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NTERESTING FROM TENNESSEE.
Otir !%'ash villr Correspondence. Nawuvillk, Tenn., July 22, 1S02. &*}*??' of an A.txance on Rapid. Murrments ot ths Rebels?Barricades and Other Preparation! to Reinne TKm?Might and KxciUment Am ng the St cessiom.4s?The I'ni msts Rouly for the Foe, die., ifc. r*st night was one of continued alarm ana ap prehension for the safety of the city. The rebel force under Colonel Far rest, after capturing and evacuating Murfreesboro, after seizing Lebanon and tearing down the TJnion flag there, made a rapid movement, with two thousand cavalry, and yes terday captured the village of Antioch. sis miles from Nashville, destroyed three bridges ovsr Mill crock.on the railroad to M ur frees boro, captured our infantry vldettes, drove In our cavalry pickets, and at four o'clock this morning were reported within a mile and a half of Nash ville, threatening the city. The reports of the near approach of the enemy natu rally created much excltemer.t. dome of the streets through which they were likoly to Approach were barricaded with wagons. The Union infantry and cavalry force were posted in convenient petitions for service, and preparations made for a stout roeistancc whenever the enemy appeared. The capital was presumed to be the point of especial attraction oo the part of tho marauders. Hence due pre j par at ions were made for their reception in that direction Batteries were planted at the different points bearing up on important positions. Beach's s<>ction was alwavs ready. Colonel (JWorn, of the i;ovornor's staff, and com mander of the First Tennessee regiment (the Governor's Guard), .was zealous in his efforts to protect ths capital of Tennessee, although a d?ar child lay dea.1 and unburied in the house his family occupied. The fear was that the enemy, with his usual audacity, would enter the city, destroy the communication with Louisville, both by telegraph and ratlread, and out the federal forces here m m all connec ' "22 w,Ul and reinforcements from above pro enemy has not at this time (seven o'clock A. M.) entered the city. When he does there will be a tew edilices demolished, if nothing more. The secessionists had a grand celebration atNichoi's ?,ruv?,^terd'iy ?ln ^onor ?f lhe amiiversary of the bat tle of Bull run. It is not known whether the otfemy will attack us to day or to-morrow. He may consider it unsafe to do it at any time. The secessionists are in nigh glee. One wanted to know IT your correspondent had selected his hiding place. La 4itM congratulated each other, declaring "how trappy they wore that the Yankees were going to be whipped to-night.'1 The whipping has not yet appeared, except In the instance of a few sol.liers who wero detailed for the protection of bridges on tho linos of railroads. Houses were seen burning last uight in the vicinity of the places where the rebels are kuowu to be. They are undoubtedly the property ot Vuion citizens. .* ? ,n NaAviile are not at *1' scared; bat a few more inrantry and a few more cavalry would no doub? lo-itrt. bute to the enhancement of our confluence. Namvih*, Tenn., July 23,1882. Tha Enemy Hold) Bark His ThreaUneii Attack?Svsptnsion af Mail way Communications with Until and Xelson ? Transfer of the Great Anaconda?A Disiinguished Snooting Party?DijjicuXty of Communication with the ATorth, <tt , dc. About four o'clock this morning the long roll wa beaten in Colonel Hoodie's camp (.-evenly fourth Ohio), and preparations made to receive the enemy, who were reported to be on the advance toward this city. But up to this hour (eight A. M.; he has not made his appear - ance. General Forrest (Bonfederate) [Is reported to have sai-i that after he had captured the supply train, escortod by a detachment of the Thirty-sixth Indiana, on its way South, he would retarn and pay h.s respects to the fede ral ferces occupying the city. All railway communications with Buell's and Nelson's rorees, as weU as with Louisville, are at present suspend ed. The guerillas have destroyed a number of bridgee' M tbe various roads, and yesterday evening the morn ing train from Louisville returned, having gone only as far as Richland. Then It was ascertained that the rebels were in feree, with the determination to capture tbe freight and passenger train*, and the engines w?re ac" aordJngly reversed. It Is *ot perhaps proper to refer to the causes leading to the prssent unfortunate condition ef thing? in this re (lea, nor to ascribe otheir existence to any particular Dertv The government will, doubtiees, in due time, ascertain upon wbsae shoulders the responsibility should rest and ad at in liter a merited rebuke Id the proper quarter'. Naeh *ule is at this mement hemmed in and shut out from JfcUway communication with all the important peats " anmcom<}*i" which was to crush m kU ^[? r*^'on' ????*? to have bee* tsunsterred frem the ? TfTi ?nd sent to some :?outben Banon wbp is doing a goad business in this latitude bv occa sional publio exhibitions. At a single oxbtMUen ? JRir SZmXZ' ?*? enormons ?? of **** - ? ** ~ ** When or teur we4 are te get oat at the present dilemma, and haw cemmumcuttone ssstuisd with ths rest af stfviiuod DMfiksvd, it is net ea*v te divine. I have been so tte pa em ftmr eon", ?ecutive nights. expecting soroethkig to turn up m tbe way of an attaok, bombardment, street light** or some other delightful amusement indulged in by the war *>d. ?'lht th* flo?r of one of the rooms a the CauMoi building was my resting place for aa hear or two, with a chair turned back and upward* for a ptltow *>- slum bsrl*g companions were Governor Johnson, M??rs downing and Lindsley?good fellows?of the Ubverm.r's ?ta?; Colonel G 111am, Lieutenant Cfclonel Frank Foster asd several other officers of the First Tennessee, and a poor fellow, a sergeant m the same regiment, who had broken o*e or his arms during the night by falling from one of the unguarded elevations of the < apitol. wS vrere visited dnrmg tbe night by Colonel Miiier, Commander of the post, and Major Sideil, United States Army, who has Just relieved Captain 0 D. Green as Acting Adjutant on General Buell's staff. A rebel ?py was brought in about eleven s elect by one ef the <=onu ?els. fie was a wretched looking follow, ai-l told various ?l-2up a few tears to help oat his rase. The ScetirusffV against him was however, too clear, and he wm committed, to be brought out in due time perhaps to 'itoetch hemp." Tbists loek a little queer in Nashville at this time b-it the eoergetlc nation of tbe federal authorities will, douht secure the city from scenes of turbulence and biood Colonel Campbell has his hands full of bnslness as Pro vost Marshal So one was allowed to leave the city yesterday without special permission and alter taking the oath of allegiance. It has Just been reported to ins that a train mad* its way Iron l/>?l?