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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 08, 1862, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD
Jiail GORDON BRSIETT,
KL1IOK AKD PROPRIETOR.
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AMUSEMENTS THIS BVENINO.
ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Irvtaf PUoe-Soldibb'S *??
(IU-OoaCMT-KOI'81 DlABOWO?DlTAHTIMKItktiT?COK
WML Laason?Curutt'i Mutriiu.
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MEW BOWBBT THEATRE. Boworr.--Stbiot?Sba or
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BOWERY THEATRE. Jowij-Rtmnt m Ditil?
WaKUBRI.VU Bars?Kotca*?Kclok's Dbkab
? NIXON'S CBBMORNE Q\RDHN. Fourteenth atre?t and
ita avenue.? Opiba. Mallet, >'kohchadk Cohcbbt axd
(iUUTBiAMsa A/Vrnoou?Cindbublla.
BABNUM'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broad way.-Oram
AQUAS'?L*ABNKll ^BlL, AC., At All hour*. ClUDt MaR
CIL. AMeiuoou And eveainc
BRVANTs' MINSTRELS' Mechanics' HaU. 472 Broad
ay?EimoeiAa bonus. tiuai.kj^uu, Dakcls, Ac.?Tbi
Slacb iim^AOt.
CHR18TV8 OPERA HOUSE. MS Broadway.? Ethiopia*
lontii. i>*Bcam, tc.-TuiMnvxr.
WOOD'S MINSTREL DALL. Ml Broadvr*r.-ElBiorn?
Bosos, ilAKcea, AC.?Let lltR Go
HIrencOCK'S THEATRE AND MUSIC HALL. Canal
?irool? S>ca."lk* At tut ACll'BMY?PaDDI JJlLt*' BOV.
GAIETIES CONCERT HALL. ?1? Broadwav.-DaAWiKC
Boom BtTTKBTAlMMBXtS.
PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDEBB. 661 Broadwjy ?
Op?D dully from 10 A. M. tlii 10 I'. M.
New York, .llouduy, September 8, 160*4.
THE SITUATION.
The particulars of the advance of tbe rcbe1
fcrcee upon Frederick City, the present capital of
Maryland, are given to-day. It appears that they
croaked the Potomac at three different places
above and below Point of Rocks. It is said that
the occupying iorce numbers five thousand, under
General Hill. Reports from SykesriUe, Maryland,
state that ftilly thirty thousand rebels hare
crossed the river near Point of Rocks and
Kolan's Ford, and were assembling at Pooles
villc. The railroad track between Frederick
Junction and Harper's Ferry is *aid to
Lave beeu broken up by the rebels, thus
cutting ofl connection with the latter point. Part
of the troops advancing on Frederick turned off at
Buckeyeiown in the direction of the road to"Wash
Ington, on the turnpike to Baltimore. The city of
Frederick is now placed under the charge of Pro
Tost Marshal Bradley P. Johnson. The rebel
troops are encamped at Winan's Woods, about a
mile beyond the city, their pickets extending
seven milea towarda Hageratown. The rebels
took possession of all the shoes, clothing and
other articles from the stores in Frederick, pay
ing for them, it is said, in Confederate scrip, of
oourse.
The news from the army in Virginia is interest
ing, and may be of vital importance to the future
of this struggle. Major General Pope has been
relieved from the command of the Army of Vir
ginia, and has been assigned to the command of
the Department of the Northwest?that is to say,
West of the Mississippi. It is said that his late
command ha# been consolidated with that ol
General Burnside. and ef course lails into line
under General McClellau's command. General
McDowell has been granted leave of absence for
fifteen days?for what specific purpose is not made
known to the pnblic. General Reno takes his
place. These are but fsots which we fore
shadowed in these columns 6ome time ago.
Now that our army is so well organized for stir
ring movements, it is to be boped that our fleets
Will keep a sharp lookout at the moutbs of the
James aud Mississippi rivers?the former especial
ly No want of vigilance should permit any disas
ter to occur at these points. The gallant officer
Dow in command at the mouth of the James should
keep a careful watch upon the rebel gunboats?
Merrlmac No. 3 particularly?which may make an
attempt to come down the river.
General Julius White despatches to General
Wool, at Ddltimcre, the account of a fight near
Martinsborg. with four huudred rebel cavalry whom
he defeated, taking fifty prisoners and killing seve'
ral. Hie own loss wa? only two killed.
Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, is taking
rigorous measures to protect that State from the
advance of the rebels, should they be rash enough
? mske it, by sending sll the troops st Harris
lurg to the Cumberland Gap, snd posting men ail
long the southern border.
