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WHOLK NO. 9130. THE REBELLION. auijjvi bauv Hum ww cavern Virginia. Hysterious Movements of Gen. Rosecrans, Splendid Letter from the Czar of Russia on the Rebellion. Prince Gortschakoff to M. De Stoeckcl fer the Union One and Inseparable. SECRETARY SEWARD'S REPLY. The Entente Cordiale of Russia and the United States* The Effect of Gen. Fremont's Proclamation on Garibaldi and the Cabinet. Operations of the Army on the Potomaf. News from Hatteras and Fortress Monro'.. Arrival of (he Quaker Ciij *u. ' Crew of the U. Middlcton. Important Arrests in Baltimore, Ac., Ac., Ac. IMPORTANT FROM GEN. ROSECRANS' DIVISION. Advance of Ufa Troops?A Battle IranilKent?TUe Inhabitant* Fleeing in Terror, 4tc, CiJfP Stfrrn, Ya. ,8ept. 8,1561. General Rotecr&na left oar previous camp yesterday, and swept over the mountain in full force. The rebels are reported as being strong a few miles ahead. Our advance pickets were fired upon at four miles beyond us Wa morning. There will bo a fight soon. All the inhabitants are frlghtcnod and are running away. OUR IPECI1L WiSIMCTON DESPATCHES. Washington, Sept. 8, 1801. DBOBTANT CORREPfONDENCK BETWEEN FltlKCE ORTBCHAKOFF AND BARON I)B STOBOKL. Vm Russian Minister, 1(. DeStoeclcl, bad an audience af Mm President on Saturday, and read to him the followaai despatch:? nuMca ooivrsoiusor? to baron ro ftoecki.. 6T. ITBW8BCR0, July 10, 1881. H Da SToaoa, kc.,kc., 4c.:? 8n?From the beginning of tho conflict which divides United States of Amcrica you have been desired to Bake known to the federal government the deep interest with which oar august master was observing the dovelopement of a crisis which puts in question the prosperity and oven the existenco of the Union. The Emperor profoundly regrots to see that the top* of a peaceful solution Is not realized, ami that American citizens already in arms are roady to let loose upon their country the most formidable of the scourges of polical society?a civil war. For more than eighty yaars that it has existed the American Union owos its Independence, its towering rise and its progress to the oncurd ef its mombers, consecrated under the auspices ?T Us illustrious founder, by institutions which have boon able to reconcile the Union with liberty. This rnion has been faithful. It has exhibited to tho world the spectacle at * prosperity without example in tho annals of history. It would be deplorable that, after so conclusive an experience, the United States should be hurried into a breach of the solemn compact, which, up to this time, has made their power. In spite of the diversity of their constitutions and of their Interests, and perhaps even because of th?ir diversity, Providence seems to urge them to draw closer (he traditloakl bond which is the bwis of the very condttioa of their political existence. In any event the ra riflce which they might Impose upon themselves to maintain It are beyoud eocnparisca with those which dissolution would brief after It. United, thojr perfect themselves, isolated, they are paralyzed. The struggle which unhappily has just arisen can neither be Indefinitely prolonged nor load to the total destruction of one of the parties. Sooner or later It will be necessary to come to some settlement, whatsoever it may bo, which may cause the divergent interests now actually in conflict to co-exist. The American nation would then giro a proof of high political wisdom k> seeking In common such a settlement before a uselws effusion of blood, a barren squandering of strength and of public riches, nad acts of violence and reciprocal reprisals ball have come to doe pen an abyss between the two parties of the confederation, to end definitely in their mutual exhaustion, and In the ruin, perhaps irreparable, of their commercial and political power. Our august master cannot resign himself to admit such denlorable anticipations. Ilis ImnerlaJ Vaiectv ct ill nl?>?o till confidence in that practical good sense of tho citizens of the Cnion who appreciate so Judiciously tbeir true interests. His Majesty is happy to believe that the members of the federal government, and the influential men of tho two parties, will Eeiza ail occasions and Will unite nil their efforts to calm the cffervcsconce of the passions. Tbcre are no interests so divergent that it may not be possible to reconcile tbem by laboring to that end with zoal and persevcrence, in a spirit of justice and moderation. IT, within the limit! of your friendly relations, your lan fuage and your counsels may contribute to this result, you WfU respond, sir, to tho intentions o his Mnjtsty the Emperor la devoting to this tho personal influence which you may have been able to acquire during your long residence at Washington, and the consideration which bo :e ne lonss to your charac iW) u t^e representative of ft ?ore reign, auimatod bvu? most friendly sentiments toward the American Thki Union is not limply la oui eyes an element essential to the universal political equi librlQis; It constitute* besides a nation to which oui august naster and all Russia have pledged the mon friendly intercut* for the two countries, placed at the ex | tremlttaaof the two worlds, both in the asconding pe i rlod of their developement appear called to a natural com munlty of interests and of sympathies, of which they havi already given mutual proofs to each other. I do not wish hero to approach any of the questions whlct divide the Uuitcd States. We are not called upon to ex press ourselves In this contest. The preceding consl derations bavu no other object than to attest the livelj solicitude of the Emperor In the presence of the dangeri | which menace the American Union, and the sincerc ' wishes that his Majesty ontertains for the maintenance of that great work, so laboriously raisod, and which ap peared so rich in Its future. It Is in this sense, sir, that I desire you to express yourself, aa well to the members oi the general government, as to the influential per sons whom you may meet, giving them the as surunce (bat in every event the .American nation ms> oouut upon the most cordial sympathy on tho part ol 1 our august master during the important