Newspaper Page Text
NEW YORK HERALD.
JAHKIf OORDOl B H fc N KTT, KDiTOR A VI) PROPRIETOR OfTIOl N. W. CORNER OF FULTON AN1> NASA ait H'I'N. TMhiMH, ooaA #? advatu-f. Homey artu t>y wn ???# ? -u ' ? ri+tf th -muUr. W,nt but bill* cmrrrit' ??> JV"* V>nh TUB DAILV HERALD, firo ?*/?<* per ?h>u% $7 //< ?*.l#?<**>? thjt iraA'irir jwt/mJ:/), r ^ ,s,?hn/fc?yf <?' . </?-?< , ?r?.or$s per a*<mwri; (A/- Kuroftrun MlMim *? .-v/. ?*/? #t.r orHis j*r Copp% $4 per annum to atty jnut ut (! ir $6(0 cnty jutriof the (ImHnmi, fotth u* in>'(n.1* Oa*s/oru%a MUtion tm tiu l?f, ilfA, and *14 ?y' A cmt* pc ci'py, or $1 .VI1 Mr llfldllffl. TJrt FAMILY U Kit ALU, m, .1/ <"<?? ?opu, or $2 prr nnmun. YOLl'NTAUr CORMeSPOlMKirCB, roi kt,> u ./.< MM, toUrttni /rant any quarter u/' the irxtrOt; it utrd. '? Hbara/ly yoml for. Jt#-(>UK KoHEIUN t'ORKi.-iiisiiiAI . M<t FlKTIOOl 4HI.r Ke<*UK.4TEI> TO S*AL AI L Lktith.- AND "a>'B ASM Hum VK NO NOTICE taAsv 01' umwynaii* ritrmfoi^t' ' '?!'? <>> M* aowunuN crtrtatu Volume XXVI *0. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVBNlMi ACADEMY OF MUSK!, Fourteenth rtrurt.? Ukh*a? Opbka?Martha ? StKAPKLL t. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.?Afloi noon < 1'itfiw Do Ben<;alk? La Conor Skmublk. Kveninjj <'yiLUKts* '? THE Wooo?I'AH PL I'UMhf SaHS FkU?U?t fllAE "KB KIBLK WINTER UARDEN, Broadway, opinio B. nit street.? Paoi. Km?Nicholas Nickli by. BOWKRY THEATKE. Bou'ery. ?KrAM"Mo At RoUBH* EqUMTIUAH TkOCFJI' JlojIlfTKII 09 ST. MtLUAAL. Altvt UOOD and Kvcuini;. _____ WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?Pablink^Toe Noddy's StcnrT LAUUA KEENES THEATRE, No. 621 Broadway.? Beyejt Sisters. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? AiU'rnooii- Mto ANTONT WATKR?'ValKKTI.M AND OltSON? Hi ? THK Kovt iSwain Evouing?Mai> Antony Wayne?Khim?y uoaauca? Tbmumk. BARNUM'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?I>ay and Kveniau -Love in Humrlk Lira?Back ton a Widow? Magic VS'kli?The Sea or Ice. BKYANTrf' MINSTRELS. Mecliaulc.V Hall. iTi Broal way.?BUULE3QUK3, K0MU.1, UANuaa, Ac.?Dixim LaMO. HOOLEY k CAMPBELL'S MINSTRELS, Nlblo'iSaloon, Broadway.? Ethiopian huNr.s, Lanck.s, BuKLfcsnuES, Ai;.? Happv Nrw Yi ab. CANTF.(tBURT MUSTC~HALL, (XT, Broadway.?Songs, Dancer, Burle^ukm, Ac. MELODEON, No. K<# Broadway.? Songs, Dances, Bor tv ayui n, Ac. Htw York, Tin ?day, January 1, t'401. mails foh eukopk, The New York Herald ? Edition for Europe. The Cunard mail steamship i'ersia, Capt. Judktas, will leave this port on Wednesday for Liverpool. The European mails will close in this city 011 Wednes day moruing at eight o'clock. The Ecmoe&ur Enmow or this Hkiiai d will b ' published at seven o'clock in the morning. Single copies in Wrap per*, si* cents. TT?e contents of the Eokoi-kan tamos ok thk Hkkaij. will combine the news received by mail and telegraph at the office during the previous week, and up to the hour Of publication. An- A* ?? to II?ve a Happy New Vrurl To day we enter upon the eighty-fifth year of thin great republic, the three hundred and sixty-ninth from the discovery of America, and the eighteen hundred and sixty-first Bince the inauguration of the Christian era?the three great epochs of the world. There is probably no event that has taken place within the range of these three eras of more moment in its bear ings upon civilization, the rights of the people, and the question of self-government, than that which will be developed in this country in the course ol the year that has just dawned upon us. The question which now agitates the public mind has produced such an intensity of feeling as to threaten the disruption of our federal Union. It would appear, from the innumerable communications we and other journals have received from every part of the country, as if the teeming brain of our people were roused to its utmost activity in its efforts to solve the momentous question by which we are now agi tated. 6 It is to be hoped from all these efforts that by next New Year's day our national troubles will have been peacefully solved, our people enabled to congratulate each other that the Union is stronger than ever, and that the United State- are one. The prospect is cer tainly gloomy enough to discourage the moat hopeful; but by energy, decision and an ear nest and honest desire on the part of our statesmen to save the country from impending luiu, we may yet escape the disasters which wait ou disunion. The Ntwa. No paper will be issued from this office to-mor row morning, but an edition, containing the latest news received up to the hour of publication, will be issued at noon. There are no reports of an excitinR character from Charleston. The Convention sat in secret session till the adjournment. Two officers of the ariny and ten oflk ers of the navy, natives of Konth Carolina, have resigned. Also two officers of the army, natives of Georgia, have resigned their commissions. Our reports from Washington are ol a gloomy description. All idea of a peaceful adjustment of the pending difficulties seems to have been aban doned. Postmaster General Holt has been ap pointed Secretary of War. It is said the selection meets with no favor from the Sooth. The proceedings of Congress yesterday are in teresting. In the Senate Mr. Powell reported that the Special Crisis Committee