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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, February 05, 1861, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
? GORDON B ? * N l? T T,
OJTOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Dmci M. W. OOENKK or FCLTON AND MABSaT BTS.
HUn ttuk fe mdmm Monty m( by mat w0t U at tkt
HWk V1 Ik* "ii <r jyoM M fi'W* WIi mrrnl to iV?w For*
m DAH T BKRALD. fc? tmU per copy. $7 per 1MK
amuhkmkntm this evening.
NTBLO'8 (JAKDEJi, Broadway. ?Tium Tam*k?Thing
or Miuiorr
WlIfTKK GARDEN, Broadway, opposite Bond street ?
Hum.
WALJ*ACE'8 THEATRE, Broadway.?School roc Scan
ML
LAURA SKENE'S THEATRE, Na 6U I.road way -
SkTKN 8l.VTI.kS.
NEW BOWF.RT TTIEATRE, Bowery.?Cool as a Coco*
Ml?Haklbquik Jack?Thkbub.
THEATRE FRRAN0AI8, 4B5 Broadway.?Kllc. dk LA
Inanwi
BARNl'M'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?After
noon and Brenfng?Thk Lai>t or St. Taoru?Living Ciiui
mitikk. Ac., at all hours.
BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanics* HaH, 471 Broad
way? Bi'KLEstiirif.t, Sonus, Dances. Ac.?Scknbs at Qoa
HT'l.
nOCLET A CAMPBELL'S MINHTRETiS. Nlblo's Saloon.
Broadway.?Ethiopian Sonus, Dancks, Bubijmuuas, Ac.?
Stack Stkcc* Hxboks.
CANTF.RTTRY MUSIC 11AM. 863 Broadway.?T<oht
Bora, Sonoa, Dancks, Buklksquks, Ac.
MELODEON, No. 638 Broadway.?So?Q J, Dancks, Boa
iwttiu, Ac.
ART UNION, No. 497 Broadway.?Burlesque*, Bono*,
Sucu, Ac.
Hew York, Tvtaduf, Febraary 5, 1801.
MAILS FOB EUROPE,
Vfc* Mew tork Herald ? Edition fbr
Europe.
The Cunard mail steamship Niagara. Capt. Moodle, will
leave Boa ton on Wednesday for Liverpool.
The ma da for Europe will close la this city this
afternoon, at a quarter pant one and at half-paat five
S'olork, to go by railroad.
Tn Erm>rK*j? Knmos or thk (Ibkald will be published
at eleven o'clock la the morning. Single ooplee, iu wrap
para, six oenta.
Thfl contents of the Ri-bopxajt Enmo* or the Hduii
will oombloe the newt) received by mall and U'legraph
at the office during the previous week, and up to the hour
ef publication.
The Krwi,
The Peace Conference met at Washington yes
terday, and organized temporarily by appointing
Mr. Wright, of Ohio, Chairman, and A. E. Ward,
of Maryland, Secretary. A committee to select
permanent officers was appointed, and it is sup
posed ex-President Tyler will be chosen to pre
side. Without transacting any other business, at
half-past one o'clock the Convention adjourned.
AJi the States that have appointed Commissioners
were represented, excepting New York, Tennessee,
Missouri and Illinois. Eleven States were fully
represented. No reporters were admitted to the
Convention.
There was considerable excitement throughout
the city yesterday, caused by a report that Fort
Sumter had been rcinforced. There was, however,
not the least foundation for the rumor.
The United States storesbip Supply, from Pen
Nicola, arrived ul this port yesterday, bringing
quite a number of officers of the navy and their
families, and among them Mrs. Slemmer, the wife
of the commander of Fort Pickens. A letter from
a correspondent, describing the soi/.ure of the
public property at Pensacola by the secessionists,
may be found in another column.
Hie latest accounts from Pensacola make no
mention of the arrival of the sloop-of-war Brook
lyn off that port.
The election of delegates to the Virginia State
Convention took place yesterday. The reports
that have reached us "indicate that the people
have declared against secession.
Gov. Hrown, of Georgia, has demanded of Gov.
Morgan the immediate surrender of the arms re
cently seized in the city by the Metropolitan
police, by order of Superintendent Kennedy, and
in his communication expresses the hope that a
like outrage will not again be committed.
Gov. Morgau has not yet replied to the demand.
The illegal action of the police in this matter, J
if not speedily repudiated, will doubtless lead to
reprisals on the part of Georgia.
The United States Senate yesterday presented
Mher scene of painful interest. Messrs. Slidell
Benjamin, the Senators from Louisiana,
withdrew from Congress, their State
; seceded from the Union, and both
ered eloquent valedictory addresses. The
ben? of the House from Jjouisiana, with
exception of Mr. Bouligny, will probably
thdrnw to-day. Mr. Wilson offered a resolution
.allmg on the President to communicate to the
Senate whether any arsenals, forts, arm* or muni
tions of war belonging to the United States have
been wised by any person- in the State of Louisi
ana. aiid especially whether the mint of the United
States at New Orleans has been taken possession
of unlawfully by any persons; anl if any money of
the United States, and, if so, how much, has been
unlawfully appropriated by any persons, and by
whom. Laid ovar. The debate on the crisis was
resumed, and Messrs. Cliiucman and Hale made
speeches on the subject. The bill providing a go
vernment for the Pike's Peak region was taken up.
