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NEW YORK HERALD.
J uohuo* w m mr ?f us t t# KDUOJt ritOW^CTOR. OryiCI N. V. COftKW OF NISSaJ ANI> FULTON 9TB T1' 'llVf. +** i* Mmey '*** Sv WW rs n "/?r. j'oUthJt rt-mtp* ?..* ( reuwi <u mJucripti** *' V '?.?/?)' ffJIXAZJ* heoe*tttop*r <Wty, 91 per annum. ? IV Ji /7'A'jtV Tlf'HAJ T) ft" ry Suturthiy, at #ix cento per $"l ;**? U0tntm; the finro/^nt F litin i evft y W*in'?C ty% -ii r* ' t> j* i"^y. r nnwwiH to liw.v ?*trtf o/ &reat Britain, I * i.*. loury ivrf o/" tJ*-> irtb toinrluds portaq*; the / . <??- 1/ f&wi -/I "#? W/j an*/ ".IfVfc qf ?ucrt nw/tin at fix cents $1 SC' per a miiim . T7 ," i V/Xi UKHALD ow fMfuwiiy, a* /our ??.& J>*r *? '.v. <*r >"r otinunu % <ium< JkA.1V Mo. 351 AMUPEMKST8 TUTS KVKMNQ. NIUl.O'S OARDER. Broadway.? Soldiee ro? Lovt? Les A: ?>i.l??? Magic Jrimi-et. BOWKBT THEATRE, Bowery.? Be? RanOiir? INHUKREC Hon ? C'iiow Cuow WIVTVR GARDEN. Broadway, oppoilte Bond ?treet.? OlTOMOON WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway. ? Everybody's Frienu ? Kokty and Kui v. LAt'RA KEEKS '8 THEATKK, 624 BmRdway.-DiSTAirr JtsutnoM. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.- Oon Irish Coo BtN ? Po CO 1 1 OK TAt? Hxucvuu. T: ARKVMS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broaiway .-After noon? Paul Pry. Evening? Laoy or Lvox*. BRYANTS' MTNSTRE1.S, yeclnintea' Hull. 472 Broadway? Bum (null, 6oNi.ii, Danced, ,ti? ? t-umKisk. I'urr. NJRLO'B SALOON, Broadway.? Geo. Christy's Miv Btulls in Songs, Dances, BosuuxicEs, *c.? Aktcul Dodoku. M-W OPERA HOVfF. 721) Broadway,? Drayton's] Par lor (.tears and Lyric 1'ro\ bubs. CHATHAM AWPHITHFATRK? Eqpesteia* Bereosm ANcsf? I'ctnah? French Srr. TEMPLE HALL, Ninli *Ireet ? Kl?c Solomon's Tcki'le. HOKE CHAPEL, 720 Broadway.? Waoc.u's Italia. Kcw Vorb, Monday, Bcctmbtr 10, 1859. 81ULS FOR THE PACIFIC. Afit York Ilernld? Cutlfornla Edition. TV mail svamfbip North Star, Capt. .tones, will leave UiH port to morrow (Tuesday i afternoon, at two o'clock, fo* Asprowall. Tbe mails for California anil other parts of tho Pacific Will close at one o'clock to morrow afternoon. The New York Weekly Hkkajli> ? California e<l!tion ? containing the latest intelligence from all parts of the World, with a large quantity of local and miscellaneous matter, will bo published at eleven o'clock in tbe morn ing Single copies, in wrappers, ready for mailing, six cents. As -u'ja will please sood In tlieir orders as early as pos sible The News. The VanJerbilt, which left Southampton on the 7th in?t., in the evening, arrived here yesterday noon, having been off the Highlands on Saturday night? a most rapid run for this season of the year. The North American, from Liverpool, ar rived at Portland yesterday, brings dates to the 8th inst. The news is three days later than that by the America, but is not of special importance. Cotton was rather in favor of buyers in Liver- j pool-on the 6th inst, and flour had declined- Sugar j wa3in active demand at an advance in London, j Coffee was steady. Consols closed in London on the Cth inst at 97j ! to J , or at 95J to J without the dividend. Business was rather animated. The European Congress would meet on the 5th of January, but it was thought that little busi ness would be done before the 15th of the mouth. An important announcement is made to the eSect that England will not send a plenipotentiary ; direct from london to the body, but that Lord j Cowley, being in Paris, would attend the sittings, fceing instructed to make his interference in Italian affairs as little prominent as possible. Serious agitation prevailed still in Italy. Com Blander Maniscalca, Director of the Sicilian Police, had been stabbed while walking near the Cathedral ! la Palermo, with his wife and ?children. Garibaldi again anticipated a new revolution. Tae General had had an interview with the Dowager Empress of Bussia at Nice. England had forty thousand volunteer riflemen in arms in November. Tbe allied expedition against China would be of great fcyce. There is news from Australia dated at Sydney on the 15th and Melbourne on the 17th of October. The exports of feold had declined. A fire in Hong Kong, China, destroyed over $100,000 of property on the 19th of October. The Ambassadors from Japan to Washington would leave Nagasaki in the Powhatan on the 22d of February. A letter from a correspondent on bortrd the pteamship Mississippi, at Penang, China, informs us that that ship arrived at that port October 21, on her passage home, and expected to reach here about the 1 !-t of February. A despatch from Ceylon, dated at Colombo on the 16th of November, reports:? There is a great Bcarcitj of labor. Trade dull. Manila reports of the 22d of October say:? Mir kets dull. Sugar and hemp unaltered. Freights to England XI 10*. a ?2. The news from South America is dated:? Bue Bos Ayres, Oct. 3 1 ; Montevideo, the 1st; Bio Janeiro, the !?th; Bahia. the 15th: and Pernambuco, the 16th of Noveuibci Some fuller particulars con. cerning the advance of Gen. Urquiza on Buenos Ayres are given. Coffee was getting scant in sup ply at Kfo, and dealers asked high rates. Sugars had fallen at Bahiu. Coffee was firm and cocoa ?was in good demand, but without advance. Very little sugar had been entered at Pernambuco. 