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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 07, 1862, Image 3

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w great an eoil. Without, Indeed, examining too closely
f that has always bean the doctrine of tho Catholic
Church, we applaud tha "ardent vows" forniod by M -'r.
Dupanloup,"that this severe slavery should at leugth
eoase on the entire surface of the Christian world "
The liishop of Orleans doos not confine his hopes to the
liberation at negroes in America; but in noblu language
lie exclaims in terminating:?
Alan! filavei are not the only peopl"' oppressed. There are
souniries even m Europe,/<?>' the" ?'? <?? h*tund, therein a
Poland, there is n Si/ria, where oppression exists, umler a
different form, without Iwing a lesser evil. For mynelf, I
shall never reHign in \ self in any evil; I dap lore all, and wifch
Uiat I were able to remedy nil: and. If my life is siillkleutly
long, Willi thi! Ifra v of Qo'd 1 "ill nt? irlutr it entirely lu con
tributing my weak share of elfurl und labor t<> tjfn inn,' '
3ne, lilt those scourges ichirh tit *1 lint r liuulii It '//. If I CI it i 111 act I
would do so; if X' could speak I would raise my voice; if 1
:an only pray, I will at leant address my prayer to God.
We take uote of these words, and tfia opportunity will
Dot ba lost of rocailing them to the notice < f tho bishop,
If it ware only for tho benefit of tbo Koinans.
American School Bunks In (lit Tullerles.
TParis (April 21) correspondence of the London Star.]
It may ba interesting to those who are disposed to
agree in the opinions lately advanced in a letter written
by Mr. Bright on American education, to hear that the
Prince Imiierial's school books are selected from thoso
published by tha grammar school committees of the
United States. M. V'attinar was, I understand, askod
what elementary books for children wera best for edu
cational purposes. I am told that he agreed with the
hea l governess at the Tuileries in giving the i> reference tn
American, and I know procured between twenty-five and
thirty, many of which were translated into French for
the special use of tha Princa Imperial, who is taught his
English lesions out of tha others.
Tha Invasion ?f Mexico.
fParis (April 20) correspondence of the l.ondon Herald. 1
Pending the decision which It is gtunrally expected
will soon be arrived at respecting the Horn an question,
tha political world are making themselves miserable
about Mexico. Private accounts received hero state that
the intercourse between Admiral La Graviere and Gen.
Lorencez is tinged with great acrimony. It is said that
the (ieneral has instructions to supersede the Admiral
as Commander-in-Chief, but I have no official conUrma
tkn of the statement.
As to the designs of Franca on Mexico, a paper by M.
M chel Chovalier, in the last number of the H vue des
Veux Monties, is looked upon as giving a positiro clue to
the intentions of the government. If M. Chevalier Is
well informed, it is very evident that, as far as Mexico is
concerned, the French government is not inclined to let
"1 tiara not wait upon 1 would." M. Chevalier painly
states that the objeet of Franca in sending out the expe
dition is to put down tha government of adventurers,
yclept the Mexican republic, to establish a monarchy
and place on tha throne that artificially created Arch
duke Mftiltpilian. If the ?rchduka should prove obdu
rate, lio doubt some other candidate iinlgnl be found of a
more pliable mood. M. Michel Chevalier expresses great
satisfaction that England will hava nothing to do with
this little bit of king-making, anil hopes that Spain will
withdraw from the "little game."
Imperial Fashions In France.
iuoenik'h grand coup d'etat in a PETTICOAT.
[From tbe London Herald, April 23.J
The Empress bus just adopted a new ftyle of petticoat,
which is the despair of nearly all the women of moderate
fortune who are ambitious of bearing on their persons
the latest novelty that is to bo found at tho celebrated
modistes' of Paris. Her imperial Majesty isnotumbitiois
to popularize the agrenieiils of thu toilette. Sho detest*
everything that is] common, and lately begged of her
tirewoman to invent something iu tho shape of a petti
coat that could not be worn by every bourgeois. That
marvellous garment has been at last brought out. It
dooe not altogether supersede crinoline, but greatly
circumscribes It, and its peculiar virtue is that, get it op
in the cheapest manner, U must be us dear as sevon or
?Wlit ordinary p 't.icoats, and cannot possibly be washed
?ad smoothed for less than a? many francs. 1'etticoats
?re a very sacred subject, and in any case difficult things
to treat of; but the jupon Eugenie?that is a subject of
serious disqu.etude t > so many womon?is particularly
so. Nevertheless, as it is detained to limit that terrible
bore?crinoline?to try and make public its peculiarities
Is a task that should b > attempted. L'eueath a ball dress
It produces an effect so charming as to call forth a torrent
Af the most ttatic: lug adjectives of which the French are
Mptbie. It certainly forms a graceful contrast when its
weirer dances to the light skirts of some other lady
coming in contact with the stiff ste?l bars of the cage she
carries about her.
This wonderful Mlticoat is said in most instances to be
made of cambric musllb, *o that washerwomen cannot
stiffen it too much. Its cirJbJjtfwMce to stx yards at tbe
widest point,and it is covered Hf Blue jUuipces of still
greater circumference. The lowest o? these .%unces is
by all accounts ? mere* Trill; the second, ? few 5*5*"
longer and considerably wider, completely covers w*4
first; tbe third does the same to the second, and so en
AM one great floanoe fails completely over tbe other
'Vight, cachone of which, to arrive at the standard or
imperial elegant, mutt be hem stitched like a lady's
pocket handkerchief, abd the outer one in Addition be
?early covered with the embroidery done by the women
of the Votgcs. Ihtt invention also sets its face against
tfa seVrini; JQa'cVltie, as nearly every pyt tt Quit V*
hr-Mwoi*. ft was purfiosely so dosIjflSd to prevent an
inrajShse'tittnber of sempstresses being suddenly thrown
JHR df Werk by the increased demand for machino sew
ing, Which is not yet capable of effecting hem stitching
or embroidery.