ci ibis which It ll parsing through ut present. | Receive, sir, the expression of my very deep ennside ration. GORTSCHAKOFF. Tho Secretary of State has delivered to M. Stoeekl tht following acknowledgment:? XH. KBWAKD'TO MR. stokyl. ilki'artment 01 STATU, > WamdsotoHj Sept. 7, 1881. j i 'Secretary of State of the United States Is authorized by the President to express to Mr. He Ftoeckl, lit Toy Extraordinary and Minister Plenij>otcnliary of his Majesty the Emperor of Kcssia, his profound sense of the liberal, friendly and magnanimous sentiments of his Majesty on tho subject of the internal difference's which for a time bavesocincd to threaten the American Union, as they re communicated in the Instruction from Prince Gortscha koff to Mr. DoStoeckl, and by him read by his Majcsly's direction o tho President of tho United States and the Secre Ury oS citate. M. I'e Stoeckl will express to his govern ment tho satisfaction w itb which the government regards this now guaranty of a friendship between tho two countries which had its beginning with the national existence of tli? United Slates. The Secretary of ?tute oilers to M. Pe Stoeckl renrwed assurances of his high consideration. WILLIAM H. STEWARD. M. Kd. Pe s vomit t, kc.,kc,. TBI: APVAXCK OF THE KDUZI.H?CONFIDENCE OK OUH TKOOP0. There arc those among our lauding military chieftains here w ho believe the rebels broke camp at Manassas two days since, and by to-morrow's dawn will appear in force before Washington and give battle to our army. It is pro]>er to say that General McClellan is not among ttic number who believe It. He believes that Beauregard and Johnston have altogether too much sense, after having noglectod to take advantage of our positiou when we were comparatively weak and they were strengthened by the flush of victory, to attempt what would now prove to th in au utter impossibility. It is conceded that by tho constant and untiring labors of our gallant troops our works. Crora the Chain lindge to four miles south of Alexandria arc perfect and impregnable. In. deed, within the point* mentioned, extending over a distance of about fifteen miles, tliey may be considered one continuous fortress?a line of the most thoroughly artistic and beautifully constructed earthworks that the world ever saw. Our troops are now thoroughly drilled, and are in the vory best of spirits. They havo all seen their young chieftain, General McClellan. They know liim. have confidence in him, love him, and are so inspired by his presence that tliey will follow where he leads, though it be into the very jaws of death. They are no longer complaining of tho Quartermaster and Commissary departments. They have learned to love camp life. They boar hardships such as fow of the old warriors ex)ierienccd. They arc healthy, and, what is more, they know they are not flthtinc a:raii:st ritfht. but fre! tlmt thev nr? <innt.lv fortified in the great fact that they aro sustaining the government, supporting the old flag, and perpetuating a I'nion that will long survive the memory of the vile traitors who peek to destroy it, and that at la*t they themselves will leave a memory behind them that will be cherished by every patriot. There is no dofire on the part of our generals or men to put 08 a decisive battle If the rebels seek it. Below Alexan Iria, on the river, we are stronger than ever. Above Washington our forces defy the rebel* to attempt to crocs. They erccted their fortifications on the banks of the river at Great Falls to cover their crossing; but, a* 1 stated hist night. General McOIollan despatched Grifllu'n battery to a point opposite the rebels on the river, and promptly demolished their earthworks and drove them away. Several attempts have also been made to cross further np, In the face of General Stone's or General Batiks' column which in each cane La\c Loen repulsed. An Idea Is still entertain'nl by the rebels, judging from their movements, that they can yet cross into Maryland above Washington. While General Banks holds his present position they will never do it. There is little doubt that, but for the vigilance of General Banks, Beauregard's army would liave bivotiockcd on the soil of Maryland ere this. Yaw know the vaet amount of work that has been performed by the men under Generals Banks and i-Hone. They have held the key to the capital, and the nation will one day reward them for the great work they liave achieved with so little demonstration is repelling the thrcatenod rebel invaders of the national metropolis. MOVEMENTS OP THE REBELS. The rebels are making their principal demonstration in the direction of tho (.hain Bridge, but not In sufficient fare* to warrant any hope of immediate fan Tor our trooj*. The fact is that the awful conditio* of the rekel army, being panic struck by the turrlbl# spread of smallpox at Manassas and other places, and the call of the coast States for tfaolr treope to come home aid protect tlx) principal seaports from a like fate to that which has befallen Hatteras inlet, look* to a thorough breaking up of the rebel army and their return to the several States from whence they came. TH* KKBM.S AT MUWSOS'S HILL. The enotny near Motion's Hill were very qnlet throughout the day. In the inorniug they had a grand flag raising ceremony In view of our troops, when they substituted a huge pirate flnf In place of the dirty rag which they had down during the week. It can be easily seen from the dome of the national Capitol. During the entire, day the rebel and I'nion pick?ta kept up a desultory Are, with no damage to either side. Towards night the fire u as more brisk, acd at one time it was thought a general engagement was near at hand. It toon after subsided, and things resumed their usual tUUut. The rebels have few guns mounted at Munson's Hill, and General McCIellan is entirely inJifforeut about their movements lu that direction. A BAt,LOOM ASCEN3ION BY OEVBltAI. M'CI.W.LAM. Ycstcrdar General McCIellan tnado a balloon ns^Dnai.in with Professor Lowe, and occupied tvro hours in rcconnoUsauco#. rnE ARMY. Colonel James 0. Van A Ion, of Van Alen and Mix'* cavalry, arrived in Washington this morning and will take command or his regimont