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NEW YORK HERALD.
C.OK1MiS BK>MB1'T, tPiiOB am) Pitoi'nurroa. Off <?! ?> '.v UUBMBaor FUIifOX AND V.V^SAU rfT3. f; ? J Ci ' 'in' J?... " in?t7 n" '? ?? r .-j't .? -hU?t. Am,,..* Ai.4 <?<'???? ?'? -v<"? ?* illl VA !LI" H>.i. KLU. hrocfiilti " fuj. ?. ?r. mr w. 5/;" WffKir UliiALU, V s.?'"'I ' i* .-r !???? . tin u Wf'i i ?? H , Oi .* a ??'?.. <"#*.'<> "?'/ y>ir.' ?'?irra. ..:.V ,, ?" JC <'??* ?>???*. '??<* <a fecfwia "? (. -..r ? A* j '? Ae l?f, llf/< >ia<i oO"A viJ'Ui . a< <?** * ?- V?j . rr i/i-.ua. jj/. y.i IF HHHAI.it, om If a/ '?ur runij p? TI;/i.*v 7.1 ?. i u.:ihiP->xi)Biri'Z.?>.'.'??? ????? inji. -.i?? imwi, ?oiint'l 'rr.M 'fxy VtM'/rr vf the trorhl: (r" ?)W, wM te <'|7? .i: ), ) ..? ftj-Ooa i' lh. I. , c'l I1? s'usiii.il* vtt? I'iur.i i > K ?Mb.:'io st.il. ai.l l,: Tri.KS amp Pack AC*' HF?T tfi VoUixr *\VII Mo. 343 AMUSEMENTS THI3 EVENINO. MBLt'i II GAI:I?BN, BrouJnray.?Wriec Pid lais M iKT i'oUt. 1 H 'il ?JOCkO?Kl.TIX, TuaI'E/H WALl.11%; > TTIL VTKL. No. S*4 Bru?dw?y.-fUrrastp Vin usTBtu?tiLKv O'Connor. NEW BOWEKV THEATEE. Bo?err.-Sr. M.MC-CU* ?L H'a r ill. HOWF.RY TIIEATHK. Bowery ? Mi uktuy On IU* l'str o UiT?VVizahu Suur. NIX'iS S CttEMORSE C. VHPKN !?"? Kwnih ? r.-e: ?uJ S?*?!i ?ve:i le ?L?rtii . IUuii, I ho*. <pr Co?-'kbt and &U' KJ? KHM'll BAK.NI MH AMERICAN MUSECVt. Broad*-?? ?Gut Too IllUm;-! o* > TT-L*i?MuD >*11 Hil'fr KiMILT, Ac., at ali ho.ira. Wipot or fiumiCi ?:teinoon ana even inn. HALL, Caoal H ''tTit^hSmE^ UALL. ?" 3?^?ra?.-DB4Wijf0 ?tt&'NiXffSS. SS^DEia, 66, Br^wv. -'? \ .rk, lHu.sa.iy, ivgwl M| 18CSJ." VB3B3 SITUAl'IOK. Th.-mu :.-rencofromGeacr.il MeCiellan's army wh.ch we publish to-day contains nothing of vital important if we except the correspondence be tvm-n the rebel commander uud the General-in < hief relative to repudiation of paroles and oaths of allegiance. The language of the rebel General L?C s ?o??naicatioii3 is considered by General Ha Heck to be "coached in language exceedingly moulting to the government of the United States,"' and he ha, therefore "declined to receive them.'" Hiey were, t litre fare, returned unanswered, except a-^ above quoted. Further particulars of the recent movements of General Pope's army have been received. Gene ral Bttford has sent in an official report of his pur suit and partial engagement with the rebels. He "4)U'i of tie enemy after Saturday's u : it was most precipitate and iu great confusion.*' '< further repoi Is 'ihc cnen.y Las had the benefit of a hard rain whiVh put.s high ? ;itcr between the contending forces." Morgan, the guerilla chieftain, is reported as wvmg crossed the Cumberland river and en 1 Ted Kentucky with eight hundred men. Louis v.!le is almost wild with excitement, the war etings Ueiug largely and enthusiastically at tended. Seventy thousand dollars bounty was unanimously voted for at the meeting held on the evening of the 12th inst. T he Memphis Bulletin has a report of the cap ture of Baton Rouge, and states* that th? rebel ram Arkansas, although delayed, had arrived in front of that place on the evening of the day of battle; that she immediately assailed our fleet, de ?troying two vessels, damaging two other.'and driving the rest away. Breckinridge has already officially reported the destruction of the ram before she had reached that city, and, therefore, w.; may safely b.-lieve that the advices "from re-' liable source," are merely founded on the news previously received here. Ihe intelligence of the capture of Baton Rouge by the rebels is not so positive as would appear at first sight. Breckinridge a despatch is dated ten miles from the city, which would hardly be the case had he captured it. He may have defeated our army, and even killed General Williams (a ?ketch of whom we give to-day), but as the Cnion gunboats are on the river in front ol the plaee, there is still *orne probability that, in fact, the' I uion fon es ho.J possession thereof. A ei riotis article appears in the Hichnond Ex at'UMr relative to Fngland and foreign interren tioo. WC republish it among our Sonthcrn intel ligence. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The Paris .1fo,uf?, comm nting on a stalUtical work just issued from the Ministry of Public lu ?truction in Fran"*. on the subject of aoiejdea offers Home very sensible snggeaUons concerning ?ell-destruction. It soys that the inerease of sui cides in France ia awful to contemplate. In the ?pace of thirty-two years, from 1VT to lh;<? iD,j.i aively, hare committed h France, bf'n an average < l i;i th-? e,. The suicide* t.f ? l.frl, J :Ve , bwT|*t, ' d.tlnct in ? .mount-. . . ;n? ,r I m.?!' , to ]? i i? ytai; :i-, , . joJ. j}lt m?r b"ing 'i.io'j, and for the letter 't>7. This dif ference is only to be explained by the la t that the religious sentiment operates more powerful ly on w>.imeu than on men. It in proved In the official returns that the moxt religious provinces pr-sont the fewe?t suicides, and that the propor tion of suicides increases a? we approach Palis, where it attains the maximum. Old age. even, does not seem to allay the furor of self-destrnc tion; the proportion constantly increases from ohildhood to the age of eighty, when it begins to decliue. The armaments for Mexico sre going on in hr.tnc e with greet activity, and a great number ol veas. ls are being prepared for the ser lice. The Suty- vmth and Ninety lifth re giments, with tiattnliom of 1 ,r?tO mm each ?re on their nur.