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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAHICa IORDOI BKNNKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRltroil. OrriC'l N. W. CORNER or NASSAU AND FULTON' 8T8. run. ??* ?* ?wm ?i h ??<" ?? <*"" rieh of the ?m.W-r. Poetagt domju ?M* rw?> ?l iu eutacriptim T25r DAI I r HERALD M Mill wr rnw, 17 ??? ADVERTISEMENTS rm?iw?l wrj,./ ly a,trrrtt-emrni< In Ml th' WlULT IIbblid. Famili UiulaLD, anj in the CAIi/'omia and European Kilitiont TDK WEEKLY HERALD, terry Saturday, at ri* rrnt, ptr torn, or $3 t'r Minim; (A' European Mditiaa entry Wtdaeedag, TteU rtm >. per copy, 9* V" annum loan*part q/ Steal Br,!.,in, at S6 hi or? pari <? (Ar OmliAml, hath la in-lmlepoeUtae; the CalMornn DUiirm m thr Hh ami JU<A <tf'each lAoitlA a! tic c?K Mf cftpnu or 91 50/"'' fifiriMiw. TUr. rAMI Li- HERALD on Wednesday, ml four cent* pt ^VS'fdK V tVRRESPOfTDENCK, containing important pur, talioite.1 /torn any quarter of the tear!J; (r uet-i, will he I,ieratty ptid far- RAT O0B FOBBIUS COBBBSrOBDBBTB ABB J'ABTU'OLABi.T RB40UTBB 10 SOAL ALL LarrBBA ABO PaC* AOBI MUIT 08. Viluu UV No. M63 amubements this evening. AOAPFMT OF MUSIC, Fourteenth street.?Italian On ?A?1.A 1 BAT I ATA RIBLO'8 GARDEN, Brood WAF-?ITALIAN OriBA-Il POUUTO ______ WINTER GARDEN. Broadway ? Ibbland Aj It Wa?? Law roK Ladibs? Bum tub Uabub BO WERT THEATRE, Bowery -Sata.i 0i? EaBTU CDBOBOr or Pabu. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broodwey.-Tai Rotalis* FlTZBBTTBB. LACK A KERNE'S THEATRE. KM Brood Troy.?T AM Xowkst Bow. _____ HUVr B'>WERT, Bowery.?Bob Ror-LArurB. BARNJM 8 AMERICAN ML'KXL'M Broedwey ? Dey and Ereolc*-JoeAra abb Hia Baal nam*-LiriBS Osbiosi T XI Ac. . BRTANTN MINSTREL*. Mechanl^T Hal!. 471 Bromdway. But- jtAA-oa, 3>m.s. Dancu. Ac?ffiuta Wabu Abbt. HlBl/yd SALOOR, Broodway.?nootBT A CABraai.L'B Mibbtbki* m Ethiopia* So it OA, Bublmaou, Dabobo. Ail? Ibaclubatiob Ball. RATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Btreot.-OruBU.0 WaHOCI 01 1 .IB Ulbb. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. SO Broadway.-80*88, Babcbb. HvaiBSooaa. Ao TKIPLE~[SHEET. StW York, TharadAf, Scptimber 40, I860. ?AILS pom TB PACIFIC. W Work iierkld?CkllfOrBls Edition. Th.? mail etotmalup North SUr, Capt Jones, will leave IhA port tomorrow, ot noon, for Aapiowall The mails for California and other ports of the Peclte Will cl?e ei ten o'clock to morrow morn Inf. The New York Wkbbly Hbbaut?Cel.fornle edition? ?BoUlniof the latest latell^eooe from oil parte or the World, with ? lorfw quantity of local and aoiaoelloueous ?utter, will be publtahed ot nLna o'clock le the moralcf. Btuje oopiee, la wrapper*, ready for ualllnf, six eeats. Areata will pieaae tend In their erdera aa early u pos ?tMh The H?WI> We hare received some additional intelligence from Europe, brought by the steam-hip Europe, which left Queenstown on the 9th inst. The latest despatches state that there was good reason to be lieve that the British government had received despatches announcing Garibaldi's triumphant entry Into the city of Naples on the 7th inst. The steam ship Bremen, Captain Wcssela, from Southamp ton on the 5th Inat., arrived at this port early yes terday morning. Her advices have been antici pated both by the Jura and Kangaroo, and also by telegraph from the Europa off Cape Race. By a decree of the Preaident of Venezuela, rice, corn, potatoes, salt beef. lard and other nceoaaa riea may be introduced free of duty "and all im portation charges, ordinary and cvtrsordtuaiy through any of the ports of that republic. The decree will remain in force until repealed by the same authority. Files of Buenos Ayres papers t? July 23 have been received. The question of changing the capital of the Argentine republic was agitating the public mind, but nothing can be done ontil the le gislature meets. The United Btates surveying steamer Argentine had returned from an nnsuc ce& fi-l attempt to ascend the Salado. There is no other news. 6coator Seward has made an important speech at St. Paul, Minnesota, of which we give a brief report in another column. In this address he pre dicts the eventual annexation of British and Rus sian America to the American Union, and the com plete annihilation of the institution of slavery in the Uuited State*. The Breckinridge democratic conventions for the nomination of candidates for Cougreas from this City met last evening aud org.inir- 1. James H. Lynch was nominated in the Fifth, and Paul B. Bradley iu the Sixth district. No nominations were made in the remaining districts. Mr. Henry, the chsirmsn of the Union monster mass inreting, held at the Cooper institute on Mon day night, has selected a committee of fifteen, on W hom devolve-' the doty of prepariog a list of Pre sidential electors. The names of the committee are grim Id another column. Mr. Charles O'Co nor is the chairman of the committee. A large public meeting was he'd last night at lire Cooper Institute, convened iy the Bepablican Central Campaign Club. The meeting was ad dresser* by the lion. Wm. L. Dayton, of New Jer sey, at considersble length. An a'ostraot of the Speech is give* In another place. Hv onr telegraphic despatches it will be seen that the Prince of Wales