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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES t. O II 1> O X BE\>KTT, E1>U?>K AND PRUfBIETflK. erC'.CK N. W. COUNk.lt Ok FULTON I.N? NASSAU si's". Voluini :,fi' AMUSEMENTS Tills EVENING. MBIjO'S C.AKPFV Broadway -T.Ik Ulajiaio WINTER OAHPEX. Broadway, opposite Boat atrcr' - it.r V AH U I.NKIt - ' 'ovituvi <-*- "" BoWFPY THEATRE, Bowery?5#ai-di*o A Ro,ctt't Xul K?TIUA* TkOlTa?MONSTt* Ol Si. Uicuaku V. u.I.ACK'S THEATRE. Broadway ?Fait \I < v>? . . O. v* Tiha. I.AREA KEEXK'R THEATRE, No. ?l Broad cy. . ht ah Mtnu. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bo very.?P?,t*au vi. ri8>?I.AriTTk BARN UK'S AMERICAN M' SKI M. Broa bvay.?I?sr a ; i Fvruing Tut SkA or lea?Ar.rr.c v hilhio n? Lifii1, t i,.: (>>1T1HA, AC. BRYANTS' MIKBTRKI.H, >!? 'iahoC Hall 47.' HnO way.?Bvui-ksuuits, Sohoa, Dj.ickv Ac.?Jack Lax HOOT.ET A CAMPBEIJ.'S MiV-TRELH. Nlb.o'v-'.v 11. Fr,>*dwa .--KTiitorfcAH Honi.s, Dvmcks, Bublijucjs, A' ? Hirer Nk? Ybak. CANTERHI K* MUNIC HALL. 66 S. ?? livay.?Sovuv, It.Hlkl BCHL'.Sfttrs, AC. VELOI'LoN, No. A'A Br1*' .-v. Soko*. Danci", Btra I ??40k*. Ac. Tin Tank e'rulnv, Brrrubrr MB, lHttO. The !><??? The to ox t intense excitement e\ -ted yesterday t roughout the country, i aimed by intelligence f.om Cl':ir!f ston that Major Amlt rson, the com iDAiidt i of tin fortification- in tin harbor ol thai t ty, h iil abandoned F'.rt Moultrie and occupied 1 ort Sumptcr-a more formidable position. Be fore leai tig the fort ho -]<ik? d the gun* and burn i 1 the gun larriages. Captain Foster and u fl-nr men v eio !.-ft in charge of tin- work*. When tlm -.o'tion 11 Major \iuler--oii became known in l harlc-ton, the eNi iti inont via-, intense. S v. ral military companies w> m ordi red out, and it i- re ported that military eor| . j oin the interior have lo-en ordered to Churl ton. On the receipt of the new* in Washingti n the Pi evident called the Citbi net togetlu r for deliberation. I'p to ten o'elock la ' night, however, the government had received no official information on the Mibject, and rouse latently < ould not act. It r- supposed thai roui ni'inieation between Major kndersnn and the capi tal tiu b? en cut nil'. The South Carolina Commis sioners to Washington were higlily indiguant when they he aid if the abundoiuuent of the fort, regard ing it ao a violation of certain pledgee alleged to have been given by the admini .trillion, and a- an o\ t rt act of w ar. Both houses of Congress were in session ye -t? r day. In the Senate a bill to provide for the Terri torial government of Ari/.oua was taken up. Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, moved as an addition to the bill that the act of the legislature of New Mexico for the protection a* slave property be in force iu .Arizona. Mr. Trumbull, of Illinois, moved as nu Amendment that the Mexican law iu force at the time of annexation remain in force t . Vienna becomes a state. Mr. Doolitile, of v. j onsiu, took the floor and delivered a -j ???h on the present troubles of the country. M?-*r*. 'Brown and Clrcen ol o took part iu the discus eion. Adjourned till Monda.v. In the House, Air. Stevens, the delegate from Washington Territory, ruSed a question of pri? il-ge in relation to a chsrge in a Boston paper connecting the Breckinridge National Committee with the recent frauds on the Interior Itepartmeut. He repelled tlie slander with considerable warmth: but us the II'iiWT luis di ? ided that new-paper arti' 1 ?? nr,. not piivih gfJ question*, in action * a- tuh< n on the subject, tin motion of Mr. Morris, chairman of the select committee to Investigate in reference to the Interim Department robbery, said committee vs - allowed to sit during the sittings of the House, either in Washington or el?ewher<, aiuLto t mploy a stenographer. In committee the Indian Appro p'iation bill was taken up; but as there was no jTot .in present the House adjourned till Muii lay. i In steamship City of Manchester, from Liver pool on the 12th and t^ucenatown on the 13tli inst., at rived at t! - port early yesb rdi.y muning. Her a vice arc anticipated. The miiils by the Canada, which arrived St Bo ? u on Wednesday evening, rra. h>d this city yes terday morning, placing us i? pot -i<?u of Knro . ? an 'ilfs to t' e loth inst. i\f i.Mi !i ilii- ni- rtiiii;.-a very insert?tinjr ic <?< ut ? f the I'tni* ol l\L ?. nud the ??> king of t ?? Kin,-* r??r"- | .?L?ce, bjr vhkk it will be seen ' .* the \Mie? obtained a Ijr.-i amount ol spoil, tin llou- h.trc idling to th> I'rrach. The par i. tl?i? of the t iptnre and ti? it meat of th-- tt> e 1'nglUh "fli ? i- and the Load >n 2Tn<e? con -j??n ?teat will he read with latere-*. In coiix qiHitta of fie i>r<--ure upon our co lumn this morning. we an- compelled in omit e-.reral iut* r< *ting <!? -jut" be* from ourcon *pam> m the priii pal ritit? of Kurop . Flam vh. m w- hail, that th great l'u*? r* or- ac? vcly pH paring for a "(niggle in th- prin ?. t<> V in m U ir?t> ll>y< aribaldi' preaai ed attack on V, io ta. Onr Staph i com "poit#--ut Mate* thai the r n lo-mry a?ov< in> ut was oa th? iucr--a?. au<i that i? -.-rl-.u- rapt alt bt-tw en the (lariLttl.??? ant tlie Hanliuian sttth>-riii<- ?o lmniin< nt. The Lngli-h pr? eoutinn- to dbcu?- til i ??m yiwiiaa. ?