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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 11, 1859, Image 1

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WHOLE NO. 8254.
Rertril of Material (Enterprise In tile Metropolis.
With Uie revival of business anl general oonBlenea
throughout the country, the m%terl*l development and internal
enterprise ol our clljr li resuraod. Buildings ? h i:h
VMld be considered as ornumenU to otber ollkis are b '
ing raxed to the (round (or tbe erection of more stalely
aad magnificent structures. Tbe Ural of bUy *iii in tiate
audi a rush of this business ti the city baa not seen for
seme time. The principal arebitee.ts are burdened with
applies! iocs for plans for new building*. Soue idea of the
activity mat will pervado this kind of enterpriso in New
York during the ensuing season can be formed from tli i
work upon the binds of the dill-rent architects in the city,
a summary of which is here, in part, presented
' A white murblo hotel, oa the corner of Broadway and
Twenty fouith street, 100 feet on Brotdway by 117 feet
M Twenty fourth street, live storios higti ; French sijl
of archlter ure; at a cosi of about $100 000 ; f>r Franklin
8. Kinney, Esq. To bo coiwneuced ou the flislof tUy,
ud Qnished as soon as possible.
A wUle marble store fur Ball, Bluet k Co., on the corner
of B.-oadway an J Prince street; to bo lire prool ;60
feet by 100 fc?t, five stot tea high, and in the Italian style,
to be built at a cod of about *80,000.
This firm are putting an odditioual story on the Merchants'
Exchange, tor the American Bunk Note Compiny,
(o be fireproof, material granite, and cost about $i)o,000
Mast be tluished by the 1st of Juue.
Also crecting a brick store, on the corucr of Broadway
?"- Wmrt if.aivLh Btr.'i't. for J R. Mantel, t ize "5 faet bv
ICO, three stories high. Corn about $16,000.
IJkcwife building au English basement dwelling bouse,
tear stories high, la Twenty-third street, near 6ih avenue,
Mir Henry Van Schalck, at a cost of about $16,000.
A One boose of brick and stone, on M&diaon avenue, for
fn. H. Townsend, Esq., to bo 00 led by 76; will cos
boat $26,0C0.
Constructing the magnificent new Catholic cathedral
(St. Patrick's), concerning which the public are aironly
well itiforine? on Uio corner of Filth avenue and Fitly
first street, at a cost ui $860,000. The architects of Uie
oatbodral aro Kin wick & Koderigues.
A four story basement dwelling bouie, on I-afiyette
place, being the continuation of the building on the corner
of Broadway and Fourth street, whljh is at present
sed partly for assembly rooms snd partly occupied by
the Intel national Art Union. House tn be of brittle, with
marble trimmings; will cast about $1:4,000. Built [or
Henry Macon, Esq.
A Store where the Broadway theatre at present ntindi,
Which will be 76 feet on Broadway, 176 fcot deep,
75 feet on Worth atroot, 26 feet on Pearl street, and
2(0 feet from Worth to Pearl street. This is
all to comprise ono store, which will oover
nearly half an acre or ground, being the largest store
ever built in New Yoik at one time, and nearly as
firge it tbe whole Of Stewart's establishment. It U to be
five itoriifc?or *6 fott?high above tbe sidewalk. The
}iio?dway l'ront will bo of solid marble, iu the Norman
style of architecture. The sto.e Is bunt fur James B.
Whiting, Kfq , who has leased it to C. W. At J. T. Moore,
dry goods merchants. The oost of the building will be
about $200,000. Tbe woik of tearing down and removing
the'old theitro bis commenced, and the store 1b to be
finisned by the lbt of December.
A marble (root, stnro, in Becuratn street, fire stories
kiftb, at a cost or about $20,000, for Norris k Gregg. To
lie commenced on tlic first or Mu.v, un<l finished ?y tho
first of November.
A superior brown atone four story dwelling home, on
Thirty-fourth street, near Fifth avenue, to be got up regard
lees ot expense, in the ranaiaanct style.
Two very fine brown stone dwelling bouses, on Oramercy
the Friends' meeting house, to he built on C.ratnercy
fuk, of I)orche3tnr stone. It is to be 70x90 toet, in the
(Jrecian style of architecture.
Tms oumpuny has made plans for several other buildfom.j
of whvn are to bo very be.iutiful and very
i*?uy; but as the negotiations in regard to land and other
imporiai.t JBaitfrt-o connected wltti tjiem am ?"U pending,
M is <U< ined advisable to keep qiuot in regard to tof
(he present.
f B. a. WAH'it* \l). .<1 WALL. HTl'.KCT,
Is abor.t to commence for'Ujterm-m James Owens, a
block of four houses, first class, with brown stono fronts,
cm the tonth side of Thirty-fourth street, between T.Mingtoo
an'i Fourth avenue*, to be 20 feel front and 62 feet
deep, four itoriee, higti stoop.
* Three stores on Broadway,Nos. 677, 579 and fi81, to run
ftom Broadway to Meroer street They are to be first class
tores, five stories high, with solid marble fronts, marblo
i cornices; to be commenced on the 1st of May and finished
by the 1st of November. Tbey are built for tho Longdon
A tbreo story brown stone dwelling house, 25 by 75
feet, in Twtnty third street,at a cost of about $12,000; to
be commenced In May and finished next fall.
An office building at 02 Broadway, 28 by 90 feet, four
tori's high; with basemont, of Dorchoster free stone, for
the Meters Suydam, at a cost of alio.it (25,000. To be
commenced on the 1st of Mty and finished on the 1st of
Fonr stores on the corner of Brooms and Uroene streets,
tlx stories high, each 25 by 00 feet, brick trimmed with
marble, for Dr. Homer Boetwirk, at n cost of about$45,000;
to be commeuced on the 1st of May and finished about
Two stores, at Nos. 88 and 88K I^onard street, to be
Ave stories high, built of Dorchester stone, 37 by 100 foet
each, in tho Italian style of architecture, for Paton & Co.,
at a cost of about $30,000 altogether, commenced now and
finished by tho lit of August.
A More, at 76 Itcade street, Ave stories high, with basement
and Bub-collar, 30 feet by 60; and a store on 78
Roado street, Ave stories high, 60 foci by 100, extending
to Church street, forming aa ell there, with 25 foct front.
Both are built lor O. W. Read, Keq.?the llrst at a cost of
bout $20,000, and the second at a cost or $30,000. They
Hill be commenced on the 1st of May, and finished bv tho
1st of August. They are intended to be splondid buildings,
built either of marble or Dorchester stone.
A store on 21) Reade street, 26 by 7t) feet, five stories
high, with basement, of Dorchester stone, at a con of
916,000; to be commenced on tho 1st of June, and finished
bout the 1st of October.
A bouse on Forty-seventh street, near Fifth avenue. 37
(bet by 66, four stories high, with a basement and oclUr,
a plain brown (tone front. The house will be larj(? and
handsonie?so large that a lower partition wall can be
built, dividing' It into two bouses. It will cost about
17 ,< 00, is to be commcncod by the middle of May, and be
finished in November.
