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THE NEW YORK HERAI.J).
WHOLE SO. 8890. MORNING EDITION-THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REVOLUTION. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. Refusal of the President to Sur render Fort Sumter. llajor Anderson Ordered te Defend it to the Last. A Bloody Battle Between the Sooth faiolinians and Federal Forces Expected. Kqiortfd Outrages of the Seeewionista on the Aiintaippi liver. Defeat of the Crittenden Adjustment in the Senate. I * _ ______ Speeches of Messrs. Simmons and Anthony in the Senate. IB. GHNETrS SPEECH ON THE CRISIS. THE GEORGIA STATE CONVENTION. Teatfer *r the First MiUm ef Rev fork TrMps to Gov. lerfu, ac., ac., Jbc. HP0BTA1T FROM WA8HDIGT0H. Pert Sumter Not to be Surrendered Instructions to Major Anderson to Defend it to the Last. Washington, Jan. 16,1861. The President adheres to his position in regard to tho forts in Charleston harbor, and emphati cally refuses to surrender Fort Sumter, and will bo inform Col. Hayne, the special Commissioner from Sonth Carolina, xph.0 came here to demand its unconditional surrender. Lieut. Talbot, one of Major Anderson's commia- , rioners, taves thi* afternoon, with special in structing to Major Anderson. The exact nature ?f **aese Instructions is not known, but enough is known to state positively that he is to maintain his present ttatui, and defend the fort in every emergency. The President informed Col. Hayne, in his inter view yesterday, tliat any communication he had to make must be made in writing. Col. Hayne has therefore been engaged to-day in preparing a let ter to the President, setting forth the complaints ?t his people, and their demands respecting Port Bnmter. I stated yesterday pretty fully what those demands were. Up to eight o'clock this evening the President had not received the letter. When it is received the President will answer it promptly and unequivocally. As 1 have repeatedly said, the Pre-ident has taken his position in regard to the affairs in Charleston, and has deliberately made up his mind as to the course he intends to pursue, and umfcv *; J-rt unisUw s will he surrender Fort Sumter iv ' s authorities of South Carolina. Unlesa the rrender is made, Col. Hayne says oceans of o<L irill be spilt. "f'.ie instructions to Major Anderson were com pleted to-day. Quite a number of Southern men have called upon tho President to know what the nature of the instructions were, and to urge upon the President to prevent a coliaion between the federal and State authorities. The President required no urging to adopt such a poliey. In no instance, or nnder no circumstance, will the government be the aggressor. They will art strictly on the defensive. If, however, the authorities repeat their offences, as in the case of Ute Star of the West, there will be no alternative left bat to open the batteries and silence them at whatever cost. His instructions are clear and ex plicit. There is no ambiguity in them. Lieutenant Hall has left for New York. He will retora on Friday. _____ WAiflUXr.Trvr, .'mi. H, 1S6V There to ft report b*re to night that Pert Pickens bus V*n taken by Florid* State troops. It needs confirms tloo. Also that the frlfftU- Macedonian Is bound to Pen nacola, to which case she will have to stand the lire of Knrt Helta*, which is capxble of sinking ner. Although the President Is determined to treat Colonel HayB?. of South Carolina, ?s he did the othor IVimmW tiers t>otn that i*tat*. with dignified informality, 1 am toformed a Senator who has just left for the South ntates that aKbough Air. Buchanan raraaea to receive officially % commtasl'mer from any single seceding State, he will not withhold his official recognition from an authorised wnb.is-a.lor from a confedern, y of seceding States. Tho Senate, In executive ^e<wion to day, oaMbmed xome important nominations The Collectorship of Charleston was tocked up In tho Ommittee on Commerce. Mr Clay. of Alabam*, who retired from the Senate as a PM?*>ontat on Monday, has coyer called a meeting of tho committee. but to-morrow there will be one, ant tho sub ?frt of the CoUectornhip of Charleston will be ooosi-ier* ! The President ha- not yet decided about tusCabinc' appoirtmenta. Mr. t.reenwood. Oomttisstooer of tndjto HtairF, and ex-Congressman from Arkansns?i ttront fnion man? is urged for S* rotary of the Interior. The te,egraph is bWlfeeMi wth communications t the South, warning people there to abandon all hope< i conciliation. Virginia and Kentucky hav< been particu larK aptwnlod to. <*r the other hand, the Northwest is urged to ?tand by tho I'nlon now more firmly than over. rw>?p itche(? to Oh?i, 111 n? s aad Iowa, fbrward wt to night, will c?t the war spirit there already roa?ed into i Mase. ?o?h .nteUig- uc?ifrom Mississippi *T tnterrui t!o? and indignities to Western steamboat' an l i*?-1 ugers, add fuel to th oxctmont. We have re p<ri? that or.o steamboat has been stopped, that other" fc,,? b?en snh.^cted to rli)id examjmt'on. ihat worthy cttisens have teen B?nt back, and that cannon have b*ei panted on the bank* of the iivsr to enforce the deer** of itoefomtcor.wealth of Mississippi. Mr. fluitfey, of Ohio, '.a bis speech ta-day, nflamm-.tety a>? it was, mad>' statements about affiira on the Miss atpp that are v"?rifled b? facte. The real tight, tt is predicted be on the banks of that Tver before March, nnd not eatie* .n south Oami rui or the Capitol, mminont >m th danger is at hot h those ponts. 5V rotv*???> of tte public wild in Virgnia p rifiwV th- m .>t aknntag coMeqwMat. As Virpmb ? >>5 so goes the "ct ro b It of frontier Kt&tee. \ ta. j of aoblo bearted ecmwrr?!vff, who k>v< tho Union and 'or-sea the rn?*-t <iire e*,air>!t>e? consequent upon Its destruction, are doiu? everything in thc.r power thiwi^hout, tlk?t ' tate to Flay ibu prevailing excitement, and giro a wum direction to tho constituted official action of Virginia. Hut after all little good is to bo expected ;*rom tb< \c etlorts if they are not sustained by tho calm au.l Union lev ing people outside of the central bo;h/vin of tho dis union excitement. The people everywhere ihouW arouse themselves in tlie Northern ?n<l Northwest parts of ocr country, and come to tho aid of tho-o who are laboring here and m oil or importunt points to save the uat.on from impendir.g calamities. ]?t th?m unite in bunt!reds ami thousands without d?lay throughout the free states, and pa?s resolutions in favor of the prompt adoption of Crittenden's resolutions, and the echo their patriotic voices will at once resound through the h Jls of <'ongrefcJ. and tbr country will be saved. If this is no done the ( itioo is gone forever, and wo shall at once em bark upon the shorei*w? and bottomless yea of bloody