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NEWS FROM THE CD!iTH.
WUEUEACOIJTS OF BEUJItEliARD. Bebel Accounts of the Eeeonaoissance of Gen. Pope's Cavnlry. Reported Massacre oa and Abandon ment of Roanoke Island. EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS STOPPED. Gen. Johnston's Sleoort of tho Sat tie of Seven Fines. Trial and Acquittal of Com. Tatnall by a Rebel Naval Couit Martial. THE "VICTORY" AT VICSS3URQ. Rebel Sentiments Towards England. An Outbreak in Kentucky Hinted at, 4c, &C-, 4e. Rlchtnou i and ^eter-' ? u.iperaof the 23d, 24th and 25th have b? -a rwcived. Wo .str ict fr >m tho Din patch, B*quier an 1 Kz .of the former, and the /izuiess, o. tho la.tt?r city The Destruction <>f the .Merrimac?Tat nstll Araui.teit. jFrofcn the bin... " . i- at. h, July 23 ? CBAROK* Ml -pKi F?CATIONS m' t'HAKUKS AGAINST CAPTAIN J WAU 1ATNALL, OF TliK CONiilOEUATK STATUS NAVV. Cuaki 1?? n pa!/ -true;. n of an armed steamer of tho C'Uifedera ?? st.i : navy yprci/ ' a; r? 1.?In lis, that the said Captain Jial ih Tatnall on the UtU taj Ma> , 1S6.', culpably, and with t f. 1 reason for so doi did destroy by lire, tli-" Cuiiiul ru e ste amor Virginia, in iIum,.iou Ron s, near Norf- ik, Virginia. SpecijUnlf.t! -?In tills, that the ea d Captain Jo-iah Tatnail, on the sai l 11th day of May, 1802, at Hampton Roads, n-ar Norfolk, Vs., did cnlpably destroy the said steamer V: .. lien, w r.i; the drau.ikt to which .-he La I ?yocn th n a I th -re. or might have b en r.'iu .od. she could have b len irned up tho James river to a j ..ice of usefulness, free fr m immediate danger. Charuk i.?Nes igeuQS. 3p$sifisat1on 1.?In tin-, that tho said Cap'ain Jo-i<h Tatnall. on the sa d lltb day of May, 1862, at said. Hainptou R Us, did proceed to li r.tuu the said -learner Virginia, for the purpose of taking he.* up Jan -s river, retaining, however, her ar mament . ordnance store-, necessary coal, water and provision, without first haviug ascertained from sources of iufo: mmtion within his reach to wliat extent tho draught of said steamer would be reduced by such lightening. Sjieaficition 2?In this, that the said Captain Josiah TaUiall, after hiving lightened the said Steamer Virginia to a certain draught, on the sai i lltu day of M iy,186d. at ?a.d Hampton Reals, then and thee", and before raid titno. negiectod.au 1 fadod to ascertain from source- of i.ifo:m?ii"ii within his reach, tbe lact that the said st.am er, at Bail draft, could have been Arricd about forty in th* above ilie mouth of James river, to Hog Island. Cb-.k x HI.?lm"rovi'leut conduct. Spa i/tcato n.?In thi-, that the said Captain Jos,ah Tat" nail, on or about the llik day of May. IS62, when oil Sew all's l'oint, in Hampton Roads, intending to lake the said steamer Virginia up James river, did then and there proceed to lighten rant steamer, instead of taking her up guid Jaiues river, and th ire h,rht rung lior. when the no cee-ity for so doing arose, and to the extent of that ne ces-itv. 1 lie statement of the parties being thus in possession of the court, the court was cleared lor dciiburati n. and hav ing maturely considered the evidence adduced, find as follows.? That the first specification of the first charge is not proved. Thai the second specification of the flrut charge it hot proved. That the second specification of the second charge is not proved And that the accrued t- not guilty of the first charge. That the first specification of the scooud charge is not provat!. And that the accused Is not guilty of the second charge. That tae specification of the ihj'd charge is not pruvd. And that the accused is not guilty of the third charge. Tho t-ourt do further tlnd that the accused had, while to command of the Virginia, and previous to the ovacun tion of Norfolk, thrown down ti e gage of bat le to the enemy's fleet tn Hampton R ads,and that the enemy had declined to take it up that the day before Norfolk was evacuated, a cuBultaumi, at the imstauce of the Se cretary of the Navy, war* held by a jointc m mission of navy and army "tlScera, as to the best diS|ioeill<>n to be made of the snip that the accused was in favor of pass ing for trees M nroe, and taking tae ship into York river, or of running down before savannah with her; that in thi3 ho was 'overruled by tho council, who advised th it ?he should rom iiii on th s side of fortress Monroe, tor the protection of Norfolk and Richmond, and that, in ac cordance with this advice, he proceeded to regulate ber movements; that, after tho evacuation of N'orlolk, West over, on James river, became the mo-t suit tb.e position for her to occupy; that, while in the act of lightening her tor the pur;>oe i of taking her up to that point, the pilots for the first timo declared their inability to talc bor up, aven though her draught should be reduc.-i to its mmunum of sight eu feet, that, by the evacuation of Norlotlc and tho abandonment of our f-rts below West over, both banks of the Jstner river below that point were virtually given up to the enemy that the ship beiug thus cut oif from Norfolk and Richmond, was deprived of all outward sources of supply, save tli-so of the most precarious and uncertain character; that her stcra of provisi u? would not last for more than three ^tekn; that ? hem lightened she was made vulnerable to the attacks oftita.fu?iny, a id that after havinjg been lightened tu,k" avail .No means of bringing ber J wn to her pn^WOTS'ight and iiglittat trim, and thai sho had but twn small boats, each capable of landing not mora than fifteen or eighteen men nt a tune, even in smooth water S cb being the facts and uircum slaucan under the influence of w hich the Virginia found herself after the evacuation of Norfolk, it wus, m the opinion of the Court, only necessary for the enemy to Continue to refuse battle as no had done -ince it was first offered by Captain Tatnal!, early m April, and thencefor ward to keep ?tri* watch abo t th? Virginia, in order, wnen her provi-iona were exhausted, to niche bar his prlte and Hie crew his prisoners. Beiny thus situated, the only alternative, in the opinion of tho < ourt, war to Abandon nud burn the ship, then and there, which, in the Judgment of the Court, was deliberately and wisely don-', by order of the accused. Wherefore, the < ourt do awai d to the said Captain josiah Tatnall an nonurahie acqu.tuJ. L KO^'KAf', Captniu. FRANK BUCHANAN, Captain. G. N. HOLLiN'A, Captain RUBER! G. RGBB. O mtnander. M. M AS1 iN. Com it ander. r'.BKN FARRANI), Commander. A B. r Al.tr\X, Commander. >1 F Ma'i'KY, Commander. UE-fRUG Ml NGR, Commander. MM. I,. MAURY, l.i uteennt. R. E PWJRAM, Lieutenant. ROBERT flL'Lli, Judge Anvoc ite The Cburt then adjourned uuttl morning at ten o'elo< k. L. R004IAI', Captain and President. Roasn OCU>, Jndge Advocate. Otncral Joe. E. Juhnttnn's OITlrial Re port of the Battle of Seven l*li;e?. Rii iiauxu, June 2-t, l-.fi'i. General S. Coorxn, Adjutant and Inspector General ? jit Before the nth May I had aar?rta:ned from trusty ecouta that Keyas'corps was encamped on this tide of the Chiokahomiuy, near the WtMlatusburg road. <m that day Major General I>. H. iliil reported a strong body Immediately in hie front. On receiving tbia r?i>ort I d# term load to attack them next morning hop'ng to be able to defeat Keyes' c rps eompieteiv. in Ha mure advai -d position, betora it Could be reinforced. VVutten orders were deapatched to Major Generals Hi'-l, Huger snd G W. Smith, General Longatie?t being near my headquarters received verbal ui.trixtlone. To* receipt ef the orders wee acknowledged. General Hill, supported by the division or General Longatreet (who had ths direction of operations ou the rightjwaato advance by the Williamsburg road, to at tw k the enemv in front General Ilugor.with hlsdlvt aion waa to move down the < harlot ? ity road, in order to attack to flank the troops who might be eugaged wil.u Hill end I/Ongstreet, unless he found in his front foreu enough to occupy the div-sion General Smith was ;u march to the inaction et the New Bridge road end the Nine M.le road to be in read:noes euhar to tall on Ksvae' right 11 ink er to over l.ei?g*tr<et s left. They were to move st 'laybrook. Heavy and protracted ralua during the afternoon au i night, by swelling tba stream or the Chirkahominy Increased the Probability of our having tort-ml with no otlief troupe than th use ef Keyes. lhe pern# cause prifeuted the pi iTnot and punctual movi tneut of the troope. Those of Hunth Hill snd Lnngstroot wort in po. itlon early enough, however, loeommance opemtitiua i y enpit o clock A. 11 M uor General Ia?ngrtreet. unwllii. g tu hiake a partial O-t'ai k. insiead of ilia combined uiuvemtOt which had b en planned, watted from hour t hour for General II . go a u/. Sinn. At length, el twooclock R.H., lie de termined to attack without th? o troops He accord lug y cotnmen-ed hie advance at tbul hour, opening the Oi agemetil with artillery end tvirm.ahers By three tiVio' k it became Cl so end heavy In ihe tn-'at. roe I had placed myself on the left of j fitce empi >o'l m itda attack, with the division of ?,< rr'ral Ml 'hat 1 mi/ht b" on a part ef the field Other* 1 mu-d i > , e and ka r?