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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 15, 1861, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
EDITOR ANI) PROPRIETOR.
OFFICI N. W. CORKER OF FULTON AND NASSAU PTS.
TERMS rrwA in advance. Money end vill heal the
tii* 0/ the multr. JVone hut Raul hi He current in Neie 1 a, It
taken
THE n.i 11. r HER A in, hat emleper rnpt/, $7 per annum.
THE WEEKLY HEHALP, eeery Saturday, at eie rente rwr
eopy, or $3 }ier atmun,. the Euiopeon Edition ereru We lurlay,
at tit cent! pereopy; f 4 tier annum ta ami luirt off/real Hritain.
or $0 U' tn am/ tail a/ the Omlllirnt, lath to include Itaelaqe; the
tMli/m nia Edition an the let, I llh and lint of each month, at tic
cm'.- per eot.y, or S- 73 tier annum.
Til If EA.it IL I' HkRAlll, on Wedneeduy, at /our rente {ter
corn:, or $i tier annum.
Yoll'STA RE CORRESPONDENCE, rantainhui important
ne e, enlirilert from any quarter of the world; if need, trill he
We,ally r aid for. t&- Our Kukpiun Ooiibksfo.ndk* re >H?
r<KTicriMii.r Umukstmi to W*al all Lkttliui ami Pack
"So A 0 TICK takrn ?/ unonymou* corrMpotvlrnc*. H'< do not
re/"rn reirrtnl rt/mm unbuttons. m
A D VER Tl.n r HER TS renewed rrtry ilay: adrtrl u*menti fiittrtrii
*i thr w> kai.y lit (aid, Kami it IUkai.1i, and in the
tt>r</brn<d and European Edition*.
Volume XXVI Ho. 230
AMUSEMENTS TO-MORROW EVENING.
ACADEMY OK MUSIC, InrinK Place.-PRor. IJkriiranw.
WINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.?Cimdkrklla?I.ISliO.n
roK llrmsiii
NEW BOWERY THEATRE Bowery.?Boll Row?Fiyisq
Dvtuii man.
BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Day
and Krwiiing? I ukk thk Laborer?Pi.kasart Ntluusoli?
llirroi utaku.a, Sea Lion, and Oturk Curiosities.
BRYANTh MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall. 472 Broadway.?
so.mia, Dances, uuaucsques, Ac.?Tua Si-rashes.
MKLODEON CONCERT IIALL, No. AS9 Broadway.?
Soni.a, Dances, Burlkskiiks. Ac.?Rival Artisans.
CANTEKltURY MUSIC HALL, 08f Broadwray.-Sosas,
DaRCCS, iiuki.ksruks. AC.
OAIETrRS CONCERT ROOM, Bid Broadway.?Drawing
Booh Kntkrtainrksts Ballets. Pantomimes, Fakcks, Ac.
AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL. 444 Broadway.?SONGS, BalA#-.
wrta, PANTOMIMES. Ac.? Maoiu Penny.
? CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 48 Boorery.wBtyKsonfla,Dehors.
Ac.?Black Stati r.
Hew York, Sunday, September 13,1801.
THE SITUATION.
The balloon reconnoissance made yesterday ai
Washington developed the fact that not only had
the rebels who made the daBli upon the Union
pickets near the Chain Bridge fallen back, but
that also a very large portion of their main force
bad done likewise from the positions formerly
occupied by them. There are various reasons
given for this movement on the part of the rebels,
some asserting that it is for the pnrpose of drawing
the Union forces from their intrenclimunts;
others that, seeing tho bold front shown by the
Union troops, the rebels were afraid to attack
them, and retired, preferring being attacked instead;
and still others, that the movement was a
feint to attract the attention of Gen. McClcllan at
that one point, while the rebels made a more
powerful advance higher up the river. It is, however,
certain that, from present indications, any
serious attack by the rebelB before Washington
cannot well take place to-day.
The letter from the President to General Fremont
has been published, and confirms the particulars
given yesterday. The only clause objectionable
in the General's proclamation, is that referrlnir
to th? lihrmllnn of tl.n v..I '?
? ?MC.W..BIIIK IO
rebels, and at the apparent request of General
Fremont, the President has made an open order
that tho clause "shall be so modified, held, and
construed as to conform with and not to transcend
the provisions on the same subject coutaincd in
the aot of Congress on that subject, approved
fcugust C, 1861."
Intelligence has been received at St. Louis of a
tattle foucllt at Bonneville, remittitur in a ri..tnr?
br tho Union. Tho rebels, 1,000 strong, were
driven back by the Home Guard, with a loss of
twelve killed and thirty wounded. The Union loss
was only one killed and four wounded. Among (ho
rebels killed were Colonel Brown and Captain
Brown, both virulent secessionists.
The news from Western Missouri is far from en
couraging. St. Joseph is still held by the rebels,
who detain and doubtless confiscate the mails,
seise the stores and appropriate their contents,
and have either driven out or forced the Uuion uicn
to leavo. The rebels and Union men in the neighborhood
are both arming, and a severe contest is
hourly expected. I.argc bodies are marching from
various sources to join General Price's army.
