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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 11, 1861, MORNING EDITION, Image 4

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New York, Saturday, May 11, 1801.
Hic'Tntelligence from the neat of war to-day,
though uot comprliing any very important military
movement*, is nevertheless most interesting and
significant, not alone as regards events trans
piring in the vicinity of the federal capital,
but in the exciting circumstances which
arc revealing themselves in Western Vir
ginia, Maryland and Kentucky. From Wash
ington we have assurances that the utmost ac
tivity exists cn the part of the Executive and
the War Department in providing for the empr
gency; that their movements are by no means
slow, but on the contrary most energetic in pre
paring to rro^ccute the wnr \igorously. when tho
arrangements' are fully completed. Troops con
tinue to pour into Wa.-hingt on from ^he North.
The Pennsylvania regiments, together with five
companies of the regular infantry and Sher
man's battery, comprising 1,500 men. arrived
there yesterday morning, having passed
through the suburbs of Baltimore, arriving
a; l.ocu-t Point, which is located in the
southeast suburbs of the city, about a mile
fiom lort Mcllenry, ou the northwest branch of
the Patapscn, being the coal d?pot of the Balti
more am." Ohio Railroad. The track upon which
they pa.->ed runs about four miles through the
southerly portion of the city.
They were not molested in their passage. \
foice of Ohio troops, 1,800 strong, now stationed
at Lancaster, together with a large force of Penn
sylvania troops, are to follow at once. The whole
lorce in Washington and within the city limits at
present, consists of 25,000 men and six companies
of flying artillery, with thirty-six field pieces.
Eleven steamers from Philadelphia, New York
and Boston have arrived at Washington witiin the
last forty-eight hours, laden with ammunition,
unifoims, storcB and blankets for the soldiers.
There are said to be fully a thousand rebel troops
still in Alexandria.
The work of repairing the bridges oa the Bush
and Gunpowder rivers is progressing rapidly, and
will be completed in all probability by Sunday, in
whic h event the trains will be run on Monday or
Tuesday. The people in those districts appear to
be quite friendly, but guards are strictly kept there
n'ght and day.
With regard to the movement of the Southern
troops, wo learn that Virginia is divided into
twenty two military districts, in which the armed
bod * aic concentrating? the principal poiuts
being Richmond, Petersburg and Culpepper,
fcix hundred men from Sew Orleaua have just
arrived at one of these stations, and it wa.- said
that a concentration of troops was to be made at
City I'oint, on th<' James river, and at Fort Pow
hatan on York river.
W hile such is the disposition ol fhe forces on
both sidna, other events of equal importance are
transpiring in other quarters, which may have a
very potent influence on the future issue of the
struggle. Western Virginia, for example, holds
out strong against secession, and refuses to be
dragged into the contest. A Convention is to as
semble at Wheeling on Monday, for the purposo
of considering the question of forming a separate
fctate out of the counties west of the Allcghanies.
Thirty- three counties, it is said, will be represented
?t the Convention, all in favor of maintaining the
L' nited States government. It is Intended to elect
? Governor, members of tho Legislature, a United
Btates Senator and representatives to Congress,
and in every way to act as a sovereign State.
Ihis proceeding will tend to cripple the energies
the secessionists in Virginia, and Ie?ve them at
the mercy of the government.
In the Maryland Legislature yesterday, the Com
mittce on Federal Relations made a report
lo the effect that the war now waged
ngainst the Confederate States was uncon
stitutional and repugnant to civilization,
and would result In a bloody and shameful over
?throw of their institutions; but that while they
fcymrathize with the South, thej also recognise
Ihe obligations of Maryland to the United States
tcoveranent; and though protesting against tho
war Maryland will take no part In it. They
implore the President, la tlu& name of
liod, to cease this " unholj war," at least
Mitt Congress meets. The report farther de
rlares that Maryland desires and consents to
ihe recognition of the independent of the Con
federate States, and protests against a military
r^enpation of her soil, though the violent Inter*
\,ith the passage fcacrai U9ora U
c It i? jonfii.ati> btu. /ti thai tliia rc
port will ts adopted by lie Legulaiurj.
V^io^urrectiou of tbe ?ia en in Ewea and Gal
a*''a c cuntlt" Keu' utkj , in raging to such an ex.
\ -it tb&t aa appeal ha* been made to the people
of 'id ana for assistance to suppress it, and Capt.
V\ !?.. c! Hiding Suu, Icdiuua. u&s offered the ser
\ i en of two companies to tie Kenttickians, to put
i wn the insurgents.
liie new.* fiom Texas, as received from New
Orleans last night, is of a rery exiting charac
ter. Gvneral Van Dora, the sacessionigt leader,
left Victoria on tlie Ctt with, a regiment to later
ce i Cclonel IUeve's command of GO) United
States troops above ban Au'.ouib. Captain Lee's
company of the Eighth infantry surrendered to the
rebels at 'he same point and Cnonol Walte. the
ujcosor if Onera' Twiggs, was in the hands of
the relels an a prisoner of war.
/iom Peaaaccla we learn that th* entrance to
tl e cla^ne" has been obstructed by sinking ves
sel to prevent the entrance of Bhips of war. The
mi i'arj ? iatus quo of Port Pickens remaius un
The- Northwestern ,v.ate h are active y displaying
their lojaity to the government. Although the
quota of men called for from Wisconsin was only
a thousand men, thai State has enrolled seven re
g;menta, comprising seven thcu^and men, and the
l .< gis'.atare ha i appropriated three hundred and
seunteea thousand dollars for their equipment
an.i i- aiatenaace.
