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NEW YORK HERALD.
IAHII CORDON IBI1BTT EDITOR AND PROPREEPOR omci M. W. CORNKB or KPLTON AMD NA8SA 8. fun mI fa Mimtm tm* by maG wttl V at tht rUV lAa mmUt. M Bami bilk omrrenl tm Wen lo,A MM. ValWM XXVI Ho. 51 AMUSEMENTS THIS BVBNINQ. ItDbO'l QABDBN, Broadway.?Bbulisb Or bra?Boh* MIA* 04B&. WINTBB OABDBIC, Bmd*i|, opposite Bond street ? Oniuo. BOwbBT THBATRB, Bow err.?A Nioht ib Woudkb Won* WALLACE'* THEATER, Broadway.?Cbstsu Paub. LAUBA KBENB'B THBATRB, No. CM Broadway.? Bira 8imw. NBW BOWBBT THEATRE. Bowttir.?Who SrBAKj Kirat?H ABLKyciji Jam?Cabtbhtbb or Rous*. THBATRB rRANGAII, No. Ml Broedway.-Lns Cako tibk* dk la Skiml , BARN KM'H AMERICAN M USE ITU, Broadway.? Day and Mwwnlng?Tm WoBAB IK WuiTK?L.IV1MU O0EIOMTIB3, Ac. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mnchantci' Hall. 47? Broad way.?Bubumuub.*, Sonus, Danckr, Ao.?Jack Cab* HOOLBT A CAMPBELL'S Ml NSTRELfl, Nlblo'n Saloon, Broadway.?Ethiopia* Sonus, Damobs, Boelbwium, 4 c.? Tub Mubbbrs. CaKTERBURT MUSTO HALL, ess Broadway.-Ticur 1 oi-k, bOMUA 0AKOk.lt, BUMJUIQIIKS, AO. MELODtON, No. 539 Broadway.?Sonus, Dakcks, Bcb lb?iOb?, At. New l'ori, Thursday, February Ml, 1H61. BULB rot TIU Picnic. Hew York Herald?California Edition. The mail steamship North Star, Capt. Jones, will leave this port to-day, at noon, for Aapinwall. Tka nl> (Mr California and other parts of the Pacific wiB fllne at tea *ti?c]c this morning. the NMr Tam Wkkklt Ubbald?California edition? MBUiaJag Ik* latest intelligence from all parte of the VMtl, Vitk a terge quantity of local and miscellaneous MiMr, wll be published at half poet eight o'clock in the Magla eoplee In wrappers, ready for mailing, six cents. Agents will pleas* send in their orders ai early as pos sible. The Itwi. Mr. Lincoln yestesday received his fellow citi zen* at the City Hall. Mayor Wood delivered an address of welcome on the occasion to which Mr. Lincoln responded. In the evening Mr. Lincoln attended the Opera, and at midnight he was sere naded. Mr. Hamlin, the Vicc President elect, ar rived in town yesterday, and stopped at the Astor House. The movements of these distinguished personages are described in another part of to day's paper. Reports to the effect that the South Carolinians were about to or had already attacked Fort Sumter were in circnlation in Washington yes terday. They were doubtless mere idle rumors, devoid of foundation in truth. The Peace Congress yesterday voted down the proposition in favor of half hour speeches. The debate on the various plans of adjustment was then continued. It is thought that the Congress will vote on the subjects before them on Saturday, and it is predicted that the (iuthrie plan will be rejected, and that a call for a national convention will be agreed to. In Congress yesterday the Senate passed several private bills. The House bill authorizing the dis continuance of the mailB in States where the pos tal service is liable to be interfered with, was taken up. An amendment was offered, that the Postmaster General be directed to discontinue the mail service in the seceded States, and make ar rtingrnit uts with the government of the Southern Confederacy for inter-postal communication there in. Without taking action on the subject the bill was laid aside, and the discussion of the Tariff bill was resumed. The amendment reducing the duty on sugar, and placing a duty on tea and coffee, was agreed to, the tax to continue for two years. A five per cent duty on wool was also agreed to. Several other amendment* were adopted, aud the bill was passed by a vote of 25 to 14. In the House yesterday Mr. Bocock, of Virgi nia, occupied the morning hour in an elaborate speech in opposition to the bill empowering the President to cull out th# military forces of the country and accept the services of volunteers. He characterized the bill as a declaration of war against the seceded States. The Naval bill was taken up, the question being on agreeing to the Senate's amendment providing for the construc tion of serin steam sloopa-of war. The proposi tion was warmly opposed by the democrats, but the amendment was agreed to by a vote of 111 to 38. In the evening session Mr. Puffin, of North Carolina, made a speech in favor of secession. In the course of his remarks he spoke of Mr. Bu chanan as a driveller, and (Sen. Scott as guilty yf usurpation. I .ate accounts from Part Smith, Arkansas, state that the overland mail had been seized by Texans, and the employes of the company imprisoned. It is aloe reported that Forts Chadbourne aud Bel knap have been seized by the secessionists. Nothing of importance occurred in the IvCgislt ture yesterday. Byway of New Orleans we have advices from Havana to the lt'.th inst. The sugar market was easier, with a stock of sixty thousand boxes. A grand military review had been given by the Cap tain General in honor of ex-President Miramon, of Mexico. Karly yesterday morning the premises Noa. 29 and 31 Park place, occupied by Win. Watson A Co., importer* of linen goods, and Chapman, Lyon <V Noyes, importer* of fancy goods, were discovered on fire, and before the flames could be extinguish ed about $80,000 worth of property was destroyed. The loss is covered by insurance. A meeting of importers, distillers and liquor dealers was called at Thorp's Hotel, in Union square, last evening, for the purpose of making efforts to repeal the present excise law, and to