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NEW YORK IIERALD.
J A M K e <- ?? H I> O li K K \ E T T, EDHttH ANl> 1'HUPKlKiOA I ?"? w. co*su* or fucton and narsav sts. "V/l J/S eenA in admi y, M<?iry Iy unit? tti'l fo nl th i i of lit Ntntt 1'i/t Haiti .'<//< cui'inl if A'f ir |*? - ?Aff ^'i-l MJ UALiK ttto rtr tl j-tr tnp% , $7 ftrr rt.tr.win. \ clvatt X) AMTTMKMKeVH *|?IS KVKVINU NIBLO'S GARDES. Broad a hy ?Nixon s Rovai v inous. VTINTEB GARDEN. Hro?<l*m nop ante Bond street ? MsHttitAMr or Vt sivi-?Wanoshing Mvhstkel WALLACE'S THBATiiK, BrOAdw*,.?If EnaiETTlf?A Ksi.li.au Fix LAURA KBENE's TI1EATUE. Jfo. 6U Broadway ? RliVliN MiTAUS NEW BOWERY TIIEATRa. Bowery.? LiussTr Bo*s Of ?70?Kku Gmim*?Lugxy Uobsasuoa RAKTIN'S AWRRH'AN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day And Rv.toinn ? Fi vino Dutuhhas ?Kuru Oakliv-B*ahs, bit a Lion ami Othkia Cvriositiks BRYANTS* MINSTRELS Mechanics Ilall, 4T-' Broad arty ?HukUa<aUK?, hongs Dang** Ac.?Down in Olu K-t-it j N'TBi/i'S SALOON, Be ?I.I.OTH'- Minntiifi.* in" .BjaiAsai'"*. Songs, Dacca., Ac ?Hiul, t'sTtKuso*' MEloDNON COKCKRT HALL, No. 000 Broadway - Bongs, Dancss, Bukljanquu), Ac OANTTfRBHRr MUSIC HALL, fctt Broadway ?Songs, DANCKS BlIHl.KSOtJAS. &0. R'tiw lork, Turwny, April 15, lsr.i, MAILH PUB KUUOPK. fht StW Torl? Hrrald?KiHlinn for (Europe, Th? CuuarJ mail HteaiAiah.p America, Uapt Mc.Wlaj, Will leave IVfAlou ou Weduosday for Liverpool ttie -nAi.'.w for En: op* aul cioie in ihis c'ty thia Afternoon, at a qohr'er.pa??. ono aol a. hA'.f pat 3va ?'cloak, Vo go by railroad Tffll EdBOHUH FnrroN o? nut He-. cld rr'.'.l bo publilhel It elATCo o'clock in toe mot alng duiglo copsee. la wrap para, Bit CdoU Ik* contents of the -tarso ?*** Rorrxot o? -rua neicxLD Will combine the news roomVml by mail aud letegru?li al ttfi office during the previous w to*, and up to the Lour of psMiCAtioR. Tbt Ncui. The war spirit of the North is now fairly ?roused. The call of the President for troop* ha< been promptly responded to, and with an enthu siasm beyond description. Massachusetts is first in the fietd. Her Governor yesterday, in a laconic despatch to the War Department, announced that herquata of troops was ready. New York lias yoted thirty thou and men and three millions of dollars. In Pennsylvania the war feeling is in tense, while at all the other points heard fro;u a determination to support the government with men and money to any amount Is clearly manifested. At Washington the War Depart ment are pushing forward arrangements t-r the protection of the capital with great vhror. General Scott lias established his headquarters at Washington. Twenty-five thousand troops will be quattercd in the District of Columbia with all speed. In the city yesterday the excitement caused by the war news, though by no means abated, was not so intense as during the previous foriy-ei^it hours. Unnnstakcable evidences in favor of the policy of the administration, as set forth in the President's proclamation, were plainly observa ble. Mayor Woou has issued a proclamation ad vising the people to forget past polities! differ ences, and rally to the restoration of the constitu tion and the Union, ne calls upon thein also to ?void excitement and turbulence, and to unite for the preservation of order and the protection of property. A meeting of prominent citizens was held yesterday at 3d I'ine stre?t, to make arrangements for a grand mass meeting at an early day, to strengthen the hands of the administration. Reso lutions in favor of placing the State militia on a war footing, and making adequate appropriations for that purpose, were adopted. A similar meet ing was held in the City Hall l'ark last evening, but in consequence of the ruin storm it waa not so well attet ded as it would liave been had tin wea ther proved propitious fur an outdoor demon stration. * At the Brooklyn Navy Yard the greatest activity prevails, and the men-of-war and transports theie are being fitted out w ith nil despat h. The war feeling among our young men is rapidly increasing. A battalion of infantry, numbering between seven and eight hundred, tins already been organized und tendered to the Governor, who has, it is said, accepted their services. The Scott Life Gourd, those heroes ?f the war with Mexico, are reorganizing, and the military feeling in alt di rections indicates a cmuim ndable spirit. The proceedings of our State Legislature .yes terday were highly important. A bill wa* intro duced in the Assembly authorizing the Governor to call out the militia of the State to the nouiot-r of thirty thousand, to be placed at the disposal ><f the President to assist Jdm in the maintenance of the Union and the con-titntion. The bill appro priates three million dollars out of the btate trea sury to defray the expenses incident to carrying out its designs. The bill, after being discussed and slightly amended, f ussed the Assembly by the decisive vote of 102 yets to G nays. The great est enthusiasm prevailed, not only in the Legisla ture, but throughout the ci'y of Albany. The Union feeling earned everything before It, and the firmest determination was manifested to uphold the administration in its vigorous measures for maintaining the Union, the constitution and the laws. Governor Morgan transmitted to the Lcgis. lature a message, urging prompt action. As the President has called an extra session of Congress, to meet on the 4th of July next, we publish the names of the members of both houses who have thus far been choseif- Leaving out the seceded States, only fifty representatives re main to be elected. Of these, thirteen will be chosen in Virginia on the 23d of May, the regular day for the Slate election. California, with two members, Kentucky ten, Maryland six, North Carolina eight, Tennessee ten, and Kansas one, will have to rail special elections. The Meam-hip Folt.