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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 09, 1861, Image 4

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Volume XXVI. No. 350
amusements this evening.
VINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.?Cinderh.la?Cool AS
NEW BOWERY THBATRR. Bowory.-Buu. Run?Cool
AS a I ul'umubu?ilalfaunu a.1V AUMIi
and Ert-ning?Tina i hik? Ai.l? i.uvk !* I.ivkrk-Uirro
rotauuh, Uba Lion, and Othbb Ccbiobitibs.
BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hall, 472 BroadWay.?
Softos, Iiascks, liusutaauica, Ac.?Wiua Awakk.
bom.s, Gamubb, Bublbhupks. 40.? 1bbla.su in 1A&J.
CANTERBURY MUSIO HALL, 085 Broadway.-Sonoi,
GAIETIES CONORRT ROOM, ?16 Broadway.?Drawing
Boom Entbbtainbbntb Ballbts. I'antobibbh, Karcbd, Ac.
AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL, 4M Broadway.?Songs, BalUrii>.
1'antomibb.i. Ac.?>1 <ih'bradb Ball.
Bvblimuuk.i. Songs. Danckd, AC.?Black Stati b.
New York, Monday, September 0,1801.
wuu WAlt MAPS.
The numerous maps, plans and diugrams of
v operations of the Union and rebel troops in
rginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Missippi
and Missouri rivers, which have been publedfrom
time to time in the Nkw York Hrkalp,
now printed on one sheet, and is ready for
. livery. Agents desiring copies are requested to
ocnd in their orders immediately. Single copies
aix cents. Wholesale price the same as for the
Wholly Hkbald.
Prom Western Virginia the news is of an important
character. General liosecrans is reported a,,
having crossed the mountain in full force, and the
pickets had even been fired upon by the rebels at
ft distance of four ?iles from the main camp. Thin
movement of General Rosecrans is one of great
moment, and if the rebels will but stand fire, the
Intelligence of a battle of some consequence may
be received very soon.
The news from Washington is of a very momentous
charaoter. The Minister of the Russian Emperor
delivered a document from his Imperial Majesty,
sympathizing strongly with the government
f the United States in their present troubles. Mr.
Beward returned a reply of grateful acknowledgment.
General Fremont's proclamation caused at first
ome excitement among the members of the Cabinet,
but has since been fully endorsed by them.
It is expected that the document nay have some
effect upon the actions of Garibaldi relative to the
present contest.
The Sabbath waa particularly observed yesterday
among the camps in accordance with the special
order of General McClellan. The pickets kept
?p a desultory fire during the day, and even at one
me a general engagement waa expected, but
ightfall brought quiet once more. j
Reports were prevalent in the capital that tbe
ebela had broken camp at Manassas and were advancing
upon Washington, bat the rumors were
Hot credited by General McClellan. All the works
below Alexandria and above Washington were
now considered capable of resisting any attack the
rebels could make upon them. Several attempt*
had been made by the rebels to cross the Potomac
In the neighborhood of General Banks' and General
Btone's forces, but had in all cases been efficiently
General MoClcllan has personally made an
Beranautical ruconnoisance, but the result of his investigations
has not transpired.
The government has been adopting a vigorous
policy with some of the rebel sympathizers at Balmore.
Twenty of them were arrested a few mileb
from the city on Saturday night, while on their
Way to Virginia. They had in their possession
Wagons, horses, military uniforms, flannel, medicines,
ft rebel flag and a number of letters,
all of which were taken possession of
by the government. A wagon maker was also arrested
in Baltimore for making a wagon with false
floors, Ac., beneath which were discovered a number
of contraband articles and letters from important
Baltimore citizens to prominent rebels in
Virginia. The documents and other articles were
sent to General Dix. An order has been issued by
n,.~ 1 J!?
as ucuciii uuiuuiauuiiiK pruuioiling ail communication
with the State prisoners in Fort MoHenry,
to which place some of those thus recently arrested
have been sent.
The intelligence from Fortress Monroe and Hattcras
Inlet continues to confirm the reports of the
returning loyal feeling of the residents of North
Carolina. Another fort is reported as being
evaouated "doubtless preparatory to its surrender
to the government. It is further reported that if
the Union troopB should invade Beaufort they
would be supported by a large number of North
Carolinian loyalists. Commndoro Stringham had
arrived at Old Point in advance of his flagship.
The Quaker City arrived yesterday at the Brooklyn
Navy Yard, bringing seven prisoners from the
rebel schooner H. Middleton. The robels were
landed at Fort Lafayette.