The War Department has just issued an order
staling that the quota of volunteers snd enrol
ment of militia hsving been completed in the
several Statea, the necessity for stringent enforce
ment of the orders of the War Department in re
spect to volunteering and drafting no louger ex
ists.
Aflkirs is the Southwest look well. The
order suspending business inCincinnsti hss been
rescinded, and the panic there has considerably
abated The rebels, under Gen. Death, of South
Carolina were reported to have passed Boyd's
Biation. on the Lexington and Covington Railroad
yesterday, and were piobably at WilliamstowD
fifteen milea from the latter city, last night. Gen.
Wallace commands the delences at Covington,
with a etrong force. Feporta reached Louisville
yesterday that the Union forces, very small
In numbers, at Sail River Bridge, twenty
silica from Louisville, were driven back by
? large force st r?bel cavalry and ar
tillery, and that three bridges over Benson creek,
sen the Fraokfort.Railroad had been burned by the
Sneoiy Despatches fr<>uj the same place recount
t rallsnt encounter with the rebels at Morgans
lad. Ky ,by Col fciiackleford. In which he defeat
them, burning their camps and guns, aud tailing
k in good order.
the statement uf the Grenada Appeal of the
"fl VVW'?>?VW? Ivr
rumors?which its Alluded to i few days igo, to
the effect that the forts "below New Orleans,"
meaning, of conrse, Forts St. Philip and Jackson,
had surrendered to a fleet of rebel gunboats, and
which we then declared to be not only untrue but
impossible, is now positively contradicted by the
news of the steamship Fulton, which arrived
this port on Saturday from New Orleans, and
passed the forts referred to late on the night of the
28th without noticing any change whatever
them.
The transport Arsgo, Captain Henry A. Gads
den, arrived yesterday from Fortress Munroe
whence she left at nine P. M. Friday, September
She is consigned to Col. D. D. Tompkins, Assistant
Quartermaster General, United States Army. The
Arago brings ninety-six released rebel prisoners
all of whom were captured at the late battles
Virginia and have since taken the oath of alle
giance to the United State* government, refusing
to be excfiaAged.
We have later intelligence from Cuba, by ths
brig Francis J. King, Captain Fnrber, which ar
rived here yesterday, confirming oar previous re
ports of the preeence of the rebel privateer Oreto
or Florida (aa she ia now called), in the port of
Cardenas. It will be remembered that this is the
vessel which recently loft the port of. Nassau
She is said to have a crew of fifty men, sad is in
tended to carry eight guns. Her oommander
John N. Maffit, son of the famous Methodist
parson, John Newland Maffit. A Spanish war
steamer had been sent from Havana to watch her
movements. The American naval force at Key
West had also been apprised of her presence at
Cardenas; and as she is reported as requiring re
pairs, and would not leave for several days, unless
ordered off by the authorities, the impression was
that she would not be able to do much damage
before being overhauled by some of our cruisers
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS.
A despatch from Calais, Me., Blates that the
Norwegian has passed Cape Race, with later news
from Europe. Owing to the non-working of th*
telegraph lines East we are unable to lay this
news before our readers this morning.
The aunual election will take place to-day in
Maine. There are three candidates for Governor
in the field, of the same political stripe as those
who were run in 1861. The republicans are united
upon Israel Washburne, Jr., and will re-elect him
by a large majority to the executive chair. The
Union and war democrats, in order to preserve
the party from utter ruin, have maintained their
organization, and put forward again Gen. Charles
D. Jamison, without, however, any hope ot' suc
cess, but merely to keep the machine irorn rust
ing. The copperhcad democracy, or disorgan
izes, are running Bion Bradbury, on whom the
secession strength of the State will be exhibited.
The vote last year, for Governor, was as fol
lows:?
Israel Washbume, Jr., republican 67,475
Charles D. Jamison, Union democrat 21,119
John VV. Dana, copperhead democrat 19,.;tM
Five members of Congress are also to be elected.
In consideration of the number of volunteers
furnished already by Kansas, the government will
not order a dralt in that State.
The active members of the Fire Department in
Massachusetts have been exempted from the draft
by order of the Governor. Justices of the peace,
however, of whom th^re are about eight thousand
in the State, must take their chance in the wheel.
Representatives from the various express com
panies in the Northern States met in convention
at Chicago on the 2d inst., to confer ou matters
pertaining to the interests of the companies. The
meeting was private.
Vermont only requires one hundred and fifty
volunteers te fill her quota of three years men.
Affairs on the Eastern shore of Virginia are in a
quiet state. The secessionists Lave recently be
come a little bold in their assertions; but they do
not seem inclined to commit any overt acta.
The tugboat Union exploded her boiler at Chi
cago on the 2d inst.. in.-tantiy killing Thomas S.