*?ie name of the Territory was (hanged from
Idaho to Colorado, and the bill was passed. The
?36,000,000 loan bill was reported by the Finance
Committee, and made the special order for to-day.
In the llf-M e Mr. McClernand, of Illinois, asked
leave to ofti r a preamble setting forth the reports
relative to the seizure of the mint and money at
New Orleiin*. and the refusal to pay drafts drawn
by the Un red States on their own money, and
concluding with a resolution calling on the Presi
dent to communicate to the House at an early
day, if in bis judgment not incompatible with the
public interests, all the farts on the subject, and
what steps, if any, have been taken to restore the
government possession of said property and trea
sure. Objection was made, and the subject was
passed over. A resolution to admit the delegates
to the Peace Convention to the floor of the House
was also objected to. In Committee of the Whole
the Deficiency Appropriation bill was discussed.
The Senate's amendment, appropriating $300,000
for the Chiriqtii Isthmus purchase, was rejected.
The Senate's amendment, appropriating f 135,000
for the purchase of a government printing office,
*m agreed to. Daring the present week the
House will ijold evening scsaion* for discuaaion on
the crisis. About fifty speeches hare already
boon made on this subject in the House, and
should all who desire to speak on it obtain an op
portunity the debate will probably last to the
breaking up of the present Congress.
A mass meeting of workiupmen took place la?t
evening at the Steub. n House, Bowery, about two
hundred persons being present. The chair was
token by Charles MeCarty. and a series of maolu
tions in favor of Union and conciliation, combined
with the administration of the laws according to
the constitution, and also calling upon Congress
peaceably to settle the present difficulty by di
rectly appealing to the votes of the people, were
road. The meeting was addressed by Messrs. R.
J. Sullivan, Ira B. Davis, Major Hennesy. Cullen
Md others, arguing lhaHh# u?e of ?|%Hra>7 ???
mum was not necessary, calling upoa the repnb
Hrsns to offWr the olive branch of peace, and
peaking in favor of the Crt1V?,d n compromise as
? suost lihdjr to moo! tic yf gCBy1CT>
State*, a* it cam* from a Southern man. Marshal
Kjnders ws? present, but did uot npeak till after
tlie clo*e of the meeting, when ho entered into a
rather stormy discussion with Mr. Beauy, a well
know n land reformer.
The democratic members of the Albany Legisla
ture, in cauous yesterday, after two formal bal
lot*, on motion of a member, unanimously nomi
nated ex-Governor Seymour as their candidate for
United tates Senator in the election which takes
place to-day. The caucus also nominated as can
didates for Regents of the New York University,
Rev. Jeremiah W. Cummings, of this city, and
Hod. John I). Willard, of Rensselaer. The repub
lican* also held a caucus for Regents of the Uni
versity, and nominated Fon. Klias W. leaven
worth, of Onondaga, and J. Cardan Brevoort, of
Kings. Judge Harris, of Albany, was nominated
by the republican caucus on Saturday as their
candidate for United States Senator.
In the State Senate at Albany yesterday various
reports were made, some bills introduced, and a
few passed, but all of local importance only. The
only matter of general interest was the discussion
on the report of the joint committee of the two
houses in reference to sending delegates to the
Washington Conference. A substitute for the
origiral report was offered, recommending Con
gress to call a convention of the States, to
meet in Washington on the 4th of March,
or as soon thereafter as practicable, to de
vise some measures of reconciliation. This and the
original report were discussed, but the Senate ad
journed without coming to a vote on either. In
the Assembly a petition was presented praying
i for the abolition of the office of City Judge in this
city: also a bill providing for the preservation of
freedom of speech in the State, inflicting penalties
of fine and imprisonment on persons who shall
wilfully disturb the proceedings of any meeting
convened and acting in a lawful manner. Other
bills were introduced, but nothing further of par
ticular importance transpired.
The steamship Kedar arrived at this port last
night from Liverpool, with advices to the 22d ult.,
two days later than those brought by the Arabia.
The political news u unimportant. The London
money market continued depressed, while at Liver
pool cotton was in active demand, at improved
prices. Bread<tuffe were dull. The Kedar brought
I4S.OOO in specie.
We publish this morning additional news from
Central and South America^ brought by the
Northern Light, which arrived at her wbrf
here on Sunday morning.
President Barrios, of Salvador, had paid his
promised visit to President Carrera.of Guatemala,
and was expected to return to his own capital by
the 18th or 20th ult.
It is said the government of Costa Rica intends
annulling the Chiriqni-Thompsou grant, in con
seqnence of the failure on the part of the New
York company to pay into the State treasury on
the day agreed on a certain stipulated amount.