It is rumored in Missouri that Generals Rains and
Price had captured Fort Scott, with all the stores,
arms, ammunition, Ac. Colonel Montgomery and
forccs are said to be prisoners, but the whole
h' .itement requires confirmation.
The Proridence line of steamers, which arrive
r' this port daily, have for Rome time past brought
?> '. freight Urge quantities of cotton from the
ti >ve port, for shipment to Europe. The Pelican,
*iiich arrived yesterday morning, had some 200
The Third Rhode Island regiment, numbering
'to men, raak and file, under the command of Col.
1 \nuing, arrived yesterday in the steamer Comi
>dore, and were landed at Fort Hamilton, where
liy will encamp.
)n the 30th of August, when the last report was
> .dc up, there were eight huidred and fifty-Ave
. vk and wounded soldiers in the hespitals at Washington,
Georgetown and Alexandria, and of these
' three hundred and sixty-two belonged to State of
Mi w York regiment*.
Nathaniel B. Baker, who has been nominated an
the Union candidate for Governor of Iowa, waa the
last democratic Governor of New Hampshire. After
his defeat in 1865 he emigrated to Iowa, where he
took a prominent part in politics, and wan chosen
Adjutant General of the State.
In accordance with the finding of a court martial,
General McClellan hus ordered William Scott, of
Company K, Third Vermont regiment, to be shot
to-day, for sleeping on his post while on pickct
The Toronto (Canada) Leader, a paper in the
employ of the secessionists, is continually working
itncir into a passion over the fear that citizens of
Cunada will enter the Union army. It imagines
that invitations have already been sent to a number
of individuals to join a Scottish regiment,
which is raising in the Provinces, and it therefore
warns the federal government not to go too far in
this work. We have not heard of any ono being
frightened as yet.
The following is the official vote cast at the
August election for State Treasurer in Kentucky:?
J. H. Garrard, Union 83,161
Two secession candidates 1(?,006
Union majority 67,146
In tho face of this, the secessionists are again
clamoroas for the " sentiments" of the people.
Parson Brownlow, tho valiant and fighting editor
of the Jtnoxville (Tenn.) Whig, has really come
down and took his position on tho secession platform.
Hut a few days ago he announced that
when he wuntcd to go to Satan's dominions he
would cut his throat and take the short way, but
that he would never attompt to roach those localities
by the long road through Jeff. Davis' Southern
confederacy. It appears that the reverend gentleman
has finally concluded to take the " long road,"
und is now fairly on his travels to the place above
referred to.
The vote for Governor of Vermont at the recent
election will foot up about as follows:?
llolbrook, republican and Union 40,000
Tracy, Union and republican 2,000
Smallcy, democrat 3,000
To-day the annual election will be held In Maine.
The executive is the ouly State office to be filled,
lor which the republican)! have nominated tor reelection
Israel Washburn, Jr. The democrats,
ifter having a very pretty family quarrel in their
convention, divided, and brought out separate
tickets. The hard shells or "peace" secessionists
nominated John W. Dana, and the Unionists concluded
to run Colonel Charles W. Jamison, who
was in command of the Second Maine regiment.
There can be no mistake about the result, as the
vote for Govern< r last fall will conclusively show,
l'he result was as follows:?
Vashburn, (republican) 69,4CJ
Smart, (democrat) 61,37b
Barnes, (national Union) 1,720
St. Anne's Roman Catholic church, oorr.er of
Front and Cold streets, Brooklyn, was solemnly
dedicated yesterday by Bishop Laughlin. Father
(ileeson is the pastor.
Tho cotton market was steady and Arm on Saturday,
though less active. The sales embraced about 700 bales,
closing at 22c. a 22 ^c. for middling uplands. The re
ceiptsof flour continued to bo light, which tended to re itriot
transactions, while price* were firm. Who<it was
.a fair demand, and early In tho day was firm; but tho
market closed dull and hoavy for must descriptions. Corn
was heavy and easier, while sales wore tolerably active,
chiefly for Kastorn porta and for export, at 49c. for good
Western mixed. Pot It was heavy and dull, with sales oi'
mess at $13 75 a $14, and of pritno at $9 76, with small
>ots of heavy barrels at $10. Sugars wore Arm and active,
with sales of 2,000 hhds. at full price*. Coffee was
llrm, with sale* of 2,.100 bags Klo at 13\c. a 16c., and 260
mats prime Java at 20c. Freights to English ports wore
slaok and rather easier for grain to Liverpool, while
rate* to Havre and other Continental porta were unchanged.
I'll* Emperor of Rnula Speak* (br the
Union?A Magnificent Letter.
