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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 26, 1862, Image 4

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YORK HERALD.
IABBI OORPOM BEMHBTTi
EDITOR AND PROl'tUKTOR.
OrrifES W. CORNER OF FULTON AND NASSAU STSL
TFMltS eaoA mmt&omm. Jlowj t-i tby uuul uill at tko
nek ?</ the render. n.mtuut A...* Ma cn m A?? York
tut- DA< 1 H Kit A LI) Ucoconttpor ca,y. $7
TUJC WKLKIY Ut.Ji.lLD, envy Onturiiy, it tix ctnu ,*r
copy, or tip. i *H*uw tno Mwra/mm Haitian ? earn Wnlaaraoo,
kj ;enl~ par ? f"J, $4/Mr aw ina la 'inv nf Great hrttaie,
or 96 IS lo'a; narlw li. OwiS.aeaS. ?>'*'< 'a include p atnyo; tha
California Kmti n on to* lot, IDA an I Hit ty eucA month, at tit
mte par *o> #, or *2 75 par
Y?* FAMILY UK.:ALU, on We-lrou toy, at four crtue per
I0M. or SI! w iuuttt'
VOLVSTAKr VORKESPOXDKXCS, oontainioy important
puvrn, Mtintnl ram inv onaj ter of the mo LI: if net,I, mill ho
Wnralty paid tor. mjpOox Poaxiax OaBHKSroNBKllTe iu
Particularly Rkqu?st?i> to Bkal all Uttlu axd Pack
AOBB IOI US P? _
, AO ItOTK'K totem of anuoymoue corrupt njence. W* ao not ?
pOturn rotor, A eooomoteiaMono.
f AD VJSHYtSKM/CXTS rmnmeod 'eery day: oilo'ilbimmto in
bgrtrdin the Wkkklt Hibald, Family IIkkald, cud in ike
-California ntui JIaropoun MlMlo*a
./OB FB1XTIXG execute! icttri MUkol Aeap?<ei aad der
Jol'A
fr=
t*lsm? XXVII H*. S33
ALU SEMEN TS THIS BVKNINtL
KIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.?Lorraar Tickxt?
CMmlm Mohstk::?Plyixcl Tisrut
.WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 8M Broadway.?Ibish
Miaaaxr? Young Actkkm.
WINTER GARDEN Broadway.?HuxcDaACK,
NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowary.?Pur O'Dat
Biouaiu or TouLOuax.
1 BOWERY JUBATBR Bowary.?Daxow o# Tsa Da
?aw?.Haunt* o Holk.
1 NIXON'S CREMORNE GARDEN. Fourteenth ?rn?? Anl
Sixth arenufl ?aJrcxA, Ballkt, Cxoxxmadx Coxcrrt and
-CQCTMTRLAXISM.
BARNl'MS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.-Oax.
Tom Tuume?"ok. Nirrr?Lkabnip sxal, Ac., at all hours.
WaarTATiox, a.tci uoou and ere Ding.
BRYANTS' MINSTRELS' Mechanic#' UaH, 177 Broad
way ?EtuJoriA.s Sonus, Burli-muxa, I'ascsj, Ac.?Tax
Black Bkioauk.
CHRISTY'S OPERA HOUSE. 585 Broa 1 way. ?Etui or IA a
Bonus, Danck.s, Ac.?Douji.k i;i.uukd Hour.
WOOD'S MINSTREL HALL, 514 Broadway.?Ethiopian
Borcb. Dancks, Ac.?Flat Foot Jack.
HITCnCOCK'-S THEATRE and MUSIC HALL. Canal
Street.?Ciigsinu tub Link?Dxar as a Poar? win No
d'OISON.
GAIETIES CONCERT HALL. 61-J Broadwar.-DRAWIXO
Roo>. li..i rhtai. mana. ^
PARIS'AN CABINET OP WONDERS. Zoi Broadway.?
Oi.cn dally from 10 A. M, tid 10 P. M
Iet? VorL, Tueaday, August 3G, 1803.
Til K SITU ATION .
The retreat of General Pope's army from Cul
peppe^o the north bank ef the Rappahannock
was effected in an admirable manner, General
Sigel covering the rear splendidly. Considerable
skirmishing has been going on with the rebels
since our new line of operations has been taken.
It is reported that Cenerol Sigel cap
tured two thousand rebels, who crossed the
Rappahannock at a rush; bnt Sigel, having per
mitted them to cross, immediately destroyed the
bridge by a heavy tire from his batteries, and
then pouring in*a vollyof mu-kctry on the enemy,
killed nearly four hundred of them and captured
the whole remaining force, who were unable to
make a retreat to the ether side of the river. Our
correspondence describe* the retreat of Gen. Pope
?ery minutely and graphically.
Our correspondence from Hilton Head contains
some very interesting accounts of the rebel rams
at Savannah, together with other events transpir
ing in that locality, including the recent genera'
order of Major General Hunter.
Prom the V-'est we have intelligence of a skir
mish which occurred at Big Hill, in Madison
county, Kentucky, between the troops of General
Metcalfe and the rebels. No account of the loss
on either side has reached us. General Metcalfe
had withdrawn to Richmond.
General Roeccrans, with a force of nearly forty
thousand men, has gone southward from St. Louis,
where, it was said, s largo body of rebels under
General Armstrong were located. It was sup
posed that the combined rebel < rimes of Generals
Armstrong and Price?the latte r of whioh was at
Tupelo, on the Mobile and Olbio Railroad, with
twenty-five thousand men?ink ended to form a
junction and attack Rosecrans.
