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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 06, 1862, Image 2

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?nln alioui twenty nx thou i'ij men, if ? m Mjf,
?i"l tkeu tor.iry and 4uhen>ten*d feg the u\*?
neu of their r^yim nul i:wj cui-ipu.iy r Ua Hut HOD
tit* 6th, tho b'. jthcm #v>i.' i.t ah i. oJ m?. .LCible dash una
spir.t. so on the 71U he showe i uuc j^juer ib ? piurt and
?uduram a. All d'ty loag the enemy hurled Iim tua<.s. ve
column -, agaiu.st uu>slu.dtr and mli?teil furir*?. to be
hurlod bak iu rout ami foluod lr? .? . jry case. Thus the
Southern soldiei shuvved 1*6 ro?ld d bettor than charge-*
U.j oo>i.d suuid the charge. Tho result of the it ud . ty *
tight Is inoro doliafactui y in a.-.-, .ug Uu BNMtlga ui the
Southern soldier tbau that of iba first. Wo havo the a.<
Miauoe that la aii.vtling hit* an e^ua! tkbt, out t[ reach
of the gunboats, tho Southern soldier will whip their ou
emles, be they picked Wee tern m?n, er be they what
they may.
Tin rsios yoRt sa advancing.
[From the Norfolk Day ikx k, May 3.1
Savairiab, May 1,1M2
Tin Savannah Hej ubit un't Coriulh correal>onddlit of
the 30th ult., says that heavy skirmishing is going on
between the ontpoets. The enemy is slowly ad
vancing.
LATLX FROM CORINTH.
[From tbe Norfolk Day Book, May 3.)
Savannah. May 1, 1S82
A dispatch from the Corinth correspondent of the Hi
p%Micav, dated 2Jth. save that the enemy have been re
tnforo.-d and are advancing. There id heavy skirmish -
Ing dally. Quite an affair uccuired to day this side of
Meuterey. ,
Rebel Accointi from General nitehel'l
Departments
[from the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.]
Augusta, Ga., May 1,1862
the Chattanooga correspondent of the Chronicle and
Sentinel writes, on the 30th, that the federals a'tacked
tho Confederates at Bridgeport on the 29th, the latter
failing back on Ckatt'inoogn. Ge.i, Keynolds reports that
the enemy are crossing tbu island, and wh.lo ne was
leaving the place the cars ran over some of oar troops,
Wounding several: two, probably, were killed. It is re
ported at Atlanta that parr of Mitchel's forces were ad
Dancing from. OuttUr't landing on Home?
fOSCOMBIA AMD DgOATl'R RE ORTKD TAUN BY TBI
G0]tPgl>KRATK8.
[From the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.1
K:< uxom), May 2,1882.
An official despatch from Corinth of the 1st .suys that
tee hntf retaken T irrumbia and P^eatur.
Mitcbnl has not more than 5,two troops all told at and
around H ntBville.
The nifmv are m-n-ina on our front, and we are preparing
tomeethira.
Mobil* , May 1,18K2.
A special desimtch to t>ie Mobile Advertiser, from
Corinth 28th ult.. ays that. C lonoi Scott's r.ouisi.ma
eavalry, consist ni; of two c m ianue, had driven out a
regiment of federals from Tusi .mb a, killed several, a d
took lorty prisoner'. The onerii burnt the st<.r*?w, and
were pursued by tile Con.'e ! ;rate<. Result unknown.
'What the T.ixs of the Mississippi Will
Do Tttwenta Crushing tlie Rcbrlilan,
[From tua Views burn AVuig, .April 28]
Tf we lose the Jftwfv^rjn, lore Louisiana, Ar!an as
an ' Ten ia. We lose al! tiio sugar,and much of tbe stock
and grain pi owing lands of the Confederacy. They will
be cut o(T and ?: no be lent to ns. Tlie Ea?t wi!! be
severed l'rom tho West. A cum i.ete posse-siou of ail th""
territory west oi the Mississippi i3 a pliy.sica. and moral
essential to our causa. The branches of a mutual com
merce, of idea, sent.inent, trad^ at.d blood aro warped
togethjr more otoeflv t!\ia the knarl.-d boughs of tboso
kindred foru.-ts w ;;;ch Stitch a twining bruthorliood along
?ur border line.
Weni"Pt nit uiiiw apathy and over eonfldenc * to cut
them off fn in us. They must remain with us. Our pre
tent lite and future care'r are *t"ked uion the >ts;u If
we lose them now it will take rears of fighting to regain
them. Everything then .vimId b* at the mficyc! the
enemy, an! all our "pVtasant places" woiid be filled
with vandals, wl'i'io misery and ruin would mark'heir
every su p. Wehopeovr authorities will i<sik to this
matter at once, and place the Mississippi river in a pro
per state of defence. I.et every avaiia! lepofc't he forti
fled, and with brave and inriucibl* hearts and tdrong
and powerful arms we cto hold our own. though tho
world should b? arrayed against 'is.
Affairs on the Peninsula.
THE TAKING OF A KEBKl, BATTKBY ON THE 2GTH
INSTANT. *
rFroni the re'ersU irg Kxpres.-, May 2.]
Gsn. Mcl'iellan, who, at the head of 100,C".o mea, the
vory pick *m>i choice of the treat Yankee away, has be^n
di'^utui; about the I'euinsula for several weeks, without
striking a blow, commumcaus the above aff.ur to hi
War Dopirimeut in the following grandiloquent (a la
Laurel BIB) sty!e.
[The coram i<-at,on fr< in General McCle'.Ua h, s al
ready been published in th"! Hrkaip.]
Wo are ere lib:> informed that there is some truth in
the young Napoleon's bulletin. so far as u gof?. B:i he
has failed V1 tinish ilie staie ..eut, and we will do ii for
him. The a ivauced " lunetto of ttie robelB, on the "aat
side of Warwick river i? a m<?re rule pi'?uothiiig more.
It was occupied by a picket gu in! number.n^r fourteen
men. Thuso men, we regret to hwar. on th s particular
occasion, w -re more devoted to Somnus than to Mars,
and while in a StaM of somnciuicy were surpris-d by
the en*tny and taken pr..-*>ii'jrs. Our reserves hearing
the tiring, immedialely ru lied to ilia sows,Mid dis
covered th" euernv in the work, with their spades, busily
removing the earth work which had boon hastily thrown
up. They were charged upon, ami driven eft, leaving
fourteen guns, kuap^aoks, liavers.e'ks, *c., which came
into our possession. He ww hoid the position, and th?
gallant First M :s?ohu8ett? dare not approach, so ka* >s
our men keep awake. Should they fall asleep, our
cowardly o; ,/onentg way again stealthily approach and
surpriKo its occupants.
Surely General Mc lellan Is snd'.y in want of encour
agement when Le res-.rts to s . U inoaaMderable atlkirs
as the forgoing to bolster up an inability of generalship,
whioh so far has been positively di*<racefn:.
This despatch will go forth te all Yaokeedom as a great
Achievement. A "lunette," military men infcrm us, is a
moon-shaped fort, aa4 'he u?e of the word implies o^rse
thmg more than a ride pit. li it the manner in which it
ha* beon peralded by 'Jeueral McCle.'lan would create the
lmprusston with the .nituiiated, that it was scarcely in
ferior In itnportun-e to i lia^ki or Fortress Monroe. Bin
not'i Rikai ii will <jn O'U in th,- vzi wmt, ihi? r?
'c*-m ackvtvt i'i'l vf IfeCWIos'i grind amv, jmrmtki in
glaring eapiitUs, a'fmpau^iJ 'y th? nufjgrjtun, tK"l U pr?
fmlA'j y*Ut an *>t n la- nht'Umt. And thug it is, that the
Yanke e do a Ousii.>sa of most mposing ma^u.tudeon
the small>'et imaginary ca. ilal.
WATKR APPROACHES TO RICHMOND TO BE CLOSED.
[Fr<m ihe letersburg Express May 2.]
The regular monthly m?uti:.g of iLr Cvi;..mwu Council
was bald yesterday aitc-noon. Tho i report ant subject
of obitiucting the water a;>| ro??:\* to th.s city and
R . i.mond wvs introduced u .d c^sidered, and tho
Council appointed n committee of nin-o. <xn?ist:iig of
Messrs. Lemuel re-hies, D'Arcy Paul anu If. W. Wiggins,
to c >nf- r with 'be proper authorities relative te the pro
priety of eo ob?tr ?.t.ng the A! nom >'<>oi ai.d Jmne
T vers as to prevent tho appreachof the onemy s gun
boats. This is a step in the right direction, at 1 oi.v
that de.-terves the eariiesi attest.on of both the go\ orn
nent and lue c< mn. itce.
MTtK-B' tlO IM DANOEH?BEBVL 00'BOAT^ WAKTIP.
* (From the I ster*burg i lpren-, May 2.)
Wehsveacity of nearly 3o.000 inhabitants, Moated
On a watur course --kaily escei.ded by the light <tra glit
g'inboal ? of ii>? eu?-my. U.rr- iiion is rery important,
tnsoinucb thtt if Piti*v>urg ihieM be captured by any
possibility, K.i.t nond v.o i.d cerwiu.y fall. Then we
would t e no iucjcsiderable prise to the en*my etther.