It was reported some weeks since that Jeff.
Davis told his Confederate* that he would take his
dinner in the Wliitc House in Washington on the
1st of Ma j. The taking of that dinner, we leara
irom a Montgomery paper, has been postponed
, until the lOtu of Juue.
The Bichmond journals do not chronicle the
arrival of troops in that city, for the reason, as
they say, that they do not wish to give information
that will be "useful to the enemy.*' We shall pro
bably soon ascertain the exact number.
Arms arc scarce in Virginia, and the Richmond
papers reccumend, as they cannot procure them
in any other way, to take them from their enemies
in every battle. The advice is good, ami might be
profitable if Northern troops would consent to it.
The Virginia papers recommend the Bouthern
Confederates to look out for spies, and say there
is reason to believe tLat the government at Wash
ington has sent out a number to the South for the
purpose of learning the defences, numbers and
plsns of the military operations in that quarter.
It is recommended in Virginia to line the banks
of James and York rivers with small batteries, and
to tink obstructions in the channels. It is thought
here in the North that they will soon have other
uses for their batteries
Fai'y vegetables and strawberries are now
plenty in Norfolk. The gardeners in that vicinity
have been in the hal.it of receiving from three to
four hundred thousand dollars annually from this
city in return for their early vegetables. That
source of revenue is this year cut off, but we hope
to sec it re-established before the expiration of
another twelvemonth.
The battalion of Louisiana troop*, consisting of
five companies, left Richmond on Weduesday, 8th
inst., for secret service. Their destination wa*
not known.
The Convention of Western Virginia will meet
in Wheelitg on Monday next. Nearly every
< onuty west of the Alleganies will be represented.
\ proposition wiil be brought forward to divide
the State.
The Legislature of Tennessee, after passing an
ordinance of secession, without the shadow of au
thority. on the 7th inst. appropriated five millions
of dollars for the defence and armament of the
f-tato. What a farce. Not a e.nt i:> the treasury
' unappropriated, and bonds selling at forty-five
and a fraction.
The late "ei/.ure of government funds in Nash
ville by order oi Governor Harris, of Tennessee,
.was intended not to have been made public. The
exact amount taken was iG2,0?K) Tennessee bonds
and ,fK?0 in money. As the bonds are worth but ,
f. rty five cents on the dollar, the amount thus
?'appropriated'' is, in the aggregate, lesa than
>: 1,000. Great achievement !
Major Mordecai. who has been for some time in
command of the Watenrliet Arsenal, has published
a stump speech, in which he attempts to justify
the resignation of his position in the amy. About
the c nly reason given is that his mother resides in !
Virginia, ard that the Ordnance Department
would not. upon I113 application, transfer him to i
Fome Binecure plaec.
General McKaig and J. H. f.ordon, two mem- (
hers of the Maryland Legislature, were chased >
. round town and rudely treated when they ar
rived at their homes, in Cumberland, on the 4th '
? start, on account of their sece'-'ion proclivities. I
T'.ic Montgomery (Alabama) papers think the j
? ip;tal of the rebellious State* will be removed
i i loss than a month, and that Richmond will be
the place for its location.
The troops in Washington are soon to be put at
target practice, but what particular description
of target* they are to fire at we are not informed.
The Anniversary of the American Hoard of
Foreign Missions was held in Irving Hall yeste*
day morning, and was very well attended. Dele
gates from Western India. Ceylon, Syria, Eastern
Turkey, and other places in the East, with one
from South Africa, made very encouraging reports.
Great anxiety was expressed lest the " retrench
meuf' policy of our churchcs would have a
discouraging effect on the cause ot the Hoar l.
The tenth anniversary of the Five Points Home
of Industry was held last evening at Irving Hall.
?)n account of the inclement weather the meeting
was not so numerously attended as usual, but
those who were present manifested great iaterest
in the proceedings. The children ?f the Home
took part in the exercises. The expenses of the
l>ast year amounted to 119, GtO, and the receipt#
were scarcely sufficient to cover the outlay.
There is no truth in the report published,
that the Kedar waa to sail immediately, with pro
visions and troops for the government, and " that
three or four of the fine steamers of the Cunard
line will be chartered and remain in the service
during the entire war." The charter of the Ke
dar Is terminated, and the owners of the Cunard
line have never been applied to nor thought of
chartering any of the ships of their line.
Tie l'aria P<?v doubts the reconciliation an
nounced to have taken place between Cavour and
Garibaldi. In its issue of the 27th ult. there ap
pears an article discussing the question through
an analysis of the characters and acts of both
tl.ose personages, concluding, from their antece
dents, that the pretended reconciliation is both po
litically and morally impossible, or that at least
it r&nnot he durable.