-h for Toulon. The steam frizate Vanban. which was in the first eate goryof the r- rvr. |, ?ow bete g fitted out as a transport. The (Jomer has b?e? recalled from the eoait of Italy for the same p?rp, an(1 ig t0 transfer h-r artillery and ciew to the Cacique, ordered to the waters of ( ivitu Vec-hia. ' At latest daf s there were several infantry re?|. tt'-nts, with dctachment*of ?ngine?.r? and artilb ry awaiting embaikaUon at Cherbourg, for tb? Mexi can sxjiedition. The transports Ulm, Tonrville, Brealan, Vllle de Bordeaux, ViH# de I.yon, Tilsit, Duqueane, and the fHgatea Orenoqoe, Ewre, Ar deche. Jura and Allier were all ready to aail with troop* for Vera Crux. The frigate Napoleon wss alao arming, to sail for New York. General Jose Gntierrex da la Curcha late Cap tain Oeneral of the Island of Cuba, has been ap. pointed Spamsh Mi,ii?ter ExtraoHmary to i'ans and had a royal audience with Qu- eu Isabella nre vioua to his departure for his new s<ene 0f labor*. A letter from Fort de I rsn e, Martinique, dated '??? l?th of Jnly, ?nd addresseu to the I'ny, P'm.i, b:i_VB that the s md wounded ' rt n< h sol I J Mexico tj ti .it inland v or- pro J 1; ' * ? wraMy *? tl at tiiue, aud U at, in c<?u *? ?*?? *e of thf great salubrity of tin iifaU-, I most j t.iuvn: J* were preparing to r -<> n their I fi it nds in fotxico. ! ' >I'- ?"???'*democrats of >! line will : Tl v,-u' (?'?'??:ventioa to-du/, at fortland, to J-'.r ? iinte a cun lidate fur Goveiuwr. Thi-t fac t"n W',H t'r'' 'Hy in the trjiti of John C. Bre- kin 1 'nt. ut when that arch traitor deserted them l i u re lor a wiule numbered -uuouk the lust [l ' thfy were di?covi-r<d by Clement L. ? 'udig'... in, of Ohio, by whom tiiey were re i ? : <*cd au 1 i-<>t again in working order. Tliey uuwber in the Stme from fifteen to twenty thou e ad. There i* already one candidate lor Gover nor in the field General Charles f>. Jameson- -no m nuUd by the Union wing ol the yiirlv, and some of the " copperheads." it i.- repei i !*, arc an.vona to endorse hint, and thus unite ihe party. Th ? Legisl iture of Kentucky will meet to-day in extra session, by order of Bcriah Magoffin, Governor of the State. The members of both houses are nearly all Union men; but as it is well known that the Executive is a rebel masked bat tery. and that hordes of guerillas, headed by the notorious Morgan and other rebel chieftains, are in close proximity to the seat of government in Kentucky, it behooves our generals in that section to have an eye to the movements of this Legislature. It has been represent, ed that attempts will be made to overawe the Union members and force them to do the bidding of Breckinridge, Buckner and the Gover nor. and if possible to carry the State out of the Linon. Some curiosity will be manifested to see th# message of that old traitor Magoffin. The famous Massachusetts Sixth regiment has determined again to voluuteer for the nine months call, it was ' this regiment that cut its way through Baltimore on the 10th of April 1861 when the national capital was threatened by the rebels. The soldiers of Indiana will not bo allowed to vote at the October election, as the constitution declares that all persons entitled to rote must uo so in the township in which they reside. The first qnota of Connecticut (7,145) is filled, and there is reported to be a rush on the second. Commodore Footc was recognized on board the Camden and Amboy Railroad boat on Monday afternoon, and the passengers, by continuous cheering, forced him to make a short speech. There are volunteers enough in Camp Curtin, Pennsylvania, to form twelve full regiments. Senator Jim Lane has divided Kansas into two military districts, and appointed a couple of noted abolitionists as recruiting commissioners to raise nigger regiments. Senator Joseph A.Wright is stumping Indiana on the war question, and probably with a slight leaning towards the Union State ticket. His ap pointments run through the month of August. Nearly two hundred skedaddlers were hunted out of the ship Z red, which sailed from Philadel phia for Londonderry on Tuesday. All the employes of the Philadelphia Gas Works hive been required by a resolution of the Board of Ti i:>tee9 to take the outL of allegiance. &, 'ihe oath of allcg'ance was administered to another lot of three hundred prisoners in Fort Delaware on Sunday last. They were all released and went theii way rejoicing. The War Department has decided that all per sons who have furnished substitutes previous to the draft mnst take their chance in the draft wheel. A Philadelphia paper says that the captain of tiie steamboat John Brooks, formerly of the New Vork &M Bridgeport line, was arrested on Mon day, on the charge of using seditious language. It is iu evidence that he was abusive to the sick wounded and dying soldiers, calling them a lot of thieves, Ac. Up to the present time more than fourteen thou sand residents of the city of New York have filed at the County Clerk's office claims of exemption, ?rom \ urious causes?over age, general debility, gout a>thma, non citizenship. Jack Falstaffism' ??n iiiinp I j kill, hm yet afraid to fight,*' short ? a., leg-, bad kidneys, and -the thousand other Jli? tut ft rah is heir to.