3-lides rated at 2G5 a 270 reals, or 7Jd. a 7 13-I6d., at which about 10,000 had been purchased. From the French West Indies we have news dated at Martinique and Ouadaloupe on the 27th of October. The journal- state that the quantity of sugar of tbe present season exported to France from Martinique, up to 1st October, was 52,777 casks, and that 7, '123 were to be sent off; they Confirm the preceding advice.-, that the prospects of Bext year s crop are very promising. A despatch from New Orleans informs us that Col. Lockridge was to sail for Brownsville, Texas, in the steamship Arizona, on the 10th init., with twenty men, to aid in putting down the Mexican bandit, Cortinas. The body of John E. Cook, executed at Charles town, Va., on Friday last, arrived in Williamsburg about one o'clock on Sunday morning. On examin ing the body it was found that decomposition had commenced, and that the face and neck were much discolored. The process of embalming the body was gone through, and yesterday the discoloration had been removed. The funeral services will take place on Tuesday, at ten o'clock, at the residence of Samuel L. Harris, Esq., No. 114 South Ninth Btreet, Williamsburg, and not at the Reformed Dutch church, ai previously announced. Rev. Dr. D. W. Cahill, the eminent Irish con troversialist, of the Roman Catholic Church, lec tured last evening in the Academy of Musie, to one of the largest assemblies that every thronged that capacious edifice. His subject was, "The insuffi ciency of human reason to acquire Christian faith," and the lectnrc was eloquent and ably deli vered. Tbe applause with which Dr. Cahill and h:?. discourse were received was of the most enthu piA-ttn order. The thirty-third anniversary of the male branch of the City Tract Society, and the ttfirty- seventh of ti^e female branch, was held last e vetting at the Re formed Dutch cburoh corner of Fifth avenue and Twenty-ninth street, and ?u attended by a crowd ed audience, the reports of the treasurers of both branches were read, from which it appeared that they were in a highly prosperous condition. The Iter. Dr. Latbrop was then introduced, and deliver ed a very eloquent address on the advantages de rived from the City Tract Society. The Jtev. I?r. Hope, Professor of Belles Lettros at Princeton College, died yesterday morning. Tiio sale.-- of cotton on Saturday embraced about TOO a 800 bak?, doting ratbcr dull, at U for middling uploads. Kluur opr nrd (lull, am) closed at a slight decline Tor gome grades of State and Western, while kales were limitod. Sout lid i, viai> unchanged, and sales moderate. Transac tions in wheat were silo light. Including Kentucky white at SI 60 a >1 S5, Michigan do. at $1 45 a ft 60, Southern at $1 40, and red State at 91 25. Corn was flLrra and in fair demand, with sales of new and old yellew and tniK?<i at 02c. a SI. Pork was heavy and easier, with sales of mrssutSie, and prime st SI I 37 yt. Sigars were Arm, and closed at fully ',c. per pound advance on the week's Bales. The transactions yesterday embraced 600 a 600 htxis , 600 buses, and 3,000 bags Brazil, at full prices. 8u!ei of 2,000 bags ol' Kio coffee were made on private terms. Freights were Arm, and engagements were mo erste The Great l"n ton Meeting To-Night. The Union meeting, convened by a call signed by Bome fire thousand merchants of New York, whose names have appeared in an obscure jour nal, will take place this evening at the Acade my of Music. No doubt it will be a numerous gathering; the signers alone would make a Aery respectable assemblage. But the impor tant point is not whether tbe meeting will be large or ^mall. or whether it will have fine ora tors. or men of plain unvarnished speech; but whether anythiug practical will be done, and whether those who constitute the meeting have u true appreciation of the crisis at which the country has arrived, and of the right remedy to meet the danger- whether they will consent to be mere puppets, moved by a set of wire pullers whose object is to use this demonstra tion for tbe advantage of their own dirty party politics, which have contributed so largely to bring the Union to the verge of dissolution, or whether they realise the grandeur and sub limity of an occasion whioh places the desti nies of the nation in their hands. This meeting, it is true, has been concocted by a few broken down politicians, who knew that such a demonstration was generally de sired, and would take place with or without their assistance. They anticipated the action of the merchant princes of New York, in order to repair the disaster which befel them in the late municipal election, and to control the Presidential Convention at Charleston. Their artful design is to make it appear that the meeting is theirs, and not the expression of the signers, or of those who will attend upon their call. The preliminaries ate so arranged as to give this aspect to tbe meeting. But if the : merchants are not entirely destitute of self esteem, and know how to consult their own dignity, they will compel tbe representatives of Tammany Hall and the Albany Regeucy to take back seats, while tbey stand forward themselves and give a tone to the whole pro eeedings. What effect could a meeting have at tbe South that appeared to emanate from the mise rable remnant of an expiring faction which is confessedly in a small minority in the city of New York'.' What consolation would it l>e to the Southern States, or what