The Empress' new petticoat is thus calculated to be at
tbe sune time a very exclusive institution, and one that
will give as much employment to the poor needlewomen
aa the new streets and boulevards do to tbe blouses.
i Fashions (bf April. {
' koiiolj
the material just Sow tho most iu vogue IB foulard. It
hi not exactly the same In texture as (hat no much, worn
many years Slues, but has more the conaistoncy o( tafle
tas, and Is remarkably adapted aa a ground for various
designs. The must reckeri he are those with a black or dark
drab ground, with mixed flowers<t arabesques, as a pat
tsi'ti. I'eklqs, in all shades, black stripes on a blue
fr ound, violet da Par me, brown, violet, \*c. ,are a'so
much liked; and, with trimming, make suitable dresses
for morning visits, or even for dinner. Iri?h poplin is
dearly as much In favor us foulard. TalTetusg!ace. ortia
mented with lace In freequet, or lozenge form, or with
buquets, stars, or spots upon it, is better adapted for
more dressy occasions. We proceed to give a list or a
variety of toilets. An Irish poplin, vory light drab,
?with iittls chine spots of an azure blue. The bot
tom of the skirt trimmed with nine rows of plaited
tailetas, the suae color an the spots, about an
inch and a half In width, ant placed at moderate din
fences. High body, opened slightly in front, with Sirisll
rovers, trimmed with a triple plaiting; tin* same kind of
trimming also on aceinture duchesse, which is tied at the
side. Sleevo made of one puff, headed by a jockey;
tuid, at tbe bottom. a revcrs mousquctalro, cut up at the
back, aad trimmed to match. A very light foulard, with
little mauve and white crossbars. The bottom of tho
skirt trimmed with two rows of rurhed coquilles of
plain mauve tAtlvtas,each coquillo thick in the middle,
swd tapering to* point at ea< h end. High body, buttoned
op, trimmed with small coquilles put on in Swiss fashion?
? style of ornament very much used this spring. Straight
oloeve,lust easy, trimmed at the bottom with ooquiilee,
diminishing in size as they are carried up the seam as
huh as the eibow. A b,a> k tall*las robe, tho body trim
med with phsses Of rlbbea, put on in V"s, one in th*
other, getting smaller In size as they approach the
waist, snd then widening as they form a tuhlier down
tho front of the skirt, lhuse pllsaes are of black tail's
tas, edged with a very narrow green edging, put on with
* bias of velvet of tho sumo color. Sleeves formed b7
four b >u I ons, trimmed with a small rovers. This dross
is made a la tiabrislle. A dross of light green poplin,
?rimmed round the bottom with three narrow flounoea
of black velvet ribbon; fichu, trimmed to match; very
simple sleeve,lust three largo plaits at the bond of the
arm forming the elbow, with a list piece placed up the
seam,and .oruiing a Jockey anil rovers, trimmed with
velvet frills. A biack alpaca, with a wide flounce, which
io trimmed at tho bottom with throe narrow flounces,
end lioaded with two more. I he body is barred across
the front with rows of frlils, the highest ji.st at tho top
of the plaits. Three frills at the bottom of the sleevfe the
top o.ie carried up to the body. A lung sash in alpara,
trimmed round with a tailetas trimming
Kobe of violet tafletas. Konr quilled flounces, trimmed
with a grocque of velvt ol the nine color, hound with
black or white. The body and sleeves with ravers, also
trimmed with a greoquo. This drees is made with a
A dinner drest of azure blue, embroidered with whity
silk. Wiiite laco ttouuees, alternating with bounces of
the samo mi. tonal as the dress,and edged with black and
white lace. Very short sleeves, with boallloaaeeol tulle,
tightly drawn up bencaih t"itluro, composed of a wide
b<w of blue veivot, having mi ornament of pearls and
diamonds In the contio ; a blue feather placed horizon
tally upou a bandeau, joining the front and back hair
The tollowlng is a description of a ball dress worn hy
tho Kmi>ross :?A rohe ot white tulle, covered with trim
mugs up to the kne?, looking like a veritable cloud, with
diamonds scattered all over it. The sash was not worn
round the waist, but as a scarf: the lower part 01 the body
was of sky blue, with wide points before und behind, and
covered with diamonds. Illue velvet bows wero placed
on the shoulders, with agrailea of diamonds. The neck
laco was of diamonds, upon blue velvet, rather close
round the thr< at. The coiffure w.ie a how of black velvet,
upon wh.cb were diamond wheat ears; at the side, leaves
?l the same color as the bow, forming a half w renih, in
the midst of these leaves were numerous diamond pen
dants, which produced a charming and brilliant eiiect.
Some curls doscenued from the back hair, which was
fasiened hy a ootuh with diamonds, foimiug a diadem.
Dlami nds, on velvet of a light sli <do, In I Mot been s?in
be'.o. e. but the edect produced whs * eiy beautiful. The
saah worn as a scarf is railed calntuie baysdere. It is
very narrow, drapeil at the back ot' the body, and tied
n a bow at the front. It is quite a novelty;, and,
when made to suit the dress it trims, is very prettv.
Another drees, worn by a lady or rank at a full dress
dinner pariy, was of white satin, trimmed up to the
kne< k willi bows satiu in boulttwMies of t. lls Or
the centre of the body was a large, magmflc mt oruamnni
ot turquoises and pearls, wit# peat shaped pendants
alternately of diamonds aad turquoises. The coiifUre. a
half wreath moderately elevated in front, win ot
tor (noise blue flowers, without lea-, er or hud
these fhiwors soeieed made of feittier*, aud here
and there a stir of diamonds suonv among them.
Of the cloaks snd mantles now shown, w* will give a lew
m siels. ime wss nt black taffetas, ami the hollow plaits
for'ueii at the waist were held together under stars ot
passementerie A round pelerine, i sther loag, richly em
broidored, as also the Ti out of the eataqne an I the wide
Sleeves, w hich ware agrsreful modification of tbeslsevss
olajutvo. Another, was long, and wide as a burnous, Iru
not forming an) hood. It ens made in three plaits round
the throat, held together at the top hy a rich ugratin of
pri.=s?mcnterie, slid w as trimmed round with sever al rows
of b.std A fe.srf-manlle of black teffrtm. Iriinme t
round with a ruche, clnoree setting as a heading to s
flounce ot gulpuro 01 lallcias, alio,.; ?:t inches w,de a
fbnrlh was a mantlet* latletas, with a ?ery wi )? Houses
01 g npure. hea led with a r oil ?mbrmdery. This maulte
hisakiad of smell hood, formed by two rows of guipure,
?owed together, aad, at the v*vk, ? bfn 91 Utfjtwe, cu*
broidered and trimmed with narrow guipure. This might
be made with a talfeUs flounce, Instead of one orguipure,
and, although more simple, it would lone none of its
liounets preserve the same ahane as those worn m
the winter, and we are obliged to confess that there
is a tendency even to exaggerate the faults we
have already noticed?namely, that of over trimming
The hair is no longer dressed so low at the back;
the plaits and curls are much more raised. This
chance has been inevitable with the hair waved, and
the |>outt's placed In front; the profile of the coiffure
was too long wnh the hair dressed low behind; this
cliangs is, therefore, one of good taste, and will u>>t fail
to bo adopted.
The Recaptured Ship Kmilic
St. Pierre.
How the American Prize Grew were
Made Prisoners.
A Number of British Steamers Preparing to
Ran Into Charleston.
"Boll Run" Russell's Account of his
Retreat from America.
His Alleged Popularity with General Ncflel
lan and the Rebels, and hb Credit
as a War Historian.