try and secure the passage of a good liquor law by the present I/egisiature; but they were unable to or ganize and had to adjourn until next Tuesday evening. At the meeting of the Commissioners of Emigra tlon yesterday it was agreed to hold a special meeting on Friday next, at eleven o'clock A. M., for the purpose of receiving and acting upon the annusl report. The weekly statement ahowed the number of emigrants arrived during the past week to be 483, which makca the number since January 1,3,470. The balance of the commutation fond to the credit of the Board is now $3,627 82. In our personal notices of the IVesidential party yesterday w? stated that Messrs. W. 8. Wood and Burnett Forbes belonged to Hpringfield. It should have been, as we are informed, New York, M those two gentlemen w?re specially sent from this city to take charge of the President and cortege during #ie route. In the Board of Education last evening a com munication was received from the Sehool Officers ?of the Twentieth ward, asking an appropriation of ?34,069 for the erection of a new sohoolhouse; and another from the Sohool Officers of the Fifteenth ward, asking for $16,1$4 to alter and enlarge Ward Sohoolhouse No. 3fl. Both were referred to the Coamittee on Sites and Bckooihouse*. An appli cation from the Committee on Free Academy for anthority to advertise lor proposals and specifica tions for the erection of a library building near the Free Academy, in connection with that building, wh made the special order fur the next meeting. A resolution was passed directing Washington'* Farewell Address to be read in all the school* ol the city on the approaching anniversary of the great hero's birthday, and authorizing the teachers to dismiss early. The Board then adjourned. The third trial of James Shepherd, for arson in the firtit degree, was commenced yesterday in the General Set*ions, the alleged crime having been committed in June, 1857. John Wilson, who was convicted of forgery in the second degree, was sent to the State Prison for five years and two months. The conrt martial on Lieutenant Barbot, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, was continued yesterday, when Master's Mate Humphreys, and Paymaster's Clerk Hoadley, were examined for the defence, after which the conrt adjourned to half-past ten o'clock this morning. Beef cattle were yesterday in plentiful supply and moderate request at a slight depreciation, es pecially the better grades, of which there was a larger proportion than usual. Milch cows were quiet. Veal calves were in moderate demand, and previous prices were barely supported. Sheep and lambs were in request at prices ranging from $2 75 a $7, including all kinds. Swine were in moderate request, but a little lower. The total receipt* were 3,766 beef cattle, 98 cows, 470 reals, 8,128 .sheep and lambs, and 7,61C swine. n?e cotton mai ket exhibited more animation and ac tivity yesterday. The sales embraced about 3,000 bales, closing on the basis or ll?fc. a 11 Xc. for middling up lands , chiefly at the Utter figure, at which 700 bales were sold frost store. Few estimates of the crop exceed four millions of bales, while some do not reaoh that amount. The decrease in the receipts at the ports, com pared with last year, was 667,000 bales; in exports to Great Britain, 79.0C0; to France, 36,000, and toother foreign ports 16,000, making a total decreaso of 130,000 bales. Flour was less active, while sales were moderate, Including some purchases for export. The mar ket closed without change of moment in prices. Wheat was firmly held at the previous day's prices, while sales were moderate. Corn was steady at unchanged prices, while sales were fair. Pork was quiet, and mess nominal at $17 a $17 25 asked, and prime was quiet at $13. Other provisions wore without change of importance. Sugars were steady, with sales of 1,060 hhds. Cubas and 600 boxes Uavanas at prices given in another column. Coffee was dull and files limited. The firmness of freights checked engage ments. Moderate shipments werejaaade to English ports, mostly at the current rates of the previous day. The President Eleet?IIU Speeches, Hli Cabinet, and HU Inaugural. The presence in this city of the President elect of the United States has given, during the last two days, an extraordinary activity to the discussion of political affairs among all parties and classes of our people. Abraham Lincoln is the newest wonder of the town; the lion of the day; the coining man, soon to be invested with the office and the responsibilities from which Mr. Buchanan will be only too happy to be delivered; and it is not surprising, there fore, that all eyes, all ears, and all hopes of aN men from all quarters for the Union and against the Union, for peace or for war, and for spoils and plunder, should be turned to this modest backwoodsman, Lincoln. In behalf of the Union?after noting the im proved tone in the little conventional speeches of this distinguished btranger from Buffalo to this city?we do not despair of still better things to come. It is apparent to us that Mr. Lincoln is beginning to feel and to appreciate ?he pressure of the conservative peace and Union sentiment of the North. We incline to the opinion that the ice has been broken; that his mind is already restive under the shackles of the Chicago platform; and that, by the time he reaches Washington, he will comprehend pretty largely the fearful disorders of the