It is with no ordinary satisfaction that we
nbmit to our readers this morning the broad,
generous and enlightened views of the Emperor
of Russia on tho subject of our Southern rebellion,
as communicated to our government
through the admirable letter of Prince Gort>cliakoff
to the Russian Minister at Washington.
Mark the delicacy with which, in this imperial
communication, our present overshadowing
lomestio troubles and dangers are approached.
The Czar, modest! v nlejiriinc tho nr!vilr>< nf on
old and constant friend, cannot resist the desire
to assure our government and our people of his
sympathies for the cause of our Union, and
of his wishes to see it re-establvhed in its
integrity. Carefully avoiding theVofficious
, character of a partisan, and every pretension
of a judge between the two divisions of
our country in arms against each other, the
Emperor puts forward an appeal for the Union
which leaves no loophole for a double construction.
Sympathizing with the success of
our united country, tho prosperity of our peo
pie, and the unexampled developement of a
powerful nation under our popular institutions,
llussia, bestriding the continents of Europe and
Asia, and standing high above the contemptible
jealousies of England, has failed to discover the
elements of an independent power in the spurious
government of our rebellious Confederate
It requires no profound researches into the
antecedent relations of England and Russia
with the United States to enable us to reach a
just conclusion between the equivocal neutrality
and "belligerent rights" presented by England,
on the one hand, touching our so-called Southern
confederacy, and, on the other hand, the
clear and unequivocal attitude of Russia. We
perceive at once that while England regards
our country united as a great rising commercial
rival which it is her interest and her purpose to
put down, Russia regards the maintenance o^
our Union as essential to the balance of power
in both hemispheres. Nor can we doubt in thiB
connection the solicitude expressed by the
Czar in reference to our domestic security, happiness
and prosperity. Ilis views upon this
point are those of an enlightened and inquiring
statesman, devoted to the cause of Union, law
and order, and against disintegration, discordu
>tnd anarchy.
We incline to the opinion that our loyal people
wiH not consider the very brief letter of
Mr. toward in reply to Prince GortschakofT as
equal to tbe occasion. We think that Mr. Sew.
ardhaa neglected a fine opportunity for a tell,
ing exposition to the W *tern Powers of Europe
of this American question. But, however
this may be, we have no doubt that this admirable
and seasonable letter from St. Petersburg
will create a more profound sensation in the
British Cabinet than that resulting from the
battle of Bull run. Lords I'almersten and Russell
will discover from this Russian view of
American afTairs that an English continental ..alliance
with the German States against Louis
Napoleon will probably be met by an alliance
including France, Italy and Russia.
At all eventa the double-dealing statesmen of
England will be apt to recognise in this letu-i
of instructions to the Russian Minister at Washington
a rebuke and a warning entitled to respect.
In this anticipation we aro particularly
gratified that the Emperor of Russia lias s
fkurly dvluied his position. ,
Forward to New Uiltunt, 1>o\vV ""
A victory over the rebel host on the bank# ??^
the Potomuc would be of the highest importance
to the Union cause. But it would not end tho
war. The cotton States, the botbed of ccces
nion, would still be iutaot. The true direction,
therefore, in which to strike, in order to liuiko
short work, is clown the Mississippi. A suitable
expedition launched upon its waters can penetrate
at once into the very heart of the rebellion,
provided it is set forward promptly and in
bufllcient force before the Mississippi is fortified
by guxiB of large calibre and powerful earthworks.
An a preliminary to this it will be necessary
to secure the States of Missouri and Kentucky,
so as to leave no fire in the rear. And how is
this to be done ? We answer, General Fremont
must bo supplied with won nnd money without
stint, so that he can move forward with his
grand army as uninterrupted in his progress
as the miyestio flow of the Father of
Waters. Whatever money he needs should
be placed immediately in his hunds, so ?s to
enable him to buy what he requires at once,
and at such prices as it can be obtained for,
without delay, red tape or circumlocution.
It will never do to go through the routino of
advertising for sealed proposals to furnish
every button nnd shoe string that may bo wanted,
under the pressing timet and oircumstances
by which General Fremont Ls surrounded. Procrastination
is fatal. As well mipht we advertise
for sealed proposals for a boat to rescue a
drowning man as to delay till everything required
lor the expedition is obtained iu this
We have already paid dearly for the dilatorL
news of the government in reinforcing tho Wont,
ern division of the army. Had the earnest appeals
of General Lyon been promptly responded
to, our troops might Lave been in Arkansas today,
victorious, and with Lyon alive at their
head, llo died of red tape. Ho would have
been reinforced, as it was, by General Fremont
but for the l*tk of means of transportation.
