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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 29, 1861, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
jllll OORDOI BKNIVHTT,
UMTOR AN'U HtOPRlBOB
grrtm n. w. cornkk ok rci ton and nassau sts,
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ri+nf tifeemier. tiimr hut Bank Mt'i OU'-rcnl H ffne Fork
ll^bcrt
THE DAIL r HERALD, tvr fntaf rnry, $7 annum.
TWJC WEEKL y HERALD, rrery/Saturday, at ei* cent* per
mw or ^ P** ?** ATur'if?nn EdHism rwi* Wednemtay,
til tnx reoit per rtrff. $4 jwr nnnvm tn any pari of Or*it Britnn,
- to any pari of Iht ttmtinent, hi4l< u< iitelitde fxutOu/e, Iht
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put'per eon, or $1 Mwr n?nn?i.
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Volume XXVI No. 98
AMUssmurrs this evening.
ACADEMY OF MU3I0, fwrlmtt street ?Italian Ope
fcA?II. Tbovitok*.
HIBLO'B GARDEN. Broadway.?'Tiuxe Tiaut-LaOoiidb
?mlSlBLB?VMS FlLLK TeBBIBLM.
WINTER GARDEN, Broadway, opposite Bond street.?
ImiBLIII.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Bn?din;.-T(i Ladt or hr
Tsoru
LAURA KKENE'S THEATRE, Ho. S24 Broadway -
But KM HUTEJUt.
NEW BO WERT THEATRE, Bowery.-Niiw Vom As It
J?i?\akiett?La Toon i>k Nehi.b.
THEATRE FRANCAI8, Ht Broadway ? Lbi Ciitmau
X)B LA UlCinB.
^ BARNtMf'S AMERICAN MUHE<iM. Broadway.?Day Bad
Fvenlna?Bbiles ani> Team?Tub Lai>i or 8i. Tiwru
IrfVlNti CUBIOSITLES. Ac.
BRVANT8' MINNTREL8, Mechanics' HbII, 472 Broad
Way.? Burlesques, bOKG?, Dajicbh, Ac.?Mali's Ball.
HOOIiEY A CAMPBELL'S MINSTRELS. NH)lo'? Saloon,
Broadway ?Ethiopian Sonus, Oanoks, Boautaitvu, Ac.?
BrrvKMin I'tLiroiunuii.
CANTERBI RT MUSK HALL, 663 Broadway?Tight
1 on, Bong.v Danced, Bdklkpquko, Ac.
MEL0DE0N, No. 139 Broadway.?oonus, Dancaj, Bub
boui'jus At.
CONCERT HALL, Newark.?B?h?wobth t Campnki.l's
ffoon'B Mibktkkls?Rvrlbiwiiib ok Rabbt.
New York., Tat*d?y, Jaaotry 99,1861.
MAILS FOR BUROPK
Th? Nbot York. HeraUI?Kdlttorn for
linp*.
Tho CunwU mail stcam.sliip Asia, Cajit Lott, will leave
tbis port to-morrow for LiverpooL
The Europeoo mat La will oIom la tUia city at eight
?'clock to morrow morning.
Tbe F.ciioriuM Ki>rnon or ma TiBBU.a will be pub>uiti?d
a; seven o'clock in the morning. Stogie eopiea ia Wrap
pera, ait centa.
Tiiu co<itenia of tbe RwaopaAv Kornon or rsa Dnuio
WiU combine the news recoived by mail and telegraph a*,
the offlc* during the previous week, and up to the hour o'
piMical.oa.
The Rtwi.
It U now stated that the mission of the war
Steamer Brooklyn to Pensacola in one of peace.
Hie ha* been sent out to intercept vessels of the
Clulf squadron that have been ordered to Pensa
cola to prevent them from going there, and thus
obviate difficulty and perhaps bloodshed.
The Congressional proceedings of yesterday
Were important. In the Senate petitions, nnrae
rously Big tied, were presented by Messrs. Crltten
d?n and Wilson in favor of the passage of the
Crittenden compromise measures. Various
other petitions and resolutions were offer
ed by Scuatorg; bat the matter of most
Interest was the reception of a special
tillage from President Buchanan, enclosing,
ith his commendation, the conciliatory proposi
tus of the Virginia Legislature. The President
tils these propositions with great satisfaction, and
^'ardf them as a peace offering which, if received
*? ith that consideration to wbicli it is entitled, is ca
pable of leading to a restoration of amicable rela
tions. He recommenda Congress, pending the consi
deration of these resolutions by the Legislatures of
the different States, to refrain from passing any
act* the enforcement of which might lead to
Lostilities between the forces of the federal gov
ernment and those of any of the seceding .States,
The I*resident does not yet despair of the republic.
In the House, the bill admitting Kansas into
the Union as a State, with the amendment at
tached a few days ago in the Senate, was passed
Without debate. The signature of the President,
which it is expected will be attached to the bill to
day. is all that is now wanting to constitute Kansas
one of the sovereign Commonwealths of the Union.
The Iloston petition, signed by fourteen thousand
names, was presented. Other petitions praying
for an adjustment of the present difficulties were
presented. The President's special Message was
also receiv d and read to the Hoese, and its con
aideration postponed till to-day.