re volution. Tho administration Is rapidly relieving itself of the traitors in the camp; but there are still many occupants pfoflke who are secretly cou?piring to break up the Union, and making >1-6 of official influence and mail facilities to accomplish thit object. But the Prosident and mem bers of I'ibmet agree in the propriety and necessity of requiring all officials to take the oath of fidelity to the constitution anew. An order to that effect, It is said, will appear in a few days, and all those who refuse to take an oath of fidelity to the country and constitution, will be invited to vacate their places without delay. speech of Gov. Floyd, at Richmond, wherein he attempts to reveal the secrets or the Cabinet, is severely commented on by all parties. Such a thing never was heard of before in this or any other country. The state ments which he makes aro garbled and misrepresented to Buit his own pnrposes. He woe aware that the I-resi dent could not contradict them, and hence it is that it is the more despicable. A large number of Union savers arrived this evening from New York and are stopping at Willard's. Among them arc A. T. Stewart and Henry Hilton. General Dlx has entered upon his duties as Sccrotary of the Treasury. He attended a Cabinet meeting yesterday. Mr. Rodman, chief clerk, has been commissioned as As sistant Secretary ad interim, in place of Mr. Clayton, re tired. Tbe defeat of Crittenden's compromise creates Intense feeling. Although the pending motion is to reconsider, yet there is no hope of the resurrection of the cherished measure of tho venerable Kent-uckian. Nearly every moderate democrat declares that " now the thing is up, and we must prepare for the worst." There has not been so much excitement on hardly any subject as upon this for many days. WasKcrr.Tov, Jan. 10,1861. The Senate to day, by a vote of twenty-five to twenty three, flung Crittenden's much talked of amendment overboard, and decided, under the lead of Senator Clark, | of New Hampshire, that the constitution of the United States needs no amendment. The attempt to take up tho Kansas bill was defeated by the necessary absenoe of Senator Wilkinson, and for the same reason ihe cocsideration of the Pacific Railroad bill tfls ol- Kansas wa? specially assigned for Friday next. The speech of Senator Simmons, of R. I., to-day was stTongly for the Union and tho laws, and many of Its passages were loudly applauded by the galleries. Mr. Masou being tu Ui?- chair, no motion was made to cloar them. In the nouse to-day. Mr. Gurley, of Ohio, made an otri and out war speech, indicating what the policy of the Northwest will be if the South eloso the mouth of the Mississippi river. Agreeing In position with Western democrats, he said Ioumiana would become a desert, and New Orleans would be turned into a frog pond. Senator Hunter has given notice that he will call up the Deficiency bill to morrow. It will pass witnout much debute. The speech of Mr Morris, of Illinois, to day, whs not only in favor of executing the laws, but was the severest attack upon the President ever uttered. Alfred H'y, republican, and John Cochrane, democrat, will vifit the President to-morrow, and present the reso lutions of the legislature of the Empire State tendering her military and treasure for tho national defence. The prompt action of General Sand ford in tendering his splendid command for immediate service, strikes terror into the ranks of the secessionists, for they havo wit nessed in this city, on two occasions, the gallant Seventh regiment?a crediUblc specimen of General Sandfird's First Division. A remarkable scene was presented in the Senate today Every republican voted for the constitution and the en forcement of the laws; while Mr. Crittenden, who fought tho republicans- on that very Bell-Fverett platform in the recent ('residential campaign voted against It. This action of the Set ate not coming up to tho dcmanls of those who are terriued by the insanity of secessionists, together with the probable repudiation by the adminLs tration of the insult j)g demand of South Carol.na, that the dug of the 1 'nited States shall not wave over the for tresses of tho country, will undoubtedly precipitato ma ters much sooner than was supposed. Tho movemont of the Northern States, in establishing themselves tip->n ' a war footing, Is gratifying evid> nee hero that the Northern lion is shaking his Maine. There is no 4"ny lng iho fact that we arc on the verge of a war, and the .sooner the poople of the United States, who mean to | sustain the Union and execute Iho laws, understand the 1 facts the better. From every part of the Smith we get intelligence that tho Southern States are active A>r secession, and are making military preparations 'or some purpose. Some say to sustain South Carolim, and others declare that it is being done to prevent the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln. fientlen.cn who hare arrived here to-day from Rich mond, Vs., state that the citi/ens are arming and uni forming and drilling, and say boldly that they are pre paring to attack the (fepitol. The lovors of the Union should not'be deceived. W>?ihm.Tow, .Ian. 16, 1881. The Senate, in Kxeci.ti\e session to-day. confirmed the appointment of Mr. Taylor, Chief Clerk of the New York I'oet Oftlee, ?r Postmaeter. The minority roportR hare not yet all been made from the (oinmltteo of Thirty three. Mr. Lore, of Ooorgis, and Mr HiuniltOB, of Texas, unite on something like the Crittenden )>?.?. Messrs. Nelson aivl lorry li*ve?>ach presented their views. Mr. Adam*, of MasMchw-ett?, withdraw* his anient to the majority re port. for the reaeon that the Hou'.hcrn members have generally retired from the committee, thereby showing an unwillingness toacc-pt anything the North cosld yie.d iu the way of compromise. The mbiority report, aimed by the T>prc contJitireR of tbe Tact ft o eoant, M?-w=ro. Bcrch and Stout, declares the requisite rote for constitu tional amendments by this Congress cannot be bad. ami since U>?r* is such a contrariety of views and oplnins mettbers </f the eame party *r 1-ave no hope from the r ac.ion which would meet a.! d?munds, they are w .11 in* to refer the matters of difl*renr.> N>: ween tlM North and South to tho source of federal power .aid to tho d-legate? elected with a view direct to tb?ir settlement. They concur in mai.y of thf measures re oxroei.ded by tie m^or'ty and re|>ort a resolution additional to '.heirs. This rewhitkm r?-?elvod f-urteen vites, wh.le fifteen voted agvn?t tin theCimmittee. and pr?poeee tooftil a Nation*! Uonetitu t onal Convention. Col. Haj ne. romm!