs, and others of the Senate?ar
equally guilty. As the last chance to save th
Post Office Department from bankruptcy, or th
alternative of an extra session, a conferenc
committee wtfi appointed between the tw
houses, and the original appropriation bill
as it first passed the Senate, was thu
adopted, and on being submitted to the IIous
it was passed. But on being submitted to th
Serate, as it required, under the rules
the ununimous consent of the body to consider i
forthwith, the persistent objection of a singl
number on the last day of the session wa
enough to defeat it. An<J Messrs. Masor
Toombs and Bayard did object, and would no
trive wav. because thev held that the confurer
on the part of the Senate bad made, in abandon
ing the postage amendment, a humiliating ca
pilulation to the House. Upon this Southeri
democratic plea of Senatorial dignity, there
fore, the Post Office Appropriation bill, whicl
could still have been passed, was lost with th
exhuustion of the extreme constitutional limit o
the session.
Thus, we may fairly divide the responsibilit;
in this matter between the factious course of Mi
Grow and his partisans in the 'House, and thi
factious course of Messrs. Mason, Toombs an<
Bay urd in the Senate, in the way of retaliation
Thus, for the first time in the history of the gov
ernment, the most important department of thi
public service, scarcelj#excepting the Treasure
itself, has been left without the moans require*
to sustain its vast and complicated machinery
In a word, the factious politicians and Presiden
tial schemers, North and South, of this late Con
gross, are responsible for all its heavy budget o
blunders, failures and omissions In reference ti
the necessities of the government and the lead
ing measures of the administration, foreign an<
domestic?a budget of blunders and bunglinj
which may yet compel the President to issue hi
call for an extra session of the new Congresi
when least expected.
Libeixjxg a Member ok Congress.?Accord
ing to the records of one of our courts, it appear
that an indictment has been found against tU<
New York Herai.d somewhere in Wcstcheate
couuty. for a libel on a member of Congress
Considering the distinguished characters, and thi
high reputation, and the great amount of patriot
u>m wiih n mat eminent body has exhibited o
late, a libel ou one of Its members must be a bril
liant feat in the editorial profession that few cai
parallel. When we look at the evidence ellcitei
and the report* made by committees of investi
galion in Congress during the last session
showing the patriotism of members of Congres
from this and other sections of the Union?the!
honest devotion to the public interests and tlioi
total disregard of their own?the associations o
members of Congress?the friendships of the mem
bers of Congress?the attachments of memberi
of Congress?In fine, the unspeakable merits o
members of Congress?it might have been con
sidercd possible to libel a member of the Stat)
prison confraternity; but the idea of libelling i
member of Congress was entirely out of the
question. We must have, therefore, achieved ai
nstonishing exploit. As this interesting subjeci
of libelling moml>ers of Congress proceeds in the
courts we shall take further notice of it.
Rkpkai. ok tub Metropolitan Touch Bill.?
The working of (his bill has now been sufficient!)
exhibited. Developements of official corruption
and crime and depravity under its operation an
so revolting and so general throughout the force
that the dissolution of the body is loudly called
for by the voice of morality and even the prompt
irffcs of common decency. The bill ought to b<
repealed at once, and the police force restored t<
the control of the Mayor. That public order if
not completely overthrown is not owing to th<
prt'Pt'uv ur^uiiiruuon 01 mo JOTcr, iiui in uie good
conduct and the proper feeling of our oitizuns u1
large. Tbc bill to a mere purly pr>litlcr>l machine
nnd a good proof of ibis Ih the zcul with which
one of our black republican jotunalh in thin citj
atteini>ta to iK.Utcr it up, whilst it docs not dan
to print the repeft of the Senate Committee?the
joint report of a democrat, an American and a
republican, who appear to be perfectly uoani
mouB. The properly, the liberties and the uvea
of citizen*, are too important to be placed in
' jeopard/ by partisan politics. Mtn of all parties
and classes ought, therefore, to uoite against this
common nuisance and have it abated. For a
week past an Investigation of a charge against a
policeman has been going on before the Commit
eioncrs, which is a farce of the most ludicrous
description in view of the evidence taken before
the Committee of the Senate, and its report thereon
published in this journal. It seems, like an
attempt of the Commissioners to divert attention
from themselves. Let the whole rotten fabric be
pulled down. Nothing less will satisfy an indlg
nant community,
t i?