country, the responsibilities of his position, and the dangers which ar? threatened from a rigid, headlong and violent "enforcement of the laws" against our revolutionary Southern brethren. In the meantime, we must not forget that the President elect has been so much absorbed and embarrassed in the work of picking out his Cabinet that he hoe had no time for orato rial exhibitions. We understand that at every stopping place over night since his departure from Springfield be has devoted a considerable portion of his time to the important subject of his Cabinet, and, unless he be compelled to change bis Cabinet programme. a? his prede ceesors have done before him, by the pressure of circumstances, he has so far progressed in the task as to justify the proclamation of the following schedule:? Secretary of rtate W n. Seward, N. V ^ecreUry oX tho Treasury Salmon I' Chase,Unio. Secretary of the Interior Montgomery Hiair, Md. i Secretary of War Sltnon Cameron, Pi. Attorney General Kdward Batef, ?o. From which it ?ould appear that the Post Office Department and the Navy Department are the only Cabinet positions remaining to be filled. For these places the contest is said to lie between Charles Francis Adams and George A?bmun, of Massachusetts, and Caleb B. Smith and Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana. At all events, with such republican conservative* as Seward and Cameron, to say nothing of the venerable Mr. Bates, we can discover even in the Cabinet selections of Mr Lincoln a strong desir on his part to put the brakes upon Northern aboli tion fanaticism. It is said that Mr. Lincoln, after his arrival in Washington, will first finish the work ?f his Cabinet, and will then proceed to touch up his inaugural according to the very latest of "the shifting scenes'' of thiB revolutionary crisis. Thus, in his inaugural, referring to that of his distinguished Southern Presidential rival, Jef ferson Davis, it is supposed that President Lin coln will urge the plea of Mr. Seward touching the seceded States? the plea of masterly inac tivity in the matter of compromises of any sort. Next, it is conjectured that Mr Lincoln, touch ing upon the profitless labors of the (Md Gen tlemen's Peace Conference at Washington, will settle down upon a recommendation for a Na tional Convention of all the State* for the pur pose of taking into consideration the recon struction of the Uuion in the revision of tie federal constitution We think, however, that this expedient of a National Convention is but little better than a tub to the whale. We have shown that, consti tutionally, this plan would require years of time to obtain a Convention; and, when obtained, it? labors would probably end in nothing. What we want is some show of a compromise without delay, upon which the border slave States can stand their ground in the Union, and act a> mediators with the Receded Statos. To this end let Mr. Lincoln, in his inaugural address, pro claim hto adhesion to the Crittenden plan of adjustment; and next, let hkn call an extra ses sion of Congress and urge this adjustment upon I the two houses, suspending hto distribution of the spoils and plunder until the two houses shall have acted, and our word for it there will be a settlement. If Mr. Lincoln would stand in the catalogue of our Presidents?in patriot ism, sound practical wisdom and devotion to the Union?as second only to Washington, let him strike for a speedy and satisfactory com promise with the border slave State", and he may win this proud distinction. e Sporch of th? Emperor of the Krmrh ?" *f (fee Chtabrr.. e published yesterday the speech of '' ^ Napoleon, delivwed on the formal op ing of tbe aesaion of the French Senate and legislative body. That it failed by its Btu < d ambiguity in dissipating apprehension and spiring confidence is clear from th* cir enm ance that the three per cents fell one half per oent immediately afterwards on the Paris Bourse. Tbe news did not refch London till after business hours, but a similar effect was experienced there on the following morning. The Emperor devoted the first part of bin speech to internal affaire, and the latter part to bis foreign policy. He Paid that in future a general exposition of the state of the empire, as also the more important diplomatic des patches, should be laid before the Legislature, by which it would be enabled to give a free and sincere expression of its opinions. Thin change, he observed, notwithstanding its ira portance, would not alter in any way the spirit of tbe constitution. He reviewed the princi pal differences between the institutions of I* ranee under Louis Philippe and the present dynasty tbe result of which was of course fa vorable to the latter; after which he referred to the commercial treaty with England and the advantages arising therefrom, as well as the design he entertained of negotiat ing similar treaties with neighboring States. To realize these economical reforms ho had renounced ninety millions of francs of annual receipts; yet the budget would show a balance of receipts and expenditure, without the imposition of fresh taxes or the contracting of i a loan. In his review of foreign affairs he said that he bad endeavored to prove, in his rela tions with otber Powers, that France sincerely ' desires peace, and that, without renouncing a legitimate influence, she does not pretend to in terfere anywhere where her interests are not at stake. In Italy