>< we glee this mar nlag the fe ???nt effusion* of the l.on l??ti journals upon that ? x- ! < a.ng topic, l ie cotiiuo rcial ueara i? not import- ! ant. the main points hat ing already been fiw u. , The < orom r - inept- -t on the killing of I'atri- k o'?i! I>y I.o*ii? Bareh, at Williamsburg, on? hrUt* 1 inaa day. was coaclade.i yesterday. The prim ipal irltne*.* w.t* the father of th' an used, who po*l lively te-'igi d to the eta biting of O'Ncil by hi- -on 1 !i? prisoner waa committed on the verdl t to 1 wait the action of the Crand Janr. The Commissioner* of Public t'hsritic- and Cor irction hare adopted a n-w ay-tern of iinpenaing relief to the outdoor poor. Tbe applicant ia given a paper with all tbe nana! question* print- <1 on it. ?hicbi-to Ik- returned with the necc- iry an ?? ?er*. If tV-e are found Mtiafactory. npon the ' sit ? f 'he ?vaniincr, tin relief i? handed to the np j-.i ant. \. the nntnber of applicant* for relief at the ofll c f the Commissioner* I* vi ry considerable thia arnaoti. the regulation -nv<-s much labor, time and Iron hie. The numb* r of per?on? under the ? are of the Commissioner* of rbnritie* and Cor rection at preaeat ia a,2aw~?B lac ream of within a week. The number admitted to th* j ubm institutions doling the p*-t w.. k wa- l,bi-, and thoae di-charged, transferred w d- -i-i?ed in the ?an?e period nnmbered 1,7f?t. The Board of Aldermen held their regult aion at the tumal hour yeaterday afternoon. Co t id- table di?eu?*ion took place a* to tke coo-liti i ?.f tfcr cHy road* and the-um^f money appro Plated Ibr their repair. A communication wa? i.celeed from the t'omptrollor, Wfoatlag the tn- i?fer of er rtain ftaad*. amounting to the ?nm of tMfim, to *ohic oth r account* whoae appro 2 riation? have h-cn - eh*u?t<-d. Referred to the CotnroMtee on Tinonee. a proposition from ttie fowneitmrn to prornn ? n--w- artlagi-for ll-i No 1.*a? ?gr->d to It wa? a?reed that two lamp* be placed ia front of th* fWman Lutheran < hurch. A qn ?tion then arow a* to tbe neceulty for attending the tim<- for building ? new ?tation house; bat in the mid?t ?<f the dl*cu*aion Ald? rro.m Brady made ? motion to adjourn, which wa* car ried. It b understood that tbe Japanese Mil ye* terday received tbe signature of acting Mayor Poeb, Mayor Worn! being absent at the time. The Board stand* adi- urned to Monday nett. The Board of Couneftiwen were In aoaaion !a?t ' wh<-- t ner sen? in a ( ?' * * I ........ 'n xfi i i, ',? v? .quart union to * i !, and t) it the paik t hi opened to the publie nb< it the .-t of June. The' Corporation CmbhI, ;n re '?iv to a resolution of inquiry, stated that tin Kiro ( onuui-sinners had not the power to cii.s l?aiiu a company, but that they could expel ind - i Maal rceuibera. The Board concurred with the tide, ii i n in refusing to ratify the decision ol the I o ? oiuinige otters disbanding engine companies No*. 13 and 21. A resolution remitting the Os-ess ment upon st. I.nke's Hospital, amounting to 11.700, was adopted; also a resolutionappropriat '-.g 13,000 t< purchase a "team fire engine for En j.ine ci nipai;? No. 24. The Htreet Commissioner aai d reeted to putcha-e five thousand feet of tireno i hit hose for the lhre I?epartment. They concurred ' to appropriate -M.oOo to purchase a hand englm' for Engine Company No. 3. After disposing of a .arge am >unt oi routine business, the Board ad | j' urned til! Monday. A special meeting of the New York Hanitary \--oolation wo* held last evening, for the purpose of h- .-'rig -pedal re] ort* on the formation of fe nialt- sanitary tub-ion societies, for'tin- purpose of in irueting tie families of the ignorant the princi i }-l' s and prai ice of dome-Ue liygieae. The Rev. , l?r. Ii tlow-, Hon. .lames I'. Brady, Hon. Mr. i onkiin, l?r. Post, and a bo.-t of otiier celebrities, i addressed the ntt-ci/ag. The report-w .-re adopt ! i d, and at a iate hour they adjourned. T/.e Poller Commissioners yesterday dismissed from the force A. S. Hotcltki-*, patrolman, and rreeiv d the re iguatlon of Captain MeKilnty, both of the Twentieth ward. Thomas Houston, patrolman of the Sixteenth ward, sent in his resignation. James Mi Siren was appointed roundsman iu the sevi ateenth ward, and officer Joseph i'eaboe placed upon the pension list. No other business was transacted. The Mai kman will ca.-e wa- np before the sur rogate yesterday again, to the exclusion of all otbet luisiiies- throughout the day. The evidence elii bed, howi \ er. was merely corroborative of 'he testimony all ady published in the Hi nai o. The roMoii niiitkei wi agoiu firmer ye t, rduy, nod .'-..t .t h ruber i.,o - The reduced (lock in this mar ki-i tended m i hcii. - ? from store, and the iwavlent sale-were ;> .nle ,11 truRStt. The transMttans (jrabriiced .1 net 4 coo imtis , i'n hiding about 3,000 In transit. W* j new quoti middling uplands at It l4'c., whtrh 1 hows a I gain of er the lowest rteprevon of ll^c per lb ThU, i na the sup|s ail ton that about three millions or I,ales remain m the country unsold, amounts to fiti TO per nolo, or equal to fAi.gSOOOO when applied to the wttoh im-uut The restoration of issiee in (%inu will i t>en up an aethe demand lor cotton good-, both from this country and from Kurope. which will tend to increttfc the demand for raw cotton, and to add to the anxiety regarding its future supply, l'tonr wua in good request, and shippiug brands of com mon t" medium grades ot Mate and Western wore firmer, an 1 clo-i d at au advance of about 6c. a 10c. per bbl., and tn sums ca-en as much as lio. Wheat was in good re quest, and from le. a 3c. per bushel higher. 