*R:r?ier from ^owth Carolina, hac\ it is inder*T\ood, n.od?rn>,| his views sxce h!s arrival here. He w U remain h' re several Jays. The opinion is almoet mammons .n (occasion cir'.ie* Hiatal! ? oil ia km for tho present should be ftudfrjsly avoided. Col. I lay ne has been da.iy co\ui?'jj'X? with the leader" of tbe goe> fliion movement, who are o|ipo?HJ to precipitating hostilities. It t?5 behoved that strong represwUtions have been maile within two days past urging tbe authorities of Ftouth Carolina to afford Major Anderson every facility for marketing and Tiber Jometf ; j supplies. WiSKWOTOf, JftO. 18,1M1. A distinguished Senator, who m in the nonfldenee of tbe Pre?iden?, H*?ertH thai the instructions to Msyor Ander ?on are that he nvist, at all haMurds, dt'end Fert .-"unater and <mnUin the flag that (toats over t. Major 4nd?r*on will be re'nforced, and the property of the girrermneot, m by the iawless mob of *mth Carolina, w U be r*tofr*r, and the honor of Uw Mtioo, now so d>n.tre,i by the conduct of Kkiyd A Oi., vriJ be rein> tau>d. n> ' "itfht or *.ti? American tug Boating over Ftot Sum ter is probably not twf so irritating to the South Caroli nians MM the fact chat -very in^h of stono visiblo in thai tortrese is j i#t so much MuaaaUiUfcotUi noil, all of tho ma terial of pbich hort vimter is uwlo having been taken rraiu the granite quarries of Qu,u<-y, Itofi-sichuj-etts. Itis fact, well inowu ji Ch^rlctton, coutr.butee to inaito tho rebels. The President and Oibinet aro firm :n their determina tion to susta t, Mj^or Anderson, the Union .tnd tlio laws. ljeut. Talbot leaves here is the mornaig with waked despatch, s to Major Anderson. The lieutenant who bears thorn ';jiK'e is ignorant of the cotteuts of tho little package he carries to his superior. Lieut. H?:i lias obtained leave of abseuce to visit his family, some of whom aro ill, in Vow York. He has no special message from Major Anderson, but accompanies Mr Hay no. the South Carolna messenger. l'rivate letters fr<m Columbia, South Carolina, re ceived to.niglit ftotu merchants, say traie is at a stand. Collections aro impossible, and movements Northward are daJy attempted. from fear of conliscatkm of their stock by the State or plunder by the icob. Advices from Memphis, Tennessee, from ni^n of the highest charac ter, state that nineteen twentieths of the j people of that section are in favor of the Union, either ? upon Crittenden's plan or some similar baris. A plan fs now before the Committee on 1'cderal Rela tions of the House of Delegates at Richmond which is regarded with much interest in political circles here. Tho idea originated with Mr. Pry or, of the federal lioiwo oi Representatives, and has received tho cardial endorse ment of Messrs. Crittenden, Breckinridge, Doughs, Wil liam C. Rives and other distinguished gentlemen, em bracing all sliades of Sou thorn and conservative opinion. Tho plan is a series of resolutions proposing:? i\rtt~?There must bo some definite and conclusive set tlement of the slavery question between tho two sections of the country or separation w?ll be inevitable. Second?Proposing tho Crittenden Compromise, as ameuded by Mr. Douglas, as the basis of a fair and honorable adjustment, and as the lout that Vlpginia feels sbo can take as a settlement. third?The appoiutment of a Commissiocrr to each .State in the Union to r present the action of Virginia and to invite a response to this measure of . oociliatlon. iburUi?A strong appeal to the federal government to stay its hand and avert all acts which luay lead to a collision pending the mediation of Virginia. fifth?An appeal to the seceding States to .preserve tho existing status, and also to abstain from all acts which may precipitate a collision. A despatc h from a distinguished source in Virginia, re ceived to day, says that there is little if any doubt that the plan will pass both Houses of the Legislature. Similar movements will at once be made in tho Legis latures of Missouri, Vorth Caroliua, Tennessee and Ken tucky, arrangements being now in progreM for that pur pose. The Crittenden resolution will probably como up in tho Senate to-morrow on the motion to reaansidsr the action of to-day. Mr. Russell has ap)?ared before tho special oommltteo and promptly anawercd] all questions put to him. He has laid before the committeo a written statement of everything he knows relative to the abstracted bonds. I The tirand Jury has not yet acted on the subject. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. WasmvciTo.v, Jan. 10, 1861. Arrive! of General Z>ix?Abiuei in the Trteuury Depart- > msni?Dark and Gtemy rrmpect at the Sonth?Xo | Hop* from Conqrrtsional Inile.ilU>j?lKe. President , I'moerleu?Mr. Seward's Speech, d-c. Secretary of the Treasury Pit arrived in Washington last night. Ills presence is much needed. Everything i has been left at sixes and sevens by Thomas. Sogar smoking, newspaper read tug, and idle chat constitute tho principal occupation of tho greater number of tho clerks, whllo businosa is utterly noglocted. letters from merchants and capitalists remain unanswered, and of tho f've tnilliona of dollare of Troasury not..*, for which tho money was paid In three week* sin?, only about w third have actiially been issued and forwarded to lenders. Things under Cobb have been gradually sinking from bad to worse, until tho commonest requirements of business decency are scouted. The oompLiiutsfrom New York aro endless, but have heretofore received no attontion. Holders of Treasury notes becoming duo aro of course coupe! kxl to send thetn to Washington to oollect tho amount and interest. Rut will It bo believed that the cuftom has grow n up of canceling the notes and not pay :ng tho interest or acknowlelgiiig the receipt of letters until after a lapse of four, live, si* and even ten days, during which time the further interest which should accrue is lottl Yot, vhen Mr. Thomas whs remonstrated w ith on this and kindred cubiecta by some of your New York p?