From special correspondence from northeastern
Missouri it appears that General Fremont, having
secured the safety of St. Louis and the southeastern
part of the State, is now directing his attention
to Martin Green and his rebel forces. General
Hurlburt lias been removed fr >m the district bordering
upon the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad,
and ordered to renort at St. Louis. Rf-ncnl P..??
will doubtless take command of tbis neighborhood.
General Hardee is reported as having again occupied
Greenville, southcaat_Misgouri, with.800 rebels.
and had threatened to march upon .1 rout on.
This report, however, needs confirmation.
General Price's advance guard of rebels is said
to have been at Warrcnsburg on Tuesday last,
and the main body, making in all sixteen thousand
men, not far behind. The report states that the
destination of these troops is Lexington. General
Price reports that he had, with General Raines,
caused the Kansas Volunteers to retreat from Fort
Bcott, which they had abandoned and gone northward,
but not wishing to invade their State, he had
not followed them in their flight. He, however,
threatens the Kansas citizens with a total destruction
of their cities and towns, if they provoke him
farther. The report of his victories in Kansas is
much doubted by tho Unionists, and his threats
are not much feared.
Major French, tho United States commanding
officer at Key West, Florida, has issued and promulgated
an order, bearing date September C, that
all resident* of the island who have taken tho oath
of allcgiauce to the United States shall register
their names at headquarters within ten days, and
all who have not, shall take the oath within thirty
days. Sixty days are allowed for i>ersons who are
not inclined to oomply with the above, to inakc up
their minds, and if they still refuse to abide by tho
order they will be removed from the island. These
orders apply equally to the families of those who
may have already left Key West to join tho rebels,
as those who remain there.
I Four vessels, two from the British provinces, but
all sailing under British colors, have bceu uicely
entrapped at Hatteraa Inlot, and taken possesion
by the government war Bteamers eiatl-r.ei
\ lere. Captain Rowan's report of the transaction
(t very interesting. These, doubtless, will not be
I he only prises taken, as those vessels which were
at sea before the capture of the forts will, dopbt
N
less, make for that point, with the full confidence
that the inlet ia still guarded by the rebel*. Gen.
Reynolds sailed yesterday from Fortress Monroe
for lluttcras, where he will take command.
The news by the Kangaroo is not very important,
aa regards the ait nation of affairs, except in that
part which refers to the shipping of three regiments
of British troops for Canada and tho fact
that the government have agents on all the transatlantic
steamers for the detection of traitors pass
iiiif between Europe and America.
The intelligence from Ricbmond in important, as
it states that 156 of the prisoners taken at Ball
run had been sent from that city to Castle Piw-kney,
Charleston harlior. It also appears that a
number of prisoners had attempted to escape, bat
that only Captain Hurd and his two companions
had been successful therein.
The steamship Columbia, from ITavana, brings
news from CuM to the 10th instant, the most important
portion of which is the confirmation of the
report that the Captain General of that island has
admitted vessels bearing tlio rebel flag to all the
commercial privileges enjoyed by recognized nations
of the world.
TIITC NEWS.
The steamship Columbia, Captaiu Adams, arrived
at this port yesterday about noon, from
Havana, with dates to the 10th instant.
She brings the important news of tho determination
of the Spanish government to
admit to all the privileges of Cuban ports merchant
vessels from tho Southern States carrying
the Aug of tho confederacy, without, boVevcr, recognizing
tho nationality or independence,of the
latter. The determination was in a manner forced
nnnn thp fffivorninAiif nf !?** feints! V.v ?1>*. Aas.Ji
of the courts in the case of the Bamberg aml,-an- j
other vessel, which tho courts declared were not
pirates, nor under a pirntc flag, and, that being so,
no matter what their flag, they had a right to mercantile
privileges. This explanation strips the
matter of a great deal of the importance which
might be attributed to it.
We have Mexican dates to the 3d instant. If
possible, matters grow worse in that distracted
country, and a portion of the press comes out
strongly in favor of a foreign protectorate. Murders,
robberies and assassinations arc as frequent
as ever, and the government is evidently too weak
to cope with the terrible evils surrounding it.
Men. Ortega had whipped Murqucz, but he and all
his ofliccrs escapod w ith most of their force, of
course to reappear on the next favorable occasion.
A conspiracy to invite Spain to take possession of
the country, a la St. Domingo, was discovered in
the capital, and a number of arrests made. Congress
adjourned on the 31st of July.
Our correspondent in Mexico city, writing ou
the 20th of August, states that Mr. Mornu, editor
of the Mexican Extraordinary, was arrested on
the previous night by order of tho government.
The event caused quite a sensation among the
foreign population of the city, as the pretext for
his imprisonment was the publication of au article
in sustainment of tboir guaranteed rights. Her
Britannic Majesty's frigate Mersey liud arrived at
VntMl IQ...1 -- ?
the ear of her visit. Congress was to meet in
r-;si i in tho city on the 30th of August. No commute
1 :on had been had with the United States
for a in'.nth.