*' It is considered Will be very numerous The \\ issahtckon bridge, belonging to the Nor nstown Railroad Company, and the large woollen factory stat-diug near it. about a mile fromMana *???. Pcans> 'vaii,'a. were destroyed by lire on the 1-th in?t. Loss about #50,000. The nwicber of emigrants landed here la?t week was 703, making the total since Jan. 1, 46,0t6. The balance of the commutation lund to the credit of the Emigration Commissioners at present is 114,674. K Stacks were again buoyant yesterday, it* advance being equal to 1 a l?t' |*r ccct in iLe Ehes, Galena IUj. note Ceatral and the other act ire railway share. r? t0 the latest Ito-ir in the Jay bids came into the street for si-ics, and the broker* w-re kej>t unusually busy. Got. eminent im e were b.iiiU wanted al par. Gold and ex change were ai-o higher; the former sold at 114!; tbe latter wis beU by the bankers al 12C,'t. Money was very abundant at 3 a 4 per cent. The Sub Treasury re eel red over UOO.OOO on deposit at 4 per cent. TIm? cotton market, wa.. firm yeeterday^uh a.ilea of 300 a 400 balej. cloaing stiff on the basis otitic, a 4Sc for middling uplands. Flour was in moderato demand but rather firmer for common grades or State and Western brands, while medium qualities aud extras were on -hanged. Prime to choke wheat was scarco and tlrm whi.e coiumen and medium grades wcra dull ,md ne fleeted. Corn was rather firmer, specially for primo inalities, which were ecar. e, wbilo Infetior was in g,<.d supply, and heavy salr.^ ?r ;h? former were made a, "t.a&Se. Pork was sf i.ly au<! ?? ralr demand, with ales of mess at fit 21. a ,il . aui, (f 1T;mcat tl' S<a $10. Sugars were tlrnn , . .. ,j the ,a,. IiMivof v <7:1.- n.?, od r #1 y ;?c J ti ;i. Hi: 'cm.iia'.ei woroC l>. lli-i ? ?> ,i ? t *?1 If"*'-*. < WJ:.? ?)? is<* *t >'ly. A ?:.? , . oi'a.ll-! ll 1>,B uf i:.. was .*>W Tuii ty afle;! sn ai SSI . , ?:n! I t. ><!??. ? o!'l yasterday at Sfc!?V. t'r- ghts were t>rm?r, c ?;* clalljr . r grain u> Liverpool. t'> which |"i< wheal r a engaged at I!1 ji!. in hoik. aiirt 13<l. :n ?lnpi' t.t, j. t ? v a< I !,il, I"N< lv i't> t L>.c !nn auil <J!.??$"?* were un changed Rkcrcitino Torn of Ghiiai, Sick Mi* Tiik Prmrr ?>r the Stath.?General Sick1?*?? Ins just returned from a recruiting tour in tbe western part of this Miite. along the line of the Erie Railroad. and report* groat sttecets in hit mis sion and great entbwiasm for the war. He ,?ays th?l the State, with the exception of Now York city, will hare furnished more than its quota before the appointed time of the 30(1,000 volunteersoalled for. The reason why volun teering ha:1 not been so suoce'sftol in tbe city is that in the raising of tin 76,000 u,en ealkd for by tlic Prot-i'lent iu tbo beginning of the war, a id the half a million of men subsequently voted by Congress. Hew Y ork city did far more than its share. Recruiting for the army, too, during the latU year has been chiefly done in I this city. Then, on account of want of ernploy 1 ment hore, owing to tbe stagnation of business I arising from the war, ? large portion of the ; population removed to other localities. But, I nnw that Archbishop Hughes has taken so dccided a stand for the good cause as be has dune at Dublin and Cork, and that the church is throwing her weigh* in the scale of the Union, there is every reason to believe that tbe volun ! tcering will receive a new Impetus in Now York, aud ti<at Mie Irish alone wfl! flli up m< re than half of the demanded from tho Em i pire City. . nttte.it ?r i<t< ur?an auw On tit* \Vur. I 1 '-e vd litional and eminently satisfactory P''? ? olars which wo have published concein 1 'ate L?attl? at Cedar Alouutain and its ! ' cuJ?''natin?r in the flight of Stonewall . Ul"r n' an<* 'n the vigorous pursuit of hw force* by the cavalry ui;d artillery of General I <?pe, will settle all doubts us to whether this infr battle was a Union victory or defeat. An we have claimed from the first, and from a sim ple common sense and honest view of the facts repoi.ed. we have gained the victory, and a victory, too, of the highest importance. From the name malignant spirit, however, against General rope, which they have along betrayed toward* General McClellan, and e. ery other officer who gives tho cause of the 1 moii precedence over the cause of negro eman cipation, several of our city contemporaries, so lute as yesterday morning pronounced the result a Union defeat, and ventilated their su perior military wisdom very much to the preju dice of General Pope and his army. How was" it, they inquired, that General Banks, with his seven thousand mea, was entrapped by twenty tJousand of the enemy, and why was it that the columns of General McDowell and General ? gel were so far in the rear that they did not reach the scene of action until the battle was over? Of course, our would-be military critics jump to the conclusion that the whole affair was badly managed by General Pope, if not by General Banks, in persisting in his efforts to dislodge the rebels from their strong position after he had discovered that at the very point which he had chosen for his assault they were massed, under cover of the jungle, as three to one against him. Cut it appears that General Banks was sent forward as on a reconnoissance, and that, shel tered as the enemy were by the densely wooded mountain sides which they occupied, the only | way to ascertain their exact locality or their strength was to stir them up. Iu view of a recon noissance, the supporting columns of McDowell and Sigel were sufficiently near for the protec tion of General Danks; for, under ordinary cucumstances, if brought into this collision with a superior force of the enemy, he would have fallen back towards the main body of the army. But in this case the ground in the immediate presence of the enomy afforded too good a po sition for General Banks to be abandoned. He therefore resolved to hold it, trusting to