A curiom account of the proceedings of the
guerilla chief Morgan and the adroit interception
of telegraphic despatches by one of his officers
will be found in auothcr column, and is worthy
of perusal/as one of the most singular incidents
of the war.
By the arrival of the stesmAbip St. Marys, from
New Orleans 17th inet., wc have roc-svcd intelli
gence two days later than our prwroua advices.
General Butler's Order No. 21, relative to
the aequeptraSion of the prir^e bream* of
the Citizens of New OrldWus, does not nt
the Freuch Consul's (CuMMe >ojan'*) idea of
meum and hum*. He therefore opened a corres
pondence with General JiAW, and desire* that
French subjects be p< rotated tfc rttsia their pri
vate firearms, a? he thW;s tilt; Unit* i atates au
thorities cannot extend r-dcqv-ste proteoWon over
them "at all times and ?J! places." t>'?jnvai But
ler promptly replied to C'cxnts Mejsa's letter, re.
butting the argument uacd the latter?namely,
that the Frenchmen ef New f*rl< ,u* l,c vs "sacrific
ed everything to maintain dining the actual oslh t
th? neutrality Imposed e\jr-n them.'' General
Butler calls the (orient's "attention to the feet,
that the United 3tafes forces gave every immunity
to Monsieur Bortnograse. who claimed to b* the
Frencli Consul at Baton Tioegr: allowed bus to
keep his arms, and reiiad upon fits neutrality, bet
his son was taken prisoner ou the battle fienl in
arms sgains us." The evrrnepoufieuce will be
found elsewhere.
By the arrival of the Hibernian off Haps Usee
yesterday wo bare oon day * later new* than that
by the Kangaroo. The United Btatce gasboat
Tuscorora left Kfogjtewn very eeddeoly en the
morning of the l tth fewt., by order of Hie Cel
lector of Customs-. Her destination was not
known, nor is it aaoertehKd why the was erdersd
off so precipitately.
A conference on the subject* of sotton supply
had taken phw-i in London. A (imputation from
the Cntt-.s Supply Association met tomtnissioners
fr on the countries which sent eotton ?enipWs to
tiic li n r itl LxhibMon. Representative*
from I la' 1'oitugal, Hn, India, Australia and
en-.fiiy ? ' <'i' ari -fetes were present. All
mafic m - i -oitrsging representations ef
what tb- ? r ?rv suprfhie Ui ike predee
tioll oi CoU' ,
* kw
* v ' 1 T. tKFGUS 1IKV/8.
By the err- ci ilibcrai a of, (speKar.'
0 i -itiirdsy I i?. s-drircs to the
1 . ,i iait.. o . ,1 pi svion-iy i -
fecA td. Th ' - .. . by o?r despatch
In dwthef'o'.ri", i?i: t.
fihifripk ? f*ic s '1 in bfty and Cslmlts
fU.U th_t It i Cam It liHal, Id. . til tVOJt,
quence of an extraordinary advance in the pried
of cotton and cotton goods. The intelligence had
canned a alight advance on all description* of cot
ton in the Liverpool market.
The steamship Great Eastern in reported to have
arrived od Cope Race about eleven o'clock on
Saturday night. She will, therefore, probably
reach this port to-night or to-morrow morning,
tier advice* are to the 17th inst.
The letter of our ILiltou Ilea l (South Carolina)
correspondent, published in our news columns,
will be found interesting. From the statements of
rebel deserters, it would appear that the rebel
iron-clad vessel which lias disported in the Savan
nah river recently, and now menacing Fort Pulas
ki, is not the British ship Fingal, metamorphosed,
but an entirely new and formidable machine,
mounting numerous guns of heavy calibre. The
Fiugal has been razeed, and is now being plated
with iron, and at last accounts was nearly com.
pleted. She will soon be ready to oo-operate with
the ram Georgia in an attack on Fort Pulaski and
the blockading vessels in the vicinity. The rebels
feel confident in their ability, with their iron-clad
vessels, to breach the walls of Fort Pulaski, and
compel its garrison to surrender unconditionally,
and afterwards to destroy our naval Beet.
The Rhode Island Legislature will meet in extra
session to- dV
Colonel John A. Davis, of the Forty-sixth Illi.
nois regiment, having been solicited to become a
candidate for Congress, in the Third district, re'
plies that he " can be of more service to the
country in following the torn banners of his regi
ment, and sharing the danger, the perils and the
glory of who that are left of the gallant and
brave men who followed him into the smoke and
fire of battle at Dooelsou and Shiloh than he csuld
as a member of Congress."
The military camps in Iowa, for the regiments of
nine month men, have been designated as fol
lows:?At Keokuk, Camp Lincoln; at Clinton,
Camp Kirkwood, at Dubuque, Camp Franklin; at
Iowa Ci'y, Cauip Pope; at Des Moines, Camp
liurnside; at Muscatine, Camp Strong.
Persons volunteering for the nine months call
must enlist in the towu or district in whioh they
are ourolled.
The announcement came yesterday, from Phila
delphia, that Clurles Ingersoll had bu n arrested
for treasonable or discouraging remark s, made at
the demoorutic meeting izi that city on Saturday
last. Mr. Ingersoll, in his speech, denounced Pre
sident Lincoln and the government in pretty strong
terms, and accused them of disregarding the con
stitution, end of being the most corrupt of any in
the world. He also stated that our debt was hea
vier than that of any other nation, and one that
bad the least prospect of ever being paid.