assurance of sym pathy aDd support could they derive from the fact that the dirty Coal Hole and the treach erous Regency, who lately betrayed the pri vate confidence of the Governor of Virginia, now suddenly pretend to stand by the constitu tional rights of the South, which they have been sapping and undermining with all diligence for the last few years, and even within the pre sent month? Well might some sagacious leader of the South adopt the warning of Laocoon to the Trojans, when tbe Greeks, pretending that they had abandoned hostilities and had re turned home, left behind them a treacherous wooden horse as a gift to their goddess Mi nerva, which was secretly filled with armed men. who afterwards came forth from their hiding place, and in the darkness of the night opened the gates of the city to their friends, who now emerged from their ambush. " Do you believe," exclaimed Laocoon, " that the enemy have really withdrawn? or do you think that any gifts of the Greeks can be free from stratagem and deceit ? Is it thus Ulysses is known to you ? Either the Greeks are hid den in this wooden fabric, or it has been con structed as an engine against our walls, to com mand our houses and descend upon the city, or ?ome other treachery lurks in it. Do not trust the horse. Trojans. Whatever is intended by it. I fear the Greeks, and suspect their mo tives when th?'y offer us gifts." And Laocoon was right, as the event proved It was J) fatal gift to the Trojans, and resulted in the destruction of their city after a siege of ten years. John C. Calhoun was 'in the habit of quoting from the original the last line of this passage of Virgil: " Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes: " and the treachery of Northern poli ticians has only made it too appropriate. The repeal of the Missouri Compromise by the Kan sas and Nebraska bill, concocted by General Pierce and his Cabinet, and Mr. Douglas, their organ in the Senate, appeared to be a splendid gift to the South, but it has led to the present revolutionary movement at the North, which meditates the overthrow of the cherished insti tutions of the South; or the dissolution of the United States. The South is not likely to put any faith in the blarney of a Union meeting if it appears to emanate from the free soil wing of the democracy in this State, which has ever been the sworn foe of the South. It rests, therefore, with the merchants themselves I whether they will render the meeting effective, or permit it to be worse than a nullity? a mockery of the South. It is not too late to de tent the machinations of the political gamblers and thimble-riggers. The merchants have only to take the management into their own hands, and make the meeting their own, giving it a practical direction, worthy of the habits and intelligence of business men. If the merchant princes of this great city only knew their own power, and felt the importance of their position, they might rule New York, and through it the State, like the merchants of Florence, who, in the time of the Italian repub lics of the Middle Ages, made their city the cen tre of political power, as it was of wealth and the arts. They have the intelligence and tbe riches to do this. But instead of attending to their political duties, they have given up tbe government of the city to the worst class of men in the community- professional politicians, who make a trade and a business of it, briefless lawyers, shoulder hitters, rowdies, loafers, thieves and blacklegs. But it is not too late I for tliein to take the reins into their own haads, I and they ought to do it without hesitation. Now or beret- is the time for them to act. A revolution which will destroy their wealth and bring the country to ruin is hastening to its denouement. Let them interpose promptly and assert their manhood. Republics are subject to these mutations and dangers. The republic of ancient Rome was six times on the verge of destruction between the struggles of tbe plebeians and the pa tricians. and even secessions took place. But the intelligence asd the patriotism of tbe coun try always arose, and by compromises and by moderation, mixed with firmness and decision, they averted the danger. The same glorious privilege is now offered to the mercbauts of New York. By making a beginning in the right direction they can avert the danger which threatens the country with a civil war, involving the destruction of this mighty con federacy of States, the greatest calamity that ever happened to the human race. Let our mercantile men. ^therefore, take a decided stand, and, instead of empty vaporiog speeches or resolutions, which amount to nothing, let them nominate the best man in the country for President in this great emergency, and the whole country will immediately follow their example. In 1S40, when the subversion of our institutions was menaced by the wild ! doctrines of Owen and Fanny Wright, which had gained au ascendency in Tammany Hall and in other sections of the North, the conser vative elements of the country rallied around the hero <jf Tippecanoe and the Thames, and put down those revolutionary ideas. They \ Lave now a far geater man to rally around ? ! the hero of Niagara and Chippewa, of Queens town and Fort George, of Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo and tbe city ot Mexico? a mau who has proved himself as