&c*i &r.(
The screw steamer Edinburg, Captain Mirehouse, which
sailed from Liverpool at three o'clock on the afternoon or
tho 23d and from Queeustovrn on the 24th ult., arrived
here at half-past seven last evening.
The Edinburg brings nve hundred and ninety-three
The news by the Edinburg Is one day later than
that brought by the Hammonia.
Lord Palmcrston opened on art exhibition at Romney.
Mr. Berosford Hope, M. P., had written to the London
Timet, suggesting the formation of a committee of the
principal manufacturers and ether traders in Lancashire
to receive and distribute subscriptions for the unem
Mr. Darlington, Honorary Secretary of the Wigan Relief
fuud, announces in the London limtt that a meeting of
this character would be held in London on the 30th alt.
A private letter from Australia mentions that Pullinger
the Union Bank defaulter, died on board the convict
ship Lircilles on bis passage out.
The Vienna journals of the 23d ultimo announco that
preparatory measures are being taken at the Ministry of
War for effecting an important reduction in the Austrian
The Prussian semi-official Jlllegoviaine PrmmitchaUm
Zeitungot the 234 of April says the report of the reeigna
iJouof the present ministry, which is alleged to have
take^Qjwe, or which is said to be expected, is a mar*
Despatches ?from Paris of the 23d ultimo say :?The
Payt of this evtfQing states that the Japanese ambassa
dors will leave Parte on Monday next for London.
A Frcqcb squadron wouM leave Toulon on Saturday, the
28th ofXpril. fi? ?*?]??
A despatch from Ragusa of the 23d ultimo says:? ,
Tho Montenegrins having received reinforcements com
pelled Dervish I'usha to r?ire upon Oatzka. ^ (nRI)r.
rcctkm had broken out at Cucco, in Albana. lhu Kontfl
notfrins havo taken Medium, making Prl>'^ners of three
hundred Uashi Bazouks. Zablizak^ljp* *j?en blockaded.
fin the authority ofa Tetter from Baltimore, to
a Arm lnLlver|?ol, pirOhint, it had been represonted
that the federal forcos had suffered a severe defeat at
Yorktown; but tho arrival of the Jura speedily dispelled
thi3 rumor.
Thirty six bishops (nearly one-half of tho whole num
ber In France) have notiflcd to the Ministor of Public
Worship their intention of repairing to Rome, in com
pliance with tho summons of the Pope. No impediments
would be offered to them by t]i'> French g"'/crym"Dt.
A iiotition, hearing 35,000 signatures, had b. on placed
in tho hands of tho Hritlsti Ambassador at Turin, Im
ploring the diplomatic assistance of England in securing
tho ovacuation of Rome by the French troops.
The United States frigate St. Louis was at Lisbon on the
17th ?*
The Constellation loft there on the 13th ult. for Cadiz.
Tho mail steamship Tagus, from Lisbon, at Southamp
ton, had on board among her passengers seven of tlio
petty officers and crew or the privateer Sumter, which
vessel still remained at Gibraltar at last accounts.
The ship Eliza Bonsall had arrived at Liverpool, from
Nassau, with three thousand bales or oottori, the cotton
having run the blockade in small vessels rrom
The steamship New 7ork.from New York, on the 12th
ult.,arrived off Cowes on the morning of the 24th, en
route for Bremen.
Tho steamship Etna, frora New York on the 12th, and
Queenstown vtfd ult., arrived at Liverpool on the 21th
ult., at twenty minutes past eight a. M.
The steamer Jura arrived at Londonderry, on the
morning of the 2od ult.
The Australusian takes the place of tho China from
Liverpool for New York on the 26th of April.
The Rteaptared Ship Kmille St. Pierre.
fKrom the I/mdon SUr, April S3. J
The following Is the statement of the captain of the
EniilleSt. Pierre, of the circumstances attendant on hi*
recapture of hi* vessel after she had been taken by tho
American cruiser:?
He sny* that the moment he wn aware of tbo Inten
tion of ieavtoghim "? h"?rd the Kmilie St. I'lerre, he
enrne to tho determination that tho vessel should not ho
taken to Philadelphia, and resolved that he would re
capture her if prm ticahle and bring her Into a ltritl?li
port. He Inquired of the roofc and steward whether
they would assist Jilm in bis efforts to take her. One of
them at once consented to do so, hut the other delibe
rated upon his conduct. Afterward*. Iiowiver, be also
agreed to a?slst the master. Tlie captain turned oror In
M* tnind the best ro an* of effecting his-object, and *?on
ca me to a conclusion a* to the best cotirae to be adopted
in the emergency.
The prize mister'* mate was asleep in tho cabin on tho
morning of tho *erond day alter the < apitire, and be de
termined to *ecnre him In the flr-t Instance. The conk
and *teward were urmed, and were nintructcd by Captain
Wilson of the course they were to adopt. Some cloth
wns thrown over thi* officer's head, hi* arm* were so
cured hyOartaln Wilton and iron* placed u|>oa hi* hands,
and he was *l?o prevented from cresting any alarm by a
gug being placed In hi* mouth
Captain Wil*on returned to the deok, aad in a familiar
manuer inquired from the mn*ter of tlie prire crew,
"Well,Stone, what is the pteltion of the ship?" The
officer replied that, they were aomewhere off llatterna,
and were about to change the course. Tile-captain In
vited Lieutenant Stone Into the cabin to prick upon tho
chart tki vessel's position. Lieutenant Stone accompa
nied the captain into the cabin, the door was closed,
imdlhecook and steward being also present, (aptain
Wilson drew a belaying pin?be did not take a pistol as
bo war anxious to prevent any noiso Ix-ing created?
and demanded that Lieutenant Stone should quietly con
sent to a pair or Iron* Iteing placed upon hie hands, la
tiio presence of such a force the oltlcer was compelled to
submit to being placed in irons, and also to a gag being
inserted 111 bis month.
The master prizemen being then secured la the cabin,
Captain WIIS"ii returned oo deck, where b? tnst three of
the prize crew, and one being a very iiowttrftil fellow he
was doulrtf il as to bis treatment of these men. who were
still, In common with itie rmt of Uiecrew. in Ignorance
or Uie proceedings below. Captain Wilson* ready
wit, however, coon suggested an expedient. He or
dared them to go aft and get out of a scuttle a coil
of rtg$WK,of which Lieutenant Stone w*e represented
as beiiin in ties I. The three ni?n suspecting nothing,
entered lbs si utile; but s* *oon as they wero within, the
hatch was placed over the egress, atvl thoy were thus
imprlsousd. In the meantime the forecastle door iMd
be*-n Isi-leoed up, aud In this manner the whole of the
watch bsiow was prsveuted from taking any pert in the
aflrsv StW the other men of the prize crew were un
conscious ef what was going forward: and the captain
seul forward one ol bis men to *?k whether they would
assist in narigsiinti the ship to a llritish port, a* he was
d> tet mined that ilin should not go to Philadelphia. Ons
man consented to insist him . other*, who refused, wore
pis< ed with the throe men in the scuttle.