Are adding two stories to Thompson's saloon (360 Broad,
way), and extending Use whole building thirty five feet
back, forming an L on Franklin street, with a front of
twenty-seven feet, faced with white mirbio, Italian stylo
of architecture. It will cost about $35,000; to be com
menced by the 1st of June and fiulxhed as soon a? |>osaible.
They are completing three dwelling house*? with a
tore under the corner dwelling house?on the corncr of
Twenty-fifth street and Broadway: brlok, with brown
tone trimmings, fire storlea high; twenty fort etch on
Rroadway, two sixty feet, and one eighty feet deep: these
bullulrg* ure nearly completed, und will cost altogether
bout $30,f00. They are owned by lwiic Town?ood.
Have planned nine hows In Fortieth street, between
Madison and Fifth avenues, miking >i whole block, except
M cotD'T bulldifga. Tliey will M lour stori'R hi)i!i, with
basements snd nub collar*, twenty-three feet by sixty
Ret. The whole to cost about $108.ooo.
Two bouses have just been commenced on Madison
vrnne, between Thirty secood and Tuirty third streets,
, on the wrst side, Twenty live feet by sixty four feet, four
a stories hlph, with nigh basement and sub cellar, brown
K Jtono fronts; French end Italian stylo of urcliltecturo.
f They will cost about $10,(too each.
To be commenced in a oouple of weeks, n dwellln
house cn the corner of Thirty ninth street and MAd
'?y "fly Mven feet, wit
ni iirai nwni.il U||{U, WW] nurm'Mll Mill BUD
rellar; brick, with atone trimming; will ixwt abou
911,000; is owned by 1'reeton Hodgeo
Also three English baHomnnt dwelling Iiouhok in Remxcn
street, four stories high, 17 feotny (>u feet each,
brown Ktono, will coat altogether $'JO.OOO.
tire building a number of extensions for Introluclng
water Into llrooklyn hour.es; fwwrt $10,000.
nnikpith tiiomah, no. 470 Broadway,
Is building a Rtore In Kulton Uroet, between Nassau and
William streets, 60 by 100 fact, extending to Dutch street;
marble front; Ave stories high, with basement nnd s ibeollar;
will cost about (40,000; U for Ang'iitni O.^ nlng;
baa been commenced, and will be Qniflhed by the lat of
A flmt class store at M I<eonard atreet. w< ?t of Broad
way,26 'ect by 100 feet, live Rtories high, with boseni lit;
fireproof, except the lloor; marble front; Italian stylo of
architecture- owned by Ur. Kettletass; cost t-'O.COO. to be
rnmrn need PT thi 1st of M?y, and tlnmhed this year.
A More at 0 and " M i ter ?trcet; 60 feet by 100; live
flnrlm hipb, ?ith hutment utd mxrbla front; will cott i
kDOUl mi^w, aril c??s rvnj w.?? n m juuu j.
I'belps; already conim* need, sod to be liamhed this y.wir.
A st?.re Id Fi ad, street, near Cnureh street, 'ift fool by
10 feet, Ave ston** hi^b, mar bio front, a rut iilam iu every
??) ; roist about $I8,UOO; is for Alexander Iloux.
A uoro tm the wvkt side of Broadway, Noe. 413 and
445, r>0 fret by SCO feet, encoding to Mercer street; Ave
?toric8 high, with bailment; lull in style of architecture,
ne?vy projections, balconies, revolving Iron shutter*
throughout; all th?i windows will be of plate glaan, w t*>
rashc i and frame* of natural wood?oak and nithogauy
intermixed, wliK'h ih a novel (Valine; doom of miborftuv,
stairs of oak , and every tiling else to be of the best, n.o-t.
beau'llul, durable and cody materials. This auro la
tip'iu-d to he th* fiUi-a*. iu our ui"<ropolts; will oost
boot SIOO/K'O; the froMa on Broadway .mil U truer
stricture Ui be of beautl<ul whito marble. U la owned
ubil will hi' built by Nirbo'aa Lj llam. and la mtendod for
a dry g*fcii<H jobbing hemp. It will b* continence 1 ia
fay, an 1 wi>l be finished some time in tbU year.
A beautiful marble atore mi the northwest corner#
Broadway and Grand street, to he unite! with the warble
Mori: at present being erected on the two itdj nulag Imr,
by 8?n.uel Lord; the name style of rcuitec'.uro In
to he carried out In the Intonded burdiuj;
thi.t obtains in tbo present one?the wlio'e to fcrnn In au
peurance but one structure. It will cost N0u,000; la
owned hy Sumnel l?rd, aud will be ocoupled by h>ui as a
dry goods retail jobbing house; Is \o be oomv?aod<l tbe
1*1 ot Hay,?nd uoi'.bfd tma year; wmdova throughout
to he of plated gla?s, w'tl1 'ron Bhottira ttie wool*
building is to be heated by steam. I'nis ml!, doubtlesa
te oiie ol tbe moBt Hiagniilueni of tho ptlaoes that omauii
Lt Broadway.
A Hap11st church (Dr. Hague's), on tbe corner of Midt*on
avtnuo and ru.rty Umt street; to bo buiit in the
rtj/ iuliue style of architecture, 75 foot by 13d t'lrialii'tin^
ih' lecture mow); a tower and high steeple oa kliooernir;
to be Mulshed in an elegaut and custiy manner, the wiu lowa
nf mined alacs. Tho material for tbe biiddiQii hai
nut been decided ui?.n. It will cost, a'tout SiO.OlO; is to
bo roiDDicucud immediately, and tinisiiod us auou as jjrac
A dwelling house on the north sile of Twenty third
meet, near f ifth avenue; 26 feat by "0 feet, four storms
high, brown stone front, la first olias ia every w.;y, for
Akron Arnold. Gift about $.10,000 Commenced no#,
and to be finished within a year.
Two dweilug housea in Forty second street, betwaen
filth avciii'o and Br 'mlway, 2ft by 60 fott e.aoh, four
torus high, with basement uud sub-cellar, with brown
stone front and all the modern im|>rovom'.'ut?; are for Ur.
Kobinsoii; will cost about 918,000 each; commonjeJ nj#
and flushed this year.
Two dwelling house* on the rant skin of Midison avenne,
between Tweuty D'lith and ftitrtlnth streets, 26 r?y tl5 ft at
each, four etorn s, h'gh basement and nub o-jllars; brown
atone fronts; cunt *16,000 each, for Mr. Ustmr.
Urn house in Midison avenue, between rairty seventh
and Thirty eighth streets, 81 by 72 feet each, four stories
In? h, batcm u t and subccilar; brick front witn brown
fctone trimmings; to be dumbed in a very ) style;
rest about $26,000; commenced now, and to bo rtulsiied
ibis year.
A Gothic Episcopal church, (Dr. Gihin's,) on the corner
of Washington and Johnson streets, UroiKiy n, 14 by lort
feet, tower and steeple on I lie corner; to be a hr*t c'aw
church; finished in a handsome style; cost abjut $54,000.