*dy to incut any ceuuior niuvaireut ch the enemy's General ikikIii make outahifj kviawe Of iefv. Gaiu| w sum pecnliar gun dition of tli* atmosphere, tlio sound of the uoi?kotry did cot roach us. I i xnsoqueutly dotui red giving the .-;gu il f, f General Smtlh'a advim? till four o'cloo.,. . ?t wmch lime M- or .tueoor Whttlug, of General Stnilb'* Stau, win ai I ? i'l sent o Icuru U.?- sutibol aU'airs w ill General J,, n -'reel's column, returned. reporting that 't was pre?.n. on with vig.r. fciuith s troops ?<-reatouca moved forwar?. 'i'b ? prim ipn attack was made b? Major General l.>n? etree'., ''li hi# owe and Miyor Ge.erai 1). IL Hill's division th? lai.ar nm t y in alvauoe. Hill's brave troops, admirably ioiiuiuun'1 and gallantly l*d, forced thru wav through the abatis, which formed theoueraj'a external dstoare , and st nusd Uieir h.treucl men:? by ? determined and irresistible rush. Such w ? Hie man:! in win n the sueaiy 'a first line was carried. The o j#r ti.iu Was repealed with the same gillantry and e .o o.-? . our triors pursue! their victorious career through the enemy's successive camps ai d iiitrsnciuneuts. At each new isit:< a t; ey en ountored f.e.-h troops belonging It, aii. reinforcements brought OO Irom the rear Thus thej hid to repoi repeated efforts to retake works which they I, d earned, but thmr advance woe never success tulU rs-isted. !? c,r onward movement w is only stayed hv the com Ingot night Hy u.gbtiall they had lorceU their way to thi Sevii; Pines," having driven the enemy back more than tw> miles, through their owu camps, and from a srr'rs of inireuchmouts. sad levelled evcry'atteruot to recapture thorn witn ..rent saiughter. Tho skill, vigor and decit-1 ? with which these operuti <ns were conducted by General Ismstreet, are worthy of the highest praise Ho was worthily soco.ideit by Mi^or General Hill, of whose conduct and courage he speaks in the highest term;. Msiur General Smith's division moved forward at four o'clock, Whiting's three brigades leading. Tliei" progress was impeded by the ?nomy's skirmishers, which, w.th their support.-', were driven back to the railroad. At this l>oint Whiting sowd ami I'ettigrew'g bri,ad?s engaged a superior for. o of the enemy Hood's, by my order, moved on to co-operate with I.ongstroet. General Sunib was desired to hasten up wi h all the troops wilhm roach. He brought up Hampton's and Uattou's brigades in a fow mmutes. 'lire strength of the enemy's position, howover, enabled him to hold it until dark. About sunset, being struck f-nm my horse, severely wounded oy a fragment of a sheK. 1 w its carried irom the field, itud ila or Geuer tl g W Smith succeeded to the c nuuand. He was prevented from resuming Ins attack on the enemy's position next ntoruiug by tho discovery of strong intr-'uehenents, nut seon on tho orevious uveuing. His division bivauacked, on tho night of ttie 31st. within tr.n. km sled of tho mireuchraeuts which they were at tacking, when darknecs staved the conflict. Tho skill, energy and resolution with which M^jor General -m.th directed the attack would have secured sue ess if it could hav o be.-:i made an hour earlier. Tho troops oi I. ny tre.-' and Hill imaged tho night of the bistou the ground which they bad w u. Tho enemy w ore rt "ongly i .in i. ed from th > north side of tho Chick uhootiny on ,tho evening and night of the 31st. Tho i roups c '.yayod by t; 'uerrd (smith were uuduubtedly from til* other side of tiie river 0 i th - m uniUL' of the 1st of JBM 'he enemy attacked the brigade' t General Pickett, which was supported by that of General Pry or. The attack wa vigorously ro pe d?.- . by the.-e two brigades, the brunt of tho fighting ta ling eu Genera! Pick 'U. This was the last d m >n.-,tra lion ma ie by the enemy. Our t' ops em; Iny.M the residue of the day in securing and bearing off the captured artillery, small arms ami other property; and iu tho evening qu.etty returned to their i.urn camps. We tui ? ten piecesof artiilerj , six thousand (6,'100) muskets, one garrison flag and tour regimental colors, besides t large nutnbor of ten1 - and camp equipage. Major General I.ongstreet reports the Io.-,k in hi? command as being abou*. 3,000 Major General G. VV. Smith ropoits his Ions at 1,333 T->ta! 4,233 That of tho enemy is stated in their own newspapers to have exceeded ton thousand?.n ?,-timate which is, no doubt, sbo: t of tie truth. Had Major General Hugcr's divisiou been in inxition and ready for notion wheu those of cinith, Lngstrcet and Hill moved,I am satisfied that Keyes'corps would 'have b en destroyed, instead of being merely defeated. Had it gone int > action even at four o clock the victory would have boeu much more complete. Major Generals Smith and Lone street speak in high terms os the conduct o, th ir superior and stall' ofliccrs. 1 beg leave to a?k tho attention of the government especially to the manner iu which Brigadier Generals Whiting ahd R. H. Anderson, and Colonels Jenkins ana Keuijier and Hatnpion, exerci?iug commandB ubove their grades, an I Brigadier General Rh'.des, are mentioned. This, and the captured colors, will be delivered by Ma;or A. H Cole.oi my stalf. I have been preveuted by feebleness from making this re;iort sooner, and am still too weak to make any but a very imperfect one. ? Several hundred prisoners were taken, but I have re ceived no rep >rt of the number. Your obydicnt servant, J. E. JOHNSTON*, General. From Virkulmr^-ihe Late IVaval En ^ngtmrnl. [From the Jnck.-uii Missistppian, July 19.] Tlio Arkansas moved down the avenue "of death as quietly a. ever plcasuro boat floated ou the bosom of a plr.cid lake Her entrance was signalized by a more furious tempest of terrible missiles tiiau ever descended uiun a singo vessel. From thirty to forty of tbo most powerful gunboats and ram.- including the famous Denton, the pride and ths beast of the federal navy, exliuusted their magnziues and ordnance of immense calibre in the vein ait .mpt to engulith her. But "forward, still forward,' she went, pourh.it into this one a broad: ,do. and rushing furiously agaiust that one. until two struck their flags and rushed ashore to e.--oai>e the murderous tiro. Turning sud denly, amid the leude-i storm which was descending upon her louder than the bolts of heaven, sha dashed impetu ously, and with ail the power she could commaud, against the benf.n, giving her a thrust in the side which is be fisved to have broken several of her ribs, if uot to have inflicted a mortal wound. The battle continued to rage wuli unabated violence, the Arkansas still moving forward m.gest oal,y. amidst dealh shots failing thick and last, and yet, with tne exception of her smoke stack be.ng riddled, not a casually hud occurred on board. Had not the smoke and heat become so stilling us to compel the opening of one of the portholes, we should have been snare 1 recording a single misfortune That circumstance. however, enabled the enemy to effect au entruhee, and the loi-sea noted in our despatch of yesterday were pro duced by a bail isumuig through the port hols. And now the gauntlet was run, the torrible ordeal escaped, and the nobis Arkansas, having passed through the avenue o. death, nothing remained but to wave her adieua, which she did in the most gallant, feeling manner, from the two sous o; Mars who preside in the rear of her court. And then the red held was won, and Neptune crowned her queen of his realm. As she took leave of the formidable fleet and rouhded the point above the city, turning her bow to port, Uer noblu ting ocemed Instinct with me as tbe gentlo breeze displayed its glitteriug folds. Had nothing else been done curing the war this single feat would have written immortality, in characters of living light, all over those bro id and ample folds. The scene which followed tbe landing of the Arkansas was of the most turilling character. The crowd rushed to the wha.f frantic with joy. As the immortal hero, Commodore Brown, presented himself to view, tbo warm, fresh blood still trickling down bis furrowed cheeks lrcm his wounded Lc ad, the enthttsi-ism became irrepressible. All felt that a debt ef grant' de a us due to him. nu brave oCic?rs and crew, whi h could uevor be repaid. When the circumstances are considered is it loo much to say that the victory is more signal and glorious than any on# recorded in naval history. In the cuae of the ilerrimar (Virginia) there were these points of difference: she was a vessel of vastly greater dimensions, ah probably cost live times as much as tbe Arkansas. Every lacilliy was en;oyed in her construction which money or material could furnish. She was at lauded by several other sui-etlor vessels. She engaged cnly s.,m'e eight or ten of tbe eucmy's licet. In tbs case of tbo A kai,ou she went unattended. No aid could reach her Failing in her expedition, esou|ie wag ho;?!ess. ?