Our immense stoi ?hou*e? and tb< ir contents would oiler
?onie indui "ments to tte Y..i..?ets to pay ss e ry.ng sN.t,
tosay?oih.ug of the greet uctvaei i^ee ibey would gain
end the trcmen<.Ut.* usuries ii.ey would inflict by getm.g
poeaession of our rsilro&dr. We believe * sutt.c.ei.t sum
eouId be raised nere and in the aoithn-ide countiee lo
build a rsiy forn.i<Ub,e g .nhost. Who will broa> h the
matter, and * ho will nia?e the tirst < eposirt?
H?w Kwtuiomliti la fit?. Dii'a Depart
menl Correspond VCtm the Rebel*.
, Fr< ra the RictUi. ni riam n?r, Ma* 2.)
Will yea oblige the bitMrmu rea.deo-* or tue etuusra
Bkoie of V",' nia.Mvn !>a from tseir home. by par
milling ni'' worm you thrvgh your columns tbat a
aeav) pac ige of lauers from ' tie '?? ?ro ?.iurs of WW
gin,a", hM becn receded by m* at the War Dapartmerit
and baa be?u left 1a the b.*BJa of Dr. <?eo, T s^rburgb,
Ralvlt'a Building, on Tweluh (treat, who baa H.ndl> on
?anted to laku charge <A their delivery and untrib r?a.
n.<< ((A>k" Mbara mm ;.an. th ?f ibe llayf
twuBock river, where it was picked up and delivered
m tha 20th at April, to Lieut. W?. A. Onv?r, c m
maiding the picket guar-, near Saiixfct, ?M.dd <hi
aouuiy. uy *Uom it w?s iii.rncJ.a'.ely forwaruad
io afcarge or a *ol<lier, private Wm. A Mu*a, v> tbe Sec
retary 01 War. I bod iLe good fort ne to be preaent
when the p?' kR?a wa* re>-tved yesterday ?v*i. :,g ? a
inunedlatsly rraognizad -he .oMnta. I am baj py la
?ay tbat lb* .altera ibough thorough'} a> -'k*d aia .a a
mod (late of preaarvat.ua. aed i.ow aisuoat dry. Dr
laarburgb rwiu.aia u.e to say iLai ue will b* happy le
?tatribute wich a.5 may b? called for at hi3 office, where
tbe latters will ba reia.L?d ror a few ?'.ax a until tMro?gb>
ly dry and Bl tm mai..ag. Our filaada from the Ra*iera
Ibore will be thaakful for the prur.wlaauai g..,.i foriuae
which haa tb'ta re-tjed ibeir letters fr.a both tbe at- my
and tbe waves, to une of which, wa fear the r 4?. Lg
jarrter haa fallen a victim. Our I hanks ara aha d..?
(,ieu tenant Oliver and private Mum, an well as ie iu?
under of tbe package, rot lis prompt delivei y.
edward * Jbrvn.
Was Darasnmrr, May I, IMJ
Another Rebel Canard.
[Fr .m tbe .Norfolk Day Hook. Slay 3.]
TBI IHEHT WBirrKD AT '.TMEERI. AND OA P.
pKsxast mi, Way J. IW2.
A apeclal despatch to tbe Peter?b<trg Mtfuttt, dated
fCnnavilie 2d, lay* the eueiuy atuckel Cumlierlatd t>*p
in Urge forces on T esdajr about noon Diay war- sal
tautly repulsal tlroe tines. The laat attack lU-y
charged up to Ut>' taskworks. The seamy s loas lim
killed and 40" "oi. . ;*d. our less savecteea k.llad aad
tbirtv wouude t Tb* last repuiae waa eilectual, when
the Tankeeeikeedad. I.
BMQAUXMCKT AX VVMMU.AW UAF?THI I^gMT Ilg
tVUMB,
[From tha Pa.asaburR Kipraw, May 2.|
Ricaaora, May 1, IMS.
A telegram from Rnoxvilie iiates thai an engagement
aacurred at C iuiiarmnd Oap on Monday l.ut, April 28.
The enam> wai r*>p i1aed witli aot> iderable lose. ( <m
federai.<? lou trUi.ng. The foderailsta hare l>een rein
forced by eight r?gi neat*, and 1mra completed a Oon'.iog
brlrtga acrow ' umbcr.and river (Jenoral Morgan u c?m
rnah<iing. It if believed thai they will attempt to tuak"
a flank iiMvemeoi, for which iur forcan ar? prepared,
there w no ether uowi U-:re
The Oepartnarnt of JVorlh Carolina.
TBI BKB1LS WAN T CM'K^TVMT) BVJtKIIDB'S M0V|
lOIITt.
[Prom tha Vorfoii Day Book, May 3.1
TUrowgb aaorreej^naent of the WlimJagton /-wmai
we are infortned that Uumaida hag called in fata j.u.kaw
knUM Ml his transports, and put his gunboats in >r ;er'
What the invader of Wortil ('arollfla manns by th. ?
fu?tUr looting to future epfratiotig at Wilui.Kgt^u, .>(?
(Vlt or tho Seaboard Railroad?we Imvi tlio reader to
!U dge.
UlJW TUN RBBUI.3 V1B* M* STANI.^Y'S APF01M*
MKM.
rem the Wilmington Journal.]
Wo understand that Ocnenl ^n sldc hudo net- ' ?mn
uni ? since at Elizabeth City, tha be wa* acting ui. ia:y
go\c nor of Harih Carolina uut 1 the arrival 01 Hon Kd
*? r.l .Siauley, who would act us provisional govumor of
North Carolina uuder apuoin tnent <*f President IjncoJn
Wei!, thus is another ol the developine la of the Mr. It
is truo, vrti kaew that Mr. Stanley hail allowed the use of
bis name us a candidate by th - black republicans o! Cali
fornia, but w? did not tbiiik thin of hiui. But be would
lean that way.
A Mysterious Hint.
[From the Xoriolk Hay itook, May 3.]
We anticipate, says the Sutloik vw?, much excitement
about SuQoik during the uext week.
Rebel iceonats from the Coast Depart*
utsats.
A KKIIgL BATTKBY DESTROYED.
[From the Savannah Republican,May 1.]
A report was brought to town on Tuesday evening, by
passengers on the Charleston road, tbat the federal gun
b -?u bad shelled out the garrison trom a battery ol two
guns, a few miles above Pocataligu. General Evans, it
was said, had sent reinforeeu >nts to look after the mat
ter and drive out the federal should ibey be found in
possession. We givo the rumor lor what it is worth.
Ou furtbor inquiry we learn that the battery captured
was the one near white l'olnt, tweuty-two miles from
Charleston, known as the I'i&e Grove buttery.
A number of rumors relative to the above affair were
circulated yestorday. We learn, however, that the re
port of the eaemy having destroyed our battery of two
Ks at Hmeberry was c rroct. One oi the enemy's gen
ts made its appearance I>-fore the battery on Tuesday,
and landed a party of their men in lauuohea. Our smtll
force retired on the approach of the enemy without a
conflict. The purty upon landing spiked their guns,
burnt tho gun carmines, destroyed a quantity of ammu-'
uition found in the battery, and left.
A private letter from C imp Lee, written by a member
of the Washington Arti'Iery, Captaiu Wa.ker, says:
"A detachment of our company luft camp at teiid'clock
Tuesday for th ? scene of act on, General Evans having
received intelligence of on attack on our battery at l'uie
berry. Some of oar party m ireiud Willi two or our field
pieces to tbat place, the remainder under Captaiu Waiter
to another important point. A: tor reaching this last
peellioa, and waiting about two hours, a courier camo
aloug who informed us thai the enemy hail uken the bat
tery , burned the carriages and destroyed the ammunition,
and retroatod to ihs.r boats. We saleeted a position on
the back of Deoboo river, where they would bo
obliged to pass, and prepared ['or action. About
seven o'clock ?n the evening the gunboat was ob
served coming down the stream Our Captain gave
instructions to keep ihe utmost silence and take the
van lals by surprise. They came within three hind red
yardB, singing inerriy and u t droamit' - vo were watch
ing them; when within tifty yard- an 1 Peterson our lour
pieces tlio order was gr en to fire, a; l we let loose u|?n
I hem with solid abot and grape. They kopt on their
course at full si?ed. Our shot* were heard distinctly
whenever they st. uck. What damage we did couI t not,
of course, be ascertained. We returned to camp without
the slightest injury. It was a bold action, for our force
contended with a gunboat of eight guns.
The following despatch corroborates the above:?
[From the Norfolk Iter Hook May 3.]
Chaki kkton . May 1,1^62.
The federals have captured a small baKery of two guns
near White Point, twenty-two miles from Charleston.
General Evans sent a force to look after the Yankees.
REBEL VESSKL DEdTKOTED.
[From tho Charleston Mercury, April 29-1
The p-lot boatChaso, irom Nassau, N.,for this port,
was chased ;.shoro by ti e l.mcoln fleet on .-Nit ir lay lust,
and trr..unaod on the Kaccoon Keys, uturo she was
b rned by the ofllcers and crew t > pre vent Uer falling
into the binds of the enrniy She u.4d on board a cargo
of sail, fee. The othcers and men ha. o arrived here.
The Prtnch Minister's Visit to Richmond,
[From the Peteisburg Expres?, M ly 2. j
We understand that it has been ascertained with cer
tainty thit the ob eot of t<>unt Marcior's lato visit to
Richmond was to learn, from a personal interview with
those b-'st aualifled to kn? vi,#>hcU "-re th' p? i-pecl* of the
Conf'iUrate .N''a'et arhisvinj and maintaining thtir indt
pendtnef. The result of tho Minister's Inquiries has not
transpired, but wo nre informed that no appeared to be
highly tali jied with ah he saw ar*t I eirj.