has arrived at Hamilton. C W., the last stopping place of hie tour in Cana da, and that to day he is on his way to Detroit. Hie movem ents hare been ?imilar to those before frequently wle*crihed, con*isting of visits among the school children. Inn- he*, reception*, a ball, inauguration of pnblk work*. Ac., Ac. A meeting Of the Council had been convened, and important change- in the < anadian Ministry foreshadowed, the w U ale being the result of lite recent troubles ?mony, the Orangemen. Beveral prominent South t? n g'.Mitiemen in this city have addre-acd a letter to the Prince, throngh I.ord l.yona. formally invi ting hint to visit the South, that he may la person Jodge of the social condition and agricultural pros perity of that region. The Commissioners of Emigration received a Communication yesterday from the counsel of the Hoard, citing the State law on the subject of the authority claimed by Dr. Jerome of gri ing permits to parties entering the Quarantine ground*. He itnted hie opinion to be that, according to a de cision of Judge Leonard, of the Supreme Court, th# resident physician of the Mtrine Hospital k obliged to obey the directions of the Board, and that he wonld therefore recommend them to adopt ? resolution prohibiting the Doctor to grant per anita in future if they desire to deprive him of the power which he now exercises in this particular, and to hare a copy of the resolution sent to Dr. Jerome. The Board acted in accordance with the suggestions of the counsel, after which they dk posed of the ordinary busineaa of the week and adjourned. The number of emigrante landed here last week wae 2,635. which bring* up the number for the year ao far to 77.M6. The balance of the Commutation money at pre?ent k 112,*2* 31. The Board of Education flailed to muster a quo Com last evening, and therefore their periodical Marion did not take place. The beef cattle market was considerably excited yesterday, and pticea took a wide range. The hulk of the offeriagi were poor and hardofaale, white prime were in demand and brought 9|?. a lOe. per pound. MHck cows were plenty and doll. Teste were in request at previews prices. Bheep and lambs were in large supply, and fcc. a |<K. pec bead lower. Bwtnt were steady. Ike total receipt*. including tboie at Bergen Hill, were 6.360 beeves, 1ST cowa, 6>l veala, 17,379 sheep a!id lambs and 4.414 swine. Tbe roitna market was Arm and more active yesterday The sales embraced between 1,600 and t!>00 balaa. closing still on the baa la of 10'je. for middling uplands, and lie for Florida middling, and at 11 l;o. for Now Orleans and Ti'ias middling. Tbe Europe's news bad a depressing eff-ct on tbe mar ket for bread still*. 7 lourjagain fell oft 5c. to 10c. per barrel, and wheat, from lc. |to 2c. per bushel,| ow ing to a good local and Eastern demand. Corn remained about tbe same, though closing dull. The decline in flour and wbrat in this market, for tbe week extending from tbe 12ih to tbe 101b Inst , (to day,) may be seen from tbe tollowing table :? mire* Or rioi'it. Super!! ee Stale ItUrs Nude t-uaerfloe Western . Common lo choice West ern extra Ft I-otils extra.. Mixed to atridsht Southern S might lo good r vlra do Choice extra family Sj>' 12. I ,W 19. n< IS TO a H H0||S 20 a V 30 50r I 6 (10 a 6 10, ??0 a r> SS sue a ISr. C 75 a 5 SO! S 20 a ? 30'!0c. ? 66e e 00 a 7 ool 5 to a 5 7'.! lis. > 60c. 6 25 a 7 001 5 ',10 a G76|25c a ItSr 6 10a 6 SO' A 71 a 6(*>.?c.a3^. 6 55 a 7 SO) 6 10 a 7 50.25c. 7 ?Ja 8 7ii 7 3d a 8 7i|Unchag-d The preaent decline baa bean on abipping brands of State and Western. rmct' or wusat 17. I Si>' 19 It 26 all nil Wall 21 1 Sua 1 3S| 1 It a lis I 30 a ? I 22 a 1 23 1 .15 a I 36 1 27 a 1 2" 1 58 a 1 40i 1 29 a 1 30 Chiragospring, No \... Do. No. 2 .. Milwaukee rlub Red Wastern Amber colored Weateru Fair and prime white Ohio and Indiana Kent-; ky ? lute, rbntre Muh'ran white choice I 46a 1 50 I 50a 1 60 1 46a 100 1 3144 a 1 40 1 SO a 1 55 1 40a 1 53 Offline. 6* 6c a 10c. 7o a Hi 7e. a 8c. ?c. a I0c. 10c a 13'lc 5c. a 6j. 6c. a 10. The private despatches received from Halifax by the Europe, to bouses in New York, were discouraging. We were 6hown tbe following despatch, received by a large bouse engaged in tbe Liverpool and (.lasgow grain trade In this city:? Livkbpool, Sept. S, 1560 Weather fine. Market very much depreswd. f ate ad vance all lest. Chicago No. 1 sprlug, 103. 101 per cental. Club wheat, lis. St. t tour, 27s Od. Corn, 8Cs. fll per quarter. The Weatcrn people, elated by tbe flrst good crop of two years, have, many or them, run Into wild speculation. Farmers have borrowed moiey on their crops to meet Interest ou their indebted ness. A large proportion of tbe farms in Illinois, Wis cocsin, towa and Minnesota are bell under bond and mortgage. 