Alter the m> n on de?.. a ! been disposed of In this
manner, the watch i??lo? were brought out of the fore
castle one by cne. aiMl insert' gated ss to whether or not
ihej weuW Ufru"> LSYijunug u* tm
Ml. Three consouted in the whole t'> this course; but
only <>no of these was a sailor, tho other* being lands
men. In the enurse of a few (lays, however, tw jiu. ro
of the prizeman expressed their wiilin^-ness to assist
Captain Wilson, but one o(' (ho men wan afterwards con
fined in consequence of violence.
With this slender crew Captain Wilson was compelled
to navigate Ins ship to Liverpool, and in tli# cm rs? of
the vuyage encountered a lurious galo, whi< li broke th"
tiller: but in thin emergency also the ingenuity of Captain
Wilson was equal to the occasion?the serious ilefcct wns
remedied, and the vessel was safely brought to Liverpool.
A British Tiuilln^ Klert Kitting Out
fur Cliai'letlen.
The Liverpool J'ot/, commenting ou th:; recapture of
tho Emilie St. Pierro and tho blockade of Chariest)?,
hays:?While writing in allusion to the Charleston block
ade. wo may mention that the screw steamship Hero,
908 tons, recently employed in tho Hultic Hade, lias
been gold to a Liverpool house. She has left Hull for
this port, and is intended for the trade between Liver
pool and Churlastuu. The llero is a very fast steamer,
her hull and ongines having been thoroughly over
There Is also in the Hull docks, undergoing an over
hauling for a Liverpool house, the screw steamship Mo
dorn Greece, of about 700 tous. It is understood that
this steamer, also being a fast vessel, is intended lor the
Charleston trade.
Other Hull ships are mentioned in connection with
similar enterprises.
Rebel Reports from Paris.
[l'aris (April 19) correspondence <>f Loudon Advertiser.]
It is reported to-<lay that tho Emperor has informed
Mr. Slldell that uules* something decisive should sottlo
the internecine dispute within the course of the next six
months, France and England would feol bound to inter
Ball Ron Russell'* Keturn to England.
The 1-ondou Tim.s of the 24th of April says that its cor
respondence frem the Army of tho Potomac is for the
present suspended.
The President of the Catted States has formally de
cided that Mr. Russell shall bo prevented from availing
himself of the invitation of General McClollan to nccom
pany the army. Tho roar of independent criticism is
felt onlu by the federal govtrnmttU. The General and the
. troops were most desirous of carrying with them au his
tor inn whom the world wpuld believe (?)
Mr. ftnasoll Would have Keen* recohrod with Joy In tho
Confederate camp?not as a partisan, but as an impor
iant witness; but it would have been diUicult to esca|>e
the imputation that he had carried ovor with him infor
mation acquired while at thu North. The Timti adds
that in order to avoid any suspicion of failure and in
scrupulous regard for confidential trust, which is so im
portant a duly of our profession, he returns to England.
A military patrol had beuu insulted at Cracow, being
assailed by the populace with stones. One soldier lirod;
but tho rest, without the word of command being given,
discharged their firearms in the atr. No person was
hurt. The cause of tho disturbance was the arrest of a
man for singing prohibited songs.
Manoeuvring Steam Rama and Iron-Cased
Permit me again to refer to a subject which appears to
have been almost entirely disregarded amid ihn all-ab
sorbing topics of "guns and armor clad ships," although
it is conceded by those to whom the lighting and manage
ment of them will bo confided that it is not a whit less
important. Of what comparative value are armor-clad
ships,of whatever denomination, without the moans of
making rapid evolutions (especially in a confined space)
soas either to avoid the blow of an adversary, or to in
ilict ono with the greatest effect V
Although many of our screw steamers do manoeuvre
well under favorable circumstances, there is not one that
can be moved with certainty in every direction, espe
cially at -'slow speed," and it will be at reduced speed, I
uppreliend. that an action would be fought. It is oue
thing to describe a circle in a "fair way," and another
i to turn a ship short round in action,or to back her with
accuraoy either to starboard or to port under all circum
The position one of our present long screw ships would
occupy when opposed to a shorter vessel, or even one of
the same dimensions having the means of turning In her
own length, may be familiarly likened to that of the gal
ley In a punt race, in which the punt haa invariably a
very decided advantage.
A man-of-war, whether ram,cupola ship, or armor-clad
frigate, must possess this qualification to be effective,
otherwise a vessel of very interior size and speed having
it may inflict serious Injury with comparative impunity,
assuming her to be equally shot-proof. The propelling
and slewing power must also be protected.for that, alter
nil, ia the weak point, and will doubtless be the first as
1?ftWther l?y ram or shot. The tremendous pan
tice of the Arthimmg g.iP, recorded in the yafcTof 13
day, may afford some !<)]? of th? fflWltOcii a shot would
have on the after sternR*t, Judder and screw of the
largest ship afloat, and ft conveys a hint to have them
protected (if pawilHff, as n&w fitted); if not, to have re
course to somji>Aher expedient
The mnSvre Mr. Nasmyth recommqpda in the TimeI
of Kh instant, viz:?" to rush at the rudders and
scrota of the enemy's ships, ao as to utterly d isable
' jelr locomotive power, and then sweep round to gain
due momentum and direction, and crush in the plated
sides of the then comparatively helpless enemy7'?might
be readily accomplished, provided he can depend ou ex
ecuting it uuder all circumstances, and that his own pro
peller and rudder are safe; otherwise, in "sweeping
round," they may be injured by his adversary or her
consorts. But suppose tho enemy has his propelling and
steeriug power protected, and also a means of turning
twice to his once, the result may be very different from
that anticipated by Mr. Nasmyth. Now, there ia reason
to believe that this is no improbable position, for are not
other maritime Towers seeking perfection with even
greater eagerness than oursolves, aud endeavoring to ac
complish by stratagem and skill that which, from our
superior resources, they cannot hope to accomplish by
If "ramming'' is to bo the order of fighting (and it
se.'ms more feasible than erer aftor gyjierieuco in Ame
rica and it ahocluinnw). rabidity and Mriginty of ina
mS'ivring will be or still greater importance in these
ocuan tournaments; for a ram, or, Indeed, any other
armor-plated ship possessing that quality, may Often
avoid the blow of an adversary, or, instead of receiving
it at right angles (the only point at which it wottld be
reallv ellective), might be so turned on the instant"as to
receive it in auoblique or glancing direction, which would
in a treat measuro, if not entirely, neutralize Its effect,
and, having thus diverted it, mi^-ht turn on the passing
ship and deliver a broadside into her stern, that would at
such a distance stand u fair chance of crippling hor screw
aud rudder (if not protected), or, at all events, doing fear
serious injury.