Rebel Kttl'l from (lie Rio Crrande<
[From tbe Sou Antonio (Texas), News, of April 7.]
We learn by a person from the mo'ith of the Bio
Grande, that tho federal! have wltlidra^n all thoir vos
ssls f;un> tli.it region, owing to the threatening proximi
ty o; foreign vesae'.,.
Sjmiu Reported to Have Rrrognized the
Conleileruta-d States of Ameiica,
[Kr m the Savannah Newoj
A dospatch received iu this city irom Baldwin,
Fiorina, status that a gentleman arrived at that place
from ill* ou S. uday night, who said that Uc had
??9u the captain of a vessel who, in attempting to run
the blockade, w&3 clia^nd by the bio. leaders, and W'ta
compelled to blow up bis vessel, the crew escaping ia
their boat*, the captain had late Havana papers, in
which it wi>? stated tliLil th? Spotush gmtnmaU had re
coynited tlw inJtf wten-rqf the Southtm Confrderary, and
that entaatddii f i-om that gownrntrrt on their way
to Mehmttnd ftih detpittha to IKal effort. We give the
above m it oomes to us, from a reliable source, in tho
hope that it is true.
Distinguished Visitors In Norfolk^
[From the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.J
Hon. George \V. Randolph, Secretary of War, and Hon.
S. R. MaUorv,Secretary of the Na\y . arrived here yes
terday in the train from Petersburg. They axe guesis of
the Atlantic.
In the afternoon those distinguished gentlemen visited
the Navy Yard, the Virginia and other points of interest.
They expressed themselves, wa learn, highly pleased
with what they saw.
Cnion Prisoners to be Released*
|Fr< m the Richmond Enquirer, May w.j
The five hundred and odd Tank** prisoner* confined
m Richmond have been in particular high gl j*. within
the pa-1 few days, at the news that they arc to be imme
d r-eiy sent buni? on parole. They, or rather the most
of them, have enjoyed the pleasing advaiugu of a resi
dence m Ki-'hmond for m?ny months, asd when they
?;st bai H h'me will do ibtlsss spin out many a rtiref'l
yarn of their 'offerings, which, in the monotony ot their
prison esse and relaxation, their imaginations must have
c-utjursd up for the o< caaio'n. They will be sent down
the river, wo understand, hj way'of Vorktown, where
thev will be handed ovor to their svll genius, General
MoClsUM.
Cotton Coming Into Ff ?ler?l Hand*.
[From the Montgomery Advertiser.]
Wo learn iroin an officer just from North Alabama,
who is wall a quainted with the country, that the enoiny
ar so' irirg coc "iderahle 'otton by means of threats to
tho planters should they burn It. Quite a number had
berned their cotton, an ! somnot themhad Ihmsu captured,
ihe Vat ,vee lorries are spreading thro-igh the country in
thMie.ghtKirho-.d of Tnscumtua, which ts in their p ^ses
sion,bit they are closely oV orvsd by roionel Helm's
Kentucky cavalry. A skirmish ooc>/red a few days
since between a jorty ol these and souie Yankee* within
the limit* 01 the town, lhere were twenty-one of our
men, only fo ir of whom showed themselves. The
enemy, alter Ave of their number were Iciileo, fell Lt k,
with the intention of drawing our men into aratju.-di, b it
they were too shrewd for them. We understand thai
the bridge at Fkironoo was burned by our men.
Loaa of Oltlrera.
[From lbs Miiledgoville <"t?a.) L'nion.j
Hiring iba past tbv?>e months we have lost many valu
able olllcer- II la beyond question that tha Yaolcees
have sharpshooters, waaring bullet-proof breaatp!ate?,
\?h< e N|M'itl business it it to pick off our oB'-rn At
ha battle of .Sbiloh an .liu'iiai number of onr '.ffleora
w*c* wounded. In noma of the Alabama regim-m* at ery
fiel.l officer wan wounded. I? there no way to put a *top
to tU.a rrnxle nf warfare' If the Yinkeo- in l-iwe<l to
flfbt .a with br-aetplates, should tliejr be united aa
pr eoners of wer when oaugbt' We say not. When one
.a aken will* his steel lire preeerver on ha ?! ? 'il l he
bang to the first tree And why may not onr ?. ru* <r
. *nv a ? orpe of sbarjwbooterp ?No, to pick off th
isl gea<-rsia It la a game two can play at.
Rrbrl Rttoarrro loi Faadiac an Army.
fKrom (ha Richmond Whig. May 2.]
Among the moat vivid appruhen hoii< or the aUrtni?tl
seems tba idea that lb- lo-s i?f New Orleans awl the Mi
I aoi, pi will deati of our ability to feed our anny.
We by uo maaaa underrate the misfortune "i ll,* ?
iomm. but wa are by no mean* preperoU to ret.?> .
as .rrsparable.
While wa knew that there was an abun'unt ,? ? ? u
t Uiio tba area commanded by tha cotifed u a. , w >11
not >:b'/oac to rest tba aaeertion upon our mciot:tI??
wa tbareforo hare bad carefully compiled ?
A statement of the population and product.* of ? ri
upper counties of Virginia, North uid ?'outli ? .1,
(?eorgia, Alabama and Tennessee, with n the|.*, r:t 1
and probable control of lb* Confederate gorani'i" lit
Agxirsate population 2,4*1,'.li'
Wheat in bu.?bals. ... 12,*14 '> *
Ry 1 and oata 2>i,T ?? ??
Indian earn lot
Ptaaand b*Mta
Irish and sweet potatoes l8,o:i;.^ 0
Hay 1a too* l?V .
Gut.a J.iTl.nl
Vp l,4Vi,M4
fwlno 0 f/>4 <hi::
Wa era ?Wnrt> that atatistlcs cannot b? relied 011 >
mora than appiaxiiume accuracy, bat tba axtraonli: .it
deveiopement of Sum (few*, tarn* plroduoti'u Within ?!
paat tan years ba* not only justified til in ailing ti
per cent u|*m the products of HM), but wcull, in
opinkoa, justify a much Urgtr eat I in ate, and u?i tl>l,.|i
tbe conviction that tha breadstuff* and other pr-n-l-1
on Uils side of tba Miasisaippi, and wltbln tha conf
rata control, will abundautly support the populatlo 1 in.l
army dependent upon it duriug any prjbaWe term
war.
But, beal lea tba are* referred to, wa m?y calculate
upon receiving supplies fr<ra the touatry nominal'/
wi'bm the control of tho enemy.
No blockade for sev ?n hundred mile win prevent tup.
pi.es from crossing the MlsalsMppI No oco,p*t?on of
the coas: can preventths sending of catt!a to the grasa
valleys and mountain ranges of the interior.
No gunboats tan prevent the upper water* of the
lamee. tbe Dsn, the Pedi-a, tba Flint, tha Clinch wd the
Tenue^se* from a< odiug by !iatt?aux, their tribute to the
?OS'moo defence.
Novlgilauce on the part of the invaders can prevont
our arruy U >tu suariug tha proJ>i?ta of t'ua country occu
pied by him
An' t.ber en'.arrad aourca nf S'lpP'T ?or?l?t In tha
rba'igeof an axton iva area from tbe product.?aof cot
ton and tobaoco te that of hraa>lsto(fs.
The 'o?*of N^w ()rlosn> and tbe Misatsalppl must have
di ooaoerUl all eslculationi bayd on aupp'testo be
4r?wa rr?? T?i?9 aa-J Waavaca UoUt*att? JJi.i ?[il? f?
quire the a (option of new contracts and Uir openii.g of
low ways of communication with the Hold of ?'ipply
H it ?uh orruuiiiatiou wo hoi( evident ihat uo defi
ciency of prnvisi >ms neel l>? apprehended, nor used
there be.>ujr abatement of the vigor with which the war
on our pu t will bo he o-ilter i-a.ee.4 ed.
In ie?d. it had been r ither the rut abundance than the
sr?rcity of priv mip.n Uiat has |n-t.muel the necessary
or, of supply mil accessible to ue?Hxckmmii
Wli*i
ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPL
British Anticipation of the Fall of
New Orleans,
THE COTTON FAMINE IN ENGLAND.
Fifty Thousand Tradesmen Pauperised and ?
"Fearful Mau of Destitution"
Behind Them.
The Captain and Officers of the Privateer
Sumter Leave the Vessel. ""
Approach of a War Convulsion
in the Old World,
kit) &Ci| (Mi
The MconmitUte Beige nays.?
There is some question of oonyoking an International
Congress for tho purpose of considering the'propriety of
henceforth placing non-fortifled towns under th? protec
tion of international law. Should such a project be real
ized, London,Liverpool,Havre, Rotterdam and Hamburg
would be secure irom tho dangers of war; while Ant
warp, as a I'ortiOed town, whether iron plated or not,
would be more than ever devoted to destruction.
The Official Gazette of Turin publishes a royal decree
by which Lieutenants Generals Sirtori, Medici, Bixlo.
Turr and Avezzana, asal^o Major Generals Sacchi, Orsini,
d'Ayata. de Miblitz, Oarinl and Stocco, are transferred
from the volunteers to the regular? army or Italy.