to-morrow. I.ienten&nt Colonel >11*, who haj been In sole charge of the regiment thus far, will take command of that portion which has been detached to join General Bank's column. Capt. George D. Bayard, Instructor of cavalry tactics at West Point, lias obtained a leavo of absence from the regular army to take the senior majority In this regiment. Lieutenant John Mix, Second cavalry, ha* alao been dotached and Is now adjutant of the regiment. A portion of Colonel Bordan'g regiment of Sharpshooter* have arrived, and will form a part of General Lander's brigade, which will be composed of picked men. Those who know General Lander can judge what tho compost, tions of his brigade will be, when it is known that the formation of it is left entirely to his own selection. ;w yo NEW YORK, M0NDA1 Anxiety la expressed to see the General In the field wli^ , his new command. The Sharpshooters have made a fin* _ Impression since their arrival her*. TBI RKCJCTTION OF FREMONT'S PROCLAMATION BT THE PRKS1DKNT AND CABINET. r Gen. Fremont's proclamation, declaring the slaves af t rebels to be free men waa made aolelv on bla own ro fponilblllty, without any previous advice from tbo authorities here or consultation with them on the subject. It struck the entire Cabinet and the President with otter amazement, and for the first twenty-four hours thoy re, mained in a quandary, like the crow of a wrecked boat> daubed by tho surf high and dry upon the rocks, and lying round thinking what to do. Whether 1 it was right or wrong, prudent or imprudent, what would bo ita effect, especially in tho bastard neutral States and parts of states, whether to sanction it or countermand it. All these questions were freely and fully canvassed, when it was Dually unanimously determined that the proclamation 1 was just the right thing, made at precisely the right time, ? in exactly the right manner, and by the right man. Tims i Fremont, possessing In himself, like Andrew Jackson, tho rare combination of the soldier and the statesman, tri. umphs. PROBABLE KTFECT OF I'REMONT'8 PROCLAMATION ON 1 GARIBALDI?LATEST NKW8 FROM TUB ITALIAN . PATRIOT, I can givo you some very interesting particulars In re" I gard to the pni|ioaitlon of Garibaldi to join our army, and j the probability of his soon entering into the service of the ' United Stute.j. Nearly two months ago our Consul at Genoa f wrote toGarihaidl on the subject of our civil war. Garlbaldipromptly replied, saying that he"sighod lor retirement, but if the great cause of republican government?selfgovernment?free institutions?which is the samo throughout the world, was at stake," he might be induced to relinquish his long eborished hope of withdrawal from public life; and he begged the Consul to express to our government his deep sympathy In this hour of trial. Ho concluded* his letter with the significant inquiry whether this conflict would ro suit in the emancipation of the slave*# This correspondence was forwarded by our Consul to Secretary Seward, who communicated the same to tho President' Mr. Lincoln Immediately directed the Secretary of State to tender to Caribaldi, in the name of the President, tho appointment of Major General 1 in the American Army, If ho would take a part iu this great contest. Mr. Seward'* , reply to Garibaldi, addressed to our Consul at Geuoa, is one of the most elaborate, studied and or" nate pieces of rhetoric that has ever emanated from his pen, and will be admired when it comes to be published by the lovers of rhetoric throughout tho world. It was general lu Its terms, arguing the point so often presented to American readers, that if republican government own unu mviu is u<> uu|H) iur n any wnere rife; but as the government at that time lmd no policy in regard to ?be cniiflac.it ion and freeing of tho s'uves of rebel*, and tho Secretary of State di<l not know whether the government would adopt a policy on tliat subject, be dodged Gadib&ldi's main and important question, and made uo allusion to it vi hatevor. But now tbat General Fremont has made a policy for tho government on thin vexed qucsWon?in full barmony with Garibaldi's views?tbe friends of tbe Italian liberator arc sanguine that ho will Boon be hero to accept tbe proQurod commission in our army, THK UNION FUELING IN NORTH CAROLINA. News reached here to day that two hundred citizens of North Carolina bad arrived at Uatteras Inlet, declared themselves loyal clti7xnf, and detiied and woro permitted to take tho oath of allegiance. Those who arrived state that a strong feeling prevailed among the lwit |iortion of the people of North Carolina to crush tho rebellion and vindicate tho government. They gave assurance* that a large number of others would seek protection of tho govei nment at llatteras Inlet. MUSKET FIRING? EXCITEMENT IN WASHINGTON. Considerablo excitement was occasioned this afternoon by repeated discharges of musketry in tbe neighborhood of Fort Corcoran. Oomiunndi.ig po.-niium hero wcro so- n occupied, under suppositions of u jiending buttle bvit the firing proceeded from musket practice with blank cartridge. TUB nORSE POWHR OP THE NAVY PErATtTKENN? ORIGINAL VIEW OF SECRET ART WELLEfl. A reiwt has l*>'n very current here that immediately after Congress ordered twenty new gunboats, of live hundred horse p^wer each, Secretary Welles wrote to his brother in law, Mr. George D. Morgan, of New York, that ten thousand more horses would now bo wanted for these additional gunboats, and ho did not reo where in the world they were to be got. At first a great many bi I ieved this story to be truo, but It is now pretty gene/ally discredited;still, it is so ltn|x>rtant, at a time when the enemy's forces arc so noar us, to preserve the reputation of every member of the Cablnot from ridicule, that I think it might b? prudent, In the absence of Mr. Welles, for Acting Secretary Fox and Mr. Morgan to come out and contradict It, over their own signatures. T1IE CAPTAIN OF THE STEAMER It. B. FORBES, ETC. "Hie Imposition of Mr. John B. Alley, M. C. of Muss., in recommending the captain of tho K. B. Forbes, and then, after be got drunk, reprimanding the navy department for appointing him, as shown by