>oplo. he eontented lumself with writing impudent and vexatious replies, unworthy of a government repre presentative. As for the stealing o|x>rations that have been going on everywhere. Investigating . emmittces must get to work In a more effcctivc manner than heretofore to ferret out tho truth. It Is now said that the heads of Information, upon which thcOovodc Committc- ac.tod last sen, ion, and which w. re intend. ;! to damage the President, were ac tually supplied by Secretary Hoyd, for the purpose of diverting attention from his own department. It miy be remembered th?t not a hint at the malfeasances in tho I War Department transpired throughout tho whole course ! of the evWwue. r.eneral Dix is fo well known as an active business man as well as a gentleman of tho most unspott'-d in tegrity, that It is believed lie will eitaer make a clean sweep of the idlers and rascals m the Trra.sury building, or else reform their hnbltg entirely. Clayton miist b?. the first to go. His unpopularity and the distrust In which he is held exceed all bound* He is trusted by no one. Things look dark here to-day Tho utter inactivity of Congress stupilies those who otherwise would have some hopes. The House of Rnprenentat ives Is an assem blage governed by wooden-nutmeg Christianity, with all the cant and hypocrUy of tho wn Puritan elements. National men are dk>eotirsge<l. South ern leaders reiterate that (* its ids of south < arol ms, ovon :n Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida, the I men sent ment prevails in the hearts of the people: but that r. cannot b>L got at. It is buried in a present trfur..ph> t'evrisb, demagogic M-ccbilonisin. .Vll oyes hnvo boen turned towards WaHb.nifton, bi:t hero nothing to doo". Mr. Rui hanan h&: but a f?w weeks morn u> remain in oflk.e, and can neith'-r art upon hopes or fears, its bo wo?. Id bo enabled to do If hi3 term were but half expired. (to in D?*t to power)e??, though bis intention! are goal, and ho In pi.rrouadad by' ompsrativoly able m-n. Stanton and Hit alone might have aJdod the couutry greatly if they had been a ofli<e earUer; <uid Ui< n thoie isOneral Scott. who l? indefatigable. I fear it I* all in vain. Sew ars speech ia regarded an r haractenstio of the trimming nature of the man. Republicans my t o re canw and draws baok 'rom the ground be haa held for twenty yoar-?, while democrat*, ftcc lie li.ni of partially yiei ling for the purpose of ga.niug time. Tliat it la op posed to coe re km and rlrU war la .ta main pood f<jatire. PKACK PROrtJklTHttH FROM PENNSYL* VANTA. nnwu?ci?u, Jan. 16,1M1. Tbo ".as..asW-r Aajwvilof this evening eontai&s lown m jD.ja'ion from Nathaniel Burt, a rfpubll-an, earnestly urging Uie State 7eginlatr.ro to Una immediate *t?ps U? conciliate tho border statea, by send jig Gomm.setoiiers to th>' r legislatures with a pl'dgo of P"nn?y)v?r.ia'fi fuU performane of tier constitutional dut.es towards every ?tat*. He tnjika that this should be done to counteract -.he euer'ions of the dtKU&ttm ftni-wi< t in these States. He adds ? IM the Commies. n?ra assure the legislatures of the birder States that Pennsylvania ia ready to grant th?m every reas mable guarantee aga rst nectiooal interferons and to s*oure their equal rights n the Territories. The fijrprm advocates ths tmm?d.ate repeal of all un friendly leg .slatIon, and appr iv? of Mr. Burt's propo?i twn. It aaya '.hat the repeal of the I'?reonai Liberty bill with the apt?ointment if tho Ownmlsniinofs, primptly. with a reasonable show of .iMmniity, wul se'.tle -h< poel tioo of the border States n favor of ma.nta.niag the Unlor. THF. KlflrtOURI IJ50IBLATTJRE. <*. im-B, Mo., jan. l?, Mfll. Tho Cjavntion bill pasaed the Hetiale iMt Bight. The vote was yeas 31, uays 2. The bill leave* It to tbo voter* to dec de at :he time the delegates are elected, whether '.be s??ese>on ordinance, If passed, shall be subm fed V the people 'it ratification. T*o election jf 4alegat<s i? to be held February II, and .be Cob rent.on ?n tho ?8'h. TMPORTANT DEflP \ TOTPS TO THB COM MANDER OF rHE ?iULP SQUADRON. Hbw Okuum, Jan. 18, M6t. Ccnsrt "^V?ns w^nt to Ver.i (Yj4 this morning, b?>ur ia^RiSt. at ?fcg|>atcb<'v frcui Winhu.^tou to the commander of the t.uli' Squadron. It ? rttm<>r<Hl they wore for a con centraiKjn of the tl">'ts at tlie montlis of (he Mit.-ktippi and the bother vt >*?jas.."oia. IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH CAROLINA. CK.'iiii>TON, Jan. 18,1861. Governor IVtens has sent a mettsage to the legisla ture advising the ra* ug or" iwo more military a itnpanies an! one morn regiment, to s^rve threeyear*. He idvi-osa permanent garrison of the extensive fort nioat ions in South Carol ma. Thin may be expensive, but considering that we shall soon hive a Ni'ithern confederacy, it will be necostary to protect the *ea coast, anil afterwards transfer the troops to the Southern government. The fa natical excitement of the Northern people shows us thiit if we expert to prvMi ivo peace we rnnii. prepare l'or war." The Bouse of Kcprt s- ntiUivea have pushed il?e bill to stay the collection and prosecution of all debts duo by South Carolinians to men in the nou Uvebokting states until after December next. Lieut. Me&d, of K< rt Sumter, rer h<'<! h?'ro this after noon, on a leave of absence to go home, iu Virginia, on account of the Alness of his sister. THE GEORGIA STATE CONVENTION. Mimmazviux, Jan. 18,1R61. TbeConvention met at ten o'clock. Judge Bcnning wan chosen temporary Chairman. Subsequently, fleorftw W. Crawford was elected President by acclamation, and A. R. Limar, of Mus%i;ee, was elected Secretary. A committee waa appointed to wa.t on CcMmiwiaoer Orr, of South tkroUna, and Shorter, of Alabama, and re quest them to oommonisate with the Convention, a!, o to accept Beats. The convention adjourned until to taorrow. AFFAIRS IN NORTH CAROLINA. RalkI' H, Jan. 10,1861. There was no vote taken on tho Convention bill In either House to-day. Anti-coercion resolutions were passed to a second read fig in tho House last night, and will bo considered again tomorrow. Tbe resolutions aro strong against coercion, and pledge tbe whole power of the State to resist any attempt by the government to coerce a seceding State. Tho Convention bill is being debated in the Hons tonight. IMPORTANT FROM NEW ORLEANS. New Orlkass, Jan. 14,1881. Six companies of New Orleans military arrived this morning from tbe Arsenal of Baton Rouge, leaving tbe barracks garrisoned by State troops. Major Raskin, with the United States forces, has left for St. Ioulft. A regiment of regular State infantry is being rapidly formed to garrison the fortiflcation. The reported seizure of the cutter Washington at Algiers id incorrect. Xo seizure is contemplated. The Fire Department are forming into military compa nies. No coercion is anticipated hero against seceding States. Preparations and plans for the organization of a Southern republic are proceeding quietly. The volunteers here are daily drilling, and reinforce ments are surrounding the forts. THE VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE. Rioimovp , Jan. 18,1881. Tli- II ??i rin n.fit ? i ?.? ?v?h-iat rnnatitniK reported on Mr. Smith's resolutions that it is inexpedient for tho federal government, under existing circumstance, to make any additional military force, inasmuch as it would bo liable to misconstruction, and tend to create uneasiness in the public mind; and requesting tbe Uovor nor to obtain inline. iate information for tho purposes of the neru-rW g< vcrni^cnt with roepect to fctrcngihcning tho military force in the uri nals, Ac., in Virginia. So action was taken on the report of the committee, grunted leave to Fit during the ses. ion to consider tho important information recently received. Their report is under stood to bo the basis of adjustment, drawn up by Mr. I>rjor, aud approved by the leading men of both partiM at Washington. Tbe proceeding0 of the Senate aro unimportant THE MOBILE COLLEC TOR. Momut, Jan. t.?, lHdl. The Collector hM refused to honor federal draft.