-n, Captain Wotton, from Southampton on the 3d inst., arrived at this port ?arly yesterday morning, bringing three days later European intelligence, the United Ptatis mails, tier usual freight and passenger list, and $!1,G16 in specie. The news Is interesting. General Garibaldi left Caprers and arrived at Genoa on the 2d inst. Be did not remain in the latter city, but at once proceeded to Turin, where he had a long Interview with King Victor I'.ma noel. The subject of the conference is not known, but the proceeding will certainly be received another proof of a war being Imminent. Hr has issued an order to the officers of his late command to hold themselves In readlneis at Turin to obev an immediate command. The Italian journals continue to bring us se counts of the warlike preparations of An riain Italy. They now tell us that the fortlfh atfons of Dewhlera are being greatly strengthened, about ?.000 mew being constantly employed in the work; that the Quadrilateral is to be garrlsone 1 *>y Croats, whose arrival in Italy was formerly looked upon as ;v auto *i(r? of npprosehing war; that the Aii ?trien officers speak publicly of in en t< rl~g the Dnchies and Lombardy: and that ??, a of #?,0^0 men held on *he 1 23d ultimo at Vienna* by MifshaJ II# ? ] iu the presence of the Ar'hdoke* Albert and Wil liam, the Marsi al m? 1> use of wry warlike lan guage. Th* Turin Mil'- iry Oct. " lias publish" 1 it is s'ated, an article gravely prsp<?.-i(i;? to France, Italy nad Austria lire pai'.i tion of HwitaerJaud. Count Caroor f-'t bound to di.-t 'aiux on the part of L: government, ai.y .-i.aie a this prepo-torc: gestion, *nd therefore o!Ti'.?a:!y notified to th ? Federal Council that the article did uoi i-uprc.-. the policy by which Italy intends to guide her newly acquired freedom and strength. 'J lie Btussian government is exhibiting the great est anxiety to eniist the i onfldeuce of it# 1' dish subjects. Prince Qonchakoff has addressed an other proclamation to the people, in wh!"V he #ays the institutions that have boon promised guarantee the dearest interests of their country, religion and nationality, and a. .arcs them thai they .vill ha siucerely carried out. 1 lie Prince is also -aid to have addressed a circular to iltu Russian repre senta.ves abr' u 1, stating that the Emperor has tnkeu th" 'nin rttve by granting reforms, and that what he has granted shall b?come a reality aad open to Poland a path ?f regular progress. Thai the Poles iu Prussia should remain unaf fected by what has takeu place in Nkarsaw was not to be expected, and much agitation has been lately viaihl among them. A despatch from Posen informs us timt on Sunday. March 31. serious riots took place at Knlisch in Prussian Poland. A mnl* titudc (?f about 3,000 persons assembled, and made an insulting demonstration before the house of the captain of the district who was obliged to flee amid the yells of the people, ami it was uotrimli! the military interfered that order was restored. By the arrival of the overland express we have news from Han Praneisco to the 3d inat., and later account- from the Sandwich island*. Mr. Me Dougall was again elected United States Senator on the 2d inst. by the California Legislature. The San Francisco invrkets were generally dull. An effort was to be made to contest the will of the late Senator i'.roderiek on the ground of forgery. The estate of the deceased is now estimated at two millions of dollars. The advices from the Sandwich Islands are unimportant. The ease of Jacob Sharp against the Mayor, Ac., was called up before Judge Welles yesterday, but again postponed until Wednesday. P. C. Murray against the Nicaraguan Transit Company, a suit to recover property to the amount of abont one million of dollars, was called on yesterday before Judge Suther land, in the Supreme Court, and postponed till the June term. The controversy between Cbas. Devlin and John Fitepairick, arising out of business transactions during the time that Mr. I), was Street Commis sioner, was commenced yesterday before Jndge Moncrief, in the Superior Conrt. The case is like ly to last some days, and amounts to a mere mat ter of accounts between these two gentlemen, who were formerly friends. There was not a quorum present when the roll of the Councilmen was called last evening, Whf reupen the Clerk declared the Board adjourned till next Thursday. It is supposed that the intense excitement exhibited by our citi/.ens in refe rence to tire all-at>#orbing topic 'has unfitted even our t ity fathers lor the performance of their duties. The bark Sarah, after having been towed down the lower bay yesterday afternoon, was over taken by the steamtng Only Son, and attached by officers Thompson and Donnell, and brought bock to the city and anchored under the guns of the United States steamer Vixen, off the Battery. Hhe is a small vessel, of '2(10 tons, aifd was built in Scituatc in 18">4. Her clearance, if she had any, does not appear in the papers of to-day. Her stern is painted black, with the name Sarah only on it. The general impression is she was bound "blackbirdiiig.