Captain Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, does not stand alone. There will bo other richer developments of the looseness lu which members of Congress have lobbied business through the various departments of the government, for the purpose of making money hero and ]?litical capital at home. BKI'CLSE OF THE REBELS IN AN ATTEMPT TO CROSS THK TOTOMAC. last Wednesday me renew nroa rrom nn eminence at Groat Falls, slxtoen miles from Washington, upon a foody of our troops on tho Maryland sldo. Their rilled cannon, although |>erhapa a hundred times discharged, wounded only one of our men. Tlioy attempted to ford the river l>y constructing a temporary bridge with pinnies, whan tlK'T wero repulsed by the sharpshooters of the Pennsylvania Seventh, and a number of them killed. Tho rebels then retired from view, carrying with them their battory. OBSERVATIONS IN VIRGINIA. The followlng'are the results of earefnl and extended observations to-day on the Virginia side of tho Potomac:? A new and formidable battery has been discovered, commanding the Ijeesburg turnpike, about seven mile* from v the Chain Bridge. The felling of woeds by the rHiola exposed this battery to tho view of our troops. Owing to the distance no guns were discernible, nor any largo body of trooj?. Men were, however, employed on ihefortilications to-day. ADVANCE OF OCR PICKETS. At daylight this morning our pickets advanced ono mile farther into Virginia, tho rebels retiring before them from the direction of Arlington. NO PAUSES TO CROSS THE POTOMAC. No parses whatever were issued to-day to cross the ro teniae. PARDON BY Tint PRESIDENT. The Preeidout has pardoned A. J. Clarke, who ha, served two years in the Wisconsin penitentiary,having been convictod of forging land warrants. GENERAL OBSERVANCE OF THE SABBATH. Tmre was a very genoral observance of Genoral McClellan's order In regard to tho Sabbath to-day, in all the cam)* In tho army of the Potomac. Religious aer. vices were held in many of tho camps, and excellent instructions imparted to tho troops by their spiritual ad* v leers. UNION MEETING IN ALBANY. Auunv, Sept. 8,1881. At a TTnlon meeting held in this city last ovening the following named gentlemen were elected delegates to the People's Convention on the 10th Hon. John K. Porter, Hon. Andrew J. Colvin, Alexander Greer, H. H. Martin, Hon. Georgo Wool ford, John McF.voy, Gen. John S. Van Kensaeiaer, wm. u. acou, u>i. w. J. tiarcouri, it'>n, James D. Wasson, J. H >ward King, Hiram Perry, George Downing, James 0. Sullivan, Col. Bobt. L. Johnson and E M. Griflln. Resolutions wero adopted commending the Ron. P. SDickinson Tor hi* bold and patriotic courso, declaring that all former party strife should be buried and forgotten in one common effort to put down treason and sustain the government, recommending that but one tickct be nomi nated at the approaching conventions, to be composed of men without regard to former party associations; and also recommending that lion. D. S. Dickinson be pluced on the State ticket. | i RK H SEPTEMBER 9, 1861. THE REPORTED DEATH OF JEFF. DAVIS. Loi'MTiixa, Sept. 8,1801. The city is (tall of contradictory and unreliable rumors, among which Is ono that a dcspatcb from Jeff. Davis to friend wus exhibited to Mr. Johuson, chairman of the Sonate committee to visit the federal and confederate military authorities In Western Kentucky. sayluK that ho (Davis) approved of the Confederate occupation of Hickman and Oolumbuj. Some excitement ?u created by Roussans' brigade being drawn up In line on the Indiana side to receive Col. Whitaker, which gave rise to reports that the brigade was on the march to Muddorough's lllll and various other places In Kentucky. Thore is an immense stampede of Jews southward, who have been engaged tu running goods into tho Southern confederacy, caused by a report that tho trains on the I<oui?vlllo and Kushville Railroad would probably be stip.Hid to tnorri w. A Richmond correspondent of the Memphis Apptal, ?n der date of the 28th of August, gay a:? The lllnr*8 of the l'resl lent for several days pant has IncujKicitaled him wholly fur public business, even to tho signing of bills, and the public coin eni ence demands tho completion of tnach important work before our lugmLators can disperse. PvnjknKi.rnu, Sept. 8,18fil. A Rallor belonging to the brig Joseph, which was cap turcd by tho privateer Savannah In Juno last, has arrived here, llo left Richmond on Tuesday 1ant. IIo heard nothing of the death of Jell'. Davis. IIo paw him ou tho Suuday previous, when ho appeared as well as tu>ual. IMPORTANT ARRESTS IN BALTIMORE, ETC. Hamivomc, Sept. 8, 1801. Some important arrests have been made w ithin tho last twenty-four hours w Inch do credit to tho vigilance of tho government. On Saturday night the officers arretted. M. J. Orady and nineteen others, mostly residents of tho Eighth ward, at tho North Point Monument House, on tbo Trap road, about eight miles fr< m the city, who were endeavoring to niako their way to Virginia. The parly had gone thither in throe wagons, and were to have embarked in a schooner, probably for Eastern Shore, Md.,and thence to Virginia. Among the articles seized was a quantity of blue flannel, bc\e al military uniforms, packages of letters, medicines, be.,and a rebol flag. The whole party were taken to Fort Mc Henry thin morning. About daybreak this morning A. Williamson, (loin*? business us a coachmaker at No. bo German street, was arrested, charged with treason against the govcrumeut. A few J a yp previous it wag ascertained thai lie had i>uen engaged by certain parties to make a wagon with a falsi top and bottom, to facilitate dm transmits ion of contraband adtirles south of On Potomac. The ac cused, after being closely watched, was arrested in tho said wagon, with a pair of e\callent horses, Just as ho was about leaving iho shop. At first lie proti sted his innocence and invited an Investigation. The |h>I1co soon demonstrated tbat thny wore better acquainted with the (socrets of bis wagon than whs supposed, and quickly drew from Its secret recesses atnplo evidence of the guilt of som.i one. The vehicle had a false floor, and as the police quietly removed