1 THE LATEST NEWS.
r
1BTEBE8THG FROM WAfflBGTOH.
J Our Blew HbiliUr to Mexico?The Policy of
f The Administration In Mexican AflMrs?
Return of Senor Mata?Rumored Withdrawal
of the French Squadron from vera
' Crux?Hopeless Condition of the Postmaster
3 General? HI* Successor In Office?Retrench
f mcnt In the Army, die., Sic.
i OUB SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCH.
g , Waniilnc.ton, March 7,1859.
_ Mr. McLane, appointod Minister to Mexico, will leave
_ to morrow for New Orleans, and take the Tennesseo, galling
on tbe 15th Instant, Tor Vera Cruz. 80 desirous ia the
L- government that be should be in Mexico without delay,
that a telegraphic despatch will be sent by tho State Do).
partmeut to detain the Tennessee should Mr. McLane by
? any chance not be able to reach New Orleans by the regu'j
lar day of sailing. Mr. McIjuio goes out with discretioni
ary powers to rocognlso and present bis credentials to
y whatever government ho may find in a position to maintain
itself, and based on the will of tho people. It ia
V believed be will find tbe constitutional government la thai
L8 position. Still, tbe administration, whatever may be the
)f sympathies of our pcoplo towards the liberals, will no|
j interfere with either party, but will bo governed by th(
existing state of things. In fact, tho administration it
careful not to take any step to afford European rowers
b any pretence for Interference.
ie In conscqucncc of this resolution of tbe administration
[B Senor Mata will return to Mexico in a few days. Ho ha.
an interview with the Secretary of State and Mr. McLan<
to day, 'rbo question of recognizing the constitutions
b government of Mexico is, therefore, transferred fron
.n Washington to Mexico.
'e It is believed here that Miramon will not be ublo to taki
. Vera Cruz. General Rtblos is with Ulramou, in com
mand of the artillery. It Is said Rubles has sent order
to dispose of his ctteots iu Washington, and therefore dot
lfl not expect to return.
to Information has been received hero that tho Frencl
ie vessels of war were about to bo withdrawn from Ver
Cruz.
Doctor Miller bos just Informed me that the Poetmaste
General cannot possibly live much longer, lie may con
7 tinuo to survlvo for some hours, but that is all. Thi
id lungs are rapidly filling up, and expectoration haa ooased
1- He is still conscious.
q two nutivB* uv^vtvoo wuuiuvu vi i vaiuiwiur UCUtfr?
Brown has given rise to rumors In high quarters as to th<
~ jn-pbftble successor, Tho names most prominontly men
G tioned arc George W. Jones, of Tennessee, and John 3,
e Pholps of Missouri, recently chairman of tho Committee ol
g Ways and Means. Mr. Jones always boasts he could carry
c on the government for loss than it is done, and tho I'oel
Office Department just now would afford him One scope fo<
0 his genius. It is not possiblo, however, that the President
l> would make such a selection. Mr. Jonos considers that
3 the United States have no constitutional power to carry
q mall?; that the spread of information Is not nocessary for
e the prosperity of the country; and that education is a
drawback, which, however, he has not experienced. He
'' also favors the abolishment of the army and navy. 1
t mention his name as it is seriously alluded to. Mr. Phelpe
0 18 a man of ability, enlarged views, undoubted Integrity,
,g and would be a valuable acquisition to the Cabinot.
! Tho rrtmldcni bun intimated, it in said, his in'
clloatlon to otTer the Poet Office Department to
Lawrence D. B. Branch, of North Carolina. Mr.
8 Brunch was a member of the last Congress, and
I- prominent for Oneness of character and clearness of judgk
ment. He is also a man of enlarged and liberal views.
a Amos Kendall, Cave Johnson and othor fossils, arc mentioned,
but they are out of the question.
The Senate, in executive session, after disposing of some
ll unimportant business, took up the nominations of Mr.
0 Mandevillo, as Surveyor General of California, and Mr.
f Wcller, Postmaster at San Francisco. The debate was
kept up for thrco hours by Mr. Broderick and his friends,
who were opposed to those nominations, and by Dr. Gwin
V and his friends, sustaining them. After an animated discussion
tbey wore coifllrmed by a strict party vote, tho
B republicans voting with Broderick. Tho case of Mr. Petj
tor, Collector of ftledo, was attempted to be takon up on a
motion to rcconaider, and it was rulod by the Chair that
the Senate had nothing further to do with it, he having
onco been defeated, and the motion to reconsider not
8 bcipg made in time, that the President would have to
j send his name again to the Senate before action could bo
| had.
