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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAM KM (AO 11 DOM HBMMICTr. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OmrrR. W. CORNKB OK KPLTON AND NASSAU 9TS. TlUhttica*' ? ndraii". iL?.ep ?"?/"V mail mill It* J ih? r<*Jt oj i'-t unairr. ti mf but hills rarrm in fi'm York tmkem, THE DAILY HF.tiALD. tin* <mt* net OtVi/ $7 nat annum THY. WEEKLY HLKAI P. **?-y &tfur>t -??. ut tlx ma* per Ct*yy, or y t annum the YurOftnan L^iitinn ?re.y W 1iw*iny# mi mx tetil yer <ojtp. $4 ve> annum to ant/ i>a.rt nfQretU Hrifam. m* $6 12 f 'itit /?ifi o 'if (Xntfurnt, '?(/. 'o intitule r?-?it v/e. California Pkiitvm on the I#/. Il/rt an I 21 * t of ea rh inmth. at euc cent* >o/>v, o $2 7b per an aim TRY. F AMILY HEhALD. on W"lno*dai/. at tonr rrnft ner W, ?# f?' pr* annu foLUyTA /? Y <y)RRRSPtltf DKSCR eontaini >q important new, mt! <~itoi fr>tm nrV owiete- of t*>f Itot hi; if irirl '* Uhr-eVy pa*< 'or. R PoKKIC* CORRt!>l>(>KPK<?TI *'?E fARTIOCI i?LT avor??TliD TO BkaL AM LkTTKIU AND PaCK iflft MTNT ns AO S' >7 tCF tuk'ii of anont/mouM ro>v*itptm'teiic*. W' An not retvrn rei^ I ? ommuntr turn* ADVKKYISF ? F/VTS ennre-t errry Aay. a *vt? in mnrtmithe WKKK1.Y HvraiI), Kajiilt HrralD, ?n<t in the California mi Firrrtjtenn F iiiott*. JOB PRiyTllfO ?r?r*l~i k>i(A nsalness, hsatm** and dm patch. ~7o Vtlame XXV11 If*. ?C?T AMV8EMENTS TTTTS EYBNINQ. ACADEMY OK MUSIC. Irving pUre.? Italiaw OrKRA? Mvtn e *t Ou o Ctoc??Luoia ui Lammkrmoo*. RIBI.O'S OaRDKN. Bro?dw?j.?Mkrby Wivba or Wui?. ?OK. WALI.ACK'S THEATRE, Broadway ?Tint Rivals. WINTER GARDEN Broad way.?Last or I*yo.v??Mac ??TH. LAl'RA KEENB'S TIIEATRB. Broadway.? School ro* Scakdal. NEW BO WERT THEATRE. Bowarr.?Lilly or Ht. Leo ? aki>?? lk.\ Bolt? itn U .'Kcouikb?Whitk Bots. BOWERY THEATRE, bowery.?Vultukb Or tub CA SIO B in SBA?CoLk.i.n B.'ii ? n in,* Axb. NIXON'S CRBMORNK O iKi>iSN. Pnurte?nth street and Slim amine?li ;?:t u> tiik ruwii-Ballkt. Pkosknads OONCKRT A VD Kq| KSTRIAMsK BAKNI'M'S AMERICAN .MUSEUM HroMlwaT.? Guard Aqi akia?liUKMH seal, Ac., ai a.l Hour*. CLaluk .Uar CiU a! iri'lit'Uh aqo even n^. BRYANTS MlNSTKF.LS' Merliaulca' Halt. 472 Broai. way ?li: i-orian Sonus liUKiAtuUBa, Dancks, Ac ?Tiik Black kioauk CHUISTV'S OPERA HOUSE.5S5 Bruartwar.?EniioriAa Soxif. i'ANI'K- Ac?i'KTKU I'1 KICK I'KI I KK t'oiuiK. Aite.r bool. a <1 E i'B u i. WOOD'S MINSTREL UALU 614 B mad way.?Ktuiona* Sonus. Dancks. AC ? Imk ILku itu ? K la. HOPE CHAPEL, No. 720 Broadway.?Exhibition or Tikiten,'! Cai.i oiinia. HITCHCOCK'S THEATRE AND MUSIC HALL, Canal street.?Si mot, Danckb, Buiu.ksue?.a, Ac. GAIETIES Concert HALL, oh; Rrok<Lv?v.?Drawing Soon hNTskiainmknts. PARISIAN CABINET 01' WONDERS. SO? Broadway.? Open daily roin 10 A. M till 10 f. Jl New York, Su' urdiiy, Sept. 97, 1809. THE SITUATION. Aside from some skirmishing of our troops across the river into Virginia there appears to be no movements of General McClcilan's army going on near Sharp sburg. The rebels are evi dently in force opposite Rheppardstown and along the line of the Upper Potomac, as oar pickets and scouts constantly come within reach of them. On Thursday evening the Sixty second Pennsylvania, with a section of the First New York artillery and Griffin's brigade, crossed at a ford near Sheppardstown and took four hun dred rifles, marked "London. lsG2"?some" of the sontraband weapons, no doubt?and one twelve pounder rifled brass gun. The rebel pickets did not dare to resist this formidable force, but fell back on their approach. We give some additional reports of the battle of ?ntietam to-day, which will be found highly in teresting. The commanders, on both sides wers as follows:? UNION ARMY RtMMI. ASMT Comm. ? r in-Chief. Commander in Chief. MV Gen. G. B. McClellan. Gen Hubert E 1^-e Commawiri if U-ght Wing. Command r of Left IVing. Brljr. Gen. J ??. II ?oker. llaj Gen. Tbos. r Jacltmun. Common *> of Cm re. Commander of ''on re. tlMl. Gen. Kill Ji>bn Porter. Gen. .laa. Gmgsireet. ?' ommavder of Lef Wing. C mmand;r of HigKt Wing. . i.en. A. U Burnside. Gen. A. P. Hill. The Governors of the Northern States, who re cently adjourned their meeting from Altoona, Pennsylvania, to Washington, had an interview with the President yesterday, and presented an address, the aubatance of which we give in our despatches. There is a rumor which came from Washington that the President contemplates issuing another proclamation, proclaiming the .State of Florida a government cotton plantation, and inviting all taborera, white and black, to aettle there for the purpose of cultivating cotton. Ample protection, < aays the rumor will be guaranteed, by the army and navy to ail anch settlers. The State constitution is to ba aet aside temporarily, and Florida r. dueed to a territorial condition. This movement of the President's is said to be only preliminary to a policy whieh ia to be adopted hereafter with other Southern States. We give the ramor as it reaches us. We give to-day soins further extracts from the Southern journals of one day later than those which we gave yesterday. They continue to an nounce a great victory at Autictam, and endea vor to make another triumph of the recent skir mish at Sheppardstown ford. Itia manifest, how ever, that these uccounU of victories, which were really defeats, are not satisfactory to the Southern people. In like manner, the Richmond papers claim that Gen. Rosecrana was beaten at Itika the "ilier day. wheu we know by all the authentic re | rte that he completely demolished Gen. Price ! Qd hie rebel array. It ia said that among the ! fcphiea captured were eix batteries, tbirty-aix .