8bould breads! uU meet with much further decline, tbe traders and speculators in the Weet will be thrown back to where they were in 1557. lathe mean time, tbe Western banks, which have fed this specula tion, will be likoly to Buffer, and tbeir difficulties may In thai event react upon our institutions at the East. A single large Western firm, baviug exteusive connections iu the Western cities, wat named to us as having shipped to th's market, mainly ou speculation, 59,000 barrels of flour. Our traders and speculators,Infected by tbe West ern fever, have shipped large quantities of whest, under advanocs, to England, on speculation, est.mated within two uieutbs to have reached not lets than one million to one and a half millions of bushels. This bss been done under the Influence of an easy money market, and liberal loan* on tbe part of the banks. A merchant who came out In tbe last Liverpool steamer to this port stated on 'Change yesterday that the two days' floe wea ther experienced before he left had produced a decided change for tbe belter In the appearanoe of tbe crops, and that, from all that bo could learn, he considered they would fall but little below an average yield, espe cially should tbe favorable weather continue for some days longer; nevertheless he thought that Europe would require considerable supplies from this country Is the course of the year, but at a low range o* prices. Pork ws without change of moment, with sales of mass at $19 00 a $19 26. and new prime at $14 a $14 26. Bugars were in steady demand at full prices, with sales of 1.200 hbdf , 1,760 bags and about 1,200 boxes, with S76 hhda. melado, at rates given in another column. Ooffee was Arm, bnt quiet. Freights were la fair demand, and rates steady for Liverpool and quite firm for London and Havre. The Great RepsWIcai Programme ot Aaieultea Cor the EiUoctlet of Somth* orn Slavery. A brief but pregnant telegraphic report of the speech of Senator Seward at St Paul, on Tuesday last, is the commanding feature of our news column this morning: for here we hare the grand comprehensive future of the ropubli can parlj chalked out by its founder and its authoritative apostle. Our intelligent reporter informs us that this speech of Mr. Seward, in the chief city of Min nesota. la "the great speech of the campaign," and we are prepared to accept his opinion, from the fact that Mr. Seward here discloses the policy by which his "irrepressible conflict" between the North and South, between free white labor and black slave labor, may be brought to a speedy decision. We refer, of course, to his grand republican programme of annexe tion. Upon this point his speech may be lite rally translated? No pool up I'llca contracts our powers, For tbe whole bonndleea Continent is ours. Be anticipates the acquisition of British Ame Hca. Russian America and Spanish America, and believes that "the man U born who . will live to see tbe American people coming to , tbe harmonious understanding that this is a land of freedom and freemen, and that it is the land of the white man. and that what ever elements there are to disturb its present peace will before long pass away without en dangering this great Union.'' And why ahotild he not anticipate these things, wiih the events and the circumstances by which he is sur rounded? Be Is full of enthusiasm in view of the triumph of the republican party In November. In bis contemplations of this triumph he has become inspired, and has put on the prophet's mantle. Thus inspired and thus assured, he tells ns that "slavery Is to-day not only power less, but without influence in tbe republic.*' lie is sure that a republican administration is near at band - an administration which will be signalized by the admission of the new free and anti slavery States of Kansas. Nebraska, Idaho, Chippewa, Jefferson. Nevada. Washing ton and Arizona, whereby there will be the overwhelming array of twenty six free States against fifteen slave States, or a Northern ma jority of twenty-two in the federal Senate. This is no idle dream. Kansas. Nebraska and Washington ore ready now to be admitted as free States, and tbe bills for tbe organization of tbe other five Territories, with the exclusion of slavery, are lying npon the tables of Con gress. Granting that Mr. Lincoln will be elected, with a republican Congress to back him, all these Territories will be admitted as free States before the end of his administra tion. Thus, with twenty six free States. Including nil the aforeeaid new States, republicaoized under the administration creating them, what is there to prevent Mr. Seward's election in l?6t. and the practical beginning, under his own official direction in lff>5. of his grand continental scheme of annexation for the quiet suffocation of Southern slavery? This is the latest interpre tation of hi* original idea of peaceably making ail the slave State* free States that has yet been given to the world. With twenty-six free States against fifteen slave States, and with three or four of these fifteen sloughing off their pecu liar institution, tbe South will be reduced to complete submission, for resistance will be worse than useless. What, then, will be the refuge of Southern slavery, with tbe Increased Northern abolition pressure of eight or ten new States from the British North American pro vinces* Nor is this scheme of annexation a mere delu sion. To be ours tbe progreee of the 1'riace of Wales throttgh said provinces hat been a con tiguous succesMoa of the bus*. sali-aiaiU*hllj lwyal oiaanfestation* of a loyal people with which any prince, in modern or ancient timea, baa ever been welcomed from place to place. But notwithstanding all this, even the London