The following number of volunteers were in
camp at Chicago on Saturday la.->L- -
First Board of Trade regiment 1,010
Second Board of Trade regiment 800
Third Board of Trade regiment 700
Railroad regiment 875
Irish Legion 530
Van Annan's regiment 600
Board of Trade Battery 156
Mercantile Association Battery 123
Independent companies 223
Total 5,027
A splendid banquet was given at Ottawa, Cana
da West, on the 21st instaut,. the occasion being
the formal opening of the Qgden&hnrg, Rome and
Watertown Railroad. Speeches were made by a
number of American gentlemen, among whom
were the llou. Mr. Maynard. of Tennessee; Judge
James, of Ogdeusburg, and Professor Davis, of
Pouichkcepsie. Union scutimcnts and the best of
I feeling prevailed.
According to the City Inspector's report, there
were 520 deaths in the city during the past week?
a decrease of 165 as compared with the mortality
of the week previous, and 2 less than occurred
during the corresponding week last year. The re
capitulation table gives 2 deaths of alcoholism, 5 of
diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 92 of the brain
aud'uerves, 2 of the generative organs, 13 of the
heart and Wood vessels, 101 of the lungs, throat,
Ac.; ? ef old age, 16 of diseases of the skia
and eruptive fevers, 1 premature birth, 236 of dis
eases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive
organs; 2S of uncertain seat and general fevers,
[ 9 of diseases of the urinary organs, and 14
from violent causes. There were 394 natives
of the United States, 5 of England, 94 of Ire
land, 27 of Germany, and the balance of various
foreign countries.
The stock market was buoyant yesterday, and pricea
of ail de-oriptions advanced from >? to IX par cent, ce
per tally after the receipt of the news from Virginia. The
most active shire.--are Krie, Krio preferred, Hudson, Mi ,
ehigan Central and Michigan Southern. Money was very
abundant at 4 per cent, (told was lower, ol' slnt; at 114,'g
allExchange sold at 12714. The bonks show an
increase of $1,315,253 In deposits, $2,526,973 in loans,
and $280,70S In specie.
Toe oottun rr.irket was tirm and higher yesterday,
whilo tho sales cmtWaceJ about 700 bales. closing at Iff
on the ha.-is of 47c. for middling uplands. Owing to lbs
advancing tcndoucy in freights, iomI loss favorable nows
from ivngfiad, per Hfeasnisa, the market fur breadstufTk
warn heavy. Kk>er fel off 6c. per bbt. for common and
?tedium grados, whSu good extra brands were an
uLsmfcd. . The -alee were moderate, and In good ?wwt to
the domestic trade, tfbratwas alatj. affected from th >
mmo <wus<-?, snd fell off 1- a 3c. per bar hoi, wlrfu,
md<* were made to a fair tsUutit. torn was also keevy.
Be- t-Uiet : *tc wore c-mVtoi te bcalrC uud dump lots,
with for sltttsaei-t Eastward, ubale prime te
tottce Western ruined, wbtc.i woe not pJtrity,aula at
> Me-, a tiTc.. aud choice .u ftlc., In swatl lota. Port.
nut lees cot,v and bat yon* hales of tnees wore nmtw
at $11 87 k a gst, and at SiO for prsee. sotoes wear
(puct, b?it i taM*y. ">#?? aaics ware conlliieil to ?tvnif-Jio
lilata , 100 of ttluch uu-uitoil of Mew Orleans, at be,
OSes wstonily, bat qatet. Freight , w< re lsgb-*.
Wiuet in st.lp'v bags, wis uogag .d lor Liverpool a
14 --4 and dour at 4.
Tub Guhvt Wal Mmmtino To-morrow.?~K*
mass meothig which is to bo bold in tho l*nrh
to-niom?w at'tornooa wl>l dliTur ffotn thoee Unit
burve V'tfl'-rl it in tho fact that it wffl be a
meeting of tie people for ac h jo , and act for
tal'-iog?a reeruikhig iaovemoat on a m./vmuu
scale. Every man who k-ela an mtewsn hi foe
re<biratien of lbs Union should bring to It
ettto-r hie eoutwibntL n for promoting enlist
ments or an wtdwCairiog to provide a nwrnH.
Not a moment is to bo lost If we would save
the ally from toe aeecmUy of a dr.ft. By uuur
gy, itealoeoDees sad Hbsruklty on foe part of alt
who hnve H hi th ir t ower to give, there is yet
Kmc to avert it. f toe government were ones
eonviuct-d that out quota for Mm seuond call
eon Id be made np withoat mora delay than
would be eeenekmed by the prunes* of <iratt
intr. K would, we doubt ?ot. grant tho eitension
of time neeeesery to etfoct H.
Let all, tfien, whose hearts are with
the cause of the Union, moke it a
point to be present at this meeting. No excuse
of businew should be sliowed to interfere with
a duty go preening and obligatory on ell good
eitiaens. The man who eau attend ami yet re
mains away will be guilty of indirlbrence to the
fate of foe republic. This meeting wiil afford a
test of foe loyalty ef those who waver between
their allegiance *0 the Union and their nbolttimi
proclivities. Lovejoj. Stunner, Ore? !ey. and
tin ?e who act with them, are to iking of getting
up u meeting of then own. to defhitf the eondi
lions on which llioy will give their support to
e government. If they heve a spark of p
ioM n in we n, tiny wiTi, even at the*, toe
etenth boBf, ahsndon the croichc 4 that here
? is^lit so mnch misfortune upon tiie counttf,
11 ) operate, heart and rial, with the meot
| , 1. ill tu MllHftfi
The Oppoflag Armies mi the Bsppshsm
nock?LUrly 9klrnl?lila|.
