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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 07, 1862, Image 4

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Waitings Over the Fall of
New Orleans,
&c, &c., &c.
A Retro?pw(.
Tl<e Hf.raip of yoslerd-iy annjunced that according to
rebel advices the Torts Jacksou and St. Philip had be-n
surrendered to the Union forces. In order that our read
ers may be enabled to connect the chain of events re
garding the surrender of these formications, with their
recapture by the Union forces, wo'subjom the following
showing how the forts came Into the posoeg-ion of the
rebels ?
Nsw Orleans. Jan. 11, IStil.
All the fortiScations are now in possession of the l/>u
isiana troops The United Slate* Arsenal at Bat' n
Kongo, in Ccmraand of Major Hask and two companies,
refused to surrender this morning. The arsenal was
surrounded by 600 State troops, and a parley was held
between Governor M ore and Major Haskins. which linully
resulted in the s irrenderof the garrisou at twelve oVl ck
to day. There was no opposition in taking the other
Rebel Misrepresentations?Oft-Tlire?t
ened "EsritHt Resolve."
ft'rom the Richmond Whig, April 28.]
It is stated orally that tbo Yankee Army at Fredericks
burg ii armpomd >? good part of J'let, Hungariani and
G-rnuini, organised into regiment*, and exam amid by
trfflrcrt whose '.rdert are gieen in the language* of Morthem
Such is the fate of our credulous and magnanimous
mother. She sustained a bankrupt government and then
bestowed upon n an immei.g..' <loniaiu. This domain has
boea offered in free gift to ary who wtU occupy it. and
aliens bare flocked like "doves to the windows.'' These
aliens are now hired by the former copartners of Vir
ginia to invade her soil, and one inducement lield out to
their enlistment is that her own lands shail be appor
tioned amotv these Roldior- of fortune ! Truly,?
"The hedge sparrow f?d the cuckoo so long
That it hail its head 1 it oi' by its young.''
Thoeo Huns, first attracted by tho'improvijent bounty
of Virginia, a d now h red with the hi c of her pp..lis,
are, like their progen >ors, arrayed in view o. an Italy
which the, hunger to devour. Thev are held in learh
by our base enemy, roudy to be slipjied with the tir.it
Virginia,thus outraged,is told by her infanr?:s foes
that slie .h ? . ebel'.'?at ebel ag iusiwhtn? Is F.|,e a
rebel against the power she cimti ihuted to create ' Con
ber citizens, who.-e uncesto s I avc wrojght in hjr fields
and worshipped in her ch re he* for centuries. l>o robelB
against the Tile horde wti i h h is not li\ ?d on > h s conti
nent long on ugh to speak its tongue r Wec>mld ojk for
ward to nothing m to hon ibie than the success of these
hostile hordes. If, like the C< ssacki or Cnin<nches,
they would be conton. to satiat: themselves with spoil
and return to their native wildo nesa, we might regard
with composure any loss of flocks and herds that brought
relief from their polluting presence. But, to hear it
boasted by'the North that it intends to apportion our
lands among these infidels, and substitute them for tho
purest condition of society that exists among civilize 1
men, will inspire our (> ople with a determination to
repel the invader or else escape the sight uf his success
by death on the battle fleid.
Yankee perfidy has nothing worse tlian thif?to bring
the word population of Europe to teex cur liver, and 'Ken
employ them to inhabit the wild-met* they purpose create.
The devastation of war?tne abolition of slave' v?the
chains of a bondage which might be broken bv resolute
resistance, leave nothing so horrible to our nnnd as Vir
ginians driven from their homes, whiio squalid savages
roam in unrestricted license, the lords of their cherished
The valor of our troops and the constancy of our peo
ple will never allow such a terrible consummation; but
H nay be we.l for any whose minds may have been ex
cited by vara hones from compromise aud submission, to
remember that the Goths and Vandals are here to dratf
-tMMfer our laads and take possession of oar eouutry. l?t
?a do or die.
Ftojri Un4er * Shmt?w?An Appeal for
[Prom the Richmond Whig, April 26.]
? communication in this morning s Whig, warmly re
commends the restoration to active service of General
Floyd. Tlia writer id a gentleman wbuM opinions and
associations in the past del en a tiim from aur suspicion
of being actuated by personal motive* or considerations
ii urging this course. He has had opportunities of wit
nessing General Floyd's efficiency, and ho perfectly un
derstands tbe temper of his troops, and of the people of
the important section of tbe .-uts in which taml f.
resides. We concur with our correspondent as to tbe
importance of remitatiLg General Fiovd. Indeed, we do
not understand what tlx impediment is, since neither
bis superior officer nor the Investigating Committee of
Congress have round anything censurable in bis conduct.
We trust that the Kresiucnt may find it compatible with
bis own *eu.*e of public duty at once to order bun to tbe
Oeld This is no time for useful m?n to be idls. These
murks apply equally to Usuoral Pillow.
Hard on the Rebel Ad in Inst ration.
(r rom the Kichmond Examiner, Mayl.]
It cannot be denied that tlx position of the coafcderacy
is anything rather than desirable. Indee<l, if any countr*/
?t?r had a gloomy day it it >mrt note. How the great op
portunities of the past hare been improved, how tike im
mense power of the South has bees frittered and squan
dered away,and wbither a persistence m the policy and
principles whieh have brought tnuiortune on u? will
eventually lead, are thoughts that rscur frequently to
every miud.
A Wail Oves Oar Late Vlrtorjr at Hew
Orleans?Reported Sinking of tbe Rebel
Batterjr Louisiana.
[From the l'stersburg Express, April 28.]
We ars at lest authoritatively informed iftst this larje
and flourishing commercial emporium of the .South has
fallen into the hands of the Yankee Vandals, who by
mean* of gunboats and hay bales, accomplish on water
what they can never do by Und. We have thus far re
celved very brief iiarticulais, but they are enough to
satisfy us that the city has b<>en evacuated by our troops,
and is now in possession of lbs enemy.
The gunboats succss'ied in passing the forts, distant
some Bitty miles below Mew Orleans, at an early hour
Thursday morning, before or just shout day dawn. We
bear that they were c-implotoiy enveloped in bales of hsy,
the bales beiu* first saturated with water, and thus prov
ing an effectual barrier to both hot and solid shot. Tbe
garrisons at our forts fought gallantly for a week or mure,
but tbe ve*s?<* of tbe eu?mr were so numerous, and hU
oiea so persistent, lngeuioos and determined, that bis
passage could not lcngerbe successfully opposed.
As soon as it was ascertained that tbe boata had passed
the forts, ths exc temenl in the city naturally became in
terne. but we are pleused to hear that General Lovell. m ho
was iu command, pressed 001 npiele control over his
troop*. a id caused ail bis ordars to be promptly executed.
All tbe kovernmcnt stores were remove 1, as war also
ths ammunition. What little cotton and s igar remained
were destroyed?the former bj application oi the torch,
and the latter by tbe waters of the Mississippi. All the
bullion iu the iian'<s was seoared; aud on Kiday Light
Geu Lnvell, at the head of his army, marched out, car
rying all the small arms.
With ths eueniy 's gunboats lying directly in range, the
defeuce of New Orleans was of course out of the juestion.
Such batteries as had b>-en erected were constructed with
reference to the approach of 'he enemy by another route,
tbe forts alrealy nneed being rolitxi mon to stop ths
progress of tbe enetny by the river. In regard to the
iron -clad steamors about which w have bea.<1 ?o much,
audwhi h were so con'ldently reli' d upon to destroy
the pirat.cal craft of the enemy, iould they succeed
iu pacing the forts, we ume many rumors, but
uotiung euti ? ly reliable. It is said that tho Missis
sippi wa.- on ilie stocks, in sn unfinished condition. She
hao not txieu launch' i nor had any attemM bsen mmle
to launch her. We have good re no n to Ixiiuve that she
waa entirely dsatroyert hefor* ?ur troops left.
The Uniisiiuib, mounting twenty-tn-o funs, it j?n/ fo
kav been nmk ly 'he h ? f y >(?( poin't4 conttludt of tkr
enrmy tgnm- ? >' *ht pmvi tm> hmry to
be tanln manu-fji. Her si w r ? pe. iietidicular?-not
angular like th i Virginia ?n . tliei <;'.,r* far le*i capable
of resisting the terrib i li e or the ue my. As to the
IAdy Polk, the Man tseasate! oi ior iron clads which have
bsen at New (Orleans, we snow nothing Ranior assigns
them a position uear Fort I'iiU..-, whereof course tt.ey
could nut hsve rendered any service in tbe defence of
Hew Orleans.