Having already dwelt at great length in your columns
(on the 8th of January last, "On touting the Screw"),
ou the means by which such a power of steering and ma
noeuvring can alone be attained, I will not trespass fur
ther on your space than to record my conviction that no
single screw steamer of the dimensions our war shirs
now assume can be manoeuvred with that precision aud
rapidity which is absolutely necessary, and that the ex
posed condition of both rudd'-r and screw is a defect the
magnitude of which will be roll when, perhaps, too late
to remedy it. 1 am, sir, your most obedient servant,
THOS. ET?W. SYMONie, Commander Koyal Navy.
Londow, April 10, 1842.
The Will of a Wealthy Kentucklan.
[From tho l,ondnii post, March 22.}
The will of Mr. Alexander Buchanan llarret, merchant,
of Kentucky, in the I'mted Staler, w? proved first in the
Probate Court at Richmond, New York, in tba 86th
year of Independence, and now proved In London. The
execntora are hla brother*, Mr. John Henry Barret and
Mr. William T. Barrel, together with his son, Mr. Alex
ander Rairet.the personalty in England being sworn
under ?120.000. This wealthy American died possessed
of considerable landed estates, slave*, and other property
in America. The will is a singular composition, and
there are directions contained In it with which our'?
Kngliati habit* and feeling are not familiar, The terms
are principally given in his own words. The
testator, who had only reached the age of flfty,
wa* a native of Virginia, and born in Loui*a
county, was twice married, having by his first wife a
son and a daughter, and ha* left a widow, who is pro
vided tor by marriage settlement, to whom he has be
queathed a legacy of ?20,000, to enable her to take up
her future ie>id?uce in Ireland, to which country she
hss a preference, and that a liberal allowance I* to be
made to her annually "to live In the style of a lady."
To hi* sou he leaves bt* relate of Ron Harbour apd While
Farm. and to hi* daughter Virginia (a minor) his home
farm <>f Henderson, heipieaihing to tliem also the negroes
on tho eatates, requesting his trustee* to protect hi*
daughter from Hie "fortune bunting crew." He has ap
pointed his son and daughter residuary legatees, and. in
contumplattun of th? ir remaining In America, It Is his
wish that they should live together at Hunderson, aiul
a'so that his residence, The riue*,Mtatun Island, should
be retained as a pleasure retreat for his children. Ho
has left directors that his tomh should bear this
Inscription ?''? Honesty and truth in practice is the
policy to aecuro happiness both in tims anil eternity."
Commercial Intelligence.
lx>Nf>0*, April 24?11 A. M.
Consols. money and account, 93 J, a 94; new threo |>er
00 tit*, 02^.
I/jjrnov, April 24?Noon.
Consols, money and account, 9(1% a 94; shares weak
and ?4 per rent lower than at opening, Amurican, dull;
Canadian, no change.
Lnnt o*. April 24?2:15 P. M.
Consols, money and account, 93?g a 94; new three per
The London T\mn of April 24, on America, say* the
advices yesterday indicate thut the re ent battle has
hail no eflbet in creating a hope among the lead
ing houses that a termination of the wnr wa* at hand.
The shipment of fold 1* beginning to excite apprehen
sion, and the importations had lately Increased and tlio
exports were diminishing, owing to the loss entailed hy
mo*t of the recent consignments of grain to Europe.
There was every prosj ect of their continuance on a c?
siderable sca.e Should such bo the case, it would sur
prise no one to hear of a decree frnni Washington pro
hibiting specie from being scat out of the round y. The
condition of all kinds or business wKh army contract* in
very bad.
(;olil to the amount of ?118.000, mo?tly ytu?<r*llan,
wa* taltun to the ttanlc of Ktiglaiid yeste rlu/, making a
total or ?3011,000 since Inst return . There IS Still DO lie
msnd whatever for gold ror the Continent, and the whole
of the recent arrivals fri m Auettalia and America will
be sent Into the Hank.
lhe l/ ml n Timm (city article) siys ?The English
funds opened steadily yesterday at tue price* or the past
week, and tho market *ul'?e nient'y exhibited some am
motion, the final bargains beingan advance of |>er
cuit The railway market inntlnue* Inactive but
steady. Money waa abundant In the discount tn irket,
and short loans on the flock Exchange were offered at
1 per cent,
?? Loudon JStm (city artwlej Tbf fund* j ??
terday.afWr rising 'u, experienced a slight rolapw*, but
elontci bettor-then on t!io previous day. There is still a
great deficiency of business in mo .-'lock Kxchange.
One 11 Uio in* si inaci ivo departments in that fur- KUiglish
railway stocks. In the discount market good bills urn
taken at 21 i p" cent
Uio Great Wi 8tern Railway shows an increase of ?847
in tho week's traffic returns, and tho (ire it Northern a
decrease of ?646.
Tltt) city artic ? of iho IajikIoii Herd I says iho proba
bl'ity or the immediate introduction of the Russian loan
was stroi'iily disclosed yesterday afternoon iu financial
circles. The preliminaries are now said to be all but
linally scaled.
I jvkkpool, April 24, 1862.
Ifreads lull's quiet and steady.
Provisions very dull.
The cotton in irket was very lirin on tho 23d of April.
Ai'Rii. 24.?Kair demand. No chalice in pricee: sal s
probably about 1,000 bales. Imports?7,614; previously,
40,31d bales.
Ijunh uf, April 24,18?2.
Rusiness was resumed in Mincing lane markets yester
day, and the prices obtained were in nearly ovcry in
stance the same as llio.-c current beforo the holidays.
The Rebels in Strong Force at Wil
liamsburg Under Joe Johnston.
The Latest Despatches from
Gen. McCiellan.
Two Rebel Redouts Taken and Early's
Brigade Repulsed with the Bayo
net by General llancock.
One Hundred and Fifty Priso
ners Taken.
Severe Fighting by Ilooker't Division, with
Considerable Loss.
The Great Battle of the Rebellion
Threatened at Williamsburg.
The Rebel Force Larger Than
the Union Force.
The Capture and Destruction of Rebel
Transports on York River.
Our Sketches from the Scene
of Operations.
Ac., : to., *??
Washwgtoji, liny C, 1862.
Official despatches received here indicate thai the
enemy are m large force and strongly intrenched near
Williamsburg, and that they intend to dispute at that
point tbe further passage of our army.
There had been some brisk fighting, in which General
Hancock had taken two redoubts and repulsed Early's
rebel brigade by a brilliant bayonet charge.