-' unl il orders from the (Jovernor of Alabama. THE ILLINOIS DEMOCRATIC STATE OON TKSmOE. SMU3t?;Krrui, j.in. 16,1461. The Democratic Convention was nnmi'roii?ly attended, although but about half of tho counties of tho State were repre-wntod. The Liow ? r the IVmglas democracy wan In attendance. Conride-ablo dignity was added t> the proceedings by the participation of Chief Justice Cat on, bis two MMciatM, and the tinted State* District Judge. Some member* from the extreme south of the Plate evinced strong sympathies with the South. ?>m? were prevented from embodying their sentiments in the resolution* by the In ion maiority The all had n strong I'Dion flavor. The re?n. lutions ? bow that tho d-niociacy of Illinois follows wherever Douglas goe-. The follow ing .ire the most im portant of the rr point ion.? adopted in rnll:? Third, That wc deny the cun-titutkiiml fight of any Wate or any portion of the people ther?of to secode froiu tho Union, ?nd thitt we arc enuallv opposed to nullilioa tloh at ti'.f Nnr,h Urn! *? tli.' ^'Hh tw violation of tb< constitution of the t'nited State*. Fourth Resolved. That in the opinion of this Conven tlon the employment of military force by the federal government to coerce the submission of the sending State*, will Inevitably plume the country In c'vll war. and entirely extinguish all hopes of a settlement of the fearful tesues now pending liefore the country; we there fore earnestly entreat as well the federal government an ?be Receding States to w.thhold and stay the arm of military power and on no pretext whatever to bring on the nation the horrors of civil war until the people them -r|ve? can take such action M our troubles demand. Klflb That we recognize the power and duty of the federal go\ crnrr;ent to protect the property of the Cni'eO Mate*, and we r^ogulie and declare it to be the duty u( the federal government, through the civil authorities within the juris'1 let Ion of the State*, to enforce all lawn passed In pursuanee of the constitution. but we distinct ly deny that the federal government lias any const It u ttonal power to call out the military to execute those laws within the limil* Mid Jurisdiction of any State exc epi in aii! of the civil authorities. A XTI-COERCION IN PHILADELPHIA. l'nniMi/114, Jan. 1*1,1*11. There was an immense gjdhcring at National Hal! to night in obodlenoe to the call on men of all parties in opp>wition to the republican*, favoring the conciliation and not tlie coercion of the south, and a peaceful sepa rat on of It must be rather than a civil war. Am thecal! wan apparently directed to the I'nion and Itouglas men. large number* of these parties w?ro In attendance, was manifest during the processings. on tho revolutions being read, there war) evident!} some disposition to opp>*o tin m by a |>ortlon of the an dienoe. ai:d a genth man on tli? platform roeo to tunend them, lie wiiii immediately removed. There be*ng Nome appr< h< nsmn of a disti i banco, a large police fore* was in attendant" The meeting was called to order by \ lucent I? Brad ford. tharle* Macalbster presided. speeches were made by Uun. losial Randall, Oorge M. Wharton,I mted Stales Itictr.ct attorney. Hon #m, II. Ke-d. Iloii. Het^am.u II. HrewMer and others?all Itrck in ridge democrat*. Muring the meeting several attempt* were made ut disturbance, a'mw<! frequently choermg for the Union, Ccnerai soott and Major Apuerson, and groan lag for -tout!. Carolina and the palmetto t'.ag \l-ng'h '.ho leader of th? opposition wax thrown out of the window, j \ itO'Oe of gre*t excitement. ensued, and mm/ mltMM elapsed before order was restored. The s|ie*k?rs contended that < -*trcion wrs xorpedieiit and dangeroue. and that the 8ou*.li hut good and just cause to complain, and rec<munende<i that a convention of the people be .mmedially 'ailed to declare to tho ?south that I'eniisyh aa.a is for tfmtn. ? m the question bo ng put by Hon. Wm. R. 'Vxwl w to where I enns> lvani\ would go ,n oa?' of a dlfnemN-r tnent oi the t nioti hundreds . raid "1V> tho South, ' winch renl itilent, was lust ly cheered. The arguments oi' tho speakers wore mainly d'.recto I against the abolitionist*. rhertouihwaa ankeil ti wa t until the Pennsylvania democra-.y were a^a.n ,n power. All tb>- *r>eaier< united n 'ommond ug t'ov. C.rt'n's inaug >ral aitdr-** for U ooncll.'.ory toco UNION MIRTINO IN NEW JERSEY. TWm*, V. J., Jan. 10,1M1. Avery large meet ng wan bold here iae*. evening It *ii*tain the general government in :M en for envnt of tbe lawn, pledging Vew Jersey in men and rtvraae to put 'town rebellion. The I^ga'kture wan recTumewded lo take action in the matter. Speeefcwi were made by (*>k*wl F^ewe, Dr. Helton, Uhjrn MUln, C. W. Jay mA ft. V Cougar IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. THUTV-flUTH CO.ieiUCBS. ucomd ansfiJON. kuta? Wxsmvok)*, Jan- M, 1801. The Yktc Ptunnrerr presented a mensage answering the ^ate resolution relating to the appointment of Joseph Holt to perform the duties of the uOce of Secretary of War, nuuie vacant by the resignation or Secretary Floyd. He fully seta forth the legal reasons frr ih" step. Mr. Rhi:, (opp.) of Minn., offered a resol itinu for the appointment of a special committee of savon by the S' riale, with instructions to inquire into the expediency of the passage of a general act for the admission of now Htateg, and the readjustment of the limit# of California, Minnesota and Oregon, an foliows;? 1. New Mexico shall be bounded on the north by the tliirty seventh degree of latitude, east by Texas, south by Texas and the Mexican boundary, and west by the one hundred and fourteenth degree of longitude. 2. Kansas, including the present 'territory of Kansas east of longitude 140, a small portion of New Mexico north of latitude thirty seven, and that portion of Nebraska which lies south of latitude forty-three. 3. An enlargement of the jurisdiction of Minnesota, to embrace the proposed Territory of Dacotah and the por tion of Nebraska lying north of latitude l'ortv throe. 4. An enlargement of the Jurisdiction ot' Oregon, 8 > a* to merge and include the Territory of Washington. 5. A readjustment of the State of California, ho as to '.Delude that portion of I'tah and New Mexico lying west of longitude 114. Mr. ItaiKH. (opp.) of Pa., moved to take up Mr. Crit tenden's resolutions. Mr. 1*ath.