^?tia, and five hundred prisoners. We have Home information of an interesting character from the Gulf coast. by the arriral of the gunboat Connecticut. The Connecticut cap lured the British achooner Rambler, which had run the blockade at Babine, Taxaa, bound for Havana with a heavy cargo of cotton, the proceeds Of which, according to the papers found on board, Were to be invested in ammunition, medicines and Other contraband articles for the rebels. She was Oent to Ship Island. Tift Connecticut also repots that on the afternoon of the 30th the United States gunboat Winona, Lieutenant Commanding Thorn ton, ran under the fire of Fort Morgan, Which la considered the defence of Mobile, hnd ripened fire on a rebel steamer lying inside, driving off her crew and damaging her greatly by the explosion of an eleven-inch shell in tier bow. Fort Morgan opened a heavy fire on the Winona, but she escaped unhurt. Reports from Apalachicola state that two robel Iron-clad gunboats, mounting six sixty-eight pounders, are nearly ready for sea, under com Wand of J. Catesby Jones, who aays that he will snk every gunboat on the Gulf coast. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The Aspinwali steamer Ariel, Captain Thomas liner, arrived at this port yesterday forenoon, pjr brings some interesting, though not important, Maws from the Central Arocrir an republics aud from the South Pacific. Great agitation continued to prevail in the United State* of Columbia, and especially in Panama. Mosquera had carried hia threat into effect of cioa.ng all the cathedrals, and the banishment of the nun< and priests, re ported in our last advices, has now been fully con firmed. The former have sought refuge in Lima, and the latter wherever protection could be iotmd A new treaty nad been ratified between the re public of Ecuador and Arboieda, and had appa rently satisfied the people. The anniversary of Pei uvian independence had been celebrated with great A novel mode of adding to the gene ral enjoyment was the providing by the rich Peru vians of dowries to several poor girls, many of whom were married on that day. Tho health of all the Southern republics was good. Accounts from San Francisco to the 2Mh inst. state that the President's emancipation proclama tion was heartily endorsed by the leading journals there. The commercial reports state that large quantities of goods are going into the interior, and that domestic liquors had seriously declined in price. The steamship Philadelphia arrived at this port last evening, from New Orleans the 15th inst., and Havana 20th inst. The news from New Orleans is two days later, but possesses no particular im portance. Gen. Butler has issued a general order that each neutral foreigner resident in the depart ment of New Orleans shall present himself with the evidence of his nationality, to the nearest pro vost marshal, for registration of himself, and his family. This is done to distinguish the disloyal from the loyal citizens and honest neutral foreigners. * By the steamship Philadelphia, which arrived at this port from Havana yesterday, we have some later news from Mexico. Our dates from Vera Cruz are to the 11th inst. The vomito is raging dreadfully at that place, and is making consider* able havoc in the French fleet. The French iron-clad frigate Normandie ar rived at Sacrificios on the 4th inst. great anxiety was felt for a convoy of one million dollars, which had been despatched from Vera Cruz to pay the French troops at Orizaba, and it was supposed to have been captured by Mexican guerillas. At Havana there was very little yel low fever, and the health was generally good. A troop train, contaii ,ng the Twentieth regiment of Pennsylvania militia, collided with a locomo tive on the Cumberland Valley llailroud. one mile from Harrisburg, Pa., yesterday morning, killing ten and mangling between thirty and forty hoI diers, who were returning to their homes from Maryland. Should the rebellion continue in its presen Bhapc until the 1st of January next, the number of slaves which will on that day be virtually eman cipated, under the proclamation of the President, will be as follows:? Alabama 435,132 Arkansas r. 111,104 Florida 61J53 Georgia 462,232 Louisiana 333,010 Mississippi 436,606 North Carolina 331,061 South Carolina 402,>41 Tennessee 275,7*4 Texas 1x0,662 Kastern Virginia 375,000 Total, according to census of 1860 3,405,015 ?The natural increase will probably make the aggregate at the present time about 3,500,000. ??Hon. J. W. Matthews, of Mississippi, formerly Governor of that State, died on the 28th ult., at Pal metto, Ga., at the residence of Dabney P. Jones, Esq., a relative by marriage. His illness was cholera morbus. The bushwhacker Poindcxter, who recently made his escape from a guard, after^ie had been captured, has surrendered himself voluntarily, and will be taken to St. Louis. He was badly wound ed by being fired upon when he escaped, and was glad to return for succor. Gen. Schofield is pushing on into Missouri to head off the rebel General Price. At l*Bt accounts he was at Holla. An examination of the trophies taken from the rebels in the late battles in Maryland shows that we captured thirty-five thousand stand of arms, sixteen pieces of artillery and thirty-five stands of colors. It has been announced that ,J. B. 9. Todd, brother of Mrs. President