There was a strong convocation of Union men
at the Cooper Institute last evening. J. Depyster
Ogden presiding. We give a synopsis of the pro
ceedings in another part of this day's issue. The
great hall of the Institute was crowded in every
part, and a great deal of laudable enthusi
asm was manifested. The speeches were
(til highly patriotic, as were the resolutions,
of which we give two or three cf the most
Important. Th? demonstration was harmonious
throughout. A resolution was passed providing
that three Commissioners from New York city be
eent to confer with the Conventions of the se
ceding States. The Hon. Messrs."JamesT. Brady,
Cornelius K. Garrison and Appleton Oaksmith were
appointed the Commissioner*. After several
tpeeches, reports of which will be found else
where, the meeting adjourned
The Tammany I?emocratic County Convention
met in the Old Wigwam last evening, and selected
delegates to represent the city in the State Con
Vention which is shortly to be held. A list of the
names of the delegates may be found in another
column, together with the resolutions adopted by
the meeting.
The New York and Erie Railroad Company's
property, valued at forty million dollars, was sold
at auction yesterday, under the fifth mortgage
foreclosure, for *220,000. the balance of the inte
rest due on said mortgage.
The Hoard of Aldermen adjourned last evening
without taking up any business, in consequence of
the death of Mrs. Valentine, the mother of the
Clerk ol the Common Council.
At a regular meeting of the Board of Cooacil
men held yesterday, a resolution waa offered that
the ordmano? creating the office of Assiataat
Health Warden be repealed. It waa laid over.
A communication wan received from some of the
citiin* of Westchester county asking that the
town of Morrisania be ann?-xed to the city of
Kew \ ork. It was referred to a aperltl commit
tee. A resolution was adopted that the Street
Commissioner report the expense* incurred
by the eity during the past year for altering,
repairing and building houses for the nM,
?f the Fire department; also that the City
laapetor report the expenses of cleaning the
streets during the past year. Communications
were received from the Comptroller, Street Com
xnisMioncr, City Inspector and others, in reply to a
resolution of Inquiry, Uaaamltting the namea.
residences and salaries of all persons employed ia
their departments. They were referred. The
Comptroller sent a communication la reference to
the aetiement of the Wfiet Wuhington market
difficulty. He eta ed that the mat er was finally
a ^tied on li ? tfth el Ptoeoi ?er by the payment
?f|3W,0Q0ia sttKta It the l-ewee ot the State
ii'.jJ 'hn? th;s would ^ ad all legal controversy
Ibt Ito4.nl sljsurned until Thursday.
The nU-tiui<4up Wtna. from Livorpool oa the 16th,
via QuecnstnwA on the ITth inst., arrived at thw
por? ymt?d?) afternoon. She briags fc*
later uews and $!,?)?,000 in specie, making a
grand total of 1*4,715,000 received from Europe
since November 28,
The news by thin arrival in important. A dis
patch from Liverpool announce* the shipment of
several rifled cannon frum that port to Charleston,
8. C. On the 15th inst. a writ of habeaj corpui
was issued by the Court of Queen's Bench, Lon
don, discharging from custody John Anderson, the
fugitive murderer now in prison at Toronto, Cana
da. whose case has attracted so much attention of
late, both in this country and in Europe. A full
report of the proceeding* will be found elsewhere.
Tie reported withdrawal of the French fleetfrom
Cacta in confirmed. A part of the squadron sailed
?u the 14th, and the rest were to leave on the
19th. There wan a rumor that Francis II. would
place him?elf under the protection of Napoleon
III., and lease Gaeta on a French frigate.
It is reported that General Turr had consented
to act a* mediator between Garibaldi and Count
Cavour, with a view to persuading the former to
postpone hi* attack on Venetia. In disonssing the
question of peace or war, the Turin and Paris
journals argue that Italy must postpone the
struggle.
The Prussian Legislative Chambers were opened
on the 14th inst. by the King in person, wh? made
a speech on the occasion. He remarked that the
relation* bet ween the great Powers had been made
more friendly bv the personal meetings which had
taken place among the sovereigns, and expressed
his regret that the steps taken by Germany for the
settlement of the question concerning the constitu
tion of the German Duchies under Danish rule,
had remained without any result. This question
he emphatically declared Prussia as well as the
rest of Germany felt it a national duty to bring to
a settlement.
By this arrival we have intelligence of the death
of the Duke of Sutherland, and also of the Count
and Countess Montemolin.
Great embarrassment was felt in commercial
circles in France, and it was rumored that a sus
pension of specie payments by the Hank of
France wa* not improbable.
Consols had declined. Cotton advanced ){d. a
%d. on the 17th.
Dy an arrival at New Orleans we have advices
from the City of Mexico to the 19th, and firom
Vera Cruz to the 23d inst. The constitutional
government was in full operation. The Spanish
Minister, the Papal Nuncio, and the charges from
Guatemala and Ecuador, had received their pasa
ports. The United States Legation had been re
moved to the capital
The steamship Matanzas, from Matansas the
22d, arrived at this port yesterday morning In five
days and six hours. She reports business dull
and very little doing in foreign exchange. Trans
actions in new sugars very trifling. Exchange on
New York 7 to 9 per cent premium. The census
takers of th* island of Cuba are to make their ro
turns on March 14, instead of January 18, by order
of the govt rnment. Our thanks are due the obliging
purser of the Matan/.as, Mr. J. E. Huertas, for
customary favors.