journalists have discovered that the great under lying idea of '-manifest destiny" among these loyal royal people, of the Canada* especially, in their ultimate annexation to these United State*. The opportunity, the me ioa and the will for thia may alio come sooner tha.i we are now prepared to anticipate; fordo we not live in an age of the moat surprising transforma tions from monarchical to popular institutions'. But it is enough for our pre-ent pur pose's that Mr. Seward'- '-one ilea'' of the peaceable extinction of slavery in the United States has now received a new in terpretation. The work is to be done by an overwhelming Northern accumulation of poli tical power; and the eight new free States to be ddded to the Union under Lincoln's adminis tration will be the prelude to this free conti. neutal programme of Mr. Seward. Spanish America will do for our ' free colored Ameri cans" of the North who may prefer a warmer climate, and for the surplus black population of the slave States as they emerge into the pha lanx of freedom. This whole scheme of Mr. Seward is consistent in all its part- with the broadest statesmanship of au anti-slavery en thusiast. But the material point hi this continental plan of freedom is here. Thi.- new epoch of universal liberty begins with the election of Mr. Lincoln as our uext President. Alter his election, should the Southern States agree to '?wait a little longer " the Lf?ue oi revolution, the programme ol Mr. Seward will soon be on the highway to fulfilment. But hero lies the point of danger. Against Mr. Seward's scheme of an all-absorbing Northern free labor confe deracy, there la a widely entertained Southern scheme of an independent slave lab ir confede racy, looking to the absorption of Spanish North America and the West India Islands as it* means of protection, military and commer cial, against the North. The election of Mr. Lincoln, then, will inau gurate a revolution and a new epoch in the history of thL- country and this continent. It will pructically decide the question of peace or war, union or disunion, between a universal free labor confederacy and an independent slave labor confederacy: and thus for the pre sent we leave the subject to the consideration of our commercial interests of New York, who bold in this momentous contest the balance of power in their hands. The Prtxce of Wales axd hie Cotton States.?We print elsewhere some very inte resting correspondence between the British Minister and a number of Southern citizens now, or recently, sojourning in the metropolis, and representing South Carolina, Georgia, Ala bama. Mississippi, Tennessee, Lou'siana, Texas and Arkansas, all great planting States. The letter to Lord Lyons?written, we presume, by Mr. Hilliard. of Alabama?is exceedingly well done. It sets forth the fact that the real condi tion of the cotton States Is a matter of the first Importance to the English people, who owe much of their wealth and prosperity to the bountiful supply of the great Southern staple VUch Uiey receive from us. and that the truth as to the working" of the peculiar institutions of the South can only be learned by personal Inspection of the system In the States where it can be found in its normal condition, in s "great planting region inhabited by gentlemen who own the soil and laborers who cultivate it." There is no doubt that the Prince and hi* suits would obtain much valuable information in a tour through the Gulf States, and the clrcum stunce that such a journey cannot be underta ken by the distinguished party is much to be regretted. Lord Lyons states. In his very courteous reply to the Southern Invitation, that the Trlnoe may find time to go to Richmond, but cannot proceed south of that point He can find, to be sure, some large tobacco planta tion* and manufactories near Richmond, and I see the working of the patriarchal system of [ lab r therein; but such things are managed in the border States upon a comparatively small scale. There is in England, as well as In the United States, a very large number of intelli gent persons who have derived a wrong im pression of the atate of things in the South, and continue in the error of their ways chiefly through ignorance, and it would be a good thing for all parties if the truth of the matter could be proclaimed by some unprejudiced persons. Under these circumstances, the Prince's Southern tour, had he had time to make one. would hare been one of the most interesting events in his visit to America. As i it is. however, the mountain will not come to Mahomet; so Mahomst must needs go to the mountain: and we recommend our Southern friends to pay their dewlrs to the Prince in the metropolis. Act xv Yachting.?We have heard nothing of late of the autumn cruise of the Mew York Yacht Club, and as the season is close upon us, "if 'twere done, 'twere well twere done quick ly." It is true this fall campaign of the club was inaugurated only last year: but It was then so successful, and afforded so much satisfaction to all who engaged in It. that we suppoeed it to be the general desire that It should be made a permanent institution. Of courts it is not ex pected that the yachtsmen will encounter, at this season of the year, all the delightful asso