Two stores tin the corner of Tenth avonue and Twenty tlfth
street, Tour stories high, with vaults under the aidewa'k,
20 by 60 feet tacb, built of Philadelphia brick, With
nou columns; cost about $0,000 each; Ur John 1'neLui;
commenced 1st May; tlnisbed 1ft October.
Two dwelling nouses in Twenty dfto street, near Tiinth
avtnue, three stories hi*h, with brown stone basement
19 by 60 feet each; to cost $10,000 each.
Threo stores on Serond avenue, between Thirty ninth
and Fortieth street", four stories high, 17 by 60 feet eaca;
built of brick, with iron columns, for John Fettreioh; cut
about $6,000 cach; commenced 1st of M?y; ta be daubed
in four months.
One store in Second avenue, betwoon Thirty Brat anl
Thirty-second streoip, four stories high, 26 by 60 feet;
built of brink, with brown stone pjsw; for KWualj
Burke; cost about $8,000; commenced now; to be ilaijnoJ
this year.
One store on the corner of Fifty -fourth street and E glith
avenue; four stories h'gh, 26 by 60 feet; nrick; owo? l by
.lames i.rani; cost aoout ?i,vw ; w oc cuinmonueu in
two weeks.
Havo unJf-rway eight brown stone dwelling houses ia
Tbiity third street, that will be tluifehed about the 1st of
July; four stories, basements and sub collars; 19 by 6u
ti'Ct tar.li; first class Houses; cost 910,000 each; belong to
James Fannin.
Two dwelling houses in Conpress street. Brooklyn, four
stories- high, butemeut and sub-collar, 25 by 45 fls.it e.ioh;
tirst data bouses; cost *5,503 cacti; belong to TuomaJ
The Vitei insry College in Twenty-thirdutreet. te'ar aixth
avenue, CO by 94 feet, unck, with stone t'lmm'np, c>rr. ilar
front; cost >40,000; built for medical corporation;
coTum*.???.i cm thp im, of February ai>d to be hnisbod by
the 1st oi Mny.
Tlie new Bowery theatre, between Canal and Hester
sheets, io the Bowery, being 100 feet on Elizabeth stroet,
75 leet on the Bowery, ana 200 feet deep, to hold 6.000
people; built of brick, with stone trimmings: an Iron front
ou the Bowery; cost about $80,000; owned by James R.
Whiting; theatro leased by Fox and Lingard: commenced
on the 10th of March; to bo oomploted by the 1st of 3optember;
Corinthian style of architecture; F. C.Latham La
the builder of it; he also has the contract for removing the
old Broadway theatre.
Mans have been made by some of the moet popular architects
in the city, lor tbo Brooklyn Academy of Music, to
be situated Id Montague street; it is to be 92 by 226 reel
deep; to soat 2 S00; to be built of brick and stono,at a cost
of $120,000.
Also plans for the Plymouth church, (Rev. Henry Ward
new net's,) to be i.uiaud In the same street; ii is to he
large enough to seat 6,000 people; will cost about
Fitimutes have boen received for n bank and office
build Tg in Brooklyn, on the Wail street plan, to cost
James Renwlck and R T. Auchuuty $1,145,000
D. l.iennn 50,000
Isanc Ci. Ferry 25,000
Henry Inglebert 45,000
.Tnn.es H. Giles 112,000
William Field & Son :... 241,000
William lloNamara 160,000
John M. Trimble 120,000
Griffith lbomas 535,000
Frederic Hel.mict 12,000
King & Kellum, (rough estimate) 300,000
H. O. Harrison 40,000
Reynold H. Smith 12,000
Architects unnamed 310,000
Total $3,059,000
The above will merely give an idea of the material enterprise
and development of the city. There are many
cosily schemes under way or planned, which, for various
"reasons, are not permitted to bo malo public.
Quite a number of architects are out of the cily, while
others could not be lound so the above must bo cousldcrcd
rather us an iudcx than as a complete resume of the
build'cg enterprise of the metropolis. Tho activity of
bulld og enterprise in the country?churches, public
buildings,country residences, cottages and farm houses?
ih almost as gnat as it is in the city.
Architects who have not been sceu arc requested to
send in u summitry of thoir work.
The Fine Art*.
Another and most happy addition lias I'OflO made to
the collections of pictures already in this city, in the International
Art Institution, to he opened to the public to
day, at No. 094 Broadway, corner of Fourth street.
11m design of the originators of this gallery is this:?The
professors or the schools of design at Berlin, Dusseldorf,
I*rosden and Munich, anxious to make the American publie
acquainted with the works of the most eminent living
artists of their different schools, have determined
to establish a permanent exhibition of paint
logs in New York. Wo know vory little o(\Gorinau
art In this eouotry, and what we do knsw is only
from the Dumeldorf Gallery, Mr. Belmont'*, and
some other private collections. We look upon this project,
then, as of great value, find we hope the enterprise will
prove ?o successful as to Injure Its permani nee. The present
collection was openod for private view on Saturday;
but as tho catalogues were not ready, it would bo difficult
to give a detailed description or the painting*. Enough to
say that quite a number of them aro, however, of raro
nitrit, and are excellent examples of the schools tliey rep
resent, I'erbap* tb? finest landscape in the gaiety ir n
virw of Ihe Jtiri? l-'r&ii At Riinant hw !?<? ?? n
DiMMldprf, which is truly a crp.it picture, but its Incatlcn
does It lojustloe, It cannot be s?<ni woll
lr> ra xty po.tt of view. There arc two sunset landscapes,
ft ith figures and cattle, by Oswald and Andrew Aehenbach,
which strike the attention at once. The;, are painted In a
broad, nkctcliy style, with a delicious mellow tone per
vaditig them. I, Rausch ban a rich and pleasant summer
landacnpe, with tho foliage admirably bandied, and tho
p? r^x ctive marvellous. A teamster endeavoring to control
birt restive bofwM, I# a very bold and laithful plot a re.
It ii |iaiuted by I/>uis I'atornostre. Meyer Von firemen
baa two delightful picture#, models of coloring. There are
several cabinet pictures, which we ennuot now enumerate,
of considerable beauty aud morit. In hmtorloa
I tainting the Unest spnoimcn Is a large picture, by /liwald,
of Queen kli/ithelh signing the death warrant of Mary
Muart, which, though pcrhuiw not historically true a* regards
the "Virgin Queen," la finely drawn, judiciously
colored, arid altogether must effective.
The merit and originality of tho paintings are
vouched for by a committee composed of I'rofesfor*
.Hr.hrader, Kr t-cliniar, and Meyer Von Brenen of
t- rMn, Louiso, Auhcrbach, and Mlcbaols of Dussoldolfj
Knmncr of Dresden, and Diem of Munich, to whoso Infection
tliey were submitted previous to bonig shipped to
tin* <w:ntry. Arrangement*, wo understand, have he.m
made with several American, as well ax French, Belgian,
English, Dutch and Ituliau artist.', to contribute their
works to this collect ion, so aw to render It, in fie strict
*enao of the term, International. Tho Institution hits been
pl.ae-d in charge of Mr. Won. Auferman. We commend
this really valuable collection to the noUccof tho arnoving
public. It will wuU repay a visit.