he considers, alike with his al lies,that the principle of non-intervention affords the best means of obviating danger. The pro vinces of Savoy and Nice are held "irrevocably united to trance." In China French honor has been avenged side by side with the British lie says nothing about the withdrawal of the I' rench forces from Syria, but mentions that they have gone, in virtue of a European con vention, to protect Christians ngaiu-t a blind fanaticism. He augmented the garrison at Home for the security of the Holy Father, and be despatched his fleet to Gaeta at the moment when it seemed the last refugs of the King of Naples; but he had withdrawn it after four months because it compelled him to deviate from his declared principle of neutrality and exposed bim to false interpretations. He con cluded with an assurance that there was no cause for apprehension. "My firm determina tion," he said, "is not to enter on any conflict where the cause of France is not based upon right and justioe." He deprecated the folly of imaginary alarms, and, wnile advocating a calm survey of the future, directed the atten tion of the people to the developement of the germs of national prosperity. So much was expected by Europe from the Emperor on this occasion, that a natural feeling of disappointment was expeiieiiced when the inaugural address was given to the world. ' There is a quaint proverb which says that "Fine words butter no parsnips;'' and the im perial speech has fallen upon the popular miud as so many fine words, that mean little and commit him to nothing. He gives no explicit guarantee of peace, and speaks in that v^gue, general way which is considered anything but like a constitutional sovereign, or any other than Louis Napoleon, who, whatever ho muy decree nominally, has no intention of surren dering a particle of real power by a transfer of authority to the Senate or Corps Istyislatif The Emperor has not entered into sufficient ex planation of either the past or future to allav tbe fears of Europe. Why is he augmenting bis military aad naval forces on a scale that surpasses the preparations which preceded tho campaign In LoiLbardy if he really means peace, and why did he not account for these extensive preparations in his address? Europe judges by his notions as well as his words, and the two, it must in justice be said, are not al ways reconcileable. A spirit of dissatisfaction and uncertainty pervades the speech, and there is a studied ab sence of all but tbe merest casual mention of any foreign Power. This unfriendly coolness, and the omission of any statement us to tbe future policy of the empire, may well in spire uneaeinos. There is an evident mis Must of, and dissatisfaction with, not only his own constitution, but the state of trade, the principle of nonintervention, public opinion, and other nations. There is nothing, in fact, when we carefully pcruso the !-IKiecb, to show that Louis Napoleon does not mean war and war we may therefore expect. Coming from any other man we should have ac cepted it as peacelul ; but coming from him, we must read it in the same light as his as t-urirg words uttered only a few weeks before the war with Austria. A St OGHHUVK Incwk.st.?Yesterday, at the City Hall, a very tall mau made his way through the crowd which bad assembled to greet Mr Lincoln, and expressed a de*ire to measure lengths wi'h tho President elect The result, was a verdict in favor of Old Abe, whose bead towers above tte shoulders of ordinary hu manity. This inoident, like many others app* r? ntly ubstird, has a degree of suggest! veum*. After th?- 4th of March some thirty millions ot pmplewill be busily onuaged in taking Lin coin's dimensions, trying him with the square df integrity, the rub* of honesty, and souudiog Mm with the plummet of patriotism. If it turn* ?ut 'but he is elevated mentally us far above ?h> petty Hjuabble* and selfish intrigues of th politicians u? he is physically over the common run ot men, hII will be well, lint if he t'ull short of the high stun<tard he ha* set up?the character of Washington?the fat?ol Belsha/./.ai ?vill most certainly descend upon him Mr. Ltxcouf on tiik Hioiit PukTroHA?Dur ing the reception of Mr. Lincoln in the Gover nor's Hoom in the City Hitli yesterday, tber. wah some difficulty expeii?*nced in placing hiui in a prominent position where be could be Keen by all; but Old Abe selected a location foi himself by taking bin place in front of the por trait of Washington, saying that be would hi and beside the old General Now all the speeches and conversation* of Mr. Lincoln ui> to a very recent date have indicated bin det?r mination to stand on the Chicago platform an<i nothing elne, but the platform he ? leoted t Stand upon yesterday would intiina'e ih.it ti has changed bis mind, and will administer th governmebt from the platform ot tn- Father <>? hi* Country TllK CUKVAUEB FoiUSBT iM) THK WaoIIINO ton Lobby.? We bad supposed that the abort commons of an empty Treasury had pretty well starved out the Washington lobby. But in this we have been egregiously mistaken. As pick pockets like the confusion of a street crowd, so are the lobby birds the most industrious when our political affairs are enveloped in the dust and smoke and noise and confasion of a great revolutionary crisis. Thus while the atten tion of ull other parties, in and out of Congress, is absorbed in the momentous questions of Uuion or disunion, peace or