the main body of the army to come to his support in season to secure this position and to dislodge the enemy; and all this has been don?. We accordingly accept the battle and its re sults as altogether satisfactory, and as betray ing no want of precaution on the part of General Pope and no lack of sound discretion on the T>urt of General Banks. We accept the result *s a most important one-a? a success substan tially settling the question of the capabilities of the army of General Pope to cope with that of Stonewall Jackson. Nay, more, we conclude from this experimental battle that the forward movement of Jackson towards Washington has been arrested, and that he has com menced a retrograde march which will be fol lowed up by General Pope. We hope and trust, however, that we shall hear of no more battles in which the rebel forces can be set down as three or four times our own in point ol numbers. We have had quite enough of this sort of warfare, and we expect General Ilalleck to see that there Is an end of it While the aggregate armed forces of the re bellion were of late nearly equal or even two thirds of our own, it was almost impossible to meet them at every point with ?n equal force, considering the numerous points requiring a special military force around our graud en circling lines of occupation of three thousand miles in extent by land and sea. At this time last August we had conquered nothing from the rebellion except some of its strongholds in Western Virginia and the forts of Hatteras Inlet; but since then we have recovered Mis souri, Arkansas, substantially; Southern Ken tucky, nearly the whole of Tennessee, tho greater part of Eastern Virginia, including Nor folk; nearly the whole of the extensive sea board and inland sound region of North Caro lina. important portions of the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, including Pen sacola; portions of Alabama and Mississippi the most important portion of Louisiana, in cluding New Orleans, and the whole line of the Mississippi river from Cairo to the Gulf. These extensive conquests, involving the military occupation or numerous cities, towns, forfs and other military stations, had drawn so largely upon our army, in addi tion to the casualties of war, that not until it was almost too late was the government, by the recent terrible battles near Richmond, aroused to the necessity of immediate and heavy reinforcements fresh from the people. But now tLere is no longer any excise for mating (lie rebels at any point with inf.-rior numbi: e p. , ? dly in Vii inia. By t' <? end of 1 ' '?iere will l;c a u -w enrol :t draft ii). n i!iu uiilita. 1 f? r; we ve posi tive assurances of miccoiw. The rebellion will bo put down. Within tbc la.*! fortnight the prospect before us has changed from doubt and despondency to conlidence and enthusiasm nmong our loyal .States and people, because of these late eflicient and energetic war measures of the government. Under thes<> encouraging measures we have the reinforcement* ahvady raised to enable th* Army of the Potomac and the Army of Virginia to move forward in irre sistible strength upou the rebel capital, and the country expects lhat (Jenejal flatlet k will draw upon these three hundred thousand new volun teers accordingly, and without delay. It is prejudicial to our good cause abroad, and gives a false idea of the comparative strength of this rebellion, to bo over and over e^ain compelled to confess our infe riority of forces in thin, that and the other important battle. The great secret of success ful war is this tnperlority of numbers at the right time and place. We havo the numbers, aud we rely upon General lialleck to us? them oo every occasion henceforward in an over whelming pressure upon the enemy. T a* a son Climatic.?General Butler has sup pressed the New Orleans Picayune for speaking disrespectfully of the nat ional government and the Union generals. Why are not the Tri bune and the Post, with their coadjutor Wendell rbillips, Called to account for playing the ?ame IL;ime? The only difference in the offence that we enn se i? that h re at the North it is ''nir.g mischief by di-couraging enlistments, whilst at | the Si?u li, under tl: i^Uant rale ot'liui'or, it I ca'i work "but little har<;i. Lj treason purely , climatic? This uneven m 'mtr of dealing vri'li j it would loail to 'he inference that^fce ^vgioa ill which it is uttered give.- it iu complexion of crime. Strength of ft'a|?olvon*? Army l)orl?gthl fnuih llevoluOou. A morning paper noted for looking at facts :uid events through a fog, and drawing oppo site conclusion* from tbe public generally, has just beeu parading before itb readers immense figures purporting to be the strength of tbe 1 reach urmy under Napoleon, with the view of endeavoring through this means to prove that it is not accessary for our govern moot to issue paper mooey to successfully pro secute the war. Its writers are evidently not very well versed in historical facts, or else mali ciously take this course to destroy confidence in our government. Thus, they put down the strength of the French army in 1813 at about one million, and also assert that it was increased by drafting that year nearly a million more, and with this enormous force Napoleon conducted his operations, by refusing to permit the issue of paper money, and at the close of the long war the national debt of France was only two hundred and fifty millions, all of which statements are wide of the mark. It is a well known fact that the policy of Napoleon