<he met in deadly combat about lorty of the best caunou proof vessels belonging to the enemy 'e navy. The world will accord ber tbe greatest victory over ach -ved -n the watery realm, bub officer und each ? dor has linked bis name with immortality. Let them be published ?t once for the admiration of mankind 1 ait a grateful country transmit them to an admiring pos terity , to be remembered forever as tht champions of human freedom. Ail hail, glorious Arkansas'. The Mobi e Advertiner Biakes tue following extract from s private letter, received from Vlcksburg. ft is sugges tive of some important matters, of which we are in igno rance here. If half of what is suggested by the writer be confirmed, the Vankeee are certainly m a bad Qx on the Mississippi.? Vintssr no, July 13, lf?2. We have just received exciting news from our batte ries. A Yankee Hag of truce has arrived to requnu per mcotton for their gui.lmu hi pan our bdtUriot at I ukd/urg anil HaJn/n Range unmoleelej, and Out' thru will <->??< uote Sew Oi l am ami the rierr. It is said that General Van Dorn hae refuted the rrfuetr for ho says that before too mrmthn he eMail hmt the whole of tA? l'anktr fleet brhotm Vvkthurg and Union Ji>wny General Breckinridge has command of the troops on the opi>osito side of the river, at Monroe, l-ouisiant, end it marching torni*urr Utr J'anlrrr Isidrriai oecr there, and to pre- nt iipfilnj reaching the I'arkrr fleet. The whole Of the Yankee l!"et w-nt down tbe river yesterday, for the purpose of securing our batteries at itaPm iiouge, but I am happy to ear they have a jioor chance of doing so, as we have reoccupied the batteries on both sides oi tbe river and are mounting more guns and electing new for tlflcatlons. Tliere is no doubt that we made a brilliant strategic stroke in the recapture of that town. Mean while a large light artillery Torr.o has beui stationed on the bunks of the river, with orders to attack nil trans port.; and Yankee boats that alt* mpt to pass So you see the Yankee* have "got thedr pa^ in the wrong j of tins time. Fivr V M ? Newe has just arrived that Van Dorn sent ? be following answer to Khrrsgut. commanding United Sfci'-.i fl -ot nbors and below Vick.-nnrg ? Sin?Your communication, under ting of truce, hug been received In answer, 1 beg to say, that the only way you sbsll pase iny batierms is at the mould of me cannon. K. VAN DORN. The troops era looking for orders every minute to cross the rivet md attack lb* Yankees. Nwrtffirrn ami Confulrralt Feeling To vv arils England. [From the Richmond Enquirer. July 25.] W* have been equally surprised and pleased with the sccura- y end ability shown by the British press in their di iiuss; ns of tho American war. Considering that they recelv little but Yankee newspaisrs, and have heard only ( e -t le, we wonder at th- success w tth whii b they have hit upon the real merits of llit contest, and the acuteneis with which they have, in tbe main, eliminated the truth ol bistoi y fr-m a ma.-a of falsehood. .Nottlie least euccvasfiil and prominent in this work has been tlie London Timet. In a r-cent issue of this journal, however, wo discover an exception to it* usual astuteness An article te oopied trotn tfie New York Journal </ Mourner r, in which It is ra.c ?" There is, to duy, no# scnlimcnt in which the whole Amarlcsn people, North and South. Him to agree, and that is a Mnliu.eat -A hostility to England, lbs South Is full of it, md fieroe in its etpresaieus IN North 18 equally lull of It. but Si'ent. *'# State this ?S a u. ill and we regret it profoundly ' The Ames Cl. "--ee loauxq.tth^ee icn ctHU' oie.it no; only *f North err. but *!??? of SoutUon. fce.n.g t wards l.n 1 .nd .nd is modi J enough to e-y that Eng.and has done noUii-.g lo it-s rve 6?< t .eru favor No falsehood which r i2h" bo nweeibv aNur Peru journalist could now air. us We t o. no surpi .-??>, tliercf-re, ut tuo combined mendacity am. iupc-te..>?i Willi which the Journal <V f- "?"ie M uUd.'ClauoS to 1-e oome t'ue moutUti.ee* of our feud gs foe lh ' Ri itiBh i ^<> i e. Hut we do wonder it did not occi: to tho kngli. b editor that our eueu ie* have unobvio. s interest in i-di rcprcsenting us ftbrouil. and tbut i uo I. eiinj . I ic.Clonal uulipa'hy or regird might b? much bo'u-r aso u-iaim-d t? tuioli the m .rut..u s of our . wu press ?n.l pubU officials, the test mi :.y of'Ir.lish citi/ons and naval ofli cere who visit r shcro;. and la..I, not least, tbrm-gh that ot the iut -Higent consula who represent hriti-h u e reels in the < onlcdi : ate iMUN, end who m. M Ml 1 b y presumed to know tho state and toc.,1 uc.os of senitin nt AH these s u oe* ' I' l:.f?rniati? u v? u.d g.ve bro id and uunuaiilled contradiction to the Yank-.-jour nal.st, who assumes to 8;>o..k equally lor the Northern mob and fo- the people- who have shaken nU the rulu or that mob forever. There is not, on the part or our people or our gov ern ineut. a 7 feeling of Imet-.ty towards It.. an,, but, on tho contrary, a sincere do-t o to cu.nvate roi ion- of amity end good will. Wo have sent theui a Minister, cltar.ed with tho d itjr of representing the f ieudly -anti meutsofour people for Kngliud, and Mr. M?--nUn t the man to speak a false and hjipocmic d ire- sage, even if we were base enough to send one. Wc aro ready to form a treaty of aunty aud friendship with Lagand whenever she shall be sufficiently alive to h-r ow u ri.o rests to entor into 6uch relations. We des.re to sen be tween lhem and us a geuornl inteichange of ihu products or their iudusfy and ours. We have cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco, tar, pilch, Ac., in larho surplus to send abroad. Lag-land has to iuu.uC lures of wool, cotton, glass, iron, steel, loathe:, sc., lor all of which we otfor such a uwiket as she will not lintl elsewh re on tho l.tco ol the earth. We are sensible lltot it 1* cr?atly for our mutual advantage that this inter change of products shall take place. It Is not our fault that it does not new ox.at, but we know tbut it will one day be established, whoa I.iucoln shall have fully learned the policy or his present endeavor, and Until have made up his tnind to devour his chagrin, f that delay Inc., be-on postponed by tho strange delay ot the br.tub government in recognizing our independence. it is not our fault, but may boa subject for hhiglLh statesmen to C?Nor have we any unkind feelings for tho peopia or the rjritish Isles, apart from meroly public reunions. We know their virtues and iheir faults, in spite oi the latter ther ai e a bravo, manly and a truth loving people. I h.-y have a high sense ot h-uor and u.h-uly iu their pob.i aud private en'airemont.-1. We s.n-uld luvve .itt.e lea. being cheated either by the British ruler or tuelintiHti tradesman. We do not torget that wo aro inamlj sprung trom British loins, and that the er-ent.a! leatures and bulwarks of our liberty wero derived from thorn, and wrested, by tho valor of their ancestors and oi s, iron, the grasp of urbitrary power We claim an equal ri lit lo boast of Shaaspere and Milton. Our literature is tho | S lWc have no officious auggo-tiou-; to make in regardto I thoir institutions. For ourselves we have ch-.s. n rcpua . beau institutions, but from the wild and briilu: li< ease by wlncti the mob dominates, as ut the North over rea | sou and individual right, and in tho name of freedom, | enforces the worst of Asiatic b-.adage we trust wo are . secure as well by our co: ,tituuoli by the tempo: o. - ou;- jHjon'o. Wliile cherishing ->ur own torm oi K"**?1: mens we do not seek to force It upon oth ra, or catund that it is tho best that can be devi. cd tor all Nearly eighty years ago wc chose to sever our c > Jicctmu 'with the British crown. We behove Doth Lnglandand vmerica now sustain tho act: but not a few of v.< would now admit thai our Southm forrfalhen-diu not irwnd t&i s hiuch by (X'i with 1 , 1 It is pruper to say .however, that the course of England in the present war has given rise to just complaint, lue refusal to aliuvv the privateers of both beihgeroato o sel, their prizes in Hritish ports bore hard.) i-u Us, and did the North not a |.article of harm, lhe declaration of no tralliy, however, honestly meant,has in the opiuion oven of c indid Uriton.", proved a 'diesided bu.-iiiess. Th i c >iiseiit uf our government to cei tatu ^ the pri > i biiins ol tlie treaty of Paris was askod aud obtained: but the very rower winch sought that oon^cnt ^'oc^n,^J a blockade which, tried by its rule*, w..-vudik io cognition of independence has boon deU.ved hty ? d a ins: nrccedcnt or sound rea.s ?u, alUmugh u?