Lincoln, was elected Delegate to Congress in Dakota Territory. Fall return-" show that Win. Jayne, the present Gover nor of the Territory, was choseu over Mr. Todd by about one hundred and fifty votes. At the meeting of the Board of Aldermen yes terday, a resolution was introduced declaring that it is an act of injustice on the part of the Manhattan Gas Company to impose on our alrea dy overtaxed citizens an extra charge of fifteen cents per thousand feet of gas, to meet the war tsx, and calling upon ths Corporation Counsel to make a transfer to the city of all the rights and privileges of the company, in accordance with a provision in their charter. The subject was refer red to a special committee, consisting of Messrs, Farley, Brady and Walsh. The resolution from the Councilmen, directing heads of departments to administer to their subordinates the oath of " al legiance to the government," was amended no an to read " support the constitution of the United States," and then concurred in. Some routine busluess was transacted, and th>- Board adjourned till eleven o'clock this forenoon. The Protestant Episcopal Convention held the continuation of their meeting yesterday. The sub ject of the division of the dioecss has been laid over for the consideration of a future diocesan meeting. The Convention adjourned #in* die. The c tton market w.m quiet yesterday, a id sa!es con. Atied to about 250 bake, in small Lis, on the ban-" of 56,a 67c for middling uplands, chiefly at the inside figure. The flour market woe steady for common and medium grades < f State and Western, while the high r c ?-s of brands were rather lirmcr. The demand was Vhiefly from the local and Eastern trade. Wheat wee Arm, end rather higher for good to prime qualities,owing mainly to the advance of starling exchange. The m irket was active, and sales were pretty freely made, In part for export. Corn wae Arm for good to prime qualities, which were scarce, while common and Inferior kite were un changed. The sale* embraced g sid sound shipping Iota at 60c ? 61c. for Western mixed, with yellow do. et 66c, Pork waa dull, with sales of mess at fit 6314 a $11 76. end at $10 35 for prime Lard wae In good demand, with tales at full prlcee. Sugars were Arm end active, with sales of 1AO0 bhda. and 640 boxes at full prices. Coflee was active. The sales of Rio footed up about 7.023 bags, part at 23c. a 23c., and 2.600 do Maracatbo. In bond, at p. t. Freights to Liverpool were easier. Wheat, la bulk aad In bags, waa taken at Ud}?d. a 12?1.,and toLoneon at 12144. a 13d for wheat, in bulk and in snipe bags, and cheese to Glas gow at 60s. The stock mat Wet wae vary active Indeed yeeterdey; but there was a decided reaction in pricos. Railway stocks fell off 1 a 2 per oent frtm yesterday's best prices, but were readily taken al the decline. Gov ernments did not vary in the leant. Gold advanced to 126fc e \ et the close Exchange was 131 >4 a 133. Money abundant et 4 percent IIarpku's Fkrht.?The reader will perceive, on turning to our war correspondence, that Harper'* Ferry 1* again in the possessioa of our forces, and that that truly indomitable and veteran aoldier, General Sumner, la in charge of the place with bis whole corps. AH mis givings as to the skill, will, means or capacity of the officer in command to hold this import ant position may therefore be dismissed. We will guarantee General Sumner to hold it, even against the whole rebel army of Virginia, if brought to bear upon him. Under his direc tion no such incompetent and bla'herskiting politician in soldier's clothes as Tom Ford will be placed in charge of Maryland ilcighia. The President's Emancipation Antl Hlnvrr jr Proclamation?"The Pope's Bull Against the Comet." The special deputation which recently waited upon President Lincoln, w'.th a memorial from an abolition meeting in Chicago in favor of na tional emancipation, have rendered no small service to the country iu procuring, iu advance of its i: sue, the President's sensible views of his late comprehensive proclamation on the Huh* ject. Thus the truth is made manifest that this proclamation, beyond the enforcement of the Confiscation act, is only a tnb to the abolition whale, the President regarding it as "'neceasa. rily inoperative, like the Pope's bull against the comet." He very pointedly and properly asked of this aforesaid committee. "What good would a proclamation of emancipation from me do, especially as we now stand ? Would my word free the slaves, when I can not even enforce the constitution in the rebel States? Is there a single court, or magistrate, or individual, that would be influenced by it there? And what reason is there to think it would have any greater effect upon the slaves than the late act of Congress (Confiscation), which 1 approved, and which of fers protection and freedom to the slaves of rebel masters who come within our lines? And suppose they could be induced by a proclama tion of freedom from me to throw themselves upon us, what should we do with them? IIow can we feed and care for such a multitude? General Butler wrote me a few days since that he was issuing more rations to the slaves who have rushed to him than to all the white troops under his command. They eat, and that is all; though it is true that General Butler is feeding the whites also by the thousands; for it ne.iriy amounts to a famine there."' These remarks of President Lincoln clearly show that he has no faith in the miracles which his Chicago com mittee so