The government even now do not seem to rise
to the height of the occasion, or to comprehend
the magnitude of the work that is to be done.
In Missouri the rebels hud alreudy been whipped
and dispersed, and their Governor put
to flight. Lyon was anxious to advance
South at once and conquer his way as
he proceeded; but the government turned a
deaf ear to his appeals for help, and thus enabled
the dispersed insurgents to rally, and
reinforcements to come to their aid from
Arkansas and Louisiana, by which a large force
was concentrated near Springfield. Tho loss of
Lyon and many of his brave men was the consequence,
and the still greater loss of opportunity
and of prestige won by heroic blood.
Delay, necessary to the reconquest of Missouri,
is the penalty of the feeble milk aud water
policy adopted ut Washington.
The whole attention of the Cabinet and tho
means ut their disposal appear to be ooncent
ruled at tho uationul capital around themselves,
while tho operations in the Northwest
and Southwest have been allowed to languish
for want of adequate support, and nearly ull
the advantages gained in Western Virginia and
Missouri are lost to tho Union? a greater loss,
perhaps, in its ultimate effects, when viewed
with the comprehensive eye of a statesman and
a general, than even tho loss of tho city of
Washington. All must not be sacrificed to a
single city, which, without success elsewhere,
would be of little use to tho fcdoral government.
It is right and necessury to defend
Washington to the last, aud it is right to establish
the authority of tho United States over
revolted Virginia; but while these things are
done other things equally essential ought not
to have been lelt undone.
The most effectual way, perhaps, of defending
Washington, capturing Richmond and subduing
Virginia, is by the way of the Mississippi. The
liiivi* tin* trriMit. lmlLr nf tlwtir nrmv
uow iu Virginia. The moment the cotton Stale*
are assailed by a formid: bio column, led down
the Mississippi by Fremont, and at the same
time pressed aloug the Atlantic seaboard aud
in the Gulf, besides assailed by a column
landed in Mexico to cross the frontier of Texas?
which our government, according to good Confederate
authority, have permission from Mexico
to do?the rebels will then fapidly retreat
southward to defend their homes,and will leave
Virginia to her fate. This is the way to conquer,
and it is only by supplying the mean*
commensurate with this large scale of operations
that speedy and complete success can bo
No member of the Cabinet can niako a reputation
under the present administration, or guin
the popular favor in any way, except by facilitating
tho operations of our brave young generals,
on whom the safety of tho Union depends.
On them the country relies for tho suppression
of the rebellion, and whatever money they
need the people are willing freely to give them.
Let the government, therefore, at once act up to
the convictions and wishes of the people,
who have been hitherto entirely ahead of
the administration in their zeal, and in
a propter appreciation of tho terrible
crisis through which the country is passing. Let
Secretary Chose make the same broad distinction
which exists in the public mind between
a state of peace and a state of war, and consider
that what would be a commendable saving
in ordinary times may prove a false economy
and a disastrous policy now. Every dollar
legitimately expended at the present will be a
saving of five dollars hereafter. Every drop of
patriot blood shed now will save the effusion
of oceans of blood In future years. Now is the
acceptable time for energy and effort, for now is
thn duv of salvation.
An Inhuman ATnocrrr.?The burning of tho
railroad bridges by tho rebels on the Hannibal
and St. Joseph Railroad, by which a train was
precipitated into tho bed of a river, thereby
killing seventeen persons on the spot and seriously
wounding many more, is one of thoso diabolical
acts which deserves the cxecration of
mankind and the punishment of death upon its
heartless perpetrators. It is a worse crime than
the poisoning by a Chinese of the bread intended
for the British army in China, because directed
towards tho destruction of innocent people
taking no active part in hostilities, and those
people of the same kin and country u* the plotters
in this cowardly tragedy. It would be difficult
for us to sufficiently express our abhor
rence of anything so hellish in design and devilish
in execution, and wc make use of the words
witk a more than vulgar sense of their meaning.
We sincerely hope that those who have been
guilty of this infamous wickedness will be discovered
and brought to justice. Meanwhile, we
caunot but condole with the wounded survivors
und the afflicted mourners of the dead, and deplore
that Buch an outrage should have dis|
"raced Missouri.
Event*?The Union Caate Ad.
v?nctii| In Kvcry Direction.