war, the vultures of the Washington lobby are as busy as bur glars in a bank. It seems, too, according to a letter on the subject from a Washington cor respondent, that they have a new ohief to con duct their operations, a thousand times better qualified for ?he position than that blundering fellow Matteson. This new man, we are ap prised, is the Chevalier Forney, Clerk of the House of Representatives, llis office, and the privilege* and perquisites thereof, unquestiona bly give him all the deuired facilities fur push ing along any amount of lobby jobs, great and snidll. Nor is he the man, as it appears, to throw these facilities away. Mark the pro gramme. as communicated to ua from "a looker on in Verona," who seems to know all about it. Forney, we are thus assured, is the head of iLe lobby, and his office is the headquarters of the lobby. Thpre the lobby jobbers shape out their plans of operation, and divide the labor and the spoil* upon such j bs as the Chiriqui three hundred thousand dollar plum, Wendell's printing office, the Fisher claim, the Degroot job, and all other jobs affording n margin for spoils slid plunder. But the worst is yet to come. For i ey V headquarters in the Capitol, it further ap pears, supplies another great lobby desidera "uin? liquor. He keeps, we are told, a confi dential lobhy dramshop, where free whiskey' is served out freely to those republican mem bers who ure too pious or too modest to' be seen wettiug their whistles at any of the public oyster talbons in the basements of the Capitol. Head our correspondent's letter, and then an swer, if Forney can gather such fat pickings from the Clerk's office of Congress, what will such a compiler of "free wool" statistics as Tburlow Weed be able to mako of the drip pings and skimmings, the candle ends and mar row bones, the botiles and the soap fat of the White House kitchen? Verily, this revolutionary crisis seems to be turning out a rich harvest to the Washington lobby; and if such things occur in the green trie of a republican admit istration, what may we not expect in the dry'/ No wonder the Southern Slates are hurrying off into a Southern confederacy. Another Mopki, for Oi.n Abe.?Queen \ ictoria's speech on the opening of 1'arliament has naturally been looked forward to with in terest. in this country. The more than cordial reception which wo gave to the Prince of Wales, and the complication in our political affairs, which threatens to affect so seriously tfce commercial interests of England, wero topics which claimed sor.e special reference in it. In the banalities of a royal speech we do not of course look lor any very strong expression of feeling. The allusions made by her Majesty to this country prove, however, that the occa sion was deemed one in which cold formalities might be laid aside. In expressing her heart felt regret ut the differences which have sprung up amongst us, and which are likely to lead to such grave results, the Queen udds that her interest in our wellbe'ng is increased by the warm reception we luvt- given the Prince of Wales. She would be le?8 tt in a mother if the fact were not so; for surely never did the son of any sovereign meet from a people upon whom he had no claim of loyalty or political sympathy a more royal <>r generous welcome. It was spontaneous; it wa.- free from interested motives, and had not the slightest taint of that toad) i:-m to rank which infects the European populations. But if there were not thin ground for the feeling expressed in her Majesty's speech, there are others which would well justify the Ufe of the stroogHbt terms of regret that she could employ. She and her advisers cannot but per ceive that, from the violent measures to which the warlike programme of the incoming ad ministration is about to commit us, there is certain to result to England a shock to her industrial and commercial interests from which it will take her years to recover, and which, in the meanwhile, may affect her se rioiicly in a political sense. Of what account ire the abstractions of the Exeter Hall philan thn.pipts in the ?'y,-H ol English statesmen com l-nred with the commercial stagnation, the dis irei-B, the riots and the outrages that will ensue from the interruption of the cotton supply ?Vom this country? It would be fortunate for us if the party coming into power were as clear sighted and as practical in their views. WlllMKhlW PkOCI.AI.MKI> BY IIoNKNT ABK Ll.V coiji.?1 be President elect, in pursuance of in iirnciioiiH irom a youug republican damsel at ( b veland. Ohio, haviug turned out a pair of whiske s wito which to enter upon the duties l the White House, all republican-* expecting fflcH will plemse look to their whiskers The ?D.prcM ol France, at an interesting epoch, -Htiiced her imperial intentions in a hooped Kiii ?nt! hooped nkirte, from her example, M on^h not tor'the same reason, hare become ver-al tr m Pari* to the Sandwich Islands. tn< N'u|m>I- oil's monr-tai he would probably tf b. < n fin Mtfnuivi ljr inntated on this aide lie Atlantic had Mr Buchanan adopted the asliion; but bow an- our young republicans to w iirtanu the temptations ot a hairy visage | v ? n L aiK Napoleon, King Victor Kmanut-I. 1' nee \lbert, Sr, Bud, to cap the climax, 11. ne*4 \b? Lineoln," proclaim it by emunide the inw ot the luud? Wiile Awakes, bring j >ut. jour whiskers. Mr. Lincoln Gkttino Light.?Ever since Mr. Lincoln began to give as some of the out I pouring* of his Blind ill all tn? little speorhes ft bw been taking on his route to Washington ? t a* b* eo saying some very curious things particulatly in his addrnwes in the interior ?.uns and village* Muee he got as far a ' Buffalo, however, bis torn- h ?