W V o
Since the bombardment ami fall of Seba*topol the
anueual interest; and the various diplomatic questior
and England and other nationa, having a speck of wit
fideration of a proper defence of our own coast by ?ev
United States. Iu view of tlicne facts, we deem it a
with some information touching the protection of 01
Island. We have, therefore, prepared the annexed i
accompanying article, on the coast defences of New \
T, showing ? I,
/the land ano water)jl
1^_york^bbo2^n, jfA
(uuL the localities of the existing tznd/1 j-v J
^\rrant/j suggested/ defensive
\ ' fcC-o.Sc. ^ ^
. | *flm >
^ rS XAITD _ IjjlljJ*
dr. m
\\ ' J3 A:r
. ; - ?
\ t r \yW JEH SET
(r) Word's Point; (?) Bobbin's
The above sketch has bee? compiled chiefly from the
burvejs and charts ot the United Status Coast Survey.
Tho Now York City Hall is in latitude 40 degree* 42
mlnates 7 seconds, and west longitude from GreonwIcU 74
degrees 1 sccond. Sandy Hook light Is in latltudo 40 degrees
27 minutes 7 seconds, anil west longitude from
Oreenwich 73 degrees 60 minutos 8 seconds. Thoro are
two approaches from the Atlantic to New York by large
ships. One la by the Narrows, and the other by the
Sound and East river, which separates f<ong Island Irom
the shores of Connecticut and tho State of New York, and
to reach ths city from which vessels have to pass through
Hollgato and East rivor. Hollgato is soma ninety miles
distant from the sea.
Another approach to tbe inner harbor of New York, It
has been contended, exists through "Arthur's Kill," Newark
Bay and the " liill-van Kuli." It is bollcved, how.
ever, this approach is not of much consequence. Staten
Island, of which the Kills are tho western and northern
boundaries, separating It from New Jersey, was paired
by the original grantees of New York, under an agreemont
that all the islands contiguous to the harbor should be in >
eluded in the grant, which the grantees could sail around
in a ship of w?r, and the sagacious land speculators taking
out the armament of a vessel of the smallest clasr, were
enabled to pass through that channel, and thus secure
Staten Island In the graut.
*' Blunt's Coasting Pilot'' (last edition) stales that there
aro four channels over the outor bar of the loner bay of
New York. The first is along and parallel ti the Jersey
shore; the second or " South'' chancel is outside of tie,
flrst; the third is tbe main .-'hip channel, and is outsido
the second ; the fourth is the ''Hedney channel," (till fur
llier out and nearLr I he Ixinir Island shore, and runs nnar
ly went by north, and " is used by our largest claas allien
of war."
Resiles these four channels, the fame authority subsequently
states thore Is the " East channel," and that it is
further north and nearer to Ixmg Island than Gedney's.
And the United states Coast Survey charts of Kew York
bay, ic.. and also Itlunt's chart of Now York harbor and
entrance (taken chiefly from the Coast Surveys), lay down
still another channel, of fourteen feet water, further north
and nearer to Ixing Island than the East channel. Krom
all these channels unobstructed entrance exists to Graves
nd bay.
The following table ahows the named, Ac., of the castles
and other fortifications built or in progress of construction
for our harbor defence, and the localities and relative po
sitions of oacli can be seen by reference to tho letters on
the map, as below explained:?
? 8" fc JL a.
* i > i %
Interior /larlvr Defence*. I q ^ : t
: Mil
Fortfiii'son. Fills'Island (a) r.,OM lf? ? lft fn
Fort Wood, llcdloe s " (b) 215,68'J 6;t S 77 Sin
Fort Columbus, Gov. Ul. <c) ) 101 4 105)
Csstle Wil i?m, " (c) J-289,487 7R ? 78 -80O
South Battery, " (c)J 14 ? 14)
Aaf trior llarlnw Dnrncti.
Ft.rompkias,* Nar.,6.1. (d) 500,000 70 16 Ml
Rat'y nutfson, " " (d) 80,081 80 ? to!,,...
Bst'y Morton, " " ul) 3,r.oa 0 ~ Of1W)
CM. Richmond, " " (Tl) 605,808 116 24 140)
RcJ't.to becoiu.'' " (d) f>2.01 <) ? ? 2rt 80
Cas. lafayctte, Nar.,E. I, (e) 348,673 72 l 7ri S7'?
Fort Hamilton, " " (o) 634,752 til 67 118 flX)
Re<!ovht of do." " ' (e) (SJ.000 8 12 '.Ml SO
Ft. at Sandy Book It ,N..T(l)l,2i>u,0u0 252 89 201 1000
Kort?cbnyler,Taiof aTolid,
Ma.?t r?ver (g) 873,018 202 llfl 318 ISM)
Von at Willet'n Pottt, l-ong
Island. East river.... .(h) 080.000 ? ? 106 l.TW
Totul $6,3'.tf>,'J37 1,608 7,14'i
Excepting the items marked ( ), which aro given from
other data, the foregoing has been compiled from the Report
of the Engineer Bureau for 1851; but it is suppose!
tbe estimated cost there stated does not Include all the ex
pon<: Itu res made sincn 1801 nj>on Uioec works, nor wlia
will bo hcroafler required.
Tho terms "heavy guns" Include 42, 32 , 24 and 18
pounders and heavy eight Inch sea coast howitzers, and
heavy eight and ten Inch mortars. "Eight guns" includ,*
long twelve pounder*, Hold plecoa, flank w\d light eight
Inch bo wit rera, light el^ht and ton Inch mnrtar* aud ooehorn*,
and sixteen Inch mortars for throwing *tene*. Il
la nndoratood that eight inch Oolaniblada, or alxty four
poundcra of 80 cwt , and ten Inch <3olambiad*,or I2H
pounders of 128 owt., are to bo substituted for the aoild
"hot henvy guna under forty-two pounder*?the latter
being retained for uao with hot ahot.
Beatrice the above ?perilled worka. other* hare been
miggcated, by d! Be rent army and navy officer*, a* wol^ for
additional harbor defence from tiava) attack* aa for de.
fence against land attar,ka. .Some years alnce a dlit'ngulahed
ollicer ot the ITnttod State* Rngineer* (Mtjor
Chat<) Rugg'?tcd, Id yJUcial rcporta and la able artlukv
*DAY, APRIL 11, 1859.
nr tup niru nr uriu vnou
ur inc uit ur net? iuni\.
matter of defences for largo cities baa acquired
is which have lately arisen between thU country
t in the distance, lmve awakened the serious con'eral
officers of the army and engineer oorps of the
, matter of much interest to furnish our readers
ur own harbor and the adjoining shores of Long
nap, to aid in the better comprehension of the
fork and Brooklyn
* V
* V
^ tr ?
fyiskuyty MairpstuuP
'4 N\ |
> .]
hs. *"tf
ft, ?c
\uV I ? Scale:
! lioj^lQ6iailisTipatlv.