> u.?t to las! British pajiers and British statesmen havese--h and d vlare-l thai subjugation was inqiossible, .ud our ulti u ia t o in -1 c pen den ce co r taiu. Why did they not officially am upon their convict,mis' Tried by their -, -k. Uic ti -us thev were straugely inconsistent, lu the reason of thing" it was not to be expected that me Norih would Lhandon the struggle so long a- tho Luro^an i'owerd by thru- delay in rec -c-iiizing us, s ignitied a gi ive^douh- as t" ihd fluairresult. All this has chafed oi.i iHwHe, but it bis noL nr the spuiiuieni of animotity. e kno\% tnat Uie Northcu.ldLi'd suhd-eus: we Yankee crodit would burst; and we kucw that neogni tion though slow, was sure become, be could a turd t be puiicnv. and there was a gratidcatwa in the thought lX7knt?ZW^Ueh,ari* o/tk, Bn.li hand Fremh ?IT A t tne very outset they protested ae/inst the threat to m-irder prisoners taken ou our pri vateers lite barbarities ot the North, the imprisonment of lame* and con cimbat mts, the spoliation m ? oertv the act3 ot attaiudor and confiscation, the brutal nroieet to consign the women or a great city to the iusts or Northern soldiery, the great crime of a'^t,i|U iue to reduce fourluea large bUte?. to slavery, have heon denouur.ed by the l-.uglish Poop'1 and press m ton.-s which show tltly their hatredland;?bs iust for tho wroug doer. This protest may not be meant to be!?us but it does help us; tor ours is the cause o. tree government aud hum vuity, and 1'1v'1;/-iU'^ .udJ I' r.-uev m we I as of Conindernto liid- p-udecc-., une words m"behalf of these aie words oi go--d cheer J"41"1?""' rsgement to us in our perilous struggle n' ,?ij vve lufand brutal enemy who set8 them all at naught. We Lre" lv eigh millions to twenty. W. have no navy and m? ?, 12 Our enemies have the arsenals and work shops oi 1-agland and the world to recruit ^oni- ,)u>' ^ dav the ungual light goes on. Thus tar tho unconquer abfe spirit ol our people, their noble sacrificas aud en deavors their houorable and Christian bearing, and their just cause,have baen blessed Inva-ler stands discomUitcd and repulsed. The be? b oed or our people has. indeed, been sn.d. bu. It will coctinu_ to tlow- if uee-i be, for twenty years, until the groat work oi our deliverance is accomplished, in comparison with Cus end we lioid all other earthly things vi e and con Umntible and most of all the emoors of old leuds with thOM who wisli tis well m our struggle for liberty ?d whS" in reference t- th, brutal practices of our enemy, ory from the uoart, may God defend the right. Tlie Galled Jade Winces. [From the Richmond Knquirer, July 24.] It 1* perf'-clly evident Unit our enemies iateud to ac company their lurther prosecution of the war with evory element of ba baiity which a ferocious hate can inspire, and upon which they may dare to venture. We must prepare to thwart their etl.rts and punish their atroci ties. Lincoln and his advisers must be made t? choose be tween the two modes m which they have undertaken to trespass against us. 'they call us rebels and they uuil us enemies .Stunner, of Massachusetts, assumed, iu a is to speech, that I -cause of -his alleged double relation, Lin coln's government is authorized to proceed against us in both aspects at one and the same tune. We migba, with ue'.ter logic, maintain that while Lincoln charges against us the double character, be is not allowed to proceed against ue as to either, save to the extent that the treat meul might be the same, if we are I'tuled .States citi Zeus wo are as much entitled to the privileges as liable to the respousibilltii? of such citizenship, and we must be proceeded against iu the courts and according to law, and must not lie warred upon. A pretty government it is Ui.il wages war ii|siu whole comtnunili ?* of tt* own jieo pie. If we are Mil* we must be proceeded against according to the rules n| war, and we are entitled to all those ameliorations of the severities of war which a Cbriatiuiized civilization has established. Lincoln and h s t ongres*, however, have been acting on SumDer'a theory; and they have lately given add! tional evidence of thoir pwrimsn. Treating us as ene mies, Ilia) hurl large armies against us. Treating us a* rebels they pass laws to conthcate our property and make our children beggars. And. with a detnouiera bor rowed from their dutibio hate, but .(untitled neither by the rules of war nor of legal proceedings, thev bave bid den their armies to prey upon our quiet people and to desolate our homes?to rob the aged and the children, seizing their progeny by the liand of violence, and leav ing them to struggle with destitution. The torch of a vanuai ?? ldiery oiten completer the scene by the glare and the blaze of burning home-u-a ls. Our unnatural enemy must make big choice and regu late hm conduct accordingly, lie cannot bo allowed te act upon both theort's. if he insists that they are har monious, we insist that they are mutually destructive of each other. If he claims tlie right of directing against ua the annoyance* or both, we paralyze htm by claiming the restrictions <>t both But to persons who are willing to deal truly with facta, the relation now existing between the I'nited Mutes aud the Confederate States is one of imjdo war?that and no more However the war may have originated, it la nevertheless war. Whether by rausetoss rebellion, a* our on cm ie- assert, or whether, aa we claim, by the legi 11mate ezerciae for tnJuponsuhle purposes, of wbal ought to have been, and but for the violence of our enemies would have been a peaceful proceeding, sheets the merits of the parties to the war, but does not altect the fact of the war. It will be time enough lor Lincoln and his Con gress to talk about rebellion when they can rnauage it as such. They have no right to call It rebellion until It ceases to be a war. Indeed, our enemies themselves being witnesses, the uauristtioua of the government that sits at Washing ton have been so grest and radical as totally to du o/'-* any l ondt that way Aa< > bten wppn: na to bind H.< to the Northern Mot't. Never did coward sad feructous liger quit his prey mote reluctantly than did Llucoln, v.lien wo forced bun to relinquish hi* base purpose of hanging our brave pri valuer*, lb-and lii- t'ongress have, within a few days past, poured new fury Into the war The direction has one out to iheir arm e? to plunder and ravage. A con Iteration bill has become a law, for "uzmg the property of cverr man guli'y c. th* crime of hemg a true man I tine i" inclined to smile a' th :ie exhibition* n| hii| silent r gs. it was thesilng of Meridian's delist that lurried the \t'a?hi gl ?n sages Into such criminal folly. They s> em to be c sane At the vury ti.ne w inn their Mucosa is least tholi threats are loudest and m< <t malignant. It in II ? gnashing and ibe rap of the wll i bsast as ha sees tha e;, ap- of ins intended victim. Had we not enough belora to aroma every energy that may inspire i> free at d ii brava man, to r. ist to the tleai li and i"i ever, the attempted domlm n ->f tlie North* Wiw not their desi*at,,m suillciantly I?? in-cme. aud ihoir uu frlendly pur. os*- towards us sutl.i n-ntly Manifest, to In fame our zeal to the utmost to tho work of resistance? We had thought so, but Line lu, it si eius, thinks other wise He has added a new stimulus 11 our activity. He takes the p.sim to tell us,and hi* obsequious Congress joins him, that when lie has conquered us ho nitemis to strip u* of all the earning* of our honest toll. He In b ids to take our lasds and our homes; and they will he bestowed on the greedy crew living down "tu hum." ua the rswnrds of their murders snd rapine in our midst iltr/.etitol tho t onrcderate Mates, if Mr. I.iflco.n in deed deigned this to Intiamo your seal, you will not dts appoint li u' The ui>st aged or tho utosl latlrm wiik buttle for tits home and for the roof that shelter* big wife *ntl > it tie oneH. To the xt> ? bodied man it will now bo a double disgrace to shun the tight. Our people, ae m o hihu and l the lust 111 in, must i etiiatsuelrciu .be j villainy and so trrible u fate But If, as we suppose, l.in o.:i .1 d li.a supporters designed to ad.it e a yoi r . le.is. i ill yen notabow th- in h w little they know youf Kri, hum you uuo -ubinissiou bv Oireets whirl) he cannot execute, except u;i>>u the iinpoi>.