The ioitish bark Manuel Ortez?cleared nt this
port for Wliyduh and u market on tiie 30th nit
was seized last evening by the Surveyor on suspicion
of being engaged in tho slave trade. Wc
learn that she was allowed to elear at the Custom
House for the purpose of seizing her after she had
commenced her voyage. Her eargo, as per inauifest,
consists of one liutidred barrels of Virginia
tobacco, foar hundred and fifty-six hogsheads of
whiskey, six tins of crackers, four tins of butter,
two cases of cheese, one barrel of flour and one
half barrel of coffee.
The soldiers on the Potomac are Bending home
money to their friends as fast as they get their
pay. An Indiana regiment sent two thousand doilais
in gold to Evansville last week, and on the
10th inst. the members of the Eleventh Massachusetts
regiment gave Mayor Wight man, of Boston,
upwards of five thousand dollars, to take home
for distribution among their families.
The three Tennessee Commissioners to the Kentucky
Legislature, after the passage of the resolutions
ordering the Governor to drive the Tennessee
invaders from the State, took a hasty departure
from Frankfort, and at last accounts were "striking
for their homes" across lots.
The Right llcv. Major General Leonidas Polk, of
the rebel army, has at Columbus, Ky., twelve
regiments of infantry, numbering seven thousand
men, eight companies of cavalry, three field batteries
and one siege artillery battery. Ilia whole
strength is about eight thousand.
Parson Browulow and his son, or Knoxville,
Tenn., are still under arrest, by order of Cencrul
ZollicofTer.
The Richmond papers have recently brought to
light the fart that John IT. Floyd, when he was
Secretary of War, tried to steal the government
manufactory of army clothing at Philadelphia and
send it to Richmond. Nothing hut want of sagacity
and enterprise on the part of the Richmond
merchants, it is said, prevented the consummation
of Mr. Floyd's scheme.
Some fears have been recently aroused in regard
to the safety of Fort Delaware, which at present is
not very strongly garrisoned. It is thought that
there are a number of secessionists in the State of
Delaware who have their eyes upon the fort, and
are only waiting a favorable opportunity to seize it.
F'orl Ifelaware is situated on Peu Patch Island, in
the Delaware river, near Newcastle. It cost the
government over half a million of dollars, mounts
one hundred and fifty-one guns, and is calculated to
maintain a garrison of seven hundred and fifty men.
The great cotton mill at Pprague, Conn., the
largest in the country and owned by Governor
Sprsgue, of Rhode Inland, is now in full operation.
A number of Vermont volunteers visited the
houac of a secessionist at South Royalton, on the
night of the Tth inst., took himfromhis bed, spread
the Stars and Stripes on his doorstep, at d made
him kueol and swear allegiance to the constitutional
flag, and then escorted him back to his bed.
Indiana has thirteen new regiments forming,
numbering from the Twenty-seventh to tho Thirtyninth,
inclusive.
Two-thirds of the towns in Muiuc have been
heard from, and their votes for Governor foot up
as follows:?
{ Israel Washburne, Jr., republican 39,605
C. D. Jamison, Union 16,178
John W. l>ann, democrat 12,1 ft)
Mr. Wushburne has a majority thus far over all
of 12,347, and the Union majority over secession
democracy is 27,525. Is the democratic party dead
in Maiue?
Tho Charleston (3. C.) Mercury of the 3d inst
has tho subjoined carefully compiled estimate of
the population of that city, just completed: ?
i Whites 26,859
Negro slaves 17,535
I 44 frAA **
"" -HIT? i,301
Total 4b,160
Thcron Mitchell, a member of the Fifth regiment
of Vermont, being on hii way back to the neat of
' war, was killed at St.'Albans, by a train of cars
, running over him, on the 10th inst.
A cavalry regiment is to be immediately raised
in Maine.
A military company at Ilenson, Vt., recently
Bred, as thev supposed, a vollcv of blank car*
KVV YORK HERALD, SUN
tridgos, but some of tlio muskets were loaded
with ball, and eight persona were severely
wounded, among whom was Iter. Mr. Coburn, of
the Methodist church.
John B. Cox, his wife and four of his children,
resitting about seven miles from Bloomington. Ind.,
wero brutally murdered on the night of the 10th
iust.
The destruction of the railroad depot by fire, at
Concord, N. II., on the 11th Inst., caused a loss to
the Concord and Lawrence Company of upwards
of $00,000.
The new steamship Hansa, belonging to the
North German Lloyd, Bremen, was safely launched
at Greenock, Scotland, on the 23d ult. She is
2,8G8toua builder's measurement, and will register
3,300 tons, being the largest vessel ever constructed
at Greenock. Bho will be 6tted for the accommodation
of 230 cabin and 460 steerage passengers,
and will be commanded by Captain H. J.
Von Huntou, late of the steamship New York.
The Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, it is understood,
will shortly address tho people of this city on the
great issues at prcsont before the country.
The Fifth lUtode Island battery arrived here
yesterday morning, by the steamer Commonwealth'
under cornmaud of Lieutenant Herkins, en route for
Washington. It Is from Providence, Rhode Island'
and has three batteries already in the field. The
first battery, which returned home at the expiration
of its term of service, is largely represented in
the corps which arrived to-day, all appearing hardy
and well equipped.