0>rn was nruier and more active. Pork was timer, with sales of new mesa at #10 a tin 3... ami new prime at fig fifi, and ??hi do at $10 23. Vret^hts closed with more steadiness, with a fan amount of ecgagements. Mi gars were in kr-t tor request, with sales t-f l.fiMu 1.-M0 hhds. f'Uba,at rati - giv n in anolh?i c..'.mn?i Ttir Mrxiilulinu In Xuulli ( aiuiuu^ ybaiiil'itiiiii of Karl Wmiltrie by >lw|or Aader?a. Yi-ti l dif ilic city of New I Oi.?. .Iliil il<? doubt the whole country wbsivvcr the news r<-a h<-?l w.i- tliiOHit into ti -t ile of the nlniost evcllo* rmilt by intelligence front t'lmrle-lon oi th ct ten: Hon and destruction of l-'ort Moultrie, a:ol it impre?ion prevailed tor SOBM* time thtit the fort It el been cfolninl by the c'ti/eu- of South Carolina. Hut on receipt of Inter new it turned out tluit Fort Moultrie h.ol not been attacked. but wo- voluntarily ; bntuloueil by Major AinlrisoB, both for military and po litic.1 ri a on-. He removed his troop* to Fort Siirnytcr :i? night, end left .i -mail forec to spike tli, .'tins, bum the gun carriages and di-rauntto l-Yrt Moultrie. It was boliered at Charleston tliat It w.t- intended to blow up the work-, but our lale-t advice- Jo not mention that this had bet n done. The military reason :? -for rumoring the troop* in Fort Snmptcr b, ibat Fort Monl trie coilkl not be held with Fort Sumpter in jk> m - lot of the revolutionists, the latter fort commanding the oth*r. owing to itsgnater elevation, and beside* l?eing considered of auch stnngth that a bombardment from Fort Moul trie c ould hare Bo effect upon it. Fort Sumpter v a.- only occupied by a few troop# and labor er till Major Ander?on took po-M-wlon of It, and it might at any moment have fallen into the hands of the people of Charleston. The political reu-on a-.-igned by Major An deraon himself is, that this movement loosed the Uordiun knot, and put an end to the danger ?f an iinnonliaie collision between the United States troops and tho-e of South Caro I Ifatt. For Fort Sumpter is impregnable against ant armament which the Falmetto State : can at present t>rlng ngaln?t it. though Sullivan's ! t-lsad, o?? which Fort Moultrie 1* situated, cuiimaads the onter entrance to the harbor, and i- regarded by many military authorities a- the key of the place. It a a- here, in 177?, that Colonel Moultrie, In obedience to Gover nor Rutledfe and hi? own genlns, won for liira ? If impartiable i< now a by dcf< ndiug the fort, contrary to the ad> lee or -m aide a military leader a" General Lee. who regarded it a? nt terljr unit liable against the British fleet. It wsts a mere ru?lc work of earth and ?and and palme.to logs! hut. commanded as it w?-, it tit feu ted nine ltiiti?h ?hi|ts. one of which was batar? We perceive from our report of the revolutionary Convention, now sitting at Chartt ?ton. thai the ipiestfnnof the State taking Immediate military pwucssion of Fort Moultrie and Sullivan'- 1-lttnd wn* helng #011*1 dCTCd in m i ret sea ion. Till a Int? hour last evening it was hollered here tha" Major Audei*on had acted wider (lie 'pxial instrncUona ?f the President llut by an Important despatch we received from Washington. dab d eight o'clock, we learned that Major \Bileraon not only acted altogether on his own responsibility, hut contrary to evprre* orders, for which it is po<*ibl< 1m- will t.e removed from command of the station, a? 'he clti/en- of Charleston are gn n|y cxaape rated, and condder it an act of war uulo?# dls vowed by tie1 President. If appear* that Mr. Buchanan, adhering to the policy of hi' Me* -age. directed the cranr ndant to act only on ( the defensive, and not to removo the gHi ri">n or take any -o ps unb -s Iw was attack*!. Had the <on?e whieh Major Anderson adopted be?ji in ? bedb nee to the order# oHbe Pt' sWdt, It w onld haTe brought the revolu tion in South Carolina to a crisis, and that Stat would be compelled either to recede or come to an immediate colli-i''T? with the federal government. Aa the matter uow stand*, a collision Is not inevitable, and time may bo gained for the r. ,-toration of amicable relations. Our despatch Hp It will be next to impossible to prevent a collision, and that an attack will be made on the fort* by the excited people. Bnt It is to be hoped the Htirens of Charleston will be jritrpinc' brujej jeur.T'.l1 ft PHI a CP'ifSC wb'ch may precipitate cbllwur. Brides, it i ct in tl:oir power to take Fort Sumpter w Lout ship* of war, nor perhaps even with thorn. It is .1 carious fac t, illustrative of the present revolutionary condition of South Carolina, that, up to the date of our latest advice* front Wash ington, the President hud received no offlciul statement from Charleston touching the events which had taken place there, communication Laving been cut off from Major Anderson, and the telegraph being ip the hands of the revolu tionists. Mr. Buchanan was indebted for his information to a despatch received by the Com missioners from the revolutionary Convention. Thus does the revoluti^ ady?nce with rapid strides How or where it will end. Heaven only knows. Meantime, such is the situation of affairs, that it requires the prompt