It IS usoless to disguise the fact thai thefsil .f x?w
Orlsan* is s severe blow, b ,t we do not consider it at
all Irreparable, as some faint-hearted cruaksrs wool d en
deavor to msks us believe It is an utter impossibility
to deiend sny city after tbe enemy h is reached It with
bis formidable gunboats. Our battles with the enemv
have to be fought Iu the Interior, where ws have si ways
whipped him, and where, by ths help of God,wokope
to eoatiaue to thrash him. Fast of the Mississippi wa
have a country larger than any upon tbe European conti
nent, save Russia. and hero we can never be subdued.
But It will sot do for any energy to be now rsmxed, or
for any man who is espsbls of bssring arm* to stay at
home. All must lend a belpisg baud, and a bold, de
cisive stroke may push the war Into the onemy's coun
try, aad cause bim to lesvc quickly every loot of duuth
ern' territory ha new holds. In th.sway, and this only,
can tbe war be now speedily br" ght to a dose
Growls ?( Ikr Censoralilp Ovfi the
Press In Reb?l?lwm.
fFrom tba Petersburg Kxprsaa April J8.J
We do not sss what ii to bs gaiiiod by uunrsalment of
Met* which moat nscea.-arilr bs kuo* n sooner or later.
A psopi* tuat cannot b?ar to bsar bad about. tbsir
aitkira art alssrably deficient in mural forutu U To
despend and dsapslr under d:sasters is lbs very -ray to
nultlply and Intsnslfy thstn.
Tbsee reoutfks ha?a bsen *ngga?ted by tbs infui ma
tt on of tha probable capture of .Now Orleans, an event
srhl'-h. s week ago, was eoniid?red ?.? of Imj^-ible in
enrr?ns. Tor week* and month* we ham bear' nothing
from that qesrtar but assurance* thai there waa nut tbs
Issat dangsir of tbs an iny g aurersdUlg In any attempt to
gat poaaonaion sf tbs city. Tha forlitiratidi?* ?cre pro
nounced ?*lmpreKneble,"{and the military force m unl
?round It ample to repulse sll the Yankee loldtary that
c >uld Its brought against It. Bsslds* tbe?e r?u in< ej,
wc lutve mors recently received iutelllgari a Hint two
#oorm?u- iron c'ad ateamera, po* erfully armed aid ciin
Slrwiel for ths e?pre?* purp?? of smarting ?b-> enemy'*
^ii?iUtvlU>g u??t; iMMi V?MI V?Uii'l?lOVi ??a
were in readiness for iho work they had to dr> In view
of these faots it s> ems to lis abfdutely incredible tliat
tha city can have boon captured. But Low many of our
mo called "impregi ..ble" forts have Micctsstully resisted
iiu att ickv We are h ck of the word "im > egnanle,'' aud
hoj e that it wiil inn er a.urn bo paraded in descriptions
01 our (ie.ences, for liuhurto it his Mrvtd only to de
ceive us. Tln-re is nut nmre than one forties* in tlio
world to which it is truly apfiitcabie, and that ist.ibral
tnr, ugaiusi which the combined navies of Kranes and
Spain, after one of the most treuiendi.ua bombardments
ever know n, could uut prevail.
The Herald the Great Military Strategist.
l'LANd OF Till ENJOtY.
[From the Richmond Whig, April 26-1
The opinion gams kti> .ud Hiat tlie ? will not I e a battle
on the peninsula after ail. Wo copied an article yester
day from the Knr York Huuia, whldi atTected much
surprise at the great pre|tar.ai >i.s made at Yurktown to
resist the advance of McClellan ti|>ou Richmond. Th.s
H.is no doubt intended for Southern readers?a shallow
device to draw attention from the real de^ix118 "f 'he
enemy. The Hkiuu> i* .V<C eLan ? organ, ?.??< i't.< nof
imyrohabl?? that Hennctt hot b en so far ade seU of Inn plant
as to ro o^r.rate with him to th? extent ot ott*n^ting t" delude
us <?)' the South by an etliwrial artifice, hut k<t stratagems
will not swee.rut iYiii/iei" our ytneials nor our people will
be deceiitti by them.
Surveillance of the Rebel Press.
[Kr> in the Memphis Avalanche. April
It has been deemed necessary to impose upun the press
of this city a restriction that it p-ibhsh nothing that
could furnish the least informatics as to the movement.-*
of our army or of the enemy. It was deemed iui|?>rtant
that the arrival of General Pricesho-iMnot be m> utioued,
aud that no allusion should be tusde to the advar.ee to
this point of his command. We took occasion to show
the absurdity of thia, in the fitsi that the ant my w..s ap
pnpe<l of the movement about the time it was conceived,
much leas effected. On the 3d inst. the New Yubk Hkk
au> publisbod that s.ich a movement wm being made,
shoving conclusively that our operations aio watchel
with tbe otaabst vigilance, and that the ialenuatioa ac
quired by the euemy is not derived from the newspapers.
We publish the following from the corresjiou lence of
the New Orleans Delta, to satisfy the authorities that
their surveillance over tbe press of this city is utterly
abortive. Tbe ostrich that hides its head iu the sand,
aud fancies Used' concealed from tha hunters, is not
more deceived than are thoso who fetter the free ex
pression ol the pre.ss here, with the thousand channels of
private communication. [The letter referred to has
already been publishod in tho Hkkald. ]
From Fort Pillow?Encape of Seven Sol
[Correspondence 01 tho Missouri Democrat.]
lairo, April lS6a.
Seven rofucec3 arrived to-day from Memphis. They
report a bail st.ue of allairs thero. Crcal dissatisfaction
aiuKU,- the troo'is v.us evident. Th*y wore deserting
every day and coming into our lines. Yesterday they
we:o sent out as sc ut* by the commanding oilicer of
Fort Pillow, to secure all Skills or dug outs that thay
might find, as it was reported that we had a lot oi snouts
out m skills to gain inicrmatiou. When tney icot outside
of their l.n-s they obtaiue I two dug outs und imme
diately ma o to our Ueet and gave themselves up to Com
modorit F ote.
They say if ?e hud continued on our course down the
river uu tiie firrt day that we armed at Fort Pillow we
would have taken it vvitho it any sacrifice. They have
only twenty-six gun., mounted nt the fort.
Trial. Sentence and Execution of Tlnao
thy Webster aa a Spy.
[Ki < m the Kichmond I'ispaich]
We append a brief synopsis of the proceedings of the
court martul that condemned the above person, in order
to a correet understanding of the matter alleged against
him, and for which hu yesterday. at twenty-two minutes
past eleven o'clock, sutfsrud the extreme penalty of the
law at the military camp at the new fair grounds.
On the *id ot April the court martial couvoood for the
trial of Timothy Webster, as an alien enemy, Col. Nat.
Taylor being Pre-ident of the same.
Charge?l.tirkiug about the armies and fortifications of
the Confederate Slates of America. First sprcitication?
j That in the 1st of April, being an alien enemy and
in the service of the United Stales, he lurkod about the
: armies and fortifications of the Confederate States
in and near Richmond. Second specification?That
about the 1st of July, 1841, prisoner, boing an alien
enemy and in the service of the United States, did lurk
in. around ana about the armies and lorttaeatioos ot the
Confederate States, at Memphis, in the Slate t.f Tennes
see. The prisooer was defended by Naneeaad Williams,
who introduced a number of witnesses in his behalf.
The Court, baring matureiy considered the evldeno*
addu<?d, awl two-thirds concurriu th&rein, they found
the prisoner gutfty of Uie charge.
First spewUcati-Tn?-Unilty.
Second specification?Not guilty.
Wherenpon two-thirds o: the Court concurring, It Was
adjudged that the accused " suffer death by banging.''
On the 25th of Aprii the proceedings, findings and sen
tence of the Court were approved by the Commanding
? ?eneral of the Department of Henrico, who ordered that
the sentence should be executed under the direction of
the Provost Marshal,on the 9ih day of April, between
the hours of six and twelve o'clock M.
On the announcement of his approaching fate, the
prisoner, as we hear, grow defiant, thinking no d?ubt
that he would not be hung, lie also said he could make
several parties in the War Department shake in their
jacket* by bis revelations, but he made none up to
his last hour. Learning on Monday night that there was
bo show for him, he became completoiy unnerved. He
was carried to the fair grounds as early as six o'clock
yesterday morning, by Captain Alexander, but prior to
that time received a visit from iter. Mr. Woodbridge.
Ho asked the clergyman to read the l'salm of David, in
voking vengeanco on his enemies. He refused, and Web
ster grew indignant, causing tho clergyman to take an
early departure. When brought to (he gallows (lie
prisoner was visibly affected by the sijht of the
preparations observable, and shuddered when he
looked at his ooflln.