Hon. Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary of
Nova Scotia, has presented to the EarlofMulgrave,
Licutcnaut Governor of the colony, an official
report on the subject of the gold mines recently
discovered in both portions of British North
America, the field of the diggings already opened,
and the prospects of raining and agricultural immigrants.
The paper is very cheering for tho
interests both of the home government in England
and the colonial settlers. Gold is found at four or
five points of the territory, and, according to Mr.
Howe's statistics, pays both the individual worker
and the capitalists investing in the mints very
well. ,
Chelsea Lodge of Odd Fellows, No. 84, of this
city, have by a unanimous vole appropriated the
sum of two thousand dollars to bo invested in the
patriotic loan.
The annual regatta of the Empire City Club will
take place to-morrow afternoon, on the Harlem
river, trom Conrad's Garden, atYorkville. There
arc to bo four races?one with seventeen feet boats,
with two pairs of sculls; the second will be with
Bix-oared boats, belonging to the amateur clubs of
the city; the third with fonr-oared boats, and tho
fourth the champion race, with ono pair of sculls.
The best oarsmen in the country will contend for
tlie prizes which are offered; and thin, liko all tho
preceding regattas of the Empire City Cluh, promises
to afford pleasing amuscmcutfor the admirers
of aquatic entertainments.
Tho steamer Westchester, Captain Jones, which
arrived yesterday morning from Providence,
brought on freight one hundred and eleven bales of
cotton.
The cotton mnrtcet oontiuuo'l (Irm yeitordiy, with sales
of atuml 1,000 bales, in lots, closing on the basis of 22c.
for fair niiililliug uplands. Several large bottlers wore
not offering their supplies. Tho market was Arm anil
higher fur some grades of Hour, with a good demand for
cx\ort and ticuitaUc con.-uinpliun. Whe al was lees
buoyant, and, though active, closed at lower rat' a, owing
in part to the increased firmness ui freights, and soma
grades were from lc. to 2c. per l>csh"l lower. Corn was
a fraction belter, all bough the receipts wxre large, the demand
being chiefly for the Kart and export. Pork w as
steady and in fair demand, with rather more doing; sales
of miss were made at $14 a $14 28, and of prime
nt $U 70 n $10. Sugars were tirm and in good
request, willi sales or about 1,200 blids. Cuba, closing
w illiin lbs rau'<e of 7.b,'o. a 7J?''. for fair to goial refining
grades, and at 7?^c. u 8,'fr. fur grocery gorula. Included
in the sale* were 50 hhils. I'ortoKico at 8V?c. Cofleo was
ateiuiy, w lib sales of .1,200 bugs of Rio, in which were
included 2,730 bags of the Solfermo's enrge, at 14)?c., and
280 do. at 14?^c., willi 1,700 mala of Java nt 20c.
frights to Kngllsh ports wero firmer, while engagements
were moderate. To Havre wheal was engaged at 23c. per
bushel, Hour at 80c. perbbl.
The Captain General of Cul>a Pronounces
In Favor of our Southern Rebels.
Tho Captain General of Cuba has issued a
decrco, in which ho says that, " in virtue of tho
proclamation by her Majesty He Queen, I have
determined, under dale of August 7, that all
vessels occupied in legitimate commerce, proceeding
from ports in the (so called) Confederate
States of America, shall be entered and
cleared tinder the Confederate Hag, and shall be
duly protected by the authorities of tho island;''
and " foreign Consuls are notified thai no interference
on their part will be tolerated.''
At the first glance tho reader may consider
this intelligence somewhut alarming; but, with
a moment's reflection, ho will be apt to concur
with us that there is nothing in it either very
alarming or surprising. The Captain General
of Cuba is acting under instructions. In advance
of any he had released a number of
prizes brought into a Cuban port by the rebel
vessel of war Sumter. Now, however, according
to this proclamation of the Queen, the
Sumter, as a ship of the Confederate navy, may
bring inio uny port of Cuba any number of
prizes, and she and they will be protected; for,
us we understand this proclamation, it is virtually
a recognition of the independence of our
rebellious States.
But why should Spain take sides witli Jeff.
Davis and his Confederate rebels, when their
programme is a great, expansive, filibustering
fcoutnorn conicueracy, "iiasen on military principles?''
We m.ty pretty safely assume that
England, at Madrid, is at. the bottom of this
business; and that Spain is only too willing I o
avail herself of the opportunity for a bit of rcvengo
against tlio government of the United
States and the famous Ostend manifesto of
Messrs. Buchanan. Mason and Soulc. Moreover,
while the danger of losing Cuba might return
witli the restoration of the integrity of our
Union, the Cabinet of Spain no doubt believe
that, in the dissolution of our Union, the safety
of Cuba is insured?thut our Northern confederacy,
with a navy, w ill have no desire for the
annexation of an outside slave State; and
that our Southern confederacy, without a navy,
even as an enemy, desiring the island, need not
be feared.