inte rposition of the statesmanship, the wisdom and the patriotism of the country to avert the horrible c ilamify of civil war. '4 lie South (urvUna Treaty toininlc aionertt to Washington. The State Convention, now in session iu South Carolina, assuming the functious of an inde pendent national government, has detailed three special commissioners, or envoys extra ordinary. to Washington, to arrange, if possi ble, the terms of a treaty of peace The. Com missioners, Messrs. Barnwell, Adams and Orr, are empowered to treat with the President for the conveyance of the mails through South Carolina; for the surrender of the federal forti fications within her limits to the State; for the recognition of her independence, and for re ciprocal commercAl regulations between the United States and the seceded State, as, for example, between Knglund and France, The three Commissioners entrusted w ith these comprehensive duties have arrived in Wash ington, are quartered "In a fine man-ion on Franklin row. near the President's house," and come prepured there to remain for ouly a few days, 01 for many weeks, as circumstances may require. The President, it is understood, will receive them informally; will hear what they have to say, and will submit the facts, in a special message, to both hon-.es of Congress, lie will doubtless tell these envoys extraordinary that he has not a shadow of authority to recognise them as ambassadors from a foreign State; that to him. as President of the United States, the seces sion of South Carolina amounts to nothing: that ihut State is still one of the States of the Union, and cannot be cut off except through the ter rible process of revolution, and that in receiv ing these Commissioners, even informally, he is conceding much for the sake of peace. It is further understood that the message of the President on this subject, when presented to tli- 1wo houses, will, In each.be luid upon the table, in accordance with tin* practice of dlspo-iog of any paper of which they can take no other notice. A motion to lay on the (aide admits of no debate, or otherwise this antici pated extraordinary message would unques tionably give riue to an exciting revolutionary discussion, especially in the Senate, where the active sympathizers with these Southern seces sion movements number, perhaps, more than one-.bird of the body, exclusive of the two re tired Senators from South Carolina. Under the rub - of the two houses, then, thin expected tin --age will, in all probability, be so prompt ly disposed of us to authorize the Commission e i in question to return home, within a day ?-r two. and repot I to their State Convention substantially that, not hating been received in their capacity of foreign ambassadors at \\.? h ingtou, the recognition by the government of tht United-dales of the separate nationality of South Carolina must be otherwise accont I?lkM. We apprehend. too. that tbi* h- the rc-ult of t'i s commi.- ion aDticipiN 1?y the >outh Caro lina Ptate Con vcntlon, and that tho object of tlx- coiiiiuU-iou In tlx- official w;.ruing w hk'b i? di-cnei MCffNtrjr to justify the moiv doehire : evolutionary acts totttmpUM by the seceded State. We C|BBdt suppose that there is n soli tan tin tuber of the .South Carolina Convention who entertains any hope of thu official recogni tion of these three would-be foreign auiba?>?? del*, either by the l*rcstdent or hy Congress The lute annual message of Sir. Buchanan on this subject of leoeasion U conclu-dve. lie i annot recognise South Carolina as outside the I'nion. On the contrary. his official oath re quires him to '*see that the laws (of the United ?Mates) are faithfully executed;" aud make no distiii?*n? t>et*reen the port of Charles ton and the port ot New York. Heerssion means revolution. The act of i e*sion on the part of South Carolina is a revo lutionary act; and, like that of our general I'eelaratiou of Independence of 1776, U is a declaration which has to he made good before it can be recognized by the repudiated general government. In this view of the subject the i*re?ident would be justified, legally in closing the doors of the White House against these South Carolina Controls-iouef*. and in warn ing them to beware of the penalties of treason. But Mr. Buchanan is actuated l?y that pirit of patriotism which seeks conciliation rather rhnn coercion as the true method of rei-toring and perpetuating the Union, nence he will re ceive these South Carolina CwmnlwlsMn in formally. In order to call the attention of Congnss to the actual facts involved in the prrsent revolutionary attitude of said State, and that the two houses may be duly impressed with the nco--ity of the speedy adoption of some m> asnrefl for the pacific restoration of the I tth>n. and, meantime, for the maintenance or abandonment of the federal authority in the -??ceding State or States, so far as a wi-e dis cretion may suggest. Mr. Buchanan can find neither censtitu ft nal law fir. nor political expediency in, a re-ort to coercion against a -ceding Mate: ntw cho we or anybody else. The eonstitotion declares, however, that Indi viduals within the United States, in 'levy ing w?r against tbo United States," or in ' giving aid and comfort to their OMulee," are guilty of treason. Under fhls provision, the individual- convened In an attack upon the federal forts