Mr. Dimitrv, United States Minister, was urging
the government of Nicaragua to ratify the treaty
witJi the United States. On December .11 took
place the formal surrender to Nicaragua, by Great
Britain, of the Mosquito Coast and port of San
Juan del Nort<?. Mr. Saenz, the Nicaraguan Com
missioner, was treated to a series of balls and din
ners: a governing committee for the port was ap
pointed, and, in short, the new regime was inau
gurated in the most friendly manner and under the
most favorable auspices.
Pern is quiet, though there is still talk of war
with Bolivia. Mr. Bartlett, mate of the American
ship Kino, while at the Chincha Islands, was mur
dered on board his own ve?sel by a sailor belong
ing to the Hippngriff. Congress had voted the
necessary fuuA to supply the port of Paita with
fresh water.
Garcia Morena, Governor of Guayaquil, in said
to Lave been elected President of Ecuador. Trade
at Guayaquil had revived, and that city is now
lighted with gas. The United States Consulate
there has been closed, In consequence of the
United Hates Minister at Quito refusing to recog
nise the agent who was left in charge by the Con
sul during the absence of the latter, who U on a
visit to the United States.
A public meeting was held last evening in the
Uirge hall of the Cooper Institute for the purpose
of aiding Mr. Orville Gardner and the committee
to carry on the charitable institution located in the
new Bowery, and known as the Fourth Ward
Reading Room?an institution intended to reclaim
drunkards and to prevent others from becoming
such. Addresses were made by Mr. Wm.C. Noyes,
Rev. I>r. Chapin and Mr. Gardner, and the sum of
|2.'>0 was collected from the audience.
Chile, which has latterly been prospering quiet
ly, appears to be threatened with one of those re
volutions which seem to be the normal condition
of the Spanish-American people. The trouble
grows nut of the Presidential election, which is
soon to take place. The extradition treaty with
France lias been published as a law of the land.
The Indians were still troublesome. The con
tinued absence of the Archbishop of Chile was the
general source of dissatisfaction, and the govern
ment had refused to pay him his rents. In Val
paraiso South Carolina rice Is scarce and in de
mand. Exchange on the United States, 13 per
cent premium.
The Supreme Court of Rhode Island on Satur
day set aside the verdict in the case of Mary Han
nity against the Roman Catholic Bishop of Hart
ford, on the ground that the former verdict for the
plaintiff was procured by wilful and corrupt per
jury.
The C^urt Martial of Colonel Corcoran was re
sumed yesterday evening at the Arsenal. Colonel
Vosburgh's testimony was concluded, and the pro
secution closed with examining Brigadier General
Yates. Nothing new was elicited. The defence
opened with the examination of Colonel Halsey,
who-e testimony was similar to that of Colonel
Yo-bnrgh. so far as the expression of opinion was
concerned regarding the illegality of ordering out
more than two division paradea per annum. The
Court Martial adjourned to Monday next, at seven
P. M.
At the meeting of the Hoard of Aldermen yes
terday, the resolution inviting the President elect
to \isit New York when on his way to Washing
ton, and appointing n committee to do the honors,
was called up and made the special order for
Thursday next. A resolution was adopted that
the Corporation Counsel give his opinion as to
whether or not the Common Conncil is obliged to
award the street cleaning contract to the lowest
bidder. The report in favor of granting an addi
tional quarter of a million dollars was taken up,
atrongly opposed by several members, and finally
laid over. The tax levy was reported back by
the Finance Committee, with additions amounting
to (262,000, bat without Uking action on the sub
ject the Board adjourned.
The Board of Councilmen met last evening, when
Mr. fltemwon offered a preamble and reaAlutlona
tendering the hospitalities of the eity to Abraham
lineoln, the President elect, on his way to Wash
ngton. The weolutlon* were unanimously adopt
ed, and were immediately sent to tike Aldermen for
concurrence. Resolutions directing the Street
Commi?aioaer to procure steam fire engines for
Engine Company No. 33 and Hoae Company No.
f? wr re referred to tho Fire Department Commit
tee. A number of resolutions In favor of appoint
ing ? ommissioners of deeda were also referred. A
resolution was adopted directing the Chief of Po
lice to report to the Corporation Attorney nil vio
lations of corporation ordinances by nil the city
railroad companies, or by persona transacting
business w,tk tOKlfttt*. * ?f ?"?
'ntions wen- presented directing tke HuJsoS
Railroad Company to remove the turnout switches
, betreoa Rou?< u?d Dua?c aim*; alio to not ol
low their ears to be loaded or unloaded or stand
in the public thoroughfare betw een Church and
Car.al streets; and that if the company fail to com
ply with the resolutions, the Street Commissioner
oball take steps to carry them into effect The pa
per wan referred to the Committee on Railroads,
with the request to report at the next meeting of
the Board. _ After receiving communications from
the heads of department* and acting upon a num
ber of papers from the Aldermen, the Board ad
journed till Thursday.