Letters and journals had arrived in Paris from Marti
nique and Guadeloupe to the 23th of April. All the jour'
nals oot.ee the palnfnl impression made on tho oolonia",
market by the news of tho proposod increase in tlip
sugar duty. That intelligence had caused a tot >1 cessa
tion of business, although sugar wa3 offered at lower
prices.
M. Dupauloup, the Catholic Bishop of Orleans, France,
has published an eloquout pastoral letter against slavery.
Since the last experiments tried with the new wrought
iron smooth-bore Armstrong gun, at Shoeburyncss, Kng
?and,other trials h*vo been mvlo with the same piece of
ordnance to prove its power. During the course of these
it has boen tried with a fifty pound charge of powder
against a targe! ot three five-Inch plates of wrought iroi.
kolted together?a mass ot wrought iron, in all, of fifteen
inches thick?or, as nearly as possible, four times the
tliiCknessof the Warrior's p'.atos. Two or ttireo shots wore
fl ed against this, an<I each broke all threo plates, crush
ing th? first, rijijiing uud splitting tho socend, and ripping
the third in R'i;h n way as to show that evon fl:to a
inchsa of motal was an iusufflcient protection agaiu=t
ordnanco of this description at close ranges.
Accounts from L"wcr Burgundy of the oTects of the
lat" frost are very ".ulavorable to the vine*. The Const:
tutiiin of Auxerro contains the following:?
The frost has destroyed a part of the ma^nidrent vine
crops wjth which tli" country Vas covered. t>n the night
of the 12th the frost had ntta KOii rather roughi> souie of
the most exponed lands, but in ale's proportion than
what took piaco on tho following 'lay. On (h^ night of
the 13th the thermometer fell to five ilogrce? below zero,
and the mlscloef caused by the frost waa very considera
ble. Few T'neyards have escaped the disaster, an 1 some
plains are quite devastated. Vegetation waa unu?nally
advanced?the vines, tho fruit tre^s and the artificial
grasses promising the moat ab'indsnt crop. Tho joss in
this part of the country has, therefore, been immonse.
The Paris Presscot the 18th ultimo sa\s:?
It is stated that tho Commodore in command or the
Americun squadron sent to Mexico has received orders to
renew tho protest of President Lincoln to the representa
tives of the Powers, ou the subject of foreign-interven
tion, in case such interference should tend to change the
government of the country.
The return from the Bank of F.ngland for tho we ok end*
ing the 10th of April gives the following results when
compared with the previous week?
Rest ?3.08.1,467 Increase ?5,32-2
Public do|iosits... 5,22.'i.l32 ' ecrease 400,lto
Othor oeix'siis 15,710,260 Decreaso 626.900
On the othor side of the account:?
Government securities.?ll,2i;.7r.,> Increase.. ?.V),000
Other securities IS,019,133 Pucrenso. 706,906
Xotea rnemployed 9,120,210 Decrease. 3!?5.796
The amount of notes Incirc -tion is ?21,120,975, being
an increase of ?272,635, and the stock or bullion in b?th
departments is ?16,74:3,434, showing a deorease of
?138,506 when compared with the preceding return.
? Jar Pari* Correspondence.
April 8,1862.
England Raekrd Out of the Mexican Coalition?TV Iron
Clad Ftcer?Tht Reliffiiui H'orld in a Slot* of Excite'
?noil?JKe Southerners in Parti, and What They Say?
Sltdfll and Twkcr?Theatrical VemonttruUont?Th
Sti.dtn't and Iht Government?Sen'end of a Mmlica;
Stud?lit?Arrival of (Ke Jopnnvt Emlatsy, <tc , rfc.
Since T last wrote you Knglantf set-ms to here bscksd
out of th? Mexivan coalition, expressed herself satisfied
with tho preliminaries of the tre.tty,and isaves France
and Spaiu to work out the matter in their own way.
The panic which the result of the battle between the
Muni tor and Merrimac has been the means of causing in
Great Britain possibly aided in prancing this result
F.ngland wants no war upou her bands until she has
pieced herself ia a portion to maintain bar
boasted supremacy of the seas, or, if the modern improve
raeuU shall be the meaas of taking this prestige from
her, until she i at least upou au equal footing with other
nations. The iron-clad fever is spreading rap'd'y iu
Europe. The Danish Chambers hare already votsd the
extraordinary credits demanded by the Mia istc of Ma
rlue for the construction of Iron-cased ships;Prussia is
to and twelve millions of thalers for the same pur
pose, and the kingdom of Italy will soon have a formld
able navy of the same description. Toe French Journals
seem to think that the Marine Department sho ild now
devote its attention more than ever before to the in
struction of seamen in the laetics of boarding, as this
wiil/.n the future, be the only means of taking the
now elaas of ships.
Two tncldeuts have thrown the religions and antt.
religious, or, rather, the clerical and anti-clerical
world, Into a considerable etate of excitement. Some
months since, you know, the commute* which sat in
Paris,and from there ruled th? Association of St. Tin
cent do Paul, converting it into a political machine,was dis
oanded by order of the government, and the different con.
f?r?oeo of the order in France were required to submit
to the same rules wMch wero applied to secular societies.
1 "n Sunday morning last the Uiuister of the Interior pub.
1 ! .-l?ed ia the Monitor a olrcular addre sod to I ho Pro
's of ths Departments upon this subject. He state
i that in January la?t the conferences were consulted as to
iv lether they "desired to bo reunited by a central coun
, ,i form?d principally of nembeps of ths ancieut oom
??i: tee, and having for i'resi&ent a high dignitary ap
1 .r..ii od l>y the Cmporor, or whether they preferred to
i - t e; ji iiely, as th?y are now authorized to do." It
? st mo l.i?t in reply to this question eighty-eight
I ?>? eieh * accepted the general eo'iocil, while seven
bandied asi Sixty-sis rejected the idea. In accordance
1 ? h this dec.siou, the Minister states that the govern
| me..t i onisers that the regularizatloo of the Society of
i M Vit44llefMll teiruinated, and that henceforth
' . nrh conferoMt will bo required to aet for Itself, without
? > ceutrsli/od power. It seems that previous to the
u <uiion ot' the old council its ancient l'roftident was
v -eted by it with dictatorial powers, sad that ha has
it : In ' > ier :a ono of the clerioat journals th^t he
?<" 'ild exfr ;??tb?s power over all the <x>nrcr*nces. and
tli as of his d-sth or any interferon*:# he sho ild
' .t it to a committee of three foreigners?? Bel
, ,i Hollander ?nu a Prussian. Count dp Perstgny
? IU the ??' utlon of the prelects to this threatened
vioMMi.u of the taw,* and It is hinted that if it is
t wri'.tl Into efiv :t i he society will be entirely suppressed.
The reMg>ou#J< .< nets, of course, have raised the cry of
persectr jn, siid aver that, the decision ot tlin govern
meat wi 1 be .l>e means of supproeeing tuls charltahio
associntlon, w'lich hss, however, for several years pnst
bwo o 'tiverted mm a va*t political engine.
The other incident if a pastoral letter of tbo Archbishop
of Toulouse, ap;ointing "a seoular jubilee, the exposition
*nd eolenii) procession of the holy relics, presoived in
the church of M +iturnin at Toulouse, for 'ho yenr ol
grac* 18W.'' "This jubilee," the mild Archbishop adii',
"i- for the purpose of celebrating the glorious a> I
aceompHshed among ui ihree centuries ago " lli? Ora* e
d"** not stste whst this "glorious act" is to the
ce'sbra-ion of which he livitos the falthiul;but history
suppl.es ths deficiency, fn 1AM a disturhun e took piars
in thu strse s of Ton louse heiwseri the I'rotsstaats and
Catholics, growing eitl of the bnrlil of ? Protectant,
whose boiy was claimed, however, th* Oathollos as
I|?HI| nf VUeit rsii| >o. ^Ui tusked,
ttio horrid carnaee lutin; five day*, during which timm
mure than four thousand l'roteitanW wero murdered-*
'and tha Arohbtshepnow wishes w? revive tho ctuebration
of this "glorious sol" which for the twocanturies follow
ing it was celebrated with great pomp in tlie street* which
three hundred years ago were red wi:h the blood of Uto
martyrs. It t.> said that tho gt?v>.<i nineut will luteifer*,
au i pr?vout the li-igraoeful eshibitwii?0. g acoful li
the people among whom it li tolerated, and disgraceful t >
the b iased civilisation and talerance of tho nineteenth
century.
The Southern mm In Paris are very much otero ?ed m
relation to tho town burning system u]?on which the
rebels seem to hare settled. Those who own projierty
in the citiee are particularly disgustol at tbis exemplif!
oat 1011 of the beauty of the policy of "bitiug off tho nose
to spite tho face." I *u tilkiug yesterday with agen
tlemau f i otn Charleston, but who bw beon residing in
Kurope ever since the commencement of the war, and
who, although a whole hearted secessionist, is decidedly
averse to the destruction of what remains of Charleston.