-,jble supposition tb.it you prove cravens aud cowards! Avenge the i- suit, and at the snmo tune vindicate your country and us cause, by redoubling your ztai mid ynur el! ts,aud by holding yourselves reedy to endure the most ex tram discom fort, and to luuke any sacrifice,even of life itself, sooner than yield to a toe so di gustmg aud so (indignant. The Rfbrl (iovcriimen t Ifccoir ni/.ee One rillu Wari'arc~Tbc Lux Tuiiouis to lie Applied. ColUUkSKOMiENOK EETWUKN HON. JOHN B. 0LA11KE AND T1I1S BKBItb MiCllHTAKY OK WAK. tsiKXTTswoon Bontn, IdcmiojiD, July 15, isfii Hon. Gsosue W. K .Nnnnra, secretary oi War :? eia?I respectfully desire to know from you whether the several Partisan Corps of Rangers, now orgatilz -d or thM in ly tie organized in the eoveral Matea ol thec u ft'deraoy, are to bo regarded as part of the army of tho confederacy, and protected bv the governuv nt as such ; aud w uet her, if any of so id corps arc captured in buttle, or otherwise while in the linn ol their duty, by the eno my, Ibis government will claim for them the sarna treat ment, us prisoneie of war, winch is now exacted lor pri soners belonging to our provisional army. Are not all Partisan Bangorj, organized by your autho rity, emphatically, a purl of the Conledor ite ariny, auj will I liny nut bo i awarded and treated as such ? I consider that it is not only the right, but the duty of every loyal citizen of tha Confederate 6>tales, to resist, by all means in his power, evon to the death, if necessary, the attempt oi the enemy in a body or singly to invade his domicile or to capture his per son, or that of his wne, child, ward, or servant, or to take from him against his will any of his prujierty, and il, m making such resistance, whether armed or not, oar citizens are captured by such invading omuuy, have they not the ri ,lit to demand to bo treated by the enemy as other prisoners of war; and will not this government exert all iis power, ii necessary, to thu end that its citi zens are thus protected and treated? This is a war waged against the sovereignty of the sevural States of the conledoracy, and against ill a liven, liberty and pro|sirty of every citizen yie.dmg ailogi itice (o the .-states and government oi their choic, in which they reside Such a war has no parallel tu the h.story ot CUristian nations. I respectfully request you to give mo your opinion.-,in the sovoru! points in this letter, in a f. rui to ho submit ted to my con tituents, to eulighton them in regard to the extent of their rights and powers as viewed by llr.s government, and bow far their government will protect them in the e.vuicise ol tuosu i ignis, winch, to au intelli gent freeman, arc dearer than liio itself. Your early aus.ver is respect fully requested. With great rospoct, JOHN B. (T.AKKM. fONPKDCRATE SIATKS O? AMl.KMA.l Wak Piuaktmknt. Ill' umond, Va., July 10, J J lion J mux B.''LAKita, Coniederato Slates fSetxtte;-? bin?I li ive the honor to acknowledge the rec opt of your letter of tho loth instant, and to reply, th.it t'artisau liangors are a i art of tlie provisional army ol the Confe derate btucs, Sobiuct to ali tho regulations adopted for its government, and entitled to tiio same protection as prison ers of war. Partisan Rangers are in no respect dhleront from troop-' of the hue, except liiiii they are not brig uled, and are employed ofteaer eu d -Inched s-rvioe. They re quire stridor discipline than othei troops to maico them offlciout, anil without discipline they become a terror to thou friouds and are c utomptiblo in tho cyus of the enemy. Wnh reference to your inquiry as to the protection which the government will extend to private citizens taken in hostile act- against the enemy, it is not oasv to lay dewn a general rule. War, as con due tod by oivUi/ad nations, is usually aeon test iietween tho re-isjctive governments ot the bellige rents, aud private individuals, reinaiuingquietly at h n #, are respected in their rignts of person and property, lu return mr this privilege they aro expected to take uo part iu hostilities, unless called on by their government. If,however, in violation of this usage, private citi zens of Missouri should be oppressed and mal treated by the public onemv, they have unquestionably a right to take up arms in their own de.euce; and if cap tured and confined by the enemy, under such circum stances, ttmy arc entitled, as citizens of the Confederate ntaies, to ail the protection which that government can afford; and among tbo measures to which it may be use ful to resort is that of tile lex ta if/nit. We shall deplete tho necessity of retaliation, as adding greatly to the miseries of the war, without advancing its objects; and, therefore, we shall act with g cat cireum spectiuu, and only upon tacts clearly ascertained But if it is our only means of compelling tne observance of the usages of civilized warfare, we cannot hesitate to re sort to it when the proper time arrives. Very respect fully, your obo limit servant, UhuRlrh W. KANUOI.PH, Secretary of War. Exchunxc of Prisoners. [From tiiu Richmond I n toiror, July 23 ] Tin basis of the pending nogoti ttions for the exchange of prisoners has been made "the cartel of 1812." litis instrument '.vaa between rec gnized nations, .uni stipe iateu tor " Aaieri( an ugonts at Halifax and other places, and fur British agents to the United States; and stipu lated not only for mi exchange of prisoners of the same rank, but lor equivalents in men, where they were of dtlieront ranks," and lor the parole of the surplus. This cartel has no refercnro to a moa*. Important clr cumstance connected with prisoners,and that is the arrest and sio /.ure of private individuals by the enemy. It is to bu hoped mat tiiu governmout has givuu positive instruo. lions to the Confederate Commissioner to insist upon the cessation of these illegal acts, and that unless positive y disavowed and ahanaoned tliat no exchange will be per inittod to be made. Private citizens are a.- much under (he protection of the government, as Confederate soldiers; they are the fathers, mothers, re.ativcs of the soldiers, and* to abandon them to the cruelties of the enemy, with out the power of retaliation, of which we will have do privod ourselves whun we have paroled I heir prisoners, would be an act of injustice and cruelty which the public ought not to tolerate in the government. We understand that at the last interview between General Hill and General Dix, the Commissioners, that the latter objected to a clause lorbidding the arrest of citi zens, and that the negotiations were suspended to aliuw General Dtx to visit his government for instructions. Upon this matter the country will rejoice to know that General Hill s llrmuess and determination wou'.d bavp broken oil all negotiation rather than not haste secures this important stipulation. lie justly considered the rights of citizens within the enemy's lines as entitled to the fostering care of the gov ernment; and that to deprive ourselves o! all means of re taliatiun, without stipulating against the repetition of such outrages, was to throw open tbe homes of our peo ple within the enemy's lines to the unchecked rapine and iust of a brutal soldiery. As long as we bold in jeopardy the lives of federal prisoners, we have some guarantoo against such conduce but whan once we have hound our selves to parole their surplus prisoners we have no means of retaliation left, und our countrymen within the enemy's lines arc liable to every act of brutality, without even the power of restraint on the part of our government. It it doubtless desirable to get rid of the large. number of primmer* now in our hands; but their possession is a lever that will upturn the policy of tb>> federal government, I"' rightfully used by our authorities Once let it be made kuowu that an exchange of prisoners was broken oil' be cause the federal government would not stipulato against arresting private citizens, and that federal prisoners were to be carried down South to spend the months of August and September in the awumpe of South Carolina und Georgia, the public voice of the North would cry out m such tunes that no more private citizens would ever be arrested. This is a matter of the greatest importance, and oue that the government doubtless duly appreciates. If we are overreached iu this matter, and the government fails to protect our'citl/.eus within the enemy 's lines, a voice of indignation will be heard in trumpet tones against the government. The policy that has delivered up so much territory to tho enemy has already caused no little dissatisfaction; but to su]ieraddio this the manifest injustice of not pro tecting our exposed people in the present cartel, will very properly diffuse indignation throughout our country. Tno arrest of private citizens is unauthorized by every law ol'war among civilized nations. We cannot retali ate as long as our army remains within our territory. Ketaimtiou upon prisoners is the only mode of preventing this enrage. k Tho country had rutber see no e change thau one that docs not prevent this outrage iu the future It is a mat ter thnt has been brought to our attention in the earnest letters from our unfortunate people, und one that neces sarily excites tho liveliest interest among the soldiers from those States who-e territories have been abandoned to the enemy. There are soldiers in our army whose fa thers and brothers are prisoners in Washington and the North, and tbey most naturally feel deeply solicitous upon this subject. This cartel marks an important era in the war. It is the acknowledgment of our quasi nationality. We ure by it made belligerents, and the government of the I'nlted Stairs treats with the government of the Confede rate States through commissioners. They nave lea acd something at last. Mid In tnis respect the federal govern moiit havo improvod upon the Bourbuns, who never l*arn<-d aaythmg. Uno more victory, and commtashsicra lor a truce, an armistice, will meet?those necessary pre ludes to peace. More About the AfTalr at Braver Dam. [From the Kichmund Dr patch. July 23.J We have received a lull and correct account oi the raid made by the Harris cavaly, of New Yoi k, up ?? the depot at Beaver Dam, ilauuver county.ou Sunday morning last. From the best information it appears that they left F'rede rloksburg on Saturday evening about tour o'cl ok, and came some fourteen miles of ibe way that night, early Sunday morning they came on to Beaver Dotn.wbor'e lit* y arrived about eight o'clock Here they found nothing to oppose thetn, and they at once set to work to d'Atroy, by burning the depot olllce, water tank, and Cord wood. In ths detiot there were about one hundred and seventy burro.