Ke;f; (r) Coney Island Point.
communicated to this paper, the erection of * fort on
Coney Island, as preferable to tho extensive and costly
fortress proposed to be built on tho northern point of
Sandy Hook. Other works of different kinds have been
talked of by different officers of intelligence and ability, to
be made at various points of the harbor, as well for the
exterior as Interior defence thereof. General rotten, however,
in bis report of 1861, Hates that (he fortifications
mentioned lu the above tublo are all those "intended
to be built'' lor the defence of the harbor of New York.
Entirely different means of rcslstli'K naval attacks have
been (lev ised, and some sanctioned by Congress. iSleveus'
tiou Hunting battery, yet unfinished in tlie building yard
at Hobokcn, it is maintained by somo will, if it Is over
finished, equipped and manned, of itself render the ingress
of the most powwful hostile floot through the Narrows
impossible, others regard this much boasted battery
a< a humbug. Wo have been unable to ascertain J
but little with report to it, Insomuch as great secresy is :
observd, and admission into the building yard to Inspect j
It has been inuibited. The inobt we know of It is to be derived
from the very llbcial appropriations male by Congress
lor several years past for its constr action. Steam
and tail gunboats and formidable wooden floating batteries
may also, in case of war, be readily constructed lor
hsrbor defcnco.
Exccpt ng the co-called "Morton defenoee," tho suppose.!
line of which Is Indicated in the map by the letters
A, H, C, I), no complete system of defence sgamst land
iuun ks lias been oificlally pro{?sed since those projocted
in the war or 1812 by Generals Gadsden and Swift, behind
and contiguous to Uf ooklyn. il/ijor Chise, some two
yeajs since, adverted to tho nocessiiy of some such do
feiicus in official reports, aud likewise in tho columns of
th'S paper, and we are informed, by an article recently
puMI-hcd in the Philadelphia/Veu, that several years ago
that '.mineut and able officer, Captain Alden Cartridge,
loi r.iorly Mi)x.TiiiiciiUe?t oi the United states Military
Accdemy ut Wett l'oint, delivorel In this city elaborate
lectures in relU on to its defences aniinst an attack by
land, which. It If Stated, suggested '-earthworks'' similar
to those proposed by Ijeut. Moitou last >e?r, and recommenced
by the Secretary of War to Congress at last suasion.
TV'e understand IJeut. M.'ii plan to be a series of earthwork
redoubts, place! a mile from cach older, extending
fiom Fort UamilUni, witlun cannon shot or the soa coast,
and nearly parallel to it nnd bordering Jamaica bay, and
thenoe across the head of Flushing bay. Tho line on the
map indicating their location in somewhat conjectural, and
we learn the exact proposed location has not been diaclofed,
to prevent speculators from forestalling tiie government
in relation to the sites or the redoubt*. It is intended
ultimately to connect the several redoubt* by a
continuous lino of embankment, with an exterior fosse;
but such work will not be neccwiary till a war is impending,
and can then be promptly effected by the militia In the
field lor the defence of tho city. It issuppoecd the coct of
these earthwoik redoubts, including the ciwt of the sites,
will net exceed $260,000, bsing about fid,600 cach.
Hie adoption of the system of land defences proponed
does not affect in any wise tho policy or impolicy of the system
of cattle foitiacationsfor harbor dofenceagainst onval
attacks. Each system depends upon its own merits and
demerits. It is not pcrccived why hostility to ono system
should be displayed by the friends and advocate* of
the other. The object of each is wlmlly disfim.lar. The
one is to rexist naval assaults, the other is to enable o'tr
militia to repel attacks made by land with greatercerU'nty
of victory, and less loss of llfo. Both may not only be
lniporU.tt, but both equally necessary.
The dcfencca proved against inviision by Isudare advocated
upon tho ground that the harbor defences aga.nst
naval attacks do not, though ample lor bnrbor <1. f nee,
In any liegreo secure sgnnst Buch attacks by laud, or
allorri aid in re|>eilintf them. On the other hand, the advocates
of the all sufliclency of the system of castle
barber fortifleaUors contend U'.atno prudent enemy would
venture to laud upon cither shore of I?ng Island, or on
iLc northern snore of the Hound, and allrmpt to march
upon the cities of Rrooklyn and New York. They insist it
?? - - ? ? i?inu?ijr KriiKiipits
obcerved by nil wise generals, "never to leave a fortrc;
>n the rear." Vliey allege that IT Much landing was
ma'to In Ui< Hound or on the sea coast of 1/mg Island outward
of Wlllet'e Point, the Invading enemy would. In
tonr 'liiii*. upon Brooklyn, leave the fort about to bo erectcn
at that |<oint on the rear ol their right Hank ; and If the
lan (lit; wjs at (I'aveseiid bay in su"li march, Kort Hamilton
vnuid be left on the rear of their left flank: and in
either c<*te the uneniy would be opposed to "attack? In the
rear, ' and liable to be cut off in attempting to return to
their ships. On the other band, it la contended that the
ilefi nee of our cities by attack* of our militia sallytDf
from Kort Wlllet or Kort Hamilton upon the roar of the
Invading army is a solecism, l>as?d upim an exploded
nmxini disregarded bv every uccoMfiil general of the
prevent century: and that encountering the Invading eno
my in front is more like a d< fence, than attacks in their
roar. And further, that if our mihiui wore aided by en
trenchmenta of auy kind, fallen trees, stone, cotton |
halts, or of earth only, the probability of repulsing the
foe would be Increased, and ea|>eclally as in the suggested
'attack* upon the raar " our militia would not have the aid
of atiy mie.ii work*.
Hul It I* no part of the object of these note* to do more
than present facta and daut In relation U? the dofenoe*
sgslnst naval assault*, and also thoec agautft attacks by
land. The relative usca and advantages or both system*
have been discussed in several of tbo print* of till* city
within the ln*t lew month*, and sometime* in a manner
calculated rather to confuse and mislead thun to enlighten
the reader. We leave the partisans of both systenu to
ntalnUIn their respective aide* in their own way.
Theiort at Sandy Hook is not yet commence! beyond
the erection of a wharf and a fow temporary frame
building* for storage and for the ollcem,clerks and workmen
to be employed In It* construction. The fort at Wlllet*
1'oiut has not yet been commenced. Tvuibts have
existed with many (not of the Kngmeer corps) in relation
to the expediency of constructing the costly fortress
at Sandy Hook, n* contemp'a'ed; .not merely on the
ground that It would be of little praottovl utility at this
Mui; bulftUw bvcuukv of the possibility that it may bo
come utterly ueeleaa In * few ye*r?, on aooount of tho
rb?ng< a coimtaolly going on in ttie bars and channels of
U>e outer bay. In reference to tbe narrow xpit of ?D<1
on wbmb It Is proposed to build this fortress, tho COMt
Sui vey of 1856 repot U M follow*
The pealnaala of *aody Hook le gradually Increasing growls*
u> ibe northward ii>Ui Urn rufclo ftblp channel A suflt now
s< ru> 01 the Hook wb?-re there was lortv feet of wate%wb*n
>'a|.t ueubry iiuuln uih survey, In less th?u ten ye*rs woe
nearly b*rt at I iw waifr within a century U h-?a
Hii r*tnl a mll?* and a iiuarter, and at a^out tbe ra'e of 1 16th '
ol ami's lu a year on the average lor tbe laat twrlre years.