A! ter the rope was adjusted around his neck prayer was
offered up by Ker. D. D. Hoge. At the conclusion, a
black cap was drawn over his eye*, hu having previously
bid farewell to several persons standing by. The signal
being given, the trigger that sustained the drop was
drawn, and it struck against the uprights with aloud
sound. Owing to dotective cotton rope, the uoose
slipped, and Webster tell <m bis back to the ground.
The half hung and partially stunned man was sp>-edily
raised and assisted up. and a new rope being ready, he
was soon swinging in accordance with bis sentence. This
occurred at twenty-two minutes past eleven o'clock. Fif
teen minutes later we left the ground, but the body was
still suspended. He died in about one minute.
Webster, who had plenty of gold and Confederate
States Treasury notes, gave it all to his wifo the night
before his execution. He was in the employment or one
of the departments here as a letter carrier between this
city and Maryland. It i? said?bow true we know not?
that he used to take the letters received here to Wash
ington, whore they wore copied, and the answers re
ceived were served in the same way, thus being used as
evidence against the partita, as many of them have found
to their C'Mt by subsequent arrest and incarceration in
| Northers forts. Suspicion was first excited against the
I pri?oner by the style of his evidence against l.ewir and
| Scully, and they let the cat out of the bag on him after
tbeir conviction. Mrs. Webster, who was arrested along
i with her husnand as a spy, is still at Castle Godwin, but
\ will no doubt be seat out of the confederacy. Webster
! i? the first man executed here as a spy. Perhaps it
would have been better had the business been commenced
1 at an earlier day.
General WIm anil HI* Legion.
jKroru lb* Richmond Kn-ju.rer, April 33.)
Yesterday (?er. ffi-c addie-sed the men of the Sixtieth
regiment Virginia Volunteers in a spirited and stirring
speech of s>me tninute*' duration. He stales thai his
legion had been gr'.itly reduced by the hard ??rnce they
had ?een. Sumo had heen transferred Irom his command
by Secretary of War Benjamin, and others had be n cap
tured by the enemy. But be wax happy to ?ay ihat be
wax again Tig rously rerruiting, and that his command
would be greatly increased. ITie Secretary of War had,
he 'aid. assured him thai the g.-.llant Third would again
be placed under his command. The General pan) a
met 'ed compliment to hie veteran troops for their
bravery and uncomplaining endurance of evory hard
ship and toil. He ?'oocluded by dor.iarinn that he had
never retreated, ev opt u| on the order of hM superior
ofheer. and so help him (i id, he never would ! The gal
lant old leader wan frequently interrupted with applause,
and at th? end of his remarks three deafening cheers
were given for Gen. Hcury A. Wise wun great earnest,
The Proponed Guerilla Warfare.
(From the Memphis Avalanche, April 23.J
The pro? in every part of the land 14 urging the organi
zation of companies to engage in partisan warfare exclu
sively. As the <.-ue:ny pusher hi* column* lar into the
interior, we must make it tout him no muck that he will
lie deterred from continuing his operations. If be send a
provision train from one point to another he must send a
small army to j;tiard it or lose the larger part. fnstend
of squads he will have to send brigades tor foraging. Not
knowing when a troopor cavalry will sweep down upon
him, capturing horves md mule*, and destroying wagons,
he will navo to keep overy point doubly guarded, hut it
will not do to teailfor the etunn In gri pom*nen 0/ CAt coun
try h-fi/rt a fn> ?f that ireergnnizr.il. it is a
fatal delusion to suppose that the unarmed, disorganized
Imputation will rise en mtw, and ''get behind every tree
and under every bush" to Qre upon a column marching
I upon the hUhwar.
"Thud# w'.iu *uf not rl?k their precious lives in * wall
ordered battle will be tha Imi to expose tbemselvoa tn
this doubly perilous service. Partisan warfare, espe
cially. require* a cool head, strong arm an.I brave heart,
but all tavail uoth.ng without united a n) concerted
act.on. But there must no but one head to plan what a
hundred h%:iJs shall exei ute, Italic, in giving commis
sions to captaius to raise < urripunisa of thia kind, It is ax.
pressly stipulated that it (hall be an independent&>?)
panv, unattached to any baitalion or rsgiment. Im
portant aa is this arm of the aervtce, it would not lie heat
to have tut faw compuni'-s independent In their opera
tion* Hence the War lispartment very judiciously
grants but few of the<e commissions. We havo hwn In
formed there are but four or live ta the Mississippi ralley.
It is complimentary to our city?thnugh b it just?that
one iA theio should I* held by one of 'iur fallow citizen*.
CapUln K. K. Parter undoubtedly if commissioned to
raise and muster into service a company of this kind.
Our young m'.>? before entering any other arm or the
semes should call upon him, learn bis views and plan
of operations, and what inducement he has to offer any
to become attached to Ills oommand. We submit to our
fallow eitiaatis if it is anything but right to ehars with
him the expense of arming ami equipping the brave
young men who are pecuniarily nat>l? to provide for
iliem eive*. Contributions of horses, money or cotton
will he Judiciously appropriate.) J Knot wait to htsoli
cited personally.
R?b? I Hol'cs for the "tsfityof Msrannsli.
[Krom the Augusta C>nstltutlooaiiat.J
While Fort Pulaski i.aa fa len, and while our river
batierlos e >ul'l no' stai d loi ? a ilr t ir> n cud gun ho* is
it haiteries on the a ija<;eit is and". stil. Ui" force nf the
Yankees in this vioinrv ia nut sufficient to t?ks Hivan
b*u, iwr our Uuitl(utsi it tw Ui.v t? aiiuw <m
anrilng to be either pleasant or profitable to them. Nor
r,an thny rtsily piuiH the river U> the city; for while they
may have boate that will be mvulnerabo lu our balk,
which is doubtful, yet the obstruction* in the rivor,
however easily removed by a i|uiot working party, will
be very hard to move under the storm of shoi, >-h jtl and
grape that we can rain upon thorn I rum a dozen places.
Ferei|urrii In Virglnlti.
[From Die Kicliuioud Rwiuirer.]
A low was pawed by both branches of tlu- legislature,
probibiiiiiK the issue of licenses to sell any kind of nier
i h .ndise to any foreign born citizens than those w ho ore
naturalized. This is a measure long ii .ta necessary.
There are numbers of the foreign born population in
active business all over the State, who, upon a call for
tuilitia, have thrown themselves upon the protecti"i> of
foreign l'owers represented by consuls in tho confederacy.
This law, passed with so niucri unanimity by the L ?itisl.i
turw. will bring these gentlemen to a realization 01' tho
truth of an old saw?"It is a bad rule that won't work
both ways "
The Gunliout lUanln In Texas.
[1' roin tho Galveston News.]
Whether we have tho means to build iron clad steam
?s in thus State may be somuwhit doubtful; but if rail
road iron can bo made to answer, we have tho moms
At all events, we have the means to construct substan
tial gunboats, aud wo iwve already staled that our
Governor his tho |>owor, and will use it, to give the aid
of the State towards two or throe gunboats. Wo have
all the necessary skill aud materials at baud. We have
also several very strung hulls of boats and good oiigmos.
and within sixty days two or three good gunboats with
preper energy, might be in readiness.
Washington, Hay 6,1852.
m nw.
Mr T*x Ftck. (rep.) of N. J.,presented a petition ask.
Ing equal privileges in tho mail* for certain news
Mr. Shekma.v, (rep.) of Ohio, ofl'erod a resolution tha*
the Secretary of War communicate to the Senate copies
of all rejiorts of the officers in command at the recent bat
tles at Pittsburg Landing. Laid over.
Mr. Kino, (rep.) of N. Y.t preseutcd petitions ia favor
of a bankrupt act.
The Hom*Btead bill was then taken up, the question be
ing <m Mr. Carlile's amendment.
The amendment was rejected by yeas 11, nays 28.
The bill was then passed by yeas 33, nava 7.
Yk\s?Me ans. Anthony. Brown na, Chandler, (Mnrk, Col
lamer Cow mi, Dixon, Doollttle, KesMcnden. foot. Poster.
Crimea, Hale, Harris. Henderson, Howe. Kennedy, King,
Laneot In 1 . Lane of Kaiixa*. McDougall, Morrill, Pomeroy,
Sliprman, Simmons, Sumner. T?*n Ky k, Trumbull, Yt adc,
W lkinson. Wilson of Mama.. Wilson of Mo., Wright.
NATS-Mes*rs. Ua>ard, Csriile, Davis, Powell, bauUbury
and WUley.
cmr railroad.