- of Hour belonging to the army, a few bushols of oata, a case of shoes, a small lot oi ammunition ucd a few arms, some tents, and perhaps a few other things of little value, nearly all of which were consumed. lliuy also tore up the railway In several places, and cut down ab'ut. hall a dozen telegraph poles. Tho ops rator.Mr. Hinitli, was nrreitOd for refusing to give them infoi:nation, but succeed ui m making bis escape. Tbey also obstructed the railroad track, extracting to throw the train oif. hut luckily failed m their attempt Tbe up t uln was ignaii/.ud nud induced to turn to Kichmond by a servant named Dick, tho projtorty of Dr. Terrill, of Hanover Their stay et Beaver i)um was limited to some Uiii tjr minutes: at the end of which time the whistle of the up train sounded, and some one bavii g told thom that there would probably be some four or live hundred soldiers aboard, they hurriedly dcamped At Beaver (Nutfe end on tue route to and from, they captured s ane six or eight prisooora of war, sick s idlers ami stragglers. Whilst returning they wore pursuod by tine* members of the llauovur cavalry, wtio wore at home on a furlough. These succeeded in mortally wound lug oue of the Yunkoo-, who bus siuce died Their love oi horse flesh was fully exhibited by their tnkiug "if s-rno ix or eight animal*, "without the consent of their owner - first bad nud obtained *' Thoy bad along wiih them any quantity of counterfeit Confederate money, be. sides bogu- city of Richmond an l other uutes in one instance they Kara a man $45 in counterfeit Confederal# biligfor i ba ket of chickens. lu another esse they cava their bond ,$;'?& in cuutciieit money, uud an old waiuh, for a bo:kb At every private house they demanded food, mi k and the latest na:?ira from Kiclim n ' fheOloue! (ihtvias) saol he r(fretted 'bo war thai it waa Qua- only a light tor boundanes. that li or could not a Bold to I. so till rioutbwoat. Tlwy numbered between live and six hundred, and were well equipped, but indif ferently mounted,save liere and there u good horse, which looked very much as if stolen. They were con v jiil on tlias trip by several buck negroes, wlio wore moil. :od, uni.oruied and arm d. 'Ihe principal of mam seemed to i>e a negro wall know 11 as " iiabney," the mil ler of J. C. Jerrold, at Tiioittsburf, in Spottsylvama. Their general bahavi?r was good. Tory interfered teiiA ?eprimitepnje ty, Mae hor$u, and, cu far at ?>? can he ir, carried nff no venues. At one place,on their loluru.thuy b; i<: ad und gave a gentleman a bottle of whiskey, mane m 1-31 which-the lucky recipient acknowledge* to have been excellent. Aildieaa of General Smith to the Troopa ttt Vii lt-.lJMi g. Urs.i'.Kiis xvd SoLiiiKRH nr Ann. i.Bh / *in> or thr Tan. o Hkiuai>k:?ihe ap|iaroi.t imiiisu m the operations lit the enemy against tins place affords an opportunity to pub Iirly acknowledge the Hteudy courage and admirable c in duct exhibited by one and ull during the bouibaidmeut of the jiast fow weeks. From b low tbaenemy (lrat appeared against you, de manding au unconditional surrender; an enemy who bud successfully passed tho lorts guarding the approaches to New Orleans, and forced the submission the city itself; an euomy having a naval force of soruo thirty-live vea sels, armed with all the appliances of modern warfare, tucludiug the most formidable war stoamurs tu the ledo r i navy, besides numorous transports, liavtug a Urge infantry force. I'rom the other direction soon came the uuniei oua 4lf.it of gunboats that had successively passed Columbus, Island No. 10, Fort Pillow and Mom lus. Be leaguered as she bus boon, Vlcksburg and bur defences? the liihraitar oi tho Mississippi ?yet stand intact and un injured. and we believo they will remain so. To face, undaunted, so numerous a foe: to endure, un flinchingly, so li rce a bombardment, to return boldly and successlully so vorriUc a lire, lias required that cool, de ter in moil courugo, that cheerful facing < f danger, cbarac tei istic of the ( onfederate soldier on every field. Most of tbeir gutiboats have been much Inju-ed," two sloops of war ci ipplod and driven out of fire, < uc in a smiting con dition, and a mortar boat now lies before you a wreck. While 1 am happy in being able to speak thus of all, botii ollicers and soldiers, in the brigade, thorn occurred imlivi ual instances of heroism worthy oi imitation, and deserving of special nonce. The two most prominent are Sergeant William Boyd, Company 1, and private John Murray, Caper's battery, First Louisiana artillery. The U.st, aotiug as gunner during the ilcrco action of the 28th of June, had his right hand crushed by the fragment of a shell, u title stopping the vent of his piece, yet faith fully maintained his position, not raising his wounded h md until all danger of a premature discharge had pass od, thus preserving, by his coolness und bravery, the lives of his companions at the rmu. The second, on the morning of tho 28th day ul Juno, when a ball became lodged in a rule gun, aud the can uouiers wore ditveu from the parapet by a shower of schr.ipno:, mounted the parapet alone, and worked man fully to rum it li line, regardless oi tho d mger to which he was mom ntai liy exposed. Of others who are entitled to honorable mention for coolness in dan ?r, conspicuous courago uudur the same hear y lire, aud constancy m ihc performance of duty, lite following names have been liaudod iu by tbeir commaud tng oiticers, viz :? Acti. g sergeant Major James M. Goddin, Eighth i/v>ui siana iftl.lery. i> Irst 8ergt-aat I). W. Leach. First Louisiana artillery. First Sergeant Erne, First Louisiana art.Uory. Sergeant Harrison. First Louisiana artillery. Sergeant Luonysious, Twonty-Third rcgniicnt Louisiana Volunteers. Corjiorul Adams, Eighth Louisiana artillery. Aclmg Corporal Shropshire, Eighth Louis,ana artillery. 1'rivate McSwoegan, Eighth Louisiana artillery. Private iloriaity, Eighth Louiataua artillery. Private Dowdell, Eighth Louisiana artillery. Private MoN'eal, Eighth Louisiana artillery. Private liihm, Eighth Ixruisiana artillery. The vigilant activity of the oiticers and men of Starke's cavalry, led by the.r Colonel, is also acknowledged. To thein belongs ihe distinction of ilrsl successfully engag ing the eneuiy. The ofheers. one and all,of the entire command, in cluding ihe members of my stulf, and Dr. Blanfon, Vo lunteer Surgeon, (laservo and have my warmo.-t thanks. M L. SMITH, Brigadier Geuoral commanding. Vicksiiuku, July 12,1802. Rebel Opinion of Northern Enlistments. (From the Bichmond Enquirer, July 25 ] Private' accounts, by persons lately from the North, concur with the information obtained from tin- Nortlie 11 pies , tiiat voluntary enlistments arc there virtually al an end, or at least m a state of suspeusiou. Premium is beiug piled on premium, and bounty on bounty, totemnt the needy and the meic nary; but thus far with very little client. The opinion is generally obtaining at the .xorih, that nothing but a compulsory draft will enable tho Yankee Governors to meet Lincoln's last requisition. Whether the temper of the people would endure that would remain to be seen. It is not likely" tbut it would. Meu will submit to anything, und will honor the most extreme c ill of their government, when necessary to do fend iheir liberties and their homes, lint when they are violently commanded to po on an aggressive war against a peoplo who only ask to be let alone, but who may not be attacked with impunity?nay, in the fruitless and inglorious attempt to colt pier whom a quarter of a millif n of the invaders have died in camp or hospital, or have been maimed for'life?the question becomes u very grave uie, aud Jonathan, accordingly, shakes lus head, auo may perhaps rebel. We mi st not, however,on our part, presume anything again.