Fiynn'a Suoil, on tbe north aide of tbe mtln ablp ch?oi)el,
dt en tot give way aa tbe point ol tbu Hook advances. U'age 6,
and appeadix he, aw, 39, p 264.)
General Totten,m bis report of 1851, maintain* that a
watit of stability *nd tbe c?ang< s in the bus and cuaunuls
lot bid tbe construction of tbu batteries formerly contemplated
upon tbe '-Kaat Bank'' aud " Middle Ground," and
tbe location of tbe fort at Sandy Hook la ad v<>caied aa affording
"? T*ry goo<l defeoce of tbe main channel." Lie
state* such lort will "pi .veut tbe entrance to or occupation
of 'be lower bay f.tr ai.y Doitile purpose whatsoever,
ai>d cover a secure auf.bur?g? there for our merchantmen
and privateers, aud for our ateam and sailing cruisers."
Tie idea of tbe proposed fort at Sandy Hook, when
completed, preventing urn entrance of a hostile lloet
thiough tbe nortteaaternoioat chsnorls of tbe outer bay,
and mndlug at Grsvebond bay, is insisted by many acquainted
Willi the harbor to be abaurd in the extreme.
(Jibera, win ought to Icno *, contend ttio rever?o. A cltv
iwper on the 4ih ult. made the following tla'.ement in j
relation to that fort, apparently upon what 11 considered ,
credible military authority.
1 be plats of tbe defence on Handy Hook ore now completed,
antftbe preu Binary work will be ptiabed forward us r*pH'/
aa poaalMe during the au r me r. lbe design U hut of a : irgo
ptiiUgi DMl baauooed fort, with demilunes on tbe two laud
iroma. uiour.ltj.g about SOD (una. One tier in c (senates an4
toe real en barb-tie Kor tbU yreut atruetnre onlr (2V) 'WO bia
vet teen appropriated, but ll la < rtimaleri that Dot leaf loan
Ji.MMHU wilt tie requited to complete It. The wnri willcirer
la oraeren ajrea, uu<l *H1 be one of the strongest and moat
srrviceable in o r chilo of water defence*. Armnt irith the
terrUtlr nuhIiw gun* -fitpitJile of AiU\rvj tfi' hull <>/ a vtmM lint
milrt Jitkutl?il can eflcctoally prevent the occupation of the
bay aa * rendezvous for a hoallle licet.
A referet.ee to tho above sketch, and to the Cowt Survey
and Blunt's charts ol the outer bay, will show that
the instance fiom tbe site of the proposed fort to tbe outside
polLt of tiraveaend bay is quite seven toilet); and
from such Rite to the Dearest of the three northeastirninoet
channels m a uisuuice outside the range of tbe certain
and elt'ective fire ot' any ordnance yet invented and
In use, as is shown id the report of that Intelligent and
reliable olUcer, Commander J. A. Dahlgren, of the I'n tod
States Navy, appended to tbe report ot tbe fagmeer Bureau
of 1861, puge Oti. Tbe extreme range that tbe Ordnance
Bureau of the army bas been able to attain with
a 12-inch or 2&)-pounder Columb ad, and with a shell of
180 Ihg., at.d at an elovatlon of 89 docroes, and with a
charge of 28 lbs. of powder, at an experimental trial, was
5,1dl yards or three and three-eighth miles The tlino of
flight wbb thirty six seconds. The idea of "hitting," except
by the merest accideut, tbe huM of a voaael at five
miles distance, with any gun, with sbot or shell, is a delusion.
At such distance, if the observor be not upon an
elevation, the bulls of even large vessels cannot bo distinctly
distinguished by the naked eye, and the exact distance
estimated, and tho precise location so certainly ascertained
as to enable the most expert cuginoer and artillerist to hit
such hull, though aided by the most profound and exact
knowledge of both sciences. We learn but one 12 loch
Columbian has as yet been made by the United Suites for
army uso.
The table aliove givon, It will be noticed, estimates the
oggiegato number of guns for ail tbe castles and forts
there menlioiiud at at least 1,008, of which 2t.O arc stated
as "light" pieces, and 1.308 as "heavy" pieces, including
the light pieces for Fort Willet and for tbe "reJ:>ut>t' oa
Statin Island. The substitution of tbe 01 and 128 poundor
Oolumbiad guns, n? before mentioned, will greatly increase
the weight of metal, without deiroaalng the nantber
of cannon. T\\optrmnntl estimated by tho Englnoer
Bureau, as above, to Harrison all these castles and forts
for harbor oefence in time of war, It will be seen is 7,14(3,
or less than flvo men U? a gun. This is manifestly an ex
unor dinary tinuer estimate. luciuuirKarinierism,uuirern,
stall, commivsariat, and tbe necessary infantry ami re
serves, i; is believed that toe entire force to into tboso
lorts lor defence must consist of at least ten men to en< h
gun, and especially if the substitution of the Columbians
lor guns of lighter weight, a'oovo alluded to, is carried
H wlU be noted from the foregoing that tbo force In
guns on tbe difl'erent harbor formications of tins city
greatly exceeds such force on tho harbor fortifications at
Sebastopal when It was attacked by tbe allies In 1864.
Tlit number of guDS in the naval formications at Sevastopol
was 270 pieces for exterior defences, and 380 for Interior
defences, In all 665, without including, however, tbe
armament of the Important earthworks hastily erected
for naval defence, and which rendered such valuable seri
vice, the number or their guns not being given in the accounts;
oor is tbe numhtr of that portion of the forces engaged
in tbe defence of Sebastopol assigned to the dolenco
of the naval fortifications stated. Tho number of guns in
the dllUieut tort flcauons for the naval defence of Croustadt
it stated by an English military authority to have
been In 1864 about 1,600 guns, Including the earthworks
and other batteries; and tho aggregate of the garrisons to
have been 40,000, being upwards of 10 men to a gun. The
guns mounted in the forts at Bomarsunil numbered 126
and tbo garrisons amounted to upwards of 2,600 men, or
about 20 nu to each gun. At Swcaborg, there were
1,000 guns and 12.000 men, or 12 men to each gun.