\m, (opp.) of Cal., opposed Mr. Powell's amendment. Tf the amendment is accepted, the Consti tution wdl lie so amended that the extension of slavery will be forever precluded, and wo will never get Cubu. He iiid net want to take any resolution which would again precipitate the question on the American people. Tf he understood the question thoroughly, if this amendment goes Defore the people they will never consent to it. The t'lumsMN (Mr. Foot) h-TO decided that the un t>ni"he?l business, being the Pacific ltnilroad bill, takes precedence of the special order, the Kansas bill. Mr. Pi'.ixk moved to postpone all other business and take up the (Yittendon resolutions. Mr. Wai>b, (rep ) of Ohio, called for the yeas and nays, and it was carriod?yeas, 27; nays, 20. Mr. SrMSER (rep.) of Mass., moved for a vote on Mr. Powell's amendment on article 1, lino fourtoen?after the word "territory" to nicer t "now held or he realtor to be acquired.'' The following is the vote:? Yr as?Messrs. Bake*, Bayard, Benjamin, Blgler, Bragg, Bright, riinaman, fritteiiden, Douglas, Fitch, Oreen, (iivin, Hemphill. Hunter, Ivorson, Johnaon Tenn , Kennedy, I<ane, Mason, Nicholson, Pearoe, Polk, Powell. Pngh, Kloe, Sauls bury, Sebastian, Slidel). and Nigral 1?29. Bays'?Messrs. Anthony, Blnuham. Cameron, Chandler, riald, Collamer, Dixon, Doollltle, Durkee, Fessendrn. Knot, Foster, Grimes, Kalian, Hall, King. Latham, 8eward, Him mona, Humner, Ten Eytk, Trumbu.l, Wade, Wilson?24. Mr. Wan* mode a motion to veto on Mr. Blgler's mo t.on to postpone regular business and continue the con sideration of the Crittenden resolutions. The following le the vote:? Ysift.?Messrs. Bayard, Benjamin, Blgler, Bragg, Bright, Cllngman, Crittenden, Douglas, Mteh, <i?een, Iletnphlll, Hunter, Ivernon, Johnson of Tenn , Kennedy, Iatne, Mason, Nicholson, Pean-e, Polk, Powell, Pugh, Bice, Hauls burr, Se bastian, Slide 11 and Wlgfall.?27 Nays.?Mesaera. Anthony, Baker, Bingham, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Collainer, Dixon, DoolltUe, Durkee Kesien den. Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, King, Latham. Reward, Simmons, Humner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade and Wilkinson.-* Mr. Simmons (rep.), of Tt. I., said:?I have lived under every President. I do not want Georgia or any other State to secede. Georgia has the ashes of one of Khode Island s sons who fought at Eutaw Springs. I am a State's right man. as well as a national mnn. The Per sonal Liberty bills of Mntwachiisctta T believe passed when both branches of the legislature of that State and the Governor wore democratic.. When tho Personal Liberty bills wore passed they did not prevent the ope rations of the constitution. The slavery question belongs to the t inted States to decide. It is a mere matter of moonshine about its belonging to the States Individually. There are depraved questions thrown up by the demo crats here chary1?* (f,r ropobficun party with breaking uf> ?*? government. I do not care what kind of laws you past in Georgia an.-cling us. smx H of iik. imtrr oy nnt crisis. Mr. Anthony, (rep.) of n. I., mid-Mr. I'rcsdent: I shull voto for Ibis utucuilnunt bocausc I believe it to be abstractedly true, and because I would much rather see the existing difficulty settled by a general enforce ment of the laws and by a general obedience lo them, than to changing the constitution to nutke tt conform to any sectional or oilier dissatisfaction. Vet I would by no means bave it understood that by this vote I commit myself against all measures, or what, in my judgment, may be any lust arid reasonable measure Intended to compoeo the present diitiouiuo ?. it does not follow because dissatisfaction is unreasonable tluit It should not be ap|x:a.sod. 1 Specially does not this follow whin the dissatisfaction is caused by persistent musroprescntatiou, which wo may bopo time aud reflection will correct. It in always with regret aid with distrust of my own judgment that 1 differ from the di-.tinguished S nator from Kentucky (Mr. Oit tendon). K:-[wi i.ill> do I regrel that 1 am unable to agree with him m a measure which he brings forward to oump-vo tho dllUcuiti<? which agitata tho country. Distinguished not moro for the length oi service than for the ability and patriotism with which that wholo service has bwn illuminated. I had been taught before I know him to regard hnu as the model of a statesman an.I |ialriot. During my acquaintance with him he has I'uJIy justified tho opluion with which 1 approached him. Hut, [sissing over other objections, I think tjkere is a fatal defoct in any attempt to settle the Territerial que tton hy a constitutional aiuendment. I do uot believe that any amendment that would bo at all satisfactory to both sections could secure the assent of three fourths of the States. Four States are already out of the (Tnion, so far as th- ir own acts can place them without it. Three others are wait ing inij>ail?ntly for the forma of secession which shall si'war them from tho tiag og their country. Seven states wall refuse even to consiCer a proposition for an MHfinent to the constitution. To adopt an amend iiH(to tbe < o&?titution requires tho assent of twenty ttt# States, luid only twenty-six Stales would vote up?* 11. It cannot lie pmumed, In tho present agitated condition of the country, tho paxsious of men could calm dr>*n, and tbe minds of men could be brought together with such unanimity that all tho Statfw but i'ftv v?ou!il fender Ihvir uftotU to any proposition for settling tfie question that ha* so long and so utterly divided tin in. I might refor to other ohjeetions, but even il the mousure should be passnd immediately, and slioul i receive the prompt a. sent of the South?a very doubtful contingency?there l.i not time in the At Isntic, Mates be lore tho 4th of March to pass upon it with the deliberation due to so gravo a matter, nor in 'he Pacific. si tat'*'. tho ursent of one of whi< h would be necessary to its adoption. The vote certainly would not be transmitted here within that time I think, also, that the provision which makes this applica Me to all territory lo lie hereafter acquired ? ill be regarded all over the North as an in-, nation to flllhu* tering, and as a provocation to war with Mexico. I know it was not so intended by the Senator who proposed, nor his colleague who accepted It, but such would ho tno opinion enter talned of its practical entv-t, and in that apprehension I confess I should largely share. Hut regarding tbe prim* ry objection, which f stated as sufficient t" oontroi my vote. 1 do not care to discuss the otb'-rs. I believe ? hat if the danger which menare.i u ; Is to be avoided at all, it must be by legislation, which Is more ready, more oertain anil more likely to be saiHfaef >rv titan a constitutional amendment. Tho main difficulty is the Territorial question. The demand of the Senator" on the other Mde of the ebamber, and of those whom they represent, ts that the Territory sooth of the line of the Missouri Compromise, should be open to their peculiar institution All this Terr it wy, except the Indian Hescrvation. is withiu the limit* of New Mexico, which, lor a part of its northern boundary, runs up two degrees above that line. rhis is now a slave Territory?made to hy Territorial legis lation, and slavery exists there and ts protect ed now. I am willing, as soon as Kansas has been admitted, to vote for the admission of New Mexico as a State, with such constitution as the people riiay adopt. Ibis disposes of all the territory that ts s<lapt ed to slave labor, and thst is clattnod by tho !