had not been able to agree upon any general plan of adjust ment, and asked that the journal of the committee be printed. Mr. Crittenden's Joint resolution was made the special order for Wednes day, when Mr. Douglas will give his vlewa of .the condition of affitirs. Mr. Wilson offered a resolution calling for information as to what disposition had been made of the arms made at the national armories; if any had been ?old, and if so at what price and to whom; what Bomber there were in the arsenals, and how they were protected. Objected to and laid over. The bill organizing the Territory of Arizona wa* discussed by Messrs. Trumbull and Green, and the bill for the admission of Kansas was made the special order for next Monday. Mr. Henjamin, of Looislana, then took the floor, and delivered an effective speech in support ol the right of secession. At the conclu sion of Ins speech vhe crowded galleries gave vent to their feelinga in vociferous applause, and the greatest excitement pvtvan* all over the house whereupon, on motion of Mr. iiaaon, galleries Were cleared?a circumstance that baa not oc curred for years. In the Hoose yesterday a communication was received from Mr. Floyd, late Secretary otwHr explaining his reasons for giving certain accept'. Mces to Bussell, Msjors A Waddcll, and invitinK Investigation as to his official arts. The paper was referred to the Select Committee on the Indian bond* robbery. Mr. Pryor offered a resolu. lion, *' that any attempt to preserve the Union between the States of the confcde. racy by force would be impracticable, and de ?tractive to republican liberty." The pre vious qneetion was ordered, and the resolution was laid on the table by a vote of 98 t0 65. The Committee on Military Aflhirs was directed to Inquire and report how, to whom rod for What price, arms have been distri cted since January, i860; and also into the con gou ol the fcrtp, NMMfc, dvtkj'vfc, *C'/ v( Ufi I country; whether they are supplied with adequate i garrison*, and whether auy further measures are j inquired to protect the public property. The com ( mil tee have power to send for persona aud papers, t*Mj leave to report at anytime. A resolution ' win oflet ed instructing the Judiciary Commit tee to inquire and report what legislation, if any, in neceHaary 011 the part of Congreas, in consequence of the portion of Houth Carolina. Mr. II0I111.111, of Indiana, offered a substitute, as serting that the right of a State to withdraw from the Union is not recognized by the constitution, and that neither the President nor Congreaa ia in vented with authority to recognise any State in any i Intruder only as a State of the Union; that the general government ia invented with power ' to collect revenue, and protect the public property \ wherever situAted; that the Committee on Ju ' dietary inquire whether mich laws are in force aa ; will enable the government to maintain the property ( in the several Siatca and cIm: where, and to collect , the revenue when an attempt should be made to , resist lite same; and that the committee inquire whether ia their opiuion the laws are insufficient for the accomplishment of theae purposes. If ho, that they report what measures are necessary, by the employment of the army and uavy, as the exi gency of the case may require. A motion to lay the subject on the table was negatived?43 to 38. Without farther action the House adjourned. Both houses stand adjourned till Wednesday. The democratic and republican members of Assembly held Iheir caucuses for the selection of candidates for officers of the House last evening. The republicans, on the third ballot, nomi nated Do Witt C. Littlejohn for Speaker. A resolution, pledging the party to stand by the principles of the Governor's veto message I of last winter, was adopted. H. A. IJi.-Hey was nominated for Clerk; Charles I). Kaston, for Ser geant-at-Arnis; George C. Dennis, for Doorkeeper, 1 and Henry Henderson for Assistant Doorkeeper, i The democrat* went through the formality of nomi nating candidates, and a list of the nominees may be fuund in our report of the proceedings of the caucus. The steamship Kangaroo, from Liverpool the 19th, v ia Queenstown on the 20th ult., arrived at this port early yesterday forenoon, bringing the usual freight and passenger list and $.r>0,00Oiu spe cie. The arrival of the North American at Fort land plates us in possession of telegraphic intelli gence from London to the 21st ult. The most important feature of the news by these arrivals?that which relates to the treaty of peace with China?is very contradictory. The London Arms of the 18th states that private despatches received via St. Petersburg fail to confirm the truth of the reported treaty between the Allies and the Chinese. The Paris Mouitevv, on the contrary, Bays that a despatch from Itaron C.ros, dated Pekin, December 7, states that the treaty had been signed, the Shanghac ul timatum had been accepted and the ratification of the treaty of Tien tsin had been exchanged. The Russian government profess to have authentic in telligence that the missing English and French prisoners in the hands of the Chinese had all been massacred. The Duke ef Newcastle was formally invested with the Order of the Garter by the Queen at Windsor Castle on the 17th ult. The