was always ta fill up his armies and support them from the nation that ho conquered, or, in other words, make war maintain war. His only provision for food and funds was in levying contributions upon the country that he conquered and invaded. At no one time during the long war of the French Revolution did France have over .eight hundred aud fifty thousand men in the army. Nor did Napo leon ever have over half a million of Frenchmen under his command at anv one time. In May, 18 J 2, Napoleon left Paris to take command of his forces'gathered in Poland to operate aguinit Russia, lie-had con centrated tbere about five hundred thousand men, and of this number only about two hun dred thousand were native Frcuch; the balance were Germans, Italians, Poles, Swiss und Atts trians?all belonging to nations that he bad conquered, and whom he bad forced into his army. In this way he increased his forces, and crossed the Niemcn and entered Russian terri tory, according to the imperial muster roll, with a force of six hundred and forty-soven thousand men. This number was largely reduccd and his ranks thinned before be reached Moscow. Having provided no other means of feeding his army than subsisting upon the country through which he passed, and levying money contribu tions upon the people, the plan of the Russians in laying waste the country in their retreat was a serious drawback to Napoleon's opera tions. Ilis financial system was based upon continued victories, aud hud no provision what ever against a reverse. I pon entering Moscow, therefore, aud finding it deserted, and soon after laid in ashes, he found himself in an enemy's country in midwinter, without shelter or food for his men, or means to provide either, and forced to beat a hasty retreat or perish. He could no longer levy contributions upon the people; for there was no one left. Disaster met hi in at every step on his retreat, until finally be left his army and fled to Paris. Out of the forces that entered the Russian territory only about eighty thousand ever returned, and of this number over forty thousand were Aus trians and Prussians?leaving only about thirty five thousand surviving French soldiers. Soon after Napoleon's return to Paris the people became excited at the prospect of France being invaded. The old army bad been de stroyed in the Russian campaign, and a new one bad to be raised to take its place. The Senate, therefore, immediately voted ihnt a draft of three hundred and fifty thousand men should be made. But previous conscriptions bad drained the country of those youths liable to conscription. A change in the basis of the draft was made, and by that means Napoleon succeeded in placing un army of three hundred and fifty thousand men on their march for the Rhiue in April, 1813, to hold at bay the invad ing army. Iu addition to this, there were about two hundred thousand men stationed iMipain and Portugal at this t ime. The disAaterWf the campaign of 1813 were quite numerous and materially reduced Napoleon's army. Out of the four orders l'or comcript'on issued that year, the number actually obtained only kept the army at its strength at the commencement of the campaign, its numbers falling far short of the million and a half put down by a morn ing journal. Napoleon's maxim to make war maintain war would no longer avail him anything, now that he was compelled to light on French soil, in stead of invading other nations. Ills allies wore turning against him, and those generals who one? fought in his rank* and led his men i nto battle were now m ir-halling Ton s again.-t i.iin. The "ati.i"- t'i i he had onco lettered and f 1 to a:u ? !h his eiibrls will* n:ca and iiioiii-y were a':0 a ?? ; c a. . nst him. Forc^l to foil b.iek u.'. t ??? iv ??iv.'oj! i>i I -ai.re alone, he found tliu-iii uno<iuwl to the tusk. Absorbed in war, he left lite commerce and trade of the country unprotected, ilia financial system being entirely based upon continued victories and in conquering nations, he had no resources to fall back upon in the hour of his adversity. His specie currency was inade quate, and, although he made a desperate effort in his Hundred Days' war, after his escape from Elba, by appealing to the pride of the French people, yet he was unable to concentrate sufli cient force or provide the means for the defeat of the allied forces at Waterloo. England, on the other hand, discarded the idea of specie cur rency, and relied upon paper money for her currency. Through its influence she developed h?r resources, built tip her manufactures, loaned large sums to assist oth'-r nations in war against France, and in the end came out of the long struggle stronger than ever before, not only in her internal trade and the wealth of her people, but in her foreign commerce, in military and na val power?all of which made her the first nation of the world. I? not here a lesson for us and a sufficient reply to the croakers and grumblers at Mr. Chase's financial system. Napoleon had no other financial system than specie and the levying upon oonqutred territory for funds to meet bis daily necessities. The result was that the nation grew weaker every day, her trade languished, and Napoleon was Anally made a captive. England, on the other hand, organized a financial system that would enable her to ob tain the ?in?ws of war, and at the same time en courage and strengthen her own Internal trade. The result was (hat she increased in power while France was gradually growing weaker, l id finally caui<' oft C0u<iui't'0? -iud tXj*J