<r|ile tast night ir the way he open this ssay reach ths Hkraui,otherwise it may net reach you >??? many days Adams express is keeping up communi cation* with all point* wherever obstruction do sot In terfere. AFFAIRS III MEMPHIS. Oar Memphis Correipandrare. Mjnirms. Tenn , July 19,1962 1%4 Oalk tf AlUffiavrt?lit Effect on Sn aria?Vu Mens pkit typographical Socvty Claim Ex^mpti/m from rV Oath?TV Act'tm of lk? S"-r<4ary tn tAt f'remi+t R* yudxaUd?f.'trvraJ Tlmwy't LtUrr In the Typn^-Spiriluout Liquor! Contratawi tn Memphis, <tc , <tc ?rrypir?sii wil:. hot t^kk thi oatw. Odtii Hover's recent or<Ur requiring all mala ra?l dent* of the oltjr to take tlie oath of ai'?gian<??! or iea*? Mempkia 1a still tha all abt.rl.ing topic ef Internet. Several aecaeb gontlcm'o ware a<< otamodated with piMM to ga Poutil U?n morning?about iitty ail told. Otberi art preparing to Imtc?delayug their departure ontiltbe laat momeut, bopu.g ttiat with rho ejected arrival of Major Gennr.i: Sherman, who Hm been loaded for for aeveral flays, may follow a nuvitfleaiion of the order General Sherman ba* out yet ma !e his aippe ir ?ace, but Is believed tn be witkm a tbort dintanre of ibe city, eeverel ef kia ra^wn-uu having mwxbed to yet terday. m* siaarriira r?eoc,*)WMK al moo*. Tfca Secretary of tba Mam;hi* I jcrograph.cal Inian yeeterday addr?ssed tbe felew mg letter to Flriga Uor General Hovoy ? Vr*Mtt*, July 18,1M2. Brigadier General Heir, commanding 1 nitod SUiot forces:? 0*>?jui.?Knowing y<ei to ha .i valiant toldlar a (?ntlnoisMi "f g*oer" i-. <*<tUroent' , I am revested hy tlia member* of lha Memj li s Tyf^gnjiblrtl t'fli t (a lifly of men wlio hare remained nonfrnl during the pre*out civil war) to relieve tli"n frovi tha oath pr-aTihed br j.>u, a? tney ile?ire to li we uo ; <rt "n cither side tn tha ' yesetit conflict. Tliey are working men. and not pollM euns. slid bo;>e their DAfliee * :>? i <>t lx? mixed mp in alt II JMfciV Their <?<capatI'm la to dt? ominaia knowledge, ? i Hi i.yt te create ill will among ur great family of a mibiv ouuutry Youm, rearectul'y, ~ J R 5YVOTT, ^ e V Secretary Memphis Tyi* graphical Union. ?Tff ekioh General Hovey replied this forenoon aa fcl ^v_j. ?. rfkiioqrAirr?is. r*rntn ^ * f / TiBfuwem. IdKvpitrf, .fuly 1W, IW'J j >* J / ^ T' - reUry Memphis I'yi>o Jr.rtiliic,il I ?>od ? ^ 1 too? of your letter, the body of men you It* oomplimaatery manner in wlilrh yo<i i;*ir to mention my name, all demand a ariiaSl^, | aiid respect fill nnswer to your re 9 nr to m'xlify order So 1, an as tore -?1 tv# ilijj; iu<" ^tia of your a*"* let ion from taking ibe df <*&*?CT "ai /i* ??. Now, what la tba suiMinm-e of rbat fyr l?V i/jMy <ipW?rr?d. it gives you the right to lesre w/'/ r- f >?V j:n? ari? conditions, and take up | # r-o ? 1'ittry if you *t = h ft throws the d?fv you to iho conflict, or ?irn|ily 'Jri* *" *r L" 'upport (bo const Ml ion voer ^?fafi^ irely tiiii m no |,? ,J r.j|? in times of *af !>^J,a for nn" ?%n?nt contrast It with the *'v l'e *i (yi?d >nKitliera cnnre'lcracy '^?K7 h4r' P""" <"?" %ii" ?>n?a r\ *4 to whisper the I'dl?n i\v" by biutiil Chiealrtc*) bung?dei-iapit idi' iyi y,urn <j"Ulrt not ihield 4at?4^Kvae o sight of thi# ' ii hi, old, gray halrM tnao 'Jnf*' (f>*uiil?!?a aau A^ieM. mm buna by a V ehtvalric mob, bec.t> gr lie dared to adhere to th? pr>T?rn mcni llui giive him kirlli mid *m Uie pride ut hie de clining years. Aye. even to Ihw city (if the report be trua) the ball aim cn.nu in Uie ??Vigilanje Committee" room *u used to intimidate the fearful and shackle the hinha of rreomea who would out bow down to :li.< .south ern idol. The barber sh-.p, too, is near by, whore ihey administered a cloan shave to all who would n>>t sh Hit lor the chivalry and I >avis. ''You didn't doit'/" Hundreds of you '-high toned genfr.euien" "didn't doit." No; but you stood by. rawed not a hand to shield Uie helpless, and da ed not ev- n win?i>er one kind word to console (be vict.iueof the inob. Thai was neutrality.aod this ?r?? takiug no part. Look to Missouri, Virginia. Maryland and Hast lennesseo, and the robberies poriietrated under the roior 01 the cenfederscy'b act ol confiscation, and hu manity will shudder and blush. No one, with my por m -s.on, shall serve two masters. You are for us or ...iinst us, and a mauly course Is to choose your side. Ten secret foea or spies are worse thau one hundred open enemies if you ask the protection of the wiaga-of your old eagle you must help to lead and support the bird. The d*y of klndwru-, g>od desires, much talk and no sincerity, has passed. Offtrers will be compelled to pull ?tl their long silken gauntlet- and return the salutation of pretended friends with the stern gri.i 01 war. 'lbe city is now tilled with treason and traito ? ui.lilxi officer is serely unnaturally kind who will permit tliein to re main and hatch their unholy schemes within his camp. No ciasa of men exercise such a vast Influence over the public mind as the craft to which you beloag, anil you owe it to yourselves and posterity te advocate and aid the rifht. The printer, philoeopher and statesman, Franklin, m your pride. He waa no neutral. Follow his example, support the cause he supported, aad uphold the constitution that he labored to construct, and your children and children's children may be proud of you in future days. 1 have spoken earnestly, freely, but with no intention of casting the least insinuation upon any member of your society. Believing Order No. 1 to be just, as well aa politic.it shall, as long as I have the honor to command, be strictly and rigidly enforced. Re spectfully, youns, ALVW P. HOVEY. Brigadier General Commanding. Your correspondent was Informed this evening that the association for whom Hr. Synott has assumed to act has not had a meeting for some months, and that most of the members of the craft in the oity entirely iguore his action. Still, the course pursued by the Secretary, whther authorized or not by hts associates, has given General Hovey an opportunity to be heard on the sub ject, and, as bis letter will probably appear in the morn ing papers, publicity will be given to his reasons for issuing the order which has caused so much commotv?tt among the resident gentry of the city. ail ~K AMD WOUNDED. A boatload of sick soldiers irons General Hurlbut'a division arrived here yesterday from Jackson, Tenu., via Columbus. They were taken to the Uverton Hospital. It is understood that, besides Sherman's division, tne command of General Hurlbut is also on ita way to this city, which will probably be made the base of future operations down the river. OONWARAMP ABTICLB. Whiskey and allspiritous liquors are among the contra band artioles interdicted in shipmens to Memphis by Northern agents of the Treasury Department, to evade whose vigil inee every expedient is resorted to, often with success, but the agent of the Board of Trade here, who is continually on the alert, has discovered con siderable quantities stowed away in barrels of dried apples, eggs, hams, ?c., all. of course, properly labelled and invoiced. All such property is contlscated, and the shippers and consignees subjected to heavy Ones, and on a repetition of the ofF'nce Imprisonment. AM IXKRRUTK SIIWU. A bellicose F. F. M., under the influence of liberal quantities of whiskey, outside of which be had succeed ed in placing himself, gave vent to his sentiments in Muiu street yesterday by yelling for Jeff. Davis. He was brought bo:ore the l'rovost Marshal, who sent him across the river into Arkansas, where he will have on opportunity to try his lungs and give expression to his proclivities to h>s b?irt's content. Mkxpiiis, Tenn., July 25,1M2. Qmeral Sherman in Command at iiemphu?General Orden A'o. 61 and It* Kffed*?Employment of Nt. grots?What the Troops Think qf It?Ike Gunboat lyler and Her Commander, <tc. UK.XBRAL SUKKMAJf IK COMHA.ND AT XKMPI1I8. The old adage that a now "broom sweeps clean" ap plies, in one sense at least, to General Sherman In his recently assumed command of Memphis. He has swept many of the obstacles hitherto In the way of the seces sionists clean out of thoir paths. Last evening the follow ing order made ita appearance, and caused considerable astonishment to the uuinitiated:? GK>'ltHAL OIUIIKS?