London press are quite severe in their cri ticisms of President Buchanan's late annual Mes sage, chaiacterizing it as a weak and puerile doeuraeut, pleasing neither the North nor the South, and wholly inadequate for the emergency. The commercial intelligence is not important. American securities had declined and cotton ad vanced. Breadstufls were firm. The news from Italy is unimportant. The siege of Gaeta was progressing, bat negotiations were in progress for the evacuation of the place. Should negotiations fail, the French fleet would abandon its position before the city. A later despatch states that, negotiations having failed, the bom bardment would reoommence on the 13th ult. The steamship Star of the West, Capt. Griffin, from New Orleans and Havana, arrived here yester day about noon. She brings $10,004 in specie. Her advices are four days later than those by the Karnak, but they contain nothing of any im portance. The steamship Matanzas, Capt. Liessegang, from Matanzas, Cuba, the 22d. and Norfolk, where she put in for coal, and from where she made the run ia thirty Ave hours, arrived here last night. Her market report will be found in our news columns. We are under obligations to Mr. J. E. Huertas, her obliging purser, for favors. We have news from Belize, Honduras, to the 5th ult. The reported appearance of a steamer and a fielioonor off Huatan, with filibusters on board, wbs devoid of truth. The Superintendent and At torney General of Belize had gone to Ruatan for the purpose, as was supposed, of conferring with the Commissioners relative to the delivery of the island to Honduras. The Ruataneros, however, were strongly opposed to being transferred to Honduras. Business was very dull at Belize. At the meeting of the Board of Aldermen last evening a communication was received from the Mayor suspending the newly appointed City Cham berlain. Daniel Devlin. After a lively debate on the subject, a resolution was adopted, by a vote of 12 to 3. that the communication be returned to the Mayor. The following statement of the con dition of the city treasury was received and order ed on file:?Balance December 20, $4,074,963; re ceipts, $124,480. Total, $4,799,444. Payments, $377,7fi0. Balance December 29, $1,421,693. The Board then adjourned until Friday next at five o'clock. In the Board of Councilmen last evening, a com. munication from the Mayor, suspending Daniel I>evlin. the recently appointed City Chamberlain, was referred to a special committee. The Board concurred with the Aldermen to transfer several amounts from one appropriation to another, for the purpose of enabling the Comptroller to close hia accounts for 1860. A motion to adjourn to Friday was adopted, notwithstanding strenuous objection by Mr. lent that that day, having been set apart by the President of the United States as a day of fasting and grayer, should be properly observed. The Board of Supervisors met yesterday. There solution to increase the salaries of the newly elected Judges $1,000 per annum was taken up. and, after some debate of an unimportant character, the sub ject was laid aj?id**. The resignation of Supervisor Welsman, who desires to retire on aocount of pri vate business, wa< offered. The vote on the ac ceptance of the resignation was a tie, and the matter was postponed for further a< tion. The customary vote of thanks to the President and Clerk was passed, and the sc-Mons for I8?i0 ter minated. The new Board will meet on Thurs day. I he first semi annual report of the commi-sijn appointed under the act to provide against unsafe buildings in this city shows that thirty-eight no tices concerning the violation of corporation ordi nances were served, twenty two of which viola tion* consisted in there being no covering to hoist ways. During the six months the inspectors re ported two hundred and twenty fires, the damage to building.- amounting to $153,470 GO. The build ing laws are the subject of some remarks from the Superintendent. One hundred and ninety notices have been served for violations of the act, one hun dred and sixty of the causes of which violations have been removed. The Superintendent recommends the gcn#at nse of fire escapes. Two hundred and thirty-eight buildings have been prononnced dan gerous in case of fire, and 1.647 new bnildings have been erected during the six months ending on the 30th of November. James Scott and James Illy the were arrested by polMnfta Ufbg aud oilers, of the TweuUcth pre cinct, yesterday, on suspicion of being implicated with Jeremiah Klynn in the murder of Joseph BuUliliff in Went Thirty -ninth street, near Tenth avenue, a week ago. It u said that the police will be able to prove that the prisoners were in Flyun'a company on the night of the murder, and that they were probably concerned with him iu the crime. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 'XrA> deaths in this city during the past week, a deorea^e of 21 as compared with the mortality of the week' previous, aud 7 more than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 64 deaths of dis eases of the brain aud nerves, 8 of the genera tive organs, 14 of the heart and blood ves sels, 128 of the lungs, throat, <kc.; 6 of old age, 53 of skin and eruptive fevers, 6 premature births, 34 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; 41 of general fevws, and 3 of diseases of tbe urinary organs -of whioli 14 were from violent causes. The nativity table gives 244 natives of the United States, G of Eng land, 81 of Ireland, 17 of IJeriuauy.