it the accused exclaimed, '-My God, I am a rulued man!" The articles found embraced, among other things, homo twenty large sizo navy revolvers, of superior quality, a quantity of gold laoe, red flannel, and a package of about 120 letters, addressed to parties in l'eters' burg, Richmond, Norfolk and Fairfax. Some from several first class business houses in Baltimore. Tim letter" and other articles woro sent to General Dlx. Williamson was also sent to Fort Mc Henry. Grady is one of Marshal Kane's police. It is understood that among the letters seized were gome addressed to officers in the rebel army, and to Mrs. Joif. Davis. General Dix has issued an order Interdicting all communication with iho State prisoners at Fort MuIIcnry. Patses hereU'foi. ienwd are countermanded. ARREST OP A SUPPOSED SECESSIONIST. A NEW YOKK LAWYER SENT TO KOttT LAFAYJCTTE. A despatch was received by the lKilice authorities on Saturday last from tho Secretary of State to arrest and hand over to Colonel Martiu Burke, commanding nt Fort Lafayette, Algernon S. Sullivan, a lawyer, wlmeo office is at 50 Liberty street. Ho was arrested at his residence, No. 84 West Fourteenth street,on Saturday evening by 8?rg' ant Ijefferts and detective Bennett, and Uken to Fort Ijilnyette yesterday morning. Mr. Sullivan is one of the counsel engaged iu the defence of the pirate captain aud some others of tho crew of tho privateer Savannah. He admits having written several letters to persons residing in the South, but denies that they contained anything of a treasonable nature. Tho letters were of a business clia racier, and referred solely to the defence ef tho privateersmen. llr. Sullivan hails from the West, but It.>4 resided iu this city for a number of years. One of his brothers is a nienitiar of die Thirteenth Indiana regiment, aud was with (enteral Met'lellali at the battle of Rich Mountain; another brother is reported to be iu command of an Ohio regiiusnt. RECEPTION TO MR. WRIGHT, EX-MINISTER TO RERUN. Ikdiamapolth, Tnd., Sept. S, 1S6J. Hon. Joseph A. Wright, exMinister to lfetrJln, arrived borne on Saturday. Ho was greeted at tho depot by a large crowd of citi?tis, and escorted to the Slat* House square, were ho woj welcomed In a patriotic speech by General Dimmont. Mr. Wright, in response, naid ho did not como home to talk of parties or poli tical platforms, when tho institutions of hit; country wore assaulted. He had nothing to do with them. The constitution must bo preserved and this great rebellion will be put down. Ho would suiUiln Mr. Lincoln's administration in every effort to sustain the government. He would never agroo In a division of this country. We must be one people. He wtui for this country flrst, laU and ail the time, and for the prosecution of the war to a successful termination,and for uch purpose would put forth every exertion. NEWS FROM TllE SOUTH. Lorraviixjt, Sept. 8,1881. The Charleston Mercury of the 6th says that Captain Coxetta, nf the brig Jeff Davis, has arrived. He has boen presented with a watch, ftc. The captain says that for fully two weeks he was cruising for the yacht Kobcoca, Captain J. G. Bennett, Jr., but w ithout success. The Qiarl'mtoo (inurirr of the 6th says that the whole coast at St. Aacukttee Is hledmle*, aad-repert* several vessels ladea frith crfse aa4 hrnHa rah the blockade o? the 20th ult.,tinder ft heavy lire froas Hie blockading fleet. The Floridifxne think their batteries wfll effectually protect them against federal Invasioa. The planters arc unanimously resolved not tosUp aoy Sea island cotton eithor North or South, the entire crop being plecged to the Confederacy. The Nashville Union and Amrrvywi, of the 7th, sayB thnt 3,500 Union troops occapied Paducah on Friday, taking possession of tho telegraph olllco, Marine Hospital, and branch bank of l?uisvllle, the cola froui which having been rcmovod before their arrival, The editor thinks the movement indicative of an attempt to Invade Tennessee from that direction. Tho Charleston MTeury correspondent, from Goldsboro, N. C., of the 6th, says all ts quiet, but no sickness exists, uo expectation of on attack, and ao Indication* of movements to beat off the invaders from their present possession. Rirn*oin>, Sept. 4,1861. Urgent requests have been made to place Captain Hi sgg In command of the threatened district of North Carolina. Passengers from ManiusM Kay that tho rebel* killed I three hundred federals, Inning twenty, in a sharp ukirminh, on the 4th, taking possession of an important hill near Arlington Hoiglits. Ttoravuxi, Sept. 8,1841. A special despatch to the Knoxville Register from Lynchburg,6th, says our forces art pushing forward toward Washington. Ball's Hill, wJtiich the rebels took yesterday after a sharp fight, brings us throe mile* nearer Washington than heretofore, and our flags are now in full sight of the camp, court and capital of the Lincoln government. Tuc Clai ksville Jrfferwnian says the cars gninjr southward have been crowded tho past ten days ?llh Southerners, who were compelled to flee to avoid being pressed Into tha federal service. There was quite a number of them from Missouri. A atrial dci|>atch te tho Richmond DL<patch of the 6th says that tieneral Albert Sidney Johnson,sener General in the Confederate army, has arrived, and it Is expected will be aligned to duty at Warwssa*. The Richmond /h-va/rk learns that Meneral Lee was at Valley klomitaii) on the2Tih ult., waiting for fair weather and good roads to ooDimence operations, i ho I'aion troops are ttroiig'v p stod at Btalnaker's. at oat twelve miles distant, between there and UutlonviU*. I ERA! OPERATIONS ON THE COAST. ARRIVAL OP THE STEAMER QUAKER CITY. BUB BKINUH HEV UN 1'KISONKRS FltOM TUB RKBKL 8CUOONEK U. MUUDLKTON-?T1IB WO Kit MIE U AS DONE, KTti. The United States blockading Btoamer Quaker City arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard yerterday from Fortress Monroe. Slits brought on and landed at Fort liifiiyette h?vod rel*l prinoniTS, captured from the iclioon<<r H* Middleton. The Quaker City has been connuntly em?)Al'A/t /?n thu !< > nt IliA mAiith nf ?K?