Gen. Ha)lock's reported expulsion of news
paper correspondents from the Araiy of Vir
ginia Ikis left us to the chances of stray passen
gers for any information from the opposing
armies on the line of the Rappahannock, until
we shall have had an engagement of sufficient
importance to command an official report.
The letter which we publish this morning
from the Philadelphia Press gives the results
of the observations of the writer at the " Head
quarters of the Army of Virginia" down to
Friday last, and shows that, although the enemy
had been making vigorous efforts at various
points to cross the river, they had been uni
formly repulsed, and in one instance, at least,
with a pretty heavy loss. But the Philadelphia
Bulletin, from a passenger who left the Rappa
hannock on Sunday morning, says that the re
port of the capture by General Sigel of two
thousand rebels lacks confirmation. The Press
correspondent in this matter may have picked
up one of the idle rumors of the camp, or he
may have had the first confused report of some
sharp collision, the facts of which have yet to
be ascertained.
There is one skirmish, however, reported by
the Press correspondent of which we guess
there ean be little doubt, inasmuch as he via in
the midst of the fray. We allude to the rebel
attack upon a railway train at Catlett'a station,
from which it would appear that at least one
detachment of rebel cavalry, on Thursday even
ing last, bad not only got to the north side of
the Rappahannock, but within six miles of Ma
nassas Junction, where, if we aro not mistaken,
there is a very valuable depot of army
supplies. We presume, however, that, as the
rebels were repulsed in this night attack at
(Jatlett's, they fell back towards the main body
of their army, and that in the meantime Gene
ral Pope has provided for the security of his
supplies and trains ut Manassas. According to
the report of the aforesaid passenger, who left
the Rappahannock on Sunday morning, our
troops, up to that time, had still successfully
resisted all attempts of the enemy to force a
passage over the river, and ''will be able to
maintain their position until a junction with the
other army corps shall euublc them to resume
the offensive."
We conclude, accordingly, that everything is
working well on the line of the Rappahannock?
that General Pope has baffled and checkmated
the rebels successfully, and that he has thus
gained the invaluable time needed to bring the
forces of Burnside and McClellan within sup
porting distance. We do not anticipate, there
fore, a battle in Virginia of any magni
tude for some time to come. The rebels
having evidently failed in their desperate enter
prise to catch the army of General Pope by
forced marches, and crnsh it before be could
reach the supporting columns of Burnside and
McClellan, it is not likely that the rebel gene
ral in command?Joe Johnston?will rashly try
the fortunes of a general battle. Meantime,
having failed to capture the commissariat trains
of General Pope, or any of his stores of sup.
plies, Johnston will probably be mainly occu
pied for several days in hurrying up* from
Gordousville the subsistence demanded by his
half famished army.
The extreme point of danger is passed.
Our several armies in Virginia have doubtless
ere this formed a junction, and we may thus as
sume that the rebels have reaohed the extreme
limit of their advauce, and that soon we shall
hear of their retreat along the whole line vo
luntarily, as a measure of safety, or by com
pulsion.
Tub Conduct of thb War and thb Politi
cians.?There is no difficulty in finishing up the
war before spring, if the geherols who hare
charge of it are let alone, so as to manage it
in their own way, without the intermeddling
of the politicians. In order to make sure of
the desired result, our army will not take the
offensive till it is fully recruited, and the six
hundred thousand new troops swell it to a
million by the 1st of November next. By the
same time the iron-clad gunboats will have
been finished, and the mailed fleet will number
some fifty vessels, sufficient to capture Charles
ton, Savannah and every port on the Southern
seaboard, during the winter months, when such
operations are more practicable, in consequence
of the ^milder temperature. These invincible
vessels, moreover, can penetrate the interior of
tbe country by the water courses, and aid the
movements of our armies in the Gulf States
Tbe armfoe put in motion by the first frost
will sweep in such ovurwkHniiug force over
Virginia an 1 tint entire South that eflectivo
resistance w iM be impossible, and the rebel
fnroes will be all surrounded and captured or
dtouKganizcd and dispersed, sa that, by tbe
middlo of January the rebellion will liavo re
ceivod its death Idow, and the repaidic will
bnve vindicated iU title of " one and indivisi.
Wo."
Wfe have the men, the money and tbe re
sources to conquer an enemy already OKhaast'
ed, and it is only a question of time. But to
rooks tbe time Ijriof it will be neewmry to save
the geuurals of the army, from the pernicious in
flnoB' eofthn polriioiHns, who blight all that
uiegr touch. We hope tlte President, fterefore.