ciations of the watering places, for these will soon bo deserted: but they will enjoy what is more healthy. Invigorating and bensfl ciaU-the bracing breezes of October, and plenty of them, cool days and pleasant nights, and. in a word, be afforded aa opportunity of testing their own seamanship and the seagoing qualities of their respective craft in a manner they are only occasionally | able to do among the Sitting zephyrs of spring or summer. Autumn is also mors preferable than any other time in the year for those brll* Hant contests that have marked the history of the club, and which, notwithstanding the brief existence of the organization, have given It a world wide renown as the centre of the fastest sailing yachts that at present float npon the waters of the globe. Aside from the benefit and recreation resulting from an ocean sail of two or three weeks, the fact that It keeps alive the spirit of the sport ought to be a sufficient Inducement to the owners of our handsome i yachts to turn out strong upon aa autumn cruise. We are quite sure, (lorn what Is el- j ready known of the stirring energy ef these gentlemen, that it only requires some oae to mere first to bring about another of those agreeable reunions which all who hare parti cipa'.*d u 19 weU reneabe;. Tli* 8Ui dard of Our CM(rtMioul Ke priiinrtiTN and the Ongtlup Palltl claia. Any person who baa taken the trouble to read the list of names that haa been classed among the aspirants for legislative and Con gressional Dominations must have become con vinced that the standard of our representatives, both at Albany and Washington, is rapidly de seen ding from the scale that was once consi dered necessary for men occupying such im portant positions. So great has been this change that the class who really ought to be placed in those offices no loader consider it in honor to occupy a seat eveu hi our national legislative halls. The cause of this deprecia tion in the calibre of men who seek those posi tions is easily accounted for. and is traceable to our corrupt party organizations and the trading professional barroom politicians. It has been brought about through the buying and selling of the grogshop confederacies, who control the primary meetings of our several parties and Becure the nomination of their fa vorites for Aldermen, members of Assembly and Congress. The most busy set of men in our metropolis just now are unquestionably these pothouse politicians, who are at present laboring with great zeal to secure the nomination of a set of men who represent their order of mankind for all the offices to be Oiled at the nest general election. Their movements, however, would not be worthy of notice or even a parsing comment were it not for the humiliating fact that they have, through the apathy of our taxpayers, become our governing class. All of our political parties and organi zations have a combination of this bartering and mercenary set of men in the several wards, who are constantly seen hanging around our saloons and brothels?men who have no honest calling, but regular political shysters, living upon the pillage of their associates in office, yet controlling the several party nominations. These men meet and dispose of the several can didates and offices to be filled, with as much ease as a drover sells his stock at the Bull's Head. Our business men have so long silently submitted to the control of this venal class that it has become almost impossible to get an In telligent and worthy representative in oar legislative chambers, either State or national. Under the buying and selling of these cabals, the commercial city of the nation is in a fair way of sending to the next Congress third and fourth rate men. who, when there, will be simply the mouthpieces of the cliques that placed them in nomination, instead of men pos sessing the qualities of statesmen, who are able to cope with the post gifted in our Congrcs* eional bulls. Tbis black picture is applicable to both Tam many and Mozart, as well as the republicans. Each of those organizations is cursed with this league, coiling like a boa constrictor around its ritals. which neither has the moral strength to shake off. Their special field of operation is at the primary meetings, where they join hands to prevent the men not of their own way of think ing from receiving the nomination. Men of the ability and statesmanlike qualities of Hon. John Cochrane are their special marks, as is plainly to be seen by the great effort that is being made by the cliques In the district which he repre scntc to prevent his fd-?i*ciion. The machinery of the primary meetings is n*>d? use of in all its various ramifications to strike doWn honest and upright men. and for the elevation of their own colleagues ; when once nominated they raise the cry of regular party nominations, and thus wheedle our business men into voting Jbr them. They are first seen laboring to secure their election to the Board of Councilmen or Board of Aldermen, positions which they have neither the natural talent nor education to fill. This point gained, through their piratical schemes and raid npon the rights of the property holders, they become comparatively wealthy in an amazingly short time, and the next