^l of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign countries. Theootton market yesterday, under tho influence of lite foreign news, was excited, with m active and specula tive demand from the trade Ttu- sales etubraood about 5,000 bales, closing at hu advance of >?c. per lb., equal to about $2 25 |>cr baJe. Wo now quote middling up lands ut 12c. per lli., making thu whole advance from the lowcet poiut of depression (9*?c.), equal to 2\c. per ll>., which is equal to about J>U' ;i7t, |> *r lulu. This ad vance, applied to the cotUtu iii tin- country unsold of at least 2,800,000 bales, gives au aggregate ot $-14,650,000. The prices established yesterday were the highest of tlie season. Flour, under the influenoe o( the news, was higher, and closed at an advance ol 10c- a 15c. per barrel, with moderate sales. Wheat was also llrmer, but thu ad vanco iu freights, with the enhanced views of holders, teuded to check sales. Coru was firm, yet from the same causes tho upward movement was ch h ked, while the de mand was good aud salef* fan. I'ork was tirin, while Hales were limited. Sugars were steady, with sales of about u60 hhds. aud 260 boxes. Korpric.es and stocks see au other column. Coffee was steady and sales light. .Stocks will be louuil in another place, freight room was scarce and rates weie firmer, while engagements were mode rate. Tli* Crist* uiirt the Remedy. The causes of tlio present revolutions! y crisis which threatens the utter destruction of the confederacy, and oven uow is drifting us rapidly into civil war. are multifarious. But there is one cause prominent above all, and it is of thirty years' growth, and has beeu gather ing strength all these years, until uow it has as sumed gigantic proportions, with which neither the foresight of tho astutest politician nor the wisdom of the sagest counsellor can effectually cope. This cause we find to exist in the fact that the social institution of slavery has been made a moral and religious question, and in that shape has entered deeply into the politics of the country. As a moral and religious ques tion it never can be settled except by mutual conciliation and mutual compromise. The religious element in man's nature, when aggregated in nations or governments, wo Uaow by experience, Instead of being productive of peace and good will, is the fiercest and most re lentless incentive to war and cruelty. 1-or three centuries the whole civilized world was involved In wars and butcheries upon a reli gious question. One sect of Christians were al ways burning, hanging and shooting down the members of other Christian sects, because they would not consent to go to heaven by their way. And after three hundred years of this bloody experience- all this burning, hanging and shooting of each other-they discovered that they had adopted the worst possible plan to effect their purpose, and that the only way to settle the question was by mutual toleration and allowing equal rights to the religious opin ions of all sects in every Christian country. With this example in history before us, how should we deal with this aggravating religious agitation about slavery, which has brought the country to its present perilous condition? Apart from the religious sentiment with which the question of slavery has been wrapped uround by abolition preachers and quasi reli gious journals and half crazed fanatics, there is no dangerous vitality in it. As a political instie merely, or dealing with it as a social in stitution, the agitation of tho slavery question could work but little harm to the prosperity or permanency of the Union; but when the in stitution of African slavery becomes as it has become within the last quarter of a century - to be regarded as a great moral wrong?an ini quity crying to Heaven lor vengeance-the question assumes at once the form and features of a religious agitation alike in its mode of ac tion and its results, exemplifying the same ar rogant dictation and animated by the same per secuting spirit as the religious warfare which desolated Kurope for three centuries. It must, therefore, be dealt with in the same way. devolution is advancing on all sides of us. At present it has but assumed a practical issue between South Carolina and the federal go- , vernment; but everyday, as intelligence of this I fact and that is sent through the country, the mania is spreading all over the South, and mat ters are becoming worse. A reign of terror exists in South Carolina, and the extreme Southern States are fast advancing to the edge of the same precipice. The events transpiring in Charleston are exasperating them, and the inactivity of the Executive and of Congress emboldens them. Before long the mania will have spread so lar that measures of prcventiou will come too late. Already the border slave States ot Maryland and Virginia are preparing to march a body of armed men to the federal capital to prevent the inauguration of the new President and to break up the government. Everything proves that the ultra men at the South are hourly getting more and