lc u.kiiou of the world. Tn* Okdkr ok C :i>iUUL M' KJl&i.i.an Audit TilE I*HOJ'?Unr OK THE lNBAbltAiiM 0if N Ut oinia.?We publish to-day the important order of General AlcClellan currying out thu order ot tlie 1'residcnt in relation to property, which fully accords with the previous practice of the Geueral of the Army of the Potomac, 'i hu ol der is admirable. It is that ot a statesman, as well as a general and a Christian. Ho*' forci bly doea General McOlellan observe:? The i.teu thai private property may be plundered with impunity is, lemaps, the veiy worst that can pervade ait army. Marauding degrades aa laen and dew ra.izua as soldiers all who eugnp? in It, and returns theui to their hemes untitled for the purs in is of houebl industry, int. ariny is comp<'=-c.l wostlv of young men; and the Ueneral commanding, to whoeecare they are entrusted,owls it U> the parents who Lave sent ibeir sous, and tu tlie com munities thai have sent the flower of their youth luto (he military service of their country, to warn and restrain them from an evil so pernicious. Tim general Commanding tJikos this occasion to remind the officers and soldiers of this army that u o urc engaged in supporting the constitution aud laws of the l ulled States, and hi suppressing rebellion against their au thority: that we arc ti"l engaged in a war ol rapine, re venge or subjugation; that this Is not a contest against populations, but against armed forces and political orgs nidations; that it is a struggle carried on within the United States, aud should be conducted by us upon tho highest pi inciples known to Christian civilization. This is sound philosophy, Christianity and common sense, which will find but little favor with the godless crcw of abolitionists, radicals, socialists, infidels and atheists who are bent on overthrowing our institutions and inaugurating a reign of terror, substituting political chaos for constitutions and written laws. Let all our readers study this excellent document. Tho most violent attacks have been made on General McClcllan for his "placing a guard over the house aud property of Hill Carter." Now, what are the facts? When the advance guard reached Carter's farm, in the retreat from the Chickahominy to the James river, with some six hundred of our wounded, the family de voted their whole attention to their care, tore up all their linen and cotton sheets, towels, everything in tho house, for bandages and lint. Over six hundred head of the cattlft of this family were taken by Geueral McClellan loi his aruiy, the horses of the farm, and all the slaves, to work in the trenches; and yet the fiendish abolitionists denounce General McClel lan because he protected the women and chil dren of this family from outrage or insult. Such is a sample of the diabolical course pursued towards General Me' leilau by Growle.t . of the Tribune, and the other leaders of the radical revolutionists, for the purpose of weak ening the confidence of the army in his general ship and integrity, aud throwing a dumper on the warlike enthusiasm of fee people. Archbishop llt'OHEs" Ei'uopka.v Mission*. Archbishop Hughes has returned to New York with increased claims to the esteem and grati tude of the American people. He lias discharg ed his duty to the country while abroad in a manner that has not only pro\ed highly ser viceable to it, but that marks the firmness ot his character and his unswerving patriotism. Nothing could be more opportune or beneficial to the Union cause than the speeches recently ' delivered by htui in Dublin nnd Cork. While they cannot but produce a great impression upon uU the Catholic populations of Europe, they will unite that of Ireland to a man in opposi tion to any attempt at interference with us by England. " They place fairly and squarely be fore the latter the hazards which it will have to encounter in case it should ever resolve to take so desperate and ill-considered a step. It is for this reason that the English tory journals, which have distinguished themselves by their ardent advocacy of .Southern interests, are so furious at the outspoken boldness of the Archbishop's sentiments. They have had bitter experience of the weight that attaches in political controversies to the opinions of the Roman Catholic hierarchy. The latter arc slow to put themselves forward in this way, but when they do their example and advice exercise a tremendous influence amongst their own per suasion. Were a war to break out between this country and England to-morrow, we will venture to say that not a single Irishman could be prevailed upon to enlist in the English set vice. Here, on the contrary, every Irishman would spring to arms, glad to have the oppor tunity of paying back the old scores that he and his forefathers have accumulated against their English oppressors. Even ts regards the pre sent war. the Archbishop s recent speeches and the onslaughts that have been made upon him by the English press will have a powerful effect upon the Irish mind in this country. They will do more to stimulate enlistments among our fellow citizens of that nationality than all the heavy money inducements that are being offered. Thk World axd Its Straw Hath, Bors' Sizk*. ?That, broken-winded journal, ?he ?Vorld, is obliged "reluctantly" to publish a certificate of character from a straw hat dealer on Hroad war. The certificate amounts to nothing, ex cept as an admission that the World was engaged in th" straw hat busings. Whatever the World ir. ay y about th? sixes of the straw hats whi !i it l:i ni-lic.l to the a'my. t,ho evidence of Captain Uft :?? ??. !'iiii-? ! ."it.'u'i Anuy ? ? .'V? at V,': :in s n, s-itle tb? tiv..:.er coiioiu nely. Tiie World will find ti>I.