A long debate occurred on a motion to take up the Washington
and Oregon Indian treaties, which was finally carl~
rled. They will bo tho ftrbt thing in order to morrow.
There woe no effort made in Mr. Wiggins' case for conflrif
mation. The ruling in the case of Mr. Potter will pron
bably apply to this c*ee, and he will have to be renoml
C?ICU.
The TrcsideLt lias but a few other appointment* to senl
to tho Scuate. It is probable tbat the nomination of a
? Minister to Bogota mtjr bo sunt in. The person is not yot
H determined on.
ff Tho Army Retrenchment Board have completed their
labors, aad.wlil make their report to the Secretary of War
to morrow. They llnd it very difficult to make the reductions
required. They express tho opinion tbat the War
Detriment is administered in as oeoRominal a manner as
3 possible. They make somo suggestions as to transports'
lion, aud intimate where reductions may be made without
r embarrassing the servico. The report will show this arm
I, or the service to be in a healthy condition.
^ An impoitait decision was doliverod in the Supremo
Court this morning by tho Chief Justico, in the caso of the
United States kvs. Sherman H. Booth, tho Supremo
f Court vs. Kror to Supreme Court of Wisconsin. Tho case
Involved the right of State courts to release on babo?g
) corpus parlies in custody under process of tho United
j States for offences against tho laws of tho United States.
Tii is was done by the court below in tbo instance or an
arrest under Judgment by tho District Court of the United
t States for a violation of tho Fugltlvo Slave law.
Ft The whole conduct of the court below was bold
r to bo totally Illegal and virtually revolutionary ;
that the Marfclial had a right, and it was his duty, to rosist
by force any such interference on the part of the
' State powers; and that the Fugitive Slave act was clearly
constitutional. This is, of course, a mere outline of the
3 opinion, which is understood to have been unanimous,
f It must put an end for tho futuro to all contests between
tho United States and States as to tbo constitutionality of
tbo Fugitive Slavo law; and all attempts hereafter by
1 State Courts to interfere with officers of tho United States
1 in carrying it out will be regarded as revolutionary, an I
5 treated as such.
I Tim (iKSKTUL VRWHI'A PKR MBI'ATCft,
t CONDITION OKTHS TOSTMASTEK QKNKHAL, F.TC.. KTC.
, WA.siiWGTotr, March 7,1S41?.
At eleven o'clock this evening the Postaualer General
still lingers, but there Is no prospect whatever of his recovery.
Tho trial of Mr. Sickles will not be commenced so early
' as many have anticipate*!. The jail docket, embracing
I the small olfcnces, Is usually first takon up, and may oc,
cupy a week or longer. Hin counsel did not appear In tho
court to day.
' Th(* Pcnato wu in hoc ret *(>s?ton Ibr fl?e hours to day,
and alter a spirited debate cooftrnird Charlm U Wulltr,
an rootmasUir, oT San Francisco, and J W Mandivllle
> a* Hurreyor (Jenarai of CallforaU. Mr. Mcl.am- wa* con(
linncd unaiiiinoucljr as Minlati r to Mexico, and Mr. Ivt
Rp1?trlp ?p Herrotary of Isffatlon. '
' Mr. MuI^ua will leu?o Iho i ity to morrow fnr Vera
! Crux with Inklruitloca to rccoRDiao tho coocUtiiUonal
I government, provided it la in it condition to innUituin itp.
f, rxiatrnro. Mr. C'imcliwoll ha* .'i?n:u written tlio 8tUe
IV|?rtmi nt urging IK recount'>on. Thlntti" adtnlfi'.itra
tion In Inoltned 'o do, and hetico tho a;>p iln'.ir ent of Mr.