*0. M. Hkaixjimrtkks, Mrm'Hia, July 24,1H62. Travel tato and oul of Memohis, by carriage, wagon, horse or f(F>t, in the usual course of business, will be as free and unobstructed as Is consistent with a state of war. To farmers, planters and business men, with their families and servant*, free intercourse will be permitted without passes, or any hindrance, save the might of ex amination and even search, when the officer judges it proper and neoeesary. This travel must be by daylight, and no exception to thta rule will be permitted, save to market and supply carts, which may enter an hour before day, provided they are kaewn la the officer of Ui'e guard. Wagons having tew a with m undue proportion of auy one article or oumaeoiltty will be stepf >ed. and It lound engaged In Illicit trade or deception the road guard will send It to hto brigadier, who will take th? wagon and property, and Mnprio?n m? parties Implicated, U he enter lata eve* strong aoflpicton. Irawlm limited to the fallowing roade:? L Kaieigh mad. 2. State Lme road. 3. PltfeaB Boost or Blbaila road. 4. Heraando load. ft. ttorn Like reed. A aaaii gourd charred wKh tlris duty v? be emtoned on eaeh of tbear rtmde, about three ml lea from the city, al sone home by the rmtdside, where all traveller* will panne or stop Ull tbey receive a sloeal to paae. Written instructions from houl'piartors will be given from time to time to them guards, and when any officer announces to a traveller bis feci.-too it must be Instantly obeyed, however mennsisleul it may apiwar with the sprat of this eriier. Cavalry petrols and pick' ts, and infantry guards posted brother purposes, will rot molest the regular travel; bit all such picket* and guards will promptly arrest and send to tbo l'rovost Marshal all pprsocs at tempting to enter or depart by any other mad and at any other time or manner than is herein prescribed. Brigadier General Hurlbut is charged with the execu tion of this order, as to the Horn Lake road, the Ilor nando and Pigeon Roost road: and Brigadier General Pmitb. as to the Siato line and llaleigb road. Details of one commissioned snd one non-commissioned officer and throe men will be sullic.ent for each road?details per manent or weekly at the pleasure of the brigadier, Mho * itrtngthW the guard under special inytructiooa, or when rtfhis judgmea't It should be neoe^surv. By order of Major Oeueral W T. SHERMAN. J. H. Haxxoxc, Aasistaut Adjutant General and Chief of SUA. The reasons which minced the lining ef the above or der have Dot yet transpired. I'lam people can sec no good to it. By the old sy^'ern it wan necessary for all persons go I uk out of town to be provided wkh passes for that purpose. and all tnose coining m were required to show upon what bunities? they wore bound before being allow ed ^ enter. It was tlrroufh the worklupi of the pa*s sy* tem hitherto in vogue that much of ihe treasonable cor re*i* tnien' o between llemphiau* anil their friend* in the rebel jrmy hail !?i'? arretted and brought to 1 i -lit In auch a hotbed of secession aa Memphis is known to tx). it N difficult to nti,gu a good reiison for tho above. We wait patiently for its development by (leneral Sherman. KMVLOYINO TTIK .VWIROKS. l'nder the recent order* of the administration, relative 10 using the negr ee of the !*>uth a- laborers for military ana naval pur;oaes, General Sli -rma i has put a Urge number of the >!*?? e pojmlation at work. Yesterday he gave dirocti n* that a sufficient force should be kept on hand to perform t!i? labor of loading, unloading anil coannn.aU boat* in the employ, of the government now or hereafter at this port. Tills plan will relieve the sail, rs and boatmen of much fat g iing exertum. that in the hot and enervating climate <>f Mem nht* h is in many caaee proved fatal. I learn that the beets will all em'toy negro flremen as speedily as possi ble. This service hai been more fatal to the white la borers employed thsn any other ?pocies <4 toll. Itecently the Conestoga lo?t seven of her llremen in two days by death from hoat and exhaustion. KVfTMT or RMnoriXQ nOTWARA^'*. Whit mav be thoelleot of this recent iiTder relative to the iicirrnas It is n t yet eaay to say. As a ilia'-ory measure Its reMilts will not be a; parent lu t million of the ill feeiing towards the Yankee*. i ineani 0 assisting our armios in Tetitieeaee ar.U along the M"iis :p?t It will bo highly batioiiciii. It is enough lor our tr?>->'t* to porlorm tlie various camf and campaign d*tMs?wiy>oul re jnr ng thetn to dig tranches ?nd throw vp ("irtift-in* ns und r a hot Southern sky. In b 'tiding th* fl'ty mil ? 'if earthweiit* befere Corintti, sad the numerous Intrenohmenta everywhere thrown up wh'-re our forces have moved, many a I'nion soldier's llf might hare been saved by a proper employment of slave labor To arm the negr. en would be mi the highest d?!;- ee ? Abusive to our Western soldiers, hut their em payment ft*-- laborers won d everywhere rneei with f ivor. Already thef have begnn to take the place Of our troom in ha iil#?jr, as aisNneo"! In their employment on tho Vickuhtirg drteh, ai.a en our bouts by (?en. Mborm in, n* authorised above. Tliera are *ev' r;il hundred now eiifa ed hi furnishing Memphis with for nitrations to re pel those loin threatened Attacks from the rhalestip P to be kicated at some raythieal | Oiut in Northern VVeitaiiyii, Everywhere we hear it frmn the soMlers, 11 Wivk the negroes as mat h aa you pleueo. bet do not arm Uiem." Tit* Of SSOAT TV MSI. Tlie ??m>?oat Tyler is now lying in front of the city, an l is an object of Mndy fr>r the curious In the anion of rim lite with the rebel gunb'iet Ark?ti?a*. the Tyler wis completely riddled wu+i shot and xheH, tlio yh fort i nat' iy nose of ner machinery was injured. Lieu tea in t t? vitin l.er conrtBuiider, is worthy of notice ;? lone of the nai il her >e.' of the war. Tho Tyler is a wooden gunboat, without protection of any Iclml; but Lieutenant (.winn did not hesitate to run her alongside ibo mail oiad and almost impetietrable Arkansas, and engage hor at short rntige K>r an hour and a half. The only wender Is Uiat his t<iat was not annihilated Lieutenant (?wlnn Imui be'n (leumn.itfxl for the cxamand of the Mound City in place of 1 aptais Kilty. The Tyler will go to Cairo fer repairs. Css-rs os Nkw .Isasry.?The Secretary of State has publiehed lite report ef the pep illation and 'datHti(.? <>' Vew Jersey The nxmtior of free colored person Is 36.318. slave ?opulatl"nt 1* India# poputatien, 2. Total 007,373. ToUl value of la'ms. $IHO 2 .0^! !S of fanning iinpl'-ments, f^">.74^,.'>67, live stock, |l8,m,?oa SUK-k produced?felmeco. 1?'J A* lbs wool,34V,34ulbs. Value of real estate set down at 1157.161 C4I Avarage w^ges of farm hand?>, with board, te $11 81 per month. Highest wages of domestics, >1 76 per week. Number of paupers supported during the year, ft,?36, at a eost of |4?> 2f!9 S3- Number of convicted criminals, same |* riod 1 538 There are twenty fbur denominationa of Christiana in the aute, owning church property valued at |7,27$,MA - INTERESTING FROM THE GULF. Our Key Went Corr**poB?le?ee. Krr Whit, July 23,1HB9. Advertisement* is Nauau and Charleston I'apert? Whore the (ioodt Come from that Beach Itixie?Sailing of Ike Oetcrara?Opinion of liar Officer* Respecting Ajfairt at New Orlean* and on the SKstitsippi River?Tke Manage ment and Cun'rolof Our Army and Navy?Report.