The will of Catherine R. Goodhne was admitted
to probate yesterday. The testatrix possessed
about $100,000 in real and personal estate, which
she divides into fourteen shares and distributes
among her relatives, after leaving 1500 to ber
physician. The wills of John Martin and Charles
W. Dayton have also been admitted.
The February term of the Conrt of General
Sessions commenced yesterday, when Recorder
Hoffman entered upon the discharge of his official
duties. A Grand Jury was empannclled, and a
brief charge waB given to them by the Recorder,
who in his introductory remarks expressed the
pregnant truth that the business of grand jurors
was to indict the persons charged with crime in
stead of discussing general eviia^aod that if an
intelligent and independent prdtii was unable to
nrouse good citizens to reform abuses, Grand
Jurors need not expect to be able to do so.
The ice in Central Park was never in better con
dition than yesterday, the frost which set in about
fire o'clock P. M. on Sunday having congealed the
rain which had recently fallen. The surface was
very "keen," and suited both "curlcrs" and
skaters. The only accident yesterday happened
to a police officer trying to find the bottom of the
pond by going in up to his neck through the ice. k
very small boy caused some excitement by turning
skilful somersaults while skating. The official
returns to seven P. M. yesterday were:?Pedes
trians, 68,000; equestrians, 80; vehicles. 3,000; and
to the close of bkating, pedestrians, 65,000; vehi
cles, 3,500. Nearly nineteen thousand females
were counted as having entered the Park daring
the hours of skating. To show the attraction of
the skating pond, we give the returns of the two
previous days, on one of which there wa9 no
skating:?Saturday?Pedestrians, 250; equestrians,
4: vehicles, 25. Sunday?Pedestrians, 7,000;
equestrians, 45; vehicles, 1,200.
According to the City Inspector's report, there
were 367 deaths in this city during the past week?
a decrease of 30 as compared with the mortality
of the week previous, and 103 less than occurred
during the corresponding week last year. The re
capitulation table gives 3 deaths of diseases of the
bones, joints, Ac.; 65 of the brain and nerves,
9 of the generative organs, 13 of the heart and
blood vessels, 149 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; 9 of
old age, 42 of diseases of the skin and eruptive
fevers, 5 premature births, 40 of diseases of
the Btomach, bowels and other digestive or
gans; 25 of general fevers, and 3 unknown?
of which 8 were from violent causes. The
nativity table gives 243 natives of the United
States, 76 of Ireland, 6 of England, 30 of Ger
many, 4 of Scotland, and the balance of various
foreign countries.
Owing to the decline in sterling exchange, which closod
at about 106,-4 for good bankers' bills, combined with
ttrmnegs id freights, the cotton market was heavy yes
terday, and closed at about %c. lower. The sales em
braced 1,700 bales, on the baa la of about 12,S,'c. for mid
dling uplands. Sugars were in fair demand, with sales
of about 500 hhds. Cuba and 850 hhds. molado, for ex
port, on terms given in another column. The number of
lihds. of sugar grown in l>ouisiana last year was 221,
N40. Kstimatiug the average weight of the hhd. at
1,200 lbs., and the price at 6c. per lb., gives $72 per
hhd. This makes a total value of $16,971,430, against
$18,190,880 in 1868-50, and $24,998,424 in 1857-58, thus
showing that thero has beon a decided falling off in the
yield within the past three years. The crop or 1858-59
I amounted to 362 296 hhds., against 221,840 in 1859-60,
thus showing a falling off in the crop equal to 140,450
hhd*. in the last year's production. The growth in
Texas also exhibited a decrease. The yield in 1869-60
was 3,799 hhds , agalnstfA.OOO hhds. in 1858-59. Us
principal cultivation In Texas is confined to the three
counties of urazoria, Fort Bend and Matagorda. Hour
was heavy jesterday, especially shipping brands of Statu
and Western, while extra SUtc was in fair request at
Saturday's prices. Wheat was inactive and dull, a'ld
quotation* nominal at the close. Corn was dull and
lower, with moderate sales. Pork was steady, and sales
light at $17 76 a $17 87 for mess and $13 for prime.
Coffee was steady and sales limited. Freights were steady
at Saturday's rates, whilo engagements were moderate.
Will the People of (he North Permit
Coercion)
It was clearly evolved from the discussion
between Senators Seward and Mason, on Thurs
day last, that the future premier under Mr. Lld
coln, lias calculated civil war as aoMng the pro
babilities of the future, and as an inevitable
consequence of persistence on the part of the
South in its resistance of Northern aggression.
The arguments of tlie tyrant?force, compul
sion and power, as a last resort?were employ
ed by him without stint, and he declared his
readiness to "stand or perish,'' with arms in his
hands, if upon that condition alone the Union
may be preserved. "Everybody," he said,
"who siiall resist, oppose or stand in the way
of the preservation of this Union, wMl appear as
motLs upon a summer's eve," when the whirl
wind arises which shall sweep them away.