wise in the arts of peace and in statesmanship as he is acknowledged to be great in war ? a man whose conservatism can not be questioned, and whose election to (ke Presidency at this dangerous crisis would uot only restore domestic harmony once more, but would elevate the character of tbe country in the eyes of all nations. The European Congretw? Imperialism in the Ascendant. By the VanderbiJt we have four days later news from the Old World. The prominent event of Europe at the time of her departure was the proximate meeting of the general Con gress at Paris, which is announced to take place on the f>th of next month. This Congress presents several remarkable ' features which are worthy of attention. First, it is to be formally attended by all the Powers which met at the celebrated Congress of Vienna in 181"), with a few additions of secondary States, and ia the first formal gathering of those Powers since that time. Second, France is re presented in it by the Napoleonic dynasty, which all of these Powers bound themselves at Vienna forever to exclude from the French throne, and the Congress meets under the segis of the Napoleonic, and not of the Austrian eagle, as before. Third, that England takes veiy little part in the Congress, sending no special representative, but merely authorizing her ambassador at PariB to take sufficient in terest in It to know what is going on. and to explain her views when occasion shah .rise. No one knows, probably not even the prt:> ipal Powers themselves, what the Congre* will do: but it meets under influences wiuely difl'erent from those which ruled at th- i.-ne of its predecessor. Then the nation- uh<( just come out of a struggle with the lir-t .?u^oleon, to which the dynasties had excited ?\e peoples by the promise of constitutional f'ums of go vernment. Some of these promises were rati fied by the Congress itself*, but few of them were ever performed. Now Europe has just recovered from the shock of contending empe rors. and imperialism meets to lay down the chart of dynastic politics for perhaps a genera tion. That is as long as its determinations can be expected to bind the developement of the age, if, indeed, they endure so long. The circumstances under which the Congress meets render unnecessary any formal recision of the covenants of 1815. The admission of France under its present ruler is the practical and most effective abrogation that could be bad of the pact to exclude the Napoleonic dy nasty from Europe, it not only shows that it is non-effective, but in requiring no previous declaration that it is void, the Bourbon claims are tieated with a silent contempt which marks their approaching extinction. In the adhesion of England to the Congress we have a formal renunciation of the old tory policy on her part, which, under George the Third, endeavored to change the destinies of the Continental nations and dynasties ; and in the almost silent participation which she has deter mined to accept, there is evident a disposition to have as little connection as possible with the political combinations of the unlimited monarchies. Europe is thus left at the mercy of three men ? Louis Napoleon, Alexander and Francis J oseph. Their counsels will determine the action of the Congress; and from the conflict of their different interests may we alone expect any concessions to the aspira tions of the people. From what has already transpired it is not probable that they will force the Italian duchies to receive their banished rulers, and it is very possible that they may consent to their annexation to the kingdom or Piedmont This will create a strong Italian power in the north ern part of that peninsula; but it leaves the Legations at the mercy of the Pope, and Naples under the rule of one of the worst of despotisms. Thus the leaven of revolution will be left in Italy to work out the results begun in Paris in 1789, and continued in 1830 and 1848. The Congress may renew towards her the profes sions which its predecessor made to Germany: but the Papacy will resist their l>eing fulfilled as sturdily as Austria has resisted the constitu tional reforms which were promised to the smaller States around her. England has steadily declined to intervene in the Papal question, and Europe has, therefore, no hope of safety from the dangers with which she is menaced by the retrograde policy of the Court of Rome, supported by the Emperor of Austria, but in the common sense of Louis Napoleon and Alex ander of Rnssla. It is no doubt in view of this state of facts that the sessions of the Con gress are so generally expected to endure for some months. The imperfect understanding at Villafranca will be discussed and referred over and over again, until the winter has passed and the season for military operations is again at hand, when a new series of events may com bine to overthrow all th<? calculations of IN* high priests of kingcraft. The Impending CrUU to KoHhrr> U daitry-Beonomleal Independence and Wealth ot the goaih. The impending crwiu to the commerce aud manufactures of the North, which in gathering in force through the fanatical teachings of a few hundred Northern demagogues and politi cal parsons, is beginuiog to come home to tbe public mind and awakening it to a recognition of the true relations of Northern aud Southern industry. The abolitionized republican party managers