< Re garding the Administration of Oeneral Butler at New Orleans?1'redicttou* by Ojjlom Respecting the future Operation* of the Retxli on the Mittiuippt River and at New Or leant?I low the Rebel* Continue to Rernve Sup plies?Gallant Action Between On United State* Bark Houghton and tke Rebel Batterie* Acting Matter Ora. kam a Trump, <tc., do. I have Wore mo copies of the Bahama Herald of July Oth, a paper published la Naaaau-, also a copy of the Nassau Advertiser of July ft. It to amusing toeee the Dumber of advertisemeuui in them of cargoes arriving from New York, composed principally of goods that are badly wanted in Dixie. I hare atao a Charleston Courier, in which will be (bund advertisements of auction sales of entire cargoes ef goods whtoh have ran the blockade, and whioh correspond exactly with the goods received in Nassau from New York. Matches, kerosene oil, soap, oandles, boots and shoos, *c., appear to bo the articles most in demand; and beyond all doubt the majority of these articles, if not all, are shipped from New York to Havana and Nassau, and are of Northern manufacture. I also notice advertisements of the steamships Melita and Bahama for England, and the clearance of the stoam shlp Hero for St. John, N. B., with part of inward car go. The Bahama, you will recollect, Is the vessel mentioned by Captain lluso, of the rebel artillery, in wbich he was shipping a large quantity of arms and munitions of war. The Hellta has also landed a cargo of the same daeorlp tlon. The clearance of the Hero for St. John, with part ef her imoard oar go, Is humbug; she, If not picked up by our cruisers, is in Charleston before this; and I will guarantee, if the i|uth could be known, that when she left Nassau she had not coal enough to carry her to New York, much less to St. John, N. B. I heard yosterday, indirectly, that enr government had ordered that no more goods should be cleared at any port in the United Slates that were consigned to H. Adderly k Co., or Nassau. If this report la true the order will avail nothing. If government desire to do the thing properly, thev had better order at once that no eargoee of say de scription shall be cleared for Nassau, no matter whom they are consigned to, Tor although H. Adderly k Co. are the worat of the rascals of Nassau, still tbey are all in league and would assist each other in any way, In order to give aid and comfort to our enemies. The United States steamer Octorara, Commander D. D. Porter, sailed this morning at daylight. From conversa tion with her offlcers, who are in every way competent to judge, I am convinced they are fully of the opinion that neither the Mississippi river nor New Orleans will long re main in our possession. This opinion fully coincides with my own, which I have formed from constant reports reaching me regarding the manner in which atoira are going on in and around New Orleans, and upon the rtver above; all or which reports are fully continued by the officers of the Ootorara. To suppose that a dereat or the rebels at Richmond Is going to end thie war is simply absurd. Already exten sive preparations are made by the rebels to fall back on the lln# of the Mississippi river, and fortify themselves in such a manner that no fleets or armies can attack them with any hope of saccsee. without great expenditure e? men and money. ' When the aflatra of eur army and military movements are mret* directed by army officers, and Chose of the navy by naval officers, then, and not uutil then, may we em Dect this, or any other war that we may be unfortunate enough to become engaged in. to be bronght to a spoedy and successful termination. It is impossible to take a civilian from the backwoods.one who does not know the diff'irem-e between shoulder and trail arms, and transform him into the ixiriect soldier; equally impossible is it to take the Bame iierson. oue who does net know a ship from a schooner, and make him a sailor; and It is a cer tainty that unless a man knows and thoroughly understand* the business over which he hea the direction, the end must prove a disastrous failure. We should have, and at once, an Admiralty Board, now that we are to have that grade in the nary who would control ewrythlug appertaining tothonayal service The Board should be comiiosed or naval officers of acknowledged ability, men who would consider the welTlH^l^d success it eur navy the main objo* to b* accomplished, aad who, from a lifetime in the service, ' wauid be in all reapecia able u. judfMT what Is required our navy what it should be?vte: U? first MMS bast ib tho world. _ . _ The army should be managed Jn the same way. by men who have been edueate?l at West Point, whote Uvea hive been that of the soldier, and whs understand have this system different rsmlHs may be looked hr ?ud the imuiagemeat ef our army aad navy will ba a pattern for the nations of Europe te copy _ ... The country does not, aad probably new wW, I"?* the number of livea lost and treasure eapeoded during this.war solely through mismanagement. It laa well established tact, howevor?and glad I am It i. M tad General MoClelhin's jdaas aot been Interfered with, we should long since have been in quiet poeeession of Richmond, and without the immonae lo* of life that we hare already been subiectod to wHh ut gaining our point. Wllen a man of the acknowledged military talout of General McClcUan is tnterter*! with, and wliose every movement is hampered by the inliu ence of desKuina politicians. and men who are totally un filled for the positions they oocipy. we must expect nothing but del eat and disaster, and useless wasta of life and money. We have others enough ot ability md siorling integrity, and who have the well boing of our country uppermost In their thoughts, to manage proi>erly and honestly the aflans of both army and navy, Then why should we entrust the entire control of these?the most important detriments in the government rf .our (Ountrv?10 men who have no professional knowla.ee. who occupy thstr positions but for tiie term of four yvars, and with whom number one is ths first consideration. A change must sooner or later take place. The people will demand it an.l wh-n it comes h will lane but Utile t mo for oar people to discover bow very much the country N'^r^X^by Officers high in rank, and o, great experience, that four wseks more will see us ex c:,.rtod from Uie Mississippi river, and that in six w.cks t'ho rei?o swill either have destroyed New Orleans,01 o.ir tl-'-t an I army havo been expelled from It. II there is g .Kid ground for sacha prediction?and Ifear from all 1 bear that there ls<-who is to be ret-ixmsiMe for j UT It cau only becaieed by gross mismanagement, and | ihers w ill be a fearful reckoning wllh some iiernons II the wosk success of eur navy on ths Mississippi '"uu Itoily ?? the part of our Nor'-bera States to pour out iho blood of tliuir citizen* if no *r?"d is to cotiw of it. It appoara to be the sole pur|>ose ot ?mno persons orcu pylug high official positions to moke the most out of the war and endeavor, if possible,to make the people be lieve thsv are working all lor patriotism, while they are doing the'ir utmost u till thsir own iwckets, leaving the interests of the country to take care of themse.vos, and who while making the public believe they ere p os -cut ing the war with vigor, are In reality doing their b tt t" uroU git. so th.it they may have additional chance; To rob the Treasury of tha United Jtatea snA lavy bias* mlllsthe'polt^ of/the rehela to drive ?? frowi the siseipi'i if possible they will use every moans 10 aoconi ?lish lt, for they n. ist have ininterruptwl eommunica lion with Texas; for, as 1 said In one of mv former let ters Tbey derive the greater part of their sup,dies now through that State, the following may ho sot down as the ports through which s ipplies are rsaeiveu ? Malamoras, (Jalveston. Sabine Pass. Through Atcbafalaya hay Into Red river. Mobile. St. Marks ^ 'J^urews. and siting the entire coast of Florida. VL hl ^ uie to the eastward of M Andrews can be afltciive but not to a. degree that will allow no ^!?f-run 1 .re a thou.s.nd points on the viurlila that a < a. v>1 "?ld ,,J lauded, away from Liy el the bio. kaded , t,. a.'