But this hostilo position assumed by Spuin
against the government of the United States
and in behalf of our Southern rebellion will
surely not escape the immediate attention of
our Secretary of State. Let him at once inquire
of the Spanish Minister at Washington
the meaning of Queen Isabella's proclamation
upon which the Governor of Cuba has issued
his offensive decree: and. while Mr. Seward is
about it. we would suggest that it might not bo
atui<s to apprise tho Spanish govefnmcnt that
i's recent proceedings in regard to St. Domingo,
and its intrigues in reference to Mexico, have
not piused unnoticed on our part, and that
some explanation fn the premises is desirable,
in view of the maintenance of our friendly relations
with her Most Catholic Majesty.
Let our government speak without hesitation
and without fear. It is had enongh at this crisis
to ho belied and threatened by England; but
when Spain assumes to flaunt her authority and
her Dower in our faces forbearance ceases, in
DAY, SEETifiMBER 15, 18t
deoil, to be a virtue. Mr. Seward, in presenting
the honest friendship of llussia to the consideration
of Queen Isabella, will command at
once her respectful attention, and to the probability
of a disturbance of the balance of power
in Europe against any coalition to break up tho
great bulauco of power in America.
Oar OlS Politicians ant) Yonng Generals.
Not the least curious incident of these times,
which aro fruitful of noticeable things, is the
manner in which our old fogy politicians, of all
parties and classes, have been buried beneath
the ruins of their most cherished projects. Like
an unskilful engineer, they have been hoisted
by their own petards. The plans which they
had carefully arranged for their own aggrandizement?the
anti-slavery agitution?tho repeal
of the Missouri Compromise?the formation of a
republican, anti-slavery party?the dissensions
fomented for personal purposes in the do- .
mocratic ranks?all have culminated in a
civil war which hns not only swept all
these issues completely out of sight, but
has also entirely killed tho men who
made and supported them. We have passed,
as by magic, from the era of bluck coats to that
of epaulettes and gold lace?from the era of
party intrigue to that of real warfare?from the
era of politicians to that of gencralB.
Old fogyism of every kind is now practically
dead, and Young America has taken the field.
The publio, North or South, cares no more for
the Presidential aspirations of Breckinridge,
Hunter, Seward, Seymour and others of that
ilk. McClellan, Beauregard, Banks, Johnston,
Fremont, Kershaw, Rosccrans, Bragg and
Siegel are now the men of the hour. Military
procluinutions and generul orders usurp the
interest of party platforms and political
speeches. It iB bulletins from the seat of
war, and not political gossip, which the
public demand. The newspapers arc the indices
and the mirrors of the time, and we have only
to refer to them, and notice what proportion
the war news holds to the political, to ascertain
into what complete oblivion politicians hare
fallen, and how completely oar young generals
are masters of the situation. The pcoplo will
not listen to a politician now-a-days unless he
talks about the war, und hardly then. The
stern logic of facts and the simple rhetoric of
the incidents of civil war outrival the most
polished of orations, and Scott's Tactics is considered
the most interesting reading.
At the South it is no longer the Toombses, the
Masons, tho Hunters, the Wises, the Slidolls, the
liny aids, or the Chesnuts who occupy the
public mind and attract the public attention.
Most of theso gentry are never heard
of at all, and if they are noticed it is
not in connection with political schemes, but
with war movements. Chesnut is firing a private
cannon at Fort Sumter, or Wise is calling
for large dinner knives and old nmskcts in
Virginia, or I'loyd is playing hide and sock
with a ragged army in the Kanawha valley
The lleauregurds, the Johnstons, the Kershaws
of the South are the men moot regarded and
honored. hiveu Jeff, itavis would bo lost to
sight if he did not put on a military coat and
mount a while war horse; and even then he is
of secondary importance until, for a duy or two,
people bother themselves with the question whetherhe
is dead or alive. All the voters have turned
soldiers; tho arts political have changed to
the arts military; the politicians have either
irtinoil th? nrmir hp t\nninl<>lhlr f7ir<rr\H?n
J J 1 V
Hern at the North tlio same rule holds good.
The spirits which the politicians have raised
have either abandoned them, like Manfred's, or
destroyed them, like Faust's. Of politicians
proper, none are heard of except those who are
in the army, like Cochrane, Wilson, Sickles and
the like, and it is noticeable that we hear of
comparatively few of them there.' Conventions
and speeches intrude themselves once in a
while, but only as episodical to the grand epic
of the war. When have wo heard last of Buchanau?
Docs any one know anything
of cither of the Chicago candidates
except those whom Lincoln has provided with
a Cabinet seat.' Where is Everett, the orator,
Lcd'jer author and former Presidential candidate
? Where is Cass, or Van Buren, or Fillmore,
who made a party, or Pierce, who killed
one? These men arc as completely dead as if
struck by a thunderbolt, and yet they are the
tory r means who, wonting us tliey thought lor
their own advantage, forged the holts which destroyed
them. Only those who were young
enough and sagacious, enough to don soldier's
clothes and go oft' to the wars have escaped this
oblh ion. Thus Butler stejis into a Major Generalship
; Fremont declines a foreign mission to
tukc care of Missouri; and in Sickles, Schcnck,
Cochrane and others we have politicians turned
generals and colonels, us illustrations of this
truth.