The < oKon market was Arm yesterday, while the sales
f9otc<t up shout 3,000 bates, closing on the basis of 13?{o.
a 14c for middling upland! Hour ?u heavy and lower
for common ,<nd medium grades, with a fair amount of
sales, Including i*rc?la for export. Extra brands were
Aria and steady, and choice Ormly held Wheat wis
Without change of moment in prices, while the demand
was good , chiefly for export Corn was heavy aod tower,
while the demand was fair, t'ork wm heavy and lower,
with sales of mess a' $17 26 a ?17 i7*, and of prime at
118 26 Hugsrs were In good demand, with ealesof about
' H00 hhds at prices given la another place. Coflee was
sales limited mights were flrmsr, with more
otiering Orain was Irtely *a?a?d lor Liverpool at M
a hap Mid balk. 1
Ulatk Rrjibbiicku Oifiiu U?luuiu( <?
*1**4 *
We are happy to perceive that the 7 -it ok,
the leading organ of the anti alavery forces, La
the Northern States, i a begm&ing to profit,
urder our kindly teaching*, aod to advocate,
with aome bhow of sincerity, tha Union doc
trinee we hare always inculcated. In iti yes
terday's i.<aue, it acknowledges that " men of
all shades of opinion, this side of the Potomac,
long to pat a final finish to the c*u?e3 which
have engendered the intermlnable,?di3tr<c<lt>?.
end now moet portentous controversies," that
tare ?' kept burning the lurid fires'" cf ?' tUrery
agitation." It ?' hails the present exigency, as
the Heaven ordained opportunity for (striking
en exterminating blow at the root of the evil"?
which every one knows has been abolition
ism?and it demands " that the tree which his
borne auch noxious fruits be now levelled to
the earth." "Cut it down,'' it contlnu"*.
" why cumbereth it the ground?" and stopping
to admire the sentiments of "that vete:?a
national democrat," Daniel S. Dickin<toa, it
endorses his recent exclamation: ? " Let u*
strike now in cur might. Let us finuh things
while we are about it, and leave nothing be
hind us." We en'irely coincide with our con
temporary. that the period has arrived to put
an end, forever, to disunion, secession, and
"the" anti slavery " causes that have eugen
dered" them, and we rejoice that it has the
tardy wisdom to perceive that such Is the ci?e
There is no doubt that the vast majority of
citizen?, in both the Northern and the Southern
States, aro loyal, at heart, to the Union and t<>
the constitution, and that a limited number of
political demagogues, in both section?,
are respocsible for the calamities in which
treason menaces to involve the repub
lic. Abolitionist incendiaries have steadily
inculcated, for thirty years and more, that
the constitution of the United States i3 i
"league with hell and a covenant with death,
until fire-eating leaders in the slaveholdi'iir
States, have taken advantage of the irritatiou
produced by the reiteration of this and similar
abominable sentiment!1, to manufacture insur
rection and rebellion. The people, however,
have become appalled at the horrid prospcct
which revolt, and i's inevitable attendant,,
civil war, have opened upot\_the country.
They perceive, as the Tribune declares, that
"the disease has reached a crisis; "that "it must
be eradicated, or a speedy dissolution of the
body politic is at hasd;" and they are deter
mined "to stop at ro half way measures.'' to
bring an end to the mischief. Coorcion and
conciliation, as we said last November, must,
in fact, go hand in hind to accomplish that re
sult. Every inhabitant of the land must be
compelled to yield obedience to the law?, an 1
both anti slavery and secession treason, must
be crushed out. at the cost, if necessary, of
hundreds of thousands of men and hundreds
of millions of money; but the extra peasion of
Congress, which will convene on the Fourth of
July next, ought, also, to adopt such measures
as shall leave no future pretext to rebellion,
on the rcore of invaded rights, withheld privi.
leges, or unredressed grievances.
From day to day, a collision hai been feared
between the patriotic liosts. on the confines of
Virginia, and the rebel troops under the com
mand of General Lee. The national capital
has been faved by the statesmanlike prudence
and military energy of General Scott, aud a
large army is now assembled in and arouu'i.^
it, which renders its position next to
impregnable. On the other hand, the
most despc-jate efforts luv0 been imde
' to concentrate Southern soldiers around Ricii *
tnond, to prevent 'aggressive action on the
part of the federal government. The loyal
and insurrectionary force3 are, as yet,tiearly
(([ually balanced, and neither is ready to un
dergo the ordeal of battle. It begins, there
fore, to be not improbable that a bloody con
flict may be averted until the time shall have
come for Congress to meet. In that case, there
may slill be a peaceful settlement of difficul
ties, and an opportunity will be afforded of
avoidirg a "fratricidal contest, one.'' ad the
London I'osl recently remarked, "in which no
laurels can be won, except those steeped in
the best Llocd of America, and which ha3 been
needlessly and wickedly provoked." The very
highest and first duty of Congro.-s, will be to
consider amtniimeuts to the constitution, so
rpccific and unambiguous in their nature, that
the sar e practical liberty will be restored,
which existed at the time of Washington. The
aims of secessionists would fall from dieir
hands in an instant, if the olive br.rich were
judiciously extended to the South, so that eve
ry ftiMire fear of an encroachment upon or cur
tailment of their rights wet? removr d. -The
t'ee of disunion, which has borne ?uch noxious
fruits." would thus "be levelled to the earth
Why cumbercth It the ground?"
No ephemeral excitement has called forth
the stupendous uprising, in the l >yal Slates,
ngainat the atrocious rebellion which has
broken out In most of the Southern States.