~ >rWwe> on Qn forty Hot page ?f the second or supplement uy re port or the Select Committee on Government Contractu, 7>Ir. Washburne chairman. Captain Beckwith, testifying in regard to tho shipments inadi- by Alexander Cummlngs. of the World. says:?"Then there were thirty-two cases of palm-loaf hats. Most of them icere of duttinn tlwgkt, and a thing not furnished to the soldiers by government. I should say, in a general some, they are good for nothing. They io*rt cry small. There wcro shipped, also, by the ChesapeukG, seventeen cases of linen pantu loons. They were in m^ny casea not well sowed together, and almost worthless." Now what does the World say to that ? We shall give il a dose ol army ale and porter in a day or two, to enable it to recover from this terrible blow, and in the meantime we advise the Broadway dealers and the World editors, whe consider tlicac straw bats "full large sizes" and "cheap, considering the fineness," to read a little of the report referred to. and not provoke U" again this warm weather. Opk Grain Lxioirrs.?The London Tim** congratulates its readers on the fact that the present British harvest will render it indepen dent of foreign exports and enable it to keep its gold at home. Now this ia directly in con flict with the statement* of the Economist and the Mark Lrtnt Express, the great English agri cultural authoritiea, both of which report a falling off in it, both in quantity and quality. From the Continent the reports aro far from fa vorable; so that the demand upon us for bread stuffs promises to exceed that of mo?t former years. For the last three weeks our exports in product) buvu been little abort of $12,0U0,(>0& J'orluuately, our present harvest places ua in ? position to be able to moot any flemnndt thai may be nude upon u# from abroad. It in one of the finest and most tbuuduat that the coun try has ever beeu blessed with, aud bcems W have been specially fc.j* l>y fYjrktence to de feat the hopes and -illations of those who looked forward to see tiie rebellion aided by a scarcity of gold among us uud tUe pleasure ot financial distress. Kecrutting in the SiUtr of New York?Ma Draft Probable. Aunttr, A i j'ust 18, lHOi Reports rceolved at th" Adjutant General's office to night show that thirty thousand moa are already e*~ roiled, under the last call for three hundred thousand rtt untoers, In addition to those locruiteJ for regiments to the tU?J. The most favorable report* arc rec"ived iroas *11 Parts of the Staie relative to enlistment, ami it is con fldently expected that the quota under tho lust not m*f be furnished without resort to the draft. The Brut regiment under the lost calt for volunteers* Col. V?n Valkenburgh, left Elmira to night for the mm of war. Iho Albany regiment numbers over 1,100 omb, and is under orders to march on the 19th. The State ordor regulating the draft wilt bo iss *4 to morrow. UuOi, August IS, IMS. Tho new Oneida county regiments it full with some hundreds to spare, an# another regiment can be tilled within two weeks !n this county by volunteering. Re cruiting for the old regiments Is very brisk. Recruiting in Buffalo. BiTfAU), August 13, IMS. Enlistments fbr old and new rogimeuts are progressing rapidly, and tlite number daily Increases. Thore are now about five hundred men at Camp M >rgan, in this city. The Pennsylvania Mllltla. PUILADKtFHU, August 13, IMS. 1 nited States Marshal Millward was to-day connli. sloncd by the Governor to make an enrolment of the m:litia of the State in the Eastern district, and Hoe. Alexander Murdock, Marshal of the Western district, has received similar authority. I.Hrc.1- ami Enthusiastic War meeting la hnuiivlllf, Ky. Loi ihvilt.k, Ky., August 13, IMS. A large and enthusiastic war meeting was held at the Court. House last night. Resolutions wore unanimously adopted urging the < ity Councils to appropriate seventy thousand dollars for bounties to voluntatis. Call for the Nrw York Democratic "title Convention. ?Albanv, August 13,1802. Th'.; Democratic Ptato Committee met to-day, iosueel the folk wing call for a State Convention: ?' crVm;nl,!r" a' a run mooting, held on th* 9th day o< Jmy last, res -!v. ! that th ? democracy of New ,, " ,,u' "'ldv to unite with all patriotic citizens wl.hont re.eren ee to former party combinations, who agio*- in sustaining the government in tho prosecution of ?beesi-ting w:ir iigiliist t'.ie rebellion by all the mean* V , , ";,pov:?r."f n !r,v'u P00ph?. Tor the purpose of testorlng the tnfon us it was and maintaining th* constitution JUi it is, and having declared its purpose m calling the ne.rt State Convonti n to invite the co operation ot all citizens ou the simple but dlsMMt !i!o t of'ih ? iw co"al,"uion> tho Union, and the enforce Ihf undersigned, reiterating and carrying out these view. h?rebv .-nil a convention of the democracy or the State of .Now ^ . r k. and nf all in favor of such co-opor?. lion, to consist ot ouo delegate from each A??oiuMy dis trict, to m ot ar *li? city of Albany on tho loth day of sepfe'iib-r next, at twIveM , to nominate oifl.-ers lobe .t > at.tbo election, and to transact such otnir business the Convention may doem exi>cdient. Homing .llatchrs at Philadelphia* ParUMftPHU, August 13,1808. Tiio rowing match between Ward, of Xcwburg,an4 llamniill, ot Pittsburg, came off in tue Schuylkill to-day. Ilamtnill came in sixt}' yards ahead, sculling tnree mliea in twenty-two minutes and a half. The race to-morrow Is for the-championship, distance five miles. Burning of a Cotton Mill. l'KOVIDKXCK, n. I., August 13,1849. Si-roeder's print work.