*' The business at the Custom House was much more lively yesterday than during the past week. The arrival of the Fulton and a large number of other vessels gave the entry clerks plenty of work. Mr. Barney returned to his official duties yester day afternoon. A business meeting of merchants interested In the splendid new l'roduce Exchange, fronting Whitehall, between Pearl and Front streets, was held yesterday. The main room on the seconfl floor, occupying the whole size of the but ding, is superbly finished, and painted in the Eastern style. It em I braces those indispensable essentials In all large buildings of abundant light and ventilation. It is i to be thrown open to the inspection of the pub 1 lie on Friday and Satnrday next, and opened re gularly for the transaction of business in Monday next. Though not opened regularly for busim ?s yesterday, several transactions were made. A ! cargo of wheat, Western red, was sold at $126 1 by Huberts Brothers for E. N. Coleman, and the freight engaged by Dunham A I>imon, for Glasgow, at lid. in ships' bags; 5,000 i bushels rye were also sold for export. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 1184 deaths in ?hi* city during the past week - i a decrease of 50 as compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 77 less than occurred dnring the corresponding week last year. Tho recapitulation table gives 2 deaths of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.: 81 of the brain and nerves, 1 3 of the generative organs, 7 of the heart and blood vessels, 139 of the lungs, throat, Ac.: 3 of old age, 07 of skin and eruptive fevers, 4 premature births, 35 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive org.tns; 34 of general fevers, and 1 nnknown?of which 20 were from violent causes. The nativity table gives 265 natives of the United States, 10 of England, 80 of Ireland, 33 of Ger many. 2 of Scotland, and the balance of varioua foreign countries. The cotton market wai firm yesterday with sales of about 2 000 bales, closing within tie range of li ? e a 12\c for middling uplands. The flour mtrket wm lower, but more active at the oouceselon, which was equal 116c, a 10c. per bbl. Wheat was lower, whtle sales were made to a fair extent, Including purchases for export. Corn wat Iran buoyant and closed with heaviness, wh.le ?ales were fair, In part for export. Pork was firm sod la good request, w'tb sales of mesa at $17 (0 and of prime at $1> Reef was also firm and la good demand. Coffee was steady and In rather better request. Sugars were In i fair demand, with sates of 800 hhda., chiefly Cuban, at 4,V af'H'c. Freights ware steady with r uher cm . ottieriug to English porta. The vigorous Policy of tha AdnainUtra llon. Tbe measures that hare been adopted, within the last few days, by the government of Mr Lircoln. entirely change tho aspect of public affaire. Ilad a slm'lar course been pursued, five months ago. the last would have been heard of secession before now. Not tha firing of a gun would have been needed: the fortifications upon the roast, would have been rendered im pregnable against, local attacks; and. with tbe *itre; tton of Sou h Carolina, no State would hi.ve wiihnrawu from the Uulon. Surb a r o licy was strongly recommended to Mr Rtt?-I rxn aVs administration, at the time, by 'he Nrw Tokk HmtAt.n; but treason in his Ctbiet t. and the atrocious perfidy of many others who snr rousded bin, prevented his acts from corres ponding with the exigencies of tbe period. It is better, however, late than never. The pro clatnaMrn of the President provides for pre fleat emergencies, and, by throwing the burthen of rrsponsib'l ty upon Congress at soon as It can be assembled, opens the w ty for such le gMa'ion as Is imperatively dem tailed. The decided conduct of the W?tfcfoflMI a I rti't Istratbui. r?jt erceedlng'.y peobablB . l|lR<i *?<?- -?'(>' will BOW be CODU'lfd t<? tbtt (jlllf State*. V irg'ni* has (*?-? iu?-d, kijcb tbe u?,-?-,"Jg ? ?f ilr. Cunvent oa, to be wavering in the h v re:*; but., <n the fsc? of such an army a* cm b<- rs< mbled wo its frontier, at a few days' ro ., <? it will puisi ber?re proceeding further. Ub1< s* Virginia withdraws, the re*t of the bur ner Stat.?!? will r< main In the Union, and the tear* tl i" Lave bun felt of an invasion of the DSstib ?>? Ci lnnibia will disappear. No troops i.i Jeff. ison Davis will he allowed to pa?s thr-ugb the loyal slavebolding S'atea with hos tile purpose; and it is not impossible that a re scion may speedily be felt in Maryland, Ken tucky, Tennessee and Missouri, favorable to the s?ern policy of the administration, on ac count. of the acorn with which peaceful coun sels have been trea'ed by the extreme South The eeut of war, will, beyond a doubt, be tte count of tlie Southern confederacy. Mr. Lincoln has proclaimed to tbe couutry, that "the first service assigned to the forces called forth, will probably be to repossess tne forts, places and property, which hav? been seized from ih>* Union,'' including, if expedient, those Stronghold* which bad been tafceu, "before t in* governacut devolved1' upon him. Th'swillbe equivalent to a blockade of a large portion ot the Southern harbors, and will entirely dei-truy tNUribern coo merce. Tbe cost of *u -l. an en terprise will be enormous?one bnudred aud fifty millions of dollars, perhaps, during the first year?but this cannot be avoided. In one respect, New York city will reap from this vast outlny an advantage, as most of the money will be expended here The prospect for the se ceded States is, however, gloomy ia the ex treme. Without a navy; destitute of capital; with no credit; commerce and trade cut off; necessary manufactures excluded, It is clear that, a period of darkness and