at Charleston, and all others aiding and abetting said assailants, would be come liable to arrest, trial and punishment as traitor*. This Is the law; but a w !?.? dl-crction often teaches moderation where the law de mands its pcnultlc-. Thus we see that Mr Buchanan, to the full extent of his constitu tional limitations. Is stretching the exercise of a kind forbearance. He might have thrown a thousand or tsn then sand men upon Sullivan's Island for (he defence of Fort Moultrie; but Instead of this exasperating measure, no additional troops were If * J ty Ubvlcrtcn, anil uow tiat fori h abaa do: ed, and its garrison Is withdrawn to a fort 80 far oil' in the water and so strong us not to invite an attack. But la this proceeding the South Carolina State Convention will understand the interpretation put upon their ordinance of un independent nationality by President Buchuuun. This intopretation is, that said ordinance sig n fie nothing, and thut the federal authority w iihin South Carolina, short of the interven tion of Congre.-s, cun only be extinguished by force of urins. The South 'JniolUiit Commissioners will re turn Iv^mo front Washington unrecognized as utabussadors representing any legitimate au thority. And what then'.' Perhaps a boinbartl Inent of Fort Sumpter. or afl assault in order to "precipitate the cotton States into a revolu tion." This is the danger to be feared. In the meantime it will be seen that while maintain ing the federal authority in South Carolina, Mr. B ictiunan is doing all thut he rau do to avoid the n sponsibility of giving or inviting the first blow, which may involve us all in the horrors of a civil war. Let this Congress und the in coming adminihti tiiion act accordingly, and the Union ruay yei.be saved. 1 he KfVt-rt t jrna Vcw tork (it)' of (he Fr<-?iut t rials. Real estate in this metropolis is valued ul about five hundred millions of dollars. Range through the stores, warehouses aud manufac tories of the city, and an equal amount of pro perty would doubtless be discovered. Count up the securities that are held by our capital ist-, in which our moneyed men have invest ments, which form everywhere the basis of New York enterprise, on sea and on laud, which enable us to decree bankruptcy or well being to the central and to State governments, and another five hundred million might be easily added. It may not bo amiss to put down two thousand millions of dollars as a gross aggre gate of the property held or controlled in this commercial capital of the Western Continent. And this prodigious, unparalleled argosy of w ealth is being tossed to and fro upon the waves of sectional strife and discord, which threaten its engulfment in an abyss from whence it never cun be recovered. The storm, scarcely begun to rage, ha- inaugurated a panic which has already reduced the prices of merchandise, prostruted the stock market, alarmed holders of real estate, caused sub scribers to a government loan to withdraw their subscriptions, driven thousands of la borers from employment, introduced retrench ment into every household, paralyzed com merce, stagnated trade, closed manufactories, and thrown gloom over an entire sootion of country. If the evil continues for three months more, to what extent will disaster have progressed? If the peaceful administra tion of Mr. Buchanan is succeeded bv a govern ment of coercion: if Mr. Lincolu ? shall adopt the views and the policy which are sug" gested to him by the greater number of the republican organs of the North, what will be come of the prosperity which has keen the steady growth of the Industry and sagacity of over eighty years ? It is too evident that un active, mischief making republican minority are bent upon in creasing the difficulties between the North and the South, und that under their auspices the country is not only menaced with a dissolution of the Union and u secession of the slavchold ing States, but also w ith civil war. Not con tented w ith belligerent inanlfe.-toos, the ultra-re publican press is daily becoming more and more vituperative in its advocacy of ibe extreme*t men-ares to reduce the slave States to submission to the doctrines laid down in tin Chicago platform. They appeal to tin inexorable logic of Sharpe's rifle*. grieved cannon and the bayonet, and re pudiate r<flection, argument, truth and facts. The} Unroot falsehood* to reudor the adminis traiioii of Mr. Ituchanan unpopular; exag gerate sbu.<e? and magnify into undue import ance crotT outburst which citer* to their own diabolie.il, bloody fancie-. They pretend to foreshadow the policy of the incoming ndmlni* t-alien ?? substituting the bloe l red fl >g of civil w,?r for the star* and stripes that float over 1 lie Capitol, and confidently predict that the "impressible eontlict" will be carried out with a ruthless barbarity which Johu Drown himself would hnve hesitated toeanetion. They refuse to yield one jot to the just require ments of an incensed, outraged South, and call ??Idiots.'' "insane"traitors" and "mild to ( U-*?ry" all who would seek to save the coun try from the inin which tbeir incendiary ag gr? -sion* h ive (oigtlNd over it* destinie-. Vet it stands forward MS the inevitable remit of this long conliuucd; monstrous political mis chief making, that the city of New York is guilty of jialpable suicide in permitting it