In our summary news column of yesterday, in j
I calling attiution to the action of Messrs. Waddell,
Majors, Jones, and others who have made an
a-signment of their assets, we inadvertently con
veyed the impression thai they were the represen
tatircs of all the overland lines to California, an
impression we wish to correct in justice to the
Overland Mail Company, with which those gentle
men have no connection whatever, being simply
the proprietors of the Pony Express.
The Abson poisoning case, which is the third or
fourth of a series of wife poisoning eases, which
has attracted much attention throughout several
neighboring States, was commenced yesterday at
the O.ver and Terminer Court of Hudson county.
After much delay in procuring an unbiassed jury,
the case for the prosecution was opened.
According to the City Inspector's report, there
were 403 deaths in tins city during the past week,
a decrease of 11 as compared with the mortality
of the week previous, and 77 less than occurred
during the corresponding week last year. The re
capitulation table gives 5 deaths of diseases of the
bones, joints, Ac.; 84 of the brain and nerves,
3 of the generative organ.*, 11 of the heart and
blood vessels, 143 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; 13 of
old age, 50 of diseases of the skin and eruptive
fevers, 9 premature births, 4's of di-eascs of the
stomach, bowels and other digestive organs: 40 of
general fevers. 1 of disease of the urinary organs,
and 1 unknown?of which 11 were from violent
causes. The nativity table gives 264 native# of
I the United States. 88 of Ireland. 4 of England, 29
of Germany, 6 of Scotland, and the balance of
various foreign countries.
The will of Joseph H. Illnlnger was admitted to
probate yesterday. The testator bequeathed all
his properly to his pon and daughter, who are ap
pointed Ids executor and executrix.
The I cntral rark was yesterday visited, accord
ing to the official return*, by 25,000 pedestrian*, 40
equestrians, 160 wh?-el vehicle* and 3,600 sleighs.
Among the latter were two four-in-hands, and a
targe, apparently hotel sleigh, drawn by six horses
and containing about forty persons. About
flie hundred of the above number of sleigh* en
tered the Park after dark, and the jingle of the
bells mingled with (he voices of the occupants
singing in chorus. The attraction of sleighing
seemed to have decreased that of skating, for bat
few person* comparatively were on the ice yester
day until evening, when the pond was lit up. The
ladies' pond wa* completely illuminated last night,
and a large number of the "fair aex" were at that
time preseut. The skaters yesterday had an op
portunity of seeing the amount of labor nerestary
to keep the ice in order, nearly two hundred men
and eight horses being employed the whole da> to
clear off the snow.
The cotton market was firm yesterday, and the sales
embraced about 7.000 bales, Including 8,000 a 4,000 In
transit and 1 'J00 for export. Prices closed firm on the
baels of 12'?r for middling upland* The Kiss's n?w??
bringing account* of an activo market in Liverpool and
at better prices?came to hand tor late in the afternoon
for its effect to be devek?i>e<1 Hour was steady, with a
fair amount of sales at Saturday's pries* Wheat was
t' ,ir aiid prices somewhat Irregular, while sales ware
to a fair extent. Corn was In good request, and Improved
about pr bushel. Pork was (Inner, with sales of
mess at |17 75 a 111, and prime at $13. Sugars were less
active, but without change In prices, while the sales em
braced 900 hbds. Coffee was with moderate sales at
steady prices. Freights were firm and engagements more
fair.
Imfbovkmkkt of NAJvur Stmciw.- The per
petual jam of vehicles and foot passengers in
Namau street, makes it, during the business
hours of the day, a nuisance, as it, at present is
allowed to remain. We would suggest to our
city authorities the expediency, of flagging it
from one ride to the other,excluding carts, car
riage* and horses, and turning It into a prome
na<l", similar to the courts which abound in the
cltie* of London and Paria. This would make
it a commodious thoroughfare. Tt would in
creaae the value of real e?tate, and, before the
expiration of many months, make of a deplora
bly dirty lane, which it is difficult, and, occa
sionally , unsafe to traverse, a beautiful plaoe,
Ailed with the finest banking palaces, and law
yers' and brokers' ?fflr.v, i? the city. It could
be made to answer many of the purposes of an
Kxchangf. and would be one of the most orna
mental and net) portions of the metropolis It
It. an idea worth j of mature consideration on
the part of the Common Council.
1!I<mxU Blood I ni*o*l?Who will b? Hr.
We have, oa sewral omIm muc*- tfe*
Presidential etoctiea, adverted t?aa
the sehure of the city o# Washington oa or be
fore the 4th of March, the forcible expul
Hi on of the President elect, ud a revolutionary
usurpation of the federal govern meat In our
last examination of the subject, front the un
dinfuifvd pronMiUKjwWo* of exOorwinr
Wise, of Virginia, and his Richmond organ,
and from the testimony of Governor Hick*,
Maryland, we expressed our apprehensions of
danger in this matter, and onr approval of the
course of Mr. Buchanan in twraing over the
national capital to the care ol that tried and
trurty old patriot and soldier, General Win
fleid Scott Assured of this guawiianship.Buch
has been the public oonfldeace in the aafoty of
the capital that no subsequent report of the
cinFpirttcy in question has attracted any spe
cial attention.