that we hear of them they are candidates for Congressional honors? being desirous to have the word Honorable prefixed to their dishonorable names. A dozen or more of these ex Aldermen, who have been quartered at the City Hall until they have grown fat out of the spoils, and have been a disgrace and an eyesore to the city, are now seeking the positions of Congress men. backed by these buying and soiling alli ances in their several districts. As humiliating as these facts are. it cannot be denied that we art being governed by tbis low order of politicians; not, however, by any pecu liar strength of their own, but through the inacti vity of our better class of inhabitants. Through their influence our representatives In Congress are fast sinking to the standard of our Com mon Council, which has been so long the stand ing disgrace of our city. The taxpayers have It in their power to change this order of thinga Let them repudiate the nominations emanating from these corrupt sources, bring oat their inde pendent candidates, throw off the thraldom that now rests upon them, and pat an end to the barroom nominations. There are plenty of men worthy, able and willing to represent this city. If they can do It without descending Into the cesspool of the grogshop politicians who control the party nominations on all aides. New Tork, as the principal commercial city of the Western Continent, leading all others in wealth and Intelligence, should have represen tatives in Congress who possess that ordsr of talent which will enable them to take a position in oar national councils worthy of the first city in the Union, and one that will command the respect and importance which the commercial capital of the nation is entitled to. Let none be sent to Washington bat those who are quali fied to represent New York in her greatness, wealth, energy and intelligence. Txi ELvoi :sn Caow?Yxlce or Ove Wee* or Siash-nk.?During the last month ot six weeks great apprebeasions of a famine have been felt in England, the weather having been excessively wet Shortsighted specula tors (A this side of the Atlantic were rubbing their hands with glee over this prospect?a very bad one for all parties?but they received a sud den check by the latest account!, fepm which we learn that a week of bright weather had each a fine effect upon tie growing erops that they wil come nearly up to the avesage yield. The momentary panic in England is important 1. more ways than osw. aad it is another proof tf ja the demand for food by the dense population o Great Britain is so near !o the ? pply that i few days of sunshine make the moet eronnou> difference in the state of the market. Now th> population of the British euplr - Increases idly, aad the production does tot keep pajo with tbe cooturuptioo, so that our English cousins must look to us for their grain, m well as their cottoa aod tobacco. The de mand, however, will not be a fluctuating one, but regular and ateady ; and while we have constantly Increasing crops, there will be no difficulty in the way of our feeding all Eu rope at fair prices. California alone can raise wheat enough to make up any deficiency In England. So our farmers and grain dealers must be satisfied with a moderately active market and fair prices, but no forestalling or speculating in famine. The day for that sort of thing has departed, never, we believe, to re turn. Tbe EaS of WsUur-PhaM or Klllbwe terleaa In Amtrlaa and Ewropr. The execution*of Walker, which we presume may be accepted as a thing that has occurred, marks the end of one era in filibuaterism and prepares the way for another, which, from pre sent appearances, will not be very long In developing itself. The movement that has received on this con tinent the name of fllibusterism, is one of the phases of the popular effervescence that cha racterizes the middle period ef the nineteenth century, and, though looked upon by the super ficial observer as having been a failure, it has produced remarkable results already, and is destined to work still greater changes. The origin of American fllibusterism iu the present era properly belongs to the efforts that were initiated some fifteen yeata since by the Cu bans to throw off their colonial dependence on Spain. The flight of Lopez from Cuba to this country in 16 IS marks the ini tiation of the movement here. Pleading tbe cause of a people striving for independence, Lopez found among us ready listeners and many sympathizers, and the years 1850 and 1851 record his two unsuccessful ex peditions, and death upon a scaffold in Havana, ilia execution delayed for a while the move ment, but did not kill it, and the steps that were taken soon after by the Spanish govern ment to initiate a system intended to end in the abolition of slavery in Cuba led the people of that island to look again for assistance from those who, in this country, sympathize with them. Iu the year 1864 a formidable expedition was organized in the Southern States, under the lead of the late General Quitman. A variety of circumstances combined to prevent its de parture from our shores, and Quitman eventu ally resigned into the hands of the Cubans again the powers which had been conferred upon him by the Junta and numerous