? I ba vet.o uoubt It IS do:ie ?'ry d iv in the week. How is u to he prev?ted? I learned y- ?t?rday of a very gaimnt actlou on the pari / Aetli^f Master >. Orahain, tutted iutae Navy, now riinmandlng 'ho United Slate? bark llougbi'm, which d? more tlian s pafvnir notice. TUu Houfhto* was S35S5. stores for the bomb flotilla aim was being u w?h1 ui?lb? Mwiftiippi rivor by 01 IImi river low boais rhe rebels had constructed three batteries <* the n\?lT? of the river, at a point that all vesaols luut to pa? "ach bitterV lavl two Held guns, with the .*?l number ot art??rlats. As the Kuugliton ap uloi. tied they made rea.ly to receive her, and |iarmitted 3 wbe Wivier and erne opposite tae centre bat ? M- when all guns opeaed at enee. soieimg six iron tE'SSK'S?. ? ?P^'? <?sal?ain imuieiliately flowed down keeping jwt headway enough to stein the current and opi-ned l.? battesy ? retarn. Orsl shell l^ ti' d eaplodid un.lar oue oC the ei^my s guue, throw '"7 ^1, Kilo the aff and klttnf flv# men. He otliued his Ire m the ai'ist spirited and ^curate couin ?? entirely ?H the enemy's guns and lIi I'll.., rebels away into tlw woods. He was again attacked at aisilher point higher up ^e river, by a 4eM ,e.e and rgl men. and again stopped and drove th 1 ?..v entirely before proceeding up the river. r?"'n (.r/b:.n. .'an active, energets fellow, anl just the In for an .merg-nry Your eofrasijjindent has ob; i?rv?<l imn on several occasions in hey West, and always r marked be w"?'d be an sdinlrable hand n a "shin ly." ri,e aetion alievo d?-ril/ed provta my rs DT,;r.7other cotton prises lo arrive, b t have ,e y?t nonsmes or particulars It w ti-n-. I nd tliliiK ;?1, 0f r\,? eottoo now bens an-1 no:, inn- d ' ?:i ' way to New York . howevr; |<rite? u.a> lm IL a aim ther*. and government heoefit by the I - ?> In rase oi the Urltl-h Steamer Adela is stiH b. f ro the court and will not bo do. ided for somo two er thrve ??aks yet I regret to .?*? that from alter f day, an I Tr t',1 another cargo arrives, we .hall be without ice, the mile retnslritog being retained by the M?di..,i Director for hospital purpoeet. I'leasanl at U.ls eoa^au end lu tl?U climate _____ The Csyng* *tid Wayne tonnty Itoffl ment. l'*i.*raa,,N Y., July ?, WJ. p.tmvra has the flrsi full maximum company for the Cayuga wd Wayne county reglinwt. la.t. i4o..s U Siuiih Oood for Palmyra. THE NAVY. , Our lr*n-Cluil Verne 11. me po8itl>ii of the country at the present moment to to intimately connected with the power of our navy that we have taken great pains to ascertain how far we bare ad vance. 1 with our Iron-clads. Since the successful adven^ of the Monitor in Hampton Roads the government has de voted It* energies to the building of Iron-clads, and Its DiM><ceM go far has proved in the most satisfactory man ner the resources of the oountry to compete with, If not surpass, every other nation. When the present war t was commenced our navy could only boast o' eighty eight vessels, with an armament ranging from twenty guns to two; while at the present time we are possessed of nearly three hundred ships, Inde pendent of those recently ordered. The adaptation of these vessels to the peculiar necessities of the crisis has so fully proven our superiority over all other nations, and we have so often alluded to this subject, that further comment is unnecessary. We will simply recite the fol low lag table In support of our argument:? wnn.ni airwm th? hikustkr* or 1861 um 1863. 1861. 1863. Sailing shipe-of the line 10 6 Sailing frigates 10 6 I Sailing corvettes 30 16 Stillag brigs S 1 First class screw steam frigates.... 1 9 First class steam corvettes 6 6 First class side-wheel steamers 4 14 Second class steamers 8 17 Third olass screw steamers 5 27 Third class side-wheel steamers.... 4 4 storeships 8 3 Permanent (anchored) storeships... 8 7 Steam tenders 2 2 Iron-clad frigates ? 3 Iron-clad gunboats ? 23 Rams ? 9 Purchased vessols ? 136 Total 88 293 But we are wandering from our iron-clad A statement was made by several of our con tempore. rtes some throe weeks ago relative to the laying of an iron keel at Jersey City, which has led the publio to sup. pose that a vessel of a novel character was contemplated So far from that being the case, ths event announce^ with such a flourish wsa simply the laying of the ninth . keel of the Monitor fleet. These vessols are 300 feot longr 46 feet beam, and all constructed to plans furnished by Captain Ericsson, and so precisely alike that any part | removed from any one vessel will fit its appropriate' place in any of the others. The history of naval engi neering furnlshea no precedent for a system so perfect, and much credit must be awarded to the Socretary of the Navy for having Inaugurated It. The advan tages are manifest, and dortve additional impor tance from the fact that before the detnil of ma- i chinery In vessels of the Monitor fleet was decided upon the department caused a very rigorous scrutiny to be made of the operations and efficiency of every part on board of the Monitor. The most skilful engineers and officers of the navy were placed In charge of the ma j chinery and vessel. Everything was carefully noted and communicated from time to time to the contractor of tho new vessels. The Assistant Secretary of the Kavy paid soveral visits to the Monitor in Hampton Roads, and con tributed important information. It has boen objected to that tho Engineer-In-Chief is not employed in the con struction of the new vessels; but Secretary Welles, to the surprise and annoynnce of many, has lately been found to ontertain very peculiar notions on all matters connected directly with the efficiency of tho navy, among whioh may be moMioned that of putting the right man in the right place. The Monitor fleet wanted for the Western rivers, tho construct ion of which has already been or dered, proves the determination of the department to attain the end by the dlroot road. Mr. J. B. Bads, of St. l/>uis, an engineer of great experience in constructing flat bottom Iron boats, is the contractor for building the pioneer Monitors for the shallow waters of the West, while Erlesaon is only employed to furnish plans of their turrets. These Western ironclads must only draw three and a half feet of water; but no fears need be entertained. Tho man wbo has undertaken the work is an expert in building Sat bottomed boats. He is the right man In the right pl?o?, and will no doubt fur nish a fleet of vessel! suitable for hunting the rebels out of the shallow streams of the WobL Tho greater number of our Monitors will be ready the <-oining fall; and early the ensuing month we may expect to witness tn oer rivers the trial trips of several of them, in cluding the New Ironsides, Whitney's iron boat, the large ?bet-proof iron veeeoi boing built at tho Morgan Works, amftbe Roanoke, with her three (arrets and heavy deck and sMs armor. When all those ships am oosiplet?d seventeen toon clad vessel* wiil be-added to thooo already afloat, wttboat aoontktg the ironclads^new