* in Kast Greenwich, consisting of machinery and nearly twenty buildings, valued at $ifl,00.i, and containing 30.000 pieces of print eiottw valued <a $100,000, were destroyed by Ore this morni^ The goods were Insured. Lulled State* Circuit Court. Bei'aro H'.n. Judge Shipman. Amcrr 12.?the Grand Jury brought in bills of h* dietmeut against Abraham X. llaight and Nelson Evane lor destroying letters in the New Lebanon 1'ost "gift TheOrand Jury then adjourned to ^cptemtKir 10. * reman, ino Dioianchia, convictod of murder, vi| brought up for sentence. Mr. Kdwin .fames said he intended In this case, which was oce ol gi tat importance, to move au arrest of iudn. early diy ? *'** ct>t lbon prepared. Me U> sired aa lhe Court set the matter down lor Thursdav nw*? at ten o'clock. ? ? Mr. Joatiiim.-sen applied for tbe discharge of Jttmm Ward, who \va? detained as a witness against a mw named Chart#" Norvdle. It appears that Nurvilie waa dtschargeu trcin custody, while the witness against hlia WA' a I" !soncr. Counsel also moved for the jper ciein rouiponsati^ri to which witnesses are entlUwl Tho witness had beeu arretted without warrant end merely upon the authority of one of tbe Marshal's' effi ctri. The Co-irt C ' lld not discharge a man who was not ar rested under th warrant of the Court, except on e writ of habrus corpus. ,\ man held in custody without warrant or authority of the Court would not bs entitled loonycomjicasaUoii or witnetis fee. * Mr. Ji?(i!.iti!"?n then haiided in application for s writ of halieas corfms. Adj..urned to this (Wednesday) morning. Coroner*' Inquest*. CaonanTO HtcAiH Wmia Kaii.nt,.?William Hinea, aa^ tivc of Ireland. *<(?'<! thirty-live joarx, vraa choked 4eath yrtord.iy .uteinoon by a piece of meat lodging la hia throat while eating hla dinner. Coroner Wildey hal4 aa tnq'iemt upon the y. For*? Phowvkii?The body of an unknown man, la A nude pfate, who found tlontiug in tbe water at the foot off Twenty-third ?treet yesterday. Deceased (.-? 'aappoaed ta have boon drowned while bathing. Coroner JUnnojr or dered the body to he n ot to tho dead house at Bellaraa llifi ital for id ntiOeMM. A Br (Mil T'' r.:::?!?? Oi i >rr. ha* been established by t%* Amniicm Coin finny it tho Merchant*' Kxchaug* v'e. ti ,n, Vi> i.o hi ! ?>'i Pi atreat,connecting with ?? nr. ? Ii.li <||R . li". Hi ' Iw i)'. nit the oflcra :? < - ? ? VI. ' will b i i great < -a ' t' ? i ' id ' '"if P3 men. I' i soji ?. I ! it< lllfl* n? II ?>.. I '? I U'tos. oi the United M ti . . mid ! ii';*. 11 1 i. to n><? * day, and art oa c i rig n. moiit-i ir, I t tfctru|" litaa Hotel. Iter. A. IVtter. of Ti?y: Cry l?-r V.mVcrhten, vt Alban; M.?r hiti llw# ami party, of Waahlngtcn, O. M* Wilbur, o P'ik'.oi '? li. I 'iowr, afchina, nud H. R Hi.-hop of Cuba, wert uraciie the .n i ivalK ut the fifth Avi nuc II did \ m '?rday. M >,or >1 i o or iho l i. ifd M t' Army: f'a;>tAin Oray, Of J/?HlivllUv. fi. W. Cor-lirai* i nd .1. W. Kirp, ol Wash ington ato flopping at the Metropolitan Hotel. W franklin. <>i t'^e i nited Slate* Army; N. R. Vail. Of XowiV'.iDd'a::'' )'? Vigel, of Pa~ia; K.I'. Mattbewa, aC New York. and T. I). Ives, of Providence, R. I., aro atop pii.f * the Bravoort Houce The fi.llow.ng new amoPK the arrirala at the St* Yicholas Hotel yesterday?lien, (.iilii'lii A. urow, of Pennsylvania 11- n. \ r. (<rnni.of 0*w?h?>; W. fi. 8t*M .nid family, and Green < lay. of KonWMkjr; ,1. Mo. itiead and family. ofPei-.wrirania. .1. T. tVvliraa of Pi'tfbnrg; I R. Armatrnng. m Virninl*. I.. 0. 'VoodrnlV, of HilO?u>; i. m. fitch, of Hyracuae Oflonc! P. Hurt, 04 Aloanyi p, 1. Pack of N.i.'-hviile, l'fttii.. nnd Major tfeddiugs ana Lieut. foot, i f the t riti'i! States 'rmy. H K. Pweroyk. er j ond<-ti II Seri diT nnd tvlfe. of Vi?w Y?rk *tr" Hiitohor. of Hamburg; Mr. Kaittirk of Vienna H !!? ?* and Mi Ivrm? Iimiv, of l.-.rlHi: Mi. Krum-.r, of Barton linden: II. W. \udro ? and .m",of l'hiladtHphla, nud fviijiedot "lcoi.ria,nf 1 ;i, 1,nreKh'p ping *t th? tlarindoB w :? I. 1) ib. d" 'leneral Btrongo o 0, III. il<>a. A. J. An d koo, ?( Waihi t >n; lie; It. M. Hint (i u ! f. S alman, of 1 . cln .H'i I! ???. II nr? TAIlroa, 01 Ma < h'lsott- , li. L While *!??' ttlf< "I y;-. c V No.il, "? Cblepgo; I .P"ivn, of Alhnn)"'1*. M Mli . ,i, rf (igdnM bnru, nnd !>r. f iicn aad wll'c, of Ntwiiwi, wita mnouf the arnv.'U ai Uie At'ci- ii /use j *ter.:./ Lilt of Airericaiu reg?leied #1 O.m ft Co.'a Amnfk a MtWf Room*, 10Strand, Lou,Ion, i.ugh.id, T v (hi ae, k ending Augu.it 3, ISM:?Hudaon <i. WolM, Now York; Kobert J. hurbonk and wife. AlheiI li.t"?, J. im rniiE. .Tn^nwn.Ro?ion R< v S. 11. ryng.Jr., 1. K B iley.Jr., New York: t'. Pitt, Maine II iriiinu Com it* >, Pnitudei I ? g H. A. Main, New >?rk. .??? S. lli.g neon, IV-ion, r<ie. |)hen Oiniber,PhilHue!ph 11 i' Thoni X*-no, N. !(.} Aaa t nfiimnu. Proriii R. Ma fa'lane. catoa^oi .1.8. Huger, Hen fruiviIlih;r, It. WlUiruu^, 8? JeMQrln, ri liartim W li M011 ? i- ^twYork; T. B. .lankine, Itonini dv,Kv.: k Ptinnlv. Xew York; K. W? Pratt, WerceJtt r, M >??-?-. 1? *1 /n d daugh Ur.ft Louis, it- v. 1. ? ? u ' ? . I. st ah 'i New York; Hymn Mvd< in,Me; Kev < . W. HOWon nnt wife, w v. Mahme, Hi v . I'o.i iiwn, N w Yoihi Mark W. ' i-bi.rx, Va, ChnVk* M*J , 'uhller, III t V lot n h 1 hnptid, im ,? k??.??-W, Y,; Archd.aid M. Or Wn ,sen Irani c