The solemn resolve has gone forth that arms
shall not be laid down, nor an attitude of hos
tility cease, until the full programme, a* laid
down in the proclamation of the President, of the
l ">th ultimo, has been carried out. Kvery cloud
obscuring our political horizon must be dis
pelled, and "an extermlna'.ing blow" he struck
at the root of the evil. A vigorous and effl.
cient policy is looked for, from the administra
tion, and there is no doubt that, under the aus
pices of General Scott, k will be carried out.
The cause of national Union is so sacredly
cherished in the United States that it must
eventually prevail. If battle should, however,
be deferred, and judicious, well digested plans
of peace? fully adjusting our national differ
etccs can be devised, It will be a victory of
reason over brute strength, over which every
one who has the welfare of his country at heart,
must rejoice. One thing is certain, that unless
an unqualified submission to the constitution
and the laws is yielded by Mr. Jefferson Davis
and his associates, their conspiracy will be
ground to powder, underneath the armed ava
lanche which hangs over their heads, in the
Northern States.
Ridiculous Notions or tiik Soittikkn Pa
rsius.? The Southern journals are deluding
their readers with the Idea that the Northern
States cannot exist without the South; that they
have no resources, and must be ruined in
evitably in the event of their separation. No
thing can be more absurd. We have the varied
resources of the West, which are tar greater
than those of the South. But what Is more im
poitant. we have the commerce of the world.
Our capital builds the ships which carry the
productions of every clime. We erect and man
the factories which supply articles in universal
demand. We have the trained skill, the InW
Let aad thr eaterpru* which emitted ?uc
ctva. It Li the South, therefore, u-d aot the
N'crih, that would Buffer by a dissoiutioa of the
A Fhot Bktwrin Wuil i,\ii W'vrni.-Is
?etting down the complaints, the dec mciatiose,
the tbrfa??, the warnings ai d the dictatorial
advic* lately levelled at the administration by
cur flf bt:"g acd runnirg cctejppor-trica of tin j
10 rt*r, 'i'r'b*ive atd Times as nothing better
t1; at; the spleen of disappointed office eeeker*,
i* r-eetns 'bat we firerl a shot between wind and
y. uter. Our reliant ChevalieT Webb, in order 1
to prow that his dignity was not offended in
1 1 ing cat down to the mission to Turkey, in
stead of being elevated to the -m.-ssioa to Kog
1m d, quotee from hi? own columns very freely.
We must say, howtvtr, that he. being a mili
tary n.un, could have proved his t a'riotism;
iii ich more satisfactorily in raising a regiment
t'cm Wall ftreet for the war. Almost any man
can write or spenk brave words of patriotism,
but "actions epeak louder than words." We
btill Ihiik, too, that if the Chevalier Webb's
n ugniflctnt teli-conceit had not been sorely
wounded in that appointment exiling him to
Turkey, he would have bren in a much more
am able fiame of mind than that which he ha*
exhibited for the last month or so. Dut if he
Cbuuot scbld Lincoln he can scold away at Ben
nett, and there U some comfort in that all
Our Tribune philosophers, having received a
lib : ral *ha:e of the loaves and fishes, can afford
?o be more generous; but we still suspect that,
bud our white coated vegetarian been made
l'o?'manter of New York, he would not have
& ught to cripple the administration by urging
upon it a war policy against the Sou*h of exter
Riinatim ami confiscation. Such a recommen
da'; Jon could emanate only from a revengeful
dbprsitlc u, inflamed by some grievous personal
wrcngs, real or Imaginary, and only from a
state of mind, too, somewhat reckless of conse
quences. The secessionists have been making
good use of these savage instructions of the
Trllmne, for they have been circulated through
out ;he South, seriously to the prejudice of the
administration and its just cnuse, among the
Union men ol that section.
The "little villains" of the Times, arter in
denting a text for their commentary, rehash a
string of extracts from our columns, to show
that in the matter of this war the only news
paper in New York that is "radical and blood
thirsty in its tone" against the South i3 the
IIkbau) itself. But these very extracts which
aie reproduced to convict us establish our en
tii e innocence of the charge. Instead of recom
mending the exterminating and confiscating
policy of our republican cotemporaries, we find,
in one of these aforesaid extracts, for example,
that the Hebai.d remarked, "We are le.w con
cerned about Washington than about Maryland.
Loyal to the Union, she is perfectly safe, ne
groes and all; disloyal to the Union, she may
be crushed, including her institution of slavery."
This same desire to save in the Southern
States their peculiar institutions from a violent
overthrow runs through all the discussions
upon the subject of our long editorial career.
If we have warned the border slave States of
the dreadful chances to their local institutions,
under the pressure of a civil war, we have
never thought of vi ruing thete frightful ox
1 reiTiitie a as the policy of the government
Upon this point, while our rccord Is clear on
the tide ot the wke and humane policy of the
President's proclamation, our cotemporaries of
the Courier, Tribune and Times, we say, are
really guilty of "giving aid and comfort to the
1 * flNBy," ,'B 1 misrepresentations and denim
canons of the policy of the adoilnla'ration. j
We believe, too, that in charging tbe.ie niif
r presentations to the disappointments of the
paities concerned, as office seekers and office
< xpectants, we have hit the nail on the head.