to continue. If the wealth of this metropolis is two thousand million* of dollars now, it will incur a loss of over half that amount within a year, if the fires which have already begun to burn at Fort Moultrie are not immediately extinguished. The period has passed for critical examination of the degree of blame to be cast upon any particular community, and the time has come to ask whether we must all go to wreck in behalf of a fanaticism which is gradually tending towards the dire-t anarchy. A little longer, and real estate will have decreased fifty per c< tit in i .due. A shot t indulgence further in uneonciliatory language, proud bolstering, and cowardly cackling about coer cion, of those who never would dare to shoulder a gun, and the weight in merchandise under which our storehouses groan will be con demned to rot there, and it will be of no worth to either producer, agent or consumer. Public securities are already shaken to their centre. It needs but a few steps in adxsnee toward* the era of "famine, fire and slaughter" to ren der them so much waste paper. Where will our metropolis be then? Against whom will the outcry be directed whith points at present away from forbearance to the strong arm of martial law ? The time is rapidly passing, (haly nine weeks and a half will elapse before the time when Mr. Lincoln hopes to be inaugurated President of the United Htates. We are in the midst of revo lutionary disaster, and every hour Is reudering the danger greater. Not only the city and state of New York, but the whole West and Northwest, are interested to stay the progrc** ??f destruction. If min awaits us here, taHll greater is Die peril to the country behind us, which will -oon we its produce without a market. Its se curities and investments without purchasers, and Its outlets for enterprise closed up. The blew which fall* first upon as will shake the fibril of American prosperity to Its Tory cen tre. and there will be no corner of tin land unaffected by it. It Is high time, therefore, for .1? itf,\ Uf act tafi take '.he Matter k'o 'leU own hands, before (he bloody ^trift" actually begins and place* the peaceful settlement of the quurrel between North and South beyond their control. The news which we publish clse r, here proves manifestly that Congress is no longer to be relied on; that the government is powerless; and that unless the people of every city :.u?l town, but e?pecially the masses of New York, aii-o in their might, appoint com mittees and vigilance committees of public safety, and insist upon peace and harmony, there ure horrors before uu which the imagina tion shrinks from contemplating. Above all things it Is in the power of Mr. Lincoln, oven now, to plant himself upon a sure, safe foothold; to consider the imminence of the emergency; to soar above the paltry shackles of party, and to be. what Washington, Madison and Jefferson have been before him, a father to the people. He can still, by raising his voice in time, be the instrument of guidiug the coun ry back to its pristine condition, and, by re commending to both ?outh and North such amendments to the constitution as shall define und maintain forever the rights of each, carve out for himself a name which shall stand high in the history of this confederation. But, above all thing", he should array his influence against every tendency opposed to concilia tion. forbearance, and th<- largest amount of toleration by different sections of the respec tive Institutions of each. The Nt.ws Kitou Mexico -Tuk Liiikkaus Au.wn CHr.oaro.?A few day# ago every one thought the days of the church party in Mexico were numbered. Alter the fall of Guadalajara, the flight of Castillo with a small remnant of his forces, aid the rout of Marque/., the road to the capital was thrown open to the advancing liberal-, who. to the number of twenty-live thou-and men, flushed with repeated victories, advanced on the last stronghdld of their oppo nents. who could not have had more than one third that number with which to defend the last prop that remained to the tottering for tunes of Miramon. The capital was invested in the beginning of the present month, and no doubt Ortega sat down before its walls with a mind perfectly at ea>e as to the result. From the reports furnished ua Of the desertions from Miramon's nimy and the disorganized state in which it is epiesentcd to have been, and which each day must have increased, we awaited with confi dence the news of the speedy fall of Uic city, the innihilation of the clergy regime and the in anguratiou of an era of peace. But "man pro poses and God disposes." We had always half -inspected that Miramon had genius. That he has gn at energy und indomitable pluck cannot be denied, whatever may be his faults: yet. ac cording to all bunuiu appearances, nothing -hort of a miracle could save him uow. But genius and energy work miracles. .Surrounded by a force three times the number of his own, led by lite best generals in the republic, his own mutinous and faithless Miramon's courage never for a moment quailed: but. taking a few of the most reliable, he i*?ues qnietly from his dronghold, and. inspiring his men with his own impetuou- valor, pours down on his unsuspect ing sluggard enemy, and retires with twelve hundred of litem in his clutches, including three general officers, two of