aro constantly endeavoring to falsify the facts of the cuse, and the agrarian incen diary Helper frequently asserts that the South ern States are steeped in poverty and wretch edness, and to support this statement he brings forward a series of garbled statistics, made up from the census reports, and which fewNortheru readers will take the trouble to analyze before accepting. He introduces what he calls "tlio bushel aud gallon'' estimate of the production and wealth of the South, with a foolish rhodoinoutade, from which we extract the following most sin gular exposition of political economy we hare cvor met with: Auy observant American, from whatever (Wlut of the conijMihS lie may hull, who will uke tlio trouble lo pa? through ihe Southern maricets, both great au.1 small, ;u we have done, and inquire where this article, that an<l the other came from, wilt he utterly astonished at the varioty ami quantity of Northern agricultural productions kept for sale. Aud this state of things U growing wore and worse every year. Kxelusively agricultural as the South is in her industrial pursuits, she is barely ahle to sup port tier sparse and degenerate population. Her tnen and tier domestic animals, both dwarfed into shabby ob >cts of commiseration under the blightiug elfects of slavery , are constantly feeding on the multilarious pro ducts of Northern soil. Aud it the whole truth must be told, we may here add that these products, like ull other articles oi merchandise purchased at the North, are gene rally bctignt ou credit, and, iu a ureal number ot in stances, by far too many, nevpr paid for ? not, as a general rule, because the purchasers are dUhon?&t or unwilling to pay . but because they are impoverished aud depressed by tlio retrogressive .iud deadeuing operations of slavery . that most uuprotiUiblo aud pernicious institution under which they live. lu this case the witness, like too many others who have goDe upon the stand to support an unbound cause, proves too much. He ac knowledges his astonishment at the variety and quantity of Northern agricultural productions sold at the South, but which are never paid for, not because the purchasers are dishonest, but because they are impoverished and de pressed " by the retrogressive and deadening operations of the institution under which they live." Now there is not a merchant, trader, farmer, manufacturer or ship owner, from the capes of Delaware to Paasamaquoddy, but knows that, as class, the merchants and tra ders of the South are the safest and best pur chasers that come from a distance to buy in our Eastern markets. It is patent, too, to every sensible man in the community, that when the crisis came upon us in 1857, ripping up the bubble of Eastern and Northern expansion, it was the trade of the South that saved thou sands upon thousands of our merchants from bankruptcy then, and which first set the wheels and hammers of our manufactories again in motion. The trade of the great Northwest was as rotten as punk .at that time, and has not yet entirely recovered a sound condition. But the South for the last twenty years has never failed in its payments to the North, and instead of getting large amounts of agricultural productions aud of manufactures on a credit which is never paid, there is not a Northern merchant or producer of any kind but would be glad to day to sell to the South twice as much of North ern products as he now sells. Even Helper cannot but confess the magni- I tude of the Southern consumption of Northern productions, and yet he is foolish enough to argue that the North should destroy the South by an aggressive and agrarian invasion of its social institutions. The first effect of such a policy as Helper and his sixty-eight black re publican Congressional backers recommend would be to destroy the great Southern market for Northern productions, which he acknow ledges exists. Such a result would throw hack upon the Northern market the surplus of pota toes, onions, apples, corn, hay, butter and cheese, which Northern' farmers now sell la the South, and the innumerable fabrics of cotton, linen, wool, leather, metal, glass, clay, <fcc., which it now takes from Northern workshops. Helper and his helpers may not be able to fore see what effect such a closing of the Southern markets would have upon the North; tmt there is not a banker, merchant, or any other man of common sense, who does not see that it would affect values of all kinds, and produce a greater financial revulsion here than has ever before been experienced. We do not believe that the North is so blind as to permit such agrarian incendiaries as Helper and his abolition associates to lead it into the adoption of their aggressive policy against the South, and are confident that the common sense and patriotism of the conserva tive masses will save us from such a catas trophe. But the agitation which these fanatics in the North are getting up is fast driving the South into the adoption of certain principles of political economy, which will eventually de stroy the Southern market for Northern pro ductions. Already the idea of industrial inde pendence is rife there, and efforts are being begun to stimulate local efforts in production and manufacture. Cotton mills are on foot, forges and foundries set up, workshops of all kinds opened, and a general public feeling is being created to