" Thk Puti'rk of thk Nohth." ? Under tbls
beading tho Richmond Enquirer diaws a dread
ful picture of Northern prospects. Among
u ?. wo are told, there are the " elements of a
to rrible revolution.'* the '? awful fire* of civii
anarchy and social chaos;"' that our losses of
fc'uutbern weu'ih have reduced millions of our
people to Hie verge of starvation; that '? as soon
a the first reverse to Norther q arms takes
1 lire, a revolution will break out at the North
niore horrible in it* atrocities thau the reign
of Aeiror in l'uris and that if our troop? are
beaten back at "t>c thnshold of Virginia, our
"unemployed thousands will find it more
a.recable to fack New York thau to face
southern bayonets and bullets. '" Could any
thing more clearly di&cloae the desperate
3! mi's of the Virginia insurgents' "Elements
ot a terrible revolution!'' What an absurd
Idea in the pres' iiC'' (>f a people entirely united
iii the one great cuu^e oT restoring the flag of
tf t; Union over every tower and every town
from Alexandria to the Rio Grande. "Civil
anarchy and sogiai chaos!" How utterly pre
po>ferous, when every man of our people, in
b<-half of the Union, is reudy to lay down his
life in the cause of law and order. "A reign
of terror!"' Ask the poor fugitive seeking
refuge among us from Southern mob law.
mob extortions and confi.jcatione, where the
rf igto of terror is to-day, and he will t-?y it
extends from Virginia to Texas. Terror reigned
In Baltimore only the other day. but its reign
tl.ore in ended, So we hope It will soon be in
Richmond, and that the day is not far off when
tie editors of the I Inquirer will be devoutly
thankful for their release from the secession
reign of terror which now rages and chafes
like a wild beast around them.
Proomm op tuf. War.? The complete paci
fication of Maryland may now be proclaimed.
Moral suasion has done it ? the moral suasion
of an overwhelming and still accumulating
military force. This irresisMbte sort of argu
ment has convinced the p lifts %t Maryland
that their true position is within the Union, and
they cannot get out of it. The same logic will
produce the same results in Virginia. General
Scott now has everything working to his hand,
and when he orders the United States troops
to move across the Potomac, we are confident
that he will clear the roads to and through
Uiehmond of all rebellious resistance as
effectually as has been done through Mary
land. The secession forces are so scattered
about in Virginia in order to get provisions,
and there is such a panic among them at Rich
mond, resulting from the descending legions of
the North into Maryland and Washington, that
it is probable Virginia will be restored to the
Union wlthont even a fight. General Scott is
now In a position to move forward or to stand
still, aud In cither event the game appears to
be In his hands. In moving forward he can
Ciueh ou\ ftU opposition, and ia waiting to
? di.d il Uj forced Im w
equally uure o 1 the result The revolutionary
forced in Virginia, abort of iiuppiie*, ocnct
auoid to wait, ever/ re^ime'it in the way
oj itialoretmeau only terres the more rapidly
to diminish their provender. And &o, with or
without a fight, ire hare rcaaou Id hope tLat
Old \ irginia will be *ar*d on cr before t!ie 2^d
ot and tba?, from the- > good beginnings in
Maryland anu Virginia. ?h? remainder of this
g'Kuntic Southern revolution wiil speedily be
frittereo away
Thk M\o/jdU Tits,.-) os nin Fuj. ot Four
P. MiEit- The comments of the London jour
i u. on the fall of Fort Sumter, the first news
of which reached them Urn ugh the Hkkau. of
the I lib ult frhow that tiiey were just bt ginning
to appreciate the true condition oi affairs here.
1 he London Tinea is an exceptiou to thU re
mark. for it mskes the bloodless results of the
b? mbarcnient an occasion for some ill-timed
raillery, and, swajed by the views ot its Mont
gomery correspondent, evidently infers, with
b m, that "the great republic is gone." Unable
to comprehend the policy of the gov(?rnment in
-t ?ki; g nerely to provision the fort and there
by to throw upon the rebels the onus of com
meccing hostilities, itatutesthatour war vessels
Oidy arrived in time to contribute to the glory
of the captors and to bring shame and dUtrust
on tin meelves and their cuuse. From this it
c< ncludes that "the rich and unready North
w -11 be no match for the fiery forwardness of
the South."
It is curious that the leadirg Kugliah journal
should take such a flippant view of u inamcuvra
which has done the cause of the secessionists
more damage than twenty defeats in the field.
1 he de monstration which precipitated the attack
upon Fort Sumter was r< solved upon to prove to
the country end to the world the true character
and objects of thip rebellion, and its effect was
'x.s<antly to stir up -the blood of the North, and
to unite it as one man in defence of the Union-.
It was, in fact, the first tangible evidence
we tad that the government had a policy; and
the success with which it has beeu attended has
inspired more confidence in its ability to carry
us through our present difficulties than would
huve been derived from earlier and more ag
gressive measures. The London Tones has no
perception of this truth, because it sees only
through the eyes of its correspondent-Mr.
lliissell? who has curiously enough chosen
Montgomery as his standpoint of observation
We should be sorry to infer from the location
ol this gentleman, and the concurrent tone ol
his journal, that the opinions of the latter are
foregone conclusions in favor of secessiouism.
It must be admitted, however, that they wear
very much that appearance.