- been moresensi ble, and his expression of opinion more re . rved. He H|ie*k* now ot obuining Ugh upon the ? until'ion of the country, -aid ondea vonng to steer his ouurne upon tie- m'ormation lie receives, so a* to be "a- n>' nly ri?ht as pos ,ble."' He ha<l ill opportunity of b-aruinx oBteth'mg yes'eulny fVoin a s ureeto wtuch w> ? cotiiii.endert hitn to apt lv t >r breakfasted with Mr Moses II. Gruinell in company with t large number of the leading merchants of th' metropolis-?niercbant*. we presume, of a very dark republican complexion?bat men never theless. who, in their business relations, must be thoroughly acquainted with the perilous condition of the country. Mr. Lincoln must have learned a goed deal from them, and we will see by his course when be gets to Washing ton and assumes the reins of government, whether he has profited by the knowledge ac quired in the great commercial metropolis of the country. The CoNSPnuor to Dra-raor ths Union.? The Northern papers in the republican interest hare published lately a great many artioles to prove that during the last few years an extend ed oonspiraoy to break ap the Union has been hatched by oertain politicians in the South. This may be true; but if so, it is not half the truth. The great conspiracy to dostroy this republic commenced nearly thirty years ago. It was Bet on foot by the Garrisons, the Tap pans, the Phillipses, the Motts, and their aboli tion confederates in England and the United States. This toul and black-hearted plot oul minated in the election of Lincoln, upon the Chicago platform, which is baaed upon the Garrisonian idea, artfully covered up so as to deceive the masses of Northern voters. The plot has succeeded, the Union has been broken up, and now it is for the conservatives of the republican party, the men who have been inveigled into the support of the black republican candidates, under false impressions as to the ruinous tendency of their doctrines, to come out at once from fellowship with Garrison, Phillips, Sumner A Co., and help in the work of saving the slave States which have not jet seceded. Otherwise they will all be out in a very short time, and the work of re construction will be postponed, if not rendered altogether impossible. THE REVOLUTION. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Passage of the Tariff Bill in the Senate. A TWO YEARS TAX ON TEA AND COFFEE. Exciting Debate in the Honse on the Force and Naval Bills. Seven Steam Sloops-of-War to be Built. REPORTED ATTACK ON FORT SUMTER. Tlio Proceedings of the Peace Convention. PROBABLE CALL FOR A NATIONAL CONVENTION, &c.. See., &c. REPORTS RESPECTING FORT SUMTER. Washington, Feb 20,1881. There are frc*h reports about taking Fort Sumter. A Colonel, by the name of Thos D Sumter, has volunteerei to tako it by the job, In spite of the Montgomery Con gress. General Scott to-day slated that he had intelligence from Charleston that an attack was to be made on Fort Sumter to aay. This is contrary to the understanding among the secession Senators here, and also that ousting at Montg mery, where all the questions respecting the forts and public property have been referred by the several States to the Congress. It is understood General Scott received this intelligence from Major Anderson, and that It has been corroborated by similar Information from reliable pirtics at Charles ton. The Carolinians will hardly attempt this after hav lng referred matters to the Sonthern Confederacy. It is known, however, that South Carolina does nntsus. tain the action thus far taken by the confederacy. It is said here by prominent navy and army officers that Major Anderson can be easily reinforced, and some of them are willing to undertake the contract thomselves. They alio assert that the fort cannot bo taken by Colons' Sun.ter, or any other colotel. Colonel Sumter was born in Pennsylvania, removed to South Carolina, and represented that State in Congress from 1840 to 1843. In addition to tho above, I learn to day from a high Executive source In the government that there will not be any attack upon Fort Sumter beforo the 4th of March. He could not 6a> what the South Carolinians would do after that. It is proper to say that the most prominent Northern leaders, demcc ats as well as republicans, express entire indifference as to *hat they do. THE PEACE CONFERENCE. Waihinotos, Feb 20.1861. The Peace CongrotiS to day laid the motion to apply the hair hour to debate upon the tabic. II. I) Kiold, of New York made a speech in favor of a Constitutional Convention He Raid, In reply to a quote tlon, that his State desired no amendment to the constitu tion, but as the South did he was in favor of ylelling them that much, because that was the only constitutional way to divide, if we could not live pmicoibly together. Mr Smith, of New York, made the speerhfofeths^lay, carefully tracing the great question between thT North and South as he went along in all its details He did not close this afternoon, but will flnUh his speech tomorrow. lie is strongly opposed to the majority report, and cannot see tlurtithe people of the North bava committed any constitutional offence that should cmise a duiuand to be made for