-t the eneitiy. We may, very properly, encourage or selves with all rational hopes, but these hopee are traitors if they cause us to relax our zeal, cm tha con trary, they should animate our endeavors and energize our operations and add to our means. Let our brave men rally ia full force ouder the lead of our generals, and let these last press operations with reuowed and sleep ess activity. This is our opportunity?not for sleep, but for euergetic and effective operations. Let us im prove it. The Yankees at Suffolk?Intensity of the Heat. [From the Petersburg Kxpiess, July 23.] From two ladt's who hero recently reached here,at)'', through other reliable sources, we have obtained somo interesting information from Buflblk, Va. Tho number of Yankee forces 110^ there ie estimated at 8,000. but their efficiency is not regarded as being at all valuable, either by their own officers or persona who have recently inai>ected thorn. On Wednesday alternoon last, during what purported to be a drt>a parade, tho boat was so intense that nearly three hundred of the patriots fell from sheer exhaustn ti, and hud to be borno from the drill ground to the shade. Coup df. nlul occurs almost daily, and one of the Yankee officers remarked to our informant that, if this was a fair specimen of the "sunny South," he thought the sooner the Union patriots got out of Dixie's land the l<etter. Genoruls MansQeld and Van Webber are both at Suf folk?the formsr in supreme command There arc two military governors or provost marshals?viz: Paul De Kay, and a Dutchman named Van Wobber, a brother of the general. They are both much disposed to use their au thority, and in many instances are not slow in abusing ii. The Kpiscopal church has been so /e l by the Yankees, and a member of the Dutch Reformed persuasion, from MtMMiraMttt, officiates in the pulpit every Sabbath. ? ? The Yankee generals at Rulfoik have appropriated the handsome residence of Nathaniel Kiddick, Esq., and now use the building and furniture exclu-lvely for their own accommodation. The farm of Mr Kiddick. near Sullolk, lias also been visited by tho vandals, and everything d value, even to the bacog left for tho subsistence of Mr. Kiddick's servants by himself, stolen and consumed. Another Scare on the Central Road. S from the Richmond Kxaminer. July 24] When the tram from the West, on the Central Railroad, reached Frederick's Ball, a station fifty miles from this city, it was mot by a rumor that the Ya '-"d cavalry had made unot her raid from Fredericksbuig, and had pos session of the track at Anderson turnout, ten in ties be low Heaver Dam, and thirty miles from Richmond. Tho telegraph wire not being in working order, there was no means at hand of ascertaining the truth of this report. Under the circumstances, tho conductor, not choosing to risk the passengers and train, took an extra locoui live and ran down to Anderson's on a reconuoissance. When hs reached this place he round the report of the Yankee* at that psitt correct: but tbey bad left sevrai hours previous to his arrival. He learned the following par ticulars:? At a quarter past nine A. M., Just a quarter of an hour after the passage of the train from Richmond, the Yankee cavalry, several huudred in number, mado tlieir api>ear ance at the turnout. Having missed the train, they ??anted to liav* uo particular object in view, but loitered about tho neighborhood for a couple of hours, l'bay, however, before taking leave, searched the house of Mr. John T. Anderson, which Is near the railroad, and took prisoner bis sou. wbo is in the Confederate service, but at home on sick furlough. Tbey also took possession at four *f Mr. Anderson's horses. They mad* no attempt to tear up tho railroad, having no doubt bad enough of lhal busi ness at Beaver Dam last Sunday. They did not inter. Tere with the telegrapn wire through prudential motives, shrewdly guessing thai any meddling with that would give notice of their presence Of the movements of our troops occasioned by this second impudent foray, it is unnecessary to say aayrhing. Tho t'antral trsIn reached this city at eight o'clock, three hours bohinu Its usual time. Reported Maimers on Roanoke Island. [From the Richmond Examiner. Julv 2*1.J It is believed in Eastern North < arolina that an insur rection bus taken place among thesoverai thousand run away negroes on Roanoke Island. It Is said that, be coming rlis-ittsfled with the harsh usage expt rienood at the hands oi their new master-, they t<sik ail vantage of an opportunity presented while the Yankees were at din ner, and n-itivn the tUtckni armn, Jlrtii into them and killed g'lvrat. The Yankee*, recovering from the panto into which they wore at Hist thrown, retook their guns and llawihiered almo.il e> o j negro on the round Front the |>ostma-ter ai (foldshoro we learn Ural heavy tiring was board In the direction of Newhern on Monday evening, beginning at threo and continuing until seven o'clock P. M The Fn'fuirer, of tbo same day .contains the following:? We learn by a gentleman from North Carolina that the Yankee ton'es on Roanoke island, having became very oppressive iu their measures toward the negroes in liieir employ, the hitter, a few days ago, roso upon the Yan kn s and killed a large number of thorn. Subsequently the Yankees arme l themselves with revolvers and mas. acred about S00 or Ine negfo laboreid, Tu# next day tho Yatikoes evacuated the Island Destruction or Nashville. (From the Macon (Ho.) Telegraph July 21.] Tho federals, it seems, say tlioy will destroy Nashville It forced to abandon It. Wo think it very possible they will carry out their threat, A gentleman of the highest respectability, a fugitive from Tennessee, reports that Andy Johnson has mined the splendid Capitol or Tennes see, the finest building of tbu kind in nil th I rtatos, and swore he would blow it up It there was auj* s"rlons dau , get that the Ooufgderatea would recapture tho town. From tit* Rappaknnnork Valley? Men* tineity or the lli'beU. [From the Petersburg Kx press, July 23 J From the most direct information wu lmve from til* valley. we ini.-r tK.it matter* or. bn.ht for the CemjtdtrmU cot.tr. We pub I ?lu<d aftw day* ngo wmio sliHMslil* b'titotl upon intelligence t"eeived from u geutl. mou who c .iiio through frm Winchester lubt week. We hav* since been permitted lo u?tract from a letter received by u ontleinnn m this cltv from a member ol tbe cavalry c rp* now commanded by Gen rai B. il. Robert- n. 'ibi* letter eonflrtns all ihat lias previously boon stated with reference to tbe frwiueut desertions from the federal army of the valley, and the disinclination of the Yankee trout* thorn to engage our forces. The statements of the writer may be r?garduJ as reliable, as he sustains th# cluiraettr of a man of integrity and intelligence. He Says.? th The Yankees at (leaning the valley rapidly. They have a coi sidcrable am mi t of supplies at Winchester yet, and we will cither rapture or destroy some of them. Our / t'Sihi t, h o, indif . many to de<ert,and 'hey jlock.tn us rap vilv. Fifteen in one gang came up to Powell's Fort day be fore ye isrdav, and live in auother. Four hundred de se ted lrum one regiment at Front Royal the f ast week, leaving nothing but oflit urn. 'there is great dissatisfac tion and dmwil .cation in the Yankee army here, and 11 iheir iuoii at home have uo greater inclination to tight 'bis war through than their hirelings here old Abe will have a sorry litnu of it in getting his bOO.OUO additional troops. General Robertson psroles all a bo vomutarily conm into our lines. '1 he a. ;ny ol the valley were turned from their march through Man as-, as Gap by a few gusrillas. Tliey then went up the l'ago valley. Thoro was great panic in th* whole aruiy. 