We i-re at length admonished, however, by
the leading coercion organ of the republican
party, that "while alarm is being quieted by
?he report that General Scott's preparations
have caused an abandonment of the plot to
seize the capital, proofa multiply from various
sources that the arrangements of the rebels
are progressing with sleepless vigilance," and
that "a letter from a naval officer at Washing
ton declares that, by the most candid and well
informed secessionists, the successful capture
of the city is regarded as a foregene conclu
sion." We are further advised by our alarmed
cotemporary that this coup d'itat is deemed
a pressing necessity, in order to dragoon
the States of Maryland and Virginia into rebel
lion; that even a temporary Southern occupa
tion of Washington is considered desirable,
inasmuch as it "would demoralise the army
and navy, and would, also, by distracting the
country, give a temporary foothold to their
Northern allies;" that "those allies, especially
in Ntw York, now oompelled to caution, wait
impatiently the expected opportunity to inau
gurate insurrection in our seaboard cities,"
and that, with the opportunity, "they will rival
their Southern cmfrerrs in filching our navy
yards, forts and arsenals."
In corroboration of this projected coup d'etat,
doubtless suggested by that through whioh
Louis Napoleon restored the imperial dynasty
to France, one of our Washington correspon
dents has apprised us that "the most intense
excitement exists in certain Congressional cir
cles in conBequenoe of the fact leaking out that
the Howard Select Committee of the House
have positive evidence before them (positive is
the word) of a conspiracy existing in this oity'
(Washington) implicating prominent officials
and citizens, but that "decisive action will be
taken in the matter, and every man, from
ex-Cabinet officers down to the humblest de
partment clerk or Son ate employe, will be held
to the strictest account" In this connection it
has been %timated that every official at
Washington, civil, military and naval,
will be required anew to take his
oath of allegiance to the government;
but to render the city secure against all possi
ble contingencies, our Trilntnt philosopher
(.ays:?"Let Northern policemen and Northern
troops in sufficient numbers be joined to the
police and militia of the District, that Washing
ton may be in the hands of its defenders."
But is it not a dreadful state of things which
calls lor such violent remodies? Will nothing
but "Northern troops" suffice to maintain law
and order in Washington, and the peaceable
inauguration of the President elects We an
swer that one line of instructions from Abra
ham Lincoln to the republican party in Con
gress would probably change the whole face
of things in Washington in twenty-four hours.
Let Mr. Lincoln say, "I am in favor of the Crit
tenden compromise," and this Southern conspi
racy for the seizure ol the federal capital will
speedily vanish, and the Northern border
slave States will rally to the support of the
Union and the laws. We believe that a single
line in behalf of compromise from the Presi
dent elect would do this, and place the border
slave States in the best position to act as me
diators with the weeded States for their resto
ration to the Union.
Where, then, will lie the responsibility,
-hould the day appointed for the inauguration
? >f the new President be marked in history as a
day in Washington of bloody revolutionary
icsistance, fnaugmating a general civil
war? The responsibility for this reign
>>f blooJy terrorism and anarchy will rout
upon this republican party, which, having
?h< power to have the capital and the country
'hrough a patriotic compromise, will have re
fused it as incompatible with the Chicago plat
form. Mr. Lincoln has intimated that it is too
late for a com promise; that the seceded States
are b< yond the r< ach of reason. Mr. Seward
?ajH it is too soon for a compromise, and that
one, two or three years hence, when calmnena
xhall have returned to the public mind, then,
and not till then, will he be re:idy for a new
treaty of union with the South. We tell them
both ?hut there is not a day to be lost, when
every day is widening and deepening the
<hu*m of dissolution, and bringing us, South
and North, nearer and nearer to the bloody
anarchy of Mexico.
Are the teachings of history of no value to
our republican leader*? Oan they not compre
hend that nilly notions of sectional pride, rival
ry and jealousies first destroyed the con
ted< racy, and next the potty independencies of
Greece; that the Israelites, from aimilar
c?ase?, were divided, invaded, subdued and
carried off into captivity ; that the policy of
coercion resulted in the bloedy expulsion of
the I Jour bono from France, of Jamen the Second
from England, and that it coat the first Charles
liis ctown and his bead? Have they forgotten,
on tbe other hand, that the prolonged and
majestic ascendancy of the Roman republic
sad empire was achieved through frequent
concessions and compromises between her
patricians and plebeians; that the pre
sent Commanding position among the
nations of the earth of England,
Fiance, and eveta Russia, ia due to their ?ur
render from time to time of abstractions and
principles and dogmas for the sake of domes
tic peace ? Above all, cannot the republican
party comprehend the Important fact that the
concessions in behalf of the institution of
slavery for the sake of this Union, made by the
founder* thereof, were much greater than an>
now demanded from the worshippers of the
Chicago platform?
The fearful revolutionary events which
are now threatening not only the permanent
dissolution of this Union, but the absolute
destruction of our political Institution*, are
due to tfcr success of ? Northers party, in thff
attitude of a hostfle ?vewe?t against the
doartttte institution* of the South. Thabouth
tm Sto**. eppwelelieg the gangers of delay,
are precipitately seeking the refuge of an in
dependent government. In the Union hence
forth they are at the mere? of the North, un
leni they are given the security of new bonds
of protection; owt of the Union they u?ay com
mand the recognition of their peculiar institu
tions. The republican party have the power in
their *"""<* to grant these new guarantees of
Southern safety in the Union or to deny them.