Ho says that he has but very little idea of the conditio*
of his tlnancial affairs, has recelvod no rout for soma
houses which 1m owns in Charleston for a year past, and
does not know whether he t* spending his income er his
capital; and a great many Southerners in Kurope are In
the same predicament. He is a very sensible
man, and says that his great fear now U
from the Iron steamers which the ftderal government
will build, and with which he see* no duticulty in the
way of destroying all the Southern saaports, and he
thinks, considering tha superiority of resources wfctcb
our government has at its control, the "Confederate"
government was very fodlish in being in any hurry to
demonstrate tho value of the iron-cased vessels. He says,
however, that if the "Confederates ' can hold out till
July, in the extreme Southern States, and draw
the Invaders after them, he thinks they will be able to
destroy them, as a great portion will die of the fevers of
the climate and the others be so debilitated by it that they
will fall an easy proy. This is about the style of conver
sation?interlarded with good round oaths, and brags
upon the superior prowess and bravery of the Southern
ers?which is heard among the littlo knots which gather
at the Hotol du Louvre and at their headquarters in the
Chausseo d'Antin.
They waro bocoirxng a little dismal at the repeated ami
decided succosaes of the federal troops, the news or which
has been coming so thick and fast or late, when,fortunate
ly for their dampeuodspirits, their greatfugleman, Bever
ly Tucker, returned a few days sinoe from Swis riand.
Tucker is a philosopher of the MarkTapley school, who be
lieves iu "being jolly tiuder unfavorable circumstances,"
and says that "the cause" is looking very brilliant; that
all tbo evacuations of theoities and military posts of the
border Stains are .'imply designed Tor the. purpose of con
centrating the Southern forces in a territory from which,
when once entered by '-the Yankees," there can be no
ascape. I snw John Slide!) yesterday, taking a walk on
the ChamiM Klysee*. He looks very seedy and gloomy,
lie gives brilliant receptions at his magnificent apart
ments; but he feels that big "mission" is n
failure, and it Is now .said that,unloas evonts tako a
very favorable turn for him and his by July or August?
and that thore is then a strong probability 01 recognition
l>y France and England?both he and Mr. M son will take
their departure, shaking from off tlioir fee', the dust or
ihu inhospitable countries whose gove.umeuts could not
be muue to see the force of tlmn- claims
I told you about a theatrical row at the Vaudeville last
week. The audienco was exceedingly disgusted at the
fact that t*he management employed h number of bulli es
u> occupy the front seats 01 tho orchestra, and who en
deavored to drown out the tokeus of disapprobation.
The next day, by order of the Minister of State, the piece
wits withdrawn, and is to bo produced at the Odeon,
whero tho actresses will not object to dancing iu the
quadrillo at the close of it. It is s'lpjiosel thai tbero
is to bo a groat theatrical " demonstration" at
the I'orto St. Mai tin on Friday evoning. Ihe theatre
1ns been closed for tho past two nights IV-r tho rehearsal
of a grand spectacular dram i entitled '? The Volunteers
of Is! 14." This piece was written more than a year
slnco. its professed author being Victor Sejour (who, by
the way, is a negro from Xow Orleai *): but a' tnat time
tli!?' government would not permit it to be played, is w.is
allowed, on thtgiound thai it contained 'illusions calcu
lated to wound the feelings of the English and tho other
nations which mado up the allied ui my. Since th?n it
has been pruned, and much that was objectionable taken
out ol it, and at length, in its omtisc dated form, is to be
presented for the iirst time on Friday evening, when it
is supposed a large number of studei is will bo pros -tit to
hiss it. These noisy and demonstrative youths are not
i.i a particularly amiable humor toward the government
iust now Beside the dozen or more of their number who
wore sentoncd to tine aud Imprisonment for participat
ing in tho riots at theCoilege i!e France, they have been
veiymuvh licensed at tho condemnation on Saturday
last of a medical student lamed Taule, the editor of a
weoUy journal principally circulated among students, an 1
?:al!cJ. Le Tracaxl. Tattle was charged with "h duing com
munication with a foreign country, with the ob.'-ct of
disturbing the j ublic jeacs, and exhibiting hatred against
the government," and his crime consisted iu having ?d
dres-efl a letter, under an envelope directed to another
person, to fjedru Bollln, in l^ondou. This letter, which
wo* ^oizod aiul o;<ened before leaving Paris, boside con
tainlng a copy of the seditious song,'1.0 Lion duQuartier
Latin," expressed tho strongest repuhlicun sentiments,
and Taulu was sentenced to two months
imprisonment and two hundred francs (Inc.
The stiidouiseay thM M. Mocquard, the private secre
tary of the Emperor, is tho ctl.'iibora'eur of Sejotir hi tho
diami In queh'iou, and they intend to m.'tke its first re
presentation tiio occasion or a demonstration ag ilast tli
government. The Contliluiuinnei has goue to tho trouble
to deny that M. lioo<tuard had any thing to do with it.
but this wilinot have the effect intended, a* 1 there will
doubtless be a great de il of hissing, a few bloody r.ose*
and several arrests on the occasion of the (list represen
tation of this patriotic drama.
The Japanese F.mbussy arrived last evening, and took
rooms which had been prepared for them at Uio Hotel
du Louvre. They were received at tho Lyons railway
station by M. Feuiliet de Conches, iutroduc?rof ambas
sadors, and a Uetachmont of fifty cavalry. There aro live
ambassadors, twelve oflicers and several servants iu the
embassy. They will ail'ord some amusement during the
coming fortnight to the excitement-loving denizens of
Paris.
Mr. Adams, United Stales Minister at tho Court of St.
lames, has been spending a few days iu 1 aris.
Letter from (ho Corate de Paris to a Friend
in Paris.
OUH PARIS COHKESrONDKNCE.
Par:*, April is, lge*.
The Journal <?? DcbaXi, of yoatorday, publishes the
Allowing letter, which it stales was written by an ofilcer
of Geueral McClelland staff, and who. Id all probability
's uo other than the Comte do Paris:?
ILtmcii, 1862.
I profit by a moment of leisure to send yon tome news.
1 hits ten to do this because i do not know when 1 shall be
able to resume the pen for I believe ho are near
the moment so long wished for. In a few days r h >j>owc
will be in tho I'elJ, and this campaign will decide tho late
of the Union. It is not possible to foretell the chances of
war; but I bo'ieve they are iu our favor. Thai wiil be a
IjieMiint moment for n.e when 1 start bark to Europe
after having aided in a brilliant and fortunate campaign,
itad leaving American society in the way of victoriously
margins from the terrible crisis which, lor a moment,
menaced its very existence.
You will have learned, In bulk at least, the aucce.?
which has marked tho campai ;n in the west. shull
soon know whether the South was animated by ? vents
lile desire fir reparation. In that cane the North, after
having exhibited iu su|*riority, and re conn'iored the
Territories,! the )<osseasi?i of which are tudis
reusable to its existence, would do be;t?r, per
haps, to let tho extremo s!aveho!dina; States at.
tempt an experiment which, in my opiuion, is irn
praciirahlc; or we will sen if secession hu not been,
a? I V I,ere, bat a politloal revolution, rounde l upon
popular iguoranoe and sustained by a QotlMo is enthu
iiasm. In the latter case it will suffice for the federal
government to sb"w itseif as much more moderate, as it
U thaitroHcer, for the re establishment of the Union.
A revlJtlou can only succeed in the first moment of en
thusiasm, and cannot subsist in the midsi of reverses.
I ti mk that yo'i do n?t render Justice in Eurepo to the
fedoral government, which has exhibited a romarkabio
moderation. At Iha time when a social revolution me
naced tho existence of the country, not a drop of blood
has beeK spilied outside of the field of battle. Liberal
institution?! aut with their cjstomary regularity a lew
leagues I row the army. and sll the political prisoners
?he had been arrested Lave buen released, without even
being required to take the oath of allegiance. Nothing
can be mora interesting than the spectacle of a great
people, wh<>. their own resources, undertake s ich a
struggle wtMiont oven seriously aff-cting their institu
tions. These is in it a remarkalAe example, which
should make all tho friends of liberty rejoice.
The Wtnt of Cotton la England.
KCMSITY OF MODIPT1NO MARITIME INTERNATIONAL
LAW TO ALLOW COTTON TO 00 OOT I Hull TBI
UNITED STATJM.
' Tran-lslsd from the Journal dee Pobata for the >ftw
York Hssaijj, April 18.]
Knglatid commences U b* morel by ufact which ought
10 hars mado bar feci unessy sooner,for 11 U the
iar; oousaqueuce of the civil war which dsenlsUs tbe
north of America. Wa mean tho diminution of her stock
of cotton and the lienor of its complete disappearance.