It is noticeable, also, tlpit the men who now
hold the reins of power are generally young?
between the nges, say, of thirty and forty. This
is particularly the case on the Southern side,
where there are very few old men in command, |
and these, for the most part, in subordinate positions.
-At the North only two or three veterans
manage to cling hold to the plunk
of office with sufficient energy and vigor.
L>ix, an instanco of a reformed politician,
is just in this situation, nud may drop
off at Baltimore into the Chesapeake any
day, and will not he missed. Several army
officers are in this snnie position, and have
young McClellan, and young Fremont and
young Banks ranking above.them. Ourvcternn
Lieutenant General Scott has ceased to tako
any active part in the war. but gives good
advice to the yonng generals he hx* educated
to do the work, and stands ready to pat oach
of his boys on the back when he comes back to
the veteran General with a Hue victory. General
Wool, another veteran officer, is a sort of connecting
link between the old school and tho
new, with tho experience of the former and tho
energy of the latter; but even bo organizes
expeditions and sends Butlers to lead them.
Tako ull our major and brigadier generals,
our colonels and their inferior officers, and
you will find young men in tho majority,
young men in the ascendancy, young men in
the command. This is as it should be, and with
the experience of Scott and Wool to restrain
and direct youthful energy and zeal, we may
augur well for the success of our troops.
It only needs ono more turn of the wheel, and
then tho strange eventful history of our old politicians
will be closed forever. By and by will
coine peace, and then, instead of politicians
turning soldiers, we will have soldiers turning
politicians, and the bravest will have the highest
offices. Some of the politicians see this already,
and strive to avert it; but they might as well
have tried to keep Jackson, Harrison and Taylor
out of office wheu they were in the flush of
RL
their milit.Vy fame. Every boom of the cnnnoi
Is the knell of the old politicians, mid the public
have the satisfaction of blowing tbut if the iiexi
lot are not better than the old they cuunot b<
worse.
Gerrlt Smith end Cbrlity, the Mlnatrcl,
the Two Greet Nigger Philosopher* ol
the Age.
In the 'JYibune of Monday last, .Mr. Geiril
Smith publishes a long letter to President Lincoln
about the war, slavery, the coiwfc'tutiou,
and other matters, in which he entirety mis
represents General Fremont's proclamation,
which ia a measure of war, confiscating the
slaves of rebel owners, and having no bearing
whatever on the general subject of slavery
For the post twenty yeura Mr. G or lit Smith
and Mr. Christy have been before the public as
the great representative negro philosophers and
exhibitors, and it is a little curious to notice the
peculiuritios, differences and antagonisms in tho
styles of these two groat managers and of their
respective corps. Each bus dono his prettiest
to take the shine out of the other's darkies,
but opposition has been the soul of business
to both of these managers, and it is very hard to
decide whether Smith's speeches and pamphlets
havo developed the negro most, or whether Christy's
songs and dances have done most to recommend
Smith's negroes to the consideration of
the public. The detuils of an African race, bo
close aud so well contested, are worthy the attention
of our readers.
Both Smith and Christy are philosophers;
but Smith's philosophy is of that morose,
sullen, gloomy typo which prefers tears to
smiles and groans to laughter, and is never so
happy as when it is perfectly miserable. Christy's
philosophy, on tho contrary, is hearty
and joyous, with just enough admixture of
tears and sorrow to make the fun more
enjoyable, as coquettish April delights us
equally with her showers or her sunshine. Roth
are philanthropists; but Smith's philanthropy
consists in making peoplu discontented with
their present lot; assisting niggers to "ills they
know not of," via tho underground railroad,
and providing them either with barber shops
and oyster stands at Chatham, Canada, or with
lota of wild land, luxuriant in rocks, atones,
briars and skunk cabbages, in the northern part
of York State. Christy's philanthropy, on
the other hand, is more genial, wise, diffused and
practical. Towards his darkeys it displays
itself in large salaries and not too much
work; towards the public, in admonitions
to " speak of a man ns you find him,"
"never to despise a man who wears a ragged
coat," to " laugh and grow fat," or manfully
to " pully off your coat and roily up
your sleeve, for Jordan am a hard road to trabe.l,
I believe." Both are Christians; but
Smith belongs to only one church, and that
is of the rigidly religions and piously l'uritan
school ; a church which reads the Bible
" as through a glass, darkly," and translates
" Egyptian" into " Southern slaveholder," and
"Israelites" into "African slaves," wherever
there is any reference to bondage, emancipation
or deliverance; but insists that " servant" does
not mean "slave," wheucvcr Oiicsimus intrudes
himself, or Christ says "servants, be obedient
uuto your masters"?a church iu which
all the singing is done through the nose, to
very long metre time ; so that, to be a singing
saint, in good voice and standing, of the
" Praisc-God-in-lhe-1 Hth-Psalm" style of man,
it is necessary to have quite as much wind
as piety. Now, Christy belongs to a dozen
different churches, aud so has eleven more
chances than Smith of reaching Heaven
safely and in good condition. He is not content
with long-wiuded metres, does not leave tho
devil and tho couccrt saloons all the best tunes,
but supplies all denominations from his amplo
stock of melodies, and old-fashioned fugues are
displaced by cheery glees, in this style:?