Boyd, Timothy Daly and G??rge W. Crierson. and
severely injuring Captain Dall and Charles Uurd
ing. The boat sunk, aud will sustain a loss of ten
thousand dollars.
The State bounty, which ceased for recruits iu
new regiments on Saturday, will continue to be
paid to volunteers lor the old regiments.
The Board of Assessors of St. houis have de
termined to Assess ths secesli office holders oithat
city the full amount of their salaries.
Colonel Boot, of the Ninety-fourth New York
Volunteers, who was wounded twice in the late
battles at Manassas, is now in Alexandria, doiug
well. He says the lossts in his regiment were one
hundred and fourteen killed and wounded and
forty-four missing. The color bearers were shot
down three times, and fifteen bullet holes were
lound in the colors.
The stock market was quite dull od Saturday, but prices
were }( to X per cent better. Both bulls an4 bears were
very cautious la their movements. Cold declined to 118
a Kschange was held at 100. Mouey wus freely oOred
at* per cent on call. 01 specie we exported $5jf>,000.
The usual trade tables for the week will be foaad >n tfto
money article.
The cotion market was again higher on Saturday, and
more active, with sales of about J,000 baloa, cloning on
the bastaof Mc. a Mjfc. per lb. for middling uplands.
Tbesfl prices give the value of a ba.e ol cetton of 4 ,0
lbs. (the nveiage weight of squa:e bal-s) at |2M 50 10
*240 7o. TLc value of a bale before the presfut war com
menced was about $50. The supply of fl..ar wa*
light, and the range of assortments limited. The
market was less active, while pru?s were to
the main firm, aud sales mod rat" Wheat was less
active, and firm?lc. to lower, torn was al*j
heavy, and pricea easier. Pork was heavy and sales mo
derate, Including m?ss at $11 82* a (11 75. aud prime at
(10. Sugars were quite steady and in fair demand, with
?al?s ef 800 hbJs. and 2S bosss CoCfce was quint A
sale of 700 bags [labia was made at p. t Fruignts wero
steady, and without change of moment lu rales, wbie
engagements wore moderate.
Tu* Rrmti-s n?- Ohio.?Some of the city jour
nals have been making a great fuss of late with
"extras'' and so forth about the rebel raid in
Ohio. Now what does it all amount to? A
mere burglarious attack upon an insignificant
village, with a very small population, probably
not two hundied, in which tbey shot one un
armed man. Why. wo have an efficient police
in this city, and yet. burglaries and highway
robberies are setnetimm committed Taking
advantage of the lowness of water at a narrov
part ol the rivor, the rebel burglars rushed
across to the village of Racine, scared the in?
habitants, murdered a inaa in cold blood, and
then dallied back again. Jack Sbfppard and
Dick Turpin have done bolder things many a
time.
Tub RintLB in i That. 1 or i' two or I
three months the rebels have been Uireatening
to invade the North with their armies. That
old blusterer, Foote why ??<??(! ro keep th?
Seaate at Washington alive with his noUy !
boasting i? now urging upon tl:e tebel Con
gres" at Richmond the policy of ranking aggros
sive war upon (he Northern Stai'-s. The rebels
are trying it now, They have cr<>: -od the J'oto
mac. and it will be a curious thing, when the
history of this war is written, to see how many
of Lieut will ?ct a&Hiu.
Important Koveutati m til* Potomac '
??< Ohio?Tke OalalMUi i Point of
the Reb?lUoa>
Our advices from the new lines of operations
in the East and West are of the most interest
ing and exciting nature. The rebels have
crossed the Potomac with a force variously eoti
mated at from ten to forty thousand, and have
taken possession of Frederick City, Maryland.
They are also threatening the Ohio river at two
or three points, have made a raid at Racine,
Ohio, and thus in every quarter they are active
ly at work attempting to execute the plans ma
tured at Richmond since the famous seven days'
battles on the Chiokahominy.
The rebel leaders notified their agents in Eu
rope in May last that they should annihilate or
capture McClellan's army in front of Richmond,
and thus secure the final triumph of their cause
and establish their independence. They staked
everything on the aocomplishment of that ob
ject Although they were assisted by the radi
cal conspirators in Washington, who stopped
enlistments, withheld reinforcements and pre
vented the foroes on the Rappahannock from
forming a junction with the Army of the Po
tomac, the superior generalship of McClellan
prevented the fulfilment of this promise, not
withstanding they attacked him with their com
bined and consolidated armies, and with a force
two or three to his one. Their failure in this
movement was a severe blow to them. The
critical position thaf they found themselves in
at the end of that memorable contest called
for the adoption of bold and desperate mea
sures. To remain quiet would be death to
them. To attack MoClellan in his impregnable
position on the James would likewise prove
disastrous to their army and end in the loss of
Richmond. In this critical condition, suffering
for supplies, and their army in no condition
for another winter campaign, the only al
ternative left was in the adoption of
bold but desperate movements northward.