This fact deeerre* the greatest attention on our part, for
we would sarioMslv be aflfected by It. But the elTfeots of
the waut of eotton In (Uigland would be far mora serious
than with us, bsca-iss in Kofland tho Industry of ? oMtn
lias a far greater Importance than In Francs. Whiiat
with ms the Wial production* of cstton manufactures do
not sxceod from ToO to MO" millions of francs (160 Mil
lions of dollar*), in (Cnxlaad the exportation alone
reaches one billion (100 millions of dollars). snd the total
production goes to twice thnt amount, with our neigh
bora several millions of psoitis lira upon cotton Indtnury
and its accessories. Thus, the want of corn axceptod, tho
scarcity of cotton is the grestsst misfortune which can
bsfsll our neighbors
1 <et 'is show the p??4lon such as it la. Two-thirds or
three fourths of the immense quantity of raw cotton
noeded by Great Britain for hor manufactures tomes
from the Amerlr.iu l.'nion, that Is to say from ths South
ern Stales. N< w, either from the fact of tbe blockade
stablwhod by ths North belore the doiitheru bai
lors, or in rm itequence of th? plan adhered to by the
South to ksepbai k their stork or cotton, nlno months
have olapscti since a single cargo has sntsred an Knghsh
port. Ths c ^mmerolal year begins Tor this artb-le on the
lnt of ths Sepu-mbar. tunc for the gathering up of the
irop of cotton. It tiling* hud hod their usual course
(lie I'nMed Ststes wou.<? Jnre sent to Kngland a crop of
from a.OOO.'MJO to 2 200,'"00 bales. Now, this year this
im nsass quantity ban tarn raductl to uoihiug. i.nglish
Stores usually contain ab ut ?>00,000 bale* ot American
octtnn. at pi esont they lurdl) lnvel&o,000 bale*. The
price hss alraady Increased twofold. Mow much wnl it
I not Increase yet?
cjrcit oltbrta have lieen made to dru-v from otlisr
places what America could not furnish. Ind'ahsshnn
ransacked, and by dint ul ?searches that country baa
gireu twice iri ioIi colli n in other years?about
? me million of bsle* KDgland ha; now 100.000 lisies
more of Indian cotton than she bad last ysar at the same
time B it this is not ati lucres o of supply: It is simply
sn an'lotp? ,f?n. Tho quantities actually etubarkad am'
on the 'v a j ? e known They aniouot to 100,000 balr ,
lew than iMt.-etr, mround njmfear* bal?r ?
staad ?($<)? ,oW
Al?n,(tWI inform'd per.mi thin' Ih it J??o" iwl <1 ItfW
thrtat tuxi Vftik an abtJlbte pn Uvn: '/ SHU"'i ll iuauu
f.intormi wero wrwktrp as nana' that" m.tu'i! stock of
cotton would not lafl over two iu uUm And if they
work las* ihiui usual, what will I e .siue of tha numeroos
wmking i lum who draw a living from them. (tui who
have ?I re i.iy ahso.- bod ail thou BaiM?
Tins ia Mill acotber raa* u to linke us wish to sea tho
civil w ir which ilesoU as the north of Amend
and we must say it, tho r jio.ttod victorea of
tho teJaruL; upou tliu CJiitoJoiutis of the 3-u.h
seem to indicate that tho North?the govern
Jf WathmJUm?w?ZI before Utnq plant He
l:nn/nj!ay fvtiyu h,:r?. NewQrleaus, which u Iho prui
clpa' cotton markot, was, according to the iui news,
surrouudod by ? p iwerful federal Hoot, and a c<irpt
d'arn ? posted on tl.o lower part of the Mississippi river
waited for the river to be cleared from obstruct ions to
go up and assault the city. But if tha Confederates dia
play thero the funoua despair which they hive shown
u|>ou other points taken by the federal arms and sat fire
to tho ouiton? Wo must acknowledge that this is an
eventuality which may reasonably take place.
An Kngli.-h paper, tho Xconomitt, which speaks of
this question knowingly, and with much unoasioess,
says, that although the course of the success of the
North should bo uninterrupted, although the Confede
rates should be whipped npon all points and obliged to
submit in a short time, KnKlish iudustry would uot
bo out of stress, ami the sufferings threaten
ing English society not dispelled. Is cotton
hoarded up in American ports* Is it not almost oorlaia
that it is iuland among the planters ? Even if In the
places bordering the sea, where are the vessels to carry
it T If vessels were found is not packing material ab
sent? There are still many practical difficulties, and, ac
cording to tho tlronomist, in the must favorable hypothe
sis to the North, six months would ela|?e boforo England
could receive her requisite provision. According to
that paper tho best thing whioh English worklnginen
can do, would bo to live sis months moro on half thoir
salaries, a thing whioh they have already done Tor
several months.
Wo must not disguise the gravity of such a state of
things. If, however, after six months delay, the
ootton Industry was going to reooive its usual supply,
we would say that there is no reason to bo
thankful to Provideacn, for many times we have had
?wason to fear a greater evil. A nation as wealthy as
England ean, by unusual means, go over a crisis affect
ing only a portion of her community without much hurt,
and France, where cotton industry is not sodevoloped,
may wait withjstill more patience. Futurity does not
lo k to us as dark as to the Economist. But as regards
the past we entirely share its way of thinking. It is
surprising Uiat the provision of a continual sc.u city of a
produce of first necessity, as indispensable to tho wel
fare of English society, has not excited uioro attention,
and that, in" presence of a fact which could easily be
turned into a catastrophe, the statesmen of that great
nation have not exertod themselves. How Is it that the
English Parliament, where al! the emotions and wants
of the oountry are sure to find au echo, has this time
kept silent?
The difficulty might have been lemoned had interna
tional maritime law been tmdified, bc'ligerm', riykti, with
convenient restrictions tancti n tl by co.nm'n tucord, even
beyond the prescriptioni of thr Treaty of Pur is qf ISM,
to/at A. hsiocoer, inaugurated a yre M progress, but wi'h
which thz American Unson has n?t yet complied. A revi
sion of international maritime titfV, made conformably to
circumstance?, and with the agreement of the United States,
whi<.h,r<sry likely, won d no> ha-e rfused their on.-en!.
mipht havt allowed American c tt<n to come out. It Is por
mitted to believe that the conledoratos themselves
would have given up their plan to hold it back, for they
did so o:.ly after the blockado was declared. Unfor
tunately, the question of lnai itima international
right raised by the House of Commons upon the
motion of Mr. llorsiall has not been supported by
the government; on the contrary, it has beon attacked
by them and inefficiently advocated by independent
speakois. A suddeir indisposition prevented the illus
trious champii ii of all commercial freedom?Mr. C'obdau?
freui apoaking. The speech h ? had prejuirod or- lUnt sub
ject would like.y have turned tho chances of tho discus
si n. The motion has then bc.-u an abortive one. In it,
however, we uiust look for a woUlcme.t or this iin;?ria?t
question. We express the wishes that this motion bo
aitari presented to Parliament. Unce its attention arous
ed, the House of Commons cauuot fail to receive it well,
a thing which would authorize or rather compel tho Eng.
lish Cabinet to enter into a negotiation Willi tho Cabinet
of Washington, and to carry it on vigorously.
THc Capture of New Ortc.im.
UKIT131I ANTICIPATION OF TI1K VICTOR*?A FAIR
IDEA OK TUB IMPORTANCE OF TUE TRIUMPH.
[From liio lvm lou limes, April 18.]
Tho Am Orleans in the North are on tbo tiptoe of cc
poctatlon lor lows of tho full of New Orleans. Tuts is
the peit thrust of the *w .r-lfi.'h i*lo tV tch.t'e. The fej
crals are so elated vviiii thuir roc ?tit suc<;oi*es thru tliey
are impatient if any pause In tbe courso of victory. They
chafe under tho delay la clearing the Mississippi and at
boiui; checkcd at a point flvo liuudreJ miiua above
mouth; but tlu-y nature wicir " ignorant foreign critics"
tb it they have airoaly, iu all probability, gained pcsnus
sion 01' New Orleans. Tbo force at the mouth oi ibu
Mississippi if strong enough lo strike terror vhor
ovcr there U bt:man lite to bo extinguished and
proiierty to bo plundered Tbe American papers boast
that it i.s the moat formidable naval force Bunt on a hos
tile errand iu modern times. In an age which remem
bers the flout that spread itsolf ever t'ha B1 ick Soa the
vaunt is sutliciently bombastic, but still it is a Iremon
dous force when uiroctod against an enemy which lias
no t avy and can keep up no dockyards, aaJ which <Je
iwc ia upon smuggled supplies tor its powder a id its
guns. It comprises a torribie mortar Ileal of tkeluaviest
ordnance which can bo bought or made la the North,
and more lb >n JbO vessels, including the largest etoxm
frigates in tbe federal navy. ''The world, wo ere toid,
will be tist< liisbod at the force tho ieUjral government
has sent against this rebellious city, and it will take
oven tbe American people by surprise when they loaru
its extent and importance.''
The Northern conquer'.n do not oxr-es'.imaU the impor
tance of th'. o ntjtie" for the tiiingf ?/ whirk they are ro
imjattenl. Now Orleans :s the commercial metropolis of
t-tio South and the West; it is tbe emporium of the vast
tracts traverse I by the Ml-.sissippt and all tha groat tri
butaries of that moat mighty of rivers. It hat a greater
command of intrrruO n wigaliOh than any ci'.y in the Old or
New World In Itself, as a city, it is little worth. Built
upon a Hat below the level of the riseu rlvor, it would,
j orhai-s, bo lo the permanent !>otioflt of its inhabitants
if the dykes wore cut and the .-itroam ware aii^w^u to
how over it. To fri?*n-l or to foe it* atmosphere alike is
lever nud death, an 1 even among tho act imatod Ne w
Orleauists Hie annual mortality is three limes thatul i os
ton. It is not the oity. but the jmition at the pvint
that c mmauds ail the internal navigation hicl' is bo
important. The Southern paper! pertinently remind its
defenders tliat "sui arior cheapness of transportation by
water draws thtther all tho cotton rrodacud ia Middle
and Western Tenuc-.-oo, Arkansas, Eastern Texas and
Mississippi, while lite tobacco, he rap and c treats of tlie
vast Western cm; ire find their way thither from the
same cause.'' 7'Ae cceuj.atunof Nob Orleans \wjuidlx a
luurwpitttiuhtm ?</ o?er the great artery of (he tec.-ded'S'a!c?.