It is greatly to the credit of the perspicacity
of others of the Loudon journals which make
no particular pretension to superior op
portunities of information on American
affairs, through correspondents or other
wise, that they appreciate what the
Times has failed to discover. Thus the Morn
iii(t Herald Lord Derby's organ? hits the nail
tn the head when it says that if the Trepidant
had chosen to do it he hud ample means at his
disposal to succor Major Anderson; and that
" ii he had permitted this last vestige of fede
ral property in South Carolina to be torn from
hi* grasp, he had only followed the example of
< hc?s players, who sacrifice a valuable piece to
insure a mate." Agairr, it observes, with a re
markable j>rey*jioa of events, that " (lie bom
1-ardment and forced surrender of Fort Sumter
would be certain to unite all parties in the
ISC rth against the seceders.''' The London Post
< ntertaJns ? a confident belief that the North,
fcrrued in a jiut and righteous cause, possesses
UK will and the power to reduce the secessionist
fctates to obedience, and to restore that Union
v hichatcne time appe Area to be destine^ to
make the I nitcd States the dominant j\>wer of
tbe New World." We quote these opinions
tecause they prove clearly the da^c?e which
s< ctsnonism has done itself abroad by Its in
sane and reckless violence. If public opiulon
abroad pronounces itself thus strongly condem
natory of its hopes, without a single military or
naval effort having been made by the North,
w hat will be its tone when the tremendous ener
gy w hich is now beinj displayed by the latter
if m-ide known to it. It looks very much i?
aurt be owned, as if Jeff. Davis" Commis?,ioneM
would come back with that convention*! ri-^
In their ears.
1 1 VUAX Ai kaiR3. A few weeks ago out sip
piehensions were aroused by hcurlng of a vio
lent rupture between (iaribuidi, on the one
hind, and fount Cavjur and Goneial Ciiidlni
on tbe other. The excited speech of the for
mer in tho I'alian Chamber of Deputies, and
his reported order*, since con'r adicted. how
ever, to receive tho Sardinian* In the Abruzzi
with musket Miot, provoked a strong feeling
jpainrt him on the side of the government, and
threatened to result in serious dissensions,
which could not have failed in weakening the
position of the new government, thereby
provokirg Bourbonist reaction and favoring
th-' designs of Austria. We are therefore glad
to learn by our latest advices that a purfect re_
couciliation has taken place between the three
purtios to this quarrel, who embraced each
other as brothers upon the occasion. This cor
dial understanding produced great joy among
the people, not only of Turin, but the whole
Italian kingdom. We are informed by the
same mail that the ,?tate of affairs at Naples is
becoming much more satisfactory. The reac
tionary feeling had subsided, and fewer ar
tests were made than at any time since the en
try ot Victor Emanuel. The number of arresta
made at Naples up to April 22 was six hundred
and sixty-Bix, of which we are told four hun
dred and sixty-sif were officers of the Bourbon
army nnd two hundred priests and citizens.
It is not for us to determine tbe justice of the
Minister of War at Turin in appointing
raw subalterns over the Garibaldi heroes,
who have been absorbed into the regular army
of Italy, which was the great cause of Garibal
di's complaint It was decidedly politic for the
government to appoint its own officers, and
Count Cavour acted wisely in checking that
untimely military ardor which was bent on
plunging the new kingdom into a war with
Austria. To have attempted the rescue of the
Quadrilateral so soon would have been an act
of temerity, for which Italy might have suffered
deeply. We cannot but agree with tbe states
man at the head of Italian affairs, that the
poliey of Sardinia just now ought to be directed
in diplomacy rather than war. The counsels of
Ciivour, it isprobnblfcwill prevail over the con
duct of a brave nnd noble man. whose rash
ness. however, although prompted by the bost
of motive*, might ^prk Injury to the monarchy
I he has dvuv W much esUbliebjig. It U
l.&z Leea uud to luttt \ ^L* ^ ^
? - tie ItdJTrJw P" A t-'a tWi <
V ???, rnleM, ?-?.e<). Atffttrfa a*"rWa* w"~ ?,";':i
?'?? Iteiiaas? j cvu'Ug acy ju* t,f "'?'ku
iour.ds of prol^MT't/
Wno Aa*. 'H' SiioH8.siosjt?r>* 'To1 lA- ?,'1 *
bolc'e;#, a* is g-a?r?*iy su|?poft*d. ; jt ??
t' cj five of tcoxn *r~ ITmoa, conservx^1'''
u> .". as wti havr tl ways ;out<-nde?l
r. eats of id A.hju'. tk gei-.iieaiui, forwtsr tea'
fron Hanisburg jad pi.i?Iieii?-d iu ^eoieiuay'4
IIi.::Ai.i>, folly coincide with our views. Tkw
f ilov. iog cjttiitt'. 'rota '.he c?r .'eapoui*>au*
places the ma^er ic Its *rc.e ><ght:?
lhe course of soa.? -if tfcevj'.a aca lifuecl ? Sa^h
(njj ..ua .s very umcn .?;?. iwtw by ibM. Tawo?
tiocal adm.nifitrat.oa Siio*i'.(i &*!-'?: iheca :!i*t the putt;j^f
down of rfbfl '.oo dee* ac*. a??ar a cr?s t te hgaiaal aon
liie i <termjltal!oa of %l*7?rj. Tho luuftt nr.oNuea*
Luau uisd 1a Viigio.u as Mao ut tuo toK' .-(l*>r*.i-? ctuw,
a:e the largest ?.uvet.?i?( j 1: .i * l. Sitkea idea HM
taeBO staled elaveocrary ure t_e leutfv r; trv.tors fl?*
perpetuity of the federal Ct'*~ wti their htih' St wtab
Oi.il boast, nor dq ihty ojw tuUJt '.ti~l & 1 's ow tua?