misery awaits them. The time has passed for rach public peace meetings, in the North, as were advocated, and might have effected some beneficial result, a few weeks since. War will make the Northern people a unit. Republicans look upon it as inevitable, and democrats have been gradually becoming disgusted at the neglect and ingrati tude wi'h which they have been treated by a section, for which they have faithfully borne the heat and burthen of conflict, for so many years. Fire-eaters have accustomed themselves to adopt an indiscriminate tone of hostility, towards citizens of the non-slaveholding States, which would have, long ago, alienated their friends, but that the party attachment of the latter has been founded upon principles, not recklessly to be abandoned. The policy adopted by Mr. Lincoln, as set forth in his proclamation, and his speech to the Virgkia Commissioners, is. on the whole, ap proved by the masses in the community. It cannot, harm the North eventually; and, if the duniAge it may inflict upon the South is to be regretted, it will be none the less well, if it secures final peace to the country. The Position oftjik Uordir States ?Effect of the War News in Viroinia.?The opening of the war between the federal govern meat and the authorities at Montgomery brings the ques tion of secession in a practical form before the Virginia Convention and the people of Mary land, Kentucky,Tennes-ee and Delaware. The Virginia Convention is composed, as it appears, almost entirely of old fogies, who, dpon their organization, resolved themselves int\a debat ing society, and have slnoe continued t\> emit a continued stream of talk. They were ready Ho discuss anything in the world* except the mat ter immediately in hand, and they would have gone on tor a year or two talking about the tides, the Thatcher comet, the next eclipse, the quadrature of the circle, or anything else. Now, however, they must act Tha President of the United States, exer cising the power wherewith the con stitution clothes him. has called upon the States which adhere to the Unioa for certain le vies of troops, and the question as to whether or not Virginia will furnish her quota must be parsed upon by the Convention. At the same time the leadeis ol the Southern confederacy are pressing the Old Dominion to come over to their side. For our own part we tirmly believe that Virginia will not secede, and it is almost needless to state that the other border States will follow in the wake of the Old Dominion. It is more than probable that these States will maintain a position of armed neu-, trality?defending themselves against any ag gressions Noith or Scuth and inhibiting the transportation of troops through their terri tory. If the border States aemaln in this position of observation, preserving jealously the integrity of their soil, the war be tw? en the North and the South will be a short one. The North has the ships, the military supplies, and the army and munitions of war. That the South Is in no condition to make offensive war there can be no doubt whatever. The South has men enough, but no money where with to cuitj on a great conflict. In the North we have at least two hundred millions of dollars hurd cash, which could be p'tced immediately at the disposal of the governmeht Men also are plenty, and there is evidently an earnest in tention to suppott the government and to pre serve the integrity of th? republic among all parties. Provided that the border States set up an hnpas-able barrier between the Northern and Southern armies, military operations against Washington are altogether impractica ble, and the Northern generals will be masters of the ?:t lation. With <hips of-war to operate upon the Southern cities, from Charleston around to the mouth of the Mississippi; with the closiDg of every port of entry between Wil- i mington an 1 Galveston: with vigorous opera- ! lions against the forts and arsenals of the United Stat??, which the government most certainly have the right to repossess, there can be no doubt that the cotton States would In a very short time be glad to disarm and talk matters over. As things stand now. the governmen has but one course to purine. The motto of John Hampden. "No steps backward," has been adopted by the Lincoln administration, <mu the ptMcy of the government meete the 1 appeal of the people of the great central States, which, after all. mnst rule. Na- j poll on said that Providence was al ways on the side of the heaviest artillery. We have nc.t only the heaviest artil- | Isrv. but we have ilk'wis*'the longest purse. J and that l? the prime requisite in modern war ?are. It is foitunate for us of the Empire City ?hat w? wOl be removed from the horrors of: war: and although we will be obliged to bear ' ts expenses, the re.