This important place t< now attacked biib by land and
by water. Oenoral UutlT his a strong land foroo under
his orders, uud Captain Porter with I,is mortars and his
frigates ha> already pasted th- bar at tho mo"th of the
river. Nothing was wanting but that the Mississippi
Beet should come down by the upper rirer, and the city
would to surrounced and must tell, but even without
this aid hopes ruu litgli at New York tb tt by this ti.ire
New Orleans is iu the h ads oi the impot ial N rth
Perhaps in the case of a city where yail iw fever and
cholera have la Bern-' years destroyed one tauth of tbo
whole population, tho best revenge of an invaded |?op;<i
would lie to let the iu\aduis take am! h lilt. Such,
however, dues not appe-.r to be ihe intention of the Con
iederates. They on their side also have their b as's of
assured victory. Commercial writers of lUo first autlio
rliy have predicted that New o* le^ns is drstinul to become
tKeemporium n tunly of the Swlhtrw and ll'ii/Tn .St lte..
of Amerii a, l/ut alto of the whole world; and that, wheu
tbe uncultivated and unoc^upie I basicf. of the Mi?*is
slppi and V.'S*ouri are peopled and tilled, this ciiy or
one placed on Smoic happy ncigbbor.ng site, will
ecilpse all the present mxgr.lflceace of tbe ports of
ihe North. Tbe confederates are as satiguiua th .t
they will bo able to preserve their commercial o<ipi
tal for its ruture destinies as tbe rederais are that
they are even now certaiuly wresting it from them.
New Orleans is a hundred miles frcm the mouth of tbo
river, and the banks are fortified all the wbt down ai
a convenient point there sre forts aimed with tho
heavleut guns, and commanding auartiUc.al dam .Urer li
ed acroes the river, and which Is calculated to delay any
naval force under tbs guns of tbe forts for a siaiuciani
time for the artillery to sink them. Tbeaa defences, so
described, are sutpiciously like thoso which were pre
pared by tb* Chinese to onposo the passage of tbe Kng
liah and trench fle-its up the Psiho, and which, altho:gn
temporarily sueee-sful, were readily overcome when the
leaders lutd learnea to respect their enemv. But, in ad
dition to th?*se, there aro, we are told, two iron-cased
II aims batteriee. carrying heavy armaaaents and a gar
rison of M,000 men. e*g?r Tor the appearance or the in
vaders. The New Orleauists (ay tbey are mad with ex
citement and rage, that their hot shot are resily, their
& maces la complete preparation, and that tho Yankees,
Whenever they LOtne, will receive a hot reception
The game ef brag on both sides is playSd with equal
enterprise. Eveuti will soon lell us on which side the
' power of execution lies. Times are much altered stoicu
aa Knglieh Admiral nnd an Kngl.sh General quarrelled
and bungled on the same spot.aud were lured on by ihe
moat transparent tricks to disgraceful defeat Near bMf
a century has s'llhciently improved tbe art of war to
make us eerlaln that General Mansfield I/>veil will not
Un e an opportunity ot earing NewOrleaiu by thesimplc
Uct ics of General Jm kson, but If there be any truth hi
the loud cries of defiance of the Southern press, the con
quest of this cily Ik not so absolutely cei lam aa the
Northerners think, it msy be attacked either from the
sea or from the river If ihe fed -raliste think it butter
to lerce tho.r guuboata and steum frigates up the rlvor
their sucress ni'ist depend lipon their being able to run
the gauntlet of the furls and batteriee. Once pasi these
there is deen water up to ibi city quays and many miles
sbove. Arrived at these, New Orleans is their own.
But tf they are strong enough bjr land, there Is an inlet
oi the sea which reaches ?iuiln six miles of the city,
and from this they may dobark their land army and
attack tbe city by laud. Ihe thirty-two thousand meu
iu garriaou ought to be able to give a good account of
these invaders, if that garrison exists In any otjer co
lumns lhaa those of tho newspapers. It is scgKestcd
that ihe attack is to be mnue tn concert, by <>*neral
Butler overland, debarking from the lake or rather guif
of PoDtchartralti, nnd by Captains Poller and iarragul
up the river. If the.? be any real fight in theee boJligo
re-its, thin is an impending event worib our interest.
SnfTering* of the People of IOnglnnrt.
WANX AMD I'AVram&M OF i Hit WUITK T0ILKK3- .
\ KIM! CUANTK FOR ABOLITION U1ARITY.
[Frota iti : London Tlnio?, ap;i. ill )
T" i? utm ;?'? iucamunt r*in bn* abat??n; tlio ikv Istslr ljir
?fi' i bright; lt><* ?i>ring fl'iw?r? art o'll in Dfiia ?t ,jl#
J/ >M, mid (h'i M nn .? on ever/ ?Uiul> mi l fri.il b? j, in.
'tr?n far tbei? *r?? ? i l**M*n;<.-r Ka*ur, j;,,"
vliliolbi *,!??niu run tltnlr courio itur* ifcoiicv MIVU1Q
? tint in not rMmnlng. A nf mi h n t y,
luflii 'iyj ax mtvh nt it 1h> rtin A<idr#>;thorn of
half ? li Uams,?r n 'tun Had iwld'-.i y ?h"W/\ tii/p 4 B/ Ut(, ,v_
A tei rikU '0 im ienith Hrprive* r?unU*<? htr.tit, Ihrtmoh
AMrtcli am' crfwkd oUUi, iA^r,Mani v W(:n>
? .!?. ?
n'7 br ? "J It is a tl tho suno as if Hie grain had [KirisUed
l>y Might, or the .rot by iot; for, tin gh Ilia food is
mi the country, or within pumhaseable distince, tK4
m wj of purchcw ai\' n<A to b'- found, and peovl' perish,
a: tauiaul in the da) ; of "Protection," in the midst of
ful ?/. inaries and j.!'<'?' prmiiioHS. An iuscrutabls
Providence ever varie* the dispensation. II wlllBHt
U sal system, theu il w* ? * l?a.l hai vost ; ttMn it wuku
ov ritockoii market; th*3 i' the !???? wtlieal rebellion
of labor ugaiust capital. Ingenjsus men cudeavorad to
f rjcuat tla next shape ot calamity, ami imagined ?
quarrel with tho Uuited .Htates.tn which thoy would
attempt tostarve us o<it,&'id humble us to terms by
withholding their cotton. Th* A in rn-ans themselves
grow proud of our dependence But that has now hap*
pened whioh neither happened before nor so much as oc
curred to any prophet of ill. Tho cotton crop has been
stmt up on the soil that bore it by* disruption of th*
.states ihomseives; and (Or once we are tbtr "baser aa>
ture" that
Ooraes
Between the paes and fell incenscd poiaSr
Of mighty opposite*.
The myriad* who a few years ago were reading with heart
the tragic tale of negro suffering and wrong, little thought
that the]/ would one d ty exchange a sentimental far an ac
tual participation in that story. The Amoricun abolilion
iets, having preach'd to thorn in vain, now enforce* m re
luctatot consistency, aiul denies them slave grown ratio*.
The result it ? national disaster. It dooa not seem to
abate, and no one can sajr what pass it will come-to.
For a time there was bope, founded chiefly on the dMi
culty of supposing that so strango a stato of thiugs oould
last long. The war was to ond soon by the were
prooess of exhaustion. The blockade was to be set at
nought. There was to be a Kuropean interveuMba.
There might be a circuitous traffic I'erhaps the eal.
culations were wrong. Perhaps the stocks were larger,
or India more productive. But all those expectation*
have had their (lay, and the result is now Wore us.
There is a dearth of eotton. The mills are passing day by
day from full timo to short time, from short time to
closing. The mill ownors aro tired of working their
machinery to uo profit, or maintaining thoee who can
give uo return. Tho amount of the suderisg overwhelm*
private benevolence. The operatives have exhausted their
sarinys, run out their credit, sold their furniture, and at
last sunk their pride, and presented themselves before
Boards of Guardians and relieving officers. This, how
ever, is not the most miaerabio result. A letter wu pub
lished aome days ago from '< A Lancashire Lad" de
scribed tlie.sad straits to which tho poor factory girl*
are reduced and the appeals to which they urc drivt-a
There cannot be a hoart ta theso islands that will not fed
for a group of girls wanting nothing but a day's work,
and reduced to breathe in an under toue to the casual
passer by?"Cannot you do (something to help tie? ' Can
not we do something to help them? Woro there ibo least
hope of that miserable war iu the State* ending wilhijk
the few months that wi e men assigned to It, we should
be only too glad to let things take lit -ir course, lint Ml
see no such h i<e, and have to look the calamity in Uie face.
* * ? * ? ? ?
In the Union of Ashton-under-Lyne there are now about
five thousand receiving relief, compared with naif that
nutnbor in tho bad times four years ago, and little mors
than a third last year. In tho Union of IJIa.kbur*
there are moro than ton thousand receiving relief,
compared with less than half that number four years
ago, and little moro thau a quarter last year. The
Bolton Union wsomowhat loss dependent on cotton,and
mattors are only about 25 p>r cent worse than last- year.