more despe rate; and there will be no lack of volunteers from the other slave States from North Caro lina and South Carolina?to aid Mary land and Virginia in this business. There is nothing ?o prevent them from assembling in Washington, and. when the inauguration day ar rive, taking i^sw-ssion of the departments, and thus covering up the frauds in which so many are involved. This object is broadly hinted at by some of the Virginia papers. Two full I months yet remain in which to organise this revolutionary conspiracy, and the inactivity o Congress and the Executive is hastening it on; no that before the tth of March arrives there is great danger that we may see the Capitol O thp country seized. Mr. Lincoln driven out. and the government entirely broken up. In the midst of all the prosperity ami wealth in which the country stands to-day. what a ter rible fatuity it seems that things should come to this, while there Is a remedy at hand! Now, what is the remedy" It is the combined action of coercion and conciliation. Congress should, without an hour s hesitation, pass an art empowering the President to order ten thousand of the mditia from each of the six border Stab's slave and free -from Maryland, Virginia <nd Kentucky; (rooi t)hio, I'cansylvaaia ?ud New York -to proceed to Washington?put these sixty thou sand men under commaud of Gen. Scott, U> pro tect the departments, and see that Mr. Linooln be peaceably inaugurated on the 4th of March. The fourteenth article of the eighth section of the constitution gives Congress that power, in defining its authority, in these words:?''To provide for calling out the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrection, and repel invasion." And in the same act which gives this power of coercion, Congress should enact a concilia tory measure by proposing an amendment to the constitution, placing the social institution of African slavery on precisely the same footing with the religious opinions of the whole people?or Congress should at least evince a disposition friendly to such a measure. This was the spirit which animated the Convention when the con stitution was adopted. All the States recognized slavery then, aud the owners of slaves could take them into any and every State with per fect safety. No restriction of this kind of ser t vitude was provided for or thought of in the constitution. It is only within the last thirty years tluit slavery has become a great moral aid religious question, and the agitation of it u religious propagandism. As such, it must be settled in the sume way as the great religious wars of Europe were finally adjusted, after a calamitous experiment of three cen turies that is, by mutual compromise and conciliation. And it is the present Congress which must do this. By embracing the double policy of coercion and conciliation, embodied in the same mea sure, as we have suggested, they will satisfy the North thut the new President will be permitted to assume the reins of government in peace, and thoy will satisfy the South that the institu tion of slavery will be put upon a just and se em e footing, never hereafter to be disturbed Nor will such a course change the position of slavery at all. It will remain and probably extend its limits in the South; but God and na ture have set an unalterable barrier to its ex tension in the North. There can be no doubt that if the present do nothing policy is to con tinue in Washington, the Southern States will be drawn, and rapidly too, into the vortex with South Carolina, and that an attempt will be made to prevent the inauguration of Lin coln and pull down the whole fabric of govern ment. But with 60,000 armed militia in Wash ington, under the orders of General Scott, no such attempt will be made; and with such a conciliatory measure proposed by Congress, the South will have no cause tor further exaspe ration, and no pretext for hostility. This is the remedy for the present disastrous condition of affairs, and if it is not adopted nothing can avert the anarchy which is being precipitated upon us. Progrrus of Decay in Municipal Politics? A MfW Charter Needed from the State Legislature. Thirty years ago the city of New York was governed by a Common Council composed of a Board of Aldermen and a Board oi Assistant Aldermen. The Mayor was, invariably, the creature of their choice, although, as an inde pendent executive officer, he was enabled to maintain the dignity of his position. The con stabulary of the metropolis was, proportion ably, more effective than the police of the pre sent day, and there was no talk among the people of want of security to life and pro perty. The party distinctions of whig and democrat, imparted sufficient life to rivalry at the polls; but Aldermen were elected on a general ticket, and it was generally under stood thai the broadest distinction which could be drawn was between good and better, not, as it is now. between bad and worse. De partmental interest was under one control, and I>etty corruptions excited no alarm, because, when discovered, they could be so easily remedied. There were uu Almshouse Uov oruunj or petty Justices to let loose organized hordes of criminals from Blackwell's Island to prey upon the community; nor was there a taxation of from ten to twelve millions of dol