The withdrawal of MoClellan's army from the
peninsula, thus removing all danger from before
Richmond, loft them free to adopt their own
plans and carry them into execution. They
did not attack the Army of the Potomac in its
retreat, because they were too glad to have it
withdrawn.
Finding that they were no longer menaced
by an army on the peninsula, and in view of
their want of subsistence for their large armies,
they decided to make another desporate effort
by sending a large force, under Kirby Smith,
through the centre of Kentucky, to obtain sup
plies from that productive State and threaten
Louisville, Cincinnati and other cities on the
Ohio. Also that the army under General Bragg
should pass through East Tennessee into the
Kanawha valley of Virginia, aud threaten Ohio
from that quarter, While this was being car
Vied out, Jackson, at the head of a large force?
was to return to the Shenandoah valley, and
push to the Potomac; Longstreet to threaten
Pope in front, and Generals Stuart and
Fitzbugh Leu work their way to his rear>
cut off his communication with Wash
ington and intercept bis supplies, when the
balance of the rebel anny in Virginia was to
attack Pope in front and on lus tlauks, and thus
capture or utterly rout tho Army of Virginia.
This accomplished, Washington was to be
threatened by a force in front, while a large ar
my was to proceed to the Potomac, cross into
Maryland, form a junction with Jacksou, arouse
the disaffected element of that Stale, march to
Baltimore, beizo the railroad and line of com
munication with Washington, thus cutting off
supplies from the North, recuperate and clothe
their armies, and in the end iorce the capitula
tion of tue national capital. The public under
stand to what extent these plans have already
been carried into execution.
The different divisions of the rebel arm y in the
Ea<;l and West, iupushiug their way northward,
are therefore fighting for their stomachs as well
as for the independence of the Southern con
Cede racy. Although their want of subsistence
aud material for their ai my bus forced them ink)
this desperate movement, we apprehend that
they u ill soon find great difference in invading
the North from lighting on the de ensive in their
own territory. They will soon find to their
sorrow that these movements, adopted for their
relief, will prove their ruin. On the other hand,
the rebel army now on the Upper Potomac, and
invading Maryland to obtain supplies, and per
haps obtuin recruits from the secessionists of
that State, will soon ascertain that our forces in
and around Washington are ready for any
emergency, and that it will be no easy task for
them to escape from the hands of that general
who foiled all their plans on the Cbickahominy.
Our advices from Washington assure us that
Generals ilalleck and .McClellan fully compre
hend the position of affairs, and are equal to
the exigencies of the occasion. The cordial and
hearty co-operation between our generals and
the beads of departments at the national capi
tal. under the new regime, with the fact that
McClellan is to lead our soldiers into the con
test, all assures us of decisive results. The
necessities of the rebels and t'ueir desperate
condition, which have forced theai into Maryland
and Kentucky to subsist their armies, have be
yond a doubt brought the rebellion nearer its
end than the public generally imagine. They
are fast putting themselves into the very posi
tion that our generals desire them to occupy.
In short, then, the rebels are pushing their
way through Kentucky: they are in the Ka
nawha valley; their troops are threatening the
Ohio and the cities on its banks; they are on the
Upper Potomac, their forces are invading Mary
land; they are now. in a word, furnishing us
an opportunity to annihilate them and finish the
rebellion. Soldiers of the Union up and at
them'
IsTHlNiVy PKKr4KBDFOR TAKCoxri.tcT. -Now
that our forces are being so rapidly reinforced
from all the Noitbern States, and we are getting
a great army in the field ready for the most im
portant operations against the enemy, the navy
should actively participate in the final effort to
crush this rebellion. More vessels should be
despatched to all points along the coast and in
the Gulf, to proven the entrance into Southern
ports of tho*e English steamers which are bring
ing aid and giving strength to rebellion. We
cannot plead the want of a navy now; for we
have ve--ols enough to-day to cover all the
waters of the Bahama* and of the Gulf. From
v!i:? out not a single vessel from Nassau or any
other neutral port should be permitted to touch
n?ln?l soil. We have the capacity in abuudauce
to prevent them, and it' any mora steamers are
allowed to run th" blockade with arms and sup
plies tor the enemy.lt intft be put down to
m gleet and ca.ale. n?s on th" pat tot the Navv
Department. -Let the atuiy and the navy pull
together now uiid strangle the rebellion. The
army in doing its duty; let it not sutler for
want of co-oparafion Iroui *he other branch ot
the servica
' The MlUUrf Enoartci ?T tk? Umlon and
tile Rebellion?The Crista ?t Ul? War.