building on the Western rivers. Europe wfll view with asteoUhment this prodifous d Hp toy of energy sod mechanical re sources. It was sanmsed that oar power would tie taxed to the utmost tn armhig and sustaining an army of 700,000 man, In addition to the cost of maintaining our active lighting vessels and enormous blockading fleet. Yet, white thus vigorously oarrytog oo the greatest war over hnown, we have created au impregnable fleet that will cmable us to defy alt opposition. A Vew Iron-Clad Vreecl for California. The keel blocks of a sew iron clad vessel for our Piuiflc coast service wore latd in the ynrd of Mr. Colwell, Jersey CUy,on Monday last, and Tuesday a large number of mechanics were set to work to prepare tho way for her hull, and by to-morrow or Monday everything will be in readiness for laying the keel. She is to be built in such a manner that when completed she can be taken apart, boxed up and sent to A*pinwall in a government or other vessel, thence acro*3 the Ithmus of Panama by rail, and when her sections are put togother she will be safely la inched in the Pacific. Movements of Veaecla. Raritritkni?seven guae, brig?having undergone all bar retatrs, wiU, la all probability, bo put In com mission next Saturday. Her armiment hug been en tirely changed, and she has got such a thorough over hauling from stem to stern that she would hardly be recognized as the (lalnbrKlge. Citlkh?six guai, steam gunboat?returned to Br*, ton on .Saturday Uwt, disabled, her machirx-ry having broken down. Abe sailed from the port of Boston oo the 24th Inst. to reinforce the blockading fleet, and will be detained far some time, the accident to hor m*:hmery l?oirig of a serious character. KUnijt?etrnut transport.?This vessel, which has been used by the government as a transport, Is at the yard of Mr. John A. Rnbb, lower end of Thames street, Baltnnore, undergoing complete overhauling both of hull and machinery, and when finished will be as substantial as when first built. Grassoa?six guns.l/ieutonant Cavcndjr, commanding? now li"? in Portland harbor, between Forts Treble and Scammel. Maratavza?steam gunboat, Lieutenant Thomas H. Stevens commanding?arrived at Baltimore on the 26th mat., direct from Jamas river. She has been ordered to that station to nave her rudders repaired, which were very seriously injured by the ves.se! getting aground while on an expedition up tha Ap[>cmaltox rirar. The Varatanza was built and o>| .oe l At the Boston Nary Yard, her engines being coi^tructed at taring's City Point Iron Work*, So??i lloston. fltie left that city April .jO last, and itreceediHl direct to Yorktown. Hiero, with mother gunlm-A, she was engageJ for two weeks m occa ionally shelling U>o rebel bat tones, When our army moved u(> the pealnsotn,the Marntanza accompanied them up tha York river, arriving at Woat Point hi the nick of dim to drive back tne enemy, who were oppocmg the landing of Franklin's division at that place. Here, no onbt, this ganbo.it was instrumental in saving our troops from Immense skaaghter. As our troops proceeded onward In their march far Richmond, the ^latntanza, with a witehful care for the transports, was wKh them. ()n the l<th of May, having s?en McCleltan's headquarter* established at tha WhUe llouee. and that the I'araunkey and York rivers were open and safe for the passage ef transports and supply vessels, the Marsftansti was ordered to the James river, Hhe arrived At fttf Point, Va., only to be a day too late to pnrtirl| ate In the gallant though unsuccessful attack upon port (<sr)ing. Mince tbes she has seen much hard active service In that river, o 20')i of Juno, In mn juctien with tha Port Royn' itor and other ^uaboats, she led an r up ue Appomattox river, dostroylng nil the rebel batteriea on that Stream, and receiving her present njurios. During this expedition the Island Belle, an armed tug! boat, Which was aground nearly alongside tha Mar itan*afor two days, had to beabau.loned and burned. Wueo on Hr.ny in its recant movamiints reached Harri son's Landing the M tratanza was there ready to assist In their protection, ?nd hern again she had the opportunity to give the rebel- another taste of her wrath, dhe moved Into position, commanding the diaries City road, and for three hours poured shot and shell into the ranks of the enemy, effectually ahadking their ardor In the pursuit of our retiring forces. To celebrate our last nation* birth day she had the good fortune to m*et the famous rebel gunboat Taatar and captured hfr. after receiving a shot from the large riflod run oe the bow* of the little craft. During tbo last few weeks the Maratanza baa beea eo gage*! convoy duty, In conveying our toitographieal en gineers on reeonnoissaocee, aad in guard duty at the rebel fort Powhatan. At the latter place * boat expedition laft the vessel, under the direction of Captain Stevens in per son, which succeeded in burning over a thousand cords of wood that had been used as a mask to the formidable batteries located th?rs. Since the vessel has been in commission the health of the officers and" crew ha, been remarkably good, but one person having been removed from the ship to the hospital. She will soon bo repaired in all her parts, and be ready to act her part again on the James river. Annexed is a list of her officers:? Limtenant Commanding?Thomas H. Stevens. J.uruirruini and kxerutioe Officer?William 1*. MuCaan. First A uutant Kngineer?William H. King. Assistant Surgeon?1. Corbin. Aisitant Paymaster?B. K. Perley. Acting Matteri?Charles L. Courtenay, J. KinAall and j. a wood. Second Assistant Engineer?Edward Scattergood. Ac'ing Kruu/n?J. C. Gibney. third Assistant Engineers?W. H. Kilpatrlck, L. R. Harvey and R. L. Webb. Master's Mate?E. K. Flowers. Captain'* Clerk?J. M. Newport. Rkliascs?revenue steamer?at present on the railway at Baltimore undergoing repairs to her hail, which wll| be completed in a day or two, whoa she will be ready for service. Both the Reliance and the Horculee have rendered material service during the past year In break ing up the Illicit trado with that part of Virginia still under the sway of the rebels. Roakom.?Several Inquiries have lately been made regarding the great length of time this vessel has occu pied the dry dock at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn. Indeed, many complaints have been made of the immense ex pense the department has been at in having to send alj other vessels to this city to be docked. Some say that the delay was unavoidable, on account of the peculiar manner in which her plating Is manufactured, while others assert that her contractors have caused It in order to save the expense of docking her. One thing, however, Is certain:*sbe has progressed very slowly, but surely. Two streaks of Iron plating are now fastened en her larboard side and one on the starboard. A number of mechanics are arranging the foundation for her iron prow, and her monster propeller has been moved down to the dry dock, ready to be attached as soon as her shaft is inserted; and nearly the entire force of the machine shop are at work on her machinery. She will not be ready to float before the 16th of August. This will delay the launching of the Lackawanna, as Mr. Delano, the naval constructor of the yard, has concluded to keep her on tho stocks until the Roanoke leaves the dry dock. If the uninitiated wish to ? understand why so nr.uch delay lias occurred on this vcs. set, it is only necessary for tliem to read the following description of the nature of ber armor:?She is to be