-' P w;il be on the whole ! p? cuniarily beneflcal <o the commercial metro polis. Tin? Daily Hewnimfurn Pryti of New Yoke on 'me Cumin?Is Majou Amwbson a Traitor? We puMi-n to-day the o,?iuiJua of our uaily cotcu poraries of this city ou the Pri indent's war prorlautin. Our milt' iry chi'ftains of tbo Courinr m>6 Tribune aw jubi lant: the little whipMers ??f the Times aiol the pompous little Pan tana of the World sei/.e the occs-iou to ventilate their petry malice and spleen against their neighbors; the moral re formers ui she Journal of Commerce are in a very molaucboly frame of mind arid argue tti it both sides are to blame, especially the IJot spurs of the South and the administration at Washington, and so on We spread all the?e various views and opinions before our readers, as indicating the various shades and colors of public opinion in this metropolis. We hold that the discussion of the right aud the wrong in this matter, and the constitutionality of thus thing, that thing or the other, would be now a mere waste of time. The actual presence of war cuts short all debate and closes the argu ment. The United States are stauding in the attitude of war against the Confederate States, and in this attitude there will be now but our party, one question, one is. ue, one purpose, in the Northern States?that of sustaining their government But the most remarkable, uncalled for and unjust editorial, as we believe, that we have seen for many long years, is the indig nant and elaborate argument which we copy from the Courier and Enquirer, and the object of whioh is to shuw that in the matter of Fort Sumter Major Anderson ha? made himself " the vilest traitor the world ever saw." Our opinion is that Major Audersou has proved himself a brave and faithful officer. Mr. Lincoln seems to be satisfied with his conduct, and the President is, perhaps, betUr qualified to form a correct judgment ia the case than even our Wall street cotemporary, with all his learning and experience in mdi tary affairs. That Major Anderson is a humane man, and wished, as far as possible, to avoid the shedding of the blood of our Southern brethren, is probable; but we caunot believe that he has undergone in the service of the United States all bis labors and privations since December last, and all the hardships and dan gen of a bombardment of thirty hours, mere ly to prove himself a traitor. Let hiin and his officers and men be heard before he is coo demned. Our War and Our Relations with Fo rkign Powers.?As it was the policy and the custom of the foreign enemies of Rome to take advantage of her internal discords, so we may anticipate from the Western Powers of Europe some movements on their part to our prejudice ou this continent while we are ahsotbed iu this civil war. Already Old Spain has commenced the work o! the reanuexation of- St. Domin go, and we know that for some years past she has been dreaming of the reoocupa tion of Mexico. England has a heavy lien upon Mexico, as she has upon Spain her self, and Louis Napoleon has manifested oou siderable interest, not only in Mexican affairs, but touching the commercial facilities, transit routes, Ac., of Central America. Thus, par baps, between England, France and Spain, the territories of our Mexican and Central American neighbors may be parcelled out in province and protectorates, while we of the Northern and Southern States of this Union are engaged in the engrossing business of a civil war. But as Rome, rising from her intes tine broils, frequently astonished her outside enemies with her terrible power, so the United Statos of America may disappoint and surprise the Western Powers of Europe, should they presume too far to take advantage of our do mestic troubles. Meantime, Mr. Corwin, our new Minister to Mexico, will doubtless make it his first object to secure a strong treaty of amity and commerce with her new republican government, and thus he may spoil the dreams of Spain, and the protectorate schemes of Eng land and France, in that quarter, should any such be brought into life from this war of ours between the North and the South. PROBAnuc Revival in Business Arislvo Out of Tiir. War?The practical inauguration of a war policy will very probably result in a happy revival of business In this city and all over the North. The cost of the war just com menced in the South, if it is to go on, will hardly be less than a hundred and fifty or two hundred millions of dollars, and a large por tion, if not all, of this amount must inevitably be expended among the manufacturing, ship ping and other business establishments of the Northern cities, and will afford a great acces sion to their trade; so that we may look out for more prosperous times, or at least a release from the present depressing stagnation. We know that the Crimean war imparted a con siderable stimulus to trade in Eugland. and in like manner, If the war in this country is con fined to the seceded States, as it probably will be, the Northern and central States will be at liberty to pursue their usual course of trade almost uninterruptedly, and may reap consider able profit at the samet time. It Is true that an expensive war will necessa rily entail a heavy debt upon the country; but that is a matter which the next generation mn*t take care of, and we would no doubt very glad ly leave them to setfie it, provided we can arrauge our present troubles, aud restore the commercial status quo and prosperous condi tion of the country, open anew the ohannels of trnde and reestabli-h an opportunity for the employment of our capital, and other resources, which exist in abundance at the present time. There is not less than two hundred millions of specie both afloat and in the banks of this city This would be sufficient to maintain a war for two years, and we dare say that there will be very little hesitation about supplying the im mediate wants of the government from this source, if required. The banks of the four lead ing seaport* of the seceded States New Or leans, Mobile, Savannah and Charleston?have upwards of five millions of dollars on deposit In the banks of this city, and they are not going to withdraw this money, feeling that it is more secure here than in the South. At all events, It is extremely probable that the war just com menced will inure very considerably to the profit of Northern commerce. Tiik Coitox Ckoi? ani> the War.?One effect of the war jnst inaugurated at Charleston will be to interfere wi'h the growth of cotton, the main staple on which the Confederate Ststes rely for their support. Their sea coast will bo blockaded by the naval forces of the Unito<l Statee, and Ihe culture of the cotton plant will be reduced to half a crop. They cannot, there fore, sustain themselves. Again, the blockade wf their cum< will p'< fill the Biupuemt of auy to Europe, sod wtU iUswov oil th?ir commerce, faainuea as they have no navy to encounter the sh',is of the I rii*?