The rebels threaten the line of the Ohio and
Potomac, and have invaded Maryland. Hunger
and desperation have compelled them to adopt
this new policy. All is now cast on the single
throw of the die. One of the members of the rebel
Congress proposed the other day to raiso two
hundred aud fifty thousand more meo for the re
bel army, and the Richmond Dispatch of the 2Gth
ult. calls for the raising of half a million of
men to invade the North. In the rebel House
of Representatives, on the 25th ult., Mr. Foote
offered a series of resolutions favoring an ag
gressive war, also favoring a proclamation to
the inhabitants of the Northwestern States
offering to guarantee the free navigation of the
Mississippi and Ohio rivers to their mouths, if
they will desist from the further prosecution of
the war.
With these facts before as, and la view
of the pending struggle of the rebels and the
extraordinary exertions which are being made
by the Union on one side and the rebellion on the
other, it may not be uninteresting to our readers
to give a statement of the relative muscular
strength of the combatants, acoording to the
oensus of 1860, in ofter to show that the rebel
lion has reached its culminating point, and is
about to be crushed by the overwhelming
power of the loyal people of the republic.
The whole population of the United States in
1860 was 31,641,977?that of the free States
being 18,802,124, of the slave States 12,433,508,
and of the Territories 406,345. The white popula
tion of the Southern States, however, is only
8,434,169, the slaves being 3,999,353. But, as the
rebellious States will not and dare not put arms
into the hands of the black population, we can
not take negroes into the estiinata of their mili
tary strength. Whatever the South do with
the negroes, we have an equal power to make
use of them for all necessary labor about
the camps. The white males between the
ages of 18 and 45 inclusive, in both sections,
are, in round numbers, 5,433,000, who are
apportioned us follows:?
WHITE MAI.ES ruotf EIGHTEEN TO FORTT-flVS
YKARS IN TUB HKEK STATES.
California 76.000 New Hampshire.... 65.000
Connecticut 82,000 New Jersoy 134.000
Illinois W-'.OOO Now York. 778,000
ladiaua 270,000 Ohio 468,000
Iowa 136.000 Orojon 10,000
Kansas 21.000 l'oauwylvania 581,000
Maine. 12"?,000 Rhode Island 35,000
MatwnctausolU 24??,000 Vermont 03,000
Michigan 160.000 Wisconsin 155,000
Minnesota 32,000 -
Total 3,788,000
WDITS MALES FKOM EIGHTEEN TO FORTY-FIVS
Yl ARS IN THB SLAVS STATES.
Alabama 106,000 lilstttasippi 71.000
Arkansas 65,000 Missouri 211,000
Delaware 22,000 North Carolina 182,000
Florida IG.uOO South Carolina 60,000
Coorgia 118,000 Tenuesseo 167,000
Kont'icky 188,000 Texas 84,000
I/iu:stana 7r> <XH> Virginia 221,000
Marylaud 120,000
Totil 1,645,000
This, however, is too favorable a view of the
military strength of the rebels. They cannot
claim all the slave States, but only those which
tender allegiance to the confederacy. Mary
land. Delaware, Kentucky aud Missouri mast
therefore be omitted from the list, which
would th;in give the following result:?
Kleveu Confederate States 1,103,000
Kour border ulavts Stales 530.000
But as, on an average, throe-fourths of the
population in those four border slavo States
may be set down as in favor of the Union, and
one-fourth iu favor of the confederacy, the
population of the military age on either side
would stand as follows:?
Fur the Union 4,192,250
Kor ibe foniederacy 1,240,760
The foregoing figures are at the rate of about
one in five of the population ?men, women and
children. But as large allowance must be
made for sickness aud incompetency, one in
-.even of tho population would be as high a
figure as either section could bring into the
lield. Such is the oxperience of natious, even
one in ten being regarded an extremely high
conscription. The figures would staod, in round
numbers, with on-.' fightfug man in seven:?
Per the Union,efFvlvo meu 2,994.000
Kor tho confederacy 886,000
We are thus nearly three and a half to one.
after making the most liberal estimate in favor
of tlie enemy. This Is tho highest amount of
military strength, in white fnen, the Southern
confederacy can claim. Thus 88(1.000 is the
very utmost that it could ever command. Of
this number one hundred thousand at least
have been placed lutrs da combat in the battles
and skirmishes of the war. According to the
estimates of the Southern papers, there are
now in the field 450,000 effective men, dis
tributed as follows:?