The lecson taught by tho capture of MfcMtpftl is, that
though a city can be male impregnable by fortiilcstious
against naval attacks; (for the assaults by the Kreuch and
English ships upon those fortifications there, were inoflectoal;
though their failure has been sought to be covered
up by tho representations of the allhs that su-.li assaults
were mere diversions lu aid of the land forces,) yot, such
impregnability Is not any preventive against successful
: irruptions and Interior as aults by land forces: In other
1 words, though a hostile naval force may be repelled by
our forts at the Narrows and on tbe East river from entrance
Into the harbor, such repulse would notbnanv preventive
against a hostile array landing on 1-ong Island and
matching rapidly on Brooklyn and this city without opposition
excei.t from such nnilHi-Jnlinnil mlltti* lua rimlil ha
hastily assembled, unaided by any defences whatever, ?
c?pt those u> bo found in the character of the country
through which the enemy would have to march.
\ftiH from the West Indlen.
By way of Bermuda wo have later news from som" o
the ether West India islands.
It was r< ported that Governor Hamilton was about to
! retire from tho government of Antigua and the Reward
islands, and that be would be succeeded, at all events
tcmiiorarily, by Mr. P.obin?on, Lieutenant Governor of
I St. Kitte, tbo place of the latter to be tilled by Mr. Price,
the President of Tor to la, and Mr. Pyett, Stipendiary Magistrate
at Nevis to take over the Tortola PreMJoncy.
The House of Assembly had been engaged in amending
tho Militia bill, and a bill to levy an excise duty on rum
consumed in the Island.
Mr. Fllnclr*, Governor General of the Windward If lac Is,
haviiig obtained Icavo of absence, was to have UKun hi?
departure from Barbadoes ou the 13tb lust. It is stated
tbut his Kjcrellenry goes to Cicada. and thenco to Kajland.
Mrp. HlnckH and family go direct to England. Mr.
Walker, the Golouial Secretary, assumes tho govern
The weather has betn favorable for the sugar manufactures.
About three thousand hogsheads hid already been
made, and three or four vessels had sailed with carjjes
for the Cnltcd Kingdom.
The health of the island was generally good.
Pypthcrea had made Its appearance there.
The returns for the quarter ending 30th December,
1?5H, show the public to have been in credit at that date
?80.3?". I
Tho duty on Ish imported hid l>ecn reduced one lulf of 1
! wlut il formerly was.
In Pemerara the wualher had boon dry, and a pood deal
or sickness prevailed.
Busiuesg dull. Produoo coming filowly to market,
and as there woro many TMMto in the harbor, freights
continued low.
Tbe l>merarlans wore very Indignant at the abortions
made by tbe A nti Slavery Soclofy at the lotcrview U.-1
| took pluce on the 25th ol January laat. between them and
the feerotary of Mate for tho Colonies, an l declare that
tho statements made by then) on that occasion. with re!
gard io that colony, are destitute of truth.
Pates to tho '.'tilh of February supply a few points of
! interest. A whaling establishment had boen set on fool
l?y a native (irenadian, with every prospect of auccaM.
Twn flue wbalrs had been taken, and a good yield of oil
i obtained from tbem.
Tbe legislature had abolished all tonnage dues on vesse's
trading to (ireoada, and It Is proposed to tdmit free of
duty all imporUUIons of burned cattle, horsoa, mules,
A letter from a gentleman formerly a phnter of the
Island, but now resident in Western Canada, had again
brought up the question of encouraging the Immigration of
tho colored nnd lack settlors in Canada lor discussion in
tbe preef. Tho loiter writer staU.8 that In Western Can*,
<ln there Is a largo black population " who (lnd it dltlloult
I to obtain labor, and who would, tn consequence, be very
willing were the means afforded them, to migrate to a
[ country whore they would hare a certainty of a constant
UveliluKxl by tho exatclse of tbolr Industry."
iiiu nm^iuu >'vT.rnw uiiuu " mrro u anunuam wsumony
to prove that the statement made in the letter above
referred to is correct, and that a good Hold U open to us to
obtain labor.'' " The subject," it adds, " is well worthy
of consideration, and we trust it will receive that attentioo
at the hands of bis Kxcellency the (Jovernor and tho Com
mi#* loners or Immigration which its importance demands.''
saint vinl'knt.
Fever was prevailing, an* a good many deaths bad occurred.
We notice tint the admiral has given orders that the
gunboat Jsaper aha 11 return to Si. Vincent, so that tDo
MM on l?>ard of her who destroyed the printing |
oBlce or tho Mirror and comnuttod other outrages, may
be dealt, with acoordlug to law.
Crtors w Nkw .Ihrshy.?Th? wheat crop In Cumberland
county looks as woll ? it possibly can at this
season: nrw is surting well, and there will soon he ptstuie?Indeed,
some have turned out their stock already;
peach trees are in bloom, and the prospect for the grain,
Krium and fruit crop Is very promising ?Trenton Amtruan,
> April 8.
L D.
Voyage of the Frigate Corncoa from England
Annapolis?Arrival at Bermuda Hlkort
or Coal~Kece|?Uon of Lord Lyona by the
Authorities?A rilv?>? In Wuhlngtsn and la
Presented to (lie Secretary of State?The
President to RrceUc Him To-day.
lard Lyons, the new BritUtt Minis er to Washington,
entered the Chesapeake Bat on board the Brit si tcrow
rugate Curacoa, Captain Mason, on Wednesday last, the 8th
i ,nt., frcm Knyland, by wiy of Bermuda. He disembarked
a' Anna] olis in the afternoon, and reached his quarters at
W.llsrd's Hotel, Washington, the same evening. His
I >rdFhi|.'s advent had been Ion< looked for, but was dola;
ed io ron eiunnce of Fome v ry rough weather which
a tended the passage or the Curacoa
The Curacoa sailed from Plymouth, England, on
Tu cilsy, the 2"2d of February. Khe ta*d a pleasant rnn to
Madeira, which place she made on Tuesday, the tat of
M rch. Ca< ta n Muson mido a Ulle necotisary delay here,
aod all tieli g In readiness, he Bailed a^ tin direct for tho
United ' tales, 01 Thursday, the 3d of the same month.
After a ic* days the Curaim experienced tome huav/
w -tlcrly winds, which gradually increased in roughness
and violence, driving her as far south as 21 deg. latitude
When the gales moderated somewhat. Captain Mason found
that the roal o.i board was running short, so he determined
lo steer for Bermuda, where be could obtain a supply
from tho navy yard of bis own government
The frigate Curacoa, and her commander, Capt. Thomas
A. Mason, of the Royal Navy, are alrealy known t> the
American people. She is a thirty-one gun Bteamor.
When she was emplo.> ed la conveying Lord Strat'ord de
RedC'itle from the scat of hs Turkish mismon in Constantinople
to Eng'anJ, Hhe ran aground on the Pelican shoal,
and was relieved from her dangerous situation by the
United States sloop of-war Macedonian, commanded
by Captain I/rvy. A very interesting correspondence,
which was published in tho Bsp.au> a short time
lore, ensued between the two captains, Captain
Mason expressing hi? best thanks for the good service
done him, and Captaiu Levy recalling the generous
relief afforded to the sick and dying seamen of the ship
Susqiiehaona by Admiral Sir Boistoi Stewart and the
other British naval oSU'^ers at Jamaica.