The hill for the incorporation of the Washington and
Georgetown Railroad was taken up aud discussed till the
morning hour expired.
Mr. Anthony, (rep.) of R. I.a moved to postpone the
special order. Negatived?yeas 14, nays 23.
The Con (location bill was taken up.
Mr. Wtwow, (rep.) of Ma>s., offered an amendment to
the aincndmont of the Senator from Verinoul, striking
out all aflor the first section, and substituting the second
section. It provides that the act shall not be con
strued in any way to aflect the punishment of
any person f.>r treason. The third section authorizes
and requires the President to seize tho property of the
leading rebels, substantially tho same a* Mr. She:nun's
amendment to the original bill. ? The fourth scction pro
vides that, whenever deemed necessary to suppress the
rebellion, the President be a thori/ed to seize per
sonal property of other rebels not included in the
list. The tifth section provides that when the
owners of property flee, so that they
cannot be brought to trial, if Uiey do no* appear by a
certain day specified by the constitution the property
be confiscated and the staves freed. The sisth section
provides that the President be authorfcwd and required
to make proclamation, and fix the day, not more than
thirty days after, and eke slaves of all person* who alter
tfrnf day continue ia rebellion shall be free; The seventh
section provides for voluntary colonization and emigra
tion. lb* eighth section give* lb* President power of
Mr. Wilson brie8y explained hi* aubstituto.
Mr. Clam, (rep.) of M. H.. said he thought tn? amend
ment of the Senator from Maasachusotts went a great
way toward harmonizing the differences in tho Senate.
He thought ir it were reierred to tho special committee
we might have a bill upon which all could agree. Us
movod that all the bill* be referred to a special com
mittee of **ven.
Mr. Hai?, (rep.) of If. H., thought, under the con
stitution, we had no power to give the President
power to point out crlmo and liberate the slaves
of any man by simple proclamation. H* was
opposed to all th*se bills which look to punishment be
fore conviction in a proper court. He said the bill or the
Senator from Illinois was reported to the Senate on the
14th of January, 18?2. It had been considered twonty
tive days, and ther* had boon twenty speeches mads on
it, which, with the running debate, makes 173 columns
of the Globe. He did not think the evil would be reme
died by the reference to any committee.
Mr. Wilsj.v, (rep.) of Mass., thought the day* spent m
maturing such Important bills woll spont. If
the Senator from New Hampshire bad spent
his time in studying the bill, iustead of finding
out how much time had been spent, be thought bo
would not so readily pronounce this amendment uncon
stitutional. He contended that slavery wa* the real
cause, aud we could punish the rebels mor* by Ukiug
their slaves than in any other way; and he believed wo
had the constitutional power to fr*? the slaves of every
rebel. He bolieved the whole free people would vot* for
such a bill. He thought it wa* a duty we owed to tli*
nation and to humanity to strike down the power of
slavery, so as to soenre future pe*< e and saiety. It was
an opportunity which comes to nations once in ages, and
ought not ts be neglected. If Congress neglected its
duly in this re*[<ect, he believed th* same leaders or this
rebellion would rome baek to these chambers to shake
their bloody hands In our faces. He warned the Senate
not to underrate the power of slavery.
Mr. Hal* said the Senator need not argue about the
moral or evil streugth of the slave power. He lelt it
more than the Senator from Massachusetts over did. He
had the slave power send a message from this city to the
Democratic Convention in his Stat* to reconsidcr his
nomination to Congress, and the democratic party nomi
nated another man. He knew *11 about th* strength of
ibe slave power. If,'In our zeal againat slavery, the
Senate infringed on the constitution, we would, in the
language of the .senator from Vermont (Mr. Collamer),
make our insulations a failure. The early anti
slavery people adhered strictly to the doctrine of
non-interforenc* with slavery in the State*. The
democratic and whig parties we;e destroyed for want of
fidelity, and tb* republican party sprang up, and he did
not want written on their tombston*, "The party that
rplit on the rock of its predecessors." If there was any
thiDg the repib'ican part) had declared early and late,
it km fidelity to the constitution, and he wanted the
constitution still left alter the rebellion was ovor.
Mr. HARais, (rep.) of N. Y.,sald be had voted tho
other day against a reference to the committee, com
posed partly of enemies to the bill; but ho thought now,
alter so long a discussion, if it could be reierred to a
committee of friends, a bill could b* prepared that would
meet with general approbation.
Mr. Wamt, (rep.)of Ohio,said be had no hope of an
cfttoieut confiscation bill if they went to a committee
The bill of tho Senator from Illinois did not go too far,
and those who were impoverishing themselves to defend
the nation would not consider a bill to take the pro|ierty
of the leaders of tho aocurred rebellion as too sweeping.
If the bill went to a committee it would coma back a
sort of milk and water < ou<-*i n, shorn of all fore* and
Mr. Si ?nk*, (r*p.) of Mass.. said h* differed from the
Senat or from Ohio, and thought that the time had now
come for a reierenc* of tin-so measures to a special com
mitter We had more than a do/en bills on the table,
some of them from those opposed to the measure, but
ethers from friends. He believed th* principle was safe
if it did go to th* committee.
Mr. Clank said <u no m*asur* bad we given so much
careful thought. He did not mak* the motion with any
I'loa of (renouncing the principle of confiscation He
wanu>d an *mci*nl conflscatl u bill; but, at the same
time, he wanted it in accordance with the constitution,
and he believed that it could be done
Mr. Tin Kyi k, (rep ) of N J., said t' i although he
bad agraed to th* bill reported trom tiie committ?e, he
did not fe?l himself bound to *v?ry letter or the bill.
He was In tavor of a < ontlscation hill, and he might say
that, withou his vote, the pro'ent bill would not have
been reportel trom the ootnmill**. He should vot*
against its r*f?ren?*.
Mr. Antw>my. (rep.) of K I., said be should vot* for it*
reference, begins* he thought that now a bill could be
speudily rejiorted that would meet the view* *f th*
Mr. TaraSt'LL, (rep,) of 111., said he should
not vote for its reference, but hoped a good bill
might be passed, svun'.fe nigh it went to the c mmittce,
but lie thought th* tendsucy would be to dilute the bill
down so as to bocomo harmless It sadd?ned him be
yond measure to see the*?m? course pur->u?d evsn at
this hour, which led us into this war, even after a year
of devastation and bloodshed He asked it it was not
time that we took counsel of Judgment, and atop asking
how the rebels fecir At th* ?oinmencement a single
regiment at Charleston might have stopiied th*
war. but nothing wa* don* IxM-aus* of being
arraid or hurting th* reelinga of rebels aud traitors.
It was idl* to talk of confiscating th* property
of rebels tluongh court*. We might as woll make war
through court*. That was the very reason why we
needed such a bill, because we could not act through
court*. He contended that the bill of th" Senator from
Vermont provid^l lor taking all perishable or prop?rty
expensive tokeep without ? mrts.
Mr Fo*rwt, (rep ) of 0*nn ,?p**at some length In
defence of thoHo who voted for reference Isst Friday
against the charge of being <ippos*d to couli*c*tton and
unfriendly to the messure.
TH* TAX Kttt. Hiero*TFTl.
Hy consent Mr Fbwknij**, (rep.) of Me , from the
Committee on Finance, reported the is* bill, with amend
** Mr*M( I> ?roAt.t, (o| p ) of Cel.. ssid ther* had not been
active unanimity In the Committee on Finsiic* on the
proposed amendments ot the committee. llo offered a
substitute for the bill a? retorted, embodying the views
of the Board of Trade of Host on and the Chaml>*r ol Com
tuercu of ,v#* Voi a on tlw f.*ii?(?< i of taxetHin.
Mr si mshi moved that thiee thousand extra copies of
Ike htll end at#?udiuvut ho printed. Agt*?d w.
Mr. Simmons, (rep,) of R. I., also enpressfl d:esent fi oiu
Bomo of the feat rm or tho bill as reported.
nut ooni idcatioj am kk i-mku.
Tho coriside mi ?n 0f II.u Confiscation bill was resnmed.
Mr. 0 111.AMK11, (rep.) of Vt., at some length defended
his bill. Ho contended that wo could not, un-'er tlw con
stitution, |iuiij-lj liclore conviction, hut that we had
pnwar to providu fui thor puiii&hiuuut for irOMOUOu cou
Mr. Kaastnnw Raid ho had said nothing nn thi- measure,
for he hail been constantly occupied for days, and
and sometimes utghls,on the TiX lull. He had been un
able to listen to moat of the dobu^es yet be hail been
M'Ulowu by iho .'H-nator from llltuola as unfriendly to
thu measure because ho happened to vote for its re e
renoe. He kiow it was a vo. y imi?ortanl measure, uiid
knew tlu ro wero various opinions inn'iig his own |*?li
tical friends, and therefore voted for the reference, and
did not know who made the motion for reference. Ho
was in fuvor of confiscating the prn|ierty of rebels, and
had h-en from the beginning, according to the corn-'.itu
tion, and not further, and ho thought It best to relet tho
sub eci to a ciiininittee for investigation.