use or consume no one thing not grown on Southern soil, or'manufactured on a Southern water privilege or by a Southern steam engine. Direct trade with foreign coun tries is a thing easily accomplished by the South, for we have been able to concentrate it at the North only through the ease, frequency and friendliness of our communications with the South . Fc-r such an economical policy the South is eminently independent of the North. She need not rely on us for the raw materials ? such as cotton and wool, timber and ores, hides and earths ? nor for the products which are now necessaries in civilized life ? such as the cereals, sugar, and tobacco. She has them ail within herself, ana should she be driven into forcing an economical policy like that which -eparates the contiguous nations of Europe from each other, she will rtinl it of easier accomplishment than ev?.r has before been found. On the day that she does this the North will become tributary to the South. and it will puzzle Northern economists to find wherewith to pay tor tb* Southern productions which we must buy ? snch as sugar and tobacco, cotton and naval stores. These :?re now paid for in "Yankee Notions." which ran either be produced or substituted by Southern industry. Sufcb a policy in the domestic political economy of the Cnion would <ti ike a severe blow at its industrial propre--. and the great ' fleets would be felt, not in the South, but in the North. The fueling that v.-iV prompt tl> ?us >nds of our citizens to gather to night at 'k- Academ V of Mtinic springs from this conviction, and it i* one that requires something mote than empty declamation. We must bare a conservative organization, and men must prepare for action in support of the constitution and the lights of all sections of the Union. The Civil Wai: is ihk Aiku.m ink Comkos kation. ? It will have been wen, by the des patched which we published yesterday, and by the additional news bronght by the Yanderbill, and published this morning, that the advatnuge gained by Urquiza in forcing the. channel of Martin Garcia, an nounced some days since, has been fol lowed by an importunt land victory, which has enabled him to advance upon Buenos Ayres. The island of Martin Garcia com mands the channel through which the Uru guay and the main branches of the Parana empty into the La I'lata. It was supposed to protect effectually the entrance of the upper wateis, all veBsels of more than eight feet draught being compelled to pass within pistal shot of its shore. The six steamers fitted out at Montevideo by Urquiza not only forced Iheir passage thfough, but dismantled one of the forts, and then effected a junction with the 'our other vessels of the Argentine squadron higher up, thus obtaining the command of the entire river to its mouth. This advantage led to au immediate contlict between the land forces of the two governments, which were en camped on the borders of Buenos Ayres. The result was the complete defeat and demoraliza tion of the Buenos Ayres troops, and their re treat on the town. At the last accounts I'rquiza was marching upon the latter, so that the question between him and his opponents may be regarded as definitively settled. It is not likely that, now that he has obtained the supreme control of the upper and lower waters, and of the open country to its walls, the city will make any serious effort at resistance. Thus Buenos Ayres is reaping the just re ward of her own perfidious and grasping policy. In this contest she has pursued the same course which under Rosas proved so sui cidal to her interests. By seeking to concen trate all the trade of the Confederation in her own port, to the exclusion of other places equally entitled to it, she gave to Ilosario all the importance that it now possesses, and de feated the very object that she had in view, inasmuch as duties, the same as on foreign ar ticles, are now levied there on all goods im ported from or through Buenos Ayres. The hostility to Urquiza, which has been put forth as a pretext for the secession of the latter State, was never at any time the real motive that influenced its advocates. That step was dictated mainly by a desire to monopolize all the commercial advantages that were expected to be gained by making Buenos Ayres the port of entry for the rest of the Confederation, and compelling the other States to submit to the ascendency thus obtained. Urquiza, who over turned Kosas and put an end to his selfish and tyrannical policy of commercial aggrandize ment. is onco more master of Buenos Ayres, and will compel its people to recognise the just claims of their co-confederates. If he should infiict a little wholesome chastisement upon them, the world will not feel much sym pathy for their distresses. Thk Union Ferrt Schkmk ? Man<euvres oh tiik Monopolists. ? If the law's delays occasion ally press hardly upon the honest suitor, it must be admitted that they are sometimes con ducive to the ends of justice. But for the in junction granted against the sale of the ferry leases, the monopolists who are in the present enjoyment of them would be rejoicing over the results of their underhand scheming and corrup tion. There never was, perhaps, a more impu dent attempt to sacrifice the public interests for the benefit of a few individuals than has been made in this case. Without a decent pre text of any