their re on es In the shape of cono-amou or aompromlse. Mr Dodge, of New York, assumed the s*me position as 'hat tnk'n by Mr. Granger yesterday. He thought thu soith ought to conen le someihiig to Ihe .South Mr White, of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Krelinghuysen, of Sew Jersey. also addressed the Convention, the latter suppoitii g the majority report. It Is believed that the Congress will begin to vote on the various propositions on Saturday next, and from pre sent apoearancr* the majority prop. hK ion will be v. toil down, and the plan adopted of submitting ?o the sever*l I.ogi?iaturt? of the States the propriety ol calling a convention of the people to revise the constitu tion Of the I'mted Slates. It will be remembered that the action of the Peace Con vent ion was not to be submitted to Congress unions they agreid to rerximmend an amendment to the constitution, it he Convention cannot do thts, then any recommend*. *i ii that It makes will not require the sanction of Cm ? tins*, but will go directly and promptly to the people for tile i r rati Br .tmn or rejection Every day makes It more apparent that the repnbll i ana In the IN?ce Congress do not Intend to permit a vote to t?e taken lor several dajg yet on any of the qua* lions of adjusUnett The debate* of today clearly prove stich determination. The radical republl < an element iccupied nearly the whole of to-day In fa natic*! spe<che?. Field and Smith, of New Yoiit, and Tuck, of New Hampshire, made ultra speeches. The friends of peace In the conference, who have all nlotig hoptd that matters would yet come rlgbt, begin to despair Another day or so will determine matters. The C >tivi ii tlon cannot hold together much longer unless there Is a derided chaise. THE PROPOSED NATIONAL CONVENTION. WAHinxuros, Keb 20, 1M1. It Is as clear as the day that the North Intends to test the qi estion, in the mist direct and positive manner, whether we have a goveri mont or not, and will not st >p ?i. oem-ade er c ?mpromise until that question Is settled Ihe rewi.utht of Mr. Ki?ton, of New York, offered in the lioi.se as an amendment to the report of Ihe OiMiUe* of Dbirty three, * tluat Ihe proper tribunal to which all existing disturbing questions should bo referred for deliberate cocstderailo* and final settlement Is a oosrettkw of delegates fro* the several States of the Union, to be calls* la the nod* pre scribed in the constitution," la the growing sentiment among the republicans, and la the Peace Congress to-day Um same doctrine was advocated by Mr. Held, of New York. More than this, nearly every member of Dm Peace Congress from New England is in famr at mttm stitnUonal convention. It seems now to be a basis upon which a ? Mlomnnt of the whole question can be reacted^ and there is no doubt that Mr. Seward at the profer IIM will favor It, and Mr. IJncoln will sanction It In his in augural. MIBC ELLANEOUB MATTERS. Washwutum, Feb. 20,1M?. tbb oovnmn loam. A special despatch from here te New York states Wat the coupon bonds proposed te be issued by Mr. Shsr man's bill can be printed for alz thousand dollars Instead' of eight}-two thousand dollars, as estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury. This Is troe. The bonds can be printed and issued, without signatures to the coupons, for a very small sum; but there would be great danger of counterfeiting and loss to the Treasury. It 1s due ts the government, If it issues coupon bonds, that they should be engraved, not printed, and that the coupons should be numbered and signed In the customary man ner. Mr. Sherman's plan would be very loose aid reef hazardous. MR. LINCOLN'S CABUfST. It has already boen stated that Mr. Seward and Mr. Bates are the only gentlemen thus far selected by Mr. Llnooln for his Ministry; but I understand that other names are on a bit of whitish brown paper which Old Abe carefully carries in his vest pocket, right hand side. These names are:?Simon Cameron, Salmon P. Chase and Montgomery Blair. There are two vacancies. It Is urged upon the President elect to take Charles Francis Adams as the representative from New Kngland. Mr. Chase may not accept the placo tendered him. SXW CONSSK VATIVB RBPCHUOAM PASTY. There are indlcations|bere, there, everywhere, that a conservative republican party is springing up whioh wil1 override and squelsh out the party that carried ths North last November. One or two New England Senators are In the movement. THS 8TTTT MIHUIll KKHTUCKT AWl) OBIO. The Supreme Court to-day took up the case of the Gov ernor of Kentucky against the Governor of Ohio, the latter having refused to issue his warrant for the arrest and surrender of Sago, who was indicted In Kentucky for en ticing* slave to escape from his owner, but escaped and took refuge in Ohio. The counsel are Representatives Stevenson and Humphrey Marshall for Kentucky, and Wolcott for Ohio. The argument to-day was confined mainly to the slavery question. CAUCUS OF KKPUBUCAN8. There was a caucus of the conservative, together with a few of the more radical republicans, last evening, at the house of a republican Senator. It is the general im pression that the result of the meeting was favorable t? measures likely to preserve peace with the South. The existing difficulties are fast approaching a crisis. TBS aKLUKNCK OF MK. t)KWAKI>. Should Mr. Lincoln be guided by the coun sels of Mr. Seward, even though there should be no adjustment by the Peace