will l^eep tfiota at a dlstnuce. abutting tiwin
equufly out of fhe War lArpartmout and tbn
White Bbose. Tb?y otight to be driven away
as Iepors that ooatsuaiiiaXe all witli whom they
~?Oine in conluet. But for tbuir duttracHvo hv
fltwoce A* struggle tor As Union would have
been long rinoe ovowncd with mwees. They
have pro4ruct"d it so as to rend/* new levies
and new sappilo* of money ueecswary; and Aey
woaid protract It for acvou years it their {>oiioy
was allowed to proved. Ju order to bring it to
a speedy. end, and restore the blessings of
yeuee and prosperity to the couutiy, it will be
aeeceeary to kick the foliation! radicais out of
Washington. and let tbe war be conducted on
pare military principles aod Ibc diofotes of
?>/tnuKin souse. \
Cisttno Phari.s jWoKH 8win?.?The impu
dent reply of Greeley lo tlie President's letter
to hiiu is only a new illustration of the old
present, "Cast not your penris before swine,
lest they turn spain and rend you." Greeley
again rudely charges the I'reaiden*, whom ha
impudently and fcrnilterly add re ?<hj at-dear
?ir," with violating tba l*w? of the land. The
Pre "idea* bos rtnoe no wch thing; but G.-eelcy
and the abolition lets want him to violate the
eonstftwtioTl, wbleh he bos sworn to defend, end
beouu'e he will not do Air they inmlt ami
i lm?e Mm at every opportunity, accruing Mm
even of eonstrucdvo murder in tlte ia?e of W>e
New Orltems negro riotere. 'ITio President bee
but one couree to pursue toward* Groeley and
the radical disttnionitU, wr1 thnt is to pat s
tjumuui^ stop iy their tedittgn, wuivk jut veitu
lated to deoidftuj? fte MP/, prevent enlist
ments and destroy the ^"Mie coh^deno? to the
government at a moment ot gTeat jOril- whea
all should rally around the Executive.
European Intervention, and How It HH
Been Knocked In the Head.
One of our Washington correspondents at
taches, in our opinion, too much importance to
the services of Archbishop Hughes, Bishop
Mcllvaine, Thurlow Weed and some other
amateur and volunteer diplomats to Europe, in
the important work of " counteracting the
machinations of rebel emissaries in the English
olubs, French salons," &o. Our correspondent
says that " it may be that the failure of foreign
intervention in behalf of the rebels may be at
tributed largely to the influence exerted in all
ranks of society by the gentlemen referred to;"
for that " it is certain that before their mission
took effect the emissaries of the rebels were
successfully poisoning public opinion at itB
veny springs."
We incline to the opinion that the labors In
Europe of " the gentlemen referred to" had no
influence whatever over the government of
England or that of France. We believe that
Thurlow Weed, for example, from his labors
in London and Paris, produced abont the same
effect upon the minds of Lords Palmerston and
Russell and Louis Napoleon as if the venerable
Thurlow bad remained at home, and had, against
rebel emissaries in Europe, confined his labors
to the editorial columns of the Albany Evening
Journal; and we dare say that the same may be
said of his patriotic colleagues. The simple
truth is that both England and France, some
nine months ago, had virtually concluded to
intervene, and that they have only been Bhaken
from their purpose by the manifestations of our
tremendous military power and resources, and
our fixed resolution to put down this rebellion,
intervention or no intervention.
England, trumping up the convenient pre
text of an outrage to the British flag, in the
cose of the Trent steamer, began to prepare
actively for a war with lis for the relief of Jeff.
Davis, when Mr. Secretary Seward's quiet and
masterly explanation ot the Trent affair put
an end to the complaints of John Bull for a
time and silenced him. France began to be a
little shaky upon tho heels of our victories of
Roanoke Island, Fort Donelsou, Ac.; but thut
instructive and ominous sea fight between the
rebel iron-clad Merrimao and our invincible
little Monitor creatfd a panic in England and
France, especially in England, which opened
wide their wondering eyes in. regard to the
danger of intervention in our domestic affairs.
fThe rebel iron-cased- monster, the Merri
mac, in a sudden dash, had destroyed two of
our finest war ships of the old wooden school;
but she found more than a match for her
heavy battery and her impregnable sides in our
unexpected little nondescript, the Monitor. This
conflict and these results demolished all the
wooden navies of the world, and England, for
the purposes of an invasion of the United
States, found herself very suddenly reduced to
one solitary available veesel-of-war?her iron
clad but cumbersome and clumsy Warrior. We
had effected a complete revolution in naval
warfare in a day, and this tremendous fact set
tled the question of intervention in the British
Cabinet in the negative.
This opportune beginning of the Monitor has
since been enlarged on our part into an iron
clad navy sufficiently strong to annihilate the
navy of England; and, as we have added weight
%ud power to this iron-clad armament, England
has become more and more decided against in
tervention. Louis Napoleon has also felt the
peculiar influence in favor of neutrali
ty of our iron-clad vessels-of-war; but,
when these peace agents on the water
are backed by an army of a million of loyal
men, the wisdom of the policy of non-interven
tion beoomes as clear as the sun to both Lord
Palmerston and Louis Napoleon.
Such are the agents, instrumentalities, argu
ments and influences thut have defeated the
machinations of the emissaries of Jeff. Davis in
Europe; and against the cupidity, hypoarisy
and unscrupulous ambition of England and
France all other arguments and agents, and
all that they have done, may be set down as
only so much "leather and prunella."
Tire Irish and German Element in the
Wab.?A contemporary is indulging in invidious
comparisons between tbo patriotism of the two
nationalities, German and Irish, as represented
by Generals Sigef and Corcoran. This is a
most ungracious and ill-timed theme for discus
sion at the present moment. While all nation
alitiea are striving with equal energy and ecpial
patriotism to defend the government from the
assaults of Weason and rebellion, it illy becomes
a public journal to draw distinctions calculated
to provoko unpleasant feelings between any
portions of our citizens. The Germans and the
Irish in oar armlet are alike instigated by a
common sentiment of devotion to the tlag and
the constitution which Insure them a homo; and
Air the maintenance of tltat flag and that consti
tution they are willing^to sacrifice lift itself
upon tLc buttle llelct
It is, however, not extraordinary that irri
tating remarks like those referred to relative to
osr patriotic adopted citizens should Oman ate
from a journal which not long ago advocated
lite esctamioo uf the term of naturalization, and
the iiiilii tumi of certain pubis and penaltta*-? as,
fbv kn-Unce, file tKubwioti from ofliee anil other \
disabilities?upon the members of the Catfinlie
chorob, to which the great mass of the Irish and
a large Dauber of Ae Germans arc attached.