On the lino of the t'olomac 300,000
<>n the line of ihe Ohio 35,000
Kn route lor Kentucky 20,000
Eli ro it?" for Western Virginia and Maryland 40,t)00
In I<otn*i uut 10,ou)
In Ai 15,000
About Char leaf on 5,000
About .sbv .unali 5,000
On tbe liuo of the Mi^snutippl 10.000
Oner it las, Ac 15,000
Total In the field 466,900
Before the conscriptioo, Jeff. Davis, iu his mes
sage said there were four huudred regiments
in the field. These regiments have beon
swelled by the conscription. Of these, three
hundred thousand men are in Virginia, and
the remainder elsewhere. For instance,
it is ascertained that tbe rebel troops
who fought, on James Island were lately on
the Rapidan and Kuppilianaock. and are
now on the Potomac. All the exiles from
(he South agree that, previous to the move
ment against Pope, there were not lees than
two hundred and fifty thousand in aud around
Richmond. One of the Virginia opposition
papers estimated the number at three hundred
thousand fighting men. According to these
calculations (here would only remain a reserve
of 331.000 out of the 88*>.000 fighting men ori
ginally conttolled by the confederacy But
even from this we ought to dodu ct the following
able bodied men :?
In the Cniou tecti >ne of Vligmia t 36,000
Dodging ootmo! Iptime 20,000
In New Orleaue ... 23,000
In Nashville 5,000
In Ifcmpbis 3,000
Oih -r pans of T<.'oni*s-eo . 2,'K>0
Other Bei'iIons of tho e intuderacj 4,000
la Union army from r?b>l Mates 6,000
kseaped to the North. 2,"00
Total 100 000
The balance woold be' 231,000 men
rid to in 11:a this up it is necfls?ary to
, , ii,? 'ti tin' o ranging from tliiitv ive to
,.ifi ;;\ ?* ye.t:? of age. who ire by no means
<?> etliciefit in war as tnon from right,esn ti)
thirtv live years. Therefore 250,000, in round
numbers, are all the rebels have iu r^i'rve to
fill up their ranks and supply the lo.-<es to tie
experienced in the coming casualties of thf* war
J. 11. Davis, in his late message, tiroes that the
conscription should be amended so its to
include men between thirty five and for
ty-five years of age the forced draft hith
erto extending only to m?n from eighteen
to thirty-five years in view of the large In
crease of forces recently called into the field by
i the President of tho United Slates. "Prudence,"
be argoaa, "dictates souie provision (or (be in
crease of Owe army, iu tbe event ol contingencies
not now anticipated. A wise foresight requirei
that if a necessity should be suddenly develop
ed during tbe recess of Congress requiring in
creased forces for defence, means should exist
for calling such forces into the field without
awaiting the reassembling of the legislative de
partment of the government." On the heels of
this message it is proposed in the rebel Coo
gress to raise immediately 250,000 men. But
this additional force will avail little for a line
extending from tbe Mississippi to the Chesapeake
It would require every available man
tbe confederacy, to say nothing of the pro
ject of Northern invasion with which
are threatened, and which would require
double tbe number of men. The Rich
mond papers are clamoring for an extension
the draft below the age of eighteen, down to six
teen, the youth between these two age* to
taken into the cavalry service, and the older
men now in the cavalry to be transferred to the
infantry. Such are the straits to which the lead
en ef the rebellion feel themselves reduced
view of the call of the President of the United
States for 600,000 more men, and the ready, en
thusiastic response given by the Northern
States. Againet the last reserve, therefore,
the rebels, 250,00<? Mr. Lincoln has called out
600,000, in addition to the 520,000 previously
enrolled, making nearly a million and a quar
ter in all. The old regiments are to be filled
up to the original standard. The whole army
in the field will thus number 1,120,000 men
against 500,000, or over two to one, without
however, including any addition to the rebel
army.
It is therefore evident that if the Southern
confederacy should put every available man
into the field, and strip every plantation of
every effective man, Unionists as well a? rebels*
from eighteen to forty-five years of age
their fdgce would be a quarter of a million less
than the loyal States will actually have organized
and in the field on the 1st of October nwrt. Add
to this the tremendous naval power suddenly
improvised by the North, equal to half a million
of troops more, and what chance is there for
the rebels ? None. Absolutely none. In face
of these facts, what do the raids across the Ohio
and into Maryland mean ? Nothing but the
desperate throes of the rebel leaders.
Tus Steamer Nash ville?? Wht Can't We
Capture Her??Our latest advices from Hilton
Head report the destruction of this notorious
rebel craft at Savannah; but the informa
tion is evidently incorrect. By intelligence
from Nassau we learn that sho was daily
expeoted at that port with a cargo of cotton
It will be recollected that this steamer left
Charleston, Boon after the breaking out of the
rebellion, for Europe, where she remained for
some months, closely watched by the United
States steamer Tuscarora. from which vessel
by the act of the English authorities, she finally
escaped.