Jerusalem, my tmppy homo t
l'U <lah, <lii <lnh I
Soon as I die to you I'll romo !
Do Wy iddy it it Uali da I
?Or by the graver and more plulutive melodies
of Lillie Dale:?
Oh, Heaven! bright Heaven I
Oh, Heaven of the blest I
How I long to h ' there
In It* triumphs to *huro
Ami lo lean on .thrum's breast.
His religion, too, eschews all political Christianity?for
the "ole Abrain" above referred
to is not Old Abe Lincoln?and will have
none of Smith's political sermons at any price.
Smith paints his darkey blacker than ho
really is, while Christy gives us the brightest
side of this dark subject. Smith's negroes aro always
weeping, wailing, moaning, gnashiug their
teeth and clanking their chains; they are always
being beaten, outraged and kicked about
by Massa Lcgrees; they are always doing a su
pernatural amount ot work and being lashed
lor doing it; they are always assembling in
dismal swamps, and, though the most pious of
ginners, are always plotting blood, and massacre,
and murdered masters and mistresses, and fredom,
and all that sort of thing, and, when lot
loose, are equally dangerous to the public.
Smith's Cuflee, who got into the Chicago platform,
has ruined his friends and damaged his
foes; Smith's irrepressible nigger has Involved
us all in civil war. Indeed, so well is the firebrandish
nature of Smith's negroes now understood,
that one has only to raise the cry of " a
nigger in the fence," and the public indignantly
shout, "hustle him out," although the fence
jtsclf-?political, philantiiropic or literary?bo
ruined in the operation. It was this cry which
.1 A ?~/I fr.w.^4 nnJ 1 .... Al
UColiujuu uiu iiauo cuwickj mm ruitvMiu-i up lilt;
May anniversaries. Smith's negroes are responsible
for it all. But Christy's troupe present
us different and more enjoyuble views of
Southern life. They are always singing huppy
song9, or laying down tbo shovel and the hoc
and taking up the fiddle and tho bow to assist
in tripping what pleasant Dick Swiveller calls
the light fantastic.'' They love their mastcrs>
and if n assa is so unfortunate as (o die, then
Down in the mrtill?!il
Hour that mournful sound.
All IliedurkicRaro a-weeping
For ma.-s.-i in lUc cold, cold ground.
They indulge in plantation dances, in "Hop
Light Loo" affairs, in champion jigs, in essences
of old Virginia, and have no taste for domestic
"treason, strategems and spoils," and aro thus
much better than some of their masters. They
lovo and aro loved, like ordinary white trash,
and enthusiastically announce that "Sally is the
gal for me," or that "Ebery one is praising
tho coal black Rose." Instead of setting
fire to things, and going on their
way to Canada rejoicing, nothing can
exceed the pathos with which they refer to tho
"old folks at homo," or to their "old Kentucky
home far away," or ask to be carried "back to
ole Virginny." Of course they have their little
private griefh, and think regretfully of "darling
Nellio Gray" or of " Rosalie, the Prairie
, Flower," bwt these are but clouds uoon t
i sun of tLoir gerwcral gayety and happiness. Ia
5 fine, they do tliC comedy of life, as Smith's
t troupe does the m?*l?',<^rama> and are, the publio
i think, much more natural, enjoyable and
human. .
With characteristics so diverse, these corps
^ never agree in their opinions t> r u,on and things;
und here again the public side w,'lh Christy, and
; think liim much more logical oud Correct In bis
views. Christy would never have uu de such s
, mistake as that about Fremont's proclamation.
So, in Gerrit Smith's recent letter to President
Lincoln?which he prints as if doubting
whether the President would read it?he asserts
that the abolition ?# in U>? nni? ?*
v. W"V ""/
save tlio country. But people generally aUto
with Christy, who declare#:?
Tboro'* ono thing mora I'll 8lata,
And I h?po it's nut too lata,
It's all about ths colored poputatioa;
If you loave 'em all alone.
In tliulr happy Southern liotne,
That's the way to rave thin great and glortoav
nation.
Smith says that abolitionists wo the BalvaHow
of tho country. Christy looks upon them in a
Tory different light?regards them as just ubont
as bad as secessioulbtey and, in the Irish tengae,
makes tho following offer:?
Kite enters, abolitionists, I'm tuld aro raging now;
Thoy would both destroy the Union if they only knew It*
how.
If you'll send these n.en to Ireland who' try year peace te
war,
Wu'll drivo 'em to tho devil la our Irish Jaunting oar.
Smith thinks that a free negro at the North is
in elysitun. Christy has records of only tar*
representative free niggers hereabouts, one at
whom ''lived with her uncle, up seven pair of
staii-s, in the I}ow-wow-wow-cry, near Grand,"
and did a bad business in the peanut Unef
and the other:?
That etevrr man, Judge Runs let,
lie sent her up to the Island,
lie sent her up to tho biland,
Kor stealing silver spoon*.