theui being the well known I 'egollsdo, late Commauder-in-C'hicf. and Ben io/abal. This, in a military view, a severe blow to the liberals, who, however. mw were a in;itcli for Miramon'a conMiiuu.aU* military ability. lie baa always ! bra-bed tiiem in the ield. But oa this occa sion be lm- been too nconsftil; for in taking m-gollado from the liberal army be has done a signal service to that cause. Front iiia imbecility a- a leader, bis meddle some and imperious conduct. Ih'gnllado has done more mischief to hi- party than wonld half a dozen such di-a-ters as tha^ which Miramon has just inflicted on them. If the liberals could just manage to get all their troublesome and incompetent leaders off their bands in the -ume manner they would adrauce iheir cause bo little. They inuy thank their stars tbey have got rid of i>egollado. Notwithstanding this check, the liberal cause is not retarded in the least: for. with all his prestige and genius. Miraroon can do nothing, unless backed by material aid, which be sadly needs, and we still expect to hear of tho fall of tbe city and the flight or capture of the "Young Lion" of the church; unl< -s. a? is poa -ible. the morals of the liberal army should be injured aud the tncu affected by a cowardly dread of Miramon's Tory name, and that terror in tbe presence of an enemy superior in geuius and skill which is common enough in the militarr annals of tbe world. A Worm To thk Cbitmi. 1'ai:k Count*. sfoxUBs.- In our juunger days, before people improved upon nature, built bridges for no enrthly purji?>-e except to spend money, and planted trees where they would not grow, the boys u-cd to count upon -kating when the weather was clear and the thermometer for -ovcnil davs in ouccc-eiott stood below the 0 ? (Veering point. It has remained for the Cen tra! Park t'ommisaioners, their agents or ser vants. to change h 11 that. 1 hey regard nature as a humbug, and her operations, summer and v inter. #- uttelly *tnpM. Nature feels d'ut po-tsj to ghr the skat r? some of their spoil M t'hri't BUM day. and as many as ten or fih> en thousand people go to if I'urh. ei'le'i to join in tta s|>ort or to lot k on. But nature is not nl lowed to bare bee own way. The Central |\?rk authorities might easily have prepared the lake* on Monday by sweeping the ice and then letting on an inch or two ot water natnre would hat edonc the rest and many people who may not bare another -bating holiday daring tin* winter would iut e gone home in ? plea-ant state of mind. As it wa?, everybody was dis gusted, and Used very strong l.oignage. all of which w<e endorse, it is very odd that we never can have a public work conducted oa the simple plan which ! adopted by bn-in-nw men engaged in a private enterprise. The Park Commi--ioner* m ike N groat parade of their ?tTUBgrmmta, <nd gWu the public everything it de?lrcs < xrepl Ire to skate niton. The public will be very g1>d to forego tlv other .nr tug-rn? nls provided they can W the lee. Why a ill uot Urn Comiui--l<"Fr" HP" (atiuta -p< flal skating committee ?o ,^'-4' Christmas blunder does hoc OOCtir "g-in. an to ascertain why, in such flue r as we have had since lust opportunity fur the public 1? enjoy '? ? in % the Cnatmr ioee- ? ?'ill srW- it' - - Thk Puoorkhs or RsvoumoN and Rsvulsion. ?The political revolution is progressing, and, as day after day passes without hope or pros pect of amending the condition of the country, we are drawing nearer to the vortex, on the verge of which we stand to-day. South Caro lina has already gone out of the Union and calls herself a foreign nation; other Southern States are only biding their time to follow her. The border States of the South are at this moment taking counsel on the question of pre venting the inauguration of Lincoln, and every thing in the future, so far as any one can see, forebodes civil war. The proBpect is gloomy, discouraging and ulai^ting. Meantime, apace with the revolution, grows the commercial revulsion, hourly extending its influence to every branch of industry and com merce. Factories are suspending work, busi ness is declining, and operatives arc being dis charged. Within a few days three or four sugar houses in this city have faile d, and perhaps us many more house? in other trades. Failures to the amount of four or five millions of dollars have occurred in this great metropolis alone almost, we may say, within one week, and necessarily the number of people thrown out of employment must have been proportionately largo. There is a peculiarity aboui, the failure of the sugar houses, and that is, thnt it was brought about by a depreciation in the price of sugar, and that depreciation is the result of political causes. So, too, undoubtedly, houses in other branches of business have suffered from depreciation in the value of staple arti cles, for depreciation of property is the order of the day. In the present doubtful aspect of affairs it would be impossible to expect that the old system of credit could be maintained. In a time that knows no defined future there sua be no such thing as credit. Unstable at all times, us it has been employed in thi? country, it be comes worthless in this crisis; and. although money is plenty, as it rarely was ever before? though we received some six millions of gold from Europe within the past few weeks, and will probably get as much more in the txa o or three weeks to come?of what avail is it? It will not relieve the pressure. Thus revolution and revulsion are advancing hand in hand ; nor is there anything being done to stay them. Congress is ineffective lor good. The administration Is paralyzed. The Presi dent elect?who, if be had the wisdom of a statesman and the virtue of a patriot, could res cue the country from intending ruin?is silent, either through an obstinacy and miserable at tachment to party interests which mislead him, or an indifference which is unwqrthy of his po sition. People are suggesting various modes to improve the sad condition of affairs. Homo propo.