*? States go vernment. The Confederate States can be i? faded both through the Gulf of M< jcieo and uowd the MiMUtipitL The government at Montgomery, on the contrary. b iw no power to e?nd a naval expedition to the North. In less than two years thin warfare, if coa iinued, will produce a ievolution in England and France. Th-ae nations cannot exist with out a supply of cotton. Again, the boroer States will not go out of (he Union. as was expected. They will stand by the old liig, on the principle of self-protectioB. If Virginia, lor example, should secede, the fighting will be chiefly on her own soil, and destroy her, root and branch. The United State* b;.H a right to the forts and the custom houses, and its government has a right to re take them if it can. In the last days of Mr. bocbanun's administration, as the Haralb otfcn said, we had no government The Lin coln administration seemed at first to be fol lowingin its wake; but it is anting BOW wi'h such a vigor as promi .es a speedy restoration of the Union. Thk Present AniOMriTKATiON Doing What the Last Should Have Done?In the course which Mr Lincoln is pursutDg just now, he is precisely following the advice which we gave in 'b? se columns to Mr Buchanan tnr*e months before Mr. Lincoln's Inauguration When South Carolina seceded, and there were bruited abroad various tin eats of an assault on Washington, we suggested to the late l'resiuent to raiue a force of a hundred thousand men, if necessary, from thef States of New York. Pennsylvania, New Jerjpv. Ohio $ioa and the border Slates, for the protecuoa of the national capital. As far back as January 3. we said," Let the President be empow^rad-to put a militia force of from sixty to eighty thousand men under the command of Gen. &coit, sum moned from the Plates adjoining the national capital, aid the country will have perfect con fidence in his ability and wisdom to'secure us trom danger there. This is the first necessity.*' Such was our counsel then to Mr. Buchanan, reiteiated agaiu and again; but ? unfortunate ly was not followed?a circumstance which at i he time we reprobated and deplored?or else, the present troubles had never ^arisen. However, If Mr. Lincoln confines his war po licy to the seceded Slates alone, he may be able to settle all our difficulties in a year or two, and the country will go on as prosperously as here tofore, and may perhaps be then In a position to return the compliment to England and France; for they too have their troubles before them, if a couple of years' war should cut off the supplies of cotton trom the South. At tbe same time it is very much to be regretted that the former adnrnis'ration did not take our ad vice in the matter of taking more vigorous measures, and calling lor a strong volunteer force, when the present storm sho.wed itselt as a mere speck on the horizon, jusi *l* Mr. Lin coln has done in his recent proclamation. FTEW& PROM Ttt? AJTiONtL MUL Wamsor.w, April 16, 1901. A special bearer of despatched from oar Commercial Agent at 8t. Domingo, Mr. Elliott, arrived bo<e ih.s morning, and laid them bo'ore government. The Consul gives full and minute particulars >.( the surrender of dhe Island by Saniana to the Spanish auih >rit <??, whicli t.oik place on the 18th of March. What action, If any, o government wJll take In regard Ao this matter. U U"t known. Our domestic dfficultles will nadoubt<'<l!v occu py all the time and attention of this government for some time to come. The following appointments were made this m >rning ? John T Mcl ean, Inspector of Customs at San Kniucisco; Wlllard B. Far well, Naval Ofllcer at San Francisco; Ku waiti F. Beale, Surveyor General of the State of Cali fornia. The President has appointed for Baltimore Henry W. Hoffman, Collector of Customs; Wm L. Marshall Sur veyor: FraDCta 8. Corkran, Naval Ofllcer; Fred. Schley, John F Meredith, Clias P. Montague, Appraisers. Washington Bontfant. Marshal for Maryland. John W. Ingalis, Collector for the District of Cape Vlnoent. Philander W. Crandall, Collector for Genesee, New York. The following appointments have b< "n made in Rhode Island:?Asa B. Watte, 8ur,veyor at North Kingston; Mar tin L. Salisbury, do. at Warren and Harrington: M w** dore T. Bennett, do. Bristol; Seth W. Macy, Collector, Thos. B. Busk. Naval Ofllcer, Newport. The following appointments havo been made for Mas sachusetts:?Wm. Stanley, Collector, Marblehead; John 8. Webber, Collector, and Chas. K. Bildreth, Surveyor, Gloucester: Enoch G. Currier, Collector. Newnuryport Franklin H. I'almer, Collector, -tonlugu>n. Connecticut. Andrew Stephen, Collector, Miasm. Onio. John C. lUuru, Postmaster, Cincinnati John W. Deal, Postmaster, Chambersburg, Ponu syltran la. K. T. Blamirn, Postmaster, Portsmouth, Virginia Edward F. Beall, Surveyor General, and Ethelbert P Ohphant, Associate Justice for Washington Territory. Ibomas J. Power, of Pennsylvania, Indian Agent for the Upper Missouri agency. James B. Hoffman, of