1 M'l.anr.
Potior Muta f'*? t>rou bcie, anx "iitaljr awft.tlng Iho ra
j rnniUoo of hi*g veromc. t Jlrcctly by MMMMMHi,
,
ad his consequent reception U Ktoiater; b?t?UN reeognitlM,
if at all, irttt lain pUce in Meiico, he considers Ins
mission luspepded hr the prenent lie will sow lenw?
rot Now Orleans, thai* la await further Instruction* Croat
hi* govwrnmeut. Is the event of Mr. McLaae preseaWng
his credentials to the Juarez govornmcui 8>uur Mat* will*
uicra la little doubt, return t? Washing loo in * diplomat!*
capacity. '
The Senate have a number of Indian treaties, embracing
those of Oregon and Washington, to act upou, and as tbasa
are so Intimately contacted with the preservation, ot
peace on the Pacific, there can be no doubt of tlutr I
ratification.
There Is a clause b?the Treasury note law, juet passed*
authorising the Sesntary of the TMasury to lasun rcgtstoved
or cojipon stocks, sa the purchaser may elect. As to
has already re-iaaued coupon stock, tbo Secretary haa decided
he will sot change It
THIRTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.
Extraordinary Session or lit* Senate.
Washington, Much T, ISM.
Mr. Seward's resolution calling on the Secretary at War
for copies of contracts which have been nude for the removal
of the obstructions at the mouth of the Mississippi,
the amount expended therefor, and to whom paid, was
adopted.
*Mr. Drown (adm.) of Miss., presented a memorial from
Messrs. Petti bone k Bolster, binders of extra documents
for the Senate, alleging that owing to the small amount of
binding they have had aa contrasted with previous years,
they have lost money, and Uierofore aukjiudotnnity.
On motion of Mr. Mason the memorial was tabled by 41
against 6.
The Senate then went into secret session.
No public business was transacted, and as soon aB the
doors opened the Senate adjourned.
Tils Nttw m ANP1SU (OMXHTEKS Of TUX HSXATK.
In the Senate on Saturday, In open session, the standing
committers were reconstructed as follows ?
On Foreign Relation*?Mr. Mason, chairman; Douglas,
SIHlell, Polk, Crittenden, Seward, Foot.
On Militaty Affair* and the Militia?Mr. Davis, chairman;
Fitzpatriolt, Johnson of Ark., Chesnut, Broderlck, '
Wilson, King.
On /'triance? Mr. Hunter, chairman; Pearce, Owin,
Bright, Hammond, Fessendcn, Cameron.
On Commerce?Mr. Clay, chairman; ? Bigler, Toombs,
Hamlin,Chandler, Powell, Saulsbury.
On A'acal Affairs?Mr. Mallory, chairman; Thomson A
of N. J., Slid ell, Hammond, Hale, Anthony, Muholson.
On the Judiciary?Mr. Bayard, chairman; l'ugh, Bcnj.vl
m>n, Green, Clingman, Collumer, Trumbull.
On l oU officei and I'oit lioadf?Mr. Yulee, chairman;
' Biglcr, Owin, Rico, Ward, Hale, Dixon.
i On J'uVlic Lands?Mr. Johnson of Ark., chairman:
Pugb, Johnson of Tenn., Cheunut, Foster, Harlua, Bingham.
On Private Land Claims?Mr. Benjamin, chairman;
Polk, Durkee, Hemphill, Bragj.
On liwltttionary Claim*?Mr. Crittenden, chair mn;
Durkee, Chandler, Bingham, Nicholson.
On Claims?Mr. Ivoraou, chairman; Mallory, Ward,
Simmons, Clark. ?.
Oh the DiUrid of Columbia?Mr. Bro m\. chatrm\n;
Mason, Jobuson of Tenn., Yuloc, Kennedy, Hamlin,
Wilson.
CM Indian Affairl?Mr. Sebastian, chairman; Brown,
Fitch, Rice, Dooiittle.Bragg, Hemphill.
On Pentiow? Mr. Thomson, of N. J., chairman; Clay,
Foster, King, Anthony, Saulsbury, Powell.
On Volenti ami the Patent Office?Mr. Thomson, of N.
J., chairman; Toombs,Simmons, Trumbull, Bragg.
On Public fluildingt and Qrow\dt?llr. Bright, chairman;
I>nvia, Douglas, Kennedy, Clark.
? On Territories?Mr. Green, chairman; Douglas, Seb*8?
lion w- n-"- li'-J- r.-.. * I
, a itzpuu ita, cw tmuici , it aug, \ji ildm,
j To Audit and Control the Contingent i'r/h /uet of the Se
note?Mr. Johnson, of Tonn., chairman; Dixon, Powell.