Vaunting that the issues between North and
South were founded upon a mere abstraction,
in behalf of "twenty-four African slaves, one
slave for each forty-four thousand square miles
of tenitory;'' acknowledging that "slavery has
ceased to be a practical question," he could
yet declare that "battle was the measure to be
reported to last, for the salvation of the con
federacy." Mr. Mason, in reply, deprecated
"measuring swords'' to settle such a controver
sy. "I trust,'' he exclaimed, "that we may
avoid the ultima ratio of the Senator from New
York. I trust the good Bense, the wisdom,
the civilization, the humanity of the age, will
rescue the country from the effect of any such
counsels. I trust that in the free States there
is a body of good sense, an enlightened basis
of patriotism, sufficiently free from the
shackles of party obligations, to see the folly
of such advice. What! war to restore this
Union or preserve it? And that men of sense
shall be deluded into war under the pretence
of only enforcing the laws of the nation ? I
appeal to the free States to repudiate the coun
sels of the Senator from New York, and disown
them; and if, In the Providence of God, it is to
result that we are to separate in two confede
racies, then let the counsels of peaoe prevail,
and not the counsels ot the 8cnator from New
York. Let the counsels of peace prevail, as
the only counsels which can avert that greatest
of all calamities?war between brother and
brother?a war between races, which eonld
conquer peace only through oceans of blood
and counties* millions of treasure,''
Nine oat of ten of the people of the North
ern State* are prepared to re-echo the patHotie
sentiments of Mr. Mason. The citizen* of the
free States are not prepared for civil war, nor
will they consent to imbrue their hands in the
blood of their brethren at the South. The
views promulgated by Mr. Seward have excited
the deepest feeling of distrust and alarm, and
it is the common utterance of men's mouths,
that any attemnt on the part of the incoming
r r ?*' .ft j- 4. .
I administratioti *0 oot>'? c"t.Mon th -ory,
will meet with no #fn t'lenoo
-laveholding thaa in the slaveholding States.
It Lb true that the bitter end ho long foreseen in
approaching, and that the period has arrived
for the country to pay fur the treat of elevating
anti-slavery republicanism to power; yet the
catastrophe has not come upon us so suddenly,
or without such premonitory signs, that citizens
of the States north of Mason and Dixon'B line,
can be hurried into a course so suicidal, atrocious
and wicked as a portion of our republican lead
ers would mark out for them. We hare drifted
to a point where the problem has ceased to be,
whether the Union can be saved; and, in answ
to the still more important question, shall
South be permitted to go ont peaceably 0 i y
conservative, right minded man at the North
has already given, in his heart, an affir
mative response. "Irrepressible conflict" has
succeeded in developing the outlines of a fear
ful shadow over the land; but sober mindedi
patriotic citizens will never permit it to acquire
a bloody substance. In the annals of history,
there would be no parallel of a nation, from a
similar height of prosperity; surrounded by
every external and rejoicing in every internal
essential of happiness ; having plunged its fu
ture destiny, its wealth, fair fame, and the hopes
resting upon it, into such an abyss of ruin,
desolation and irrecoverable hopelessness of
misery, as would be the consequence, if suc
cessful, of Mr. Seward's appeal to "battle."
Far better that the Union should be dismem
bered forever, than that fraternal hands should
be turned against one another to deluge the
land in blood.
The masses of our population, in all of the
States, are unquestionably peace loving and
conservative. Five-sixths of those who are en
titled to vote, in the North, deplore the agita
tion whioh is kept alive by the demagogueism
of their representatives. They see the gigantic
footsteps with which anarchy has been lately
progressing; but they have found it impossible,
as yet, to make their voices heard. They have
witnessed the culpable inactivity of Congress,
and have seen discretion, judgment and patriot
ism sacrificed before ambition and venality,
without having it in their power to remedy the
evil. But if in additiou to what is past, they
see civil discord about to be inaugurated, they
will arise as one man und cry out?No! They
loathe the thought of internecine strife upon a
paltry issue, created by despotism and fanati
cism, and they have already issued the fiat that,
if the States of the Union must separate they
fhall do so in amity, and they will Hold Mr.
Seward and the administration of which he is to
form a part responsible, if he exerts his influ
ence to force them into it
Old Abk Lincoln and the New York Hkrai.d.?
Ever sinco tho 6th of last November Old Abe
Lincoln has been a historical personage, and
we have fully recognized the fact by giving to
the public the fullest and most accurate intelli
gence as to his movements. This information
has been received from our correspondents at
Springfield and elsewhere, and has been suffi
ciently accurate to bo appropriated by tho Iri
Inmr and other republican journals. As we
have had important exclusive news from
Springfield, our cotcmporaries who stand on
the Chicago platform (which is, very decided
ly, not our platform) have begun to grow very
uneasy, and seem to fear that we intend to mo
nopolize the ancient rail-splitter, and that wo
are ambitious to reign in the kitchen and par
lor of the President's house. You need have
no fears, gentlemen; our tastes do not tend in
that direction. We are only endeavoring to
give accurate newH about Lincoln, no matter
how far we may disagree with him politically,
as part of our duty to the public as a journalist.