'luirty men turned th* course of more than 2,6(10. Whereabouts of Urnersl Beauregard* l/roin liio Riciimoud Examiner, July 24. J As in "'V idle stories have been going the ronud of th* p iixirs relative to General Bcauregattre wh reabnuta and the cause ol ins absence front the army, wo think it well to state that he is at prusont with his family at Bliulea Springs, South Alabama. It will be recollected ilia* General Beauregard took tho field in the Southwest when our fortunes ill that quarter were at tn.Jr darkest period. In the active campaign which ensued, and m the perfect organization of the immense army at Curinlli, lie per formed labors which seriously alluded his be..lib, and rendered a period of lest uud recuperation absolutely necessary. That he might enjoy the much needed rest, he procured a reliei f rom bis command for a few months. Wo are pleased lo add that Mm General's health is rapidly improving, and that ho will vo y susn be able to return to his pist. With bis return to nctivo service the country will fall renewed conlldenoo in its fortunes. Our Nuttoual Cr??lit and Cnrreitcy at Koine. [From the Richmond Enquirer, July 2.V] The depreciation of Northern paper money continue* and in trims h. Kulce of gold were ma le at the slock hoard i:: Baltimore, on Monday, at 20 per cent premium, cl ?;ing at 121 ashed, 120 bid. At ti e Now York market inilge sales w era made at 20 per cent. The sales at the first board,Now York,were mad# at 119X; United Stan* sixes, Inst, at Jd '< Fo? gn exchange in Now York rated a few days ago at 130 a 131, which is 21 a'22 percent above the p:u value. Perhaps tho most significant feature m ihe above figures is that United States sixes should bo below par Not many weeks ago they commanded a handsome pre mium. Now tlicy rate lowor tbtin ovon Linooln's paper money, although that rates twenty per coat below its face. Northern men thus value the present cr' dit of thetr government higher than its futuro credit. Thoy prefer* promise to pay which they can sw iftly get rid of, above one which, though bearing interest, yet awaits future re demption. Th'4'have lost confidence in the future abt lily or honc-ty of thoir government, and thoy say so in that mode iu which a Yankee most certainly speaks his true opinion?tucy say so in dollars and cents. Drnitkru GtnrrnU. Throni the Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist, July 1IM When the full history of this war is written, if II should ever lie, a bUxvfy lift yf hlun/lert and disasters growing out of the drunkenness of Csnteieral? office's, will see 'he light. Tnis will prove true, cstoaullg of the late butlkt.ni/tr llichv.ond, which, though they wort a series of brilliant victories fur Southern arms, wore, in sum* parts of those well-fought Melds, purchased at an un necessary cost of blood. Tho victories w ere won, nut by the cool and self possessed intellect* of the generals, ho much as by the indomitable p uck of the soldiers. They were won, not in cooseqi once of the sober skill and good .judgment of division and brigade commanded 8, but in the absence of these qualities in some ca. es. We hear th* n.unos of more than one prominent general otll. ar men ? lionsd in ouune'lio: with the undue um of liquor in that eventful week. We forbear to publish now what is quit* rife iu the community ou this pomt, hoping thai au thorilalive action tnay bo taken to bring the facts t* light. Wc simply refer to tbe subject without calling names. We would not even do this on vague rumor. We or* constrained to speak from the testimony ot letters from the army from and to resiioiuoble parties. What Returned Surgeon* Say of Ken tucky. [From the Richmond i uquirer, July 25 ] We had the pleasure yesterday of an interview with burgeon .1. Onlliu, of Kentucky, attached to the Fiftieth egiment \ irginia volunteers, and K'Pgeon C. T Wulnoy, ol tue Cumberland, Kentucky, artiliory, who have lust i i.turnod from captivity on Johnson's islaud, lvike Erie, near .Sandusky, Ohio. These olliccrs, captured at Fort iionolson, am both well, and delighted at being once raor* restored to their country and her service. They speak well of the treatin.uit received while North, with the ex caption of beiug robbed of their servants, horses and side arms, burgeon GriiUn returned via \jo iisvtiie, hts homo, and gire< most encouraging accoutre of the state ofjiute ?'.c'teelirg in Kmtirlei/. HtjeipUs arc ripe for the oanleet, and iL outbreak cannot tie long postponed. A popular louder, with a roai>eetable torce, would cause Kentucky to make the desperate effort to rid herself from th* shucklos that now degrade her. McOlcllan'a Reinforcement#. [From the Richmond Examiner, July 23.] For Some time past a great deal has neon said and written, both North and Boulh,about the reinforcements ihat have been, or are about to he, roemve i by McClel Ian. But from a source emitted to our coiilldeiice, huh which we do not reel at liberty to mention, we learn that up to Friday night, the 18lb lust., MoCleliau's army, now at Westover and Berkeley, had, ainco the buttles, received not one man by way of reinforcement. Burimde, with hie army, was at tliat date at N'ewuori'e News, evid utly awaiting the development ot our plans, holding himself iu a p sition to reinforce either l'ops or MuCleilan, as our mos'emeuU should render expedient. Had our army pressed McCielian after the battle of Mai rem Hill, Burs side would have hastened to his relief. On the other liaud, should Pope be menaced by a superior force, the Buruside fleet will sail up the Rappahannock or Potomac. Goods from Englund?Tlxefr Safe Arrlrmt. [From the .tllauu (Ga.) Coulederary] A gentleman recently from Nassau brings the welcome information that very large amounts of goods from Kng 1 <nd have lately arrived iu the Confederate Biases, through Southern por.s. No lees than tlve vessels hare rua the blockade within a few days, laden with arms, mumtionc of war, end stores of various kinds for the Confederate -dates. The government has now on band an abundant supply oi guns, snous, blankets, clothing, he., for tho ar my next w mior. itie gentleman says that toe supply of these articles for tho army during the coming winter M abundant. Then a very large amount ot' goods haa late y run the blockade, our own city is sitting to ho full of Knglish goods. and the village and even the country stores, arc c mmeneing to ropl- uish Soon goods will be cboaper an they become more abundant. The gentleman alluded to says the greatest excitement prcratia In England In relation to trade with the South, and numbers of iroi *ctud ships are now llttlng out for the purpose oi running the blockade with gooda. A l'nnker General Eclipsed. [F rom iir..* Hicb.noad hmjunar. july 26 j The astronomer Mltciicl, wlnwe brilliant achievementa over the unarmed population of HuntsvUle rival the glory of his discoveries iu the Urtuanisnt, bus been sent home in disgrace The cause astigned is that he,has beea using the l.mcoin government fuuda in cotton spicula t ions, and Is a defaulter to a largo amount I become culate Butler himself, whoso praisos till all Taukeedom, is in imrtnership with his brother, daily making a for tune by speculation. At New Orleans Pic and bis brotlior, by an ingonious system of annoyance, at one time com pelled several vessels to soil their ca. goes of Hour to him at the Belize ut twelve dollars per barrel, and these same cargoes were then brought up to the city and doled out to the psopie, under the active supervision of this ad venturous, patriotic end loyal pair, at forty dollars per barrel. Conscripts. Among the advertisements in ths Petersburg of duly 26 we And the following:? l ax Thousand Dou.ak* row Belurrm-m*. ?The subsoriber is authorized to pay $1,000 apiuce for ten substitutes, who are non conscript, and who are willing to go into the infantry service. He also coutinues to supply substi tutes for a tlrst class cor]M of Held artillery, now sta tioned in4ne city of Petersburg. SAMCEJ, II. PROSISK. Attxvtiox,CoxscRtfrs.?You are commanded to meet me in Petersburg, on the 24th tost, (next Thursday), at the Centre Warehouse, to answer roll' call, at tlve o'clock P. II., end receive further orders. By authority. THUS. K. IfAKWKAVE, Enrolling Oilioer for Conscripts, Dinwiddle Co., Va. Effect* of General Pope's Orders. [From the Blclimoud Examiner, July 23 j The efleet on the Yankee soldiers of General Pope's ro coat orders to the " Aruiy of the Kappiihannock " le already being felt by the citizens of Culpepper The party who burned the bridge over the Kapldan on the 13th took trreakfaul thai morning at ike koine ot Alexander <} Tiltnferro, Colonel of the Twenty-fir* Virginia regiment. On their approach tho Colonel was at home, and was very near being captured ; but, by good management, con trived to escape Alter they had breakfasted, the Van keo rullbins searched the bouse, took possession of lite family silver, broke up th ? tableware and knives and forks. &c.. and actually wrenched from Mrs. Taliaferro's dug or s splesdid diamond ring of greet value. The H?ppitliimnnck Lines. [From Die Kiobtnoud IJtapatch, July 23.1 The rtporla froin the iine of the Rappnh in nock pousess no material interest, It is understood ths federal forces have all retired from tho county of Orange Into Culpep per aud Madison Their forco In Orange has rover been large, not exceeding some live or six hundred cavalry. Some eight or ton thousand of the enemy ore said to he at l.lberty Mills, on the north bank of the Rapluau, ua Madison. Their movements are vigilantly watched. Their main army Is In Cul|>epper, scattered along the r.id road (rota the Rapidan as far haok aa the Court House. Malt. The Richmond Kxaminor of the 2Sth says tlai eighty, tlve saok .of salt (two buehrls to the sack) were sold In that city on Thursday, et auction, nt prices vai ring from thirty-two te forty oeuts per pound