> (1u?n ?iuuil/n Bay, between Cape Henry and Cnpo Ohartefl, a dlatance of | twelve miles, and a elation she was otnlnenlly fitted to I occupy, owing to her speed and ll^ht draught of water. 8ho ha* been constantly under ptuum for seventy nine day*, arid during that time her name ha* become ? terror to the riO e!s who Hue the *hores of I.ynn Haven Hay,as also to such of the "evil dUpoMd" and "*llpp<'ry heeled" small craft, who have toought to elude the bk>ckade by taking to Iho sliealer channel* of the bay. The Quaker City having been purchased by the government, and the term of service of her crew having expired, she come* to New York to bo refitted and re-organized, mid will return a* quickly u possible to tbo blockade. Tlie following Is a list of hor officers-? Cimman 'rr?Overton Carr, United States Nary. Acting M'vUr awl r? OJFicrr?Samuel W. Mather. Mulnhif tiwin?A. U. MoConntck. Aldfrt?J. McttorKiick, F. Mallory, T. M. FarroU. P. J. Hargo.m, ,lr. I'tiymattfr?K. J. Tlullny. Suri/enn?V/wurd it. Dnlton, M. D. t'hi'f Enqiwr?.Solon Farron. At ihtv/ En ,infers?W in. It. I'endleton, Geo. F?rror,J. L. I oak'-, W. tiraliam, I'etor ltnbhisnn. Chuf SUward and Ca'erer?J< hn F. Mill*. Ttio Quukor City brought with lur the crew of tJte rebel schooner Henry Middle ton, which wns captured by the Vandalla on the 21st of August, off Charleston, while tho was attempting to run the b;0'-kade. It will be recollected tliat when she found she whs being p.irsued, and that e*capn was ijn|* sKible, the captain commenced throwing oveibeard all his paper* ami dcc.k load, but enough wa* found t>> condemn her. and *hn w?* according'y made a prize of and *enl North. The uteam tri?ato Roiiuoke transferred IIm? prisoners taken to the junker City, and she in turn, ii|?>ii her arrival liere. placed tie m in Korl UhjrMto (or Hh keeping. When tli>t *?>en the Middleton raided the Kngli*h colors, but the rutsu did not answer, and she was obliged to surrender to a superior for*. L-ga! unaaurr* Iuiva been taken by the liultod state* District Attorney lor the condomnation of tho ves. sel and cargo. The following arc the name* of the crew brought on hv the Quaker City:? ( ha*. ll/irkle, llen.j. Ckrgcn, Samuel Bennett, Robert Hon I, William Sims, J. Clifton, A. Strew. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE AND IIATTEUAS INLET. Fortius* Moxno*. Sept. 7,1881. Commodore Strlnghim reached Old I'olnt to day. Ills flag ship ha* not arrived. 'Iho Harriet Lane hit* nailed from Now York, In consequtnee ol new orders from the Commodore. The George l'eabody arrived liut nlglit from lift Unas Inlet, bringing recent intelligence and a number of fugi llvo families, frnin the mouth of the Tur river, who m;inaged to escape to the Uilet. Tlie fortlfl^ati'itis at Ocracoke Inlet have httoa abandoned, nnd probably those at Oregon Inlet, some forty miles thin yiilo of Copo llattorss. A powerful steamer was ?oen Inside at the latter i>laco when the IVaboily t amo up yesterday. There Is no light at Hatterus, tho rebels having removed the letipes. No kiKUH "f a fortifli'fttion were to lie seen at the Cap?. It Ik supposed tlie rebcWtwM make a stand ut For4 Macon, a st rung casematod woik, guarding the approach to Beaufort. Kefugees from North Carolina report that the lower counties ef the .State are ready to boiet the Union Hag when nssured of sup|iort. A perfect reign of terror exists. Tho Ptato troops were iu part returning from Virginia. A prominent clergyman declared at llatteras Inlet, should a federal fort e invade the main land near ileuufort, it would at ouce 1<? Joined by 2,000 North Carolina Unionists. Tlie captain of the Teabody counted twenty five wreck? between Capon Iluiteras and Henry. Colonel Max Weber will return to Old Point and Col# nel Hawkins' force will be greatly strengthened. Colonel ltcndtx has been placed in command of the New York Tenth regiment. Tho weather at Old Point la intensely hot. OUR HATTER AS INLET CORRESPONDENCE. Hatieras Inuct, Sept. 4,1801. The Accident to the Harriet iMne?limn She vut Got Off? The Amwrtf of Damage Done?Colunel Ifaukint Smearing in the People of the Nei'jlthnrlwrtd?Their Union Spirit? The Necfsrittj if /.igfU Draft Koait?A Depot for I'rivateert?Thc R>M />?* at I latter ru Inlet, <te., <fc. Having writ ton you a hasty account of the doings of the naval forces at this place by the flirt conveyance that left after the capture or fort? ("lark and Hatteras, I now send you a few more items of interest to your readers. To begin with, the most gratifying occurrence since the capture of this place, is the saving of the Harriet lane. After pounding for two dayn and nights on tho bottom, she was finally got into deep water by the exertions of ollicers and men H?iit from tho L'nitnd States steamer S'is quehanna. It wan very fortunate that good weather prevailed during tho time, otherwise she would have gons to destruction at nuce. Slio ha5 proved herself a very strong vessel; the hull does not apjiear to have suffered in the least, but her ma hincry is partially disabled, owing to sand being taken in through the Injection pipes, ami In hat way ailing up the channel ways anil air pumps, and bending some of the rotU, all of which can soon be rectlfl 'il, but the most sorious damage is to one of hT boilers, which tins been so aiin'igcu 111 ium bottom by Uie pounding of the ship that it Is nearly or qui to useless. All h?;r coal was thrown o\ or hoard, u\a<i all her ammunition and broadside guns; but the pivot or bow gun wag not disturbed. I lad she be** lout, the rebels would havo sworn that they sunk her; licnce, I consider that the simple fact of saving her Is worth more than ten tiroes her eost, and render* the whole adair perfect iucce.ia. We did not lose a man, or anything else worthy of nolo. Colonels Hawkins and Max Webber are busily engaged putting their respective forts In the best possible state ef defence; Uie former is in Fort Clark, and the latter Ik Fort Hutteraa. Colonel, Hawkins baa Weea very ki?f the hist twe 4sf? wealing in tke inhabitant* of this viciaity, two husdred ef whoa have alroady been sworn In. They say they havo always buen Union men, and iutend so to remain. Out of a vote of two hundred and forty only seventeen wero for secession. I liave