The border slave States stand ready to aid in
the good work of restorfcig the Union; but they
can do nothing withont some enconrogemeot
from the republican party.
If, then, the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln shall
be signalized as the beginning of a civil war,
the responsibility will rest upon the foolish
Bourbons of the republican party.
New Ncujwoation of tub CoNHTmrnoN in
Nkw York.-Some of the republican journals
are calling on the Legislature to. paw a law
authorizing our local police to seize the arms
and ammunition belonging to citizeua of other
States. One of them the other day admitted
that the police had no warrant in law for their
actf, but claimed that no jury could be found
to convict them of the offence?a melancholy
admission of the public depravity and de
moralization. But in order to give the police
the necessary authority, the Legislature is in
voked to ooofer it upon them. This cannot
mend the matter. The Legislature has no right
to do wrong itself, and therefore cannot dole
pate its authority to others to do it Such a
law would be of the same class as the Personal
Liberty bills?a nullity and of no force?being
in direct conflict with the plainest provisions of
the constitution of the United States. But its
i-fficacy to do mischief and to drive more States
out of the Union wotrld be most potent; and
if that be a worthy object, then let the
bill by all means be passed. But let
us hear no more hypocritical slang about the
preservation of the Union. The seizure of
arms and ammunition in transit to another
State, whether by the police of their own
mere motion, or under the authority of an un
constitutional law, is an act of war. But it is
not in the power of the police, nor in the power
of (he Legislature, under the constitution, to
make war. That belongs to the federal go
vernment, and only Congress and the Pre
sident can define what is war on the part of
any State, or declare war against a foreign or
domestic foe. It is, therefore, an impudent
and audacious usurpation on the part of the
police authorities to make war, or pronounce
any goods "oontraban^" and it the Legisla
ture should attempt to authorize such pro
ceedings, it wiH only be committing the whole
State to an outrageous violation of the consti
tution, at a time when acts of the same kind
arc the principal cause of our national
troubles.
An Operatic Furor Impknihno.?Amid all
the social and political revolutions going on at
the present time, it would be quite absurd to
suppose that the operatic world could remain
without ita peculiar sensation, and therefore
we are not surprised to find that there is a pros
pect of a grand contest in Irving place and the
religious Opera House at Brooklyn. This affair
springs, as usual, out of a rivalry between
two prime donnf, one American and the other
foreign. The American singer, Miss Hinkley,
who was born in that paradise of lobby opera
tors and railway managers, the city of Albany,
lias already made her debut, and entranced all
the young men who run after personal charms,
raven hair, black eyes and a pretty figure, joined
to a magnificent voice, which is vouchsafed to
us in its spring time and first freshness. Of
course the American party will be strong in
favor of Mi*s Hinkley. The foreign element
French, Italian,German and Irish?wiM support
the other prima donna, the Signorina Elena,
who has not yet made her debut in this coun
try. It Is elaimed for Elena that she is a dra
matic vocalist of the first rank, very handsome,
perfectly well taught, and acquainted with all
the best works in the modern repertoire. Miss
Hinkley has in Elena, they say, a very for
midable rival, and public curiosity is so much
excited upon the subject that it Is not impro
bable that this war of the roses will create a
furor which may result in an old fashioned
operatic revival. Party feeling runs very high
on both sides, and the adherents of the rival
prime dorwe are aln-ady upon a war footing.
In this state of things the position of the
amiable maestro, Signor Muzio, becomes a very
delicate one. It is no small matter to guide
the whirlwind and to direct the storm;
but it is much easier to do that
than to conduct the Opera comfortably with
two prime donne, both young, both ambitious,
both clever, and both with strong parties of
devoted adherents. Signor Muzio must be very
careful about his policy; he must bo prudent,
rnutious and reticent, going regularly to con
fession, and keeping his head his conscience -
clear. His is no ordinary task, and he requires
all the aid that can be obtained from any quar
ter to carry it through successfully.
This Coorm Ixwrmrrii Union Mkktt^o.?
Tbe Union meeting laxt night at tlx- Cooper In
stitute wac a brilliant affair. There were
present on tbe occasion Dell-Everett nn?n,
Douglas men. Breckinridge men, old linn whig*
and American* and hard and soft shell demo
crats, all fusing as harmoniously as in the late
Presidential election; bat their proceedings,
in the absence of tbe victorious republican*,
were pretty much like 'tho pity of Hamlot
with the part of Hamlet left out.*1 Union meet
ings are good things, Union resolutions are
good things, offers of compromise for the sake
of the Union are good things; but practically
they amouat to nothing, emanating from par
ties which have no power to do anything.
Such were the lesohres of the Union meeting
of last night. TV Southern States want to
bear from the republican party of New York.
TM defatted anti-repnblicaqs are all right;
bat M they Can do nothing, their Union meet
?ngs WW go for nothing. Cannot we get up a
republican Union meeting in this city, endow
ing', tike Senator Cameron, the Crittenden com
promise? Such a meeting might open tbe eyes
of tbe republican party in Congress. All these
other Union meetings are of the stamp of tbe
t^eat I>emocmtic New York State Convention
for tbe Union, which is to meet on Thursday?
hey are Union meetings of politicians who
have thrown their power away, and are blindly
beating aboat in the dark to get it back again
Such movements will not we tbe Union. The
whole case rests with the republican party.