-e hutrlllnfUm and prayer; but they will not pay note? >lu"t tliey fall due. nor bring manna from hiaven in these days to fill hungry mouth". Others are in favor of reopening the hor.?es for religious revivals; but reli gious exercises * ill not meet bills of exchange nor set fuetories to work It i? true this may produce home effect upon the abolition fanatics, who. for the last thirty years, have been work ing to bring about the present disaster; but that i? all ihat can be hoped from them; and if here is no trade or business to be attended to, perhaps people might a* well go to the religious revivals as occupy their time in any other way. Meantime, as we say, political revolution and commercial revulsion are rapidly progres ing, without any immediate prospect of bring checked. We can we no owning for escape ? n? certain pathway ?rem- Wfore us - there is. no light anywhere. The ship of State is drift ing hopelessly, it would appear, with dark cloud1 above and fogs around, and breakers on every side, without a friendly beacon to guide her course, and no man ? an tell upon what i tigged co.iet <he may strike. And all this time, with difficulty besetting us- with which no na tion whereof history speaks was surrounded to make matters worse, we find the public offi cials at Washington plundering the departments of the government, and everything in apparent confusion, where we might hope to look for as sistance, conn <d and example in our hour of trial. ? HEWS tlM I* NATIONAL CAPITAL. TO* Trait Psad Rohberp Investigation? Rtrntsrv of l.egatloa at Pari*?De apatefcea fro at the Braatl Squadron, Ce. Wjuwisnm*. Dee 37 Is SO Mr. TV ma* of Tennessee, ha- been appoint-d on th* House Committee to investigate the facta c naanted with ilw abstraction of boods, in place of Bocock,r< gn->d They nay b'dd w nie of th? ir mert.ug* n Mm York. I li. of to night that the lb-use tbrini Use <>( lavestigg, lion into the Interior laparti-iMt frauds have w< -r U.ned that thla Is not th* flrut Instance in irliicli lite trust fund bond* bare been uaad for apeeulath * pur l??e? Fght hundred thousand dollars. H a said wera ,0 ui' d d iritg Mr Fillmore's administration, and two hen.trod tl.o. sand when Mr McClelland w?* Ncreiarj, and ret .rnH V replace 1 by others It ht r ?t pretended that either of the aerrrtar.es profited by the*. ..?t* lions KutrvU a frh nd* aaeert that hia Arm hat-* note d> a tiH-atfe ua gcSernmen-. for service* performed an t prv pcrty delivered sevtral hundred thousand dollar el 1 tueirr of a (lata be">rc Corgre*. of upwards of four bun ired thousand dotl-ire for ;.ropert> destroyed tn the (tati war, which >a r ooatmend*d by the department aa jWt. the rwHktMee rave'.ved aufbor:t> from the It. to day which will enable litem to make an nv ?tlgt *a of the n?o?t searching eharnrter KiiaoeU 11 ttiU in ja*l ball bond not ha- a* yet bar* executed gmwrr**-, or -yiurroN to r.viu* Rol.. 11 W 1 ?h. who boa occupied diplomatic p. -tinea ?n IIh-gi? . tninent usdlf different administration , has been npp-'Mcd f?-crrtary of lactation to Part* atw.try.- r? m?nt, I>rapateh-? hev-- been r*e* tved at th* l?rpnrtm?-ui of Rate frwn th* legit >0 at Brazil (>ur M.ui*l< *, Mr. Meode, ia arlivelf . nraged tn oudeot or.ug to pr?rurr an adjuotmetit of the cla m? of our citizen*. <ha*id?f*hU eiritement prrva..ed la the empire In view of an im pnet.iM election for Chamber dep., lie*. The struggle a between liberal* and coosert ativee, the latter t laia ng foe the provinces a larger share In the admin strat on of be local offices and the former being opposed to them. Thi elate of affhtn !s anahwetis to o-ir own eontewt between federal power and <*?'* fight* The Nnvy Deportm*-1 alao recei\?d de?|atch * tn., morning from flag ?"><*? r. ?nr.andmg the Hrazi ?a *|iadr.n, Hl?. IffiltmlR to The ja-minou h.d arrtvrd three after a package Of ninety odd day*, owing te** <MW? pursued. The health V Ik- ,-dceet and rrrw ?f I hi Amines* was geod. aa ale* . yt of all the ?quadrw Co?nmand< r Thomson had am ?timed lite coojnaa.. of the Memluotr ia place of Prentiss, reeal'-d. Cum. Sued* add- that with offbrt and amali et P n*e g? Seain-'e wll prov- aa effhctlr* faedl AMMIra at fiprla|g*ld> Pnuvirtij), ni., Pre. tT, lMt> t'amel nmaifc arrived h?re to aight and will be in at tendance oa the President 'l?t to morrow, to prraert the cWiaw of the American wing of h J New York tupporter*. Senator Raker waa publicly received by hi* frienda Ihl* afternoon at the ib rl Htm The hall waa densely crowded, tn an addroae occupy tag three quarter* of an hour tn do --rry.be ripmwed the earn-at d*v< ti ,u 4 I. 'Iff c ?tie-to the t nViti, roontrd llic 1*1.* If it IhtiPj: 'jaJhlk, hnA *n]grrd