revolu- | tionary clubs In that Island. His resignation marks the close of the first era of modern Ame rican ftlibusterism. Although it produced no ostensible results, its effects npon the system of colonial government in Cuba were great and palpable. For a time at least the home government has abandoned the policy of abolishing slavery In the Island, and has ma-1 torially softened the character of its rule. It has, In fact, been brought to the verge of grant ing to the Cubans representation in the Cortes? a in direct opposition to the Tacon policy of government In Cuba, which was the true progenitor of Cuban filibusterlsm. The disbanding of the Quitman organization left the active elements of fllibuaterism without a field, and prepared the way for Walker, who came forward in lbW as a leader. The magni tude of the resources which his appearance In Nicaragua called Into active play awakened the attention of the world and alarmed the oabiueis of Europe. But Walker had not the genius to perceive nor the wisdom to combine the vast intellectual and material elements that sponta neously offered themselves to his guidance. Non* of the leaders in the old school of Quitman filibuster* joined him, for they soon saw that be tween Walker and themselves there were Im mense differences in aim and in policy. The strong native p.vty in the country that had at first acceptad him MI away from him. The moneyed Interests herr that had supported hum tired of his mistakes and Mt him. The popular element that followed him felt the effects of his errors, and rapidly dwindled down to a small band of adventurous and brave spirits, with no thing to lose and everything to gain, and the governments found him, thus Abandoned, an easy object to deal with. Ills recent expeditions have been petty affair*, and hie fate will awaken little sympathy anywhere. Thus closes the second era of Americas All buster ram. and its end here Is marked by its up rising In Europe. The movement of Garibaldi from Sardinia upon Sicily has all the character istics that marked the ilibusterism of Lopez and Quitman, with this Important difference, that beta Lopez and Quitman were discountenanced ?ni< opposed by a timid policy on the part of the Cabinet at Washington, while Garibaldi is countenanced and supported by half the Cabinets of Europe, the other half being prevented from armed Intervention against him. tinder such circumstances, Euro pean fllibuaterism b In the full tide of sucoess. and will give the finishing stroke to the proclaimed policy of Louis Napo leon, that "Italy moat be free from the Alps to the Adriatic.'' In the meaatlm-- American flli busterism sleeps, and It b net at all strange that some portion of lb eiemenb should fiod em ployment In Italy. We have seen that enter prising purveyors of ships and munitions, as piring soldiers and surgeons, and adventurous splrib of various kinds, have crossed the ocean from here to join the European filibuster Gar! baldl. While thb b going on In the Old World, cir cu instances are combining here to develop# the third era of American filibusterlsm. The re moval of Walker leaves the field open for a new leadership, of a higher and more states manlike character, and evenb are preparing the eiemenb f or the hand of some coming man. Mexico b drf/pplng to pleoes; Spain b agitating the politicseiemenb In the countries south of ue to fiirt'jher views?taking furtive posses sion of dt Domingo, planning *? expedition a gains' Vera Cruz; the Panama Isthmus b drop ping 'iway from the confederation of New Ora nadr, and our Pacific empire b striding rapidly to* sards Lower California and Sooora. At hom? o ar mercurial splrib are now busy with a Pre sidential canvass ; but that will soon be over, and then K will be strange Indeed If. out of the numerous eiemenb that exist, a new germ of filibuster enterprise doss not spring up. In such an event it can have but one final object, no matter what phase its first appearance may take. Spain b the Austria of America?the Bourbons that hold her throne are counterparb of the Hapsburgs; Mexico and Cuba are our Italy snd Sicily, and an American Garibaldi Is ail that b needed to Initiate the thlfd era Of AmeiUaa Aiiburierbm. Wall t?tr?et aa4 the tilgBi ?f th? Tl?? Wall street, for some mouths, has bet in ft state of unusual excitement. Fro tbe moment when it became evidei that the Western crops would prove success?a great yield?railroad securiti began to advance, and they have continue to do so from that day to this. It is an ad van in anticipation of results. Ihe grain is to 1 carried over the railroads?the railroads are move it at a proit?the profit is to be distribi ed in dividends?hence the stocks rise one, te three, four, yes, five hundred per cent! Don also rise in the same ratio?rise until they rea prices even beyond those at which they we originally sold in the New York market yet ago. The rise in kind of material is ful equal to fifty millions of dollars in six montl Our readers will not credit this, and yet it u truth susceptible of ample proof. Many thin have added to produce this great advance prices. It began when the banks were load with the surplus capital of a suspended co merce, and this capital was freely and gla?i loaned at low