Mr. Tut mhvll dbtc aimed any idea of pointing out any
Senator. He replied in aonu'reinailcs made by a Sena
tor. and said he supposed he was not in favor of confi -
Cition. Ho supposed so from the vote heyave. Ho wus
glad if the^enat >r was in raver of confiscation.
On the suggestion of Mr. Wilson, of Mass., Mr. Clark
modified li s motion so as to make the number of the
committee lime.
Mr. Cuw am, (rep.) of Pa..denied that ha was the ene
my of con .is attou. Ho thought he was the very Ajax
Telemnu of confiscation.
Mr. Clark's motion to refer waa thon carried, by tho
following vote:?
Yut-dwni. Anthony, Bmwni??. Clark, Cnwtli, OeHn
nirr. rtavU, Duolittle, Kensendcn, Knot. Foster, Harris, lien
drr?iia H?*?, Kennedy, McDougall. Morrlil. Powell, Ssuls*
lwi-y, HluuBoas. KiarkeJSauiuer, WiHey, Wilauaof Hu?>,
Wilson of Ma.?24.
Natv?Msesre. Chandler, Dixon, Qrimes. Hale, Harlan.
Kin/, bane of hid., I<ane of ~gauuta, Hvmeroy, Sherman,
T?? Byrk, TttMnUiul, Wade, Wright?i?.
Kx?:vnva skssiok.
The Senate wont into executive lamina, and an the
doora being opened ufynimed.
H?om of Reprennttlirn^
W ASHI.NCiTON, May 6,1862.
iNi?t*wiFr*non of Til* ow.tkrh or tiik iiARic reovwsaca.
Mr. Cox, (opp.) of Ohio, from the Committee on Foreign
Aflhirs, reported the Senate bill Appropriating $2,500 for
Indemnification to the owners and officers of the Spanish
bark Providence, illegally detained by the blockade.
Mr. Colfax, (rep.) of Iud., by unanimous consent, In
troduced a bill to punish fraud* on the gorernment,
which provides that all persons engaged In furnishing
supplies of nny kind for any department of the govern
ment, by contract or othorwiso, or performing any ser
vice thorefor, who shall bo found guilty of fraud in any
United States court, and all accessories thereto, shall be
sentenced to Imprisonment for not loss than six months
nor more than ten years, and a fine not exceeding double
tho amount of the fraud; and ull officers aro roquired when
fraud* are discovered to Institute a suit. Reierrod to
the Judiciary Committee.
hh-kaciimknt of jrix;* imstniuKrs.
Mr. Bingham, (rep.) of Ohio, from the Committee on
Judiciary, oirered a resolution that** committee of two
bo appointed to go to the Senate, and ?t tho bar thereof, in
the namo of the House of Representatives and the people
of tho United Stites, impeach West H. Humnhroys,
Judge of the District Court of the United States for the
several districts of Tennessee, of high crimes and mis
demeanors, a id acquaint the t-'enato that tlio House of
Representatives will in due time exhibit particular arti
cles of impeachment against him. and make good the
same, and that the committee demand that the Seuaio
take order for the appearance of said West H. Humphreys
to answer said impeachment.
In rcsponso to a question for information, the report
of the Judiciary Comtnitteo was read. In effect tho Judge
has acted out his scccssion proclivities.
Mr. Mat.vard, (Union) of Toon., showed tho justice of
the present procoedings for impeachment.
The resolution was adopted.
Tin California ri.bitiim case
Mr. Dawks, (rep.) of Mass., called up the California
election case. The resolution reported from the Commit
tee an Kleclions declares F. F. I/>we not entitled to a
neat as a representative from that State. Mr. Dawoa ex
plained that the prayer or the memorialists was foanded
?|K>n a statute of the United Stales, as well as no the con
struction- of the constitution of the Untied States. Cali
forma claiming three representative in the present
Congress, the nirmbor to which she is eatitled under the
apportionment based on the last census.
Tho Pacific Railroad hill passed by 30 maioritj.
Mr. Dawn, (rep.) oFKm, maintained that if Cali
fornia, undor the new apportionment .was entitled to.thrue
represent itives. every other StaMTmay c|aim the same
adv antages; but there could not be reprhsftfctatioft under
diflorcDt laws, iindjhe;ice tho adverse report in tb.s case.
Mr. PiiKt-W, (rep.) of Cat., staled some of the circum
stances of the case, claiming that, in the absence of any
law determining when the census shall take eltect for the
purpose of representation, the ri^ht of every State ac
crues at the very momonl the number of representatives
to which she is entitled Is ascertained.
The resolution of tho committee was a lopted.
The Pari lie Kailroad and Telegraph bill was taken up.
The hill contains the names of seventy-five porsons in
different sections of tho country, who. with five commis
sioners to be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior,
and all persons who shall or may bo ass Kiatod with
them, and their successors, aro created luto a body
corporate and politic, by tho name, style and title of iho
Unmn 1 aciflc Ruiroul Compeuy. Ih ?>' are em-ow -red
t > lav out. locate, construct. furnish and maintain a con
tinuous railroad, with the appurtenances, from such
points on the one hundred and second meridian of lorg:
tilde west from Greenwich to tho western boundaiyof
Nevada Territory. The capital Block is to consist of
1UO,000 shares, of $1,000 each. Tho right of way is
granted for tho construction <>: tbo railroad and tele
graph line to the extent of 200 foot in width on ?Ach
aide of the road, ftc., fcc. The rails and all other iron
used shall be of American manufacture, Ac., Ac.
Whoniver forty consecutive miles of the road shall be
constructed patents shall be issued for the lands, as well
as bond3 of $1,000 each, payable in thirty years alter
date, bearing six per centum per annum iiitereot, pay
able semi annually, to tho amount of sixteen of said
bonds per mile for each section of forty miles, to secure
the payment of which the company is to give a lieu upon
tho road, the government at all times to have the prefer
ence for the transportation of tbo mails, troops, muni
tions or war, supplies and public (tores at fair
and reasonahlo rates of compensation, not to excoed
the amounts paid by private parties for the same
kind of service, and all c?mpensation for ser
vices renderod for the government shall be
applied to the payment of bonds and interest until the
whole amount is fully paid. The company may also pay
the United states wholly or In part in tho same or other
bonds, Treasury notes, or othor evidences of debt against
the United Slates. to lie allowed at par; and after tho
road is completed, until the bonds and interest are paid,
at least five per cent of the net earnings of suid road may
he anuually applied to the payment thereof. The com
pany Is to locate, wi&in two years after tbo passage of
this act, the general routo. In fixing the |H>tuts
or connection of the main trunk with eastern
connections it shall bo fixed at tho movt prac
ticable point for the construction of the low a
and Missouri branches The line of railroad and telo
graph shall rommonco at the 102d meridian of longitude
west from Greenwich, at the termination of the Leaven
worth, Pawnee tnd Western Railroad and telegraph line,
to connect therewith, as the act prov ides; thence run
ning westerly, upon the moat direct ? antral and practi
cable route, through tho teirilory of tho United States,
to the western boui dary of Nevada, there to m?et and
connect with the lino of the Central Pacific Kailron 1 Com
pany of California. Tho bill also extends aid fo other
companies on certain conditions.
Tho bill wus pas?ed, 79 against 49, as follows-?
Yeas?Messrs. Aldrleb, Allen, All<-y. Arnold, Ashley. B?-a
man, Blddle, Buig iiam, Blair of Mo.. Blake, Blown of Va.,
Cauinbell, Ciemf-nts. Collax. Corning, (toVude, Cutlet. I>a
vi", Delaplalne, Dnell, Until ip, t dserton, Eliot, K y, Ken
ton, feaaetiden, Klsber, Franchotr. Frank. Go ? h, Goodwin,
? irjn;*^-. Gnrl'-V, H ilcbt, Male, Hooper, llnrion. Iluii-niiis,
.Tuliaii. Kelly, Kf-lloga of Mich.. Kellingci, Laiming, I,*ary,
ijcbinan, Lootnla, Maynard. Menxie*, Morehead, Morrill of
Me.. Nixon, Noell, Norton, Olln, Perry, Ph> lp?ol CJal., Piloe,
Rice of Ma**.. Ri<ld|e, Kollltiaof Mo , Satgeaut, Hedgwlek,
Hhellaberger. Hteele of N. V., Hteien*. Train, Trowbridge,
Van Horn, Vetr-v. Wallace. Wultmi 01 Me., Ward, W aa.'i.
bnriie, Webster, Wheeler, Whale/, W ilaon, WiuJorn, Wor.