In Burnley Union moro than twice as tnany aro receiving
relief as last year, and a good many more than in ths
had times four years ago. In Bury Union there arc near
ly twice as many 11 paupers " as there wero a year ago;
in Chorley Union half as mnnv again; In Chorlton Uaics
a third more, in Hasiingden Union about twice as many;
in Liverpool 22,01)0, against 11,000 lant year, in Mao
ciesiield Union a quarter mo e thau last year; iu Man
chester township near 13,000, or more than twice as
many as last year; in OMham I'm n throi-quai tors mors
than last year; in Preston Union about 11,500, or be
twe 'n two and throe times as many as last year; in
Rochdale Union twico as many as last year; in
Saiford Union, three carters more, in Stockport
Union thr. o i m-.s as many. In these Unions alone there
are no' less 1Icm 50,000 more persons receiving relif them
there were this time la year, when manufacturers were
already roducmg their produce, and keeping their mills
open more for kindness than profit. These 50,000 per
sons have boon drlvon from liijir only employment to
tho hard nocossity of demanding reliol' over ai:d abovs
the applicants of a period which might l>o called one of
anxiety and approaching distress. Vut we aro assured
those 50.C00 additional pauper .; do not at all represent the
nund'i Made absolutely destitute ly the dearth of cotton;
.v d there aro behind th ru many thousands as badly oil,
whom nothing w ill mduco to como forward and parade
tbclr misery to tho world.
Now, what I- to be do- e' Leods suffers; Sheffield sufi
furs; oven Birmingham BUflers?there arc threo thou
sand more "petipm V there thm last year at this time.
At Gov entry there aro neatr three times us many; such
Unions as 3toke-upon-Trent and Kcclesall Bierlow ars
3 ffering considerably. Enterprise u (lagging at many
oth;r plaeos; for po >ple do not know how soou tho flocd
may reach them, bo they over so much out of the cotton
district. But the ot iicr day u00 persons were starved to
?jiath, or m re mercifully .>ull'"<yttod In a coalpit. WiUt
tho wives and children, here were about 600 persons
tUrowu on tho public bonov'oleuce The details won Tor
them a deep and peculiar interest, and ?70,000
flowed In with scircely an invitation. Probably
a hundred times tho.' number of vtr'-im* are now suffer'
ing only a marie prUrac'e 1form of th' same tortures, and
we aro almost afraid to plead for them, there aro so many
scruples and dilUonlties. lias not cotton produced a to attk
ant an arirlccra- y of i's r/wn ? Has It not baan stated,
without contradiction, that live millions, and. indeed,
much more, liave been made by this very rise in prioen
which wo cull tho cotton doarth ? ifavo not some of the
mill owners Uioms'-lves laid up stocks, and then sold
tbom ata great prf fit?nnv,""Tt for exjxj;iatinn to Ifem
York) c c * Would that something would inspire n
millionaire or two to addn us themselves to tho nobis
and uecesNkry work of supplying helpmeets lor all these
scauered and solitary Adams! But we cannot wait for
this. Wrt must look ahead and watch tb>i peril in our
course. Hare is a fearful mass of destitution that may
any day prove too great for the local resources. It must
not bo too soon adopted by the Stato, >aU it may be torn
lite, and msanwhiio it most not be forgotten by any
whom it may concern.
Destitution of tlie Artisans of Bclglunu
AN AHMY SUBSCRIPTION IN AIIl OF THK TRADESMEN.
The Belgian Minister Of War has addressed in the
tien^r.Vi comtnanling territorial divisl ns, Generals of
Infantry and cavalry, and to all tbe chiois of orpr-, the
following circuit.?
Drvwelb, April 8,1S02.
Gs.ntc.kmes? Jhe war in America his produced tin its*
fortunate crisis la tho cotton manufactures of Ml e jo
trios. Tlie town of Gi.sut tin, in particular, Hiiflfeisd
m icli from that crisis, an I It is ureent to assist the
numerous and bravo workmen by demanding of publla
Charity re?oarcea which tht d'J.'icn y < f work hn* com
pletely dried vp. I Lave liiougiii ilia. lb ? army would bs
disponed to lend its assistance to r.ny rr.oasure that would
tend to alleviate those sufferings. au t, in order to suable
each to bring bis oilerlng to the valiant armyof l ibor.
I have decided that in each garrison possessing a baud of
m >slc arratuements Khali be made for organizing a con
cert, lbs product <>(' which sh ill be applied to th? assist,
anci of the working population of <;h?nt nave tbe
goodness. g ntl'Miion, to take, in (bat wh.ch onccrns
yon, the necessary tie] s for the execution ot this pro
ject. CiiAZAL.
Knglsnd's Land Fortfdrations Against
an Iron Fleet.
In the Hons" of Lords on the 11th tilt. Lord Virus
asked what was ttoe intention of the government with
rc? ect to tho lortifi'-ationsattiplthend, and alluding toths
a< is of the recent experiments at .-pithead, expressed
lit - o inionlhat 'be run ill or all lb" scientific triads aud In
ventions would leave matters much as they originally
nere, with respect to the relative powers of attaok sad
de:encc; whou the fleet was converted into iron ships*
there would bs nothing st tbs dockyards to defend or te
bo destroyed.
The Carl dk Grsy aim Ripo* was glad that the question
bad bse.i raUed on this occasion, for the govarnmjnl de
sired to bavs the question fully dlscusied, as their only
object could be to provide as economical ami cheaply a*
possible for tbe public safety. He was not surprised st
the attention wMch the action In Hampton I toads had
attracted, for ii brought hnm?? tu the mind of entry man lit
fl/eo/ rkanyc which vhm taking place in maritime warfan.
Mill, it was not the desire of government to proceed toe
' i Utar from any facta, however striking; but they
would inquire into the bearing of these foots upon pre
vious exparlonoc and the e\i?rltneiits at Bboob*ryue*e?
and they ought not to too hastily depart from thaaourae
which had been deliberately adopted after full conside
ration. Tbe cost of the works st Spit head, already cos?
mensed, was ?230,000; tbe contractor hud made great
progress, and gone to considerable expense in maintain
ing plant and ma'erials, but tho total oust would be
?840,000, of which this ?2C0,000 was !<>r foundations,
Ac. Ho must explain, however,, thai if the farts were
stopped there wvut>( te wry 'Wis *ai"J m to be awilaMs
far tron ihipt Ihe totaHjogt of the fortiUcatlons recuse
mended by tbe Com/atasiouem wts ?10,0oo,ou? ee
?11,000,000, but Parliament had only been asued tnsane
ll n tbe raising of ?2 ,o0Q 000, and ef thU ??00 ,0M wee
already expeuded fo?.- land, and ?T*JO,OOU incurred for
oth< r liabilities, whi> ^ if the works went on the balance
would be absrrbed. by Tuly next. It was also suppossd
that by stopping U? works ?11,000,000 would be saved
and appropriated W , creating a fleet of Monitors; Imth*
wai crmiHm*'! 'V 4 ih> would n*t be (A. opinion ef
tho** toho had ' ,tt?t thii qw4ion. The Commls
stonera hat iatway* intended that these fart*
Should be t>*? , Umn>'Kl If f ooting batterioi, wbiob
tbe goverse>? 1 had by no nvans neglected, for the
snra of ?11J?0? ,000 only referred to permanent and Oxed
defeucaa. Tm ,tlng MUerlee were amost essential part
of tlie schecae but if they bars thirty or forty Monitors
scattered ak* ,g tbe eo.ist, they might be avai able at it*
Iointofattw d. They would,therefore,bo most custly.
andnctalu gather reli ible; for, arter what had occurred
atSboebar /ue^?, It must bo felt, that It was still desira*
blot"' rt' ,fy thi; most expose?l apd imi>ortant points.
He e-.'tfln , the report in Hie Km?*of the enpirimonts at
Kboeb t) n< se ns most accurato. Tliey showed the power
ul tue ?j Hilary, wiiicli th<>y already pors'-ssed, but tt.ere
was res ||y ,w HmUto fhtpoofr of the uu? Ue believed
that is a short time tho same results would lie oblaiaed
at a v ,u>U g'eatordistnncn tlian two htmdrrd yards dls
taui* |Ui.dclr W. Arniftiong told lilm that d j that be
wl>'' toim lent bo could make a gun of the medium rauge
bd veen the forts and Spithoad. Those cxprrlmonts
"Ir >wod ol*o Ihsl the Rrmt secret lay In tlie '-Large of
If jwder, and It wns oti this sreount that the Amorican
','tns, with r small charge,produced so little effect. It
I a|.iiea-fld t at '.no ?ia> the ir< t> |>11'e hat th" be t, but
th? next the gun rtigslnad Its superiority. With tliose
nhifting results tho tn"St einiO'nt solcnilflc autborltiea
hsd concluded that th>ire wa? a limit, which th.iy could
saiiiiy see by the thickness of the armor, anil the
wslfcUtof the gnn whi<'h a ship could carry, if li waa
to II mt, but the limit of the power of the gun was distant,
and ut tho present they bad hardly appreciated It, while
It was desirable tluti tliey should not proceed too li Mtily
in mail irsattended Willi so much expense, wliho tboy
tTilght S'Kin after 1 everse, but, although they wer.. in iliis
state of transition, lh*y as* on alter! with
r-uuniriet, but there w?< uo limit to the thickoem of
the iron, and tlie weight of the g in, wlrfcib iliey could
pla^eon a (> rt It was intended to continue Torts and
float 11.k batteries, and Hi-y ought not to altogether
uveibok tbu taut tUat the Msrrmiic, wUvu u^ued

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