sort, without a word of defence against the grave charges that have been brought against them, these persons have gone on silently plotting and buying up every ob stacle that stood in their way. Even when, through a show of decency, a committee was appointed by the Board of AldermAi to repovt upon the expediency of complying with the memorial of the Brooklyn people, their influ ence succeeded in suppressing the report. We know not by what agency this was effected, but the persons appointed by the Board are, we think, bound in duty to their own charac ters to come forward and explain the reasons why no steps were taken to give effect to the agreement at which the joint committee of con ference had arrived. If ever there was a case in which the pro crastinating resources of lawyers could be just ly intei^osed it is in this. The sale of the leases has been postponed to Wednesday next merely, the monopolists being in hopes that by that time, and on an exparte application, they will, without notice being given, succeed in getting the injunction dissolved. We trust that Judge Ilogeboom will appreciate the im portance of the public principles involved in this question, and refuse to facilitate the cor rupt objects which the monopolists have in view. There can be no rational argument put forward for haste in its decision, for the ferry leases do not expire for sixteen months longer, and no honeBt interest can be damaged by delay. On the other hand, by forcing on the sale at present, without a limitation of the fares to a fair paying point, a great wrong and op pression will be inflicted on a community who demand no more than is just and reasonable, and who are quite willing that the Union Com pany shall have the leases if they will only be content with the usual profits upon invest ments of this kind. It is to be hoped, therefore , that the Court which has granted this injunc tion will carefully weigh any representations that may be brought to bear on it to induce it to facilitate the premature sale of these leases. With the full delay which the law accords in such proceedings, this iniquitous combination may yet be defeated, and tbe public protected against a monstrous imposition. Organization of tiik Hotsk. ? If the republi cans are as desirous of arriving at a speedy or ganization of the House as they pretend to be, why do they not select some other candidate for Speaker from their ranks, who will have a better chance than Sherman'.' They ought, not to expect that a man who i* so nbnoxiom to the majority ns he is will unite the number of votes requisite to his election. A candidate who has endorsed Helper's book can be ac ceptable to no national man of any party, and they should, therefore, fix upon some other member of th'.ii body who has 'lot tbat stigma ? attached to bim. This is the only practical way of testing their sincerity. Whit is the reason that the republicans shrink fro* it f Abolition Fanaticism *m tub Stoc* af' cha&'cik. ? The quotations of Southern Stat* Btocks on our Stock Exchange at the present time, compared with the rates quoted previous to the Harper's Ferry insurrection may, per haps, be taken as a fair indication of the ?effect which that assault upon the interests and rights of the South has produced > upon the capitalists of the North. Referring to their quotations, we have made oat three lists: one showing the rates of Southern stocks from the 11th to the 15th of October, immedi ately before the Brown foray upon Virginia; another immediately after that event, from' the 20th to the 29th; and another on Saturday last, after the final act of the tragedy had been con summated by the execution of Brown's fou* companions at Charleetown, The following to the result: ? Oct. 16. Od. 39. Dec. If. Virginia 8'g 04X 9i\ 93 * Missouri fl's 84?, 86 83* Tennoeeee 6'a 89K 90 ? North Carolina tj's.. . .90% ? 97 Here we perceive that Virginia State stocks and those of Missouri alone have experi enced a very slight depression at the last quo tation, and none at all while tha Harper's Ferry excitement was at its height, while those of Tennessee and North Carolina have risen since that affair. These facts, we think, go very far to show that the capitalists of New York feel confident of the power and will of the great conservative element of the coun try in a crisis like the present. One of the chceriug signs of the times is that the course of financc is not disturbed by the mad pranks of the fanatics and trading politicians. INTERESTING FKOM WASHINGTON. The Struggle Tor the Speakership? Trea sury Ekiimatea for the Flwal Year? The Mexican Treaty? Indiana Delegates to the Charleston Convention? The Senate Printing- The Clerk of the House, Ac. OUR SPECIAL WASHINGTON OKSPATCH. Washin?to.n, Doc. 18, 1859. TOR SPKAKKRSliiP. It is reported to d?y thai five uuti Ixicompton men bar a agreed to vote for Miles Taj lor for Speaker, if l?y so doing they can elect him. Those, with twenty three South Americans, will give him a majority ovor Sherman. There arc six or eight of the latter, hiwever, who har? thus far refused to give in thoir adhesion. There has been no change in the programme for Speak er which will affect Mr. Sherman. Tho democrats may exchange Mr. Bocock off for Mr. Taylor of Louisiana, in the hope of winning some of the Sooth Americans, be cause Mr. Taylor is Raid to be opposed to