Cofmnetrta, triMtur of praise sr blame, from
such a source, fortunately, con liave little
weight either for good or evlh but the bad
tivta) Mid Ae niaaMevous tendency of intro
ducing such sainjects at the present hue are
none the less.
Cumoronr in the Abut.?We understand
that several gentlemen, medical and surgical,
ot the highest, eminence, hove united in recom
mending to tbo government Mm organization ef
n eorps of chiropodists, to iivpeot the fcet of
the men and keep them in order tor marching.
It hasooemrcd to us that Hue braneh of surgery
might be introduced Ink) the srmy with vfory
positive utility, not only witl) en eye to the
comfort of the coicfler, but the efficiency of the
service. These can be no greater bbufraace to
rapid marching, or to celerity of movement* of
eyery sort, Aftn flic pa'n, Irritation and halting
propmudMes arising ben a/actions incident to
Ike foe#. anil almost inqppaiaMc from army life
and exposnre. Onrdbl uttaiktlm to the condi
tion of the tect of their sol liei y was considered
a material element iu the effective management
of sfBBifl My Frederick the < ireat and Napoleon;
and we are no reason wtgr it should be disre
garded in the brave armies of the lTnient Ifm
uiouc i, w.-at at, t?#l Io#.h than the efli. iei oj
of the service, recommend the inboa action of
this branch of surgery; and under an able and
skilful head an organization of operators
throughout the army might be perfected of
the highest practical value and importance.
Jetr. Da via* Barbarian Cangrtn.
j^en wl?o could rebel against a government
like onv own w'^ no* Citato long at any sort
of infamy. It J? n?t surprising, therefore, to
find the decorate leaders of the present Lope,
less rebellion vainly endeavoring to substitute
cruelty for strength, and devising and adopting
the most barbarous and atrocious measures to
bolster up their sinking cause. In his last mes
sage Jeff. Davis recommends, and Immediately
upon its assemblage the present rebel Congress
entertained, propositions in regard to retaliatory j
warfare, which, if adopted and carried into
effect, will completely revolutionize this war,
and result in most frightful and unnecessary
bloodshed. The measures to which we refer
were introduced into the barbarian Congress
by Mr. Foote?commonly called Hangman
Foots?a noisy, blustering rebel Congressman
from Tennessee. They provide that if rebel
guerillas, or those who harbor and assist rebel
guerillas, shall be punished by Union officers,
such Union officers shall, if captured, be put to
death; that Union prisoners shall be held as
hostages for guerillas, and made to suffer the
same fate; that officers of Union negro regi
ments shall be hung or shot, if captured, and
the negro sol diers sold into slavery; and that
hostages shall be taken from among the Union
prisoners for, and be made to suffer precisely
the same treatment as, every rebel citizen im
prisoned by oar government. These bills were
referred to the Military Committee of the rebel
barbarian Congress, and, as they are approved
by Jeff. Davis, will probably be passed.
Such barbarous, brutal and inhuman mea
sures will come home, like curses, to those who
inaugurate them. As threats, they amount to
nothing, and will deter the United States go
vernment from no proceedings which seem to
be necessary to the restoration of the Union.
If practically carried out they will only effect
greater disasters to the rebels, without at all
impairing the success of the Union cause.
None but men who are blind to all the dictates
of reason and humanity could ever entertain
such sanguinary ideas for a moment. The
simple fact that such aets are before the rebel
Congress is equal to the efforts of a dozen re
cruiting officers here at the North. The hang
ing of a single Union prisoner, or the butchery
of a single Union officer, by command of the
rebel authorities, will be followed by a ven
geance as terrible as it will be speedy. Hither
to this government has conducted the war in a
most Christian spirit. Our efforts have been
devoted to reetoring the Union, not to extermi
nating the Southern people. Our armies have
been employed in defeating armed rebels,
not in devastating Southern hearthstones.
The conduct of our soldiers in the
enemy's country baa been most exem
plary, and, in spite of the efforts of rebel
leaders to fire the heartB of their followers
by lying tales of Union outrages and atrocities,
they well know that no other army in the world
has ever equalled that of the United States in
the kindness, justice and forbearance with
which it has respected the homes and protected
the families of its enemies. We believe that the
rebel leaders have often profited by and impos.
ed upon this clemency, and we know tha^the
wives of the rebel Generals Lee and Beauregard
have themselves experienced and appreciat
ed the magnanimous generosity of the Union
troops.
It is no argument against this clemency that
our soldiers hang guerillas and give bush
whackers a short shrift. These fellows, who
are farmers by day and soldiers by night; who
burn bridges and tear up railroad tracks; who
fire upon passing trains and murder wounded
men in ambulances; who sack peaceful vil
lages and bang aged and inoffensive Union citi
zens, are not soldiers, and will not be recogniz
ed as such, no matter what threats the rebel
barbarian Congress may fulminate. They are
simply assassins, brigands, highwaymen and
land pirates, and should be shot down like dogs
wherever they are caught. Let Jeff. Davis hold
one of onr regular officers as a hostage for a
guerilla, bushwhacker or bridgeburncr at his
own peril. Alrtmdj his crimes weigh heavy
on his soul, and a few murdera more or
less will not at all change the fate
to be meted out to him in this world and the
next. As to the threat against Union negro
regiments, that is a mere bruium siuco
no suoh regiments now exist under the authori
ty of the United States government. It will be
remembered kowevar, that the rebels have
Already organised negre regiments, and the
barbarity of the traitors is evident when we
coiwidcr tbet tiny propose to massacre Union
ofii'jcn? for doing the very thing which they
have thumsolve# authorized in their own armies.