Nat??Me**r?. Anrona, Babbett, Bailey of Penn.. Baker,
Blair of V*., Browne of It. I.. Buillutoii, Calvert, Chamner
lain, Cobb, r. A. Coualing, Col, Cravens. CriaDeld, Cri'len.
<tpn, Dixon. Dunn, Kngll*li, Grider, Maiding, Hair ton,
,|.ihn?on, Ketloggof 111., Knapp, Ijiw, Lovejer, McKnlght,
Mallory, Morrill of Vl., Morn*. Nolile, Udell, Pike, I'ortar,
Klcbardaon, Rnlunson, Shank', HheltlHd, 8'ee> of N. J.,
Thoniaa of Mesa., Thomaaof Md, Trimble, lailaiiifcigham,
Voorbeea, Wadawortb, Walton ol Vt., Whitr of lud ,
Wickllfle. Woodruir.
Mr. Pawk.4 called up the Virginia contained ele. lion
caso, and gave hia reasons why ih<? House aliould adopt
the resolution reported by the Committee on Elections,
and asked that the commute# ha discharged from further
consideration of the aubje<t of the memorial of Joseph
segar, aekiug admission to a ae.it in (ha Houae a* lie
pr> anntative from the Klrit Congressional District of Vir
ginia. i
During lha remarks of Mr. Dawea.tbe proceeding* were
interrupted by the reading of a copy of a despatch from
General McClallan.
Mr. Wicai.irrc. (tnlon) of Ky., Mid ha bad keen
pained, during the loro part of thii ee?sion, and aim* st
dui ingtlia whuleof it at the wbispersof combinations with
a view 10 disturbing the position of Gen. McClallan. Ila
(Mr. Wlcklille) did not know (.enoral McClallan parson
ally, but bad great confidence in him from the reputation
given him from various sourr.as. Ha felt satisfied with
In in He (Mr. Wicklifft) rose more to appeal to those
gantlamau who bava been disposed to And fault with
him, and to have him removed from his oomnmnd, te let
him aione, than to pasa a compliment or oacomium u|>on
him. He (Mr. WlckllflHi hoped be would not hear any
mare whl?pers thai General McClellan should be re
moved from bis command.
Mr. Nobix, (opp.)of Mo., offered a resolution, which
was adopted by twenty Teur majority, that Mr. ?egar be
admitted to a seat.
Mr. Sw;as then qualified by taking the oath to aupport
the umstltutlon of Ibe Imted Slates,
Mr. WAflHst:Kint, (rep.) of III..obtaining consent, made
? personal explanation, briefly referring to aspecch made
by him in vindication of the re|iort of the Committee on
Governmew (lontracts. He said that the remarks made
by him on Mist occasion with referenoe to the gentle
msn from Nev York (Mi. Conkllng) were unpailiatnen
tary. out of oroar, and unjust to the gentleman and the
House, and lie tristed that both would forgat they were
ever made
Mr. Rwcn OiMKniro (rop.), of S. Y., said he was
gla-l the gentleman (Mr Wnslibome) had, on reflection,
cliaractei i/.ed an unjmt the remarks to which the House
had listened. Without <xpres?ing nsaent or dissent from
that opinion, ho (Mr. Cankltng) would content himself*
with itie aia'emeut that ltwAiuuh ofducuaiion lad leu
him (Mr. Conkling) to ao violence to the propriety of thii
House,or to wound tue lotuiugxof auy uiemboi, ho (Mr.
Coukhug) regretted it.
11 IK SK\ R.\SKA K!.R T'OM.
The House thou took up ths Ncbra-ka contested elec
tion ctse. Two rajxirts had bosii presented, one by Mr.
1'uwo-t, irom tho mtjority of iho Committee0:1 Election*,
declaring Samuel tJ. Daifev the sit tin,' delegate, ami iha
other by Mr. Vuorheo.-, fioui the minority of tho com
nulloe, declaring J. .Surluu: Morton oiitit oil to ih? seat.
Mr. I'awks claimed ttiat Mr. Dailcy wao elected by ICO
Mr. V.ioitiiKKM, (opp.) of Ind., argued that Mr. Dalley
h id hold liia teat for nearly a yoar on the basis of nu
illegal and lrnudulent curlitlc to, especially iu regard to
the great seal.
Without disposing of tho question the House ad
(]ar Key West Corrripondenrci
Ksy WkjT, April 22,1802.
Acident on Boird the Pensarola?Safely of the Sew L< n
d. n?Her Operations in Convection m.'A the John P
Jackson?Captur- of the Steamer Fletcher, with Cargo of
Spirit* of Turperaine?Capture of the Steamer Florida b'j
a Hoot HrptdUion from the United State* Hark Pur.tui'?
Particulars?The Gulf Blockade?Captures by the Ka'
nawha?More C.tton?Gallant Afair of the Montgomery
at Corpus Chritti?Further Particulars Itl/Uire to the
Florida?Arrival of the United States Barks Pursuit and
Amanda?Reception of the News of the Great Victory at
Corinth?Salutes from Ott Ifiai.ara, Fort I'aylor and the
Barracks?Decorations, <hc.?List of Officers of the Pur
ttii4? Vesteli-of- War in the Harbor?Lt cation of Eastern
Gulf Blockading Squadron?The florid* Goet to Phila
delphia?Harrison, Her Pilot, Appointed Master's Mate
Arrival of Steamers K. R. Cuyler an I Kensington, die.
Ill* Counoetiout arrived last evening, and her news,
although not of tho exciting character anticipated, is
very interesting. The Hkkai.d's correspondents on the
Mississippi river and Ship Is.aud have no doubt given
all particulars of events occurring in their rospectivo de
partments. For that reason I will not mention them.
A serious accident occurred on board the Pengacola
wbilo heaving ovor tho bar of tho Mississippi river; a
hawser parted from excessive strain, whereby two mon
wero killed outright'and Acting Master Robinson and four
mon badly hurt. Mr. Robinson experienced a compound
fracturo of tho log iu the region ol the ankle joint, and is
fortunate if ho escnpos without amputation. Ho goos
North in the Cocuect.cut. 1 conversed with him this
morning, and found hiin, although suffering from his in
jury, oxtrsmely good natured, regretting only his inabili
ty to bo with his brother officers in the operations of the
From Ship Island we henr that the New London has not
boon capturod, as was reported in tho Now Orleans Delta
of the 27th ult.; on tho contrary, her commainlcr, Lieut.
Read, has, in company with tho John P. Jackson,suc
cessfully engaged and driven off four rebel gunboats,
two of them iron-clad; besides which sho had. alone, cap
turod the rebel steamer Fletcher, from Mobilo, while
attempting to pass through Mississippi Sound, with a
cargo of turpentino valued at $200,000. The Fletcher has
been turned ovor to Genoral Butler, and her cargo will
be sent North for sals.
From the Department of Key West, to which your
correspondent is attached, wo havo news of the capture
of the rebel steamer Florida by the United States bark
Pursuit. The Florida was built in New York for the
trade betwoon Apalachicola and Now Orleans. She is
one of ths steamers that made their escape from Pass a
I'Oiitre at th?same time with tho Magnolia, and succeed
ed in reaching Havana in safety. On her roturn trip sho
ran into St. Andrew's Hay, landing her cargo in safety,
and was loading for another run to Cuba whon captured.
Her capture reflects the greatest credit on the com
wander, officers and Cr#w of- Ike Pursuit, for 1*
was managed without loss of life or injury to either
vessel. It appears that the commander of the
Pursuit,on learning that ths Florida was in 8t- Au
drew's Pay, quietly organized an expedition composed-of
only throe boats and twenty-live men, and neat them in
ander cAver of the nigttt. They sunceedod in boarding
her, finding her captain end chief mate ashore, und all
others on board asleep. They were aroused, of ooorso,
and ber engineers compelled, although they appeared
willing enough without compulsion, to got up stoam aud
take tho vessel out, which was safely accomplished, ."he
had on board, when captured, two hundred and cloven
bales of cotton; and a sloop was also taken, alongside </
bar, with twenty-Uve hale* oo hoard, making in all two
hundred snd thirty-six balos of cotton. The FlorMa ar
rived hore on the 13th mutant. She is a propoiler o'
about eight hundred tuna, iu perfect order, and one of the
roost beautiful vessel* I havo over seen In thoso waters,
and will make a most valuable acquisition to the eastern
division of the Gulf squadron, for she is of very great
spoad, in perfect order, and can bu fitted out here, aud ?
sent to aea as a rruiaer, without any additional exnense
to the government. Her capture is, without doubt", one
of the most important, as well ax one or the most bril
liant, affsirs that has occurred in the Gulf during the pre
sent war.