The spoils, so dear to Greeley, Webb, Ray
mond and the rest, have no temptation for up.
and the public may be assured that we will go on
as before, giving all the information as to pass
ing events that labor can obtain. Onr duty is
to the people, who expect to find the news in
the Herald every morning; and we intend now,
as ever before, to attend to our own affairs, and
to let the politicians go to the devil (their as
sured destination) in their own way.
Gucblst Flattkmd Oct.?The do feat of the
Spruce street ticket at Albany on Saturday,
and the smashing of Weed's slate at Iho same
timo, appear to be highly satisfactory to Gree
ley and his voUdboratmra. They claim that be
cause Evarts was defeated Weed is smashed; or,
to u?e their own words, "The one man ppwer
at the State capital is overthrown. The sceptre
baa departed from Judah, and a lawgiver from
between bis feet." This is all bosh, and Gree
ley knows it In the course of ten ballots
he never oame within ten votes of the
number required for his nomination, and when
the Weed men found that the only thing they
could do was to slay the Trlbnnr philosopher
outright, they withdrew their blind?for Evarts
was nothing more than a straw candidate -and
put In their real man. Greeley has been flat
tened out a la Forney. In 18.r>6 Forney se
cured the vote of Pennsylvania for Mr. Bu
chanan, and hankered after the Senatorship.
In his career as an editor Forney had made
many bitter enemies and powerful rivals.
They managed to kill him off, although he
came much nearer to an election than Greeley.
Forney's enemies, rather than permit his triumph,
absolutely connived at the election of Came
ron, their political opponent Forney was then
turned out of Buchanan's kitchen, and, after
howling with hunger and cold for a couple of
years, managed to quarter himself,
a political mendicant, upon the re
publican party. Without donbt Gree
ley will meet the same fute. He is no
match for Weed in political strategy, and has
been outwitted at every battle between them
Harris will be Weed's man, Greeley will be
kicked* ignominiously from the kitchen, and
Weed will dole out the federal pap to the faith
(Vil in this State. Already there are indications
that the claims of the Tribuv* philosophers are
to be ignored by the incoming administration.
The Trikvne claims to speak semi-oflcialty for
the President elect, which is the most trans
parent humbug. William II. Seward is really
the mouthpiece of Old Abe, and Seward is not
the man to trust Greeley with the programme
of the administration. The Chevalier Webb
would be quite an safe a repository as Hon.
Massa Greeley, and Webb always blurts out
everything he hears. This fact accounts for
the wonderfbl summersaults which the Trih>m*
has lately made one day favoring peaoe and
the other a war policy. Greeley will alwayn
have a great influence with the masses tf his
party, and Will, if he lives long enough, break
down the leaders who oppose him. The poli
ticians, however, pooh-pooh at the >1d white
5oat. fhurloV If tks for <h- ir
money, or rather they arc the men for h's.
Arrangtuxnf? for tkr laan^araUon of
Mr. LIbmIb ?t WMhtn|((on.
We publish in another column a strong and
significant address from Senators Slidell and
Benjamin, and other Congressional representa
tives of Louisiana to the Convention of that
State which decreed its secession from the
United States, strongly urging an immediate
co-operation with South Carolina, and approv
ing of the seizure of the forts and arsenals at
New Orleans, which they had urged. The
'ltaiana representatives were previously in
fikvor of submitting to the authority of the
icueral government until the 3d of March; but
we learn from their address to the Convention
that they were led to counsel immediate seces
sion in consequence of the military movements
at Washington, which have been set on foot by
the rumors of an intended attack on the na
tional capital to prevent the inauguration of
Mr. Lincoln. They nay that Gen. Scott is well
known to have submitted to the President "a
plan of a campaign on a gigantic scale for the
pubjngation of the weeding States, the initia
tion of movements for garrisoning all the
Southern forts and arsenals, with a view of
employing them, not for the beneficent pur
poses for which they were intended?our de
fence against a foreign foe?but for intimida
tion and coercion."
It is true that serious fears have been enter- I
tained of an attempt to prevent the inaugura
tion of Mr. Lincoln, and perhaps to seize upon
the federal capital, by armed bands from the
border slave States of Virginia and Maryland,
aided by volunteers from the neighboring
slave States, and that in consequence of these
reports Gen. Scott has been concentrating
troops, artillery and munitions of war at Wash
ington. ?
We learn also that the United States troops in
the Northern States are being rapidly put upon
a war footing. At the laboratories destructive
pyrotechnics, with balls and cartridges, are
beiDg prepared. Large contracts for ambu
lances and field litters have been given out by
the War Department. Within the past week
five hundred additional troops have arrived in
Washington, forming an aggregate of aboutone
thousand men, with five batteries of light ar
tillery?a quota suificient for an army of five
thousand men. General Scott has also ordered
large supplies of ammunition to be sent to
Fort McHenry.