jet bare (tub in the tconaiiuctioaot ihwVai.u
It is so not only in Virginia aad Aiat >?iia,
but in all the slavehclding States, and ttie aati
elavery journals cf the No*'h have do^e im
mense mischief by aileaatiog th-m from the
c&uae of the Union. All they want id a chance1
to declare for tie old flag; but if taey
are told that th?ir pioperty in slavs I?
to be destroyed by their liberation, and
that their plantations are to bo divided among
military adventurers from the North, what
worse have they to expect If they believe
it will they not be nerved to desperation? Is "
is therefore the duty of the government to
undeceive them by its proclamations, and to
rebuke the fanaticism aud the folly of tna
journals which are doing their utmost to de
prive the government of its best 3upport in the
border States. -
We know that in the eastern section of
Maryland the slaveholders are til conserva
tives and in favor of the maintenance of the
Union. These are the men who have sujie
thing to lose by revolution, and they are natu
rally averee to it, as most property owners are.
In the Union is security for their property and
their rights. Out of it, where are their guifan
The secessionist* therefore are, with few ex
ceptions. not the slaveholders, but those who
have no interest whatever in negroes? the pen
niless politicians, the greedy spoilsmea, the
reckless adventurers, the ambitious dema
gogues and professional men without buaiu-'ss,
who, by their conspiracies aad intrigues, have
gradually drawn the people into the vort*x of
rebellion. A misrepresentation of th<? anti
slavery sentiment of the North (which is oniy
corflued to a few fanatics) has induced the ig
Lorant non-r laveholdiDg population of the
South to believe that the majority of tho North
ern people are the enemies ot the Southern
Spates, acd that they dt-sire *o overthrow their
domestic institutions. N^thbg cia be further
from the truth. The prevailing sentiment of
the North is not anti-slavery, but loyalty to the
Union; and the government ought to proclaim
it throughout the South, from the Del* ware to
the Rio Grande.
eii.>on:3.i Fjmu'3 Cokcw? Th.s accimp^Uli vo
c#lu:tgW?s Ler eoncort at the Hro"S';n Arad^m/ of
Music to Diitht. It wit! b; the tat < ccatioa oa walcb ttu
pubi'.c will b?vc ?n opportunity of Ue&rtDct th* uwci
stcd artif ti Tor Binae time, as Brlgndi, ?usini aDlot!i^r
men bere of the troupe are about to lei, c fjr Eurip^;,
V e ?cc tluit klle. Eleua haa ci?i??oa fof of h?r p "om
"The star Hojtig'.ed nanwr." Her -le, Unitary
llylc aud imprestire mami.*r mill e.iable a i: to >13 thi
t:ll?ft jtsatlce to the ?oog, which la but too fr(<jueatlr
murdered iu the delivery for want of pr >p?r oijsicU
t'lajhatia The perfarrcance takes pU:e In th-' asaen
biy ri cm of the Acadtmy? a f>u per d Guthic aparimaat,
arcotntr.cdating about on.i tu u san l persoss? iad which
w '11 be inaugurated for the flrit time, oti this oc< *?to?,
as a concert ball. Altogether thl* cvru-ert <J a l\&u pro
it. iatB to be a most hr'lliaat ait'<lr, M'i j Ei?o% i-'r.g an
>*I*ci?l favorite w.th the musietl connoisieMrs of
City Intelligence.
A.-? Ixm>rn> fj^nkt) 3rifzB Ma:\? A map of the Tail*!
Stiit?, with eeveral important lmprOTem-nU, has just
been prblkhed by 0. Q. Coiton, 146 Naseau atreet. It
chown the dlatance or every tec mli?w, marked on ail
ru'lro ?dc? the i?lng?e and donble track; title an; width of
population of cach State from 17?0 to 1H0, ratio
of ilave to total population in the aUvc Statoe. time a*,
ary locality tompare 1 with Wa?h'tigton anil Groonwicti,
position of fortn, bw.ti'larm of the new Territories, kc
The map i j about thrre feet gqvare, well colored. an1
appears to be a very perfect article. It was engraved by
J. fl. Goldthwait
Ftmnal Intelligence.
rol H. I). Stover, cf New York laeut Mallory, of Fort
fchujler; G. W Fiailey.of 3an Frxreifo tadUorn^lln
CiTte. of I.ondoo, arc stooping ;<t the Lit.ir^" a t*e
(aptan Nott. and wife, of Aibauy; (J. W Amorr, of
Bute;:. C C. Ch?n -r. of t>prlngfl?ld. R otMrt llox?a''ec,
11 Ash, and family, of M>psi?stppt, at l A B Strcit, *
Albany, ue atoppiLg at the Bre?oo;t llvse.
Viicount Milton, Fd ward Brook, ami rtroeer, and
wi e. r.; Epglaad; ,1 B ("tnaliwoiid, and W. G. P.gb o'
W-.-h gt'T W. f. Herry. of Nathvlile: Rooert Cr*? o*d
of ?cr?tlj?.d. and Richard I'rlce and daughter, of i'tt.la
dcipti a, are etoppicg at iho Fifth Avenue ii'>lel.