Si.<ice the and instructive lesson to
our at'iny at Manassal, K??d cause of the
Union has been gathering strength and gaining
ground in every essential and Js every directionLooking
over the whole field of the rebellion,
and consulting recent events, existing facta and ,
signs of the times, wo are more and more encouraged
to anticipate the complete triumph of
Ike government and the restoration of tho
Union in its integrity bofore the month of May- j
The most alarming developement of the un- |
expeoted disaster at Bull run was the shockingly
crude and demoralized condition of our army
of the Potomac, which was thus exposed. But
tho severe instructions thus administered in the
very face of the administration have resulted
in a re-construction and consolidation of this
army, which, we are confident, will soon com.
pensato us a hundred fold for all its recent
losses and humiliations. Disorder and lawlessness
have been succeeded by order, discipline
and efficiency among our troops; and in reforming
their late abuses General McClellan has infused
into each of his camps tho regularity,
unity and decorum of a well appointed army,
lie lias thus alreudy made manifest those high
qualities of a military leader which can
lail of success only under very serious disadvantages
of position and numbers. But the positions
of McG'lellan's army are strong, his
forces are well bestowed, and when we are
'old that be does not fear tho threatened assault
of tho enemy, wo are suro that he is fully pre
pared to meet him.
In McDowell's defeat, therefore, we have some
thing to bo thankful for, in the superior army
which it has given us for the immodiato defence
of Washington. But since the uiemornblo 21st ot
July the whole chain of leading events, from
our seaboard to the Mississippi, have all disclosed
the increasing strength of the Union and
the sinking fortunes of the rebel cause. In the
midst of the rebel rejoicings over Bull run
there was the Kentucky State election, with its
popular majority of sixty thousand for the
Union?a splendid moral victory. Next came
the magnificent struggle of General Lyon with
the overwhelming forces of Een McCulioch, ii;
Missouri, from the damages of which Ken hat
been compelled to retreat back into Arkansas.
And then the appointment of General Wool to
the supreme command at Fortress Monroe, ol
Fremont to the department of Missouri, of An |
derson to^the department of Kentucky, and o.
Banks to the place disgraced by 1'atterson, arc
appointments which have already been marked
by many good, and some very important, re ,
suits in favor of the government.
Most important of all the manifestations, however,
in behalf of the Union cause, are the sue
cesses of Secretary Chase in his experimental .
loans in Wall street and among the people at
large. Tho responses from our banks, capital
ists and citizens of all classes assure us that
there will be no deficiency in the matter ol
"material and financial aid" for the prosecution
of this righteous war for the integrity of the
republic. Nor will there be any occasion foi ]
complaint in regard to the reinforcement ol
our armies, with proper activity to this end a. ,
Washington. In men, money, arms and mate
rials of every description, tho government is so
immensely superior in its resources to tho rebels
that, with anything like a judicious employmon
of the means at his command, President Lincoln
cannot tail to put, within a lew mont!.s, an end
to this rebellion.
Again, the late brilliant operation of our na~
vul mid land forces at Hatteras Inlet, and the
revelations which hare followed of the existence
of a powerful and irrepressible Union sentimen
in North Carolina, have betrayed the vulnerable
heel of this secession conspiracy. It is the
sea coast of our rebellious States.
By the first of November Mr. Secretary
Welles will have from twenty to thirty
new gunboats at his commaud. With the firs
frosts of autumn the sea coast of the Soutl
will bo relieved from its deadly summer mala
ria. and then a movement southward by sea
combining gunboats and land forces, in conjunction
with the movement of a Union ami}
down the Mississippi, will leave poor old Virgi
ni:i an easy triumph to fifty thousand men advancing
from Washington and Fortress Monroe,
i Meantime, if the rebels attack our lines in froni
of Washington and are repulsed, as they will
be, they :?.ay suffer a defeat which, in itself,
will virtually be the end of the war.
Thus in every point of view we have occa
sion to congratulate the country, and the wholi
country, upon the bright prospects of our Union
cause. Looking across the Atlantic, wc have
ceased to entertain any apprehensions from
that quarter; for in certain impending European
coalitions, Napoleonic and an ti-Napoleenic, there
is and will be work enough to occupy the ex
elusive attention of England and France. In
this connection, the views of the Emperor of
Russia, in reference to our Southern re
bellion, as expressed in the letter to
Ilaron Stoeckel which we publish to-day,
are very suggestive and encouraging. Let
Mr. Lincoln continue wide awake, and keep tho
heads of his principal departments up to the
spirit of our loyal people, and wo shall have a
glorious peace before the blooming of the flowera
of May.