clothed amidships with iron plates ranging from three and a half to four and a half inches thick, which ore to exteud four feot below her water lino. 8ho will also have three turrets, similar, but more formidable, to that used on tho Monitor, with a powerful ram on bor bow. The plates of tlie ram will be four and a half inches thick and twenty feet long, thus giving'her a wedge on ber bow nine inches thick. Each or the turrets will be twenty feet diameter inside, the plating of which will consist of ele ven courses of inch iron. Each plate for a turret is nine feet in length hy forty inches wide. Two courses 01? rivet boles are punched in each, and they are all bent, cold, in a powerful hydraulic press. The bed plate of the press is of a concave form, and the top blook is of a con vex form. A plate to be bent is placod upon the concave bed plate of the press, and when properly adjusted the pump forces up three rams under it, and the plate is reduced to tho proper curve against the top block. The pressure to which each plate is submitted, to give it the proper curve, is three and a half million pound*. By this method of beading the turret plaies cold, there are perfect uniformity and accuracy secured for the whole. The bending of the thiok plates for the ram and also for tho sides of the frigate is quite a different and difficult operation to perform compared with those of the gun towers. Each of these plates has t?4>e bent to the proper curve to suit its own particular place on the vessel, and not only the broadside, but the edges also, must be bent to suit the particular curves* All theso plates are hammered iron, and are furnished by several companies in Pennsylvania, New York and Massachusetts. When they arrive they ressmble huge straight iron slabs, varying m length from eleven to twenty-two foot, and in breadth from twenty-two to I twaaty four iaches, sod their sarerage thickness is four and a half inches. One of eleven and a hair feet in length weighs about four thousand two hundred and forty pounds; one of tweaty-twv feet In length, for the ram, weighs over (bar toss, itach masses of Iron are difficult to move about, and toe operations eea nected with beodmg them are aeccesartly. tedious and troublesome, and they require great oars aad skill M> cenrtuct proj?rly. Of coarse it h? Impossible to bend such masses of Iron ooldj brace each plate is first he tied to nearly a white heal ta a long furnane, shaped souielhiug like a baker's oven, with a movable arched cover. The press for bending la quite different from the one used for tho turret plates. Out. wardly it resembles a long, strong iron screw press, used ror pressing woolieu cloth. Its top block, or platen, is moved up and down, but its bed is fixed and very solid A dudgeon hydraulic jack at each end supports ana mores the block up and down. Ihe bed, upon which the heated plate is laid, Is formed of a series of adjustable bolster blocks, each of which is capablo of being net by a screw to any desired height of either side, and at any desired angle to suit the bond to be given to a plate, which is cumpri'ssed between the descending top block and the adjustable bed. A plate is first placed in the fur eacc, and it is then raised to nearly a white beat. The cover of the furnace Is now raised by a block and tackle, and tho plate is then seized by s [>owcrfi.' crane snd secured on a carriage. The heated pinto is i.ov , lifted, the crane carriage moved back, and Up swung around and (laced in the press, wb?re it u> fectly adjusted to obtain the proper curves. The hi.gr top block is then forced down, squeezing the grest mass of iron into the dssired shape. In about half nn hour the plate has acquired a permanent set,and it is taken, ready to have its edges planed, when It is fit for bolting to the frigate The boit holes are all drilled. It requires a large number of men to more ctich^masses of Iron, and from the time a glowing plate ia lifted out of the furnace until it Is secured In the press tbs scene is one of extra ordinary activity and excitement, as the plate requires to be placed in tho press ss expeditiously as possible, before it becomes cool. The metal of these plates appears to be first class, but until within a few days i>ast they were furnished very slowly by the different contractors. Pnurw?seven gum, steam gnn heat?sailed rrom the Brooklyn Navy Yard, for Key West, on Monday laet. After proceeding about one hundred and fifty miles to sea her machinery became disabled; consequently she returned to Jthis city for re|<air?. ."he left again yesterday afternoon. Her crew oorslsts of eighty men, and is olllcered as fol lows ? Luut-nanl Citmmnndinif?J. C. Williamson jlHiitant Suigtnn?i>e<> H. IliKginhoibuin. Attistavt /'syjiwufer?William ? (ix>k. Artinf) Master*?'olm I'. RMcbford, Samuel Balhbnne, Charles H. Korkwell. Adino Mtitteri' Muf'?Wm. K. Andersoo, Satnue! E. Foot*. Wm. A Keattie, Wm. A. lUndlttt.' tbiyintm ? Second A??istant, Knncis W. Warner; Third Assistants, Albert B. Kinney, Milton P. HmwI^K, Juhu Webster. Oapktin'l fSerlt?Tohn Van PvWe /'aymruter't Stswartl?Edward Mayer. S%ry?Oft'l Stntxirti?Wm. Stao ley Supply?steamship?*0011011011 at the I<oi^Hfe, at this anval station. .Shi) |M liad a now deck and fore raatle pot on, and wtll be reedy far aervice by the eom menoetnent of next week. Hairnaoe M Ct sa?ten guos, Gommnndor Ridgtly? fiom Koy Went, wa* spoken m the 18th 11K., latitude 27 50, longitude 79 A3. All well. )te?--m.i.A?K>?*?The Navy Department advertises that It will, until the 4th rrf August, reeob-o proposition* forth* ere< Hon of f>l?am machinery on board vnaseU similar to the propeller gunboats. The machinery la to bo subatan tlally tli* Mine a* in tb* cunbotMa. Nary Yard, Brooklyn. Several twelve oar boats, with a shoot Iron covering, hare been buUt at thia yard laMlf They are Intended for river ueo, and are to be soot South to be tested, ami If found suitable every vaaael in the uavy will he pro vided with them. Since our laat report tha force at Kir marl no barracks lias been Increased some forty, making a total of about 200 man. A draft of 260 sailors was seat from this station yesterday to Philadelphia They ara in landed for tha New Ironsides and l'owhataa. Th? ftew lfsvy Yard at Uagat Island. Tbe annexed correspondence relative to tha grouad ra. oently purchased for the new Navy Yard at Philadelphia will be raad with interest:? Pnmssiniu, July 24, IWj. Having a little leisure tim?,i concluded to WFHVtlMW few lines to tine Hsrai.d about tbe new Navy Yard, we ei pact to lis ?e beta aoma of those dan. and Uaa IqraMoa af ? h? mme- ani alse, tn lhe?t> th?es of p?rt ??d mt*rarf? ^ iJT^oii know of the muulflceoce ?f our oltr gorer*. ^ w^e bean ool jb? equalled by ?ow of b?n? which have rendered so famous the names of th? n^w York Aldermen for their geuerosKy to strang?r?. Ssfiit* selected for the new yard is known u "U*gn? about four rnilo. from the .outh-? If^u .'m uortion of the city by land .and eome six mUs* h ?W i tto tract of laid are about six hunJrrf LU lrhtah ^relmB Meured at the email sumjt fmnno ud presented to the government. A ?b?* .^r tH? olace will be In order, and the a the description ' j Philadelphia wllf readily under reader.^ thnj^fftt rm ^ ^ ^ .land that so ^ of |Ud waa formerly marsh. ?L*evar*rUe 2nd fall of tide it would be oovered an* productions were r?eds, upon which (ua unooverod. Its pn?o^uGt reason, would bag their gam? ?e?^ I.nn?r Suiter to gunners, by paddling a boat natures? JtSSjTS !?&,KSs??