seen a copy of a potltlon to the Oovornor of the State from Iheso people, I m pier lug him not to press thom Into the ranks, stating that they did not vote for secession and don't want it. One ef the secession party has gor.e over to report these people for takiag the oath of allegiance to Undo Sam; hunce they are very uneasy for fear of being punished, and have applied to Goloael Hawkins for protection. An Immense number of letter* havo been found In various shanties adjoining the forts, all of them showing conclusively that Becsaion and the war are very unpopular, and that impressment is the principal mode by which their trooi* are obtained. The letter* referred to arc of iti; ucscrijiiions, uiuciai, dihiuch, ij-.tuuiy ano luve. In aletter writtoa at Williamat-on, the writer says tluiL she would send something nloe, if it could be had, but that nothing is to be had but bread and meat, and dim* and bread. There are two letter* of considerable into, rest tbat I will endeavor to get for you, or at all evoata I will got copies, If possible. One it written by the arehtraitor Jeff. Davis, and the othsr by ex-Senator liiggs, of North Carolina. This place is of m>ich importance to the rebel.', and should In ooosoqueaee be beld by Uncle Sam. If wo only (u?d one or two light draught steamers, such as tho 0. M. Petit, Young America or Cores, tugboat* from Now York, and which, I believe, have been secured by the government, the entire inland navigation of North Carolina coald be sloppod; also rtie outlet for Norfolk. The capturing of this place has struck terror into the surrounding Ports and batteries, and all wo waat now ia some light draught steamers for the inland navigation. ThU has proved a blow fa the right direction. On the night of the 1st the enemy baraed everything in tho battery at Oregon tulet that they could not take away, and have gone to Koonoke Island to strengthen that position,but a light draught steamer would command their channel and rentier their fortifications null. On tbe Light of the 2d tbo lortiflcatioBs at Ocracoke Inlet were destroyed by the enemy and then they made tracks. The plan of sinking hulks loaded with stones in the channel at this fi'a.'e, and then abandoning It alter destroy itig tho forts. Arc., Ac.. is not, In my opinion, a good one, lor the fact in that the mouth of the in 1st is so very ' \ LiD. PRICE TWO CENTS. wide, thai should you flop up lhi> pr.wnt channel uu other uue would Reou be made, an the water will have a pnsasge. This lim been a regular hot bed for prlvatcerx. . They would lay Infttde this Inlot, and anything that cam* along they would run out an ' oipture with a meamur, and in a Tew hourM thoy would b note lunula tbe wound again, and under the guiie of their battery. On the In inht. the Susquehanna run oir to Hp ak some schooners that wero bound North, all of wliich would bave bacti raptured had the place been in the of the roh In. tin? i - * ikk" u?' of Now York. She win taken by the I'owhabtu, willi a prize crow on board. She had boon captured by tho I Si niter. She left the Southwest pvs on llio lMh, tu charge of the sa:lm >ker, ami is bound for t'liilad Iphm. In my previous communication I stale 1 (but there were six killed and forty eight w? oiled, but 1 ?in now Mitisllrd that there were at lei>-t forty-nix Killed ail i seventy live wouuilnl. I have bwii a ration account showing that two days before the ll<lil they nerved out rations U> 171 nion, ami an we captnied <M>0 prisoners, It shows a loss to the enemy of 121 killed and wounded. Two out ol tbo throe wo.indcd left at the fort have since <'l d. Yesterday two schooners arrived from W.iKhingtoti ami the country bordering ou tho sound with a ui.iubor of ' families seeking protection from the Iron rule of rebellion. OUB NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. Vnmut States SiI<? Krkiatk Koavoki, \ Ort CIURJ.1KION, Sept. 1, lKtil. J ".viiJ, Ho"?The MoiwUmy Jirok n?Yae Roanoke and 1'unUalia A/hr a Strange Sail?A View qf Fort Sumter? Arrival of th* Wat-ask?Escape cf the Rebel Craft?Departure of the Roanoke from VharksUm?Arrival off Hampton Roadt, etc., dr. Thi? (Sunday) morning tho usual dull monotony of our blocking life was relieved by the cry from the masthead of "Sail, ho!" Although It was rather early iu the mornmg? about half pant four o'clock?everybody wan iu a ? fi't t time turnol out of their huuiniot k.i, and tho word passed to up aui'bnr. Signals were mado from our Flag ((Hirer, I'endoigrast.on the Vaudalia, th.it lay ataniUor a short distance from us, to get under way, and 1 must say I never saw a ship got under sail iu any quicker tltue ttian she was. At six o'clock we wcro under mourn and sail,following In the wake of tho Vundalta, far in sl>> re, after * the strange rail. As we nrared her sho proved to bo a hermaphrodite bi ig of about two hull Ired tons burthen, ss near as we could judge by looking through our glasses. Sho wan cruising down the coast from the North, mid as they sow both our vessels after her, she mado for In closer to chore or the bar. Via ox pec tod to be able to cut her olT before alio could gahi the enhance of til* harbor, and for about a half an hour it was an exciting time on board our (hip, sb I have no doubt it was more so on our trango craft. Never has our ship worked better on the cruise, or the engine worked iu better oid r th ui this morning. Some of our sharp lookouts at tho mastheads or more eligible |>osillous, with good glasses thought they could distinctly discern the crew of the strauge craft throwing overboard some of their cargo, and other* see them lowering away their boats to make their escape; but, bo that as it may, of one lli.ng 1 aiu quite certain, we ilnl l?*t I,v4?rl,ni,l It .r TI.? V.?.I.. ? ............. I- ... hIiv dure, ta< ked and left (tic c'loau touur big mountain <f u ship. 1 must Kay we showed our pluck to lh? last, run. i ning lutu fnur ami a hull fathoms of water, wh.le wu are | drawing twenty three fe? t, anil theu was Jo. ted to gi\o | up axfclid the Vandalia. It was very annoying to bo lure, but there WM on? gratlllcatlon and tliai whs w? hail a Uno cUanoo to see KurtSumter, a nearer Mijjlit than we wlil probably, many of us, ever get again. As h? moved off from the little rebel He Imoncr tile saucy little vixeu r> n up tlie Secession llug, aim Moultrie and Sumter b th, on this occasion, ran up much larger spreads of bunting ill in URnal. 