Backiionh op the President.?Old Abe is
stiffening his backbone. In his recent letter
written to Governor Magoffin, of Kentucky, is d
regard to United States forces in Kentucky, (
the President Bays:?" There ia a military
force in camp in Kentucky, acting by authority
of the United States. I also believe
that anna have been furnished to them by the
United States government; but they are Kentuckians,
and not assailing or menacing any
one." Then in reply to Magoffin's request that
they should be removed, be states that
" he does not remember that any one, except
your Excellency and the bearer of
your Excellency's letter, has urged the removal
of the military force. I therefore decline
to do it." After this emphatic refusal, the
President gives Senator Breckinridge's Governor
a broad hint, by declaring that he could
not And in his long letter any declaration or
intimation that he entertained any desire for
the preservation of the Union.
Another letter ?f the President has just
turned up, written to Secretary Cameron
in regard to the appointment of Senator
Lane, of Kansas, as Brigadier General, la this
letter he discards all circumlocution of red
tapo, and declares that the government wants
just micfa a man out West, add adds, "We had
better appoint him to-day and send him off to
raise bis force." The closing of tho letter in significant,
and it will bo well if the aewly aP"
pointed volunteer officers will remember it.
"Tell him," says tbe President, "When he
start# to put it through, not to be writOS or te,e"
graphing bul k here, but put it through." ^ ?
Caov* iVtui nnu ftf (Sh> orront nunaao Af (n tb?
Ivwl ?UM? VMV vuuouq Ui UOIUJ IU
prosecution of the war has been that the volunteer
officers have spout their time in writiirg and
telegraphing back to the capital, instead of
"putting it through."
The Politic.*! ConventlsniMTh* People'*
Conventloa the Forlorn Hope of the
The Democratic Convention, in their desire to
please both sides, have failed to present a platform
satisfactory to the publio. Although declaring
in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the
war, to please Ben. Wood and other secession
allies in the North they have put forward a
record that is repudiated by the Union men of
their own party. AH who have not become
tinctured with the States rights or secession
doctrine denounce the ninth resolution as uncalled
for, unwise and a loadstone to the party.
Under the doctrines of that resolution the secession
organs can actually stir up a mob in New
York?one that would cause an enormous loss
>f life and property, as well as seriously embarrass
the administration, should it be done in
concert with an attack upon Washington by the
rebel army, and the military authorities of the
city would stand with their hands tied as far as
arresting the really guilty parties or suppressing
the mutinous article. It needs no argument to
prove the fallacy of such doctrines. They
night do well enough in times of peace;
but we are now engaged in a war,
ind it is better that a few individuals
"or the time being should be prevented from
currying the liberty of speech and the press to
jxtremes than that our whole national structure
should be overthrown and the liberties of
millions subverted.
The democracy having failed to meet the
issues of the day or to present to the public u
-.1 ~ 4<* 1..P4 ?nl..
[uuuwuui piatiui in, wc mu irifc tuu uiiijr niicr
native of looking to the conventions hereafter
to be held for satisfactory and practical issues.
The democratic politicians, although making a
?reat ado about following the measures ol
Jackson, have shown that they are not equal to
the exigencies of the times, and are no more
worthy of public confidcnce thun the republi
jans. Neither do we anticipate anything practical
from the theoretical Chicago platform and
boddy republicans. The rottenness of tho re
publican Military board at Albany and the imbecility
at Washington have already destroyed
ill confidence in the public that they will prove
he party for the present trying hour of the
nation. Like the democrats, they will doubtless
consider their party tirst and make tbe country
secondary; in fact we may say that their past cor
uptions have settled their platform in advance
We are forced, therefore, to look to the People's
Union Convention, which is toassemblo at Syra
use on the 10th, as our forlorn hope. Of the
complexion of this Convention or its objects we
uive but little knowledge, further than that
.he call was signed by democrats, republican*
md Americans, inviting the co-oporation of all
overs of the Union who are in favor of speediy
suppressing the wicked rebellion now men
icing our capital and threatening tbe existence
jf the nation. Delegates are being elected
rom all important points in the State; but
whether it is to be made a machine to ratify the
tction of the demoorats or republicans, or a
eally patriotic gathering, rising above party and
epudiatiug the shoddy politioiana on all sides
we are not advised.