In this engagement General Hancock's forces are said
to have killed two rebel colonels, two lieutenant colo
nels, and captured one eolouel and one hundred and fifty
General McClellan highly compliments General Han
cock's conduct.
At the timo of the sending of the despatches our loss
was not known; but it was supposed to be considerable,
in proportion to the extent of the engagement, as the
lighting was very severe.
Despatch from General McClcllan.
Bivouac i* Frost or WiLLMMmnM, >
May 6?10 P.M. J
Hon. E. M. Stastos, Secretary of Wan
After arranging for movements up York river, I was
urgently gent for here. I Qnd General Joe Johnston in
front of mo in strong force?probably greater a goed deal
than my own. - - ?
General Hancock has taken two redonbts and repuUgj
Karly's rebel brigade by a real charge with the bayonet>
taking one coloncl and a hundred and fifty prisoners, and
killing at least two colonels and many private*. His
conduct was brilliant In the oxtrene.
I do not know our exact Iocs, but few that General
Hooker has loet considerably on our left.
I learn from the prisoners taken that the rebels intend
disputing every step to Richmond.
I shall run the risk of at leaat holding thea In check
here while 1 resume the original plan.
My entire force is considerably inferior to that of the
rebels, whe will fight well; but I will dofll I can with
the force at my disposal. Q. B. McCLELLAN,
Major General Commanding.
AnvAKrw, N*?* Wiixiammsi-ro, May 6?Evening.
When my d< natch was sent last even inn the indica
tions wore that our troops would occupy W illlamsburg
without much opposition.
The first indications of the enemy's rear guard being
reinforced wan the fact of their pressing our lines about
eight o'clock in the morning, showing a determination to
rexist our advance. Sufficient reinforcements bail arrived
during the night to enable our generals to act either on
the defensive or offensive.
About eight o'clock the enemy opened on our troops
postod on tlie left, compoced of General Hooker's divi
?ion and other troops of General H?lnt'.olman's division
The action in tfeis vicinity was very heavy at tira-is.
The lose in killtd and wounded is sot known, but sup
posed to be considerable on both fides. 7V en/my was
rrpulied at ail poim'i.
Gem-mi Test's brigade, stationed to the right of
Oeneral Hooker's, soon after became engaged. Here
the firing was very haary for about two hours, during
which they han<I<oviely reyiilttil the enemy in making a
charge. Our loss here was ab >ut thirty killed and
seventy five wounded.
A brilliant victory was achieved, about Ave O'clock
in the afternoon, by General Hanoock's brigade,
assisted by Kenusdv's and Whoeter's batteries.
They had been ordered to tne right to fc<"|
the enem.f, and, If pogsiblq, to turn their left
wing. Here they were met br General Karly 's brigade,
co "isting nf ths Fifth North Carolina and Twenty fourth
and Thirty-eighth Virginia regiments, with a squadron oj
cavalr> , who advanced in line of battle. Our troop*, who
wer> quickly prepared to receive them, opsned a heavy
flrn upon them, and the enemy advanced steadily to
within (wo hundred yards, when General Hancock or
dersd a charge wim the bayonet, which was eae?ute<|
with the greate?t courage.
Tb??Bfra;? hue brukc?they became p nicstricksn
and fled, leaving their dead and wounded behind.
Tb>) rebels left upward of eighty dea'l and forty
wounded. We also took nearly 200 of them prisoners
AmotiR their killed and wounded was the Colonel and
Lieutenant Colonel of the Fifth North Carolina reg:
Our |t?g was seventeen killed and about forty
wounded. Among tho enemy 's dead were the bodies ol
the Lieutenant Colonel and Major of tho Twenty fourth
Virginia regiment, together with several other officers.
Their dead were buried by our troops, and tlieir
wounded cared for.
The conduct of Gen. nancrwk ami his brigade on this
occasion has excited univorsal admiration. A standard
of colors, belonging to the cavalry engaged, was cap
turcd, and is now on its way to Washington.
When the news of Gen. Hancock's sueross became
known a shout went up from tons of thousands of I'nton
throats, tliat made the country resound for m;lo? around.
Gen. iluncock remained during the night ill the two
works of tho enemy.
General McClollan and stalT arrived on the field at five
o'clock, and immediately rode to the front, where his
presence among the troops was most joyfully hailed, lie
immediately assumed ctmmand in person.
The rain has poured In torrents all day. The troops
suller much from exposure, but none complain.
From information received from the prisoners taken,
the enemy will make a decisive stand at Williamsburg,
reinforcements having been arriving all day, and Gene
ral J. E. Johnston is in command.
Jeff. Davis was at Richmond at last accounts.
The enemy's works are very formidable, and extend
across tho peninsula this side of Williamsburg.
Ti-esdat Morn inc., May fl.
This is a beautiful May morning. The operations of
to-day are not yet known. The whole army is in good
Sketch of General Hancock.
Brigadier General Wiufleld Scott Ilanuock is a native o'
Pennsylvania, from which State he was appointed a cadet
to West Point Military Academy in the year 1840. He
graduated on the 30th of June, 1844, standing number
eighteen in hie class?in whieh was Simon Bolivar Buck
ner, tho notorious rebel general, of Fort Donelson fame.
He was promoted to a brevet second lieutenancy in the
Fourth United States infantry on the 1st of July, 1844,
and on the 18th or June, 1846, received his commission as
full second lieutenant in the same regiment. He served
gallantly in the Mexican war, and in August, 1848, was
breveted first lieutenant for gallant and meritorious con.
duct in tht battles of Contreras and Cherubusco, his bre
vet dating from August 20, 1847. During the years
1848 and 1849 he tilled the position of regimental
quartermaster, after which he became regimental
adjutant of the Sixth United States infantry. In Janu
ary, 1853, ho was promoted to a full first lieutenancy,
and on the 7th of November, 1855, was appointed an'
assistant quartermaster in the Quartermaster General's
Department, with the rank of (captain. This position h?
held at the breaking out of the rebellion in 1861, and
still holds that rank in the regular army of the United
states. On the 23d ef September, 1861, he was ap
pointed a brigadier general of volunteers, and ordered
to report to Gen. McCIellan. He has been since bis ap
pointment entirely in the Army of the Potomac, and his
brigade formed part of the force that occupied Lewins
ville on the 9th of October, 1861. Ho has also been en
gaged in several grand reconnoissanees, which have
generally been attended witk success. The manner wflh
which he advanced, attacked and captured the redoubts
of the rebels at Williamsburg has merited and obtained
from Gen. McCIellan special mention and praise. Gob.
Hancock is much Hked by his command,and his acquaint
ances speak of him as being a perfect gentleman In his
manner and a pleasant companion.