We do not nrin the negroes, *huply beosuse we
believe that toy can do more lor the Union in
oilier oa|Muittoe than us soldiers, and not be
cause of any four of retaliatory warfare. It
may be woll fbr the ohlef conspirators at the
Sonth to imdurettuid these fcw frets plainly and
distinctly. The reliollion is now as hopeless as
the restoration of the Union is certain. The
very csnaideration of letaHutory measures is an
op mi ooniVa-ioti of the woakuess of the rebel
eause. B Jet). Ubvis Mid Us osow wore not
mad toy would be down on ffieir knees beg
ging for meroy biateu.1 01 defiantly threatening
retail* Dou. nmight as weil try to at ort
the blow of Howveu'a lightning by slrikiug oil'a
hieifrr match m to endeavor to chuck llio pro
gress of the Union arms by talking of hunging
a few pcisonors. Fools that they aro, they for
fist every obnnce of mercy. bmnan or divine,
and voluntarily make themselves equal to the
most brutal savages, at the very moment when
the civilized world 1ms again refiued to reeog
utee tboir independence, and when the powerful
government they havo assailed has the rebellion
completely within its grasp, is mars bailing its
overwhelming fiirees by land Mid by tea, and is
about to strangle treason out of existence.
Axomwi Lirrran to tim I'hhu>knt?Emanoi
pation' and Coi.OKra.vno*.?Since President I/in
#o!n bos taken to writing public letter* to pri
vate IndMdnala. we recpectftiHy roeomracnd J
Mr*. L. Maria Child to 111* enrly attention.
Mrs. Cliild muel now be about ei*ty ycaf* of
nge. and ahe ha* boon muaped for tbe pa4
thirty *?<?* in writing letters to kinj% mem
ber* of^^ugre**, emperor*, .Folia Br^wnt wrd
oih?'i dwtiaguiehed personage* witf^ti baring
yet been furored with ft amglft reply. That
poor Greeley. w!*> bee only b'/tfll engaged in
the aftino bwiin?** of letter writing f(/r Ofteer.
yeftrs, should bt favored with a note from tie
President, while oho b/iM none. is vory diaooa
rc^in^ lo this TVVrabla Uuly, who la quit* aa
much of an old wojnan ud has quite as much
influence as Greeley uj nisei f, besides baring
been twice as long fishing fo7 recognition. The
President will find Mrs. Child" > lust letter to
him in yesterday's Tribune, and i prompt an
swer will greatly oblige the writer, it way be
well to state, however, that emancipation and
colonization, of which subjects these letters to1
the i resident treat, are mere platonic ideas
very well adapted to some dreamy system of
Utopian philosophy, but altogether out ofplac*
in this practical world, and having no connec
tion whatever with live, wide awake men and
women.
CxclMion of Newspaper Co (respondeat#
from the Army#
A report is in circulation?and there is, no
doubt, some foundation for it?thac# a special
order has been issned by General Hatteek ex
cluding all newspaper correspondents from the
army. This is the first special order in regard
o correspondents that has been issued sime the
siege of Corinth, and, in its exclusive and sweep
ing character, the only order of the kind that lap
ever been directed against the press,
here or abroad, by any military commander.
It is quite true that some of tbe newspaper*
against whom it is levelled richly deserve pun
ishment for their publication of contraband
news; but it is not just that those journals
which have paid implicit deference to tbe cen
sorship regulations should be inoiuded in it
The order issued by Secretary Stanton, requir^
ing correspondents to give their parole not te
publish anything that might be serviceable
to the enemy, furnished, we had sup
posed, a ready means of reaching de<
linquent parties. The evidence of their
culpability could be easily procuriW, and their
exclusion from tbe lines of tbo army would
have the effect of deterring others from follow
ing their example. General Hal leek, it ap.
pears, thinks otherwise.
Not only docB he deem it necessary to issue
this rigid decree of exclusion against news
paper correspondents as a body, but he has,
we understand, given directions that no more
letters are to be transmitted hom the mem
bers of the Army of the PStomac to their
families, the order applying to all ranks, from
the general and colonel down to tho private.^
Now, as regards ourselves, we shall, as we
have always dono, cheerfully acquiesce in any
regulation issued by the military authorities
that may be deemed conducive to the interests
of the campaign. But there arc other interests
which, without interfering with the object*
aimed at, are, we think, entitled to consider*,
tion.
Tho families who are sending their dearest
members?their fathers, their husbands and
their sons?to combat in defence of the Union,
and the people at large who foot up the bill*
for the vast expenditure contracted by the
government, naturally feel some anxiety is
regard to the events in which they have so deep
a stake. How is this anxiety to be tranquil
ized if, neither through the newspapers nor
through the medium of private letters, they are
to receive news from the army ?
During the Crimean war, when in moat of
the other European capitals the public mind
wat agitated by false rumors, set afloat By stock
gamblers, the Russian government?one of the
greatest military despotisms in the world
published in St. Petersburg a daily bulletin
?from the army, which attracted attention for its
strict adherence to facts. If it had to report an
advantage to the Russian arms, it did so with
out exaggeration; if a reverse, nothing was
extenuated. History does not present annther so
remarkable example of coofldence and lair
dealing between a government and people.