There is an excellent opening for them, not
?nly for making thequelves the rallying point
or the people{ but the means of demolishing
the corrupt cliques of all parties, and furnishing
in issue that will enable all loyal citizens to
rote to suppress the rebellion, strengthen and
iphold the government, free from the interfeenco
of party politicians and party prejudices,
it appears to be the determination of the party
Managers to bewilder and bofog tho public
:nind as much as possible, and thus prevent
i fair and candid expression of public opinion
it the ballet box upon the only question?Union
>r disunion?which wo aro called upon to meet,
iiiu tin* uuiiiiuitmuiiuu, iiiruugu our army una
iavy, is attempting to docide. Tho war is upon
is; it is an existing fact, as tho slain at tlic Big
icthel, Bull run and Wilson's oreck engage
ncnts fully testify. A wicked and traitorous
onspiracy exists. Tbe rebel army is menacing
,he capital with its tens of thousands. Shall the
oyal North lay quietly upon its back, and pernit
the destruction of our constitution and
mman freedom the world over, or deal with it
is becomes men having a sacred trust reposed
n them and a righteous cause to defend? Tbe
cadcrs of tho rebellion declare that " the North
ihall feel Southern steel and pay the expense of
heir own subjugation." But one conclusion
:un be drawn from this, and that is, either tho
idministratio* must suppress the rebellion or
he South will conquer tho North; and it is for
be people of the Free States to decide which
hat shall bo. The democratic politicians have
ihown that they do not comprehend the issue,
tnd are spending their energies on abstractions.
Ye expect nothing better of the republicans,
ivliosc corruptions have become a by-word. We
^re therefore compelled to look to the People's
Convention as the forlorn hope in this trying
tour of our nation. It remains for the leading
pirite of that gathering to say whether their
leliborations shall prove a general whitewoshng
of the politicians, or whether they will pre
*CDi a pituioriu uuH win t'uui'iu tuu puuuc to
lemolish all parties and their shoddy politiiiaiie,
and, at the same time, give us a platform
hat the entire world will consider a pledge to
trongthen the hands of the administration in a
igorous prosecution of tho war.
British Nectramtt and tub Bt.ockade.?
[he numerous instances which have occurred
>f vessels rnnuing the blockade of the Southern
torts with cargoes to and from the British proinces
naturally lead us to inquire whether the
onduot of the authorities at these places, with
espect to such vessels, is in accordance with
he spirit of tho Queen's proclamation. St.
'ohn, New Brunswick; Bermuda, Barbadoes,
,nd Halifax, Nova Scotia, have been favoite
resorts of the craft intent upon giving
iid and comfort to the enemy. At the
ormer place vessels have loaded with
irticles contraband ?f war, and notoriously
ntended for the use of the rebels, and
it the latter numeroMs arrivals from the blockaded
ports have taken place. Yet in the former
:ase there was no hesitation on the part of the
-ustom house to give clearances, and in the later
to accept the clearances of the Davis governnent.
The consequence is, that a premium is
put upon such acta, which, Id the case of British I
bottoms, we maintain to be a violation of neu- I
trality. Let us refer to the proclamation itself I
to show that it is as contrary to the intei)tioD of I
the British government as it is to the law of n*
tions, respecting the rights of neutrals, for the
colonial authorities to allow such proceed- I
Wo <lo hereby warn all our loving subjects. and all per
son* whatsoever entitled to our protection, thai If any of
dluill presume, In contempt of Ibis our royal procla
nation una of our high dlnpleaaure, to do any acta la
derogatiou of their duly as Bi.bjeets of a neutral sovereign
,i the said corneal, or In violation or contravention of tbe
i_w of uuimuh iu that bnbair, as for example, and more
cialiy, by entering into tbe military service of eithar
of the xaid contending pa. ties, us comrn atioued or uoa
uummiik '?ned officers or soldiers,
A1. 'IciDir. or Muiltuivoriiiir Lo hrwk. ai?v bUvlcan? *
lawfully am ' < lually cutiibl hIi?<1 , or l>y carrying officers,
soldiers, de?i*. tolws, arms, milllary stores or material*,
w any article a> * tl? Ioh ct iisult red ami deemed tub#
coutrabaud of?ir< "coord Id# to the law or modern usagv
of nations, for lbs v au "r "erviO" of either of the Mid contending
parties atf v *rtieH ho olfundiog will Incur, and bo
liable to the scvuval 0%. lul"?? an I penal consequences taf
the Mai J gtatuto, of by JVU Uw '* "atious in that behftjf,
Imposed or denounced.
Such illegal trawling _pJsvcea the British gov*
eminent in the pewtioc C*( * receiver of Btolea
goods, and id the ns?re e^p^ciatly to be deprecated
when, as it ha# been, conducted by British
subjects. It is, indeed, snrp rising that traffic <rf
this description should bare K een permitted by
our oonsuls at the oft'endv ports, aad
that the Secretary of State should have
made no remonstrance on the nutlet or take*
any active measures for its- suppress^00* 1'haA
the vessels sailing for blockaded p<vr'8,
articles contraband of war, are liable to ceiznre
by our government as Boon as they have JN1* *
sea there is no doubt; and if our consuls, a/W"
satisfying themselves of the character of n?
picious vessels, were to inform the government
of Washington by telegraph, or otherwise communicate
with the naval authorities, a cruiser
might be ready outside, with a prize crew, fer
cach of these vessels. It was only a few days
ago that the ship Alliance left St. John, New
Urunswick, with military stores for BeauforV
South Carolina, the blockade at whiek port she
succeeded in running; and, if not checked, suoh
cases will continue on the increase and British
neutrality be violated with impunity.