New York, Agent for the Ponca Indians in Nebrsska. R. A. Pendorgrast, Receiver of Public Money. Frank H. King, Register of Land UtUoe, Henderson, Minnesota. G. A. Metzfcr, Register of Land Office, Lt Crosse, Wis consin. James H. Barrett, of Ohio, United States Commissioner of Patents. Dimmer ts Ham. W. L. Dayten, Trwtiw, April 16,1861. The dinner to Hon. W. L. Dayton, Minister to Franco, given by the Bar of New Jersey, came off to day at the Trenton Bouse The Chancellor of the 8tate presided, large numbers of the Bench and Bar were in attend ance. An address on behalf of the Bar was made by the Chancellor, to which Mr. Iiayton responded at much length and vary ably. Speeches were also made by Governor Brown, late mis later to Prussia. Judge Ogdsa, Senator Ton F.ycke, Attorney General Fn Pnghuyecn and others. The entertainment was a splendid aflhlr and ehorvthlnc passed off very agreeably. ~Wd in fa Ale evening rackets was tired m favor of the general government, and a large number of men, with life and crnm, were parading the streets. Fire lm Montreal, Ac. Months*i, April 16. 1M1. The asnes inspection stores were destroyed by Ure this afternoon. loss $16,000; principally covered by insur The river rose suddenly yesterday, completely tnun dattng (irllttntown and ti.e lower part of this city, lm menus damage wae done. lenthsrn Uetu Msanrr Movements. CsarLsmoN. April 14, isoi. The United Statee mall eteamthtp NoshvtUe. Captain L. M. Murray, fVom New Ysrk. arrived here off the Bar at three o'clock on Saturday morning, and at her wharf at nine o'clock on Sunday morning. Market*. PfHLADILPBta STOCK tOARO. Pnu-*osi rm*, April 16,1861. Stocks heavy. Pennsplvania Male 6's, 80. Reeding Railroad, 10 Vd; Morris Ghnal, 49, I/wig lelan 1 Raliro*d, 9)6; Pennsylvania Mkread, 38 X. Sight exchange on New York at par n 1-M par oent dlsoouat. It* minor*. April 15. 1801. Hour dull and heavy no saint. Wheat dell red. $1 30 all 30, white, $1 40all AO Corn advanced fc . yet low, 68c. a 01c , white, 03c a 00c. Mess pork, 117 25 a 117 60. OoBb- fli m at 18c. a 14c Whiskey dull at 17)*0. Wintct Gamut* ? Mr. Edwin Booth commeocel an en gsgement of twelve eights at this theatre last evening, pitying Shy leek In "Its Merchant of Venl-e." This Is generally considered to be Mr. Booth'* beet tM, and lie perSormaere was eminently ssli^'octerji to t|| col and fashionable audl nce. EXTRA St8*ION Of THE *?? CONGRESS. 1II1C I'MTKO STATJKS 8KN&TIC. 11k u. mbii. of liii- bumile ot UM lfcirty seventh Oun grcss are an foUowt ? h?Republican. 0.?Opposition. Nuiul. r of sena-.ora M lann . JSqwiri. vacancy (Kectxtod) ...,iha& Vacancy (acceded) . ...1X07 akilanBau Win. K. Hco<i*li*n. .0.. 1X66 Charles K. Mt'chell.o.. ine: reiKHBTlClIT Joiies 1)1 mil K.. 1663 UinVi lU< 8 Foster. R.. Is67 CAIIPllHMl. Milton S. lAtlutm 18?a .1 oh A Kcixdlgal. ..O. .1667 liKTAWAKB. James A. Ilayard.. .0.. IStUt Wtbnrd SaulsburyI860 mount. Vacancy (seceded).... 1863 Vacancy (xeoeued).... 1?67 UauMilA. Vacancy (sweded).... 166ft Vacancy (woied).... 1807 INDUS*. Jets.o D- Bright ... .0. .1861 HenryK i*ue It.. 1667 ILMNOM. Stephen A. Douglaa 0..1M6 Ly uiau Tj ombuTl.. .B.. 1807 tow*. Jamufc W. Uilines. ,H.. 186(> JanvB 1 lariat: it.. 1807 kknticky. UiZaru* W. I'owell .0.. 1863 Jn-.C. Bri ckinriogn ().. 1607 KAMbAM. r'am'lC l'omeroy..K.. ? Janjes H Lace R.. ? LOUISIANA. Vacancy (aecixltxl) 186& V acancy (seceded).... 1807 MAINE. Udt M Morrill R..1863 W. 1'ilt Feneendcn.. R.. 160a M-nwAiiiMunra CharieB Sumnor.. ..R. .1803 Henry Wilaon R..1866 Mabyland. Anthony Kennedy..0. .1865 Jumea A. I'earce ...0..1807 MICHIGAN. 7*eh. Chandler R..1863 K. S. Hiughaic It. 1864 ihnnibx ta. Kryum. Henry M. Rice 0..1H66 Morion S. Wilkinson R.. 1801 Mimuaum. Vacancy (accede 1).... 1803 Vacancy (Minted).... 100b MJttXIUUI. Ouaten Podc O. .1863 Wuioo H. Johnson..0.. 1*67 am k.cm rani kx. John P. Httle R..1866 Baniel R Clark ....R..186C nbw row.. Preston King R IMS Ira rtarria It.. 1*66 nmw jsaaar. Juhu H. "'"tnpim .0..1MI John C. Tuu Eyok .. K.! 1646 MOR1W CAaoUNA Thomas Bragg o.. lggg rb ?. L Cliuginan. .o.. tool UIUU Benjamin T. Wvle.R.. lggg John slieruau R..18gV onaooN. Edward D. Halt or. ..R..1MS George W. h'uHuilth.O.. IHtff PENNXV I.V AM A David Whin >1 K..1H68 ilxlgur low..n R.. 1600 RHOI >K IHLAKD. James F. Simmons. R.. 1H03 Henry H AUhHg.Jk.lMI eel>TU CAROLINA. Vacancy (seceded)....1869 Vacancy iseceded).... 1806 noMAna Andrew Johnson ... O.. 1863 A. U. P. h ichoiaon. .U.. 186a Vacancy (seceded).... 1863 Vacancy (sooeded)....1866 v ukmobx. Solomon Foot R..1K63 Jacob Oollamer .... R.. 1807 VIRGINIA. James M. Mason....0.. 1803 R. M T. Hunter ...0..I860 WISCONSIN. James R. iXsdittio .R..1863 Timothy 0. Ho we.. K.. 1867 Republicans 23 Op|iobitiun 26 Vacancies 11 HOUSE OE RKPRK8KNTAT1VB8. bii. iVaiaei. PitlUta, ARKANSAS. 1 Thos V. Ttiudtran. Opp. 3. E-iwarrt W. Gantt. Opp Opposition 2 CO'NWTICOT. I. Pwhh' Loom Is... Rep 2 Janie- E Koglish. Opp . 3. AK/rd V Rnrnbam Etcp. 4 CeorgeC Wood.-uit Dpp Oppotltloo 2 HepLbhcaos.... 2 nn.AWAjt*. Geo. P. Flatter Opp Opposition 1 FLORIDA. &C4d*i1 January 10, 1801 R B. Hilton opp. Opposition l HUNCH. 1 E. B Waehburne. Rep. 2 Isaac \ Arnold.. Rep 3 Owen Ixivejoy.... Rep. 4 Win Kellogg Rep. b- W A. Richarilson. 0|>p t! J H J'eCleruand. Opp. 7. Jab C Rohinoon.. Opp. 8. I hilip li. Kongo.. Opp 0 Jnlm A Logan... 0pp. Opposition 6 Republicans 4 INDIANA. 