1 expoeted every moment to hear a L'MI from Simler or a shell from tliitt quarter coming toward us. As thu chose was progressing a little ribul steamer, th 4 was evl ent.y in great tribulation for the result, could be seen poking her now from the sea shore beyond Morris In.and. Wo eon Id distinctly see the smoke, but she Old not venture far out from the land. Of course, our failure to secure this prise created considerable talk among the ship's rotn|iaiiy, and it may ho safely stated that there was a great many mad and iinligiiunt follows that went to their breakfast* that morning on our two ships, and I reckon a few happy robots on tho little craft and Also on shore, that had participated anil watched tho excitement. Iloubt ess our Charleston friends had a glorious time, if |( was Sunday, and I don't know m I could blame tliem ahy, for It was c Ttainiy a daring piece of business on the part of the rebel prlvatee rumen, and they gave u* the slip most etl"ctlvely. Nevertheless, this is one of the fortunes and Incidents of war. or of a man of war, and It is not to be expected tint all tho good luck Is always to be on our side. CMiM we havf got under weW'h half an hour sooner wo wonld have bi os able to gel within range of our guns of tho little seh.iottor, and then It would h ive been all day with lier; but unfortunately we did not. and so some of the others of our fleet will soon got a chance after her. IThttfo Statw Frkiat* Roanokr, 1 Of* Hamjtow Roads, Sept. 0, 1881. > We left Charleston on Sunday morning, on the arrival of the Wabash that brought th* details of the successful attack and capturo of Hatteras Inlet. On Wednesday, in latitude33 deg. 44 rnin. and longitude 77 dog., we had a chase after a strange sail, which turned out to bo the Jlrilish schooner Charles D. XJorton, from Jamaica to Now York, loaded with logwood. We boarded her and found her papers all correct. On Thursday fell tn with the sloop of war Cumberland; received a letter bag from her, and kept on our course. The Cumberland Is cruizing oil the < 'ape of Hatteras. We took from the Wabash three Invalids, to be returned mi uuk|mui?nuicuD i. mcnarason, quartermaster; Michael Morrison, ship's corporal, and Famuel Woolcott, a iKiy?otherwise lb* crew of the Wabash were all wnll. There was no one injured at the Hatteros engagement. The Wabash received two (shots In her hull, one of Uii m still enibeded in her timbers, but no damage of any great consequence. Her ringing suffered som what from the phot, but Hhe r.nma Into Charleston In good order, louking. on bright ** a new dollar, forty-eight hour* after the suri ouUur of the fort*. The Now LlghthouMi at th? Highlands of Naveilnk. TFIK WORK BBOUN, BUT BTOFPKT) FOR WANT 0* funds?a full i)E8cuiption of tub nkw liootHOUSK BUILDINGS. ijihl winter it was decided to build two new lighthouses at the Highland!) of Naveslnk, where ore now located two towers. These were built In 1848, and have been of great service to the marine Interests. One of the lights is a first order fixed Fresncl light, and the other a aeeoad order revolving light of the same patters, the first being in tbe north tower and the latter In the south tower. Tbe towers are situated ono hundred yards apart, and are painted white. Tbe lanterns nro two hundred and forty eight feet above the level of the sea; the fixed light caabc seen in ordinary weather at a distance ?f twenty nautical miles, while the revolving light can be seen twenty-flve nautical miles. Their location Is ln40deg., 23min.,42sec. north latitude, and 73 deg., 68 min.,49 sec. west longitude. Owing to the exposed situation of the towers they have suffbrod considerably by the violent gales of the pant thirteen years?so much so that one of thaaa Is very badly tracked, and the ether leans over more tbaa on* foot from tbe plusnb line. Although they are not considered unsafe just at present, they aro to In superseded by two new and beautiful towers, the plans of which are different from any lighthouses extant. Early this summer the work of building commenced and tbe foundations were laid, and at the present time one tower is up about thirteen feet, while the other is only about six feet in altitude. Tho style of the work Is Romanesque, and the towers are connected with a building which will bo occupied by tho keeper aad his assistants. The centre building will be twenty-eight feet la height, and the wings or continuation of the building will be each eighteen feet In height by forty feet front and forty feet deptb. The whole is to be surmounted by a heavy cornice and moulding aud capped by a battlement ruanine the entire length. The towers are octagonal, with corresponding trim, mlngs. The whole length of the structure, Including the tower*, Will be two hundred and fifty feet. The south tower will have an altitude to the focal plana of fifty feet, and the altitudo of the north tower to tho focal plane will be fifty-five feet. The lanterns will b? each twolre feet higher. A portion of tho main building on oitber sido will be usod for workshops and oil storerooms, and a covered gangway will run from each tower, connecting with all of the rooms in the building, so that in posing from place to place the residents will bo protected from the weather. The Intorlor of the building will be plainly fitted up and Iron stairways will be used, and everything will be done to make them flre-proof. The entire structure Is being constructed of North Belleville (S. J.) freestone. Last wesk th# work wait stopped for the want of funds. An appropriation was made by Congress for sufficient moneys to build them, but at present the funds are fa us* for war purposes, so that Captain A. U. Pennock, U. S. K., who has charge of tho work, is cot able to go oa with It. As soon as the new towers arc completed the old ones will bo torn down. Tho new lowers will not only be of a durable character, but of a beautiful design, and an or&auieut tu our harbor.