eloquently assured hint would finish up this rebellion w ith a proclamation of emanci pation. But to silence the clamors of our shrieking and howling abolition faction, and to put them to the test of their promises, iucluding a new batch of nine hunared thousand volunteers for the war, President Lincoln has issued his pro clamation of emancipation. He declares that af er the first day of January next all the slaves in every State, or in any designated part there of. which shall be then in rebellion against the Union, shall be " then, thenceforward and for ever free." There, good people, is your pro clamation. It practically signifies nothing; but much is gained if you will only stop this in tolerable clamor. Very true, in the interval to the 1st of January, the armies of the rebellion may be pushed down into the cotton States, and theu, with the advance of our forces, our abolition fanatics may anticipate the practical work of a sweeping emancipation. But there is no occasion for sensible men to appreheud any auch thing. With the northern frontier line of the rebel armies push ed down into the cotton States, there will be an end of the rebellion. Further resistance in the exhausted cotton States, when placed between our victorious armies on the land side and our iron-clad gunboats on the sea side, will be mad ness. and thoso States, with their institution of slavery, will be saved by a seasonable capitula tion. Such are doubtless the expectations of the President, and hence these three months grace which he allows to the States involved in this rebellion to save themselves and their domestic institutions. Slavery, as a local affair in the loyal border slave States, remains untouched and respected, and it will be respected in overy re bellious State which Bhall have returned to its allegiance and be represented in Congress by the 1st of January. The President thus expects to reclaim, and not to destroy, the people of our rebellious States. He has. we dare say, not the remotest idea that this conditional proclamation of emancipation will go into practical effect. He expects this rebellion to be suppressed before the expiration of the present year, and that thus the question of slavery under the constitution will be restored to the absolute control of each of the States directly concerned in the main tenance or removal of the institution. These three months grace to our rebellious States have secured to thd President, let us hope, a three months armistice from our besotted abolitionists. And if, during this interval, they in good faith ceaae to embarrass and torment him, and cease to intermeddle with the plans and movements of our armies, we have no doubt that Honest Abraham Lincoln's great ob ject of restoring the Union in its integrity will be consumma ted before the end of the year. The Rebel Accoi.vrs ok thk Battle or An tiktam Creek.?We published yesterday the fir?t rebel accounts of the battle of Antietam creek, from the Petersburg papers and Richmond telegrams. From these extracts it is apparent that the battle has been a most serious blow to the rebels, and that they have concluded to re linquish all hope of reclaiming Maryland. Of court-e tbey claim the result of the battle as a rebel victory. They do that with every battle, no matter which way it is decided. They fail to explain, however, how such a "victory" was fol lowed by so disorderly a retreat across the Po tomac. They admit that the loss during the brief raid into Maryland was greater than in any previous battles since the time of Napoleon. We have the best authority tor stating that our loss in killed and wounded in the several bat tles in Maryland was fully 18.000, and that of the rebels 30,000. We buried three thousand rebels on the battle field of Antietam. The rebel army in Virginia is almost demoralized by its defeat, and the rebel army in Kentueky is hardly better off. McCleilan has beaten Lee's army, and the army of Bragg has been out* gene railed, outmanouvred and outmarched by General Bnell. The rebel soldiers in both these great armies are witbont hats to their beads, shoes to their feet, overcoats to their backs und blankets to their bodies, and long before supplies can reach them tbey will be forced to evacuate all the border States. The Coming Congressional Elections.?We hope that all loyal people will bear in mind the overwhelming importance of the coming Congressional elections. What sort of a Gover nor we may have is of comparatively little con sequence. Congress controls the affairs of the nation, as the Legislature controls those of the State, and the Common Council those of the city. Elect a conservative Congress, and the country is safe. Allow the radicals to again hold the power in Congress, and the country is lost. We cannot again stand such trials as those to which we have been subjected by the radi cals of the present Congress. Let tlie people do their duty at the polls, and ail will be well. The itlghf mt SmchIoh Helntale*' hjr Horace Greeley. In yesterday'? Tribune, over his own proper signature. Horace Greeley published a letter, in which he declares in favor of the rL'il of secession, not only ia the case of the rebellious States of the Soutn, but even of the Pacific States and Territories, shouM they desire to set up a new government for themselves, lie lays down this general principle, applicable to every State in the Union : "What I have taught and believed and still maintain is the right ot a people to form and modify