B?roum?n, B? ?? LmtM. J
revolution now going m to Ike fcouihera btaiea I
tin di tilnil nlncw* ef??7 kr??ch of inwlnew |
all over the North and We*. It has qpite up- I
set all tt? plana of the small politician*, revo- I
lutlonraed the old parties, and created I
new combinations, which, in their turn, |
will be swept away as new develope j
ments appear. The newspapers have J
been seriously affected by the revolution. The I
Washington papers, never of much account I
even as party organs, have sunk into utter oh- I
scurity and are dying of starvation. The I
country papers have been revolutionized in I
their sentiments, and they no longer agree I
upon a dt-flnite party policy. "Wfy we, in I
fact, all at sixes and sevens, some running one 1
way and Bome another, not knowing exactly I
what to do or say. In the metropolis the I
newspapers, particularly the journals In the I
republican interest, have felt the effects of the I
revolution in their tone, their sentiments, their I
general policy, and, more important than all, I
in ibeir pockets. In the office of the Evening I
l'ost there has been a little revolution, which 1
has resulted in the secession of Bigelow from 1
Bryant. Bigelow, the man of all work in the |
coucern, is in favor of conoiliation and com- J
promise. He wishes to have all political I
difficulties to be healed up, ?0 that he I
can got the French mission and livfc abroad I
during the next four years. Bryant, who has all 1
the head and poetry in the office, beliovea in |
coercion for Lincoln, and the mission t? Italy 1
for himself. Of course there is an "irrepressi- I
ble conflict," and Bigelow goes out
While all this is going on among the roat I
people, it is found that the World, a religious I
daily, is in the market The World was esfcab 1
lished last spring by several religious stock I
brokers, evangelical sugar refiners and very I
pious horse jockeys. These philanthropic per- j
sons have lost about one hundred and twenty- I
five thousand dollars in the World, and have I
become disgusted with the expense attendant I
upon affording daily the means of grace to the 1
unregenerate and ungrateful people of this j
wicked city; so they have offered the World |
to the friends and supporters of Bigelow, and I
it is understood that it will be the organ of 1
Thurlow Weed's conciliatory policy. As for I
Weed himself, he finds that as he is
obliged to come here every other day j
to look after his numerous irons, it will be
much cheaper for tim to live in the metropolis
und he will be the senior editor of the World.
bringing into the concern all hi* tact and ex
perience, and Bigelow doing his best to bring
up the fortunes of the paper. Weed and Bige j
low will not bring any piety Into the World.
There is quite enough of that in the office now,
so much that the paper has been absolutely
sickly with it, and has turned green from the
effect# of pious bile. Weed will gain many
point*, by coming to New York, not the least of
which will be his proximity to Wall street,
lie has lost heavily in stocks, and has been
obliged to remit money from Albany to pay
the winnt rs. He can now go into the street
himself, and wiU back his money either in new
speculations or in subscriptions for the sup
port of his new paper. So much for the news
paper revolution in the metropolis.
Mayor Woou am> thk Two Democraciss ? j
From the number of atrabilarian paragraphs I
which are now appearing in the republican I
journals about Mayor Wood, it is evident that I
he is still on their slate as a live and a great I
man. Such is his influence in this community j
that they cannot afford to let.him alone. "Some I
men are born to greatness, some achieve great- I
doss, and some have greatness thrust upon j
them." Fernando Wood may be ranked among
the second class, but he is more distinguished
in the third. Ills own talents and industry and
energy may have laid the foundation of his
greatness; but he never would have been so
successful but for the repeated assaults of the
republican journals still keeping him before |
the people. As they have now again renewed
their onslaughts, there must be something in the
wind. One of the two democracies of the
city Tammany Hall?is exercising itself
about the meeting of a Democratic State Con
vention, to be held on the 31st Inat?a meet
ing of dead men, like a "phantom review."
Has thin anything to do with the present at
tacks of the republican journals on the Mayor?
Time will tell. Tammauy H?ll never had any
luck since it quarrelled with Wood, and the
other democracy has fared no better. Since
he ceased to lend the victorious hosts of Mozart
Hall to battle, its standard has been trailed ic
the dust It is now trjing to supply the want
of its former leader by inducing John Coch
rane to become its chairman. If that concern
will only take the advice of Mr. Cochrane it
may do well. But before it can gain the confi
dence or respect of any able men it mast learn
to be true to its friends.
I?htr*s That Cannot Bk Avon*n nT Skcks
hton?Gov. Fi.ovn Unpkr Arrawvhknt.- The
Grand Jury of the IMatrict of Columbia has
earned the thanks of all honest and patriotic
men by indicting ex-Secretary Floyd on the
charges of malfeasance ir. office and conspiracy
against the general gov< rnment, which have
been f>o openly preferred against him by the
press. Although be ha* removed himself be
yond its jurisdiction, his refusal to appear and
confront those indictment* will weigh a* henvl
ly against him a* a conviction. Whatever jus
tification be may make out to his own ?on
scienec for his treachery t<> the govt rnment. he
cannot, without ncknov lodging his culpability,
?'?oid answering this form 1 impeachment of
ins personal honest; Unrcpliod to, >t will
stand for all tim* as a record against hiichuruc
?or, and unless the chivalry of the Old Domin
ion are greatly altered, he will find that his
claims to social consideration amongst them
will not be Lnproved by hi; Hence.