lars annually, t? support greedy pothouse loafers and perpetuate misrule. mall degrees, the denizens of I some of thr most indispensable of our local in stitutions succeeded in accomplishing the great est object of their desires, the surrender of criminal, pauper, and judicial control to the arbitration of a popular vote. The ne cessary consequence was, a downward progress of municipal decentralization, continued until the present day, and which has resulted in the terrific state of demoralization at which we have no?? arrived. Petty ward wirepullers have succeeded in becoming the arbiters of our destinies, and there is no swindle so abomina ble, no usurpation so utterly monstrous, no po litical brutality no hideous and revolting, that it is not submitted to by the people. Packed primaries, bribed inspectors, silky, smooth tongued Tammany. Mo/.art or republican asstv son?. under the lead of unprincipled schemers, have inaugurated a despotism of barefaced roguery and thimble-riggery, to which the better class of citizens have heretofore by far too patiently submitted. The feudal sove reignty of a shoulder-hitting rfi/ime. has become the acknowledged background, the impregna ble defence, of municipal robbery, so gross and execrable that the possibility of its existence would have been disbelieved leas than a quar ter of a century ago. And, bad as the present state of things is. we have seen as yet, unless a remedy is speedily applied, only the begin ning, comparatively, of the trouble. It might rea-onably be supposed that, in a city containing an accumulated wealth of noar ly two thousand millions of dollars, property and those who posses* It would have some In fluence. Such has ceased to be the case. The aristocracy here is not one of wealth, but the hard, iron hand ot rowdy, corrupt, grogshop, Blackwell's Inland despotism over those whose accumulations subject them to the necessity of taxpaying. Good men, actuated by high and exalted political mottoes, seldom dare to aspire to office. If they are bold enough to do so. vituperation and falsehood, howls and hisses, every conceivable slander, and the certainty of disappointment and defeat, are sure to terrify them from the pursuit of any patriotic ends they may have had in view. Industrious, wealthy merchants, manufacturers, bankers, upright mechanics, clerks, workmen in ship yards, stores and foundries, professional men? lawyers, physicians and students?look on aghast at obstructions to good government which their own energy might remove; but the habit of submission hn - become so strong that they seem practically unable to overcome them Men t*s of reform have from time to time been initiated, but eo feebly, nud euibairas?cd by so may petty motives of personal jealousy, thftt they have met with no success. When oily-mouthed, venal asses sors of Tammany UaU or the Albany Regency hare presented themselves, with their cash books, at the counting house* of our moueyed men, asking for the "smallest pecu niary favor," they have once in a while ruHud their feathers and showed signs of rebellion; but they have ended their opposition by draw ing a check instead ot asserting their rights, and imagined that they were securing peace, by catering to the unhlakeable thirst and un satisfied cravings of gormandizers who only laughed at their victims. The only remedy for our municipal troubles is in the State Legislature just convening at Albany. Among its first measures should be the adoption of a new charter for the city of New York, restoring to us a government simi lar to the one we enjoyed thirty years ago. Let Aldermen be elected as they were Uteri, on one general ticket for the whole city. Let a death blow be struck al departmental decentralization and corruption. Let the requisite securities be de manded from the chief magistrate of the city; but let him be sufficiently powerful to check wrong, rebuke rowdyism and corruption, give back security to life and property, and free us from a load of iniquitous taxation, which would justify revolution. There is a great corps de reserve of conservative, law abiding, industrious, honest citizens in thi.* city, whose strength, if properly exerted, would be overwhelming. They constitute not only the wealth and intelligence, but the majority in the community. They are paralyzed, however, by a corruption which has reduced them to the choice between submis sion and a vigilance committee. By the aid of the Legislature only, can they be raised to their legitimate position, and enabled to rise like a spring tide and drown in the depths of a deluge the mercenary, selfish, feudal machinery of beg garism and ruffianism which now monopolizes power, place, influence, and patronage. A healthy charter will be the signal for an imme diate rallying together of all that is respectable and honest, and for the downfall of a dynasty of evil which is reducing us to the lowest depths of degradation. Inqportant from Sprlnnliold?Tht Presi dent Elect Working l'p IIi? Cabinet and Foreign Appointment*. While the revolutionary events at Charleston, and the embarrassments of Mr. Buchanan's ad ministration, in reference to Major Anderson, Fort Sumter and the three treaty Commis sioners from South Carolina to Washington, overshadow all other subjects of public inte