1 On Printing?Mr. Fitch, chairman; Cameron.
On Enyioutd Hills?Mr. Biglor, chairman; Uailan.
r On Enrolled Hills?Mr. Brown, chairman; Doolittle,
Grimes.
On the Library?Mr. Peaice, chairman; Bayard, Fe?9
aouden. *
KKW YORK LEfllSIiATUaB.
1 ' Senate.
' Albany, March 7,1859.
Mr. Pnossrot (rep.) IntroducM a hill to authorize inror 4f
porated associations, except banks, to change their la- I
' cation anywhere in the State at the will of tho majority of I
the directors, after public notice.
The recolution to allow the affidavit of K. G. Suthorlaud, I
fully and decisively denying the stitement of Mr. Frink,
that he had ever told him that ho rccoivod any money for
' his vote on the passage of the Albany Bridge bill, and declaring
that ho had never bad any conversation with saitt
Frlnk on the subject, and was not a member of the Le^ia'
lature when the bill passed, to be placed on die and pnuti
ed, was laid on tho table for tho present.
Mr. Pratt (rep ) introduced u recolution instructing tUa
rrnrpiu ntntivi s of the Stntn in rVinrrrr.M ir, n>.? .....
engc of a law by which books copyrighted in Hie Southern
i district of the State may be deposltoa in the library oi' tho
Historical Society, and those copyrighted in tho Northern
district in tho State IJbrary. Tabled.
The Canal Appropriation bill was ordered to a third
> reading.
Tho bill for the better prevention of frau J3 on canal revenues
wan laid on the table. v
CKjcplanatio*?Senator Di yen's remarks on Saturday,
condemning the Investigating Commute*' of the Senato for
the manner of conducting their proceedings, ond for retaining
a clerk in their employ, referred to tho Committee
on l'ublic Buildings, and not to tho special couimilt/.e.coauiltlng
ol' lltiEib. Lftvtland, Scott and Darling ]
Ajwmbly.
Alhany, March 7, 1859.
Mr. Pond (rep.) reported favorably the bili to authorize
supervisors to appoint inspector* of election and district
canvassers In New York.
Mr. Shaw (rep ) introduced a bill to extend Albany
street to Broadway; to widen Trinity place, from IJberty
(ttreet to its termination, and extend it theme to Hatter?
place; and to widen Morris and Rector streets whenever
the owners of land assessable for such improvements apply
for the same. The bill authorizes the Comptroller to
appoint a special attorney for suits arising tinder the lot,
and provides a special award, at the discretion of the commissioners
to bo appointed by the Supreme Court, to too
survivors of those burled In Trinity church graveyard,
mid to the corporation of the church for the removal ot
the remains and monuments thoro; but if the award is not
accepted and the removal nude within tbc specified time,
the commissioners have full power to make the removal
themselves. ?
Mr. SMirn (dem.) callol up tho resolution requiring
from tho Commlisiouers of I.migration by what authority
they have applied to the courts to tost the title of Castle
Garden, and it was adopted.
Mr. J'aii (rep.) called up the resolution requiring from
the Auditor the number of collcctors and ussiHtant clerks
employed on the canals, and whether auy reduction c\n
be made. Resolution adopted.
The House agreed to have evening snulons, except on
Monday* and Saturdays.
Mr. BATdiKtLKn (rep.) called tip the resolution requiring
information from the Attorney General as to the constitutionality
of the !i?i signol by tho Governor after the adjournment
of the legislature. j
Tho Personal Liberty bill w?s then Ukeu up lo Committee
of tho Whole.
Mr. 0. S. Spsn' kr (rep.) *poke In support of tho consti- 1
tutionality, justice und humanity of tho bill.
Mr. Mounts moved to amend by striking out a'l but tht
flrst atnl third sections, thus making tho bill simply provide
(or a trial by Jury of any fugitive slave.
Mr. TtTWLL made au eloquent and very elfi-ilive spcech , I
in favor of tho whole bill as reported.
kvkm.no hkssiov,
The Senate only Is in session this evening.
A resolution was adopted to suspend tho joint rule, (n
order that the annual Appropriation bill iua? Ire consideiC'l
ou any day prior to 'ho 2Bt.h inst.