Thin la, *?: U>Ue*c, the first instance on
record of a Cabn ?' Miuister being in
dicted by a Grand -y for malfeasanoe
in office What a spectacle for a
man thus honored by a place la the national
c<*?ncila to be degraded to the level of
defaulting clerks and contractors, and invohed
with them in ohafges of wholesale embezzle
ment of the public funds. We know be* bow
trw or false xht-v* charges may bej but If Mr.
Floyd does not care sufficiently for his own
character to meet tliem, the country will not
the less be in u position to pass judgment upon
them from the evidence taken in the course of
the present inquiry.
Although Mr. Buchanan Is as pare a man aa
ever filled the executive chair, and !? sensitive
?o an extreme In regard to the honesty of his
Hirroandlnga.hfc administration has been more
damaged by th? Unity of principle of soote of
il* m< mixTb of hit Cabinet thaa by mj aoli
or muttkM of hia owl It would hut
be* n well for bun if, in 18&f, wbea Floyd.
Thou>|Moo aad Cobb boiateroualy urged Ida !?
adopt the Locomptoa conatitution, iuttid of
bending it back to the people, be bad dmmimed
tbein from office and filled thoir plaoM with
men of integrity. Had there been no alarwyr
id.->ue in quoation in the late l're^idential con
U-at, it is certain that Lincoln would hare bee*
all the bane elected, from the demoralisation
introduced into the democratic rank* by the
dishonesty and corruption of the publia
officials.
Thk Nkw Enolano Uijxrrioim.?The State
elections about to take place ia New Hamp
shire, Connecticut and Rhode Island may be
regarded as teats of the popular will
in New England in regard to the righto
of the Southern States. If the people
decide in favor of the Chicago platform,
and againfit even handed justice, then we shall
know where we stand. If, on the contrary,
their decision be to reject the unconstitutional
and tyrannical dogmas of the Chicago platform,
that will be a decision ia favor cf the Union,
and there may still be hope of reconciliation
and a reconstruction of the confederacy, in
stead of separation, and, it may be, a civil war,
destructive to every internet of the country,
North and Sou<h, East and West, not only lor
the present generation, bat for generation* yet
unborn. It is important, therefore, that the
true friend.* of the Union in New England
should exert themselves to bring about a
favorable reeult, and po wipe away tho re
proach which chiefly li?s at the doar of their
section?the reproach of breaking up, for a
theoretical abstraction of no practical value, the
noblest fabric of human government the world
ever saw.
RWV mOI HI RATIONAL CAPITAL.
Wasuimotun, Jan. M, 1861
MurATCiae Kaon oum sqoaukom in nm china usaa.
Despatches ww* received this morning at the Navy
Department, from Flag Offltrr StMbbling, with da tea
from Hoop Kong to November tT. By the litest ai-counta
from the North the Chinese had published the treaty tt
Tien Tuiii, and the Ounveotlou of Pukin, to the oiliclal
Oatetteof Pitiln.
The Allies had left Pekin, but will retain a fo of four
or five thousand men at Trim Pi en fer the present. The
f&igllsh and French Ambofwador* are czpected to loava
the north of China very soon.
The rebels continue to occupy all the country around
shaogbae, and at (he latent datea were near tho olty.
There can be no dar.ger to our countrymen th?re at pre
sent as the alllee have a large force there now, and which
will soon be increased by two thousand Preach troops.
Trade, however, cannot be as usual there under eiinuag
circumstance. At prosont thore appears to b?
but l!ttle liope of a better state of things
until the rebels are expelled or they acquire
possession of Shanghae. In the latter emit happening,
one third of the empire, now under nule of the rebels,
would be opened to trade.
The Commodore had heard of the arrival of the Niagara
at Jeddo, with the Japanese, and ah* wo il?l leave at
once for Hong K ->nc, reading there on the tut of Decent
ber 8he will probably leave for Aden oa the 10th, with
Minister Ward, who will leave at that time for the Uaited
States.
TUB NKW ON* C1VT KTAMI'KI) tmvKUMTO.
Th? Poet Ofllce Department has decided to furnish a
cheaper style of one cent stamped envelopes than lb at
now in use for circulars, torn Inning the improvement of
the black lines. Of this quality there will be none with,
out the lines. These envelope* will be iaaued as bom as
the manufacturer can prepare them
NEWS FROM THEJ5TATE CAPITAL
A hunt , Jar 24, 1*61
The talk for Senator (.? day lias been strong for Greeley
H * friendr have t*keb new co-irage rlnco the aaooiuM
n.ont that Kvarts ha-i been finally ag-eed upon by the
Regency. Everts' frit-nils, on tho oth? r h ind, are ei
treaei/ confident and cia'm more than enoti/h te nami
nate him the moment Harris is out of the fiel d.