I have been led to suppose, from the numerous arri
vals of rebel vessels during the past two weeks, thai
something was attain wrong with the blocked* In the
Gulf: and I hear, since the Connecticut's arrival, that my
fears were well founded. It appears that neurly every
effective steamer has hoen withdrawn from the ports
on tho westorn division of the Gulf squadron, and
sailing vessels substituted. The latter are of no use
whatever; this eve y one knows; continently tin
blockade of the ports referred to is not now effective, and
can be broken with impunity. Thu Kanawha, ate im nun
boat, captured a short time since three vessel* coming
out of Moble, with seven hundred and fifty hales ofcotton
on tmard, and one vessel going in with a f ill cargo from
Havana. Ai a-t from those and the Hinda's capture, we
have none others to record, while we hear by every ar
rival of numerous ves?uls teailrug Hnv.tna i.> safety.
I must again prote-t against the liberation of those
peoule taken in prizes, for the reasons before mentioned.
The* are most useful to the enemy, and they know it,
and'luugh at us for being ho accommodating as to per
mil them to return. We are suffering every day on ihls
aivount, and when foreign uitorferem-e proclaims our
blockade Ineffective, then, and not until then, will we
tlnd out how toolisli we have boon in this respect.
The Connecticut ha* landed hore several men, who.
alter being captured by the rebels when in vessels be
longing to this place, Join their forces to operate against
ns. and now, being tired 01 such work, desert, and seen
again the protection of the Hag they have sbusod. Some
of these men bore exceedingly had churacto s when
they rosided here, and it isno| to b* supp< ssd they hsve
imitroved bv their service in tho rebel army. It
Is to lie regretted they ever luciPKlfl In miking their
escape; hut as they have and sre here we shill have to
make the best of it, 1 suppose, and,after they take the
oath of al'eglaucc, receive them with upon ,'rms, and
allow them once more to be entitled good and loyal cltl
zenf?it least so says Judge Marvin.
We hear from Tampa, by the Connecticut, that In
formation had tieon conveyed to that lucility that Gen.
nnnnan was about to occupy It with a large tone. Con
sequently they (tbo rebels) have concentrated a force
of eight hundred or a thousand iiihu there, ready to meet
h:m The qiiostion now arises, how did that informa
tion reach there* 1 think 1 can answer It by saying?
from this place, und nowheie else. 1 know, although T
cautiot point directly to the persons, that information is
conveyed to the m. i inland, in spue of all the vigilance
of our military authorities, from this point. Many per
sons who know this locality |>erfectly have the means
of leaving the island ami returning, without any oue
kuowing they bad been absent, ihrn what is easier
than to cross to Cape Sable and return, when the eyes of
our attentive Provost Marshal aud his guard are turned
in another direction?
I am under many obligatione to Thomas Waldon, Esq.,
secretary to Klogiillicer Karragut, who is now on his way
North with despatches, tor the following inteiesiing
particulars of an aflair that occurred a short, time since
at Corpus Christi. Iheydidnot reach tho Missi-slppi in
time for the Hnut.n's corres|s>ndciit there toturmsh
particulars. Consequently it devolves upon me to record
one of the most daring aud successful exploits that has
occurred in the (iulf during the war ?
The I'nited tftntcs steamer Montgomery, I.ieut. Chsrles
Hunter commanding, when on her way to Tampico, ran
into the Texas coast with the Knglish tlag Hying.and
anchored directly under the guns oi the rebel fort at the
entrance of Brazos river. As soon ss she had snchorod
a boat shoved off (mm the fort and pulled alongside
the M >ntgomery. The boat screw consisted of Lieutenant
knglish,of tho rebel army,a sergosnt and seven men,
all of whom were received politely. They went on board
without hesitation, and were quietly " bagged ' by Cap
taiu Hunter, who then manned oue or his boats and sent
her on board a schooner loaded with cotton that was
lying close in shore. Tho boat's crew set the schooner
on lire and she was totally destroyed. They then returned
to the Montgomery, which vessel then got under weigh and
stood to sea, hauling flown the red bunting of Kngland
and showing the Stars and 8tripes. taking with her the
nine rebel prlsonors. In the fort they must have been
paralyzed with astonishment, for not a gun was flred
until the Montgomery was nearly out of range. No
damage was done, however, for their shooting waa vory
wild,showing that they were rather nervous. The Mont
gomery is now at the passes of the Mississippi river,
aud It is not Impossible we may lieer from Captain Hun
ter again.
April 71, ih#j.
vcu. rsirrtfTt.AM of tub rutmnx's t:*rrt ?s.
<m the 10th Instant I visited the prixe steamer Fleridti
and from Acting Master Lewis, her present commander,
and Acting Master Hamlin, learned all the very interest
Ing particulars regarding her capture.
The hark 1'ursuit was at anchor in St. Joseph's Ray at
the time of the organization of the expedition for the
capture of the Florida. The expedition consisted of three
boats, having in them thirty one men. The officers were
Acting Masters I^-wls snd Hamlin and Master's Mate
Barry. Mr. I-ewls, the executive officer of tho Pursuit,
being In command of the expedition. They Icrt St, .Jo
seph's Hay on the 4th instaut ?nd pulled twer.tr
Uve tulles to St.. Andrew's Bay. The first night they
remained on tUc boacli, the next day they captured a
?loop called the Lafayette, loaded with cotton and bound
to Havana. Tho captain of this fdoop proved to be ?
ettvug Unlcn man, and after his capture willingly volun
terred to pilot the expedition to where tho Florida wa*
lying. As soon an it becamo dark they shoved oil'uud
pulled thirty miles to tho steamer's anchorage, and ar
rivod alongside of her at three o'clock tho following
morning. Sim was boarded on the port bow and mar*
board quarter uluumi .simultaneously, sobiu of tho parties
gottiug 011 board through n bow port aud others over tlx
rail. The only resistance made was a pistol shot fired at
Mr. I. wi.--, tho ball striking him on the head,just ovor the
right eye, tearing up the scalp for u distance of ovor throe
inches, and, without materially Injuring the skull, pasa
ing out. His escape was a most miraculous one, the
pistol being tired ho close to his face that his eyebrow*
were Muted, aud his forohend, nose and right eye tilled
with particles of the powder. The wound 18 now hoal
ing rapidly, and will soon bo well, although it will leavt
a large but most honorable scar.
As soon hb the prize wastelt to be secure,arrangements
wero made for gutting uuder weigh. The Second aud
Third hugiucers were promised by Mr. I.ew is the sum 0|
Ave hundred do lars each if they would act in thoif
proper capacity without giving trouble, aud thesuuM
amount was ottered to tho captain of the sloop if lie
wou.d pilot In r nut. This was agreed to on their part
aud, besides this, the lemaming part of theolticors and
c. ew volunteered to assist in working the vessel; and.
what <? luoat singular, they ail took the oath of allegiance
t'> the United Stat.?, being evidently pleased at ih op
portunlty of doing so. When they Orst started tho vea
?itl grounded, bi.t was got.en otr by throwing overboar*
thirty balea-ofto ton. After getting down the bay they
wore competed to anchor msiile 01 the bar 011 account of
a gale blowing f nm the southeast, which prevented
their crossing. When at anchor they discovered a tlag
of uuoe, wlUch was fauna to be shown by a fe
male on the beach iu front of St. Andrew's
town. As they ware almost entirely out ot
provision, it was d termmod to send a b jat to?ry and
pioc.ro home, the cap.aiu of the s.oop volunteer). g to
accompany tin* party. The prize sloop was moored boat
IIIty yards from the boacii, and, having o e man in !:?*,
tile rest started lor shor< , whoi 0 they wero received by
the female above motitioue 1, and by her escorted to her
house. They had lioou there but a short time when the
lookout ou board the aloond scoveied a purty of men
ruuuing along the beach behind the sand hills. He at
once gave tho alarm, when the purty ou shore iminedi*
ately ru cinlMrkvd, aud had reacho 1 u distance ot aoout
thirty yards I'rom tnu beach wheua volley was poured 111.0
ihein irom about titty rii.o*, and quickly repeated, in
stantly killing one man aim wounding two others.besidea
Master's Mate Harry. The lire was promptly returned,
aud in a lwvt vigo. ous manner, by our parly. The light
was a determined ouo while it lasted, relloctlng great cre
dit 011 all pni tlulpatiug iu it. The party theu ro.urnod to
the steamer, when they opened lire ou the town from a
small rilled caim .n which they hail bro'ght w th them,
and which nad boon presented to itie Pursuit by Mos^a
Taylor, Ksq., of New Yoik. J- iv.? Hotchk.-s shells w re
sed, one of them exploding iu the I'osi Oilice. After
this caunona-io iho shi,<was taken over the bar to sea,
aud rejomod the l'ursuit at &t. J . soph s Kay.