1 n C H .~uerili,of Aibuiy.Ccl n P. Montgomery,
enu JUkior tity an, ot r'e aylvaniv R. Xeleon, ?t I'hiia >ai
ph'i;J K. Ecgilah arm wife, of N?w Haven ; S P. Kemp
tin'. R w. Drc?rer, or B st< n H Trowbridge, of New
ila rea: H. 1.. Kno?!t?. of Pot?daro,anrt T H. l.'a'ker, of
Sa n, Mate .arc etopplsg at th" sit. Nicholas Hotel.
C.iptain Gaidner. o* Lto I'ni'.ed Sta'.ce N'-ivv; U L. Gil
be t aid wife, of Texts; T. Towns<>ad, of Wumcsia: J.
Klrlcpatrick ^nd 5. li. Starr, of -he United itatea Araty:
I . i\.C<x>k,of CallfurLia: Pedto I*. Ort'.z and wife, o;
( h !r; ?T 9. B)kcruu1 wlte and A F.lllott *nJ wl'e o'
Korlanf. and S. H Dc>tftr,of Rho<le Island, are Hopping
at the Mitropctitan Hotel
I on Kit That er, of MnMarhu* tta; Hon fieri fader
wo<>?i atd O. A. Barton, of Vermont: Hon Rooert Ix-anis
tnn. cf < 'range county; Captain Kin (ale* and Lleul*aent
W. C. Whipple cf th- United FUtcs Army, Dr Rjoerte,
J >bn Wood and .loaeph Louis, of Cana'a; ?. D Bradford,
of Xa?ra husctts; 1 W. M. and .1. R Thompson , of Mia
aoun: Mi?* B. J. Cheatham, of Virginia; K M Gallandet
and wife, or Washington: Mr Williams ant non and R
*r.u >it? ? Hr.bbard,of Connecticut; Ca;tala Jamoa I aw
lete and H. landwehr, of New Orlema, and ? Harland,
Jr. of Delaware, are atopping at the Aalor House.
Americana reglatercd at the oflloe of I.herl?ette. Kaae
.v to , No 8 Place -ie la Bourae, Parte, up to April 11 ?
XV G. Wcit, A W. Grconlear and lady, 8. A samanos,
Thntnae Morton, Wwar! D Gareiche, F S. Andiews. Mr
Gale and lady, G. W Meid, H. W Hcarn, G H. Houn,
George W. Hn en, New York; W. J. Ft II '.nap. Qaaabrlbl*.
J. H. Clark, Jatkron, Mia? , Auatln Hlnk, Jr , New Or
leac- Fdward Gerald Bn;iem, F. L. Soil: van, Pea Krmncte
co; C W. Bradicy, Ml: e W. A. Gilbert, Naw Haveu.
the C?met.
Ihe new comet, which haa been for aome time In the
vicinity of the torthern celeetial pole, U now
rapidly deecendloj to the eollptic, traversing
tho arctic conatellitlona lying northward of Leo
and dancer. It la readily dlicornabla by the
naked eye, and Ie dietinguiahnble at preaont by IU
nebuloua aapeet. A teleacopo of moderate power ref**le
the evletcnco of a tall of ?ereral degrtee longth. The fol
lowing parabolic elnmenta of lie orbit, computed by
Mr. Safford, of lite Cambridge Obeervatory, give impor
tint Information of ita future career whi.e It reanlna
viatble In our eklae ?
Perihelion pamege .luce 4, at noon, Washington.
Perinellon dtetance 0 W.l of tbe cartb'a mean diatanoe
from the Run.
Lotgltude of Perihelion 242 deg. 30 min.
" Aac. Node S# ? U ??
Incllnntloo 8 " 14 ??
Aco< rdlng to theei element^ It will reac'j tbe ccllptto
about the 12th inet , crieelng the eame In a l?cllosentrH>
longitude occupied by tbe earth en tho I'.lih of April, and
at a distance from the Bun equal to thni of Ihe earth
that date: It will ocuttnuc to approach tbe earth for a
few wecke longer, and will reach lie perihelion on the 4th
of June. Theae circumetaticee are favorable for iU be
com'.Dg quite abrlllian; eject in the evening hky b?f>ee
It dwappeare. Po far ae i? now known, tbe priority of ita
dlecovery belorga to tbe American aatronomor, Mr.
Thatcher, of New York
Ootrtf atjow r> til* Pi.?NtT M*?a ? Karly en Stmday
rvcmng next, th? 12 h mat , tbe planet Mm* will (m
ecllpor.l by tbe Moon, linger very favorable oircufliiMrM
for obaervat!o?\ l?er'. Trio 'mmeraton, which wilt t*k"
place on the *ark ?ide <f th? Mw>n. can be aeen ?v tho
uake?l eye. I nt b? tier with an (>{>era glaaa or telaacop*.
Tlie phetonteiiOa w I. hapi*" ?* loliowa -
Im To, 48ia. ;>4s Mate Cm. :ii< *oulh I of the ceave
F.m. 8 4T HI ? 30 north > of t'i? M<^?a.
Mai* aet? th Jta. P M
Tbu ie the oaly ncro'.tatiro of a vM^te la th4
t"i.lt?4 S'.atW u tW je\: 1381.

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