Smith nsks the President to ucc-ept ot ' black
regiments" to meet the Black Horsemen of
the rebels, and represents tbe negroes as eager
for the fray. Christy understand-! black natnr*
much better, and gives us laments, not mr
courageinents to enlist:?
My lovler wok a horsiiuun, so gulliant and bold;
Nouo or your. Seventh ri-giiuuut fellows a candle te Mm
could hold;
Hut ho slept out iuto olio night, and so he euught cold.
Anil uow I um in mourn iug for iny caviller so bold.
?Or else he expresses this original and teste
desire:?
I * L-h I was on Perron Hill,
'lis tlwrc I'd all and cry my Ml,
Till every tear bhould turn a mill.
Ob, Joliuuy, be in goue for a soldlsrt
But then, as far as other people are torncerned,
Christy's negroes are as patriotio as
Smith's, and show their patriotism in the saaaa
way?by a great deal of advice and very littts
example. Only they are more hopeful aad
confident, for Smith suys this war will last s
great while?"thirty years," perhaps?whfla
Christy don't agree with this, and says so very
plainly:?
IS' gallant Sixty-ninth it bus mixed in do row,
And !! of our bravo nogem are hastening forward now;
If ever WO get ut tbe Sow we're snro to lay em low,
And (hey will soon discover that deir cake ii oil dough.
Now, both of these managers have mads
money from their exhibitions?Christy by
taking in bis honest quarter at the door, and
Smith by collections ut all sorts of meetings and
by the sule of papers, novels and pamphlets.
This war, however, will settle Smith's negroes
effectually, while it will only give Christy
new songs, dances and burlesques. We hardly
know whut will become of Smith. His occupation,
like Othello's, is goue. Perhaps he had
better come to tho conclusion of Cuffee Pete, hi
the " Seven Sisters," and say :?
I'll go rtiiwn to oli- Massa Pmuum?
H?'s the friend of poor lingers, I knew?
And I'll piny I'm the "What i* lt'?" father I
Yen, Raruum'e the place where I'll ge.
With Greeley as exhibitor and lecturer, a
very good business may bo done there, tor
while, now that Tillman, who killed the pirates,
is played out. That little villain Raymond map
tend the door, if he'll deposit that "it 15,000
to $20,000" he has in bank as security for hia ;
honesty, and if he is kept under the espionage
of Kennedy in case the temptation of real silver
should prove too much for him. So, wlmt with
the favor of a generous public and our first rate
notices, and gratis " double leaded" advertisements,
the thing may pay.
Ork AnonrrioN Incknwariks at it Aoaw.?
According to the Tribune and Times, whieh
seem to be affiliated with the movement, onr
old incendiary abolitionists bad a nice little
love feast at the Astor House on Thursday last
(room No. 20), for the purpose of organizing a
"Liberty and Union Committee of the city ol
New York." This liberty means liberty to the
slaves of tho South, for it was "resolved that, in
the deliberate judgment of this meeting, it is
manifest that there is no reasonable prospect of
so terminating the present conflict as to prevent
its recurrence but by the speedy and complete
liberation of the elaves on the soil, in tho expectation
that, with other citizens, they will Bustain
the government in putting down the rebellion;''
and that "the public welfare requires that
the free colored people of the United States
should be invited and encouraged to assist in
this great enterprise."
In every possible way this "Liberty and Union
Committee" are to agitate and labor for these
indicated objects; and that they will do so we
may bo sure, from the antecedents of the abolition
brotherhood assembled on this occasion. That
notorious old abolition sinner, Lewis Tappan,
presided, and among the kindred spirits present
were the Rev. Mr. Brown, editor of the American
Bnpll.it; the Rev. William Goodell, editor of
the radical abolition rriticipia; Oliver Johnson,
editor of the National Anti-Slavery Standard;
John Jay. Esq., and various other abolition celebrities
of smaller calibre. Now these abolition
patriots must bo taken care of in season, or
they will bring serious trouble upon tho government.
Their project is a systematic agitation in
favor of the immediate abolition of Southern
slavery, when we all know that tho war policy
of Mr. Lincoln's administration is nothing more
nor less than the integrity of the Union. Wn
know, too, that this policy comprehends, as fkr'
as possible, non-intervention with the domes tin
institutions of the South. The act of Congrean
confiscating the property of rebels conspiring W ,
overthrow the government is not an aboiitiw A
measure, but a war measure, and is nothir ,g
more, oven as construed by General Fremr ,nt.
Its object is tho punishment of rebels and the
protection of loyal men in all their rig* ts of
property. The administration, in view 0f the
ultimate overthrow of the rebels in t* ,e field,
desires the snpport of a Union party if , the cotton
States, in order, when tho time oomea, to
bring about a popular Union react' (on in said
States. A single defeat on a large-scale of the
rebels In tbe field will develope 9 jch a Union
party, from Virginia to Texas, w'.th any positive
evidences that it ia no part t>f Mr. Lincoln's
"policy to Interfere with slaver, y beyond the ac,
tual necessities of a state of*war.
> But our abolition Uee&diaries, whose real

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