rest, our attention is suddenly diverted to the little inland town of Springfield, Illinois, and to the grout things going on in that interesting locality. Our intelligent correspondent there estab lished gives us, in his letter which we publlok to-day. some very important intelligence, from which it appears that the Cabinet of Mr. Lin cold has been coming together quite as rapidly as the Cabinet of Mr. Buchanan has been fall ing to pieces. The leaders, managers, organs, orators and Wide Awakes of the republican camp have not been asleep, thoujjfc they have had very little to say for the last month or so touching the prospects and the spoils oi the in coming administration. They have been drop ping quietly into Springfield, singly and in small detachments, from all quarters of the compass, and from day to day, for many weeks. Some remaining only an hour or two. and very few of them longer than two or three days, the worshipping pilgrims, gathered together under the droppings of the new formation of power, have never been at any time so numerous as to create any very marked sensation. But lor all this, between Mr. Lincoln and the engineers of his party, a rant amount of work bus been done since the great day of Novem ber in the inspection of the stores of timber presented for his Cabinet and diplomatic estab lishment. Thus it appears that the following Cabinet appointments have been definitely fixed upon, to wit:? For Attorney General?Edward Bates, of Mis souri. I'or Secretary of the Interior?David Wilmot of Pennsylvania. For Secretary of War?John C. Fremont, of California. Next, it appears that the bead of the Trea Bury Department will be awarded to New York, and will be taken from this city, the great financial centre of the Union and the continent, which is a good idea. The issue lies between Moses H. Grinnell, the candidate of the Seward-Weed faction, and George Opdyke. the favorite of the anti-Seward Gree ley faction. Mr. Grinnell, of course, in every practical view of the subject, is the man to be preferred. Mr. Opdyke's claims are of the negative sort, his principal recommendation lying in the fact that, in our last election of that officer, be ran as a candidate for Mayor and was defeated. Upon this standard of merit, the test of a popular election, Mr. John H. Brady, the re-elected Japanese Alderman quite eclipses the pretensions of Mr. Opdyke for a Cabinet appointment. Mr. Lincoln's Secretary of State, as under stood, is to come from New England. We have heard the name of Edward Everett mentioned in this connection; but we guess, from the fact that Mr. Everett was mixed up with the New York fusion ticket, that he will not be inter rupted in his contributions to the New York by the duties of the State Department We should not be surprised if this office were to fall to the lot of Governor Banks; and we apprehend that withia the lines of the republi can camp it would be difficult to find a man better qualified tor the post or more generally acceptable to the country. Thus much for Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet. His diplomatic appointments are next in order. this chapter we learn that "the drift of opinion about Springfield, thus far, indicates the follow ing selections:? For the mission to England? W. II. Seward For the mission to the new kingdom of Italy Wm. C. Bryant. For the mission to Prussia?G. Koerner. Illinois. These appointments we think highly probn Me. Mr. Seward. we suspect, would like to to England, lie would be well receivnl there ax the American Minister, lie became quite favorite at court there on his late vi-it and more recently his presence at (iovern Morgan's dinner to the Prince of Wales was evidently very pleasing to the Prince, the Duke and the whole royal party. They may, perhaps, have regretted the absence of the hotel keeper in his military capacity; but tUat U affair muH be settled by Thurlow Weed. Mr. Bryan*'. the patriarch or our poets of "the lake school.*'' i* the very nuu for the kingdom of Italy?that beautiful land of late*, nous- ' tains, old ruins, poet* And poetry. D?\ there, also, are the fountain head* of ?he Kalian Opera; and on this Uek jve are warned tHat Mr. Bryant will have a powerful rival fur thi? Italian mission iu Wm. H. Fry, a composer of operas. His operas, to be sitre, .have not beoa appreciated here: but in Italy, su* the produc tions of the Minister of the United. States, thoy might result in the happiest mania il relations between the two countries. We fear, how- l ever, that the superior weight of ineta I is on the i side of the poet, who, as a politician, has run > ahead of his ticket. But what is this latest despatch of oat "8 from Springfield? It announces the arrival th ore of the lion. Simon Cameron, accompanied by J. I'. Sanderson, of Pennsylvania. So, so^ We must stick a pin there. Gen. Cameron ha# evi dently taken the alarm. Is David YVilinot, of the Wilmot Proviso, to supersede him in the 1 councils of the new administration? Perhaps not. Lotus wait a little. When Gen. Cameron, at this crisis and at this season of the year, ports off from Washington to Springfield, he goes oa business. J. P. Sanderson, too. This must be the Sanderson who so distinguished himself in the service of the Prince of Wales on his lata American