In the Northern navy yards no less activity
prevails. The equipment of vessels of light
draught is being pushed with energy, so as to
have ready in a short time a coast guard to
cruise in the Southern waters.
The steamer Water Witch is already under
orders to be fitted out at Philadelphia; the
steam gunboat Pawnee, also at the same place;
the Harriet Lane, at this port; the brig Perry
is now being speedily prepared at Brooklyn;
the brigs Dolphin and Bainbridge are approach
ing readiness at Norfolk and Boston, and the
steam gunboats ('nisader, Wyandot and Mo
hawk, now in the Gulf, can all be concentrated
in a few days.
These preparations, and especially those so
actively and quietly prosecuted under General
Scott's orders, aided in this city by his son-in
law, Col. Scottplook warlike. The latter is ac
tively superintending operations here. Re
cruiting is in active progress. There are on
Governor's and Bedloe's Islands at this time
600 troops, chiefly recruits, who are being ac
tively drilled.
These movements have not parsed unobserved
by people in Virginia and Maryland, some of
whom have charged that the concentration of
the warlike arrangements at Washington is to
form the basis of a coercive army, with the
view of overawcing those Wo States, and thus
prevent their withdrawal and keep them in the
Union.
Military men consider that the present force of
regular troops now in Washington is quite am
ple to repel 10,000 iraegular troops, had such
a number designed to prevent Lincoln's inau
guration. Gen. Scott continues to order troops
and munitions of war to Washington, and to
concentrate others at New York and other con
venient places. The Corps of Engineers have
been removed from West Point to Washington,
a measure not resorted to except in case the
country is engaged in war. The garrison at
that place has been left without a regular sol
dier, a thing which, it is said, has not previously
occurred since its establishment
Now, it in manifest that if the two sections of
the country separate peaceably, and form two
distinct confederacies, there will be no neces
sity for coercion, and no need of an increased
military organization; but if there be any good
grounds for the news relative to a conspiracy
to seize upon the national capital by an armed
force, on or previous to the 4th of March, it is
quite proper that precautionary measures
should be taken to prevent it Mr. Lincoln has
been constitutionally elected President of the
United States, and he should be constitutional
ly inaugurated at Washington, the capital of
the republic. The President, the Secretary of
War. and General Scott, the acting Commander
in-Chief of the army, nre perfectly right, of
course, in resolving that he shall be so inaugu
rated. Any attempt to prevent it by an artned
mob, or any other body, we have no doubt
would be frowned down by the conservative
p<*ople of the South and the North alike: but if
then; be any fears that such an outrage may be
committed, it is clearly tho duty of the Mxecu
tivc, the War Department and General Scott tq
be prepared to resiat it, by the addition of any
number of men that may be deemed necessary,
and if five thousand men are not sufficient, by
all means let them have ten thousand.
If, however, the intimations of Mr. Lincoln
and Mr. Seward that a coercive policy is to be
pnrsued by the new administration should be
accepted as a fact, and if the idea so forcibly
embodied in this manifesto of Messrs. Slidell
and Benjamin?that these military movements
are the precursors of a gigantic plan to subju
gate the seceding Statos?should gain ground
in the border slave States and the South gene
rally, then the worst fate predicted for the
country will have befallen ns?a devastating
eivil war. U is unnecessary to say that the
inauguration of such a policy would be stub
bornly resisted in the North as well as in the
South; for there would be two parties in the
North, widely divided upon that question. As
to the propriety of insuring the peaceful in
auguration of the new Pre*id**nt in the federal
capital, there may be but one seutiment; hut
a "gigantic plan to subjugate the South" la a
very different question.
In the event of an amicable separation be
tw . u lh" North and South, and the construc
ting of two ?nnf?derar'<n, Wellington, vo up
pof-e would have fi 1?e ?ri^n up to the 8 uitti,
where H prope'b Vffcwgr the Patriot of C'o
lumbia having l?e*?u ceded by Maryland. The
Northern confederacy would want a capital
nearer to (he Arctic circle, toward* which Mr.
Seward has predicted it u destined to extend.
It may be that its location would be fixed
where Mr. Seward intimated?at the head wa
ters of the Mississippi; but it may be that ita
more fitting site would be founu to be at the
mouth of the Hudson.
Tub Veroima Convention Election aso tui
Ultimatum Involved.?The election of dele
gates to the State Couveution which ii soon te
meet in Virginia on the secession quentiM
came off in all the numerous counties of the
State yesterday. We Bhall not be able for some
days yet to report the classification of the dele
gates elected; but, considering the ultimatum
involved, we entertain very little hope of the
retention of Virginia in the Union, whether the
immediate or the conditional secessionists have
carried this election.