their political in stitutions without the necessity of fighting for such change." He denies that a county or two or three counties can lawfully secede fiom a State. For example, the people of Nantucket could .ot be permitted to secede from Massachusetts, n*,i the people of Long Island or Staten Island from the State of New York. But the case is different with a sovereign State, or even a colony which is not sovereign. For example, he says, "I believe our Revolutionary fathers had a right, for reasons which were co gent and seemed to them conclusive,to terminate their connection with Great Britaiu, and that the British were wrong in resisting their claim to do so. And the right which I claim for our fathers and for ourselves I will not deny to others." Then he goes on to say that "if the people ?' our Pacific States and Territories snail at some future time have very generally attained the conviction that they could do better as an inde pendent nation than us a part of this country, and should kindly, frankly, firmly express thai conviction," he would say let the bonds be dis solved. And so likewise in the case of the Southern States. The following are his words:? I/us is the d ctririo 1 trust to promulgate 111 the winter of ?it seems with ill succosr. Hilt I still Ins is; that il" it hud been proved that Iho people o: th>' siav, staled?<>r even of the c tton Status alone?hud ready tie sired to dissolve the Union, and hn 1 peace:ally,deiiltt1 ratelj and authoritatively expressed that wish, weshoul ? have assented to it. At all events, 1 should, liut the iho.-e toother m thod. The hr.ders as uuied their right peacefully and summarily to dissolve the Union without tin t 'unseat <" their fellow ciliz' as?at least their cl s allies, their equal copartners of the free St ues. it is said that an honest confession is good foi the soul. Greeley has owned up at last. Many a time we charged him with promulgating these doctrines, and quoted extracts from his journal in vain. lie either denied the soft impeachment or was dumb. Now, after contributing in so vast a degree to break up the Union, he expects forgiveness for his treason, like the penitent thief on the cross; but his repentance is not sincere. Let him, therefore, like Judas Iscariot, go am! hang himself "on a sour apple treo." so as to save the people the trouble of doing it here after. If the right of a State peacefully to Be cede exists, the accident of war cannot alter the right; and if the cotton States hud a right to secede on the ground thut they had "very gene rally attained the conviction that they could do better as an independent nation than as a part of this country," then we had no right to pre vent their doing so by force, and were the aggressors in making war upon them, whereas in taking up arms they were only defending a sacred right. Even in the case of seizing the forts and other property of the United States they were only seizing a part of the common property, to which they had as good a right as the free States, "their equal copartners." I| this was all that was the matter, the account could have been easily settled, and war would not have been necessary. In fact, the war, according to the reasoning of Greeley, is on our part the most atrocious ever waged against any people, and even more unjustifiable than that which Great Britain waged against these States when they were colenies under her sovereign sway and threw off her yoke, f'here can be no doubt that the people of the States which have seceded are more unanimous than were the colonies at any time during the Revo lutionary war. It is very evident that Greeley is of the same opinion now that he was in the winter of 1860-til: that the Union is not an indissoluble govern ment, but a rope of sand; that it may at any time be broken up like a partnership, and that he is in favor of the dissolution if the South really want to go. This appears more clearly from an editorial article in yesterday's Tribune, headed "Inklings of Peace," in which he suys "There must be an accommodation (between the North and tbe South), and, that fact esta blished, it seems to us very easy to settle the terms." So, then, all the blood that has been sbed, and all the money that has been expend ed, and all the sorrow and calamity that have befallen the country, are in vain, and Greeley is willing to let tbe South go, even without the emancipation of a single negro. We Bubmit to the President whether this article and the let ter of Greeley to Mr. McChesney do not come under the prohibition of the last proclamation of the President, and whether the writer ought not to be seized by Provost Marshal Kennedy and sent to Fort Lafayette as a "disloyal per son," "discouraging volunteer enlistments, and thus affording aid and comfort to the rebels." The Convention or Governors Adjourned from Altooka to Washimoton.?It appear* that the radical Governors, whose "secret conclave" Is condemned even b y some or their organs here, adjourned to meet at Washington, where they had an interview with Mr. Lincoln yesterday, and where they hope to extort from the Presi dent, by fair means or foul, by wheedling or by intimidation, submission to their dicta* tion as to what generals shall conduct the war. Being foiled bv Governors Bradford, Curtin and Tod, ki their attempt to carry the proposi tion to havp MeClellan removed and Fremont installed in bis place, they will now try their hands, individually and privately, with the President, to effect