Tho social order bti.j; iho consideration of tbe subjoct
of the aliogod vacancy u I lie Eleventh oeimjrial district,
It was taken up alter <t. I.^to.
Mr. Divkw oQercd the ;%lowing:?
KcHOlvod, That WIl'I :-n **,. Vsntlevllle hivlnji beeo appointed
to the ofllce of IVh'tii ulcr, at fctuyrrsaut Fail*, ims, by
accepting such appointment, vacated hia oUien .W Kenator.
B<lnrc tho question was Ukru, the subject wan postponed
till to morrow, 4 o'clock I*. M.
Tho bill to amend tbe Marine Court act *? ordered to
a third reading.
Mr. Kly introduced a bill empowering Ifeuik.i In any
town or city, wb< re live or more ;?re trauwtctmg business,
to apsociato together Into a Clearing House Association for
the object of offtcting dally exchanges botweeu tbe Ilanks
thus associated within said town or city, and for the payment
of bank balaucis resulting from such exchanges.
Adjourned.
Rcinonatrimcc to the Port Wafden l.?iv.
TO tiik IloNORAItlK tuk I JiliUtl-att ll? OT tijst hlatk ok NKW 4
V'ORK:?
Your memorialist*, cltlacns of thn Plato of New York,
merchants and instirors or merchandise, respectfully petition
your honorable body that tho charges of tb" port
wardens of the city of New York shall not be further Increased
in the sale of goods or merchandise by auctloi.
And thst If It be found necessary to reduce tho number .if
wardens from ume to nix, that your honorable body will
thoroughly investigate thoir claims nod competency ah
wardens of the port to protect the interest? of merchant*
and foreign underwriters, as well as tn.it of the H'ato.
And your petitioners further pi ay that if the law regulating
the duties of port wardens bo a'tered that it b#c.irrled
buck to its original simplicity and Intention.
Atlantic Mutual In?iir?nee Oomnaay, '>y I'lias. Denote VioePresldent,
(.real Western Martnn Insurance I :empany,'? John '
A. Psrker.Vtee President; New York Mutual InaurarM Company,
bv John H. I.yell, Vice President: Unlin vitmuhI Insurance
Coinpnnjr, by F. 8. Ijalhrop, Prenldnnt; Orte it Mutual
tnsuranee Company, by Leopold TJlerwith, 1'renlient Sua
Mutual Insurance Company, by A. B. Nellnon, Pmr'alent, McrcHn'ile
Mutual Insurance i omnany, by Kl!w?>d Walter. I'ir.sidi'Dt;
Colombian fnauror.re Company (Murine-, by It. Q.
Morris, Vice PreaMent; Pvldc Mutual Insurance < ?>mp*ny, ny
Alfred Edwards, I'realdent; tieorgc Moke A ?'o? HowlaKtA
AduIiiwaII. J. V. Onatlvl* A Co . I'arrliiv ft I.It'll.'* .,11 iiu,r
ford. TUi-nton A Co., Mollf* A KUt?, Wmi-rou Ac.., MnrtvwL
FliHj.* A Co., H. W. !.?irto A < r. Robert A Wlllluma, V. H.
Rrowar ACo., Itoonen, flrave* A Co., Hirnr<*, Kohl Jt ?%?.,
Young* ft Cat, I'Btur V. King A < ? I,. M tlnfTmui* C<v,
Mi'i.tiun A Pattrt'lRr, K. J. rurkrr, Itti Morowr, lot,** A (' ,
A.0. KfWrr A Co., A)mar A Co., .lulu II Tlwmnaiu, <lJOilhue
A Co., J. W. frhmldt A Co., Wm. A_ Suln ft Co., \. A.,
low A Bp).. Slnny A Htrpbnun, llotiuo 4o itnrjvril A Ho?.
(Trocker A Wnrn-n, Ponv?rt A Co , Keni?>l I, I'mnnli A <*?., ,
Tnekcr A T.libtbonrn, Roppiwh A C<> v 1 ^ ,-r*rt A O ,
Prlta A Co., HeiU A Co., tlUKKf.rlj A <!o., Wilmcnlln*.
llnguft A lUlli'xrt.
Dtntli of F'x-Srnntor U?y*v, of MUwmrt.
Sr. (/>? !?, M*rrli fl, 1W.
[Ion. rfenry H G?yor, formerly UnHei "Ha** 8c?itv

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