- "? w.i?:s mSriiH Kiwfe ?vte that he failed; the Insurance com,.any alagr*I* "yd completed the job. at a coat to them of some >30 fiO0 more. Since the completion ofth? embeukment alderable amountof^ hJ[n(1||ome gum 0B the i.ves Unset, EXSifit "nlfi'2~?'*bSiS SSitesskss-se ?'crxristz stk yard generously offered to sell for ?^e rears oac* i?? SK extent t? twenty acres for PM^ Trommcm* Suse or another the matter was not ^BBummated. Th? , _,?r fc.. on? of unusual activity at mapwi for government vessels, and some llttle was experienced in consequence, which could allJ>ave &??r?Z5 substantial buildings upon it for a treight and pitrnwafW deot and the docks for the Randall line of steamshlp^ of which this company have taken part of the *?~ om of the paper* hero hss which the-Navy Yard is about worth, which is ?l,800,uw for all this land, the buildings, dry Lea??? Now lor the new site and itt ^TanUgM. Lea?u? Island is entirely surrounded by water, ana is ioc below the turn of the river r***w*r?? greek Shoe, ou the north It is bounded by HoUs^er s cr?wrtt and the Delaware and Sohuylklll rivers. Ajitro g hankment surrounds the island, on the wat?r siaew which is a stoae wall two feet thick. Ttti* **^ *1 bankment keep the water from overflowing tae ?"?. which will average. eight feet ^^J^as nu^S Sr??ss?t.isi--?SsSs siaara.c.'VV"S? company of the island probably anybody made anything I suppOM ?.?-.?? Aeain since the purchase has been mads, a seswr | from Iowa took up th? claims of Ponusyjyftni* I station He spoke or the meriU of I?*u^l?o<i, w ^n^'sed. and there is great rejoicing. Two h?adwi thousand dollars is or was appropriated to Put the islaiia in condition. All the Utters Hchtly?passed in Cougrees. The testimony ag acoBptiSoe was urged ^ 0?pj-by stand high in this community; but ItwM no> us?. mod bank went through, and stoee "J? ?*???* he loot,lW?. Committee have been in this city .looking at tne www", but they have not as yet opened their mouths ?boutVui fltnew If they can close their eyes t? this purohj* waiTtbo sanction, in their offlsial opacity,i^Out?* i tssaisjrts^p ^S'Sr* S" .'j? required to raLs? this miry "^mMOOO#oX w****%_*sfys?*S place it on u?p of the first three ^di^? no Stone c be had oo ^ i or it is a well know* faotthat Bro?i sweeMrnicn run down to tfcf isUmd, is a made road * the ground withia vhalf ?iU of ttoe pr???t Nary *?r?, around to Point Breese. Is wnj*01^ Delaware from overflowlnt It on Vt" ^ the tide. It requires ? 8r^'m0U^n^0*^?lM arithmetic t? multiply that hundrM inow" e? ? condition to exist as woukl thousands of dollars worth ?f fWOWrty !*?-? * * ovorfl'ow which will result from land that is so tar o?^ ?ow the hiih two mark. Near every navy yard th. Kork'uen -hoild reside. Th? present yard dee? ?'"e? command this co.jen.enoe, - ? ???? r?w eome down H orn Kensington, which Is two miles^aisiMi. Thwre a-e no houwss nearer than three miles from tn^? a'jrjrs.si s us. k will be started down South Broad stieet. This will tafc? gi^tv cents t?r week off the mechanic, or force hi? t? trump up and do:vn, six miles. Furthermore it wiU rooulr? a Urger number of cars than any two roads hav? in the city to convey down and up a force of worktn sulJ'wicnt to do th? work for a lirst class navy yard. In the presemt yard all the ~^'>u 'nti*f since been erected, and all ?aai was neeooa ...,'e s-.ar? :iW?g tho river, and room for lumber, which, '' i t S w now, be'obtained at reasonable^price.. !, m it will take, by one half, belore a ?i ngto IJu,Win? niK?n tho new site. But.no. A different cur?? i, i),ir?".-a?one which Involves millions of expense. ">4 that ft\> it .i i?nod when our government should car? ?ny iv?d t at a pericl when Immense taxes are Irrtod to cirrv ou th? war and ray mterest on ?n aocruln* deht. Rut th? IVnnsj Wan la Railroad must have its w ay, t ho<igb the heavens may Tall and the national tr*;sury b?id?. pWtwl, In order that the ambitious project of a few m?B may t>4 carried otu Since 1 c nncKi tho above, I hive glanced over Mr. Kelly's tn Centre** In favor of tho purchase and describing it* a<lvanta?es. If Mr. Kelly will take the trouble to rule down South Broad street be will llnd for twiDty foet outside of tbe stoue of he embankment there is not si* feet of wator whim the tide is (low*. Where he gets bin twenty nt* feel from is a profouaA mystery. Fn regard to tbe I'ennnyivani* ltallr<*d Com l?uy not tiatog I/vague Island for their train elevator and deprn, It was became Its directors were not long In scent ing out the obstacle** that would arise before they ould p?it the:r buildings up, and then the brillinnt idea of taking the ground oo-upiedby tho .N'avy Yard at present, with tbe substantial buildings, was too great a prise to let slip for I.eatci" Island. Tn till these mitWBdred acres np to the level of tbe water at high title ann then erect now buildings, will ia rolvc millions, aivl any one who will t ike tho trouble to pay this s|?)t s visit will endorse all I lave sail. The Df fences of Canada. In the Hoti"i ol Common.-*. on the s.uno uight, Mr. Au i>sru?v a^ked tlie I'nd.ty aeciotaryof ntate for the Colo nies whether (he uumdwn I'arliamotit was proiogued, and the ramnz 6.000 additional militia was to be con sidered tbelr Uual ami ultimate measure of prapai stiou for tbe defeuceof their counts?. In cooperation with the 12.000 troop# this country *ent for that |iurpj?e ind whether it appeared that that foroe * a* to be actually embodied and ptu un<ier training, or only enrolled. a ad whetbor any annier hiw b?.<n.s*nl by tlieCnna lian gov ernnv-ut to tbe oil^r of a lirl'.fch gisranu of I t>er i enlv interest to th?ir railway loan ef JU.tWU.OOO inad? by the I';.lee of Newc.ut'e, In .-M.brtitution rtjr their original pro yoaul. Mr. C. F?am? vk replied that Hie Canadian l'arli iment had been prorogued, and bo was sorry to say tli.it it Separated mil If m rauiny a fnn-r of ac.it" militia, formed and clothed st tlie expense of the CaMd an government, bevoiid ten tliou-aiul nun; the'jiiailuT |>roi>us*d by tbe t aoadiaa Ministry being flftv thousand. At the same time, it must be Inirne Hi mind that every Canadian cai.able ol bearing arms,was enrolled as a militiaman, and was liable to lie i alitid out In ruse of dangsr; and ail persons acquainted with Cmada knew tint in the eve.t i tbe appearance of dauber tU-jre would be no difficulty wb ilover in raising a very lsrg? forte ef Boat adniinibM materials?tnsn acoie-turned to tbe use of firearm*, ?he ?ould ceme forward with rmMHaeitMd spirit. iliwar.) With rasped to the latter part of tbe i|t>^kUob.lie said that no atiHWer had beun received from the Cauaian government to the oler alluded to. Lateit from the lmllnei Ksp< ?lliion. [From the Leavenworth (Kansas) Conservative, July 27 J Colonel Weer nod Captain Norman Alton arrived y ester* ayTrom the Indian expedition A part of our forree have been In Fort Gibson and found no enemy there Fort Gibson is on the Arksnses, about filly miles north, v/est of Fort Smith, and s bout one hundred and seventy Are miles from Fort Scott. The enemy was rejmried at. Fort Adsros, about four miles below. # Over one thousand Indians, Cher ikees and half breeds had Joloed our troops in addition to the lour hundred si i ready reported. They oa?it tn with their horse* and arms, and were organised as the Third Indlae regiment, under Colonel William A. Phillips Our prospects in tho Clterokes country ars most favorable. It nan to saved for the Union, and saved as s free State The esp'.iiti.?? is now ander General Salomon, late Colonel at the NiuiJP <f tsoonMh