rates of interest, and these stoc taken as collateral seourity. The banks ha continued to grant the same facilities up to t date, but they are charging more for thek n ney. Through these means the banks hare bq able to keep up their loan line to $130,000,000 a sum beyond their ability to maintain, a si never approached but once before. They did this at a time when, by coma consent, the merchant and the trader stood st ' The banks did this large business in a speculati direction, when nothing of a legitimate charac could be found to employ their resources Tbey dashed into the illegitimate method making money?became banks of hazard?a were open to every passer-by who chose to try hand or take a chance in the game. The red is before the country: a surging sea of apecu tion in railroad securities?an advance of fr one to five hundred per ceut within months?prices still upon the top of the wan and all the speculative appliances daily brou to bear upon the market to keep up the citement In tbe published accounts of the singular pi perity which has fallen so bountifully on r road property in so short a time, we see noth but the most glowing drapery?"receipts o last year.'' No allusion to the character of < eventful year; ao reference to expenses, wh from a dark necessity, must be greater t ever before; nothing but "receipts over! year." Perhaps such has been the Imprt moot in both the morals and the managemen our railroad men that there are no expei any more in running a road; the receipts i be all profit. No other hypotheeia can exp the infatuation of the present hour. There is. however, a change In the mo market, and a growing change in the feelj of the community in relation to other mat! which may at an early day teat the strei and power of this extraordinary specula structure. It cannot be denied that it has t thus far purely speculative. There have t no permanent investments made. On the i trary, the quiet and thoughtful man, who lived through the past few years with his tificates in his pocketbook, has taken his mo '.?? h!" shares and bonds in the hand the Wall street men, as the sequel will shot This change in the money market is cat by the demands of commerce. The West quires capital to move its crop, the impoi to pay for their goods. The natural deman a reviving trade must be met; hence, seven oent instead of four; benoe, twelve per i instead of seven ere long; a decline in pri and the usual Wall street liquidation is midst of panic and disorder. There is method of averting this calamity. It is logical sequence of tbe folly of tbe past ?oaths. If. superadded to Um change in the pric money, the public mind ahould receive the preeaion that the inetttutions of the cou were about to be tried aa they never be hare been, and that thia trial Ike with short sixty days of the present hour, hazarding but little to declare that there I fflkirtai day of reckoning ahead. And wfa not this trial to be made 7 We hare lab most industriously to show, for a long past. Itf what way alone it could be are, The signs of the times point iinmistakeabl a cloudy a*?d unsettled future. lie aloe wise who loo.1? the coming changes in the and prepares to' meet them. It is not the S< alone that is cabled upon to put its houa order. Tar Attttids or tsi Tami.vx avn ino Post and Sexiroir 6kwa*d.?Ther no better evidence of thw existence of "impending crisis," a wan'are of races the republican party, than the present atti of the two leading organs of that party in city?the Ti^rnr and the Eve fu f Pott. T two journals, so long acrustomed to s.ng song of regular party nominations. hart seems, become disgusted with the dunces doings gssieraily of a portion of their seaocii rind hare, of late, fallen into the babit of i ing out la meeting. Tbey oe longer try to guise the fact that at leash n portion of party is corrupt and retten to the very c but, on the other band, admit that the party been nodes the control of designing men, need for mereenary purposes. From their | sent oourre w? are led to infer that tbey 1 undertaken the Herculean teak of cleaning Augean stable, so long occupied by Weed bis kinsman. These attacks, however, bare another a more signiAcsuBt I .earing. Whilst point! ng I batteries against the members found voting i the peculating cabals of the last remark Legislature, as well as the chief of the Alb lobby, tbey art, in reality, striking at Sew Those pai ties who were engaged in the pillai crusade are the pefr and special patrons of sags of Anburn. from Weed down. They the men upon whom be relies for assists wbenerer be desires political advancement was this clam that Greeley encountered at < csgo. and. marching forth like David going meet Goliab. be routed be whole army wi pebble stone and his sling. 8bould Seward sire a re-election to the United States Sen he will look to the very persons at whom 7Wbvnt and the Pott are pointing their g to accomplish it Under the cry of oorrnption they are. tb fore, carrying on a contest of more signiflci than moot people Imagine. Old scores are from being settled, and if Weed should U that hi, McQuades. bin Millers, his Mowl and Crocker" of tbe last Legislature shall returned, the fith of November may again Greeley a conqueror Md ieaatoi Sewvibu