Mr. Buchanan. This will not satisfy the South Americans, inasmuch as Taylor is a Lecompton man, which is the* obnoxious point to them. They may dislike Mr. Buchanan, but they hato Lecompton. The exchange, therefore, will not pay. Tho friends of the administration WiMpppote the c lunge, oa the ground that it is a reflection upon the President to bring forward one of his declared enemies as an available candidate. Tbe disposition of the democracy to refuse the plurality rule is unchanged, and creates a bitter feeling of indigna tion on the port of the mail contractor s. They are making a severe pressure. The answer to their appeals is some times made that the Post Oillce Department h an been car ried on for more than six months without money, and can go on m the same manner for a while longer. Some members are very anxious to go home Christmas and New Year, but cannot see any way how they can enjoy that luxury in tbe present disorganized state of af fairs. Tho members of the House of Representatives cannot get their pay till a Speaker Is elected ? his warrant on tho Treasury being necessary for that purpose. In the mean time, however, Mr. (llossbrc-nner, Sergeant at- Arms of tho last House, has advanced t3 various members sums amounting in the aggregate to forty or fifty thousand dol lars, which he has generously raised on bis individual credit. While this delay is going on, Mr. Allen, who suddenly finds himself the presiding officer of the greatest deliberative body In the world, tbe Doorkeeper, Sergeant at- Arms, Postmaster and tbeir subordinates, and he pages selected by the last Congress, are having a good time at the expense <jf tho government. thk cj.krkship. Forney has the inside track for Clerk of the House, If it is ever organized. The republicans seem quite (diffe rent whether the democrats will allow It to organize or not. They say the democrats are doing a good business for republicanism. TIIK HBNATR COMMIT EE*. The Senate caucus yesterday agreed to the report of the sub-committee in the arrangement of committees, and they will be reported and voted for in Senate to morrow. It is understood that a pretty sharp debate will follow tbeir announcement. TI1K MWATK pw.vriNd. There will be a Senatorial caucus of democrats to-mor row morning, when It is said the contest wiU be between Bowman and Wendell for Printer, and it is believed that Wendell will beat Bowman, although the latter has tbo influence of tbe Executive. Wendell Is quite sanguine of success. Should he succeed, with that prestige he will stand a better chance of controlling tho printing of the departments. MH. VAIXAKDir. HAM'S 8PSECH. The republicans are making the best possible use of Mr. Vallandigham's speech, as reported in the New York Hkiui.d, declaring that it lg the only accurate one publish ed. They are sending it into his district. OmCK SEKEKKS Ut AVISO FOR HOME. Some of the candidates for offices under the prospective incoming administration of the House arc leaving in a hopeless condition. This will Reduce the demand for and price of liquors. ESTIMATES FOR THK FISCAI. YBAR. The estimates for the next fiscal year will not exceed sixty millions ol dollars, a reduction of twenty millions as compared with Pierce's administration, and about seveu millions less than those of last year. Tins great reduc tion is almost entirely due. to the persistent efforts an t watchfulness of Mr. Buchanan. IXMANA DELEGATES TO TUK CBAHI.KSTO.V ('INVENTION. Intelligence was revived here to day that Iudiana had fleeted her delegates to the Charleston Convention, and instructed !h?m to vote for Douglas. This is a decided tri umph over Bright and Filch, and secures the entire Northwest to tbe Ultle Giant. THK MEXICAN TREATY. Oar government has received no authentic iatell'geaee that the Mexican treaty bos been negotiated ; neither has the Mexican Minister any Intelligence upon the subject, notwithstanding Senor I^rdo had written to a gentleman in this city that since his arrival the Juarez governm 'ut had yielded the points in dispute. IMPORTANT TO PRIXRRS AND PritLHIfKKS. The Post Office Department states, for the information of aditors, subscribers and postmasters, that the method of addressing newspapers to subscribers by attaching to each copy of the paper a printed slip, containing. In, addi tion to the name of the subscriber, the date when Us sub scription expires, and In some cases the amount duo thereon ? matter which forms no part ot the addross, and is neither a bill nor a receipt ? is a violation of postal laws, and subjects each copy so addressed to letter postage. TO* PjUXHO RAI1.H<MI> DILI. Senator Gwin will introduce tomorrow kis Pacific Rail road bill. eoxsri. to vavjik. The President will send to the Senate to morrow tho name ?f Francis A firund as Consul t? Havre. AppUc su ltans for this plaeo have bean very numerous, and tbo struggle very animated. Mr. Figanerfo, the Portuguese MValster, is here onbnsi n?s conncctcd with the Xepartmeat of State. The weekly California, mail from New Orleans vi? Texas is resigned undo? the Giddlogs and Wood nAnagti meat, as t/irutolore. Death of R*v. Dr. Mop*. PitMTTOH, N. J., Deo. 14, 18a'?. I'.Oflr. Or. M R. Hope, Professor of Belles lrttitrs, dto4 sii'lJeuly yesterday at eleven A. M. Ariirsl of the Anmrtra. Hwtiin, Iter. 1H , 1MB ' The f'nn ird steamship A merles, ft >m 1 ,1 vorpool rt*