If the President is of opinion that thero are
grounds for the Chinese system of exclusion in
regard to correspondents established by tho or
der of General Halieck, he should, in considera
tion of the anxioty of tho public, and in meriy
to those who have relatives in the army, follow
the example of the Emperor of Russia, and di
rect that a daily bulletin be published in Wash
ington of the events transpiring at the seat af
war.
*v e ^ee' 'bat we are in a position to make thta
suggestion, because wo, of all journals in the
country, buvo adhered most faithfully to the
orders of the government and military authori
ties in regard to the non-publication of contra
band news, even when compliance with them
was attended with detriment to our own pecu
niary interests. Let what is right and proper,
we repeat, be done to secure our generals
against the premature betrayal of Ibeir plana*
but at the same time let it not bo forgotten that
tbe people have a right to be daily informed ot
the progress of events in which their dearest
interests are involved.
Wintiw Caidkn.? This establishment reopened Is*
evening fi* IbotuU season, with Mies Dnteenan us the lend1
ing star. Tlio play was tho "Hunchback," and quite ahrll
)tantau<li<?coeatuuubiu<!iiti die occsstnti. 1 Hiring the rscsee
wane nl'wnfimis atal CRibcfflebmonta hiu-e been effected IB
the bo-re which havo grutly improved its internal ap?
po*ranoe. The mtniatarc boiconlea tbut projected from
tho front uf Htc ? trees otrdn and galleries have been r?"
moved and satsiSfhitcd by pkun paunefkig, painted In
neutral ttits, aid roilr-vei by gfWmg. A greater force of
gar bos also been put <*>, ?> tb.it the theatre, which hM
merer been property Ht, now prrucnu quite an agreeable
napoo t. Kiss Iiutnraau'a m op turn w?s of the moet on*
tleeweUc kind, end tier John.?her beet cbaractar?
\M peiyod uiidui t be ?.?vro<? of this cordial grcnu/ig,
and wo need not say bet lodieig m force and spirit from
it. .She was repeatedly cuffed bolnro the eurtsln, and
groriod wMb Voral testunvmaht of the approbation of the
atttMeoca
Coroners' Inquritl.
A Mas KIMA Wirs m Waisb thinner?Corrcer Ran
held an ln<|uett yesterday on the body of Anna Down*
big, a unlive of Irolnad ngod tbtrtydive years, who me*
hor dbith no Sand, v uvctiing, from Injuries Inflicted m
her person by her hr.tluuid, ni Biotr residence, So.Mh,
WXtor etrcet. Frsm the evidence art.ieeed at the iryptr'tl
it appears tlint James Aownhig, sail of the d*f ?dUesT,
aged tea years, saw his fat it! kick her r'twice
yi the stcmaeti, and strfte liar tliree Vr four
times violently with hla eler.ehsd AM, at Bio druaetuna
aaiiinf bar by m.prbrluos naira ??. 'the ehiia also ae
pufcd that his ant* r laid lieen in the hatiflbnf tioWog and
hi i .ihig his inotltar. It ?i>i?ars thai an Hunday ever lug
llowutng nod hla wife psid a visit to the two -Asters of tba
latter, tsmad M?au Connor and Margaret Vl.jbr, at No,^<W
Cherry street. tiecfrnFOd sent f>r a quart at beer at lie*
husband's and the liqtsr bar Ins ore? (lar.osvA
of, bs adt< 1 her P rsumwy to gel. nnntbeg egaprt. ,^he r*.
fused. s.?ytug. shalMtd no mora money h ?hic*?i made tb?
h:i?lmn 1 sotjitwhat angry. H *m after lifVy started for
b ine. ?*>A on Hie way d wa, vafrs IkMgrtflr
sonde no s??mopt t? Millie hla a go, but NllmT
fc-wavWv, os so a is they rancbrd, hems he made nii
, uttrck t', her, miltotbig MfftirlMI about Uia abdnine*
I wbtdVaausoJ Imr daatb. Wh -wj* va* preaonA Ma-rug she
, kV nr.y t?i some yonna gUIVlren. II Mse appear*
! a.y. Downing and bltffrtifb Had Invsd for antns thnclOi
i irtti'w pi at aw to morrtag*, *n ir?ns of |wo obttdi"*.
I B? ug tho rssuU. Pr. fate* Ibinhar mad# a ppat uiortei*
I soaMamashsi >/lbs brxfy N tAs snf ?Pinata wdhvsn ?m?|
I g.ira hnsbls ovfriton Iba* tenth hod bson cat wed br
hi?erstl"n > t tha after bt?bf?or nbus-wJm Via prlaon?e
litMrtg.nrs yarns of s^i. ami m Ma amuafruttfm k.AA
hwa be did not daabM ? wfes tha rtfs of bis wlfa, birt
tttat fla had aamtniMad Ba assauA ?? bar h?stll<
tigfaagr *a ?aa WamittB w Mb tambs
Mr MM ?S*> >IC>7
I Mi m - mm -
?aatfM gf? rtiMngehihed Mtiina.
Twasoo, August 2ft, 18M
MM MdMkop.im aid MNaen.aBrl for many ysnng
8M?'a AtVpi nsy, diet at Ml r^tdMta Ma Btoi>tiiug(
?ft* o-bt^i hum.
ha*1 fry In self*
to aavftlt
k

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