The Cotton Field* of the World.
It appears, from the London Times of August
21, that the whole American stook of cotton in
Liverpool?about 700,000 bales?would be ah"
sorbed by the 21st of November. But Mr'
Baseley, M. P. for Manchester, at a meeting of
the Social Science Congress in the city of
Oublin, said:?"The manufacturers of England
expected to be able to command a supply o'
cotton which would keep them working will
tolerable regularity until the spring of the
year." Now this gentleman states that he fu
<*Ytpnnivplv Aniratrod in i>Atinn cnlnnSni* nnJ
bad bis agent in Charleston; and, therefore, to
understood the subject on which he spoke. Bat
be has under slated tbe facts. The cotton fiel&l
of the world aro opon to the English matifaoturers,
who will tako American cotton aslMg
as they can get it, but will resort to other kinds
when that is used up, and will find thair
customers perfectly satisfied.
How little reikAon there is, or ever was, for tt
vain boast of the South that its cotton is
the facts and statistics about the plant which v*
published recently In extracts from English aad
other journals plainly show. The whole rap?r"
structure of Southern oonfldence in European
aid is founded upon the false basis that Eurtp*
cannot do without the cotton of the Southern
States. Probably if the people of the Southern
confederacy hud only had their minds disabused
of this Action in time they never would havs
embarked in their present rebellion. They
were told bf their demagogues that England
ind France must aid them in achieving their
dependence, because they must hare American
cotton in order to prevent starvation among
factory population and general revolutiw
throughout the country. But what m
the facts as they come to light?facts whisk
are as the mysterious handwriting oa*
tbe wall seen by Belshazzar of old?
showing that the kingdom of Southern cotten
is divided and given to the Hindoos, th?
Chinese, the Egyptians, the Ntearaguans, the
Mexicans, the llaytiens, the Brazilians, the
Caffirs, the Turks, the Syrians, and others t
The injury will be great to the North; but
it will be crushing to tho South. Such is
the calamity the secessionists, pure and simple*
and tho abolition disunionists are likely to bring
upon their respective sections of the country.
Nicaragua, Egypt, China, India, Hayti, South
America, including Brazil, and Turkey, Syria,
Algiers, Natal and Australia, may be numbered
among the fertile cotton fields of the world*
From a Mexican paper we learn that in th?
State of Guerrero the agriculturist are now
devoting themselves to tho culture of cottoa
and making it an article of export, while in
Brazil we find that "cotton grows with luxuriance
throughout the country, wherever it ki
planted," and that it is only "the want of roads
into tho interior and the scarcity of labor that
tiavA heen the impediments to tbe increased
cultivation of this article."
The Manchester Guardinn says:?"We have
now in Liverpool a stock of nearly 200,009
bales of East India cotton, and the same quail,
tity water-borne; it will go far towards supplying
the deficiency of American cotton, and
larger supplies will come forward if the trade
will buy it and use it." From the speech ot
the Chairman at a meeting of the Cotton Sup.
ply Association, at Manchester, we learn that
"last year, owing to the abundant crop in America,
of the 60*),000 bales received in England
from India only 173,000 were consumed; so
that, had not the Russians, Germans and Swedes
oome in to take this cotton awuy, we shoulf
have had more than 400,000 bales piled up fa
the warehouses of Liverpool." During the last
ten years the annual supplies of England frost
all parts of the world, including the large crap
of last year, have averaged 5-084,000 bales,
while the consumpti'n followed so closely up?t
it as to reach 3,9<>0,000. Thus, as regards co*.
ton. England was living from hand to raooJh,
her chief dependence being upon the United
States. The cotton imports and exports
England during the present year and lust year,
from January 1 to May 3, are respectively a*
1861. I860.
American, bags l,205,67t 1,283,62#
South American 25,20(1 31,634
TV est Indies 7 Nfi 57<
East Indies 147,602 215.866
Egypt, Ac 63,2*0 59,368
Total 1,432 fiii, L593M*
The excessive quantity from America last
year had the cfTect of lessoning tho import
from India and other countries this year;
but when the news reaches those countries
that the supply of American cotton it
stopped by war, the quantities that will be fur
nished by the 1st of May next to meet the demand
will be immense. Smyrna, we are U14#

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