The election turns upon immediate.secessioa,
or upon secession in default of a satisfactory
compromise from the Border State Convention
at Washington. Upon this issue, we think, the
result may be set down as a foregone conclu
sion. The ultimatum to which the Virginia
conservatives have been driven is the rein
statement of the Missouri Compromise line, and
its extension to the Pacific Ocean, including the
surrender to the South and its institution of
slavery of all the territories which we now
possess, and all which we may hereafter acquire,
on the south side of said line. Of course thin
proposition looks to the acquisition of Cuba,
Mexico and Central America, for the recovery,
on the part of the South, of that balance of
power which it has lost in the general govern
ment
The question then recura, will this Bor
der State Convention be able to patch
up a compromise that will arrest the secession
movement in Virginia and the other border
slave States? The Virginia Commissioners will
require a compromise which shall apply to Ter
ritories to be acquired. So it is also with Ken
tucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Arkansas and Missouri. But we have no hope
of any satisfactory agreement in this Washing
ton Convention upon this proposition. The
border slave States may agree to it; but the
border free States, so far as the republican
party may be concerned, will reject it; and so
we conjecture that the labors of this Conven
tion, like the labors of the House Committee of
Thirty-three and of the Senate Committee of
Thirteen, will end in smoke.
We are not aware that a single prominent
member of the republican party has indicated
the slightest disposition, in view of any extre
mity, to relinquish to the South in advance, for
the sake of the Union, any territo
ry below Texas, or in the Gulf of Mexico,
which we may hereafter acquire. Mr. Charles
Francis Adams, in his late conservative speectt
in the House of Representatives, very emphati
cally argued not only the absurdity, but the
criminality, of any Southern demand of this
nature. It is morally certain, then, that no
such concession will be reached by this Border
State Convention; and we shall be agreeably
surprised if any such proposition shall receive
the vote of even a solitary republican Commis
sioner.
We think it most probable that this Washing
ton Convention, like the House Committee of
Thirty-three, will dissolvo into two or three
detachments and two or three reports, and that
they will all be hung up to dry in Congress. The
Virginia Convention, thus reduced* to the
chances of Mr. Seward's plan of waiting one,
two or three years for a new constitutional
covention. will be very apt to swing over into
the Southern confederacy, preferring the union
of the South, at all hazards, to a division of the
South, subject to the discretion of the republi
can party, with a republican administration in
possession of the government.
We conclude, therefore, that the adjourn
ment of this Washington Border State Conven
tion will be the signal, not for a general reac
tion in favor of the Uuion, but for the seces
sion of the border slave States, beginning with
the Old dominion. The republican party ap
pears to be shaping its policy to the contingen
cy of a Southern confederacy, and to the only
remaining alternative of peace or war. Fail
ing to accomplish anything, then, for the
Union, let us still hope that this Wasaingtoc.
Convention may do much for the cause of
peace.
The Moukiij. Tariff Brr.i..?Amid the dia
and smoke of this Southern revolution, the
republican pnrty in Centres*, as a precioua
sop to the manufacturing interest* of Pennsyl
vania and New England. ar. pushing along the
Morrill protective tariff bill, a measure which
secma to be especially levelled at the commercial
ascendancy of New York. The bill, with its
advanced scale of duties oa iron, woollen and
cotton manufactured, and with its specific
assessments. Ac., gives an increased protection,
or bounty, ranging from fifteen to twenty per
cent, for the benefit of our home manufacturing
companies; and it is not surprising, therefor**,
that Pennsylvania and the New England State*
should be working like beavers to carry tnu
measure, Including all the resource* of a pow
erful and unscrupulous lobby.
Hut how the delegation in Congress frnm
New York have boen brought to support this
bill, which practically abolishes the warehous
ing system, we cannot imagine. The idea i*
immediate relief to the trea-nry, by enforcing
th<! immediate payment of duties; but th>?
effect of this expedient will be the auapeuMOQ,
to an immense extent, of importation# which
would otherwise be made There is no market
in this country now for the sale of imported
goods; but, under tin* warehousing system, im
portations may be made, and held in readi
ness for the first opening of a mar
ket Importations, however, will not now
to any extent be made when hetrily In
creased dtitie* are to lv> paid .pon ihem wiu<
in three months from 'he day <?i their delivery
Upon our wharvos. TV- warehousing system
encourages importations in?J stimulates cur
merchant.* in the work ?tf fiodin? a market for
their good?, giv'ng M?"n meantime, the benefit
ot a credit syatem w/iich largely increase*
th? ii capacities to iuijiort more. We can only
look, th*Nrfore, upon thl^ oe? tar'S" oxped lent,
reducing the wirthou ing privilege to
threfc months, u a republican cn eaflftce of pun
ishment ?gains? the anti-rep* bllcan city of N?*w
York.
The t?ill. at 'hUtlme, in '?very other ita**ntlnl.
is a direct slap ia i/ie lac-' the .Southern
States. ?nd is calculated to gi?e an immense
'?i 'tis to 'he Southern niova
tr >it and it.' f cl!cy ol f'cc trad.'. Tua>

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