the desired change, and at the same time to impose upon him a thoroughly radical Cabinet to carry out the emancipation proclamation. But there is little chance of the President be ing coaxed or scared info their views. Me Clellan will be kept in the field at the head of the army, and, instead of a radical administra tion, the President, reading the signs of the times, will, we have reason to hope, appoint a conservative Cabinet, and thus give the death blow to tbo radical faction, and at the same time save the country from the machinations of the Roundhead conspirators. The Tribune Scpprersinq Mr. Lincoln's In terpretation or Ma Proclamation.?The other daily papers of this city published yesterday the President's admirable comment on his own proclamation. Ths Tribune alone was guilty of the sin of omission. Why did it not publish the President's interpretation of the document, and exclaim "God bless Abraham Lincoln T " What right has Greeley to give bis own gloss as the true interpretation, while he suppresses Mr. Lincoln's notes and comments explaining the text of his "Pope's bull against the cometf' Is be af raid or ashamed to let his readers know the truth ? Gkkblby Nailkd to the Counter.?The fol lowing appeared in yesterday's Tribune:? Wi.erk Auk Top, Nivk Ili'NDRr.n Titourakd Men*?1*o< rerr long ego p.mr Or-cle a nounred in tbc Trtloiue th?l ho ha f a lO'i rvc of mur b mirci! UiouaikI raiUi?l?, who would oiilisl lor tin'?nr il ihr l*rtu*idriil would proc.alm ouiouoi I IK U. >11, inn wm'On oerrtueo could uot l.? xncuroii at any other price.?II >u alii. iJ mn'i the above falsehood been irtlercd and oontra il.cied of:en cdo gb to render it high time an attemnt was made to giro it sortie sort of countenanced Whon mi uuxl refw to it, be go-<<t enough to quote the passage trwn the T/ihsetr oo which ?vu base it, giving the date. In compliance with the polite request, of Greeley, who calls the paragraph in the Herald ' a falsehood," we quote the passage on which we based it, from the /Vi'ru/te of Saturday, Au gust 2, 1862, being the livat paragraph of the leading editorial, entitled "Let us have plain English." It is as follows, verbatim et litera There are three times three hundred thousand burn and naturalized Yankees, win never smelt battle, reai'y enough, bounty or no bounty, to die lor their country, ilut they h id rather do Irst and die afterward, if news vary, .'-tart the good old chorus of universal "human iaier," iu its own dear, musical, glorious, burning, seif evident words Start the old clioi us of Liberty Forever,, tnd they wi,I all join iu and march on, knowing, eve-y nlessed mother's son ol tbcm, that what Is going to be done now Is to save the country, and not to save its ene mies I Does this Ratisfy Massa Greeley, and will he re tract bis charge of "falsehood?" We have had oc casion to refer to the article several times, and the TrUmne never pretended till yesterday that we had misrepresented it No doubt it calculated that we could not lay our finger on the article. >r that we would not take the trouble of hunt ing it up. We now quote the words. What has Greeley to nay for himself? Will he assert that "three times three hundred thousand" are not 900,000, or that the emancipation proolara* tiou of the President, for which Greeley cried "God bless Abraham Lincoln !" is not. alter ill, " the good old chor s .1 universal 'human eater,'" nor "the old chorus of Liberty For ever?" Is Greeley dissatisfied with it ? If he is. let him say so in " plaiu English;" but if he is not, and thinks that Abraham Lincoln has really "started the old chorus of Liberty forever.'' then we reiterate our question, "Where now are your nine hundred thousand men?" You pledged yourself that they would " all join in and mirchon." That is just what we now want them to do, and then there will be no necessity for a draft in any State. Are Greeley's 900,001) like Falstaff's "men in buckram ?" Are they men like Greeley himself, who not only never "smelt battle," but never intend to smell it under any circumstances? Now is the time "to save the country." Where are your three times i hree hundred thousand ? Who Ark thk Marplots ??We have re peatedly shown that the mismanagements of ihe campaign are the work of the radi cals in Congress and elsewhere. It was through their efforts that the army in Virginia was last spring divided and scattered by creating new departments. It was at their instigation that the administration stopped enlistments last winter. While they were, under Wilson and Fessenden, importuning the government to stop recruiting the rebels were increasing their force by conscription, thus com pelling our generals to meet superior numbers at every point, McCiellan could have gone into Richmond if he had had more men. Pope was compelled to fall back because he had not men enough to contend with the large rebel army. The cause of our failures and dis asters has been this want of men. This the po liticians in Washington and the radicals in Con gress are responsible for. They not snly under estimated the forces of the rebels end prevailed upon the War Department to stop enlistments, but were for sending home one hundred aad fifty thousand soldiers already in the array. All statements prove that it Is the legislation of the radicals in the last Congress?their confiscation and other extreme measures?that has incensed the Southern people and forced them into des peration and the adoption of retaliatory acts. They have extended the