Congress. yet the border slave States would repose confidenca In the action of the incoming administration. But should the President elect fall Into the hauds of the other branch of tho party, the last hope of adjustment would be forever lost. The border slave States will, In the latter event, follow the lead of the cotton States, and the Union Anally be dissolved. The destinies of the country are therefore in the hands of the leaders of the republican party. EKT1CT OF TDK FOBCK DILL. Should the House pasB the Force bill, which Is now under consideration, and which will be pressed to a vote to morrow, It will have a very injurious effect upjn the action of tho Peace Conference. It will certainly preclpl tate action on the part of the border Stites. The bill was sent South yesterday to be used In several of the States to show that the Incoming administration, backed up by tho republican CongrotsH, intend to coerce the South. The moet moderate republicans here regret that such a bill was introduced at this time. It will surely retard a settlement. Til* NAVY IULL. Th? passage by the House to day of the Senate amend- * mett to the Navy bill, In favor ol seven screw war steam ers, creates considerable excitement In secession circles to night. ] POOTAL AFFAIRS. Tho mall contra:tore m the seee od States are continu ally asking whether thoy will be paid as heretofore, to which the Post Office IK-partmeut responds affirmatively, fctitiug that drafts will be issued to them ou the postmas ters, to be paid from the postal revenue collected within those States. The Postmaster General has removod tho route agent between Grafton and I'arkersburg, Va , on the grounJ that he left his business without permission to engage In the secession movements in that State. Several postmasters In Kentucky and Tennc?*oe have been removed for a bimila. cause. TO* NATIOlfAL FIAO. . For the first time a flagstaff has just beec ended on the War department building for tho display of tho national flag. CIOSCR* OV TTTK l-KCRSTART OF Till! WAVT. The House select committee of live on the Presi dent's Message, transmitted January 8, will to morrow make a report rela'.ive to the statiorrtnj? of vessels, Ac., saying that the defence of the Atlantic coast has boen greatly neglected, and concluding with a resolution oenraricg ttie Secretary of the Navy for, as they charge, accept,tig without delay or Inquiry the resignation of officers, who were in arms against the government when tendering the same. COKDITIOS OK Til* WAVY. It has been ascertained that a larger number of vessels are afloat now than for the last twenty years, and other vessels m*y be fitted out during three or four weeks. There is, however, a deficiency of lieutenants, midship men, masters and medical officers as well as se\men, the law limiting the last named to 8,600 men 111* PARAGUAY AW. RIW Much Interest is felt to know what course the Senate will take epon the special message which the President sent to that body, In Executive session, upon the subject of the Parsguay award. OUR RKLATIOSHl WITH PBBU, It lias been anticipatedthat^the President would, be fore this time, address a speclal^pjessage to Congress upon the subject of our relation* ?rlth Peru, but ^ the sesaloo. Is drawlcg so cear^o . a ciose tlJ*lt \gf presumed"the President deems It becoming to leav??his successor unembarrassed In respect u> diplo matictonmpliWitlons. Meantime Mr Clay, the Minister of the ITnitod States, having returned to this country, In obeolence to orders, quietly awaits what- ver duposi Hon of him may be made It U u<4 Improbable that bis long diplomatic experience and conce< od ability miy be called into requisition by the new administration at an early day, especially as he is better Informed on the subject of South American affair*, in their general aud special bearings, than any other man In the oountry. The incoming administration will find thomseives con slderably embarrassed respecting our foreign all ?irs, and will rwjulre the assistance of some of ttoe alretd, n position to aid them, anl to avoid serious blunder* AFFAIRS r* BCTADOS. Official alvlces have been received from Rcuvior by Minister Flores. The provisional government In thai country has ended, and the national Congress as* ej at Quito, under the Presidency of Ooneral Flores, %ol elected Hon Gabriel Garcia Moreno President of h? republic. The new President Is a man of a high order of talent, and will have the support of General Flore? Commander in chief of the army, aud there is every reason to believe that peace will be restored, aod the prosperity that the republic enjoyed during the long administration of Flores will be revived. The new government has snown Itself to be de oldedly friendly to the Celled Stitee, for best te* accrediting a diplomatic agent to Washington to cultivate the most intimate relations between the two countries. It h*s also a 0>mmlssinner here authorised to enter into contracts for American enterprise in Ecuador. arrival of ktraxmrrs The city Is fast filling up with strangers, mostly frem the North and West General Whitney, Collector of Ban ton, Is among the arrivals to-night. THIRTY-MI XTH OOKORBW ?SOUND BWMION. ???AUl Waiwt<iot<>!?, ***> *>. Mr. Poouttui, (rpp.) of Wig., priwMiteri th# orodraUib of TimoUi) 0. Mown, Hrn*tor ?l?ct from WI?eoo*ln. Sev?-r?J priv?U' hill* wr? p?iwio<i. THK IYWTAI. W?*T1C*. On mot toe of Mr. Wad*. (i*p.) of OMo, the Uoiue h* ^