Informal ion bus Inx-n r-ceivoj from Springfield to-day,
IC the (-fTect that Greeley arnvod thereon Saturday last,
if ftopp'ng at a private house, anil that t- spent the
even'ng with the President elect Tbe intelligence
by the same soutee iwrii (hat there is a perfect
understanding between IJnwIn ant Greeley in regard
to U>e appointments in this sute. If this report
l?e true, Weed will And It necessary U
take bis caipet bag and make tracks for Springfield
This news must be received with a prov iso
The llo?.?e bad under consideration, in the Committee
of the Whole, Gen. Sanford's bill for the enrolment of
the militia. Several aicndments were m*de and pre
gross reported. The btll la a bundle of impraciicabM
ties and atiur<Mtke. If it b'?omes a law it wil
olace civil ofllcers under the control and judgment of the
military, and caoee a gre*t deal ?f t-onble Everything
slionld be atricke* out after the enacting clause, and seo
t.?oa coi'taiug common sense substituted In its place.
Too Smate spent the evening on the bill M
give the power to the Board of Supervisors
to tank < all local laws Should It become
a law It will remove fram the Legislature a
large amount of local Irgmlattoa that now takes up their
time, which should be i-p ut ou several Slate enactments
Progress wily was reported.
Tba leitit g men elected to the State Convention arede
term'ned not to make it. s party aseomblage nor te discuss
in the Ic.vt party Ismee, but to rise above that aad sea
what ran be done to settle toe national troubles, oral
l.'ast te prevent tbi border States following the Mx a*
retting Stai?e It is no? conc< <led tbat they will appeal
to the |*rt} in power to mbmit tbe question to the poo
pie like eve nu g Jwtial strongly advocates the ap
pointment ot the Ave comn naioi.e s asked for by Vlr
From Mrilcn
Ni? C#, 1?W1
Tlip (-tranipM)! Tfi Di t-w li.is arriviii here with rtataa
ff in Vera 4Yii7 to the 23d, anil from the City o' Mono*
lo tlio IO1I1 *???>*
Iho OoWtitutlonal (RtHDiirrl wa? in full 1 parutton.
l'N*ppoiU> ban been Hi'i.t lo Ih- >paniah Vtiniater, the
1 (ii*m1 Itufccto ami I be ' bmpo* frotn Guatemala aud Kqua
il.ir
Considerable escltaniMl preva^ed among the Spaa
uirda.
Hie American legation h.iU ri>nn ved to the city Of
Mexico
The Te> niW'f <? bniif* frfi.ioo in api-cie.
A tiHiioiial fongreaa wrailtd to meet at the national
t.1,'11*1 >u the thiid I'ui-d*) In April.
Th? ('??e of Jarkalnw,
Iwi ti.k, Jan M. IW.
T.ie piver mei I e* .m.i e<1 i>no witness in the Jackalew
tun to <la; , tui^ then ctnwti the ivMence Thia witaeen
lotifled to ?hai took pi*'e before Cunraiatoaar Vrooa
when the prlMit.iT wa* ?i?t arr> Men.
nnyaid Ta>h<r ??* extinnned 00 H>a pari of the da
trtux" ajxt he teMiSM to haviig ec?u a iieraon on Ooa
tin <1 ire |>rry > l*pediMnn to .inimn ret" mblirig Jaaka
11*. II. aatrt that he new him on hoar* af the ateat*
Mi ?iw-lppt, ami he r-*emhli4l .latkalow very muck,
*t w lixmsht it aae tt.? earn- man.
Mr Qr?fl<ilb,tbn ocmidmI f<it the priaoner, opened tha
ar unv nt f'* tb? detcno<- He moved tlwU the nrlaoner
t>r acquitted fot the want of Jurisdiction in the raaa. It
1. alleged that the n.bberj waa commit ed between
I' .rwalk batborand liell Oft'e, and waa therefore not ta
the juriS'Hrtiou ol the dletift ?if New .leraey, but waa
either In the ?>uthern ? iKtrlrtot New York, or the dia
rfctof Otmnactleut He argued that the long laland
Sound waa not a part of the b<?h aeaa, and that tho ia
(ilctmeot waf. therefore directive
Mr IHitcher, on the part of fee government, pro
emptied to ancwer these objection*, and quoted different
nuUinrttk* to alio* ffcM tha Bound la an arm of tha tea.
H'- liad iiot co* eluded whan tha court adjourned
It ih tho ght that hta argument will oocupy the whoia
'?( to-morrow, ai.d if theae objection* are overruled tha
defcnoe will then prooead.
DvlrgaUa ta the Oemocrntlr Ptnta fan
vaatloa.
Ananw, Jan. ?, 1M!
The S*rmA dlatrict of Gyuga couaty haa eta* t?d aa
de>?gau? to the Hate Obnveation ?> (iovnrnor K. f
Hiroop, PWor Yonger, W. 0 Beaniuey and Thoa Caae
Tha Tariff Rill before PangrMi,
Itmnn-mi, .Ian 21,1MX
Tbe Hoard or Trade hold a meeting here to day w"
peaeed the following >?
Wheioaa. we are informed that aa effort la being mada
to reduce the dutv, aa pnpoead In Mr Morrill* tariff bill,
on ateal aow before a committee in tha United Hta tea
?enate. ?
{Vwo)T94, That wo r^oteat agaitwt Mif po4tflcatU>n ot

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