war and swollen our debt to over a thousand millions of dollars. They are responsible for the sacrifice of the one hundred thousand men who have been slain upon the battle fields or returned to their homes sick and n^aimed* for lite. The hue and cry. therefore, against our Generals, is only a dodge to shift the responsibility from the radical in triguers and place it on the officers of tho army. They, and not our generals, are responsible for our failures, and those journals which are assailing our generals and charging them with mismanagement are there by laboring for the continuation of the radical rule that has been so disastrous and expensive to us thus far. The sooner our generals are permitted to manage the war, and the radical Marplots are forced into retirement, as wa< the Gates and Conway cabal in the days of the Re volution. the sooner will this war be brought to a successful issue, and tho earlier will peace be restored, and our divided and distracted coun try be again one harmonious auJ prosperous whole. Tine Nomination ok Wa dm worth.?The nomi nation of that radical. Wadsworth, falls coldly upon the public. The political thermometer marks the freezing point. The people of this State do not want for their Governor a man like Wadsworth, who. an a general, dis tinguished himself only by bin attacks upon his superior officer, General McClellan; who was one of those abolittop intriguers whose inter meddlings with our plans and our generals have cost the country much unnecessary bittfti, much squandered money and an indefinite pro longation of the war; and who, after a very brief term of service in the field, occupied him self at Washington in stirring up disturbances between the civil and military powers, result ing almost in bloodshed. Ms own party dis trust this man, and before a month is over he will be without a corporal's guard of political supporters. No Movkmknt Across to* Potomac.?It is a matter of no surprise that General McClellan does not advance across the Potomac. No army could be in a condition for immediate aggres sive movements after suoh a battle as that of Antietam creek, unless it were straightway re inforced by supplies and fresh troops. Now is the time for other and adjunct armies to ad vance, therefore. These assistant armies are delayed, however, as well as General McClel. Ian, by the want of thoae reinforcements which the Governors of certain States keep back, for reasons best known to themselves. But, in point ?f fact, the rebels will soon be compelled to retreat whether we advance or not. They have no shoes, hats, overcoats or blankets, are al most demoralised, and are without supplies, in such n strait, the cold nighte now coming on will be more fatal to tbem than adosen battles, rhe rebels used to threaten us with King Yel low Jack, whom General Butler conqua ed by cleanliness, l^et us now see how long they ?an resist his Northern Majesty Jack Frost. NEWS FROM HAVANA AND MEXICff. Arrival or tbe StMnihlp PhilMlriphlk Airlvul at th? Irva-Clad Private Sfor mondte at Vera Crnx-Drtadfal Oa. ?"S" of tlae Vnmito? Probable Capturo of One Million of Dollwts Deluaglnp Co the Preach by Mexican Gnmll.u-No Yellow Pever at Huvaau, Okr ., die. Tho steamship Philadelphia, Captain Morion, from New Orleans irth and Havana 10th lust., arrived at Urn peC| yesterday. The- atlriree from New Orleans are u? important. OUB HAVANA OOAKKSFlIN Vh.S'UK. Havana,.Sept. 10, 1881. The BtMOWhip Philadelphia, fsem New Orleans for New ' York, has stopped hure to coal, in preference to going U> j Key West, fearing sickness there; but there is UltM or no ( fever now at thit place. By the steamer Mexico, which left Vera Crus on the ( 11th, we loarn that Admiral Janvrlan arrived in the iron- ? clad frigate (formondie, at Hacriflcioa, on tho 4th. The vomiM-is making dreadful havoc at Vera Cras, sod I the Fronch war voseels are suite ring severely. Many physioious hawo died, and only two are left in the whole fleet. Commander Koze is to start flbon for Franco, and Cap- ? tain Duraud do St. Aruand has reinstated him already. ' Geusral Foroy was expected to arrive on the 20th. Groat anxiety whs felt for a convoy with $1,000,000 for | the payment of the French troops at Orizaba, which had not arrived, though- ton days ovor due. l'he authorities . at Vora Cruz gave out that it was stuck in tho mud,, and 1 that a river had swollen to such an extent as to be un- j fonlable. li is presumed by well informed persons la Vera Cruz th.it the gueri.i.ts have captured it, as It is known that they knew of its departure ana of the specie conveyed, it was currently reported that the Frensb were about to alUckJalapa. The steamer >au Juan arrived here on the 7th, end 1 sailed on the 8th. The steamer British.Queen, from New York, is expected ' I to arrive bore t? night or to morrow morning. ?? There is no yellow fever of consequence here, sad the I rains arc abating. NEWS FRQIV1 THE ARMY OF VIRGINIA.*' The Railroad Open to Bristovr'e 8te> tlun?Wliiit Was Founil ? here??Move>| ?utiit* of (he Rebels, &c., At. ;i AUOUMUXIa, ISept. 20,ltKKL An engine started from Alexandria yesterday aud prtw coeoeil as far as liristow. Shortly after arriViug there ?