On her return she was supplied with coal by
tho British ship Mohawk, at one of the British
West Iudia islands, by which she was enabled
to run the blockade at Beaufort, N. C.. whence
she again escaped our cruisers when the place
was occupied by our forces. Since that time
very little information has been obtained with
regard to her whereabouts or business, except
from occasional reports that she was in the ser
vice of the rebels.
We now have information from a source en
tirely reliable that after running into Beaufort
she was abandoned by her owners, when she
was taken in charge by the rebel government,
which, finding her unfit for a war vessel, sold
her to Trenholm, Fraser A Co., of Charleston,
by whom she is now owned; and it should be
borne in mind thai this concern has a branch
office in this city.
In their hands she has been engaged in run
ning between Nassau and Warsaw Sound, this
last being her third trip to tbe latter place,
with arms and ammunition for the rebels. Not
withstanding the numerous reports of her ar
rival at and departure from Charleston during
the last year, tbe tact has been clearly estab
lished that she bos not been at that port since
her return from Europe.
The report of her being at Savannah in also
untrue, tbe water communication between War
saw Sound and Savannah river not being of
sufficient depth for her to pass through. Her
cargoes are taken on board and landed by
means of small light draught steamers and
lighters, which ply between the towns along
tbe shores of tbe long chain of inland bays and
creeks which line the coast from Charleston to
Fernandina.
As the rebel terminus of her route is now
definitely settled, it is to be hoped that the
Navy Department will lose no time in devising
'some plau to put an effectual stop to her traffic
between her Majesty's neutral port ol Nassau
and the rebel ports of fiecessia.
SouMKBs ok tuk Umon! Rrmkmhrr What You
Ark Fioiitino For.?Lot those who are entering
the new levied not fsei discouraged or faint
hearted at being put early in the Geld. The
necessities of the country demand that their
serviced shall be made available as soon as pos
sible. ft is all nonsense to say that raw troops
cannot tight well. At Shiloh, and recently in
Virginia, some regiments only a few weeks un
der arms distinguished themselves by their
steadiness and gallautry. What were the ma
jority of the veterans who are massed under
Model lau but raw troops when they were first
put into the field? It is moral courage and
faith in the justice of the cause that be
is fighting for that constitute, alter all, the
great arms of the sol titer; and. though training
will undoubtedly do much to develops bis
physical qualities, there is no reason why great
deeds may not be accomplished without it.
Soldiers of the Union let the belief that you
are fighting for the most sacred cause that ever
animated the breast of man; let the conscious
ness thai if this rebellion triumphs not only
will your own liberties, but those of the whole
human race, be imperilled: let the knowledge
that if you fail you will be held up to the scorn
aod contempt of the civilized world, nerve up
your courage and braoe your arm in the hour
oi > inflict If cannot say to you. in the
j oeti ? language ol the first Napoleon, tlmt forty
centuries look down upon you from the colos
si! monuments of the |?nst . we can offer to you
h trner and more heart Stirling exhortation.
Soldiers of the Union, the destinies of countless
asse"*. the happiness of unborn millions, the pro
gress of civilisation, depend upou your fidelity
to your political nreed and to your duty to the
country. Lei the?e, the most sacred and in
spiriting of all Influences, supply the pUoe of
military experience, and fire your hearts to
deeds Ui.a will render huioauity proud of you.
Tfce Katlcal Prtu mhI Ottr flfirtli.
No class of mea have been worse abused kf
the radical journals than have our leading
generals. The Tribune. Tums. World, and
other Journals of their stripe, have, ever since
the commencement of the rebellion, been con'
etantly assailing the commanders ef our
armies, sometimes one, sometimes tb? other,
and eudeavoring to destroy confidence in tiiein,
and thus weaken the Uniou cause. They com
menced their assaults upon the veteran Scott,
whose age and scire received on the battle
field and invaluable service rendered to hie
country did not in the least shield him from
their venomous assaults or soften their lan
guage. Age compelling him to return to pri
vate life, and leave the active operations in the
field to the bands of younger men, the batteries
of the radical press were immediately opened
npon his successor, McClellan. Through all the
events of the war, down to the present time,
they have made a target of some one ef our
generals, and assailed them just in accordanoe
with the importance of the commands assigned
to them by the President. One day they ae
sail McClellan with all the vituperation thai
they can concentrate in their articles; the next
day it is General Halleck, and then General
Pope, and so on through the whole list. They
charge in turn upon each of them the mi*
management of the campaign and the responsi
bility of every failure to conquer th?
rebel army, when, in reality, the respond*
bility rests upon other shoulders. The othei
day the TYibune bitterly assailed McClellan, the
Times charged McDowell with treachery, and
the World accused Pope of incompeten
cy. They have been charging General Buell
with indolence, while he has been ma
turing plans for decisive work in the West
This course can have no other effect bnt
to divide and discourage the public, create
doubts, distrust and misgivings, and destroy
confidence in the success of the Union arms, and
thus to a corresponding extent strengthen the
South. They are on a par with the intrigues of
the Revolution, the assaults upon Washington*
and the charges made against him of mis
management and of pursuing a Fabian policy.