tour. If we are right in this idea there is a very deep meaning in this joint pilgrimage* of Cameron and Sanderson to Springfield, and it may result in some very curious change* oa the slate of the President elect. We submit our information in the preuii <e? to the careful digestion of oar readers. It i? the latest, and we dare say the most reliable, news of the day from Springfield. Our republi can journals are somewhat squeamish on this subject of the organization of the new dynasty. It is a delicate matter with them. Every one of them is attached to some clique and some missionary with a slate, and they all have their axes to grind. Having no slate to look al ter and no axe to grind, and not the least hankering for the spoils of the kitchen, we can afford to give the news from Springfield with out drawbacks or reservations. Hence we are in a better position than their own journals to inform the republican party of the movements on the political chessboard, even at Springfield. Toleration'?This Remedy for Ouit Tnoo mjss.?When the tyranny of George the Third drove the inhabitants ol' the old thirteen colo nies to declare their independence, and consti tute this country the republic of the United States, who questioned the institution of slave ry ? Every State was then a slave State, and slave labor was universally appreciated. It was only when, by reason of a large and in creasing immigration from Europe, white labor became more cheap and abundant in the North than black, that the Northern State*. Ending it unprofitable to koep slavos. declared themsolves free. But the South, however abundant white la bor might be, had no such opt ion. Cotton can only bo successfully cultivated by African la bor, and slavery is essential to that The North, having no cotton to cultivate, and following the example of England, could afford to practise abolitionism; and gradually the puritanical feeling in favor of negro emancipa tion gained ground, till the people of the free States grew angry because their neighbors of the South were not prepared to follow suit and reap the consequent harvest of ruin. If the South had emancipated her slaves, what would England have done to clothe herself, and where would the prosperity of the North have beien now? It is to abolition advocates that we owe all the bitterness, contention, loss and disrup tion which now agitate both sections of our great community, and threaten to sweep away the grand fabric of our Union. And unity is strength. All mankind have learned to look upon this as one of the greatest and most flourishing nations on the face of the earth. Our progress has been unex ampled in the history of the world, and our free institutions have elicited the ad miration of all who value the liberty given them by their Creator. Yet. is this glorious work to be broken in pieces by the mere force of sectional opinion? Is the pride and boast of all patriotic Americans to be irrevocably de stroyed because opposite feelings exist respect ing slavery? Is there no spirit of concession, no natural forbearance, no allowance for the peculiar necessities of a portion of our fellow men to be found? If not. the case is indeed hopelew. It whs by concessions, forbearance and tole ration that the old religious wars which from time to time afflicted Europe were checked. For three hundred years there wa? no such thing as toleration there; but now we Had that all the nations of the civilized world, and par ticulai ly our own country, tolerate all religious sects, and allow them privileges in common. The good effects of this are everywhere visible. The same influences as those which put an end to the old religious wars are necessary to re concile the North to the South, and promote the cause of peace and good will: and herein lies the remedy for the evils which press upon <m and threaten our destruction. Itaijan Opkra in the Mrruoroi.rs- A Woit? TO TUK pBOPKIKTORS OF THK AcADKMV OF Mu sio.?The retnrn of the associated Italian artists from their provincial tour has given a fresh impetus to the public inquiry, are we to have any Opera in New York this winter? And if not, what is to become of the Academy of Mu sic? In the event of civil war it might be banded over to the militia for a drill room, and afterwards be turned into a barrack, hospital or citadel. In that caae the mimic plays would give place to the serious drama of real life. The stage would bo the scene of real assaults, of veritable combats, and unfeigned deaths. Real Manrlcos would lead their troops to the field, and Fifth avenue Leonoras take prussio acid rather than yield themselves up to tSie re morseless villain. Let us hope, however, that such contingencies will never arise. True, the prospeot of things political as we enter upon the New Year is gloomy enough. The metro polis feels deeply the effect of the selfish in trigues of a few miserable politicians; but we are still aware that the counter is, notwithstanding the panic, rich, prosperous and powerful. In all the elements of material strengtli the country never stood better than it stnnrfc to-day. The year has been an emi nently prosperous one. The crops of all Ibe prcat staples?cotton, corn, wheat and tolv*c co?have been larger than ever before (Jo ha.^ beeu pored iuto the bp of Uie mctropb