The Curacoa reached Bermuda on Friday, the 25th of
March, l/ord Lyons landed on the lslind and was received
with marked attention by the Governor and chiefa
of the military, naval, and civil department*. Ha took
up his residence at the Admiralty ilouse, Clarence Xlill,
On Saturday, the 20th of March, the Governor entertained
his Excellency, the Secretary of Leguian, and hig lordship's
private secretary, at dinner at the government
bouse, Mount Iangton, whore he was met by the man
distinguished men residing on the Island.
After a few days be took his departure from Hamilton,
and reached Annapolis as stated aoovo. When the Curacoa
wa.-' off the port she was saluted with thirteen guns
from the United dtatos Naval Academy. The salute was
promptly returned from her deck.
The people of the ancient town of Annapolis greeted
Lord Lyons in a very friendly manner. Lord Napier,
the present Knglisb Minister, met him in the borough and s
acecompHnied him to Willard's.
Kichard Bickerton I'emell Lyons, now known as Lord
Lyons, is the eldest son of the late Lord Lyons, better
known m the lamous sir tumuna l.yons, Daronsi, one or
the most distinguished officers In the Eagltsh navy, upholding,
as lie did, lu Hag with credit, for about fifty
years. The present poer was born on the SCth of April,
1817, and ;a cousoquently in his forty second year. His
mother was daughter and co heir of the late Captain
Joeiah Rogers, R. N., and married Sir Edmuad Lyons la
the year 1814.
The tint service rendered by the present peer in the
English diplomatic circle was in hla capacity of atiackf to
tho embassy in Greece, then represented by hla father, the
Admiral. This was in the year 1839. From the Court of
Athens he was transferred to the Court of Dresden, on the
10th of April, 1852, and came to serve at Florence in tho
year 1862. Hon. Mr. Lyons was made Secretary to the
Legation at Florence, by Queen Victoria, in the ysar I860.
Subsequently her Majesty appointed aim hor Envoy Ex.
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of
the Grand Duke of Tuscany, from which position he was
taken in order to supply Lord Napier's place at Washing
ton. Lord Lyous ia represented as being a man of ver r
cultivated mind, rcilned tastes, and frank and nnaa
surning manners. He is a spruce b^-hcOr.
The Ly ons family bad its origin in the Island of Antigua,
and comcs in immediate descent from the marriaffo
of John Lyons, Esq., with Jane, daughter of Col. StmuM
Ilarmaua, !>oth of that place. John Lyons was the grandfather
of the late distinguished Admiral. The first baronet
was created in the year 1810, and Admiral Lyons obtained
the peerage, as all know, far his faithful servioes to tho
Crown, both as a diplomat and naval commandor, shining,
as he did, moat conspicuously in hia^rofessiooal capacity
during the period of the Crimean war.
The motto of the family is?
" Noli irratare leones,"
nuivu, UUUBWKU. uimuo. 1 ?iu UUWIlliUg ^UI KiniUj LQ
angsr the lions"?& very sensible resolution when read in
a physica' sense, hat one which we think will not be
mucii retarded by either the people or present SccreUrj of
i-Hate of tt:e United States, In a diplomatic view, should hla
British Majesty of the forest growl at or interfere with oa
without just cause. Lord Lyon's first interview with Gen.
Gu>s look place in Washington, on Friday, the Slh inst.
Lrrd Napier presented his lordship to the venerable Secretary,
when an exceedingly courteous, but outire'y informal,
conversation e nsued. Secretary Cass took occasion
to compliment the retiring Minister, Lord Napier, la
very warm language.
Lord Lyons will bo presented to President Buchanan
to day, and immediately after his reception will be enrolled
at the foot of the diplomaUs list, on which Lord
Napier's name stood as No. 11. Lord L. brings with him
Mr. Irvine as ,-ocrclary of Legation, and lion. Mr. Monson
aa Private Secretary.
lord Napier proposes to embark in a few days for England,
in the Curacoa, on her return voyage. It is expected,
however, that he will visit this city before hia
departure. We are glad to flud that the British residents
in the metropolis are about to pay a tribute of respect to
blm previous to his quitting oar shores. A preliminary
meeting of the leading members of the body was held last
Friday, for the purpose of taking the necessary steps to,
wards presenting his lordship with an address. A committee
was appointed to draw it up, and to take other
measures to give it effect. No doabt suoh a testimonial
will be extensively signed, aa no British Minister waa
ever more popular in this country than this distinguished
ui|i|vuw?k. no UUUHBWIUU vum? UUV UUWMJ WIU UU ? IV( II
when and where copies of the document will b? found for
the reception of signatured It la thought that the Chamber
of Commerce and others of our public bodies will ofTur
bid lordship a t-.Hi'lar mark o'respect.
Coroner*' Offlrc.
1 frnxwo as Out Ma* to Death.?CVironer Camblo held
an Inquest upon tho body of an old man natnel Jacob
Bertram!, at tho corner of Sixty ninth street and Broadwaj.
who died from tho etfccts of Injuries reoeired by
being struck on tho bead with a stone. The inj try win
Indicted some two weeks ago. A party of rowdies attacked
tho decoased and his son with stones and brickbats,
wlicn one of the missiles thrown Uruok deceased on
the head, fracturing bis skull. Hertraad lingered nntll
-aturday mornirg, when he died. A post mortem ex tmlnati.in
of the bedy, male by Dr. Woltje,showed that
the brain h?d been jonotrated by tho sharp edge of tho
tone, and that a portion of tho missile was embedded ill
the skull. After taking some unimportant testiaasny tha
Coroner decided to adjourn tho Inquest until to-day, wHen
tho parties who inllictcd the injury wld probably Iki
brought up for examination. Bertnutd was a satire uf
France, and was in his 70th yea/. II* kept a small grocery
(tore In the immediate neighborhood o( the a pit where
he was killed, and was well known in the Twelfth ward.
Fatal Cabialti**.?William Johnson, a workman in
tho planing mill Noe. 231 and 222 West Twenty sixth street,
uiea ii im isflw xors uoapilal irom too enwcn oi injuries
accidentally rccolvrd by being nrnshed In the ntachnery
on the 11th ulu Coroner Jarkmvi held tt ln.-,t?t upon
the body. T*ecca?ed wu tbiity four yc*r? aid, and mm %
native oi K< W York.
Patrick Hi nurehor, a nativo of Iwfanrf, aged thirty (lv?
year*, died nt the New York Hmpital ihj ?tewrda/ from tho
efltcta of Injuries :.ortrten?*lly received, by falling Into a
cellar w*> In Pro. .d way, on the llta ot Febnwy iMt.
Coroner Jackman held an inqnetl ?no? tbe body.
l'tlf-r noma, a native of IraUn*. a??d forty vw*. d(e<l
ai tbe came Institution,from the efl'eeia of lojurtea acctden.
taily received on the lfitb ult, by a bo* of dry goods
| faMIng upon his head at pier No, 2 North river. Coronet
Jack man hcU an inquwt u? Una CM* *! ?.

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