We all know that there has been a great deal
of mismanagement ever since the war com
menced; but, as it was in the days of the Revo
lution, that part of the business is the work of
the politicians and the radicals in Congress. In
the early part of the Revolutionary struggle the
press of New England and the politicians and
representatives in Congress from that section,
commenced their assaults upon Washington, and
zealously labored to supersede him with Gates*
Soon after the success of Gates at Saratoga,
which he secured by the execution of the plans
of Washington and the indomitable energy of
Arnold, this cabal renewed their attack upoa
Washington, succeeded to a certain extent ia
carrying their point in Congress, placed General
Gates in the position of President of the Mili
tary Board, removed Washington's efficient
quartermaster, and placed men in charge of
the subsistence and supplies whose only qualifi
cations were in the fact of their belonging to
the Gates and Conway cabal. They hoped by
this move to force Washington to retire, and
thus have matters their own way. But the
blunders and disasters that restated from thi?
movement, the critical and starving condition
that the army was forced into by their manage
ment, aad the sufferings that took plaoe during
the winter at Valley Forge, owing to the incom
petency of the quartermasters, aroused publie
opinion, and soon forced this cabal into retire
ment without accomplishing their designs, when
Washington was again permitted to manage
the war unembarrassed as commander-in-chief,
and victories once more took the place of dis
asters. The action of this cabal extended the
Revolutionary war, increased the expense and
added largely to the loss of life.
The same part that was played by the New
England conspirators against Washington baa
been re-enacted during the present war by the
radical politicians of New England, and by the
radical representatives in both houses of Con
gress, sustained and urged on by the radical
journals in this city and throughout the North.
Their intrigues and schemes have produced all
our defeats. Upon their shoulders rests the re
sponsibility of all our disasters. Through the
importuning of the radioals at Washington and
their continual efforts upon the Cabinet ow
generals have been constantly forced into criti
cal positions, from which it was difficult to ex
tricate themselves. Their evil work has been
carried to such an extent that no general, H
mattered not how skilfully or carefully be might
prepare bis army, could not be successful unless
he was in command of a division so fkr re
moved from Washington that these Marplots
could not have any influence over bis forces or
movements. They compelled our army to move
unprepared into the yrap at Bull run. Silenoed
for a time by the indignation of the public,
they next exhibited their hands against McClel
lan. The radical journals assailed him day
after day, and the radical Congressmen
plotted and schemed for his overthrow,
as ia conclusively shown by Wilson's
and Fesenden's Congressional speeches.
Through their intrigues and pretended contra
band reports that a large force was marching
upon Washington they prevailed upon the ad
ministration to keep a large army on the Rap
pahannock. and thus forced McClellan, single
handed, to contend with the combined and con
solidated rebel army on the Chickahominy.
Having, as they supposed, disposed of
McClellan, tho radical journals assailed Genoral
Halleck, and Anally opened out upon General
Pope the moment that bis movements plaoed
bim in a position to enable them to assail him,
and are now busy oharging him with mis
management.
Disastrous as the intrigues of the radicals
have been, rufous as their councils have by
events proven to be. there is yel no cause for
despondency. We huve the man, the means,
and the generals to put down this monstrous
rebellion, although the South has been made
desperate and infuriated by the radical legisla
tion in lut Congress. McClellan ha* been recalled
to the command at Washington, as lie was
after the first battle of Butf Run General
Scott. who was Commander-in-Chief of tho
Union armies at th* first b;?ftle of Bull Run.
looked upon McClellan as the only man to re
trieve that disaster. General Hall -ek, the
Cotnmaadei-in-Chief at the ?ev >ud battle of
Bull Hun, like Scott at tbe first, falls back on
McUlclIaa the forlorn hope, ami again places
him in command of the army around the na
tional cnpilal, Let the admiuiatration nowW'
profit by experience, learn ivindom from the
past, and turn a deaf ear to the radical oon
ppirators and all will yet go well, victories will
ftgaiu Uit ordci of Uie day, and the rebel*

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