1. John Law Opp. li .'antes A. Cravens. Opp 3. "dm. M Dunn.... Rep. Wm. s Holman.. Opp. 6 (.to U Julian.... Rep 8 Albert C Tortcr.. Rep 7. D W. VoorhleB... Opp. 8 A'bort S. Whito.. Rep 0 Schuyler Colfax... Rep. 10. Wm Mitchell Rep. II. John P. C. Shank*. Rep Op|>okition a.... 4 Republican* 7 IOWA. 1. Samuel R.Curtis.. Rep. 2. Wm. Vandever ... Rep. Republicans 2. Maine 1 John V Good win. Rep 2. Ohu... vr. Walton.. Rep. 3. ?. C. Fessennen... Rep. 4. Al.s in P. Morrill.. Rep. 5. John A. Rice Rep 6. Krodcwtrk a. l'dce. Rep. RrpiiMff i'iS 6 XMUmiBBH 1. Thoaia* D Eliot... Rep. 2 Jae Bolllngton ... Rep. 3. Chen. F. A 'fims... Ren. 4 Alex. H. Rice Rep. 6. Wm. Appleton.... Opp. ? John B Alley Rep. 7. Ibin'.el W l.rs ch . Rep 8 Cha?. R. Train ... R?p 9 Oldt-m tb F. Bailey Rep. 10. Ch,is. Delano Rep. 11. Henry L. Diwos . Rep. Cppnsitlon 1 Republican 10 MICHIGAN. 1. B F. Granger.... Rep. 3 Fr'ndo. C Benmar Rep. 8 1-r'ucis W. Kellogg R.,p. 4 R K. Trowbridge. Rep. Kepubllcans 4 MIVNWOTA. 1. Pyrus Aldrich Rep. 2 Wm. Wmdon Rep. Republicans 2. MWNOI HI. 1 F. P. Blau-, Jun.... Rep 2. Jbb A Rollins..., Opp. 3. John B. Clark.... Opp. 4 Kigali H. Norton . Opp. 5 Jalm W. Reed.... Otip 6 John S. I'beipa... upp. 7. John W. N'oell.... Opp Opposition g Kefmbllran ' y NEW JhHeEY. 1. John T. N'iaoo.. .. Rep. 2. J. L. N. stratum. Rep. 3 W'm G. Riec'ii.... Opp. 4. George T (ia b... Opp 6 Nehemkih Re ry.. Opp. Oppiaition 3 Republican 2 NEW YOKE. 1. Edward H. ninth Opp. 2 Mfwes F. Odeii... opp. 5. B-^yamin Wood.. Opp. 4. Jatuca K. Kerrigan Opp ft Wm WAII....TT Rip 6 Fred a Conkltng Rep. 7. Kigab Ward Opp 8. Isaac K. DelapUine Opp. ? Edward Halgtit... Opp 10. Chae. H. VanWxck Rep 11. John D. Steele.'... Opp. 12. Stephen Ttelrnr Rep. 18. Abraham U. OltB. Rep. I-P*?- Aamet. PMtict. NEW TORE. 14. Rrsstus Corning.. Opp 16. James B. McKeau. Rep 10 Wm. A. Wheolor. Rei 17. 8 V.Sherman Rej 18 Chauneey Vihbtrd Opp 19. Richard Frauchol. Rep 20 RdscoiConkUng... ltep 21 R Huil-iad Dutll.. Re| 23. Wm. E. Lansing.. Rep 23 Ambrose W. Clark Rep 24. Chas. B. Sedgwick Rep 2f. Then. M. Poueroy Rep 26 J. P. Chamberlain Hop 27. Alexander S.Diven Hep 28. R.R VauValken gh Rep 29. Alfied Ely Rep 30 Augustus frank.. Rep. 31. Hurt Van Horn... Rob, 32. E. G. Spauliling... Rep 83. R'-ubee E. Kenton Rep Opposition ,...16. Republicans 29 new iiaarsBiKi. I. Gi'man Marston.. Rep. 2 Edward H KMlina Rep. 3. Thoa M. Edward*. Rep. lU'publidans 9 oino. 1 Gee, H.Pendleton. Opp. 2 John A. Gurley... Rep 3. C. L. Vallaudigham Oiai. 4. Win. Allen *. ()|ip. 5. James M. Ashley. Rep. 0. Chilton A. White. Opp. 7. Thomas Cor win.. Rep. 8. Bom I Shelbibargef Rap. #. Warren P. Noblo.. Opp. 10. Carey A. Trimble. Rep. 11. Val'eB Horton .. Rep. 12 Samuel 8. Cox fipp. 13 John Sherman.... Rep 14. Harrison C. Blake. Rep. 15. Ck-orge Nugent... Opp. 16 Wm. P. Cutler ?.. Rep. 17. James R. Morris.. 0pp. 18. Sidney Egurtou... Rep. 19. Albert CL Riddle.. Rop. 20 John Hutch Ins.... Rep. 21. John A. Bingham. Rep. Opposition 8 Republicans 18 ? Contested by H. J. Jew ett, opposition candidate, who charges that Mr. Cutler wm elected by negro voter*. oaiaui. Geo. K. Shell opp. Opposition 1 mWNSYI.VANlA. 1. W'm. H. Lehman. Opp 2. K.1 w.Joy Morris.. Rep 3. John P. Verree*.. Rup 4. Wm. D. Kelly.... Rep 6 W. Morris Davla.. Rep 6. John Hickman... Rep. 7. Tlios. B. Cooper. Opp. 8. Henry E. Armaria. Opp. 2. Thadnus SO*von*. Rep 10. John W. Killinger. Rep II. Jas. H. Campbell. Rep 12 Vac.incv. 13. Philip Johnson... opp. 14 Galusha A. Or ?tr. Rep. lft. J*s. T. Hale Rep. 16. Joseph BuUey.... Opp. 17. Edw. Mcl'herson. Rep. 18. a Steele Blair...- R?p. 19 John Orr?de Rep. 20. Joseph Ioisear.... Opp 21. Jas. K. Morehead. Rep 22. Robert MeKnlgtM. Rep 23. John W. WaUaoe. Rop 24. John Patton Rem 26 El gab Babbitt.... Hep imposition 6 Republicans IP ? Contested by John KJlue, opp, AMOPK BO.A*t>. 1 Wm. p. Sheflleld.. Opp. 2. George H. Brown. Opp. Opposition 2 eotrm cahouma. ?Wil Dtcrmbar 20, 1866. 1. John M Queen Opp. 2 Wm Porcber Mills Opp 8. Lewis M. aver... Opp 4. M. L Bonh.un.... Opo 6. John D. Ash more opp 6. Wm. W. Boyoo... Opp] Oppslliiig g VBKMONT. 1. Fzeklel P. Walton Rep. 1. Justin S. MorrUL. Rep. 3. Portiis Baxter.... Rep. Republicans 8 1. John r. Potter... Rep. 5. Luther HancbeM. Rep. 8. A. Scott Sloan.. .. Rep. Republicans. 8 RHCAPrrCLATlON. ahpkct or tbk nxw norsx or KBntMCNTATTYM AX FAB AH KNOWN. New, on Om>, ob <?37th Cov.irms-, r?3*m Coxowi , JtotM. Opp. fep. Opp grp. Arkansas 3 ? I OlNiBkCtlCUt 2 1 ? Delaware 1 ? . 1 Florida (seceded).. 1?1 Illinois Ill A Indiana 4 T 4 T lows ? t Vaioo ? 4 Watmarliuselis 1 14 ? It Wcbipaa.. ? ? ? 4 MniMota ? 2 ? t Missouri. 4 14 1 Nrw llatapshtre ..? 8 ? 8 Vow jerrey 3 8 4 4 Now York 10 83 4 ar Ohio 8 18 f a? Oregon 1 ? IVrneylvanla. 5 14 Khode island 2 ? <~arnlfna (eoc?dod) 6 ? VnriMrt ? ? ? 4 Wisconsin ? a ? ? Total ft* 104 44 lit Republican loss thus 14 BTATK4 TO BLBCT. Atrtana (seceded) ? California 8 ? Georgia (seceded) ? ? Kentucky w ? Kansas .. w? 1 W.uMlana (seceded) 4 ? Wary ISM ? ? Wli"sslwk (sweded) 4 - ? North Carol uta 4 ? Teaaaaaae to ? Tolas (Seceded) 3 ? Virginia 14 ? Total 776 1 An lbs seceded Stairs will not send representatives, tba number of msaibors yet to be chosen is the Cm tod States Is fifty, exclusive of a vacancy to be filled la tba Twelfth district of Pennsylvania, sansed by tbs death ? George W. Hcrantoo, republican. A PiwrkivTssM st Pott-la* Yore ? In eteottna was bo d fa St. Clan at ills, Ohio, a few dajrr ago, la <'.nmpitaaca With what ban Ixoa asnouacrd to bo the wish or Mr. I<monip, to dotormins who should receive the appoint meut of I'ostmts'sr. There ware three c*nntdates, twa very reeoenanle and popular gentlemen and a lady named Mm llamsey The latter wee elected by about twenty fire maiosity.