Sketch of General Hooker*
Brigadier General and Acting Major General Joseph
Hooker, commanding one of the divisions under General
McCIellan, is a native of Massachusetts, from which
State be was appointed a cadet to West Poiat Military
Academy In 1833. He graduated on the 30th of June,
1837, standing No. 29 In a class of tifty members, among
whom were Generals Benham. Arnold, T. Williams'
French. Sedgwick, Bates, Todd and others of the Union
army; Braxton Bragtf, W. W. Mack ill, J. A. Early and
other noted rebel officers. On the 1st of July, 1837, he was
promoted to tho sccond lieutenaucy of the First United
States artillery, and on the 1st of November, 1838, was
further promoted to a first lieutenancy in the Fame rcgi"
ment. From July 1 to October 3,1841. he was the adju -
tant of the Military Academy ,at West Point >
and from 1841 to 1846 was the adjutant
of his regimeut. He served with distinction
in Mexico, and was Aid-de-Camp to Brigadier
General Hamer. He was in May, 1847, breveted captain
for gallant conduct in the several conflicts at Monterey
i which took place on tho 21st, 22d and 23d days of Sep.'
tember, 1846. His brevet bore the last mentioned date.
He was appointed on the staff as Assistant Adjutant
General, with the brevet rank of captain, on the 3d or
March. 1847; and in March, 1849, wax further breveted
major for gallant and meritorloas conduct In the affair a
the National Bridgo, Mexico?his brevet dating from
June 11, 1847. In the same month he received an"thar
brevet?viz: lieutenant colonel?for gallant and ntritt
rious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec. This brevet
borj drtt September 13,18^7. On tho 3yth of October,
ImI,he wis appointed a captain of the First artillery,
and on the same day vacated his regimental commission,
retaining his position in the Adjutant General's Depart
ment, with brevet of lieutenant colonel. On the 21st or
February, 1853, he resigned from the army and went to
California, where ho retired into private life. The rebel,
lion, however, brought him from his privacy, and he
was recalled to the Kast, ami on tho 17th of May, 1961,
was commissioned as brigadier general of volun"
tcers his appointment being accredited to the
Sute of California. He at first acted under
inatrnctions from General Dix, but afterwards
was appointed to a separate command under Genera1
McCIellan. He then proceeded to reorganize the two dis
turbed counties of Maryland?George and Charles?and
succeeded admirably, entirely re-oceupying those conn
ties and disarming tho secessionists, witliont loss of life.
His division at this time took military possession of the
northern and eastern shores or left bank of the Potomac,
river, and several spirited excursions were made by por
tious of his command in the neighborhood of Budd*
Ferry, Port Tobacco, kc., to the opposite Virginia shore.
A portion of these troops recently crossed the Potomac,
and took possession of the batteriea which had block
aded the rivor for some time previous, and l.avlng effect ul
ally removed these obstructions, and advanced a shor
distance into the interior, ware finally withdrawn, and
transferred to the immediate command of Gen McCIellan
on the poninsula. Tliey have now vigorously gone into
the fight, and the New York troop* under his command
will not be behind their fellow patriots from other States ,
Oar Newport'* News Corrt-apondeace.
NiwronT-* New*, Va., May 4,1WM.
Ditertrrt from the Rebel Schooner /*mur,gard?Same of
the. yem Vork Fire /ouavtl do Acrott the River and
Burn a Small (M Srhonner?^nntraband Fugitive*?
fin it Panic In anil Armmd Xorfoik?A Negro Gnet
Acrnu frtmt Here and Bring? IIU Wift and Child
Over?Reniipearance of the M rrimae, <tc., 4c.
Thte morning, a little after one o'clock, three whit,
men, belonging to a rebel tchooner, crossed the river In
a row boat and cmne to our line* to claim protection.
Captain ftagadern, of the Eleventh New York Volunteers,
commander of the outside pickets, received them kindly,
and directly reported the rase to headquarter*. It appears
that theao three men?one aa Irishman, tho second one
a New Jersey man, and the third one a North Carolina
youth?belonged to tbo rebel echeoner Beauregard (lato
the Edward Everett) which wae on Ita way to Norfolk
with a cargo of 2,0?0 bushel* of coal for the Merrimac.
Theyataiied theineelvee of this their Ant opportunity
to return to the people with whom they sympathized,
and adeised us to ernes the river and endeavor to bring
the fchoo-.er over to our si 'e. One of the Cumberland's
b >ate. of which wo havo a number lying on the beach,
was at once manned by aduzen "Ore boys," and In an
hour's lime lliey had reached the rsbel shore. On arriv
ing there they lounl to their dismay tint the captain of
the scbaoner had brought her safely within the range of
the guns of the l?y s Point battery,and they nwt turned
their attention to another little schoouer, lying at a
more reasonnb.e distance from the battery, end at It
l titf out of the qutetioo to bring Mr wro it, the rht
being too shallow in the centre, and the wind having en
tirely died away, they set lire to her. She had a cargo
or 1,200 bushel* of cat, lik<wise destined for the Mer
rimac. If we bad had a single gunboat hore we could
e.isily have brought b >th schooners acro-s.
The Irishman, wh<> Soemed to be the in at intelligent
of the lot, iuforn:od us that the rebel forces at J imea
towu and Mulberry Island were evacuating the fortifica
tion* with all possible despatch, and that tho greatest
con*tarnation -e>mod to exist everywhere. <m asking
au ofilottf at Mulberry Island for the roason of their leav
ing lie said:?"We have orders to hurry up or
we run the risk of being uken prisoners, all
of uh. The g'inboats Jamestown, Vorktown, Beaufort
and leaner went lyiii# between Mulberry and Hog Inlands,
iu sight of tlm inlet to Elizabeth river. Up to tho present
writing ( ten o'clock, evening) the coal schooner is stil'
burning brightly; and it is not likely that tho Merritnac
will have much good of that cargo.
A number of negroes have come across the river during
the last two or threo days, most of them from the neigh
borhood of Smithlleld. They rejiort that place and most
f the batteries on thc> creeks and on James river shore
as almost entirely deserted by the military. The people
are iu a perfect panic, fearing an attack from Central
Hurnside on one side, and from the navy on this side. Th*
fall of New Orleans has created the greatest consternation,
aud immediately on the receipt 01 the nows sugar rose tea
cents a pound. It seems generally conceded that a com
paratively small Union force, with the assistance of the
navy could now secure the possession of Norfolk, while
the people are in such a demoralized state.
The servant of the writer, a very intelligent free
negro by the name of George Washington, went across
to the rebel shore last evening for the purjiosR of bring
ing over his wife and child, who wore living in a boss*
near the water, and who had been treated with great se
verity by their master ever since Goorgc has ''seceded."