>ooth. It ought to settle the whole question. Surely, If we can dispose of ail the territory that we have, we ought not to quarrel over that we' have not. fet us settle the difllcuitter' that throng us now. and not anticipate those which may nevar suae. Ijet the public mind have time to cool. let tis for tret, in the general prosperity, the mutual dependence and the common glory of our coun try, that we have ever quarrelled over the question that we have put at rest, and, per hup-, when, in the mar h of events, the Northern province* of Mex.'o are brought under our sway, they may come In without a ripple on the political ses, where tumultuous wars now threaten to engnlpli ur . 11 in one common ruin. In offering 'o settle this uuss lion by the compromise of V?w Mexico, we of the North who assent to it, propose a great sacrifice, and off* r a large concession, we propose to take in a State that Is deficient in population, and that possesses, imp-rfecily, many of tne elements of a member of the Union, and that will require in one form or another, even after its admission, the aid of the g> n^ral govern tnent. But wo make the offer in the spirit of com promise and g-md feeling, which we hope will bo recipro cated. tnd now I appeal to ?Orators on the other side when we thus offer to bridge over full seven eighths Of the frightful - haxm that se|sw?tes ,u< will you not build 'he other eighth? When, with ont stretched arms we approach yon so near that by reaching our your hsnd you can ilasp ours In the fraternal grasp fr>m which they thould nevar ha\e separated- w ill you stand ? Mb folded arms and ehwed eyes upon extreme demands which you know we aanot accept, and for which, if we did, we could oil osrry our constituents' I hud n^rt Intended to take part in tbis debate, hut sbi.e ?i many here part e pa?~i in it. I was unwi)l.ng that it should close until I had added my vote to ths more powerNl one* that have be?n raised m the side of moderate couansls, fldelltv to the constitution, and unal'erab.e a'.Urh-nen' to the Cnton. I wished, also to express my spprobsl'OB of the un?er?al TS, > -ateeu .an ke, sr.,1 patriotic speech of the <V:nator from Vew V.irl. 1 ho Senator from Delaware hag said thlt h.n 'lal', ns it has kern the iirst to adopt th?* constitution, she would he the lu -t to desert it. Thai claim i r-hall de pute with him. The State that I have the honor, in ?*rt, to represent, was the list of tho old thirteen to adi pt the constitution. She will permit no other Stato to be the lat-t to leave it. Kho wiM remain true to thw American lla?< ho long as a shred of it float*. She deliberated long, because nhe apprehended that in euterir.g into the I'nion she made great ^sacrifice*# and incurred great risk of log*. She haw found :hat in stead of sacrifice and loss, it haa been ail glory and gain. The timo demands wisdom, moderation and conciliation. The Constitution in to be preferred in the spirit in which it was framed, by mutual or Dear ance, by a liberal construction of each other s mot'ves, and by a general confidence of the people of one section in the people of every other section. Who ever attempts to destroy or to impair that -on tldcuce points an arrow to the heart of hie coun try. Whoever attempt to strengthen or reeto'e, invokes upon himself the benediction that, wat pronounced upon tho peacemakers. However wo may be estranged by unfortunate, and, I tru-t tran-ient causes, we arc till brethren of one household, inter marriage and emigration have given to the families of either section representatives in the other. You can not trace back your family tree, but some of its limlw will cast their shadows in every State. TCie blood of your ancestors (lowed at 1-erlngton, and reddened the soil of Hunker llill. The bayonets of our gleamed at the battle of Cowpens, and the gonitis of a Rhode Island man. to uhotn tny ooHcague has so eloquently referred, directed the flght at Kutaw Spring*. Tnat day he made good the declaration that he would reec-.n tho Carolinians or perish in the attempt. Together our fathers achieved the Independence of their '?vuntry, together they laid tho foundations of its greatuee* and glory, together they erected this beautiful structure, which it is our privilege to Inhabit, which It is our duty to preserve and transmit; together wo enjoy that privi Irge, together we must perform that duty. I will not be lieve that. In the madness of popular folly and delu slon, the mof-t benignant government that ever blessed humanity is to be broken up. I will not believe that this great power, which is marching with gigantic steps toward the first place among the nations of tbe eartb, in to bo turned backward in its mighty track. There aro no grievances, fancied or real, that cannot be redressed within the I'nion and under the constitution. There are no differences between us that may not be settled if we will take them up In the spirit of those to whoso placed we have succecdcd, and the fruit* of whose labors we have inherited. Mr. Coixamcx, (rep.) of Vt.. called for a vote on poet poning tbe consideration of the Crittenden resolutions, and to take up and fix a day for the consideration of tbe Kansas bill. Tho vote resulted as follows:? Yka.?.?Me?rr?. Anthony. Baker, Bingham, Cameron, Chandler, Clar<, Collamer, Dlien, Uoollttle, Durkee, Fmmt. den, Foot, Foiter, Orlmea, ilale, Harlan, King. Seward, Rim mom, huioncr. Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson and Wilson?25. Nits.?Messrs. Bayard, Benjamin. Butler, Bragg, Bright, Cltngraan, Crittenden, Douglas, Pitch. tlreen, iiwln. Hemp bill, Hunter, Irerson, Johnson of Arkansas, Johnson of Tennessee, Kennedy, Lane. Latham, Ma?on, Nicholson, Pearee. Polk, Powell, Pugh, Kite, Haulsbury, Hsabsstlan, All dell uud Wigfall?30. Mr. BisimAM, (rep.) of Mich., moved that a vote be token on Mr. Clark's motion to amend Mr. Oittenden'M measures by striking out the preamble and tbe resolu tion. The vote resulted as follows:? Yuas- Messrs. Anthony, Baker, Bingham. Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, CoolKtle.DurkM, Pes sesden, Foot, Foster. (Iriraen, Hale, Harlan, King, Seward, bimmons, Sumner?VOL N*v*?Messrs Bragg, Bright, Clingham, Crittenden, Pite i. Green, (twin, Hunter Johnson of Tenn, Kennedy. Iiau . Latham, Mason, Mebrlson, I'earee, Polk, Powell, P?gn, Rlc\ Haulsbury. Sebastian?31. Messrs. Benjamin, Slldell and Wigfall did not vote. Mr. Docuus came in after tho vote waa determined, and askrd to record hie vote. A motion was then made to lay tho subject on tbe table, which was carried. Mr. Own. (opp.) of Cal., moved to take up the PaciGo Rnilrond bill. i Mr. Him*k, fopp.),of Va., bud no objection, If the Senate would allow the Deficiency bill to be taker, up to morrow. Mr. 11 win?I bnve no objection to it. Mr. C< u.\Mi:n moved to take up the Kansas bill. 'Hie Cm tin stated that the motion to take up the Pacific Railroad bill was before tho Senate. Mr. Hu.t>:i: moved that the Senate go into executive session. Mr. Couamkk moved to make tbe Kansas bill the spe cial order for one P. M. on Friday. Mr. Bn.tJ'H withdrew his motion. Mr. liwi.t moved that the Pacitlc Railroad bill bo taken up. The Cjuir decided that the bill was before the Senate. Mr. Bi<,ikk moved that the Senate go into executive sevlon. Motion carried. The executive se"-lon lasted twenty minjtcrf, when the doors were reopened. Mr. C.vmi kin, (rep.) of Penn., moved a reconsideration of the vote laying the (YlUenden resolutions on tb? tabl<, pending which, at ton minutes after three P. M., the Senate adjourned. House mt HrprrtfutatlTn. WAWfnrorov, Jan. M, 18*1. Mr. Cox, (opp.) Of Ohio, pgstwiaa t-wprm-iHtr the Legislature of Ohio expressive of utUchmei?.0 Ui? Union, against?soessioo, and declaring that the laws should be maintained against one 8tato intermeddling with the affairs of another, Acc. He Mid th.it Ohio d*l not unanimously pans these resolutions, hot ha* already begun the work of conciliation, giving a vital stab to the 1'crsoual Liberty bill; and he had been assured that the work w ill go on till every obnoxious act of legislation shall be removed from the statute book. Fall JaatiM will be done to all sections. Mr On said that they held up tlx- hands of the Ad ministration in enforcing the law* and maintaining the t'nion, and that they wero the sentiments of lbs people oi Ohio. Mr. lUvi*.?And what are the resolutions? Mr C<>*.?Well, ?lr, they endorsed the speech which I was makiok-'<t tbe time they were pawing the Senate, (lauglittr.) Mr. Cox said that he would take the occasion to notice the perversion of his remarks and those <X Mr. Cletnan by gentlemen from Texas. The Utter had predi eated hi* atta< k on a remark made by a colleague (Mr. Vailundlngli.un) as to carving out our way from the West with a sword. F.very one knows my colleague .s against cocrcioa, vet hlx remarks wore a basis of a speech, as If bo (Cox) had made unreasonable throat*. What he said was tliat the I'ret-Hlcnt was right. Ho had acivdon the defensive and again*! aggression, and be would be sua tallied; the^e resolutions sustain him. >Jr. (. MwroM>, (opp ) of Us., moved to lay tL?m cn the tu'ilo. Mr. Ihkrx *x, frep.) of Ohio, urged that they should be read and they were read. Mr. On added that already the Ohio legislature, in the bent fee ing of comity, was at work and doing the.r part In rr)ieaiiug uhj'iHt laws, aud they have killed the fersw nal l ib- rty bill which passed the last Senate Mr. IIim (?PP-) Ark., put a question to Mr. Oox a. to ode of the revolutions, and asked in relation to the right if transit with slaves, whether Ohio proposed la give that. Mr Cox?I* is not my province t? answer what they will do w> to that The resolution referred to is :? the language of the constitution. Mr. hensrrr. (opp J of Ky?What will they do auto the returning of fugitlv. s from Justice* Mr C"X said?Already a bill is introduced to execute the constitution in that respect, and to repeal tbe ob noxious laws, and I hope it will pass. The resolutions were laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. Bstci s, (opp ) of N. V.. presented memcr*!*, nu merously signed of citizens of New York, In fawr of the propositions of the Border (tale Committee. Tne House went into Committee of the Who's on the state of the I'nlon on the Army bill. snoaro or mr. r.ARVkTT o!* tits ntisie. Mr. Oarm.tt, (opp.) of Va., said it was tine to oo sider the alarming condition of the country calmly and dispassionately. At the opening of the session a oorom t tee had been appointed to consider the tr* m that was upon the country. but It had been long sue e apparent tint that committee could do nothing eflfect'ial towards the end for which It haa been formed. Th?* r del.b ra tlons appeared ?? one of the strangest phenomena ef these unsettled times. Ptnte after State had seceded, and yet nothing wan done. Minute guns oootinued to proclaim the separation of fresh States. The old ship of Slate was being broken up Into fragments, and yet the repreMta tlYCB of the people stand idly by as spectators, with folded arms and helpless in the emergency. It was, therefore, time that they should seriously address them solves to the dangers which surroand the country, and, rising above the horizon of party prejudices, grapple with the responsibilities which, through Providence, had do volved upon t!*m, and which nnst afflict generalioss yet unborn. It was in such a spirit be addressed tLem. Those who would trace their ditncoltlea aid the cause of their danger* to the 6th of November last woukl be ?hallow thinkers and very supsrflc.al observers. That cause wss not merely the election of I.in<-oln sad liassln Through the machinal Ion* of the republican party, the Interests and rights of fine section of the country bad been imminently endangered, and that sec tion ha<l been denounced by the other. Between thoee two sc< tkms there were wide differences of feeling mil sentiment. They were ditferent u Institutions, and in sftnc degree in race, and they were further separated by a geographical line. In times past the antisUvsry party bad, lifter many vicissitudes, broken down; hug fipon its mlns a new part, had srieen^hK-h had &urs* beyond the last lino of del erne raised against theap yroschesof tb. fbrmsr party, "he nsw organ.satta. under the nam* of republicans, had gamed a powerful rll, Of the Hertoral votes 'n eTery Don slavefcoldlaf ?t. Will the ? sorption of ga last little New ior?. Nncs the organisation of the aati slavery nartv every Tr>' idential election had show* OS ?heir ns.t a steady growth, intll sow they have salne,] posse Jion of all the Northern states. ? svsry de ttAvlm.'iit of 'he states government \nd th? control of ' taumxrtt ?#? hohti