(I train of cars was seen approaching from the other side,, I hut which, on discovering their d .uger, started back a disappeared. login rebel soldiers were found at Bristow, who bad I boon stationed there to guard and assist in loading the'e debris found among the ruins of the truius destroyed at, tliut place. I They wore captured and brought down as prisoners Sixteen freight cars were also tound uninjured at Ms-, tuisaas, with about half a car load of amtnunitlcu, which- > hail been placed on the ground and covered with canva The rebels, it seems, gut the idea, started by somtjl Union prisoners, that this was an infernal machine, and so refused to approach it. It was loaded, and, wiQ the cars, all brought down to Alexandria. No oUmi' troops were discovered is the vicinity. i It was ascertained I rem good authority that trains won' running regularly, night and day, to Culpepper, bringing supplies to tho enemy, which were conveyed in wagonn trom that place by way of gperryville and Front Royal uj Winchester. The Rapidan bridge has been rebuilt, and the bridf ? over the Rapnatmiiuoclc was to bo finished to day. Af' I he engines aud the cars not completely destroyed hav < been run off from the stations above Bristow, and ar U"W being used by the rebels. Last week the lute of pickets established by the enem; rcacbetVfrom Winchester to Brentsviile, a point some si ? miles south of Mantutsns. This wan to prevent resident" south of that line escaping impressment, which is B0<, being enforced in Virginia, where they have sway. ' Many, however, succeed in eluding these pickets an(i reach our lines, leaviug their famiilosand domestic eCh behind. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. WA.R, GAZETTE. OFFICIAL) Order Respecting Hrorost HariheU^; Wahiuxoto*, Sept. SO, IMS. The War Department lias Issued tbo following order r . spooling special provost marshals, and defining their d , ties:? f irst?There shall he a Provost Marshal General of War Department, whose headquarters will be at Wash in 1 ton. and who will have the immediate supervision, o? trot and management of tho corps. Stcund?There will bt appointed in each State ons more special provost marshals, sa necessity may roquli j who will report to and receive instructions end srdl from the Provost Marshal General of the War Depaj, ?eat. Third?It will bo the duty of the special provost mi i shale to arreet all deserters, whether regulars, voluntee or militia, and send them to the noarest military cor manier or military post, where they cau I r cared for and sent to their respective ret ments ; to arreet, upon the warrant of the JuH1 Advocate, all disloyal persons subject to arrest under t orders of the War Iieiwrtmeut: to inquire Into and rep>! (reasonable practices, seize stolen or embezzled propel ot'tliegovernmc.it; detect spies of the enemy. and p | form such other duties a may be enjoined upon them the War Deptrtra nt, and report all their prooeedin 1 promptly to the "rovosl Mareiuil General. fourth?To enable special p; orost marshals to discfaw their duties efficiently 1 they arc authorised to call on < available military fn.eo within their re-prcilve dlstrlf j or else to employ the assistance of citizens, i.onstabl sheriffs or police officers, so fhr hi may be noc^M* under such regulatious as may be prescribed by the I' mst Marshal General of the War Department, with approval of the secretary of War. Fifth?Necessary espouses Incurred In tins ser. will be paid on duplicate bills certified by the *|<* provost marshals, s'atlng the tliuo and nature of service, after examination and approval by the I'rov Hlaishal General. Sixth The oomi?en?al Ion of sp< cial provost maret ill be dollars per month, and actual travel expenses and pneUgo will be refunded on bills certi under oalb and approved by the Provoet Marshal Gene Srtenth?All appointments in this sorvice will subject to be revolted at the pleasure of theeSecrot of War A'tpWA?All orders heretofore issued by tho War partment, conferring authority upon other officers te as provost marshals, except those who have recti special commissions frotn the War Department, bU&J revoked. - My order of the SECRETARY OF WaK L THOMAS, Adjutant Genera 1 GENERAL NEWS. Waihih'itow, Sept. 38,1M anothkr prociamat.on rkportrd to rr pop COMINO? PI.OHIPA TO RK MAPI A LA KOI OOP! MINT COTTON PLANTATION. I em Informed, by ? gentleman high in the confld> of the admlnlatratlon, that the Prceldent h i* bed In < templAtlon ror tome time, and will abortly Issue, mo highly important proclamation. It may tUcreferi exported at nay moment. It will proclaim the nut Florida at onoe to bo under the jitriedlction of the f> ml government, Inviting, at th? same time, all laborer* from the North and Wcet, white blaek, to eetUe in aald State, For tho peeo of caltlTatlng cotton. The Pro*ideal will guara them ample protection by both the army and nary. Slate cumulation le to be net eeide for the present, the State reduced to a territorial condition, and govet accordingly. It Is said that this is only inttt <tii policy which la to be largely adopted heroattei it should prove successful. The President b?|>ea this means to make ample provision for the cull tloo of ootton not only for our domestic wants, to supply foreign governments, thereby obviating nee easily for Intervention. MRTINOtriHHRD VISITORS TO H'CLIM.AN'S ARM The Marquis of Uartlngton and hie brother In lord George Cavendl?h, who are sons of the liuko ef vonshlre, the largest landholder In F.ngland; also Oil Leslie, ef the British Army, and John Rose, Km Canada, who have been sojourning In Washington some days past, left this morning for Harper's Ferry spend a few days with our army in ihat vicinity. CONDITION OP (JhNRRAL HOORRR. General ilookcr la attended at the Insane ARylun