I.IST i f TiiK Kl: Mil AND WOUXI Kit.
Samuel Lawrenco, seaman, in.stuntly killod.
Acting Master v.. iowis, wou.id . f fcalp.
Mister's Mate J. 11. Harry, shot th ough tho right
wrist; doing we.I.
James Fury, soaman, shot in tho groin and log; doing
Jacob E. Went, soaman, shot in the groin; doing
WUl1' Harrison, volunteer pilot, shot in the
Iho commaudor of the oxpodttton speaks in ^
1'aiu.riuc terms ul W utor s Male Hurry and seaman Jamea
..." whom, ulthouKh badly wounded and un
?? in tAko activo i?arttoontiuued to load the inuskotti
SrSfeivs r ,r a
SAta^TSi'ci. pMUcolar ????.???
ih? secoud Id 00HHiwiHttAttiiiig Ma*t#? natului. wh''t
ili-red most luipo. taut aervicee during the entiie attilr.
MrItolta ? a ua.ive ol ft. Marks. Florida, ami wa?
, om-.olled to leave his home because he was a Uniooiat^
I truat the novornmeut may take particular notloe of h*
!2*?jA'-behaved as usual, b.ave and ?"'lurt..g?
Lho last, and, alihougu worn out with hungor and fa
tiinje never ulle.eu a murmur; ou the contrary, tbojr
at the laat as when they tlrat M . tbo
aud *./vi?.hJ?ve goue through ff.
f.tl.er .Warner ilk* tie Ktanda would bare b?* tba
"R^'licaretbattw? partiea of men fro* ?*?
wwe aUtWtedat ddferont poiats below wlioretho?.or<U
wis captured, ready * uh rockets, Ike., to g??e
was captui ?u, / bllt our boats were undia
covered by "em* attbough'the night was (?rf?tly ?Mr
ami calm aad th?y were obliged to pull wtttalu a \ trjr
?Hart d?Lauce ot the p Ints loierred to. Ihenrsteu
?,ii?nr aud uiue nt'u belonging M> the Horila were al
mwtd WgeVee, as our party had no provision. for
lUm namee of the two engineers and mate who> volun
teer" their scrvn.ee, and alter war dl took the oath of
native of Philadelphia, Second Km
g'a*A. joocs, native of New York, Third Engineer.
ihto/iutr'i^ou ib!>' whole, proved to beooeof ^e
best oi*.ulz?l and carriod out
srsss?? ft?- beou by rri
vr*?r >)Ut wa> very gallantly brought
ZZ&M torimnalin. Krer/one will MP
.. ,1.. i?ftic?r s ai?d mtu Hrt ittlitlwl lo nil lb# pmiit
? be browed upon them:.ndthowwhob.ro
been wounded cau at alt time. point to ttie.r
having bwu honorably receive. Wiiat api?arB W> me
the mcatsinguiar part of It, and the only drawback ?
the wlwlo affair, is that while three boat, proceeded
uearly sixty miiea ou an uxpediueu of the uiosl
character the ehip U?ey belouged to never moved I r< ?
?Su|? i?support ibem.although they wcr^ab.
' . .lr d?vs and had only tawan with thom three day.
Sa 0?o|^" <* info- nuainn received from tho
c*iw of the Florida is of a truly satlsfacjory cl^r?cter.
/? iliat on the day the Ma^uoua was obaaad and asp
t ired ouly two oilier steamers eecsped from i a**
trl^ vuf^ihe Florida and Vandero .It, the Tennessee hav
m!'lulled back. or ll'?*e twu tU* Florida bo*n
iurcT and the Vanderbilt fo. ndered at sea. So the New
Or leans spec ulat U>n h?p turned out m- st disastrous .fter
l-Bited Statos bart Amanda arrived last evening
^ re."
AH had received a Mobile |>aptsr ol the tub, giving usi th?
I- iiia nr?t day's light, in which th.-y claimed a
"??vx." ssi^
1?\&%Z?J?X? ^5
Isufiies Hyluu that could be raised, eveu ol
a ,uld not hoist ttn in until politely rciuosted Ui d ' SO
by ilie l'rovost Marshil. At fu odock thU morn
_ .. ol thirtv-fonr guns wae ured ?<>?
the barracks bv the light battery, another or the same
tbe barrack* ny ?? ?* Md ^ ,, M a #ll,ultf of
KestooiiUl red. white aud blue bunting wore stretched
SsrSia^ fW-HH
much forted. and was nhown with ox.-eediug bad grace.
W? art now tweuty-me days without a maU. aud no
i ih?> PhorlA ]^,a )>4 yet. Wo Shall havo oqc, 1 sup
SlgM ^ ?u^ja5 by h, Roanoke; but a day now w
!^Ti'is "n Uge l am afraid to ipeak on the .ul.ject aTift
direct mail to thi^ place, for 1 always loee my torn,wr.
dir. ci man ' imvo KjVen it up as an im|>on
VlbHU* and ? ??* to think or it any more.
;V.n lint deplorable c edition all euininer. depwad
romain IB I Havana, when tho vessel bringing 11
^; Cr ";i bn "lifted to ten days'..uarantineT
r At all the officer.) ol the Pursuit claim to have had
more or lest to do In the late Capture of the llorldn, 1
deem It proper to give a full list ol d r |
?A ?UnaVoluntrer l.irutrna?t fonmamt, off?I d Cate.
4,?.fio Matter owl Kfctttiif offlnr?Kmathan j>ewbi.
igS-J. C. Hamlin, Robert Spavin, C. B.
Mnl'-t?Van B. Blen, J. H. Barry.
A^Z A^t^Surgem-^. * Adams
I?* '?>*'^!'00 Mon
for New York. ^Marl-n. Amanda, D.
rtoio and wI aiiderer ?ai u.^Klag < "Micvr McKean has deter
'7''",lP y lor'da n Philadelphia, on account ol
mined to mndi ?wi l0 COlb)fl nor to carry*
requiring more str^g lla* the means to put u|.o?i bee
rthVw.U leave, 1 understand, this week, and I wlU
"T" ?M**Btaao of her. She will take, I hope,
uke advantar ?mnod mUi4 now hore> beside, inai
some ot the c jt ^ regretted that
irtda'has to go North, dh* could be or Immense
lh" 5? tta (MV between the reers and Cuban coast,
service in we? 11, nj h#. for (l however:
atthopreBen i also understand thst it is tba
^W^imffinto?ppolnt Harrison, the pereon
v? i\<kt?*rt th? Florida *nd who to M?*
who piloted tbe ?wu?a appointment, weU
d^rviS ?V a t^opTreward" ror giu.-nt conduct.
Would that B could have been a belter position.
The week endi with delightful weather, cooler than
. - . i iiiiriQff the wiuter. Although much sickneea
w! Unues am^ng Se tnwpa.itlll there Is nothing like e.
mS^h mortality! only one death having occurred durinf
.hi oist week Ihs Y?w Kra of to day comes out with
i .tni.m I H''tid 1om li?r?with a copy. Tho pro
*rY?u!rsaoDeer to have abandoued the Idea ?t increasing
Ita sHte why?I know not, Tor the ,o,?r sel,s well and
li?mVd de much better had they moro space lor uewa.
rber ?av tbina better ol U, however.
17 ' Apwl 23?P- M
The railed State* steamer B R. Cuyler and tbe steamer
Kensington arrived on the 20!h-th.rern.er from a crutoo
and th. latter froa. Port Heyal-brtng.ng us the news ol
tbe fail of Kort Pulaski and the second attempt of tho
oihmst. Most welcome thoy were.
I b -g to correct, before oloelng this letter, the state
J?t or your correspondent, made in a letter dated Fehru^
aryiM lHtt2,on board the prUe steamer Magnolia.
Hhlo IsUnd 11* *tat.* that th* machinery of the Magno
"i, ? ?. ro-aire I hy the Chief Engineer of the Hartford.
III was re, y,Jk,, ill* entire credit is due t'i?M .
01 tu# N"htMa'wb0 aluB0"

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