The expedition was a perfect success, and the man
brought not only his own family across, but
induced some twelve others to go with blm. When
it is remembered that tho slaveholders tell the
negroes the gre&test falsehoods in regard to our treat
ment of them, Buch as this, tliat we shoot all the old men
when they arrive here, and Bell the young ones to Cub*
to pay for the expenses of the war. It is easily seen
that this expedition will bear important results. It will
at least have the effect to make the negroes unwilling to
fight against us, as they have been compelled to do at
Manassas and Yorktown. George left a few linos at the
house of his wife's late master, stating that he had been
there, and rogretting that he could not have tho pleasure
to pay his respects in person. He assured him, however,
that he was very woll off at Newport's News, and that
the Yankees were not such a hard sot of barbarians after
all. George passed three differont picket guards, all of
whom were sleeping as soundly as if tbe "confederation"
was a foregone conclusion.
The news of Yorktown having fallen into our hands
was received a little after eight o'clock this morning,
and as it was announced to tbe men it was received with
tbe wildest exclamations of delight. Our only regret,
amidst this shower of good news which tbe last week
has brought us, is that we are not permitted to have an
active part in the work. After a quiet camp life of some
ten months, only broken by the late exploits of the Mer
ritnac, it is not unnatural that the soldiers Ions for ?
change. Our longing eyes are ever turned towards Nor
folk, and if we can get a single chance at her we will
pay off the balance due on the Merrimac account since
the 8th of March.
The appearance of tbe Merrimac outside ef Oraney
Island this afternoon hardly created any excitement at
all. We know now that, whatever she may undertake
to do, she will have a proper reception; and, besides, tho
impression prevailing hore is that something er other
must he tbe matter with her, as Commodore Tatnal1
would not likely have refused to obey orders if he had
had any confidence in her powers of speed and endurance.
She came out from Elizabeth river about one o'clock,
?teamed qnietly up to Sewall's Point, and remained there
for some three hours and a half, after which she steamed
Just as quietly back again. Signalizing was going on all
the time from her deck to the station at Craney Island.
Forthkss Monroi , May 6,1802.
The Fronch war steamer Gassendi cam a down from
Yorktown about flvo o'clock, bringing the Fronch Min
ister; also Captain Fox, Assistant Secretary of tho \.ivy.
On Sunday morning General McClellan signalizod to tbe
Ave gunboats lying below Yorktown the fact of tbe eva"
cufttion, with instructions to proceed up tho river to Wast
Point and remove all the obstructions in their way.
Quito a lluet of steamers and vessels loaded with troops
were discovered in tho distance, and a pursuit was com*
menced, resulting in tho capture of some of them,
whilo others were run ashore and llre.1 by those on
b.iant, who escaped to the woods. It is said that by
three o'clock in the afternoon tho gunboats boil reached
West Point, at the head of navigatliii, nearly thirty
miles above Yorktown. frequently shelling parties of the
enemy, who were discovered (lying along the shore, and
Hanking tbat |>ortiou of tho retreating army that was
moving towards Wu.it Point to take the railroad to
Immediately in the wake of tbe gunboats followed a
long line of river steamers, loaded with troops, car Tying
General Franklin's division, with from fifteen to twenty
thousand meu. These troops reached Yorktown during
tbe afternoon, and were slopped there to await intelligence
from the gunboats. It is proposed to land them at West
P< int, It the report of the gunboats is favorable.
One of the gunboats which went up York
river on Sunday morning has returned. She reports
that she found the rivor unobstructed; that our gunboats
had reached West foiut, and that a force had boun landed
and a bridge on the roal to Richmond destroyed. Seve
ral rebel transports were overtaken going up tho river,
somo of which were run ashore, those on board escaping,
and wero burned, while others had been captured.
The latest reports say that General McClellau Is with
the advance of the army, and supposed to be before
Williamsburg, In which direction there has been brisk
c.mnoua ling nU day. ?*, ?
Among the prisoners taken at Yorktown la UieCbieJh
of Knglnoers of General Johnston's staff, who states thai
the whole rebel army at Yorktown amounted to 8&,000
men. He gives a most deplorable account of the condi
tion of the army, and says that they will be uaablo to
make a stand anywhere this side of Richmond. The
retreat commenced before daylight on Saturday morning,
and he doubts not that the advance was twenty miles
distant tt the time the last gun was fired from Yorktown
Oar Fortress ltfonro* Correspondence*
Fount km M'WSok, May 6, 1862.
EtUhuiiarm at ihe Cajiturt York own?The Rtbtl Army
Ihmoraliittl?III (.'atUMSecrttitm <m lit Latl Lrgi?
Arretl of au AUtynl Mililaiy Traihrr?tlr it Pwt m
Clotr Contnement?A Uriel ScKoontr Imjyprd?A Kebtl
Rtrmneiiuancr. <tr.
The enthusiasm among the soldiers here when they
learned the news of the evacuation of Yorktown was
boundless. The troops In the camps gathered together
lu sot inl kuots, ana as the particulars of the event were
brought to them they discussed the matter, revolving I1
In all its phases, prognosticating Its probabln results,
and all concurring that McTlellan's engineering nnd stra
tegy paralysed the rebel army. Yorktown is ours;
the whole of the line of rebel Intrcnchments, con
structed by the best skill of their engineers, requiring
the services of two thousand negroes for nearly one
year, s targe number of heavy guns and a counties*
number of shot and shell, all fell into the hands of sur
army without s blow being struck to gain them. Tbe
enemy fled terror stricken from their camps, leaving
large quantities of Mere* behind them. So hasty was
the retreat of the rear guard of tbe rebels that they did
not stop to take their breakfast from tbe Are, leaving
their savory disbee to be eaten by loval t'nton troops.
What a change I One week ago the Richmond papers
were bestow Ing peans of praise upon the.r generals for
the akilfnl manner in which they had rendrred Ihe marck
of Yankee troo|* up the peu insula to Richmond an Im
possibility; and t.iey premised a sirs victory to the
rebel artns whenever Mu'lellan's army should attach
tbi'm. Notlileg short of victory on the historic plains <4
Yorktownovur the Yankees would suit them,and this
was so near Us culmination that tbe hair brained editors
of the rebel sl.oets could read victory (or their slds la tbe
background. Alas! fur human hopes, alas! for the etbe
riel nature of rebel promises; la one short week sfter
the rebel "beets were bolstering up tbeir deluded readers'
aiiods with hopes or a great victory?prestol sad ws
dud the enemy not only skulking away from their ssp
peaed invulnerable fortifications of Yorktcwn, bat also
irem Corinth. What excuse now can the rebel loaders
give for their waning cause* Strstegy, I suppose. Tkey
?till sssure '.heir tnyrmidoms that Miey are ?ra?Hai n?
Into a net 'ike the net Parld's enemies set fer t,i n
they will be caught In it themselves. Xe?e* I'd th< t ,
bel press utter a truer saysig than that ?h ch tlev , -\
icoNiuau) un tinjb p ? k.

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